3 December, 2020

Blog

‘Two Nation’ Claim By Chief Minister Wigneswaran

By Dayan Jayatilleka

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

It is my humble view Sir, if we are to progress as one Country with two nations…”  – (‘Your Excellency Our President, We Need One Country With Two Nations’- CV Wigneswaran, Colombo Telegraph, March 3, 2015)

It became known as the Two Nation theory. That was the basis on which Jinnah fought for and obtained the partition of India and Pakistan, with all the carnage that entailed. The two nation theory thus became a dirty word in neighboring India.

Chief Minister CV (“Genocide Judge”) Wigneswaran has just enunciated it in the presence of President Maithripala Sirisena on the latter’s first post-election visit to Jaffna. Of course, in order to be fair by Chief Minister Wigneswaran, it must be said that the Tamil political mainstream first articulated this claim officially, way back in 1951, a good five years before 1956 and Sinhala Only.

The Federal Party in its resolution at the first national convention held in Trincomalee in 1951 proclaimed:

“Inasmuch as it is the inalienable right of every nation to enjoy full political freedom without which its spiritual, cultural and moral stature must degenerate and inasmuch as the Tamil speaking people in Ceylon constitute a nation distinct from that of the Sinhalese by every fundamental test of nationhood, firstly that of a historical past in this Island (which is) at least as ancient and as glorious as that of the Sinhalese, secondly by the fact of their being a linguistic entity entirely different from that of the Sinhalese, with an unsurpassed classical heritage and a modern development of language which makes Tamil fully adequate for all present day needs, and finally, by reason of their territorial habitation of definite areas which constitute over one third of this Island, this first national conference of I.T.A.K (Ilankai Thamil Arasu Katchi) demands for the Tamil speaking nation in Ceylon their inalienable right to political autonomy and calls for a plebiscite to determine the boundaries of the linguistic states in consonance with the fundamental and unchallengeable principles of self-determination.”

This was reiterated in and formed the conceptual basis of the explicitly secessionist Vadukkodai Resolution of 1976:

“The First National Convention of the Tamil Liberation Front, meeting at Pannakam (Vaddukodai Constituency) on the 14th day of May 1976, hereby declares that the Tamils of Ceylon, by virtue of their great language, their religions, their separate culture and heritage, their history of independent existence as a separate state over a distinct territory for several centuries till they were conquered by the armed might of the European invaders, and above all by their will to exist as a separate entity ruling themselves in their own territory, are a nation distinct and apart from the Sinhalese and their constitution, announces to the world that the Republican Constitution of 1972 has made the Tamils a slave nation ruled by the new colonial masters, the Sinhalese, who are using the power they have wrongly usurped to deprive the Tamil nation of its territory, language, citizenship, economic life, opportunities of employment and education and thereby destroying all the attributes of nationhood of the Tamil people. And therefore…This convention resolves that the restoration and reconstitution of the Free, Sovereign, Secular, Socialist State of Tamil Eelam based on the right of self-determination inherent in every nation has become inevitable in order to safeguard the very existence of the Tamil nation in this country.”

If one is to understand Tamil politics, the North-South dialectics and the contemporary history of Sri Lanka, one must recognize that the Tamil Maha Sabhai was formed over a decade before SWRD Bandaranaike formed the Sinhala Maha Sabha in the 1930s and that the Tamil claim of a separate, distinct nationhood and the right of self-determination, preceded what liberals have touted as the Original Sin, namely Sinhala Only.

Speaking in 1922, Sir Ponnambalam Arunachalam stated as follows at the meeting of the Ceylon Tamil League:

“…It has far higher aims in view, namely to keep alive and propagate these precious ideals throughout Ceylon, Southern India and the Tamil Colonies, to promote the union and solidarity of Tamilakam, the Tamil Land. We should keep alive and propagate these ideals throughout Ceylon and promote the union and solidarity of what we have been proud to call Tamil Eelam.”

The historical record clearly demonstrates that Sinhala nationalism has always been reactive and one may argue, defensive, while Tamil nationalism has been initiatory, escalatory and politically proactive, even aggressively assertive.

Chief Minister Wigneswaran is thus well within the Tamil political and ideological tradition, but he is clearly stepping up the pace.

One may well ask “what is wrong in the claim of Tamil nationhood?” Probably nothing, except for the fact that the claim is made here in Sri Lanka. The Tamils may or may not be a nation, but if they are, it would be in Tamil Nadu, not in Sri Lanka. However, in Tamil Nadu they haven’t raised the slogan of a distinct, separate nationhood for decades now. In Sri Lanka, where one ethnic community amounts to almost three fourths of the population, only it can be regarded as a nation. Given the extreme asymmetry, no other community can be regarded as a nation, but only as a national or ethnic minority. The Sinhalese are a nation within a larger, potential or emergent nation, namely the Sri Lankan nation. The Tamils of Sri Lanka are an ethnic or a national minority.

As individual citizens the Tamils must enjoy rights equal to that of the Sinhalese. Indeed every citizen on this island must enjoy equality of rights, irrespective of ethnic, linguistic, religious, caste or gender affiliation. However, as political collectivities, as political communities, the Tamils do not and cannot have an equal status as the Sinhalese, not because one is superior to the other but simply because of the island’s demographic realities. In those countries that recognize more than one nation or nationality within them, there is a rough equivalence in size between those constituent communities. If every country on the planet were to recognize as nations, those communities that were under a quarter of the population, there would be enormous destabilization. There would also be complete confusion in terms of definition, because there would be no such entity as minority nationalities or national minorities!  If the Tamils of Sri Lanka are not a national minority, who is, where and why? And if the Tamils of Sri Lanka are a nation, who—which community– in the world is not? This is the path to what the late Daniel P Moynihan, writing on ethno-nationalist particularism and drawing from John Milton’s great poem, denounced as ‘Pandemonium’.

Chief Minister Wigneswaran made clear that in his view and that of the Tamil nationalist mainstream, the political solution to the Tamil Question is not and has never been the full implementation of the 13th amendment which issued from the Indo-Lanka Accord. In his latest speech he says: “Mr. Appapillai Amirthalingam and others including our present leader Mr. Sampandan on the 28th of October 1987 had foretold that the 13th Amendment could never be a solution to our problems.”

This makes it obvious that Tamil nationalism strives not to make the 13th amendment work, but precisely to supersede it. The political goal of Tamil nationalism lies at some unspecified point beyond the 13th amendment. We do not know, though we may guess, what the envisaged ‘final status agreement’ is.

What then is the solution to the conundrum? The Tamils of Sri Lanka, and indeed every citizen and community, must have institutional guarantees against discrimination of any and all forms. Constitutional amendments, laws and regulations must be brought in to ensure this. A powerful anti-discrimination Ombudsperson could be appointed. Something akin to the old Race Relations Board in the UK could be created.

That apart, there must be a continued commitment to limited provincial self-administration and self-rule, in the form of maximum devolution within a unitary framework. What this means is the full implementation, apart from Police powers, of the 13th amendment, with negotiation on the Concurrent List so as to make for balanced and equitable swaps in terms of powers.

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Latest comments

  • 7
    20

    DJ,
    Thank you for your immense contribution to the one and only Sri Lankan Nation. Thanks to courageous people like you, our Nation is mobilizing itself to take on the remaining Eelam termites. They are clearly asking for the same medication and treatment as their ‘Sun God’ received if they continue to go down that Two nation road.

  • 4
    12

    My dear Kali,
    If Sanctions comes !!! I am sure you are not living in Sri Lanka and living abroad. Your type of people are the once who don’t want this issue be resolved. As for you guys this is just another horse race you bet from a side and watch what happen you never run the distance. You were the exact type of people who were supporting the Terrorism. Funded LTTE and was watching it from a distance. As a result of funding see what had happen. Yes all were destroyed while you were watching from a distance island went back 50 year in economy. All that said who lost the most? It was the Tamils. As a result of the war Tamil who were 20% went out of the country now the total of Tamils including the upcountry Tamils are only 18% ( northern Tamils are less than 15%) Of those who stayed in SL, LTTE took control of the youth. They were deprived of good education by the LTTE as a result now the Tamil Population is not that educated as they used to be in the past.
    Is it a good thing for you to know that Tamil in Sri Lanka were deprived of all their facilities for a generation now. Should they not be given a decent chance to catch up? Think about it. For you who is in another country it is a Nation dream to say we created Eelam but for Tamils living in Sri Lanka and for other Sinhalese like me it is our living hood so we don’t joke with that we will fight like any other nations would do in any part of the world when their nation’s security is threatened.
    When any Tamil politician talk to reconcile you guys put pressure on them burn their effigy so on and so forth. My dear friend if Sanction comes it is going to be hard but remember the Tamils who are also in the island going to suffer as same as the rest.
    That is what I said sanction or otherwise we will not give in that is guarantee as a Nation we will get support from so called East block/nerk nations you name it . do what we have to do but we will survive if it comes to that and we will never give in to such demand to fulfill your dreams NEVER.

    • 11
      2

      Shaan Fernando:

      Is it a good thing for you to know that Tamil in Sri Lanka were deprived of all their facilities for a generation now.

      *** You seem to think that the Tamil fortunes have changed. If that is the case can you advise me as to why MR who is hell bent on denying Tamils the right is drawing capacity Crowd and Dyan is clutching on to his tail. So from what you are saying I take it that the 5.7 Millions have dropped their hatred overnight.
      It is the habit of a life time 67 years and beyond.

    • 9
      2

      hooray ..at last Dayan has written an article without using the letters LTTE.

      …and the debate on the forum also for the first time missing the letters LTTE untill Shaan Fernando decided that the letters merit a mention….

      • 0
        10

        Mr Rajash

        No one laboured like me, for 30 long years, to explain my friends that we must refrain from equating Tamils with LTTE. Not any more. Since the NC elections the distinction has blurred and now our vingeshvaran confirms that both are one and the same.
        Soma

        • 2
          3

          Wiggi says Please Cheese me I am Julius Cheeser.

        • 0
          0

          Soma,

          The LTTE may not be all Tamils but as someone said they are the sons and daughters of Tamil Eelam who were driven into waging a 30 year war with the genocidal state.

          As Sivaram for whom I have a great respect once told
          ““If the LTTE were not here, we would all be fucked” – D. Sivaram

          https://medium.com/@krishnakalaichelvan/some-reflections-on-reading-dayan-jayatilleka-and-dharmeratnam-sivaram-taraki-8926820addd7

          Sivaram was no uncritical supporter of the LTTE but realized despite its glaring faults, single minded ruthlessnes and poor grasp of international interests, did stand up to a cruel state.

          Let us not the ‘victors’ get away with writing history. It needs a nuanced approach exploring why the Tamil people were driven into taking up arms .

          Simpleton thinking like what you exhibit is ALWAYS unhelpful.

    • 0
      4

      Dear Shaan Fernando,

      Spot on comment but need to correct you on the National percentages.

      Lanka Tamils are 11.146%
      Indian Tamils are 4.123%
      Total Tamils 15.269%
      Over half that Tamil population lives with the Sinhalese.

      Sometimes Sanctions might be a God send since then we will have a drastically reduced market for tea and the Plantations will get converted back to Food crops instead of a cash crop.

      The loss of livelihood for Indian Tamils can be prevented by employing them in food production. We will again be self sufficient in Food and food security will get established once again.

      In the case of rubber the same thing will happen but we will then revert to value addition of Rubber rather than exporting raw rubber. Excess Land will get reverted to food production.

      The EU will stop buying our fish and the hardest hit would be the Northern Tamils whose only market would remain the South but that will be saturated by the Southern fisherman’s produce.

      We will not have the western style luxuries but we will have Food for the masses in abundance.

      Separatists like Kali would not care about the Tamils of Lanka. They did not care for the 100,000 plus Tamil children that Prabahkaran used as cannon fodder over the years. They have not demanded for Justice on behalf of those children or their parents or their siblings. The Murderess who recruited, trained and commissioned that Baby Brigade is living in the UK. NOT ONE of the separatists organisations or Wigneswaran’s NPC govt has raised their voices to bring that criminal to Justice. She is easily accessible and is living right under their noses. A mountain of evidence is available but the PIN DROP SILENCE is telling.

      Fools like Kali, Usha S, Brian S and Rudrakumaran, Fr Emanuel, Rev Rayappu etc are counting on the sanctions but they forget that SL is endowed with natural resources that few countries can match. They forget that in adversity people unite and that necessity is the mother of invention.

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

  • 1
    18

    ‘Genocide of Tamils’: Call for wider UN inquiry reiterated
    TNA moves to curb dissent
    March 3, 2015, 7:56 pm

    by Shamindra Ferdinando

    Northern Province Chief Minister C. V. Wigneswaran has reiterated his controversial call for wider UN probe into what he called genocide of Tamils since 1948 while his party, the TNA, is seeking to improve its relations with the new government,

    The retired Supreme Court judge sought the backing of visiting UN head of Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman for his agenda when the latter met him in Jaffna on Monday. UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Sri Lanka, Subinay Nandy accompanied Feltman, a veteran US career diplomat.

    CM Wigneswaran has handed over an 11-page resolution calling for UN intervention here to Feltman. Well informed sources said that CM Wigneswaran hadn’t received a positive response from the UN delegation.

    The 38-member NPC endorsed the resolution on Feb. 10, 2015.

  • 13
    3

    Tamils must enjoy rights equal to that of the Sinhalese but they cannot have equal status as the Sinhalese – a chilling Orwellian view point from this Marxist revolutionary turned Sinhalese racist. All Sri Lankans are equal but some Sri Lankans are more equal than others.

    • 13
      0

      Andy

      “All Sri Lankans are equal but some Sri Lankans are more equal than others.”

      Dayan is not alone holding Orwellian ideas here is what Lt.-Gen. Fonseka said in 2008:

      “I strongly believe that this country belongs to the Sinhalese but there are minority communities and we treat them like our people,” he says.
      “We being the majority of the country, 75%, we will never give in and we have the right to protect this country.

      “We are also a strong nation … They can live in this country with us. But they must not try to, under the pretext of being a minority, demand undue things.”

      National Post · Sept. 23, 2008 |

      http://www.nationalpost.com/news/world/story.html?id=832374

    • 0
      10

      I think many have misunderstood his point.

      Sinhala identity and tamil identity cannot be equal in SL. Because Tamil identity have never been dominant in SL ever. Sinhala is the base of the Sri Lankan state.

      For example there is a significant thelingu speaking community in Tamil Nadu. But Tamil Nadu is the Tamil Nation. If one says TN has tamil nation and Thelingu nation pointing at Thelingu speakers that is wrong. SL situation is similar.

      • 4
        0

        sach

        “For example there is a significant thelingu speaking community in Tamil Nadu. But Tamil Nadu is the Tamil Nation. If one says TN has tamil nation and Thelingu nation pointing at Thelingu speakers that is wrong. SL situation is similar.”

        Though Tamil Nadu is predominantly populated by Tamil speaking people it has been generous enough to elect

        MGR (A Malayali born in Nawalapitya),

        Jayalalitha (A Kanarese born in Melkote, Mandya, Karnataka),

        Karunanithy (A Telugu Prajalu born in Thirukuvalai, Tiruvarur)

        Janaki Ramachandran (A Malayali, born in Vaikom, Kerala)

        as chief ministers of Tamil Nadu.

        These facts should inform you something about Tamil Nadu.

        • 0
          3

          So do they say that TN has a Thelingu nation inside TN? Answer the question idiot.

          • 3
            0

            sach

            “So do they say that TN has a Thelingu nation inside TN? Answer the question idiot.”

            What it says is that you need urgent repair to your brain which is presently in the wrong part of your anatomy and you are using it as a cushion.

            Go find the history of how Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Kanada, and Telangana developed into present states by merger and demerger, since 1948, and restructuring Southern states.

            Telangana was established in June 2014, carved out from Andhra Pradesh.

            If you have any problem, please contact your local butcher.

            • 0
              2

              Why dont you answer the point idiot without going around like always?

              Southern Indian states may have merged and demerged. But nothing like that happened in SL. SL had only faced foreign invasions which were temporary.

              There is nothing to point at a Tamil nation. Just because colonials brought people for labour it doesnt become a nation.
              Saying there is a tamil nation in SL is akin to saying there is a thelingu nation in TN

              • 0
                1

                Dear sach,i have to butt in because you and native veddha are fighting because you both have not got enough knowledge in political science which is so vast in depth that people have to be degree holders in it to talk confidently on a subject which you have embarked on.They say little knowledge is more dangerous than no knowledge at all because fools rush in where angels dare not.

                hence both of you are going round and round the mulberry bush singing ai ai yippie yippie ai ai.

                RMB senenayaka seems to have some background in political science from his answer which i ticked with an aye.My knowledge of political science is also equal to yours so i hate to get into arguments about what i can’t really understand anyway because from what i have of common sense knowledge of a nation i believe it is highly subjective in nature so you also have some logic in your telugu example and native veddha also has some knowledge in his telengana example and RMB senenayaka has more knowlege than both of you because he seems to try to fit in a definition but i with my limited knowledge on such a complex area just believe that a definition cannot be given to this and each case must be studied on case by case basis and subjective judgments arrived at.For example take the case of the kurds.They belive that they are one kurdish nation though they are in iraq,turkey and iran and syria.I tend to agree with their belief taking the circumstances of their case such as history etc where the man who stopped the crusaders the greatest of all muslim warriours salahuddin was a kurd.However the irony of it all is today the muslims are persecuting the kurds and and denying they are a nation and ISIS is trying to ethnically cleanse them off the face of the earth.A kurdish fighter left his 4 small children in UK and joined the peshmerga fighters in iraq when he heard a story where a kurdish mother had gone to the ISIS camp to ask about her missing son whom they had taken(does it ring a bell for you)They had treated her well gave tea and food and after eating when she had asked to see her son they had laughed and said that she had just eaten him.(i am sure the srilankan army would not have done that so ISIS is a at a higher level in the barbaric stakes,so you should be pleased about that.

                So you might have a different view than mine on whether the kurdish nation exists or not and native veddha and RMB senenayaka might also have their own views and all of us may be right because it is very subjective area and only a PHD in political science may be capable of a more in depth analysis,but he too would find grey areas in it difficult to explain to laymen.

                another example is the sioux nation and the cherokee nation etc in the US which are recognised by the government as seperate nations within the US and given political autonomy where even they can have their own special laws.Here too looking at their history i tend to agree with the US government but if you don’t then you could be also right.foe example it might be more appropriate to have one indian nation than so many,but here again a politicla scientist may come out with various differences in the tribes to justify them as a seperate nations.

                I personally think that the tamils are akin to the kurds as a nation.In otherwords tamils in srilanka,india,malaysia,west are all one nation of tamils,however a political scientist might prove that srilankan tamils and indian tamils are very distinct to each other and like the sioux and cherokee should be different nations.All very subjective my dear and that is the main point.

                • 0
                  1

                  Dear Shankar,

                  Very well written comment though I disagree with some of the points made.

                  Congratulations

                  Kind Regards,
                  OTC

                • 1
                  0

                  shankar

                  “i have to butt in because you and native veddha are fighting because you both have not got enough knowledge in political science which is so vast in depth that people have to be degree holders in it to talk confidently on a subject which you have embarked on.”

                  You can butt in any time, you are welcome.

                  I do not remember D S Senanayake had had any degree in politics, however he was a clerk in the Surveyor General’s Department.

                  MGR, Kamraj …….. never had any degree may be 5th grade.

                  There are many in this world who have decisively changed this world for the better.

                • 0
                  0

                  Your comment about one needs political science to talk about what a nation is i think has some merit. But after all we talk about many things in politics in this comment section and I dont think if we go by your suggestions, CT will have to disable the comment section. :)

                  I think the issue is history. You people believe tamils live in North and east as a nation all over the history, but SInhalese dont think so. So historically no tamil nation exist in SL for Sinhalese. That is the main argument from Sinhala side. SO this is a history debate as I always say and not minority issue.

                  Please tell me how do we distinguish between a minority and a nation?

                  • 0
                    0

                    sach
                    “CT will have to disable the comment section. :)”

                    only if people with intellectual disabilities start to comment on highly subjective topics.

                    “Please tell me how do we distinguish between a minority and a nation?”

                    again you are trying to drag me into an area of political science expertise of an highly subjective nature while whereas i’am a finance professional and know my boundaries of expertise.I would suggest we move on to another recent article yesterday on a nation and see whether we can get some more knowledge on it.dayan of course is an expert but is highly biased after his nugegoda rally performance and his articles are not worth reading.

      • 1
        0

        Sach,

        Your counting numbers is not the way democracies work. Telugu’s don’t occupy a contiguous territory in Tamil Nadu.

        Take the Romany people in Switzerland, they are small in number but are treated as a nation!

  • 10
    2

    J is mixing up the concept of nation with that of the nation state. The Tamils with their distinct ethnicity, religion and culture can claim to be a different nation from the Sinhalese. Infact don’t the Sinhalese nationalists themselves say something equivalent to that. They refuse to recognize them as part of the Sinhalese Buddhist nation. So by implication dont they form a different nation. In Europe the nations all became States but the nation in European states did not exclude their minorities.Muslims in France are considered as Frenchmen by the French State. So it is in Germany.
    The Tamils can claim to be a separate nation but that doesn’t automatically qualify them to be entitled to a separate State. The UN does not recognize such a right. So let us not confuse nation and the entitlement to form a separate State. There is no automatic right for a nation to have its own state.

    • 2
      2

      Dear RMB Senanayake,

      Re “Tamils with their distinct ethnicity, religion and culture can claim to be a different nation from the Sinhalese”

      Tamils don’t have a distinct religion, just like the Sinhalese.
      In the case of Tamils the Hindu religion is the majority religion but there are all shades of Christians and Buddhists within.

      It is the same for the Sinhalese the Budhists form the majority with many shades of Christians within. Since Sinhalese marry Tamils and Muslims there would be Hindu’s and Muslims as well.

      But the Tamils talk of Tamil Speaking when it suits them which includes some Muslims too.

      Is the Tamil “Nation” swolowing the “Muslim” Nation?

      Re “They refuse to recognize them as part of the Sinhalese Buddhist nation”

      You don’t label the Tamils with a religious tag but you label the Sinhalese with a religious tag. Please explain the double standard.

      Are you taking a swipe at the Buddhists?

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

  • 1
    7

    Chief Minister Wigneswaran makes reference to two nations
    2015-03-05 09:18:53
    – by Kelum Bandara

    When Northern Province Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran received President Maitripala Sirisena in Jaffna on Tuesday, many perceived it as a novel gesture of goodwill for reconciliation between the north and the south. But, Justice Wigneswaran unnerved such positivists when he mentioned, in his address, the concept of two nations in one country.

    President Matripala Sirisena visited Jaffna on Tuesday for the first time after his ascendency to the topmost political post, and addressed the District Development Co-ordinating Committee meeting. The Chief Minister used to boycott key functions in the north, graced by the then President Mahinda Rajapaksa in the past. Therefore, his presence was seen as a development and fostering of understanding between the centre and the provincial administration.

    Yet, Mr. Wigneswaran’s remarks about two nations panicked moderate elements within both the communities. Maybe, he was articulating such views for political ends in a society with an appeal for nationalism over others.

    It is, of course, an idea advocated by the extremist elements of the likes of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Ealam (LTTE). Against this backdrop, Mr. Wigneswaran is viewed as somebody carried away by hard-line views of extremist groups.
    – See more at: http://www.dailymirror.lk/65529/123#sthash.V7du7B0K.dpuf

    • 6
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      journalist write for their supper and run away when challenged for defamation.-

      he is De Jure by profession – concerning law.

      you are lier by profession – spin doctor greed.

  • 1
    1

    More than the sanctions which will also come,the sinhalese should be more worried about a cyprus style solution.Dayan is purging away article after article for his master who got a k/o in the 3rd bout but is not writing about a cyprus possibility.If you read the history of cyprus you will find out that srilanka and cyprus are practically blood brothers and they say history always repeats.To stop that from happening you have to think differently and do things differently like what nehru did weaving through the thread of devolution one country which had so many warring kingdoms in the past.Unfortunately the sinhalese don’t think differently,they think the same way that they have been doing before and are going to end up as a cyprus.

    Let us see now what is the similarities of srilanka and cyprus.

    1.both are strategically positioned islands,one in the meditteranean and one in the indian ocean.

    2.greek cypriots in the south consist of 77% of the population and the turkish cypriots in the north are 18 % and there is a motley third party of 5% consisting of various sea peoples who landed there over the centuries. Srilanka has 75% sinhalese and 15% tamils and another 3% tamils outside the country.The third party are muslims with about 10.

    3.Ancient history of cyprus and srilanka are similar.The first inhabitants are more than 30000 years ago in both as the balangoda man proves that both sinhalese and tamils are immigrants and so are the greeks and turks in cyprus.

    4.6th century BC vijaya came to the island and so did the greeks sometime 3rd century BC to cyprus.In the 15 th century cyprus was ruled by the ottoman empire and many turks settled in the north and some of them drifted to the capital nicosia in the south.In srilanka from 3rd century BC there has been a tamil presence in north of the mahaweli with tamil chols kings who came as invadors while south of the mahaweli was ruled by the original inhabitants naga kings who were chased out by the cholas.Naga dutugemunu in 3BC defeated the cholas and united the country under naga rule,but did not chase the chola tamils out of the country but treated them with respect and dignity in the island.Some centuries after that the sinhalse race started to form with the original inhabitants nagas,rakshas and devas assimilating with the descendents of the east indian begali settlers who came with vijaya.The local tamil race also increased with the nagas in the north assimilating with the descendents of the chola dynasty settlers on the islands who came at the time of elara,sena and guttika etc.

    However the tamil component in the island increased more with the advent of raja raja cholan and and rajaji cholan who invaded the country in the 10th century and ruled the whole island but just like dutu did not do to tamils,did not chase the sinhalese out of the country.sometime in the 13th century too tamil ranks swelled when a bengali prince called kalinga Maga invaded the island and established the jaffna kingdom and became its first arya chakaravarthi.Though many of his mercenary troops were from bengal and andra with some from tamilnadu too they assimilated with the local tamils and when the portuguese conquered the land the tamils were roughly 50% of the population.During colonial rule the tamils gradually became 20 % of the population because sinhalese unlike in the dry arid north were able to grow more food and populate and also brought in lot of south indian workers for the difficult menial jobs they did not want to do and subsequently these malayalees assimilated with the sinhalese as karawe,durawe and salagama caste.

    I have to also mention that the eastern province too got populated with tamils when the mukkuwa clan from the coramandel coast invaded the east, during the rule of the kandyan kingdom of the eastern province.

    5.The jaffna kingdom subsequently became a vassal state of the south indian pandya dynasty who were also allied to the sinhalese through marriage of pandya princesses to sinhala kings and nobles.So there was an alliance with the jaffna kingdom and kadyan kingdom and no conflict between the tamils and sinhalese excepts where a short period sapumal kumaraya from the kotte kingdom was able to conquer the jaffna kingdom and chased out the arya chakaravarthi sangili to india but 17 years alter he came back with a pandya army and took the kingdom back.

    6.In cyprus after the turk russian war the ottoman empire was weakened and relinquished control of cyprus to the british.viloence then broke out between the turks and the greeks on the island because the turks did not want to be ruled by greeks as all these centuries they were ruling the greeks under the ottoman empire.The greeks exarcebrated the situation by rioting and violence against the turks in the capital nicosia which is predomianly greek and many turks fled to the north of the island and turkey made many representations to the UN about their plight but it fell on deaf ears and then turkey attacked, defeated the greeks and partioned the island into greek cyprus and turkish cyprus.

    In srilanka too the sinhalese committed many acts of violence and riots against the tamils after the country gained independence in 1947,with their slogan that srilanka was a sinhala bhuddhist country and the the non bhuddhists can continue to live there if they are prepared to become second class citizens completely ignoring the history of the tamils before colonial rule which i have painstakingly enumerated earlier here.Foolishly it culminated in a well organised state sponsored massive riot in 1983 which objective was to loot all the wealth of the tamils and bring them to the level of pecuniary ruin as beggers.The sinhalese escaped by a whisker an invasion of india where the north and east would have been partionded off as tamil srilanka just like turkish cyprus was by turkey.However at the last moment india opted to arm and train rebel tamil groups to wrest control of the north and east instead of india directly intervening and partitioning the country.

    7.Now that the option of arming the tamil groups has run its course with india losing one of its prime ministers lives also to it,the original indian solution of intervention will be back on the drawing boards,the delay in implementation being only due to the right opportunity arising where india can claim there seems to be no solution provided by the sinhalese for tamils to live with dignity and self respect.However if substantial devolution is provided to the tamils then that opportunity would not arise in the future.

    8. If the sinhalese are not careful and don’t reconcile and Unite with the tamils through the thread of devolution,then they risk the country being bifurcated by interested external forces.With china and the US also interested in a piece of the strategically important island.In fact there is a possibility of a balkanisation too in the future with the big powers agreeing to a north east with the trincomalee harbour under indian control and the west with colombo harbour under US control and the south with hambantota harbour under the chinese control just like the yalta conference where roosevelt,stalin and churchill met and divided the world up into their spheres of control.

    When ants start to play with elephants they are likely to be trampled.

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      Could you please give me a proper source to learn about the ‘history of the tamils’ you talk about?

      And according to what I know, Jaffna kingdom started as a vassal state of SI and did not exist before. Please give me any source that you can give as a proof to Jaffna kingdom that existed before it became a vassal as you say.

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        sach

        “Could you please give me a proper source to learn about the ‘history of the tamils’ you talk about?”

        Please approach Champika Ranawake, Kamalika Pieris, Nalin de Silva, Ramuuuu, Banda, lal loo, ………. Ganapathi Pillai, ……. Iraththinavalli….

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        sach

        “Could you please give me a proper source to learn about the ‘history of the tamils’ you talk about?”

        your own mahawamsa,culawamsa etc and archeological finds of tamil inscriptions,letters,pottery etc. Mahawamsa has a big dose of the first arya chakaravarthi marauding kalingha magha (in fact a whole chapter)who tried to destroy bhuddhism but was stopped by the sinhalese with the help pf their allies the pandyas.To say that jaffna kingdom was a vassal of the sinhalese and not of the pandyas is laughable because the existence of the sinhalese as a race itself was due to their alliances with the pandyas through marriage etc and with the ascent of the pandyas the cholas who had a empire as far as thailand,cambodia, indonesia,declined.

        also instead of only relying on historical records you must use also your common sense to see whether it could be truthfull.There was no need for sapumal kumaraya to conquer the jaffna kingdom if it was a vassal state of the sinhalese and sangili would not have taken refuge in pandyanadu and come back with a pandya army to take it back.The vassal part of it would have been the 17 years reign of sapumal kumaraya who ruled it on behalf of king bhuvenebahu his stepfather and also built the nallur kovil.For him to conquer jaffna and then build the biggest kovil there shows how much the sinhalese and tamils were close unlike now, though power struggles emanated from monarchs from time to time.

        Also how you ever wondered why the jaffna kingdom had a bull on its flag instead of a cow.That is because kulothonge pandya who was instrumental in defeating the cholas was built like a bull.

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    The quotation allegedly referring to Ponnambalam Arunacalam is a fake. He never said Tamil Ealam. He said Tamil Akam. Tamil Akam is not a state, but a cultural region. Tamil Ealam was coined by Cellappa Cuntaralingam in the 1950s. The fake was produced by M Vaityalingam in his book on Ponnambalam Ramanatan in 1977. He has later confessed his crime. His fake has then been quoted by historians, journalists and by webpages. Now Dayan Jayatillke has gone into the trap and taken over it. He concludes that Tamil nationalism is aggressively assertive! On what grounds? There are no grounds.

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      Dear Peter Schalk ,

      Tamilakam or Ancient Tamil country refers to the classical era territory of old South Indian royalties spanning across the modern Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tamileelam and southern parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Tamilakam, in the context of academics, is used to denote to these areas as a single cultural territories, where Tamil was the natural language and culture of all people. Also it is used, in a less correct sense, to refer to the modern condition of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The word Tamilakam, which is a word from Tamil Language, is actually a portmanteau of two given words namely; Tamil and akam. Roughly it can also be translated as the Homeland of Tamil. Legend has it that term Tamilakam is most ancient term used to designate the Tamil territory. The limit of Tamilakam, as per Tolkappiyam, was between Cape Comorin in the south and hills of Venkatam in the north.

      http://www.indianetzone.com/63/tamilakam.htm

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    Peter Schalk

    Thanks for your comment.

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    Dayan J is a circus clown. Bugger has nothing to do, he is just trying incite another racial unrest. [Edited out]

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