18 November, 2019

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Carlo-Dust Illuminated Our Lives For A While

By Malinda Seneviratne

Malinda Seneviratne

There’s dust in the universe that come together in ways no one really knows. This dust interacts with other dust particles, is transformed for a fraction of time in a universal clock of whose dimensions are known only in their enormity. We choose lifetime as a unit for manageable purposes and in such dimensions we can find coherence. And integrity. We call it a person. A personality. They are born, they decay, they perish. And the dust that they are scatters across the universe in ways we really cannot predict.

That’s Carlo we are talking about. Carlo Fonseka.

I first met him when he was visiting his son, my friend and housemate, Suranga, in Boston. This was in the Summer of 1991. I took him to see John Kenneth Galbraith, then Emeritus Professor of Economics and considered a leading figure in 20th century liberalism. I was a mere spectator at that brief meeting where Uncle Carlo spoke one of Galbraith’s books. He had read it and had written to Galbraith about it. Uncle Carlo also admired another Harvard don, E.O. Wilson, a pioneering theorist who held there was a genetic basis for social behavior.

Prof. Carlo Fonseka

Uncle Carlo was a physician and a teacher. A Marxist. A rationalist. He liked things pinned down based on that which was tangible. Naturally he wasn’t impressed when I told him that the Sociology Department at Harvard seemed to think that everything could be reduced to numbers. He responded, ‘in that case you would end up as a wooly-headed sociologist’. I didn’t end up as a sociologist, wooly or otherwise, but years later I told my postgraduate committee in the Development Sociology Department at Cornell University that I find it hard to distinguish sociology from literature and philosophy. I should have told him about that exchange. I’m sure he would have laughed.

Uncle Carlo spoke about his nephew Vijaya Kumaratunga over a cup of coffee at the Au Bon Pain in Harvard Square. With passion and sorrow. He dismissed the notion of ‘historical inevitability,’ pointing out that the Bolsheviks let Finland go by a majority of a single vote. He was dismissive of Christian beliefs too: ‘Rising from the dead, immaculate conception…I mean, that’s medieval isn’t it?’ Such sentiments he did not express in public to my knowledge. He recited for me, however, a long ballad on the logic of opposing capitalism which was based on the Buddha’s fire sermon. Apparently, that was an integral part of speeches he made during election campaigns for the Lanka Sama Samaja Party.

He reveled talking about his lyrics, mentioning in particular a buduguna song he had penned for Pundit Amaradeva. He recalled the line ‘thanhaave doshaa’ (the folly of greed) and told me how had queried the maestro about his (Amaradeva’s) decision to repeat the line. Amaradeva had pointed out that the point can be driven home through emphasis, dragging the second word the second time. He was excited at being taught something salient. He was humble.

In later years, we had a brief exchange on the pages of the Sunday Island during the heady days of the Ceasefire Agreement between the then Government and the LTTE. Carlo, as per his convictions and his vision for Sri Lanka was all for devolution of power, never mind that geographical, historic, economical, demographic and archaeological factors rebelled against such formulation. He said at the time that it was the moment that the Sinhalese could be magnanimous.

He was magnanimous most of the time. He was not when it came to beliefs he held close to his heart. He drew from a larger picture, but of course one which was a product of subjectivity. He was dismissive of ideological opponents. Interjecting in a debate in ‘The Island’ between Dayan Jayatilleka and myself, Uncle Carlo while referring to me in fond terms, gave Dayan 10/10 and gave me 0/10. Carlo was in agreement with Dayan, ideologically, again on the subject of devolution. I understood. My father joined this battle, despite my objection (‘I am a citizen, I have the right,’ he said) and the move was read as me getting ‘papa to come to my defense’ (as Dayan put it, I believe). That quote has made the rounds.

He knew my father who at one point shared his ideological preferences. ‘I was attracted to the LSSP due to its intellectualism and I am sure so was your father,’ he told me in Boston. I respected him for all of this, his age, his commitment to the truths he believed in and most of all his largely tender ways of engagement even when it was laced with political repartee.

I still recall meeting him in the office of Prabath Sahabandu, batchmate from Peradeniya University and then the Deputy Editor of ‘The Island’. Uncle Carlo recognized me, smiled, and said ‘I read your articles for style, not substance!’‘Those whose articles you read for substance no longer talk about class, but I do,’ I offered. He said ‘I know and I appreciate.’

He was kind. A few years ago when he was in charge of the Medical Council, I went to see him with a set of poetry collections. He wrote me a short letter, summing up his sentiments which happened to be quite generous.

He loved defending the truths he believed. On one occasion we both had to speak at the launch of Nalin De Silva’s book ‘Batahira Vidyaava Deviyo Aasanik’ (The West, Science, God and Arsenic). I had to leave before Uncle Carlo spoke. I was told that Nalin had requested him not to touch on a particular chapter. Naturally, that’s exactly what he did. Naturally, too, Nalin had responded. There must be innumerable anecdotes that indicate his zest for debate. Innumerable anecdotes about his humanity too. And of course innumerable anecdotes about glaring contradictions when it came to certain choices, political and personal, which of course he would defend with zeal if he had to do so.

It is not easy to write about such a man, such a unique configuration of dust particles, especially since our interactions were random and brief. There is perhaps one conversation which, to me, marked Uncle Carlo’s politics, philosophical bent, other factors which informed his engagement in all matters ideological and political, and of course his commerce with fellow creatures.

It was at the Borella Kanatte. I can’t remember who had died. I saw him and as was always the case, went up and said ‘hello.’

‘I read your piece about that boy who stabbed that girl in Kiriella. I read it three times trying to find a contradiction or something that was wrong. I couldn’t. It would have taken me three hours to write something like that and I’m sure you just wrote it in one go.’

‘Maybe that’s because you are trapped in a Cartesian frame,’ I suggested.

‘What to do, I’m a doctor!’

‘I know. That’s probably useful in medicine, but not in life.’

He laughed. We parted.

And now his constituent particles have reconfigured. That which he has become is unrecognizable. That which he was is scattered to the extent possible given his last wishes. That which he left behind, by and by, will be forgotten or disfigured and misrepresented. Something, though, will remain in everything and everyone he touched one way or another.

What can one say to one who believed what Uncle Carlo did about life, death and things that remain and things that will disappear? Nothing. To ourselves and each other, we can say things. And we will, until we too disappear in the verity of transformation. He was a speck of dust but one which was inimitable and unmistakable. A speck of dust that nevertheless dwarfed many of us. This too we will remember.

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Latest comments

  • 6
    3

    “As for devolution of power, geographical, historic, economical, demographic and archaeological factors rebelled against such formulation” – What a stupid statement coming out from a bigoted racist. Geological evidence suggests that Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu were a single land mass having been separated by sea upheaval, which corroborates with Tamil belief of a Kumarikandam their homeland. The archaeological evidence unearthed with urn burial sites a hall mark of Dravidian civilization together with potsherds similar to those found in Tamil Nadu proves that it is the same people who lived on both sides of the divide. Linguistic evidence suggests that at one time all in Sri Lanka spoke Tamil or some form of Tamil (Elu is considered proto-Tamil by linguists). There was no language called Sinhala 1500 years ago. First religion to be practiced in Saivaism and not Buddhism (Veddhas worshiped Tamil god Murugan). Genetically core genes of Sinhalese is south Indian and different from that of Veddhas who are considered as natives. When genetic composition of Ceylon Tamils and Sinhalese are almost identical, how can one say that Sinhalese are original and Ceylon Tamils are recent immigrants. All these point out that Sinhalese were originally Tamils who took up a different identity like Malayalees. (By the way Sinhala script is borrowed from Malayalam). Therefore Sinhala claim to the entire Island and denying Tamils their fair share of land and power amounts to racism. Now some racist archaeologists have embarked on a project to say that Sinhalese descended from Balangoda man and are not migrants, despite the genetic findings to the contrary. No Sinhala dominated government will ever permit extensive archaeological survey to get at the truth because it will be detrimental to Sinhala propaganda as the sole owners and rulers of the island.

    • 4
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      Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam:-

      “Geological evidence suggests that Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu were a single land mass having been separated by sea upheaval, which corroborates with Tamil belief of a Kumarikandam their homeland.”

      What proof is there for the ‘Tamil Belief’ that this ‘Geological Evidence of a Sea Upheaval’ occurred, After Human Beings appeared on Earth?
      Science Records prove that the Geological Movements took place Long before the Earliest Evidence of Life on Earth!

      • 5
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        If you are ignorant about facts, then it is your problem. NASA and Indian institute of Oceanography have released pictures of structures lying buried under sea between Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu, which proves that these lands had been submerged some years ago. During last Tsunami in 2004, when sea receded, some of these were seen. It is racism of the government of Sri Lanka not to enlarge on these findings to establish the land connection. Mahabalipuram the capital of Pallavas and Kaveripoompattinam the capital of Cholas went under sea and had to be shifted to Kancheepuram and Tanjavoor respectively. Several years prior to that Madurai the capital of Pandyans went under sea and had to be relocated inland. You cannot be a rationalist when you start denying truth.

        • 2
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          Sanakaralingam,
          You may be correct on genetic relationship between Indian Tamils & Sinhalese but your argument that there are signs of Tamil civilization submerged under Palk Strait is utterly wrong. It is possible that sea level became very low during pleistocene ice ages but last ice age ended close to 10,000 years ago. It is very unlikely that Tamil have settled in S coasts by then.

          It is also true that, geologically speaking, SL is a part of Indian subcontinent but seaway between the two land masses is at least 60 million years old. This was a result of the Gonwana break down. Sl easily could have separated from India completely to stay attached to Antarctica but it didn’t happened. In any case, I don’t understand why you have to bring this subject into this essay. Geology is not Geography & therefore has nothing to do with devolution of power. If you talk about Human Geography of which Demography is a part, then you can make a valid argument in conjunction with politics & sociology!

        • 2
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          With all these greediness, blindness and foolishness, it’s evident that like what had happened in the past, will happen to this land and you all FOOLS can live happily ever after miles under the sea. even then you guys will be arguing who were the true owners of the land called Sri Lanka. this is expected sooner rather than later. all sinners will be under the sea. Good luck guys! have fun till then!!!

      • 0
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        Rationalist, You are absolutely right in the science recording of geological evidence of a flood as recorded in the bible when iniquity was found in Lucifer the long bodied beautiful archangel created by God to lead worship and reveal God’s glory. Lucifer cast out tried to reproduce himself by manipulating DNA and produced long bodied dinosaurs. They did not evolve into humans. The bible does not talk of this time frame between Genesis 1 and 2. Finally God recreated humans Adam and Eve out of dust, but breathing his own spirit life into them to reproduce. That time frame is now 6000 years old and has a marked end because of the price paid on the cross by Jesus taking on his body and dying though sinless and hence being resurrected, the same Jesus, not Soysa turning Pillai.

    • 2
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      Dr.Gnana

      sinhalese don’t look at things that happened a long time ago.they look at relatively recent events.They know that in the 10th century they had a flourishing capital city in anurathapura which was destroyed by chola invaders.As far as they are concerned the north belonged to them before that.That is why when we asked for seperation their blood boiled,but if we ask for powers to manage our day to day affairs they may be more amenable to that.However as you say some powerful racists don’t like that too.

      • 1
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        You cannot cite a point in history which is favourable to your agenda. There was no Anuradhapura kingdom before a certain era. There were several tribes with their chieftains like the tribe in Tambapanni with Kuveni as their head. Recently the site of rule of Veddhas has been unearthed in Vaharai, which suggests that they were also a sovereign entity. All these tribes were forcefully subdued to create the Anuradhapura kingdom. These tribes were certainly not Sinhalese, whom according to current evidence are Dravidians similar to those who lived across the sea. These people were at first natural worshipers and then Saivites. Therefore people speaking Tamil or some form of Tamil and professing Saivaism were living in Sri Lanka before the evolution of people speaking Sinhala and professing Buddhism. This is unquestionable fact based on scientific study of archaeology, linguistics and genetics, which is being denied. Except a few fair minded persons, the rest of Sinhalese are not willing to share power or territory with Tamils in a fair and effective manner. Mostly what they will do is to grant something because of international pressure and subsequently sabotage it. This is what happened to 13th amendment which created provincial councils. Now with BJP on the ascendancy Sinhala leaders know that they cannot bluff, and even Mahinda is talking of implementing 13th amendment and going beyond which he refused to do under congress government pressure. Justice to Tamils have to come from outside like what happened in other countries which faced similar situations. BJP has decided that since Sri Lanka was originally a Hindu land where some have converted to Buddhism, they want to create a Hindu majority state and a Buddhist majority state side by side as union territories similar to what they did in Kashmir. Let us wait and see what these Sinhala cardboard veerayas are going to do against it.

        • 0
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          Dr.gnana

          the problem here is invasions.It creates anger,fear and phobias.I too as a hindu get angry at what the muslim invasions did to india,specially when i read about the fort that was built with hindu skulls etc.That is why i don’t want india to give even one inch of land from kashmir to pakistan.In fact the idiot who allowed one third of kashmir to pakistan should have been castrated.I think it was lal bahadur.I don’t have any agenda ,but the only way you may understand the feelings of the sinhalese is to tranfer youself into the shoes of one of them.

          • 1
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            What do you call annexation of land by Vijaya and his men killing Kuveni and subduing her people. Is this not an invasion which is OK for Sinhalese. When Buddhism was introduced to Sri Lanka some Hindu temples were destroyed and Buddhist temples built over them, which is fine for Sinhalese. Feelings of one community cannot stand in the way of justice for another community. About Kashmir, it was Nehru who made the initial blunder of agreeing for ceasefire when Pakistani troops were being pushed back, internationalizing the matter, and agreeing for a plebiscite. At that time India was toying for foolish concept of leadership of third world, and was bending backwards to please the countries. Congress party could not take any bold decision on Kashmir while looking on the ethnic cleansing of Hindus from Kashmir valley. Now this will be reversed to bring the Hindu majority in Kashmir and restore Hindu rule in the state.

            • 0
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              Dr.gnana

              you cannot compare vijaya with raja raja chola and rajendra chola who built huge empires,some as far as indonesia and malaysia.Vijaya landed in srilanka by accident,not with any invasion objectives.Luckily for him the natives,unlike in japan where they killed any foreigners landing on their shores,welcomed him.Same mistake many natives did including here when they welcomed westerners.Vijaya and the natives did not have battles and kuveni was killed by her own people when she left vijaya.

        • 0
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          “Therefore people speaking Tamil or some form of Tamil and professing Saivaism were living in Sri Lanka before the evolution of people speaking Sinhala and professing Buddhism.”

          This is nonsense. It is proven that the Vedda language has far more in common with Sinhala than Tamil. The Vedda language even has Sinhala words from the 10th century that are no longer part of Sinhala language. This proves that Veddas encountered Sinhalese before Tamils, meaning the Sinhalese arrived on the island first. This is further confirmed by archaeological evidence and works such as “Ramayana” and “Mahavamsa.”

      • 2
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        shankar

        “sinhalese don’t look at things that happened a long time ago.”

        Fantastic.
        However they let loose periodically their 450 years of bottled up Colonial anger on the innocent people of this island.

        “That is why when we asked for seperation their blood boiled,but if we ask for powers to manage our day to day affairs they may be more amenable to that.”

        Aiyo shanker, did the Muslims ask for more devolution in 1915, 1979, 2013, 2018, 2019, … or for that matter separate state? The Sinhala/Buddhists like their Tamil/Saivaite brethren are full of rage, …. They do not need a specific reason to riot, hurt, rape, loot, burn, burn alive, burn libraries, properties, …………………..

  • 2
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    Carlo’s grounding in Western knowledge and his intellectualism stand out. He used analytical principles to read contemporary situations. He spoke what he say as the truth-be it in politics or any other subject. Though I never met him, I admired his writings in the media. He reminds me of figures like Osmond Jayarathne who taught physics in an understandable way at Pdeniya university when I was a student in social science. They had the ability to grasp fundamentals of western theory and explain it in comprehensible language.

    The difference between literature and sociology is that the former is based around fiction and the latter fiction constructed using western theory and methodology.

    • 1
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      I only knew him through Kandula Programme even if I had heard about him long before.
      He is the grounder of Kandula Programme. And has been the compositor for a set of sinhala songs sung by Amraradhewa and all other senior singers.
      :
      My problem is why he stood against devolution of power which I think is only way out to resolve the long standing ethnic problem in SL. If powerful western countries could practise federalism as seen in Switzerland, Germany and many other countries, why not we the srilankens cant consider as a successful system ?

  • 2
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    Racism is not part of rationalism or nationalism. Bensen Berner

  • 3
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    RIP. But only good Marxist is a dead Marxist.

    • 4
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      Victor Jones,
      I agree with you on that 100%. As a matter of fact, I wonder how a good reader like Carlo couldn’t figure out the philosophical &, theoretical fallacy as well as the practical failures of Marxism even after being able to see how the Soviet Union imploded on itself & how China abandoned the communist foundation by replacing it with the capitalism while keeping one-party system as a ploy to keep power in the hands of a few elites!

      I think that it is a huge misunderstanding to believe that, as Malinda does, Marxists can ever hold Cartesian frame concurrently b’cos Cartesian thinking, like Buddhism, holds that mind controls everything – “cogito ergo sum” (=I think, therefore I am). Marxists, on the other hand, took the exact opposite view of “matter over mind”!

      I also think that he hit the bottom of his highly controversial career when he sided with MaRa regime & GMOA! That is perhaps b’cos human mind, which is nothing but a the working of the brain that has evolved on the same basic structure of its chips ancestor, can never break away from “four Braconian Idols” on its efforts obtain knowledge. We all live in wolds of perceptions. CF was no exception! “Cogito ergo um”!

  • 3
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    The only real mistake Carlo committed was quite uncharacteristic of the great man and against the principles that he stood for. Immediately after the war was over in May 2009, there was a book written by an ex-cop who served in Jaffna in eighties who argued that it was the LTTE that was behind burning of the Jaffna library not the UNP thugs of Gamini D.
    Carlo who was in the book launch was gullible to swallow this and made a statement that he is sorry for implicating Gamini Dissanayake on this and Went on to say that he will visit Gamini’s wife to apologise! I think he did visit Gamini’s widow and said sorry! What a folly.
    Jayananda

    • 1
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      Jayananda

      Please refer to his review of the book in Colombo Telegraph:

      Who Burnt The Jaffna Library?
      By Carlo Fonseka
      FEBRUARY 2, 2013
      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/who-burnt-the-jaffna-library/

      • 0
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        Native Vedda,
        Thnx for the link to Carlo’s review.
        LTTE became a force only after the 1983 July riots. Carlo was gullible to be swayed easily by his ex Josephian friend. Why did that ex IGP wait till the war ended to straighten the record or to put the blame on LTTE? With the euphoria of winning the war there was a ready made atmosphere for any Sinhalese to write any rubbish like this which was like music to the ears of Sinhalese who were looking for ways to say that they were innocent. Sad that Carlo fell for this trick or he was losing his marbles then. Do you agree?
        Jayananda

  • 4
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    The message here is ‘Poor ‘Uncle’ Carlo. Unlike many, I had connections to Carlo, started in Boston, no less!’
    /
    Ho hum

  • 1
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    Malinda, I remember him best for when he did This Fire Walk:-

    “Above all, he remained a rationalist to the last, having stirred many a controversy, the famous one being his fire-walking stunt, which blew the myth of divine intervention saving fire walkers, sky high.”

    • 2
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      Rationalist, Though you think divine intervention myth was blown over when Carlo foolishly burnt his own feet by walking on coals, humans still do penance, and other acts, offerings, sacrifices to numerous fallen gods competing for attention and followers, for the gods’ ability to stay afloat by power over God breathed life power in humanity. Rationalism is not any different because it only shifts from believing in gods to believing in the enlightenment and ability to elevate one’s own mind and intellect ‘helping’ in being free from the evil we think and do. Where do evil thoughts come from? Can you deny that you have them? Can you do right by your own self effort alone? Can our wrong thinking right the wrongs in this world even if we are reborn a million times? In Carlo’s damage to NCMC and SAITM, who pays the price for the consequences? Rationalism has no true answers

    • 0
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      Rationalist, Any bible believing Christian is absolutely forbidden to pass through the fire in Deut. 18 calling it an abomination as a sacrifice to other gods than Creator/Redeemer. Of course there are lots of things we do in ignorance. Just shows what holiness is.

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  • 0
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  • 2
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    ‘Uncle Carlo’ this and ‘Uncle Carlo’ that . . . name dropping like autumn leaves in Cambridge Common Park. Heck, even Dr DJ gets a cameo.

    Painful to read, but what the hell, it’s a love fest.

  • 2
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    Malinda, Your 1st paragraph is weird and crazy. How can dust particles come together in enormous dimensions and coherence to become a personality called man, and whether good or evil in life, will disintegrate at death. So why try to do good and right in this life which has no purpose or goal. There is a maker for a watch, an architect for house, and most gadgets come with a maker’s manual. Funny that only man seems to be a collection of particles without a brain with understanding capacity.
    For my personality, the maker’s manual is the bible. After Lucifer fell and original flood created chaos in which Lucifer/satan could not bring order into, God the maker/creator of universe with earth spinning in space in total control, re ordered earth separate from water. He brought his inherent light into darkness. He created animals, fish and birds, created sun moon and stars, all for Adam he made of dust in garden. Bible says he breathed his life into Adam to create spirit life and procreation, and then Adam became a living soul or personality. At death, spirit or life goes back to origin God, but the personality or soul made containing mind, emotions or will is going to be judged according to whether we have lived in obedience to justice and God ordained truth. What we could not do to save us, Jesus came to earth and took away our sin exactly as written in bible, so we could live free of karma/sin. There is judgement of our lives at death, which will determine where our soul will spend eternity. Body dust disintegrates, but we cant kill soul or bring back into rebirth outside our maker. Bible is a foretelling book, and happens exactly as written with man given free choice to choose God who is Love, the greatest power on earth.

  • 2
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    It will be closer to reality if Malinda Seneviratne’s statement {“Carlo-Dust Illuminated Our Lives For A While”} is modified to “Carlo Entertained Our Lives For A While”
    Carlos buggered it all by supporting the stupid policeman EG as to who set the Jaffna Library on fire.

    • 0
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      K Pillai, Bungling about Jaffna library was a temporal confined thinking flaw in earthly life but if God is rejected, there are eternal consequences even in the hereafter.

  • 0
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    “The evil that men doeth liveth after them, the good is often buried with the bones.” WMS

    So be it with Carlo. His posture on private medical education was short of evil. The problems with NCMC started by honourable men, were not with out solution but Carlo and his minions were able to whip up frenzy of hate resulting in its grab by the Govt. He did the same with SAITM, and even refused to implement court orders. His tenure at the SLMC was less than mediocre and he could not rise above his bias on many issues. He had an unholy alliance with the demented GOMA.

    Civilisation results from meeting challenges. There is strong desire for private medical schools, and and its absence results in 100’s of our students seeking medical training abroad. Alas this challenge is now in limbo.

    • 0
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      Shelton, Karl was offered C/A Dean Ragama promotion which he grabbed and chased away the real owners of NCMC and became a squatter. He thought he owned it, though a robber. Like all politicians, who love a large following, he repeated the destruction of SAITM allowing evil GOMA infiltrate SLMC. Verdict of justice to SAITM MBBS resulted in their being registered and on same day came the fatal heart attack. GOMA too judged as now the word SAITM cannot be erased for Panden’s contempt of court case. They tried swallowing Health Minister, but a higher justice prevailed. All strikes using ragged and brain washed students have come to nothing, but they are brain dead to learn lessons. Even in death Karl to get satisfaction in his Ragama, his dead body is exposed like Stalin’s for the public. His indestructible soul must surely know the truth by now that he has to obey a higher law. Good lesson for GOMA and all other rebels including politicians.

  • 0
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    Did Malinda get his facts right He says Carlo visited his son in Boston but the obituary says he had only a daughter

    • 0
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      Ruwan, Carlo did have a son, though we don’t know what happened to him, except that he had some hopelessness. That may be the reason why he destroyed private education

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