16 April, 2024

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Facts And Fallacies Of Muslim Population In Sri Lanka

By Nimal Siripala –

Nimal Siripala

Anti-Muslim campaigns have been on the rise in the recent past across Sri Lanka – raising the spectre of Muslims being an existential threat to Buddhism and the Sinhala race due to their increase in numbers and growing economic domination.

The perceived demographic threat that Muslims will overtake the Sinhala race in size of the population is a fallacy that has gained ground and coupled with the claim that the wealth of the nation is under the control of Muslims, has contributed to producing a fear psychosis in the minds of even moderate Sinhala Buddhists. This, in turn, fuels the already vicious rhetoric of hardliners who are bent on causing disaffection among the largely cohesive, peace-loving people of this country. The public discourse is a growing hotbed of misinformation, distortion and fear-mongering.

People who hold extreme views blame those who contradict them as representatives of NGOs funded by the West or sponsored by Muslims. Therefore, it is essential that moderate people of all communities discuss some of these falsehoods openly rather than leaving space for extremists on both sides to throw unsubstantiated accusations.  

The three prevalent fallacies circulating in the media, including social media, and in places of worship and public gatherings, are that:

1. The Muslim community is growing so fast that by 2100 Sri Lanka will become a Muslim majority country.

2. In 15 years, Muslim children under 8 years of age in Sri Lanka will be 52% of the national population.

3. The Sinhalese population in Colombo, which was 51% in 1951, has already plunged to 10%.

This essay addresses all these misconceptions starting with the fallacy that the Muslim community is propagating so fast that Sri Lanka will soon be a Muslim majority country.

This is the most sweeping statement that influences the Sinhalese to feel a sense of insecurity for their children’s future and fear that the Sinhala Buddhist nation would soon come to an end.

The relatively high growth rates of the Muslim population between 1981 and 2011, compared to that of non-Muslims, have been perceived as a threat to the dominant position of the Sinhalese. As this has become an issue of concern to many, it was raised at an official gathering held at the Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Training and Research Institute (HARTI) recently. Answering a query raised by the audience, the Director – Population Census and Demography Division of the Department of Census and Statistics Ms Indu Bandara stated: “Sinhala and Muslim populations had increased at the rate of 1.04% and 1.87% respectively between 1981 and 2012, but it is not a threat to the Sinhala people, contrary to claims made in some quarters.” She further added, “It is also false to state that the Muslim population is higher than the Sinhala population within the Colombo Municipal Council area. (Population: Census Expert Disputes Anti-Muslim Claims. The Island. March 18th 2013

A full-page article published in the ‘Mawbima ’newspaper used official demographic statistics* to convince readers that the Sinhalese population is diminishing while the Muslim community is increasing.  This article was highlighted during an early morning TV programme.  Again, on 30th May 2018, it was followed by another article by the same writer concluding: ජනගහන දත්ත අනුව පෙනෙන්නේ මේ යන විදියට මුස්ලිවරුන් මෙරට මහ ජාතිය වන බවයි– (Translated as “According to the Census data, it seems that Muslims will be the majority in the country.”) This article, too, using population statistics, argued that Muslims would become the majority in this country.

Official figures indicate an increase in Muslim population as a percentage of the total population from 7.4 % (1981 census) to 9.5% (2011 census) – Meaning total Muslim population has increased by 78% during these thirty years. This is a piece of information that is used continuously to build several alarmist scenarios and amplify the fallacy that Sri Lanka will become a ‘Muslim country’ in 2100.

Parliamentarian Udaya Gammanpila has held an extraordinary press conference at which he claimed that he has obtained unpublished data of the 2012 Census from the Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). With this data, he states that he can confirm that the Sinhala population will be extinct because the Muslim child population, as a percentage of the total child population, is higher than that of the Sinhalese child population and has increased by three times compared with the increase of the Sinhala population. This is a decisive turn in this debate as he has used official data of the child population to analyses general population growth. But, analysed further, it shows that his interpretation is incorrect and data used is inappropriate to explain population growth.

Therefore, this essay presents a more comprehensive analysis to refute this dramatisation and persuade readers to address these issues based on evidence.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

First, let us see the historical population dynamics. According to Table 1 in the 80 years 1931-2011, the total population of the country increased by over 15 million with the increase in the number of the Sinhala community being over 12 million and the Muslim community a little over 1.7 million.  

During the period 1981 to 2011, the Muslims had the highest annual average percentage growth of 2.6%. Based on this rate, the 2011 Muslim population of 1,936,700 would take nearly 200 years to come even close to the 2011 Sinhala population of 15,250,100, assuming that the Sinhala population would remain static during this time is very unlikely. Thus, during both periods when one Muslim person was added to the population, the Sinhalese added an average of seven. Therefore, the notion of the Muslim population exceeding that of Sinhala population by Muslims is a long-distance target that can succeed only if the Muslim had a continuous increase of population growth more than Sinhalese for several hundred years to come.

It is essential to open a space to analyse the multiple factors that affect the growth of communities, rather than making projections based on one period.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

According to table 2, there is a continuous increase in the proportion of Sinhalese from 65.5% in 1931 to 74.9% in 2011. As a percentage share, the Sinhala population has risen by 9.4% units (or 11.8 million people). During this period, the Sinhala population has increased as a percentage of the total population much higher than that of all other communities. The other ethnic group which has shown a continuous increase in its proportion is the Muslims, but at a slower rate compared to that of the Sinhalese. They have increased their population share from 6.4 % to 9.5. The population of all other ethnic groups, as a percentage of totals, has either been constant or has declined.

If the two full censuses of 1981 and 2011 are compared, the Sinhalese did not achieve the same rate of increase they had made earlier. Instead, their proportion has increased only by 1% (4.2million) whereas the Muslims had a 2.1% (0.8million) increase. Without considering the historical changes, this recent increase of the population of Muslims has been used to portray a false scenario of grave danger to the Sinhala Buddhists of Sri Lanka being turned into a minority.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

According to table 3, the average growth pattern between censuses during the last 100-year period, the population growth of Muslims was not always higher than the growth of the Sinhala population. The growth rate of Muslims also keeps diminishing but at a lower rate than that of the Sinhalese.

Considering the migration and other social development of the community such as education, late marriages and women engaging in employment current growth rate of Muslim population will start falling as time goes.  It was noted that the average age of marriage for Muslim women is increasing.

Currently, Muslim women’s average age of marriage differs from the Sinhalese by less than one year. According to the 2011 Census, the average age of marriage for Muslim women is 22.7 years, while it is 23.4 for Sinhala women (Census of Population and Housing  2012 Table 5.11 : Mean age at marriage by ethnicity, 2012). But a myth has been created in the society to depict that most Muslim marriages are underage marriages.

The highest birth rate can be found not in Muslim countries but among the poorest countries in the world. Poverty and lower education levels have an immense impact on the growth of the population. When Muslim women get educated and become employed, they will tend to have fewer children. For example, in Iran, women’s fertility has dropped dramatically. Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Turkey and Algeria are some examples of reduced population growth. This trend is visible among the educated Muslims in Sri Lanka too.   

This essay examines the general population growth and also the trends of current births by ethnicity. This is important because current births are the sole driver of the population increase in the years to come. Rather than limiting our observation to in-between censuses, it is necessary to have a more in-depth understanding of the pattern of births in recent years.

As previously mentioned, recently, parliamentarian Udaya Gammanpila revealed his new findings during a news conference (Press conference, Udaya Gammanpila, Hiru News). He has taken extra effort to get official data from the Department of Census and Statistics and derived some tables to prove the expansion of Muslim population based on the children population.   As unbiased researchers, we have to commend his effort openly because he has tried to introduce official statistics while rejecting the popular misconceptions,  he tried to prove,  and which are not substantiated by official statistics.

Contrary to what Mr Udaya Gammanpila claims information of children population by ethnicity is published by the DCS. Please see the population tables on the website of DCS. The table A9 gives the population by ethnic group, age and sex, and Table A7 is population by religion, age and sex. Therefore there is no need to make any request to the DG Census to get the information he presents.

He argues that, due to the higher rate of increase of child population of Muslims during the five-year period which ends in 2012 Census day (12-03-2012,), the Sinhala population will start reaching the brink of extinction. This is not a scientific analysis as he claimed because the data, he uses is not suitable to prove his proposition.

A statistician will not use the data in the same Census to explain the population dynamics and call it the population growth as Udaya Gammanpila has done. Because the Census is a snapshot of the population of the country at a particular time, and it is static; therefore, it is not suitable to compare the population dynamics. This ought to be done by comparing several censuses and also by using vital statistics such as registration of births. 

However, let us look at his calculations and interpretations. He compares the children population who are under five in 2012, (born during 2008-2012) against the group of children born in the previous five-year period (born during 2003-2007) and currently identified within the 5-9 age group. Thus, he gets a 1.4% growth for Muslims and a 0.5% increase for Sinhalese. He argues that since the Muslim population increases at a higher rate of 1.4% it is officially accepted that the Sinhala population will be extinct and what happened to the Bamiyan Buddhist statue in Afghanistan would likely to happen to the Awukana Buddha statue.   

It is wrong to interpret the comparison of numbers of two chid groups living at the same time as population growth. The table below presented by him gives his calculations.

If the same method of calculation was  used  to find the growth rate  of  the  group of children born within the previous five year period,  (born in 2003-2007 and  who are  currently in the age bracket of 5-9)  and compared it with the ones in the age group of 10-14  you will find five years ago the Sinhalese child population had a growth rate of 8.4%, and Muslim children had a 4% growth.

If the same data were taken from the 1981 and 2011 Censuses and compared, it shows that during the period, the average annual growth rate of the Sinhalese child population under five years’ age is 6.4 % while it is 4.4% for the Muslims. It implies that during the last 30 years, the Sinhalese child population under five grew at a higher rate than that of Muslims. 

How would he interpret these growth rates? Would he be able to say the Sinhala population is going to be extinct when it grew at more than double the growth rate of the Muslims? This is the question we have to ask him. It’s entirely wrong to use one time one piece of information to make long term projections when there are historical data is available.

This short analysis proves that the age bracket comparison within the same census to project population growth does not give any meaningful results and is not suitable to project future population. This is because population growth is impacted by several factors which have been discussed in this document and are discussed by many academics and demographer

Against this backdrop, it is more logical to use the rate of annual childbirth to see whether the Muslim community is deliberately attempting to override the Sinhala population.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

Table 4 shows the behaviour of annual average growth of population, the percentage of the Sinhalese and Muslims of the total population and the nature of the gap built during the period. The number of total births that occurred in 1992 is 356,842. During the last 24 years, the total population under 24 was built up to more than 8 million (8,551,712) by 2015. This group is a large proportion of the total population, which gets added to every year. If we analyse the rate of build-up of the Sinhala and Muslim population under 24 years, during this period the Sinhala population has an annual average growth of 14.8% while Muslim has a little higher rate of 15.5%. Most importantly, there is no significant distinction between their increase ( Please see rows 9 and 10).

The positive and negative numbers in rows 5, 6 and 7 show the annual growth rate of births for each year. But what is evident is that there is no consistent pattern of increase (or decrease) in Muslim births. This means that there is no deliberate programme of increasing the Muslim population. Please see Figure 1 below for the changing pattern of the births.

Graph 1, clearly shows that from the last decade of the previous century, the Sinhala population almost had negative growth. But from the year 2000 onwards, both Sinhala and Muslims have a similar growth pattern. The initial positive growth rate of Muslims has given a higher rate for the whole period compared to that of Sinhalese. Otherwise, there would not be much difference in the growth rate of both communities for the entire period.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

When we look at the year 1992 in table 4, the number of newborn children to Sinhalese were 254203 and birth of Muslims children was 37,302. Therefore, the gap or the number of children born to Sinhalese over the ones born to Muslims in 1992 was 216901. And by 2015, the gap or the total number of children born after 1992 for Sinhalese and others over the number of children born to Muslims has expanded from 216901 to 5017827 (Please see the graph 2)

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

The changes mentioned above are graphically illustrated here. The upper grey coloured part shows the total Sinhala population born during the last 24 years period in Sri Lanka. In 1992 254,203 births were recorded by mothers with Sinhala ethnicity. After 24 years, the accumulated number of the Sinhala population by birth has reached more than six million (6,045,612). In the same way, mothers of Muslim ethnicity recorded 37,302 births in 1992, and in 24 years they should have just over one million (1,027,783). Please see the tiny green strip to see the accumulated Muslim population during this period.

It is not surprising to see that the gap between Sinhalese and Muslims born after 1992 is alarmingly high with time. The amber colour strip depicts the gap or the excess created over Muslim during this period. The excess of Sinhalese over Muslims has risen from 216,902 to 5,017,829 or from around a quarter of a million to more than five million within these 24 years after 1992. This is a piece of clear evidence to show that a small community with a moderate growth rate, similar to that of the Sri Lankan Muslims, cannot override a majority community only by reproduction.  It needs enormously high birth rates or very high immigration, which is not relevant in the Sri Lankan context.

It implies that if the population growths of the communities continue at the current prevailing rate, which is very unlikely the gap will further widen for more than 100 years and will start converging only after 200 years if the Muslim population remain forever with the current growth rate.

It is argued that if the Muslims population growth stays higher than that of the Sinhalese continuously, at some period, it could exceed the numbers of the Sinhala population. But this is as farfetched as the possibility of the Sri Lankan economy, which used to have 5.5% average growth rate in terms of national income, outstripping the trillion dollars national income of USA because the US growth rate is always lower than that old Sri Lanka.  

Although in mathematical terms these predictions could be made, in reality, demographic changes are caused by multiple socio-economic factors such as poverty, education, employment of women, internal and external migration, the lack of and the cost of childcare facilities and the desire to have a better quality of life.  It is noticeable that in the richer countries in Europe, the fertility rate of second-generation Muslim migrants has dropped significantly. It is also evident that urban Muslim families, similar to the other communities in Sri Lanka, have lesser numbers of children. Mr Udaya Gammanpila admitted this in discussion with Minister Rauff Hakeem. Therefore, unending high growth for Muslims for hundreds of years  is unlikely. The annual average population growth rate of Muslims was at 2.9 % in the 1953/63 period and 1.9% in the period 1981/2011, and it is likely to be lower in the years to come.

Source: Registrar General’s Department – 2014

Table 5 is quite clear as it shows the number of births registered by age and ethnicity of the mother. It appears that a number of Muslim women are getting married in their teenage years and producing children earlier than later, while, Sinhalese and other groups are more prone to marry later and produce children later. However, there is no indication that by marrying early, Muslims are producing an overly large number of children, though early marriage is a social concern for other reasons and Muslim women are advocating amending Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act.  All these facts ridicule the idea that the Muslim community is growing so fast that by 2100 Sri Lanka will become a Muslim majority country.

Fallacy Number 2: Muslim child population under eight years of age will exceed the number of non-Muslim children under eight in 15 years by 52% to 48

Even for well-experienced statistical analysts, busting fallacies is more difficult than proving facts. People are increasingly confronted with the above statement. It could trigger both anxiety and confusion, with people not having the time or ability to analyse the statement. Consequently, it is likely to be taken as the truth.  

Therefore, it is useful to do some simple calculations to find out the annual rate of increase of Muslim births required to exceed the population of non-Muslim children less than eight years of age and reach 52% of the total population under eight years– pushing the proportion of Sinhala and other ethnicities to less than 48%.

Alarmists had portrayed that by 2030, the total population of children less than eight years of age will be above 6 million, with the Muslim child population totalling 3.2 million the children of Sinhala and other communities totalling 3 million. Currently, Muslim children less than eight years are around 12% of the total population of children under eight. To increase it to 52% they have to raise their number of births in 2013 from 44,284 to over 648,208 in 2030 while assuming that the Sinhalese and others have a moderate increase of 1.04%. Therefore, Muslims have to increase their number of births annually by more than 17% compared with the current rate, which is around 2%. This means that Muslims have to increase their number of new births by an unbelievable 1364% from 2013 to 2030. Currently amongst Sinhalese and others, out of 100 women of childbearing age there are eight births per year while 100 Muslim women in this age bracket give birth to ten children per year. In 2030, based on the present trend, there will be 2.59 million (86.3 %) Sinhalese children less than eight years, and for the Muslims, the figure would be 0.397 million (13.7%) and not what the picture that alarmists portray.

Juggling with statistics lead people to believe that the statements on which fear-mongering is based are authentic. Although some can argue that this statement is absurd and unbelievable, the harm it will cause is enormous. The volume of ‘sharing’ of this fallacy on the internet (see sensational caption in Sinhala image above) and the ‘likes’ received, and comments made the online show the level of acceptance of this misguided statement.

Even the parliamentarian Udaya Gammanpila in the Balaya TV programme together with the then Minister Rauff Hakeem specifically mentioned that a doctor and a priest had told him the same thing. If there are such believers among the doctors and priests, even when Gammanpila has a suspicion, we can imagine the belief of the ordinary Sinhala population.

Equally, the Government’s family planning programme is portrayed as a dangerous scheme to the advantage of Muslims by reducing the Sinhala population.

Population statistics of Sri Lanka show a gradual decline of the birth rate of all Sri Lankan communities and the family planning programmes introduced in the mid-1960s are often blamed for this decline. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), family planning is a strategy to improve sexual and reproductive health and is a vital pillar of the overall health, empowerment, and human rights of individuals and the sustainable and equitable development of societies.

Family planning is seen as the culprit for the observed reduction of the Sinhalese population and as a conspiracy of the West, but when the policy was rolled out, almost all the politicians, policy planners, administrators and citizens welcomed family planning as a remedy for poverty, unemployment and overpopulation. The participation of the broader community in family planning is around 65% of the population. It had a worldwide attraction in the 1960s and ’70s because poverty, rising populations and unemployment were critical issues in many developing countries.

Just a few days before his demise, one of the architects of the family planning programme Dr Wickrema Weerasooria wrote this in reviewing a book authored by Dr Sarath Amunugama on 9th December 2018.

As everyone knows, the late Lalith Athulathmudali helped me to put Family Planning above party politics …   I also got the approval of my Minister-President Jayewardene to appoint Siva Obeysekera, a former Health Minister in the SLFP government, to head the International Review Programmes …….. I was ably assisted by all the NGOs working in this field such as the Family Planning Association at that time led by DayaAbeywickrema and Community Development Services led by Brigadier Dennis Hapugalle.

I can still remember the slogans which he helped me to print on envelopes at the Government Printers which ran as follows: Punchi Pavula Raththaran – Api Dennai – Daru Dennai,…Those were the catchy slogans. … provided to me by Dr Amunugama.”(Why Amunugama most qualified person to pen “dreams of changes” The Sunday Times, 9/12/2018)

This Family planning policy got support not only from the policymakers but from almost all the politicians and from many ordinary Sri Lankans.

However, in the last few years, a large number of prelates, academics, politicians, artists and many others have expressed their grave dissatisfaction about the family planning programme policy of two children. The “Punchi Pavula Rattharan” concept, promoted in the ’70s, is repeatedly blamed for the decline of the fertility of Sinhalese women. Statements from leading personalities condemning the family planning programme as a Western and NGO-guided programme to reduce the Sinhala Buddhist population in the Buddhist country appear at regular intervals.

In recent history, this policy was shown as a curse Ven. Soma Thera, who became the beacon of Buddhist youth, provocatively propagated the idea that: “The Sinhala population will disappear in 50 years. In 40 years, the Sinhala population and the Muslim population will be equal. And by that time, Muslims will be the ones who will have all the power.  When your child is grown up, he will have to change his religion and name to get a job.” This sermon delivered 15 years ago, and it is ridiculous to believe that Sinhala and Muslim population will be equal in another 25 years’ time.

Recently a former President and then Minister of Finance expressed his views “Before we had eight and nine children in our families and now it is one or two or maximum of three. Our race is gradually nearing extinction. As I have seen, other than the terrible living conditions one side, it is the government’s conspiracy to reduce our population.

Musician, singer, composer and a former director of music education and director of Sri Lanka Rupavahini, Corporation participating in one of the popular TV programmes expressed his utter dissatisfaction about the family planning programme. This would have created a negative impact of the family planning programmes in the minds of viewers countrywide as he is a popular figure. The attack on the Family Planning Clinic in Bandaragama about four years ago is an example where the human rights of many women were grossly violated. A monk led this attack.  He even forced school children in uniforms to participate. It was an aggressive protest and doctors at the hospital had to abandon the family planning procedure scheduled for 40 selected women over 34 years of age. The monk argued that it would further reduce the Sinhala population. The monk was not charged for the offence of disturbing the functioning of a government department and intimidating the staff.

Surprisingly, again on 22nd October 2018 (Divaina Paper 22 October 2018) the former leader of JHU and Southern Province Chief Sanga Nayaka, Dr Omalpe Sobitha Thero, addressing a ceremony at Matara, presented new statistics. According to him, the Sinhala population during the last 15 years declined from 78% to the current level of 60%, which is contrary to the figure published by the DCS, which shows that the Sinhala population was 75% of the total population. (Please see Table 2). According to Dr Omalpe Sobitha Thero, there is a 15% reduction of the Sinhala people in the last six-year period, which is not possible.

Also, he mentions that during the previous 31 years, i.e. between 1982 and 2012, there is a reduction of four million births of Sinhalese children. According to official statistics over the last 25-year period, the number of birth of Sinhalese were nearly seven million (Please see Graph 2). Therefore, his statement that there is a reduction of four million births is not acceptable.

Regrettably, people occupying venerated positions keep on with this rhetoric without substantiating it with any reliable information.         

Interestingly, none of these protests or campaigns by monks or their followers were able to increase the birth rate among Sinhalese women. Failing to achieve much, the extremists have now resorted to spreading falsehoods, which not only a plea to increase birth rate of the Sinhalese but also attack the economic base of the Muslims. These extremists have spread ridiculous claims that Muslims were not only expanding their population but also manipulating to reduce the Sinhala population by unscrupulous methods. Sinhala women are warned not to patronise Muslim-owned clothing stores because they were serving toffees and selling garments that would make Sinhalese women and men infertile. Another fallacy which was circulated widely and believed was that Muslim eateries and restaurants were adding infertility drugs (vandabeheth) to the food served to the Sinhalese. Leading doctors had to make statements and hold media conferences to debunk the notion that infertility drugs could be administered through food and clothing. Despite the assertions by leading doctors, the vandabeheth theory is repeated even now by persons occupying esteemed positions in the religious hierarchy.

The accusation of Dr Shafi on sterilisation of 4000 Sinhalese women is one of the worst types of drama orchestrated by interested parties and culminated with the resignation of  Muslim ministers. The undemocratic aspect of this episode is that relevant authorities were not allowed to conduct independent investigation to reveal the truth.   

These malicious fallacies created and spread throughout the country are aimed at undermining racial harmony and generating another wave of violence which will serve the needs of the unscrupulous politicians and others who stand to benefit at the expense of the country. The propaganda to spread the notion that in 15 years, Muslim children under eight years of age in Sri Lanka will be 52% of the national population is to spread fear psychosis and also a feeble attempt to encourage Sinhala women to avoid birth control which is their human right.

Fallacy Number 3: The Colombo Sinhalese population which was 51% in 1951 plunged to 10%

There is no evidence that the Sinhalese population of Colombo is 10%. However, as the media also seems to be giving prominence to these types of statements, it is necessary to examine this claim further. A leading newspaper (Mawbima) published a full-page news item on this subject on the 26th of February 2018. According to the newspaper, a Buddhist prelate made such a declaration at a ceremony to award diplomas to Montessori trained teachers. The ulterior motive of this message appears to be to portray Muslims as controllers of the heart of the country, and it is the capital city –creating a fear psychosis among the majority community.

According to the population census of 2011, conducted by the Department of Census &Statistics, the proportion of Sinhalese in the Colombo Municipality is 37%, which is the highest proportion of the total population in the Municipality. The proportion of Muslim and Tamil communities registered within the Colombo Municipal Council (CMC) area are around 30%. Please see Table 8 below, which gives the official statistics.    

It is an impossible task to reduce the Sinhalese population from 37% to 10% within five or six years.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

However, this opens up some areas for interesting research. If only the Colombo Divisional Secretariat (DS) area is enumerated, the Muslim population is the largest group, comprising approximately 41%. The Sinhalese community in the Colombo Divisional Secretariat area is 25%, which is lower than that of the Sri Lankan Tamils too. Colombo Divisional Secretariat excludes Kollupitiya, Bambalapitiya, Kirulapana, Borella, Dematagoda, Narahenpita, etc. which are under the Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat, although they are included in the larger Colombo MC area.

Source: Department of Census and Statistics

It is not surprising if there is a decline in the Sinhala population in the Colombo Divisional Secretariat area because the total population of the Colombo MC has declined from 642,000 to 561,000 during the ten years from 2001. A decline was mainly shown because of the new enumeration methodology used by the Department of Census and Statistics during the 2011 Census. The 2001 Colombo DS Census data has not been adjusted to be comparable with 2011 Census data, but it still confirms that the Muslim population is high in Colombo DS area. The decline of population in the Colombo DS is close to 60,000 people during the last two censuses.

During this period, nearly 40,000 Sinhalese moved their residency out of the Colombo DS area, and around 6,000 Muslims chose to move into the Colombo DS area as their new residency. On average, some 4,100 Sinhalese left Colombo DS while 580 Muslims came in during each year. It implies that there is no high-level influx of Muslims into Colombo. Instead, the population normally residing in Colombo DS  is shrinking. As a percentage, the Sinhala population contracts not because of the inflow of Muslims into the city but more likely because the Sinhalese left the city preferring a better life away from congested inner-city areas and also due to change of enumerating system from de facto* to dejure** in 2011. (Enumeration based on the place where the person enumerated was on the night of the enumeration day – ** Enumeration based on the place where the person enumerated normally resides)

Rather than having any preconception about the rise of the Muslim population in Colombo, it is essential to analyse demographical changes using historical information. Historically Colombo used to be a highly populous city with its density more than that of many cities of the world.

The following was extracted from the “The Colombo MC Centenary volume 1865-1965“: “Mrs I. Kannangara, Deputy Director of Census and Statistics, shows in her interesting and authoritative monograph entitled a Demographic Study of the City of Colombo that Colombo was in 1953 ninety-five times as densely crowded as the rest of the Island. It had a population density greater than London, New York, Montreal, Birmingham and Liverpool.”

The same document gives the population of Colombo in 1963 as 511,644. In comparison, the 2011 population was around the same level.

In the years 1921 and 1963, the Sinhalese population in Colombo was 46.9% and 51.1% respectively, while the figure was 18.6% and 21.0% for the Muslims. The increase in the Sinhalese community as a percentage of the total was 4.2% units while it was 2.4% units for Muslims. The inflow of Sinhalese to Colombo was twice that of Muslims during that period. The current trend is the reversal of that and Sinhalese are leaving Colombo city at a high rate. It is probable that Muslims will follow suit. Already both Sinhalese and Muslim outflows are seen from the Pettah and Fort areas. This is a tendency in many metropolitan areas of the world, and it will be no surprise to see a continued shrinking of the residential population of Colombo.

This, however, does not mean activities within the city are diminishing. What is happening is the replacement of private dwellings by commercial buildings, hotels, and expensive condominiums with foreign investments. Similarly, new business establishments will emerge, replacing some of the enterprises that have sought better prospects in outer Colombo. Soon Colombo is likely to become the hub of large-scale trading, commerce, finance and banking.

These developments permit some Colombo Central residents who own dwellings within city limits, to trade them for fantastic prices and receive substantial financial gains and move out of Colombo for a better life. Unlike the minority Tamils and Muslims, Sinhalese can move fearlessly into other areas in Colombo or its suburbs. Hence, they take this opportunity and swiftly move out of this area.

The Muslim presence in Colombo has historically been as a trading community, but at present, it appears that most of them are now engaged as petty traders, and they are concentrated in particular wards in the Colombo Municipal Council. This trading community includes pavement hawkers, petty traders, food sellers in the streets etc.   Most of them live in extremely congested areas, and therefore, the density of the Muslim population in the Colombo DS area is high. A large percentage of the Muslims live in the overcrowded slums, which often lack necessary facilities such as toilets. Thus, a community living in such poverty is nothing to be envious about even if they form the majority in the Colombo DS. Muslims and Sinhalese living in these areas are the ones who keep Colombo moving at the level of the lower strata of society. The affluent Muslims and Sinhalese would not prefer to live in such congestion and, irrespective of their ethnicity; they will move to areas where they can live comfortably.

This commercialisation trend is not limited to the Colombo DS area. This trend, which has been happening for some time, can be seen in other areas, including the Kotte and Thimbirigasyaya divisions. The intensity of the building boom and the emergence of substantial commercial activities along the main roads and inner areas of Kotte and the Thimbirigasyaya DS area can be seen clearly. Consequently, from these two Divisions, too, there is an exodus of Sinhalese to other areas of Colombo District. The significant movement of Muslims in the Colombo District is to the Kolonnawa, Obeysakera Pura and the other suburbs as the land prices are relatively low.

There is an intensive domestic migration going on in the Colombo district. At present, outsiders moving to the Colombo District are not able to settle down close to the Colombo city as land prices have skyrocketed. As a result, it appears that the population in the suburban and semi-rural areas in Colombo District like Homagama, Kesbewa, Hanwella and Kaduwela, where land prices are more affordable, has risen considerably. The migration of Tamils was restricted as they have limited areas to securely settle due to the risk of ethnic conflict that has prevailed for several decades. Muslims, in the past, had a better choice of choosing their residence. But, during the last 6-7 years, the inaction of authorities to curb the anti-Muslim hate campaigns and ensuing violence against Muslims has shaken their confidence to settle down in unknown areas.

Muslims, like other ethnic groups, are becoming increasingly keen to give their children the best education and improve their wellbeing. So Muslim urban migration will continue, but they will seek more secure places to live.

An issue facing Sri Lanka, like in many other countries, is an increasing religiosity. It is a phenomenon that runs across all religious groups in the country. However, this leaning towards religion has not proved to be a positive factor – generating a tendency to develop hatred towards other religions and communities. Religious leaderships, educational structures, politicians and intellectuals have failed to build cohesiveness among communities, leading to the younger generations growing up in an environment where suspicion and hatred towards other communities are becoming the norm. Religious leaderships, rather than giving the message of peaceful co-existence, are increasingly encouraging the building of large and impressive structures and religious symbols that would inspire followers but, at the same time, create competition between communities. A combination of political opportunism, unethical mass media behaviour and provocative social media propaganda fans the flames of inter-community conflict.

Religious leadership, whether it be Muslims or Buddhists, has to ensure that the monks and the Ulamas do not incite hatred. The government has to enforce law and order irrespective of the status or religion of the perpetrators. It is equally crucial for moderates in both communities to take a stand and oppose these hate campaigns.

This essay concludes with an often-quoted statement of Martin Luther King Jr “History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamour of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people” Napoleon Bonaparte also makes a similar statement

The world suffers a lot. Not because of the violence of bad people. But because of the silence of the good people.”

*Nimal Siripala, former Director of Ministry of Finance and Planning Sri Lanka and Data Analyst at Statistic New Zealand, is currently an adviser to National Statistic Office Solomon Islands. He has Masters Degrees from Russia and The Netherlands. He has been trained in the USA as a National Accountant and Environmental Economist. He has also served in the Republic of Palau, Bougainville and West Britain Island of Papua New Guinea.

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  • 13
    5

    Wonderful article. Will those who most need to read this actually consider all that is said therein?
    .
    My concern is with unsustainable World Population growth.

    • 2
      6

      Mr. Mrs. Sinhala Man.
      /
      You should only worry about “”unsustainable World Plantation growth.””

      • 2
        1

        Bloody fool, S. C. Pasqual!
        .
        How can a man be Mrs.?
        .
        There is an article by the said gentleman here:
        .
        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/some-thomian-pharisees-are-adamant-on-the-need-to-cheat/comment-page-1/?unapproved=2321596&moderation-hash=714fe8154bf3ff39f993a960df54bde7#comment-2321596
        .
        You will also see a photograph of his face – not of his balls, unfortunately.

        • 4
          1

          Mr Sinhala Man,
          .
          This bitch’s son Pascal would do anything to be on good books of Rajapakshes.

          The kind of idiots are what they called WANDI BATTAYAS of lanken systems.

          To me if i would see, MAHINDA Rajapakshes is punished by KARAMA – the day I will be able to breath in peace.
          .
          Now those who opposed to MCC aggrements make committees to discuss it

          Barbaric Gota sit with DRUG peddlars and rapists together but talk high about making tangible changes.

          Did you notice Gotler while visiting RMV – those so called authorities in that institutioin, suffered many from nail biting moments.

          The question, raised by Gotler was why authorities failed to implement new and efficient systems – Those authorities behaved nervous not being able to respond to him. But Gotas brother was the one who wideneded the wounding situations of those public sector institutions.

          • 1
            2

            Mr. Babalata thoththu,
            \
            Good
            Wait for “KARMA”
            Good luck.

  • 15
    3

    Your Facts and Figures are Awe Inspiring. But the fact remains that Islam advocates Large Families!
    Don’t Muslims Realise that an increase in Population is the Main Cause of Climate Change?
    Look at what is happening in the rest of the Developed World due to the Increase in Population!
    Earthquakes, Cyclones, Drought, Bush Fires, Tsunamis, and So On and So On….
    The Mosques and Imams should be encouraging Family Planning so that the Earth’s Resources are better Managed

    • 10
      3

      Hamlet,
      .
      Globally, overpopulation is an overstated problem, and not even remotely close to an issue for SL. Climate change is part of the changing earth’s weather system that would occur anyway weather or not the humans are present.
      .
      International Institute for Env, Development analysed changes in population and in greenhouse gas emissions for all the world’s countries, and denied any links between the two subjects.
      .
      Economic growth needs population growth with the right leadership – Take India/China/US for examples. Earthquakes, Cyclones, Drought, Bush Fires, Tsunamis have been part of planet Earth from its formation, and they shaped the world, will continue to shape.
      .
      If Islam only advocates larger families, how come non-Muslim grand-mothers too had 10 kids on an average? Did the other religions have a different version of teaching then? Today, it is the different lifestyle. earning power, fear of future ,etc contribute

      • 3
        0

        Mohd!-
        “….how come non-Muslim grand-mothers too had 10 kids on an average?”
        Mohd, -Two wrongs don’t make a Right!
        But Non-Muslim Mothers had the Good Sense to learn from the Mistakes of the Past and Limit their Families to Two or Three Children!
        Economic growth is NOT Important if it Means Population Growth AND the need to Build Bigger and More Environmentally Unfriendly Cities, where the People who live in them Lead a Lifestyle that God did not intend for Adam and Eve!

        • 4
          1

          Rationalist,

          “But Non-Muslim Mothers had the Good Sense to learn from the Mistakes of the Past and Limit their Families to Two or Three Children!”

          Come on, too many maternity leaves will make wives, full-time housewives. It is a situation that not many husbands can afford at today’s show off lifestyle where everything from kitchen oven to the vehicle is to be paid installment monthly. There were no mistakes, simply, grand-moms could do that, but you can’t.

          Grand-mothers didn’t have to worry about monthly installments. Those who could afford, showed off, those couldn’t offer luxury, didn’t bother showing off & lived accordingly. They were simple mothers & housewives, not cash-cows that are away from kids & husbands, the primary role. You live in a society that values wives who contribute financially compared to full-time housewives. But put this situation in a modern context with fake dignity, ‘women have the equal rights to work’ to push her to cover what you are supposed to do, and take her away from her kids.

          With all that said, yes, too many kids is not affordable and Muslims too have reduced now.

          • 3
            3

            Mohd!
            “With all that said, yes, too many kids is not affordable and Muslims too have reduced now.”
            I am glad that the Prophet Mohammed is Moving with the Times, and encouraging Muslims to Reduce their Number of Children!

            • 0
              0

              Rationalist,

              Yes, Prophet Mohammed is moving with the time is a positive sign, but it isn’t sad to see others moving away from their good religious teachings & human values with the time? And, I also see how progressively your ‘Rationalism’ too is moving with the time, when you were quick to pick an uninvolved Prophet’s name to an argument just because the respondent’s name sounds to belong a religion. Isn’t naive to decide a guy’s religion with the names used to post comments in CT? Okay, tomorrow I will post the same comment as ‘Krishnamurthi’ to give you tough time. Grow up brother :-)

              • 0
                0

                It is just a bigoted irrationalist’s dream to look modern, civilized & sophisticated that makes him use the screen name, no worries to see him act like a real one. Cheers

              • 1
                0

                Mohd:-)
                ” Grow up Brother”…
                Who is making assumptions now, that ‘Rationalist’ is your Brother?
                …AND You were quick to Jump to the Conclusion that I thought you were a Muslim!

  • 15
    17

    Lot of rubbish statistics.
    But the truth is…..
    Muslim population had increased at the rate of 1.87% while Sinhala populations had increased only at the rate of 1.04%..
    And Muslim population had increased as a percentage of the total population from 7.4 % (1981 census) to 9.5% (2011 census).
    We should do two things immediately.
    1. We have to limit the number of children in a Muslim family to 1.
    2. We have to stop under age children getting married.

    • 5
      3

      S. C. Pasqual,

      Before suggesting a solution, you need to be certain about which issue you’re trying to address:

      1. Muslims population increase
      2. Sinhalese population not increasing at the rate of Muslims
      3. General population increase in SL

      ???

      • 1
        0

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      • 3
        1

        Mr. ghk,
        \
        If you are genuine in your question, there are few other things which I like to add which might clear my position.
        /
        1. Muslim girls get marry very early which results longer child bearing period.
        2. Muslims fundamentally / socially / and religiously encouraging a big family.
        3. Christian Church and all other religions have almost stopped aggressive spreading with the turn of the century.
        4. All other societies were encouraging “one child policy” or “two child policy” for past half a century.
        \
        Do you have to be a rocket scientist to understand what will happen overtime?
        /
        People who live in their intellectual ivory towers are trying to hide the truth under statistical garbage.
        \
        Biggest threat is to the Tamil people. Try to compare the growth rate increase and population increase with Tamil population statistics.
        /
        Tamil fools who are commenting here doesn’t have a clue what’s going to hit them.

  • 15
    8

    A very interesting read on facts. If only the author can translate it to Sinhalese and publish it in the Sinhala websites. There are some factions among the Sinhala Buddhists that need to be educated about this. They tend to believe the anti Muslim propaganda deliberately spread to cause fear.

    • 3
      3

      Fear is the key ..
      Not many will like to hear the truth.
      It’s useless always blaming clergy or politicians.
      We the public are such a shame , we never make an effort to establish peace and understanding .
      We are happy as long as we have someone or some situation to blame it on.
      People need to come together as one and start trusting and start understanding the causes of fear and hate no politician or clergy can do that for the people.

  • 5
    1

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  • 5
    0

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    0

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    • 3
      2

      Dear JD, you have reached maximum retries. Your account is locked until tomorrow. Please try again in the brand new Year. Happy New Year!

  • 14
    4

    IF SINGALEASE are worried that their numbers are less compare to muslims in colombo district they have to blame them self.there is one place in bambalapitiya which has about 175-200 units of houses which were built in 1945.this was originally a govt unit.all original owners were 75% were singalease who became owners after paying only around Rs 45,000-50,000.during the period of 1985-2005 most well to do tamils and muslims moved from north-east to colombo to escape from the war between LTTE-GOVT. the money greedy singalease sold their units for 45 to 50 laks rupees to TAMILS AND MUSLIMS.when it comes to money they do not bother whether TAMIL MONEY OR MUSLIM MONEY.these people have moved to areas like kesbava,kaduwela,and further to down south and settled there in semi rural areas where houses are cheaper than in colombo.SO PLEASE DO NOT BALAME MUSLIMS AND TAMILS FOR THIS SITUATION.

    • 5
      2

      Kokuvialn,
      What you have said about migration to Colombo may be true but your reasons are against the norms of migration. Usually when urban population start to get over-crowded, well-to-do families start move out looking quiet neighborhood at the periphery. Someone else with less alternatives will eventually replace them. In this case, the majority could have been displaced Muslims Tamils. However, the infamous Black July tragedy forced out a large number of Tamil families allowing Muslim number to increase. This the normal pattern observable in depressed population centers whether in SL or anywhere else. I saw the same in Los Angeles where S American and Asian (Lankan included) migrants replacing Blacks who move to periphery forcing Whites to move even further.

      In any case the statistics presented in this essay must stand as real eye opener. I always believed that this is the fact but also know the perception among S/B racist is quite the opposite. The real challenge is to find a way to go against those who are responsible for generating wrong perception. In this regard, I think that this essay misses out key comparison of statistics: The average income of each ethnic group. I don’t have the data but I suspect that Muslims may show relative gains while Tamils losing ground. I believe that one of the real reason (the other is the rise of Jihadism, particularly in the East) for the anti- Muslim perception among Both S/B and Tamils is economic gains followed by political gain.

      The key campaigner against Muslim economic gains is Medagoda Sumane. He manipulated anti-Muslim rhetoric as a cover for his business ventures. But, the solution is not to destroy economic prosperity of some communities based on ethnicity – as a matter of fact, as a nation it is a good thing – but to find ways to provide the same opportunities to other neighboring traditionally S/B or Tamil communities.

      • 0
        1

        ….. correction: Medagoda Sumane must be Medagoda Abhayatissa. Sorry for the mistake.

        Also, the last portion of my comment is missing may be b’cos I exceeded the word limit. However, the general meaning still stays intact.

  • 3
    0

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  • 8
    15

    Let me take this opportunity to record that ‘Islamophobia’ is not a phenomenon that arose in or confined to Sri Lanka. It has become fashionable to vilify Sinhala Buddhists from every angle. Islamophobia for one thing is not our creation. I have seen videos circulating on the Internet dicussing how demographics in Europe is going to be affected by Muslims. Trump started off his presidential career with a ‘Muslim ban’ as we all know. So these good hearted myth busters have a red line to cross, a bigger geography to deal with if ‘truth’ is what they are after.

    Soma

    • 5
      8

      Sinhalese, not all but most, do suffer from so many phobias not just ‘Islamophobia’. This fear psychosis is and has been deliberately created and cultivated in the minds of gullible Sinhalese, by the racist Buddhists monks and Sinhalese politicians, who peddle lies, fabrications and falsehoods about the non-Sinhalese for their own survival, which these gullible people believe unquestioningly!

    • 1
      1

      soma,

      “‘Islamophobia’ is not a phenomenon that arose in or confined to Sri Lanka”

      How beautiful and developed SL be, same way, if you follow suit other countries in positive things as well?

  • 8
    6

    Nimal Siripala,

    RE: Facts And Fallacies Of Muslim Population In Sri Lanka

    “People who hold extreme views blame those who contradict them as representatives of NGOs funded by the West or sponsored by Muslims. Therefore, it is essential that moderate people of all communities discuss some of these falsehoods openly rather than leaving space for extremists on both sides to throw unsubstantiated accusations.”

    Thanks for your article sorting out the facts from the fallacies. Ask Cop[Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler.

    When the mean IQ of the populace is 79, this certainly becomes a problem. After all, still about half of the populace believes that the Sun goes around the Earth, and do not know about the Heliocentric model.

    Another example, most of the Para-Sinhala believe in the lies and imaginations in the Mahawmsa, that is tale as well as a Fable, with history picked up from the Deepawamsa.

    Their DNA, mt-DNA reveals that they are Paras from India. Do they know that?

    Do the Para-Sinhala Para-“Buddhists” know that the monks hijacked Buddhism, and made the monks, the 3rd Gem of the Triple Gem, when it was for the Bodisattas only, originally intended.

    So, now the low IQ imbeciles, mean IQ 79, prostrate to the saffron clad monks, believing that they are paying respect to the 3rd Gem of the Triple Gem, Bodhisattas. The imbeciles are just pissing in “pissing in the wind”. It means to take an unrealistic view or attitude, or to recommend or attempt a course of action that is futile.

    They also listen to an believe in all the nonsense.

    The monks, who replaced the Bodhisattas, want to maintain their hegemony.

    What an distortion of Buddhism and an insult to the Buddha and the Dhamma,.

    • 5
      12

      Buddhist monks have been the biggest obstacle to:
      • Dravidian invaders who wanted to promote Shaivism in Sinhale.
      • Portuguese, Dutch and British colonial parasites who wanted to exploit resources and promote Catholic and Christian religions in Sinhale.
      • Evil forces who want to destroy Buddhism and bond between the temple and laymen/women.
      • Evil forces who want to destroy heritage of Native Sinhala Buddhists.
      • Dravidians who want to carve out a piece of land from the Land of Native Sinhalayo and Vedda Eththo.
      • Suddas who want to carry out their agenda in Sinhale.
      • Evangelists who want to promote Evangelism in Sinhale.
      • Malabar Wellala politicians who want to introduce a New Constitution with Federal elements to get what Dravidians could not get through terrorism.
      • Wahabi Muslim expansionists.

      Monks played a vital role in saving this country from ‘Para’ evil forces and they will continue to do so in future. If these guys who carry out mud-slinging campaigns against Buddhist monks think that they will be able to stop that they are just wasting their time.

      • 4
        1

        Eagle Eye,
        Who are “Malabar Wellala” citizens.

      • 4
        2

        Eagle Confused Eye,

        “Buddhist monks have been the biggest obstacle to:”

        There were no Buddhist monks to prostrate for 300 years or so, until the Establishment of monk hegemony, by tricking, and by interpreting the 3rd Gem of Bodhisattva of Buddha’s time with monks. The imbeciles had no clue.

        The invaders could have been contained or defeated whether there were Buddhist monks or not.

        Buddhism without the monks, Buddha and Dhamma is all what needs to get to , attain to be extinct.. a goal of Buddhism. They can also get to extinction by fighting the invaders with or without the monks.

        Monks are interested in their Hegemony, just like the Priests and the Ulama. The politicians are riding the Monks, Priests and the Ulama, so that they can prevail over the imbeciles, mean IQ 79, who become more imbeciles, by induction, by prostrating to imbeciles monks, who hijacked Buddhism.

        Para-Sinhala Para-“Buddhism” is a distortion of Buddhism and is an insult to the Buddha and to the Dhamma, because the Para-imbeciles are prostrating to the imbecile monks.

        Suckers. After all, there is quite a nit of truth to the saying, Sinhalaya Modaya., Sinhalese are fools. Is it by monk induction, or by Mahawamsa induction?

        • 1
          2

          “After all, there is quite a nit of truth to the saying, Sinhalaya Modaya., Sinhalese are fools. Is it by monk induction, or by Mahawamsa induction?”

          All Sinhalayo are not modayas. I agree that 30% of the Sinhala voters who voted for the ‘Pad Man’ are modayas with low IQ.

          Sinhalaya Modaya
          Kewun kanna yodhaya
          Yuda karanna sooraya
          Kotiyange maraya

          • 0
            1

            Eagle Confused Eye,

            “All Sinhalayo are not modayas. ” Yes, we can agree on that.

            The problem is with those Para-Sinhala Para-“Buddhist” imbeciles, mean IQ 79 AND BELOW, who prostrate to imbecile monks, who have hijacked Buddhism, by calling themselves the 3rd Gem of the Triple Gem.

            Can we call them Triple Imbeciles?

  • 5
    9

    THE ONENESS OF GOD
    Most of the people undestand the one god. that the reason it is incresed.

    The Quran reminds us of the falsity of all alleged gods. To the worshippers of man-made objects it asks: Do you worship what you have carved yourself (Quran 37:95) or have you taken unto you others beside Him to be your protectors, even such as have no power either for good or for harm to themselves?

    • 8
      3

      rbh,

      The belief in the one god, one supreme God, “Being”, was advocated by the Zoroastrians, the Hindus, “Brahma”, picked up by the Jews, Abraham from the Zoroastrians, and the Christians, (Trinity, 3 in 1) Muslims, and others.

      Buddha did not take a position on God.

      Where is the definitive evidence for this belief? The current presence of the Universe with the “Big Bang” expansion?

      Are all those beliefs , such as Nirvana, Nibbana, Heaven, Hell, Purgatory etc., without definitive data, human concepts and beliefs , just like the Sun going around the Earth?

      After all, the other primates, with 98.5 percent common genes with humans do not seem to have such beliefs.

      • 4
        8

        Mr. Amarasiri

        “Big Bang” expansion? Who heard the big bang Noice who withness the event.

        People saw jesus through jesus we know God. Jesus performed many mirracle for signs that he did in gods permission his miracles were documented by eyewitnesses.

        • 6
          2

          rbh,

          Miracles?

          Jesus turned water into wine.

          H2O ==> CH3CH2OH ?

          Walked on Water?

          Was the surface tension of the water very high, or did Jesus wore special shoes with anti-gravity properties?

          Are these Parables?

          The Para-Sinhala Para-“Buddhists” are lead to believe that the 3rd Gem of the Triple Gem are the current monks, (not the Bodhisattva of Buddh’as time, )who run berserk, attacking and committing crimes.

          Do you think, based on common senses, that those those who follow these monks, prostrate to these monks are imbeciles and suckers?

          • 1
            2

            Amarasiri

            Did the big bang take the ownership for the measurements and the position moon sun and earth to populate people on the earth and central of gravity in its fixed location?

            • 1
              0

              rbh,

              Yes. They were natural equilibrium positions.

              Life on Earth, people are a consequence of the natural equilibrium positions.

              These positions and arrangements were established long before humans advocated the belief in the one god, one supreme God, “Being”, by the Zoroastrians, the Hindus, “Brahma”, picked up by the Jews, Abraham from the Zoroastrians, and the Christians, (Trinity, 3 in 1) Muslims, and others.

              Buddha did not take a position on God. He did not know.

              Buddhism The Great Evil — Part 1

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNOfTGSADdY

              Buddhism The Great Evil — Part 2

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clcs2PSze0I&t=329s

              Then, the Monks hijacked Buddhism for their own hegemony. and made it evil, just like the Catholic Church

              • 0
                0

                They were natural equilibrium positions.

                The holy books claime ownership and designing equilibrium positions.and nature is derived from it. like Adam and Eve, were the first man and woman
                every was step by step documented

  • 7
    6

    When facts are established within ones own Camp it is normal to be considered as unreliable , but when facts are established beyond all challenges by the oppositte camp , then indeed it becomes a testimony everyone with common sense must accept .
    Thank you and bless your heart Mr.Nimal Siripala

  • 12
    6

    A brilliant analysis. A need of the hour. Unbiased open discussions. Journalism of days gone by

    • 8
      4

      udaya,

      Yes. A brilliant analysis of getting to the bottom of incorrect beliefs. When the mean IQ of the populace is 79, a larger fraction can be persuaded in incorrect beliefs, so that the cunning can maintain their hegemony.

      Nicholas Copernicus did the same, with data, busting the incorrect belief of the Greeks and the Catholic Church on the Geocentric model of the Solar system and the heavens.

      This analysis of the Sri Lankan Muslim population growth is just one example.

      Now, when Wimal Buruwansa, a Minister says, 2/2 =0, the imbeciles believe that.

      When the saffron clad Para-Sinhala Para-“Buddhist “ Monks, tell the imbeciles, that they are the 3rd Gem of the Triple Gem, replacing the original Bodhisattas, they believe that too and, prostrate to the imbecile monks.

      This is the problem with low IQ, low common sense and low intelligence. They can be persuaded by crooks or by the ignorant with a particular agenda in mind.

      • 4
        7

        Amarasiri,
        “Nicholas Copernicus did the same, with data, busting the incorrect belief of the Greeks and the Catholic Church on the Geocentric model of the Solar system and the heavens.”

        Renowned archeologists P.E.P. Deraniyagala, S.U. Deraniyagala and Raj Somadeva busted the incorrect belief that Sinhalayo came from India with scientific evidences but some guys hold on to the incorrect belief like those ancient Greeks.

        • 4
          2

          Eagle Confused Eye,

          “Renowned archeologists P.E.P. Deraniyagala, S.U. Deraniyagala and Raj Somadeva busted the incorrect belief that Sinhalayo came from India with scientific evidences but some guys hold on to the incorrect belief like those ancient Greeks.”

          The incorrect beliefs that the Para-Sinhala are the original natives of the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, by the so-called Archaeologists, was BUSTED by modern molecular biology and modern generics, by looking into the mt-DNA haplo groups, just the same way, Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler BUSTED the geocentric model of the Greeks and the Catholic Church.

          Scientific Reference:

          https://www.nature.com/articles/jhg2013112

          Original Article
          Published: 07 November 2013
          Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

          MtDNA haplogroup analysis revealed that several West Eurasian haplogroups as well as Indian-specific mtDNA clades were found amongst the Sri Lankan populations. Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

          • 2
            1

            “Scientific Reference:

            https://www.nature.com/articles/jhg2013112

            Original Article
            Published: 07 November 2013
            Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations”
            —-
            No where in this article the authors say Sinhalayo originated in India. We can tell the truth to the don key but we cannot force the don key to accept the truth. Don key is no different from ancient Greeks.

        • 3
          0

          Eagle Eye/HLDM who has much capacity to teach the less educated about living together peacefully and move towards all round development, sadly choses to deliberately deceive and mislead. At this age, one wonders why?

          Both respected archeologists Drs. Sudarshan Seneviratne and Shiran Deraniyagala are in record – both here and among academic circles in India – conceding what EE/HDM calls Sinhalayo came from neighbouring South India. Why, even the modern historian and legal luminary Dr. Colvin R. de Silva accepted the undisputed fact adding “only difference is when and from which part of India” Good man, EE/HLDM, please spread knowledge among those keen to learn, that you are fully capable of – not racial mischief and communal hatred. It is falsehood such as the one you spread our
          political landscape has given birth to fanatic rogues like Champika R, G. Pilla and that deranged lunatic in robes Ampitiye Sumane – to name just 3 out of many thousands of the hate brigade.

          Backlash

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    Another Myth is that The rich Muslims among Sri lankans , rich nations and mosques financial support the poor Muslims.
    One only has to visit Apple as the to know the misery what the poor Muslims are going through ,3 to 4 families living within a space of 272 sqft, some may go hungry for days , God bless latif who was the only daring writer who took time to detail the entire story on CT , no other media ever bothers to write about these poor suffering people who have become scapegoats to businessman, some corrupt Religous NGOS and ofcause their masters who are the politicians.
    Few days back as usual the Muslim Community was shamelessly sharing in boost of how a girl living in utter poverty worked herself up to medical faculty , she just happened to be the lucky one , no one is aware how many more are struggling and will never ever see their dreams come true.
    Shameless they want to boost steel the success of this poor family.
    Most Sinhalese have got their wires mixed up .
    Only Borahs, Mermons , Ismaili and Ahmedya Muslims Support their communities.
    And that is what must be done not just within Muslim Communities , but by every Buddhist temple , Hindu Temple, all Churches and their communities without expecting the government to give handputs

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    Nimal Siripala: Forget Sinhale because you might argue, sinhala-Buddhists as the problem. How about the world population of muslims. It is one third of the world population or close to TWO BILLIONS OUT OF OVER SEVEN BILLION. Muslims have issues both as culprits and victims. What do you say about that ?. Why Sinhala – Buddhist are cornered here.
    There are books written about militant monks in Asia. But, once reading began I understands those books describe the behaviour of the Christian church. Recently, there is a story about a bold headed Evangelist Pastor being slapped. But, the Bhikku accuse him of setting fire other churches and then Buddhist temples to create clashes. The same story is true with Hindu Temples (In Trinco). But, the Church is behind it.
    Who do you think behind is in your article.

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    Sorry meant to type Applewatte Col 10.

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    We are a Sinhala Buddhist country. According to Buddhism we should endeavor not to be born again. So is Gammanpila anti Buddhist when he says Buddhists will vanish from Srilanka.Is he against our attaining Nibbana the supreme bliss.

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      Upali,

      Yes. You make a very good point. To achieve Nibbana, ultimately the cycle of life, death, being reborn should end, and vanish, annihilation, just like it was before life began on earth about 3 billion years ago, by RNA replication. After all, Buddha had Rahula, and the lineage became extinct, vanished, got annihilated.

      Before the introduction of Para-Buddhism to the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, and even before the Illegal arrival of the Paras from Bharat, the Natives did fine.

      The monks and the politicians, want hegemony, and the politicians are piggy backing off the monks, and the monks, off the backs of the imbeciles, mean IQ 79.

      How did the monks establish hegemony? They hijacked Buddhism. The claimed that the original third Gem of the Triple Gem, Sangha, Bohdisattas, can be replaced by monks, and got the imbeciles to prostate to the monks.

      It has been Monk hegemony from there and imbecile stupidity to to keep the Monk hegemony going.

      Buddhism needs reformation.
      Monk hegemony broken.See what the Chinese did in Tibet.

      It is only Double Gem. Buddha, the teacher, and Dhamma, his teachings and philosophy, love of Wisdom. that is needed by the Buddhists.

      The monks are just getting in the way, to maintain their hegemony, by corrupting Buddhism. Besides, they are a drag in the economy as most do not produce meaningful goods and services.They mostly run amok, and sit there to be receive prostrations from the imbecile populace and the cunning politicians.

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  • 8
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    It is heartening to see a person of Mr Siripala’s credentials providing a detail statistical analysis of Sri Lanka’s demographics. It dispels some of the falsehoods uttered by people with vested political interests. Unfortunately, the falsehoods uttered by interested parties get rooted in the bigoted mindsets. No amount of authentic data and clarifications will dispel these fabrications in the minds of people who want to believe them – even when they know they are not true. Case in point is the ‘vandabeheth’ canard; another is the case of Dr Shafi.
    I wish the Department of Census and Statistics would do an analysis on population growth of different ethnic groups according to their (a) economic circumstances (b) education and other factors that affect birth rate. I believe such analysis would show that birthrate depends on these factors to a far greater extent than ethnicity or cultural factors such as religion.
    Quite apart from this debate of relative birthrates of Muslims and Sinhalese, the more important factor is the population carrying capacity of the island. My understanding is that the ideal population for the island is around 10 million people. This is the human population level that will provide an ideal balance between Nature and Man; a state of equilibrium. It would provide the flora and fauna of the island to flourish without allowing desertification, deforestation, loss of habitat for other species, species extinction, and to mitigate the effects of climate change. Encouraging a population growth race is the stupidest thing politicians and religious leaders can do. Sri Lanka, as it is, is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
    The statistics show that the Sinhalese population is stabilizing to replacement level. However, it seems that the Muslim population is still growing above the replacement level. This is where the Muslim leaders need to act to educate the Muslim population on the need for family planning. Open pronouncements in this regard by Muslim leaders will do wonders for communal harmony.

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    Mr. Nimal Siripala

    Laborious effort to nail misapprehensions and misinformation to the counter regarding Muslims.

    If you study the statistics of SL Tamils together with the numbers for Indian Tamils just for the post ’71 period, you will discover the grand ‘errors’. In the analysis you have to also account for SLTamil diaspora numbers though with informed guesstimates.

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    Bullshit we sinhala Buddhist are strong and capable of handling any situation the SLPP politicians only spreading false fabricated stories for there political gain and foolish sinhala Buddhist keep on voting for SLPP this will go on and on until sinhala Buddhist reach political maturity the other party is stupid monks knowingly canvassing for SLPP.
    If we want safeguard Srilanka as a Sinhala Buddhist country we have to do away with Christian way of Saturday and Sunday weekend holiday and immediately implement weekend holidays as satara poya look at middle east take middle east as an example lets do it.

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      You right,,, but first, all the leaders in Sri Lanka never were Sinhala Buddhists. This problems not cost by leaders, but cost Sinhalese Buddhists Modaya public and Modaya monks.
      In the past, Sinhalese monks were not modayas, still you could have gotten those leaders to do right things even though they were not real true Buddhists or Sinhalese.

      What happened today’s is dumb modayas public and monks fell into the propaganda trick laid Tamil tigers supporting global conspirator.

      In the first place, in sinhalase Buddhists were and monks had knowledge about western spies and Rajapaksas family’s background, they could have established a complete Sinhalese Buddhists government..not going after RW, sajit and the worst Rajapaksas.
      How the hell you asked Rajapaksas to deport, reduce or eliminate Tamil, Muslim and Malays if you want in a case of emergency or just ask them to control above mentioned population and eventually eleminates these populations in 20 year civilesed intelligence program?
      The whole world conspiring against Sri Lanka through these populations group and how the hell Rajapacksas who were brought Sri Lanka by Portuguese or other colonialists and related all those groups can ever counter conspiracy against Tamil, Muslim, Christian and their western backers?
      The is one solution, to this problem is automatic creation of manachy, , put arm forces and intelligence services under manachy and put manachy. As the head of government any elected government with right desmental any any government who conspired with foreigners or sign agreement s which detrimental Sri Lanka and particular Buddhists majority.

      Under monarchy, everything, can be done just in one royal degree , and directly focus on elemanating these populations through millions of conspitorial programs.. you don’t need to ask dumb drunken modayas in the parliment and wait until foreign forces take over Sri Lanka by changing demography

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      It was already done, and it was a failure. Get up to speed and don’t keep reviving already tested and failed issues that do not work with the rest of the world. It was a huge financial loss for this country. It would be stupid to try it again, but hey, Sri Lankans do stupid things.

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      We don’t take terrorist countries as examples

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    Politicians who depend on racist and communal issues for their political existence and a few self-claiming analysts who depend on such politicians for their own existence distort true statistics and information to back their divisive claims. In such circumstances views of writers as such as of this article is a welcome effort.

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    Mr Nimal Siripala
    Infinitely grateful if you can educate us on how and when the Muslim population grew from zero to 9.5%.

    Soma

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      soma, and Mr. Nimal Siripala,

      “Infinitely grateful if you can educate us on how and when the Muslim population grew from zero to 9.5%.”

      Infinitely grateful if you can educate us on how and when the Para Population, Para-Sinhala, Para-Tamils, Para-Hindus, Para-Christians and other Para population grew from zero to 99.9 %. in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho.

      Was it brainwashing, deception or just perks, and they all called it tradition, si that the monks, the priests and the Ulama can maintain their hegemony.

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      Shall be even more grateful if you tell me how populations other than the aththo grew from zero to what they are.

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      somass

      “Infinitely grateful if you can educate us on how and when the Muslim population grew from zero to 9.5%.”

      How did 700 + 1 thugs grow into 16 Million population over 2500 years if we are to Trust Mahavamsa? How did Tamil population grow from 0 to 3.25 Million over the same period?

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        Native
        You seem to know the answer to my question. Was there a point in time when the Muslim population was only 5% of the total?

        Soma

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          soma

          First let’s look at the percentage increase in Sinhalese population from 1881 to 2011 inclusive:

          Year Sinhalese %
          ___ ________ —–
          1881 Census 1,846,600 – 66.91%
          1891 Census 2,041,200 – 67.86%
          1901 Census 2,330,800 – 65.36%
          1911 Census 2,715,500 – 66.13%
          1921 Census 3,016,200 – 67.05%
          1931 Estimate 3,473,000 – 65.45%
          1946 Census 4,620,500 – 69.41%
          1953 Census 5,616,700 – 69.36%
          1963 Census 7,512,900 – 71.00%
          1971 Census 9,131,241 – 71.96%
          1981 Census 10,979,561 – 73.95%
          1991 could not be conducted –
          2001 Census 13,876,245 – 82.0% (Total 18 districts)
          2011 Census 15,250,081 – 74.90%


          Now is there an explanation as to why the Sinhalese population growth accelerated over 130 years from 66.91% between 1871 and 1981 to 74.90% between 74.90% between 2001 and 2011?

          Is there a correlation between unemployment rate and rate of population increase?

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            NV
            I am still looking for help to find out around which decade/century Muslim population was about 5% of the total.

            Soma

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              somass

              Don’t worry if you didn’t get it. It’s your shared South Indian DNA which purposely make you very stupid.

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      Amarasiri aiya, SJ, and Native
      You all have confused ‘percentages’ with ‘absolute numbers’.

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    From the point of view of a devout Muslim this is unadulterated blasphemy. What was the purpose of Allah in sending down yet another Prophet (PBUH) after Jesus Christ with yet a book after Bible if not for converting the entire humanity to Islam? To say that the Muslims will not grow beyond the present level and will never beat the unbelievers and idol worshippers in numbers is an upfront to Allah’s original purpose.

    Soma

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      Are you an Islamic Scholar? Maybe a Statistician? Hardly a “devout” Muslim from your ramblings. Lame try.

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    some sinahzlee lost their common sense and wisdom.
    today; population is not a burden but it create wealth and money..
    suppose we have 20 million highly educated professional people …
    rather than sending house maids. we could have sent professionals to make national Wealth.
    so sorry idiot politicians make this kind of claim..
    sorry some monks too.
    make monk marry so that we can increase more population among sinahzlee…
    that too one reasons for reduction of Sinhalese population

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      Mr Siripala

      Your statistical analysis to disprove alarmist theories is commendable but I am not sure if the mindset of self acclaimed saviours of Buddhism & the Sinhala race, which are, incidentally, two different issues, will ever change.

      Islamophobia is a world phenomenon, & politicians, from Trump in the US & Brexiteers in UK to our very own, have exploited the religious & nationalistic sentiments for their personal benefit. Even tolerant countries in Europe have seen a rise in popularity of neo Nazis & extreme right wing activists. Certainly the Islamic terrorists & barbaric Islamic regimes are to be blamed for the universal hatred of Muslims but it has become an excuse to tarnish all non Europeans.

      Hitler blamed the Jews for conspiring for world domination & blamed the German Jews for all the ills in Germany at the time & convinced the German public of their superior German race which was being threatened by Jews, justifying the ‘elimination’ of Jewish citizens. Now Trump is blaming foreigners, even though America is a nation of immigrants, & make America ‘great’ with a white supremacist agenda. What is happening in SL is very much the same in principle & politicians thrive on the ignorance of masses with a misguided sense of patriotism.

      I can understand the average man on the street being provoked by opportunistic politicians but when so called educated people condone racism & bigotry, no wonder we have yobs ruling the country.

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