15 August, 2020

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Some Brief Notes On 1983 Violence Against The Tamils

By Imtiyaz Razak –

Prof. Imtiyaz Razak

The incident in 1983, known as Black July, is particularly well documented. Approximately two thousand Tamils were killed in July/August 1983 by Sinhalese mobs in an attempt to begin genocide (or at least ethnic cleansing) of the Tamils. Human Right Watch documented the cruelty of the 1983 “state sponsored” Sinhalese riots. “Many neighborhoods were destroyed and nearly 100,000 Tamils in Colombo were displaced. Evidence suggested government collusion in the riots.”

Further, an eye witness who rescued a Tamil employee of the state media company-Lake House described the cruelty of the day:

Well organized gangs that had the blessings of powerful Government politicians mainly from the city of Colombo began their orgy of murder, looting and arson in broad daylight while the Police and the Armed Forces appeared to be helpless. I remember taking a vehicle out of Lake House to Wattala, with my colleagues also taking a Tamil accountant at Lake House, Mr. Edward, who also lived in Wattala. Five colleagues and the driver were all Sinhalese and we kept Mr. Edward between us in the middle of the vehicle and at each 100 meters or so gangs armed with clubs, swords and knives stopped each vehicle and inspected them to see whether any passenger or driver was a Tamil. Smoke filled the streets of Colombo and while we were leaving Lake House a flourishing textile shop, Sarathas was being looted while the armed forces and police were turning a blind eye to the crime.

With respect to the state’s role behind the violence, the witness reported:

A Tamil boy stripped naked and later beaten to death by Sinhala youth in Boralla bustation |pic by Chandraguptha Amarasingha

…most notable matter that was observed was that the gangs carried official Householders Lists and stopped their vehicles in front of the homes or offices of the Tamil people. If the UNP Government of JR Jayewardene had not provided them with those official documents, how could the gangs have had access to them? It meant two things. The Government deliberately delayed the burial of the corpses of the soldiers on July 24 to plan an attack on the Tamil people in Colombo and the suburbs to provide their own goons with documents to make sure that only Tamils were attacked. Any other political party or group could not have managed both these things without State power.

“Neither the Sinhala ruling elite nor state institutions openly condemned or took any meaningful immediate measures to prevent the violence against the Tamil civilians from spreading to the other parts of the island from Colombo. Instead JR Jayewardene, then President of Sri Lanka, referred to the mobs as a “mass movement by the generality of the Sinhalese people” and praised the mobs as heroes of the Sinhalese people. Jayewardene’s complicity was reflected in the interview he gave to Ian Ward, a British journalist, prior to the anti-Tamil pogrom of 1983:

I am not worried about the opinion of the Jaffna (Tamil) people now. Now we cannot think of them. Not about their lives or of their opinion about us. The more you put pressure in the north, the happier the Sinhala people will be here… really, if I starve the Tamils, Sinhala people will be happy.

The Sinhalese atrocities against the Tamils continued unabated even after the notorious ethnic violence in 1983. According to Human Rights Watch, after 1983, tens of thousands of people ended their life in prison cell. Several studies accuse Sinhala politicians of institutionalized anti-Tamil violence and atrocities. S.J. Tambiah reported that the Sinhalese ruling elites hired some Sinhalese to butcher the Tamils.

The evidence suggests that the Sinhalese who were hired by local Sinhala politicians to kill the Tamils are deprived and they did it for some economic benefits. It is evident that the violence and ethnocentric policies of the Sinhala ruling elites contributed to the growth of Tamil nationalism in Sri Lanka. Tamil moderate parties, such as the Federal Party (FP) led by skillful politicians such as SJV Chelvanayakam, articulated frustration among common Tamil people into a ‘defensive nationalism’ with peaceful protests. However, Sinhalese collective, competitive chauvinism responded violently to the Tamil moderates. A former Premier of Sri Lanka noted during his visit to the United States, that “the Tamils tried peaceful protests which soon degenerated into violence. With the underlying grievances being unattended the stage was set for terrorists groups to emerge.” This background helps us to understand the birth of violent Tamil movements, particularly the LTTE, toward the end of the 1970s.

The LTTE eventually resorted to violence to secure a separate state, called Eelam. The LTTE claimed that they are a product of the Sinhala violence and chauvinism, and hold the belief that Tamils will not win any justice from the Sinhala polity. Many ordinary Tamils began to share similar sentiments after they became targets of Sri Lanka police and military retaliation against the LTTE’s attacks on the state and its institutions. The state justified violence against the Tamils in the name of protecting territorial integrity of the island. Yet, the violent actions of Sri Lanka forces against the Tamils further radicalized the average Tamils, thus providing a fertile opportunity for the ethnic Tamil recruitment to fight against the state. Therefore, the Tamil separatist movement was, “Sinhalese-inspired.”

The systematic growth of the LTTE showed that when a particular community feels is being continuously terrorized by the dominant ethnic/religious or political group, many will join a politico-military movement to resist the oppression and violence of the persecutors. The LTTE could have silenced their guns, but Sri Lanka’s Sinala-Buddhist politicians and the state should embrace better ways to address the roots of the Tamil nationalism. Such measures may help to address the concerns of Sri Lanka Muslims so April 21 style horrible terrorist attacks could be avoided.

*Dr. A.R.M. Imtiyaz teaches courses related ethnic conflict, and China. His research interests examine ethno-religious conflicts in Asia. He is the author of several journal articles on ethnic conflict and political violence. The Journal of Asian and African Studies has accepted his research paper on the Easter Sunday Attack and it will carry Dr. Imtiyaz’ most recent research paper on Sri Lanka Muslims in its fall issue. He can be contacted at mohamedimtiyaz@yahoo.com and he tweets regularly on Sri Lankan ethno-religious and political violence. Dr. Imtiyaz tweets @imtiyazpeace

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Latest comments

  • 0
    5

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

  • 5
    34

    Why do talk about Tamils now.
    Do LTTE reminants still pay you money to write for them.
    Shame on you to be an agent of LTTE .

    After all it killed many good people in Sri Lanka.
    1983 is sad in SL history and yet today more sad stories take place.
    Talk about it .
    History has no discounts..
    All are gone by now.
    Let us forget and forgive ..
    Sinahalelese must have big heart to do that.
    As long as India is SL. TAMIL WILL NEVER GET HOME LAND

    • 24
      4

      Lankan Tamil

      “Why do talk about Tamils now.”

      Why shouldn’t he?

      “Do LTTE reminants still pay you money to write for them.
      Shame on you to be an agent of LTTE .”

      Dumbass, you make too many assumptions, ask too many questions based on your assumptions, … Stupid accusation based on your dumbass assumptions.

      “After all it killed many good people in Sri Lanka.”

      How does talking and grieving, remembering about good, innocent people’s death make them agent of LTTE? It makes you the dumbass of this island.

      “Let us forget and forgive .”

      Let us forgive but let’s not forget it.

      “Sinahalelese must have big heart to do that.”

      Were/are the Sinhalese the victims of 1983 pogrom?

      What did you benefit from the pogrom?
      Why weren’t you caught and punished?
      You must be either Cyril Mathew’s nephew or Dutta Gamni’s b***s carrier.

      • 2
        9

        NV
        I can see your inner appreciation of UNP. Science of Psychology has not advanced enough to explain this mindset.

        Soma

        • 6
          1

          somu

          “I can see your inner appreciation of UNP.”

          I am accused of many things. This is not one of them.

          Science of Psychology has not advanced enough to explain this mindset.

          Please listen to Mahua Moitra Blast Speech in the Hindian Parliament and learn:

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2b5GLEw4K7Y&feature=youtu.be

          • 1
            1

            NV
            Looks like India also is planning to modify the existing anti terror laws along the lines of what UNP has proposed to do.
            Great lady.

            Soma

        • 3
          1

          soma, in another comment you said, you love MR. applies here too?

          • 1
            1

            Amila
            You hate Rajapaksa like devil while I worship him like God. You worship Prabhakaran like God and I hate him like devil. 50% with you and 50% with me.

            Soma

        • 5
          1

          Soma,
          Do you know the fact that even Psychology or Buddhism cannot advanced to explain the behaviour of Sinhala Buddhist Fundamentalists.

  • 7
    2

    the violence and suffering was not brief

    • 10
      0

      Rajash

      You have elected Boris as your Prime Minister.
      Congratulations.
      The fun would have started just after noon.

      How come a second generation South Asian is being appointed the Chancellor of the Exchequer and of all boast you haven’t even got an MP elected to represent the Very Clever People of Jaffna in the UK while second generation Ranil Jayawardana Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Hampshire is representing mostly English electorate?

      Aren’t you ashamed of yourself being a Tamil?

      • 2
        1

        Aren’t you ashamed of yourself being a Tamil – not at all.

        I was asked to be a conservative candidate for my local constituency – i refused

        • 1
          1

          We heard about it. They were shocked at the bribe you offered and are pressing charges.

    • 3
      1

      Native veda.
      It is your people who killed them?
      Why not you address this to some monks to get compensation for victims?

      • 5
        1

        Lankan

        First make up your mind whether you are simply Lankan or Lankan Tamil.
        Secondly please make sure you type lucidly.
        Thirdly if victims have already forgotten and forgiven what compensation you are talking about?

        • 0
          4

          Fist of all, you tell us if you are bloody racist Sinhalese among BBS: If so, no point to argue with you.

  • 15
    4

    The majority in this country has the power, backed by Buddhist monks, and has the biggest say in this country, yet there is a percentage of them who feels insecure, and threatened by the small percentage of the minority. They take their frustrations and anger out of innocent people, and believe any rumor that some evil person spread, even the most ridiculous claims, which can provoke them into violence. The politicians who use them as useful idiots take advantage of their to suit their own devious agendas.

    How can any country progress and succeed with such stupidity, and hatred?

    • 5
      0

      Tara

      The majority in this country has the power, backed by Buddhist monks, and has the biggest say in this country.

      And say should be protection sri lanka for all people properties. Most countries like disturbance in sri lanka to creep to this country like they crept in the middle east countries.

      • 1
        1

        They do, and shame on any Sri Lankan who conspire with them, for a few dollars. It is unpatriotic to work against the country and the people.

  • 6
    14

    10 times more innocent Sinhalese (including women and children )have been killed in retaliation by LTTE
    the account is closed now.

    The Sinhalese have shown great restrain during the LTTEs barbaric carnage.
    Which was gleefully cheered by the Tamil diaspora.

    Our valiant security forces saved the country against great odds.

    It is time for the minorities to integrate with Sri Lanka

    And work for the betterment of the Nation.
    (without bluffing)

    • 5
      1

      @We are Sri-Lanka, we are not talking about the LTTE, this is about the riots that killed innocent Tamils orchestrated by the saffron clad bald headed thugs and the government of JR. Don’t bring the LTTE in here. You racists ignore all the atrocities the military committed in the vanni jungles while innocent Tamils were travelling on buses to Colombo or back to Jaffna, they were all pulled out and shot and murdered. Why aren’t those lives not important, because they were Tamils? You racists have either no memory or short memory when it comes to Government atrocities!!!!! The menacing LTTE was created by your racist governments, it did not just spring up for the fun of it. Write something sensible!!!!!!!

      • 1
        2

        Pogroms not riots.
        Pogroms not riots.
        Pogroms not riots

    • 5
      1

      We are Sri Lanka

      “10 times more innocent Sinhalese (including women and children )have been killed in retaliation by LTTE”

      Thank you for the news item.
      Could we have the comparative figures from your research.

      “The Sinhalese have shown great restrain during the LTTEs barbaric carnage.”

      I agree.
      Not just restrained but threw great parties.
      However I know for sure we have had brilliant summers in 1958, 1961, 1974, 1977, 1981, 1983, … 2014, 2018, 2019, … partying all around, dancing on the streets, …. having fun, day long, … bonfires, …. And the state took over and organised brilliant parties in 1971 , between 1987 and 1991, and thirty years. ………………
      Brilliant.

      I hope Tamils are grateful to you.

      ” Our valiant security forces saved the country against great odds.”

      I think the Tamils are thankful to the valiant Ranaviru for saving them from IPKF too.

      “It is time for the minorities to integrate with Sri Lanka”

      Could you define Sri Lanka, integration, ….. and what do you want the minorities to do as Sri Lanka …?

      In the meantime, have you packed your bags to go back to your mother country South India?

  • 5
    6

    Myanmarean Army solved the So-called Rohingya or the Bangladeshi Migrant problem the best. Myanmar Army shot six Saudi Arabia Trained Pakisthani terrorists for working as the Rohingya liberation army. All the Wahhabi trained Muslims should be taken to Boosa and rehabilitated. LEarn from China how they helped UIGHUR SUFIS who turned terrorist muslims who had been converted by force just the way Wahhabis are.
    In the case of LTTE, those days, other LTTE tamils including some TNA members must have been terminated. GTF, BTF also must have been lured into Sri lanka for the same end.

  • 3
    5

    Dr. A.R.M. Imtiyaz teaches courses related ethnic conflict, and China. His research interests examine ethno-religious conflicts in Asia. He is the author of several journal articles on ethnic conflict and political violence. The Journal of Asian and African Studies has accepted his research paper on the Easter Sunday Attack and it will carry Dr. Imtiyaz’ most recent research paper on Sri Lanka Muslims in its fall issue. He can be contacted at mohamedimtiyaz@yahoo.com and he tweets regularly on Sri Lankan ethno-religious and political violence. Dr. Imtiyaz tweets @imtiyazpeace.
    .
    Dr Imtiaz has to keep the pot boiling.

    Soma
    (Dr Imtiaz does not believe that apostates should be killed)

  • 9
    1

    It is disgraceful and disgusting and is it worth talking about it? JR is a well known evil and most of today’s chaos are due to that evil of a man. Sinhala weakness and loading them with racist preaching and bogus history made them to hate Tamils and the following blood bath. Now it is irrepairable and irreversible. Damage is done, well and truly. Still, many do not accept or understand what they did or doing are totally wrong and that will destroy Lanka. There is utmost poverty everywhere. Sad state created by Sinhala racists and buddhist clergy.

    • 3
      5

      Nathan,
      “Sad state created by Sinhala racists and buddhist clergy.”
      Sad state was created by Portuguese, Dutch and British ‘Awajathakayo’ who brought junk from Malabar, dump them in Sinhale and vanished. Taking the advantage of the presence of these imported slaves, racist fascist bigot Chelvanayakam Kallathoniya who was born in Malaya stirred up racism by saying ‘Demalu have an exclusive zone in North and East, forgetting the fact that the Demalu who lived in this area were the descendants of slaves brought by colonial parasites. Chelvanayakam and Ponnambalam depicted Sinhalayo as the arch enemy of Demalu. That is the root cause of the ethnic tension that led to 30 year Demala terrorist campaign against Sinhlayo. Blame your racist bigots for the ‘SAD STATE’ in this country.

      • 4
        1

        Eagle Eye,

        Sad state was created by Kallathoni Vijay (Awajathakaya) who brought 700 thugs & criminals from Orissa/Bengal and dumped them in the Dravidian Tamil Island called Lanka (note that Kallathoni is a Tamil word for illegal immigrants). There is an old Tamil saying “Vijayan odu Vadakil irrindu vanda Paradesi Chingalam” meaning Paradesi Chingalam (Para Sinhalese) who came from North India along with Vijaya.

        Between 16th to 18th Century AD, the Portuguese and later the Dutch brought tens of thousands of South Indian slave labor and settled them in the Sinhala speaking Southern and Western provinces as menial laborers/coolies for growing/peeling cinnamon in order to expand their trade. These South Indians turned to Buddhism/Christianity and eventually got naturalized as Sinhala Buddhists and Sinhala Catholics by adopting the Sinhala language/culture. This is one main reason for the exponential increase in the Sinhala population that eventually became the majority.

        Dr. Paul E. Pieris has published extracts from the Portuguese tombo records which gives the original names of the present day Sinhalese with Portuguese surnames before their conversion to Christianity and Buddhism. Dr. Pieris states that the names deserve special attention, even though the majority appear to have been converted to Sinhalese, their native names were also mentioned among them and they all appear to be recent South Indian names.

        Professor K.M. de Silva in his book `A History of Sri Lanka`, refers to the migration of the Karawe, Salagama, and Durawe castes from Southern India to Sri Lanka between the 14th and 17th centuries AD.

        Professor Gananath Obeyesekere (in his book “Buddhism, Ethnicity, and Identity,”) states that “viewed in long term historical perspective Sinhalas have been for the most part South Indian migrants who have been sasanized (converted to Buddhism)”

        There is enough of evidence to prove that the Sinhalese became a majority only after assimilating with the South Indians who were brought by the Portuguese and the Dutch as slave labor.

      • 4
        1

        Eagle Eye

        Why don’t you learn some basic history from authentic sources like research papers and from reputed history writings instead of blabbering blatant lies due to complete ignorance?

        None of the above what you have written is from any authentic source. Can you please cite some reliable/authentic reference to all what you have written above? Do you have any authentic evidence to prove what you are saying? You are simply hallucinating.

        Please try to educate yourself from authentic academic sources like reputed historians, research papers, etc. without repeating (like parrots) the blatant lies that some racist Sinhala organizations propagate.

  • 3
    1

    The cat is out, but it is far too late, as usual. But nevertheless it is better late than never. UNP politicians during that time mobilized unruly thugs and goons to carryout all violence written in the books against the Tamils. Unfortunately those thugs were not interested in harming the lives but to rob whatever they came across. Therefore those politicians who were behind should have been penalized to put behind bars. Instead then government pampered and safe guarded them as heroes whilst the country’s economy was made zero. As you know Black July brought mayhem to the country that chased away all tourists and deprived foreign investments resulted in economic crisis. Whole country was on a standstill for a month as jungle law prevailed.

  • 2
    0

    ‘Such measures may help to address the concerns of Sri Lanka Muslims so April 21 style horrible terrorist attacks could be avoided.’

    That is the last sentence. What have local IS attacks against Christians got to do with Sinhala Buddhist violence against Muslims? The writer is deliberately trying to twist the truth.

  • 3
    1

    Time gone
    Sinhalese remains same
    Their Sinhala-therawada extremism remains same
    Recent events remind the root cause
    Srilanka remains same another 100 +yrs

  • 0
    4

    Everyone knows this is a black day in the history of the country but comparatively, it was just a day of mayhem, looting and killing, where as what is happening against the Muslims now is far worst because it is going on for the last four years continuesly unabated with no end in sight

  • 4
    3

    Prof. Imthiaz Razak

    It’s JR’s govt that’s responsible for black July.

    Muslims tolerated it without making noise or @ least giving moral support for Tamils.

    Instead they gave moral support to JR to suppress LTTE as they considered JR was always in favor of Muslims.
    There was no such intention of ethnic cleansing @ all in 83 but the recent failed attempt of ethnic cleansing of innocent Sinhalese has shamed Muslims & desperate Muslims are trying to whitewash themselves by diverting that blame upon Sinhalese.

    Reason for this letter is nothing more than that.& we expect Tamil people not to be misled by opportunity minded extremist Muslims.

    • 3
      0

      Real Revolutionist :

      “Muslims tolerated it without making noise or @ least giving moral support for Tamils.” –
      At a political level what you said above is true, but ordinary Muslims & right thinking Sinhalese did save Tamil lives during the pogrom. Some Muslims also got involved, but these are drunkards, drug-addicts & other low-lives. Even though the govt & law enforcement didn’t do much, whoever had some influence in the area with some humanity stopped mobs getting into those areas.

      You said, “but the recent failed attempt of ethnic cleansing of innocent Sinhalese has shamed Muslims” – When did this happen? Usually, Ethnic Cleansing is carried out by a more powerful against a less powerful. Do you think that 10% of Muslims is more powerful than 70% with govt, forces, media & monks with them? Go, learn the word in Sinhala first before commenting about it.

    • 2
      1

      Real Revolutionist

      “It’s JR’s govt that’s responsible for black July.”

      How about the one which took place between 22 May 1958 and 27 May 1958?
      How about the riots in 2014?

      You may be right, in all these riots/pogroms against minorities they deliberately hurt themselves, self committed pogroms, and then blamed the Sinhalese. Poor peace loving Sinhala majority.

  • 3
    2

    “10 times more innocent Sinhalese (including women and children ) have been killed in retaliation by LTTE.”

    Could the writer please cite statistics and, secondly, the source for this information.
    Then others can also quote it in their writing.

    2. The first sentence of the article refers to the “incident” of 1983.
    What, I wonder, is the difference between an “incident” and an “event” – not to mentiion between a “riot” and a “pogrom”?

    Curious

    • 1
      3

      We cannot look at 1983 without looking at the LTTE atrocities that triggered this event.
      Hope you could understand my prognosis.

      If we counted all the killings carried out by LTTE this could be easily proven.
      you dont have to be a rocket scientist to work this out.

      Hope some foreign NGO who cares about the Sinhalese do the counting and publish a paper and submit to the United Nations Human Rights Council.’

      Still people who funded the LTTE are enjoying a good life.

      Arrest warrants should be issued by Interpol to arrest these culprits.

  • 5
    1

    “Approximately two thousand Tamils were killed in July/August 1983 by Sinhalese mobs in an attempt to begin genocide”
    Not by Sinhalese mobs but by UNP thugs that included Muslims. Muslims were the main beneficiary of ‘Black July’. They managed to grab businesses controlled by Demalu. Probably Thambi Mudianselage JRJ allowed that to happen to help Muslims.

    • 2
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      EE

      Go Home, Back to South India.

    • 4
      2

      In July83, it was a Sunday, full moon poya day, the Sinhala Buddhists were gathered at the Buddhist temples, they took pun sil, and while listening to the bana, the Priests in each temple were told about the attack on the 13 soldiers. Immediately the tune of the bana changed to Dutugemunu’s war against the Tamils, the Buddhist temples changed into anti Tamil war schools, the priests gave all the necessary instructions to the Sinhala Buddhists on how to attack, burn and kill those innocent Tamils. It was past mid night, early Monday morning, the Sinhala Buddhists came out of the temples charging like wild buffalos and killed the innocent Tamils, burning them alive, and looted all their belongings.

      • 1
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        You were there in all the temples listening to this first hand were you? If you want to lie, try not to get caught.

    • 4
      2

      The Sinhala Buddhists took Sil on Sunday and killed innocent Tamils on Monday.
      “Sunday Sil, Monday Kill” is the basic lesson in Sinhala-Buddhism.

  • 3
    3

    “. Approximately two thousand Tamils were killed in July/August 1983 by Sinhalese mobs in an attempt to begin genocide (or at least ethnic cleansing) of the Tamils.”

    There is no justification for 1983. However, to say the Sinhalese mobs were interested in genocide or ethnic cleansing is laughable. Most of the “mobs” were useless buggers brought in buses from outstation areas to loot and kill. It was strategically planned by Cyril Mathew and other ministers, with voter registration lists handed out to mob leaders. A mob cannot take control of a city, let alone the capital, without permission from higher ups. As I said, the mobs didn’t know anything about genocide.

  • 4
    4

    Every action has a reaction
    The minorities have also played a huge role in arriving at this mess.

    We cannot blame only the Sinhalese Majority

    MR was able to harness the frustration of the Sinhalese that was caused by a prolonged LTTE violent campaign that was supported by well to do Tamils in Colombo and overseas.

    This is why MR and bros have a political base.

    The Tamil politicians advocated violence for political reasons.

    Ultimately they were bumped off by the LTTE (Monster out of control)

    So the minorities should be wise and not fall into the abyss again in broad daylight.

    The politicians (current) representing the minorities have a huge responsibility in this regard.

  • 1
    0

    Sri Lankan politicians very uneducated and are dumb chicken, they are brain washed by the International community both locally and overseas Sri lanka has the Crappiest and craziest way to handle Minorities. From One side Sri lanka says Reconciliation, do not say Sinhala and say Sri lankan. From the other side, they promotes Muslims, Tamils, burgher (0.01% of the population and Malay (0,02% of the population. christians are no where to find. Catholic too were blown off. But, everybody is silent.
    Anyway, it looks the name of the game is Oppressing and suppressing sinhala people, It is simply ICCPR. in other smaller countries, ICCPR is there to oppress the majority and make the majority equals minorities. So, Long live consumerism and Drug, Booze, Beach parties until the morning mostly with girls and those women rotting in front of the Liquor shop or inside the pub or in bread and breakfast hotels. Muslims are gonibillas. Hindus and sinhala are history.

  • 1
    0

    To help with the discussion, I reproduce the following. The capitalisation of “OR IN PART” is not in the original.

    “According to Article 2 of the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide defines genocide as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole OR IN PART, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly…” etctransferring children of the group to another group.”

  • 1
    1

    These facts should be introduced into the curriculum by way of history lessons and make sure the children are taught. That is the only way we can make sure history does not repeat itself.

      • 2
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        Another July83 victim / July 26, 2019

        What this “List of attacks attributed to the LTTE” got to do with 1983 pogrom?

        Are you suggesting the list of LTTE massacres took place before July 1983? Are you also suggesting the pogroms against Tamils in 1958, 1977, …… took place after July 1983?

        Are you suggesting that all those victims of 1983 pogrom were Sinhala/Buddhists?

  • 1
    0

    What done -1983. incident. Ex. President-J.R, done, today, Srilanka had bad Name in the world, that time no Sinhala people have right to tell, J.R. ( one man show), today how much problems UNP facing, ( in 1983: srimawo, don’t had Srilankan passport m because , J,R, had taken her civil rights, ) who came from India, ( Rao.N) , giving Jams, , , by Ex, President, , N, Rao, gone to India, and told to Indian Prime Minister, ( Indira) , what going in Srilanka, was nathing and we( Indian) Must Sent ships to Colombo to transport Tamils to Jaffna, ( N.Rao was Telungu man—, he was not interest in Tamils problems, today (20,00,000) Tamils write against -( J.R) policy, No Srilankan like what he made in —1977/78, in Srilanka Parliment. ( New law) , to days can see in Srilanka parliament, / P,M, one side/ President anther side/ opp, Leder anther side), then how can Srilanka , improve?

  • 1
    1

    Pogroms not riots.
    Pogroms not riots.
    Pogroms not riots

  • 2
    1

    Imti, Thanks for the study and analysis.

    The minorities in Theravada Budhist countries are like a tiny squirrel in the paws of a lion. No amount of teaching can reform the lion.

    The sword in the lion’s hand for a country boasting Buddhism should tell anyone that.

    All religious institutions must be monitored for hate speech.

  • 2
    1

    When the Tamils refer to this tragedy they refer to the ‘Sinhala Buddhists’. They do not differentiate between the rioters and the vast majority of Sinhala Buddhists. But they want these same Sinhala Buddhists to differentiate between the LTTE and the Tamils.

    • 1
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      PBG,
      Muslim do the same thing.
      Sinhala Buddhist bashing is the ‘NAME OF THE GAME’ of minorities.

      • 1
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        EE you are right. Mosques appear everywhere, small churches appear in Buddhist villages but the only complaints are about Bo trees planted in the East of a Buddhist country.
        The talk among Colombo people is enlightening. Suppose a Muslim, a Tamil and a Sinhala Christian meet on the road. They start to chat about the state of the country and who is to blame. They are careful with their words because they don’t want to upset anyone. It is a safe bet that they will blame the ‘Buddhists priests’ for everything.
        It is particularly sickening when Internet news sites do the same. The LTTE diaspora use them to blacken the name of the Sinhala Buddhists with lies, half truths and exaggerations. When I was warned “Never, ever trust a Muslim or a Tamil”, I laughed. Who’s laughing now?

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      “They do not differentiate between the rioters and the vast majority of Sinhala Buddhists.”

      The vast majority of Sinhala Buddhists were chuckling, giggling if not appreciating Sinhala Buddhists’ valour and enjoying the Tamils being roasted, and latest being lighting fire crackers and street partying, not to mention the well-to-do having parties in 3-5 star venues.

      Get out of my home you genocidal racist facist.

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    Monkeys rule. aluthgama/diggana/ Colombo all started by mokey gnansaraya and rathen supported by the champas and mahinda against muslims. same mistakes repeated due to no justice by the Governments. See Dr. Shafis case. dentist giving advice to magistrate on deliver of children. See the amount of muslims jailed under emergency law. All this will come back to bite the terrorist Buddhist.

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    Buddhist monks (NOT Buddhism) are the main causes of Sri Lankan racial problems. People want to appease Buddhist monks, politicians wants to appease Buddhist monks, cricketers wants to appease Buddhist monks (they get their blessings before a game! and we keep losing most of the times!), and even thugs and drug-dealers get blessings from Buddhist monks!
    These monks don’t care about Buddhism. They are only trying to protect themselves by pointing fingers at other races and religions
    But, what Sri Lankan don’t realise is that they ARE HUMAN LIKE YOU AND ME..

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      Thank you and I agree with you. You have correctly identified the Sri Lanka’s problem.

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