12 November, 2019

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The Origins Of Chelvanayakam’s Separatist Politics

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

The ideological foundations of the mono-ethnic extremism of the North are based on two primary documents : 1. the very first speech of S. J. V. Chelvanayakam (December 18, 1949) launching his separatist ideology at the Government Clerical Service Union Hall in Maradana – the official birthplace of Tamil separatism; 2. the Vadukoddai Resolution of May 14, 1976, Vadukoddai being the electorate of Chelvanayakam. The Northern Provincial Council Resolution passed on February 10, 2015, which reiterates, with hyperbolical distortions and interpretations, the underlying theme of the first two documents, is the latest addition to reinforce the mono-ethnic extremism needed for the survival of Tamil ruling elite.

All three stand out as milestones and signposts of separatism advancing, inch by inch. All three reveal the fundamentals of the northern political culture that was constructed craftily to gain political mileage by demonizing the Sinhala-Buddhist south. All three documents are wrapped in historical fictions, geographical concoctions, political deceptions and, of course, plain lies. The exaggerations and distortions in each of these documents reveal how the manipulators of Tamil separatism legitimized their mono-ethnic extremism by reinventing a fictitious past that ignited a nation-wide conflagration as devastating as the fire lit by Hanuman’s tail. Acting as the side-kick of Rama, who came to Lanka to rescue his Sita, Hanuman’s burning tail set fire to the whole island.

The contemporary version of Hanuman’s tail is the ideology of Tamil extremism concocted in the first two documents mentioned above. It was meant to destroy the Sinhala-Buddhist but the intensity of the communal fires swept the northern region most of all and it was the Tamil leadership and the Tamil people who became the victims of the Tamil racist holocaust lit by the Tamil leaders. The three documents mentioned above reveal, in essence, the political venom and bankruptcy of the Tamil leaders who relied exclusively on the ideology of mono-ethnic extremism.

The single thread that ran through the separatist ideology in all its stages was the bitter hatred of the “other – the Sinhala-Buddhists, the bête noir of the Jaffna Tamils. The resolution passed by the NPC on February 10, 2015, is a typical example of the hate politics of the Northern leadership. It is the petrol on which they run their politics. Without that they come to a grinding halt.

Chelvanayakam

Chelvanayakam

The peninsular political culture is bereft of any constructive or progressive ideology other than anti-Sinhala-Buddhist racism. The underlying hate politics of the Northern leadership sustains and propels Tamil separatism. This crude, anti-Sinhala-Buddhist hatred was, of course, polished and given a veneer of intellectual respectability by ideologues who rewrote history to buttress the Vadukoddai political agenda of the Tamil separatists.

The mass production of academic theses began in the post-1976 period to justify and legitimize the Vadukoddai political platform. New politicized research centers, outside the objective scholars of the University of Peradeniya, cropped up in a plethora of NGOs. They rewrote history according to the gospel declared in the Vadukoddai Resolution. In the forefront of politicized research was the foreign-funded International Centre for Ethnic Studies (ICES), headed by Neelan Tiruchelvam and Radhika Coomaraswamy.

The cash rich NGOs had means to recruit intellectuals to write history according the Vadukoddai agenda. Perhaps, the best example is Buddhism Betrayed? by the Harvard don, S. J. Tambiah. It was a propagandistic tract where the cover page alone told the tale of Tamil hatred towards the Sinhala-Buddhists. One selected shot of the face of Ven. Sobitha, addressing a public meeting, was spread across the cover to portray the Buddhist monks as aggressive fanatics going on the rampage against the Tamils. Later Tambiah replaced it with another image. But the damage was done. Prof. Tambiah sowed the seeds of hatred against the Sinhala-Buddhists at the academic level.

It was this anti-Sinhala-Buddhist ideology, fuelled by the hired intellectuals, that gathered momentum and ran all the way from Maradana, via Vadukoddai to Nandikadal. Prof. Tambiah was paid an unspecified amount by World Institute For Development Economics Research of the United Nations University (WIDER), a UN organization, headed at the time by Lal Jayawardena, the husband of the Sinhala-Buddhist hating academic wife, Kumari Jayawardena. Academics flocked to foreign-funded NGOs to sell their so-called “research” manufactured by them to demonize the Sinhala-Buddhists as the prime cause for the break-down of inter-ethnic relations.

This is an additional factor that emboldened the Tamil “moderates” who felt justified in pushing the North to the farthest extremes of mono-ethnic politics. The Tamil “moderates”, exploiting the respectability showered on them by hired “research”, lured the Jaffna Tamils with the music of Tamil superiority and exclusivity, intermingled with victimhood under Sinhala-Buddhist rule, and led the Jaffna Tamils like Pied Piper of Hamelin all the way to Nandikadal.

The foundations to rupture the prevailing inter-ethnic relations in the early years of independence were laid by S. J. V. Chelvanayakam who outlined his separatist ideology first in his speech at Maradana in 1949. There was no looking back after that. It is an ideology that rolled down the decades into the cold waters of Nandikadal and dyed it with Tamil blood. The sins of the Tamil suffering should be on his head and no one else.

The best exposition of Chelvanayakam’s thinking, which is essential to grasp the factors that shaped his ideology, was written by his son-in-law, Prof. A. J. Wilson, a product of the Peradeniya University who went on to occupy the chair of political science, in Canada. In his biography, S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947 – 1977, he presents Chelvanayakam almost as the Jinnah of Jaffna – a man obsessed with a passion to divide Sri Lanka into ethnic enclaves. The details of Prof. Wilson’s revelations of his father-in-law’s thinking should be left for another occasion.

But before examining Chelvanayakam’s arguments stated in his very first speech to test the legitimacy of his claim for separatism, a brief survey of the prevailing socio-political conditions in the immediate aftermath of independence, particularly in the year 1949, is necessary to understand the deviant politics of violence initiated by Chelvanayakam – the separatist violence that took the Tamil people down the road to Nandikadal. What were the conditions of the Tamils on December 19, 1949 when Chelvanayakam addressed exclusively the government servants, who held a disproportionate share of jobs in the public service? Did the Tamils face persecution, discrimination and alienation in 1949 to break away from the nation and establish an ethnic enclave?

The unacceptable and glaring incongruity is that Chelvanayakam launched his separatist ideology just one year after independence when harmonious inter-ethnic relations were at its highest peak. D. S. Senanayake, the first Prime Minister, not only laid the unshakeable foundations for democracy which took root in the Sri Lankan soil but also established an all-inclusive state consisting of the major community leaders. Nor was there any tensions between the north and the south. G. G. Ponnambalam who led a virulent anti-Sinhala-Buddhist campaign to grab an undue share of power was, in fact, a Minister in the multi-ethnic Cabinet. Everything was in its proper place with hardly any formidable force/s rising to disturb the peaceful transfer of power in 1948.

Though total power was now in the hands of elected representatives of all the communities the political, administrative, judicial and social institutions established by the British remained intact. Ceylon, as it was known then, carried on as usual with power in the hands of the Brown Sahibs instead of the White Sahibs. The Governor-General, the nominal head of state, was Lord Soulbury. The Commander of the Army was Brigadier Roderick Sinclair, The Earl of Caithness.

It was a semi-colonial, semi-feudal, semi-capitalist economy with an underlying layer of the compradore go-betweens interacting with local and foreign enterprises. Its non-industrial plantation economy was still in the hands of the British companies, linked directly to Mincing Lane and other trading centers in London. Tea, rubber and coconut trades were mainly in the hands of the British and Indians who had the virtual monopoly of the export-import economy. English was still the official language. The judiciary, the executive, and the legislature were in the same mould as left behind by the British. The expertise of the British civil servants was retained to run the public service. The controversial Section 29 guaranteeing protection to the minorities – a provision, valued by the Tamils — was safely ensconced in the Constitution.

Those were the halcyon days when the afterglow of the British rule was still shining in Ceylon. Everything was in the same position as in colonial times with hardly any changes to the legacy left behind by the British. Nor had anything changed to alarm or disturb the political stability inherited from the British rule. The main factor that worried Chelvanayakam was the attempt of D. S. Senanayake to define legally those entitled to citizenship – an act that was undertaken by all post-colonial states as colonialism had imported aliens to do its coolie work. The acknowledged Tamil leader of the day, G. G. Ponnambalam endorsed and voted for the new Citizenship Act which gave citizenship to the second generation of Indians and not to the late-comers. The myth propagated was that all Indian Tamils were deprived of citizenship.

It was also a time when the English-educated Vellahla elite of Jaffna were in a commanding position in the public service. The state bureaucracy established by the Britishwas run by the Tamils holding key positions in strategic departments. For instance, Prime Minister Senanayake’s Permanent Secretary, the highest post in the public service, was held by Sir Kanthiah Vaithianathan. It was a peak point of power, prestige and privileges.

As the permanent secretary to the Prime Minister, Sir Kanthiah, held a commanding position in the public service. Take the example of establishing the Army of independent Ceylon on October 10, 1949 with the Earl of Caithness as its head. It was Prime Minister Senanayake and Sir Kanthiah who held discussion with the UK Government and selected the Earl of Caithness to head the Ceylon Army. A board was appointed with Sir Kanthiah as its head to select the first batch of officers. The officer who topped the batch was Anton Marian Muttukumara. Later he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. After The Earl of Caithness retired Muttukumara was appointed as the first Army Commander of independent Ceylon. It can be argued that it was these two Tamil professionals who first laid the foundations for the Army that eventually grew in strength to defeat the separatist forces unleashed by Chelvanayakam. ( See pp. 24 and 45, Sri Lankan Army, 50 Years on, 1949 – 1999, published by the Sri Lankan Army, October 1999).

The second Navy Commander was Rajan Kadiragamar, the brother of Laxman Kadiragamar, the distinguished and respected Foreign Minister. A sizeable segment of Tamils were also in the Police force, some in commanding ranks. Five of them went on to be IGPs. Clearly, the cry of discrimination raised by the Tamil leadership lacked proof. This complaint was placed in a lengthy address to the Soulbury Commission by a Tamil delegation led by G. G. Ponnambalam. After examining the evidence the Commissioners dismissed the cry of discrimination as stuff and nonsense.

In other words, the Jaffna Tamils, more than any other community, continued to wield power they acquired under British patronage in 1949. Though the Sinhalese were elected as governors it was the Jaffna Tamils who were ruling the state by occupying strategic positions in the bureaucratic hierarchy of the state. It was in this political climate, when all the colonial and post-colonial factors had privileged the Jaffna Vellahla elite, that Chelvanayakam led the Tamil elite, residing in Colombo, to the Headquarters of the Government Clerical Service Union in Maradana and delivered his first separatist speech accusing the Sinhala-Buddhists of discrimination.

Why did he do it? Was separatism inherent in the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (Tamil State Party in Tamil disguised as Federal Party in English) necessary for the survival and the advancement of the Tamils of Jaffna? Did the gathering at the GCSU Hall in Maradana, Colombo, represent the vast masses of the Jaffna or a selected elitist group with their special caste/class interests divorced from the Tamil grassroots? If so whom did Chelvanayakam represent in 1949?

Considering the privileged position held by the Jaffna Tamils in the public service, in the professions, in the legislature and in society as a whole did Chelvanayakam have any substantial grounds to demand a separate state? Did he realize that he was unleashing destructive forces that would eventually bring absolute misery, fascism and humiliation to the Tamils? Above all, why did he eventually decide to leave the non-violent democratic politics of the mainstream and leap from his Maradana speech to the the Vadukoddai Resolution that endorsed violence? Why didn’t he lead the Tamil minority like the other two leaders in the Indian and Muslim communities who resolved their differences non-violently, within the democratic mainstream? His son-in-law, Prof. Wilson described Chelvanayakam as the “Father of the Tamils”. Would a genuine, loving father lead his children to Nandikadal?

These and other questions will be reviewed in the next article

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Latest comments

  • 14
    5

    Oh no not again.

    • 5
      1

      [Edited out] for this man -Mahindapala. [Edited out]

      This kind of men are not real srilankens – I really think that it is better these idiots to be away from srilanka. Instead Dr. laksiri Fernando and the like do their best eventhough being away from the motherland. May all gods be blessed with Dr. Fernandos,[Edited out]

    • 1
      1

      H. L. D. Mahindapala –

      “Oh no not again.”

      This is cricket season where stupid grown up men chase leather balls, and crowds of stupid people watch it for entertainment and fun. Can you wait until the cricket fun season is over, to get fun from your writings.

      By the way, the Paras, Para-Sinhala and Para-Demala are from the Lands of Dravidians, Para-Dravidians, based on the DNA in their bodies, in the Land of Native Veddah Aethoo.

  • 11
    5

    This [Edited out] would never see it right. His has only been a headache to anyone with a little brain. At least to his age, he should feel like to stay on the side of good ones rather than supporting all abusive ones for his entire life. Man should be in hallozinated mode not to have pulsed it yet. All those who love peace in the island would never resspect this kind of idiots.

  • 9
    5

    What a load of rubbish….he promises more:)
    Fasten your seat belt

  • 9
    6

    Mahindapala,

    I am not aware that the Vaddukoddi Resolution endorsed violence. Please prove it to this forum that it indeed did.

    Can you also prove your charge that the Tamils enjoyed british patronage?

    SJVC negotiated two pacts with the Sinhala leaders; please write an article about what happened to them. It will also help if you write about the Galle Face Green tamil protest and attacks by thugs including buddhist monks while the police stood and watched.

    • 0
      0

      Strong opposition was mounted against the B-C pact and also the Dudley-Chelva pact by the ITAK groups in Jaffna. Mr. V. Navaratnam, an important ideologue of the Arasu wing insisted that the B-C pact be scraped. Chelva replied that this is only a small step, more later. Remember that many Buddhist priests can read Tamil, even though most sinhalese can’t. The goings on in the North precipitated a counter action in the south. JRJ and KPM Rajatatna began their campaigns etc.
      So, don’t just claim that the B-C pact was nullified by the actions of just ONE SIDE. The intransigent Tamil nationalism- nay, terrorism – has hit minority groups like the Muslims much more severely than it has hit the Sinhalese.

      • 0
        0

        bodin,

        What is your point? The 13th Amendment has had many protests among the Sinhala and TNA is not satisfied with it as well.

        Never mind about the protests; one cannot satisfy all the people all the time. The important issue was that both Bonda and Chelva and Dudley and Chelva agreed and endorsed the pacts. They should have been honoured. If one of the them had been implemented, the situation would have been different!

        So you cannot hide behind some protests among the Tamils!

  • 8
    3

    Mahinda
    Please assume a position that you are not. [Edited out]
    Now the war is over things are drying up and the communities are beginning to sort out who you and your accomplishes are in both communities. You are running out of audience.
    There is no point in taking old vessels and beating them up just to say you are alive.
    Just relax and stay where you are. That is the best you can do.

    [Edited out]

  • 7
    4

    I guess [Edited out] man in Australia is forgetting that ” Mono Ethnis Extremism” is an ongoing Sinhalese phenomea now under globak investigation.

  • 11
    14

    Chelvanayakam wasn’t even a Sri Lankan (Ceylonese)and was born in Malaysia, his father was a Malayalee. Racist Chelvanayakam led the Tamils off cliff.

    Chelvanayakam wanted something that Tamil people woulnd not want. Besides, There is already a state for Tamils, that is Tamil Nadu.

    • 6
      4

      Ahmed Navavi

      “Chelvanayakam wasn’t even a Sri Lankan (Ceylonese)and was born in Malaysia, his father was a Malayalee. Racist Chelvanayakam led the Tamils off cliff.”

      During the colonial rule all citizens of British Colonies were known as British subjects, as far as citizenship was concerned there was no difference between a person born in Malaya and Ceylon, all were British subjects. Read below:

      British subject

      Until 1949, nearly everyone with a close connection to the United Kingdom was called a ‘British subject’.

      All citizens of Commonwealth countries were British subjects until January 1983.

      https://www.gov.uk/types-of-british-nationality/british-subject

      Citizenship Law Before independence

      Before independence, every person born within the dominions and allegiance of the British Crown (and no other) was a British subject. Like wise native Ceylonese too was considered as British subjects. In some laws, enacted in pre independence era, they were being mentioned as native inhabitants, or otherwise natives of Ceylon. Meanwhile the Indians were mentioned as natives of India or otherwise natives of British India in the same laws.

      http://www.immigration.gov.lk/

      History of Immigration & Emigration and Citizenship of Sri Lanka
      Immigration & Emigration before Independence

      Ahmed Navavi

      According to Prof Yasmine Gooneratne, founding father of Bandaranaike was Nilapperumal (Nayaka Pandaram Chief Record Keeper) who came to the island in the 15th century.

      J R Jayawardana’s direct paternal ancestor (Thambi Mudaliyar) was descended from a family of chetty community, a community of traders which had emigrated from Coromandel coast in India in the early years of Dutch rule in the mid 17th century. – K M D Silva.

      Read this excerpt from an interview

      THANTHI TV: When the Tamil Nadu issue was raised, the attitude of the previous Govt. was that we deal with the Govt. in Delhi, not Chennai. Chennai is not our concern… Will there now be change in attitude?

      Ranil Wickramasinghe: We have always said, Govt. to Govt. in Delhi… We have always wanted Good relations with States in Southern India, Chennai( TN) , Kerala- Large number of Sinhalese have supposed connections with Kerala , Karnataka, & of course Andhra which is now in 2 places .. Telengana & Andhra… All that has been traditional parts of our relations. Do you know that Narasimha Varman, The king of Pallavas, he was able to defeat the Chalukyan king because his command was a Prince from Sri Lanka called Manavamma. Then King gave his army to Manavamma to return to Sri Lanka & re-establish himself on the throne of Anuradhapura. Pallava & the Anuradhapura kings had very very close relations, Pandians too had… The final line up was Sri Lanka, Pallava, Pandiyas & Sri Vijaya against Cholas… Of course Chola defeated all of us. Kerala & Sri Lanka are the only two areas in the Indian subcontinent that use coconut oil for cooking.

      thehindu.com

      7 March 2015

      Please make sure you know what you are typing about before you start knocking on the key board. It will save your time as well as ours. If you are angry with yourself please spend a spell in the jungle which may cure your rage.

    • 4
      4

      Ahmed Navavi

      “Besides, There is already a state for Tamils, that is Tamil Nadu”

      Arabs have Arabic speaking Islamic Saudi Arabia why should they be allowed to live in other countries?

      Arab Republic of Egypt
      People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
      Republic of Iraq
      Kingdom of Morocco
      Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
      Republic of Yemen
      Syrian Arab Republic
      Tunisian Republic
      Federal Republic of Somalia
      United Arab Emirates
      Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
      State of Libya
      State of Palestine
      Lebanese Republic
      Sultanate of Oman
      State of Kuwait
      Islamic Republic of Mauritania
      State of Qatar
      Kingdom of Bahrain

      • 2
        1

        Much Simpler that that : “Besides, There is already a state for Sinhalese ”.

        Should not Mahindapala be luggaged there on a cheap Quantus flight ?

        • 3
          1

          Simon

          “Should not Mahindapala be luggaged there on a cheap Quantus flight?”

          Bihar, anywhere in Coromandel Peninsula in New Zealand or coromandel coast in South East India.

          • 2
            1

            Sure since the lugage is just cargo without any brains it will not know where it is dumped. It will continue to assume that it is living in an all Sinhala world.

      • 1
        1

        Native Vedda,
        Arabs are all one race, one language, and one religion, divided only by geography. In Sri Lanka, there is a difference in language and religion, and arguably, race. Elementary!

    • 6
      3

      Ahmed Navavi,
      Yes, they were pretty nasty towards the Tamils in Malaysia. The Malays and Chinese hated the intense Tamil mannerism, and continuously mocked and jeered at the poor Tamilian (and any Indian/Sri Lanka for that matter). But this has changed in more recent times. It must have been difficult for a proud man like Chelvanayam to endure such harassment, and hence was the need for the reaffirmation of dignity. Unfortunately, he chose to salvage his pride in Sri Lanka. I doubt the Native Lankan Tamilians ever felt quite as hostile towards Sinhalese as he did, but he was certainly was very convincing.

      • 1
        2

        ramona theresa fernando

        What a lot of tosh you have written? SJVC was a four year old child when his mother brought them to Ceylon. His alma mater: Union Collage, St John’s Collage, St Thomas Collage. Both of his parents were Ceylonese. Before writing nonsense you better do some researches. I know you want to denigrate and belittle the tamil leaders but at least have some common sense and be truthful!

        • 2
          3

          Burning Issue,
          You mean he was really Lankan Tamil? I was excusing Lankan Tamils on what Ahmed Navavi said about him living in Malaysia and his father being Malayalee. I was feeling sorry knowing what the Tamils had encountered in places like Malaysia, and was trying to be understanding, being part Tamil myself. I always felt that the Lankan Tamils were not at par with any animosity against Sinhalese, but that some foreign element had convinced them otherwise. But that he was indeed a true Lanka Tamil and brought up in Sri Lanka amongst Sinhalese- now it is a truly an travesty that he stoked up the flames of discord.

  • 1
    0

    Vaddukkottai was not the electorate of S.J.V.C. K.K.S. was the electorate of S.J.V.C

  • 3
    1

    My hero! You write such words of wisdom in spite of the elites, vellalas and others who only think of the dosh and what can be gained, unlike our great family of the ex-president, who was an honest and magnanimous man who only had our country at heart. These punters who don’t appreciate you are deaf, dumb and blind.

    Keep on churning out your intellectual superior material, so that I (and our other pseudonymous entities) can appreciate a true geniass and not criticize you as an unapologetic racist with an agenda that is going down the tube.

    • 1
      1

      Sumane, Forgot to take your medicine today ?

  • 3
    1

    This M. ..palace has nothing to write but to stir up some communal feelings. I do not understand why these guys still being condoned by CT. .. ….

  • 6
    4

    As a part Tamil and part Sinhalese, having interacted with both races, I find that too many Tamil persons are engulfed in twisted perverse racism, resentment and rage. From outright racist jeers, to more subtle whisperings and instigations, Tamils have perfected the art of belittling and instigating Sri Lanka into prolonged suffering and shame. It is hard to believe their kind of mentality exists in this day and age.

    When not indulging in perverse taunts and jeers, they have perfected the art of stoking up resentment in diaspora communities and sell their sorry and sordid tale to the many places they reside in.
    In the end, Lankan communities are divided in being true to the Lankan spirit and resort instead in making sure they retain the harmony of their individual communities outside Sri Lanka, shutting tightly away the reality of the happenings in Sri Lanka. One can then understand the aversion of leaders like Jayawardena and even Rajapaksa in dealing with what they find impossibility to control.

    Never have I experienced the same kind of belittlement from the Sinhalese race. I have only found acceptance and kindness from them. Sinhalese accepted races from all around the world and integrated many into their fold. True there is some resentment in religious issues, but hardly any, against any race, other than towards the one which wants to divide our country and remain autonomous in pride, superiority and purity.

    • 1
      1

      ramona theresa fernando

      You mean to say that the Tamils should have put up and shut up? Are you accusing the Tamils of insubordination?

      You have yet again written utter nonsense. If you want to be a Sinhala you be so; you do not need to justify it by denigrating one community over the other. If you are from a mixed heritage, and you have some mental quandary about your identity, you deal with it logically. But do not talk nonsense and twist facts and call the Tamils racists. As with all communities, there will be racists among Tamils as with Sinhala.

      • 1
        2

        Isn’t it pretty hurtful when the criticism comes from somebody who is best positioned to see both sides, and independently decides for herself ? She herself CANNOT be accused of racism.

      • 3
        2

        Burning Issue,
        Your equivocation holds no clout. I am not Sinhala – I did not say I was, or wanted to be. I am proud to be of mixed race. I have chosen Buddhism as my religion, though I also appreciate Christianity. No quandary whatsoever, for we are accepted as being the neutral party wherever we go, and liked for it. Being human is truly a beautiful thing.

        From what I have experienced, a number of the Lankan Tamils are most twisted and perverse in racial issues (with other issues tagged to the racial issues). If you don’t believe me, read the other comments in this forum from one particular Tamil person in response to my comments. And he/she is not the exception. I have also encountered this in real life. From Sinhalese, I have never experienced this kind of lewdness. Yes, these kinds of Tamils certainly should have put up and shut up, for they can’t seem to think beyond their vulgarity.

        • 1
          1

          ramona,

          Please do not take people for fools. If you have chosen Buddhism it is all well and good I am happy for you. I am a hindu born atheist and I am happy with that. It seems that you only seem to notice tamil racism and conveniently overlook sinhala racism! Why is that? Racism is the foundation of the Sinhala buddhist hegemony that has been written and debated about in various forums. The Sinhala Buddhist hegemony has also been an academic subject for many students. Here we have you accuse the Tamils of racism while eulogising the Sinhala hospitality that you receive! I am sure you have good experience with Sinhala and so have I for that matter. But you to bury a large pumpkin in a plate of rice is preposterous and disingenuous.

          Don’t you see racist comments from the Sinhala on these forums? Are you blind to them? It it because tamil racism is so profound that completely obscured your vision?

          What do you make of DR DJ? What do you think about many Sinhala scholars challenging and calling DJ a chauvinist?

          Read the book: Sinhala Buddhist Fundamentalism and Minority Identities. This will enlighten your senses if you are objective and open-minded. Good luck

          Have you read the latest article of V. Kanthiya?

          Remember this, since 1948, the Sinhala have been in power and it is them who singlehandedly ruined the country with racism at it’s base. If you are blind to it you are just ignorant!

          • 2
            0

            Burning Issue,
            No, I have never seen any racism towards Tamils in this forum. What you consider racism is people standing up for what is naturally theirs by birth. But look at some of the comments towards me, for speaking up for Sinhalese. Doesn’t that give you some awareness of the psyche of the Tamils?

            I have had no experience of any racism, overt or overt from Sinhalese either here, or in real life. If there was any seeming racism from them (I have commented on it in one article on CT), I have put it down to influences from Tamil persons attempting to create disharmony with allusion towards caste and other divisions. Abject racism that is suggested to Sinhalese can hold no sway in the end because they come back to Buddha’s egalitarian truths with Buddhist meditation and mindfulness, and the general Buddhist culture. Buddhism to me is not to do with race (when you said I had some mental quandary about my identity). It is a religion that speaks to me better than Christianity does.

            I have just as openly criticized the Sinhalese, and ridiculed their Mahavamsa ideals of Aryanism. When the Sinhalese Buddhists used/use the Mahavamsa to stoke up their ego, as per tales of Aryanism with Nazi concepts, this would certainly have been a source of anxiety for Tamils (who profess and insist on being pure Dravidian for the sake of posterity of their glorious Dravidian heritage – although modern genetic tests show otherwise). But again modern genetics show otherwise for the Sinhalese too. I have said before, that Sinhalese in the end, always innately regarded their Tamil brethren as one with them, especially as the look was the same. Tamils unfortunately judge the Sinhalese in the same way they relegate their own people into caste-groupings.

            There were so called “pogroms” towards Tamils in each successive decade after independence (and before), till the LTTE came up. Those “pogroms” were never pogroms at all, but a reaction of people in poverty against another set of people who seemingly made money out of thin air ( In fact, the air was not so thin, but was the money of Vellala Tamils who had some fixated conviction that it was best that all of Sri Lanka converted to Tamil). Sinhalese turned on their own race also in the insurgencies, and in far greater intensity than when against the Tamils. I have said it before- if there was racism, it was the excuse, rather than the reason.

            Dr. DJ and other who speak up for the Sinhala race show no racism. What I see is a commitment by these people to stand up for the rights of the marginalized and disadvantaged majority of the land. What I see is their reaffirmation of their history and heritage and the wherewithal to take care of their own in the face of that humongous number of the other race threatening to take over from them, and relegate them and their natural heritage that endured for over 3 millennia, to obscurity.

            What you call Sinhala Buddhist hegemony is a system that is practiced in each and every country of the world so their people can live and interact in peace and harmony e.g. England and English culture, language and heritage.

            What I ask you “Burning Issue,” is to picture the great state of Tamil Nadu. Picture the 74-million Tamils living splendidly, illustriously and harmoniously within their own culture, religion and heritage for over 3,000 years. Now picture Sri Lanka with 14 million Sinhalese also of long heritage, struggling and plodding along daily, in misery and insecurity, enduring decades of terrorism and terroristic threat from 4% of the same magnificent group of Tamils as in Tamil Nadu.

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              ramona,

              Thanks very much for revealing as to who you really are. Your writings amply proves that you are not being truthful of your identity. You think that Sinhala stand up for their right whereas when the Tamils do the same they become racists! What logic. You are a Sinhala Buddhst Chauvinist no doubt. I rest my case and I have nothing more to say to you. You are a spurious and cheap!

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                Burning Issue,
                Ad hominem doesn’t hold clout either. My identity should have no bearing on the logical analysis of the situation. However, I have given my full name and also a picture. I have also spoken quite a bit about myself. You, however, have no identity whatsoever. Unlike you, I do not put labels on you.

                Again I say: Tamils had all the rights they could have had. They have gigantic rapturous Tamil Nadu for solidarity. On top of that, they have solidarity with their other South Indian brethren in neighboring states (Kerala, Andra Pradesh etc.) But they will yet harasses and terrorize the only land the Sinhalese have to call their own.

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          Also know this, if the Tamils put up and accept the Sinhala Buddhist hegemony or convert to Buddhist like you have done there will be no problems. It is that the Tamil is a different language and they ask for recognition and political accommodation is the problem. Is this racism asking for their democratic rights? I completely agree that there racist tamils and I have challenged some of them on these forums but for you to claim and generalise that the Tamils are racist and the Sinhala are not is preposterous.

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            Burning Issue,
            Nonsense! Many of my relatives reside in Sri Lanka as Christians. They have no problems with the Sinhalese, like the Tamils do. As it is, I do not live in Sri Lanka, and if I wanted acceptance in the society I live in, it would have been more advantageous to have remained Christian. Converting to Buddhism in the US therefore, was one of an inevitable inner-realization. Tamils have democratic rights. They have most of the N&E as their own. Pity the army is in the North though, but how does the country ensure terrorism never rears its head again? Tamil is first language in the N&E. The only thing that is asked for is that when you come South, learn how to speak Sinhalese.

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    Poor thing… Doesn’t even check the facts… As if he ever did…

    “2. the Vadukoddai Resolution of May 14, 1976, Vadukoddai being the electorate of Chelvanayakam.”….?

    SJV was from Tellippalai and contested in Kankesanthurai electorate. He resigned from the parliament, challenging the government to put anyone to stand against him, in 1972. He was unhappy about the new constitution of the Republic of Sri Lanka. Then, Srimao government dragged for a long time for the by-election.

    SJV’s father was originally from Vaddukoddai (not a Malayalee), but SJV did not show any specific link to his father’s hometown.

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      Didn’t his father desert him and his mother ?.

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    //Chelvanayakam wasn’t even a Sri Lankan (Ceylonese)and was born in Malaysia, his father was a Malayalee.//

    He was born in Malaysia. His father’s name was Veluppillai. Neither rthis Veluppillai, nor the other Veluppillai (Prabaharan’s father) was a Malayalee.

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    HOLD ON after all, you blame a wife
    “”headed at the time by Lal Jayawardena, the husband of the Sinhala-Buddhist hating academic wife, Kumari Jayawardena.””

    By the way, why are you scratching your Athlete’s foot now MR Mahindpala.

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    “These and other questions will be reviewed in the next article”, this was the most shocking of all, comes to the last para, I thought enough is enough. Is it a competition between this guy and DJ?.

    If this guy has a Tamil problem in his home, and that continues even after being left this country, we cannot help, it was his choice. He should not try antagonize all Tamils for it.

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    H. L. D. Mahindapala,
    ITS ALL BECAUSE YOUR SO CALLED SINHALEASE BUDDHIST LEADERS POLICY THAT BROUGHT TO THIS SITUATION
    1)Sri Lankan state sponsored colonization schemes refers to the government program of settling mostly Sinhalese farmers from the densely populated wet zone in the sparsely populated areas of the dry zone in the North Central Province and the Eastern Province regions near tanks and reservoirs being built in major irrigation and hydro-power programs such as the Mahaweli project to create farming and fishing communities .Since irrigation settlements in the North Central and Eastern Provinces occurred under direct state sponsorship
    2)sINHALEASE AS OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
    3)UNDERTAKING OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN Tamils AREA
    4)The policy of standardization on higher education
    was a policy implemented by the Sri Lankan government in 1971

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