26 June, 2019

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Sri Lankan Universities In Dire Straits

By Darshani Wimalasuriya

The standard of education, at Sri Lankan universities, is declining rapidly.  According to World ranking, local universities standards, are now below the universities of failed states in Africa. Major universities in Uganda, Ethiopia and Zimbabwe, are now in a superior position, than Sri Lankan universities. Instead of quality education, Sri Lankan universities are now focused on violence, extremist student politics, strikes, low productivity, and moral decay.

srilanka_university_students colombotelegraphMr. Navarathna Banda – a senior lecturer attached to the Sri Jayawardhanapura University, cites the reasons that have pushed our university system down, into this deplorable state. According to him, over 90 % of Sri Lankan university professors and senior lectures are under qualified, and inexperienced.

The majority of these university teachers, are working in the same universities where they graduated from, and do not possess any overseas exposure or experience. Academically, their knowledge and experience are stunted, limited and outdated. Therefore these university teachers are incapable of preparing their students, to face the educational challenges of the 21st century.

Over the last 30 years, our universities, failed to carry out any world class research, any validated scientific study, or produce a noteworthy publication, to capture the attention of the international academia. These shortcomings represent the void, in our universities. In order to cover-up these failures, Professor Naleen De Silva, recently carried out a research on Arsenic, at the Kelaniya University, violating all internationally accepted, research standards. It became the laughing stock, of the academic community.

Ragging & Violence in Sri Lankan Universities

Unfortunately, ragging and violence have become part and parcel of local university culture. Ragging involves harassment, abuse and humiliation of new students. It is a serious form of Human Rights violations. We believe that almost all Sri Lankan university students have faced such harassment, either physically or verbally, as first year students. So far, no one has disputed it, and we challenge anyone to come forward, and refute this statement.

For decades, brutal ragging has prevailed in Sri Lankan universities. And throughout, teachers could not, or did not want to put a stop to it. The   reasons are easy to understand; they too were victims of ragging during their days at university, and a majority of them, later turned into perpetrators themselves, as they became senior students. For them, it is a moral challenge, to prevent ragging in our universities. The other reason is that radical political groups are using ragging, as a political weapon, to control new students.

Sexual violence, and brutal physical ragging, is a hidden malaise amongst Sri Lankan universities. The Perdeniya University has the worst, reputation. The most infamous, and horrible case of sexual violence, was reported in 1975, from the Peradeniya University. A 22 year-old female student, Rupa Rathnaseeli, of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, leapt off the second floor of the hostel -Ramanathan Hall, when a group of seniors, tried to insert a pen, into her vagina, as part of sadistic physical ragging.

Rupa, sustained serious injuries to her spine, became paralyzed, and confined to a wheel chair for many years. Her dreams were shattered, and her young life was wasted. In 1997, Rupa Rathnaseeli committed suicide. After this incident, the Peradeniya University authorities, made-up a story, in order to cover-up and conceal evidence. After her death, they conveniently forgot Rupa Rathnaseeli. Those guilty of committing this crime against Rupa, are administrators of the university today. Some are even Professors!

In 2011, three students from the Faculty of Arts, University of Peradeniya, were arrested by the Police, and produced before the Kandy Additional Magistrate, Mr. Ravindra Premaratne, for sexually assaulting a fresher. In another incident, three second-year female students, of the Faculty of Arts, University of Peradeniya, were charged with ragging a group of female freshers in a toilet. These female freshers, were stripped naked, during the ragging, and forced to perform, indecent sexual acts. The University authorities, imposed a three-week suspension, on these three female offenders.

According to an unofficial internal report, these three senior female students, sexually molested, a newcomer from the Gampaha District. The internal report further reveals, that the victim was afraid to lodge a complaint, with the university authorities, as they adopted a very lethargic approach, to female ragging incidents. Therefore no further charges were brought against, the perpetrators. Although these senior female students, had committed a serious sexual offence, they were able to participate in lectures, soon after the three- week suspension was lifted. Up to date, the authorities of the University of Peradeniya have not taken, any action against the perpetrators, and they mostly covered up, the incidents.

Similar incidents have been reported, from Ruhuna, Sri Jayewardenepura, Kelaniya and Sabaragamuwa Universities. The authorities there too, adopted the Peradeniya policy.

In other incidents; in 1993, an innocent student, named Chaminda Punchihewa, of the Ruhuna University, died, as a result of cruel ragging. He was viciously beaten, and forced to perform vigorous exercises, by senior students. In 1997, a first year female student, of the University of Ruhuna committed suicide following, intolerable ragging. She was subjected, to appalling sexual harassment. In 2011, Professor Susirith Mendis, Head of the Ruhuna University, informed the media, that a group of students, had physically ragged, a female student– Vathsala Kumudini De Silva. As a result of physical ragging, she became semi-paralyzed, in one limb.

In her autobiography, ‘Punarukthi’– (Rebirth), the   award-winning actress, dramatist and writer, Anoma Janadari, states that inhuman and degrading ragging, were imposed on students, at the University of Colombo. She further, writes that most of her female batch mates were subjected to, sexual harassments, by senior students, at the Colombo University.  Another former student, of the University of Colombo, (now completing her post graduate degree, at a university in Michigan) confirms, that in 2011, some senior students, of the Colombo University, splashed buckets of water, containing human feces, on freshers. She, further says, that inhuman and degrading acts, are committed at major universities in Sri Lanka, and no one is held, accountable.

The award-winning, Sri Lankan film and tele-drama actress, Yashoda Wimaladharma, reveals that she had to undergo, such brutal ragging, while at the University of Kelaniya, that it was an emotional shock, for her father, R. L. Wimaladharma, a lecturer, also at the Kelaniya university. According to Yashoda Wimaladharma, her father, could not bear the merciless harassment of his daughter, and suffered a heart attack.

Student Unions  

Sri Lankan Universities have student political groups, manipulated by extremists. When a new batch of students arrives, at the University, they are intimidated and threatened with physical ragging, by the seniors. Often, the new students are not even allowed, to have a dialog with, the university lecturers, not allowed ask questions at lectures, not allowed to take part in English courses, and not allowed to use the university library, by these extremist, student unions.

The freshes, are forced to wear inexpensive clothes, and are not allowed to wear shoes. In some universities, they are not even allowed, to take a shower, nor clean themselves, after using the toilet, for several weeks. In some universities, the students are not allowed to drink beverages, like Coca Cola. This ‘prohibition’, was vigorously implemented, at the Universities of Colombo, and Kelaniya.

The senior students, of the Sri Lankan universities, use physical and sexual harassment, to control newcomers. Commonly used methods, include, sexual violence, forcibly stripping naked, forced masturbation, forced oral or anal sex, sexual simulation, urinating on victims, inserting pens and candles into the victim’s anus or vagina, smearing tooth paste or Marmite, on the victim’s genitals, prohibiting underwear, for both male and female, ‘bucketing’ or throwing water, containing animal, or human feces, insulting with profanity, interrogating  victims, with profane questions, forced to repeat, profane words or sing such songs, in the presence of a group etc.

Although rape, and sodomy are rare, recent reports indicate, that these forms of extreme violence, are gradually emerging, in Sri Lankan Universities.

Student political groups, use ragging as a weapon, to control new students, and to indoctrinate them. There are, unmentionable Human Rights violations, occurring within, the local university system, and many Professors, and other authorities, maintain silence. Most sexual, and physical harassment, are covered up, by the university establishment, and the general public, is unaware, of most of these horrible incidents, that take place, within these educational institutions.

Majority of university lecturers, do not want to get involved, in internal politics, or are fearful of making enemies, with extremist student groups. Most of the above mentioned, inhuman acts of ragging, take place, before their very eyes, and yet, they do nothing to stop it. Therefore many university teachers, turn a blind eye, to these incidents, and move away. Professors, and lecturers who openly opposed ragging, were subjected to numerous types of violence, and some, were compelled to leave the universities, for their safety.

The Poor State of Sri Lankan Medical Faculties  

At one time, Sri Lankan medical schools produced the best doctors, recognized internationally. Unfortunately, this has not been the case, over the past few decades. According to a leading Sri Lankan medical doctor, who is workings, as an associate Professor, in an American university, the standards, of Sri Lankan medical faculties, have declined.

The majority, of Sri Lankan doctors, who graduated over the past few decades, have a very poor knowledge, of English, therefore unable to communicate, effectively and professionally.  He, further says, that Sri Lankan doctors lack attitudinal training, medical ethics and accountability, towards their patients. According to international ranking, of medical schools, many medical schools, of the 3rd world countries, such as Nigeria, Nepal, India, and Tanzania, have surpassed the Sri Lankan, medical faculties.

Sri Lankan Universities are Virtually Dead

“Sri Lankan Universities are virtually dead”, says a senior lecturer, attached to, the University of Colombo. According to him, qualified professors, prefer overseas universities, in their search for, prosperous job opportunities. Only the old and inefficient academics are trapped, in the local university system.

Majority of Sri Lankan University Professors, and senior lecturers, do not have the desire, to improve, the quality of the local universities, or stop sadistic ragging. They refrain, from sending their children, to local Universities. Their children therefore, attend universities in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, and Australia, New Zealand etc., thus creating a huge academic and intellectual void, in local universities.

Student Heroes

When academics, and university authorities failed, in their responsibility, several student leaders, took courageous measures, to stop ragging and sexual harassment, in the local universities. One such example was, Ovitigala Vithanage Samantha- a third year Management student, of the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. He was, a charismatic student leader, who launched an anti-ragging campaign, at the university, and soon, other universities too, were inspired, by his humane crusade.

A group, of student extremists, killed Ovitigala Vithanage Samantha, on 7th November 2002. He was, viciously assaulted, at the university premises, and his head was smahed, with a computer terminal. One of his killers, who masterminded the murder – Sujith Kuruwita, used his political connections, to evade charges, and today, he is at large. After Ovitigala Vithanage Samantha’s death, his humane campaign, lost its voice, and once again, violence and sadism, overcame Sri Lankan universities.

www.lankauniversity-news.com

www.lankauniversity-news.com

Sri Lankan Universities are Below African Universities

African Universities are, now internationally better recognized, than Sri Lankan Universities. According to 2012 World University Ranking, Makerere University (Uganda), occupies the 1174 place, demonstrating a superior educational quality, than Sri Lankan higher education institutes.  Ironically, Idi Amin’s Uganda, has easily defeated, the leading universities of Sri Lanka. According to the 2012 World Ranking, University of Moratuwa is at 2150, University of Colombo- 2255, University of Ruhuna -2353, and University of Peradeniya -2973. Hence these local universities, now represent, a very low level, of international ranking.

While Sri Lankan universities, struggle with their poor standards of education, Polytechnic of Namibia, has reached the 1319th place, Sudan’s University of Khartoum- 1394, University of Nairobi- 1435, Mansoura University of Egypt-  1685, University of Ghana-Ethiopia’s Addis Ababa University- 1903, Tanzania’s University of Dar Es Salaam- 1977,and Sudan‘s University of Science & Technology- 2020. Most of these African countries have low literacy rates, compared with Sri Lanka. But they have defeated, all our local universities, in the international arena.

Need Action

Regrettably, Sri Lankan Universities have been on the decline, both morally and academically, over the last four decades. There was a time, when Sri Lankan universities, were the shining examples, of higher education, and academic leadership. Unfortunately, the quality of education and research work at these universities, have declined drastically. Today, Sri Lankan universities are, lagging far behind.

Urgent measures are needed, to put an end to, physical and sexual violence, in our universities, and the standard of education, must be improved. Recently, the Minister of Higher Education, S.B Dissanayake told the media that, he intends to invite, overseas students, to Sri Lankan Universities. With the prevailing low standards of education, at our universities, violance and frequent strikes, within our university system, foreign students might think twice, about coming to further their education, in Sri Lanka.

Education is not a privilege. It is a Human Right. Higher education is the only hope and salvation for Sri Lankans, so let it not be destroyed!

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Latest comments

  • 2
    1

    I read Medicine at University of Peradeniya three decades ago. I could foresee the beginning of the decline. At least during my student days there were academics who had done descent PhDs, from whom I learnt the basis of medical sciences and the clinicians who were good at diagnostics and techniques again from whom I learnt immensely. I am ever greatful for their teaching and guidance. BUT they never tried to do anything new or enterprising. They would get their sabbatical and work in channel kades near Wembley cinema theatre. They were greedy and ignorant did not know anything beyond their nose. I am sorry that their salary was paltry and I pity their plight to earn to send their kids abroad. They at least had insight so they sent their children abroad. Thank fully a few Professors gave me the forethought and I am in the UK running a well respected clinical unit and a research portfolio. Of course, I had to read for postgraduate degrees in the UK. I went to Peradeniya recently and I was sad to see the standards dropped to a level far below which I ever dreamed or expected. I do not know the diagnosis for the illness nor the cause. Some one will have to look into this otherwise no one will be able attain what I was able to achieve having studied not so long ago. I respect and honor my alma mata – may she be resuscitated by some one. I am sure if MR and his brothers with SB put their effort they can. I wish them well.

  • 1
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    The author explains in length incidents of ragging, politics and violence. I don’t think it is a major reason for having bad ranking. Though these cannot be justified in any means the quality of education has dropped mainly because lack of resources (Both human and physical).

    As given in this account the quality of lectures have dropped over time. Also students lack the proper facilities (labs, books etc…).

    A better question to ask is for what do we need high ranked Universities and quality graduates for. Even now the brightest people graduating from our Universities leave Sri Lanka.

  • 1
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    This article is another attempt by Private university well wishers to discard a decaying system to re establish an education system based on money. This article mentions the names and incidents of victims of brutal ragging hence violating their basic human rights.

    Problems are there to find answers…not to discard and manipulate…

    Please consider…

  • 0
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    6% ?

  • 1
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    Close that racist Tamil only Jaffna university.

    • 0
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      Fathima Fukushima

      Who told you that Jaffna University was a Tamil only university?

    • 1
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      In your context of understanding, what about that Muslim-Only university in Ampara? Sinhala-only university in Galle? Compare to other university teachers, Jaffna university has better professionals and researchers. Smash your racist, ignorant head.

  • 13
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    While I do accept that there is much to be desired in Sri Lankan universities, the picture painted by the writer here is far from being accurate. It is not a realistic picture of the universities or how we carry out our duties at the sri lankan universities. It is mighty flawed because to something like H – index, developed in the USA to measure productivity of researchers and scholars to measure the value of researchers in Sri Lanka is conceptually wrong. H -index objectifies education and education cannot be objectified. You ask some of the top notch educationists in the US themselves about H – indices and you will find they agree with me. But i doubt the writer knows much about education. The article, its tone, its sensational hyperbolic character clearly demonstrate a certain and deep seated unintellectualism which has come to unfortunately characterize the debate on education. There is a vibrant discussion on education going on, at many levels. It is obvious that the writer has no clue as to what that debate is all about.
    Colombo Telegraph should avoid this kind of hyperbolic sensationalising articles which serve no one but the private enterprise, calculated to destroy free education in Sri Lanka. Once again, i do want admit to a lot of problems in the universities and the plague of ragging and do not want to brush them under the carpet. I have written and spoken about them and taken a very clear stand certain issues. Much of what plagues university education today has to do with external influences, interferences in curriculum, method etc, greatly compounded by World Bank impositions. But this article instead of zeroing in on the crucial and fundamental aspects that shape education today, chooses rather to sensationalize and generalize. Bad research and bad journalism.

    As many of the commentators seem to have bought into what is written here, lock stock and barrel, i want to pose a few questions to them. How come most if not all Physics honours graduates from Peradeniya are able to take up postgraduate programmes in the USA on TAs? How come, Sri Lankan students in Engineering whose English is really bad by our own standards are doing very well in the US in universities who recognize that knowing English or being fluent in English is not necessarily about being competent in your field.

    What this writer does not seem to understand is, ranking of universities, H-index etc. are greatly flawed tools. They are not necessarily about the imparting of education, but about the commodification of education, something many of us in the field of education have been fighting against.

    I have studied and worked in several countries and in some of the best universities in the US. It is the foundation I received at Peradeniya that has stood me in good stead. I am no wonder person either. Several of my colleagues have served in some prestigious universities in the US, UK and other parts of the world, including, India, Malaysia, Bangladesh, South Africa etc. It is not a few select lecturers either that have had this opportunity. I will ask the writer here to do in depth research on the subject and talk about the problems, of which there are quite a serious few, in a reflective, informed and constructive manner. BTW: Anoja Wickramasinghe has retired, retired several years ago, right? What exactly are you talking about? And what exactly is your research about?

    I ask the writer here: Before you talk about university education in sri lanka, in comparison with other countries, make sure you know what the global debate is. Did you know that students and staff in the UK were on strike recently against cuts in education funding? have you heard of how universities in the US are facing the threat of severe cuts which go to disempower minorities greatly? have you been reading some of the leading educationists of the western system, Ira Shor, Henry Giroux etc? on the subject? No, you have not. If you had, you’d have adopted a more conciliatory, reflective, and constructive tone.

    BTW: Anoja Wickramasinghe has retired, retired several years ago, right? What exactly are you talking about? And what exactly is your research about? Just taking swipes at individuals and institutions, because it took your fancy?

    • 1
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      Well said Sumathy. This is a crappy article written by an ill informed writer with the sole purpose of harming the free education which many Sri Lankan enjoy. Showing the ragging and student unions are the only reasons for the decline in academic standards in Lankan universities is nonsense. The main reason for this situation is the government and its political agenda (most VCs are politically appointed and the percentage of funds allocated to universities is declining every year). She didnt even provide any reference to many incidents which she mentions that are happened and happening in sri lankan universities. this article is simply a sh*t.

  • 7
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    I was sitting in five presentations by final year undergraduate students this morning at the University of Colombo. Both the quality of work and quality of presentations were of the same standards as from the top students in my class in the University of Southampton.

    So, there are pockets of excellence in the middle of a poor environment that pays a pittance to the teaching staff; runs a system with minimal recurrent investment in laboratories, has a staff student ratio of 1:50 (my department in Southampton has 1:17 and I am arguing to bring it down to 1:13 so research can improve!); strongly hierarchical suppressing new ideas from young academics; heavily politicized — particularly in senior appointments; micro-managed with no autonomy in governance (just google to find the number of UGC circulars people have to read).

    Of course, ragging and politicized student unions are serious issues, but at SSRs of 1:50, staff won’t have a chance of doing anything to improve the system. A clear vision should come from the UGC with substantial investment to build on the pockets of excellence I see on every visit here.

  • 3
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    This is the result of a poor primary & secondary education system. The curriculum, particularly, in Govt. schools is influenced by the policies of the ruling regime and often biased. Religion is taught without the in-depth understanding of its principals, such as, compassion & tolerance, so that students understand the ethics of life in their adulthood. The sadistic behavior in the form of ragging at Universities indicate the mentality of the students who may one day be leaders in commerce, govt., etc. so the sorry state the country is no surprise & to be expected. There is no ragging in foreign Universities, instead, seniors welcome new students on ‘Freshers Day’ & show them around the campus. I doubt very much such a day will dawn in Sri Lanka unless there is a radical overhaul of the complete education system & for that to happen, for starters, the Minister of Education has to be competent, not an uneducated yob.

  • 2
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    I am a university academic and do agree that the standards are deteriorating, the professors and senior lecturers are not qualified, etc… But please don’t put all academics in the same basket please. If you look carefully there are some who do have very good publications in international well reputed journals, contribute internationally to science, are invited as speakers at international conferences etc…such academics are very few but they still exist. Everyone who did PhDs at good places did not remain overseas. Some returned to fight and actually win the fights over here and move things forward. But since they are a minority I suppose they don’t make much of an impact (or noise).

  • 2
    0

    I am a Peradeniya engineering graduate, until I started my Masters thesis, we didn’t know the word ‘plagiarism’ or ‘citation’, but we did each weeks more 30 assignment and two major projects, what ever we did copied and pasted, told to do list in a reference list in last most page.
    Lecture notes were given straight from internet pages like how stuff works & Wikipedia. There were dozens of 30 years old lathes, milling and theodolites set. CNC machines are private jobs only
    Projects are just simple crafting tasks or coupling an old engine to wheelbarrow. copying several book into a single book.. but A+, A we achieved

  • 0
    5

    Colombo telegraph, please dont lose your credibility by publishing this kind of pointless crappy article written by an ill informed writer with the sole purpose of harming the free education which many Sri Lankan enjoy. Showing the ragging and student unions are the only reasons for the decline in academic standards in Lankan universities is nonsense. The main reason for this situation is the government and its political agenda (most VCs are politically appointed and the percentage of funds allocated to universities is declining every year). The author never mentioned about these in anywhere in the article. She didnt even provide any reference to many incidents which she mentions that are happened and happening in sri lankan universities. this article is simply a sh*t.

    • 2
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      Suganthan

      “free education which many Sri Lankan enjoy”

      Many Sri Lankans may enjoy but do they benefit?

  • 2
    0

    I recently visited univ. of Peradeniya, I saw laboratories are extremely poor conditions and use the same old equipment used several decades ago. Eng. students are still using T-rules and drawing boards for engineering designs when rest of the world are using CAD packages. One senior prof told me that in many occasions he had to use his own money for faculty related works. One Sabaragamu univ student told me that she goes to Colombo during week ends for tuition for the same course she take in the university.

    Pathetic situation is that politicians who in power not knowledgeable enough to understand the problem of the education system in the country. So, expect education in Sri Lanka going get much worse than today.

    Schools in the rural areas are being shutting down. Politicians are destroying the education of the poor. The parents in those ares can’t afford to send their children faraway school.
    One of the president’s political promise is to make Sri Lanka as the knowledge hub of the Aisa. Dear, Mr. President,it is never going to happen in our life time.

  • 3
    0

    it is all because of Politicization of education system…!!!!
    i am a graduate from the University of South Eastern. i experienced how difficult to get a place in a Academic, for that how much money spent for VC and other brokers… !!!!!!!

    • 0
      0

      so basically ur degree is one that you BOUGHT, may be not on line, but via palming of brokers n others including the VC….

      • 2
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        I didn’t talk about my degree.i did talk getting a place in Academic Staff as a Lecture, for that we had to make them happy with your money although we were qualified…!!!

        • 5
          0

          That means VC of South Eastern -University is corrupted hands.

          Student of Oluvil Park

  • 3
    0

    Some years ago I was involved in that endeavour in trying to find placements in the private sector for unemployed graduates. While most of them were very poor in English, the medium in the private and export sector, some of them were willing to learn and admitted they lacked the facilities to gain competence in the language. We found places for some of them. I learnt many of them felt uncomfortable in the city and preferred to go to the villages and the interior on teaching assignments – that gave them a chance to enter politics.

    Comparatively, talking to students from Indian, UK and North American universities I find our present day Uni-students lack confidence, poor in general knowledge and below par in their own fields. Some of them openly admitted to being far behind for no fault of theirs. Prior to
    the 1970s almost each and every student from the University of Ceylon left his all round mark – both here and abroad.

    I notice some in this thread, teachers in our Universities, defending the system and criticising Colombo Telegraph for alarmism. There is no denying the fact except, to some extent – for Colombo, Peradeniya and Moratuwa other Universities others are far behind. The situation will only worsen with the passage of time.

    As to ragging, this has now reached extreme sadistic levels – with deaths and serious injury to new entrances every year. The cure lies with social scientists, psycho-analysts and psychiatrists.

    Kettikaran

  • 1
    0

    BAN ragging in uni’s and elsewhere… It’s not a sport when ppl risk their lives.. NOT even extreme sports…

    Ragging in SL has come to a point, it harms not just the students but their families as well…. it’s become a social menace to society at large….

    • 0
      1

      Hey Sowden Edward Asange , there were some anti- comments about you saying that you have a serious inferiority complex , by the way where were you all this time ?

  • 3
    0

    I graduated from the Uni.of Colombo and did my PhD in a good Uni. in the US and have done research in top institutions in Switzerland and in the Nordic countries. I was far from being the best in my batch at the U.of Colombo and a number of my batch mates have succeeded brilliantly in science and industry. Sadly, the majority of us are enjoying this success abroad. I myself have had the opportunity to work with Nobel prize winners and graduates from top Universities the world over. I have taught kids who have gone on to grad. schools like Harvard and Caltech. I can safetly say that in terms of raw talent, a number of kids who come in to the Universities are right up there. Unfortunately, those who are teaching them are not of the best quality. Don’t get me wrong, I was fortunate enough to learn from some wonderful professors at Colombo but the best of them have left or retired or passed away. Those who remain now are on average, very unmotivated or simply put, not very good. There is an entrenched culture of mediocrity that is refusing to adjust or progress. The whole system needs a revamp. Many of us have tried to offer help but have mostly been met with silence or hostility stemming from insecurity perhaps?

  • 0
    0

    Well said which is indeed true!! But I am more optimistic about the quality of futuristic Sri Lankan university education that is being attracted by well qualified young local academia from the world class universities. I think the present paradigm should be shifting into a great deal. At least it will take a decade.

  • 1
    0

    THE MINISTER IS RESPONSIBLE.

    IN THIS COUNTRY WE HAVE 3 MINISTERS AND UMPTEEN REGIONAL MINISTERS?//

    THERE LIES THE PROBLEM

  • 0
    0

    JVP years and student unions scums are also partially responsible for this ragging menace. like in the past hammering some large nails “parala Ane” to the skull, tie them on to a vehicle and drag them around the university ground as an example to every one who is involved in ragging, might help to cure sadistic tendency of the low cast, low class idiots!

  • 0
    0

    Dear writer,

    Please do not use too many commas in your writing. Its just too much. For every two or three words, there is a comma. . If you want your sentence to read smoothly, forget the comma.

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