26 September, 2020

Blog

A New Deal For Sri Lanka 

By Mangala Samaraweera

Mangala Samaraweera

The worst economic crisis since Independence is upon us. For some decades now the grim clouds of debt, waste and corruption have been gathering over our island. Now – as this fearsome storm of the Coronavirus unleashes its fury – anguish and desperation, grief and sorrow, fear and rage, will engulf us all. 

Hundreds of thousands of our countrymen and women are likely to lose their jobs. Hunger will visit countless families. The debt-collector’s dreaded shadow is looming over millions. 

This tempest has only just begun. Yet, portends of its destructive fury are already evident.  Recently three mothers of Lanka died because they were desperate for a Rs. 1500 donation. Now with the suspension of the Rs. 5000 relief scheme, hunger could soon give way to starvation. According to UNICEF, even prior to the current calamity, nearly one in five small children were already suffered from stunting. The recent Reuter’s report writes that ‘Sri Lanka’s finances were fragile long before the coronavirus delivered it’s blow…’

But there is hope. Much of this suffering can be avoided. We need to understand the causes of this calamity, devise radical plans and act decisively. There is no other alternative. 

The Birth of Tragedy

Sri Lanka’s economy today is like a grand old Walauwa whose proud inhabitants, despite hardships and imminent poverty live on stories of the heroic deeds and the prosperity of  their aristocratic lineage. From afar, the elegant roofs, ornate woodwork and sweeping verandahs shine of prosperity, stability and confidence. It is only when one is invited in for tea that the leaky roof, termite infested trellises and moth-eaten curtains become apparent. 

If one stays a few days, the venerable edifice’s sorry secrets slowly become apparent. One

 son stays at home, unemployed. His parents cannot afford to pay for university. The other son, a school drop out addicted to heroin amply made available by the media moghul ‘uncle’ next door in the gleaming fairy tale mansion is always on the wrong side of the law. The parents hides the fact that they survive on the remittances sent by their only daughter working as a housemaid in West Asia. Food is scarce, especially on the days preceding the debt-collector’s arrival. The plantation behind the house, once the fount of prosperity, lies forlorn and decrepit – half-heartedly managed by a few withering old retainers. The methods are equally ancient, and replanting last took place an age ago. 

Sri Lanka too is in such a sordid state. An eagle flying over the island sees great ports and airports. But swooping down, discovers their cavernous emptiness. As he casts his eye over the city, grand condominiums contain people who cannot afford the lifestyle they live. Flying up-hill he sees plantations reaching exhaustion and garment factories that cannot compete. 

For Sri Lanka lived beyond its means and did not undertake the reforms needed to build the export-oriented economies that have catapulted countries in East Asia and South-East Asia from third-world to first. 

The truth of the matter is simple. Like the owners of the Walauwa we failed to learn lessons from our mistakes and change with the times. In fact, on the economic front, we have unlearnt the wisdom we have so dearly purchased. Since 2004, Sri Lanka has not had a major economic reform. In fact, many of the successful reforms of the 1978 to 2004 era were reversed between 2005 and 2015. We became closed, insular and uncompetitive. For a while, the returns of past reforms still flowed. And when they were exhausted, we took on more and more debt to fuel a consumption and white-elephant construction boom. Much of this debt was toxic dollar-denominated, short-maturity commercial borrowing from international capital markets. This is why markets expect Sri Lanka to default – which, should it comes to pass, will be the first time in our post-Independence history. As we have seen from Greece and Argentina, any such event will greatly exacerbate what will soon be unbearable hardship. 

This crisis has been long in the making. Coronavirus is only a catalyst. It is these two fateful decisions – stopping reform and borrowing from international capital markets, made between 2005 and 2007 – are the real birthplace of the coming tragedy. 

The Worst can be Avoided

The newspapers are filled with ideas for relief plans. Such debate and discussion is good. Nevertheless, the cold, hard and unavoidable fact is that only the government can provide substantial relief. 

This is an unprecedented crisis. We are yet to fully understand or internalize the suffering and anguish it will bring. It calls for a radical, far-reaching and decisive response. Half-measures cannot be tolerated. Hundreds of thousands of jobs and the welfare of many families is at stake. This is not time for petty political debates and scurrilous token patriotism. We need a clear plan combined with decisive, courageous leadership that places the public interest above anything else. Here is such a framework. 

1. Foreign Aid

There are only two viable ways for the government to raise funds at this time. One is to borrow, the other is to obtain aid. The interest rate Sri Lanka will have to pay for overseas borrowing today is nearly fifty  percent. Therefore, until we can implement the measures outlined below, we need aid. 

Sri Lanka must fast-track the MCC grant. Worth $500 million (which is roughly equal to a 20,000 rupee grant to every household in Sri Lanka), it can kick-start the relief and recovery programme. The grant, after all, is designed to deliver urgently needed public transportation and road-work improvements bring jobs, money and ultimately productivity improvements. 

More importantly, how can we ask for relief from others if we refuse to accept the largest grant in Sri Lankan history? Why should bond-holders agree to take a haircut if we refuse a $500 million grant? What does it say about how seriously we care about the hunger and anguish of our own citizens? If we don’t care about our countrymen, why should anyone else?

The ability of donor agencies – such as the IMF, World Bank, ADB and AIIB – to support Sri Lanka will also greatly depend on adhering to the rule-of-law, especially in relation to public finance. I warned earlier that failure to put government expenditure and borrowing on a legal footing would cause delays in aid. I fear the Government’s unfortunate policy of placing the family’s interest over the public interest is leading to precisely such delays. 

This is also clear from such irresponsible statements implying that Sri Lanka will leave the United Nations. Such talk and, more importantly, failure to uphold human rights and the rule-of-law could again lead to the discontinuation of GSP+, which would be a death blow to our already gasping apparel sector.  

2. Borrowing

We need relief and stimulus now. Therefore, the government needs to borrow. But to borrow today it must credibly commit to saving tomorrow. The main way it can convince official and private creditors that it is solvent is to establish a robust system of fiscal rules that ensure the government saves in good times, so that it can spend in bad times. 

The Treasury has been preparing a system of fiscal rules for some time. These need to be made robust and enshrined in the Constitution for them to be credible. A system of fiscal rules that brings down Sri Lanka’s debt-to-GDP ratio to 70 percent by 2030, will greatly restore creditor confidence. As will the passage of the Monetary Law Act. 

However, the credibility of these rules will also depend greatly on the courts enforcing public finance provisions of the constitution. Failure to ensure these safeguards are enforced could undermine Sri Lanka’s borrowing ability.  

Credibility will also depend on having a clear roadmap to solvency. Currently, the government has come to the farce of replacing knee-jerk policy, with ad hoc policy. We need a clear plan, including some of the ideas below. 

3. Asset Transfers to Citizens

Sri Lanka cannot and should not be like the vain inhabitants of a Walauwa who – so proud of their thousand-year name – refuse to pawn the family silver or lease part of their estate. As a result, their children go hungry, are unable to go to school or do not have medicine they desperately need. 

When people are jobless and going hungry, what is the use of the government owning assets in competitive industries such as hotels, port-concessions, oil-farms and plantations? Assets that are often more of a drain than a boon to the public purse. Who wouldn’t sell or lease part of their estate to provide for their children, especially if, as part of the deal, the purchaser agrees to profit-share (that is pay taxes) and provide employment to the Walawua family’s unemployed, malnourished children? 

Selling or leasing these State-Owned Enterprises and using the money for relief, or for settling public debt, will be an asset transfer from the state to the citizen. That is precisely what we need at this time. Even if prices are low at this point, such assets can be placed in a constitutional-council appointed holding company with an explicit legal mandate for their disposal within a five-year time period. 

There is also a great deal of land that the state acquired through land reform. However, unlike in many East Asian countries, that land was never redistributed to citizens. Consider the case of the plantations. We know that small-holder plantations have higher yields. So why then are not plantations broken up and given to the people of those areas, especially as they are some of our poorest citizens? The wealth-effect alone could help restore some consumer confidence. 

4. Reforms

From 1978 to 2004 Sri Lanka continuously pushed-through productivity enhancing reforms: tariffs declined over that period, foreign investment was liberalized, we signed FTAs, we privatized. As a result, Sri Lanka was able to maintain a very creditable growth-rate despite wars, insurgencies and no access to foreign markets. 

We need a relentless focus on productivity and competitiveness. The proof of that is exports. If exports climb, it means that our productivity is rising. At this critical time, we need to restart the reforms that stopped in 2004. These reforms can be structural reforms or they can simply be updating archaic laws for present needs. Here are examples of both. 

One example of structural reforms relates to the management of SOEs. Other than disposing of inefficient assets in competitive sectors, the state needs to eliminate corruption and waste for SOEs in monopoly sectors. The root of this mismanagement is politicization. And politicization can be greatly reduced through a single, simple reform act. This act will, first, ensure the directors of all SOEs are appointed by and responsible to a holding company board, which is appointed by the Constitutional Council; second, all directors’ appointments are subject to ‘fit-and-proper’ criteria, as is already the case with bank directors; third in addition to audits by the Auditor-General, SOEs will be legally required to comply with Colombo Stock Exchange disclosure guidelines. 

Sri Lanka’s economy is also greatly held back by archaic laws. Our Customs Act dates from 1869, when Queen Victoria still reigned. We keep talking about single-windows, digitization and eliminating corruption. Why then do we still have this ancient act? Because inefficiency serves the corrupt, creating opportunities for bribes. The solution is not to place officers of integrity in charge. For they too will succumb to the corruption. The solution is to change the system. It is hard, unglamorous and often unseen work. But it must be done. 

Similarly, production of high-value crops – including fruits, vegetables, spices and flowers – could be swiftly and greatly enhanced if more land was available in the wet-zone. Why then has the Paddy Lands Act not been amended so that it doesn’t apply to the Wet-Zone? In fact, a significant share of land under the Paddy Lands Act in the wet-zone was never really used for paddy in the first place. But political opportunism and a lack of courage mean that these fetters on our economy continue to persist. We could not afford such chains before this crisis. To continue with them in the face of this calamity is unconscionable. 

5. Just Taxation

Sri Lanka has a highly unfair tax system. Direct taxes, which are paid for much more by the middle-class and the rich, are one-fifth of total taxation. Indirect taxes, which place a much greater burden on the poor, account for four-fifth of total taxes. In addition to moving towards direct taxation, we also need to re-assess property taxes. Many people have been made millionaires through land value appreciation arising from public investment in infrastructure like highways. It is only right that some of that value is shared with the broader public, especially less fortunate citizens at such a time of hardship and suffering. 

We need to act now

These are unprecedented times. Calamity is upon the world and upon Sri Lanka. We will be worse affected than many other countries. We need all the help we can get. But in order for others to help us, we need to help ourselves. Much sorrow, grief and pain can be avoided if we act now. Politicians often say the future of the country depends on this reform or that policy. At this dire time – it is not our future that depends on a clear economic relief and revival plan – it is our present. We need to act now. 

The Government must take the above measures in order to:

1. Ensure that the Rs. 5000 relief continues throughout this crisis period and increased to Rs. 10,000 for the most vulnerable families. 

2. Supply banks with the necessary funds to effectively implement and extend the moratorium on loan payments, especially in micro-finance and leasing. 

3. Provide firms with further concessionary loans and other relief, subject to the condition that they do not lay-off workers. 

4. Commence a labour-intensive public works drive in productive infrastructure, especially public transportation. 

5. Re-skill workers who are made unemployed, making them employment-ready for new generation and export industries. 

Then, I pray, the three scourges of unemployment, debt and hunger can be kept away. 

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Latest comments

  • 21
    16

    Dear Mr Samaraweera.,
    .
    thank you for your article. it is timeworthy. All is becoming vulgar and twisted. Nothing is in compliance with norms today. Everything is upside down. But local media transoports the message in favour of them further. Media mafia will never take the side of the destitute.
    .
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nfbLkuU9o0

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNmqYhPYKFc

    What have they been doing with the funds being saved from not having given the oil price reduction concession ? They have enoughfunds to allow the people. EU alone offered 22 millions of EURO: And what has the incumbent govt been doing so far ?-

    Just because EC asked them to distribute the 5000-allowance in a proper manner, them to fully suspend it an heartless act. Whole lot of people in across the island starve today. COVID crisis have pushed them from frying pan to the fire.

    • 14
      14

      NOthing is transparent today. Reconvene of the parliament is a must, but the opposition is suppressed today. Media does not focus on this at all.

      They pass billions but these sums would end up being as had been for TSUNAMI funds is the question of the hour.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kTxtqAwxGBw

      • 8
        3

        leelagemalli,
        “Reconvene of the parliament is a must”

        What is use of reconvening the Parliament full of this kind of Dumbos?

        • 4
          3

          EE,
          .
          then tell us, do you think that will be different in the next parliament knowing that drugs addicts, alcohol fraudsters, rapists, chain robbers, child molesters and murderers ? Or are you dreaming of a better parliament ?
          :
          Truly saying, if all those who were known as CHILLIE-throwers would be elected, the situation would definitely be thousand times worst than the previous govt.
          :
          All these are public secret, nevertheless we have to refresh your knowledge, knowing that you are an ultra-alzheimer patient on CT platform.

        • 1
          2

          EE,
          Now the ground is in making for a DICTATORSHIP.. THAT SHOULD also be clear to you Alzheimer/Demenz geriatric patients.

          Kaluthara- Chain Hora-former HOUSE driver Rohitha Bp Abeygunarwardhana –
          .
          Colombo – Udaya Gonthadipila – an alleged high criminal for that issue in AUSTRLIAA- to have robbed over millions of funds from an australian family

          Colomb – Wimal Bruwuasne – An another high criminal whose criminal nature is public secret.
          :
          Mahindpala BP -Miriskudu thrower- WHO LOOTED tthe state so that he could even purchase 2 million Bpounds worth HOUSES in the UK. but this ballige putha has no whatsoever shame … to waste state funds in public.
          .
          Rajaksaeh family wealth allowing them wedding ceremonies on the cost of tax payers – invitees for such weddings were over 10 000 or more.. how come bps wasted this much of state funds leaving the poor of the poor go down as is the case in black africa.

          • 3
            3

            leelagemalli,
            These guys are far better than the rouges and traitors in Unpatriotic National Party who were dancing according to the tune of ‘Regime Change’ mafia, ‘Koti Diaspora’, Terrorist National Alliance and Wahabi supporters.

            • 3
              1

              Please try to see it right Eagle evil… let alone today. I dont know if I would be talking to a demented patient, but knowing it I waste my two cts again and again…. anyways, all because we love to see a better future our people (regardless of any banners).


              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rreiVVz-JPg

              We are the real patriots not those BPs that loot the nation going beyong all morals and ethics.

              Alone concessions not tohave given yet to the people prove everything.

  • 14
    8

    Rajapakse family have a good plan to handle this economic crisis. This economic crisis will only affect the poor irrespective of race, religion but it will not affect the Rajapakse family or Weerawanse family. China already paid lots to Rajapakse’s and Rajapakse’s also gave lots. India also gave lot and promised to give more. So, they have enough to give military. Under the military rule, truth about deaths of poor will not come out because all media is under military administration. Unions will be kept shut and powerless. Judiciary already powerless. no parliament means no political opposition, no scrutiny.

  • 13
    5

    as long as the current crooked don’t care attitude political affiliations from all present-day political parties continue this sad sorry nation will never get out of the rut that they ever since 1956 have deliberately landed themselves into.
    =
    the first thing to get a retrieval into motion the rajapuka’s along with their uncouth criminal horu boru infidels have to be got rid of.
    =
    they have to be replaced with a 100% dedicated honest to the core coalition government whose primary aim among other criteria is to eliminate wasteful monetary expenditure, work on very low allowances or the barest of stipends have a sincere purpose in the revival of the fortunes of the once upon a time pre-1956 rice exporting granary of the east which was held in esteem till at the 1956 poll was deliberate with a hateful petty-minded vengeance was destroyed till today where the rajapuka rule from 2005 onwards has driven the nation down the pallan into many a deep ravine from where extraction is an impossibility.
    =
    the name Sri Lanka should be landed into a garbage bin, Ceylon should be brought back, the economy should be given a few thundering kicks up its backside honest dedicated employees should be recruited trained to get on with the task of rebuilding the sad sorry shitty infrastructure that’s being an impediment of a barrier.?
    =

    • 7
      1

      rj1952,
      Why bring back ‘Ceylon’. We should bring back the name ‘Sinhale’ (Land of Sinhalayo) which was distorted by Brits as ‘Ceylon’ and use the same name in all three languages.
      We should change all the place names distorted by Demalu and Brits also to original Sinhala names.

      “the name Sri Lanka should be landed into a garbage bin, Ceylon should be brought back,”

      • 2
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        Is that the nature of the country where you are a migrant ?
        .

    • 1
      1

      The last paragraph is wrong

    • 2
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      Dear rj1952,
      .
      We need never have given up “Ceylon” as the internationally used name for “Sri Lanka”. That has now got established. Your now coming up with a “bright suggestion” is not only a non-sequitur, but it is also mischievous.
      .
      I find it equally odd (and mildly irritating) when some Tamils speak of “Lankawe”. If these are meant to amuse, it will amuse only those whose sense of humour is of the “slipping on a banana peel” type.
      .
      “Sri” means “blessed” – an equally inane claim. All language ought to be either a matter of habit, if using a structural word, or you should be conscious of both denotation and connotation. W.S. Senior may have been a British priest, but he had immense respect for “Lanka”.
      .
      http://www.poetryatlas.com/poetry/poem/4354/the-call-of-lanka.html
      .
      Focus on the last three stanzas. Senior knew that he was actually unworthy of “what he thought was Lanka”. You, a man whose genes are all from this land seem a “Colonialist” by comparison.
      .
      In this hymn, he is more the Christian missionary, but again, the thinking is acceptable.
      .
      https://newsong.lk/lyrics/hymn-for-ceylon/287/
      .
      It is better known in this form, but what a moving modern performance.

      .
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4ZTB-BIkoo

    • 0
      0

      PART TWO
      .
      I think this a lovely hymn, but unacceptable to most people today. I think that I’m sufficiently sophisticated to make allowances for the thinking of two hundred years ago. Unfortunately, most of us are doing all that we can to justify the condescension that is displayed here – together with the genuine religious fervour of the period:
      .
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7DNoPsMWL4
      .
      There are many recordings of this hymn which was widely sung before we were born. When you write as you do, you show that you belong nowhere. If you are in Australia make an effort to find out how white men destroyed almost all the natives there. I’ve written to you, told you how two of my sisters live there – one of them married to a white man. He shares guilty feelings about what “his ancestors” did to those whose lands they usurped.
      .
      https://www.theguardian.com/film/australia-culture-blog/2014/sep/12/the-chant-of-jimmie-blacksmith-rewatched-beautiful-but-savage#_=_
      .
      That was prescribed reading at Peradeniya University. The language no longer belongs to the Brits alone, but unless you demonstrate your response to a cross-section of its use in today’s world, you show yourself illiterate.

    • 0
      0

      PART THREE
      .
      Is this your idea of fun? To “ruffle the feathers” a racist like “Eagle Eye”?
      .
      I tend to view him as so low, that he is beneath my contempt. You’re trying hard to place yourself also at that Level.
      .
      “Eagle Eye” is probably so ignorant that he is unaware that most countries have the name that they use within their country, which others are hardly aware of. France- Francaise; Spain – Español; Switzerland – Helvetia: India – Bharat.
      .
      Sri Lankans are considered a joke by intelligent foreigners when we try to over-assert ourselves, owing, perhaps, to an Inferiority complex. So, yes, we should have retained “Ceylon”.
      .
      Rohan, if you have nothing of value to say at any given time, why don’t you just shut up. Actually, you could write a few useful things, but you insult all of us readers when you put garbage before us. Please write only a third part of what you actually regurgitate; write it with some purpose, other than portraying yourself as a clown.

      • 1
        1

        Sinhala_Man’
        “I tend to view him as so low, that he is beneath my contempt.”

        Who cares!!!

  • 26
    4

    Dear Mr. Samaraweera,
    Yours is a well-written article even if one doubts that things would work as anticipated. Although you have been generally enlightened on this, you have hardly touched the minority issue that was smouldering at independence and reached the proportions of an inferno during 1977 – 2009. You must be familiar with all the pros and cons that have been widely written about and there is little reason to be optimistic about the future.
    My contention is that it began with the Citizenship Act. It could not have been passed and enforced without bringing heavy ruin on our sense of the rule of law and a healthy judiciary. The Plantation Tamils were, with due variation in the words used by the Australian High Court in the 1908 case of Minahan, a half Chinese born in Melbourne who had lived mainly in China, members of the ‘community known as the [Ceylonese] people’. How did the Plantation Tamils who were members of the community known as the Ceylonese people, domiciled and entitled to vote, become stateless, devoid of rights and fit to be deported to India like cattle? In 1964, just before the deportation moves began, they were nearly all Ceylon born and knew no other country. No other Commonwealth country was witness to such an abominable feat. Such was our moral and intellectual stature that hardly a voice was raised on their behalf.
    The Tamil and Muslim leaders should have with might and main joined with the Left and resisted the Citizenship Act. They thought their interests were best served by kowtowing to the Sinhalese Right. There has been no reckoning for the victims or regret for our opportunism. We are paying the price now and a curse has since engulfed the country. That is where we must begin.

    • 11
      3

      “In 1964, just before the deportation moves began, they were nearly all Ceylon born and knew no other country.
      Year Pop. ±%
      1911 531,000 —
      1921 602,700 +13.5%
      1931 818,500 +35.8%
      1946 780,600 −4.6%
      1953 974,100 +24.8%
      1963 1,123,000 +15.3%
      1971 1,174,900 +4.6%
      1981 818,700 −30.3%
      1989 873,000* +6.6% (*estimated figures)
      2001 855,000 −2.1%
      2011 842,323 −1.5%
      There was no forced deportation. It was voluntary and departure to India was a trickle until after 1974.
      So to say “In 1964, just before the deportation moves began” is a little misleading as
      serious moves started only after the Indira G — Sirimavo B agreement of 1974, and even then not many were willing to depart.
      The drought of 1974-5 was a factor that led to large numbers leaving (for lack of work in the plantations and rising poverty. Some moved to the Northern Province.
      *
      “The Tamil and Muslim leaders should have with might and main joined with the Left and resisted the Citizenship Act.”
      This too is misleading because a large majority of Tamil MPs voted against the Act.
      (Muslim representation was weak then and several Muslim MPs were aligned with the UNP. Muslim MPs of the ‘South’ voted for the Act and perhaps one from the East.)
      I am not sure of the exact electoral arithmetic, but the UNP, with the nominated MPs, would have prevailed in a parliament with 21 independent MPs (out of the 95 elected).
      I grant that a slimmer majority would have politically weakened the Act.
      But one has to be careful about wording statements.

      • 13
        2

        We have touched on this before and you could have checked your facts.

        It is not true that a large number of Ceylon Tamil MPs voted against the Citizenship Act.
        Of the Ceylon Tamil MPs, Chelvanayakam spoke and voted against. Five Tamil Congress MPs stayed away from the chamber and abstained. Circumstances suggest that Ponnambalam had reached an agreement with D.S. Senanayake that the Tamil Congress would vote against or abstain. Since Chelvanayakam was determined on opposition, Ponnambalam as party leader went in with him and stayed mute, but found himself left with little choice but to vote against with Chelvanayakam.
        K.V. Nadarajah was a Ceylon Tamil who spoke and voted against, but his electorate was Bandarawela.
        Sittampalam, Suntheralingam and Nalliah were three Ceylon Tamils who voted with the Government, as did all six Muslim MPs. Seven MPs from the Ceylon Indian Congress voted against.

        • 2
          0

          Dear Rajan Hoole, it is stated that GGP assured DS that only SJV and him will vote against the bill and other MPs from Tamil congress will abstain. When division was called, all TC MPs except GGP and SJV left the chambers to go to the toilet, only returning to their seats after bill was passed. However in the next bill for registering Indian and Pakistani residents, GGP voted for it stating that it will benefit Indian Tamils also, knowing very well due to the conditions stipulated, except for a few Indian Tamils, the rest will remain disenfranchised. In the first bill only two Tamil MPs from TC voted against and in the second bill more Tamil MPs from TC had voted against despite their leader voting for it.

          • 5
            1

            I think that the doctor is giving free flight to his imagination about the brief bout of diarrhoea of several Tamil MPs.
            Such anecdotes are credible with a reliable source.

          • 4
            1

            “…only SJV and him will vote…”
            Was there a grammar section in the Cambridge English paper?

        • 1
          2

          I will check, as you once adamantly claimed that GGP voted against.

          • 0
            0

            Re S. Sivapalan: AJ Wilson says (in S.J.V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947) S. Sivapalan voted against the Citizenship Bill.
            *
            K T Rajasingham writes: “Prominent Tamil members such as S J V Chelvanayakam, G G Ponnampalam, C Vanniasingham, S Sivapalan, S Thondaman, G R Motha, K Rajalingham, D Ramanujam, S M Subbiah, C V Velupillai and Sinhalese members namely – I M. R. A. Iryagolle, W Dahanayake, R S Pelpola, Lakshman Rajapakse, Wilmot Perera, H Sri Nissanka, Somaweera Chandrasiri and all the Left party members, voted against the bill.” (https://sangam.org/sri-lanka-the-untold-story-chapter-13/)
            *
            Like Tamil politicians, Tamil nationalistic scholars too readily disagree on simple matters of fact that could have been easily verified.
            Such is our tragedy, where gossip, more often than not, passes for history.

          • 3
            0

            I beg your pardon: You adamantly claimed that GGP voted FOR.

        • 3
          0

          RH
          This is from Ratnajeevan Hoole:
          “The Hansard (25.08.1948, cols 1969-70) gives the division at the second reading. Ayes 58, Nays 35….Voting Nay were SJV Chelvanyagam, C. Vanniasingam, AL Thambiayah, K. Kanagaratnam, V. Kumarasamy and T. Ramalinkam. The bill was passed on 02.09.1948, (Hansard col. 2003).
          The Left opposed it. The Ceylon Tamil Congress (CTC) had promised S. Thondaman of the Indian Tamil Congress (ITC) to support them. So six from CTC voted Nay. CTC leader, GG Ponnambalam was the exception. He was negotiating to become a Minister, so he developed a fit of coughing and left the chamber as the Citizenship Act came up for division.
          Any comment?
          *
          I will, however, search further.
          The name of S.Sivapalan MP Trincomalee is missing. I will check on that too.

          • 2
            1

            SJ
            Please check primary sources. There is all this confusion because the voting on the Citizenship Bill took place on 20th August 1948. And the list of votes by name was perhaps deliberately kept out of the Hansard. The count was given as 53 for and 35 against. The same numbers were given for the vote on the Immigration Bill on 25th Aug. which is there in the Hansard. I first mistook this for the vote on the earlier Bill. Ponnambalam’s name is missing in the second instance, but those of the TC who absconded earlier voted against the second time. The sameness of numbers is partly explained by the fact that three Sinhalese who voted against the Citizenship Bill kept away the second time.
            This is an example of how Ponnambalam being bought over by Senanayake discouraged and confused opposition to the Citizenship Bill. Several Muslims would have had second thoughts if Ponnambalam had openly stood by his written commitment to the rights of the Plantation Tamils. Suntheralingam too may have had second thoughts about voting with the Government.

            • 0
              0

              RH
              Thanks for the clarification.

    • 7
      9

      Dear Rajan Hoole, at Royal we were told by some Sinhala students that Indian Tamils would be deported and Ceylon Tamils would be driven into Jaffna Peninsula and kept under control with ring of army camps. This had been the aim of Sinhala extremists, which unfortunately they have failed to achieve in full till today. Deportation can be direct using force as in Myanmar or indirect by creating conditions where they cannot live there any longer and leave voluntarily. Exodus of Burghers due to language issues and migration of Sinhalese due to economic factors belong to the indirect category. Deportation of Tamils of Indian origin and exodus of indigenous Tamils due to both economic factors and war, fall into both direct and indirect categories. Still after eleven years of end of war, there being no attempt to resettle Tamils displaced internally and in India in their original places, is due to Sinhala design of alteration of demographic pattern of mainly eastern province and to some extent northern province and entire country. The fact that the first thing government did was to reduce the number of representatives elected to Jaffna district before thinking of resettlement of refugees proves their intent. Shirley Gunnel South African white anti-apartheid activist rightly said thus: “Reconciliation consists of truth, justice and reparation. In Sri Lanka I don’t hear the truth, I cannot see justice and there is no talk about reparation”.

      • 5
        1

        Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam,

        Why Demalu like to maintain the distinction:
        Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils?
        Do ‘Indian Tamils’ still holding Indian citizenship and live in Sri lanka?
        After all Demala (Tamils) people whether invaders or brought as slaves are originally from Hindusthan/India.

        This is the ‘Height of Hypocrisy’ of Vella Ala Demalu.

        • 1
          2

          Eagle Eye, It is not the Tamils who introduced the ‘distinction’. It is you who used that distinction to reduce our numerical strength. It is you who branded Sri Lankans as Sinhalese and Tamils to deny us of our rights.

          • 1
            2

            Eagle Eye, It is not the Tamils who introduced the ‘distinction’. It is you who used that distinction to reduce our numerical strength. It is you who branded Sri Lankans as Sinhalese and Tamils to deny us of our rights.

        • 1
          2

          Eagle Brain Dead Blind Eye

          “After all Demala (Tamils) people whether invaders or brought as slaves are originally from Hindusthan/India.”

          When was the sub-continent first become Hindusthan/India? Was it the day your ancestors left Erivira Pattinam (there were several, particularly the one which was in Thanjavur)?

        • 1
          2

          Dear EE,

          I dont think you are in your puberty ? You the kind of men to continue hating the others can only worsen the situation. Gemeinsam können wir vieles erreichen – join hands to achieve the common goal – a nation free from Xenophobia/racism. I know your kind of men are beyond cure – but on this special day – George Floyd s funeral (police brutalities killed him a week ago).
          .
          Please stop calling them ” Demalu” and the muslims as “thambi”. Any kind of derogatory terms should NOT be used let alone today- very day, that Americans, Europeans and all others get together and go on protests against RACIASM.
          :
          In Sinhala LANGAGUE “Demalu” means negative – being used to put them below us the sinhalaya. It is no right you or any other retards to continue attacking them that way.
          :
          There is also a greater difference between ” Demala and Demalaaa”..also Demallu and Hadi Demalu etc… are insuting terms being used by Sinhalaya to them.
          :
          If you have any kind of WELLALA allergy go to a therapist on our costs and seek a permament cure. That can then heal the entire society from you onwards.

          • 1
            1

            Dumbo,
            Who said ‘Demalu’ is a derogatory term. This is a common term among Sinhalayo to refer to a groups of Demala people.
            You don’t see how ‘Para’ Demalu use terms such as ‘Chinkalam’, Chinkalayo to refer to Sinhalayo. You have been using ‘Bellige Puthas’ to Sinhalayo.

      • 6
        1

        Hello Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam,
        That is certainly NOT what Royal College was in the sixties!!

        • 7
          2

          Sunil
          I fully endorse you.
          Irresponsible utterances like GS’s bring his old school into disrepute.

          • 2
            1

            Stupid Sivasegaram, you were there only for five terms. Read my reply below. I will not make allegations without reason. During my time head prefects were Sinhalese. In 1958, because the Sinhala head prefect left school to enter university, Godwin Daniel a Tamil was able to get it for second and third terms. In 1965, because the Sinhala head prefect left school for employment at Hayleys, Ramachandran a Tamil was able to get it for the third term. In 1967, Thalayasingham my class mate, though was captain of cricket and tennis, was denied the post of head prefect.

            • 3
              1

              Your sums are wrong.
              I thought it was only language, history and geography that you had trouble with; and now it is mathematics too.
              You may have reasons but they should be reasonable.
              *
              All I can say about your response to Sunil A is that, at school my Sinhalese classmates were no more communal than their Tamil counterparts. I got along well with all, even the few who spoke condescendingly at the start (all Tamils) gradually became friendly.
              There were the one-up-manship contests among some. But anyone who knows his worth is least bothered by these.
              *
              BTW, I thought that your psychiatrist had cured you of your stupidity addiction.
              Try another — I mean another practitioner not another addiction.

        • 2
          2

          Sunil Abeyratne, you may be unaware what happened at Royal in the 60s as you did not attend that school. I was at Royal from 1952 to 1965. There was no racism until 1956. Then it started with Apey Aanduwa and died down after 1958 riots. Then again it started in 1961, but quickly died down. Fortunately there were only few racists among Sinhala teachers and students. You could ask Tamil students as to how many of them had been abused as para Demala by Sinhalese students. I will relate you an incident which happened in 1961 in a parallel class 4B. Normally roll call is answered “present” in English. After the successful satyagraha, Sinhala students started answering “Innawa” in Sinhlaese. This was going on and the class master a Sinhalese did not take action. One day one Tamil boy Sanmuganathan who is now living in Australia answered bravely “Irukiren” in Tamil. This inspired courage to other Tamil boys who also started answering in Tamil. Then only the class master acted and put an end to answering roll call other than in English. This is why I have been saying that if you want to solve a problem where authorities are not doing anything about, you have to precipitate a crisis.

          • 2
            0

            Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

            Was SJ with you at Royal between 1952 and 1965?

            • 1
              3

              Native, I was told that Sivasegaram came from some school in Trincomalee and joined Royal for the Advanced level (then called HSC ) class in May 1959 and left in December 1960, which means that he was there for only five terms. How can such a know what happened in the school in the 1956 to 1958 Sinhala only era. Now another person called Sunil Abeyratne is claiming to be at Royal that too in my class, and if he does not provide details then he is a liar.

              • 1
                1

                Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

                “I was told that Sivasegaram came from some school in Trincomalee and joined Royal for the Advanced level (then called HSC ) class in May 1959 and left in December 1960, “

                Only influential families with some means (Petty bourgeoisie – குட்டி பூர்ஷுவா according to his ideology) managed to get their children a place at Royal. How did he become a supporter of Lumpen Proletraiat from a Petty bourgeoisie background?
                If true this symbolises the true nature of the people of this island socialism for the poor while upholding to elitism for themselves and their families.

                • 1
                  1

                  NV, vacancies occur for advanced level classes due to students dropping out at ordinary level. For these places, Students from other schools who had done well in their O’level exam are admitted. Sivasegaram is one of them, but some of them forget their old schools and claim to be Royalists. I was told by one of his classmates that he was eccentric even in those days (juvenile delinquency).

          • 2
            1

            “This is why I have been saying that if you want to solve a problem where authorities are not doing anything about, you have to precipitate a crisis.”
            The way ‘Thambi’ did I guess!

          • 4
            1

            Hello Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam,
            Your thinking has not been shaped by Royal College. Royalists at that time were broad-minded individuals, particularly because the medium of instruction was English.
            My classmates were Lakshman Thalayasingam, RP Liyanage and Walkers etc
            We never thought as Sinhalese or Tamils, maybe you are the exception!!

            • 4
              1

              Sunil
              More than the medium of instruction itself, the segregation of students medium wise reduced opportunity to socialize across the media barrier. Only those with extracurricular activities could easily mix across the ethnic border.
              The standard of spoken English was good at Royal even into the 1970s.
              Had cross class activities been arranged in specific areas, it would have helped.
              *
              Would GS apologise to you for denying your status as old boy?
              Let us wait and see.

              • 1
                3

                I have asked Sunil Abeyratne to provide details of his stay at Royal. He claims to have been with some people, who happen to be my classmates, and I can say for sure that he was not in our class. I know all my classmates and we are in touch through e-mails which I receive daily, and he is not in that list. I was well known because I had a twin brother in my class. Unfortunately he passed away a couple of years ago. We had Abhayaratne twins two years senior, Godlieb twins one year senior, Nalliah twins two years junior and Sellamuttu twins three years junior, and they were all well known. I have checked the Royal roll call of 1960, which does not have his name.

            • 1
              1

              Sunil Abeyratne, Lakshmanan Thalayasingham was in my class since 1952 and Rohana Parakrama Liyanage joined us in 1958 from STC Kollupitiya while Sri Balaskanda AKA Walkers was there from primary school but was one year senior to us. Therefore your claim that all of them were your classmates is a lie. I know all my class mates and you were never in my class. In fact we never had any Abeyratne in our class. In primary school students were segregated, while in the main school they were mixed but had most subjects taught in mother tongue for the first three years. Only for O’level and A’level classes, the medium of instruction was English. Our classmates are still in contact via e-mail and your name is not there. Could you give your details as to when you entered primary or main school, so that I could check for the authenticity from the school roll call of 1960 which is on the website. Please do not distort truth to cover up racism. Fortunately only a few were racists.

              • 1
                1

                [Edited out] Keep it relevant. We know that some conversations can be wide-ranging, but if you post something which is unrelated to the original topic (“off-topic”) then it may be removed, in order to keep the thread on track.

                For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

                • 1
                  3

                  Sunil Abeyratne your behaviour proves that you are not a Royalist and when I proved that you have lied you are turning violent. You have got caught very badly and hence in future your credibility will be questioned. I have the right of reply to your comment which challenged me of making false allegation and to justify it, giving false information about you, thereby committing a fraud.

                • 1
                  1

                  To the Editor,
                  I have provided evidence to demonstrate that Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam’ assertion is based on inadequate information and consequently, wrong.
                  I remain being called a liar in public without the opportunity to prove otherwise, which is grossly unfair.
                  The same policy should apply to all who make assertions with limited knowledge.
                  At the very least, please publish this because I maintain what Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam has done brings Royal College into disrepute.

                  • 1
                    1

                    Sunil Abeyratne what evidence have you provided to demonstrate that my assertions is based on inadequate information to be called wrong. I have stated nothing but the truth, that there were few racists among Sinhalese students and teachers. Royal was started as a secular school by British and I want it to be so for ever. After independence though St. Thomas’ had three Tamil wardens, there had not been a Single Tamil principal so far. Are you saying that in the past there was never a single Tamil fit for the position. It is you who have failed to provide evidence that you studied at Royal, and when you are cornered for lying have turned aggressive. I was president of Royal OBA UK and have flown Royal flag high here.

                • 1
                  0

                  [Edited out] Persistent trolling will not be tolerated. The key to maintaining the website as an inviting space is to focus on intelligent discussion of topics.
                  For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

    • 7
      2

      Rajan Hoole,
      Europeans colonized the country known as ‘Sinhale’ in which Sinhalayo and Vedda Eththo were the Native people. There were few Muslims who were given refuge when they faced persecution by Portuguese and few Dravidians who were the remnants of invaders from Hindusthan.
      Demala (Tamil) minority issue was a creation of colonial parasites who imported millions of Dravida slaves to work in their plantations. They were not part of the country (Sinhale) Europeans colonized but aliens. In 1948, Sinhale of Sinhalayo and Vedda Eththo colonized by Portuguese, Dutch and British and oppressed got the freedom taken away from them by colonial rulers.
      Demala (Tamil) people who are the descendants of slaves brought by colonial parasites became an issue at the time of Independence because British left these aliens making them Stateless and ran away giving a headache to Sinhalayo. Portuguese, Dutch and British should be held responsible for any problems Demalu (Tamils) face but not Sinhalayo. Sinhalayo did not invite them to Sinhale. Pick the right tree to bark at instead of barking at the wrong tree.
      + + + +
      “you have hardly touched the minority issue that was smouldering at independence and reached the proportions of an inferno during 1977 – 2009.”

      • 0
        1

        Dear Eagle,
        “Demala (Tamil) minority issue was a creation of colonial parasites who imported millions of Dravida slaves”
        These same colonial parasites allowed your female ancestors to wear blouses. They allowed your people to do work in other trades. What’s more, they helped in the ordination of your people as hamuduruwos. Otherwise you wouldn’t be talking about Sinhala Buddhi today. Give credit where it’s due.

        • 1
          1

          old codger,
          What the hell are you talking? Sinhalayo engaged in all kinds of trade before colonial parasites landed in this country. Who said colonial parasites helped ordination of our people as hamuduruwos?

          When I say ‘Colonial Parasites’ I mean Portuguese, Dutch and British. British did the greatest harm to Sinhala Buddhists.

          • 0
            1

            EE,
            Your Karawe / Salagama “native Sinhalayo” were not allowed to become monks by Sinhala kings. The Amarapura and Ramanna Nikayas were formed in colonial times . The leaders went to Burma in a Dutch ship. If you don’t know your own history, what can I do?
            Just Google Ramanna nikaya.

            • 1
              0

              old codger

              The Amarapura and Ramanna Nikayas agreed to merge into one Nikaya some months ago. Whether the Nikayas have merged or still remain separate is not known. Will the fascist supporting Asgiria agree to merge with Amarapura and Ramanna Nikayas?

              • 0
                1

                Native,
                I’m sure some patriots are asking their grandchildren who this Google bugger is.

            • 1
              0

              [Edited out] Persistent trolling will not be tolerated. The key to maintaining the website as an inviting space is to focus on intelligent discussion of topics.
              For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

              • 0
                0

                ????

          • 0
            1

            EE
            The Sinhalese kings encouraged Portuguese presence here to settle scores with rivals.
            Then to be rid of the Portuguese they invited the Dutch.
            Then sick of the Dutch they invited the British.
            Who harmed the SBs but themselves?

  • 12
    2

    The bottom line is that we are a nation of hypocrites with rampant corruption all over the country. We are not alone, particularly, in third world countries, corruption is quite common but apart from some African & South American countries, corruption is somewhat ‘controlled’, thanks to a free independent press. In the boom days of the 80’s, countries, such as, Vietnam & Bangladesh, were behind us but they have now overtaken us economically, thanks to our inept politicians & their corrupt cronies. Unfortunately for SL, we are getting deeper in the cesspit of corruption, which is to be expected when life becomes desperate for average folk who feel justified in joining the band wagon when they see corruption taking place at higher levels. Having said that, I am sure there are many good, honest people in SL but it maybe a matter of time when some of them, too, succumb to the reality of ‘survival by any means’ if tempted by opportunity, unless, we have a sincere & honest, transparent leadership.
    Many years ago in SL, I went to the rescue of a colleague whose relatively clapped out car had broken down. Actually, the car had not broken down but due to a dodgy fuel meter, he was unaware that he had run out of petrol.

    • 5
      1

      Raj-UK
      “The bottom line is that we are a nation of hypocrites with rampant corruption all over the country.”
      Is not your country the UK as you have announced?
      *
      Hypocrisy is of course the hallmark of British imperialism.

    • 5
      0

      My full comment has been left out probably due to exceeding the stipulated word count. My apologies.

  • 9
    6

    Mr. Mangala Samaraweera: You said above: “The truth of the matter is simple. Like the owners of the Walauwa we failed to learn lessons from our mistakes and change with times”. I appreciate your honest “CONFESSION”. How long you took to make this “Confession”? Please reflect back and count the number of years you were a “Legislator” living in that “Walauwa” representing the PEOPLE from Matara. Don’t you feel ashamed of yourself? Aren’t you one among other “KEY PLAYERS” who made that “Walauwa” collapse? You are. The “Five Measures” that you recommend NOW, weren’t in your “AGENDA” for the decades you were a “Legislator”? Sorry, Mr. Samaraweera. You have “PROOVED” beyond any doubts to be an “EMPTY BULLET”. You are a “WASTE PRODUCT”. The only value, I find in this presentation is nothing but your own “CONFESSION” and it is better late than never. Just “RETIRE” and do what you have learned- THE FASHION DESIGN. Just try that, but I doubt any success in that too.

    • 1
      2

      ” I appreciate your honest “CONFESSION”. How long you took to make this “Confession”?

      Keep cool guys. Mangala might have realized this for some time. But he could open his mouth under more determined, fascist, dictator Ranil. Now he is talking under King because he feels he is more safe under King than Ranil.

      Will Mangala start to show honesty in $18B or Central Bank theft? In 2010 Old King asked Mangala to quit UNP and come back to SLFP. But Mangala never said , NO, THANK! He was going for Donkey Trading. But failed.

  • 16
    22

    Mr. Mangala Pinsiri Samaraweera,
    .
    Member of Parliament since 15 February 1989.
    .
    You were……….
    Minister of Post & Telecommunications.
    Minister of Urban Development, Construction and Public Utilities.
    Deputy Minister of Finance.
    – Since 1994 Under President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga.
    .
    And You were……….
    Chief Opposition Whip.
    Treasurer of the SLFP.
    – Since 2001.
    .
    And you were……….
    Minister of Ports, Aviation and Media.
    – Since 2001
    .
    And you were……….
    Minister of Foreign Affairs.
    Minister of Ports and Aviation.
    – Since 2005. Under President Mahinda Rajapakse.
    .
    And you were……….
    Minister of Foreign Affairs.
    Minister of Finance.
    – Since 2015 under President Maithripala Sirisena.
    .
    – And NOW you are telling us THIS…?

    • 10
      20

      And funny part is…..
      You wanted us to elect a person……….
      .
      # who couldn’t pass his OLs
      # who haven’t done a honest paid job in his life
      # who doesn’t have any vocational or managerial training
      As our president in the last November presidential election.
      .
      YOU ADVISED US sp CAN GET US OUT OF THIS MESS GREATED BY YOU ALL.

      • 7
        13

        ……….MESS CREATED BY……….

        • 3
          2

          S. C. Passqual

          “MESS CREATED BY” Sinhala/Buddhist fascists since 1956.

    • 14
      3

      Mangala Samaraweera is in the wrong trade. What an apt description of the mess this country is in :”From afar, the elegant roofs, ornate woodwork and sweeping verandahs shine of prosperity, stability and confidence. It is only when one is invited in for tea that the leaky roof, termite infested trellises and moth-eaten curtains become apparent. “
      Yes and yes! We have been living beyond our means for far too long. Our so-called leaders have been busy exchanging freebies for votes, interested only in clinging to power. Some commenters have asked what Mangala was doing all this time, but the fact is that sane voices like his are drowned out by the power-hungry .
      Most of the blame must go to the ignorant masses egged on by their self-interested priestly class. Their latest gods are the military, who are promoted as some kind of superheroes.

      • 12
        2

        (cont’d)
        But this military are members of the very same mass of half-literate and feudal voters. Add to that the fact that they are all from one community, and it is clear that they cannot be any better than the rest. There was much bragging about how the military would control high prices by eliminating middlemen, but Gota himself caved in to the rice millers. Similarly, the government that welcomed rich kids from China with garlands is now deathly scared of repatriating it’s own citizens from the Middle East. One thing that our people are good at is sneering at other countries. We sneer at India for having no toilets, we sneer at Italy for its thousands of Covid dead, But neither of these countries disowned their own people.
        Mangala to his credit has consistently toed his anti -racist line all the time he has been in politics. By rights, he should have been PM. But moustachioed spinners of fairy tales are preferred to truth tellers in SL.

        • 2
          0

          OC
          We still have a strong streak of ‘kaappanlaa, beepanlaa, jollikerapanlaa’ attitude in us.
          Early on were proud that we ate imported fruit and candy unlike our neighbour. The idea was that it was well within our means.
          When the foreign exchange situation was favourable, the country went on a binge rather than be frugal and invest in industry.
          For long, the thinking was that Tea and rubber were for ever. That their prices are manipulated behind closed doors elsewhere never occurred to us.

          • 0
            0

            The problem is that we can’t see ourselves as we really are. We are a 2500 year old hydraulic civilization, the granary of the East, make the world’s best tea…………

            • 3
              0

              OC
              I can add the world’s best cinnamon to the list. Not our achievement though.
              It will go partly for the quality of the tea, as most of the contribution to achieving that quality was ‘alien’.
              Nothing great since the collapse of the hydraulic civilization was genuinely our own technology.
              There were great achievers and achievements in various fields, but they have little to do with the 2500 year business.
              One can draw on tradition but cannot drown in tradition.

        • 0
          0

          // We sneer at India for having no toilets, […] But neither of these countries disowned their own people//
          Two issues if I may, Old Codger. Even on a very recent travel in Arsikland, when the night bus stopped for a break somewhere near Medawachchiya, and then again at Murikandi for a coconut breaking session, it was a choice between breathing and peeing. So, sneering at India for not having toilets is not something we can do. On disowning its own people, India, with its recent National Register of Citizens is not covering itself in much glory.

          • 0
            0

            SAV,
            “not covering itself in much glory.”
            I was referring to our govt ignoring the ME workers.

        • 2
          4

          old codger

          “Mangala to his credit has consistently toed his anti -racist line all the time he has been in politics. By rights, he should have been PM.”

          Are you out of your mind(?).
          This is Sri Lanka you should not wish good things for the people.
          Now we have some sort of tripartite agreement, Crooks, Saffron Brigades, and the Ranaviruses have some kind of tacit agreement.
          We would not know how long this will last.

          Please persuade SJ watch this documentary about China 40 years from 1978:

          Part 1
          The Japanese Who Worked for China’s Economic Reform https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/ondemand/video/5001233/
          Part 2
          The Japanese Who Worked for China’s Economic Reform https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/ondemand/video/5001234/?autoplay

          By the way how are you?
          Take care.

      • 1
        3

        OC,
        .’
        Quote
        Most of the blame must go to the ignorant masses egged on by their self-interested priestly class. Their latest gods are the military, who are promoted as some kind of superheroes.
        Unquote
        .
        Why should most of blame go to the ignorant masses ? while whole lot of people are kept in dark about the truths of the society ?…. so called media freedom also in previous govt did not work well – since Basil et pumped millions to paint their picture other way around. So call ” investigative journalists” do nothing but their titles only.
        :

        Who made THEM that that ignorant ?

        Why not work on Media Mafia be marginalized ? Is media mafia not powerful than drug mafia being close to Rajakashe bps ?
        .
        If people are kept in dark, how can they be aware of facts and figures of ground realities of the SL politics ?
        .
        Right now, over 70% of webspace is given to rulers with much less is given to opposition. Not even Social media men seem to be doing the job as had been before. So only self-congraduations and self-adulations fill the TV screens. Lankadeepa, Island and the like printed media institutitons make it worse. however, no many today would read news papers except ” maruwath nil kaepuwath kola etc” groups.

        • 0
          0

          Leela,
          In 2015 Mahinda had his poster on every lamp-post. He controlled the media. But he lost.

          • 0
            1

            Oldi,
            then not only MEDIA MAFIA but various other hidden forces (sangarathanaya, total ignorance attitude, lack of awarness)
            :
            But if you would please go for an opinion poll you would experience by your own, how wrong the average mind set has been. Even if you would not agree, I still believe it is the MEDIA mafia makes it worst … BPs such as Dilith Jayaweera and Kudu DUmiya brother should be hung by their balls by draggin to Galle face green. I usually dont want to support any kind of torture, but if that would save the significant masses, I would not be backward any more.

  • 4
    1

    Poultry farming practices for home use Develop initiatives TO Find a systems of rearing indigenous chickens,
    That fixes men stationary dwellings, in village towns and enable work.
    Family poultry small-scale poultry keeping by households using family labour and, wherever possible, locally available feed resources. The poultry may range freely in the household compound and find much of their own food, getting supplementary amounts from the householder

  • 11
    3

    Mangala:
    Only difference that I see is you guys knew what to do but failed to do it, whereas the current bunch of jokers are totally clueless about the whole damn thing.

    • 1
      0

      Ajay,

      dONT you think that ” it is only difference but the greater difference between incumbent and former men “.
      .
      main problem is no matter the size of the issue, it is no easy to build up a consesus. This is public secret. But people s indifference and taking for granted nature bring nobody forward. Be it with so called buddhgama monks or others are the same. This nation should be subjected to ” total rebuilding”. Those live like – SLOTHS- should wake up from long slumber.
      :
      Professionals must come forward to improve the awareness of the people. Pepole are caught by MEDIA mafia that would do any law work for their selfish gains.

  • 6
    1

    Dear Mangala
    You have put your thought in the article. You genuinely feel your argument will work and we will prosper. You had time to implement your ideas. But they did not work. You need to reflect on them again and again. Why.
    Your points are foreign aid, borrowing, assets transfer to the citizens, reforms and just taxation.

    We have become a nation always begging for foreign aids. Part of the aid will be taken back by the same donor country by selling their equipment’s and paying for their consultants. Other part goes to politician and their stooges. Left over is used to feed the people. Money is not spent for development.

    You support America. Not a bad thing. Neither donor country, America no the receiver is willing to tell the people about the conditions of the aid. If we are to give unconditional military access to the USA it is not worth the deal. We don’t need another Kandyan convention and be economic slaves to another country. Out of 500 million dollars they give they take some of it back and lot of it will be sucked up by Basil and the gang.

    • 2
      0

      (cont’d)
      Borrowing is good if it is used for income producing project or infrastructure development. Again Corruption will suck up part the borrowed money.
      Transfer assets to the citizen is the another name for selling public companies to private sector. It is reasonable to sell loss making assists to the private sector but there need to make certain standard laid down by the government. They should not be controlled by the constitutional council but by strong non-political monitoring body with power to set fines if the standard is not maintained. Private companies should be prohibited from giving money to election campaigns for politician. You have seen perpetual treasuries (Aloysius) has paid bribes to the politicians of both sides.
      Tax reforms are a good things. Modal should be adopted from one existing in a foreign developed country. System should implemented by allocation of tax file number for every citizen. One can start by paying money to poor people without income on their tax file number. It will take several years to people to get used to the system. System should be computerised and networked with enough security. So should be run by foreign company for several years.

      • 0
        0

        (cont’d)
        But biggest problem prevailing in the country is not even mentioned even by one word from your article.
        There is no prevailing law in the country. Judges and lawyers are always partial to ruling party because to save their lives or to get some favours from the rulers. Goat will indicate in public, what is the desired verdict and Judges will adhere to that verdict weather they like it or not.
        Also law applies differently to different strata of the people. There is one law for Thonda’s funeral and another for general public. There is one law when Ravi Kaunanayaka was summoned and different law for the politicians they don’t like. There is no public trust of your reform if it is not applied to all citizen in the same way. We have a right to know how Mahinda became one of the richest person of Sri Lanka by doing politics alone. Same theory applied to other 225 in Diyawanna Oya as well.

    • 4
      2

      Jack,

      It is true Mangala had the opportunity to develop this country with his plans but it was failed. Similarly Mahinda had a plan to develop this country but that was also failed by obtaining large sum of loans from China after spending on Hambantota airport, cricket grounds and buliding Rajapaksa family memorial and erecting King Rajapakse’s cut outs. Now Gotabaya is going to get big loan deals with India, USA and China to invest on archaeology, Buddhist statues and buying military equipments to safeguard his family. What is left for people?

  • 11
    7

    Having singlehandedly lost Sajith Premadasa the election through his idiotic pre-election comments, having stockpiled his ministries and foreign embassies with his close personal ‘aides’ of all types who were living large on the public dime, and having essentially wiped out the Treasury during his tenure, it makes one wonder who Mangala is actually working for?

    • 4
      0

      What makes you think SP would have won if Samaraweera hadn’t said that SL doesn’t belong to Buddhists only?

      SP’s supporters make a baseless allegation, conveniently forgetting the fact that a large share of their society remains ultra nationalist in outlook, and wanted to support GR.

      Many nationalist Sinhalese argued that winning the war by crushing the LTTE with scorched earth tactics was worth whatever the cost; the GoSL built up a large military and spent blindly on military procurement, even though it wasn’t affordable. Apparently these people thought they had invented a way to convert nationalist chest thumping and triumphalism into hard economic productivity, that the economic hardships of the people at an individual level didn’t matter. ‘Miracle’ of Asia, indeed ! We are all waiting to see that miracle unfold.

      • 1
        0

        Agnos
        SP was contesting RW in November, and won partial victory.
        The Presidential Election was incidental to this novice.

      • 1
        0

        Agnos,
        “Apparently these people thought they had invented a way to convert nationalist chest thumping and triumphalism into hard economic productivity, “
        Add to that the illusion of “progress” with flashy new highways, airports, ports and whatnot, all named after MR.

    • 4
      3

      He works for the certain countries backing his colourful back side.. Rent boy will be always a rent boy, if Mrs B is alive today, she will tell you how he started with selling his certain stuff and fail all the exams in UK.
      Some one should ask him how he got his present wealth considering his family did not have any wealth except SLFP links. I also want to ask him if he read the whole MCC document including attachment that put countries security at risk? He should be charged with treason for what he did at UNHR. What a waste of a sperm…

      • 1
        1

        watcher

        Is there a serious reason for your abnormal posture?
        Have you been sitting on your head since your birth?

        • 1
          0

          Oh Really ! this come from a nincompoop ? who cannot even type his name? lol.

      • 1
        1

        Watcher,

        why not you guys come with proper arguments instead derogatory remarks. ?
        .
        Is that because you the ilk know nothing but promote -WIMALBURUWASE/Madamulana doctrine??????

        Who made the country an eternal debtors to chiana ?
        :
        Ethiopians pluck the fruits of their investments becasue those leaders did it using their brains, but Rajakshe BPs became slaves to the Chinese not knowing the least… Thanks to BPs, we are now the number one 1 dept trap country… what a wonderful thing… ???

  • 7
    4

    Yes, it is a good article. And the description of the Walauwa people is precise.
    *
    It mostly revolves around the MCC grant however, with an American response on how to deal with a relatively easy country like Sri Lanka. I mean, although American can’t control her people with their racism, yet, if she had an almost homogeneous bunch of races like in Sri Lanka, implementing their grand plans would be perfection in itself. This might mean the Indian merger of course. But how this merger will go will depend on the decent and honorable commitment of the Walauwa people towards the other homogeneous races of the land.
    *
    If MCC fails to gain acceptance in parliament, I wonder if China will give us a 500-million grant and the equivalent technical advice of the Americans.

    • 0
      2

      Grandma,

      India gave $480 M taking promise from King that he will let go MCC. Now China want to give $1.1B only if Homagama game plays well. That is Old King’s batting. So King put a halt to that and again negotiating with India. Unlike US which is so stiff to make its $480M as grant, China will move in all ways, from giving $1.1B Commission to taking $1.1 B 99 years lease of Trinco and 15,000 acres land donation around China Bay. Because China is very flexible than India, Royals would be taking that loan from China.

    • 0
      1

      Ramona,
      There is no way the MCC will fail in Parliament. The MPs will do what Gota tells them . All the “patriotic” objections to the MCC were manufactured by idiots like Tissa Jananayake, who lumped it with the SOFA. I am sure that will be quietly signed too.

      • 1
        2

        old codger

        Initial MCC agreement was signed by the smart ass patriotic Gota in 2007(?).

        • 3
          0

          Don’t lie or you are behaving like a moron, MCC has nothing to do with Cross service agreement of 2007.
          In 2007 there were no MCC company in Sri Lanka.
          I now you have issues with english , why not go back to your stinking india ?

        • 1
          1

          Native,
          But he was a loyal American then, wasn’t he?

          • 1
            0

            Not MCC but SOFA.

            • 0
              0

              old codger

              Sorry you are right.
              I was carried away with my quick fire response.
              Thanks
              Take care.

    • 2
      1

      Yet there are many detrimental clauses in the MCC like the free dismemberment of our intellectual property and the cutting up of our lands for business commercial deals.
      We must be having some bright sparks around for them to take over our intellectual property rights and place it the global liberality box.
      *
      As per selling of our precious lands for the commercial venture, we are going to become another industrialized S. Korea, Singapore, or W. Malaysia ( except nearly never as rich without any oil reserves…….not one village left in W. Malaysia; all is ugly oil-palm.). Ancient Forests will be cut down; ancient paddy lands disseminated.
      *
      The China deal only cuts down the forests. It leaves alone the Walauwa lands, but is building an extraneous port-city on the coastline. The choices are between the devil and the deep blue sea.
      *
      Only thing left to secure the land is the traditional socialist market economy. Will need a tough militaristic regime to execute that.

      • 0
        1

        …free dispersment of our intellectual property,* although dismemberment might be ok too.

        • 2
          0

          ramona therese grandma fernando

          Good to hear from you.

          “free dispersment of our intellectual property”

          Please clarify.

          • 0
            0

            NV,
            Section 3.9 states that ‘The [Sri Lankan] Government grants to MCC a perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free, worldwide, fully paid, assignable right and license to practice or have practiced on its behalf … any portion or portions of Intellectual Property as MCC sees fit in any medium, now known or hereafter developed, for any purpose whatsoever.”

        • 0
          0

          Essential for MCC to develop the Walauwa base. Mostly the Walauwa base along advanced traditional lines.

          • 1
            0

            Ramona,
            How can one be advanced and traditional at the same time? Just curious.

            • 1
              0

              old codger,
              Well…
              I mean, …..they can do traditional organic farming in an advanced scientific fashion for example. This is needed to overcome the damage done over consecutive decades when the natural soil was neglected and damaged for commercial venture e.g. growing tea and rubber on people’s forests and farmland. Then they can do global positivist methodology research tailor made for Sri Lanka (learnt about it recently from one of Siri Gamage’s postings). This will set the stage for a more correct process for the Mothetland such that the correct program is developed for the inhabitants of Sri Lanka (with some elements of globalism of course).

              • 0
                1

                Dr. Siri Gamage.

            • 3
              0

              old codger

              “How can one be advanced and traditional at the same time? Just curious.”

              It is a desire to enjoy fruits of modernity while retaining the feudal mentality. For example both Sinhala/Buddhist nationalists and Tamil/Saivaite tend to have the cake and eat it.

              Is it not a position which both believe works for them?

              • 0
                1

                NV. That is also true what you say. The difference between Sinhala Nationalists and Tamil Servites is for the SB’s all is almost in one caste vs. 1000 different ever lowering castes to service one Servite with the Tamils. This places the S.B.’s right with the post-modernistic global liberality world-plans. This will be a dream for the Americans with all their ever evolving plans for Newer World Orders.

                • 0
                  1

                  However, Tamil Masses are very egalitarian.

                • 1
                  0

                  Ramona,
                  Have you swallowed a thesaurus, like Sajit P ?

                  • 0
                    1

                    oc,
                    No, no….me?….never…….sometimes I make up words that seem correct for the situation…..Aww….but for you,….don’t worry, you’ll get the hang of it.

    • 3
      0

      T Fernando,
      .
      The chinese are no friends of Rajaakshes or any other leadres they picked from entire developing world. Their investment injection is for the benefit of future chinese.
      :
      But this is being understood by Rajakashes as if they interpreted the disagreement of the american diplomat on PCR testing. ::::: They may misinterpret it but before long significant masses will learn tosee it right. No doubt about that.

  • 8
    1

    Mr. Mangala Samaraweera, It is the walawwe sellampitiye games we are watching, some are cheering loud, though their stomachs are empty. Bosses as well as their catchers who wash their dirty linen are self-praising, with a silly inferiority complex, as they are the best, with bogus rankings but clueless in their heads. As we know, they always want to find ways to play with public money like EPF & ETF as well as the money belongs to cricket. I think Sri Lanka would achieve the best for least number of testing for COVIDs in the world. Then they would say we are the best in the world.

  • 4
    2

    lets hope this monkey will be voted out . They he can write crap articles for the Thamils

  • 1
    2

    Last five years, Mangala fooled Western Countries, specially American State Secretary John Kerry, while enjoying the lift on Western and Eastern Capitals. He got a hand from the Sinhala Intellectuals in Boston to achieve this. Latter, when he became Finance Minister expend his effort to Save Old King. He protected Old Royals $18B. He is still emotionally attached to Old King. Here is nothing new that Royals doesn’t know Yahapalanaya strived to do. Old Royal Cabal knows all games. Even Dr. WAW wrote here how cunningly he was rolling loans for LC credits to import weapons. UNP criticize the SLFP games and SLFP criticizes the UNP games; that all both parties did from 1948, (1956) did. Now a dangerous dictator on the chair. Soon everybody, including IC will know who he is.

  • 3
    0

    Mr. Samaraweera; with the slave mentality of many of our people, they will never understand what you say. It is a curse. Though you didn’t lie, or rob the country, you too are responsible for what we are in today. You couldn’t differentiate friend from foe from the beginning. You supported MR, now see the damage he did to this country. You supported MS, we saw what he did. Still we respect you for your ability to call a spade a spade. You called the rogue monks as “cheevaradhareen” and “ Sanga kalliya” without thinking of consequences. But you called a wrong parable for ex president after the coup. I have a canine that is loyal, very trustworthy than that human being. You could have used hyena, or jackal. With regard to Foreign Ministry saga these days, I blame you partially for that damage. Many advised you to remove Ravinatha Ariyasinghe from Geneva, you didn’t do it. You supported Saroja Sirisena, many warned you about her deceitfulness. Duo together not only stabbed you from behind the back by leaking the confidential material, but looted so much money from the government coffer. Now she has an eye worth of “Hope Diamond”.

  • 3
    4

    @Rajan, Pls. get your facts right, Colonial Brits brought plantation people from overseas as “Day Labourers” and as such they did not have ANY rights in SL. Remember this is done by Brits not by Sri Lankans. To make matters worst, these unfortunate labourers did not have Indian or any overseas passports or Sri Lankan passports or Sri Lankan rights. This is the same issue that happened to Brits vs Ugandan Indians and Idi make sure that they all end up in UK.
    Now you have facts and Mrs B at least made sure half of these unfortunate people get Sri Lankan citizenships..(SL&India agreement).
    Sri Lanka’s fault after independence is not treating and getting these people proper wages and specially housing and education considering huge contribution from them to national coffers. Its our national disgrace we have to worn.

    • 4
      0

      Watcher
      Bernard Aluwihare in State Council about 15 May 1940: “The position of labour is that of foreigners who have come here on our invitation to work these lands.”

      Paragraph 25 of Information Relating to Ceylon for publication under Rule 17 of the Indian Emigration Rules sent to the Government of India for approval on 4th April 1929 and approved by the Government of India on 1st July 1930. It said on the Social and Legal Position of Emigrants: “Indians in Ceylon have the same legal rights as members of the local population and they can acquire and hold land.” The Statement of Information with Tamil or Telugu translation was since furnished to every assisted immigrant before leaving India (Hansard 11 Feb.1941).

      • 2
        0

        Rajan, it does not cost anything if you are truthful rather than economical with the truth.
        Indian labour issue to SL is very well documented and you forget that Kangani system was a form of labour recruitment and organisation in parts of Southeast Asia under British colonial rule, generally in operation from the early 19th century until the early 20th century, specifically the areas now known as Myanmar, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. Pls refer to Colonial office documents and CO documents.
        The system was similar to indentured servitude and both were in operation during the same period, with the kangani system becoming more popular from late 19th century onward. Under the kangani system, recruitment and management were taken up by people called the kangani (from the Tamil word for foreman), who directly recruited migrants from India- especially South India in Tamil-majority areas- via networks of friends, family and other contacts, with that same person then responsible for the supervision of the labourers he recruited. These people will never qualify for SL citizenship even at British colonial time. So don’t make stories since cheap indian labour is British colonial issue and nothing to do with SL.
        Have you visited Colonial Archive in London to check your facts. I have.

        • 5
          0

          W
          Kangani means not foreman (who is also usually a labourer) in Tamil, but supervisor or watchman.
          The immigrant labour came from impoverished communities and many were tempted to go abroad to recover from poverty. But that did not happen.
          The role of the Kangani was not just to recruit but also make sure that the labourer did not run away from where he was most wanted.
          *
          Chinese and Indian migrant labour in Malaya qualified for citizenship. (Malaya was a British colony then.) Think about it.
          I can give more examples.

          • 0
            0

            What is this language PhD.?
            In which Language Kankani is a laborer? Please explain.
            In which Language Kankani is not a foreman? Please explain.
            What is meant by Foreman, Supervisor, and Watchman in Tamil?
            Who was your Tamil teacher?
            Which dictionary you use to refer English words?

            Thank you in advance for to come out with straight answers.
            (Just playing buffoon game with languages?)

      • 1
        0

        Watcher, you are the one who does not have the facts right. In those days all were citizens of British empire and had the right to move from one colony to another without any restrictions. Old people used to tell that when they decide on Singapore, they go to Colombo Harbour and take the available ship (mostly cargo ships taking few passengers) and travel. They need not get visas or carry foreign currency. So Indian labour brought to Sri Lanka is mere translocation of people for employment. Please remember till 1931, except for educated class, rest of Sinhalese also did not have any rights in Sri Lanka. Tamil labour was brought only because Sinhalese refused to work in those harsh conditions. Do not mix the case of Indians mainly Gujeratis who were taken to Uganda, who went for work under British, but later started business becoming prosperous. They had dual Ugandan and British passports (some of them three, Indian also). Unlike Tamils in Sri Lanka who shed their sweat and blood to develop the country, these Gujeratis were swindling Uganda. This is why Idi Amin expelled them and due to their holding onto British passports, they ended in UK. After Idi Amin was deposed, Uganda invited Indians back. Will Sri Lanka invite those repatriated Tamils back.

        • 0
          1

          “Indians mainly Gujeratis who were taken to Uganda, who went for work under British, but later started business becoming prosperous.”
          *
          The above is not quite the same as what follows.
          <> (from Wikipedia)
          *
          The one below ios about Ugandan Indians:
          <>
          *
          Do the Gujaratis appear to have gone to Uganda or elsewhere in East Africa to “work under the British”.
          *
          It helps to research a little before theorizing.

        • 3
          0

          Sorry to repeat as vital text went missing during upload.
          *
          “Indians mainly Gujeratis who were taken to Uganda, who went for work under British, but later started business becoming prosperous.”
          *
          The above is not quite the same as what follows.
          “By the early part of the 19th century, small numbers of Indian merchants could be found settled across the trading posts of East Africa. Their interests were enhanced when Said bin Sultan the Sultan of Muscat and Oman, subjected to the emergence of British naval supremacy in the Indian ocean and direct British political support for Indian merchants along the East African coast, adopted a series of favourable policies towards Indians in the region.” (from Wikipedia)
          *
          The one below is about Ugandan Indians:
          “During the late 19th century, mostly Punjabi Sikhs were brought to Uganda on three-year contracts…to build the Uganda Railway from Mombasa to Kisumu by 1901 and to Kampala by 1931. Some died, others returned…, and others chose to stay. They were joined by Gujarati traders called “passenger Indians”, both Hindu and Muslim free migrants who came to serve the economic needs of the indentured laborers and to capitalize on the economic opportunities.”
          *
          Do the Gujaratis appear to have gone to Uganda or elsewhere in East Africa to “work under the British”.
          *
          It helps to research a little before theorizing.

        • 1
          0

          Dr GS, Thank you for accepting that it was Brits that created this mayhem , and my regret for the unfortunate labourers life.
          If colonials who trade human as cargo and brought miseries to world, Tamils should put their grievance to London and not asking favours from the poor Sri Lankans or asking citizenships. SL got great history of looking after foreigners due its Buddhist heritage and also it is Sri Lankan citizens who decide who get SL citizenship and its not Whitehall or Indians or Tamils. Sri Lankans did not traffic slaves. Remember that Praba’s all bodyguards came from Central hills and that we will keep not forget.

    • 2
      1

      watcher

      Which part of your anatomy make such noises?
      Listen it is difficult to think properly while you sitting on your brain.

      Check your facts then start typing.

      • 2
        0

        LOL, hope you are doing ok with this pandemic and need to be careful with your age since talking via different orifice will not help you.. stay safe.

  • 5
    1

    With 40 million Americans having zero health cover , and a further 36 million being under-insured , would it not be better for the US to invest US$ 500 million on the well being of their own citizens ? Unless of course , there are some treasures here that the greedy Americans desperately want to grab – and which our brilliant ex minister seems very eager to give away .

    • 0
      0

      Pundit,
      Cover the health care of every American with government programs is an economic policy of the major parties. Because Nancy (Speaker) pressed too much the congress to cover with Obama Care all Americans, 2010 Democratic party lost House of Rep and then senate. When Hillary lost, Obama said he too was responsible for that. He meant trying to go ahead with Social programs without waiting for the opinion of American might have caused Democratic Party. About 5-10 of the unemployed only have no health care. They want Federal government to do something for them. About 150 Million (50% of Americans) employed and don’t want Federal government meddle into that. If the Federal is not doing anything, employer is covering them & they feel that fringe is in addition to their Salary. If Fed does that, they think they are losing part of their pay. Then Fed will Tax them to cover them and not covered by employers too. That is a big loss for the employed one. So parties want to be with the employed who are higher percentage in voters.

  • 2
    4

    To make the claims clear, Colombo Telegraph is not representing the events which take place in Sri Lanka in an accurate and trustworthy manner. Certain conclusions are indeed ambiguous and are often drawn from bias interpretations with inadequate evidence to support. Representing information in this manner can be misleading to the viewers of this telegraph, therefore, it would be appropriate to have more insight for the writings where more of the evidence and insight is represented fairly while none of the information is manipulated. Overall, this is not the case with all the topics however, it is an extremely important issue which Colombo Telegraph needs to look into.

    Justice4SriLanka
    -A better world, A better life

    • 1
      1

      Do you want Colombo Telegraph to follow racist Sri Lankan news papers like Observer, Daily News, Island, Daily Mirror and Ceylon Today, where Tamils are not given the right of reply to their distorted news and biased comments. Do those newspapers represent the events in Sri Lanka in an accurate and trustworthy manner. Are their conclusions not ambiguous and drawn from biased interpretations with inadequate evidence to support. If you do not like what is in Colombo telegraph, which is of higher calibre journalism than those trash ones in Sri Lanka, you can ignore it, just as how we ignore them.

    • 2
      0

      J4SL
      Would you recommend TamilNet instead?
      I too am unhappy about a lot of stories here.
      But this is a freer forum than any other for Sri Lankans.
      *
      This is a signed article. So the writer takes responsibility
      Protest intelligently.

      • 1
        0

        SJ,
        👌👌

  • 0
    0

    [Edited out] Persistent trolling will not be tolerated. The key to maintaining the website as an inviting space is to focus on intelligent discussion of topics.
    For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

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