19 November, 2017

War & Domination By Other Means: Postwar Tourism In The East Coast

By Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham

Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham

Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham

In one of the images that showcases the luxury and splendor that Anilana Hotel in Passikuda has to offer, we see a woman in a bikini. She could be a light skinned Sri Lankan or South Asian, or a well-tanned foreigner. Her cosmopolitan globalness makes her a universal sexual figure. She is lying back on a lounge chair, sun-glasses on, sex appeal on full blast, soaking it all in and looking in the direction of the camera. What caught my attention about this image is that her chair is not just by the beach, but appears to be in the water, so it looks like she is floating. Secondly, there is a Sri Lankan in the image (his identity seems another version of the global “local server”), in sarong and shirt, walking away after having served her. While many of the other images advertising the splendor of Passikuda show you only empty, pristine beaches, where all local populations have been cleansed from the landscape, in this image, he is allowed in as a visual fantasy of all that is on offer. We only see his back and a tray on his shoulder. He is diminished in size compared to the focus of the image on her. The message conveyed by these two bodies is telling of post-war development and tourism in Passikuda. Besides the simple fact that walking in the water with a sarong all the way down, having to hold on to a tray may be an arduous task, his retreating body suggests many other things. Perhaps he has offered her sex as one of the services he provides along with the drink? Perhaps this is the fantasy of the tourist industry there, to make all working class and poor Sri Lankans serve the local and global wealthy? Either way, his complete “upright” (pun intended) servicing of her and her post-serviced, on her back, ecstasy tells us a lot about neoliberal development in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka.

Anila PasikudaPost-war Sri Lanka advertised “development” as a means to a lasting peace for minorities of the North and East. Such promises of peace and rights through development began soon after LTTE as the GoSL allied with the break away LTTE group, the Karuna faction, to regain control of the East from the LTTE. The push to consolidate the East for development, called “Eastern Re-Awakening” can only be a euphemism that hides the extra-ordinary violence that was necessary to consolidate the East under state control. Literally hundreds of Tamils died as the LTTE and the State fought to control the East. Peace in the East then has been delivered through violence and oppression, and is synonymous with violence rather than its opposite.

In the post-war context, promises of peace and development too are carried out within a context of burying these histories of violence, and through domination of the Eastern people by private-militarized capital, often with a Sinhala face. To explore this situation, I focus on some of the changes that are occurring in Passikuda, though Passikuda illuminates a general condition of the relations between ethnicity and neoliberal forms of development. Neoliberalism, popularly called liberalization or open economic policies in Sri Lanka seems to be the only imaginary available to the state for development at this moment, telling us something of how our very capacities to dream of alternative futures is being robbed from us. So it is in Passikuda, where within a mere five years, 15 hotels have sprung up while everywhere I looked more were in the making. Passikuda is being sold, as is Sri Lanka, as the new tourist destination for the wealthy of the world. The nature of the ongoing process of development can only be called “accumulation by dispossession,” a term that describes how capitalism reproduces profit by dispossessing others of the commons through privatization, theft and forcible eviction. It is the process by which non-commodified spheres, such as the air, water, forests, beaches, are made profitable. Accumulation by dispossession is David Harvey’s term to explain how something akin to primitive accumulation can repeat itself over historical time, not simply during a period of transition from feudalism to capitalism. Hence, while contemporary development in the East must be understood in the context of general patterns of land-grabbing carried out elsewhere in the country, in the context of a post-war situation, ethnic tensions are exacerbated by these processes.

Let me first note down the stories of some of the fishermen in Passikuda/Kalkuda to illuminate how development is domination and the continuation of war by other means occurs.

Domination During the War

The fishing community in Kalkuda/Passikuda is largely Tamil, though historically there has been a Sinhala village called Wellavara, which was located in close proximity to the Tamil villages. In fact, a number of these Sinhala villagers have married Tamil women and today live among the Tamil fishermen in Kalkuda. While the older generations remember some 2 or 3 hotels that existed on the beach before the war, for most of them Passikuda beach was their fishing ground as far back as their village histories could recall,though the war tested their access to it.

During the war, the fishing communities there were targeted and harassed by both the military/navy and the LTTE. As many of them told me, if they were too friendly with the army/navy, the LTTE would harass them. One of them recalled how two young women seemed to be close to some soldiers, gave them water, and for that the LTTE shot them. Hence, while the state forces were ever present in the area, at night the LTTE would visit the villages to discipline the fishermen. If the army ever suspected the villagers of supporting the militants, a similar fate would meet them. Again, they recall how some of their fellow fishermen were shot as LTTE supporters. Often, they would sleep on the roofs of their houses for fear of state and separatist fighting.

Other forms of intimidation were,

  • being constantly monitored by state forces so that the fishermen had difficulty accessing the sea. On any given day, the military could refuse to let them fish, even when their access to the sea was already controlled through passes and checkpoints. Hence, when tensions were high, fishermen lost their capacities to earn a living.
  • fishermen had to go to sea by 5 PM and could only return at 6 AM. As they said to me, “even if one of us were sick, or dying, we just had to stay out the whole night. If we tried to come in earlier, we would be shot. While we were out there, LTTE boats would come and steal some of our gas.”
  • Having to drag their boats and nets from place to place on the orders of the army/navy, and being beaten if they refused to follow orders quickly enough.
  • Of course the massive disruptions of 1990 were ever present in their minds. It was also the moment when the LTTE expelled the Sinhala villagers from the coast in Passikuda.

If such forms of violence occurred over the decades of war, patterns of development in Passikuda in the post-war context continue violence in similar ways.

Present day Passikuda: Accumulation by Dispossession

I want to quickly add that the first attempt to privatize these pristine beaches occurred in the aftermath of the tsunami. As some of the fishermen affirmed to me, some of their villages were moved inside as the 200-400 meter ban on beach reconstruction was imposed in the post-tsunami period to clear local populations from prime properties. Naomi Klein documents this well in her chapter on Sri Lanka in Shock Doctrine: the Rise of Disaster Capitalism.

Soon after the war ended in 2009, the Tourist Board visited Passikuda and parceled out plots of land for private lease. The beach, which belongs to us collectively, and is primarily a right of the local fishing communities, was privatized and leased to hotels. Despite the Coastal Conservation Department (CCD) rules for Passikuda, which prohibit building hotels within 40 meters of the closest foliage to be found by the beach, hotels have sprung up violating these restrictions. As an officer of the CCD told me, they tried to issue demolition orders to some of these hotels, such as Amaya and Anilana, but were prevented from doing so by politicians in power.

To-date 15 hotels have sprung up even as one of those, Laya Waves, is run by the military. Everywhere I looked more and more hotels are being constructed. It is ironic that 5 years after the war, large numbers of Tamil people still have not been resettled in the East, have no running water, electricity, toilets or employment; but resources such as water, power, sewage, to construct these luxury hotels were immediately made available.

What of our fishing folk who perhaps thought that they may now finally have unrestricted access to the sea as the war had ended? Well, new checkpoints, security officers and regimes of exclusion and control have emerged with a corporate-military face.

The fishermen were moved immediately after the war to a small corner next to the Maalu Maalu hotel. This is a small piece of property, perhaps 20 perches. They were told that they should not fish anywhere else so as to preserve the scenic empty beauty of the sea for tourists. As one of the fishermen told me “they do not think we smell good, and they think we are dirty,” reminding us of colonial markers of local bodies as primitive. Even though they were promised these 20 perches as theirs, today this spot too is coveted by a prospective hotel developer. So, they are being told to move once again. The local community’s right to these beaches and the sea as a commons is quickly being privatized. Because they have no deed to show they have ownership rights, they may be evicted again. Because their place on the beach is so precarious, they have not been able to develop structures to keep their nets, some food, or for shelter during the rains.

The poorest of the fisher folk catch fish using nets and walking in to the coral rich beaches. Fish come to these shallow waters and are the staple for some fishermen. Since, local fishermen may destroy the uninterrupted tourist gaze of a pristine and empty beach, many of these fishermen are forbidden from doing this kind of fishing in front of the hotels. Furthermore, some of the hotels have destroyed the coral reefs that exist by the shore, and have dug into the sand to make their beaches deeper. Hence, sections of the coral reef have already been destroyed and dead coral continues to wash up on the shore in enormous quantities.

Pasikkuda coralIf these fishermen lived with the constant presence of the military/Navy harassing them, and restricting their access to the sea, such process are simply continued in the name of development. Not only is the main canteen at the public access point to the beach run by the army, the military is everywhere. A little walk down the beach and you will see military trucks with armed military or navy officers on board. A little time at a fish market, and you are sure to encounter military officers buying fish there.

Even within hotels, while military officers may not chase you away, there are private security guards standing by the beach, monitoring local populations, making sure no fishermen walk too close to tourists. One of the hotels has planted coconut trees on the beach, and has claimed everything inland from these trees to be its private property. So, no local populations can walk there, and as I tried, a security guard shooed me away.

PassikkudaThe check-point has only changed its look, and expanded from the military to the corporation.

Ultimately, we must understand the processes of accumulation by dispossession as the contemporary face of neoliberal exploitation using the name of post-war peace and development. It is a process by which local communities are being dispossessed of the commons, and for minorities, corporate hotels are acting no differently than a Sinhala colonial power invading their spaces. In the aftermath of warfare and suffering, this looks like the newest assault by the majority on them. While, it is true that land grabbing is occurring in Sinhala areas as well, the fact that many of the hotels owners, managers and staff are Sinhala makes Tamils feel this is the continuation of war by other means. Even when construction work for hotels is carried out, large numbers of Sinhala workers are brought in from outside to do this work. Of course, these workers are probably paid a pittance, even as few Tamils are hired for this work.

In the south, people may feel that they can now access land masses previously prohibited to them. Passikuda, Arugam Bay, you name it, it is all available for pleasure and fun. Yet, such processes of pleasure-making are occurring in zones that have endured and still endure trauma and violence. The Tamil people in the East have barely had time to process the losses endured during decades of ethnic war, and yet, they are now assaulted again by corporations eager to chase them out in the name of neoliberal development.

Local populations do not share the neoliberal fantasies of the elite in Sri Lanka and the world. As one fisherman told me, “Tourism is built on a piece of melting soap. It will melt and sink all of us. Fishing and agriculture are built on permanent foundations. It is our stability and will endure.” He understands well the speculative, destructive forces of neoliberal development carried out by Sinhala entrepreneurs and its unsustainability!!

*Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham is an Assistant Professor of Literature at Colgate University, USA.

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Latest comments

  • 8
    23

    According to Wiggy a lot of Tamils are getting stoned on Kerala Ganja. I think he correctly diagnosed the problem – unemployment.

    When My3 visited Jaffna and spoke to school children I was surprised most Tamils cannot speak a word of Sinhala! Its as if Sri Lanka is training Tamils to work either in Tamil Nadu or as a refugee in England.

    Why would the private sector employ a person who cannot speak to 80% of their customers or co-workers? To work in Sri Lanka one has to speak Sinhala.

    The solution therefore Tamils getting stoned is train them to speak Sinhala, That will make them employable.

    • 7
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      All u need maramancahl juice( Tamil word don’t know English or sinhala name). it will cure u r mental problem and anti Tamil venom…

      • 6
        3

        J.MUTHU BANDA

        the Tamil speaking Singhalam – Maramandai – Maram + Mandai = Wooden head,

        “All u need maramancahl juice( Tamil word don’t know English or sinhala name).”

        Word: மரமஞ்சள் – The tamil word have 8 characters and have more than one meaning in english.

        BERBERIS ARISTATA – மரமஞ்சள்

        Berberis aristata, also known as Indian Barberry or Tree Turmeric, belongs to the family Berberidaceae and the genus Berberis

        Transliteration : maramañcal. Other spellings : maramanchal

      • 6
        2

        Good article, Ms. Nimanthi!

        Basil Rajapaksa owns the biggest 400 room hotel on the best land in Passikudha. How did he get it? Needs inquiry into War crimes – economic war crimes or disaster capitalism in Sri Lanka.

        Ms. Nimanthi Please publish in the Sunday Times or Daily Mirror so the that Sinhala Moda elite may be educated by the Pro-Jarapassa rag newspapers that they read!

      • 3
        1

        JAMIS MUTHU BANDA

        the Tamil speaking Singhalam,
        Maramandai = Maram + Mandai = Wooden head,

        Some more infomation:

        Coscinium fenestratum is a member of the family Menispermaceae and the genus Coscinium. The plant is known by many different names, such as:[2] Tree turmeric, False calumba, Colombo weed, Weniwel, Daru Haridra (in Sanskrit), Mara Manjal (in Tamil and Malayalam),[3] Haem herb (in Thai),[4] Voer Romiet (in Khmer),

        http://www.docsdrive.com/pdfs/
        academicjournals/jps/2008/133-145.pdf

        • 0
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          Come on uncle Native veddah, worst ever insult I’ve ever had. calling me sinhala….

          • 2
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            JANIS MUTHU BANDA

            What is the difference between stupid Tamil speaking Singhalams and Sinhala speaking Demelas?

            Both share the same stupid gene which caused past 67 years of destruction.

    • 5
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      @Vibushana, you racist piece of shi$. In Canada only 15% of the population are French and French is one of the two official languages. If you don’t speak French no job for you in the Canadian government. That is why Canada is a shinning light in the democratic world.

      • 3
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        You Stupid Tamil from the North.

        French consider that they are founders of the country.

        Even then French learn english in order to get jobs. Because for govt, jobs, they need both languages.

        Tamils want to talk Tamil in Sinhale.

        the superiority complex.

        • 0
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          Tamil civil servants learn Sinhala if and when they get a job in the government.

        • 5
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          @Jim Softy, you numb nut. Idiot what part of SL do you live in? Both my parents were tri-lingual (Eng/Tam/Sin). Can I say that about your parents? Even the servants we had could speak Sinhala. Many Tamils were either bi or tri-lingual, Sinhala being one of the languages. How many Sinhalese can say they can speak Tamil? Village clowns like you refused to learn Tamil. If Tamils were equated to nothing, why are you threatened by them so much? Inferiority complex maybe? I have Sinhalese friends, they are very confident people though they don’t speak Tamil. They don’t have problems with Tamils. But you are a stupid douche bag, who is terribly afraid of the Tamils. You are so wrapped up in this Tamil/Sinhala nonsense, you can’t get your sarong out of a knot.

          • 2
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            Jim softy gets to do straight up service only when he himself is simultaneously serviced straight up through the rear. Erectile dysfunction. His mental abilities are as equally impaired as much as his physical abilities.

            Tamil from the north do not pay any attention to him.

      • 4
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        Dear Tamil from the North,

        An Aboriginal Language is used as the mother tongue by the following population percentages

        Quebec__________20.9%
        Manitoba________17.7%
        Saskatchewan____16.0%
        Alberta_________13.2%

        Source Statistics Canada, Census 2011

        The above data does not include 31 First Nation reserves and settlements. Hence the above figures are LOWER than the actual.

        The population percentages of all the above are HIGHER than the Lanka Tamil population of Lanka.

        What is the status of those Languages?

        They are the REAL NATIVE LANGUAGES of Canada not French and not English.

        Please look at the History of the Country that you are putting on a Pedestal.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

        • 3
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          off the cuff, your argument has no standing. SL was once the land of Veddahs. They neither spoke Sinhala nor Tamil. Why is that in SL, people speak a non-Veddah language? Can you please explain that. Canadian government does not drag the minorities from their homes and kill them, nor they bomb their people. I am not saying we have a perfect administration in Canada, but we have a decent government and the law in most part is operating the way it should. So what is your point? I don’t agree with you but I guess I have given you a decent reply. I don’t have a problem with you but I do have problems with Sinhala and Tamil racists. Most of these racists live abroad and they have nothing to lose.

          • 2
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            Tamil from the north east west south Pakistan

            “off the cuff, your argument has no standing.”

            You are indeed another stupid Tamil.

            Why did you expect quality of argument from a Copy typist, a noted plagiarist, liar, racist, pretentious bigot in the first place?

            • 1
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              Ha ha haa,
              May be this is the reason.

              Hope you can say it is not TRUE.
              Given your proven utter Stupidity I won’t be surprised if you do.
              Evidence of that STUPIDITY follows.

              Dear Tamil in a Vedda Mask,

              You copied and posted the FULL speech delivered in 1922 by Sir Ponnambalam Arunachelam at the link given below on March 3, 2015
              .
              Native Vedda March 3, 2015 at 9:53 pm https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/two-nation-claim-by-chief-minister-wigneswaran/comment-page-1/#comment-1784824
              .
              This is an extract from Sir PA’s speech taken from your post. Sir PA spoke about Eelam and a Pan National Tamil Kingdom.
              .
              “It has far higher aims in view, namely to keep alive and propagate these precious ideals throughout Ceylon, Southern India and the Tamil Colonies, to promote the union and solidarity of Tamilakam, the Tamil Land. We should keep alive and propagate these ideals throughout Ceylon and promote the union and solidarity of what we have been proud to call Tamil Eelam
              End Extract
              .
              21 days later you claimed that Sir PA had said NOTHING about Eelam (your comment) on March 24, 2015
              .
              “Arunachalam had never said anything about Thamil Eelam”
              .
              Native Vedda, March 24, 2015 at 7:49 pm https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/govt-releases-425-acres-of-former-hsz-jaffna-lands-to-its-rightful-owners/comment-page-1/#comment-1801365
              .
              This is just one of the many stupid lies that you have written due to that reflex Doggie syndrome of yours.

              At another time you even attempted to prove by copy pasting copious articles trying desperately to prove that the Indian Parippu drop on Jaffna was an action of the unborn IPKF!!!

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

    • 4
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      Who is bringing the Kerala ganja via Mannar coast? It is a Minister…
      The PM and many in the GOSL are fully aware of it.
      Have been promised major changes with the new government. Let us wait and see.

      Would it be another breach of promise and trust?

      Great article and it is completely correct. The author has been very diplomatic.
      Most of the Hotels are owned by Rajapakse family front companies including Anilana and Maalu Maalu. That is why they can violate all the building and CCD regulations so blatantly. So is the military owned Hotel built on Tax payer money and enjoyed by the military officers and friends with No Return on Investment like all the military owned Hotels, Restaurants and Businesses.

      The military enforces all their previous draconian laws as far as beaches and HSZ lands in the NE province.

      What a disgrace by the New GOSL without Yahapalanaya.

      Donald Gnanakone
      Tamils For Justice
      Founder.

      • 1
        0

        Donald

        LTTE too did a very purposeful Pasikkuda Project Report when I was with them. It goes into some interesting socio-economics aspects. It is a useful document for the new government to consider.

        If they want my service, I am always there to help.

      • 2
        1

        Donald,

        “Who is bringing the Kerala ganja via Mannar coast? It is a Minister… The PM and many in the GOSL are fully aware of it.”

        Minister? Who? Hopefully our Navy will stop him soon. Has ganja ever been found in Mannar?

        “Speaking to The Sunday Leader the head of Naval Intelligence in Sri Lanka Captain Prasanna Hewage said that many measures have been taken by the Sri Lankan authorities and the Sri Lankan Navy to combat drug trafficking. Among the measures taken by the Navy are the establishment of a Coastal Protection Squadron, re-deployment of Coastguards, deploying of additional sea units (Ships & Crafts), installation of surveillance radars along the coastal belt, deploying of foot patrols along the coastal belt, carrying out awareness programs, gathering of information and carrying out surveillance by Naval Intelligence units and carrying out search operations in liaise with other agencies. (CID, SIS, Police).

        According to the Navy on March 25, 42.5 Kg of Kerala Cannabis was seized from the Mathagal area in Manippai, 92.05 Kg of Kerala Cannabis was seized from Northwest Off Delft Island on April nine and two persons were taken into custody, and another person was arrested on April one from the Hendala, Wattala area with 825 No’s of Modaka in his possession by the Naval personnel.”

        http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2015/06/21/ganja-destined-for-sri-lanka/

    • 1
      1

      I was told by my friends who worked in Jaffna:
      1.The army encourages drug dealers to get around in Jaffna while the Police is asked to look away.
      2.In the South Tamils who know Sinhala very well find it difficult to get govt jobs. They do manage to get jobs in private firms.
      3.After Sinhala Only was passed in 1956, Jaffna schools stopped teaching Sinhala as a subject in schools.

  • 1
    1

    The author, a Professor of Literature, has put a lot of head and heart into this tremendous piece of writing. Prof Moonasinghe’s visual representatons for sustainability given in another article on this website could be seen in conjunction with this.

    • 2
      2

      Dear Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham,

      My goodness dear lady you have a sexual imagination beyond belief! I could not believe that I was reading an article supposedly written by an educated, cultured, Asian woman.

      If you want to write a serious article I suggest that you dispense with cheap sensationalism. What you have written at the beginning is not becoming of a Lady and certainly not for an Asian Lady.

      With that imagination of yours you must be having a perpetual orgasm every time you see a standing man. You should avoid public transport in the rush hour as you are sure to swoon and have an orgasmic collapse with so many men standing about you, shoulder to shoulder.

      You say “Perhaps he has offered her sex as one of the services he provides along with the drink?”

      Sex in the open in full public view in broad daylight at Passikuda Beach?

      You wrote “his complete “upright” (pun intended) servicing of her and her post-serviced, on her back, ecstasy tells us a lot”

      Is that how a woman looks after having sex? Hair neat and tidy, make up immaculate, without a bead of sweat on her body?

      Usually after sex that “upright” thing won’t be upright any more. If your experience is different then you must be having an unusually virile partner. Perhaps that explains your unusually magnified sexual imagination.

      BTW your observation powers are poor. That deck chair has four legs that keeps the reclining portion out of the water. It is not floating as you can see the air gap in between.

      In this technologically advanced world, don’t believe everything you see. Photoshop or any other image manipulation tool can be used even to replace that woman’s face with yours. The picture is from an advertisement and it has been Photoshopped. Absence of reflections in the water and the word “ANILANA” is a clear giveaway.

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

      • 1
        0

        OTC
        Dr Perera put something the way she saw. If what she wrote has upset you, read what you have written, do not you see your attack is very disproportionate and uncalled for. Is it something not expected from a Asian man?’ Hope you are one of them, why don’t you use the same yard stick, not one for men and other for women.

        She touched on some very good points like ‘accumulation by disposition’, environmental degradation, raping a pristine environment, denial of riparian rights of native, etc, none has caught your eyes but the first paragraph got the better of you, unfortunately. The way you try hijacking the issue is very clever.

        I know you will come back with some cut and paste stuffs asking for proves as usual and I can recall we have had some disagreement and went on kind of ping pong response spiral in some issues and I thought you won that race as you are prepared for marathon, unfortunately I am not into such stride.

        Anyway would like to see your comments to the main issues that she raised. My take on her opening of the article is to get young readers excited and read it, and for old readers, the right thing to do is to skim the relevant section stuck with it rather than inflaming a situation which you believe is offensive or distasteful.

        Dr Nimanthi- a very good article and shocked to note the kind of things taking place out there in a short period of time.

        • 1
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          Dear Aia,

          I am not in competition with anyone but I will give way ONLY to the Truth. So if you think I have won you may have not been able to establish your point of view with facts.

          If anyone establishes their point of view with verifiable facts I will accept that point of view.

          Re “Dr Perera put something the way she saw. If what she wrote has upset you, read what you have written, do not you see your attack is very disproportionate and uncalled for”

          It did not upset me it shocked me to see it coming from a woman.

          Dr Perera was comparing a standing man to an erect Penis! If she saw you standing she would see you as an erect penis too!! Do you see men around you as erect Penises? If you do, you should consult a Psychologist without delay.

          She was suggesting that the waiter was returning after having Sexual Intercourse with the Model. Can you see anything like that in that picture? I certainly can’t. No decent person will see it that way.

          Dr Perera interpreted the smiling face on that model as an expression of ecstasy after an orgasm. Do you see the smile on the model’s face as that due to an orgasm?

          Dr Perera’s own pic shows her happy and ecstatic. Would you say that it is due to an orgasm? A normal person won’t see it that way but a pervert may.

          I was very measured in my response because I wanted to bring home to her that this type of cheap sensationalism had no place in a serious article and certainly not expected from a decent Lady.

          Re “I know you will come back with some cut and paste stuffs asking for proves as usual…”

          If you cannot prove what you say Don’t say it.
          A bad dancer will always blame the floor.

          Kind Regards,
          OTC

        • 0
          3

          Dear Aia,

          I am not in competition with anyone but I will give way ONLY to the Truth. So if you think I have won you may have not been able to establish your point of view with facts.

          If anyone establishes their point of view with verifiable facts I will accept that point of view.

          Re “Dr Perera put something the way she saw. If what she wrote has upset you, read what you have written, do not you see your attack is very disproportionate and uncalled for”

          It did not upset me it shocked me to see it coming from a woman.

          Dr Perera was comparing a standing man to a Phallus! If she saw you standing she would see you as a Phallus too!! Do you see men around you as a Phallus? If you do, you should consult a Psychologist without delay.

          She was suggesting that the waiter was returning after having Sexual Intercourse with the Model. Can you see anything like that in that picture? I certainly can’t. No decent person will see it that way.

          Dr Perera interpreted the smiling face on that model as an expression of ecstasy after an orgasm. Do you see the smile on the model’s face as that due to an orgasm?

          Dr Perera’s own pic shows her happy and ecstatic.

          I was very measured in my response because I wanted to bring home to her that this type of cheap sensationalism had no place in a serious article and certainly not expected from a decent Lady.

          Re “I know you will come back with some cut and paste stuffs asking for proves as usual…”

          If you cannot prove what you say Don’t say it.
          A bad dancer will always blame the floor.

          Kind Regards,
          OTC

          • 1
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            Dear OTC

            Ok, accepted all what you have said. Maybe she should have instead written that the lady seen on the chair doing a prayer paying respect to the Sun, and the guy walking away was carrying a pooja tray- that must have earned your respect.

            What was encouraging in you comment of late is you admit it is a serious article and Dr Perera is a decent lady- which is great (read again). What I am interested most is you response to the core issues that she raised. You seems to be very slippery nowadays, pls address the main issues. What is it serious about?.

            • 1
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              Aia

              “You seems to be very slippery nowadays, pls address the main issues.”

              He has always been a pretentious bigot, noted plagiarist and liar.

              • 1
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                Dear Tamil masquerading as a Vedda,

                I have already said what I have to say to you here, June 30, 2015 at 5:10 pm.

                I prove what I say. You just bark.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

            • 0
              3

              Dear Aia,

              Re “Maybe she should have instead written that the lady seen on the chair doing a prayer paying respect to the Sun, and the guy walking away was carrying a pooja tray- that must have earned your respect”

              That would have been idiotic although not vulgar as what she wrote.

              Re “What was encouraging in you comment of late is you admit it is a serious article”

              You should read with care before you make pronouncements. My comment to her advises her as follows

              If you want to write a serious article I suggest that you dispense with cheap sensationalism.

              Re “You seems to be very slippery nowadays,….”

              Quite busy realy engaged in a serious discussion with Thambu.
              Come and Join, it may interest you too

              https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-inherent-concept-of-sinhala-buddhist-domination-in-sri-lanka/comment-page-1/#comment-1853779

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

              BTW, I see that Idiotic Tamil behind a Vedda mask has addressed a “Serious and Intellectual” comment to you!!!

              The Idiot has got a doggie syndrome (peeing everywhere by compulsive reflex). The Joker is smarting after his lies got exposed.

    • 0
      1

      In the same way a bank teller is a banker.

  • 7
    1

    ‘It is ironic that 5 years after the war, large numbers of Tamil people still have not been resettled in the East, have no running water, electricity, toilets or employment; but resources such as water, power, sewage, to construct these luxury hotels were immediately made available’

    Sixty seven years of independence and the UNP/SLFP have still not provided electricity to the poor. When will the next Sinhala/Tamil insurrection occur?

    • 0
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      Many conscientius Sinhalese told LLRC how JVP was treated after the insurrection and how that treatment was not given to the LTTE after the war was over.

    • 0
      2

      paul,

      ‘It is ironic that 5 years after the war, large numbers of Tamil people still have not been resettled in the East, have no running water, electricity, toilets or employment; but resources such as water, power, sewage, to construct these luxury hotels were immediately made available’

      There are millions of poor outside of the North and East without running water etc. Is not Hambantota the poorest district according to official statistics? I am not saying that we should forget the poor in the North and East but the country has poverty everywhere.

      “Money makes the world go round.” Tourists will not stay in a hotel without water etc.

      “Sixty seven years of independence and the UNP/SLFP have still not provided electricity to the poor. When will the next Sinhala/Tamil insurrection occur?”

      Soon. I hope that it will be thru votes not bullets.

      • 1
        2


        Dear Heretic,

        Your objectivity is a shining example worthy of emulation.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

  • 10
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    Good piece. The genocide continues under a different guise. It is clear that without devolution there is no way for Tamils to get out from under the boot of the SInhala state whether military state or its so called liberal re-incarnation. Although if this is what Sinhala liberalism is, god help everyone on the island.

    • 4
      3

      ” The genocide continues under a different guise “

      Are these hotels working their local employees to death ?

      • 2
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        killer hotels . lol

    • 4
      6

      Move to Tamilnadu where Casteism is alive and kicking.

      • 2
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        Jim softy

        Read the following excerpts from advert I found in Matrimonial columns published by Observer:

        BRIDE GROOMS

        we are Buddhist Sinhala Govikula residing overseas.

        sought by Colombo suburbs Sinhala GC parents

        sought by professional B/G parents for their son born in 1981

        by Colombo suburbs respectable B/G retired parents

        Academically qualified partner is sought by Govi parents

        Australian resident, Sinhala, Bodu Govi, parents seek
        …….

        ………..

        ……

        BRIDES

        sought by Sinhala G/B sister from Japan

        Academically and professionally qualified partner is sought by G/K/B parents

        Sinhala Buddhist values is sought by Bodu/Govi

        sought by Govi Buddhist parents

        ………..

        ………..

        sundayobserver.lk

        Jimmy

        As far as caste is concerned Tamils feel at home with Bodu Govi. If caste is the only defining factor then they need not to go to Tamilnadu they would be equally comfortable in deep deep down south.

        • 2
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          Native Vedda,

          “If caste is the only defining factor then they need not to go to Tamilnadu they would be equally comfortable in deep deep down south.”

          Despite the changes in the North due to the conflict Vellala still have a lot of power.

          In Tamil Nadu the Brahmins are powerful but they are a very small group in the North. In the South of SL non Tamils have the power.

          Many Vellala are comfortable in the North and even Colombo. The others are often not as lucky.

        • 0
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          NV,Introducing one self as B/G or any other does not mean that they are only looking for that particular kind.That is only a preference and if they find someone suitable from another cast,religion or race for that matter they will marry. It happens all the time all over the country.
          May be you just don’t see it since you are deep in the jungle.

      • 2
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        Dear Jim Softy,

        Here is a good and authoritative source to obtain info about Casteism both Sinhala and Tamil and the politics of communalism

        “Communal Politics Under The Donoughmore Constitution” by Dr Jane Russell.

        http://www.noolaham.net/project/37/3675/3675.pdf

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

  • 3
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    It should have taken only a brief look at other photos on the web site to realize…
    1. the “lounge chair”s are not in water,
    2. The man is NOT standing in water either… (heard of “infinity pool” Einstein?)
    And then… “he has offered her sex as one of the services”? “Upright after servicing of her”? And she is “post-serviced, on her back”? HUH? FACE-PALM!!!

    Highly sexually frustrated, ain’t we? I think we have a tiger here (and I don’t mean the terrorist kind).

    If this “educated” individual cannot interpreter an image accurately what confidence does anyone have of her capacity to take on the more complex issue she tries tackle in the rest of the article?

    P.S. And who gave her a doctorate? For the sake of sick people all over the world I hope we are dealing with a PhD in astrology or something.

    • 0
      3

      I am sure Sirilal was involved in this clowns Phd . probably awarded in 6 months .

      I agree with you . what an idiot this woman is .

      • 1
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        Who is Sirilal please?
        I want to write to Colgate University.

        • 1
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          please do so Mr Bokke .

    • 1
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      Different bits of the article have been appearing as news over the years. The author has done her research to confirm (an academic doesn’t write without confirming any fact) them and wrote this article,

  • 2
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    What a pervert . Typical of the Sri Lankan gon mindset . and sure no hotels no nothing . just talk politics . This is what this Gon Sira brought the country not that it is anything new .

    • 0
      2

      I am not worried about “Gon”ness of this Abaya or JimSofty, but percentage of SBs they represent. If you see comments in Sinhala websites, you may see this “Gon” Abaya is comparatively moderate SB..

      • 2
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        AVB , unfortunately SB’s of your kind have really bad VD . and it has gone to the brain .

  • 3
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    This Maalu-Maalu hotel at Passikuda is Basil Rajapakses hotel.This man was one of Gamini Dissanayakes one of the many Co-ordinating secretaries in the 80s.
    If MaRa continued as Head of State Basil would have ended up as the owner of Cinamon Grand,Galle Face Hotel,Kingsbury,Hilton etc etc etc.

    Where has this country gone to after Dudley Senanayake?

  • 3
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    Asst. Professor, your suggestive start about sex suggests a repressed sexual mentality in your head. In any hospitality driven nation servers carry trays and bring drinks to a pool. You may have had servants at home doing the same for you and did they offer sex, ? Beach boys offering sex is found everywhere where western tourists flock to third world nations. Heck if a tourist is willing to pay for an orgasm why not? Offer real solutions not prose.

    That absurd introduction took away from the serious issue of reconstruction and recovery for ordinary citizens .

    I hope your peer reviewed journal articles you required for getting tenure are better than this biased racially tinged opinion column . Hotels generate employment for locals in a barren region devoid of other resources except fishing and farming.

    What are your proposals? What proof do people have that those hotels are Basil’s? Just vicious tiger Tamil and UNP gossip or facts ?

    [Edited out]

    Tamils need to learn sinhala and English if they want to get out of their racist hovels and get jobs. Segregationists like Wigi who has low caste Tamil servants who cannot sit equal to his Brahmin honor can educate you about inequality in the caste ridden Hindu oppressive hierarchy .

    Please note, when tamils run off to Germany, Canada, France they quickly learn the language of the MAJORITY. SAME RULE APPLIES EVERYWHERE UNLESS YOU WANT TO REMAIN stuck in the barren calcified soils of eelam growing onions and chilly peppers or get high on the money now flowing into Tamil g youth free from war and old morals. Wigi blames the army because he’s a racist. The real cause is too much money and no fear of conscription and sexual repression and frustration.

  • 0
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    [Edited out]

  • 1
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    [Edited out]

    • 1
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      In support

      [Edited out]

    • 3
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      Wee Thamihz Senior Journalist Siva Sankaran Sarma Menon

      “[Edited out]”

      The best comment ever.

      Keep up the good work.

  • 1
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    Very good article but very very very poor comments. The article is a good starting point to make aware about this disaster to the general public.
    I’m too promoting civil society actors to work on this disaster.

  • 2
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    Dear Assistant Professor (Literature) at Colgate University, USA, Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham and Commentator Aia,

    A commentator “Aia” asked me to address the Core Issues that you have raised in your article. Though I am busy elsewhere on CT discussing some Key issues with Thambu Kanagasabai, I thought I would oblige Aia’s request by addressing SOME aspects of your article.

    Extract

    Present day Passikuda: Accumulation by Dispossession

    I want to quickly add that the first attempt to privatize these pristine beaches occurred in the aftermath of the tsunami. As some of the fishermen affirmed to me, some of their villages were moved inside as the 200-400 meter ban on beach reconstruction was imposed in the post-tsunami period to clear local populations from prime properties. Naomi Klein documents this well in her chapter on Sri Lanka in Shock Doctrine: the Rise of Disaster Capitalism.

    End Extract.

    The above paragraph does not reflect the Facts. It shows poor research on your part. You are thus building your article on Falsehood. Instead of being dispasionate and Accurate both Historicaly and Factualy, you are driven by emotion.

    The Law in Sri Lanka is as follows

    Coast Conservation Act No. 57 of 1981

    2.The administration, control, custody and management of the Coastal Zone are hereby vested in the Republic

    “Coastal Zone” means that area lying within a limit of three hundred metres landwards of the Mean High Water line and a limit of two kilometres seawards of the Mean Low Water line and in the case of rivers, streams, lagoons, or any other body of water connected to the sea either permanently or periodically, the landward boundary shall extend to a limit of two kilometres measured perpendicular to the straight base line drawn between the natural entrance points thereof and shall include the waters of such rivers, streams and lagoons or any other body of water so connected to the sea;

    On a cursury Internet search I discovered that in Australia the COMPLETE Coast around her is State Property. There is no Private ownership af any Beach in Australia. In the USA, it is Public property in MOST States. In Canada and India it is public property. A deeper Research may provide more information and more detail about countries that have a coast.

    The Tsunami occured on 26 December 2004. The Lankan Coast has been Public property since 1981!!!

    Hence your statements about dispossesion, POST Tsunami, is a Lie and is mischeivous propaganda if done with intent.

    Else it reflects on the quality of research that you have done and is not befitting an Accedemic who is an Assistant Proffessor in a US University.

    If your reference authority, “Naomi Klein”, has based her book on material such as yours, then I need not tell you, that she too is conning the world by putting out Trash within the front and back covers.

    Academic Qualifacations or possitions cannot lend weight and authority to patent falsehoods.

    I think you owe the CT readership an Explanation.

    Kind Regards,
    OTC

    • 1
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      OTC

      Thanks, long awaited but you have just touched the core issue, despite your ping pong game with Thambu. If State owns these beach fronts, SL army running these hotels is ok but who built it for them, state or Rajapakse?. How come Basil owns the hotel and the beach frontage. Does it mean the state is Rajapakses or Rajapakses is the state. Has these developments got past environmental approvals? And, I could not understand why have you so revved up against the Prof?.

      • 1
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        Dear Aia and Asst: Prof: Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham,

        I will just touch on two statements that Dr Ms Dimanthi has made. I will make detailed argument if she responds to my previous comment (July 1, 2015 at 11:31 am) and this one. I hope she responds but I have my doubts.

        The good professor wrote the following “It is a process by which local communities are being dispossessed of the commons, and for minorities, corporate hotels are acting no differently than a Sinhala colonial power invading their spaces”
        .
        The Racist overtones are prominent and unmistakable
        .
        The East, South of Elephant Pass was part of the Sinhala Kingdom of Kandy. There was no TAMIL rule in the East. Till invading colonials came to Lanka, the COMPLETE East was under Sinhalese Rule.
        .
        This Dutch Map of Ceylon, preserved in a Dutch Museum, dated 1726AD should be an Eye Opener for people who claim otherwise.
        .
        http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/en/Map-Ceylon.5852
        .
        There is a detailed argument with additional documentary evidence presented in the comment I addressed to Thambu Kanagasabai at the link below. To date, Thambu has gone silent on the issue.
        .
        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sri-lankas-sinhalese-tamils-historical-myths-realities/comment-page-1/#comment-1818330
        .
        All the sources I have used in my argument are Tamil or Dutch. I have not used the Mahavamsa.
        .
        The Sinhalese cannot COLONIZE the East because it is their own Land. However I will oppose any EXCLUSIVE claims to the East by the Sinhalese.
        .
        Since the Land in question has been State Land since 1981, no accumulation or dispossession has taken place.
        .
        Thus Asst: Prof: Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham’s argument breaks down completely. Consequently her attempt to portray the Tamils as victims of an ongoing persecution fails
        .
        She weaves into her article racist propaganda presenting the tourist hotels in Passikuda as an attempt to deprive the Tamils of their livelihood and Land. This emotional incitement IGNORES the IDENTICAL situation existing in the South.
        .
        Tourist Hotels dot the beach every few 100 meters from Negambo to Tangalle and beyond (in both directions) all along the Western Beach in the Sinhalese majority South.

        The Eastern Beach is much superior as a tourist destination to the Western Beach. What should we do without developing that potential? Isn’t her argument Idiotic?
        .
        She says “The push to consolidate the East for development, called “Eastern Re-Awakening” can only be a euphemism that hides the extra-ordinary violence that was necessary to consolidate the East under state control”
        .
        Cost of mine clearance______ Rs 19,502,000,000 (to March 2013)
        Govt contribution___________ Rs 11,374,000,000
        Foreign contribution________ Rs 8,128,000,000
        .
        If we depended ONLY on foreign funds (UN and INGO/NGO etc) ONLY 41% of the Land would have been habitable by March 2013. Hence either the displaced Tamils had to live elsewhere or risk having their children and themselves getting blown to bits by Unexploded Munitions.
        .
        The Mine Action Project of the UN Development Programme, citing a lack of resources coupled with the difficult nature of the work stated in 2012,
        .
        “It is expected to take [in] excess of 10 years to fully mitigate all remaining contamination in Sri Lanka,”
        .
        The UN estimate went beyond 2022!!! But we tightened our belts to raise 1.5 times more than what the world gave us to accelerate and make the North and East Habitable 10 years earlier than estimated by the UN.

        Expenditure on Welfare of IDP, Demining, Resettlement, Roads, Transport, Electricity, Water Supply, Irrigation, Health, Education, Housing, Courts, Agriculture, Fisheries, Livelihood, Telecoms etc was Rs 202,000,000,000 (to March 2013)
        .
        The above is just a small fraction of the actual money spent for the welfare of Tamils by the allegedly “oppressive Sinhala Govt”.
        .
        Of that, the Sinhalese contributed Rs 151,500,000,000
        .
        To make that happen 15.25 million Sinhalese had to sacrifice many things. The destitute amongst them, even meals. They had to keep tightening their belts year after year to uplift 1.6 million Tamils who populate the North and the East and who are even today attempting to EXCLUDE the Sinhalese from their Birthright.
        .
        Why was that done instead of improving Sinhala areas which have a large amount of poor? Because the so called “Sinhala Govt” and the Sinhalese are Racist?
        .
        Judging by how even the Tamil Intelligentsia think, even if the Sinhalese give an Arm and a Leg, the Tamils will keep asking for More.
        .
        Note.
        The data provided is from a report that consolidated the Northern and Eastern rehabilitation. It was a pdf document, the link to which I have lost. The data is reproduced using my old comments and are factual. Though tedious, anyone interested can obtain the data from various sources such as the Central Bank.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

    • 0
      0

      Off The Cuff,

      “The Law in Sri Lanka is as follows Coast Conservation Act No. 57 of 1981 2.The administration, control, custody and management of the Coastal Zone are hereby vested in the Republic “Coastal Zone” means that area lying within a limit of three hundred metres landwards of the Mean High Water line and a limit of two kilometres seawards of the Mean Low Water line and in the case of rivers, streams, lagoons, or any other body of water connected to the sea either permanently or periodically, the landward boundary shall extend to a limit of two kilometres measured perpendicular to the straight base line drawn between the natural entrance points thereof and shall include the waters of such rivers, streams and lagoons or any other body of water so connected to the sea;”

      I have seen this information posted by you before but not studied the details myself.

      What is the explanation for the numerous very old and some very new private buildings in the “coastal zone”? Who owns them? Hotel Mt Lavinia and all the restaurants there on Mt Lavinia beach are in the 300 m “coastal zone” are they not?

      It appears to be that all though the administration, control, custody and management of the Coastal Zone belongs to the state private persons and companies can build and own buildings.

      How to understand this contradiction?

      The cases taken up in this article are apparently similar.

      I believe that I have inherited some bare land in the “coastal zone” in Jaffna. Or maybe the land belongs to the state?

      Any further information you have would be appreciated.

      Thank you.

      • 1
        0

        Dear Heretic,

        The information I gave you is correct. It became law in 1981.

        The Mt Lavinia hotel is the former British Colonial Governor’s Residence. He was literally the King and could build anywhere he pleased.

        The Galle fort is on the beach and it is the same with all the maritime forts. Anyway I am unaware of any Coast Conservation law that predates the 1981 Act. Hence it may have been legal to own beach front private property in the past.

        There is however a Maritime Zones Law, No. 22 of 1976 which defines the Low tide and High tide marks to which the 1981 act has to comply. It mainly deals with territorial boundaries of Lanka.

        Re “What is the explanation for the numerous very old and some very new private buildings in the “coastal zone”? Who owns them? Hotel Mt Lavinia and all the restaurants there on Mt Lavinia beach are in the 300 m “coastal zone” are they not?”

        The owner of the Land owns everything that stands on it. If I build on someone’s property and ownership is not contested until the prescribed period expires, I would get Prescriptive Rights of ownership. This does not apply to State land.

        Re “It appears to be that all though the administration, control, custody and management of the Coastal Zone belongs to the state private persons and companies can build and own buildings”

        Unless the private party has a lease or a license from the govt they would be squatters on State Land.

        Re “I believe that I have inherited some bare land in the “coastal zone” in Jaffna. Or maybe the land belongs to the state?”

        It appears to me that the following will apply in your case.

        (2) (a) In any dispute concerning the area comprising the beach in any part of the island a certificate signed by the Director or a person authorized by him in that behalf containing a statement that a particular area forms part of the beach, shall be prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

        (c) For the purpose of this Act accretions adjoining private property shall be deemed to belong to the State.

        31D. (1) No person shall, by reason of possession or use of any specific portion of the beach claim to have acquired title to such portion of the beach as against the State.

        My opinion as a Layman, interpreting the language of the Act without any knowledge of case law, is that the State is the owner now.

        However since your title is derived by inheritance and if that predates the 1981 enactment, you are entitled to compensation like in any other govt acquisition of private property for a public purpose anywhere else.

        If your chain of title does not predate the Act then you may not get any compensation.

        The Coastal Zone has a complicated boundary. It is not simply 300 meters from the Beach. The complexity arises due to the openings to the sea of inland water bodies where a 2km long 300 meter wide inland territory gets included in the Zone. There are other complications due to the irregular shape of the water bodies itself.

        You should clarify the title, by getting expert professional advise before starting any new development.

        You should also be mindful of the following provision of Law which unfortunately Asst: Prof: Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham, the writer of this article was not aware of, when she was shooed away from the beach. She should have stood her ground as she had the right to be there.

        31D.2.(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this section, the public shall have the right to Use or enjoy any portion of the beach.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC


  • 0
    0

    This is exactly what our patriotic Bandula Jayasekara [Edited out]

    • 1
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      Bala,

      What are you trying NOT to say?

  • 0
    0

    Dr.Nimanthi.

    A fine exposure. People who made and sold Buffalo curd down south of the country are now owning hotels in the south.I have always thought that this is the era of the Guttersnipe!

    • 0
      0

      Dear Plato,

      It is indeed a fine exposure of CORRUPTION and I agree wholeheartedly.

      But nothing in it about Accumulation by Dispossession her main theme and her subsidiary theme of a Sinhala Colonial power invading the East.

      Who ruled the East is PATENTLY clear from this OLD DUTCH map, safely preserved by the Dutch, in one of their Museums.

      Please go through it. Here is the Link. http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/en/Map-Ceylon.5852

      Kotiar, Batticoloa and Trinco were the 3 PRINCIPAL ports of the Sinhalese Kandyan Kingdom in the East. A little research would have confirmed it.

      Here is a story that most of us would have heard as a child. It is the story of the East.

      THE ARAB AND HIS CAMEL

      ONE cold night, as an Arab sat in his tent, his Camel thrust the flap of the tent aside, and looked in. “I pray thee, master, let me put my head within the tent, for it is cold without.”

      “By all means, and welcome,” said the Arab; and the Camel stretched his head into the tent.

      After a while the Camel said “If I might but warm my neck, also,” the Arab agreed and said, “Put your neck inside,”

      Soon the Camel, who had been turning his head from side to side, said again, “It will take but little more room if I put my fore legs within the tent. It is difficult standing without”.

      The Arab moved a little to make room as the tent was small and said “You may also put your fore legs within.”

      “I keep the tent open by standing as I do. May I not stand wholly within?” asked the Camel a little later. “Yes, yes,” said the Arab. “I will have pity on you as well as on myself. Come wholly inside.”

      So the Camel came forward and crowded into the tent. But the tent was too small for both.

      “I think,” said the Camel, “that there is not room for both of us here. It will be best for you to stand outside, as you are the smaller; there will then be room enough for me.”

      And with that he pushed the Arab a little, who made haste to get outside the tent.

      It is a wise rule to resist the beginnings of evil.

      BTW, What do you think of the comparison of a standing man to a Phallus? I thought it was perverted and in bad taste. Do you think it is intellectual?

      She also was ignorant of the following provision of Law ensuring public access to the Beach (such as by fishermen and those seeking leisure) because her research was mediocre and not that of a professional.

      Coast conservation Act
      31D.2.(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this section, the public shall have the right to Use or enjoy any portion of the beach.

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

  • 0
    0

    C.T.

    Typing error.
    It should read as ….are now owning hotels in the East.

  • 0
    0

    Very poor writing from a Doctoral Professor. Badly organised, mixed up language, peppered with inappropriate and imaginary allegories, and racist comments. Just because one is married to a Tamil should not cloud one’s writing. Should try and do a better research next time.

  • 1
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    Dr. Nimanthi Perera-Rajasingham

    War & Domination By Other Means: Postwar Tourism In The East Coast.

    *** I love to attend some of your lectures on ” Sexual Fantasies ” and reach the Threshold of attainment ( I mean Orgasm) without any physical Contact.

    Let me explain what I mean and do I take it that your other half ( presumably Sinhalese ) shares your thought on the depth to which the Majority will stoop to Conquer Eelam.

    1) In one of the images that showcases the luxury and splendor that Anilana Hotel in Passikuda has to offer, we see a woman in a bikini. She could be a light skinned Sri Lankan or South Asian, or a well-tanned foreigner.

    *** You have started your Journey with mis information. Are you telling me that a Sri Lankan woman or even a South Asian will wear such skimpy cloths even in the 21st Century. I would have thought not as Modesty Forbids from wearing such cloths especially when parents or brothers or sisters might be around.

    2) Her cosmopolitan globalness makes her a universal sexual figure. She is lying back on a lounge chair, sun-glasses on, sex appeal on full blast, soaking it all in and looking in the direction of the camera. What caught my attention about this image is that her chair is not just by the beach, but appears to be in the water, so it looks like she is floating.

    *** Are you suggesting that she is an International Floating Ballerina ( Pros) offering Sex. Have you not heard of “Oyatha Alaikal” meaning steady stream of clients.She could die of exhaustion.

    This takes my Mind back to ” Krishnathi ” and the Barbaric Sinhalese Soldiers.

    3) Secondly, there is a Sri Lankan in the image (his identity seems another version of the global “local server”), in sarong and shirt, walking away after having served her.

    *** I think you have got the order wrong. You should have said ” walking away after having been served

    4)Domination During the War

    *** During the war there was the Direct brutality waged by the Soldiers.

    5) After the War:

    There is a systematic destruction of the Tamil Culture by the Introduction of Drugs , Drinks and Prostitution and these days using Proxies such as that happened to ” Vithya”

    6) Present day Passikuda: Accumulation by Dispossession

    Even within hotels, while military officers may not chase you away, there are private security guards standing by the beach, monitoring local populations, making sure no fishermen walk too close to tourists. One of the hotels has planted coconut trees on the beach, and has claimed everything inland from these trees to be its private property. So, no local populations can walk there, and as I tried, a security guard shooed me away.
    Ultimately, we must understand the processes of accumulation by dispossession as the contemporary face of neoliberal exploitation using the name of post-war peace and development. It is a process by which local communities are being dispossessed of the commons, and for minorities, corporate hotels are acting no differently than a Sinhala colonial power invading their spaces. In the aftermath of warfare and suffering, this looks like the newest assault by the majority on them. While, it is true that land grabbing is occurring in Sinhala areas as well, the fact that many of the hotels owners, managers and staff are Sinhala makes Tamils feel this is the continuation of war by other means. Even when construction work for hotels is carried out, large numbers of Sinhala workers are brought in from outside to do this work. Of course, these workers are probably paid a pittance, even as few Tamils are hired for this work.

    *** Why do you think there is such a clamour to bring the THUG back. To complete colonisation.

  • 0
    1

    The term or the concept accumulation by dispossession has been elaborated
    by the well known Marxist sociologist David Harvey. This article does not even
    make reference to him when the term is deployed. It is sloppy and crude
    piece of research.
    S Atygalle.
    4th July 2015

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