31 October, 2020

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Kandy Traffic Problem: Congestion, Pollution & Kandy Kassa

By Siri Gamage

Dr. Siri Gamage

Recently I spent two weeks at Peradeniya on a family visit. During this time, I used public transport between Kandy and Panideniya on Peradeniya road. The period coincided with Kandy Perahara and there was additional traffic. Nonetheless, I was appalled to observe the conditions on the road and the difficulties the public including school children and parents face. Here, I explain the issues and possible solutions in the hope that authorities in the Yahapalana government will take note.

Congestion

The road from Kandy to Peradeniya is about 5 kms. From Peradeniya there is another 2 kms to Panideniya on lower Gampola road passing Peradeniya railway station. This part of the road is in a terrible state (However, there is some activity on ground to expand and renovate this section). One day I spent 1.5 hrs in a bus to move between Kandy and Mulgampola during peak hour. Distance is about 3 kms. The congestion was so bad that vehicles moved at snails phase. Reasons for this congestion are manifold:

1. There are two lanes going from Peradeniya to Kandy in the upper road (Uda Para). However, only one lane from Kandy to Peradeniya. Thus there is less space for buses, trucks etc to move faster.

2. Three wheelers fill the gaps when vehicular traffic moves as well as not move. They don’t follow traffic rules.

3. Excessive number of vehicles on road. There are cheaper Indian made, Malaysian and other cars on road. I even saw a car in a size of a three-wheeler.

4. No attempt has been made to widen the road and introduce additional lanes in the upper road (Uda Para). Instead the strategy has been to develop alternate roads (e.g. Lower road/Yata Para)

Photo credit – Facebook I Love Kandy 

Solution

1. Widening the Upper road and introducing another lane from Kandy to Peradeniya

2. Constructing an overpass from Kandy to Peradeniya (less preferred)

3. Constructing a driverless Sky Train (as in Bangkok) above ground with public-private partnership.  Have several stations in between.

4. Along with 3 above, construct a wider footpath and a cycleway above ground between Kandy-Peradeniya (Important for modern lifestyle purposes. Shoppers and tourists can use. Cycles ought to be available at both ends for hire).

Pollution

When moving or not (due to acceleration of engines while still), vehicles release exhaust gas, i.e. diesel fume. One gets a burning sensation in the throat and chest when inhaling this fume from open windows. I had to use a handkerchief all the way during my travels in buses to avoid this poisonous gas. My experience is that if I don’t, I develop a persistent cough, i.e. Kandy Kassa that can last for weeks if not months. Cough syrup does not cure this ailment.

I am concerned about the health impact of this pollution on thousands of people of all ages that spend hours on this stretch of the road including school children and elderly.Those who work in shops, offices and stalls along the way, may experience similar health impact. This is a terrible state that needs immediate attention by authorities.

Solution

1. Further checks on the level of fume released by larger vehicles

2. Encourage drivers not to accelerate engines while still.

3. Encourage the public to use masks to cover mouth and noses

4. Develop alternate route above ground and additional lane on existing road as suggested.

Peradeniya Railway Station

Given the significance of the area close to the University, botanical gardens, Mahaweli River, Hantane hills etc. this should be a place of pride that reflects Kandyan architectural heritage. Instead, we still have the ‘old structure’ constructed for Queen Elizabeth’s visit during J.R’s time. The roof is made of asbestos (This is the same in Colombo Fort station also?).

The entrance is covered with mud when raining and dust when not raining. It is not sealed.  On one side, there are piles of stones stored (on railway line side).  On the other side, bowsers fill petrol.  In the past, petrol was transported to the nearby filling station using the railway. For a decade or so, this practice has been abandoned.  Instead bowsers are used. Along the Peradeniya-Panideniya stretch, one can see waiting bowsers on one side of the road limiting space available for traffic. It is rumoured that this change was to allow particular authority figures to make profits by deploying such bowsers. This practice needs immediate investigation.

Foreign tourists and locals look for aesthetic enjoyment in public places such as railway stations instead of mud, dust and large petrol bowsers. It is incomprehensible why authorities that of course travel in air-conditioned comfort with escorts neglect such an important place! A renovation plan for the Peradeniya station premises should be a priority.

Conclusion

What I have described here is an example of the pathetic sense of neglect by those in charge of roads and railways. They don’t seem to have either the experience of discomfort as experienced by general public who use public transport or they don’t care. As a result, the public who use public transport and suffer from health conditions develop antagonistic emotions on top of physical discomforts.

Developing Kandy-Peradeniya/Panideniya road should be an essential part of Kandy city development project undertaken with the assistance of Japanese government. Panideniya should also be included in the Kandy City Council area.

Addressing the pollution and congestion issues in Kandy can provide an economic and social dividend as well as benefits to the resident population and visitors. What is needed is foresight in planning for the next generation.

*Dr. Siri Gamage – Formerly at University of Peradeniya

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Latest comments

  • 1
    4

    Where I am living, widening the roads or building new roads never had work. Instead, single occupancy vehicles, promote multiple occupancy and mass transit. charge taxes for vehicles passing on KAtugasthora, Peradeniya, theldeniya etc., on bridges.

    • 5
      5

      Simple solution is to open the road in front of the temple. Cannot understand why it is closed.

      The mahanayakes may object but 2-3 cars preferably E 200 Mercedes Benz would do the trick.

      Can give enough examples how clergy have been looked after by politicians on controversial issues :

      1 Norochcholai power plant protests by Catholic priests
      2 Kandalama hotel protests by Dambulla monks
      3 Port City protests by Catholic priests
      4 Kandy city road races by Asgiriya and Malwatte chief priests

      • 3
        1

        Asgiriya man is a crook and a pervert.He does not care about the health of the people of the area, but is reported to have readily accepted bribes according to Lankenews.

        The only solution is to lock up all those who support the closure of the road in front of the temple, including the podian from Malwatte and open up the exhausts of a number of diesel vehicles into the room.

        Let then watch their reaction!!!

    • 3
      5

      Jim Shitty I thought you live in an asylum? No government in their right mind will ever let someone like you live alone in a house. You are so mentally infirm, you need 24/7 care.

      • 5
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        I read some where a donkey is braying.

        • 2
          1

          Jim Shitty, can you really hear yourself? Then you are probably in a cave. Is that where they are keeping you these days?

        • 1
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          Jim Shitty, are you are still reading kiddie story books about donkeys? It is about time, you started reading some English comic books, which might fit your mental capacity.

      • 3
        2

        Tamil from the north

        You got everything wrong.
        The jimsofty who lived in freezing mobile home in Canada is missing for quite sometimes, probably head hunted to replace Gnanasara.
        This is another dimwit using his name.

        In essence there is not much differences between the two.
        This one might replace Assgiria one day. Please wish him well.

  • 4
    0

    The main problem with Kandy is the lack of proper state administrators. The Commissioner rarely makes independent decisions but always passes the buck, the Governor only gets involved in issues if the news cameras are attending and heaven knows what the Chief Minister does. Professor Amal S. Kumarage’s suggestion of satellite bus stations outside the city with shuttle services within the city should be implemented. The clock tower bus stand needs to be re-located, police need to take action against bus drivers that block traffic to pick up passengers. Right now the police are blind to buses. An police Inspector once told me that they rarely have problems from heavy vehicles, it’s only the smaller vehicles that cause problems! The Roads need to be widened or at least the 3-wheeler’s must not be allowed to park everywhere, the main city is one big 3-wheeler park. The pavements need to be constructed/repaired for pedestrians, the ones that exist have gaping holes every few yards. Are no funds allocated to develop Kandy? or what are the funds being used for?

  • 0
    0

    The main problem with Kandy is the lack of proper state administrators. The Commissioner rarely makes independent decisions but always passes the buck, the Governor only gets involved in issues if the news cameras are attending and heaven knows what the Chief Minister does. Professor Amal S. Kumarage’s suggestion of satellite bus stations outside the city with shuttle services within the city should be implemented. The clock tower bus stand needs to be re-located, police need to take action against bus drivers that block traffic to pick up passengers. Right now the police are blind to buses. An police Inspector once told me that they rarely have problems from heavy vehicles, it’s only the smaller vehicles that cause problems! The Roads need to be widened or at least the 3-wheeler’s must not be allowed to park everywhere, the main city is one big 3-wheeler park. The pavements need to be constructed/repaired for pedestrians, the once that exist have gaping holes every few yards. Are no funds allocated to develop Kandy? or what are the funds being used for?

    • 1
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      Good suggestions Karen. I fully agree that the pavements on Peradeniya road should be widened. As it is there are gaping holes . I saw even an electricity pole located against the footpath. The city council has not provided wide enough footpath to the public who walk in front of shops, eating places etc onward from the police station. The mentality of planners and authorities seems to be to focus on those who drive cars. Not those who walk, use cycles, etc. in fact the public who walk or use cycles are at high risk from moving vehicles. Crossings are a joke. They are not monitored by traffic police. Why don’t the City Council employ volunteers to man crossings? I heard during my visit, that the Boga,bara prison complex is to be given to a hotel chain…, watch the space. It should be public property and it can easily be converted to a cultural centre. A Tourist information centre( instead of tourist police), Buddhist publication society outlet, a cafe or two, parking, etc could be located there together with public space for relaxation. At the moment, it is the Kandy City Centre, a commercial establishment, which provides such space .it is of course another shopping centre that sells products from various companies,local and foreign, promoting consumerism.

  • 2
    6

    Opening the road in front of Dalada Mailigawa should receive top priority. This has been used for over 100 years and was closed only due to terrorist problems. Now such a treat is not there and it is hard to comprehend why auhtorities are so scared of the asgiriya priests who support the former president. Just before elections Maithripala Sirisena promised to pen the road in 2 weeks. Another political gundu!
    Kandy Peradeniya main road and William Gopallawa roads should be made one way. It was stoppedd only because of some business people objecting to this and as a resut whole city suffers..
    Police inaction is also largely responsible. Penideniya Kandy buses stop anywhere on the road to pick up passengers and police take no action. Similarly three wheelers are a law onto themselves and police always ignore their mistakes while they are quick to stop a person driving in a small car (not the big Pajeros) for the same offence.
    One piece of advice to Siri, when you travel next time from Peradeniya to Kandy take the train, it only takes 8 minutes.

    • 5
      5

      Oliver

      I vehemently object to reopening the road next to the Temple.

      The Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relics is the highest venerated religious place of Buddhists. Even India doesn’t have any Tooth Relics.

      How could opening the road in front of the Temple improve air quality???

      To improve air quality, the government should impose strict regulations to reduce vehicle emissions.

      “The road has been used over 100 years???” Is that the reason to reopen?

      Hello, this permanent Temple was built by King Vimaladharmasooriya 1 in 1592 AD to house the Sacred Tooth Relics which was brought to Sri Lanka in the 4th Century.

      Anybody can see the Temple was there before the road was built. The first car was brought to Sri Lanka only in 1902.

      A road should never have been built near the Temple in the first place which is too close to the Temple.

      If the road is opened, the emissions from vehicles and the noise will not only pollute the Temple but also ruin ancient murals, centuries old walls and even the sacrosanct chamber where the Sacred Tooth Relics is placed, not to mention how much disturbance and inconvenience the noise from vehicles could cause to the centuries old Sri Dalada rituals.

      Protecting the Temple of Sacred Tooth Relics is a historical obligation of the government.

      This is the Most Venerated Buddhist Temple, therefore the priority should be the Temple not the traffic or the road.

      The road next to the Temple of Sacred Tooth Relics should be permanently closed by a gazette notification.

      Some suggest building a bridge across the Kandy Lake to ease the traffic congestion. That’s not good. The problem is there is no proper traffic control mechanism in place. People drive the way they want. That is what causes the traffic.

       

      • 1
        3

        The most idiotic comment of the century!.
        Who are you ‘Pea Brain’ ?. Most definitely not from this planet. You can’t be a ‘Buddhist’ either. The ‘Buddha’ never said to worship his leftovers, but wholeheartedly follow the ’32 Bodhi Paakshika Damma’. Which is more valuable to you?, ‘Maligawa: made out f Brick & Mortar or Human lives?. Your comment explains everything, so, don’t bother replying. I wish I could wind the clock back to the 50-70s when I was a schcool boy from this wonderful city, but now, I don’t want to fly over it. Sad………..,no wonder with people like you around, there will be no future. Metta! ‘Suwapath Wewa’!

        • 0
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          Dear CT,
          The above comment was directed at ‘Champa’, but lately, when someone replies to a comment it appears as a normal comment addressing the main article which makes the other readers misinformed.. Please make sure this error is rectified. Thanking you, Anonymous

        • 0
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          Sorry, after reading Champa’s comment, I lost my conscience (Sathi Sampajannaya) for a moment (Khsanayakata). There are 37 guidelines in ‘Bodhi pakshika Darma’ the above comment has to be read as :The ‘Buddha’ never said to worship his leftovers, but wholeheartedly follow the ’32 Bodhi Paakshika Damma’

          • 1
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            Anonymous: How About Jesus. It is the Roman Kingdom which converted a Greek Humanitarian into a Religious leader. bible was fiction. Vatican is the remains of the Roman Kingdom. Catholics were too strict, so the christians came. Evengelical christianity is like Wahabism to Islam. It is there to derstroy their founding religions. YOu can not translate Sathi Sampajannaya as conscience. “left overs” —- why do you celebrate the Cross. Cross was used to punish the traitors of the Roman Kingdom. Worshipping buddha’s rlics and what arhants, including buddha, used is an acient custom which existed even during the former Lord Buddhas.

            • 0
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              My Dear Softy,
              I think you are more of a genuine character than most of the participant writers. I do agree with some of the things you have mentioned, for instance:”can not translate Sathi Sampajannaya as conscience”. True, the closest we can get to defining it is ‘Intuitive Awareness or Here and Now’.

              ” Worshipping buddha’s relics and what arhants, including buddha, used is an acient custom which existed even during the former Lord Buddhas”. This sentence does not makeany sense to me. Please be more precise in what you meant. I think, you are an intelligent bloke and worth spending a few minutes to have a unbiased discussion in ‘Dhamma’ the ‘Universal Truth’.

              Please read this at your convenience.
              PDF]Word of the Buddha – Urban Dharma

              https://urbandharma.org/pdf/wordofbuddha.pdf
              THE WORD OF. THE BUDDHA. An Outline of the teaching of the Buddha in the words of the Pali canon. Compiled, translated, and explained by. NYANATILOKA.

              • 0
                0

                Anonymous: Thank for your comment. At that time, I had forgotten it. People who good meditations and who acheived Dhaynas know, “dhatu” the size of small mustand seeds appear in front ot their eys, shining just like little sons. Tooth relic is more powerful than what you think, I was talking about what you talked about ” left overs”. if that was what you were thinking of.

            • 2
              0

              Dimwit Jim Shitty, bible was a fiction? Go to Israel and see for yourself whether it is fiction or not. Your mahawansa is a day dream you fools have been cooking up. When did Buddha ever say that he was God or he had Godly powers. You made him God!!! I cannot believe there are idiots of such low caliber living amongst us. Keep dreaming about Buddhism, idiot!!!

          • 1
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            anonymous – non-Buddhist

            You lost your conscience (Sathi Sampajanna) after reading my comment?

            Buddy, I don’t think you know what you are talking about. Forget about Sampajanna, Sathi means “non-judgemental awareness” that means you didn’t have Sathi at all even before you read my comment because it says don’t judge people based on your own assumptions which are not always correct. Please go back to the beginning of the lesson.

            • 1
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              Anonymous nonBuddhist

              “Don’t talk about things that you don’t know.”
              “Buddy, I don’t think you know what you are talking about”

              Thank you Champa, for opening my eyes and guiding me back on to the ‘Path’. I would rather indulge in ‘Noble Silence’ than breaking the precepts. May you be well, Happy, Peaceful and most of all, be FREE from suffering! ‘Suwapath Wewa!’

        • 1
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          Anonymous nonBuddhist

          Don’t talk about things that you don’t know. It is not 32, it is 37. Bodhi-Paksha means Awakening. 37 Bodhi-Paksha Dharma is mentioned in “Abhidharma” which is the highest teaching of Buddhism.

          Lord Buddha never asked laymen to follow “37 Bodhi-Paksha Dharma” which is not practical. All the “37” should be followed collectively so that one can reach the final stage of Awakening – Arhat.

          Who says Lord Buddha ever said not to worship his corporal remains even when he himself gave away flocks of his hair whenever he visited Sri Lanka which were deposited to build stupas? Why did Lord Buddha place his Sacred Footprint on Mountain Samanala if it is not for worshipping?

          Lord Buddha clearly stated whose corporal remains are worthy for enshrining i.e., Buddha, Pacceka Buddha (Pase Budu), Arahat and Chakravarti (Mahaparinibbana Sutta). After the parinirvana, the four canine teeth were taken away by Gods, Nagas, a King and a Monk. The one took by the Monk was given to King Kalinga who sent it to Sri Lanka for protection when it received threats from Brahma rulers which is now in the Temple in Kandy.

          For me it doesn’t matter whether “Maligawa” is made out of what, what matters is, it is the Highest Venerated Temple of Buddhists. Sacred Tooth Relics came a long way despite various attacks but miraculously saved from all atrocities.

          Traffic congestion and polluted air quality were created by humans not by “Maligawa”.

          Therefore, humans should improve their understanding to respect a clean environment and show a genuine interest to overcome the problem which can easily be achieved by following traffic rules and not using vehicles that are major pollutant contributors. Attacking and trying to ruin the Most Sacred Tooth Relics by seculars don’t solve the problem.

          • 1
            0

            Idiot Champa, Buddha never visited Lanka. That story is a fabrication by the safron Toga wearing rogues. Buddha never asked anybody to worship parts of his body nor did ask you and me to worship the shitters, better known a Monks.Buddha wanted us to worship his Dhamma and nothing else.The bloody ganayas had been demanding women not only of yore but even today.

            • 0
              1

              Choked on words

              Quote: “Buddha wanted ‘us’ to worship his Dhamma????” Unquote:

              No, Lord Buddha never said anyone to “worship” Dhamma. He said listen to Dhamma and follow the path.

              Your language represents a nighanta in Lord Buddha’s time. Time to put a cloth on.

          • 0
            0

            When did the Queen make our religious teacher The Buddha a LORD? Surely, The Buddha was a greater human being than those, corrupt hereditary peerage holders known as the LORDS of England. Stop insulting this greatest human being ever lived, Stupid.Ignorance is unbelievably corrupting all views of Sri Lankans, including on road congestion.

            • 0
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              Pena Kiyanna

              OMG, is this only what you know about the word Lord? Queen’s Lord is a title given to any rank below a Duke. In religion, the meaning of Lord is different. It is used to show respect and admiration.

              What Lord Buddha means “Bhagyavath Budu Rajananvahanse” in English. Lord here means “The Blessed One”, “The Holiness”, “The Glorious One”, “The Master”. His doctrine is Dhamma, therefore Lord Buddha is called “The Lord of Dhamma” too. There are many epithets to describe Lord Buddha such as Samma Sambuddha in English “The Enlightened One”, Thathagatha in English “The Finder of Truth”.

              In Chrstianity Lord is God, in Islam Lord is Rabb, in Hebrew Lord is Baal, in Greek Lord is Kurio, in Hinduism Lord means God.

              Now, “in your own words”, who is the “unbelievably stupid ignorant”, you or me? Some people inadvertently describe their own self when insulting others.

              • 0
                0

                Chumpoo,
                “In Chrstianity Lord is God, in Islam Lord is Rabb, in Hebrew Lord is Baal, in Greek Lord is Kurio, in Hinduism Lord means God.”
                What a load of BS. I am sure you can do better.
                The simple answer is that the Sinhalese call him Budu Hamudurowo. Hamuduruwo means “Master”. “Lord” also means “master” in English.
                “Now, “in your own words”, who is the “unbelievably stupid ignorant”,?”

                • 0
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                  LAC3 (rtd) Buddhadasa

                  You! Because I have already mentioned “The Master” part in my comment. My answer was relevant to the comment made by Pena Kiyanna. “Budu Hamudurovo” is colloquial. When writing you use the phrase “Bhagyavath Budu Rajananvahanse” or “Apa Samma Sambudhu Rajananvahanse” or “Budu Rajananvahanse”.

      • 4
        3

        Champoo,
        Are you sure the Tooth Relic is real. It is about 3 inches long. Why doesn’t the Sangha do a DNA test on it?

        • 2
          2

          LAC3(rtd) Buddhadasa

          Yes, I am sure.
          Do you know the size of Lord Buddha’s footprint on Mount Samanala?
          Do you know Christians and Muslims believe Adam was 30 feet tall?
          How big is Lord Shiva? It is believed that his head is equal to that of a full grown ancient stallion.

          Go back to sleep Buddhadasa.

          • 1
            0

            Champa,
            “How big is Lord Shiva? It is believed that his head is equal to that of a full grown ancient stallion.”
            It doesn’t matter what you may believe. The Buddhist scriptures state that he was a man of normal size. Please tell us what scripture says otherwise?
            What others believe about their gods is not relevant. Are you saying that Buddhists must believe bogus fairytales because others do it?
            Christians allowed the Shroud of Turin to be tested . It was a fake. Why not the Tooth Relic???

            • 0
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              LAC3 (rtd) Buddhadasa

              Liar! Shroud of Turin is a linen cloth with an image of a crucified man which had no origin. Some Christians didn’t believe that it was belonged to Jesus so it was put to test and found out that it was NOT fake, for your information. Some blood particles had found in the linen. Obviously, you have your own selective version of the truth.

              There is no such problem with the Sacred Tooth Relics. It has the legend and it has a history which goes back to 3rd Century King Kalinga’s time in India. And most importantly, unlike the Shroud of Turin, Buddhists have no problem with that. What non-Buddhists think about the Tooth Relics is not our concern.

              • 0
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                Champoo the liar,
                The Shroud of Turin was dated to around the 13th Century. So it is a fake. Only, no one knows how the NEGATIVE image was produced.
                Again I challenge you, why can’t the Tooth Relic be tested ? If it is real, no need to be afraid.
                For your information, I am a Buddhist, but I don’t believe fairy tales.

          • 0
            0

            “Yes, I am sure.”
            Have you ever heard or read a sutta called ‘Kalama’?.
            “Of course you are uncertain, Kalamas. Of course you are in doubt. When there are reasons for doubt, uncertainty is born. So in this case, Kalamas, don’t go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought, ‘This contemplative is our teacher.’ When you know for yourselves that, ‘These qualities are unskillful; these qualities are blameworthy; these qualities are criticized by the wise; these qualities, when adopted & carried out, lead to harm & to suffering’ — then you should abandon them”.# Kalama Sutta

            And furthermore there are four groups of people the ‘Pruthagjana’, ordinary human beings belongs to according to ‘Damma’. You are non arguably in the fourth. Finally, if you are a true follower of the ‘Dhamma’, find it out for your-self. Suwapathwewa!

            • 1
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              Anonymous

              Kalama Sutta, I know, was not preached targetting Buddhism. What Lord Buddha meant was; as there were many religious leaders who forced people to belive in them as their respective doctrine is the only one that tells the truth and not others, and as a result people became vulnerable not knowing who to believe, Lord Buddha said people should feel free to inquire and then believe in such doctrines. Lord Buddha didn’t say not to believe in Buddhism but understand Buddha’s teachings by one’s ownself and for that one need to promote the quality of awakening.

              Buddhism is preserved in Sri Lanka due to great efforts by people who are genuine Buddhists. Buddhism is not only Dhamma, it is Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Buddhists need to protect Sangha too. That is why we need to protect our temples, Ashrama and holy shrines like Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relics so that Buddhism will prevail for future generations. Buddhism is a part and parcel of Sinhalese Buddhists which is what shapes our nation. It doesn’t matter what type of pruthagjana I am, but I fight whenever Buddhism or Buddhist shrines are under attack or undue criticism. There is no stopping.

              • 0
                0

                To all non-Buddhists and Seculars who took pains to reply to me:

                The manner in which you all have expressed your opinion on another religion shows who you are. Wisdom and compassion are core to Buddhism. Therefore a reply is not necessary. Non-Buddhists and seculars deserve my sympathy.

                Buddhists have no hemming or hawing about Lord Buddha, Buddhism or Buddhist civilization in Sri Lanka. Buddhism is a philosophy, what one can understand according to one’s wisdom.

                Lord Buddha was born in Jambudvipa (Terai Plains in Lumbini, Nepal), yet Buddhism is not the main religion in India or Nepal. If Lord Buddha didn’t visit Sri Lanka, Buddhism will never prevail in this country. Simple logic.

                • 0
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                  Chumpoo,
                  ” If Lord Buddha didn’t visit Sri Lanka, Buddhism will never prevail in this country. Simple logic”
                  Did Lord Buddha visit Thailand , Cambodia, and Myanmar, all over 90% Buddhist?
                  What logic???
                  If you don’t have answers, admit defeat and say so.

                  • 0
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                    LAC3 (rtd) Buddhadasa

                    My answers were relevant to the comments I chose to reply. Anybody who observes your comments can see that you jump from one point to another picking few words here and there to reply like a gangster who shoots his gun sideways without any aim.

                    • 0
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                      Chumpoo,
                      “Anybody who observes your comments can see that you jump from one point to another picking few words here and there to reply like a gangster “

                      Learn to think before you write incoherent arguments. If you argue rationally, you will get rational replies. Get it?
                      Find some logical viewpoints and stick to them. I note you don’t talk much about Dear Wimal nowadays. Good!

                  • 0
                    1

                    LaC3Buddhadasa: It is easy to talk to people who knows the subject. IT is simply impossible to talk to idiots who pretend to know everything and talk only because of jealousy and hatred. As you know well about your Almighty Creator, tell us where is him. where can you find him. don’t respons like a stupid.

                    • 1
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                      Jimmy the dummy,
                      I thought one needs a brain to use a computer. Well, wonders never cease!!!!

                  • 0
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                    LAC3 (rtd) Buddhadasa

                    “What logic?” Of course I have answers to all your lame questions.

                    How did Christianity spread all over the world, did Jesus visit those countries? The answer to that question is the answer to your lame question. If you are a Buddhist you should know the difference between Sri Lanka and those countries in terms of Buddhist traditions. As your questions prove again and again that you are not a Buddhist, I forgive you. —-

                    In ancient Sri Lanka, first Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi and then the Sacred Tooth Relics was regarded as the symbol of Kingship. We follow the same tradition. The main reason is to give utmost protection to the Sacred Tooth Relics at the highest level of the reign which is believed to be protecting Sri Lanka despite all calamities. I have never seen this connection between religious relics and the ruler in any other country. Buddhism in Sri Lanka is unique to us. Even our ancient civilization was built on Buddhism and agriculture.

                • 0
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                  Champa
                  I thought stupidity has a limit but not in your case and everybody on CT is laughing at or ridiculing you for exhibiting your stupidity in public.

                  “yet Buddhism is not the main religion in India or Nepal, if Lord Buddha didn’t visit Sri Lanka, Buddhism will never prevail in this country. Simple logic.”

                  Israel was a Jewish country before, during and after Jesus. Just because Jesus Christ was born there, Israel did not become Christian. India and Nepal were Strong Hindu countries before, during and after Buddha. Just because Buddha or any other religious leader being born there does not mean that the country should become Buddhist.

                  Cambodia is 97% Theravada Buddhists, Thailand is 93% Theravada Buddhists, Myanmar (Burma) is 89% Theravada Buddhists, and Laos is 67% Theravada Buddhists whereas Sri Lanka is ONLY 69% Theravada Buddhists.

                  According to your logic, Buddha should have visited all these countries for Buddhism to prevail but none of these countries claim that Buddha visited them. In Sri Lanka, a marijuana/ganga smoking Buddhist monk who wrote the Mahavamsa nearly thousand years after Buddha’s passing away has a hallucinating dream that he put to writing. After a few hundred years, his fiction/fairy tale became a fact and utter stupid fools like Champa believes it like gospel. Fortunately, for rational thinking people, even the Buddhist scriptures Tripitika does not say anywhere that Buddha travelled to such faraway places and nothing about his sermon or preaching in places like Lanka. Until today, even with the modern technology, none of the archeologists and history researchers in Sri Lanka are able to find any evidence what so ever to prove Buddha visited Sri Lanka. Foolish Sinhala-Buddhists (not all) are made to believe the Mahavamsa Myth as truth and it goes on from one generation of fools to another.

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            Stupid Champa,

            Do you think Buddha was a Dinosaur to have such a huge footprint and such a huge tooth? LOL!

            Buddha NEVER visited (came flying) Sri Lanka, it is only a myth created by some drunkard Buddhist monk who wrote the Mahavamsa. He must have had a long dream after having the locally brewed arrack. LOL!

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              It’s just a story like hanuma build a bridge with floating rocks or the you know who flying to heaven in a winged horse or jesus walking on water. Why get all riled up by these stories?

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              Jamis Banda

              Someone drowning like you deserve a rope, not a reply.

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          “Are you sure the Tooth Relic is real. It is about 3 inches long.”

          It is definitely not Buddha’s tooth, Buddha was a human like you and me. The 3 inches long Tooth Relic must be artificial/fake or it belongs to some beast/animal. Even the huge footprint at Sri Pada (Adam’s peak) is only a man made myth. The Buddhists in Sri Lanka are made to blindly believe the fairy tales created by some pot smoking Buddhist monks. They are fooling these ignorant SinhalaBuddhist idiots like Champa by showing a huge Dinosaur footprint and a huge animal tooth. Now a days, even the kids won’t believe such fairy tales.

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            Somapala Appuhamy: when did you see the tooth Relic. There is another christian writing here who says, there are only 32 bodhi paakshika ddammas. Are you a Tamil christian ?

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            Somapala Appuhamy Hurrah. I heard that the actual Tooth was sold to the Portugese by the crooked B.Priests.

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              Shokka Chamopa

              I am sorry for your grandfather who lost one tooth to Portuguese. I hope the rest of your forefathers didn’t lose anymore teeth to Dutch or the British.

              • 0
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                Shokka Chamopa

                “I heard that the actual Buddha’s Tooth was sold to the Portugese”

                According to Champa’s above comment, your grandfather must have been a Buddha whose tooth was lost/sold to the Portuguese.

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              And the smart Portuguese smashed and burned something they had bought? What is corrupt is your head.

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            Somapala Appuhamy

            Yeah, a kid like you might not believe but a religion like Buddhism which has a history over 2300 years has its roots, foundation, rituals and civilization.

            By the way, is your name real? This Appuhamy part? My grandfather also had a name Appuhamy (plus 3 other before that) who hailed from a village in down south.

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              Champa sounds like an Abiththaya who worked in the Buddhist temple. What did they feed you, the left over dana or punnakku?

              The Sinhala Buddhists like Champa are more interested in worshipping the Buddha statue, Bo-tree, and Buddha’s Dathu (relics/body parts) and feeding Dana (alms/free food) to the Sangha (Buddhist monks) rather than following the Dhamma what the Buddha preached.

              Unfortunately, 2500 years of Buddhism in Sri Lanka has not influenced any major changes in the Sinhala society in terms of attitude, character, behavior, morality, intelligence and so on. The Buddhist Monks in Sri Lanka are the most corrupt, most racist, and the most dangerous. Buddhist monks are supposed to have given up all the worldly things (Materialism) but in Sri Lanka, it’s a different story. The Buddhist Monks are Corrupt to the Core and the Buddhist lay people are transformed into fools to believe Buddha performed miracles like flying to Sri Lanka and stepped on Adam’s peak, about huge footprint, tooth, etc.

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                How do you know it is 3 inches? Did you see it? You must stop insulting other people’s sacred rituals and cultures. You have absolutely no understanding of what you are talking about. Being Tamil makes a good excuse for you not understanding the Sinhalese or for that matter the teachings of Buddha, or Buddhist culture, since you do not have the cultural background or roots or attachments to understanding anything other than what is practiced in Tamil Nadu. FYI the tooth relic of Buddha is sacred for all Buddhists in the world, and you are not capable of understanding what this relic signifies to the Buddhists of today and the Buddhist kingdoms of the past, since you simply do not understand anything outside of your Tamil universe.

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                  “How do you know it is 3 inches? Did you see it?”
                  Yes I saw it once long ago. It is longer than a human tooth.
                  Maybe that is why they don’t display it publicly now.
                  There are many descriptions by travellers too.

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                    Romani

                    That is an utter lie. No ordinary people or travellers were allowed to see the actual relics even in the ancient time. There are several caskets that protect the actual tooth relics.

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                      How did Emmerson Tennent see it then? Is he another liar??

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                  Punchi Brain,

                  The tooth relic of Buddha is sacred for all Buddhists in the world with punchi brain like you and Champa, it signifies nothing but stupidity and blind belief. Only a few Sinhala-Buddhists are unable to understand the teachings of Buddha and that is why you people venerate the bo-tree, a fake tooth and a mammoth footprint.

                  As per the descriptions provided by J.C. Willis and Sir Emerson Tennent prove that the original tooth was carried to Goa and destroyed (burned and pulverized) by the Portuguese in 1561. The holy truth about the ‘holy tooth’ now stored and exhibited in Kandy is that it is a piece of discolored ivory (two to three inches long and less than one inch in diameter), resembling the tooth of a crocodile. It is a clumsy substitute (too large to have been a human tooth), manufactured by Wickrama Bahu in 1566, to replace the original Dalada destroyed by the Portuguese in 1561. Dr. Ernst Haeckel a well-recognized German scientist of the 19th century has said, it resembles the tooth of a crocodile or an ape rather than that of a man.

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                    The Tooth Relic is exhibited! LMAO. You are just exhibiting your hatred and ethnic jealousy. Really, spare me of these dumb Tamil theories. Before you talk of other people’s blind faith, try to tame your blind hatred against an innocent people. Sinhalese have fought precisely against Tamils like you invading our island killing us, destroying our temples and sacred books and killing our monks and trying to destroy our culture and religion. Your Prabhakaran tried it and failed too. You and the ghetto refugee Tamils in the west are not going to succeed.

                    If Buvenekabahu manufactured !!? ( lol really so dumb) a tooth, then he would have made it sure that it looked like a human tooth and not like a crocodile tooth. Alternatively he could have pulled one of his teeth or got somebody to donate a tooth, if that was necessary. Nobody is going to take a 3 inch piece of ivory or some other animal tooth and say it is a human tooth, let alone a famous tooth as The Tooth Relic.

                    Relic worship has nothing to do with the Buddha Dharma itself, and no Buddhist says that it does. Its about veneration. There is a controversy about what Buddha told about this, but calling the veneration of the Tooth Relic blind faith and ridiculing the relic itself is absolutely disgusting and it just demonstrates the hateful Tamil mentality. The problem is your hatred and your ignorance about the Buddhist culture and society in combination with your hateful Tamil mentality makes you incapable of understanding anything other than your Tamil culture, which makes it an impossible task for you to distinguish between Buddhist teachings i.e Buddha Dharma and the Buddhist culture(s) and worship.

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                      Punchi Brain,

                      Looks like your brain will never grow any further and that is why you cannot think rationally.

                      “If Buvenekabahu manufactured !!? ( lol really so dumb) a tooth, then he would have made it sure that it looked like a human tooth and not like a crocodile tooth.”

                      Have you ever been to Adam’s peak and seen the mammoth foot print of Buddha which is exposed to the public (not hidden like this crocodile tooth)? Why not ask the same question, why didn’t they manufacture/make it look like a human foot? You ask any Sinhala-Buddhist and s/he will say it is Buddha’s foot. That is why the Portuguese called you people Modayass only good for gobbling kavum.

                      When the British captured Kandy from the last king Kannasamy Nayakar aka Sri Vikrama Rajasinha, they were able to see this fake tooth and they have written about it. That is how Sir James Emerson Tennent, the colonial secretary of Ceylon was able to tell us it is not a human tooth. If the Buddha’s relics that are kept in other countries like Kapilavastu, India can be displayed for the public view, doesn’t your punchi brain allow you to think that the tooth is not shown to the public due to some hidden reason (because it does not look human)?

                      I am not interested in your gibberish bull crap about Tamil mentality, hatred, bla, bla, bla. If that is what you think with your punchi brain, so be it, who cares.

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        First, the road came first then temple came or road and temple came together (unlikely). Nowhere in the world temple come first and road comes after a century.

        The Perahera is only prayer to Varuna “Hindu God”. A similar ceremony Indira Vizha was being held in TN hoping, rail will fall in time for cultivation. Celebration make have started at even before 1st or 2dn century CE.

        Temple is Nathan Temple – Siva temple. Siva temple usual annual celebration is for nine-10 days. That is why the celebration in for nine days. The Hindu time them for harvesting seasons, where the vegetables are about to keep going 10 days of feats. That is why the Nathan temple nine days celebration is in august. The water is the celebration is the Theertha Thiruvizha, the symbolic final days of all Hindu temples festivals.

        When one temple starts celebration, neighbouring temple participating in that Hindu customs. When Nathan temple starts, the Vishnu, Murugan and Kanai Amman of Kandy joins that. Before Kodiyettam, the first day of celebration, “Kannikal Naduvathu” is done in all Hindu temple annual celebrations. That why the plant Jackfruit tree at the start of ceremonies.

        The current ceremony created by Vivkramarajasinhan, a Hind King. He allowed the Casket to be carried in the Hindu Peruvizha. As a Hindu king who believed keeping tiger tooth in his palace is Luck-and Victory, he personally owned the tooth casket. When the Nilame was appointed by English ruler they handed over everything to Buddhists.

        Champa stop storytelling!

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          Mallaiyuran – Storyteller

          I pity you. You forgot to mention Lord Shiva had 32 avatars – Shivaavatar.

          Those who don’t have roots like Sinhalese in Sri Lanka, take pains to attach Tamil or Indian origin to what was ours.

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            I have heard, it is God Vishnu who uses the avatar of Shiva, because, Parvati is god Vishnu’s queen and they both had born in the South, at one time, as Sinhala people.

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            “You forgot to mention Lord Shiva had 32 avatars – Shivaavatar.”

            I don’t want to be in that Chamba,

            As per the materials I read it is not sure when the first Shiva title was awarded or Shiva was born. Mohenjo Daro was rebuilt four times from 9000- 4000 years back. Between that time interval Dravidian Brahmins have had many leaders and all were called Shivas. I did not read any numbers for how many shivas lived or I cannot guess any numbers on that either. That is why they call Shiva as Ananthan.

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            Chumpoo,
            “Those who don’t have roots like Sinhalese in Sri Lanka, take pains to attach Tamil or Indian origin to what was ours.”
            What DO we have that is ours? Were the Buddha and Lord Shiva Sri Lankans??

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          Robert Knox who lived in the Kandyan kingdom for nearly twenty years before the British wrote about the Life in the Kingdom of Kandy. According to him, the Maha Esala Perahera in Kandy was celebrated from ancient times exclusively in honor of the Hindu deities Natha (Siva), Vishnu, Katharagama (Murukan), and Godess Pattini (Kannagi). The Tooth Relic was taken in the Perahera for the very first time during the reign of King Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe (1747–1781) at the request of the Siamese Monk Upali to give a Buddhist touch to the festival. That practice was later stopped. These days only the empty casket is mounted on the elephant.

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            James Banda

            The actual Esala (July) Perahera was first held as the Victory Parade of King Gajaba (174-196 CE) to celebrate his invasion of South India to bring back the 24,000 Sinhalese who were held as captives by Chola King. He was the Sinhalese King who is believed to be brought Pattini’s sacred anklet on his return and introduced Pattini Cult to Sri Lanka.

            It should be noted that before the arrival of Sacred Tooth Relics, it was Sri Maha Bodhi which was regarded as the symbol of Kingship.

            The Pageant of Sacred Tooth Relics did not start in Kandy.

            The VERY FIRST Pageant of the Sacred Tooth Relics was held by King Kirthi Sri Meghavarna (301 – 238 BC) in Anuradhapura. Since then it was held annually. However as various princes tried to keep the ownership of the Sacred Tooth Relics to themselves and due to many atrocities, it had to be kept in hiding for protection.

            The First Pageant of Sacred Tooth Relics in Kandy actually started in 1754 AD. The Sinhala Text “Dalada Siritha” describes the procedure of the pageant.

            There were separate pageants honouring four deities (three guardian and one Bodhisatva) – Upulvan (a form of Vishnu), Pattini, Katharagama and Natha (Maitri Bodhisatva) due to Mahayana influence. After the revival of Theravada Buddhism, King Kirthi Sri Rajasingha amalgamated all pageants giving priority to the Pageant of Sacred Tooth Relics.

            Robert Knox only saw the Pageant of Sacred Tooth Relics in Kandy. The Chinese Monk Fa Hien, a traveller was the first who wrote about the annual pageant held in Anuradhapura in the 5th Century (Travel Records of Fa Hien).

            (It was the book written by Robert Knox which made the British greedy about the wealth and the prosperity of Sri Lanka which led to their invasion.)

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          You must be out of your mind!! Who is Vivkramarajasinhan? And Murugan is in Tamil Nadu, not in Kandy. What we have in Kandy and other Sinhalese cities is Kataragama deviyo and Pattini. Not Murugan and Kannaki Amman. If any Hindu rituals have been adopted by the Sinhalese, then they are Sinhalese Hindu rituals and NOT Tamil rituals.

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            This Punchi point is displaying his punchi brain. If he is so ignorant in not knowing who is Pattini, then he should at least watch the Sinhala movie ‘Pattini’ produced/directed by Prof. Sunil Ariyarathna. This idiot does not know that Kataragama deviyo is God Murugan and Kataragama is sacred for even Hindus from Tamil Nadu who visit SL on pilgrimage to Kataragama.

            Sinhalese Hindu???
            My Foot!!! LOL!

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              I am not interested in your foot. Sinhalese were the first Hindus on the island. Prince Vijaya is supposed to have built Shiva temples according to the Tamil document Yalpana Vaipava Malai. Long before the Tamils came here, or the Lord Murugan became associated with Kartikeya, Kataragama has been a place of Sinhalese worship of Kartikeya. When Sinhalese adopted Buddhism they never stopped worshiping Hindu Gods or practicing their pre-Buddhist animistic religious beliefs. As for Pattini – Some say Kannaki worship was brought here by Keralite and Tamil settlers (who settled among the Sinhalese and have got assimilated into the Sinhalese population), while others say it was brought here by Gajabahu. Whatever the story about how this Goddess got here, Kannaki has been modified and adopted by the Sinhalese as Goddess Pattini and so it is a Sinhalese deity and has nothing to do with the Tamils occupying the north and east today.

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                Punchi Brain,

                “Sinhalese were the first Hindus on the island.”

                Sinhalese were first Tamils in this island. Even though the written language started only after the invention of the Brahmi script, Tamil was a spoken language thousands of years before it was put to writing. Prince Vijay and the lion story was a Mahavamsa myth that even the Yalpana Vaipava Malai adopted. Ancient Shiva temples were all built by the Tamil Hindus.

                Kataragama was not only a Tamil place of worship but it was also occupied by the Tamils. The Sinhala government stopped archeological excavations in this area after the German team of archeological excavators found potsherds and other artifacts with Tamil inscriptions at Tissamaharama. The German scholars who undertook the excavation provisionally dated it to around 200 BCE.

                During the early historic period, Tambapanni (presently Sri Lanka) and the southern part of India was inhabited by the Tamil speaking tribes. According to historians, the Naga tribes were also moving back and forth between Sri Lanka and South India.

                Continued…

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                Continuation from above…

                Everything changed in Sri Lanka only after the arrival of Emperor Asoka’s missionary monks lead by Arahat Mahinda who converted King Muta Siva’s son Prince Thissa to Buddhism. A large number of Tamil speaking Dravidian tribes in the island embraced Asoka’s Buddhism, Aryanised/Prakritised their speech, learned to write using Asoka Bhrami script, adopted Asoka’s Lion symbol (Indian Lion) and the Dhamma Chakra (also called the Asoka Chakra), accepted the Asoka Buddhist culture and implemented Asoka’s technology to build Stupas, Chaitya, Viharas, Sangharama, and so on.

                Later, those who moved towards the South of Anuradapura created their own language Sinhala (because they were isolated from others) whereas those who moved towards the North of Anuradapura closer to the Tamil mainland continued to use the Tamil language due to the influence from across the palk strait with free movement due to the Rama Setu bridge.

                The Sinhalese still worshipping the Tamil Hindu Gods/deities while calling themselves Buddhists indicates their original Tamil roots. It is important to note that both Sinhalese and Tamils are Dravidian from the same tribes/stock but the language was changed to either Indo-Aryan (Sinhala) or remained Dravidian (Tamil).

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                  Jamis Banda,

                  Please spare me of these dumb nonsensical Tamil theories. Please get it in your head that you are not convincing anybody of anything with these theories, because there is a big question unanswered in your theory – why did only a section of the Tamils adopt a new language, and a language not found anywhere else, and who are the Tamils presently occupying North and east.

                  Tamils had your kingdoms in Tamil Nadu, not anywhere else. Vijaya is supposed to have come here in the 6th century B.C (543 BC), and at that time there was no Tamil language. According to linguists (eg Kamil Zvelebil) at that time the proto South Dravidian language which was the root language for all the south Dravidian languages (approx 20 languages) was still in the pre-Tamil state, that is Tamil had still not differentiated. So, just stop these absurd obnoxious theories about Sinhalese being Tamils and our kings being Tamil. Sinhalese practice Hindu religious practices because Sinhalese were Hindus at one time, not because they were Tamils.

                  “The Sinhala government stopped archeological excavations in this area after the German team of archeological excavators found potsherds and other artifacts with Tamil inscriptions at Tissamaharama.” Which German team’s excavations were stopped and when? As far as potsherds with Tamil Brahmi – even if any potsherd with was found, it is not going to prove anything expect that there have been Tamils living or trading there. FYI Tamil trading guilds were all over the region. PLEASE give the sources for the accusations you have made NOW. Also note that the plantation Tamils too will have the exact same historical and cultural connection to any potsherd with Tamil Brahmi found in Sri Lanka.

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                    Punchi Brain,

                    You are either a dimwit or an ignorant or both. Your knowledge seems to be half baked.

                    “because there is a big question unanswered in your theory”

                    First of all it is not a Tamil theory, it is based on facts gathered from historical records and there are no unanswered questions. During the early historic period, the human settlements and civilization started around the Anuradapura kingdom. It was the introduction of Buddhism, Pali language, Brahmi script, lion symbol, and Buddhist culture that changed a large part of the Dravidian/Tamil tribal population. The Sinhala language evolved (not in years but in centuries) from Tamil and Pali. Those who moved to the North closer to the Tamil mainland continued to use the Tamil language and practiced the Tamil Hindu religion Saivism. After the Chola rule of Anuradhapura and then Polonawara kingdom (a kingdom created by Rajendra Chola) ended, Sinhala Kingdoms were established in Kandy, Kotte, and many other places in the South and a Tamil kingdom was established in Jaffna. This is the very first time in the history of Sri Lanka, separate Sinhala and Tamil Kingdoms in the South and North began only after the Anuradapura/Polonurawa kingdoms were abandoned.

                    “In 6th century B.C there was no Tamil language”

                    Dr. Kamil Zvelebil very clearly says Tamil is the longest-surviving language in the world. Why not go to Google or Utube and type ‘World’s oldest language’ and see for yourself.

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        The solution to the problem is to throw some shit into the temple.One bowser load a day. The fools like Champa will run away.

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          No I don’t. I will make sure to detour the Gorakaya mark bowser to be unloaded at your goraka house where it belonged.

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        Champa,
        Please stop discussing this topic anymore. If you are a Buddhist just follow Buddha’s teachings and lead an exemplary life. Lord Buddha don’t expect you to defend or protect his relics even if they are authentic.

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          Yeah he wouldn’t have expected that. But we mortals need to do it for the sake of our future generations.

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          Eusense

          No, you are wrong. Buddhism is not ‘just following the teachings’. As Buddhists, we have an inescapable responsibility and obligation to protect Buddhism, our Buddhist culture, values, rites and rituals. Our forefathers have taken that responsibility very serious. That is why Buddhism prevailed under any circumstances since 3rd Century.

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        The focus of my article is Traffic problem on Kandy- Peradeniya road though the title is Kandy Traffic Problem. I can’t see how opening of the road near Maligava can solve this problem on Kandy- Peradeniya road? I presume most traffic from the other side of lake round,eg Lewalla, end up in Kandy City though there may be a trickle on Peradeniya road. Obviously, the traffic from Katugastota has been diverted via alternate route ending up in Gatambe area. These are commendable steps but these steps have not provided the outcome desired by the public who use public transport. Train schedule from Peradeniya station to Kandy is not regular. One has to wait more than half hour or 45 minutes for a train. So even though it takes 8 minutes once on board,such waiting time is unacceptable. I think the discussion should be on the issue raised rather than other topics such as Buddhas tooth relic, Abhidharma, etc,,

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          Dr. Gamage,
          “I think the discussion should be on the issue raised rather than other topics such as Buddhas tooth relic, Abhidharma, etc,,”

          Well, this is CT, not the Daily Noise. Whatever did you expect? This is what makes CT more interesting than the Daily Noise!

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            Old Codger

            True!

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        Champo, you as one to represent the folks that have been on hay eating, I would like to ask you, do you believe those myths stammered on Somaawathiya or other Dagabas … where they continued their sadu sadu .. not being able to realize the reflection of a rainbow or sky changes on the higher physical structures like steeples of the dagabs – what they call buduraes..
        Please ask one with a basic degree on Physics can help you getting it. I hate people being misled by some pinguthtarayas in those temples. There are no buduraes but the myth is being cemented as Rajapakshe licked the bo trees on day light to get the attention from the voters.

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      Oliver: Road by the side of the Dalada Maligawa should be opened. that will settle the anti-buddhist Hatred of christians whose religion is just a business enterprise in which the Almighty and the bible are the products. JEsus is the only evidence to sell it and PAstors gat fattneed and buy BMWs and build Fancy houses. Definitely, that will be good encourage to some Civil society NGOs, and to INGOs.

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    1.open the road in front of dalada maligawa. 2.encourage people to use public transport .Get some buses that are of better quality and charge double the normal price so that people will leave their cars at home and use these buses instead. 3.Encourage people to use scooters and three wheelers and motor bikes by scrapping the duty on these and increasing the duties on other vehicles.

    kandy may be worse but people face a acute transport problem everywhere.For example The CGR goes to sleep after 4.30 PM.Try to get a train from any city to another one after 4.30PM.Why should they have that privilege of not working at after 4.30 PM when the CTB does so.CTB is getting more and more useful because of private bus competition.CGR should have private competition.Privatise the rail sector too and keep the CGR public just like the CTB.

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    As usual, an ‘expatriate tourist’ has seen the ‘problem’ and has thought that he could solve the problem in a tick! The proposed solutions are nothing short of idiotic. Where would the space come to widen the roads (uda oThe problem not just in Kandy town, but the entire length of the Colombo-Kandy road is the lack of space on either side of the road to widen. The problem is worsened by too many cars in the country. The alternative expressway is the only solution.

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    No where in the world, opening more roads has lead to solve the road congestion. Instead the solution is charging fees from travellers when crossing certain passages of the road, for example, bridges or state or provincial boarders. The solution is promoting mass transit. Most probably, the Federal minister of transit and the provincial minister for transportation are idiots who look for lucrative contracts to give away so that they can earn some money.

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    Will Dr Ranil sell Lord Buddha’s Temple of Tooth to China?…..Or a Diaspora Pension Fund?…. Or will Dr Ranil move the Temple to Polonnaruwa ?……..

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    The most important thing in whole of Kandy is Sri Dalada Maligawa. It was also the palace of the last king of Sinhalé.
    —-
    The road close to Sri Dalada Maligawa should never be opened so many reasons, especially , at time Muslim threats are looming. Lots of western intelligence services have warned of possible Muslim attack. And lots of Muslims from Kandy have joined terrorist groups.
    —-
    Kandy is over crowded with too many Muslims. Where the hell do they come from??????? A Muslim population census must be carried out immediately.
    —-
    Other solutions for “Kandy congestion” are:
    – Building flyovers/ overpasses (i.e; Nugegoda flyover)
    – Bypass roads..
    – Widening already existing roads.
    – More buses.
    -Monorail.
    – Improving neighboring cities as commercial cities.

    Kandian politicians are useless. If Kandy politicians demand firmly an immediate improvements of Kandy during Rajapaksha government , Rajapaksha government would have done so, politicians not speaking up, money was allocated to other projects.

    It’s time to drop the English name “Kandy”, just call it “SENKADAGALA PURA” or “MAHANUWARA”!!!!!!

    “SIRI PAADA” / “SAMANALA KANDA” shouldn’t also be called “Adam’s peak”.

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      Ape John has made some interesting points. Similar to what my true Kandyan friend Amunugama said to me, viz

      • Rename ‘Kandy’ as ‘Maligapura’ and make it a sacred city (like Dambulla?) and make it only possible for practising Buddhists to live in the city precints. Like Mecca and Medina the sacred Maligawa should be only for Buddhists and not a tourist attraction.
      • This will solve the problem of unbelievers ie Muslims,and other non-Buddhists, who will have to live outside the city.
      • Decently dressed tourists and visitors will be allowed in between 7am and 9pm on permit.
      • No meat or liquor to be allowed in anyway within the sacred city.
      • Only Buddhist schools can operate within the limits of the sacred city.
      • The Maha Nayakes will have the final say within the city limits.
      • It is essential that all ‘knocking shops’ and ‘comfort houses’ in the city precints are identified and closed down.

      He also insisted that true patriots should not have non-Buddhist names (Mathew, Mark, Luke, John etc)

      I couldn’t disagree with many of these proposals.

      • 0
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        Dear SK,
        “I couldn’t disagree with many of these proposals.”

        I don’t think more than 3 people(Champa and 2 old ladies) would want to live in Kandy under those conditions. Certainly not Ape John. Definitely not the Mahanayakas.
        Please stop insulting our culture.

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          old codger
          what is insulting is that one of our most important cultural cities has, over the past twenty five years, progressively descended into chaos, and every now and then we have a blast of hot air……and nodding heads and bugger-all gets down. That is insulting!
          I have watched the Mahanayakes nod sagely, the DN nod gravely and all the other great and good city fathers over the years agree that ‘something must be done’, and here we are after years and years and things have only got worse. Even the bomb did not concentrate the minds of the city planners.

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    Follow the mass transportation examples of recently developed cities in Malaysia & other countries. One Ex. is they have dual rail tracks running opposite direction every 15 minutes.
    Improving rail network should be given priority.

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    I read all the comments avidly. First of all how can the commissioner run a city when he can not run the affairs in his office. If you would Municipality office in Kandy to pay bills you will find that the entire administration is in a chaos. Very pathetic situation exists there. This is the situation every where in the county.

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    4lane elevated outer circle bypass road along the river mahawali connecting all 5 bridges is much needed for Kandy instead of trouble causing tunnel project. This will cause minimum environmental effects and allow long distance traffic to bypass the main city.
    Indiscipline driving habits are widespread problem across the country. Authorities must implement proper driving rules and regulations which we’ve obtained from Britain as a right hand side driving country. Even the police doesn’t have any idea bout traffic regulations and manners. Police officers in Gatambe junction are causing more issues than solving problems. No one allow vehicles approach from right hand side to pass on the roundabout and police officers are just look at them and do nothing. Professional drivers who follows rules always get delayed and even sometimes get bullied.

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    Since most of the comments are directed towards Kandy city and the traffic, would like to offer my suggestions on the peripheral area of the city.
    Look at the Peradeniya city……. Peradeniya is renowned for so many good things… the garden, world class hospital, besides all this most beautiful and a world class university…..during my recent visits to Peradeniya city makes me ashamed about all the Sri Lankan intellectuals/ world renowned intellectuals passed out from the university of Peradeniya,,, simply because of the dire state of the Peradeniya city….. Just close your eyes and imagine the stretch between Peradeniya, Panideniya till Gatambe……during past 50 years or so, that area itself had not received any face lift…… People who passed out from the University, at least its renowned Engineering people should have thought about the surrounding of the University and should have done some meaningful development to uplift the area………..Students who studying in the university also has much bigger responsibility to improve the living standards in their own territory, (besides they have much bigger problems to look after like SAITM/ Free Education / ICTA what ever you name)… What I strongly feel is that University of Peradeniya should take all initiatives to develop their own area, give proposals to GOSL and push government to get things done…. rather than being a sleeping giant and University and its intellectuals failed miserably in that initiative till today….

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      Good point Mr. Gunarathne. Well said. I fully agree. But will they?

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      Gunarathna

      Actually there is a Research Paper compiled by three Lecturer-team (M/s. KTS Karunanayake, WMNR Weerakoon and V Wickremasinghe) of the Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya (I am not sure about the date of the Paper, presumably after 2010) on Traffic Issues, taking AA 001 from Galaha Junction to Gatambe Roundabout as their case study area. Their proposals were based on cost effective AHP structure. It is a brilliant work. I don’t think anybody else has presented a viable solution after making such a comprehensive analysis on the issue.

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        Champa,

        Just curious… Are you from Kandy? Are you Champa Fernando who used to work at IFS and later in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya as an English Lecturer? Are you the one who runs a welfare center for dogs?

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          Nope.

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          gamarala

          no.She is champika’s sister.

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            No NO, She is Wimal’s mother.

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              which mother?

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        Please Google “Kandy Traffic Problem” .there are a few useful articles on the subject. One very useful one is by a member of Peradeniya faculty of engineering who was on the Municipality traffic advisory committee. He refers to lack of coordination among various bodies, lack of political will etc. He has proposed some steps to the committee but they were never implemented. This is the issue. In Sri Lanka, good ideas, plans etc by locals are not important. If they come from foreign experts with $$$ s,then the rulers give attention. People have to solve this fundamental political problem first before they can expect solutions to everyday problems, I guess. This means that people need to reflect on how to create a new political culture? I mentioned about this conundrum in my previous article on Wijedasa.

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    Kandy is a small city, it cannot bear the increase in the numbers. Its such a pity.

    Cough syrup does not cure this ailment. ” It sure won’t. This cough started with the British starting to develop our country.

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    Kandy traffic is now at a different scale from what it was a decade ago.
    Now with the middle-class people owning more cars and since city center provides a parking facility, everyone brings their car to the center of the city.
    A decade ago most of the private vehicles were parked where they wanted, but then numbers were low so it did not cause a congestion of this scale.

    A few years ago one-way system was introduced from Kandy to Gatambe, but this was abandoned mainly due to the pressure from business owners of the Uda Para and Parana Para.
    Given that there are so many clothing shops around Mulgampola they have a collective power to stop the one-way system.

    The road next to Maligawa is not going to bring down the congestion as much as one would hope, mainly because Lewalla route is often not the one that causes the congestion, but the Katugastota road.
    Even if they open it, the Wewa Rauma road and Maligawa road join together again at a very short distance before the traffic to disperse.
    It could make things worse.

    Flyovers are too expensive for Kandy, and there are not that many big revenue making businesses in Kandy, so I doubt if it would go ahead.
    IMO, the only way is to introduce a metro bus line from Kandy to Gatambe grounds, and another one from Katugasthota.
    Enough space is there for new parking at Gatambe and Katugasthota.
    Vehicles coming from Kurunegala road, and Matale road have to cross-over at the Katugasthota bridge in the same way at Peradeniya bridge.
    Even school vans should be stopped at Gatambe and Katugastota.
    There are too many schools along the Colombo road starting from Kingswood till Pushpadana.

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    How did Emmerson Tennent see it then? Is he another liar??
    He has seen something resembling a crocodile tooth in ivory, as he himself has said, which means that the real relic was in safety somewhere else.

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    Somapala Appuhamy, If you think that the British captured Kandy from Sri Vikrama you have to read up on history. Anyways, the tooth relic would have been hidden away for safety, the first instance they realized that there was trouble coming. The monks supposedly had given the Tooth relic to the British governor, since they were the new rulers, but they would have never given the real one. What happened most probably was somebody just took or broke off an ivory ornament hurriedly and put it in place of the Tooth relic, when they knew that the British has taken over the place. Talking of which the popular wooden elephants we still have in our houses have tusks which can be taken out easily and sometimes they just fall off and have to be put to place. Anyways if a replica of the Tooth relic was ever made it is the easiest thing to get it carved like a proper tooth.

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      Punchi Brain,

      You can imagine, dream, hallucinate and create stories such as “would have been hidden away for safety”, “given the Tooth relic to the British governor”, “somebody just took or broke off an ivory ornament hurriedly”, bla, bla, bla. But the actual fact according to the British Secretary Sir Emmerson Tennent is that the original tooth was carried to Goa and destroyed (burned and pulverized) by the Portuguese in 1561. The replica of the Tooth relic was made and replaced in 1566, long before the British took over Kandy. It is easy to get it carved like a proper human tooth but they have not done so, that is why it does not look human, very similar to the mammoth foot print at Adam’s peak which also could have been carved to look human but not.

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      Punchi point,
      the reason why they did not make a human-like replica was that they sincerely believed the Buddha was a giant (as Champa believes). That is why the footprint is also so large. Simple ignorance. If the tooth relic was stolen today, they would make a proper one.
      It is time to practice proper Buddhism. Get rid of all bogus superstitions.

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        LAC3 (rtd) Buddhadasa

        I never said that. I only replied to your assumption that the Sacred Tooth Relics is 3 inch long. It is something you said not I.

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