20 May, 2024


Coronavirus: How To Stay Safe & Help Prevent The Spread

By Dilip H. Liyanage –

Dr. Dilip H. Liyanage

Although most legal restrictions have been lifted by the government and even though many people have been vaccinated with varies vaccines, still there is a high chance to contract and spread the COVID-19 virus. Even though if you are fully vaccinated, we are still struggling with the third wave of this COVID-19 pandemic like many other nations. Particularly, everyone should understand vaccination means, you are not 100% protected and secure from the virus. Still, you might get caught to the virus and spread the disease. This means, for an unforeseeable time we might have to live with this virus or subsequent mutations or variants. Therefore, most importantly we must adhere to the public health precautions to control and save us, and lives of others. This is a public responsibility and government only could not achieve this.

As the limitations of COVID-19 are lifted, it is important that we all must take appropriate measures to manage and mitigate our own risk. We can all play our part with common sense and with the consideration of risk. While no situation is risk-free, there are actions we can take to protect ourselves and those around us. This guide will be an eye opener and will help you to stay safe and protect others from contracting and spreading the disease. Every action you take to reduce  and mitigate spreading will reduce the likelihood of further reappearing of the virus in the coming months.

Lifting restrictions

Most of the legal restrictions to control COVID-19 have been lifted to make life easier for the country and to balance the economy. This means that you must not violate quarantine regulations. At this point, you are urged to follow the below mention precautions and recommendations for a foreseeable future.

  • Stay at least two meters away from people you don’t live with and always try to limit the number of people you meet as it’s very important.
  • If you happen to meet other people, try to meet outdoors, if possible in an open air other than enclosed spaces.
  • Work from home if they allowed.
  • COVID-19 is an air born disease and  spreads through the air by droplets and aerosols an infected persons. Therefore, always make sure to wear mask or face covering to protect you and others.
  • Always try to wear a new surgical face mask. If the manufacturer does not recommend reusing the mask, always try to wear new face mask, correctly and appropriately. Try to keep the wearing of a cloth face mask to a minimum, as the evidence is still limited. Most importantly, you must wear face mask not because law is enforced to do so, but to protect yourself and others.
  • Always try to wash your hands, if possible, with soap and water for at least 20 seconds,  if this is not possible, use only appropriate hand sanitizers.
  • Always try to adhere to the rules and restrictions set by the Ministry of Health for weddings, civil partnerships, funerals and other necessary events (including receptions and celebrations).

If any possible symptoms, get tested and self isolate

If you developed any symptoms, please get advice from qualified doctors or from the government hospital of your area or call 1999. If you develop any of the following symptoms get tested as seen as possible for COVID-19, 

  • a new continuous cough
  • a high temperature
  • a loss of, or change in, your normal sense of taste or smell (anosmia)
  • respiratory symptoms, etc.

In such situation, you need to self-isolate until you get your test results.

Get vaccinated

If you have not vaccined yet, you should vaccinate without thinking of the best vaccine to be vaccinated. It usually takes 2 to 3 weeks to develop antibodies. You should get two doses of the vaccine to develop your maximum protection against COVID-19.

However, if you are fully vaccinated, you can still get caught to the infection  and get sick. Eventhough,  if you are still fully vaccinated, you may be susceptible to Delta or another variant and show symptoms and can still pass the disease to others. We all need to be vaccinated (at least over 60% of the population) to reduce the  and to , spreading protect others, and reduce the risk of developing new variants of spreading. Vaccines can protect yourself, friends, family, and communities, including those who have already been vaccinated.

Fresh air

If you wish to meet anyone, always it is better to consider whether you can meet them outdoors or, if indoors is not possible, think about how you can improve the ventilation. It is always worth to improve ventilation by letting in fresh air. The more fresh air you let into your home or other enclosed spaces, the less likely a person is to inhale infectious particles.

Testing, if you have symptoms

Around 1 in 3 people with COVID-19 do not have any symptoms. If you suspect to have symptoms or any suspected or confirmed contact, that is your social responsibility to get checked yourself from the closest center.

Personal hygiene

Regular hand washing is an effective way to reduce the risk of contracting infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Therefore, make sure to wash your hands with soap and running water regularly. Use hand sanitizer only, if you cannot use soap and water.

It is better to to wash your hands: after coughing, sneezing, before eating and after getting contact with public places.

Always try to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you do need to touch your face or mouth, clean your hands before doing so. Because infection can easily enter your body through these entry points (Eye, mouth, nose). Washing or disinfecting your hands before touching the above entry points may remove the viruses or other microorganisms, you may be less prone to catch the infection.

Always, try to cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief, disposable wipes or

cough/sneeze into the bend of your elbow, not into your hand. Because coughing and sneezing increases the number of droplets and aerosols you emit. Make sure to wash your hands with soap and water after coughing and sneezing and discard your tissues only into a garbage bag.

Staying home when unwell

If you don’t feel well, but you don’t have COVID-19 symptoms or your COVID-19 test is negative, you may still have the disease that can be passed on to others. Therefore, that is your social responsibility to stay at home until you feel better and to be self-isolate until you feel well.

Close contact

COVID-19 is an infectious disease, which may spread through close contact with an infected person/s. When a COVID-19 infected person breathes, talks, coughs, or sneezes, he/she may release droplets and aerosols particles that may contain the virus which may causes COVID-19 infection. These particles can be inhaled by another person who is with close contact. Therefore, you are advised to limit close contact with people whom you do not normally live with. This is a personal choice that may reduce the risk of contracting or spreading of COVID-19.

Understanding the risks of COVID-19

In common, the risk of contracting or transmitting COVID-19 is higher,

  • in crowded places, where there are infectious people
  • in closed spaces with limited supply of fresh air

Certain activities can also increase the risk of contracting or transmitting COVID-19, such as singing, dancing, playing sports or etc. The risk is higher when these factors overlap, for example in crowded places where people are singing and dancing. In situations like this, where the risk of contracting or transmitting COVID-19 is higher, we should be very careful to follow and adhere to public health advice to protect yourself and others.  Every little action may help us to stay safe and save many lives.

If you are clinically vulnerable person

People who are clinically very vulnerable are at a greater risk of becoming seriously ill if they contract COVID-19. Therefore, they are advised to take extra precautions than others. These precautions are as follows,

  • Vaccination
  • To avoid crowded and close places as much as possible
  • Working from home
  • If you happened to meet someone, if possible, try to meet them outside
  • Restrict your travels unless it is unavoidable
  • Stay home, increase regular exercises, eat fresh fruits and vegetables, and improve your immunity
  • Etc.

People with the following conditions are extremely vulnerable:

  • Transplant recipients
  • Cancer Patients
  • Patients with respiratory diseases such as Bronchial Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung fibrosis, etc.
  • people with immunodeficiency syndromes and immunosuppression therapies
  • problems with your spleen, for example splenectomy (having your spleen removed)
  • People on dialysis or with chronic kidney diseases
  • Pregnant mothers with congenital heart diseases or any other co-morbidities
  • People with non-communicable diseases such as, Diabetes Mellitus, stroke, and heart disease, COPD, etc.

If you are pregnant

If you are pregnant, you should take extra precautions and should adhere to public guidelines always. you may always be advised to limit your close contact with only close and family members in order to reduce the risk of contracting the COVID-19.

International and local travel

Unless urgent and important try to minimize your traveling. If you happened to travel, please adhere to all given public health measures and instructions to minimize the contracting of diseases.


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Aguilar JB, Faust JS, Westafer LM, Gutierrez JB. Investigating the impact of asymptomatic carriers on COVID-19 transmission. MedRxiv. 2020 Jan 1.

Blain H, Tuaillon E, Gamon L, Pisoni A, Miot S, Picot MC, Bousquet J. Spike antibody levels of nursing home residents with or without prior COVID-19 3 weeks after a single BNT162b2 vaccine dose. Jama. 2021 May 11;325(18):1898-9.

Howard J, Huang A, Li Z, Tufekci Z, Zdimal V, van der Westhuizen HM, von Delft A, Price A, Fridman L, Tang LH, Tang V. An evidence review of face masks against COVID-19. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2021 Jan 26;118(4).

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Ruppel A, Halim MI, Kikon R, Mohamed NS, Saebipour MR. Could COVID-19 be contained in poor populations by herd immunity rather than by strategies designed for affluent societies or potential vaccine (s)?. Global Health Action. 2021 Jan 1;14(1):1863129.

*Dr. Dilip H Liyanage. MD, Honorary Fellow – Medical Directors Office (MDO)- Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, UK

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Latest comments

  • 4

    Covid is a hoax.
    Those who knowingly perpetrate this lie will face their judgement from the most high.

    • 2

      Humble, Shocking statement that Covid is a hoax. Then death is a hoax as people are dying of Covid. People are vaccinated so that even if they then get infected, its only a mild disease and does not lead to death. In this fallen world, this is the best we have, as nothing is 100%

    • 3

      Humble must belong to that group which lacks the ability to rationalise logically. Covid is evolution’s method to eliminate such brain-dead people.

  • 7

    Particularly, everyone should understand vaccination means, you are not 100% protected and secure from the virus
    Then its useless is it not?
    Just like the pcr test. They require you to get the tests to enter sri lanka. But regardless of whether you pass or fail it, you still get thrown into quarantine for 2 weeks.
    And to add the icing on the cake, you have to pay for all of it.

    • 2


      You said I quote “you still get thrown into quarantine for 2 weeks.”

      I know a relative who came from abroad and had his PCR test done and he had to stay in a hotel for 24 hours only till the test result was available and was released when the report was negative.

      • 2

        I believe that he may have arrived in a flight that contained politicians or someone from the masonic ruling classes. There is a lot of double standards at work here where they are not following the oppressive rules they enforce on the general public.
        Or it may be possible they have relaxed the rules recently. The two week rule had been in place since the lockdowns started in 2020 with periods where they didnt allow anybody into the country unless they were chinese or ukrainian (once again more double standard political nonsense).

  • 4

    One country one law…….3state ministers sneak out to Japan to participate Olympics……

  • 1

    Dr. Liyanage should have educated ‘Motta’ Joseph Stalin who dragged thousands of teachers to protest marches while the country is struggling with a pandemic. The free education given to this dumbo is an utter waste of tax payers’ money. This guy set a bad example to students and do not deserve to be a teacher.

  • 3

    There are two ways of staying free of coronavirus disease. One way is to receive the corona virus vaccine and thereafter to wear the mask and maintain the distance between the persons. It is important that hands should be washed. Apart from this there is something called spiritual treatment which is to drive away the virus from our lungs. Accordingly wearing Rudraksha mala the name of which is known as ELAEOCARPUS GANITRUS. Hindus consider this as a salutation to Lord Shiva. When worn, it has a vibration which becomes forceful when chanting OM NAMASIVAYA. Rudraksha has the force of charging the Soul and transmits an electro-magnetic charge by touching the skin and improves memory. It helps protect from negative negative energy. Rudrakasha connects the five elements viz, earth, fire, water, sky & air which are the doorways to enlightenment and miracle energy. Rudraksha have high vibrational healing qualities since it acts as a neutralizing source for any excessive harmful change received by the body. As a Hindu I consider Rudraksha to be divine and wear Rudrakasha and felt easiness. This is my experience to stay safe though I had received two vaccines (Pfizer).

    • 2

      “This is my experience to stay safe though I had received two vaccines (Pfizer).”
      Do you think that it is the Rudrakasha that did the job?
      You should get Mr Modi tell the WHO.
      There is money in it for India.

      • 1

        This is something to do with spirituality. If you have faith in Lord Shiva, you can wear it. Yes, Modi is wearing. I do not know whether you know about meditation while wearing Rudraksha. Even Lord Buddha was wearing it while meditating. There is also something when you chant OM NAMASIVAYA. These are divine matters. Yes, I believe in Rudraksha. These are beyond science.

      • 1

        Apart from N.Modi, Priyanka Gandhi, Amitabh Bachchan, His Holines Dalai Lama, Sadh Guru, Neeta Singhal (authority in Rudraksha), together with all greatmen on religious maters and a great number of film artistes from Hollywood and Bollywood and some foreigners are still wearing Rudraksha mala. It is not a mater of bargaining for money. These people says it has some mystic powers of healing. When wearing One should be a vegetarian. It is not a matter for bargaining for money. This is spiritual science.

        • 1

          Can a ‘Rudraksha mala’ knock some sense into Hindutva heads to practice religious tolerance?

          • 1

            If you start wearing Rudraksha mala and chant OM NAMASIVAYA you will feel a change to encourage ahimsa (non-violence) because of its mystic power which cannot be explained.

  • 3

    If positive take them to hospitals for treatment,is there any medicines…..if positive let them isolate on their own homes,give the instructions over the phone,thats take off the pressures to the hospitals,and look after well by their family members.people who have breathing or the other problems then take them to the hospitals.set up a help line…..

    • 2

      Sneeze and cough into your elbow. Isn’t that dirty too? The germs are on the outside of your body and will spread if you touch things. It only looks nice and polite. Better it is to sneeze and cough into shirt/blouse in your chest area. Germs will get absorbed by the cloth and can be washed later. Doesn’t look as proper as the elbow, but it is more effective to combat the spread.

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