20 October, 2018

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From Rule Of Kings To Tyranny Of Political Party Rule

By P. Soma Palan

P. Soma Palan

I refer to the article under the heading Sri Lanka’s way forward- lets think outside the box” by the Columnist Vishwamithra in the Colombo Telegraph of 3rd January. It is a true and objective analysis of the state of affairs and the degradation of the Sri Lankan Nation during the 60 years period, since gaining Independence. Vishwamithra states “ Politics has destroyed the soul and eaten up the character”. Here the word “politics” is used in a general sense, which means Government. But the word politics cannot be divorced from Political Parties. Politics and Political Parties are two sides of the same coin. Therefore, in a positive and direct sense, it means that “Political Parties has destroyed the soul and eaten up the character”. Political Parties, in my sincere opinion, is the cause of all the ills of the Country. Political Parties is a curse that bedevils the country. It is clear as day light to all, the educated and the knowledgeable, that Political Parties is the root cause of the disease afflicting the nation, yet helpless to cure it by ridding the cause. This is conceded by Vishwamithra, when he says that “yet no Politician or any social-minded leader of any worthy repute has tried anything outside the box, within the democratic framework”. He further states that “ let us open this column to a national conversation. How far or how wide we can reach in this exercise”. It is in this spirit that I offer my “outside the box” conceptual framework as a solution for a true democratic form of Government as detailed below.

Sri Lanka, historically, was ruled by Monarchs, so was other Asian Countries. We were subjugated by foreign Western Powers and colonized and ruled in the name of a distant Monarch. We lost our independence.

Genesis of Political Party

A struggle followed to regain our independence. So a National Movement was born to unify all forces to achieve independence from colonial Rule, which led to the formation of the Ceylon National Congress. Without such a political organization, with unity and cohesion, it would not have been possible to launch a movement to regain our independence. This is the genesis of the Political Party system. Thus the political Party, called the Ceylon National Congress, played a valid and significant role in the transformation to self-government. But the initial spirit of patriotism of the Political Party evaporated after attainment of Independence. The Monarchy was replaced by the Political Party. Aftermath of our political Independence, the history of our country, is the history of proliferation of Political Parties. Parliamentary democratic form of Government came into being. Theoretically, this is the ideal form of Government. President Abraham Lincoln of U.S.A succinctly and meaningfully defined democracy as “Government of the people, by the people, for the people”. Is this true in actual practice today? I say, no. It had degenerated today and become a Government of the Political Parties, by the Political Parties for the Political Parties. The people are mere voting machines at periodic elections to form a Government by Political Parties. Thus the right to rule and govern the country is solely vested in the Political Parties. It is the political parties  that nominate their members, for the people to elect as their representatives, to govern. Very seldom do candidates from the people, outside the Political parties, come forward as Independent Candidates to contest, to be elected as their representatives. Thus, the Government is a monopoly of the Political Parties. The rule by a single Monarch has been superseded by a single Political Party or more in a coalition. Political Parties are virtually owned and controlled by families and their children, as a hereditary right, thus ruling power is wielded by Politicians. In place of one Ruler King we have a multitude of Petty kings, parading as peoples’ representatives.

After gaining Independence, Political Party based government came into existence. At the inception, there was only one major Political Party in Sri Lanka, Ceylon National Congress, precursor of the later United National Party. At the time of the first General Election, there were only three or four Political Parties, such as the United National Party, Lanka Sama Samaja Party and the Communist Party. Since then, to the present day, Political Parties  have mushroomed to a plethoric number, due to the greed of Politicians to rule the country. They see in it a window of opening to aggrandize themselves and their families, though the ostensible reason given is to serve the country and the people. Today, there is a birth of a new Political Party at the drop of a hat, as it were.

Individuals and Groups cannot bring about a radical change in the formation of a Government. It has to come from the Government itself. Political Party based Government should be abolished. But to expect this from Politicians would be a miracle. Political Parties is a hindrance and an impediment to good governance and solution of national problems. The tyranny of Political Parties is ruining the country. In place of Kings of historical times, we have substituted a Cabal of Families to rule under the guise of Peoples’ Democracy. Can an Independent candidate without allegiance to a political Party come forward to represent the people of his Constituency under the present Political Party based system of election? Nominally, yes; But, in practical reality forming a Government is an impossibility. Of course, during the early stages of history of elections, some Independent Candidates contested elections. In this connection, I advert to the view expressed by Mr. Lacille De Silva in his article under the heading Is Sri Lanka becoming Man-eating- Man Society” in the Daily Mirror 25th December, where he says that “we must salute the youth of Balapitiya for their courage and determination to come as independent candidates to contest Balapitiya Pradeshiya Sabha”.  But can Individuals with no Political Party membership win an election, in competition with those nominated by the Political Parties, which have resources at their command for election campaigning? Even if they win, what can be achieved. Can they be part of the Government; certainly not. On the other hand, if they join the Government side, they have to compromise their independence. Thus Independent Candidates coming forward for elections ceased totally at an early stage. However, I am happy that Mr. Lacille De Silva has focused attention on the germ of my idea, the centre piece of my article- that is, abolish Political Parties to make way for independent candidates to come forward for elections to all Government bodies. Nomination for elections is a monopoly of the Political Parties now. In fact, a Political Party could even  nominate an outsider to any constituency to be elected as a representative of the people of that constituency. The people have merely to elect a nominee of the Political Party, whoever it is. Further, District based election of the Party first and  then the preferential vote to the candidate, has severed the nexus between the people and their representative. People have been relegated to insignificance and the Political Party supremacy has been enthroned. Is this the Democracy of the people, by the people and for the people that is parroted about? Isn’t this a total humbug? Isn’t this a tyranny of the Political Parties? If an independent Government is desired, then all the candidates at an election have to be Independent Candidates. There cannot be Political Parties and Independent Candidates at the same time. Both cannot co-exist. Political Parties have to be eliminated.

Cannot we have elections without Political Parties?

I say, yes, we can have elections without Political Parties. The Electoral System should be changed in the Constitution. But the question is, will the Parliament composed of Political Party members, self-abolish their Parties? Will the Political Parties have the sincerity, honesty and courage to change the very system that sustains and empowers them? Isn’t there another method of electing representatives to Parliament sans Political Parties? It is my view that Political Parties should be dissolved and abolished. As expected, the politicians, who are the only beneficiaries of the Party system of Government, will oppose this tooth and nail to protect their vested interests. They would be all out for the preservation of the status quo.

The evils of Political Party System of Government

There are many evils in the present political party system of Government:

1. Political party based Government is not truly democratic; Political parties are composed of Party members. The Party members are only a fraction of the total registered voters of the country. Vast majority of voters are independent, though they support a particular Party. The interests of the members of the Party, takes precedence over that of the people. 

2. Issues and problems of the country and solutions for them are determined from a Party-centric interest, rather than national interests. The adverse reaction of the rivals is their main concern. The survival of the Political Party, than doing the right thing, is the main motive.

3. Intense inter-Party rivalry during pre-election and post-election times, leads to violence and even murders. These are in the realm of public knowledge.

4. Even intra-Party conflicts and differences results in break-up parties, and dissidents forming their own separate parties.The desire to be the Leader is the driving force, and the result is multiplication of Parties. A comparison between then and now is mind boggling.

5. Political Parties are fed with funds from the Business community and well wishers. Foreign countries meddle in the elections with a stake in them. Thus, the Political Parties have the capacity to field many candidates for an election and bear the cost of electioneering. This makes it prohibitive for independent persons to win election on their own resources, in competition with Political Parties. The best talented and educated persons are deprived the opportunity of contesting an election. This is the only profession where no minimum educational qualification is required. What is needed is a loud mouth , theatrics, and populist vernacular oratory and popularity.

6. Political parties breeds violence, bribery, corruption, favoritism, nepotism, interference with Law and Order, industrial unrest, strikes. They are an obstacle to the resolution of the country’s burning problems. Particularly the ethnic problem, which is been tossed between the two major political parties for the last 60 years, at great peril and harm to the nation in all fronts-political, economic, social stability and inter-racial and religious harmony. The worst outcome is the politicisation of Public Services and the Bureaucracy, even the Judiciary, hindering good administration of the country.

7. Political Parties promote the retention of power within families and perpetuation of family rule. The right to contest election is passed from father to children in succession. The right to rule the country has become a hereditary right similar to the ancient monarchical rule.

8. Present Political Party culture and system of Government is patently, putrid .This truth is clear as crystal to all, including the politicians themselves; that is why they avariciously seek it, because they benefit by it.

Political Parties should be dissolved and Elections held on an Independent System .

In the interest of the country, the Political parties based elections should be abolished. Nomination to contest election should emerge from the Constituency itself. Of course, there should be stipulated eligibility qualifications, particularly a minimum University Degree or equivalent professional qualification to seek election to Parliament. Even Professional bodies could nominate persons, provided they resign from any other vocation, on winning the election.

The proposed system of election

The proposed method is not a revolutionary one. It is practiced by all Voluntary Associations. If Professional bodies, Associations and other Corporate entities could elect their Presidents/Chairman, Executive Committees and Office Bearers to run their Affairs, why cannot the State, being an association of people, elect the most talented and educated persons to govern the country. The critics will say this is preposterous, chimerical and an impractical ideal. I think, it is possible, if there is sincerity of purpose and will.

The Formation of the Government Procedure

1. A higher non-refundable Deposit should be fixed to discourage all and sundry contesting election.

2. Election will be wholly on the basis of “First past the Post” system only, and either to single or double member constituencies.

3. All elected representatives will meet on an appointed date at the Parliament with a Pro-tem Speaker in the Chair, guiding the proceedings. The Members of Parliament shall propose and second persons  for following Office. If more than one person is proposed, then elected by vote.

*The Speaker and Deputy Speaker

*The Prime Minister

*Non-Executive President .Two names of eminent persons from outside Parliament, proposed by the Speaker and the Prime Minister. It would be more democratic and desirable, if elected by vote of all members of the Parliament and members of all Provincial Councils.

4. The Prime Minister will have the sole discretion to chose his Cabinet of Ministers from among all the M.Ps and allocate the Ministerial Portfolios and appoint Deputy Ministers. The Cabinet will be restricted to a small number – 25 Ministers and equivalent Deputy Ministers. The positions  of State Ministers to be abolished. The Appointment of Ethnic minority members as Cabinet Ministers to reflect the plural character of the country will result in power sharing at the Centre by different ethnic communities. This will contribute to communal harmony, national unity and Sri Lankan consciousness.

5.  All the remaining M.Ps, more or less in equal numbers, to be appointed to Executive Committees, corresponding to the number of Ministers, by the Prime Minister. Thus all M.Ps will participate in the governing process, like under the Donoughmore Constitution.  Each Executive Committee to be headed by a Minister. Members of each Executive Committee can be allocated specific Department/Institution coming under each Minister.

6. The Executive Committees to meet periodically and deliberate, presided by the Cabinet Minister. The Minister of each Executive Committee to submit periodic progress Reports to the Cabinet of Ministers, on the work of each Executive Committee.

7. A formal Opposition will be totally redundant. This does not mean there will be no Parliamentary debate, discussion, expression of different views and criticism. Decisions will be taken on majority vote. Confrontational and adversarial Party politics will die a natural death.

8. The Cabinet of Ministers would prepare an Action Plan of work to be done for the ensuing period of its tenure, duly approved by a majority of all Members of Parliament. Pre-election Manifestos, under the Political Party system will be replaced by a Post election Action Plan, which will be presented by the President at the Inaugural meeting of the Parliament. This should be available in print for the Public for evaluation of the performance of the Government and their representatives at the end of its tenure of Office

9. The same system of election and attendant procedures will apply to all other local bodies as well.

The change is only in the process of election of representatives to Parliament and the method of forming  the Government. All  else, will remain the same, such as proceedings of the parliament, such as Standing Orders, Standing or Select Committees, procedures and practices, Motions, Resolutions etc.

The benefits of the proposed system of Government

  1. The so-called coalition Governments which are referred to as National or Unity Government is a misnomer. A Government without political Parties is the only true National Government.
  2. The simplification of the system of Elections.
  3. An end to confrontational and adversarial Party politics .
  4. Only educated, talented intellectuals and Professionals could enter Parliament free from bondage to Political Parties.
  5. Political Party rivalry, violence and murders will cease.
  6. There is no chance for the Business community or foreign countries with vested interest to meddle in elections.
  7. Ensures political stability.
  8. End to coalition Governments, Political Party crossovers and scheming.
  9. No space for ethno-religious centric Parties. Leads to national integration, unity and Lankan consciousness
  10. Family control of political parties will end. Therewith, family control of Government.
  11. Elimination of Wasteful cost of election. No Party propaganda through Cut-outs, posters, Political meetings, with loud speakers, musical shows, party flags and decorations, on roads and public places. These eye sores will be removed.
  12. End to Political Parties leading Trade Unions .Unions will have their own leaders. Manipulation of trade unions by Political Parties to cause strikes, protests, demonstrations will cease.
  13. The candidates contesting election can only do house to house canvassing, with leaflets of their profile, his voting Number, and explaining his case and plans/ proposals, for the welfare, progress and development of the constituency and the country.
  14. Religious and ethnic politics will lose its relevance. Monks/Priests to be debarred from contesting elections. Temple premises will cease to be political dens of activity. They should instead, be preoccupied with spirituality than politics.
  15. Main focus will be social and economic development of the country.
  16. Immense cost saving to the country. No Post of Opposition Leader, Less Ministers and Deputy Ministers. No Ministers of State. Therewith, reduction in Perks. Vehicles, Security etc.  Executive Committee Members only be financially remunerated without perks as Vehicles etc. Security cover for Ministers/Deputy Ministers to be at the barest minimum, for utility than for ostentation and ego of Ministers.

Conclusion

This is only a skeletal conceptual framework, which needs to be polished and refined and improved upon and developed by constitutional experts, to be a workable system. I am mindful that Political Parties and those in Power are not going to cheerfully adopt this proposal. Party Politicians are not going to preside over their own dissolution. However, my main purpose is to draw public attention to eradicate the present sordid, Political culture, and Parties based system of Government, which will increasingly lead our country to ruin. It is truly not democratic. The country is virtually tyrannized by Political Parties, their supporters and their families. Good men of integrity, principles, morals, honesty, the talented and educated shun partisan politics. Therefore, space must be provided for them to enter Government. A Meritocracy, instead of a pseudo- democracy, should be established. Elections should be open to any eligible person to contest and become a Member of Parliament, without being enslaved by Political Parties, and participate in Governance. Economic prosperity, social justice, political stability, peace and harmony will usher in for all sections of our plural society.

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Latest comments

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    Pliny the elder , one of few writers that survived from the first century writes about the island in chapter 24 under taprobane. The king , he says was an elderly man choosen for his kind disposition and lack of children ( Dr DT.. Ariyaratne ? ) A council of 30 was provided to him. All judicial matters were decided by him . The accused had the right of appeal to the people. If the accused appealed to the people- 70 more councilors were provided to settle the case.
    The islanders also chased elephant s , turtles. and tigers as a sport

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    Somapalan: Why 65000 Sq Km country needs three levels of govts and 9000 politicians ?. Compare with developed countries how they have. In Sri lanka, once appointed, I heard, Minister becomes the expert in that field. So, they talk issues and the govt doe snot have a system or national policies etc., They do not know once developed how the final country lands scape looks like, hoe the country would would like See how Mahinda Rajapkse is screaming that rajagiriya Fly over is his idea. How do we build a country that way. they imported cars in millions.they increased many taxes for poor. Instead decreased taxes for fuel. See Tamils. Politicians need political solutions. but, what is in it for the people. Same despair for ever.

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      Jim softy
      My article deals with the Political Party based system of electing a Government only. I have not said anything for or against a three level tiers of Governement
      Soma Palan

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      Jim Softy
      My article deals with Political party based system of electing a Government only. I have not said anything for or against three level tiers of Governement

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      Jim Softy
      My article deals with the Political Party based system of Government only.
      I have not said anything for or against the three tier system of government

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    A good article. In fact I posted a comment elsewhere yesterday requesting people to totally reject the new Mixed Electoral System, where there is no say for voters when electing candidates as the choice remains with political parties. In many cases, people don’t even know who the candidates are. People should block the government from promoting this new electoral system.

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      Alright, I agree with points 1 – 16 except 14.
      Item 14 has targeted one religion which is followed by the majority of the population. Ancient Kings had been advised by Buddhist Monks who had been an integral part of nurturing Sinhalese nation. Therefore, they have every right to be involved in politics which is a part and parcel of the society. We have a history where Buddhist monks fought to protect the country something which is even expected today. Suggestion to shunning them out of politics is discriminatory. Sinhalese have fighter blood. Unlike minorities, Sinhalese have a lot to lose. Therefore, whether they are laymen or Monks, Sinhalese are not ready to accept any move that destabilizes the country.

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        Buddhist’s survived wars with Indians, Persians, Moors, the Ming dynasty and Europeans. the kandyan kingdom held off mighty Portugal and Holland for 300 years. Not to mention defeating the British in several battles . Even a French army who came to negotiate a treaty to get rid of the dutch were massacred by the militia of Rajasinghe 11.

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        Champa
        Regret you have misunderstood. I have not targeted any one religion. I have said Monks/Priests, which is inclusive. I have not said specifically Buddhist monks. But it happens that they only dabble in politics/elections.Those who become monks/priests renounce worldly pursuits to my knowledge. Very Founder, Lord Buddha, did not dabble in politics/government.This does not prevent them from giving advice to Rulers. A discrimination arise only when there is a differential treatment within the same kind. Sinhalese may have fighter blood. But fighter blood in monks is alien to religion.

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      There are no perfect election system. Right now govt is moving from anarchy to anarchy simply to strengthen the political parties. See how many three wheeler parties are there. They never can establish a govt. Their only wish is to bargain and get a cabinet minister position. Some people who di dnot get that even as a national list MP talk against politicians. Preferential system should be abolished. National list should be abolished. Instead politicians who are also leaders know how to accommodate major opinions in the society and not because a politician became NEW LSSP party or New socialist party , New PEOPLES PARTY etc., there should be only one voting system. Preferential system did not work at all and contributed only to more mayhem and instability. See how 9000 politicians at three levels and a youth’s parliament to go with that means, simple lack of BRAIN in those leaders. It is all to promote their families and their power and not for the country.

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    Just a reminder to Mr Somapalan. What you are proposing now is what the country had before 1947. when people with resources contested elections and those who had access to greater resources won.Are we to go back to those dark ages where those who were not born into wealth but had intelligence, skills, and capabilities were denied the opportunity to contribute to the prosperity of the country.? I agree that the present system has great flaws that need to be corrected, but abolishing the party system is like throwing the baby out with the bath water! An electoral system without political parties will deny the country of well resourced party machneries that conceptualise,research and develop, and help implement national policies. Mind you, hapless MPs under the proposed system will be at the mercy of the organised corporate world, and other well organised institutions like the trade union movement which will simply browbeat MPsinto submission in pursuit of their own corporate goals.This idea I am afraid is a. No-brainer.think again Mr Sompalan.

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      Jim Softy
      My article deals with Political party based system of electing a Government only. I have not said anything for or against three level tiers of Government

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      Percy
      Yes, a feature of the Donoughmore Constitution.- the Executive System only., which is a whole participatory government. Pre-1947 era was shed more light than the darkness now where mayhem rules. All the infra-structure we now enjoy was given to us by the Britishers.It is only now those intelligent educated and talented, who have no resources, are denied the opportunity to participate in Government, due to the monopoly of Political Party system. The uneducated, skill-less and incompetent, even without their resources promoted as our representatives,. Even thugs, criminals, drug dealers with mass popularity only get elected. No need for resourced Party machineries to contest elections. Human resource is the biggest asset, which is abundantly available withe the professional classes. It is only now the politicians are obliged to the corporate world, who pump funds to the political parties and ill-gotten wealth through commissions on contracts to corporate bodies. The Bond Scam is a case in point. It is not to show-case my brain power.

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    As a postscript .to my previous comment may I add that the suggestion that monks should not be permitted to contest elections is both blatantly discriminatory and outrageous. What Mr S is suggesting is that if a person takes to the priesthood he automatically loses an essential civil right. The disenfranchisement of monks in a land where constitutionally Buddhism is given pride of place is absolutely provocative. What next abolish Buddhism as a religion in SRI Lanka?

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      Percy dated pathetic

      Does Vinaya rule which governs monkshood allow Monks to actively participate in politics? If Vinaya does, could you quote chapter and verse of the section which you believe is relevant to what you typed above.

      If you haven’t got a clue please verify it with members of Assgiria.

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        Stupid Tamil Vedda
        This has nothing to do with Vinaya rules. Monks are expected to protect the religion, the nation and the people. It is a basic duty which the priesthood had successfully performed for centuries. There will be no chance for aliens who have crept into SRI Lanka to dictate terms to to the monks. Go dictate to your Brahmin priests! That is if you are permitted to even walk in their shadow.

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          Percy
          By aliens you mean the Tamils.You presume the pre-Buddhistic /pre Vijayan inhabitants were Sinhalese. They did not even exist. Since present Lanka was part of the Indian continent, the native inhabitants were a mix of South Indian Dravidians. Even the mythical founder of the Sinhalese race is an Indian, even though it is an invention of the Mahavamsa. The embryo of the Sinhala race was hatched with the advent of Buddhism in 247 BC. The native Dravidians embraced Buddhism. They are the primeval ancestors of the Sinhalese, who in course of time created a separate Sinhalese language using Sanskrit, Tamil, and Pali words. and a separate identity evolved. In truth no one were aliens.

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      Percy,
      Re your Post Script. Those who enter priesthood renounce material/ worldly things and not their acquisition. Buddhist Vinaya forbids this. It does not mean a loss of civic right.Monks/priests do not marry. They take the vow of celibacy. By your logic , forbidding marriage is also a loss of civic right. There is no disenfranchisement or denial of right to vote. If you are truly religious,why are you getting provoked. Provoked for what?Only a lunatic will call for abolition of Buddhism. You seem to be suffering of religious paranoia due to lack of conviction in your own religion. My suggestion on the contrary, will restore true orthodoxcy in Buddhism. It will purify, strengthen and conserve Buddhism.

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        Buddhist priests take the vow of celibacy on their own volition,and by the same token renounce the material world. They also have a civic role to play viz protect the country, it’s people,and it’s institutions a role they have played for centuries past.It is impertinent on the part of a non Buddhist to suggest that Buddhist monks should forfeit this role. Why don’t you ask the Church and its proponents to stop making political statements.?

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          Percy
          Do you mean to say taking the vow of celibacy is optional to become priest? That is implied in the word Volition- that is you may or may out. That further means no compulsion to be a celibate.According to you Buddhist monks can marry and continue to be monks. You seem to be ignorant of your own religion. If Buddhism is a religion they have only one role- pursuit of religion and spirituality. The protection of the country, people and its Institutions is the primary responsibility of the State. Why not have an Army of Buddhist priests with a Monk General and disband the secular Armed forces. I don’t have an institutional organisation like Church or a Sangha to tell them not to make political statements. It is out of my religion that Buddhism was born.

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            I have to say that organised religion has a wider and more significant role than providing religous succour. History is riddled with examples. In SL the Mahanayakes have always been consulted with regard to secular matters especially those arising from the need for national security. I presume you have heard of the role of the Archbisop of Canterbury, and the Pope. Elsewhere in Thailand, Japan and other countries religous leaders are also playing significant secular roles. When you refer to your religion I presume you refer to the Hindu religion. Well I will state quite categorically that Buddhism was not born out of Hinduism. While there may be commonalities between the two, your contention that Buddhism was born out of Hinduism has no factual foundation.

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    Just before independence we had only one political party – the UNP. The then leader was the King. In 1948 a UNPer wanted to be leader and the only way was to form a new party. And then there were two – UNP and SLFP with discernible policy differences. The leaders conduct themselves like kings. The SLFP kingdom is unable to decide on a King and so a third party has been formed SLPP. This does not have any policy. SLPP is confused – they allow SLFPers to campaign on behalf of SLPP.
    Soma Palan: Some real Kings were benevolent. The party Kings are there for ego and…..you know what!

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    soma
    why not a benevolent dictatorship without political parties or politicos of any kind
    what a saving for the country

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      nalmen
      Where to find a benevolent dictator? It would be like searching for a pin in a haystack.
      Benevolent and dictatorship are contradictory terms.Means is important as ends. One should not achieve benevolent ends by autocratic and coercive means.

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    Well ,since 1948 we were unable seek Independent path of Democracy and Development strategy of enrich ours politics -economic -social order by ourselves .
    The issues is that we were failure to shifted nation politics from Colonialism rule of British type governances into modern Political Democratic country last years 70 of few decades.

    The Party system, it classes, fundamental base of economy and social roots are remain in backward capitalism led by UNP political ideology and their set of policies. Such nation is not moving forward .
    In such case what has happen that Sri Lanka is concern it will go to backward or standstill.

    That is why whole political system of Democracy been corrupted by parties that in overall which even after changes of Constitution in 1972 ,1978 and 2015 February .
    It did Not that an enrich or growth of healthy democracy in the country which is accountability to Public? Sri Lankan the represtaitaive democracy has lost all political honesty, credentials and confidence among public. Failure of Democracy is not that general human factor ,it is political ideology and policies of UNP!!!@

    Though SLFP has certain political reforms were there since 1956.It has positive aspects and impacts of political-economy results last 60 years in Sri lanka.
    Needless to say Democracy destroy by UNP regime time to time since 1977 by JRJ-UNP misrule and mismanage of whole country has created uncertainties and chaos last 40 years.
    But demand want for real voice of democracy to revolutionary changes by NEW POLITICAL Party to be meets ongoing vast changes in Globalization of Capitalism of New Structure of Capitalism base in sustainability our nation state….. Sri lanka.

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    It is hopeless situation in the island. Democracy is not working in the island, waited over 2 months to meet the elected member for an appointment never turned up at his local residence, heard doing deals elsewhere. He can wait for the next election for our verdict.

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      Democracy did not work anywhere in the world. Just dictatorships worked better in the world. there were emperors who always thought whether they did anything wrong. Democracy has allowed thieves, killers (Hitler), con men, fraudsters to become kings and major politicians. Sri lankan leaders are weak. that is why influence of foreign states are high and important. That is why Minorities have become the majority. Country is in jeopardy. Because, politicians corrupt, weak and do not know what to do. No one inthe country has a vision for the country. they all talk issues. that is after 40 years or 50 years of experience. Just think if you are trained in the same work place for 40 years of 50 years, what would your contribution be.

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    Somapalan should be hindu. IF you are Christian or Muslim you never talk about monks being non-political. Instead you would scold them because both those religions are political religions and started because of their regional politics.
    today education is important in order to have understanding of the world. Because the today world is very small. On the other hand, Good Managerial experience, vision for the country are very important. See Ranil and many other leaders. they all talk issues. they all blame the previous govt and what would they do in the future, or they are doing what I started. No visionary leaders except lost in the wilderness.

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    Comment related to Mr Percy…..

    We our nation is Pregnant with Democratic Revolution by nature of stage is bourgeoisies task has be undertaken by New Political party of the PEOPLE. By and large that majority political parties are lucent by politics of Old colonial system of governances and their mode of operand which inherit neo-colonial democracy more less last 70 years since 1948!

    1 On going an ours Order of democracy model has been that Compromised between by Neo-colonialism forces of few UNP -outfits and Emerging national forces of Democracy classes in an Island wide.

    2 Indeed the lessons of history says in 1956 we had reform democracy by land slide victory of MEP-SLFP. But even changes of 1972 Republic constitution, it take de route by change of political power to 1977 UNP-JRJ. His leadership of UNP has restoration of Corrupted Criminal system of moribund democracy been replace by whole set of UNP political corrupted leadership . It has gone over 40 years since 1977.
    People are uncertainties of future of dark side of Democracy on Politically, Economically and Socially time being

    3 The task has dual mission at once : One is that Nation has to Regain their lost civilization and Second Reset for New Capitalist development of which base on Sustsnsbility of forefront struggle.
    Having New globalization has an open path for all Sri Lankan has to radically shifted New Era by New Political emerging forces has to take leadership of Democratic task and programmed by themselves. History has an open New path and Model for new represtaitaive Democracy system of governances has created by ongoing New Globalization Order.

    4 We need new input of Political ideologies in Political leadership which is the matter treat as urgent and priority basis by newly emerging social forces in Sri lanka?

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    Well said Piyadasa Yalagala. You seem to be thinking on correct lines but one can’t blame you for not articulating your thoughts lucidly in a language alien to you. Therein lies part of the national problem. I don’t wish to, neither have I the capacity to be patronising, but I belong to a fast disappearing time and age and can afford to make lofty statements! To go forward we must all be strong in our own language for expressing our thoughts while not shutting the door on the rest of the world by ignoring the magic of the English language.

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    Political parties promise the Sun and the Moon and the Earth before they win the elections .After winning the elections they say why they can’t do so by their actions by pocketing the Sun and the Moon and the Earth to prepare for the next elections.
    and we vote them back to power. “Cowthe Hora”?

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    The best way forward is for us to go back to bullock cart transport and economy. Here you have only to worry of the bulls !. No worries about selling the”” import permits except of cause for an imported pedigree bull
    Seriously,I appreciate the writer Soma Palan’s attempt to simply a workable political solution for the present mess.
    However as he himself I believe alludes, for it to work we need the right people and people with integrity . The irony is that if we had/have the right kind of politicians we wouldn’t be where we are . That’s the bottom line. A total and utter mess. Look at the fiasco in parliament yesterday.
    These fellows ca not organise a piss up in a brewery , let alone run the country. No two day passes without contradicting the previous days news, statement , no ,the gossip. What A WAY TO RUN THE COUNTRY.
    It seems that if you are from the right school, better still if one is from Royal or the surrounding , there won’t be no contest. In the second decade of the 21st century how could this be allowed and justified.
    They hold the masses at ransom. These fellows are shameless; how they face people each day with a straight face is beyond me to comprehend and give sermons at political meeting. It is beyond a joke

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