18 May, 2022


Protecting The People To Overcome Covid

By Jehan Perera

Jehan Perera

The sudden resurgence of the Covid pandemic in Sri Lanka was totally unexpected by the people at large though it was expected and predicted those in the scientific and medical communities. The people had been reassured by the political leaders and sections of the media that Sri Lanka was a success story unlike other countries, including more developed ones that had been devastated by the pandemic. However, the country had received an early warning in the second wave which had commenced in October last year with the spread that was believed to have originated in the garment industry. But much before this the country’s top medical associations had been warning that community spread of the coronavirus had already commenced. These warnings were neither heard nor acted upon by the vast majority of the population. The mainstream view until the shock of the third wave in April, was that Sri Lanka was a success in Covid management.

Sri Lanka enjoyed undoubted success in combatting the first wave of the coronavirus with the participation of the security forces in implementing the lockdown and tracing of persons infected by the coronavirus. This success seems to have given rise to the misperception that the country was secure enough that the country was secure enough in terms of Covid control to give priority to the revival of the economy. But there was a big information gap between the appearance and the reality that swayed the governmental decision makers. There can be no other explanation for their failure to heed the warnings that came from the medical and scientific community in the week prior to the New Year shopping and holiday season.

Scholars who have studied disasters that have afflicted human beings over the millennia have noted that lack of proper information was often at the centre of those tragedies that might have been averted. Famines have taken place in many parts of the world and have led to millions of deaths that need not have happened. There was sufficient food stocks in other parts of the world, sometimes in the country itself, that could have been sent to the areas that did not have food. The Bengal famine of 1943 in British India is an example. The policy failures began with the provincial government’s denial that a famine existed. There was a breakdown in the lines of communication that could have led to food supplies from areas where food stocks existed being sent to the areas with short supply.

Unfair Blame 

Since the successful containment of the first wave of Covid by the strict policy of lockdown and curfew adopted by the government the restoration of the economy has been its first priority. The economy and people’s livelihoods received a severe battering during the two month long lockdown. The Covid spread was contained but the economy shrank by more than it ever has in the post-independence period. The government gained the appreciation of the general population and the international community for its success in containing Covid. But the downturn in the economy needed to be restored which is what the business advisors of the government set out to do.

In retrospect some of the government’s decisions taken to revive the economy appear to have been unnecessarily risky in terms of containing the Covid spread. One was the partial reopening of tourism industry which led to an influx of tourists from countries that had poor track records of containing the pandemic, most notably Ukraine and India. These tourists were meant to arrive in a “bubble” and depart having toured the country in a “bubble” but even with these most stringent precautions it seems to have paved the way for new Covid variants to have taken root in the country. More recently there was media exposure given to a variety of “quarantine tourism” from badly affected countries from which the wealthier people wished to temporarily take a respite. The actions of government ministers in pouring “sacred water” into rivers to forestall the pandemic and their imbibing of a special “Covid herbal concoction” to protect against the virus was not based on science, professional advice and rationality that the country needs its decisionmakers to follow.

In these circumstances, it seems unfair that the blame for the resurgence of the Covid pandemic should be put on the people themselves who are charged with being negligent in their duties to take care of themselves and of others. Shock and awe treatment of ordinary citizens who were not taking the Covid pandemic seriously was witnessed on a video clip that were released of the police apprehending people who did not wear masks in commando-style. The videoing of the operations was done with precision and widely circulated on the media for maximum impact. The videos show police personnel in Covid protective clothing going into crowded urban areas, apprehending offenders who are not using masks properly, carrying them physically and bundling them inside parked buses to be taken to be charged. Such governmental actions can breed resentments that grow with the passage of time. The danger is also that the security forces may be induced to act similarly in other situations too.

Fraught Times 

For the past year after the success of the government in controlling the first wave of coronavirus, the people at large have been made to believe that the government has everything under control and that Sri Lanka has certain unique conditions that will spare it the fate of other countries. The recent police operations in different parts of the country to apprehend members of the general public who were either not wearing their face masks at all, or improperly by not covering their noses, suggests an intention to instill the importance of following health guidelines in the people. It would have been better if these police actions had been done consistently throughout the period, and by police in the course of their regular duties, such as during the Sinhala and Tamil New Year festivities in different parts of the country.

It needs to be kept in mind that these are very fraught times in which the majority of people are struggling to make ends meet. Due to the economic downturn many of them have lost their jobs or are getting only a part of their salaries. According to the World Bank, “With jobs lost and earnings reduced, especially in urban areas and among private sector employees and informal workers, the $3.20 poverty rate is projected to have increased from 9.2 percent in 2019 to 11.7 percent in 2020.” (https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2021/04/09/sri-lankan-economy-recovers) Daily wage labourers find it harder to get daily work as potential employers do not wish to give them work and hire them for fear of Covid infection. Those who are fortunate enough to have their children attending schools with online teaching have all to meet extra expenses such as phone data charges for their children’s education.

The government needs to take these tensions within people into account when it designs its responses to the unfolding crisis. Instead of demonstrating the punitive powers of the state machinery there could be an emphasis on messages of care from the government to the people. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s most recent message to the people as explained by his new media spokesperson Kingsley Rathnayake can be a point of departure for the latter. After expressing confidence in the country’s health care system and those who staff it, the president appealed to the sense of social responsibility of the people. In addition, the government could take the people into its confidence and educate them about the true situation with regard to Covid spread and what can be done in partnership to mitigate it. It needs to come up with economic support schemes, such as the Rs 5000 dole or food coupons for the poor, that will make the people ready for a lockdown. A democratic polity will seek to inform, educate and work with the people to overcome any crisis the country faces.

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Latest comments

  • 4

    The sudden resurgence of the Covid pandemic in Sri Lanka was totally unexpected by the people at large.

    How long will it take to complete the first dose of immunization coverage in Colombo and what about the other area. and due to present situation and the Health system strengthening

    Medical Faculty at SAITM was abolished they cut off from the medical attention they so desperately needed these students was not tolerated or cut off from all resouces of higher studies and if there qualification was not reject they would have contributed or support to the front runners doctors and the GMOA now and release from exhaustions of present health staff. Or at least they would have gone to other countries and sent Remittance money which more beneficial to sri lanka At the height of all present problem.The government needs to take the tensions of lack of health staff.

  • 2

    “The sudden resurgence of the Covid pandemic in Sri Lanka was totally unexpected by the people at large.”

    It is not a sudden resurgence of the Covid pandemic in Sri Lanka and scientists have warned it many times but ignored by the government in power. That is the reality and truth. The pandemic was throughout the world and scientists round the world warned the governments about second wave and now third wave and those governments ignored that warning suffered a lot.
    From the day, the change in government in power in November 2019 with the Election of President, the focus was forming two third majority government and not Corona pandemic. During the first wave in Sri Lanka, the first case was a Chinese tourist and the virus introduced to Sri Lanka from China was mild and its spread was not like second wave virus variants which are modified in many countries. I still have a doubt why we did not come across Corona virus variants from China and there was no second or 3rd wave in China? China is the only country that controlled Corona almost completely and its economy growth was faster and the earnings from Corona control products is much more than any normal times. Sri Lanka now fully dependent on China for Corona control raises many questions.

    • 0

      What you call the First Wave was not even a ripple. There was no spread at all.
      It was permitting infected Italian tourists that caused the first real ‘wave’, months after the cured Chinese left out shores.
      We have been gifted much infection since from our northern neighbour.
      Widespread infection it was avoidable. So let us not keep blaming others for our woes.
      China has very strict control over letting people with infection in and out. So much so that quite a few wold literally light crackers on CT for a whole year to celebrate when they heard of some report on resurgence of COVID-19 in China.
      India boasted about its cntrol, not a patch on what we had until early this year.
      See what Modi has gifted the country.
      Shouldn’t we talk about the Kumbhmela virus, now that it is crossing into Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka?

  • 0

    According to the President’s “Spokesman” (Kingsly Ratnayaka- recently recruited from Sirasa) WHO has “OBLIGED” to approve the Chinese Vaccine -“Synopharm”. The “Statement” says, that our President, Mr. Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapakse “SPOKE” to the Head of the WHO and within days, “Approval” was granted to use the “Synopharm”. Thank You – Mr. President. Hope “WHO” would keep open the “Contact Links” for the Leaders of other countries too, to “Speak” and get the “Approval”. The latest news is that, WHO has “Denied” this “Statement” of our President’s “Spokesman”. Mr. Kingsly Ratnayake: This is what happens when you take over the job of being a “Laundryman” in an “Unfamiliar” premises.

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