1 July, 2022

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Real Change With Elections Not Constitutional Fixing Alone

By Jehan Perera

Jehan Perera

The situation in the country appears to be getting less hopeful by the day. The Galle Face protest site reflects this despondency. The material conditions of life are getting worse, not better. It is becoming harder for people to make the sacrifice for positive change that may not take place. The lines in front of petrol stations get longer. The number of them that have closed temporarily has increased. The prime minister is warning that there will be food scarcity in the next few months and people should be prepared to settle for two meals a day instead of the regular three. The Colombo mayor has announced that the municipality will set up “soup kitchens” to meet the needs of those who will soon have little or nothing to eat.

As a cost saving measure in these dire circumstances the government had decided to halt all development activities. A plan by the previous government to provide large sums of money to local government bodies to engage in development activities has been shelved. Now the government is also contemplating shortening the work week by a day to conserve fuel. State sector employees might soon be offered the option of staying at home one day of the week providing they engage in home garden cultivation to increase the food supply. But it is not every public servant who can engage in home gardening. The government is also proposing no-pay leave for public servants in order to be employed overseas.

On the other hand, a full sized government is in the process of being selected. This is in contradiction to the earlier pledge made by the president to appoint a small interim government of no more than 15 ministers till the crisis in the country is overcome. Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said it had been decided not to pay ministerial salaries to the cabinet ministers of the new government to be appointed in the future. Accordingly, it is proposed that they will receive only the average salary of a Member of Parliament. The better model to follow may be that of Singapore which pays public officials very well but has a policy of zero tolerance for corruption.

System Change

Despite the lack of change, and due to it, new protest sites are coming into being in major urban centres though on a smaller scale in other parts of the country. These include Anuradhapura, Badulla, Galle, Matara, Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura and most recently, Jaela. One of the key slogans at the youth-led public protests taking place is that of systems change. Systems change needs to go beyond words and requires an understanding of systems thinking means. In simple terms it is an approach to problem solving by viewing “problems” as parts of an overall system, rather than reacting to specific parts. And examining the linkages and interactions between the elements that compose the entirety of the system. The proposed 21st Amendment is unlikely to bring about the desired system change and only consolidate the existing system as we see what is happening in parliament now.

The demand for systems change is accompanied by the demand that the president, prime minister, government and all 225 parliamentarians should resign. This is validated by the observation that little is changing. The more things change it seems the more they remain the same. This is based on the observation that the parliamentarians continue to give priority to their own wellbeing over that of the people they have been elected to represent. The priority given by the parliamentarians to provide new houses to parliamentarians and to compensate those who lost their properties to arson, in the millions and tens of millions against those who lost their crops last season or had lost their house and property owing to conflict, does not inspire confidence in their decision making at this time. The discrepancy becomes even more glaring in the context of the government’s offer to families of the missing persons that they would provide them with Rs 100,000 as compensation.

Not just parliamentarians, the homes of ordinary people and the commercial establishments they have owned have been subjected to arson, looting and destruction from the time of the first post-independence riots which usually took on communal overtones. This type of wanton destruction took place during the war as well. Innocent people who had done nothing to deserve the fate they were subjected to suffering as a result. The compensation they received was negligible (Rs 150,000 in 1990) in comparison to that being contemplated for the parliamentarians who have lost their properties, some of which were well beyond the extent of their known sources of income.

The main change in the system that is being currently envisaged is to reduce the power of the executive presidency that is responsible for much of the present ills in the country. The present formulation of the 21st Amendment seeks to create a stronger system of checks and balances, but without reducing the president’s power to appoint ministers. It seeks to establish a constitutional council that will ensure fairer and more non-partisan selection of those who will head state institutions which are part of the system of checks and balances. The 21st Amendment will ensure greater independence for those appointed to head the higher judiciary, the bribery commission, the election commission, the human rights commission, and the national audit and procurement committees. But the president will still be given the powers to pick the prime minister and the ministers.

eople Change

Systems change also needs to be accompanied by people change to become real change. There is a need for individuals of integrity who can transcend systems that breed corruption, as is the case with the present system. The Human Rights Commission is an example. Under the 20th Amendment that is currently the law of the land, the president can appoint anyone he wants to high positions of state including the judiciary, the human rights commission, the bribery commission, the elections commission, the police commission, the public services commission and governors of the provinces, to name but a few. This is a system that can lead to deference to the president’s desires.

However, individuals of integrity can rise above the system that brought them to those positions. The recently appointed chairperson of the human rights commission, former justice Rohini Marasinghe has publicly contradicted government policy with regard to the Prevention of Terrorism Act and has questioned the police regarding their use of it. Under her leadership the human rights commission also called for an explanation from the government for the reasons for the declaration of a state of emergency when the protests at Galle Face in Colombo were largely peaceful adhering to police guidelines. Similarly, the recently appointed chairperson of the Office on Missing Persons, Mahesh Katulanda, has committed his office to ascertain the truth behind those who went missing, which is a break from the past.

The positive results obtained by these new appointments gives rise to the hope that a new generation of leaders are round the corner and the old must give way to the new. One of the justifications given for restricting the change under the 21st Amendment, and retaining the president’s powers to appoint ministers, is the composition of the present parliament which is dominated by those who will be more loyal to the former prime minister than to the present one. Prime Minister Wickremesinghe was selected on account of belief in his crisis management skills and international credibility in relation to others in the current parliament who might have held the position. But this can only be a first step. The way out of this dilemma is to dissolve this unsatisfactory parliament as soon as possible and hold general elections. Hopefully, the new parliament that is elected with new leaders will think anew and be able to give priority to the country’s needs including abolishing the executive presidency.

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Latest comments

  • 4
    21

    JP,
    Can you tell how election is going to bring $$$s to the country. If we get a hung Parliament, situation might get worse with an Executive Prime Minister doing deals with Tamil and Muslim MPs.
    Before going for election, country should get rid of the preferential voting system that allowed all kinds of crooks to enter the Parliament throwing away money. With that the 5% cut off point also should go.

    • 4
      6

      Have you heard of GEOPOLITICS Dr. JP or a you totally ignorant of how many of the troubles and coming Famine in Sri Lanka are due to foreign interference and Fake Aid from USAID to corrupt politicians?!
      The Aeroflot Plane being held up was a case of American “LAWFARE” against Russia in Sri Lanka where a PROXY WAR is ongoing to control this country. US does not want Sri Lanka to buy cheap Russian oil and help the economy grow.
      Your funder talks ROT about Human Rights and Environment but the US war machine is the most Environmentally polluting operation in the world but the UN climate circus never talks about this!
      The US Embassy is this week doing marine cleans up classed for Sri Lanka Navy part of “Sri Lanka’s disaster response and environmental management capacity by providing local organizations with the resources and skills they need to keep marine ecosystems pristine.” What Tosh from the US embassy in Colombo! Ask them to take care of their WAR MACHINE and its Carbon Emissions.

      • 2
        7

        D
        JP speaks for the NGOs as a class.
        Certain terminology is taboo, even to listen to.

    • 6
      0

      EE,

      International bodies like the IMF are just standing in line, awaiting to give us loans and grants,……but only if the known crooks, Gota, Potthuwa, and Ranil are removed. Without them removed, these international bodies cannot trust us to have their loans ever paid back, w/o interest.

      • 6
        0

        ramona therese fernando

        To a few Mao’s b***s carriers China still remains an all weather mango friend which practices a very advanced nuanced civilized cultured foreign relations.

        Does China believes in “friend in need is friend indeed”? If it does why does not China write off 100% of the debts plus unpaid accumulated interests?

        Does practice of advanced nuanced civilized cultured foreign relations and “friend in need is friend indeed” are mutually exclusive?

        • 0
          0

          Seems like it, NV. My God, how China used our precious Motherland as a Guinea Pig!

        • 0
          0

          Native, why is Ranil and few others telling media “It’s just India (genuinely) helping us right now “??? Years ago an all weather mango friend which practices a very advanced nuanced civilized cultured foreign relations, took control of natural resources (mines) in African countries , by writing off few Billions in debt. According to documented reports 16 cases of debt restructuring worth $ 7.5 Billion in 10 African countries between 2000 and 2019, found that “China wrote of the accumulated arrears of at least 94 interest – free loans amounting to 3.5 Billion”.

          • 0
            0

            Pity that the selective wisdom of the duo is not accessible to an increasing number of Third World countries.
            Sad that the ‘Loan Trap’ narrative is no more being taken seriously by any that matters.

            • 0
              0

              Pity that except for you , no sensible person is perseverating China narration.

              • 0
                0

                Your China narration is similar to 1) Gotha saying “he will not leave as failed president” 2) Mahinda calling” Aragalaya violent” 3) Ranil telling Commonwealth (covenant house protocols) ” how he became PM, without even being elected”. 4)Chinese ambassador wank wank’s handing over few dry food parcels in a random school and calling it “a humanitarian mission” (when ship loads, already reached from India) 5) Government reiterating “prosperity and splendor , just a few days before crisis. 6) Basil regretting, not being appreciated for his good work 6) Cabraaal calling bankruptcy a “fake news” 7) What else can we expect from a retired professor???

                • 0
                  0

                  If anyone interested read DM article 8 June 2022 on “local textile trade chokes due to Chinese imports” . I already mentioned about Chinese exploiting trade deals to dump products so that, to chock local players and monopolize the sector.

                • 2
                  0

                  chiv

                  Here is an article on Chinese corruption overseas or China’s civilised aid to Africa:

                  Chinese firms hit bribery and tax evasion troubles amid African corruption crackdowns
                  Series of cases in countries including Kenya and Uganda involve Chinese entities or directors
                  Beijing has criminalised bribing foreign public officials but unlike some other countries it has no law on corrupt practices abroad by companies or citizens
                  https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3036244/chinese-firms-hit-bribery-and-tax-evasion-troubles-amid

                  Mao’s ***** carriers deliberately exclude these articles.

  • 3
    20

    In 2015, Maduluwawe Sobitha’s ‘CHANGE’. In 2022, Omalpe Sobhita’s ‘SYSTEM CHANGE’. Both paved the way for Ranil Wickramasinghe to become the Prime Minister sending Mahinda Rajapakshe to Medamulana in 2015 and to Thirikunamale in 2022. We saw what happened to the country with Maduluwawe Sobitha’s ‘CHANGE’. Let us wait and see what will happen to the country after Omalpe Sobhita’s ‘SYSTEM CHANGE’.

    • 10
      0

      Dear EE.
      The worst change was Aturaliye (Ethana Methana) Rathane change which brought Medamulama gang of Rajapakses in a horde and ensured our bankruptcy.

    • 5
      1

      Eagle
      It was Omalpe Sobhita who brought Mahinda back.
      Only when Buddhist monks mind their own business will the country prosper. Why do we need Ratana’s agricultural advice or Gandasara’s advice on Islam? If they knew anything, they wouldn’t be monks in the first place.

      • 6
        1

        old codger

        Please include other such eminent Drs as Dr Chana Jeyasumana, Dr Wijedasa, Dr Nalin, Dr Gunadasa Amarasekara, Dr Dayan ….., Dr Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa (DSc CBO Uni, thanks to) Dr Laksiri, Dr Mahinda ….(LLD CBO Uni thanks to Laksiri),……… too

      • 1
        1

        OC,
        .
        very same Omalpe Sobitha has boomeranged to say it loud today…
        that Mahinda Rajakashes are no buddhists. Can you imagine ? He is also wearing a Dr title.
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCwq228VzZQ

        I think my Granny was used to say, WAS WADENAWA…(get caught by Karma) if buddhgama monks would behave like criminals….. as we know that over 90% of srilanken buddhagama monks being fake…… might well be, they have hormone problems and entered to monkhood to live up their propensities being hidden behind the SANGA COSTUME.

        Here one another good sort of Example to agree with Our Human Touch- as calling that YELLOW pets are the real big cancer of this nation.

        And SANNASGALA (as a sinhala langauge expert) compares it with PATHALAYA rascals with the monks going by the manner they are named after. They seem to have much in kommen.

        OMALPE sobith
        PITIDHUWE Siridhamma
        MADAGODA abheythissa
        WALASMULLE Abhaya
        ************************.
        MAKANDURE Madhush
        JULIAMPITIYA Amaraya
        KOLONNAWE Kudu Dumindha
        DEMATAGODA Saman
        MEDAMULANA Mahinda

  • 11
    0

    …Systems change also needs to be accompanied by people change to become real change….
    But the sequence is important. First, a will to change by all. Then, next the system change and with proper enforcement of all systems without fear or favour to be in place, and so gradually people will change, as the people change cannot be done overnight while a system change can be.

    • 7
      1

      “Real Change With Elections Not Constitutional Fixing Alone”
      Yes, but where is the money to pay for elections?
      And, even if we have elections, what is the guarantee that those whom the electorate elects (quite likely the SJB) will be competent?
      What’s the point of swapping 225 incompetents with 225 different ones?
      Going by the results of past elections, when characters like Gandasara, Ratana, and Sarath Weerasekara got themselves elected, I have my doubts.

    • 2
      1

      MV
      You are right.
      Unless the people are thoroughly politicized, it will be business as usual.
      The GGH protest was burdened with cetain interests which did not want any thought to transcend the slogan.
      Soothsayers who declared that the GGH will perform magic hadn’t the slightest idea of what state and state apparatus are about. They are frustrated and confused by the stalemate.
      *
      The events of 9th May have compelled protesters to think on other lines.
      GGH still can be the spark that will ignite the fire of social change. But there is much work to do and distance to travel. Let us see how it unravels.
      Revolution is not instant coffee.

  • 12
    0

    Yes. “individuals of integrity can rise above the system that brought them to those positions” but “one swallow does not a summer make”. Individuals of integrity are few and far between. Take the Police, Judiciary, Administrative Service, the majority by a very high percentage, are happy to tow the line, some mainly to keep their jobs while others are quite happy to say yes. Dutiful officers suffer whenever the governments change. It is the prevailing system that deters.
    The political clout must first be curbed by the system change with Independent Commissions (really so, with people of integrity) in them, free of politicos.
    As much as plants grow well in a good environment, so must the high ups be allowed to function independently in a good safe environment.

    • 8
      1

      MV,
      One essential step is to restore the independence of the Civil Service. They must be more powerful in administration than the local MP, as in the past. MP’s must not be allowed to interfere in administration. They must not be allowed to stuff state institutions with their catchers either, causing the economic downfall of the country.
      But which MP is going to sign his own death warrant?

      • 2
        0

        ..But which MP is going to sign his own death warrant?..
        That is why the 21A will be a worthless exercise. It is prepared by the 225 to cover themselves with no involvement of the people for whom this 21A is being supposedly enacted.

      • 1
        1

        OC
        I agree with the idea, but how does one regenerate the integrity of the Civil Service?
        It is like the move to teach science in English some years ago, when ones who knew their English did not know science and vice versa. The problem lingers on.

        • 2
          1

          SJ,,
          True, rebuilding a system is not as easy as destroying it. Quite likely, slavish attitudes towards politicians will survive any new legislation.

        • 0
          0

          SJ,

          “It is like the move to teach science in English some years ago, when ones who knew their English did not know science .”

          Knowing English is not enough to know science. For example, there are CT posters like “Old Codger” who don’t know the difference between “power” and “energy.”

          • 0
            0

            L
            Did OC offer to teach science?
            Thank you for warning me in case he makes an offer.

  • 11
    2

    Jehan , we ain’t seen the worse yet. What makes Lanka , pathetic and a basket case is disconnection between the major entities, government, people and country (political, economical stability). All three seems to be functioning in different directions.

    • 4
      2

      Hindians will give lot more salines to lanken folks while the chinese would keep on asking about huge loan payments. Vasidewa is making every effort to adulate the Russians – even if no such deals on Oil is offered to the country by Russians yet.

      Real good allies of the island nation will become clearer to Rajapakshe- donkeys in the days to come even more.

    • 8
      1

      C
      Agree. At the momemt, it is “Koheda Yanne Malle Pol” .
      What might be cute is that it is more by design than not !

    • 11
      2

      Evil and others if interested read article “govt used SB shield to it’s maximum benefit – Interview with Ven. Galkande Dhammananda Thera, Daily Mirror (hard talk), 7/6/22. He talks about how politicians exploited SB since 1946 and Rajapaksas took it to a different/dangerous level, doing false propaganda during Bana Sermon about Islamic terrorism several months before the elections. In Lanka politicians, voters and country as a whole are disconnected, moving in three different directions.

      • 7
        1

        New trend adopted by govt seems , instead of white van, using two wheeler for killing. Five random killings by shooting, in past four days reported. Rumors are plenty, 1)witnesses appearing against govt, 2)drug related crime (hard to believe because of different locations), 3) vigilantes going after Aragalaya/arsonist …. ???

        • 3
          2

          Sorry numbers just went up. Seven dead in five days.

  • 9
    2

    “The way out of this dilemma is to dissolve this unsatisfactory parliament as soon as possible and hold general elections.”

    Before General elections, the country need a referendam to decide whether the current President should go immediately or not. If we allow him to continue in power, no point of having a genuine elections.

  • 7
    15

    Dr. JP: Why have the Aragala protestors not gone to protest at the US embassy as it is US based Sovereign bond traders (ISB),like Black Rock, Goldman Saks and J.P Morgan Chase, which the IMF represents which is causing the dollar shortage and economic crisis in Sri Lanka?!!
    Why do they and you not protest against Bondscam Ranil Wickramasinhe as much as against Goon Gota?
    Seems that the aragala is a remote controlled show to distract just like the 21st Amendment in the puppet show called the Parliament, from Washington and its QUAD and NATO friend’s plan to asset strip strategic Lanka.

    • 3
      10

      D
      Many are hooked on the idea of Chinese loans are our problem.
      No country is named in the 50% chunk of the foreign credit called “finance markets”. That conceals the real debt trap and debt burden, linked to the West.
      GFG protesters are responding to a reality in which, fairly corretcly, the government and the head of government are much to blame.
      Thongs are changing and I will rather be accommodative of the protest movement which is still on a learning curve.
      Being hostile only helps the culprits

      • 5
        1

        “Many are hooked on the idea of Chinese loans are our problem.No country is named in the 50% chunk of the foreign credit called “finance markets”. That conceals the real debt trap and debt burden, linked to the West.”
        SJ,
        Can you provide evidence to prove that debt trap of the countries from the West is more than that of China? For example, China gave loan for the development of Hambantota. Then Sri lanka couldn’t return the loan and then China asked for further lease period for 99 years. Did any of the Country from West did that?

        • 0
          3

          Do a serious search on who the lenders are in the category of “finance markets”. That is accessible information.
          Why don’t you disprove me with your researched list and destroy me once and for all?

          • 2
            2

            SJ,
            You think you are “very clever” by avoiding it.

            • 0
              0

              I never claimed to be clever.
              I cannot be very clever to be wasting time with some people on these pages.
              *
              If you need information, I have suggested where to find it. That should be good enough.

      • 0
        0

        SJ,

        “Many are hooked on the idea of Chinese loans are our problem.”

        China has so many bad loans (internally) that the CCP is desperately covering up. Evergrande is the tip of the iceberg. Look at this Bloomberg headline from a few days ago, “Property Tycoons Lose $65 Billion After China Curbs Excesses.” It’s a wonder the Chinese economy did not collapse internally a long time ago.

        • 0
          0

          L
          Let us get some things straight.
          Firstly we are on “Chinese loans are our problem”. The myth of Debt Trap has been exploded by several research studies some of which I have referred to on thee pages. It will be worth contesting the accuracy of just one study.
          The Evergrande crisis is a private company’s problem. The Chinese government refused to intervene at public expense. It may be right or wrong to neglect its capitalists in this way.
          The economy is not collapsing as expected.
          *
          So, like the proverbial jackal that walked and walked and walked behind a bull in the hope that the testicles will soon fall off, let us wait until the testicles fall off.

  • 3
    0

    The material conditions of life are getting worse, not better.

    225 Parlmetarian had no far sited vision they woke up only know, Vision with action can change the world. Action without vision just passes the time. no vision, there is no hope.The prime minister is warning that there will be food, and he knows this in advance, fear is put to infiltrate the public mind
    the so all parlimentarian must be capable and make the public put on survival mode. continue to thrive
    how to get the economic growth done.

  • 10
    0

    I agree with JP that we need a parliamentary Election as soon as possible. But it should come after a completely NEW CONSTITUTION that has been subjected to Public Referendum and NOT chosen by the current lot of self serving & corrupt Parliamentarians. The current parliament is NOT interested in the SL citizens’ welfare or NEEDS. Most of the “Good Governance” ministers who are present in RW’s current Government have FAILED before BY but NOT placing the CROOKED leaders in PRISON.
    Having an Election under the current rules will not result in desired OUTCOME…..eliminating uneducated, uncultured crooks from the PARLIAMENT

    • 1
      1

      Naman,
      .
      whoever whatever being said and done, right at the moment, the govt cant afford to hold an Election.
      .
      Next 3 weeks are going to be decisive. YOu will get to hear, like or not, lot more that would die being unable to face the sky rocketting price hikes. The inflation is reported to be 131% by yesterday. So, day by day, the govt has to struggle on how they would pay of their bills for the imports based on the essentials.

      And all these were made clear to CT commenters and the nation, again and again, long before Rajapkashes being brought back to power, however, the very same people ridiculed out the facts. Today, whatelse I can say other than – good riddance to bad rubbish.

  • 1
    0

    The urgent need of the hour before next parliamentary election is to change the current PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION SYSTEM AND GO BACK TO OLD ELECTORATE SYSTEM.Due to the current system a candidate has to spend more money for election related expenses to cover a big area of a ELECTORATE DIVISION.In addition the NATIONAL LIST APPOINTMENT ALSO SHOULD BE CANCELLED AS THIS SYSTEMS INTENTION IS MISUSED AND WITHOUT APPOINTING GOOD LEARNED PEOPLE ALL RICH KUDU ,KASSIPU AND DRUG LEADERS ARE ENTERING PARLIAMENT AFTER SPENDING THIER ILL EARNED BLACK MONEY FOR BIG POLITICAL PARTIES.AT THIS RATE THE FOLLOWING VILLAGES ALSO SHOULD BE ORGANISED,
    GOTH GO HOME VILLAGE
    KASSIPU GO HOME VILLAGE
    KUDU GO HOME VILLAGE
    DRUG GO HOME VILLAGE
    BRIBE GO HOME VILLAGE
    MASSAGE CENTER GO HOME VILLAGE
    BUDDIST PRIEST GO AWAY FROM POLITICS GO HOME VILLAGE.
    UNLESS OTHER VISE THE ABOVE SYSTEM CHANGE IS DONE EVEN LORD BUDDA REBORN IN SRILANAKA HE CAN NOT RUN A CLEAN SRILANAKA GOVERNMENT-JAYAWEEWA.

  • 4
    0

    “Before going for election, country should get rid of the preferential voting system that allowed all kinds of crooks to enter the Parliament throwing away money. With that the 5% cut off point also should go.”
    EE, you are correct. Country needs an election after the SYSTEM CHANGE in the way Elections are held.
    The candidates for election should prove their educational ability/ Honesty/Probity. They should DECLARE their wealth + their kith and kins.
    Election commission chief should be able to conduct a free and fair Parliamentary Election. The last commissioner did not do a real check on the NGR’s citizenship at the time of nomination &at the time of Presidential election. If had done so we will not be in the present deeply saddening state.

  • 3
    1

    Real Change With Elections Not Constitutional Fixing Alone
    —————
    Real change comes when all freemasons and tares (serpent seeds of cain), are identified and thrown out of power.
    Elections are a total waste of time for two reasons:
    a) They are often rigged
    b) All the final candidates are freemasons and serve satan

    • 1
      0

      H
      Constitutional tinkering is the power game and national pastime of the masters.
      Hearing voices from all four religions is an in ear music for the sheep that go astray.
      All sound and fury and nothing– but something to hide—yes the wayward seed that deceives.

      Its time to discern, discern and discern

  • 4
    0

    Elections without educating the citizenry will place the country in a worse situation. The truth about the reality of the place corruption, bribes, commissions and ornamental multi-million dollar projects that drained the economy ; projects like the Hambanthota airport, harbour and Nelum Kuluna that brought no income or use to the people of the country and drained the economy, must be instilled in the minds of the people.
    The voters thinking must be changed; we need to educate ourselves to vote for individuals who are service oriented and are sincerely patriotic and sensitive to the needs of the people and the country at large; not serving only a limited set of individuals.

    .
    Whatever system changes that can be implemented immediately under the current political situation, by leaders with a determined mind, to bring about a feasible social environment to drive our fear of discrimination and revenge when public and government officials stand up for what is right, is crucial.

    We, as citizens allowed corruption and injustice to flourish lavishly around us till we ourselves began to feel suffocated by its putrid environment; one which we permitted to grow around us. A change of mind of the citizenry must happen before any election takes place. Elections without a change in the mindset of the citizenry will bring in a worse scenario, for certain.

  • 2
    0

    Don’t blame me, its your fault.

    “Voters too are responsible for current crisis – Basil”

    • 0
      1

      B
      Can we blame any voter for getting Basil into parliament?

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