21 September, 2018

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Federalism Is Good For The North, But Better For The South!

By Veluppillai Thangavelu

Veluppillai Thangavelu

On April 26, 2017 Dr. Rajitha Senaratne, Minister of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine delivered the keynote address at the SJV Chelvanayakam’s 40th death anniversary commemoration held at Kathiresan Hall, Bambalapitiya. The function was organized by the llankai Tamil Arasu Katchi (ITAK) the party founded by Chelvanayagam on December 18, 1949 after he broke off from the All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC). TNA Jaffna District Member of Parliament M. A. Sumanthiran presided. R. Sampanthan, MP and Leader of the Opposition and the TNA leader also addressed the meeting.

In his keynote address Minister Rajitha Senaratne has posed the question FEDERALISM: WHY ONLY FOR TAMILS?  Naturally the Minister’s query has evoked much discussion by way of pros and cons in political circles. Dayan Jayatilleka, an ultra-Sinhala Buddhist nationalist and reputed to be the political advisor to Mahinda Rajapaksa has written an article in response titled “Sinhala Federal Party.”

Very few Sinhalese politicians come forward to support federalism; if they dare it will be considered as sacrilege and condemned roundly. Therefore, we must congratulate Minister Senaratne for speaking his mind on a controversial, but a burning topic. It is the first time someone like Minister Senaratne has posed the question FEDERALISM: WHY ONLY FOR TAMILS? and then answers: A Federal Union of Ceylon would have allowed the Sinhala South to take their destiny into their own hands, in their own regions.”

Minister Senaratne’s explanation on the need for Federalism was simple. It allows people in different regions to take care of their day to day responsibilities including their cultural life, while politically acting together as a single Nation State.

Let me quote extracts from his speech somewhat extensively for the benefit of the readers. 

(1)We must ask, why Federalism to Tamils? Why not to the Sinhalese in the South? We need Federalism for South because centralised powers from 1947 Parliament to 2017, for 70 years, have failed to develop the rural Sinhala society.

(2) If Federalism leads to “separation”, Velupillai Prabhakaran would have first negotiated for a Federal System. He would have been the hard line campaigner to have the “Oslo Declaration” signed in December, 2002 to be enforced without delay. The Norwegian facilitated peace deal was declared as signed between the GOSL and the LTTE on 05 December with Anton Balasingham, the chief negotiator for the LTTE announcing” that is what we decided, that we will opt for a Federal model. This Federal model will be within united Sri Lanka which will be appreciated by the Sinhalese people I suppose.”

(3) If Prabhakaran was as convinced as the Sinhala extremists that Federalism leads to a “separate” State, he would have been the first to demand a Federal System.

(4) But why Chelvanayagam wanted a Federal State was for simple reasons? That was to take care of their day to day responsibilities including their cultural life in the North-east, while acting together as a single Nation State.

(5) As the first National Convention of the ITAK in 1951 resolved, “…..It is their (Sinhala and Tamil) common motherland and with a view to promoting and maintaining national goodwill and close co-operation with the Sinhalese people.” The “common motherland” that “Thanthai” Chelva stood for and believed would be best served as a “Federal Union of Ceylon”, would not have allowed Prabhakaran his dream of an “Eelam” State. A “Federal Union of Ceylon” instead would have allowed the Sinhala South to take their destiny into their own hands, in their own regions.

(6) Centralised power in Colombo even before this free market economy left the Southern districts too poor and lacking in socioeconomic development. In just 20 years since independence, the Sinhala youth in rural South decided to rebel against the State, for a better future. The JVP began organising their armed insurrection from 1968. It was the marginalised rural poor that served as recruits for the 1971 insurgency. After the economy was completely liberalised in 1978, majority Sinhala Districts outside the Western Province could only supply cheap labour to heavily exploiting export manufacturing sector and soldiers to a war that was not theirs. War brought sealed coffins to villages and robbed youth in their prime as “missing in action”.

(7) First is the fact that out of the present 95 MPS in the SLFP led UPFA, 52 MPS don’t abide by the SLFP leadership of President Sirisena. It is therefore no “unity” between the two main Southern parties. It is just a “one and a half” party alliance. Second is the fact, this “Unity” has not brought about any consensus on the ethnic issue and power sharing. They are toeing the same “Rajapaksa line” cementing further the Sinhala racist sentiments with daily trips to the Chief Prelates, promising “war heroes” with every State patronage possible and making statements they feel would provide them with a larger Sinhala Buddhist vote bank, than what Rajapaksa could command. South therefore needs a Sinhala “Thanthai Chelva” to campaign for a “Federal Union of Sri Lanka” that can for sure lift the rural poor into a decent and democratic life, with political power closer home.

(8) Power devolution is anathema to the South. When you say Federal, it is not to their liking. However, the people of Jaffna favour power devolution. Although Federalism is not a novel concept, people do not fathom what it really means. It is terminology. We talk about power-sharing now. Power should be shared between the centre and the periphery. We suggest that power should be shared within the centre itself, by creating a second chamber and senate. The Parliament can pass legislation, but the second chamber can resist it. They can defer it. Then, it has to be referred back to Parliament. Parliament should provide valid reasons as to why it is passed. The actual reason is that people in the North and East have not felt that there is a government looking into them.  Actually, the same structure of governance has been in the South. Why should there be a special situation in the North and the East?

(9) The issue is people here consider power-sharing as Federalism. Fearing that this might lead to separatism, they insist on unitary status. However, TNA leader R. Sampanthan, even recently, said maximum power-sharing should prevail under an undivided country. Today, it has come to a diluted situation. Had the Banda-Chelvanayagam Pact been implemented at that time, this problem would not have cropped up. Some leaders, in order to gain political mileage, expressed many things such as making Sinhala language official within 48 hours. Those things were wrong. Now, the politicians have to realise that such ideas are not acceptable. That is why the President was overwhelmingly supported by the Tamils and Muslims.

(10) “Power devolution is anathema to the South. When you say Federal, it is not to their liking. However, the people of Jaffna favour power devolution. Although Federalism is not a novel concept, people do not fathom what it really means”.

None of the assertions by the Minister is anything new. Federalism in brief is sharing of power between the centre and the peripheral. The Sub Committee on Centre – Peripheral Relations has submitted its report to the Steering Committee making recommendations to decentralise power. For example, currently the executive power is vested in the unelected Governor of the Provincial Council and not the elected Cabinet of Ministers. This is an anomaly and an assault on democracy and democratic principles. Incidentally the Chief Ministers of all the 9 provinces at their conference have demanded more devolution of power.

Minister Senaratne says Power devolution is anathema to the South.  This is because Sinhalese politicians mislead the Sinhalese people by claiming devolution leads to separation. That is the reason why the word “federal” has become a dirty word. Some even describe it as F-word. President Maithripala Sirisena also says the word “federal” is not acceptable to the people in the South; likewise the word “unitary” is spurned by the people of the North. This need not be so, if we understand that federalism is a system of government well suited to a country which is multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi religious and multi-cultural.  Canada, which fits into this definition, the federal government has jurisdiction over the entire country while each provincial government has jurisdiction over provinces.   

In a unitary government, the power is held by one central authority but in a federal government, the power is divided between national (federal) government and local (state) governments.

In recent years there has been a strong global trend toward federal governments. Unitary systems have been sharply curtailed in a number of countries and scrapped together in others. A good example is Nepal which has adopted a federal constitution to satisfy the aspirations of various ethnic/minority groups.

Out of 193 countries in the UNO, a total of   27 are federations as of October 2013. Foremost countries like India (29 states and 7 Union Territories), USA (50 states), Canada (10 Provinces and 3 Territories), Nigeria (36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory), Russia (22 Republics and 46 Provinces), Argentina (23 Provinces and 1 Autonomous City) and Brazil (26 states and 1 federal district). Nearer home Malaysia has 13 states and 3 federal territories.  

Special mention must be made of Switzerland, which is a Confederation with a population of 7.3 million and land area of 41,285, has 23 cantons. It was founded in 1291. 

Overall, 40% of the world population and 2/3rd of the land mass live under federal or quasi-federal states.

The Republic of China has a federal form of government with Chinese characteristics. It has 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao.

Apart from federal and quasi – federal states there are countries enjoying devolved power to peripheral units with federal features. The best example is UK which though unitary in form had devolved extensive powers to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland with their own Parliament/Assemblies.

Italy is divided into 20 regions, which roughly correspond to the historical regions of the country. The regions are further divided into 110 provinces. They have special powers granted under the constitution and regional assemblies (similar to parliaments) with a wide range of administrative and economic powers.

Ukraine has 24 oblasts, 2 metropolitan areas. Netherlands has 11 provinces and one associated state. Japan has 47 prefectures. 

A democratic state should assure all its citizens justice, equality, liberty and endeavours to promote fraternity among them. Though, India is 85% Hindu, it has a secular constitution. Buddhists, Sikhs, Christians and Muslims form the rest of the population.

Although one swallow does not make a summer, not only Minister Senaratne, there are others who now openly advocate   federalism as solution to the national question.  Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera, former President Chandrika Kumaratunga, Jayampathy Wickramaratne are in favour of federalism. 

Chandrika Kumaratunga who delivered the keynote address at a similar commemoration meeting organized by the ITAK (Colombo Branch) on April 26, 2015 made a forceful speech which, inter alia, included efforts to build a democratic and pluralist state. She said:

“It has also agreed to undertake actions to ensure accountability with regard to violations of fundamental freedoms that may have occurred on both sides of the divide during the war. Firstly we must engage in the difficult but most essential exercise of arriving at a political solution acceptable to all. Then, and only then, would we have won a durable peace. The Government has also rebuilt very quickly confidence in itself and good relations with the International community. I am confident that we will receive the support of the majority of our peoples, as well as that of the International community for our enterprise to transform a divided and violent Nation into a united, free and prosperous Lanka with a strong and stable Government, and for our efforts to build a democratic, pluralist State which is the only magic potion I know, that can bind together diverse peoples of our multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic, multi-religious and cultural country and transform it into one undivided and strong Nation.”

Going back to the article “Sinhala Federal Party” written by Dayan Jayatilleka. This person is carrying on a solo but highly toxic racist campaign against any form of devolution beyond 13A. The thrust of his argument is that no party in the south has advocated federalism as a solution for the national question. Unfortunately, either his memory is short or he is deliberately hiding facts to bolster his argument. In any case I must pay him left handed compliments for placing the subject of federalism on the front burner.

Federalism is a political concept no one can simply wish away. It is in the hearts and minds of the Tamil people since the formation of the ITAK in 1949. Before that Tamils refused to listen to SWRD Bandaranaike who wrote articles and went to Jaffna in 1926 to advocate federalism. The Tamils also refused to join the Kandyan National Assembly which wanted 3 federal units with the same boundaries as the three kingdoms that existed before the arrival of Portuguese in 1505. Again   in 1946, the Kandyans repeated the demand for federalism before the Soulbury Commission.  Had the dim-witted Tamils joined hands with the Kandyans to create a federal system of government, they could have lived peacefully and avoided state sponsored pogroms and Sinhalese colonization since independence. 

I want to join issue with Dayan Jayatilleka’s assertion that no political party whether of the Marxist left (LSSP/CP) or Liberal right supported federalism. Way back the Communist Party acknowledged the right of self-determination of the Tamil people. So was the JVP when Rohana Wijeweera was the leader. Above all the UNP under Ranil Wickremesinghe accepted a federal structure.

The Oslo Declaration refers to the agreement reached at the third round of talks in December 2002 in Oslo between the LTTE and the UNP-led United National Front (UNF) government. The agreement states: “Responding to a proposal by the leadership of the LTTE, the parties have agreed to explore a political solution founded on the principle of internal self-determination in areas of historical habitation of the Tamil-speaking peoples, based on a FEDERAL STRUCTURE within a united Sri Lanka. The parties acknowledged that the solution has to be acceptable to all communities.”

The Oslo Agreement was reached by delegations led by the LTTE chief negotiator Anton Balasingham and the UNP government’s chief negotiator Prof. GL Peiris. At that time, Prof. Peiris hailed the agreement as a ‘paradigm shift’ on Sri Lanka’s vexed ethnic question. The two men were hailed for having established the ‘breakthrough’ which, both privately said, was facilitated by the personal rapport they had established. Of course, Prof. Peiris is now singing a different tune and knowing his notoriety for political opportunism that is no surprise. 

Federalism became entrenched in Sri Lanka’s political landscape in 2003 when it was endorsed at the Tokyo donor conference. The Tokyo Declaration, signed by 70 state and multilateral donors, “commends both parties for their commitment to a lasting and negotiated peace based on a FEDERAL STRUCTURE within a united Sri Lanka.”

Today, the process to enact a new constitution is facing road blocks.  Due to opposition from the Joint Opposition group, the draft constitution is undergoing revision.  According to informed sources President Sirisena had asked the Steering Committee to draft a simplified report that members of the Constitutional Assembly could understand. It is a known fact that the two main political parties and groups are deeply divided over the basic features of the new constitution.

While the TNA wants a “federal” form of government with an extensive devolution of powers within an undivided country, the parties of the majority Sinhalese want the present “unitary” structure to continue. While the TNA wants the merger of the Northern and Eastern provinces to form a single Tamil-speaking province, the Sinhalese and the Muslims reject it. While the Tamils and Muslims want Sri Lanka to give equal status to all religions, the majority Sinhalese want Buddhism to be recognized as the “foremost” religion.

While the Sirisena and Rajapaksa factions of the SLFP want the retention of the Presidential form of government with minor alterations, the UNP led by Ranil Wickremesinghe want a Westminster-style parliamentary form of government. Both Sirisena and Rajapaksa SLFP factions want only a few amendments to the existing one. While the UNP is of the opinion that the constitution should go through a Referendum, the SLFP feels that the changes should not be so fundamental to require a referendum. In other words no 13A+.

A constitution contains the rules and principle by which a state is governed. It is the fundamental laws and principle that prescribes the nature, functions and   how power is shared among the arms of Government and the right and duties of citizens in the country.

The Constitution of the United States has endured for over two centuries. It remains the object of reverence for nearly all Americans and an object of admiration by peoples around the world. William Gladstone was right in 1878 when he described the U.S. Constitution as “the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man.”

Sri Lankan leaders have miserably failed to draw a constitution like that of the United States. Today, the leaders of the UNP and the SLFP have a choice, either they produce a constitution that will last at least 100 years or pave the way for continued political turmoil and economic instability.

Minister Rajitha Senaratne has made a strong case for federalism for the South. As suggested by the Kandyan National Assembly, one Tamil and two (or more) Sinhala federal units will be an ideal solution.

Federalism is good for the North, but better for the South!

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Latest comments

  • 0
    4

    A federal Sri Lanka will need huge military resources to keep it federal.

    Soma

    • 3
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      Not so. On the contrary, it will require less military machinery as the people of all ethnic background will feel that they belong to this beautiful country, prosper to their maximum potential, and with mutual respect and greater understanding will flourish as a peaceful multi-ethnic nation with less enemies from within! Try that and see.

    • 2
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      सोमस जी (somass ji) ————–“A federal Sri Lanka will need huge military resources to keep it federal.”—————————– True the cost will be huge to keep the Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto building fascists outside the island proper. It is still worth it. Thank you (धन्यवाद!) for reminding us the additional costs. We will incorporate these costs into our projected Defence budget.

    • 0
      0

      In a country, people have no idea, buddhism as LORD Buddhas taught it, but to think of federalism would never work.
      As one historian once said, we the folks need to stay discuss about the federal or the like systems for such a long time to convince the majorities that federalism is no means separatism or partiioning the country.
      It is the lack of knowledge this nation would stay rotten for ever not because of anything else.

  • 0
    3

    Provided all Singhalese leave the north and all Tamils leave the south. Otherwise federalism will lead to riots and war again.

    Tamils must learn from Muslims how to coexist without division.

    • 2
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      Not necessarily. Federalism doesn’t mean that you divide the people in terms of their language. Take Australia or Canada for example; multinational people from world over live in all the states happily, respecting and supporting each other, speaking several languages and following their own religions. No religion, culture or any particular language is treated as superior to the other. They have no competing interests, only common interest. And that’s what true coexistence is. Not living under fear of a majority rule. Even a Lebanese or an Armenian descendant can become a State Premiere in Australia. The result is peace and prosperity and a strong nation.

      • 1
        1

        Anthony: YOur idea is good for Vatican and for Saudi Arabia.

        No religion or culture.

    • 3
      1

      Federalism works very well in many countries without division. Riots and war against Tamils and Muslims by Sinhalese happened in Sri Lanka only under unitary system. The rule of law was completely collapsed under unitary system and we have seen brutal dictatorship not long ego. Sinhalese have a mentality that they are superior to others and they have the right kill and torture Tamils and Muslims whenever they want.

      • 1
        0

        Learn lessons from Switzerland

  • 2
    4

    Even in America and India, federalism is dying and their central governments are gaining more powers as elections go by, soon America, India and the likes will become unitary states. Unitary country never becomes a Federal country, only Federal country becomes a unitary country. Strong leaders and governments keep their country in one piece (unitary state), if the leaders and governments are weak, their country will break in to pieces (federal states). @ Thangavelu, READ the chronicle of Mahawanshaya, you will learn how strong ancient Kings made Sinhalé (Sri Lanka) an unitary state, and when there was a weak leadership, every one wanted be a ruler. ——————————So STOP trying to sell OUTDATED Federalism as HOT CAKE straight from the oven, Federalism causes tension, blood shed and rivalry among other Federal communities.

    • 1
      2

      We can make a choice. We can bury our heads in the sand, live in the Mahawamsa Era, and ignore the changing world around us. Or look to the future and be part of the new Global Community and prosper. How many of us can speak or write Pali now? Why, then, do we want to be stuck in the past? Why not take new bold steps, try new things and take the country forward? Federalism is not outdated. In fact it is very much alive and practiced in many countries in the world where peace, prosperity and harmony prevail. Switzerland is a federal republic of 26 cantons with ‘direct democracy’ and great amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Have we ever heard of ‘tension, bloodshed and rivalry among other federal communities’ in Switzerland? There are over 25 countries where federal government shares power with semi-independent regional governments. They include Argentina, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, UAE and US. Multi-ethnic countries do well with regional power-sharing arrangements. Have courage. “For the resolute and determined there is time and opportunity.”

      • 2
        1

        In all the countries you have indicated they don’t have ethnic groups clamoring to gain power in their state/province! . That is the difference!
        Another factor is that each of the province have limited resources and will not be able to survive on their own. Provinces are far too small to survive on their own. Provincial Councils have been an utter failure and has been a burden to the country!

        • 1
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          Idiotic person in India Pakistan Belgium Switzerland ;and Canada federalism is based on ethnicity and language. Get you facts correct before posting garbage here Sinhalese racist
          . Most Multi ethnic and Multi lingual states always have a federal set up based on ethnicity and language. If federalism had been implemented from the very begging in the island , all this conflict would not have happened and the Tamil speaking population in the north east and central parts of the island would have been protected and Sinhalese racist would not have been able to impose their will on them and encroach and steal their lands , as they did in the east and parts of the north.
          You just want a unitary state that was never there until the British created it in 1833 , so that you can forcibly impose your Sinhalese Buddhist majority garbage on everyone in the island . Remember the island prior to European colonisation was not a unitary state and had three kingdoms and During the Portuguese and Dutch era the Tamil areas were separate colony . It is only from 1883 the island has been united prior to that for thousands of years it was not and thrived, as Sinhalese racist devils like you were not ruling the Tamils

    • 2
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      Johnny Baby ——————————————————————— “Even in America and India, federalism is dying and their central governments are gaining more powers as elections go by,” ————– Please let us have some examples. And BTW, what has it got to do with this island? —————————-“Thangavelu, READ the chronicle of Mahawanshaya, you will learn how strong ancient Kings made Sinhalé (Sri Lanka) an unitary state, and when there was a weak leadership, every one wanted be a ruler. ” —————————————– Please cite chapters and pages from Mahawamsa to prove your pointless assertions. Sri Lanka never been a unitary country. You are reading too much into Kamalika Pieris’s story telling. There were multiple Centres of Power, not a unitary power centre. ————————————————————–Refer to ” “Multiple Centres of authority in Medieval Sri Lanka” – in Reflections on A Heritage Historical Scholarship on Pre Modern Sri Lanka. ——————– Johnny Baby please note avoiding typing on subjects that you have little or no ideas is better for you as well as the readers.

    • 0
      0

      “Even in America and India, federalism is dying”

      USA was never one country. 13 Sates were put together to make USA. At the start it was little bit more cohesive than EU. Eventually it made into current form, one country. But remember the power changes are agreed by states. India was never divided into states (three presidencies existed- East and West Pakistan went together – Pakistan is now a federal government). India still creating new states(dividing the old ones) states. Mr. Modi is supportive for more powers to states.

  • 0
    4

    I did 1500 Ks on my Road Trip from Colombo to Puttalam, Jaffna, Mulivaikal , Trinco , Katugastota and back. with two rounds of Golf in our Dalit Course in China Bay.. What a mass of amazing land with so much fresh as well as sea water, Not many souls for miles on end….And that is the two Federal States this Velpullai is on about… Bloody oath it is good for the Tamils and the Wahabis ……. I did some computations and the finding are alarming,,,,,, Both Tamils and Wahabis under Federal get 0.006 of 1 square mile per inhabitant of Mahavamsa Land… Sinhalese get only 0.00 l of a Sq Mile per person…Both Tamils and Wahabis also have land in the South, either freehold or from the government….And the Majority of each Group live in the South and live well with good Businesses and high incomes. Land supports and sustains life …With 0.006 Tamils and Wahabis have 6 times more support than the rest….Going forward under federal , Sinhalese will be even more disadvantaged with the increase in their numbers….

    • 1
      2

      All Tamils (Tamil speaking people ) in the South must be relocated into North so that a contiguous Tamil homeland can be created – stop gap ‘federalism ‘ is a waste of time. TNA must run a campaign encouraging Tamils to move out voluntarily to initiate the process. Sumathitharan can set an example.

      Soma

      • 2
        0

        सोमस जी (somass ji) ————————————-“All Tamils (Tamil speaking people ) in the South must be relocated into North so that a contiguous Tamil homeland can be created”—————–Please leave the worrying to Tamils, Sinhalese, Muslims, Veddahs and others. You better start preparing a list of Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto building fascists so we can deport/expatriate all them to the ghetto. You will be grateful to us.

    • 1
      0

      But in India Tamil Nadu is not even in the top 10 in terms of size yet it in the top-3
      when it comes to overall development. Kerala is less than 1/3rd the size of Tamil Nadu and 1/10th the size of Rajasthan but it is No. 1 in India when it comes to Human Development. Smaller states like Kerala and Tamil Nadu are doing really well in India. In fact in 2016 they were No. 1 & 2. Thats right! Two “Dravidian” states are at the top in India. In the US Massachusetts is one of the smallest states yet it is No. 1 in education and No. 2 in Healthcare in the US. Size doesn’t really matter. It is the proper utilization of available resources. Haven’t the ladies’ taught you that yet? ;) ;) ;)

    • 2
      0

      KASmaalam ———————“Going forward under federal , Sinhalese will be even more disadvantaged with the increase in their numbers” —————————–Could you let us have analysis of ethnic wise population estimates for the following years:——————————————————————————————————————————————————–
      1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, …………. 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 2011. Why do you sound like Bandula Jayasekera?

  • 1
    1

    1) List down all the benefits of federalism

    2) Draw up a geographical sketch of proposed federal regions

    3) Demonstrate that at least 90% of Tamils (Tamil speaking people) are benefited.

    Soma

    • 2
      0

      Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious society. Federalism will benefit all peoples of Sri Lanka, not just the Tamils. In fact, the Sinhalese stand to benefit more by being able to focus on the pressing issues affecting their own people in a better way. At the moment the minorities are not able to achieve their full potential. And overall, it is the country that suffer.

      • 0
        0

        Yanne koheda? Malle pol. Read my comment again.

        Soma

  • 0
    0

    Think of it this way. Where has nearly 70-years of a “Unitary State” got us? It is high-time we tried something new. If the sticking point is the North-East merger simply hold referendums. If both provinces vote “yes” then merge the 2. Otherwise devolve power to the present 9 province structure without any mergers.

  • 2
    0

    It was the Sinhalese who wanted Sri Lanka a federal state. SWRD proposed a federal form of government and the Kandian Sinhalese demanded for it. Now they are against it . It is the Regional leaders who insists on a Unitary state . How can you call them???

  • 2
    0

    Veluppillai Thangavelu has presented some compelling reasons to consider a federal structure. We are not inclined to give up the language/religion divide. This is the only demon keeping us from escape from Failed-State status. Just across the Palk Strait, the robustness of India can be attributed for the federal governance structure. Should we try it? Definitely. Few years later we will wonder “Why did we wait this long?”.

  • 0
    1

    Sinhala People don’t have their language, culture etc., in India. Sinhala people has nothing related to another land on this earth as others do. Sinhala culture and civilization is all conencted to Sinhale.

    It is Tamils who want another homeland in Sinhale as Tamilnadu is too much Casteism.

    It is our country why should we ask for a fedralism unless ofcourse Politicians want it because of votes.

    • 0
      0

      Your Sinhale ( corruption of the ancient Tamil word for the island Chinkalam meaning the land of red or copper) is in the south. Keep it there and do not come to Tamil Eezham the north and east of the island that is Tamil Land.
      Yes Tamil Nadu had lots of casteism ( but not as bad as Kerala or North India ) that is why lots of Tamil Dalits migrated to the island got converted to Buddhism Catholicism and Islam and became Sinhalese and Sri Lankan Muslims. May be your ancestors.
      You and most Sinhalese can return to Tamil Nadu from where the ancestors of the vast majority of the Sinhalese arrived or to the Jungles of Oddisha , from where some of your ancestors arrived. You can start your Sinhale there . There is a huge cave in the Odisha jungle that was used by the lion which raped the princess . You can use that as the Sinhale headquarters

  • 0
    0

    Federal government will not work. Recent NPC CM has given an speach to show how the central was using the Local governments to control the NPC through line Ministries). First North and East has to go separate. Then one EU like Union can be formed.

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