2 October, 2022

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Prevent An MR-GR 2/3rd Majority In Next Election

By Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

My MR-GR supporter friends and my Gota besotted relatives are adamant that they must win a two-thirds majority in the elections slotted for about May. They are after a constitutional amendment, but when I ask them what they want they become hazy. 19A has made the PM powerful at the expense of the President, so do they want an all-powerful Presidency as during JR’s tenure reducing MR to a pantaloon? “No” some say, especially the politically savvy who trust MR more than GR. The middle-class segment however is chauvinist and more enthusiastic about GR than MR and more militaristic in its loyalties. SLPP parliamentarians are MR-friendly because that’s the gravy-train; a militarised administration may come in conflict, down the road, with Ministers and MPs thirsting for gravy. In Egypt and Pakistan however the military after climbing into power was more gravy-hungry than venal politico. 

A constitutional amendment to repeal key elements of 19A would enhance presidential power and ipso facto also strengthen GR at the expense of MR; letting 19A stand would confirm the opposite. Then there is the question of repealing the prohibition on term-limits. Repeal would allow MR to contest at the next opportunity (end of GR’s term or sooner if he quits and the amendment allows fresh elections soon). But this too will cut both ways; sauce for MR is sauce for GR. Without term-limits both MR and GR are eligible for a Papa Doc or Mugabe-like ‘from this time forth and even for ever more’, in perpetuity power grab. 

19A is far from perfect; it suffers from shortcomings in text and inadequacies in the extent to which it relegates post-Sirisena presidents to a ceremonial role. (The limited powers allowed to that nincompoop created turmoil and allowed malpractice on a large scale in the dying year of that administration). What Lanka will be safest with is a 100% parliamentary system with a 100% ceremonial head of state as in India or the UK. A US type tripod balance of power constitutional arrangement will not work here because institutions are weak and checks on power abuse pathetic. So for now let the sleeping dog 19A lie; messing with it will make things worse.

There is another issue that needs to be tackled and that too, I presume, will need fiddling with the constitution. (Maybe it can be done by subsidiary legislation?). Our all-proportional electoral system must be changed to a mixed system where most legislators (and provincial and local government representatives) are elected in first-past-the-post (FPTP) constituency elections while a lesser number are chosen on a proportional representation (PR) basis. 

An example is Germany. Bundestag (parliament) elections give each voter two votes. One for a constituency candidate elected on FTTP and the ‘second’ for a party list in each district. List-seats are then modified to maintain “proportionality balance” in the Bundestag as a whole – seems complicated. Other countries have variations and gerrymandering is engineered into the definition of “proportionality balance”. Should district seats be in proportion to ‘second’ votes in each district only? Or should the total (national) ‘second’ votes be the criterion and list-seats districts be adjusted by a formula to ensure that total seats for each party is in proportion to its total national ‘second’ votes? Should only ‘second’ votes be used in allocating list-seats or should the sum of ‘second’ and constituency (first) votes be the criterion? Germany uses a version of one of these options; the details are irrelevant to my point. My point is to show that there is a lot of thinking to do in deciding the nitty-gritty details of the type of FTTP+PR design that is best for Lanka.

The Dutch system is strictly proportional. That is, seats are allocated in proportion to the number of votes won by each list nationally. No districts, only one vote each nationally, clean simple but never a stable government or lasting working majority! Austria has a complicated PR system with votes that did not win a seat at the lower (‘district’) level being aggregated upwards to the national level where they may eke out a seat by aggregation (the “no votes wasted” theory). An Austrian JVP may get 5% in every district but not win a single PR district seat, but its national total (say 5 lahks if the electorate was Sri Lanka’s size) would, in aggregate, earn it a few parliamentary seats by a formula you can think up. 

For the time being however I am against a fair FTTP+PR system. It’s not that I am malevolent by nature. It’s that I don’t want anything that may make it easier for MR-GR to get a 2/3-rd majority. That’s by far is the worse evil; this possibility must be blocked by the current parliament which has the power to block constitutional changes.  

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Latest comments

  • 6
    2

    The focus of Mahinda Family is very clear. They want permanent Mahinda Family rule and most of the Sinhala Buddhist are happy to give this land to Mahinda Family. What they are now doing is simply put all the blames on UNP, Tamils and Muslims. They will put Sampanthan, Hakeem and Rishard in jail or at least arrest them to ensure that they will get 75% of the Sinhala votes. If the election is going to be on proportional basis there is a possibility to stop two third majority only if UNP and JVP have an agreement purely to stop two third majority. Tamils and Muslims are not going to trust UNP again. So they will not join with UNP and JVP.

  • 6
    1

    3/2 or 1/3 ..
    now Sri Lanka will become monarch soon.
    two kings will fight for domination.
    Goata king and MR kings.
    it is a family businesses now.
    let us wait and see

    • 2
      0

      London – Under Rajafucksha rule there is no gazette notification, instead it will henceforth be known as a “Royal Proclamation” whether one likes it or not!

  • 5
    1

    Wait for the flare up before Nominations and see whether 2/3 is possible?

  • 7
    2

    Dear Kumar,
    .
    I worked
    almost as hard as you did to prevent the Presidential Election debacle. I don’t think that I’m upto this much more uphill task. Preferential Voting ought to have worked in our favour – but the voters seemed to be such donkeys! Explain Bundestag to them? You’re nuts!!
    .
    Given the current system of voting for Parliamentary Elections, this time it’s going to be a two-party race in Sinhalese areas – with even the minorities voting that way. SLPP is going to sweep the board. How can we possibly counter the communalism that they’ve begun stoking? As usual, I will refuse to follow the herd with my own vote, but there’s no way I can start swimming against the tide this time.
    .
    I thought that you’d have seen these two articles on the Anglicans: Mine:
    .
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/some-thomian-pharisees-are-adamant-on-the-need-to-cheat/
    .
    and Jeevan Hoole’s:
    .
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/two-self-proclaimed-anglican-bishops-from-his-lordship-to-his-grace/
    .
    I know that our alma mater (played down by you) matters little in National Politics (except that we are noted as snobs!) but that publicity that we are giving to the stench emanating from the Anglican Church is going to somewhat help the Rajapaksas in the short term. And yet what can we do (having given many warnings) but expose? I’ve tried to go easy on certain aspects and certain persons (close relatives), but we just must expose the rotten state of affairs.
    .
    As for voting strategy this time: will we be able to vote for the UNP, unless that party becomes surprisingly different. I think that I’ll try to identify who the most satisfactory leader in the Badulla District and cast all three “Preferences” for him/her. So, it’s reverse process for me. The Best Candidate will determine the Party I vote for.

    • 0
      3

      Mr. Mrs. Sinhala Man,
      \
      One donkey can vote for another donkey….
      Who cares……

  • 1
    4

    Does Kumar think our Inhabitants are on at least 25 .000 Income in USD ,to give this U Beaut Parliamentary Systems which the Western Countries have adopted ?.

    Even the defeated UNP Candidate told us that 20% of our Inhabitants are on the Samurdhi thresh hold.
    I heard it is only LKR 3500 a month from the new President Nandasena.

    The new President Nanadsena duly promised that he will work his hardest to give jobs to these Samurdhi Inhabitants without using Politikkas as Labor Hire Companies as a priority..
    And lift the Per Capital Income of the rest.

    The new President also promised that he will do every thing to help ensure the the Economy will Grow at least 6.5 % per Anum.
    And the per capita Income of the Inhabitants reach USD 6500 by 2025.

    We know how the UNP Pilikkas made big Bucks ,and their mates made even bigger Bucks when Dr Ranil and his Cabinet Ruled the Roost using those Amendments to the max, which they introduced themselves..,.

    We also know what happened to the Country both in Economy and in National Security.

    What we need is to get rid of all those Amendments which Dr Ranil and his Cabinet Mates put into good use to destroy the Nation..
    And help the new President to fulfill his promises on the Economy. the Standard of Living of the Inhabitant population and their Security and Safety at least until 2025.

    Happy , Peaceful and Prosperous New Year. to Dr Kumar and the rest,

    • 4
      0

      Sumane,
      If Mr G performes well during the run up to the General Election.
      It is best that SLPP has a strong parliament so that the Country will have some stability.

      Rajapakshas ruling for ever is BS – if they don’t perform and UNP has genuinly restructured and geared up UNP could come to power in the next electing.

      For now let’s wish all the best for 2020 and a stable and just govermnent
      that will act wisely for the benifit of it’s citizens (all communities)

      • 3
        1

        Citizen Silva

        “If Mr G performes well during the run up to the General Election.
        It is best that SLPP has a strong parliament so that the Country will have some stability.”

        While unresolved war crimes and crimes against humanity issues are hanging over his head the country cannot be stabilised by this “STRONGMAN”.

        In his 70s, and being a “Sinhala/Buddist” this man has to deal with and prepare himself for attaining Nibbana. As you observe him closely he seems sliding into oblivion.

        No one wants an Asian Mugabe to rule this island forever.

  • 1
    4

    David,
    Dream on. Dreams are free but dont forget to wipe when you wake up

  • 3
    6

    Mr David,
    why do you need to prevent a MR/GR 2/3 majority in the forthcoming election.
    So far the present President is doing well and very well. Do you want the previous Wankers of the past Government back in power. ????????
    It is very surprising that a person of your integrity and educational background with a comprehensive knowledge of Electrical Power distribution should be against the present regime in power.
    What is it that you really want in Sri lankan politics. ????????
    Corruption, Robbing, Lethargy, Cheating, Arrogance, etc etc etc, is this what you want.
    You may want it but you will not get it.
    We have seen two idiotic, disgusting, utterly sloven buffoons who lead the country down the garden path to nearly virtual destruction namely in Ranil Wickremasinghe and Maithripala Sirisena.
    Do you want the very same infernal beings to lead the country into the cesspit.
    If that is what you want then may you get your 2/3 majority if not then may President Gotabaya Rajapaksa turn the once resplendent island around and bring it back to a state of respect and prosperity.
    By the way we don’t need the damned EU, the US, Canada or the UK telling us how to run our country.
    They should be told how to run their own failing economies that is pumped up by false statistics.
    Happy New Year to you.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • 3
      2

      Ado Basil, you sound like a Rajafakse. These buggers are the worst scum that even God cannot get rid of!
      Cheers

      • 0
        2

        Mr. Duspin Case,
        /
        Of course “”Rajafakse””s are above god. You are correct.

      • 1
        3

        Justin Case
        you sound another Arsehole like the previous Arseholes in the former government.
        Shaggers like you should get the tip of Gotabaya’s boot up your rear.
        Hope that in time to come Gotabaya will whip the shit of your stinking backside and bring some discipline into you.
        It is because of left handed sri lankan shaggers like you that the lovely island will not make any progress.
        You perverted bugger stop looking at porn on your phone and shagging off in some dark corner every night.
        Ugly buggers like you are like Dog Shit on a well manicured lawn visible for all to see.
        May Gotabaya and Mahinda hang buggers like you by your balls because that is the only way good old Sri lanka can make progress.

  • 1
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.

    For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

  • 2
    4

    What all the anti-Sinhala Buddhists and anti -Hindus want is power in Sri Lanka. Not a working govt, nit about honest politicians. So, they propose various measures to win the power. These National candidate project people tightened their grip in 1977. Since 1989, they are trying their best to drive the final nail in the coffin. 2105 became a failure. 2019 loss is spectacular.
    Sri Lankan should not get carried away with the proportional system and to represent the every voter. Voting should be to elect politicians who elect visionary, capable and honest politicians who will see the defeat if they fail Right now career politicians, once elected talk about Rs 500 million to cross the sides. National list MPs talk about Rs 100 million to cross the sides.
    We do not need 225 career politicians who will not represent the voter, instead represent the drug cartels, foreign interests, INGOs or NGOs funded by foreign interests. For last over 40 years or so period, they have worked for foreign interests.
    There are no perfect systems any where in the world. Every system has defects. Only people can make it complete with their, honesty and integrity.
    The best system for Sri Lanka is a president selected Cabinet and they do not have to be career politicians who becomes experts or specialists to one certain ministry. Right now, UK system is fked up because of democracy within the same group.
    Establish the american system in Sri Lanka too. Cut down the parliament elected to represent the electorate and not the electoral district. There are no perfect system of electing.
    Proportional system works for foreign interests, corrupt anti-sri lankan NGOs and for foreign interests.
    Voter should make clear this confusion.

  • 2
    9

    You can dream on KD.
    We already have the capacity to get 2/3 majority in parliament.
    JVP – 7 seats.
    UNP – 39 to 44 seats.
    And ……
    Part of UNP will support GR after election.
    And….
    Some of the minority parties will side with GR for survival after election.
    /
    We are very thankful for the Swiss ambassador and Rajitha’s white van drama for the unexpected help.
    /
    Mark my words….

  • 2
    6

    Lanka needs a strong, competent, patriotic leaders, who will bring the good people together, create synergies, and work with a single minded determination to succeed. It has a long way to go but the Lankans have taken the first step by electing Gotaby. Now, Lankans should not expect miracles. Give him a little time, do not be judgmental about everything. It took a long time and a lot of negligence and total depravity before Lanka produced a fanatic minority aligned to radical Jihadi Islam, salivating at the sight of vulnerable Kaffirs to feast on economically, politically and morally. The root of most Lankan woes is this cancer of intolerance and greed, the Islamic Covenant to subjugate and destroy the Kaffir. Gotaby must totally annihilate this Devil of intolerance, and meanwhile emotional Buddhist monks should be told to hold back from throwing stones and slapping idiots on camera. That will be used against Lanka.

  • 4
    1

    KD,
    Have you heard the old Sinhala axiom, “Holding on to the tail after the elephant let go?” What you are doing in this column is exactly what it means. When you had a chance to stop GoRa getting elected, you bungled the opportunity by choosing wrong priority of lifting JVP vote % from 5 to 7 – a meaningless target relative to the bigger threat at the moment! My question is whether your plea, even if it is the right one, is an honest one or just another attempt to resurrect JVP from the backdoor? In any case, whatever the true motive is, it is obvious that there is nothing much left for you/JVP. A meaningful realization is “better late than never”!

    • 2
      0

      Dear D. P.
      .
      What does this mean?

      .
      “When you had a chance to stop GoRa getting elected . . .”
      .
      Get back to studying simple Arithmetic. Gota got over 52% of the vote. All the others got nothing more than 47%.
      .
      So, Gota won – he had to win. Can any one person be held responsible for this calamity? Yes, Ranil Wickremasinghe – thirty years of him.
      .
      One could question the “quality” of the votes Gota received. How intelligent were they? Not at all. How well-informed were they? They did not want to be informed. For decades we’ve been conditioned to imagine that our votes are “precious” (“vatina chandaya”) and so 52% voted ignorantly.
      .
      Kumar did not vote at all. He was in Hong Kong. I voted – not for Gota.
      .
      That is democracy – too bad.
      .
      Kumar’s effort was long-term education – not for benefit for himself. Remember that he is an old man. The failure is not represented by the Gota victory. It was how few used the provision for Preferential Voting. Who was to blame? All 34 defeated candidates who displayed “kathires” and none of whom commented on this article:
      .
      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/was-the-presidential-election-free-and-fair-when-colombo-returning-officer-called-sajith-premadasa-the-son-of-a-donkey-asks-prof-hoole/
      .
      .
      Yes, Kumar suffered a defeat – a noble defeat!

      • 1
        1

        Panini,
        Same facts; different opinion!

        Let me give your educationally constructive reply: In open natural systems, 2+2 is very rarely equal to 4. As admitted by yourself when you say that I’m “too dogmatic” for you, perhaps you may not understand what it means but, KD might be able to help b’cos he might know the concept of “emergent outcomes”. The concept of Synergy” is closely synonymous.

  • 2
    3

    “Prevent An MR-GR 2/3rd Majority In Next Election”

    If that is what Native Sinhalayo want so be it. Who are you to tell not to give 2/3rd majority to MR-GR?

    Can you please tell your buddy Anura to accept the defeat and get lost and give the leadership to Sunil Hadunneththi so that we can have JVP as the Opposition Party. and Sunil as the Leader of the Opposition. That will be million times better than having Mr. Batalanda or ‘Pad Man’ as the Leader of the Opposition.

  • 1
    0

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  • 0
    3

    19 A of Constitution was produced politically classes on lumpen -extremist of by that UNP, TNA, JVP , Muslim Congress of Islam extremist and other anti-establishment has been undermined sovereignty of Island .
    Result of that Nation Constitution being paralysis all enforcement authorities of function of governance of Democracy last 5 years since 2015 Jan 8th. Nation law and order and nation security has come that unrepresented disorder country has been come to that point of heaven of Islam terrorist ..in Island wide.
    Year 2019 that 21/4 Muslim Terror attack is one of good example of that killed 400 Church Prayers lost their lives and casualties men and women of come to 600 people of innocent lives of civilian which that became victimizes by of
    Sri Lankan.

    19 A Constitution shifting has to be Divided nation by “federal sovereignty” has laid that foundation weeds for that Political Terrorist of Extremist of JVP’s, Tamil terrorist Separatist of TNA & LTTE and Religion extremist of Islam Muslim, and their political parties are having a good ground to destabilization of Island governance. By and large that take an advantage of 19 A of Constitutional which that created Moribund rule of democracy by ex- LSSP Trostkist .
    Who are those people advocated 19th Amedeant of constitution

  • 1
    3

    Hereafter Prof. Kumar cannot write only about Sinhalese, Tamils Muslims. There is faith important ethnicity people also in Lanakwe, the Chinese. He should write about them too. Here is a good precedent:
    http://static.dailymirror.lk/assets/uploads/image_1c88d7ba99.jpg
    Please look at the Daily Mirror’s New year wish.
    First and last pictures are Eastern ladies. In Between Lankan ladies. When there is one lakh of Oriental people are living there. So the Appe Aanduwa wants to operate a better train for Chinese, exclusively, instead of the trains where Wildlife Sanctuary Species also travel.

  • 4
    1

    the only way to avoid 2/3rd majority is to get rid of ranil as the party leader.Might just get there.If that was done 6 months before the presidential election then sajit could have got an extra 3% at least.

  • 2
    0

    Prof.
    You certainly have funny friends and relatives.

  • 1
    0

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  • 1
    0

    WHETHER THEY GET 2/3 OR NOT THEY HAVE MADE IT POSSIBLE FOR NEW BUDDING PRESIDENT AND PRIME MINISTER BY THEIR SORT SIGHTED ACTIONS.
    CAHAMPIKA RANAWAKA-PRESIDENT
    RAJITHA SENARATENE-PRIME MINISTER.

  • 5
    0

    Its not easy for any single party to gain a 2/3 majority under the current PR system. Having said that, if Ranil the leech continues to suck the life-blood out of the UNP anything is possible. But UNP as a national party is gone. It ended in 1994 with the assassination of Gamini Dissanayake. Ranil has been the undertaker preparing the dead body for 25 years for its final burial. As they say in Buddhism, Nothing is permanent. Only Ranil thinks he is permanent.

  • 3
    1

    KD you are chasing the bones. Why not consider Nagananda’s proposal? He is not promoting executive strength but people power. Sri Lanka does not need heros or kings. All what the people need is peaceful coexistence. That is ensured in Nagananada’s proposal. The present constitution is a curse and will continue until people come to their senses. At the next election elect educated and well behaved representatives to the parliament. Not from SLPP or SLFP or even UNP.

  • 3
    0

    Its almost impossible to get 2/3 majority in the general election. My assessment is based on 53% voting for Gotabaya and 43% voting against Gotabaya.

  • 4
    0

    Happy New Year to Kumar David, CT & all its readers — including Jay Chambers (?) .
    May CT continue to provide a platform for diverse opinions and, hopefully, help to convert ome of the more aggressive, negative ones.

    • 2
      0

      Manel Fonseka

      Thanks
      Happy Holidays.

      Isn’t it why we must tolerate such typists as Jay Chambers, Eagle Blind Eye, Jeyasuria, Lal, Jester, ….. typing in this forum? These are self hating racists who rarely understand humanity, equality, and devoid of feeling for others, ……………

  • 2
    3

    “The Year of Prosperity has dawned – President”

    Should be for the Rajapaksa family.

  • 3
    0

    In the light of the present political arena, gaining 2/3rd majority in the forthcoming general election for SLPP seems inevitable. Big thanks for Maithri – Ranil Yahapalanaya’s unpardonable blunders made it very easy for SLPP to gain power. In the mindset of the people their choice was to vote to the ‘Known devil’. It is rather too late to UNP coalition win any election in future.

  • 3
    1

    Kumar, I am not an political expert to disagree with any of your analysis. But unlike most Sorry Lankans , I am well aware of the facts and adamant to accept it as reality . Majority of Lankan public, vote considering our racial divide, and nothing more. None of the other factors matter to them at all. Lankan constitution is not even worth, the paper it is written. It may come handy to parcel rice and curry , but not in conducting Lankan Politics. There will be numerous arguments, counter and in depth analysis (also on constitutional violations) from various sources until this SHAM elections are over. But the above facts will remain the same, or get worse. As I had mentioned else where we are into transformation from Democratic, Socialist republic (blah , blah) to simple Sorry Lankistan. (next Pakistan). Majority of civic/civil services taken up by military, the commander in chief is the President, all services pertaining to security, Loo and Odor,judiciary, AG Dept coming under the purview of one individual and rest comes under one family, does it matter having these elections.

  • 3
    0

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  • 3
    1

    Yes it is exceedingly important not allowing them to have 2/3 majority in the next parliament. We have not forgotten what they did with the 2/3 majority when they were in power prior to 2015! If you like them to create a dictatorial regime lasting over the next 30 to 50 year then you want to help them to do so! Whatever said and done ” Rajapaksa company” wants to sustain the family interests more so than the development of this country. They have to have reins of power in their hands and for that reason the constitution can easily be ‘prostituted’ as and when they wish to do so with a 2/3 majority. So it is up to the public to do their part in preventing the formation of a dictatorial family regime.

  • 2
    1

    Another masterpiece from the maestro.
    @ RJ 1. We members of the diaspora and the true freedom-loving citizens the saddest sorry Lanka must all get together to give the hiding of their lives to these families of the corrupt immoral family of bandicoots known to one and all as the big arsed RAJAPUKA’s.
    @ RJ.2 If they by cajoling, hoodwinking, intimidating using thuggery and by fraudulently purposely disgracing the always good name of the always docile Lord Buddha’s philosophy to seat themselves onto the royal commode.
    @ RJ.3. Before the polls occur, they will lower to the stoopest of levels to bribe monetarily threaten or sexually even selling their female or alluring enticing sex oozing sex doubtful members of their own RAJAPUKA members to obtain whatever they desperately desire by legal or illicit means.
    @ RJ 4. this was evidently visible during the last stage where the enormous arsed second elder RAJAPUKA, bribed by any foul deed was able to secure the 2/3rd majority to allow him to contest and contest till he meets his lord/master the one and only Saturn [ the devil ].
    All of this flea-ridden mange oozing RAJAPUKA’s if given the opportunity whether being fair or foul, they will hang onto the royal commode to them as for centuries they were the original squatters who used to squat to unload heir murky stinky droppings.
    @ RJ 5. In conclusion we the peace-loving lovers of democracy-loving folk whether citizens or not should all join hands work smart, make financial contributions to the core and legally endeavour to sink all the RAJAPUKA’s lower and to the lowest depth into the cesspit of the world’s deepest stinky bog.
    @ RJ 6. Cheers,
    R. J. The one and only on this wonderful planet of ours.

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