24 June, 2024

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NATO Expansion: The Untold Agreement & Its Role In The Ukraine War

By Udara Soysa

Udara Soysa

The ongoing conflict in Ukraine has roots that stretch back decades, to a time when the geopolitical landscape of Europe was dramatically shifting. In the aftermath of the Cold War, as the Soviet Union disintegrated, new alliances and understandings were formed. Among these was an untold agreement between Russia and NATO, which plays a crucial role in understanding the current crisis.

The End of the Cold War: A Promise Made?

As the Berlin Wall fell and the Iron Curtain was lifted, the world witnessed a remarkable transformation. The Soviet Union’s collapse left the United States as the sole superpower, with the promise of a new era of peace and cooperation. However, this period of optimism was underpinned by delicate negotiations and promises, many of which were not formally documented but were significant in shaping international relations.

One such promise was made in 1990, when then-US Secretary of State James Baker assured Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev that NATO would not expand “one inch eastward” beyond Germany. This informal understanding was meant to assuage Russian fears of encirclement and maintain a balance of power in Europe. Despite this, NATO has expanded significantly since then, incorporating many former Warsaw Pact countries and Soviet republics into its fold.

NATO’s Eastward Expansion

From the mid-1990s onwards, NATO began its eastward march, admitting countries like Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic in 1999, followed by the Baltic states and others in the 2000s. Each wave of expansion brought NATO’s military infrastructure closer to Russia’s borders, heightening Moscow’s sense of encirclement and insecurity.

For Russia, this expansion was seen as a breach of the informal agreement and a direct threat to its national security. The prospect of Ukraine, a key former Soviet republic with deep historical, cultural, and economic ties to Russia, joining NATO was particularly provocative. To Russian leaders, Ukraine’s accession to NATO was akin to having a hostile military alliance right on their doorstep, potentially capable of hosting offensive weapons aimed at Russia. Arguably, this is a logical point of view!

The Ukraine Crisis: A Boiling Point

The crisis in Ukraine began to boil over in 2014, when a popular uprising ousted the pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych. Russia viewed this as a Western-backed coup aimed at pulling Ukraine out of its orbit and into NATO’s sphere of influence. In response, Russia annexed Crimea and supported separatist movements in Eastern Ukraine, leading to a conflict that has since escalated into a full-scale war.

The argument that NATO expansion is the root cause of the Ukraine war hinges on the perception that the West ignored Russia’s security concerns and pushed too far, too fast. By continuously expanding NATO’s reach, the West crossed a red line that Russia had repeatedly warned against. For Russian President Vladimir Putin, this was an intolerable threat that justified drastic measures.

A Hypothetical Perspective: The US and Its Neighbours

To understand Russia’s perspective, one might consider how the United States would react if faced with a similar situation. Imagine if Mexico or Canada were to become hostile states, potentially hosting adversarial nuclear weapons aimed at American cities. The US would likely perceive this as an existential threat and take all necessary measures to neutralize it, including military intervention. This hypothetical scenario underscores the importance of geographical proximity and perceived threats in shaping national security policies.

Conclusion: A Path to Understanding

The narrative that NATO expansion violated an informal but critical understanding with Russia offers a lens through which to view the Ukraine conflict. It suggests that the West’s actions, while aimed at promoting stability and democracy, inadvertently provoked a powerful adversary. Understanding this perspective does not justify Russia’s actions but provides context for the deep-seated fears and historical grievances driving the conflict.

Moving forward, addressing the root causes of the Ukraine war requires acknowledging these historical tensions and working towards a security architecture that considers the legitimate concerns of all parties involved. Only then can lasting peace and stability be achieved in the region.

Udara Soysa is an attorney at law and lecturer in international law and international relations based on Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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Latest comments

  • 5
    3

    Hello Udara Soysa
    Untold and unsigned.
    Here is what was actually agreed when Ukraine and others gave up their Nuclear Weapons according to the Budapest Memorandum 5th December 1994.
    “The memoranda, signed in Patria Hall at the Budapest Convention Center with US Ambassador Donald M. Blinken amongst others in attendance,[3] prohibited Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom from threatening or using military force or economic coercion against Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, “except in self-defence or otherwise in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.” As a result of other agreements and the memorandum, between 1993 and 1996, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine gave up their nuclear weapons”.
    When Lavrov said (days before 22nd Feb) that Russia had no intention of invading Ukraine did you believe him?
    Have a read of the History here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prelude_to_the_Russian_invasion_of_Ukraine
    Putin never forgave Gorbachev and Yeltsin for the breakup of the Soviet Union. He wants to build a new Russian Empire with Ukraine as part of it.
    So what is your part in Putin’s plan?
    Best regards

    • 5
      3

      Udara Soysa being a lecturer on International law & International Relations maybe an expert on the subject but in my simple mind, invading Ukraine is considered justified because of NATO expansion, is utter rubbish.

      Putin being ex KGB, the West was sceptic & his iron fisted control, blatant elimination of his opponents & rigged elections confirmed the fact. Putin, with unlimited power in his hands, has become a megalomaniac. He wants to emulate Stalin, who is still venerated by hard core communists. Putin wants to consolidate all the states that broke away back under his rule, thereby, go down in history as the greatest Russian ‘hero’ in modern times. NATO is a defense treaty in case of Russian aggression, if at all, a deterrent for aggressors like Putin, so why would Putin feel threatened by NATO if his intentions are peaceful?

      The world is up in arms about Israel bombing Gaza but is the Russian bombing of Ukraine justified?

      • 0
        0

        Raj,
        It’s all about NATO financing. Narrow-minded political players will do whatever it takes to get re-elected. Be it UK’s Sunak (Rwanda bill) Canada’s Justin Trudeau (support for Khalistan terror movement) or Rajapaksa’s Sri Lanka (maintaining ties with Sinhalese Buddhist extremists), they are all caught up in their political gimmicks. It is like a tangled ball of yarn. pEOPLE s grivances are on a rise, but these hypocrites are on their games.
        .
        Trump and his supporters do not want NATO to continue as the main funder, but for members to meet their funding obligations of 2% of each member’s GDP.
        Only 11 of the 31 membership agreements have reportedly honored their funding commitments in 2023. As Agreed, Germany has promised to do it this year, but others don’t share their views on the matter.

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l-_jplkexII
        .
        https://espas.secure.europarl.europa.eu/orbis/system/files/generated/document/en/NATO_and_Trump_web_0623.pdf

    • 3
      2

      “Putin never forgave Gorbachev and Yeltsin for the breakup of the Soviet Union. “
      “Russian President Vladimir Putin is to miss the funeral of the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, denying the man who failed to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union the full state honours granted to former President Boris Yeltsin.” (Al Jazeera)
      *
      There was a verbal promise made to Gorbachev that was not honoured.
      “Professor Joshua Shifrinson said in a paper documenting the promises entitled “How the West Broke Its Promise to Moscow” citing 30 documents from the US national security archives that detail all key conversations Gorbachev had with Western leaders in 1990, including from European and Russian official sources.
      *
      [https://www.intellinews.com/gorbachev-and-the-verbal-promises-of-no-nato-eastern-expansion-231651/]
      For Joshua Shifrinson’s comment see:
      https://carnegieendowment.org/posts/2023/10/what-washington-got-wrong-about-nato-expansion-in-the-1990s?lang=en

      • 0
        3

        Hello SJ,
        You know as well as I do that verbal promises are not legally binding, but signed Agreements are. Did Putin abide by the Budapest Memorandum or even the UN Charter?
        I don’t agree with Anne Applebaum on many things but she does have a good historic knowledge and gives an insight into where Putin wants to see Russia on the World stage.
        “Putin’s People: How the KGB Took Back Russia and Then Took On the West” is pretty comprehensive and well worth reading even if you don’t agree with her analysis.
        Best regards

        • 3
          1

          LS
          There are documents confirming the deal although nothing was signed with Gorbachev.
          There is something called word of honour.
          That has been badly breached.
          Putin saw where NATO was heading and acted accordingly.

          • 0
            0

            SJ, LS,

            Had a Gorbachev-like figure, or a benign autocrat unlike
            the current monstrous KGB thug, Putin, been in charge of Russia, the newly independent former Soviet satellites, including Ukraine, wouldn’t have feared Russian imperialism. So your ‘word of honor’ doesn’t apply to casual conversations between Gorby and Baker.

            And the argument made by many, including this author, “To Russian leaders, Ukraine’s accession to NATO was akin to having a hostile military alliance right on their doorstep, potentially capable of hosting offensive weapons aimed at Russia,” is a bunch of BS. Kaliningrad, the Russian exclave, was already facing NATO’s borders. If NATO wanted to strike Russia using missiles, they could easily do so from Poland, Lithuania, or Romania.

            People, don’t be naive apologists justifying the lies of a Megalomanic like Putin.

            • 0
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              Call Putin anything to your heart’s content, but he has put Russia back on track as a strong economy and power that stands up to bullying by the US and its minions.
              Really, there was no case for NATO to exist after 1991. But it went out of its way to destroy countries.
              If that seems good, I have nothing to add.

              • 0
                0

                SJ,
                “Really, there was no case for NATO to exist after 1991”
                There was much made of a threat from Iranian missiles, to place defensive ones in Eastern Europe.

              • 3
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                SJ,

                Marxists like you, in your fixation with Western imperialism and capitalism, indulge in red herring when it comes to how Putin has treated his people, murdering or jailing or poisoning opposition leaders and critics, and using his country’s youth, particularly its poor minorities, as cannon fodder.

                In the process, Russia, which has always wanted to be a great Eurasian power, with an emphasis on its European/Slavic identity, has become a vassal state to China, its people living under the jackboot of Putin.

                If you think it is the way to put Russia back on track, you need to go back to kindergarten to re-learn logic and reason.

          • 2
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            “There is something called word of honour.”

            Hindi-Chini bhai-bhai followed by Chinese invasion and occupation of large piece of India.

        • 3
          3

          Hello again SJ,
          Once upon a time I would have defended the Soviet Union against Western Expansion. despite it being a Stalinist Country. My opinion, and others, considered it to be a “deformed” Worker’s State capable of development. However I also thought that it was better for Germany to be unified again and when the Wall was broken down I celebrated with many others. As the Soviet Union broke up and Capitalism and the Oligarchs swept through the various Countries that it comprised, it was obvious that a reconstitution of any form of Socialism arising there in the near future was unlikely. Many years later my Colleagues from Romania told me what life was like under Ceaușescu – Orwellian is an understatement. I would use Peter Benholz’s description “Ideocracy”.
          Russia cannot in any way be described as a “Worker’s State” and I cannot fathom out why any Socialists would see fit to defend its illegal actions. But if there is a genuine Anti-capitalist movement in any of the former USSR States I would support it.
          Best regards

          • 2
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            LS
            I am no admirer of capitalist China ans even less Russia.
            But there is a global reality where the two obstruct the schemes of US imperialism and its European minions.
            That in my view is their usefulness.
            What happens after the US is tamed is too soon to say.

            • 0
              0

              Hello SJ,
              I agree with that, however I used Romania as an example of what could come after. Romania was a very poor backward Country and while things have improved my Romanian friends are still trying to get rid of the corruption.
              Best regards

            • 2
              1

              Aiyoooooooooooo

              “But there is a global reality where the two obstruct the schemes of US imperialism and its European minions.”

              They obstruct the schemes of US imperialism and replace it with their own home grown Mao’s brand of Imperialism and Deng Xiaoping brand of Capitalism, it doesn’t matter if a cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.

              The point is Mao’s Red Book in the long term didn’t help Chinese people to become socialist, instead they have become successful capitalists and the made their state a fully fledged imperialist one.

          • 5
            1

            “my Colleagues from Romania told me what life was like under Ceaușescu – Orwellian is an understatement. I would use Peter Benholz’s description “Ideocracy”.”


            I know very little about Romania …….. Looks like they are catching up pretty quickly ….. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9F73G1EJ95Uk6fAEUPfrXw …….. https://www.youtube.com/@BeatriceFloreaSinger ……. https://www.youtube.com/@TheRampSmokinDudesRecords/featured

            Andrei Cerbu ….. not a bad guitarist ……. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pB39OJ9dX4U …… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ml0ubZI_uw

            I mostly listen to these types of YouTube clips ……. because of their simple miking and recording ………. sound incredible on tube amps.

            And strangely enough ……. my all time favourite movie “Thalassa Thalassa” is from Romania ……….. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOtNkznG4lU …… https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0111406/

            Hope, sometimes we can look past politics …….. and see the common humanity ……. we share ……. all around the world.

            • 2
              0

              Hello Nimal,
              I have a tube amp – Randall RT 503 used to sound good with a Fender Stratocaster, I also used to repair Marshall Amps back in my teens, but getting back to Romania. After Romania joined the EU and joined NATO they agreed to build a large NATO Base near Constanta.
              The Company I worked for until 2021 built a complete Border Surveillance System for Romania. Many of their experts joined us in Qatar after their System was completed. Their IT and Network Engineers were much younger than me but pretty much like most Europeans in Outlook and Interests. They also spoke English like native speakers with a slight accent. Their tastes in Music were very similar to mine (and yours apparently, from your links). Flory looks like my granddaughter (මිණිබිරිය) who sings Taylor Swift covers, which I call Whiney Music. I found that I had a lot in common with the Romanians. I will have to download Thalassa, it reminds me of our 1950s and 60s childhood.
              Best regards, Salutări

              • 2
                0

                Ls,
                “I have a tube amp – Randall RT 503”
                Forgive me for nit-picking, but Nimal has a tube amp and you have a valve amp….

                • 1
                  0

                  Hello OC,
                  Thanks for the lesson😢, but it’s from the US so you can use both.
                  Best regards

              • 0
                0

                LS,

                One of my kids spent a month in Romania last year ….. has gone all over and likes it a lot. We will be in Poland in another 2 weeks and then on to Finland and Estonia. We have done Czechoslovakia and Hungary: just beautiful. Doing them few at a time so we have time to explore each country a little more. Hope no nukes go off when we are there! :))

                I collect vintage HiFi ……. have a large collection of British tube amps. Mainly Leaks and Radfords. You may have come across them. Leak TL12.1 amps are the most natural sounding amps I’ve ever listened to. They use large paper in oil capacitors in power smoothing after rectification. I think large polyester capacitors were not yet available back then. Harold Leak used to demonstrate a live performance and then his amps playing it back behind curtains and ask people to identify which is which. They were sold as monos; have 17 …… most bought for very little. My father had some Leaks …. so I was onto them before many others. Now they are worth their weight in gold :)) …. https://www.ebay.com/itm/256414287209?toolid=10001&customid=5846a8ea-20cb-11ef-b8a1-626163383036

                • 0
                  0

                  cont

                  At the moment I use MingDa MC3008-A mono blocks …….. Single-ended 805 power tubes ……. the last amps in this piece …. http://lampizator.eu/amplifiers/china/mingdamc300-c/ming-da.html ……. It’s a brilliant amp for very little money. An American equivalent would cost well over 25k and the Japanese Ongaku cost over 100k. There’s another good brand called Line Magnetic from China that makes some good 805 amps. I like the sound of the 805 tube. …. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lg_QDHxBU3s ….. those are Martin Logan electrostatics with Line Magnetic 805s …… I’ve a pair of Quad ESL 57……. can’t go very loud but just brilliant ……

          • 3
            0

            LS,
            yes, it could be “once upon a time” but today, almost many tried democracy by being close to the west are getting the spirit of hard working charactor of the west.
            Some western germans did not like then to mingle with east germans int he very first years after berlin wall fall. Some in my laboratories were condemned by their own western colleagues calling them “Aussies”. Their dialect (Sachsen and Thüringen) was not welcomed by sophisticated western Germans. Unfortuatnely, that is still the case even today in some regions.
            .
            As of today, most of them turned their heads down and do their jobs well being caught by busy mode round the clock. Meaning they love rather democratic systems. I work also with colleagues (Genetists, Biochemists, Medical doctors, Surgeons) from Ungarn, Bulgaria, Russia, LITUANIA and Czechrepublic and several including from those countries that were formerly under USSR. Most of them look satified today with western democracies even if some from east germany behave like hidden voices.
            You may know Leipzig and Dresden, I am used to travel to that areas too for my job bound operations. I though avoid going to some areas, where NPD is more proactive.
            .

            • 1
              0

              Hello Leelagemalli,
              I used to cross the border from Netherlands to Germany through Roermond on our way to Dusseldorf and JHQ Rheindahlen. I visited most British Bases mainly around the North West and Central. My colleague was ex Air Force and had spent most of his time there in Berlin. He knew all the East German Intelligence Operatives by sight and some by name. Of course after the fall of the Wall they disappeared. I once suggested to him that they should be exposed, but he was adamant that doing so would be counter productive, and apart from that they were only obeying orders. He was all in favour of re-integration, but with minimal repercussions against East German State personnel. The Industrial parts of Germany were pretty much like the UK Midlands but cleaner and better organised. We stayed in many small Hotels and Guest Houses throughout Germany and found everyone friendly and helpful.
              On the way back we would stop at RAF Bruggen where the Tactical Nuclear Weapons were stored previously (before 2002). There was a well known incident concerning a Nuclear Bomb there in 1984 All this information is in the Public Domain.
              Best regards

              • 1
                0

                LS,
                thanks for your comment. I am used to cross that dutch-german boarder at least a few times a year, now again in June or July.
                Omg, now let’s all be clear that you are well experienced about many fields. Hope not that some of our begots would brand you as a nuclear agent appointed by scotland yards. – grr.. ?
                .
                They just believe, that I should be a CIA man being trained to destroy srilanken begotted sinhala-buddhism. Truth is like my brother HUMAN TOUCH, I too am a real buddhist who respect more “Dharma” than begotted “sinhala buddhism based on fictions”.
                Be it nuclear weapons, arsenals, oil companies and all, you have got some sort of sound experiences. That is what counts to us when we share our experiencs on this forum. We are blessed to share your experiences to CT readership.
                To tell you, I was in contact with the Ramstein American camp (the biggest in Europe) in Germany, but not with any British camps.
                I heard from my colleagues (now a Professor of Biochemistry in Dresden) that his parents live near the British Army barracks. (Pardeborn ?).
                However, I think most British troops are now being recalled by the UK government.

      • 0
        0

        Thanks for the links SJ
        I have used the links in a response to a commentary in the Daily Telegraph UK.

        • 1
          0

          Hello Sunil,
          I had a good look through all the Links and found many references to NOT encroaching on the USSR’s Security or Sovereignty, however there was never an intention to sign any agreement on this subject. At this time there was also the possibility of them joining NATO. Even as far back as 1954 this was mooted as a possibility. In a BBC Interview (2000) with Putin, David Frost asked “Tell me about your views on NATO, if you would. Do you see NATO as a potential partner, or a rival or an enemy?”

          Vladimir Putin answered “Russia is part of the European culture. And I cannot imagine my own country in isolation from Europe and what we often call the civilised world. So it is hard for me to visualise NATO as an enemy. I think even posing the question this way will not do any good to Russia or the world. The very question is capable of causing damage” – http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/24194
          The truth is very seldom Black & White.
          Best regards

          • 1
            0

            Hello LankaScot,
            I greatly appreciate your response with the link. Something I didn’t know.

            • 1
              0

              Hello SA,
              .
              Lankascot is like a living current bibliothek to me. He is well aware of world politics and various other fields related to physics, engineering or medicine.
              I learned from him this morning that Anne Applebaum (Polish journalist) is among the leading journalists who have raised critical questions about the Ukraine-Russia conflict. Few colleagues of mine shared some thoughts about her, but I did not take it serious until this morning.
              Our lankascot is blessed with enormous information. Unlike our Bandarawela guy (self-proclaimed Guru of NPP) who hunts me and Codger down on the CT forum, I’m lucky to read any comments from LS. Thanks LS. We really need a dozen of your sort in CT to share our thoughts at a good level.
              .
              Moreover, LS’s general knowledge of Sri Lanka (politics, culture, religions etc.) is much better than any average thinker that jumpled on to to judge the critical issues of our country today.

            • 0
              0

              SA
              The intention was to deceive.
              Why would one verbally agree (with so much evidence in support) to the gullible Gorbachev but avoid putting it in writing?
              *
              NATO which never fought a war while the Soviet Union was around, waged cruel wars in former Yugoslavia and even Libya among others.
              Now there is talk about NATO expansion to the east and to the west.

        • 2
          1

          SA
          Pleasure.
          Where have you been?

  • 2
    5

    Thanks Udara Soysa for a fair, balanced and accurate article. There will of course be many silly comments, by individuals who treat the subject as a cricket match, cheering for this side or that, not for the truth, impressed with their own “intelligence”.

  • 1
    1

    President Gorbachev lived as communist and died as a communist. Whether I agree with him or not, he was true to his principles. But he maintained very good relations with all, specifically mentioning the USA. He made deals with President Regan. After that he became confident that he can make deals with any US presidents and he never worried about the USA. Yeltsin’s relationship with the USA was meaningless, because he was a loony. Dmitry Medvedev was President Putin Golaya, but not warmonger. He tells a lot of riddles about Ukraine only because he is scared of Putin. So only one Russian president was concerned from the start about NATO Putin. That is why he said he too will join NATO. America did know a lot about Gorbachev, still did not give his government the badly needed financial aid and Gorbachev’s government was ousted by the Communist citing poverty as the reason. In that case, would the US ever have given NATO membership to Putin? Putin had his own reason to retaliate to America, but unlike Sonali defends, not all saying and writing are justified and balanced.

  • 0
    2

    Thank God, the USSR union is broken up now. If it were as strong as the UNP-SLFP union, not just Russia, the entire world would have been reduced less than Mullivaikkal, by now. (It is a joke of the millennia, that the UNP-SLFP union’s members, the Sinhala Intellectuals, are talking about peace and nonviolence after making all these races of Ceylonese to form groups and go for civil war. Even after all the bells and whistles of glamorous talk like the Sonali’s one, All the countries under the UN have their right to join the group they like. A better world would be formed only after there is no need for group forming and all Democratic nations are able to protect themselves. Until Ukraine need not be forced under the Russian Federation by military power, its democratic government should have freedom to join where it wants. On that day, if any powerful country wants to form a group, then it should resign from the security council and should form its group outside of UNSC.

    • 3
      1

      “If it were as strong as the UNP-SLFP union, not just Russia, the entire world would have been reduced less than Mullivaikkal,”
      Please name the drug for me.
      I can for more amusement try a little hallucination.

      • 1
        2

        Chinese brand Tiger Urine.
        You want some? Aren’t you allergic to it?

        Stupidity at its highest display; that is why you want to drink what I drank.

        • 2
          1

          I doubt if on its own it can cause hallucination. Check on the additives.
          Talk to your drug peddling pharmacist.

    • 2
      0

      Hello Mallaiyuran,
      You may be seeing the breakup of the United Nations very soon if the USA continues its support of Israel and use of its Veto. The previous International “League of Nations” broke up for pretty much the same reasons, failures to prevent wars, voting complications and eventually the outbreak of the 2nd World War made it self evident that it had failed. The USA never joined the League.
      Best regards

      • 0
        2

        LankaScot,
        “You may be seeing the breakup of the United Nations very soon if the USA “

        It is good or in other words, it is very essential. The rogue UN worked hard with Apple Aanduwa Tamil genocide rascals to genocide Tamil, and then went a step ahead and hid its internal investigation report on the atrocities it did Tamils. As in the lines of the song I had repeatedly posted here, “Kenchi Veeandiya Pauthu Vaaratha Neethi Vanthenna Poyenna” (Whatever the heck it is, so be it with justice refused to come when begged and pleaded!” Tamils stopped giving a damn about the funny stuff called UN, though a couple of you benefited by it still ding hard to install it again. What that institution could do to the world, when it was formed with a process called “Universal Franchise”, the same one London used to create our Langkang. All kinds of Deva and Saddampi’s dedicated clients are members of that organization.
        “Nallathor Ulagam Seivom, Kedda pooridum Ualkaththai Vearudan Sayippoom” -Patathi
        Join us in dismantlement of the war plagued dirty world and make one beautiful, a peaceful one”
        Jayawewa for Appe Aanduwa genuine devotee and Jihadis’ sole agent LankaScot!

        • 2
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          Hello Mallaiyuran
          ” Jihadis’ sole agent LankaScot!”. What are you rambling about?
          Best regards

          • 0
            0

            LankaScot, 

            I did know you have not been understanding what you were talking about. When I pointed out their internal meaning, you could easily categorize them as rambling. You either evade to respond, digress from the topic or both. Now calling me rambling. Didn’t you tell just because Aanduwa genocide the Tamils, what LTTE did cannot become right? Remember that is, truly one step ahead of writer Tisaranee Gunasekara, who all her last 15 years attempted to prove that Evil lost the 2004 election because Leader Pirapaharan accepted a bribe. Now the person who transported the bribe for Rowdy King is the Local Security minister in Evil’s cabinet. At the end she has to say “Our crimes were kosher. Only their crimes were crimes.” Only to prove that Sinhala Buddhist army raped and genocide Tamils only because from 1948 Tamils raped and genocide Sinhala Buddhists. You said just because Sinhala Buddhist genocide Tamils, Leader Pirapaharan waring with Sinhalese cannot become right, though you stayed away from saying what was leader Pirapaharan did against Sinhala Buddhists is not right in your UN court justice. The annual celebrations of Programs stopped only after Prabhakaran retaliated to Sinhala Buddhists’ pogroms celebration with his retaliations. Right or wrong, retaliations are the foundation of protection wars of the affected ones. Palestinian did the same thing until Hamas & Hautes hijacked their resistance to Israelis.

            • 1
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              Hello Mallaiyuran,
              If you didn’t realise it, this is what I was replying to from your comment.
              “On that day, if any powerful country wants to form a group, then it should resign from the security council and should form its group outside of UNSC.”
              I merely replied that it may be in the process of breaking up anyway and explained the breakup of its predecessor “The League of Nations”
              If I can’t follow your tortured logic there may be a simple explanation.
              I have never expressed any political opinions on the LTTE ever. I also am not familiar with your code words for Sri Lanka Politicians. So when you use “Rowdy King” who the hell is that? You also said “Didn’t you tell just because Aanduwa genocide the Tamils, what LTTE did cannot become right? “. Please point out to me where I said this. First of all I have no idea what “Apple Aanduwa” means in English. If this is the word ආණ්ඩුව then why not say Government. I am not familiar with political terms used back in 1956 in Sri Lanka. You still didn’t answer my question about why I am “Jihadis’ sole agent LankaScot!”
              Best regards

              • 1
                0

                LS,
                .
                Don’t take it serious Mr. I think he might feel so. Some of our commenters have no clue but just insulting the others, as Lester is forced to say I am supporting LTTE. 🙂

                • 1
                  0

                  Of course, you are kotiya #1. Bashing SB’s and especially monks. A born traitor.

          • 4
            0

            LS
            Are you trying to make sense of these utterances?
            Have a good laugh.

  • 2
    0

    Probably a logical thing to do would be to hang the expertise jacket on a piece of stick planted in the ground and cap it with a old charcoal cooking pot.

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    You showed an inability to understand what Britain’s Universal Franchise did to Tamils and depending on it, offering unitary Soulbury constitution had doubly bad effects on Tamils or many times worse than the Balfour declaration to Palestinian. Still Palestinians, instead of using Hamas, if they continuously press the Democratic Israeli government they will get a solution. But that is not the case of Tamils. Because the US, India, China, Russia, EU, Iran……. like countries who want the land of Langkang, they all want to reward Sinhala Buddhists and dislodge Tamils from Eelam and will use it for their political needs. Recent Norwegian Envoy Erik Solheim suggested, if they had ignored Leader Pirapaharan and had removed the Tamil in the name of giving refuge stages out of their Tamil land, they could have had shared the land with Sinhalese, not giving any solutions Tamils ask. In foreign lands, We made some money to eat and find a home, but is he aware of the struggle we went through here too? Does he know how many thousand and thousand Tamils youths now lost their married life because they are so isolated within the Western communities? How about Mr. Solheim, you and other human right activists offer refugee stages to all Gasian, through the American pier and thus have the prisoners of Jihadis released, so the war of Hamas-Israel will come to an end?

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      Hello Mallaiyuran,

      If you didn’t notice, the American Pier has gone. A little bit of bad weather and it broke up. And Netanyahu wants the war to go on much longer.
      Best regards

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    The confidence gained at the upper echelon by carrying out secret crime is qualification in the Sinhala Buddhism to hold the position of high dignity.
    The funny UN has not put a team to enter Palestine and release the Israeli prisoners from Hamas is the problem for the Palestinians. My point is innocent people need not die for not his/her mistake. It does not exclude for any PM Netanyahu’s mistakes, innocents’ Jewish prisoners need not to be killed by Jihadis. But the UN has, in many issues, behaved extremely partially and you are with them, against Tamils’ freedom war. How can you blame PM Netanyahu while none in the world paid any action to the kidnapped victims so far? When you favor world aggression, you forget that many of these countries are ruled by criminal dictators or completely corrupted two party democratic systems which have no regard for humanity, like Langkang. Unlike Netanyahu who can be very easily defeated by Israelis, (possibly in the next election). The fake human right advocates are condemning Netanyahu only because Netanyahu has still left some clout remaining in Palestinians to fight for their right. But those fake human rights advocates are supporting the notorious UNP-SLFP Aanduwa because after winning the war, they now have a chance to defend UNP_SLFP union rascals as not fighting with Tamils any more.

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    Even today Evil said he wants to bring more laws to strengthen the EP position because it was the reason, they won the war. Do any of Evil’s devotees understand his words’ meaning? Sumanthiran made a speech during Yahapalanaya time, thinking that the Old Rowdy King was one blocking the constitution change, which proposed the removal of EP, that “in the 2015 election that about 99.99% of the Langkang voters had voted for the removal of EP.” The joke is Evil brought the 19A to make him as the permanent PM of Langkang, thinking no one can change it in future. But immediately the Old Rowdy Royals came back to power, ditched the 19A and brought the 20A. That was the experience of Junis Richard too. This time Anura will ditch the EP with his systemic change. Evil and UNPyers who cannot win elections, always long for permanent positions for them by constitutional change.
    Still the government is holding to the power by carrying out propagandas, claiming that the completely devastated “Tamils are revving the LTTE”.

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    Dear Readers
    Let’s examine history objectively, based on the principle that actions speak louder than words. We’ll start with June 1941, when Hitler declared war on the USSR (Operation Barbarossa). The USSR was unprepared and sought military assistance from the USA. Although the USA had not yet entered the war, it provided extensive aid through the Lend-Lease policy, which enabled the USSR to resist the 3.8 million-strong German Nazi army.
    .
    Similarly, when the USSR dissolved, Russia was at its weakest. Yet, the US did not exploit this vulnerability. Instead, it advocated for all Soviet nuclear weapons to be consolidated under Russian control. Furthermore, after the Soviet Union’s fall, the USA collaborated with Russia on various projects, including the space program.
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    It’s notable that three NATO countries border Russia, yet Russia has not attacked them. Conversely, Ukraine, which is not a NATO member, is considered a threat by Russia. How convenient is that?
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    Putin is a dangerous figure with a specific agenda in Ukraine. Without him, the situation in Europe would be vastly different. Unfortunately, history has seen leaders like Hitler, Stalin, Putin, Mao, Netanyahu, Trump, and others who have acted without scruples, indulging in actions that serve their interests.
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    The crucial point is to understand their intentions and see through their tactics. We must stop playing into their hands.

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    “The crisis in Ukraine began to boil over in 2014, when a popular uprising ousted the pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych.”

    this was the biggest mistake that the arrogant ukrainian fascists did to a democratically elected president.After that when they lost crimea at least they should have learnt a lesson,but they did not pounding the russian speaking seperatist strongholds with shelling for years ,not at all interested in a negotiated settlement with them, all the time foolishly thinking that NATO will defend them.

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      Hello Shankar,
      “After that when they lost crimea”. They didn’t “lose” Crimea, Putin illegally annexed it. Read about Putin’s “little green men” in Crimea here – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_green_men_(Russo-Ukrainian_War)
      You obviously don’t understand that NATO is there to protect it’s members, why do you think Sweden and Finland (after years of Neutrality) joined NATO after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine?
      And by the way Yanokovych b*ggered off to Russia after “The parliament voted to impeach Yanukovych on February 22; he responded by denouncing the action as a coup and fleeing the capital. His whereabouts unknown, protesters descended upon Yanukovych’s opulent residence outside Kiev, and Ukraine’s interim government issued a warrant for his arrest on charges of mass murder”. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Viktor-Yanukovych
      Please read some history instead of taking Putin’s words at face value.
      Best regards

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        lanka scot

        regardless of how they lost it,they lost it didn’t they?

        i know that NATO is there to protect its members.Is ukraine a member?

        yanokovich was trying to juggle russia and the west like a trapeze artist.At one time he was even poisoned by the russians.Now we can see his wisdom.The parliament and protestors are fascists not allowing the president to do his trapeze act.

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          Hello Shankar,
          Parliament in many Countries takes precedence over their Presidents. The Ukranian Parliament voted to impeach him and then he disappeared to Russia, with or without his Trapeze. Ukraine is not a member of NATO, which is why there are no NATO forces in Ukraine.
          I disagree with many things that Professor John Mearsheimer says about Ukraine, however I agree with him about Ukraine giving up their Nuclear weapons – “Ukraine cannot defend itself against Russia with conventional weaponry.” From that, he concluded: “It is unlikely that Ukraine will transfer its remaining nuclear weapons to Russia, the state it fears most”. https://thinkscotland.org/2023/07/is-mearsheimer-being-proven-right-about-nuclear-deterrence/
          By the way he did not predict the invasion by Russia, read his words carefully – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JrMiSQAGOS4&t=13s
          I am afraid a “wise Yanukovych” is what is called in English an Oxymoron.
          Best regards

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      s
      True.
      But it was not Ukraine that was to take all the blame. The coup itself was facilitated by the CIA. Blocking post 2022 peace moves was a US-UK folly.

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        SJ

        so where are the americans boots on the ground and why did ukraine trust them?

        Ukkraine has to take the full blame if it relied on unreliable partners don’t you think?

        A common human weakness is to see things that you want to see,not what it is really.

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          S
          I should add that there are people who selectively close their eyes to reality.
          They fight proxy wars increasingly. You want a list?
          If you are reluctant to see the CIA in operation, I cannot open your eyes.

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