31 October, 2020

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Vellahlas Escaped By Transiting From Caste To Class Armed With Racism

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

In the two preceding articles I traced the crisis faced by the Vellahla ruling elite of Jaffna in the sixties. The low-castes staged organised threats for the first time challenging the supremacy of the Vellahlas. They not only threatened to enter the sacred domain of the Maviddipuram Temple – a domain reserved only for the upper-caste Vellahlas — but even stoned the statue of Arumuka Navalar, the demigod of the Vellahlas, which was taken in procession from Udippidy via Chavakachcheri to Jaffna. They could no longer r sustain their supremacy on the theology of antiquated Saivite casteism. In any case, their casteist ideology was no longer respectable nor valid in the middle of 20th century. Modernity creeping into the peninsula had undermined the ancien regime of Vellahlas though not comprehensively to deracinate Vellahlaism. However, the writing on the wall indicated that the old cadjan curtain thrown round Jaffna to keep the intrusive world out was crumbling. The Vellahlas had either to adjust or perish. A part of their crisis was in finding an escape route from out-of-date casteism without losing their position as the overlords of the peninsula. Managing the transition was a delicate process.

The corrosive force that ruled Jaffna was Vellahlaism with its twin evils of casteism and racism. It was not easy for non-Vellahla “others” to break through or break into Jaffna society managed and directed by the Vellahlas exclusively. The Vellahlas had built cadjan curtains to prevent, if they could, the winds of modernity sweeping in to change the feudal casteist structures of the peninsula. Facing internal threat in the 50s and 60s they were putting up a rearguard resistance to ward off invasions of modernity.

Neither Buddhism nor Marxism – the two biggest ideologies of the south – could get even a toehold in the north, even though attempts were made sporadically. For one thing, the Vellahlas were in the majority (50% – 53% in 1960). For another, only the Vellahlas held the reins of power in the temples, land, public administration, professions, politics, social networks and in the strategic institutions that could push the buttons of power, influence and resources. Only the Vellahlas had the potential to give political leadership in the peninsular because they were the English-educated elite who were holding commanding position in every strategic sphere of influence-peddling and power-brokering. Nor could institutionalised Vellahlaism with its deep-rooted tentacles gripping every nook and corner of the socio-economic bases be eradicated in a hurry. Nevertheless, Maviddipuram and the protest against Navalar exposed the chinks in their armour. The problem facing the Vellahlas was to find an answer to their dying casteist culture without losing their hold on Jaffna.

It was at this critical stage that the feudal Vellahla casteists realised like King Canute that they do not have the power to stop the rising waves of modernity sweeping across the neck of Jaffna. Despite rigid caste restrictions segments of a new Tamil class had risen, almost imperceptibly, from the low-castes and were competing with the Vellahlas as equals in the open market place where there were no caste barriers. The low-caste Tamils, equipped with the free education provided by “the Sinhala governments”, could now sit next to Vellahla upper caste in the public service without fear of being burnt by the Vellahla thugs. G.G. Ponnambalam, the caste-conscious leader of the All-Ceylon Tamil Congress, could not stand up in the courts of “the Sinhala governments” and refuse to argue his case with a low-caste Tamil lawyer. Slowly but surely, the creeping forces of modernity were pulling down the rigid caste barriers and the Vellahla had to either swim or sink.The writing was on the wall for the Vellahlas. Class was inexorably rising from the feudal ashes to replace caste.

The Vellahlas had no alternative but to accept the new realities. They had to adjust to survive. It was time to take the inevitable step : they sloughed their casteist skins like snakes and morphed into a new class. This shift from caste to class was a feature highlighted by Prof. K. Sivathamby of Jaffna University. Historian, Dr. G. C. Mendis too had said: “The British by their reforms brought into existence a new class between these two groups, the present middle class.” ( p.130 – Ceylon Today and Yesterday, Main Currents of Ceylon History, Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Ltd). He argued that communalism that raised its ugly head in the thirties was a contest between the two middle-classes of the Sinhalese and Tamils for limited jobs in the public service – the only growth industry of the time.

In contrast, the Sinhala south had transited from feudal casteism to a seminal market economy, within a liberal/democratic framework, in the early 20th century. In the south the new class that emerged from the old castes were in command of politics. The transition from the old caste to the new class was gradual and smooth. This demonstrates that the ruling classes never die : they merely change their appearance by wearing new clothes. The new Sinhala class came from the plantocracy, plumbago mines, arrack renting, transport and other nascent industries. This class rose from a range of castes. Though it was theorised that the socio-economic changes in the south elevated only one caste – i.e, the Karawa caste – what occurred in reality was the rise of the new Sinhala class drawn from a cross-section of castes, as stated by academic Kumari Jayawardena.

But there were no similar ground-breaking shifts either in the economy or the socio-political structures of Jaffna. All the key agencies for change remained in the hands of the ruling Vellahla elite. Jaffna was the last to change, most reluctantly, from feudalism to modernity. The Vellahlas, in fact, moved to keep Jaffna as a closed society preventing internal and external forces from invading their exclusive domain. The Vellahlas were jealously guarding their power, privileges, properties, positions, perks derived from feudal and colonial traditions.

The crisis in Jaffna was the crisis faced by the Vellahlas. They had to decide whether they were going to remain in the dying caste system or resurrect as a new force with a new image, if they were to retain their leadership with all the privileges that go with it. The evolving and intermeshing north-south forces too pushed the new Vellahla class to drop the oppressive characteristics of feudal overlordism and reluctantly accept the changes imposed on them by emerging socio-economic forces. Rather late in the day, they accepted the inevitable and yielded to the overwhelming forces pushing them into the 20th century as a political class. And in the new class structure the rigid caste distinctions gave way to a rather frosty co-existence with the new rich low-castes. It was a case of the Vellahlas kissing the hands they could not cut. The upwardly mobile low-castes had reached their dream of being equal with the Vellahlas thanks to the free education provided by the so-called “discriminating Sinhala governments”.

Driven by vicious Vellahlaism the Saivite Jaffna Tamil leadership wrote the darkest chapter in Sri Lankan history dipped in the blood, sweat and tears of the oppressed Tamils. However, in the new phase they had to broaden their political agenda to make the Vellahlas look humane and acceptable as a class. They needed new clothes tailored to make them fit the part they were expected to play in the new times. The new verti-clad “Tamil nationalists” had. out of sheer political necessity, to reinvent themselves as a force for all Tamils. They could no longer be the exclusive Vellahlas standing up only for the Vellahlas as they were in feudal and colonial periods. They had to make concessions and one of them was to to drop their antiquated casteism.

However, in their agenda it was only a temporary move adopted for political expediency. Latest research indicate that the Vellahlas are hoping to regroup, reclaim and reassert their traditional power. Both in the Tamil diaspora and in Jaffna the Vellahlas continue to dominate the political agenda. The unwritten clause in the Vadukoddai Resolution was for the Vellahlas to capture Eelam and reinforce the power they have been hankering for from feudal and colonial times. Though they are acting as a class they have not given up their old caste loyalties. Those loyalties, eddying round dreams of Eelam, continue to bind them together. They need to stand together as a class because it provides the overarching ideology to hold the fragmented groups together. Revised Saivism of Arumuka Navalar, which was viable in feudal times, was no longer valid to claim leadership of the new class rising in the 20th century. Under casteism, authorised by Navalar, they had the power to exclude, and even eliminate the low-castes. In the class system they were forced to include the “others”, whether they liked it or not.

The problem facing the Vellahlas was not only to change but also to change without losing their grip on power. Whether under the caste system or in the new class system their primary objective was to retain their leadership. To retain its leadership role the new class had to consolidate its power base with a non-casteist ideology that would include all layers of society. For a brief while in the early thirties the Tamil youth of Jaffna openly rejected both casteism and communalism and campaigned for an overarching nationalism consisting of all communities. Moved by Gandhism they had unequivocally rejected communalism, including communal representation. In their day they were a powerful movement and G. G. Ponnambalam had no place in Jaffna. But this proved to be a passing utopian phase. The over-powering Vellahlaism defeated the idealism of the English-educated Tamil youth. Ponnambalam bounced back into the leadership by espousing the corrosive force of racism which was as destructive as Vellahla casteism. (See The Dance of the Turkey Cock – The Jaffna Boycott of 1931 – Jane Russell, pp.47 – 67, The Ceylon Journal of Historical and Social Studies, Vol 8, No 1, January – June 1978). The rise of Ponnambalam demonstrates the inherent power of Vellahlalaism as an overdetermining political force.

Under Ponnambalam’s aggressive anti-Sinhala-Buddhist political agenda, racism replaced casteism as the new ideology to hold the fragmented Tamil groups together. It was also the time when the Vellahalas were transiting into a class. In this phase, the Vellahlas were forced to abandon their old casteists rigidities and turn into flexible classists without giving up their traditional Vellahla status in the peninsular hierarchy. In fact, the necessities of waging a battle against an external enemy made them reconcile with the local enemy, only up to a politically expedient point. For instance, they were quite happy to go along with the low-caste Tamil youth waging the Vadukoddai war launched officially by the Vellahla elite. The Vellahla elite who stayed behind were hoping to ride on the backs of the Tamil youth for them to come into power though their strategy misfired under the first born child of the Vadukoddai Resolution, Velupillai Prabhakaran. The Vellahla elite who went abroad sent their children to universities while financing the war waged by the low-caste Tamil youth in Jaffna. As in the feudal and colonial times, the Vellahala elite were making use of the low-castes to do their dirty work.

The concessions made to the low-castes were partly generated by the Vellahla needs to combat the Sinhalese. The Vellahla leadership was reaching out in all direction, to the “trousered Tamils” of Batticoloa and to the estate workers in the hill country. The flexibility of the Vellahlas came from the need to garner additional reinforcements to wage their racist war against “the Sinhala governments”. In particular, the Vellahlas could not operate their new front against “the Sinhala governments” with a divided peninsula.

Besides, they realised that the enemy of their power derived from feudal and colonial times was not the internal low-castes but the external Sinhala governments. S. W. R. D Bandaranaike had passed the critical Prevention of Social Disabilities Act (1957) which legally struck at the very foundations of Vellahla casteism. He was the very first political leader to take on the might of the Vellahlas by ramming the citadel of Vellahla casteism with his new Act. This confirmed all the fears of the Vellahla casteists that “the Sinhala governments” were a threat to their privileged status. They also realised that the Saivite casteist theology was not going to take them anywhere in combating the new national front opened up by the Vellahla decision-makers. Casteism worked only within the borders of the peninsula. But to take on the new “Sinhala governments” after their British patrons had left, they needed a new ideology and new reinforcements. Casteism had to go. It was too narrow and outdated.

Racism, on the other hand, resonated as a force not only to paper over the widening internal cracks but also to form a collective front against the external enemy in the south. It was the glue to hold the fragmented Jaffna together. And with some sophisticated theorising it was even recast into a respectable minority vs. majority issue and marketed world-wide. The new class that came out of the old oppressive Vellahla caste began to pose as liberal champions of minority rights. Simultaneously, the issue was packaged in fashionable theories and language that flowed with modern intellectual currents.

It was easy to market the idea of a minority battling a majority as a righteous issue. The Tamil lobby packaged it neatly without revealing the dark side of their history in which the Tamil “Minority” – their euphemism for the low-castes – was oppressed by the Vellahla majority with an iron fist. They never told the world that they had stripped every vestige of human dignity, liberty and security of their own people which reduced the low-castes to subhuman slaves. The Tesawalamai Code recognised four categories of slaves : Koviyars, Chandars, Pallas and Nallavars. (p. 76 – The Laws and Customs of the Tamils of Jaffna, Dr. H. W. Tambiah, Womens’ Education and Research Centre.)

Jane Rusell states that “the pallas, landless labourers were, however, treated much like helots or serfs by the vellahlas who formed the powerful landowning class. Their position after the abolition of slavery (by the British in 1844) was not much improved. As (H.W.) Tambiah observed : “Although slavery was abolished legally, many of the depressed classes remained as de facto slaves of their (vellahla) masters for economic reasons.”

“Even by the mid-20th century the status of the pallas, for example, was hardly any better than a century before. Tambiah quotes from the Manual of Madura District published in 1868 to describe the position of the pallas in 1951 : “They are numerous but abject and despised race. Their principal occupation is ploughing the land of the more fortunate Tamils, and though normally free, they are usually slaves in almost very sense of the word. The outcasts or parayas had a deplorable social status. Among this group there was a caste unique to Jaffna, the turumbas, or washermen to the parayas. They were not allowed to be seen in the daylight and could only travel by night.”

The Tamil churches, Hindu temples, schools, administrative and public institutions treated these marginalised outcasts as subhumans unfit for their exalted company. This is the dark side of Jaffna which the embarrassed Jaffna Tamils sweep under their mats. Jaffna Tamils have thrived essentially on the myths they have created to either to sanitise and glorify their own image or to demonise the “other”, particularly the Sinhala-Buddhists. For instance, the new caste/class took to virulent mono-ethnic extremism as a panacea to all Tamil problems without acknowledging that Tamil dignity, liberty and security were best served when they co-existed peacefully with the other communities than under any of the Tamils leaders – from Sankili to Prabhakaran.

One of the greatest achievements of “the Sinhala governments” has been the rescue of the Tamils from Pol Potist tyranny of Prabhakaran and the restoration of basic freedoms and democracy to the Tamils. What dignity, liberty, security and respect did Sampanthan and Sumanthiram get from their “dear leader” Prabhakaran? The “Sinhala governments” gave them not only security when they were threatened by the Pol Potist forces of Prabhakaran but also their right to criticise the “Sinhala governments”. In contrast, what was their plight under their “dear leader” Prabhakaran? What political rights did they enjoy under their Tamil “liberator”? Did they even have the right to nominate a candidate of their choice without the consent of their “dear leader”? It is undoubtedly the incurable tendency of the Tamils to believe in their self-destructive mythology, denying the grim realities imposed on them by their oppressive leaders, that bedevil politics for all stake holders. Demonising the Sinhala-Buddhists is their way of white-washing their dirty politics.

The overwhelming theme of their mythology has been to present the Sinhalese as the bogey man – the “goni billa” coming to take their rights and their children away. This was their tactic to divert attention from the systemic failures of Vellahalism and its inhuman cruelties. Without revealing these dehumanising undercurrents the criminal oppressors of the Tamils cried out loud, claiming to be the victims of “discrimination” of “the Sinhala governments”. The other popular myth is that Jaffna Tamils (read : Vellahlas) were not given their dues. This issue will be dealt later. Even Narendra Modi, the Indian Prime Minister, repeats the Tamil slogan that they must be given their dignity. Isn’t it Mangala Samaraweera’s duty to inform Modi that the dignity of the Tamils denied to the Tamils by the Tamil Pol Pot was restored on the banks of Nandikadal? Over 25,000 Sinhala soldiers sacrificed their lives to rescue the Tamils from the Pol Potist gulag. Tamils live in peace, knowing that their children will come home from school, because the Sinhala soldiers died to protect them too. The Tamils, no doubt, were among the main beneficiaries of the sacrifices made by Sinhala soldiers of “the Sinhala governments” that is generally accused of “genocide” and “discrimination”.

Unfortunately, I do not know of a single Tamil who had thanked the soldiers for delivering them from the tyranny of Tamil Boko Harams. Instead they keep on chanting the same old litany of complaints of “discrimination”, “genocide”, etc., brushing aside the fact the no other party has yet to beat the oppression, persecution,humiliation and the killing of Tamils by Tamils. Not surprisingly, this simplified anti-Sinhala-Buddhist message worked well to gain political mileage. Initially, the local Marxists and the Westernised locals too accepted it in toto. The new Tamil class, dressed in the Emperor’s clothes of human rights, won the plaudits of being champions of the underclass. The new class was indeed triumphant because they marketed their mythology with great finesse.

When the Jaffna leadership was forced to abandon casteism they fell back on concocted myths of the superiority of the Tamil culture in the heartland of the Tamils – namely, Jaffna. But as pointed out by Prof.S. Arasaratnam, the Tamil historian, Jaffna Tamils did not produce anything original of their own. They were merely basking in the reflected glory of their original and only homeland in Tamil Nadu. It was inevitable that Jaffna Tamils had to rely on myths because historical and political realities did not substantiate their imagined greatness. They were sandwiched between two great cultures : 1. of S.. India in the north and 2. Sinhala-Buddhists of the south. And not being able to match either one of them they created a mythology to make themselves feel great. Their myths filled the vacuum in their imagined lives because at the end of their journey in history they discovered, to their utter dismay, that they were left with hardly anything to be proud of as great contributors to the culture of humanity. According to their own hero-worshipping cult they have only two great icons : 1. Hindu Sankili, the killer of 600 Tamil Catholics in 1544 and 2. Velupillai Prabhakaran, the Tamil killer who killed the most amount of Tamils than all the others put together! O, I forgot the third great factor : Vellahla theology which whipped their own people into total submission as slaves.

Any political movement working genuinely for the rights of the Tamils should have first taken a positive and aggressive action to eliminate the inhuman treatment of Tamils by the Tamils. But the Jaffna leadership went along with the vicious status quo because (1) they came from the same caste and (2) they did not want to upset the apple cart fearing the political repercussions at election time. Take, for instance, the myth that S. J. V. Chelvanayakam worked for the Tamils. If he was the “Father of the Tamils”, as propagated by his followers, then the first issue that he should have taken up was the plight of his own people suffering under the cruel Vellahlaism. But he didn’t. Instead he led a racist movement targeting “the Sinhala governments” saying that they were not fit to rule the Tamils (meaning the Vellahla upper caste). He never paused to consider whether the Tamils were fit to rule the Tamils considering the roles played by Sankili and Prabhakaran – the most competent killers of Tamils.

Chelvanayakam, at best, was espousing the demands of the new class and not the Tamil people at the grass roots. He was, of course, feebly paying lip service to the elimination of the caste system but never took any meaningful steps to dismantle the caste system. Resistance to Maviddipuram and the attempts to revive Navalarism are indicative of the reluctance of the dying caste to give in. The big issues like the language etc., were raked up and highlighted mainly for the benefit of the English-educated Saivite Jaffna elite in the public services and professions. It was not an issue with the Tamil masses and traders who transacted their daily business with their Sinhalese neighbours / consumers without any language difficulties. What is more, even after the Sinhala Only Act of 1956 the Sinhala masses continue to be disadvantaged as the Tamils who are not competent in English – the language of the elite that runs the legislature, judiciary and the executive to this day.

Not having any progressive or liberal ideology the new Tamil class went into battle waving their racist flags. The Tamil leadership had to prove to their peninsular constituency that in the absence of the traditional casteist theology they do have a valid alternative that could make them look like worthy leaders. In this new game they were acting like the leeches : ready to suck the blood of the new racist veins having the sucked the sagging old casteist tits dry. Racism had been gathering momentum ever since Ponnambalam raised it as his political cry. Furthermore, when he went before the Soulbury Commission and lectured to them for ten hours he was canvassing mainly on the demands of the new rising class of traders, professionals and public servants who were transiting from their old caste into the new class. For instance he opposed the cooperative movement that served the people of all communities saying it was aimed at hitting the Tamil traders. His cry for 50 – 50 and cry of “discrimination” in the public administration were to satisfy the expanding demands of the new class looking around for more power and territory. The craze for clerkship and power in the administration was ingrained in the Vellahla politics. The origins of this craze will be revealed in the next article with documentary evidence from the Dutch administration. Clearly, Tamil racism and the Tamil new class went together like a horse and carriage, galloping all the way to Nandikadal.

After Maviddipuram the Vellahlas could no longer wage their internal war against the low-castes. Though the subcutaneous hostility remained in their consciousness and in the hidden layers of their social system they had to tone down their casteist aggressiveness fearing not only the fragmentation of Jaffna but also the possibility of the leadership of Jaffna slipping into the hands of the Leftists, or even the Sinhala parties in the south. Besides, they had to mobilise all their internal resources to fight “the external enemy”. The new Tamil caste / class could not wage wars on two fronts simultaneously : 1. the internal caste enemy and 2. the external communal enemy. They had to unite the internal forces to fight “the external enemy”. Since they could not unite the fragmented Jaffna society on casteist lines they switched to anti-Sinhala-Buddhist racism as a common, unifying ideological force to hold the internal dynamics together.

Racism, of course, created its own set of demands : mainly a greater share of power and territory. Extreme racism also generated fanciful theoretical concoctions, historical fictions and geographic distortions. It was, therefore, not surprising to find Vellahlas increasing their demands for a greater share of political power and territory from 50 –50 to federalism and finally to a separate state. To justify this grab for power they changed their political vocabulary too : overnight racism became “nationalism”. However, their attempt to rope in the Tamil-speaking peoples in the Muslim and the estate communities failed. The grab for power remained exclusively as a demand of the Vellahla caste/class. A critical examination of all the Vellahla demands will reveal that the demands for power and rights were designed to reinforce the privileges of the Vellahla elite and the not the Tamil people in the layers beneath them. Mono-ethnic extremism, dressed up as human / minority / cultural / constitutional rights, became the badge of the new Vellahla class. They took to mono-ethnic extremism with the same kind of fanaticism with which they waged their war against the low-castes. As in the case of anti-low-caste politics their anti-Sinhala-Buddhist politics turned into a destructive force that dragged the nation – and the Tamils in particular — downhill for 33 years (from Vadukoddai in May 1976 – Nandikadal in May 2009).

The Vellahla casteist dug their own grave by passing the Vadukoddai Resolution which officially declared war against the democratically elected state. The rise of Prabhakaran in the wake of the Vadukoddai Resolution gave the finishing touches to the decline and fall of Vellahla casteism in its feudal form. Nothing less than an explosive force could uproot Vellahlaism which had dug deep roots into the dominant Saivite caste culture of Jaffna. It can be argued that Prabhakaranism was as much a revolt against the Sinhala south as it was against the Vellahla north. The Jaffna ruling elite will remember that the Prabhakaran’s “boys” first trained the guns on the Vellahla Fathers of the Vadukoddai Resolution before they ran berserk killing more Tamils than all the other forces put together.

Conclusion : both as a caste and later as a class, the Vellahlas knew how best to deport their own people to other countries or to eliminate those who remained within their domain. Of course, they didn’t do it themselves. They as usual kept their “purity” untouched by getting their low-caste agents, like Prabhakaran, to do their dirty work.

To be continued

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Latest comments

  • 16
    8

    I don’t read this racist’s vomit.
    The usual stuff repeated I suppose.
    Vadukotai resolution
    Chelvanayagam
    Prabaharan
    Nanthi Kadal

    • 4
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      H. L. D. Mahindapala

      RE: Vellahlas Escaped By Transiting From Caste To Class Armed With Racism

      Looks like you have got the facts and history on your side for your narrative. Thanks for the information.

      Given below is an interesting Video, on Bigots…and Stupids that Should equally apply to Vellahlas.

      Bill Maher Destroyed Again And Again By Reza Aslan

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ibKWVTFSak

      Published on Sep 30, 2014

      “Religious scholar Reza Aslan took some serious issue on CNN Monday night with Bill Maher‘s commentary about Islamic violence and oppression. Maher ended his show last Friday by going after liberals for being silent about the violence and oppression that goes on in Muslim nations. Aslan said on CNN that Maher’s arguments are just very unsophisticated.

      He said these “facile arguments” might sound good, but not all Muslim nations are the same. Aslan explained that female mutilation is an African problem, not a Muslim one, and there are Muslim-majority nations where women are treated better and there are even female leaders.”* The Young Turks host Cenk Uygur breaks it down.

    • 9
      3

      Rajash,

      Looking at the length of the article, and I am sorry, but the age of this man should have indicated to you to skip the article. This man is like WINDOWS 95. Or even DOS.

      So skip and move on to the next.

      • 1
        1

        Japwatch

        “Looking at the length of the article, and I am sorry, but the age of this man should have indicated to you to skip the article”

        Do not go by the age of the Author. The advantage of listening to an older writer is that he can share more personal expediences over the years compared to a younger writer. Do with the evidence. Do not throw the baby with the bathwater. Were Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, Foucault,and Einstein wrong, because they are old? Their incorrectness or correctness was based on reason and observations.

        Go by the issue he is bringing up and addressing. Vellahala Racism and castism.

        Given below is a write up by a younger writer. Would you accept all what she says, because she is younger?

        What Your Schools Didn’t Teach You by Thisuri Wanniarachchi

        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/what-your-schools-didnt-teach-you/

    • 4
      3

      This man Pala seems to have difficulties to relinquish his nature of creating new form of ethinic problems in the NATION. What we need timeworthy is not the kind of articles but anything support the reconciliation among the folks. More we talk about the caste and race – the gap between the folks will get its way to widen rather than brinigng them closer. At least right at this critical junction, Pala et al should ask himself what he has been doing. Ausies, please drive away this man from your soils and allow poor Syrian to refuge there. Millions of Syrians keep cominng to Germany for asylum, they are really in need to ask for refuge. Your govt have given those mad ones that just abuse your laws, one of the very good example is this particular Pala the like

      • 4
        3

        SAMA, try rajash’s solution.

        I don’t read this racist’s vomit.
        The usual stuff repeated I suppose.
        Vadukotai resolution
        Chelvanayagam
        Prabaharan
        Nanthi Kadal

        • 2
          3

          Why CT further allow this bugger to publish this on this forum `? His is always creating new problems. Balilge putha would never learn it.. we have fought enough long 30 years that is enough.. basta. We are all the same- whose blood vessels transport homosapien haemoglobin. That seems to be far from his understanding

    • 4
      0

      “Neither Buddhism nor Marxism – the two biggest ideologies of the south – could get even a toehold in the north, even though attempts were made sporadically. “

      Yeah, Rajash is right! This guy is an idiot. Buddhist ideology is NOT a south ideology. Isn’t it true that Nainatheevu (or Manipallavam) has a strong link with Tamil Buddhism? Two out five Tamil master literature pieces are Buddhist. All old Buddhist artefacts in the North were Tamil Buddhist, not Sinhala Buddhist as some try to claim.

      • 1
        4

        Then the kallathoni Brahmins came in and spoilt everything for the Tamils.

      • 0
        0

        Rohan
        Very true. But there is a downside.
        The Tamil nationalist leadership has tried hard to disown its Buddhist tradition. (Attitude wise, Ananda Coomarasamy was a notable exception, but he was no politician.)
        That is a consequence of the notion of “Saivam & Tamil”.

        Post Sangam Tamil benefitted most from Jainism.
        Tamils are not informed of the wealth of Vaishnava literature matching Saiva Bakti literature.
        Other faiths too contributed much during their times of glory.
        What we have now for Hnduism are various cults in the name of religion.

    • 1
      1

      So the Sinhalese appear saints in comparison!

      This joke about Praba killing all Tamils (rather than them dying fighting in the lost war with the Sinhales/state) is like saying the Sinhala government killed the 25 000 Sinhala boys/soldiers and not the Tamil Tigers led by Praba.

      Delusion is not just with Tamils & Vellalas!!!

  • 1
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    [Edited out]

    • 12
      3

      I’ve come to the conclusion that poor Mr H. L. D. Mahindapala in his dotage has become a raving masochist. I see no other purpose in his writings other than to get abused in public forums.

      • 0
        0

        nimal, try rajash’s prescription.

        1)I don’t read this racist’s vomit.
        2)The usual stuff repeated I suppose.
        3)Vadukotai resolution
        4)Chelvanayagam
        5)Prabaharan
        6)Nanthi Kadal

        Take all these. Cut in to fine pieces, boil it in water and kallathont Brahmin vomit until 7/8ths evaporates, (patha ata ekata sinduwa ude hava bonna) drink morning and evening. Known to cure the disease of selective blindness for all times.

    • 1
      4

      well written facts of vellalar community of jaffna.ALthough the majority of jaffna population is now

      suppressed people ,but the politics iS still dominated by the socalled vellalas.I would like to point out that all srilankans come from India mainly KERALA. –This has been proved by genetic studies therefore why we are fighting.we have to evolve to understand the modern science– especially tamil vellalar [Edited out]

  • 6
    4

    H. L. D. Mahindapala

    RE: Vellahlas Escaped By Transiting From Caste To Class Armed With Racism

    1. “In the two preceding articles I traced the crisis faced by the Vellahla ruling elite of Jaffna in the sixties. The low-castes staged organised threats for the first time challenging the supremacy of the Vellahlas. They not only threatened to enter the sacred domain of the Maviddipuram Temple – a domain reserved only for the upper-caste Vellahlas — but even stoned the statue of Arumuka Navalar, the demigod of the Vellahlas, which was taken in procession from Udippidy via Chavakachcheri to Jaffna. They could no longer r sustain their supremacy on the theology of antiquated Saivite casteism. In any case, their casteist ideology was no longer respectable nor valid in the middle of 20th century.”

    Thank you. Learning new stuff Amarasiri and perhaps many others did not know before.

    2. ” However, the writing on the wall indicated that the old cadjan curtain thrown round Jaffna to keep the intrusive world out was crumbling. The Vellahlas had either to adjust or perish. A part of their crisis was in finding an escape route from out-of-date casteism without losing their position as the overlords of the peninsula. Managing the transition was a delicate process.”

    “The corrosive force that ruled Jaffna was Vellahlaism with its twin evils of casteism and racism. It was not easy for non-Vellahla “others” to break through or break into Jaffna society managed and directed by the Vellahlas exclusively.”

    The Vellahla think tanks were quite busy, to keep their Hegemony of Racism and casteism..

    3. “Neither Buddhism nor Marxism – the two biggest ideologies of the south – could get even a toehold in the north, even though attempts were made sporadically.”

    “The low-caste Tamils, equipped with the free education provided by “the Sinhala governments”, could now sit next to Vellahla upper caste in the public service without fear of being burnt by the Vellahla thugs. G.G. Ponnambalam, the caste-conscious leader of the All-Ceylon Tamil Congress, could not stand up in the courts of “the Sinhala governments” and refuse to argue his case with a low-caste Tamil lawyer. Slowly but surely, the creeping forces of modernity were pulling down the rigid caste barriers and the Vellahla had to either swim or sink.The writing was on the wall for the Vellahlas. Class was inexorably rising from the feudal ashes to replace caste.”

    “In contrast, the Sinhala south had transited from feudal casteism to a seminal market economy, within a liberal/democratic framework, in the early 20th century. In the south the new class that emerged from the old castes were in command of politics. The transition from the old caste to the new class was gradual and smooth.”

    Wellhalas were fighting the changing tide.

    4. “Besides, they realised that the enemy of their power derived from feudal and colonial times was not the internal low-castes but the external Sinhala governments. S. W. R. D Bandaranaike had passed the critical Prevention of Social Disabilities Act (1957) which legally struck at the very foundations of Vellahla casteism. He was the very first political leader to take on the might of the Vellahlas by ramming the citadel of Vellahla casteism with his new Act”

    SWRD was for the Common man, and the low caste Tamils also benefitted.

    5. “However, in their agenda it was only a temporary move adopted for political expediency. Latest research indicate that the Vellahlas are hoping to regroup, reclaim and reassert their traditional power. Both in the Tamil diaspora and in Jaffna the Vellahlas continue to dominate the political agenda. The unwritten clause in the Vadukoddai Resolution was for the Vellahlas to capture Eelam and reinforce the power they have been hankering for from feudal and colonial times. Though they are acting as a class they have not given up their old caste loyalties. Those loyalties, eddying round dreams of Eelam, continue to bind them together. “

    It is really hard to wipe out Religion Based Racism and Casteism in Hinduism.

    6. “Conclusion : both as a caste and later as a class, the Vellahlas knew how best to deport their own people to other countries or to eliminate those who remained within their domain. Of course, they didn’t do it themselves. They as usual kept their “purity” untouched by getting their low-caste agents, like Prabhakaran, to do their dirty work.

    H. L. D. Mahindapala, thanks. This explains a lot of events, and predicts the next moves by Vellahas , their continued racism and casteism.

  • 12
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    Well, had they lived in Tamil Nadu, G.G.Ponnamblam, Ramanathan and SJV Chelvanayagam would belong to the Vellala “untouchables” caste. In Ceylon however, they live as if they belong to the aristocracy!

    The reason they were this way was partly due to design and partly due to the environment.

    If I was colonising a country I would also make sure the locals are kept in check. I would for example bring in my own ally – or a “snitch” and give them power and privileges equaling the locals. That will ensure someone is there to watch by back when I am not around.

    So these Tamils were the “Snitches” of the British empire. They were educated in Ceylon and taken to other British outposts in the Empire too.

    Its almost like the Robinson Crusoe and Man-Friday type of association. Man-Friday keeps a watch out for Robinson Crusoe. In turn Man-Friday gets “civilised” in ways of the whiteman including his religion and education etc.

    The environment helped Tamils to become top dogs too. An untouchable could not dream of becoming top-dog in the native Tamil Nadu, Bhumi-Putra Malaya or Apathid Africa. Although in Buddhist compassionate Ceylon they can have a field day.

    The Man-Friday had reached its use-by-date after WW2. The British were leaving the former colonies. That kind of took the Man-Friday by surprise being left marooned without Robinson Cruisoe to give them support.

    When South Vietnam fell to the Viet-Cong for example the USA took their local support with them. The British did not do that. They left Man-Friday in the mercy of the former rival.

    The “rival” had all but forgotten the past and wanted to move on. However, Man-Friday fails to adapt to the new situation he finds himself.

    • 1
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      Vibhushan,

      The biggest snitch in this country was Mahinda Rajapaksa.

      We all know how he traveled to Geneva in the nineties to tell tales.

  • 3
    8

    HLD Mahindapala,

    Where is your alter ego Edwin Rodrigo? Have you laid him to rest, permanently? Not seen him in quite a while.

    By the way has your dream of working in the Middle East or in the Navy still springing eternally?. We Thamizh just like you Sinhiz.Cool Bro D

    • 2
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      Sir, me silvestra mr Edwin housekeeper. sir, mr Edwin die hart attak. not come to office one day. boss call call phone ring ring no answer. boss go with other to his vila. mr Edwin car in garage. ring ring vila bell. no answer. call phone and boss hear ringing in vila. call police. break door go inside. mr Edwin dead in sleep in bed. my no phone in his phone. police call me. very sad sir.

      mr Edwin kick me out but him good man. never try be funny with me. me young, beautiful, sexy. but mr Edwin good man not try funny bisnes.

      mr Edwin RIP.

    • 4
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      Edwin Rodrigo was beheaded by his boss. His boss found out that he was discriminating against well qualified Tamils .
      Sinhalese needs standardisation all over the world

      • 2
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        sir, please not insult dead man.

    • 0
      0

      [Edited out]

      • 5
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        Wee Thamihz Siva Sankaran Sarma Menon

        “[Edited out]”

        Thanks for keeping it brief.

        Overwhelmed by emotion?

  • 9
    12

    Excellent article from HLD, man you can write beautifully.
    Vibhushana analysis is spot on, these tamil racist will never know how to assimilate and still living in the past, loosers are poor tamils which is caught between buddhist compassion and racism from Vellahlas.

  • 5
    10

    That low caste Lawyer whom Mr Ponna refused to debate with, is a classic example of how our Southern progressive politics helped the non Vellalas to break away from poverty, even though it is to a very limited level unlike the Sinhala dalits whose kids, in fact a lot of them made it to the Middle class.

    Vellaslas used Pirahaparan to extend their Class and Caste superiority even to the West, where nearly 2 Million Tamils from Srilanka have taken refuge.

    Now that the Sinhala vellalas have got the reins no wonder the TNA is is totally embedded with them.

    Both have the same goal just like in the good old days.

    That is domination of the Class or Caste or a combination of both over the rest.

    Even vellala ex Judge has openly acknowledged this trend.

    Otherwise he wouldn’t openly declare that there is no room for Elite abodes in his soon to be Federal Homeland.

    Surely he couldn’t say it is Vellala high class which he doesn’t want…

    Mahinde is spot on..But it is Vellalas without the H…

  • 6
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    Well said Vibhushana. They continue to be Man-Friday in the western nations they went as refugees,have done nothing for their people back in Sri Lanka. And continue to support and move forward the old colonial agenda. Even when they are successful as Rajan the Gallion.

    • 2
      1

      Galleon type every body is in jail for investment frauds. there are Tamils married to white women, just Like Balasingham married to a Australian woman fought for Tamil. Those Tamils with money, are active establishing a homeland in Sri lanka.

  • 3
    3

    To Rajash

    HLD should be more concise and reduce the volume of his writing by 50%.
    Time is precious.

    But he is bringing a valid topic to the fore.

    My children were born in Toronto and reaching marriageable age have just been exposed to the Racism within the Tamils in Toronto.

    Most of us came here to escape Racism in SL, but they, who have no supremacy to protect here, are still being very Racist against their fellow Tamils.

    • 1
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      RS

      “Most of us came here to escape Racism in SL, but they, who have no supremacy to protect here, are still being very Racist against their fellow Tamils. “

      What you say and observe, what H L D Mahindapala Says, and what Izeth Hussein says, is the same thing, Racism and casteism, with its origins in Hinduism.

      • 4
        1

        Amarasiri “Racism and casteism, with its origins in Hinduism. “

        Racism and caste system did not originate in Hinduism.

        Kandyan Sinhalese think they are superior to Sinhalese from the south

        In the UK there is class system
        You go to Belgium and you can experience the racism of the Flemish and Walloons.

        What we see in the writing’s of HLDM is his inferiority complex.
        There is a famous saying.
        Sinhalese the majority with a minority complex.
        That is what we are seeing in display in CT by in some Sinhala commentators and authors

        • 1
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          Rajash

          Thanks fr the comment.

          1.”Kandyan Sinhalese think they are superior to Sinhalese from the south “

          Amarasiri is of opinion that this is die to history, the Sou being occupied by the Portuguese and the Dutch for 300 odd years. Is that racism?

          2. “Sinhalese the majority with a minority complex”

          This is certainly true. They do not see Tamil Nadu as being Sinhala, even though both Sinhala and Tamils are Paras from India.

          May be a program called the merger of the Paras, should be initiated.

          You do accept that both Sinhala and Tamils are Paras, along with the Other Paras, in the and of Native Veddah Aethho, don’t you? There is DNA evidence.

          Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

          http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html

          “Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.”

    • 3
      1

      RS
      Racism is everywhere. Kandyan Sinhalese think they are superior and look down at other Sinhalese.

      In the UK class system is still exists. In Belgium , Germany, Switzerland USA etc etc

      My point is that HLDM goes on and on about Tamil class system.He seriously has some inferiority complex about the Tamil.

  • 0
    2

    Very interesting and thoughtful analysis. I have long considered that Prabhakaran and the other Tamil Tiger leaders weren’t much more than paid mercenaries and gangsters hired by the Tamil self-styled upper castes in Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu to enslave the lower castes as canon-fodder to enable the upper castes like the Vellahlas to make their escape from Sri Lanka to more conducive environments.

  • 8
    3

    Its high time Colombo Telegraph stops publishing this Articles written by H LD Mahindapala … Who is jobless as his bum sucking days of MR has come to an end. This Article has no truth what so ever and is only giving out his racially driven warped mind.

    Sri lanka is just starting to recover from the huge racial divide that MR and goons managed to install during their time to stay in power with the help of rascals like Mahindapala who lives in Australia and want to cause damage to our Mother Land . Why let a moron like him start stirring this all over again.

    Colombo telegraph risks loosing its credibility which it had built over a long period of time thanks to insipid articles written by people like Mahindapala.

  • 2
    6

    Yum Yum!

    I like this article. I want to read it over and over again. The more I read it the more I like it.

    The Tamils are a stupid lot not to come out of their casteism in these modern times.

  • 7
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    another masterpiece of an article from HLDM. Superb !

    • 5
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      yeah yeah… woof woof

      • 3
        3

        sorry, this article is above your IQ level

  • 3
    1

    “It” is a naked person(creature)in public with no shame.

  • 1
    1

    The greatest service done by Buddha to the world was the discovery of his theory of Anicca, Dukkha, Anatma and how to escape from the vicious cycle of Jati, Jara Marana (Birth, decay, death). That was the main and the long term objective that Buddha recommended for every concerned human being. The second objective was the complete eradication of casteism starting with the main pillar on which caste maintained its stranglehold – Brahmins.

    Buddha during his 45 year long life of enlightenment carried out a relentless campaign to free the people from the vice like grip that the Brahmins had on their religious beliefs and practices. The animal sacrifice orgies that the Brahmins practiced regularly were severely condemned by Buddha and he managed to wean the people away from them gradually. Some of the Brahmins themselves converted to Buddhism on seeing the truth. Buddha was highly successful in his campaign because he won over the trust of the regional kings who supported him and his ideas in many ways. The caste free Sangha society, that Buddha formed, acted as a model for others to emulate. Even Kings were obliged bow down and pay respects to a low caste Vasalaya, once he was ordained and they did so. The fact that Siddhartha was born a Sakya prince added immensely to the credibility to his anti caste views.

    Buddha’s campaign against the caste system can be considered as similar to Lenin’s campaign against the brutality of the capitalism, with the difference that Buddha’s campaign was a completely non-violent one with Metta as one of its main weapons. However, after Buddha’s death, the Brahmins managed to win back their lost power and Buddhism disappeared from India while it thrived in Sri Lanka in addition to many other Asian counties, where the people as well as the leaders were wise and broad minded enough to appreciate the Dhamma.

  • 4
    1

    All comments are so one sided, all are against HDL except of course KAS (or is it not ?) which means at least for once we can all agree on one thing ! great for Sri Lankans it’s an achievement.

    keep it up HDL, I assume you have not written a single article about your adapted countries past, as you know if you do u may get kicked out.

    • 3
      3

      There is a strong presence of SL Tamils among the commentators. They will attack anyone whom they consider as critics, in this case casteism. The more the noise that this gang make the more one can conclude what is being said is true.

      • 4
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        It’s(His) intention is not to abolish caste system but to show Tamils in bad light.

        It (He) is not going to eradicate the caste system. It is unable to do so. it is not a god. But Tuan Satan only.

        It is an Indian system which also applicable to Sinhalese too.

        • 3
          1

          Casteism, even in its mild form, remains an undesirable aspect left over from the past continuing up to today among the Sinhalese Buddhists of Sri Lanka and has an influence on marriages, selection of political leaders etc. Caste Is considered as important in selecting a marriage partner mainly because they do not want the children to be affected by mixed caste marriages. In all other aspects such as employment, education, how you make friends, how one treats a visitor to one’s home etc., it has become a factor that is highly insignificant.

          On the other hand among the SL Tamils, it still continues in epidemic proportions because intellectuals like Arumuka Navalar continued to import Brahmins from South India, where none or very few existed before. Once Brahmins, whether the original or the fake version, appear in the scene the God of liberation runs away without even a backward glance. That is the tragedy that our Tamil brethren continue to face even now.

          If you were wise, you will not demand the killing of the messenger but try to listen to what he says and then decide whether what he says is true or not.

  • 6
    2

    HLMP
    You have all the races and religions in your blood, but failed to learn from any of the religion or cultures. Instead you lived your life in garbage and try to make a profession out of that. You cannot become a Sinhalese by attacking the Muslims or Tamils instead you must do something that the Sinhalese should feel proud of. If you look at My3, by being a very average Sinhalese he is able to win the heart of everybody and lead the country in the right directions.
    No Tamil Sinhalese Muslim or Burger is in a state to listen to you to get facts about other races. They all know one thing from you that “You are a pathological liar and Grand opportunist”. You are trying to win the respect and acceptance by creating hatred among the races. It is not going to work. The people are much more intelligent than you think if at all you can think.

    • 4
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      It was just the man should have been born in a test tube.

      This man is the most virulent person of th enation being away from the country makes every effort to fire – he is born that way, he is a mutation acutally.

  • 2
    1

    Ruwan
    Buddhism appealed to the oppressed by caste and gender; and the ‘Hindu’ elite took longer than several centuries to overcome Buddhism.

    Buddhism along with Jainism thrived in Tamil country at least until 6th Century CE, and survived well into the 10th Century in Paandiya country. Andhra had a more impressive record of Buddhist activity.

    There were two major failings of Indian Buddhism. Firstly the clergy sought royal patronage and go corrupted in the process.

    The other was the tendency to accommodate ‘Hindu’ ideas of rebirth, appealing to Hindu deities for worldly things, faith in supernatural phenomena etc.

  • 3
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    Another excellent article by HLDM which, surprise surprise, has sent We Thamizh into a rage :D

    • 0
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      You [Edited out]

      • 0
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        Cool story, bro :D

  • 4
    0

    We Thamizh are intelligent to know We Singizh ! Cool Bro :D

    • 0
      0

      [Edited out]

      • 4
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        Wee Thamihz Siva Sankaran Sarma Menon

        “[Edited out]”

        Thanks for keeping it brief.

        Overwhelmed by emotion?

  • 2
    1

    MHLD says: “The rise of Prabhakaran in the wake of the Vadukoddai Resolution gave the finishing touches to the decline and fall of Vellahla casteism in its feudal form”.

    In the light of that statement, the Sinhalese have acted stupidly by taking out Praba and his army. That was a strategic mistake of immense proportions. What they should have done is to allow Praba to complete the mission of finishing off the Vellalas and then take him out.

    • 2
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      Exactly, it was stupid to kill Pabakaran. Another decade with Pabakaran would have decimated Tamils.

      • 2
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        jimsofty Dimwit

        “Exactly, it was stupid to kill Pabakaran. Another decade with Pabakaran would have decimated Tamils.”

        Is it why Premadasa armed and financed him?

  • 2
    1

    silvestra.

    Are you certain that Edwin died of Heart failure?
    Edwin is an accomplished Electrical Engineer!
    Did he die before or after the Power failure of 6hrs in Srilanka?
    He is a staunch loyalist of MaRa,you know.

    • 0
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      [Edited out]

  • 2
    1

    HLDM “Neither Buddhism nor Marxism – the two biggest ideologies of the south – could get even a toehold in the north, even though attempts were made sporadically. “

    What an admission of failure by HLDM.

    even :
    with the might of the Sri Lankan army
    The defeat of LTTE
    the burning of Jaffna Library
    the attack on the World Tamil Conference

    ..they could get even a toehold in the north

    and he blame and I quote “the Vellahla ” for this miserable failure
    and he also states that the Vellahla made up 50%

    if the Sinhala leaders had any brains then they should have joined hands with the rest of the 50% low caste? and kicked the Vellahla out.?

    then you go writing absolute rubbish.

    I can shred your article in to pieces and boil it in water and kallathont Brahmin vomit until 7/8ths evaporates, (patha ata ekata sinduwa ude hava bonna) and give it to you to drink morning and evening. Known to cure the disease of selective racism for all times.

    • 0
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      ruwan,

      just read the first comment in this thread. It was by you. It looks like you are eating Mahindapala’s vomit straight without dilution, without evaporation and without vomiting yourself. How does it taste?

    • 2
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      rajash, “if the Sinhala leaders had any brains then they should have joined hands with the rest of the 50% low caste? and kicked the Vellahla out.”?

      Join hands? with the sakkiliyas? and contaminate our high caste Govigama Sinhala hands? How can you even think of that. We have our pride too. Not even complete domination over Tamils is worth that. You ought to know that none of the Sinhala leaders are below Karawa caste. There are certain things we will not do whatever the benefit. call it brainless or whatever you like it. But we are not going to cross that red line.

      • 2
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        ruwan

        how did the Sinhala leaders defeat LTTE?
        They defeated LTTE by joining hands with Karuna and Pillayan and their fighters.
        Karuna and Pillayan and their fighters provided the Sinhala army the long term strategy and short term tactics and intelligence.

        Now that LTTE is defeated you are crawling out like wood worms out of your hiding. Even that took you 6 years.

        Yes you guys cant do without I quote “sakkiliyas” unquote.

        Sakkiliya is not a caste but a behaviour.
        You qualify as one too

        • 0
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          rajash says “Sakkiliya is not a caste but a behaviour. You qualify as one too “

          sekera says “If I am sakkiliya, I will proudly declare it the way an American Black today will that he is a Black. One should be proud to belonging to a group that toils hard for its living. It is only shameful to be an exploiter or a parasite”.

          That is my comment too.

  • 2
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    Edwin Rodrigo is the nom de plume used by Mahindapala to swell the number of comments on his articles and in the process show what a particularly ” popular ” writer he is.

  • 1
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    Anyway, the day Casteism was destroyed northern Sri lanka, that will be end of Tamil Fanaticism.

    Because, they have only Tamil to unite. If not, they are divided completely.

  • 3
    2

    I cannot believe Mahindapala is still continuing to write on Tamil affairs and politics and CT is providing him that space to release his venom. If you want to learn about the history and politics of African Americans, do you ask a member of the Klu Klux Klan to write it?

    • 2
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      “If you want to learn about the history and politics of African Americans, do you ask a member of the Klu Klux Klan to write it?”

      Why not? For sure they know why they consider KKK policies are justified. One may also ask a lowly Jaffna Sakkili to do the same. May be that will be a more illuminating point of view!

      • 3
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        Ruwan
        The word sakkili does nor refer to the oppressed castes in Jaffna.
        Even as as caste name, it is that of a people of Indian origin, and is seldom used. It is considered a term of contempt.
        It will be useful to know a subject before making comments.

        The parallel between KKK and the depressed castes beats logic as the former is a tool of racist oppression while the latter are an oppressed people (the way Bathgama were, not long ago, and the Vahumpura ever earlier).

        • 1
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          ruwan and sekara

          Here is a book which deals with modern day caste system

          Casteless or Caste Blind:
          Dynamics of Concealed Caste Discrimination, Social Exclusion and Protest in Sri Lanka

          by Kalinga Tudor Silva, P.P. Sivapragasam, Paramsothy Thanges.

          This book is available on internet.

          Please refer to chapter three:

          Caste discrimination in Sinhala Society

          • 1
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            Veddah, you are trying to barge in to this because Edwin (may his soul RIP) is no more. Don’t do that. Who knows? One day he may come back from the dead. If that happens you know what will happen don’t you?

            I have no need for you caste books. caste them aside. We Sinhalese have done that a lot. Go tell the Tamil kallathonis Brahmins about it and try to bring them up to our level.

            • 0
              1

              Amarasiri and Native Veddhas are CT appointed commentors to carry on the discussion.

          • 1
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            Thanks
            I have seen it some time ago.
            A good and useful book, although not comprehensive because it was mostly an outcome of limited field studies

        • 0
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          sekera, are you by any chance a sakkiliya? If so sorry. Ok? I don’t want to rub salt in to your caste wounds.

          Are you saying that there are not many Skkilyas in Jaffna? There are, even in Colombo. You say they are all of Indian origin. Aren’t we all? What you mean may be that these sakiliyas are kallathonis who swam across palk or ‘pork’ strait to get at the pork barrel. Even your ‘high’ caste Brahmins are kallathonis.

          Oh yeah? So sakkiliya is a term of contempt? In that case I really want to use it against Kallathoni Brahmins who swam over in search of the pork barrel. Shall we call them kallathoni sakkili Brahmins.

          Let me modify my statement. I will not touch, leave alone join hands with any kallathoni tamils for even the exclusive possession of heaven, leave alone Jaffna.

          As Edwin (may his soul RIP) used to say, you Tamils are only good at one thing. Read my lips : Peerisiye Paharan. (To defecate on the plates they ate from). You really need the services of those few sakkilyas to clean up the plate after every meal. Imagine what you would have eaten for the next meal if they were not there!

          “The parallel between KKK and the depressed castes beats logic as the former is a tool of racist oppression while the latter are an oppressed people”

          1- You mean the kallathoni Brahmins including Arumuka Navalar are the tools and are the equivalent of KKK. The Sakkilyas are the oppressed people. I hope that logical clarifications will make the sakkilyas feel much better.

          (the way Bathgama were, not long ago, and the Vahumpura ever earlier). Not so long ago? Not every precise are you? But anyway not any more. We have improved our thinking ad changed with times. Have you?

          The ladies of those castes are so beautiful. I would gladly get married to one or two of them if I could. To hell with caste.

          • 1
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            Ruwan
            If I am sakkiliya, I will proudly declare it the way an American Black today will that he is a Black.
            One should be proud to belonging to a group that toils hard for its living. It is only shameful to be an exploiter or a parasite.

            The above caste group since at least the 1950s refers to itself as Arundathiya.
            The only objection I have about referring to people by certain caste names is that they have offensive connotations. It is wise to avoid such terminology.

            I believe that civilized discussion and debate are possible even on the Internet.

            • 0
              0

              “I believe that civilized discussion and debate are possible even on the Internet.”

              Not with the kallathonis in this group. They insult, tell others not to read, tell the author to stop and generally behave as a mafia bent on drowning other dissenting voices. Thus we are forced to be aggressive and insultive.

              I am glad if you want a civilized discussion. But first I will go through all your previous comments and check to see whether your claim is genuine.

            • 1
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              sekara, you are right. You have been one of the few sane and lonely voices. I think a civilized and beneficial debate is possible with you.

              I am sorry for any hurt feelings.

          • 1
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            Thanks very much Ruwan,
            I am not hurt by anything that you said. I know that many unintended things are said in the heat of the moment.

            If you do not mind, could I kindly appeal to you to avoid words that may hurt feelings of even the most offensive person. Such exchanges only destroy meaningful dialogue.
            You can make a liar look silly without calling him a liar by calmly exposing the fallacy of his statements.
            We are more likely to win someone to our side with kind but firm words. It does not matter even if we do not achieve that, for we get someone to seriously listen.

            Apologies for this rather long harangue.

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              sekara, treat me with respect and I will treat you the same way.

              The thing is that I rather like a little bit of mud slinging too. I remember Edwin quoting George Bernard Shaw: Don’t wrestle with a pig. You are bound to get dirty. Besides the pig loves it.

              Like Edwin, I am a pig who loves to wrestle with my opponents.

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    sir, sure. me and Irene my frend saw body. heart atak. that what police tell me and Irene. sir I know mr Edwin very high position. too much salary. he work in american navy ship also. what he do me not know too much detail sir. me not know about sri lanka sir. sorry. but him dead about 2 weeks now. I ask my boy friend and tell date sir. he know that. thank you sir writing message to poor silvestra. and thank you CT all sirs and madams. sorry again sir. me not know what you mean mara sir. Again I ask my boy friend help me. May God Bless you all.

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    silvestra.

    Edwin and Mahindapala are bosom friends,I was told.It could be one and the same!
    I could assure you; Plato,normally,does not discriminate the draggled tailed gutter snipes!

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      sorry sir, my English not good. me from poor family not educated girl. not understand you. sorry again sir

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