By Rusiripala Tennakoon –
To dig the grave or not? A choice that needs extra caution! But in order to extend further support to a matter that is already in public focus, presuming it will not be an imprudent excavation, some of the historic facts remaining as bygones are referred to in this write up.
The year 1992 marked a watershed serving as a turning point in the operational affairs of the State Banks in Sri Lanka. The pandemonium started with an announcement made in the Parliament by a State Minister stating that a need arisen to Privatize the State Banks. The subsequent commotion this announcement caused soon became a country-wide issue among the trade unions, social groups and parliamentarians spreading across a wide spectrum, climaxing into a No Confidence motion debate in the House. This was followed by another bomb-shell dropped by the Minister of Finance stating that the two State banks were insolvent, to justify the stand of the government to privatize the State Banks.
This issue was finally resolved by the government deciding to recapitalize the two Banks, the People’s Bank and the Bank of Ceylon while continuing to retain 100% State ownership. The back ground to this hullabaloo was the seriousness of certain revelations made by two International Audit teams, Arthur de Little and Booze Allen Hamilton on these two Banks following an Audit by them under the direction of the World Bank. According to their findings Peoples’ Bank was undercapitalized by an amount of Rs.10,541 million and the Bank of Ceylon by about Rs.13000 million. In April 1993, the Peoples bank received restructuring Bonds amounting to Rs. 10541.0 Mn. from the Government of Sri Lanka for the identified purposes. The report highlighted the following details about this shortfall in respect of PB.
1) Rs.1152 Mn. To achieve the capital adequacy requirement in accordance with CBSL guidelines;
2) Rs. 1700.5 Mn. To write off loans granted to Sri Lanka State Plantations Corporation & Paddy Marketing Board for Rs. 1407 Mn. and Rs. 233.5 Mn. respectively;
3) Rs. 4355.0 Mn To finance pension liabilities (employees);
4) Rs. 3231.0 Mn. To provide for loan loss provision;
5) Rs. 102.5 Mn. For loans to be transferred to Special Recovery Unit (RACA);
Total Rs. 10541.0 million
There was a similar list in respect of Bank of Ceylon shortages.
The agreement and the letter of conditions signed between the People’s Bank and the Treasury, included the following stipulations.
1. The above value of bonds granted by GOSL effectively relates to accounting entries that were booked to clear carrying values of advances granted under State recommendation, which were deemed as irrecoverable;
2. The agreement underlying the granting of these Bonds stipulated,
a) A tenor of 30 years, where the Bonds could be redeemed through the recovery of any of the specific loan losses for which the bonds were issued;
b) As per the initial agreement an interest rate of 12%would apply with half yearly payment of int erest;
c) A value of 25%of income derived from (b) above would be refunded to the GOSL annually;
3. As indicated a sum of Rs. 4355.0 mn. of this tranche of bonds was assigned Rs 3118.0 Mn, to the Pension Fund and Rs. 1137.0 Mn to the W& O P Fund.
According to the carrying balance of Bonds reflected on the statement of Financial Position does not include the Pension Fund, which is managed as an Independent Trust Fund.
Accordingly; these bonds valid only till April 2023, ie. 30 years from April 1993 are to expire in April 2023.
The BOND receiving banks were required to take action to recover some of the loans specified under the agreement and use such funds to redeem these Bonds.
Now the issue is, have the banks recovered any sums from these overdue loans? If so has any part of such proceeds been used to redeem the bonds?
What will be the position of the shortfall in funds with the termination of the validity of these bonds?
Have the Banks introduced measures not to allow a repetition of this state of affairs after this recapitalization exercise?
Do their subsequent performance indicate these developments?
While reserving our comments on these questions, an important concern of the people would be to know the fate of these institutions in the critical economic situation the country is facing and the publicized information about the huge and unprecedented accumulation of virtually unpaid debts of the leading State Owned Enterprises (Electricity Board, Petroleum Corporation and SriLankan Airlines often quoted by the authorities) financed by the State Banks. The growing uncertainties and the misgivings surrounding the claims to disown a percentage of the State in these state banks has confounded the situation.
The involvement of the IMF, their pressure on the Government to adhere to a restructuring program and the deteriorating operational issues exposed in the SOEs that owe huge sums due to the State banks will most certainly add to the liquidity threats faced by our banks. The instabilities faced by most banks in a Global scenario and the following merges and closing down of some no doubt will add to the confusion.
While the Government is under pressure to address these issues it is time that State banks too focus on these pending dangerous trends on their own adjusting to face the realities instead of playing Nero disregarding the great social and political change that is agreed to by all social groups, at these critical times in our country.
It will be prudent for Chairmen and Boards appointed by the State, to examine their actual performances vis-a-viz the broader objects of establishing these important institutions, subject their accounting practices to more careful scrutiny to ensure that those at the helm of affairs are not misled due to window dressings resorted to by “Seetambara Pata Salu Weavers” with unscrupulous maneuvers.
Lasantha Pethiyagoda / April 1, 2023
Former minister, geriatric Gamini Lokuge was recently appointed as chairman of the banking and financial oversight committee. Just imagine the hilarity of these appointments! Would sane people still tolerate these vermin? Why don’t the people rise as one, in their millions and force these criminals out and claim back their country? After all, it is still legal to do so, before the new anti-terror laws outlaw protests and sit-ins etc.
Sinhala_Man / April 1, 2023
I’ve not read Rusiri’s article at all. I’ve scrolled down and found your comment as the only one to date.
We don’t like strikes, we don’t like disruption of people’s lives, but have we got any choice? It is Ranil Wickremasinghe and the Pohottuwa M.P.s who are entirely to blame for this situation.
I entirely agree with you that the people must rise fast and get rid of these vermin soon. It is not we who advocate the breaking of Laws. It is Ranil & Co.
If they want to avoid ugly confrontations, they can still get serious about conducting the Local Government Elections. They will not.
That 25 minute video shows the planning. It may be a bit disconcerting to find mostly men in ties doing it, but it does look as though what happens on the 3rd of April will be crucial to determining how this regime is changed.
To minimise suffering, action has to be swift.
Panini Edirisinhe (NIC 483111444V)
Sinhala_Man / April 1, 2023
What do you make of these four minutes?
I know that few take Vasudeva Nananayakkara (oldest MP now) seriously, but even he says that Ranil is heading for trouble.
It would be interesting to know his voting record in Parliament.
leelagemalli / April 1, 2023
Even if the most powerful treaty against crime is adopted, its implementation will not be as easy as we think. The lesser evil must be employed to overcome our true greater evil. I think it is relevant in today’s context. If that doesn’t work, what’s the alternative? no option than letting it falling deeper.
Wearing the “Sinhala Buddhist banner” on our foreheads, our motherland has now become another filthy hell.
The main character of the drama is none other than Mahinda Rajapaksa (aka terminal cancer of the nation).
He knew this long ago, but his complete ignorance, stupdity, boldheadedness, pompousness and selfishness buried the burning sticks in the ashes.
It is too late now, all the hidden burning sticks have turned to make the volcano. Whoever the leader is, it’s almost incurable. Our animals do not take it seriously. Big men actually resembled Neanderthals.
After watching a video where the Samurdhi officials were called, I suddenly thought why don’t they transfer money to an account and give money to those poor families????
leelagemalli / April 1, 2023
Why no ministerial action was taken in this regard?
If they studied electricity bills or water bills or something like that, they would have found people who were much less fortunate a long time ago. By asking them to have a bank account, in the current context, they can save billions in administrative costs. 50 billions are allocated for those Samurdhi, however, adminstrative costs are reported to be over 30 billions… can you imagine ? What have they been doing over the 4 decades repeating the palatable about so called MAHINDA CHINTHANAYA ?