Mahinda Attempts To Trample On The Independence Of The Judiciary

Filed under: Colombo Telegraph,MORE OPINION,Opinion |
 

By Asian Human Rights Commission -

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) is not surprised by the government’s confrontation with the Judicial Service Commission (JSC) and the courts, as it is part of a consistent pattern that has been going on ever since the executive presidential system was established in 1978. The constitution was established in order to undermine the independence of the judiciary. The recent call by President Mahinda Rajapaksa on the JSC to meet him to discuss its functions, which the JSC refused, only indicates an attempt by the president to establish his patronage over the judiciary. Through the 1978 Constitution the basic structure of the 1948 Constitution was fundamentally altered, by replacing a democratic system with a patronage system, where the very idea of the independence of the judiciary was treated as an alien concept.

The AHRC calls on the Sri Lankan people to come to an understanding, even belatedly, that the independence of the judiciary and the very basic structure of democracy cannot coexist with the executive presidential system. The recent gathering of mobs to protest against the judiciary and otherwise intimidate it is only a reminder of similar attacks in the past.

While appreciating the JSC’s determination not to meet with the president to discuss the functions of the JSC and their determination to defend the rights of the JSC, the AHRC reiterates once again that the very existence of the judiciary in Sri Lanka as an independent institution is under severe threat and it is the duty of the Supreme Court itself, above all others, to defend the institution against the patronage system which will continue to attempt to bring the judiciary under its thumb.

The JSC issued a press statement detailing many attempts by the government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa to trample on its independence. The attack on the JSC came directly after the Supreme Court expressed its determination on the Divineguma Bill, which the Supreme Court held to be unconstitutional until the provincial councils are consulted on the matters involved in the bill. The Supreme Court determination was immediately followed by a protest, which the newspapers reported to be by a crowd sponsored by the government. The 3,000 people who assembled near the parliament included Minister Basil Rajapaksa (one of the brothers of the president) and several other ministers.

The Bar Counsel of Sri Lanka (BaSL) condemned this mob protest as an attack on the independence of the judiciary and stated that it will initiate legal action for contempt of court against the organisers of this demonstration. The BaSL also condemned the use of the state media to attack the judiciary and announced that it will take legal action against the state media concerned.

President Rajapaksa called on the JSC to meet him in order to discuss the functions of the JSC but the JSC, in an official meeting, decided not to meet the president or anyone else regarding its official functions, as such discussions are unconstitutional.

The JSC in its press release stated that it is paying serious attention to the baseless attacks made by both electronic and print media on it recently. It stated that the aim of those who are engaged in such attacks attempting to belittle the functions of the JSC is to destroy the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law in Sri Lanka.

The JSC press release further stated that attacks and pressures have been exercised by people of various positions regarding some of its basic activities. There had been attempts to influence the JSC regarding some of the decisions it has taken. On one occasion, the JSC took disciplinary action against a particular judge, and there have been several attempts to influence it regarding this decision. The JSC reference here is to the disciplinary action against the District Judge Aravinda Perera, who was interdicted following many complaints of corruption. The newspapers mentioned Aravindra Perera as a close friend of Namal Rajapaksa, the president’ son.

The government is also angered by the action taken against Minister Rishard Bathurdeen, who is accused of an attempt to pressurise the magistrate of Mannar, and the action against the attack on the Magistrate’s Court and the High Court of Mannar. These attacks led to a boycott of the courts by judges and lawyers throughout the island. The minister is now facing criminal charges at the Magistrate’s Court and an inquiry into contempt of court at the Court of Appeals. The government has not taken any action against this minister and is engaged in a showdown with the courts regarding this case.

While appreciating BaSL’s initiatives to defend the independence of the judiciary with regard to the attacks on the JSC and regarding the attacks on the courts in Mannar, AHRC is compelled to point out that, given the magnitude of danger to the very existence of the independence of judiciary and the independence of the legal profession itself, the actions taken by BaSL so far are inadequate. Things have reached a point at which it is dangerous for the Supreme Court to declare a bad law as bad or to interdict a bad judge or to take legal action against intimidation of a magistrate and attacks on courts. The system of patronage that is established through the 1978 Constitution demands absolute submission to the president’s authority. Therefore, the attacks on the courts and the lawyers, as independent professionals, will continue. It is time for the BaSL, representing the interests of the lawyers in Sri Lanka — whose existence depends on the existence of an independent judiciary — to develop a consistent strategy for a continuous struggle to save the judiciary and itself from attacks from the patronage system, which is entrenched through the 1978 Constitution.

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9 Responses to Mahinda Attempts To Trample On The Independence Of The Judiciary

  1. 0
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    The path to dictatorship is manipulation of the press, law and order, and most importantly the Judicial system. We see it happening before our very eyes.

    Panda
    September 24, 2012 at 10:03 am
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    A correction must be made.BASL stands for Bar Association of Sri lanka,not Bar Council of SriLanka.

    DYKM
    September 24, 2012 at 11:27 am
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    In the present stage of man’s evolution, in the more saner societies, man choses to live under the Law – with a supremely clean and independent judicial system where every citizen is made to feel his interests are protected by the law. It does occur now and then a despot or two tries to bend and break the system to satisfy his present ego. We see many examples in the world today. In addition to Idi Amin of Uganda, Mugabe of Zimbabwe, the North Korean robots there is that thug Lukeshenko, who has just voted him as the President again of Belarus (Bylorussia) It is ironical fate a man who risked his life to protect the law in the late 1980s by daring to go before the HRC/Geneva today remains condemned of the same crimes he chose to risk his life then to defend. BASL, some members of the judiciary and many distinguished Lankans in the country are coming out to defend the rights of all of us. It is heartening to read even some senior Ministers too are now seeing things in perspective. Senguttuvan

    Senguttuvan
    September 24, 2012 at 12:38 pm
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    The independence of judiciary and the independence of the legal profesion has been a problem in Sri Lanka since the establishment of executive presidential power in 1978. Taking these incidents lightly is problematic, it has to be addressed

    Merril
    September 24, 2012 at 8:16 pm
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    The independence of the judiciary has to be addressed to “MAD” (Mervyn,Amare,Duminda) – three of the presidents men!!!

    mike
    September 25, 2012 at 10:35 am
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    consensus between executive and judiciary must prevail for good governance, a meeting with the executive for a meaningful dialogue is not unconstitutional.

    plsbandara@yahoo.com
    September 27, 2012 at 4:36 am
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    I think this passage from Rousseau’s advice to teachers could be relevant for the subject of the article by AHRC. Let(the child) believe that he is always in control,though it is always you who really controls.There is no subjugation that is so perfect as that which keeps the appearance of freedom,for in that way one captures volition itself.The poor baby,knowing nothing,able to do nothing,having learned nothing,is he not at your mercy? Can you not arrange everything in the world,that surrounds him? Can you not influence him as you wish? His work,his play,his pleasures,his pains,are not all these in your hands and without his knowing? Doubtless he ought only do what he wants;but he ought to want to do only what you want him to do;he ought not to take a step which you have not forseen;he ought not to open his mouth without you knowing what he will say(Emile)

    Uthungan
    September 27, 2012 at 10:49 am
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    Just like various civil organizations, learned individuals, political parties,trade unions and most importantly the people of this country supported the just call to save education in this country by rallying around FUTA, it is time for us to rally around the JSC. This is no time to be silent. Enough is enough! We cannot wait for outsiders to do it.

    Ruki Herath
    September 29, 2012 at 8:07 am
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    A common opposition alliance must be formed of all parties which have as their first priority the abolishing of the presidency and as their second priority the implementation of the 17th amendment for the establishment of constitutional councils.The path we are now taking is very dangerous for the future generations who will have to clear up the mess created due to excesses by the president because of lack of transparency,accountability and unlimited power.I am afraid that like greece now,our future generations will not be able to clear the mess because it will be so huge and will have to only come out onto the streets to vent their frustrations as lenders turn the screws and throttle them until they become their economic slaves.

    shankar
    October 1, 2012 at 1:13 am
    Reply

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