16 October, 2021

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Sinhala Only: Our Nation’s Curse?

By Jagath Asoka

Dr. Jagath Asoka

Dr. Jagath Asoka

If you are a Sri Lankan—in the deepest sense—what is your identity? I think most Sri Lankans, first, would use their ethnicity or religion to identify themselves, not their country. Will Sinhala ever be the language that unites us, not the language that belongs only to the ethnic Sinhalese? What would happen to the Sinhala language if it is also spoken by the majority of our minorities?

What is the significance of knowing the Sinhala language in our day-to-day living in Sri Lanka? Is Sinhala a vehicle for expressing our thoughts, perceptions, sentiments, and values characteristic of a particular ethnic group? Is it a representation of a fundamental expression of our social identity? Does Sinhala help us maintain the feelings of cultural and ethnic kinship? Can the Sinhala language unite various ethnic and religious groups in Sri Lanka?

I do not think that the Sri Lankan Sinhalese would make an attempt to learn Tamil because they can survive without it; they have nothing to gain by expressing their grievances, political or otherwise, in Tamil. On the other hand, the minorities in Sri Lanka have to survive among this majority. If you are a Tamil or a Muslim, what is the impetus to learn Sinhala?

For all practical purposes, we must have two, or even three, official languages—Sinhala, Tamil, and English—in Sri Lanka, but can we form a single national identity without a common language? Can we blame the ravaging imperialist monsters for creating two bleeding halves of this edenic paradise? We know that English is not going to be our common language of the masses, because English is somewhat inaccessible and belong to the realm of the intellectual elite. English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is referred to as the link language in the constitution. I do not know the percentage of Tamils who are fluent in Sinhala, but I know one thing: When Tamil or Muslim politicians articulate their thoughts fluently in Sinhala, they get the attention of the majority Sinhalese. Try it if you do not believe me!

Cartoon Sinhala OnlyWe—Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, and other minorities—have been living together; from its earliest recorded history to now, Sri Lanka continues to be a multiethnic society, yet we have not found a way to communicate effectively and sincerely with each other. When people speak a common language, it is easier to communicate; our inability to find a common language has been a curse with disasters reaching biblical proportions. We have been told that during the early centuries of Sri Lankan history there was considerable harmony between the Sinhalese and Tamils. What happened to that harmony? How did it turn into hegemony?

In Sri Lanka, most Tamils, including Tamil politicians, are not very fluent in Sinhala. Is it because they refuse to learn Sinhala as a vehement protest against Sinhala-Buddhist hegemony? Is it not pragmatic to learn Sinhala in a country where around 72% use mostly Sinhala as their day-to-day language? The problem with Sinhala language is that its ownership by the ethnic group that identifies themselves as Sinhalese; in the USA, people who speak English do not identify themselves with a particular ethnic group. English is the de facto—not de jure—national language of the United States, and some 95% claim to speak it “well” or “very well”; however, no official national language exists at the federal level. English has acquired official status in 28 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii. What can we learn from this de facto American experience?

It seems like our national politics has evolved around influential personalities whose vision and agenda were too myopic, based on their personal political gains focused on communal grounds, not on national unity and harmony. As a result, among the Sinhalese—organizing on communal grounds—nationalism manifested as a movement to restore Buddhism to its former glory, and others followed suit; e.g., the Burgher Political Association in 1938, the Ceylon Indian Congress in 1939, and the All Ceylon Tamil Congress in 1944. It seems like our focus has never been on what it means to be a Sri Lankan; if “Sri Lankans “ is not our sincere deepest identity, the dream of shared values and national unity will never be fulfilled, especially among those who fuel bigotry and disharmony for their personal political gains.

The discussions and need to change Sri Lankan language policy started way before Bandaranaike era. There was a consensus to declare both Sinhala and Tamil as official languages; however, in 1956, the Sinhala Only Act replaced English as the official language of Sri Lanka, but failed to give official recognition to Tamil, which is the mother tongue of three largest minority ethnic groups—Sri Lankan Tamils, Indian Tamils, and Moors—who together account for around 28% of the country’s population.

If you are a supporter of this Sinhala Only Act, you would say that this was our best way to show our independence from our colonial masters; but if you are an opponent, you would say it was an attempt by the Sinhalese to oppress and affirm dominance on minorities. The Act justified a demand for a separate nation state by Tamils, which resulted in decades of civil war.

Who benefited from this Act, the subaltern Sinhalese and the Tamils Sri Lankans: those Sri Lankans who were fluent in English? The subaltern elite of the Sinhalese and Tamils held civil service jobs, which required fluency in English. It is interesting to notice that among the subaltern elite, the Sinhalese subaltern elite held the view that the Tamils had enjoyed a privileged position under the British, than their share of the island’s Tamil population. Can you blame the Tamils for that?

The SLFP decided to campaign on the slogan “Sinhala Only”—one of their key election promises in the 1956 parliamentary elections—and they won. The Sinhala Only bill was passed with the SLFP and the UNP supporting it, but the LSSP, Communist Party, and the Tamil nationalist parties opposed it.

How are we going to solve a problem that is almost unsolvable? For Sri Lanka to remain as a unitary system, undivided, all Sri Lankans must feel that they belong in it; all Sri Lankans must feel that the society serves them. What gives that sense of belonging without division? We ask for a separate piece when we fell that we do not own the entire thing, when we feel that we do not belong in it, and when we feel that we are being discriminated against. But is there a solution that is not based on emotion, but on survival, realism, and pragmatism?

If I were a Tamil or a Muslim, living in Sri Lanka, I would definitely be very fluent in Sinhala, just like I would encourage everyone to learn English if they choose to live here in the US. Promoting Sinhala as our common language is a very controversial and incendiary issue in Sri Lanka. If you are fluent in Sinhala, would you lose your ethnic identity as a Tamil or a Muslim?

If you are a Sri Lankan Tamil or a Muslim—and if you are very fluent in Sinhala—I am pretty sure that the bigoted ethnic Sinhalese politicians cannot play the language card against you. If fact, you should know Sinhala better than any Sinhalese person living in Sri Lanka so that Sinhala language would not be an impediment to maximize your potential and god given talents.

I have seen on TV, extremists proclaim: This country belongs to Sinhala-Buddhists. My question is: What about the rest? As Sri Lankans, we have the same rights and responsibilities. What can we do to make us feel that Sri Lanka belongs to all Sri Lankans? Is this idea—we all are Sri Lankans with equal rights and equal responsibilities—a political miracle? Can we ever achieve it?

When are we going to move beyond communal and tribal politics and think as one nation: As Sri Lankans? Is it possible to have this single identity, Sri Lankans, without a common language? As long as the majority identify themselves as Sinhala-Buddhists, first, we can never solve this problem.

I think, with our recent political changes—I sincerely doubt that these changes will survive unless we get rid of the crooks, bigots, thugs, and asinine pseudo-intellectuals; pish! It seems like the entire Sri Lanka—all of us now have a genuine opportunity to participate in our Herculean task of building a single identity and consciousness: I am a Sri Lankan. Can we ever detach ourselves from the ethnic identity of the Sinhalese Language? We can talk about Sirisena’s tree-worship, which is innocuous, or talk about our burning national problems that continue to plague us: a country without a single national identity and what can we do about it?

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Latest comments

  • 11
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    jagath – people like you are the curse of sinhalese

    • 24
      17

      Do you know Nishantha that the architect of this “Sinhala Only Act” SWRD Bandaranaike could hardly speak sinhala and was for all intents and purpose and “Englishman”. Yet he succeeded in fooling the masses, just like you, because he knew how to fool the sinhalese to become their prime minister.

      • 16
        2

        Fashionable Intellectual Asoka Says:
        “pseudo-intellectuals; pish! It seems like the entire Sri Lanka—all of us now have a genuine opportunity to participate in our Herculean task of building a single identity and consciousness: I am a Sri Lankan. Can we ever detach ourselves from the ethnic identity of the Sinhalese Language?”””

        You are `Lankan` (not Sri lankan) if you have a common DNA!
        what is yours??
        <")))))-< — a fish
        ^^^^ — giggles
        you do not have Mughal North Hindia DNA Puta Madre but South Indian Dravidian and borrowed Portugese names- starting with Sihala Ulu/Spanish Missionary tile 1/2 round as seen in USA by Christopher Columbus the Basque discovery.
        ____
        Important son of soil.

        The son of a schoolmaster, Vittachi was the brother of Tarzie Vittachi, the legendary journalist. He wrote a knowledgeable and thought-provoking column for this newspaper under the byline Vijaya Perera, his first two names. Like Tarzie, a master of the written word, Totsy who compiled crosswords for the newspapers, a talent he inherited from his father, was a perfectionist in the use of the English language.

        He hated Lankans being described as “Sri Lankans’’ saying “it is Lanka that is `Sri’ not the Lankans just like it is Britain that is Great and not the Britons.’’

        • 5
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          @Javi

          Actually most indians have dravidian dna not only south indians. Otherwise why else do you have so many dark looking people in UP and BIhar. Not everyone in north india has mughal dna.

          • 13
            4

            “Otherwise why else do you have so many dark looking people in UP and BIhar.”

            Both were ruled by Mughals for over 500 years even during the European conquest and Sharia Law was in Vogue which still exists for commerce.
            There is no pure form of DNA when the conquerors were crusaders who destroyed each and every temple. The nomadic tribes traveled northwards because of the terrain never backwards to talk of We come from 2500 year heritage. you may do so with western society which is mixed north to south by design starting with reconquest of Queen Isabella Catholic. Borrowing Portuguese names became a trend after 48 and driving away the Europeans and their mixed ethnicities.

            • 3
              15

              Javi, so what is it? You want everybody in Sri Lanka to be pure Dravadian, and yet you speak of all the northern tribes creating DNA not too pure.

              What a sad and sorry situation. I’ve met Tamil people like you. They scream racial slurs towards any Lankan who is a bit lighter skinned then them (you must be one hell of a dark dude) – wonder if it the same family I encountered when I was a teenager.

              I was quite horrified at the time and could not quite understand the venom. But my parents told me to pray for the poor fellows because they have a severe inferiority complex. Tamils, it seems, want to remain pure Dravidian, but the situation with White being supposedly superior with colonization and Nazi dogma, Tamils probably find it hard to hold their heads high (though we do agree they are actually a superior race….almost like the Nazi’s). Sad to think that complex is the one that has caused the 30 horrific years of terrorism.

              Ps. Btw I checked my DNA- ¼ Dutch, ¼ British, ¼ Dravidian, ¼ Sinhalese (Yippie!….Wooohooohoooo!!!)

              • 13
                2

                ” Javi, so what is it? You want everybody in Sri Lanka to be pure Dravadian, and yet you speak of all the northern tribes creating DNA not too pure. “

                Hermaphrodite Hyena be what you are and know `I` in you before you talk of the `other`that is what most progressive have learnt to be.
                I am neither a sihala or tamil. Have travelled and touched , tasted what I have read as history to know what is right and what is wrong.
                That is the differenc between me and most who write his_story of the region. fortunately having known fronm ruler, diplomat to man/woman on the streets yet more by observing and speaking their languages as best as I could- there lies the secret of cultural exchange- wether you come as a TRP holder or native.
                The tamil & muslim had almost same level demographically but sihala buddhist forced the tamil to tamil medium and the muslim who spoke tamil at home into the english medium with sihala language as second- well they being traders outsmarted you both.
                Why do you speak english? There are very many nationalist in france & spain who are fluent in english but would never speak in english. Why dont you write in the sihala section so that most former TRP holders can teach you Sihala not tamil and arnt Lankan??

              • 12
                2

                “Ps. Btw I checked my DNA- ¼ Dutch, ¼ British, ¼ Dravidian, ¼ Sinhalese (Yippie!….Wooohooohoooo!!!)

                That must definitely be a made by china product that even the chinese looking Nepali would laugh at

                You bare just a box lying to self and others – many like you under the spell of feet kissing slaves. Not in the 21st centenary.
                You never heard how DJ’s have become popular at Dance venues than a lonesome strumming offbeat blues??

                • 0
                  10

                  Nope! Made in USA product.

                  • 9
                    1

                    Fortunately you are no where near the Boston Brahmins by Birth.

                    Boston Sinhalys with borrowed Portugese names can keep boasting in the land of cowboys with a little over 200 year civilization- but you can never beat the brahmin whereever he may be.
                    hombre que passa??

                    • 1
                      9

                      I was a Christian and then converted to Buddhism. Therefore things like Boston Brahmin have no connotation for me. Seriously, you need therapy in being a Human Being, Javi. I truly weep for the Jaffna Tamils, many of whom are like you (good that you are showing the world the average Jaffna Tamil mindset). You people are too twisted in all these caste system things, and cannot see the purity and openness of the Buddhist person. I think Tamils in Tamil Nadu are more normal. Even they do not want your miserable set. So all of you, with your ways-gone-mad, are torturing the peaceful and resplendent Isle of Lanka. Time for America to send her psychiatrists, psychologists, and therapists to cure the psychosis.

                  • 10
                    0

                    “”Therefore things like Boston Brahmin have no connotation for me.””

                    It just proves your depth of understanding- keep on saying no to comics like archie’s ; you see our difference from your `nuevo` stinking bourgeoisie, colombo malasanya of the 70’s movies is real.

                    My last visit to Johns hopkins I found many an asian employee as consultants. Thankfully its not the foundation ivy league.

                    You are SAP Pook. entertaining for the sake of it.

              • 13
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                ” wonder if it the same family I encountered when I was a teenager. “

                i have been a traveler, studiante, about 6 years before I learnt the piano to simon but Lobo reminds me of our days as teenagers
                Now guess me if you try a trp.
                LOBO – ME AND YOU AND A DOG NAMED BOO. Hooo Hooo Hooo Long eared walking Owl call ;) I like HR Jothi handa.
                https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ACCcekWMWA
                I remember to this day
                The bright red Georgia clay
                And how it stuck to the tires
                After the summer rain
                Will power made that old car go
                A woman’s mind told me that so
                Oh how I wish
                We were back on the road again
                (CHORUS)
                Me and you and a dog named Boo
                Travellin’ and livin’ off the land
                Me and you and a dog named Boo
                How I love being a free man

                I can still recall
                The wheat fields of St. Paul
                And the morning we got caught
                Robbing from an old hen
                Old McDonald he made us work
                But then he paid us for what it was worth
                Another tank of gas
                And back on the road again
                (CHORUS)
                I’ll never forget the day
                We motored stately into big L.A.
                The lights of the city put settlin’
                Down in my brain
                Though it’s only been a month or so
                That old car’s buggin’ us to go
                We’ve gotta get away and get back on
                The road again
                (CHORUS)

        • 2
          3

          Dravidian languages (Tamil, Kannada, Theligu) are ancient, so is Sinhala, denying either fact will not help co-habitation of different languages and different ethnicities and cultures within Sri Lanka (Sri is not merely a Sinhala term, Sri is of Sanskrit origin, as in Sri Murugan Temple it is a form of veneration), if it pains you to call Sri Lanka by that name, look within yourself why that is so.

          • 4
            3

            The people of Sri Lanka irrespective of whether they are Tamils or Sinhalese are historically believed to be the migrants of India. The two major religions in Sri Lanka (Buddhism and Hinduism) practiced by Sinhalese and Tamils also originated from India. The two major languages Tamil (Dravidian) language and Sinhala (Indo-Aryan) language also originated from India and from very early times the culture of Sri Lanka has been one imposed by successive waves of Indian cultural contacts. It is naïve to argue that the Sinhalese are natives because they have a unique language and culture where as the Sri Lankan Tamils are migrants because their language and culture still exists in India.

          • 6
            0

            InconvenientTruth

            Here is other inconvenient truth that you may or may not like it:

            Who is the indigenous Sri Lankan?

            PK Balachandran

            Jan 30, 2006

            Hindustan Times

            One of the most contentious issues in the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is the question of indigenousness.

            Which community is indigenous and which is not? Are the Sinhalas the only indigenous people or the first to arrive in the island?

            In other words, are the Tamils outsiders or later entrants?

            Is Sri Lanka a multi-ethnic country or is it essentially a Sinhala country with the other groups being a mere historical add on?

            When the conflict between the majority Sinhalas and the minority Tamils became the central issue in post-independence Sri Lankan politics, both sides used “history” to buttress their respective cases.

            Influenced by the colonial historiography of the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Sinhalas declared that they were indigenous to the island, and that the Tamils were invaders from South India.

            They said that the Sinhalas were Aryans from North India and the Tamils were Dravidians from South India.

            The Tamils, on the other hand, argued that they were indigenous, with the North and the East as their traditional homeland.

            They also contended that they were part and parcel of the ancient Tamil culture of South India and had little or nothing to do with the Sinhalas who lived in the rest of the island.

            But renowned Sri Lankan historians and archeologists like K Indrapala, Siran Deraniyagala, Leslie Gunawardena and Sudarshan Seneviratne, contend that Sri Lanka has been multi-ethnic and multi-cultural from prehistoric times.

            They add that both the Sinhalas and the Tamils are from the same South Indian-Sri Lankan (SISL) gene pool.

            They reject the mass migration or invasion theory so popular among colonial and post-colonial historians.

            They say that people, cultures, languages, religions, artifacts and technologies moved in small ways from place to place over long periods of time.

            And these movements have not always been in one direction, as many seem to think.

            Sure, there have been invasions, but invasions have not been the dominant mode of movement, they say.

            Trade, cultural, religious and political movements and linkages have played a more important role in social transformation than military conquests or mass migration.

            Sri Lankan and Indian historians like Romila Thapar also reject the theory of the displacement or annihilation of local populations by foreign ethnic groups.

            There has been “language replacement” but rarely ever physical annihilation or replacement of populations, they say.

            In his seminal work, The Evolution of an Ethnic Identity: The Tamils of Sri Lanka: C 300 BCE to C 1200 BCE (The South Asian Studies Centre, Sydney 2005, Prof K Indrapala says the present-day territories of Sri Lanka and South India comprised a single region in which the pre-historic ancestors of the modern Sri Lankans and South Indians roamed freely with the sea dividing the two land masses acting as a unifier rather than a divider.

            The Tamils have been in the island of Sri Lanka since long.

            “The earliest inscriptions and the early Pali chronicles attest to the presence of the Tamils (Damedas/Damelas) in the EIA (Early Iron Age),” says Indrapala.

            “The Demedas in Sri Lanka in the centuries BCE (Before Common Era or AD) need not, therefore, be considered as outsiders.” Indrapala says.

            The Ila (or Hela or Sila as the ancient Sri Lankan inhabitants were known) moved back and forth between Sri Lanka and South India just as the Demeda or Demela (Tamils) did.

            “The idea of looking upon the Demedas as aliens was surely not prevalent in the Early Historical Period (EHP).

            The earliest extant chronicle of the island, namely, the Dipavamsa, does not refer to the Damila rulers of Anuradhpura (Sena and Guttaka) in its list as invaders. Nor does the Mahawamsa, the most important ancient Sinhala chronicle.

            The Mahawamsa describes Sena and Guttaka as ‘sons of a horse-freighter’ (assanaavikaputta).”

            Sena and Guttaka, who had conquered Anruradhpura and ruled it for 22 years, were described in the Mahavamsa as having ruled “justly” Indrapala points out.

            Duttagamini-Elara conflict

            The account of the armed conflict between the Sinhala hero, Duttagamini, and the Tamil prince, Elara, in the Mahawamsa, has formed the basis of 20th century perception of the relations between the Sinhalas and the Tamils in ancient Sri Lanka.

            But Indrapala and other modern historians consider this interpretation invalid.

            They point out that the Mahawamsa had portrayed Elara as a just ruler who was admired greatly by Duttagamini.

            The latter had noted that Elara was a protector of Buddhism, and admired him for being just to friend and foe alike.

            Duttagamini even built a memorial for Elara and asked Sinhala Buddhists to worship at it.

            “The idea that the Demela were foreign intruders and the Hela fought to liberate their people is nonsensical,” Indrapala concludes.

            Cultural and political symbiosis

            Sinhala and Tamils kings of Sri Lanka and South India cooperated in peace and war.

            It was not uncommon for a Sinhala king of Anuradhapura to seek the help of a Tamil prince in South India in war or to gain a throne.

            Sinhala kings routinely recruited Tamil mercenaries from South India. Many of these settled down in the island.

            Likewise, Sinhala princes aligned with Tamil Nadu rulers in their internecine wars.

            In the reign of the Sinhala king Sena II (853-887) a Sinhala army sided with the Pallavas and defeated the Pandya king.

            The Sinhala king placed his favourite Pandya prince on the throne in Madurai.

            Later, after the ascendancy of the Cholas, the Sinhala kings sided with the Pandyas to contain the aggressive Cholas.

            In times of peace, the Sinhalas of Sri Lanka and the South Indian Tamils cooperated in a variety of activities including the building of the irrigation tanks in Anuradhapura and Trincomalee.

            Leslie Gunawardane has written extensively on SISL cooperation in irrigation works.

            Tamil soldiers helped construct irrigation tanks in Anuradhapura and Trincomalee areas.

            Tamil merchants in Sri Lanka contributed their mite to the building of these facilities.

            Earlier, Megalithic folk from South India had brought to Sri Lanka the domesticated rice plant and taught Sri Lankans the use of iron.

            http://www.hindustantimes.com/colombodiary/who-is-the-indigenous-sri-lankan/article1-42063.aspx

      • 3
        2

        jansee

        “Yet he succeeded in fooling the masses, just like you, because he knew how to fool the sinhalese to become their prime minister.”

        There is a Truth to the statement Sinhalaya Modaya, Tamil Mootal and Muslim Madu, Haraka. The iQ of Sri Lanka, 79, supports such a statement.

        So, need a lot of education and improve the Common Sense of he People

        National IQ Scores – Country Rankings

        http://www.photius.com/rankings/national_iq_scores_country_ranks.html

        Anura Kumara Dissanayake’s speech against Mahinda Rajapaksa-1

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqlTRYeJgko

      • 11
        0

        Nish_kalante??

        “people like you are the curse of sinhalese”

        How could Jug’s curse his loving mum cause it would fall back on him- isn’t that Buddhist enough if you have not read him before???

        He is only trying a Trapezoide to see how it fits to reasonable practicality.

        ________
        The last of the Bhosle dynasty rulers. that which rules todays india.
        H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Shivaji Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore.
        Last war with English same time as last war with Singlish Kandy 1818. Praying mantis concept for capture of mercantile assets- East india company- later came the crown colony.

    • 9
      8

      Not only that, they are a bigger curse to themselves.

      There seems to be too many idiots jumping out of bushes in the assumed “new dawn of civilisation” Sri Lanka is supposed to have experienced on Jan 8.

      Cynics like Sampanthan, Sumanthiran and Wigneswaran are laughing with their backside at these “broad minded” idiots who are unable to see reality.

      Woo unto them for the sake of the motherland.

    • 9
      13

      Quite Right Nishantha.

      Sinhalese are famous for cursing themselves silly. Banda did it to get votes and in doing so killed Sinhalese as civilization that once existed – now carrying a genocidal chain around their neck. Al because they cursed them selves. To them good advise from people like Jagath appears to be a curse.

      • 3
        17

        genocidal chain? who says? The tamil CM who lived among sinhalese all his life and married his children to sinhalese?

        Anyone can say anything and charge others with anything..but that doesnt make it a fact. Please see the number of conspiracy theories in this world.

        • 11
          2

          sach

          “Anyone can say anything and charge others with anything..but that doesnt make it a fact.”

          What does make it a fact?

          Mahawamsa?

          Jathika Chintanaya,

          Jaffna Library?

          1956 Sinhala Only language

          1948 Citizenship Act

          1971 War crimes

          1987 – 1991 War crimes

          A business deal between VP and MR

          1915 Riots

          BBS

          Gota’s wagging fingers

          Tamil Nadu is only 20 miles away from this island.

          Genetic affinity with your stupid Tamil brethren in Tamilnadu.

          …….

          ……….

          …….

          • 3
            3

            NV

            Low IQ of 79

            Sinhala Buddhism

            Praying to Trees

            Prating to the Tooth

            Praying to Statues

            Praying to Buildings

            Prostrating to Monks,

            Prostrating to Politicians

            Low IQ of 79, it is not Buddhism, Must be Sinhala Mahawansa Buddhism

            etc.

            National IQ Scores – Country Rankings

            http://www.photius.com/rankings/national_iq_scores_country_ranks.html

            Rank
            ——– Country
            ———————– %
            ————-
            1 Singapore 108
            2 South Korea 106
            3 Japan 105

            28 Guatemala 79
            28 Sri Lanka 79

            • 8
              2

              “Sri Lanka 79 “

              It is an outdated result. (ABOUT THIS WEB SITE: site data established:”Please keep in mind that, when all this started, there was no Wikipedia, no Yahoo and no Google.
              “)

              How come so many women are maids, sewing girls, tea plucker’s??

              Has to be below ,55 which is labour oriented not supervision level.

          • 1
            13

            Mahawamsa? – facts plus mythology idiot. (you too are a binary idiot like sharmini who thinks everything in world is binary…true or false),
            Jathika Chintanaya, – do you know what it is? Do you know this is two words?
            Jaffna Library? – Is it a genocide? I am pretty sure it may have been genocide of cockroaches living in it. No matter how heinous it is, still not a genocide and Sinhala government rebuilt it.
            1956 Sinhala Only language – genocide?
            1948 Citizenship Act – How is reclaiming Sinhala land from British’s slaves a genocide? The ethnic cleansing of Sinhala people by British from the mountains was an attempted genocide.
            1971 War crimes – not war crimes of even genocide
            1987 – 1991 War crimes – not war crimes of even genocide
            A business deal between VP and MR – Do you know whether it is a fact or not? And how is even remotely relevant here?
            1915 Riots – Religious riot, and who has questioned it? And how is even remotely relevant here?
            BBS – Nut cases and who has questioned it? And how is even remotely relevant here?
            Gota’s wagging fingers – what comes to your mind when you see gota’s finger? And how is even remotely relevant here?
            Tamil Nadu is only 20 miles away from this island. – And how is even remotely relevant here?

            Genetic affinity with your stupid Tamil brethren in Tamilnadu. – And how is even remotely relevant here?

            Just because you feel like wasting the space here don’t write garbage. If you cannot say something in a manner that is relevant to what is being discussed engage in something productive at home. And please don’t talk about 88-89 or 71 we know how you people are happy whenever Sinhala people were killed. So don’t try to show that you have concern about it. We know you.

            And more facts that you missed,
            1939 – navalapitiya riots after racist imbecile GGP’s speech (And I know you aswer agree with what GGP imbecile said)
            1930 – GGP beginning racist politics
            Suntheralingam’s caste politics that had a huge impact on Eelam project.

            • 11
              0

              sach

              “And more facts that you missed, 1939 – navalapitiya riots after racist imbecile GGP’s speech (And I know you aswer agree with what GGP imbecile said) 1930 – GGP beginning racist politics Suntheralingam’s caste politics that had a huge impact on Eelam project.”

              This is the umpteenth time I am requesting you to cite your source/evidence.

              • 0
                10

                Find it in the same place you found evidence for MR giving money to Prabha.

                This is telling you for the nth time google 1939 navalapitiya and GGP…you will get a load of results……

                Do you ask for evidence when buying the cr@p tamil racists spread?

                • 8
                  0

                  sach

                  “And more facts that you missed, 1939 – navalapitiya riots after racist imbecile GGP’s speech (And I know you aswer agree with what GGP imbecile said) 1930 – GGP beginning racist politics Suntheralingam’s caste politics that had a huge impact on Eelam project.”

                  This is the umpteenth + 1 time I am requesting you to cite your source/evidence.

                  • 0
                    4

                    Find it in the same place you found evidence for MR giving money to Prabha. This is telling you for the nth time google 1939 navalapitiya and GGP…you will get a load of results……

                    I am telling you the umpteenth time too….

    • 4
      12

      Nishantha De Silva,
      Why do you say that people like jagath are the curse of the Sinhalese? He only encourages everyone to learn the Sinhala language so things would be more functionable, as in US where everybody speaks the de facto language of English(Hawaii being thousands of miles away). As 4/5th of the country is Sinhalese, that makes good sense, with Sinhala-language being de jure. It can hardly be necessary for Sinhalese to learn Tamil (although it would certainly enhance the Lankan experience).

      • 2
        4

        As 1/3rd of the country is Tamil speaking area (North & East) where majority of the Tamils and Muslims live, there is hardly any necessity for those Tamils and Muslims to learn Sinhalese unless of course if they want to go and live in Colombo or in any other Sinhala speaking area. Similarly, it is not necessary for the Sinhalese to learn Tamil unless of course if they want to go and live in the Tamil speaking North & East. However, everybody (the whole country) should learn English as a language of communication (link-language)between all communities.

        The whole problem in the country started (which lead to the death of tens of thousands of Sinhalese and Tamils and the destruction of the country) when Bandaranaike introduced Sinhala (language) Only and the Tamils totally rejected the Sinhala language. As Dr. Jagath says, Sinhala Only was the CURSE of Sri Lankan Nation. Let the two communities communicate in English.

        • 1
          11

          This is an issue of history…lets tackle it from history…..just because colonials brought foreign labor it doesnt mean a country should be restructured.

          • 2
            4

            Here we are talking about North and East of Sri Lanka. Most of the people that the colonials (Portuguese) brought as foreign labor were settled in the South. Today they are Sinhala-Buddhists and Sinhala-Catholics. Most of the people that the colonials (British) brought as foreign labor were settled in the upcountry (estates). They still remain as Indian Tamils.

            Tens of thousands of people from South India (mainly from Cochin/Kochi in the Malabar coast/presently Kerala and from Tutucorin/Thootukudy in the Coromandel Coast/presently Tamil Nadu) settled mostly in the Southern parts of the island from Puttalama up to Matara. The people in the South who were growing/peeling cinnamon – today known as Salagama caste, fishing/pearl diving – today known as Karawa caste, coconut planting/plucking and toddy tapping – today known as Durawa caste, and many other were actually from South India. Eventually, the Sinhala population in the South (low country) increased exponentially when these people assimilated with the local Sinhala population (Sinhalized/naturalized) by adopting the Sinhala language/culture and the Buddhist/Christian religion and getting converted to Sinhala Buddhists and Sinhala Catholics. The main reason for the Portuguese in the 16th century and later Dutch in the 18th century to occupy the island was Cinnamon, NOT Tobacco and cinnamon grew only in the South.

            Today, the researchers at the Human Genetics unit of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Colombo will tell you that the DNA/genetics of the low country Sinhalese is matching with the Tamil Nadu Tamils.

            • 2
              3

              What you should remember is, a separate Tamil kingdom (1215-1624 CE) existed in Jaffna. Unfortunately, the Jaffna kingdom came under Portuguese domination in 1624 after the last Tamil king of Jaffna Cankli Kumaran was defeated in the battle. This was how the Tamils lost their sovereignty, independence and their traditional homeland.

              The Sri Lankan Tamils had and still have a clearly defined (Tamil speaking) territory, their historic habitat in the North & East of Sri Lanka as their traditional homeland where they lived and defended for several centuries. Why do you expect the Tamils who live in their own traditional land (Tamil speaking N&E of Sri Lanka) to learn an alien language (Sinhala) that is not spoken in their land?

              • 11
                3

                Mokku, they weren’t kings. The same style you kept on proclaiming Rajapaksa as king.
                They were chieftains in a small patch of land which has stood the test of time as a Ghetto- no sale of land to outside the domain.
                The cleansing operations in the island started with independence- employment to sihala buddhist police, judiciary knuckle duster etc- just like Mouse Tes Tung was doing in China with the help of Stalin while getting the help of the Allies drive away the Japanese invaders.
                It takes many a step to be proficient at Salsa.

                The king of Nadu took his temple across the seas to Bali where all is peaceful even today with 59 million Hindus among the 175 million Muslims the highest concentration of Muslims anywhere in the world.

                Your knowledge is the guarded secret of Neuvo Jaguar Tiger not the ruling class of R. Vellala.

              • 0
                0

                But that is not what you say ne!

                You talk about a 3000 year old tamil kingdom ne………and Sinhala historians have never rejected this tamil kingdom which started as a vassal state of a TN kingdom…

                And there is a reason it is called Jaffna kingdom and it had no control over East!

            • 7
              0

              Kumar

              Are you aware of the fact that proper Kandyan kingdom was established about 1474?

              Prior to the establishment of the kingdom it was Veddah land. Many of my ancestors served in the Kandyan armed forces.

    • 2
      1

      It is significant to note that long before Tamil political leaders advocated federalism, the young S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike in the 1920s and the Kandyan Sinhalese representatives before the Donoughmore Commission in the late 1920s were advocates of a federal Sri Lanka. But the Tamils patriotism didn’t allow them to have any kind of division in Sri Lanka. Those stupid Tamil leaders believed and trusted the Sinhalese, and they never imagined that the Sinhalese will start killing the Tamils in race riots after the independence. I think SWRD is not that racist as some of the Sinhalese in CT such as Nishantha De Silva. Such people are the curse to this country.

    • 2
      2

      SWRD started his smearing campaign against Tamils in 1956 to come to power and he succeeded under the name of NATIONALISTS! SWRD was a Christian and became a Buddhist just to win the trust and hearts of the majority Buddhists in the country. Prior to that he had his ancestors coming from India and had names like Pandaram family who were Hindu Tamils. Nayakam Pandaram became in Ceylon as Bandaranayake, they simply converted to Christianity during the colonial period and then became Buddhists and renamed to Bandaranayake with one thing in mind, POWER!

      S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike’s direct male ancestor, of whose connection some members of his family used to take pride (see Twentieth Century Impressions of Ceylon edited by Arnold Wright, (1907) p. 525) was Nilaperumal, a Tamil from South India who arrived in Ceylon in the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century. He was described as a ‘high priest’ of a temple in Ceylon. He was the first Kapurala in his family of the Nawagomuwe dewale, with the fortunes of which the Bandaranayakes were long associated. Kalukapuge was a name which the family used to affect in the past.

      The foolish and dumb (racist) Sinhalese are talking about patriotism and nationalism, still it was Tamil who made them become Nationalist and patriotic and now the same Tamils are patsies for every single mistake the Sinhalese make.

      • 10
        1

        “”The foolish and dumb (racist) Sinhalese are talking about patriotism and nationalism, still it was Tamil who made them become Nationalist and patriotic and now the same Tamils are patsies for every single mistake the Sinhalese make. “”

        It’s JT adaptation to fascism that is on the cutting edge like we had for Gooo`ta Boo`ta Booo`ts and Sihala Buddhist, BBS.

        Similar to religion, patriotism is an emotion, as opposed to a rational thought process. Studies and surveys have consistently indicated that approximately 90% of persons in any given country have strong patriotic sentiments.

        So the cosmopolitan language speaking folk are not alone when they speak about patriotism – the flag with the Crocuta says it all just like your stolen Jaguar/Tiger flag from the `weretiger` Chinese of ancient yore.

    • 3
      0

      Nishantha De Silva

      “jagath – people like you are the curse of sinhalese”

      A small correction:

      Jagath – people like you are the boon for the sinhalese and curse of Sinhala/Buddhists.

    • 3
      0

      Nishantha De Silva

      “jagath – people like you are the curse of sinhalese”

      De Silva , forest people, people like you are the curse of sinhalese, like the Don Juan Dharmapalas, Donna Katharinas, who licked the Portuguese Asses and stayed in Line to be called De Silvas and other Portuguese Shills.while yhe brave People and Kings of Sitawaka and the Muslims and the Tamils of Jaffna and Mannar fought the Portuguese.

      The meaning is clear. According to this newsgroup posting the name was derived from the Latin word “hisses” which means forest. It is possible that people took the name da Silva because they lived or worked in or near a forest. It is unclear if the meaning is related to the origin however. It is interesting to note that Wikipedia claims that Silva is the most common surname in Portugal and Brazil.

  • 8
    35

    SL is a sinhalese buddhist country without a doubt. but with this gawapalana parayas, it’s becoming a para country

    • 9
      2

      Sri Lanka was a Sinhala Buddhist country full of tolerance and amity where different faiths and races flourished side by side, untill after Independence a new set of Sinhala Buddhist by label with Portuguese names took over and made the country in to a hell hole. This Nishantha De Silva is a classic eg. of the new Buddhist Order.

      • 6
        2

        I noticed that Buddhist “De Silvas, De Mels” are the real Sinhalese-Buddhist supremacists and bogus patriots in SL than Sinhalese Service Cast people, Govigama, Dobhi, Hinno, Radha, etc who are more authentic Sinhalese people. On the other hand, most of Christian “De Mels, Pereras” are very decent people. There should be reason for this…

        • 15
          2

          The former has an identity crisis – cultural revolution in lines with China( the Chinese had 42 ethnicities and languages) Now its just Hun Chinese you know of and Mandarin. Go to Hong Knong today and the youngsters don’t understand Cantonese. It state designed by revolution.

          Your Christian are trained to swallow their saliva in public but in private they too have class. money the root cause of all good and who sits in the driving seat of all that matters.

      • 2
        8

        De Silvas and Fernandos are Kallathonis who came from thoothukudy in South India during the Portuguese period. Today they pretend as very strong Sinhala-Buddhist Nationalist patriots, much more stronger than the original upcountry Buddhist Sinhalese.

        • 10
          0

          It known as Toot Tooth and drink- the main exporters to world of a pergative flower as yellow as the eye can see. SENNA Biguerlai sold by HongKong financial capital.

          Lankan We have it west south a beautiful flower than your smelly imbili.
          Can give a dose anytimepreek preeek preeeek control freak fisherman from VVT ghetto.

  • 12
    4

    Jagath Asoka –

    RE: Sinhala Only: Our Nation’s Curse?

    Yes. That is the Only language we know, derived from Para-Pali and Para-Tamil, Imported from India, to the land of Native Veddah Aethho.

    It is hard to learn any new Para Languages such as Tamil and English ( And Portuguese and Dutch), and All the Sinhala Buruwo (Portuguese) understand.

    That way, we can send our women to work as domestics to the Middle East and get their heads chopped off, like they did for Razzana , by the Iblis, Iblees, Devil, Satan, shaitan Following WahhAbis and their Clones, like ISIS, ISIS,Taliban Deobandi etc.

    Welcome to the Land of Monk Mahanama Sinhala Buddhism, the Land where they Insult Buddha.

    Mahavamsa- An Insult To The Buddha!

    By Sharmini Serasinghe –

    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/mahavamsa-an-insult-to-the-buddha/

    Caution- The following is more suitable for the broad-minded and the wise. Others are kindly advised to pass!

    Wonder if ours might have been a wiser, and a more ‘humane’ society, had our ‘ancient’ history, been based on Aesop’s Fables, instead of the Mahavamsa. For if not for the Mahavamsa, the Sinhalese may not have been endowed, with the reputation, of “Sinhalaya Modaya (The Sinhalese are Fools)”!

    In this “wonderland” called Sri Lanka, and in this day and age, one still comes across ‘academically’ educated, and supposedly intelligent ‘Buddhists’, but sadly lacking in wisdom, who reverently believe, that the Buddha walked out of his mother’s womb, and walked seven steps, while lotuses blossomed, under his feet!

    • 8
      4

      Amarasiri, Thanks a lot for taking after me in my anti-Sinhala Buddhist, anti Mahavansa civilisation rhetoric in favour of the Faranghi non-culture that afflicted Sri Lanka for 500 years.

      I will [Edited out]

      • 1
        0

        Pooton

        “anti Mahavansa civilisation rhetoric in favour of the Faranghi non-culture that afflicted Sri Lanka for 500 years.”

        The West Got over their “Catholic Civilization” with the Age of Enlightenment and age of Reason, from the 16th Century, but the Sinhala Mahawansa Buddhists and The Islamic Wahhbi “Muslims” ( They are not Muslims, because they follow Iblis, Satan) have a hard time getting rid of.

        With the Sinhala Only, Monk Mahanama Mahawansa is revived by the Para-Sinhala who came fro m India, to the Land of Native Veddah Aethho.

        Age of Enlightenment and Age of Reason

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Enlightenment

        The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason) is an era from the 1650s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority. It was promoted by philosophes and local thinkers in urban coffeehouses, salons and masonic lodges. It challenged the authority of institutions that were deeply rooted in society, such as the Catholic Church; there was much talk of ways to reform society with toleration, science and skepticism.

        The Erosion of Progress by Religions

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oxTMUTOz0w

        Uploaded on Sep 3, 2010
        Neil deGrasse Tyson, an American astrophysicist and Director of the Hayden Planetarium, discusses how Islamic fundamentalist destroyed the enlightenment era of the Middle East and why we should be concerned today.

  • 15
    7

    “what can we do about it”……
    *) Please keep writing….
    *) Our artists have to stop inventing any more love stories of 18 year kids, (TeleDramas, books, songs) and write meaningful real life stories of majority and 30% minority youngsters in SL.
    *) Remove “Jathiya” , and “Agama” from all important identification forms.
    Enhance participation of all minorities in all big/small state schools
    *) Learn Anti-racial laws implemented in West after 1980s (before 60s, law permit them to put notices like “No Dogs or Asian (blacks?) allowed “. Learn how law help to change thinking of those cultures
    ….. …

    • 2
      17

      So what would tamils do? Keep on engaging in Tamil racism while demanding Sinhalese to practice ‘pluralism’? Sinhalese is a plural people all over their history.

      • 15
        2

        Moda pute our history books (our heritage; radiant reader) were changed by Bhikkus who had given up their sevura, jumped into politics with the take over of missionary schools and became teachers of historyback in the late fifties to early 60’s.
        There is nothing that you have to prove with advance carbon test just like the North Indians who have no temple after the Mughal conquest.

        you are Hora_oru and sihala buddhist by design of state revolution- state itself full of kallathoni with no single predominant heritage like Hun Chinese. The Chinese author of `weretiger` werewolf ancient europe.

        • 1
          13

          Use a dot when ending a sentence.
          And write things that are proven in history not what you learn in eelam propaganda.
          And i am telling you this very affectionately and kindly please go and see a vet.

          • 13
            2

            Try using a Square- moron its 2 dimension crap of a bourgeois family that found glory in a recent army suit that has mede you spurn his_story.

            I have always known my heritage and radient reader and remember the southern sihal bast*ard who came to our school and told us this history that you and your parents learnt is wrong and I would be teachig it from next term with new books issued by the government dept and suubsquently I found it was very difficult to even get Longmans books on mathematics as these had to come from Chandi chalk smuggled for Ansari book shop.
            Dont you upstart in society tell us who we are when you dont know who the fu*k you you are. keep doing dots and teach the brits = singlish saying its your ambude stolen his_story. offshot.

            • 0
              12

              Rajasingham Narendran is a vet (though his expertise is in sinhala history and sinhala language). Try him….I did not study veterinary.

              • 11
                0

                while you keep making tea in your pajamas- Hooo Hoo hoo.

                Vaddi kahhata is Sumane the Dal eat`IT` preek preek Preeeek Parripu control freeks

              • 6
                0

                sach

                “Try him….I did not study veterinary.”

                By the way what did you study so that we could ask you to share your expertise with us?

                The good doctor did not study cross breeds of beast and the beauty either.

                • 0
                  8

                  What you say as cross breeds of beast and beauty is attempt to take a shot at Mahavamsa ne. This is one of the things GGP said. So you are children of GGP.

                  A vet would not have to study history which is evident from what he says. But a historian will study history and yes the most important source of history cannot be ignored then. That is why it is valued by Historians and not valued by vets.

                  And how does it matter what I study? A person behind a vaddha mask who doesnt even reveal his ethnicity ask me what i studied :)

                  Why dont yoy go and think why you fail to study?

                  • 6
                    0

                    historian is a 2 dimension bull shit with apperent truths to the gullible greedy sihala rump buddhist.

                    Trolls, Sach_et, Holdalls, have niceties for historians erotic display.

                    Sach_et the school drop shot who donned boo`ts for blood money advertising the likes of Linda only to be kicked out when the study in topography gets into swing.

                    Patholaya, Depota naya, Chameleon LOBO off beat Sach_et you are being made redundant like max silva the cochi mercenary.

  • 16
    8

    Jagath Asoka,

    I am fluent in Tamil, English and Sinhala ( reading ability limited due to lack of Practice). However, I yet define myself as a Tamil Sri Lankan. Being Tamil to me is a cultural identity of the Jaffna variety, although I spent most of my childhood growing up in the South. I have a greater sense of belonging while in Jaffna, than in other parts of Sri Lanka. I have also lived many years in Canada and Saudi Arabia. In this context Sri Lanka Is my country of choice.

    I will always define myself as a Tamil Sri Lankan, however much I may prefer to be a Sri Lankan.

    How can a new Sri Lanka deal with this paradigm that Is I am sure true for most Tamils living here and abroad? Yes, the Tamils should learn Siinhalese, but the Sinhalese too should learn Tamil to understand the Tamil culture, it’s antiquity, meaning and richness. Unless we understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities that are the many hues in this island and appreciate their meaning and significanc, forging an overarching Sri Lankan idenitify will be difficult . Further, as long as the Sinhalese are taught to believe that they are unique people, with a unique culture, who are unique to this island and the others are aliens who are just tolerated, it will be almost impossible to forge such an idenitify. The fact that we are all Sri Lankans with inalienable citizenship and identity rights should be the foundation on which the new Sri Lanka should be built.

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

    • 6
      6

      In fact myself included I don’t know a single Tamil in Colombo who does not know Sinhalese (spoken minimum).

      Those who lived/worked under the Sirimavo regime and wanted to take up state jobs had to be proficient in Sinhalese too.
      I wonder if this is this the reason you learnt Singhalese RN?

      I think the problem is not passing laws, the implementation is the issue.

      • 4
        4

        No, Dev. I learned to speak all three languages very early in life. Having attended school in different areas of the South ( wherever my father was transferred) I had the opportunity to learn Sinhala from the friends I played with and before starting school from the domestics who worked in our home. Fortunately, both my parents were also trilingual. I learned the Sinhala script on my own volition and studied Budhism as a subject for my O – levels. While a lecturer at Peradeniya I had to pass a competence test to teach science in Tamil! I was able conduct the viva-voce part of the examination at Peradeniya in Sinhala too. I think I was very fortunate to have had this trilingual exposure.

        Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

        • 13
          2

          All three of you are seeing it from the Tamil point of view. 2 from a JT one from East.
          However, the law actually bound you into the stream you were eligble- if either parent was tamil or sihala, not for muslims, chetties and the few burghers who lived there etc.

          The reason you live `introverted` is part of your culture.
          The present day British know only English in practice and most aren’t Anglo Saxons though white. However the middle class and mainly the Anglo Saxons study Latin and Greek. See Bill Gates and Now Mark changes to Chinese- Mandarin- its all in the Economy man!

          BTW its- Lankan identity not Sri Lankan. British not Great British.(see T. Vittachi’s comment below too)

      • 1
        1

        Dev/Rajasingham,
        How do you analyse scenarios below.
        *) traders in Budhagaya, India memorise enough Sinhalese and use Sinhalese language to sell their merchandises to Sinhalese tourists. This is a fact.
        *) I spend 4 days in Nadumkani, Mulathive and Kilinochchi areas in 2012. My experiences was that most of those Tamil shop people didn’t even try sign language to sell their goods to me. They just ignored me, they knew I was an outsider. I didn’t notice any hate or love in their eyes either.
        *) Our RDA driver (???) who had been working more than 3 years in the area couldn’t speak any Tamil. The way he used loud Sinhalese when speaking to Tamils remind me how white tourists use loud, slow English with Asian village people expecting them to understand their English….( As I remember, all employees in that RDA office was Sinhalese except one.)

        • 0
          2

          My own experience in Jaffna town was that traders were making sign languages and picked up a few words to attract the southern tourist visiting Jaffna.
          I am surprised that this is the case where traders didn’t bother to learn a few words that could have helped them financially.

          Yes, it is also sad that after 3 years the RDA officer has not picked up a few words.

      • 10
        1

        If you think Chelliaha Kumarasuriya was proficient at Sihala you never knew Colombo or his crazy home which he thought was a Gaudi copy by his professional partner Ganeshan of The Fab fame.

    • 5
      18

      “Further, as long as the Sinhalese are taught to believe that they are unique people, with a unique culture, who are unique to this island and the others are aliens who are just tolerated, it will be almost impossible to forge such an idenitify.”

      Are you saying Sinhala people are not a unique people with a unique culture and unique in this island?

      In otherwords arent you suggesting that sinhala nation (the only one in SL) should be deconstructed for tamils to feel lankan?

      Nowhere Sinhalese are taught that tamils are alien, sinhalese have always accepted any tamil who is not a separatist and not a willing pawn of a foreign power. There are many tamils who had win love and affection in sinhala people. But separatists and those who twist the sinhala people’s history for political agenda will not be accepted.

      • 5
        2

        Sach,

        No people, no culture and no country is unique. We share genes, we share aspects of culture and we share aspects of language. We have common origins and interacted with the diversities which evolved on our way to Lanka. We have also mingled with diverse people’s and cultures, and have borrowed from other languages while here. This not only our history, but that of mankind. We were not isolated in the Galápagos Islands to have become unique to the extent that the species there are!

        Do a DNA test on yourself to realise how common you are!

        Dr.RN

        • 2
          4

          Rajasingham,

          Don’t you think this “unique or non-unique” is a nonsensical argument?

          Reading your correspondence, I am always reminded of that cautionary truism that fools rush in where angels fear to tread.

          Contrary to your assertion, one could easily assert the exact opposite — that each and every one is unique. For instance, what exactly do you think is the basis for finger printing?!

          Just because one shares many or even most with another does not preclude one from being unique.

          Even Sach, who is hardly ever correct, is correct in this instance – “Sinhala is unique to Sri Lanka” – no other nation has Sinhalese as a mother tongue.

          Foot in the mouth seems a compulsion for you.

          • 2
            0

            Kumar,
            Your argument has some base, but bit of old argument. Think this way, all humans or their fingers are the same, common, but there are tiny differences. We can’t call this small differences as unique. 99.9% of any humans are the same, perhaps 0.1% are different. We notice this small differences because 99% of everyone is the same…

            • 1
              4

              AVB,

              You are absolutely right -and that is why I said “unique or non-unique” argument is nonsensical. There is something unique in every one of us, and something common or non-unique in all of us.

              And, pursuing a nonsensical argument stating “No people, no culture and no country is unique” is foolish to say the least. Every people, every culture and every country is unique in some ways, and not unique in other ways.

              Sach is also absolutely right when he says Sinhala is unique in that it is spoken as the mother tongue only in Sri Lanka. So is Italian, as it is spoken only in Italy as the mother tongue (I hope I am correct on that, but even if not, I am sure you can easily figure out many languages that are spoken as mother tongue uniquely in just one country). That is nothing to be either proud about, sad about or be ashamed about — just a fact, an accident of nature!

              Thus my caution citing the “fools rush in” comment.

              AVB, you hit the nail on another comment you made “traders in Budhagaya, India memorise enough Sinhalese and use Sinhalese language to sell their merchandises to Sinhalese tourists. This is a fact.”

              The lesson there is, leave it to the individuals to decide what language/s aside from the mother tongue one needs to learn. The Govt should, as feasible and as practical, provide and support facilities, say through school curriculums, to facilitate whatever language one chooses to learn, without mandating it. It is such mandating with less-than honourable political motives that ultimately causes distrust, antagonism, and the aversion to learn the other language!

              Did we learn English because of its “culture, it’s antiquity, meaning and richness,” or to “understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities” and thereby “forge an overarching common identity?” High sounding, but baseless! No, we learnt it based on the most fundamental rationale – the path to improve our own lives!

              That precisely is why Buhagaya traders learn Sinhaelse. It is on that account that India reversed an original initiative to mandate Hindi. Many Tamils who believe learning Hindi will improve life prospects do so. Others, who aspire to go West learn English instead. Who knows, if China doesn’t lose steam in the next several years in production, economic growth and business prospects, many Indians (even Sri Lankans, or for that matter Americans) will pursue that lingo instead of either Hindi or English – that has nothing to do with forging Chinese identity or any other such nonsense as Rajasingham endeavours to pontificate.

            • 1
              5

              AVB,

              You are absolutely right -and that is why I said “unique or non-unique” argument is nonsensical. There is something unique in every one of us, and something common or non-unique in all of us.

              And, pursuing a nonsensical argument stating “No people, no culture and no country is unique” is foolish to say the least. Every people, every culture and every country is unique in some ways, and not unique in other ways.

              Sach is also absolutely right when he says Sinhala is unique in that it is spoken as the mother tongue only in Sri Lanka. So is Italian, as it is spoken only in Italy as the mother tongue (I hope I am correct on that, but even if not, I am sure you can easily figure out many languages that are spoken as mother tongue uniquely in just one country). That is nothing to be either proud about, sad about or be ashamed about — just a fact, an accident of nature!

              Thus my caution citing the “fools rush in” comment.

              AVB, you hit the nail on another comment you made “traders in Budhagaya, India memorise enough Sinhalese and use Sinhalese language to sell their merchandises to Sinhalese tourists. This is a fact.”

              The lesson there is, leave it to the individuals to decide what language/s aside from the mother tongue one needs to learn. The Govt should, as feasible and as practical, provide and support facilities, say through school curriculums, to facilitate whatever language one chooses to learn, without mandating it. It is such mandating with less-than honourable political motives that ultimately causes distrust, antagonism, and the aversion to learn the other language!

              Did we learn English because of its “culture, it’s antiquity, meaning and richness,” or to “understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities” and thereby “forge an overarching common identity?” High sounding, but baseless! No, we learnt it based on the most fundamental rationale – the path to improve our own lives!

              That precisely is why Buhagaya traders learn Sinhaelse. It is on that account that India reversed an original initiative to mandate Hindi. Many Tamils who believe learning Hindi will improve life prospects do so. Others, who aspire to go West learn English instead. Who knows, if China doesn’t lose steam in the next several years in production, economic growth and business prospects, many Indians (even Sri Lankans, or for that matter Americans) will pursue that lingo instead of either Hindi or English – that has nothing to do with forging Chinese identity or any other such nonsense as Rajasingham endeavours to pontificate.

            • 1
              5

              AVB,

              You are absolutely right – and that is why I said “unique or non-unique” argument is nonsensical. There is something unique in every one of us, and something common or non-unique in all of us.

              And, pursuing a nonsensical argument stating “No people, no culture and no country is unique” is foolish to say the least. Every people, every culture and every country is unique in some ways, and not unique in other ways.

              Sach is also absolutely right when he says Sinhala is unique in that it is spoken as the mother tongue only in Sri Lanka. So is Italian, as it is spoken only in Italy as the mother tongue (I hope I am correct on that, but even if not, I am sure you can easily figure out many languages that are spoken as mother tongue uniquely in just one country). That is nothing to be either proud about, sad about or be ashamed about — just a fact, an accident of nature!

              Thus my caution citing the “fools rush in” comment.

              AVB, you hit the nail on another comment you made “traders in Budhagaya, India memorise enough Sinhalese and use Sinhalese language to sell their merchandises to Sinhalese tourists. This is a fact.”

              The lesson there is, leave it to the individuals to decide what language/s aside from the mother tongue one needs to learn. The Govt should, as feasible and as practical, provide and support facilities, say through school curriculums, to facilitate whatever language one chooses to learn, without mandating it. It is such mandating with less-than honourable political motives that ultimately causes distrust, antagonism, and the aversion to learn the other language!

              Did we learn English because of its “culture, it’s antiquity, meaning and richness,” or to “understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities” and thereby “forge an overarching common identity?” High sounding, but baseless! No, we learnt it based on the most fundamental rationale – the path to improve our own lives!

              That precisely is why Buhagaya traders learn Sinhaelse. It is on that account that India reversed an original initiative to mandate Hindi. Many Tamils who believe learning Hindi will improve life prospects do so. Others, who aspire to go West learn English instead. Who knows, if China doesn’t lose steam in the next several years in production, economic growth and business prospects, many Indians (even Sri Lankans, or for that matter Americans) will pursue that lingo instead of either Hindi or English – that has nothing to do with forging Chinese identity or any other such nonsense as Rajasingham endeavours to pontificate.

              • 7
                0

                Kumar R. & AVB

                Here is something for both of you to ponder:

                Genghis Khan’s genetic legacy has competition
                The Mongolian leader left a strong footprint in the Y chromosomes of modern descendants — but he was not the only one.

                Ewen Callaway
                23 January 2015

                Millions of men bear the genetic legacy of Genghis Khan, the famously fertile Mongolian ruler who died in 1227. Researchers have now recognized ten other men whose fecundity has left a lasting impression on present-day populations. The team’s study1 points to sociopolitical factors that foster such lineages, but the identities of the men who left their genetic stamp remains unknown.

                The case for Genghis Khan’s genetic legacy is strong, if circumstantial. A 2003 paper2 led by Chris Tyler-Smith, an evolutionary geneticist now at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK, discovered that 8% of men in 16 populations spanning Asia (and 0.5% of men worldwide) shared nearly identical Y-chromosome sequences. The variation that did exist in their DNA suggested that the lineage began around 1,000 years ago in Mongolia.

                Genghis Khan is reputed to have sired hundreds of children. But a Y-chromosome lineage traces a single paternal line in a much larger family tree, and for it to leave a lasting legacy takes multiple generations who fan out over a wide geographical area, says Mark Jobling, a geneticist at the University of Leicester, UK, who led the latest study with geneticist Patricia Balaresque of Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse, France.

                “Lots of men have lots of sons, by chance. But what normally doesn’t happen is the sons have a high probability of having lots of sons themselves. You have to have a reinforcing effect,” says Jobling. Establishment of such successful lineages often depends on social systems that allow powerful men to father children with multitudes of women.

                The start of something big
                In addition to Genghis Khan and his male descendants, researchers have previously identified the founders of two other highly successful Y-chromosome lineages: one that began in China with Giocangga, a ruler who died in 15823 whose lineage was spread by the Qing Dynasty, and another belonging to the medieval Uí Néill dynasty in Ireland4.

                Related stories
                Reprieve for men: Y chromosome is not vanishing
                Y chromosomes reveal founding father
                Y chromosomes rewrite British history
                Jobling’s team made a systematic search for genetic founders by analysing the Y chromosomes of more than 5,000 men from 127 populations spanning Asia; they focused on that region because lots of data were available and there was already evidence of such lineages. The team identified 11 Y-chromosome sequences that were each shared by more than 20 of the 5,321 genomes. The researchers used DNA differences in the shared sequences, which accumulate over time from random mutations, to determine approximately when the founder of the lineage lived. They tracked back the geographical origins of the lineages by assuming that the founding men had lived in the regions where their genotypes were most prevalent and diverse.

                Genghis Khan’s paternal lineage again stood out, as did Giocangga’s, Jobling’s team reports in the European Journal of Human Genetics1. The other nine lineages originated throughout Asia, from the Middle East to southeast Asia, dating to between 2100 bc and ad 700. Jobling warns that these dates come with huge margins of error, but he notes that the estimates for the lineages attributed to Khan and Giocangga are very close to those of past studies.

                Legacy of power
                The founders who lived between 2100 bc and 300 bc existed in both sedentary agricultural societies and nomadic cultures in the Middle East, India, southeast Asia and central Asia. Their dates coincide with the emergence of hierarchical, authoritarian societies in Asia during the Bronze Age, such as the Babylonians. Three lineages dating to more recent times were all linked to nomadic groups in northeast China and Mongolia. These included the lineages linked to Genghis Khan and Giocangga, plus a third line dating to around ad 850.

                All three lineages seem to have expanded westwards, possibly along the Silk Road trade route. Historians have documented a series of polities based in inner Asia between 200 bc and the eighteenth century, such as the Qing Dynasty. Jobling says that these civilizations could have fostered dominant male lineages after the sons of a fecund founder decamped to satellite outposts, where they, in turn, fathered powerful descendants.

                The researchers identify several candidates for the lineage dating to ad 850, but say that more research is needed. Recovering DNA from the candidate or or a long-dead descendant would be the ultimate proof.

                “Looking for these links is fascinating. When we did it, we were using pretty indirect lines of reasoning, and you could try and do that with each of these lineages,” says Tyler-Smith. “What I really hope is that at some point someone will find Genghis Khan’s tomb and remains.”

                http://www.nature.com/news/genghis-khan-s-genetic-legacy-has-competition-1.16767

          • 12
            2

            “” “Sinhala is unique to Sri Lanka” – no other nation has Sinhalese as a mother tongue. “”

            It’s Ship Shap Shape Shape cosmopolitan language it is unique because its beginnings are from Spanish – Reconquesta.

            Buro> Buruva (classic sach_et sloth barabage is never good company)
            Mesa >Mese (you sat on the floor with borrowed ambude. Camise> Kameseou had no tops but all tits- please oscillate these metalic sonatas.

            1/2 round Spanish Missionary Tile
            Sihala Ulu/Sihala Olu- Thoppi karaya sooraya.
            The muslim minority was permitted to study in the English medium and their % is the same as Tamil minority. Te buying and selling muslim knew the outside worlds influence.

            Whom???

            Shows how uncultured the stupid tamils were- ghetto boys like the Sihala labourer who came by Hora_oru.

        • 4
          1

          Dr RN,

          Welcome back.

          “Do a DNA test on yourself to realise how common you are!”

          I made the same suggestion to Vibushana.

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            Wow how plural and non racist you are…always giving their valued advices to naughty sinhalese…

            These naughty sinhalese don’t realise LTTE was a charity organisation to which plural Anpu sent his money

        • 2
          12

          It is common sense that in a biological view point and when considering evolutionary view point every one is related to every other living thing. If going by your logic, England, Sweden, Tamil Nadu, Malaysia cannot exist.

          I think what matters here is political view point. Sinhala people are a unique lot politically as they are a separate set. There was no such unique independent political set of people in the island ever except Sinhala.

          I know you referred to that in your earlier comment.

      • 2
        1

        “Nowhere Sinhalese are taught that tamils are alien, sinhalese have always accepted any tamil who is not a separatist and not a willing pawn of a foreign power. There are many tamils who had win love and affection in sinhala people. But separatists and those who twist the sinhala people’s history for political agenda will not be accepted”

        This is what you would call “hiding a whole pumpkin in a plate of rice”
        What is your explanation for several “STATE SPONSORE POGROM” against the innocent Tamils since the 1950s? What is reason for holding so many Tamils in jail without charging them or releasing them? What is the reason for not publishing the names of the Tamils who are being held without even letting their parents or loved ones knowledge? How long will it take for them to release the list? What is the delay in giving back the lands which were unlawfully grabbed from the Tamils in the guise of High security zone? Why did so many Tamil politicians were murdered in the heart of Colombo by the STATE (every one knows who is behind these murders) and yet these people are still roaming outside free? Well Known “white van operators” are still free. Sri Lanka is a cursed country which is dripping with innocent blood all over!!!

        There is nothing unique in the Sinhala language or culture. It is a mixture of several Indian languages, and culture which evolved over time into Sinhala, like Malayalam or Hindi!!

        • 0
          12

          Tamils who had been no separatists had been welcomed by Sinhala people. Kadiragamar, Muralitharan are some of them. I remember some tamils boasted here when Ramanathan came here after defending Sinhala prisoners from UK, the Sinhala leaders carried him. No need to go to such past. Sinhalese have already forgotten and forgiven Karuna Amman the LTTEer. I personally think he should not be pardoned.

          The reason is majority Sinhalese are the most magnanimous lot in the world forgetting the very people who did evil to them. I think that is the main weakness among Sinhalese. The fact that some Sinhalese adore Wiggie shows how this weakness has grown.

          All the pogroms that you mentioned are ethnic riots which are common in all multi ethnic third world countries. Neighboring india has faced much worse ethnic pogroms and still continuing. There is no country that has not faced ethnic pogroms unless it is a homogenous society. And interestingly the tamil muslim violence which was a common occurrence during LTTE period rarely get mentioned.

          “There is nothing unique in the Sinhala language or culture. It is a mixture of several Indian languages, and culture which evolved over time into Sinhala, like Malayalam or Hindi!!”

          This is exactly what Rajasingham wanted to mention, though he backtracked later to avoid argument. I am saying this for the nth time. There is no language that did not get influence from others. It is not a weakness or doesn’t give the language a low status (as tamils want to convey). Rather it shows the extent to which the speakers of that language had connections with the outer world.
          Sinhala is a unique language that is why your ancestors could not understand and fell into a big problem when Sinhala was made official language. The development of Sinhala script is very well documented in stone inscriptions all over the country.

      • 14
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        sach the stupid

        Here is what professor HL Seneviratne and Dr Laksiri Fernando discussed earlier:

        HL Seneviratne September 29, 2013 at 8:26 am.

        Nothing is more laughable than the theory that the Sinhalese are fair skinned and the Tamils dark. Dutugemunu’s father is Kavan Tissa, meaning Tissa, the Crow Coloured. Another king is referred to in a folk story as Maha Kalu Sinhalaya, the Great Black Sinhalese. Dr Fernando’s statement that the light skin of the Sinhalese is a result of their north Indian connection applies equally to the Tamils. That the Kandyans are light skinned is a myth. Indigenous Kandyans are as dark as any can be in Sri Lanka. The reputed fair skin of Kandyans is more related to the presence of Europeans in Kandy going back to the Portuguese times. The bottom line is, the Sinhalese are a south Indian people, which means we, the Sinhalese, are a variety of Tamils. In more recent times, during Dutch rule, South Indian labour was imported, and these people, inhabiting the south western seaboard, became Sinhala and Buddhist, eventually becoming rabid with their identity as Sinhala Buddhists. Most of us know Sinhalese who have become Tamil and vice versa due to changing social contexts and affiliations. Our people, Sinhalese and Tamil, have got on well with each other, exchanging goods and services, intermarrying, and worshipping each other’s gods. It’s only those who want to profit by raking up ethnic differences, usually politicians that include our hero kings, that keep re-itering the differences, and covering up what is common.

        Dr Laksiri Fernando September 30, 2013 at 9:03 pm

        Professor Seneviratne, I never said “Sinhalese are fair skinned and the Tamils dark.” I gave an explanation to what Robert Knox’s said in the 17th century based on two possible factors (1) environment (2) ancestral mix. I was not going by the names like “Sudu Manika”! I may be wrong and learned anthropologists like you should give a plausible answer. I have been to Kolli Malai in Tamil Nadu and my impression was the people were fairer than those who live in the low country or coastal areas. You are an anthropologist. My question to you is that how do you explain Knox’s statement? I am asking this question because you have questioned my explanation without giving your counter explanation.

        HL Seneviratne October 1, 2013 at 7:45 am

        Dr Fernando, When I mentioned the “Sinhalese are fair skinned and the Tamils dark” theory, I neither said nor implied that you subscribed to it. On the contrary, I thought your article tried to weigh the evidence carefully and objectively. I do not think there is any disagreement between us. What I meant as laughable is the belief, held by substantial sections of the Sinhalese, that they are Aryans, and fair skinned, and the Tamils are dark and belong to an entirely different stock. I did mean to point out that the Tamils are part of the same “ancestral mix of people who came from the Northern parts of India” as the Sinhalese. As you noticed in your travels in Tamil Nadu we find different shades of skin colour in South India That’s the same as we find in Lanka. In my view, many more people came to Lanka from the southern regions of India than from the north. My intention in joining this discussion is to contribute to a climate of better mutual understanding of what the Sinhalaese and the Tamils share as opposed to highlighting the differences.

        Dr Laksiri Fernando October 1, 2013 at 1:14 pm

        Professor Seneviratne, I appreciate your clarification. I always thought that we hold similar views. Yes, climate for better mutual understanding is necessary. We also should be open for discussion of relevant issues and place a balanced view on both sides. The best possible knowledge on all relevant issues is important.

        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/are-the-tamils-and-the-

        sinhalese-same-or-different/

        • 0
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          The Native, could you please see the following video about the secrets and latest happenings of Kollimalai, together you could follow the people’s pigmentation too, ‘pitch black’.

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfi6z9PjQWc

          • 3
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            Rasmulla Raja Mouli

            Thanks

        • 9
          2

          NV,
          Dr Laksiri Fernando September 30, 2013
          “I have been to Kolli Malai in Tamil Nadu and my impression was the people were fairer than those who live in the low country or coastal areas.

          In a hundred years the Hari Krishna Bushy Headquarters run by American Jews men and women who conduct the ceremonies in sanskrit as per the wish of founder Acharya Swami Prabhu will be L.F. point too.!!

          He knows too little of south indian history and how the Buddha came there and went to China with Tao/Dao looking for shoe at Shaoling.

        • 0
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          HL Seneviratne and Dr Laksiri Fernando saying it makes it correct?
          Isnt that the basis of your argument?

          Can’t put a argument on your own? depend on others? I didnt read your drivel. Please construct an argument..

          • 10
            0

            sach

            the very very very very very stupid

            “I didnt read your drivel.”

            You need at least a small brain.

            “Please construct an argument..”

            What is your argument if there is one?

            How long its going to construct an argument?

            Argument:

            In order to construct an argument

            first you need an idea, concept or a theory

            then you need reason or set of reasons to support with evidence.

            Can you really find an idea and support it with reason and evidence? Not in million years.

            1939 Nawalapitya riots, could you cite your source.

            • 0
              0

              A person who thinks by having the end comment with some list of words in an argument is the idiot. If you have nothing to say, just go and do something worth wile. Your parents should be cursed for bringing up a waste of oxygen like you.

              And here I did a google survey for you,

              http://pact.lk/november-1948/

      • 4
        5

        “Nowhere Sinhalese are taught that tamils are alien, sinhalese have always accepted any tamil who is not a separatist and not a willing pawn of a foreign power”

        I recommend that you read the history sections of the ‘social studies’ text books in the early nineties.

        You may have a different view after that.

        • 0
          13

          You cant expect SL to ignore its history. No country would ignore its history. That doesnt mean Sinhala were taught to treat tamils as aliens.

          BUt I agree more should have been done to teach people that tamils are a part of SL

          • 13
            1

            yours is pseudo morphicism at its best and the nation is in the orbit from failed to state to statellite state like Hawaii or Sikkim nagaland to being your agression to a stop.- no more DPL,(deepan pukka lokkatta) no more reservation of all scholarships no more foreign trips at will. You are government servant that is your plum that you nicked chameleon with your boot leg.

            go tell your tamil story or history to your main enemy but never to us former slaves in the trade.
            Your independance was a accident- Nehru always had a place for Ceylon but the unfortunat murder of the naked fakir and the war that ensued. you are helping the present day hindians to accomplish sooner than later. You cannot impress south block with Johnny walker and kakula ussala woman as they (RAW) are being watched (double agents for a bottle)
            Fall leaves after leaves fall- Hindia’s new foreign secretary from Delhi not an ambude boy for you to have a gripe but get wiped off your feet whether you are tamil or sihala because he speaks fluent mandarin.

            • 0
              11

              LOL…..u are a funny chap…

              • 13
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                Sach_et, LOBO (spanish wolf. latin Corcuta)

                If you prick us do we not bleed? If you tickle us do we not laugh? If you poison us do we not die? And if you wrong us shall we not revenge?

                Professor Shakespeare

    • 6
      4

      Rajasingham,

      You say “but the Sinhalese too should learn Tamil …. Unless we understand each other …. forging an overarching Sri Lankan identity will be difficult”

      You lived in Canada. Would you know what percentage of Montreal French Canadians learn English for its “culture, it’s antiquity, meaning and richness,” and not almost entirely, just to work with the rest of Canada and the world.

      Perhaps more relevant to your proposition is, what percentage of Canadians in the humongous non-French speaking Canada learn French so as to “understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities” and thereby “forge an overarching Canadian identity?

      Or, consider India – how many Hindi-speaking Indians learn Tamil, Telugu or any other so that they “understand each other as linguistic, cultural and religious entities”?

      If you still have not figured it out, it is the introduction of language-based discrimination that caused the problem – not that the majority Sinhalese could not speak Tamil.

      You are, once again, barking up the wrong tree!

      • 8
        1

        Kumar R.

        A lot of Kanarese, Malayalis, Telungu people are multilingual.

        Only the stupid Tamils and stupid Sinhalese don’t like to learn each others’ language. Unless they are forced by the state or circumstances they are reluctant to learn other languages, perhaps both people’s nationalism prevent them, or may be their stupidity.

        • 2
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          NV,

          So are many Europeans, and you might then say most English are stupid, because among the Europeans, English are the least multilingual.

          Most Telungu people speak Tamil, but that has nothing to do with being an instrument to forge an Indian identity.

          It is the fact that the politicians intentionally instituted a discriminatory policy, using Language as a convenient excuse that gave rise to the problem.

          Let’s say a country has a population that speaks just one language, but has two religions, a large segment practicing Religion1, and a smaller, localized segment practicing Religion2. Now, if a political party strategizes a block majority vote from Religion1 population by discriminating against the segment of minority vote of Religion2, what will be the solution — that both segments should start practicing each other’s religion as well?

          That was my reason for suggesting that Rajasingham was barking up the wrong tree, and not for the first time!

          • 13
            2

            The English language came about with the forceful acquisition of VOC the first known multi national cooperation.
            The refugee parses fared the best in mercantile pursuits because they hid their caste and learnt the rulers language – portugese, dutch , and finally English.

            The Jewish are a special breed and have that verbal virtuosity scoring 80 (as per bell curve) so they are where it matters most- media, banking. Don’t forget they are Europeans. Still some of the richest Russians are of Jewish origin and so are they in the US and UK and down under where Murdoch (mum Greene) comes from.

            Why do you study english to speak to muslims or sihalese??
            Go to China and a Chinese auction and bid in English or Chinese and see the effect.

            • 1
              5

              Javi,

              “Why do you study english to speak to muslims or sihalese to speak to sinhalese?” (I’ll skip muslims that you suggest, as that is not a language)

              Consider a hypothetical example.

              If the Government can support (not mandate, but support, by providing the necessary school facilities) a second language program for the Sinhala rural areas, and have the resources to support just one language uniformly across the Sinhala rural areas, what language would you suggest they spend the resources so as to garner the maximum benefits/prospects for the population?

              • 10
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                Hong Kong Girls speak better English and are good at computing that they are outsmarting the Hindians in Canada.
                The hong kong girls work in the financial district no call centre girls for Computers made in China for Dell. Who gets the Dell Baby not the wizards the man left a fortune for the baby.
                Ananda lived the life of Anglo saxon like mum not JT.

                If you stop fiddling that you are the best brains at Point pedro and country- get annointed the world is small and big at the same time.

                The nation is agri gear and the women are the slaves tamil sihalaare way behind our focus of discussion.- you are a perpetrator of injustice from caste clanship mukkan!.

          • 1
            5

            Great argument about religion..but the fundamental problem in any multi-ethinic situation is the inter tribal distrust,not governmental instituted policies, we all know the “Sinhala Only” policy lasted only a very short period, it became “Tamil also” initially in the majority Tamil districts, then later Tamil became an official language. Vernacular education did not the divide us, but it strengthened both languages, the division and mistrust between Tamils and Sinhalese is millennia older than SWRD Bandaranayake..so give SWRD a rest.

            • 12
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              so the burgher population had very little respect for the sihala and almost none for the tamils. You are a government `servant` go slave as you know nothing better moron.
              Buddha was always reserved for SC like the Catholic/Christian. Except a few who were convinced like Cargills the Pages from mercantile stock.
              SWRD was the Nuevo catalist – the Brits never allow riots to spoil their rule.
              Seen the English riots and the re-offenders are still being rehabilitated.

            • 1
              1

              Dear InconvenientTruth,

              “Inter tribal distrust” is not unique to Sri Lanka. In fact there is mistrust at varying degrees between all segments of people – between regions, between ethnicity, between religious groups, frankly, not uncommon between neigbourhoods. Isn’t there some degree of mistrust between udarata and patha rata Sinhalese?

              Effective leadership is one that helps calm and dissipate that mistrust – it is a rogue regime that capitalizes on it to serve its own selfish ends, no matter what the consequence is for the country or its people – amply illustrated by the Sinhala Only policy, despite its brief life as you claim. That divisive policy laid the foundation that evidently, progressively metamorphosed into two opposing killing-machines, pursuing such killing right under the watchful eyes of Hindu and Buddhists citizens, without a hum! Now Dayan calls on ”smart-patriotism” to defend such massacre of its own citizens! What a scum-bag – but that is another story.

              So, yes SWRD needs to be put to rest, as in fact he been for decades, and by no other than a Buddhist monk itself!

              What has not rested since then, however, is the hornet’s nest that SWRD intentionally stirred-up, and not unknowingly of its consequences.

              If we do not understand what the underlying issue is, and instead just blindly proclaim either that every citizen should learn each other’s language, or mandate all citizens to learn just the majority language, that is just taking every one down a garden path – absolutely futile!

              Lee Kuan Yew predicted this in the 50’s as he watched Sri Lanka began this destructive path, setting in motion the six-decade war. That is the inconvenient truth. Yes, you certainly chose your name right – but seem not to have appreciated its significance fully.

          • 9
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            Kumar R.

            “what will be the solution — that both segments should start practicing each other’s religion as well?”

            Hindian Hindus wants the rest of the country to foster and convert to the way they think the religion should be.

            Religion is too personal for anyone to impose it on others, in a fast moving world men and women do not have the time nor the energy to accommodate all religions and there are millions of sects which promote the ideal religion.

            One should learn to appreciate “unity in diversity”, rather than lock horns for the sake of self destruction. Can we not leave the religion out of politics and politics out of religion?

            Here is a paper by professor Sen:

            Violence, Identity and Poverty*

            AMARTYA SEN

            Harvard University

            The article discusses two main approaches to explaining violence in contemporary global society. Theories based on the culture of societies, among which the theory of the clash of civilizations is the most influential, attempt to explain violence by referring to antagonisms between collective identities. Theories of the political economy of power and inequality seek the sole cause of violence in economic factors. While each approach has some plausibility, both are inadequate on their own. When applied as
            sufficient explanations, they may distort our understanding in a way that undermines the possibility for both alleviating poverty and reducing conflict. The causal mechanisms are more complex than economic reductionism is capable of accounting for. Poverty and inequality are importantly linked to violence, but must be seen together with divisions between factors such as nationality, culture and religion. In turn, these factors must not be based on a false image of solitary identities and unavoidable antagonisms
            between cultural groups. The article suggests that the coupling between cultural identities and poverty increases the significance of inequality and may contribute to violence. Approaches to explaining violence should avoid isolationist programmes that explain violence solely in terms of social inequality and deprivation or in terms of identity and cultural factors

            http://www.uk.sagepub.com/martin3study/articles/Sen.pdf

            • 1
              3

              NV,

              I whole heartedly agree with your statements as in :

              “Religion is too personal for anyone to impose it on others, in a fast moving world men and women do not have the time nor the energy to accommodate all religions and there are millions of sects which promote the ideal religion. One should learn to appreciate “unity in diversity”, rather than lock horns for the sake of self destruction. Can we not leave the religion out of politics and politics out of religion? “

              My contention is not that Religion needs to be imposed — on the contrary, not only religion but language and patriotism too are equally personal to be imposed! Leave them out of politics too! Substitute “language” or “patriotism” for “religion” in you paragraph – and the paragraph still remains valid, prudent and wise!

      • 1
        4

        You want us learn Sinhala, please explain why?

        • 2
          2

          Muthu,

          My point is that neither Tamils learning Sinhala nor Sinhalese learning Tamil is of any fundamental relevance to the issue that Banda brought about. It is just that he used that as a convenient excuse to push for a block vote.

          I repeat what I said to Native Vedda:

          Let’s say a country has a population that speaks just one language, but has two religions, a large segment practicing Religion1, and a smaller, localized segment practicing Religion2. Now, if a political party strategizes a block majority vote from Religion1 population by discriminating against the segment of minority vote of Religion2, what will be the solution — that both segments should start practicing each other’s religion as well?

          That was my reason for suggesting that Rajasingham was barking up the wrong tree, and not for the first time!

  • 10
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    Jagath Asoka,

    What you say appears nice and reasonable superficially.

    “For Sri Lanka to remain as a unitary system, undivided, all Sri Lankans must feel that they belong in it; all Sri Lankans must feel that the society serves them. What gives that sense of belonging without division?” you say.

    Jagath, why should it be unitary?

    Before the British annexed together the Sinhala and Tamils regions of the island to form Ceylon there was no unitary system!

    Why can’t we go back to the system which evolved for millenniums before the British artificially put them together and left the Tamil people at the mercy of the Sinhalese at independence.

    As Justice Wigneswarn reported recently to the UNHCR, the Sinhalese regimes since independence are all guilty of historical and continuing genocide of Tamils.

    Why don’t you say word against the on-going genocide of Tamils – to make your writing to look a little balanced and reasonable to Tamils?

    Why don’t you look at the root cause of the problem?

    The Mahavamsa perpetrating the ideology of Sinhalese Buddhist supremacy over the island with its guardians being the Buddhist hierarchy. Sinhala politicians since independence have been advancing the ideology of Mahavamsa throughout the 67 years by their actions since independence.

    Most of the Sinhalese population has been indoctrinated with the Mahavamsa ideology from childhood, and it has become an indelible belief in their minds. I am sure same is continuing with Sinhalese children today too.

    Why don’t you tell the Sinhalese society that the Mahavmasa philosophy is distorted and insulting of Tamils?

    One of my Tamil friend says that when he was school boy at a mulit-ethnic school in Colombo, the boys chose Tamil names for baddies when they played some games! School boys must still be doing it!

    High flown lofty ideals sound great, but the ground truths belie the theories.

    Jagath, please don’t pretend to be the man with a lofty ideal of seeking a Sri Lankan identity – the slip is showing!

    Sinhalese politicians and the society (via their regular pogroms against Tamils) have shown their colors vividly clear for the whole world to see.

    Why can’t we be like Canada, Great Britain (the mother of all democratic traditions)or other systems with autonomy to Tamils?

    Do You still insist on the hegemony of Sinhalese language throughout the island?

    The intent seems to be to ‘disappear’ the Tamil language, culture, history and traditions in the long run while keep talking about hypothetical systems.

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      I guess jagath fellow should realise he is day dreaming when he read Thiru’s comment.

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      Mr Thiru

      Give me an example of a country where majority doesn’t feel it is the majority. I can give you an example where the minority feels they are the majority by adding up their numbers to the numbers of their ethnic group in a neighboring country.

      Soma

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    A well thought out article, my son is a victim of this thoughtless policy of this idiotic mother tongue policy.

    My son studied in the English Medium and was forced to do either Sinhala or Tamil as the first language and he is supposed to pass this subject if he were to qualify to sit for A/L. He obtained 2A, 3B and 1C. including a B in Mathematics, but still considered failed due to failing in this idiotic first language policy. What on earth can this mother tongue help him in his A/L or his degree if he still pursues his studies in English. He was deprived of his A/L and now had taken up QC in a private institute. I am sure there will be hundreds of sons who would have suffered this fate, over this idiotic policy.

    What is the bloody purpose of this policy. I also studied in the English Medium and we did Sinhala as the second language and passed. I could read, write and speak Sinhala as good as any Sinhalese. Why the hell on earth was this mother tongue first language policy introduced by these racists, I do not understand.

    It is time that, at least the present government address this issue and let anyone study in the medium they choose and make the mother tongue or Sinhalese as the second language and help the majority Sinhalese also learn the English language, so that they will not feel the jealousy or marginalization of the society just because they cannot converse in English in a public forum.

    I am sure even our Present President is also suffering the same fate and we all look like fools in the eyes of the world, although immensely talented, but unable to present ourselves in the International forums.

    It was Dr.Colvin R de Silva who posed the question in Parliament when the Sinhala only motion was taken up for discussion.quote ” DO YOU NEED TWO COUNTRIES WITH ONE LANGUAGE OR NEED ONE COUNTRY WITH TWO LANGUAGES”. What far sightedness, are we not seeing the reality today ?

    Over to you MR.PRESIDENT.

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      The same reason a arabic person needs to learn arabic.

      Your son has a fair case. But the language policy is of giving status to native languages is correct and cannot be faulted and should be illegal to be faulted.

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      your son’s mother tongue is obviously English and not tamil that is why he failed tamil. time to change his enthnicity – register him as burgher or English ? surely that should be allowed.

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        My parents studied latin and greek as second and thirds while like Ansar I had to study in the english medium and sihala second (could opt for Latin or French studying it privately) like most of the non sihala non tamil ethnic group.
        Don’t expect a muslim to do your bidding of registering in a different ethinic- its Blasphemy .At Madras university they adopt the same system at Pre University level but with a difference where the next language is an option. So folk select Sanskrit, hindi, other state languages, French russian german, french.

        It is good to know another language has a culture and much knowledge and that one does not live like a frog in the well.
        There is much the French René Descartes in the Dutch Republic had to say than Shakespeare with his tragedies( less Latin so we still borrow from the French)

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    Jagath Asoka, you are spot on. However, we are an island nation but we cannot exist in isolation. On language, we are much like the Welsh language that is spoken by a handful of people but kept very much alive because of nationalism, but through necessity, learning English as well. In UK all schools must teach a European language other than English and in continental Europe, all schools teach English as a second language. Like it or not, English has become the international language and it is a necessary language even in Sri Lanka as a majority of tourists, our bread and butter, speak it. Our pilots have to learn it as it is the only language used in international airspace. Our scientists, academicians and anyone wanting to expand knowledge is compelled to learn English as there are no corresponding materials in Sinhalese or Tamil. I have noticed that many new words have crept into the Sinhalese language with alien sounds that new Sinhalese alphabets had been created. Sri Lanka has been cursed by the parochial bigots like Nishantha De Silva selfishly wanting only Sinhalese for everybody else so that he could get on with his command of English.

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      “”Like it or not, English has become the international language and it is a necessary language even in Sri Lanka as a majority of tourists, our bread and butter, speak it. “”

      Red Ken wanted Mandarin but Classic Boris beat him to it. The Bengalis and Blacks & Asians don’t learn to communicate in another European language (Sic) except very few from the arts.

      The Anglo Saxons still learn latin and greek. Bill Gates was lamenting recently in his Q& A when he bemoaned that Latin & Greek kept him a breast (like my parents when in Ceylon missionary schools) with the English language but envied Mark of Facebook who took on a Q& A in fluent Mandarin at Shanghai University.

      That is the second language of the future. Spanish beat the French but South Americans are still labour class in the US to have much of a promotion of Spanish which is the 2nd widest spoken language and is refered to by the English only.

      Belgium stands the Best test of all for natives- they have to study German, Flemish, French, English. Its the french speaking refugees that are causing the terror and language tussle in an otherwise industrialized nation before the British. VOC.

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    SWRD changed his dress, his language,and his religion for votes and political power.
    The imposition of Sinhalese as medium of instruction, served to produce university graduates who did not know English.
    This was the biggest blow to higher education. Tamils somehow learned English at home and were able to qualify in the London A & O Levels which examinations were held in Colombo periodically by the Dept. of Examinations, & go abroad for higher studies, even to India.
    Banda’s widow stopped the holding of London exams.
    After 1956,there were doctors, engineers and lawyers who could not speak English; they thus lost the vast fountain of knowledge available in English. The Arts faculty was shifted to the new Peradeniya university around 1953,recruited & produced thousands of arts graduates who were mostly unemployable in state and private sectors,and who rebelled against the state; thus were born the two JVP youth insurrections in which tens of thousands were killed by the state.
    The ideal now will be English as the official/educational language with Sinhalese or Tamil to be taught as second language.
    India continued English in universities and their graduates spread far and wide across the world.

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      “India continued English in universities and their graduates spread far and wide across the world. “

      The poor Indians from all states suffer when they enter university because they come from a different medium of instruction. They start to mug for 3 long years before they prove themselves but the all round finish is never there just like the JT’s in their ghetto.

      The same is not the case with Belgium (the earliest known catholic university Leuven) or Barcelona.

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    Dear Dr Jagath Asoka

    Thank you for your thought provoking article.

    I am not sure about your assertion:

    “We know that English is not going to be our common language of the masses, because English is somewhat inaccessible and belong to the realm of the intellectual elite.”

    Why can’t English be made accessible to the masses?

    Lee Kuan Yew had everyone in Singapore learn English (although 77% of Singaporeans are Chinese) as a way to give his countrymen a common language as well as a window to the wider world.

    TV

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      You need a revolution and a thug to change the language; that is exactly how Banda did to stay as leader from his `Oxford` learnings (divide and rule- just my extend family gets all scholarships, and rule ever after- for the rest Royal Seepage)

      This is how Hong Kong is present day- The young understand Mandarin not Cantonese.

      If you can get the Hindians and Hindus to stop promoting Hindi (sanskrit, persian mixed) and let English flourish then you would change the culture.
      The poor untouchable knows how to say hello to a tourist but it is expensive to study in the English medium so that he may better his lot.
      Feudal system. Lanka is imported illegal labour from portugese era not just the brits and the estate labour force.

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      Thurai Vinay ,

      Here is a profile of what the super hero common Chinese of the Cul du sac & knuckle duster era has to say- His planning is brand new which is cheap by precise by thug design – exact opposite of what Jane Jacobs stood for.

      • Singaporeans, if I can chose an analogy, we are the hard disk of a computer, the foreign talent are the megabytes you add to your storage capacity. So your computer never hangs because you got enormous storage capacity,
      • On accepting foreign talent (Straits Times, 22 April 2007)

      • I started off believing all men were equal. I now know that’s the most unlikely thing ever to have been, because millions of years have passed over evolution, people have scattered across the face of this earth, been isolated from each other, developed independently, had different intermixtures between races, peoples, climates, soils… I didn’t start off with that knowledge. But by observation, reading, watching, arguing, asking, that is the conclusion I’ve come to.
      • Lee Kuan Yew, The Man & His Ideas, 1997

      • I am often accused of interfering in the private lives of citizens. Yes, if I did not, had I not done that, we wouldn’t be here today. And I say without the slightest remorse, that we wouldn’t be here, we would not have made economic progress, if we had not intervened on very personal matters – who your neighbour is, how you live, the noise you make, how you spit, or what language you use. We decide what is right. Never mind what the people think.
      • Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, Straits Times, 20 April 1987

      • Supposing Catherine Lim was writing about me and not the prime minister…She would not dare, right? Because my posture, my response has been such that nobody doubts that if you take me on, I will put on knuckle-dusters and catch you in a cul de sac…Anybody who decides to take me on needs to put on knuckle dusters. If you think you can hurt me more than I can hurt you, try. There is no other way you can govern a Chinese society.
      • SM Lee Kuan Yew, The Man and His Ideas, 1997 [10]

      • Put it this way. As long as Jeyaretnam [Workers’ Party leader] stands for what he stands for — a thoroughly destructive force for me — we will knock him. There are two ways of playing this. One, a you attack the policies; two, you attack the system. Jeyaretnam was attacking the system, he brought the Chief Justice into it. If I want to fix you, do I need the Chief Justice to fix you? Everybody knows that in my bag I have a hatchet, and a very sharp one. You take me on, I take my hatchet, we meet in the cul-de-sac. That’s the way I had to survive in the past. That’s the way the communists tackled me. He brought the Chief Justice into the political arena.
      • SM Lee Kuan Yew, The Man & His Ideas, 1997

      Thiru & Thiru like Thomson & Thompson.

  • 0
    17

    Several wrongs in this write up

    1. “We have been told that during the early centuries of Sri Lankan history there was considerable harmony between the Sinhalese and Tamils. What happened to that harmony? How did it turn into hegemony?”

    Seriously from where did you learn history? Our history is full of Sinhala and tamil (armies from TN) at war.
    —————

    2. “As a result, among the Sinhalese—organizing on communal grounds—nationalism manifested as a movement to restore Buddhism to its former glory, and others followed suit; e.g., the Burgher Political Association in 1938, the Ceylon Indian Congress in 1939, and the All Ceylon Tamil Congress in 1944”

    Again wrong. The first race based political party was a tamil party called ‘The Tamil Congress’ started by GGP. The reason for rising ethnic consciousness in tamils and tamil politics was not any sinhala communalism, but rather the communal representation brought by British governer Manning and universal franchise introduced later. That made Tamil high caste leaders lose the grip on power.
    —–

    3. “Act replaced English as the official language of Sri Lanka, but failed to give official recognition to Tamil, which is the mother tongue of three largest minority ethnic groups—Sri Lankan Tamils, Indian Tamils, and Moors—who together account for around 28% of the country’s population.”

    Actually the proposal for the Sinhala Only was brought by a tamil speaking person (Moor) to parliament. Though the act did not give equal status to tamil on par with Sinhala, it gave a reasonable status to tamil as a regional language.The 1956 language policy is wrong but it is not the devil as many say.

    —-

    4. “The Act justified a demand for a separate nation state by Tamils, which resulted in decades of civil war.”

    Number 1 a mere policy would not justify separatist demands given that it gave a reasonable status to tamil (not sufficient) and later in 1983 Tamil was made equal to Sinhala on language basis.

    And Demand for a tamil separate state was prevalent even before independence as shown by Arunachalam’s speech in 1922.

    5. Who benefited from this Act, the subaltern Sinhalese and the Tamils Sri Lankans: those Sri Lankans who were fluent in English?

    Many Sinhala people benefited. There was an opportunity for students educated in Sinhala to leap forward in the social hierarchy. Many Sinhala people today from rural background should thank language policy in 56.
    —–
    6. How are we going to solve a problem that is almost unsolvable?

    Unless one identifies the root cause to this problem this cannot be solved. This is not a minority problem or minority discrimination issue. This is rather an issue of tamil nationhood with a thousand years of history as they claim.
    —-

    7. “I am pretty sure that the bigoted ethnic Sinhalese politicians cannot play the language card against you”

    How do the bigoted Sinhalese politicians play the language card? Please elaborate.

    8. “As Sri Lankans, we have the same rights and responsibilities. What can we do to make us feel that Sri Lanka belongs to all Sri Lankans? Is this idea—we all are Sri Lankans with equal rights and equal responsibilities—a political miracle? Can we ever achieve it?”

    As long as issue of tamil nationhood exists and issue of history exists this will exists.

    9. “As Sri Lankans? Is it possible to have this single identity, Sri Lankans, without a common language? As long as the majority identify themselves as Sinhala-Buddhists, first, we can never solve this problem.”

    Please go and ask any tamil whether they like to identify with a single srilankan identity and ditch tamil identity. I have seen many Sinhalese talking about ditching Sinhala identity for a plural sri lankan identity but I have seen none in tamil community even saying that.

    10. “Can we ever detach ourselves from the ethnic identity of the Sinhalese Language?”

    Please go and check whether a tamil would detach themselves from their ethnic identity? (and I don’t blame them for that. )
    And why should Sinhala people detach their identity which is the prevalent identity of this country for millenias?

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    Yes, and we must have Islamic Sharia instead…
    :)

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      Pre- Requisite is Nalli Cut say no to tip cut.:)

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      or you can go to a place where islamic sharia is in place..

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      Fazeee Mamu Baiyo,

      My homeland: see how the 700 years of Arabic rule has blended with the land of Reconquista Catholica without the hijab and women’s dance form Homeland – elegance at school level. School Dance Sara Guirado – Valencia See it for the sake of art form of the Gazhals, Music of Rahaman with arabic and caranatic etc. Jothi was better than your man into sinhala beat.Emotional man drank himself to death- a pure loss of a husky voice.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ewY3r_d_B8I
      The rest is plucking away freedom that even Razanna could not have mercy-= stupid perverted camels in their Rolls Royce with feet on dash board. Bored to death stud bulls of Medieval mindset.

      When you see this you would ask for partial sharia just commerce for the old fashioned unused to the complexity of commercial law. Valencia is a modern city with great Jammon (smoked bacon)

  • 1
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    Tamil leaders’ rejection of the “Ceylonese” model

    Bandaranaike and others at first worked in the Ceylon equivalent of the “Indian national congress” and sought to obtain independence within the concept of a ” Ceylonese” nation which embraced the Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and other groups. The Older Tamil leaders (Ponnambalam Arunachalam and Ponnambalam Ramanathan) were favorable to this, as long as they controlled the show. To break their power, G.G. Ponnambalam (GGP for short), an ambitious young Catholic lawyer who did not belong to the elite group, had to find a formula to capture the support of the Tamils. Recognizing that the proposal for universal franchise would reduce the Tamils to a minority, GGP began the racist cry in the 1930s. The Hansard reports in 1935 (column 3045) shows Ponnambalam claiming that he is a PROUD DRAVIDIAN, and rejecting the ceylonese concept that embraced all the ethnic groups (The references are in the book by the British historian Dr. Jane Russell, Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution, Tissara Publishers, 1982).

  • 0
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    If Bandaranayake didn’t implement the Sinhala only policy we would be speaking Tamil today and eating dosai and masalla wade. And we would be governed by Sharia Law.
    Soma

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      Soma

      “we would be speaking Tamil today and eating dosai and masalla wade.”

      Don’t you speak Sinhalised Tamil and enjoy eating Dosai, Vadei, Appa, Karutha Columban, Murunka, Pongal, Natuma, celebrate Tamil New Year, Pray to Hindu pantheon, Kataragamam, ………… ? Even the Sinhala Cinema and Music for it were developed by Tamils.

      What is your problem?

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    The main curse of the country and the entire populace is absolutely the “Sinhala only” thing. No one prospered or benefited except for our dirty, greedy, selfish politicians from SWRD to MR who played divisive politics all along. It separated the once harmonious indigenous races who lived in virtual peace. Many or most of the majority and minority communities paid and still paying a heavy price with the useless ‘swabasha’education they receive and the official language they are forced to work with.
    Students who studied in ‘swabasha’ has very limited knowledge and cannot pursue higher studies or go abroad for higher education or employment. When more and more people around the world are studying English to further their future our guys are forcing the populace to study in their mother tongue and preserve Sinhala only. Our younger generation is so poor in overall knowledge and especially in the world language, English. They feel ashamed to talk broken English in foreign countries and unable to get good jobs even with other skills. Our country will not get better or prosper so long as Sinhala only exists. Mahawamsa, Mahanama,the bogus Buddhist monks/thugs, the poisonous politicians and the brainwashed people who believe in them are the culprits for this calamity.
    Some of Dr Asoka’s suggestions are indeed good but sadly, they will not be allowed to materialize, by you know who! The world is forging ahead fast and developing, but we, only the Lankans still like living in the well like the frog and speak of race,religion, language, majority and minority. Probably the only solution is to go back to the pre-British era and begin with the 2500 or 5000 year old proud civilizations again. All the races can carry on living in their own territory with their own language, religion, culture and beat around the bush. Obviously the world will not wait for us but exploit. It may take another 67 years to realize the blunder.

    Nice to see you DR Asoka and appreciate your ideas. Thank you !

  • 14
    1

    When Sinhalas open their mouths it is about Sinhala nation and when Tamils open their mouth it is about Tamil nation. Then they fight and torture and kill each other and mess up the place with blood and gore.

    I think that English must wipe out both Tamil and Sinhala so that the island can be made available to anyone who can speak English and I know that this will happen without the gun or the sword just the brains will do to get the monkeys out of the cities and back into the jungles where they belong we just gotta expand the Yala and Wilpattu.

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    Sinhalese people have a conceited opinion of their language and culture, and wants to impose it upon others. They themselves know that learning Sinhala does not help them in any way. Until the Sinhala Only was brought in, the educated Sinhalese spoke English in their homes and educated their children in the English medium. Even after the Sinhala only, even Bandaranayakes children studied abroad. Even now every rich Sinhala parents sent their children to Private schools or abroad to study in the English medium.

    The poor village Sinhalese do not understand this betrayal and keeps on voting to power the cunning politicians.

    What was wrong with the policy of English being the language of instruction and making Tamil or Sinhalese as the second language of choice? They should make merit as the criteria for selection for jobs and for higher education.

    How many innocent lives were lost because of power hungry, selfish politicians who wanted to come to power using the language to whip up their emotions.

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    “”When Tamil or Muslim politicians articulate their thoughts fluently in Sinhala, they get the attention of the majority Sinhalese. Try it if you do not believe me!””

    This is perfect with Common people of Matara Galle but not the Cyril Mathew or Modawanse type- they must always try to add a bit of borrowed spice of North indian (yet no DNA) Sanskrit or Pali to confirm that you are the other.
    Suma articulated recently that the `sihala politicians¬ did not like him to speak in Sihala ?? Say Hello to Ayn the Russian lady where English was not her native tongue.

    Common problems for Common people.
    Common Sense for Middle Class.
    Nonsense for Aristocrats.

    Lanka has a identity crisis which can be proved only be DNA. (I remember the first issue of ID’ promoted by the UK and for Tamils script in Tamil that gave any prospective persecuter the quick glance- whooosh!
    The Brits don’t want an I>D card > Though most are white yet they aren’t Anglo Saxon but imply that they are. In the EU we all have the chip & pin DNI.

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      Javi:

      When Tamil or Muslim politicians articulate their thoughts fluently in Sinhala, they get the attention of the majority Sinhalese. Try it if you do not believe me!””

      *** What are you talking bout man. Yes you are right for the wrong reasons. Look what happened to Kadirgamar a man trapped in a Tamil body with a Sinhalese Soul. He articulated his thoughts in Sinhala and was bumped off by a Sinhala Bullet inside High Security Zone and blamed on the LTTE. So don’t talk rubbish.

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        sub class Jaguar Tiger toddy tappers bump anything like the Pan Arabs (postmans son) Pan Islam (the Islamist of royalty).

        He was never trapped in a Palmyra Palm like the fox/snake you folk are but someone from the hills. Having met both his ex and sihala wife I knew he tried to resolve the issue and did indeed speak the truth which was not to the liking of secessionist who had amassed wealth in Europe starting with mules from Delhi carrying briefcases of Heroin on different routes to the EU and picked up by same men from adjoining country.
        Your network is good for the stupid sihala or un-networked Brits but never the EU. If EU conducts a raid at UK like Canada did with the Somali they wont need to wait for murder by design as at Paris.

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    Periodically we get to read some similar positions from such enlightened minds of the majority community. I do not understand what makes them go public with such inconclusive thinking.

    How is that a highly educated Dr. Jagath Asoka fails to tell us what is that that hinders a national identity?

    Is national identity as important as national consensus?

    What is important is national consensus. National consensus is more easy to achieve than national identity. Once national consensus is built, our national identity will flow from it, automatically.

    National consensus needs to be cultivated. It will be achieved when the political field is made level.

    If I am to elaborate on this opinion of mine, my thoughts would perhaps run into another article, or even a book.

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      Bull Shit-BSc M.Sc- more shit.

      Bell Curve test have shown that 90% of any given nation have strong patriotic sentiments.

      It’s economic that Bill learnt Latin & Greek
      While Mark learnt Mandarin.

      The same way we learn English for English spoken nations.

      You must be very rich even in Germany to speak in English like the Jain Indian German Banking Director.

      Or buy a steel factory in Romania with a 100k sterling donation to`The Party` Or TATA registered in the UK to receive £3 billion from Brown to reinvest it in China Auto Chery Automibile- Rover Jaguar. (today 75% of TATA income comes from it.
      The Opium war boys at it again hile the Germans rendevous with the Chinese in a big way investment and technology transfer.

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    It would have been favorable to have a Sinhala only policy if the country was self sufficient and did not depend on the outside developed world for its sustenance (World Bank, IMF and Chinese Banks) and survival as a nation. There are some self sufficient countries in the world today like Japan and China who don’t need a link language for survival in a highly skilled and competitive world. Their people speak only the native language of their countries and attain growth in GDP and per capita income without depending on handouts from foreign sources. They possess brilliant scientists who contribute immensely towards their country’s national policies, and have their own research teams in all of the major sciences. Thus those countries are highly successful as developed nations. If Sri Lanka had developed itself to that level of sophistication, then having a Sinhala only policy would have made sense. But PM Banda was short sighted and played politics with this most sensitive and delicate issue, and the country is still paying a price for this man’s gamble, even acknowledged as a mistake by his own daughter who years afar from his era, became President. The fallout of this policy, including its implications still reverberate to this day through proxies like BBS, SR and JHU, with such rhetoric as ‘Apey Jathiya, apey lay Sinha lay, apey rata rakaganimu’. As for the rest, they can go to hell, seems to be the adopted attitude.

    It is not going to be easy to dismantle that mind-set, and as long as this mentality continues, the country will be stuck in the past and will continue to bleed. This can clearly be seen in some arrogant foolish people planning the 100th year remembrance of a pogrom with another racial riot this year 2015, as a fitting commemoration of just one of many darkest moment in the country’s history. How much more sadistic can anyone get.

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    In restrospect,the Sinhala only Bill of SWRD affected both the Sinhalese as well as the Tamils.The most stupid Bill ever to have been passed by Parliament! W.Dahanayake,that maverick from Galle once declared that Sinhala was fit to rule the whole world! Indeed there was a whole generation who believed in this rubbish with their misplaced sense of Patriotism! SWRD the gifted man that he was did not foresee the events that have unfolded since then. Incidentally,SWRD was the descendant of Nilaperumal aka Kalukapuge b:circa 1590 High priest[Kapurala] of Nawagomuwe Dewale.Nilaperumal,in all probability was a Tamil!

  • 17
    1

    Fashionable Intellect Asoka says:
    ~゜・_・゜~  “”We have been told that during the early centuries of Sri Lankan history there was considerable harmony between the Sinhalese and Tamils. What happened to that harmony? How did it turn into hegemony?””~゜・_・゜~ 

    Earlier the Buruvas/Buro Sihala/Tamil did not rule the island But East India Company from Portuguese (Goa) to Brits via Madras Presidency from VOC Dutch period.

    Islanders were ruled and that seems the only solution or you are going the way Sikkim and Nagaland who were never ruled by the Mughals to become the Hindian state. You are in its inner orbit after yellow submarine.

    Common people would better off that way as the passport won’t carry the stench and women would be debated form going to medieval middle east as maids/sex slaves.
    You get a better structure of education that the now battered and obsolete British standard of Associations/trade unionism. Hindian is very much in line with EU/US/Japanese system of Education and entry is on open merit plus reservation.

    What the Lankan pseudo intellects and mudalais would lose is . The DPL slot , VIP and smuggling and doing nothing and killing minorities- Buruv’s. (Buro Spanish)
    What we would gain is industry through innovation.

    Seuvra Hato and all ills would drown in the deep blue sea.

    Cold Head Skin Heads- when a child is born the parents who have done it before get the child to lick feet of “saffron colour one heyna pedophile hermaphrodite heyna (as in your picture with sword vertical) – you are born to slave to slaves.
    your IQ is below <55 and you hoodwink about literacy the legacy of the European invaders.

    ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
    SEVURA HATTO! “DIE” HYENA,තරච්ඡයා SEVURA HATTO! “DIE”!
    ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩۞۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬

    You steal and murder Sihala speaking tamils and tamil speaking tamil peoples
    (The spotted hyena's scientific name Crocuta, was once widely thought to be derived from the Latin loanword crocutus, which translates as "saffron-coloured one", in reference to the animal's fur colour.)

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    Why can’t English be made accessible to the masses?

    The reason is that the cunning politicians can get the naive Sinhala village voters to vote for them, while their children can study abroad and continue to cheat the villagers!!!They want the villagers to remain without knowing the progress happening outside the cursed country!!

    Instead of robbing the country to live like kings and spending the state resources to bribe the voters and planting massive cut outs of a idiotic person, all over the country and having palatial guest houses for the benefit of the stupid president, they could have had centres in every town and village to teach English.

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      That was the primary design of odd toed ugulates; the feet that you licked from birth at the command of the new breed of mercenaries from spice trading days in the island of royal seepage- `saffron coloured one`
      LOBO Crocuta in the promised flag. The English always carried a lions heart without lions at home but in their `crown colonies` well laid out by the VOC Dutch of golden balls fame by then at battle in the high seas.

      Subsequently the British changed all that to Diesel fired and a horse rider from Portugal who had traded for most of Iran as his property became the richest man on earth. The Portuguese became beggars in their own Bara_bagge as the song goes..aswaya gonee tick tick took..

      Atta Piriki Seuvra must be stopped at all cost- the eye sore of Europe

      like kippers the skin heads of begging bowl and snarl the hide and seek fraternity like free mason Saffron seuvra clan of 40k hermaphrodites.

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    In Tamil Nadu English is given so much importance that children are excellent in English and IT courses because of their English knowledge. Their economy is growing at a much faster rate because of their education.

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      Not because successive Nadu governments wanted it. The Tamils who live in other states cantonment sector do even better not just in India but everywhere else because they dont carry the ghetto on their shoulder like a snail but a slug they slog it out.

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    Has any sinhalese ever questioned why sinhala was enough for the rest of the populace but not enough for swrd or jrs children? Even today our youth are trying hard to learn English as they know that English opens up better prospects.

    Just imagine in today’s internet age our entire population could use it to better themselves if they knew English.

    Right now I am writing this on a tablet PC bare chested with a sarong on.the same can be done by any one in any part.of sri Lanka if they had English as a tool.In fact it would have enriched sinhala and Tamil as well.

    I love my country but unless we are not prepared to change I don’t think there is any hope for this country

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    Dear Dr. Jagath Asoka,

    It is refreshing to see lively discourse in this forum on how we can make our country better , a discourse that has been renewed and invigorated since the election of Pres. Sirisena.
    I thank you for your well -written piece and, and I also thank the bigots and the racists for their comments which only strenthens the resolve of the many who want Peace with Justice in the country.
    Identities of individuals, including core identities as well as superimposed identities etc. can be discussed at length and tomes written about. What we need now are practical solutions. Why can’t we make English the primary language of instruction with the student deciding what other language(s) he or she wants to study? We all know this would give them better accesss to the world and counter an island mentality.Is it because we are too entrenched in thumbing our noses at the colonial masters that we hate a language, in this case English?.The same is true for those who hate Sinhalese or Tamil language. They are just languages and should be studied by whoever wants to do so without the clouding arguments, of being the majority’s language or minority’s language.
    What I do want to point out to Dr. Jagath Asoka is that we need to look at the name of the island that has changed over time and not assume that ‘Sri Lanka’ has always been the name of this island.
    I wonder whether such name changes, some by colonial powers to subjugate a people and some by the freed people as a knee-jerk reaction when free,have also contributed to the conflict.
    If many agree ( what is the point of a few shouting from rooftops?)that this too plays a part in the conflict then we need to look at ways of remedying this.

    Dr. Gerard R. Francis

    • 10
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      Dr. Gerard R. Francis

      ” what is the point of a few shouting from rooftops?”

      They may constitute a few however they are a noisy minority armed (with stupidity), active and dangerous, they will find the ways and means to scuttle even a minutia of improving relations between people of this island.

      Then come the big guns, the Sangha unleash their opposition as they have consistently done in the.

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      Pre- Requisite is Nalli Cut say no to tip cut.:)

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    I would like to give a real and relevant example of this identity crisis among Sri Lankans.
    In 2001 we conducted a Regional(SEARO) training work shop for young professionals in the Region. Since I happened to be the operational officer I collected the forms completed by participants from 11 countries. One item to be identified other than their name, qualification etc was their “Nationality”.

    An analysis of all the 11 countries revealed that 4 professionals participated from Sri Lanka. Two of them identified as “Sri Lankan Sinhalease” one participant identified as Sri Lankan Tamil and ONLY one participant with sinhala name identified as “Sri Lankan”

    All participants from other countries in the Region identified themselves by their country such as Thai. Indonesian, Indian, Nepali, Maldivian etc. Although India is a country with more than One billion people those participants from Bengal, Bombay,Bihar, Thamil Nadu, etc from different language and religious groups identified themselves as “Indians” rather than Bengali, Maharastra, Hindi or Tamil Indians.

    This analysis (although not statistically representative) on participants from Sri Lanka shows that only one out of four of them(25%) is prepared to identify his or her nationality as real Sri Lankan. All others (75%) preferred a linguistic (racial) identity.
    In fact I have sent this information to a Sri Lankan Director in the concerned UN agency, who is currently the president of a leading professional organization in Sri Lanka.
    Are we looking for a “national identity” in a global sense or a communal identity as “linguistic” or “religious” one as we see from some of the respondents of this discussion?

    If our current President could make our people form South to North perceive a real National identity as Sri Lankans during his tenure with or without the present administration, his name should go for the first Nobel prize from this little island.

    Dr jayawick

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      You yourself like the director is not aware that you are looking for Lankets/Lankans/Lankians but not Sri Lankans.

      from ancient names available your ruler always saw it correctly like the British not Great British. When the independence by accident occurred and external VIP contacts established you forgot yourself and your bearings like Bin Lardens.
      Its the case of prodigal son.
      It is always the case when it comes to the island of bootleggers – the blind old farts leading young Yuppies up the garden path of Mr Lanka in nomenclature isn’t it so

      Pakistani healing Dance Jaye??

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    Dear Sach and Fazal, Why are you guys taking my comment on a racist perspective. Are we able to get the Arabs to work here in our country. It is we who need to go to ME and other countries to work and earn.That is why I am saying all needs to be allowed to study in the medium of their choice and make the mother tongue compulsory 2nd language.
    With regard to Fazals sharia law, it is simply outrageous and adding fuel to the likes of BBS.

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      I think you misunderstood what i said.

      I just took arabs as merely an example, it is relevant even for japanese, germans or even English.

      The language of a country should be common man’s language that has historically existed in the country.
      Sinhala is the nucleus of Sri Lankan nation. If you take out sinhala nation and everything from SL nothing would exist.

      If we allow a foreign language to be the main language in a country, we are no longer sovereign. The reason you bring this up is, normally muslims dont have ethnic or linguistic nationalism as these are looked down upon in islam as it is a threat to arab supremacy

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        Sinhala did not originate from Sri Lanka.

        Every linguist/language expert who analyzed the Sinhala language is calling it an Indo-Aryan language meaning a North Indian language (originally Prakrit made up of Sanskrit and Pali). Sinhala may have evolved/progressed in Sri Lanka but it did not originate in Sri Lanka, it originated from India. The Sinhala language experts are saying it is not only Indo-Aryan but also Dravidian (Tamil).
        The Sinhala language Proessor J. B. Dissanayake in his book ‘Understanding the Sinhalese’ states, “Sinhala occupies a unique position among the languages of South Asia because of its close affinity with two of the major linguistic families of the Indian sub-continent, Indo-Aryan and Dravidian”.
        The Sinhala scholar H. A. J. Hulugalle in his booklet ‘Information for Tourists’ says in the first paragraph on page one: “The Sinhalese are a mixed race, their language has been vastly enriched with words from the Tamil vocabulary”.
        Sinhala language scholar Mudliyar W. F. Gunawardena says, “The science of examination of the structure of a sentence is called its grammar. The grammar of the Sinhala language is Dravidian”. He further said, “The structural foundation of Sinhala is Dravidian while the super-structure is Indo-Aryan”.
        The Sinhala language expert Dr. C. E. Godakmubara says, “the Sinhala Grammar Sidathsangarawa was based on the Tamil Grammar Virasolium”.
        According to the scholar Rev. S. Gnanapiragasam, “There are more than 4,000 Tamil words in the Sinhala vocabulary. If the Sinhala vocabulary is stripped of all the Tamil words there will be no Sinhala language” (refer, ”The Dravidian Element in Sinhalese” by S. Gnanapiragasam).

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          Cobbler’s Awls!!ʘʘ Get educated

          Old Raspberry Tarts generally have no Bacon and Eggs??

          It takes long to be young! Picasso the man of the 21st centenary not just an artist sculptor but of space time and beyond.

          When your perceived enemy landed his language began… like this to the sound of Creole Baila Beat of the horse riders.(the first horses to the US was taken by Christopher Columbus as there were no horses- then began the comics and dinkey toys which we enjoyed- Lone Ranger Tonto, buck Rogers Roy for a few dollars more- high noon!!

          The Sinhala Buddhist Supremes’ (schedule class) have hijacked Sanskrit of the Hindu Brahmin.
          The first Portugese encounter with Lanka in 1497- 1505 Lankan had no clothes but the borrowed Amude-
          Spanish Roofing S type Rustic Antique Red, Dark /Light, `Mission Clay Roof Tile`
          Supremacy Sihala had only the borrowed Amude from Veddha, no Dictionary no language but you are inventing the wheel as if reinventing- stupid morons, therefore the cannibals- extreme right wing thinking of the monks. Personal effects after `Amma`
          1 English; Shirt Spanish: Camisa; Sinhala: Amude/Camisa
          2 English: Shoe; Spanish: Zapato; Sinhala: Amude/Sapatu
          3 English: Towel Spanish: Toalla; Sinhala : Amude/Toalla
          4 English: Table Spanish: Mesa; Sinhala : Amude/Mesa
          5 English: Closet Spanish: Armario; Sinhala : Amude/ Armario
          6 English: Space; Spanish: Sala; Sinhala: Amude/Sala

          Need more moron refer a comprehensive thesaurus because there is Spice in the cosmopolitanism Sihala language.
          BTW Pali is non classical by order Hindian Government.

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          So you mean SInhala evolved in SL but cannot claim that it originate in SL? If one tracks down the origin of every language they will end up in Africa….idiot……..

          This is the result when tamils begin to use their half known history and mingle it with political aims.

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    @Javi

    Actually most indians have dravidian dna not only south indians. Otherwise why else do you have so many dark looking people in UP and BIhar. Not everyone in north india has mughal dna.

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      Oi it means that you are not related to Judge Sri Sri Sri of Chandigarh; Dr Ragu of Madya Predesh, Shanker of New delhi – Indian ambassador USA. There are many more like TVS engineering by innovation not TATA bloodhounds from Iran.

      You never questioned Obama before where he came from and the many who look like him??
      Why don’t you know which one floats and swims like a dolphin and the other just manages to keep afloat- its like orange amber and grey amber – on floats and the other sinks to be brought back by dead wales and sharks

      There is more beyond colour- every brown skin and more so the blacks living in the west need more Sunlight – deficiency of Calcium D3 and skin changes causing rash.

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    I feel that the Tamils in Sri Lanka are really an unfortunate lot to have been born in this stupid island. If they did not have to live through the “Sinhala Only” which impeded their progress, they would have been better off. It is pretty obvious the Sinhalese will not allow the Tamils to progress. At least they should allow the Tamils to have the freedom to choose what sort of education to choose. For that the North and East of the island should have self determination. Why should the Tamils be made to carry the “Sinhala baggage for no fault of theirs?

    • 0
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      Because there was no independant political entity in north ever. Just because a minority is better off on their own, it doesnt mean they should be allowed to restructure the country

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        it doesnt mean”””

        ….that is because by name you are a sach_et / holdall to the fancy boo’ts and arms you never manufacture but given by mere accident by buruvas to terrorist from the north east and south. Now you a neuevo kolaba malsanya hiding in your amma’s reddha – saffron coloured one- Lobe, LOBO, nobaaee passa- (goo`ta clan of hyenas)

        The island is still where our royal seepage lies Kashmir is only a playground up north this is our belly yatta in the sea where the north never had experience even after 500 years of European rule.

        The yellow submarine Viva la vida.

        Every positive value has its price in negative terms… the genius of Einstein leads to Hiroshima.- Pablo Picasso

        Sri Lanka will soon be led as Lanka the 30th state of Hindia that ran away- it was Kashmiri Pundit Nehru’s dream. Perhaps then Kashmir may be handed over to muslim pakistan for administration and save the government of subsidies, war prep cost (after all both are blood brothers while Lankans schedule class buddhist are definitely not may be they better go to siam looking for twin)

    • 6
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      truth

      “unfortunate lot to have been born in this stupid island.”

      The island was fine until the kallathonies started swarming this land from North South India.

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