23 October, 2020

Blog

SWRD Bandaranaike; Victim Of Sordid Politics & Unmitigated Avarice

By Raj Gonsalkorale

Raj Gonsalkorale

Two issues had rankled Buddharakkitha. One was the Prime Minister’s refusal to hand over a lucrative shipping contract to a company named Colombo Shipping Lines that was co-founded by him in the name of his associate HP Jayawardena to import rice from Burma (Myanmar) and Thailand. The second was over a sugar manufacturing licence to start a sugar factory ~ DBS Jeyaraj 30th September 2019 – THE PRIME MINISTER IS DEAD! How and Why SWRD Bandaranaike Was Assassinated Sixty Years Ago

26th September 2020 is the 61st death anniversary of Sri Lanka’s fourth Prime Minister SWRD Bandaranaike. A gun and a bullet ended his life, but what really killed him was the unmitigated avarice of a person who was the opposite and a disgrace to the message of Buddha. That person was the Chief incumbent of the Kelaniya Temple, a businessman who knew no ethics nor morality, Mapitigama Buddharakkitha. It is not befitting to call this person a Buddhist Monk as he was anything but a follower of Buddha or the Buddha Dhamma.

The man who fired the gun and emptied bullets into the Prime Ministers body, Talduwe Somarama was not of sound mind and easily brainwashed, and he was, to the extent of killing the Prime Minister “to save Sinhala Buddhism”, by  Buddharakkitha.

Sordid politics and unmitigated avarice has not abated in Sri Lanka, and neither has the misuse of Buddhist robes by persons who are anything but Buddhist. Sri Lanka has not learnt from that fateful episode on the 25th of September 1959 when a wearer of a Buddhist robe emptied bullets into the country’s Prime Minister who was paying obeisance to that person in Buddhist robes.

Politics is equally or even more sordid than then when one reads about the mudslinging going on at the enquiry into the Easter bombings in 2019. It is so when one reads about the life and times of the Yahapalanaya government of 2015 and the tussle between the then President and Prime Minister of the country.  It is when one hears and reads about the calibre of politicians we have and have had, who have traded the country’s principles and wealth and dignity for monetary gain. There is plenty more to write about, but that will require several volumes of books.

Buddharakkitha was the driving force behind the Eksath Bhikku Peramuna or the United Bhikku Front. He has been described as a virtual kingmaker at that time.  Later, he attributed Bandaranaike’s failure to aggressively pursue the nationalist reforms as the sole motive to assassinate him. But it was revealed that the real motive for the assassination came as a result of the Prime Minister’s refusal to award business deals, in particular, a government contract for the construction of a sugar factory and government concessions for a shipping company he planned to set up. Talduwe Somarama, “a misguided man wearing a robe” so described by the dying Prime Minister himself, fired the bullets that ended Bandaranaike’s life on September 26, 1959.

DBS Jeyaraj writing on the 60th death anniversary of SWRD Bandaranaike (THE PRIME MINISTER IS DEAD! How and Why SWRD Bandaranaike Was Assassinated Sixty Years Ago), lays bare the poisonous and unstable environment in the country in 1959.

He writes about the vertical and horizontal tensions of the country where on the one hand there was overt inter-ethnic strife on the grounds of language while there was on the other hand covert tussles on the basis of class and ideology.

He says the ethnic dimension was exaggerated or distorted to divert focus away from or under-emphasise the class dimension. Jeyaraj writes to say “Bandaranaike himself had begun acting against his class interests. The nationalization of bus transport, Insurance companies and Colombo harbor etc were some of the socialist measures enacted by the SWRDB government. Since most of the vested interests affected by these measures were UNP or pro-UNP it did not matter much to the regime. But the Paddy Lands Act pushed through mainly due to efforts of Philip Gunewardena regarded as the “Father of Marxism” in the country had different repercussions. The act provided greater rights and concessions to the long suffering tenant cultivators. There was however a large segment of semi-feudal, land-owning classes supportive of the SLFP also. The Paddy Lands act hit these sections and there was resentment”.

The exaggerated ethnic dimension and the aftermath of the class war had resulted in the government’s Parliamentary strength being just 47 out of 101 by June 11th 1959, and Bandaranaike was in fact leading a minority government when he died on 26th September 1959.

The incident on the 25th September may not have been the first to get rid of the man who was a victim of the class battles and avarice and at the same time the one person who was in the way of a total victory by forces driven by rightist ideology and unmitigated avarice. What had happened on August 25, 1959, when Minister CP De Silva had drunk a glass of milk suspected to have contained a vegetable- derived poisonous substance in the boardroom where the cabinet met, may have been intended for the Prime Minister himself. CP De Silva’s condition had proven so critical that he had to be flown to London for medical treatment.

Jeyaraj writes about the “purge of leftists and assertion of rightists to shackle SWRD Bandaranaike. The intention was to transform him into a puppet but the aristocratic Oxonian though beleaguered would not give in totally to Buddharakkitha’ s diktat. Irritated by this the “kingmaker” priest now decided to remove Bandaranaike altogether. The flashpoint causing this change of mind was not race, class or ideology. It was sordid commerce”.

He goes on to note two issues that had rankled Buddharakkitha. One was the Prime Minister’s refusal to hand over a lucrative shipping contract to a company named Colombo Shipping Lines that was co-founded by him in the name of his associate HP Jayawardena to import rice from Burma (Myanmar) and Thailand. The second was over a sugar manufacturing licence to start a sugar factory. Buddharakkitha was a very rich businessman and he used whatever means at his disposal to acquire power in order to further his business interests. The wealth of the Kelaniya temple gave him the foundation to build his business empire. He did not tolerate anyone who stood in his way, and even a Prime Minister was not spared.

Had he been a Buddhist, acted as one and lived as one, heeding the Buddha’s message of love and impermanence, and the consequences of avarice, he wouldn’t have suffered the ignominy of dying as an inmate of the Welikada prison in 1967 serving a life sentence for the crime he had committed.

It is interesting to note Jeyaraj’ s comment about the exaggeration of ethnic issue as a contributor to the tensions that existed in the country in 1959. In this context, it is opportune on this sad anniversary to note the following.

Firstly, there had never been a question of implementing the so called Sinhala only policy “in 24 hours” as widely and successfully marketed by opportunists. As Bandaranaike said, no law had been needed to make English the language of the country, therefore no law was needed to change it. It was to be a limited and a gradual process.

Secondly, there was clear articulation on a transition period for public servants to acquire a working knowledge of Sinhala, by December 1960, but this specific mention related only to the Supreme Court.

Bandaranaike said, in presenting the Bill, “it is our intention, as far as possible, to make that change wherever possible but if, in the course of our proceedings in implementation, we find on sufficient grounds and data that the changeover just cannot reasonably made during that time, we will not hesitate to come before this House and the country for passing the necessary amendments to the Bill”.

Thirdly, at the time the bill was passed, there were no specific provisions in it in regard the medium of instruction in schools. Bandaranaike did recognize that the medium of instruction should be the mother tongue of the student, rather than the official language of the country.

Fourthly, the Bill did not specify time frames for a changeover to the official language in other areas like local authorities. In the public service, the stated intention was to provide an adequate knowledge of Sinhala to all public servants so that, as contemplated, public service should be conducted in the official language within 10 years, meaning by December 1967. The Reasonable use of the Tamil language in predominantly Tamil areas would have required Sinhala public servants working in those areas to acquire a working knowledge of Tamil.

It is well to remember that less than 5% of the population of the country were literate in English when Ceylon gained independence in 1948, and all Courts, Police stations, government departments carried out their official work in English. An overwhelming population of Sinhala and Tamil citizens, in excess of 95% of the population, lived as foreigners in their own country, unable to enjoy their rights as citizens of their newly independent country.

It is in this backdrop that one has to judge the changes that took place after 1956. SWRD Bandaranaike’s enemies, both within the Sinhala community and the Tamil community, were those from the upper class he came from, the English educated brown sahibs who probably were more British than the British. They were his friends until he decided to espouse the cause of the majority in the country, who did not wish for one set of colonialists to be replaced by another.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 5
    2

    Buddharakkita was the paramour of Wimala Wijeywardena, the minister of health.
    Somarama converted to Christianity before his execution.
    *
    On a lighter note,
    SWRD’s official car was a left-hand drive Cadillac.
    *
    When SWRD returned from Oxford, his father the Maha Mudliyar arranged a series of receptions for him, along the Kandy road, from the port to Attanagalla. SWRD, whose Sinhalese and knowledge of local culture wasn’t that good, spoke briefly at each reception. Before one stop, he was told that the locals belonged to the “padu” caste. Perhaps hoping to win them over, SWRD began his speech “Padu nonawaruni, padu mahatwaruni”!

    • 4
      0

      Two different reasons have been given over the years for Somarama’s conversion. One was that it was a genuine conversion to Christianity. The other is that it was done to spare the Government the embarrassment of executing a Buddhist monk. According to this second version, Somarama thought this was the last act he could perform in atonement for his crime. Take your pick.

      • 3
        1

        During the Cold War socialist leaders in the Third world were assassinated or removed in coups organized by the CIA and MI6. Iran’s Mossadegh was removed in a coup for nationalizing Iran’s oil wealth from the British in the 1950, Congo’s Patrice Lumumba was assassinated by CIA and Belgians for nationalizing mines. SWRD had nationalized the ports and airports of Sri Lanka and kicked out the British and he was assassinated by a Buddhist monk as the CIA using the Asia Foundation, a CIA project was weaponizing Buddhism against socialism and communism in South and Southeast Asia. Raj please read Eugene Ford’s book “Cold War Monks: Buddhism and America’s Secret Strategy in Southeast Asia”. After the assassination of SWRD CIA and MI6 did the cover up fake investigation – just like the Easter Sunday Bombings which were a US Special Operations Forces (SOF) operation to weaponize religious conflict in Sri Lanka and set up a US military base on the pre-text of fighing ISIS which the US owns and operates. Check out the Book: IS is US: The Shocking Truth about..
        Also check out the book by Bevin: “Jakarta Method”. Behind the assassination of SWRD was the MI6 CIA which then colonized the Chagos Islands, drove the people out and set up the Diego Garcia military base..

        • 3
          1

          Sri Lankans need to learn about the COLD WAR HISTORY, how the US Cold War was waged against post-colonial national liberation leaders and socialist movements in South East Asia, also to understand hybrid war and militarization of the Indian Ocean at this time.
          The burning ships and oil spill off Mauritius and Sri Lanka are not accidents, and planes falling into the Indian Ocean (Malaysian Airlines) remote hi-jacked as part of Cyber war, bio-war and attacks on infrastructure – energy and water systems by the US which also weaponizes religious and ethnic divisions to de-stablize countries and send their troops to set up bases. US Pivot to Asia is in order to attack destabilize Asian coutnries which is now the Economic Power center of the world to make America great again! USA is the biggest ROUGE STATE in the world backed by NATO and EU with the Moda Modi as Proxy and the Quad in tow. The Third World War or 2nd Cold War which is a Hybrid War to destroy multi-religious Asia is on and hence the mushrooming of small violent religious groups among all religions to cause religious wars.. using Buddhist monks, Islamist youth, Born again Christian Fundamentalist churches, Ravana Balaya and the Ravanization of Lankan Buddhism and Hindusim is on going..

      • 1
        0

        Stanley
        Normally conversion of death row criminals would be to Roman Catholicism.
        RC clergy are known to be keen to save souls from going to a ‘bad place’.
        Either explanation will be a positive thing about Somarama. It would have been poorer if he did it for money for his near and dear.

      • 1
        1

        Stanley

        ” According to this second version, Somarama thought this was the last act he could perform in atonement for his crime.”

        Was Somarama contented that by the end he would have killed one more Christian?

        • 0
          0

          Native,
          .
          Perhaps. We will never know.

    • 2
      0

      SP
      I think that some of the SWRDB anecdotes are figments of imagination from fertile minds.

  • 3
    2

    Dear Raj

    Thank you so much for a wonderful article recording facts for our generations that all went missing a very time ago.

    I am also wondering if you can educate me on the fact if Late Hon SWRD and Hon SJV ever studied together at the same college etc pls?? Any other readers who can shed some light also be appreciated. TQ

    • 1
      1

      Dear Thiagarajah Venugopal

      They in all probability did.
      .
      The man to answer that is Rev. Marc Billimoria, who is obsessed with Thomian history, but in a more disciplined way than most. He completed Keble’s History when more than a schoolboy, then went to Pune for his degree in History, and got himself a First Class.
      .
      Marc’s revised “100 Years at Mount” came out in June 1918. Much more recently, after the Bishop Election of the 15th of August, I had a chat with Marc, and this point came up. He says that SWRD was at Mutwal for a short while (staying in Warden Stone’s house is what I understand) and then coming over to Mt Lavinia in 1918. He was mostly home-schooled by British tutors. That “famous class” included R.S. de Saram (later Canon), my mother’s cousin, E.B. Wikrammanayake (later Sir John’s Minister of Justice – from the Senate, not the House), Justice Gratien, and SJV. Our family used to talk about it at home.

    • 2
      1

      PART B
      .

      Fr Marc and I got there because I asked if it wasn’t mostly made up that Dr N.M. Perera also was there – a few years younger than the “famous class”. On that, I think the evidence is suspect. S. Thomas’ wants to claim as many famous Sri Lankans as possible to be “Thomians”. There are Wikipedia articles on most of those people.
      .
      I know so many distortions of what’s been happening more recently that it’s no wonder that we cannot determine whether it was the Sinhalese or the Tamils who first arrived on this island.
      .
      Nor do we know something much less momentous – who is to be the next Bishop of Colombo.
      .
      https://anglican.ink/2020/08/30/no-election-in-ceylon/

      Whom can one trust?

      • 0
        1

        Dear SM

        Thank you for sharing and most appreciated. I have always been a fan of NM for his part in the GOSL in 70’s.

        • 0
          1

          Dear Raj

          Please include this kind of fact checked information(including SM & GATAM comment) in your future articles please as these are critical for the discussions as to how we shaped our Nation to what she is today from where she was then and could have been in the world today?.

          The Cameron vs Borris Brexit blunder also started at schooling days perhaps.

          this is the personal Ego politicians blunders we are all living by everywhere under the disguise of democracies too….sorry Mother of all Democracies to be exact……you can break International agreements in the UK is called brinkmanship but in a third world country like ours we can not even discuss “private agreements” amongst classmates nor the 13th amendments unsuitability for future planning of a sovereign Nation like ours?

        • 0
          0

          TV
          What exactly did NM do in the 70’s to deserve your admiration?
          He left in a huff in 1975.

          • 0
            1

            Dear SJ

            My understanding is he was asked to leaf then?

            He managed a very difficult time in Regional and Geo political times and supported the GOSL as a Finance Minister during the transition to Republic status, I quite liked the fact he supported the GOSL in difficult time too as a person from LSSP?

            • 1
              0

              Can you say what exactly NM did?
              Colvin was called the author of the constitution and did not do his ‘Marxism’ any favour by dropping Article 29 and giving Buddhism an elevated status.
              NM tried to push Mrs B to deliver his agenda and she just told him that he could leave if he did not like things the way they were.
              Do you compliment him for the demonitisation of 50 & 100 rupee notes? For his grand plan of bringing socialism by a series of ‘nationalisations’ that included the Muslim Hotel (really a restaurant) in Kandy and even Prince Hotel in Peradeniya (an even smaller outfit than Muslim Hotel).
              The difficult times were much after the JVP stir.
              NM would not even speak up Vasudeva who like Shan was unfairly detained during the insurrection.

              • 0
                0

                SJ

                I respect him for breaking the LSSP ranks to support the GOSL in 1970. A critical time in our Nations journey we could have consolidated a lot of thinks including a very conducive relationship with India too. Change the history of the region from a geo political prospective too.

                The JVP uprising/Estate workers Issue/Standardisation issue/Muslim issues/Buddhism state religion/Becoming a republic/ Tamil issues (Tamil language issue was resolved to an extent it was adequate yet does not upset the Sinhalese by Late Hon SWRDB sacrificing his life in 50’s), Many Tamils conventional politics also were getting feedback from the Tamils then joined the GOSL in numbers created a very conducive/collective GOSL representing the Nation. The leftist and the socialist work together with an economic planning/excellent education system/active non aligned movement/self sufficiency drive was all made possible under the leadership of Hon Late Mrs SWRDB.

                • 0
                  0

                  Nothing was perfect yet humble beginnings to bring the Nation together as best as possible….we were all learning on the job of being united to find solutions, give and take managing a very volatile Cold War around us as a non aligned Nation.

                  Then came the spin masters/losers with the Vaddukottai resolution to counter all that was good and futuristic ….1977 TULF mandate blunders and once more Tamils questioned the “deliverable” from the TULF? The 1981 DDC from the GOSL was a saviour/window of opportunity not to be……we know what happened until 2009.

                  What happened to all the non aligned movements/head of states all got assassinated too….the new world oder about to start the next Cold War..the heart of the operation is SL. so NM did not have to deliver wonders but his humble cooperation in 1970 was adequate then??

          • 1
            0

            Although it’s true that it all ended in disappointment, had more people voted for N.M., Colvin & Co, things could have been so different.
            .
            I admit to being one of those who didn’t realise it until too late.

    • 1
      3

      Late Hon SWRD was also about diverse/parting ways from the existing order in a post colonial Nation “thinking out of the box” and being a Visionary too addressing the social issues that needed a fundamental rethinking for the required structural changes to deliver social justice for all setting a pathway to recover the loss of language and religious needs that belongs to the people of SL in a democracy?

      North and East where Majority Tamils lived were not to be misused/play ground for the FP party politics who set out to solve Indian Citizenship matter down south by placing them up North?? why they did not join Leftist parties who were doing much better job in dealing with these issues down south where upcountry Tamils lived than this FP up North and East?

      • 1
        3

        …a “pathetic” contradiction for a party who set the motion/emotions for the underprivileged in the Nation as to what their needs were vs audacious party political gains to maintain a colonial inheritance status quo? absolute misfits left behind by the Colonial masters who were using them for their administrative work hence all the missionary set up North? and this so called educated status quo could not even help the underprivileged up North to this date in fact they have sucked their blood too?? a crime against humanity is why FP needed armed young men the baby brigade to even suppress the thoughts of the masses up North and East hence the current form of a FP/ITAK/TULF/TNA still filing cases against the GOSL to date? having squandered the life of few hundred thousand Mother Lankan children and created toilet washers like myself for the world?

        • 4
          0

          TV
          Do you think that the TNA should not act against a dictatorial move?
          How effective they will be is a matter apart.

          • 0
            2

            Dear SJ

            Quite the contrary and think anyone in SL has the right to object to anything by the GOSL is no problem……….but not the TNA as they have blood in their hands and do not have any moral grounds nor were they ever democratic therefore disqualified to be part of anything democratic in our Nation period.

            Loose the Tamil identity and have National policies and come and join the ranks of JVP and able to field candidates throughout the land then one would consider equal footing to be part of our system.

            • 4
              0

              TV
              Who in the Parliament does not have blood on his hands? Who can stand on moral grounds of any kind on any matter?
              According to you, anyone but the TNA has the right to object to anything that the GOSL does!
              Do not let your hatred for the TNA deprive you of a sense of right and wrong.

              • 0
                3

                Dear SJ

                By arguing why TNA is counterproductive for my community and my country based on their track record does not mean accept anyone else’s crime.

                I identified TNA as the equal if not the main contributor to this crime cycle and need to read the chain reaction???

                To do that we need to objectively record history as TNA has muddied the water so much that no one will ever see their duplicity/not for the job?? and continuing to destroy us more??? It is not their birth right to represent us by crook or by hook?

    • 1
      0

      Thank you very much. I notice a very interesting discussion going on. Regarding your query, records do indicate that SJVC and SWRDB were contemporaries at St Thomas College, then situated at Mutwal, where it had been set up at the outset. The College moved to Mt Lavinia later. They probably were together for a short period, but as two educated and erudite gentlemen, would have continued their school kinship into their political life as well. This would have helped in entering into the BC Pact which they had signed, but was abrogated due to pressure from many quarters including the UNP, but also large sections of the Buddhist clergy. Its been reported that SWRD’s eventual murderer Buddharakkitha had stormed Rosmead Place along with scores of Buddhist monks (or some say many lay people wearing robes) and demanded the tearing of the signed document in his presence. SWRD had given in and torn the document. In hindsight, I feel that the draft Pact should have been discussed in Parliament, compromises made to make it more acceptable, and then signed. Hindsight is very easy!!

      Another bit of unconfirmed information (might be just gossip), so one shouldn’t give this story any feet to travel, that Sirima Bandaranaike had also been proposed to Dudley Senanayake!

      • 1
        0

        Thank you Rajg. Most appreciated. This forum should be about education/information/fact checking/revisiting historical blunders/ask questions and SJ/SH/GATAM and your goodselfs are kind to share your knowledge without insults/prejudice:) way to go as we are all equal stake holders all that is SL/Mother Lanka.

        • 0
          2

          Dear Folks

          CT can write million artlcles and I think the answers to all our misery lies here.

          (1) The same party FP talks about righteousness/morals/legalities/good governess even have the tenacity/audacity to take the GOSL to court over the current constitutional discussion in one direction and the retired Judge talk about a Language that arrived first to the land should make any idiot to ask the historical fact check on this 1956-1958 pacts/riots/FP story telling/Suthenthiran writings ever since??

          (2) Even after the PM was gun down no one asked the most fundamental questions as to what/why/where/who..etc. Should not the FP be asking the GOSL for a referendum then to continue in English let alone in Tamil…out of compassion Majority Tamil areas were allowed to use Tamils even after the certain death that awaited the Late Hon PM then? How did we capitalise on this opportunity then once the Tamils wanted to rid of FP…then came the guns and the separate state??

          • 0
            1

            (3) I wish the JVP stood by the GOSL and always wished the Tamil youth(including VP) stood by/with all the “FP/ITAK opponents in Jaffna” without their FP and Tamil Nadu poisoning and the guns then we would have had a greatest Nation on earth a long time ago….

            (4) After the sad war should this party be allowed to exist as a legal entity in our Nation after all the “Ratha Pottu Mafia Killings in Jaffna” under the supervision of this party and the ensued war that killed us all?? It is not the LTTE who is the enemy of the state but the LTTE makers until the LTTE makers are dealt with??

      • 3
        0

        rajg
        Before the B-C pact could get anywhere, JRJ organized the notorious Kandy march, halted in its heels by SD Bandaranayake. Then came the SB fanatics who put pressure on SWRDB.
        If it was not scrapped by SWRDB , it would have followed proper procedure in Parliament.

      • 0
        0

        “Another bit of unconfirmed information (might be just gossip), so one shouldn’t give this story any feet to travel, that Sirima Bandaranaike had also been proposed to Dudley Senanayake!”
        *
        What is the worth of this story even if absolutely true?
        Do you suggest that because Dudley would have not remained a bachelor and SWRDB would have married another the course of history would have been otherwise.
        *
        There is also endless speculation about ‘what if Cleopatra’s nose was an inch longer’.
        We can discuss irrelevances endlessly.

      • 0
        1

        Dear Raj

        1.The issue here is not the Tamil had the full official status or not…it was given “enough” status for it to be a functional language under the circumstance in a post colonial Nation need to be respected. A PM put his neck on the line (just as my father did in 1981) to save guard the unity of the Nation paying respect to the Tamils.
        2. I am born 1963 and studied in Tamil all my life.
        3. Fist the Indian citizenship exploited by the FP the biggest settlement ever in Sinhala heartland, then the language use/then the standardisation exploited (which served all the underprivileged as required), then the National religion Buddhism exploited by FP? yet no one suffered because of no religious freedom?..then the Sinhala settlement exploited a fellow man in their own land can not but Tamils can do that is to live anywhere they prefer??…after all we are a developing nation? we all give and take as we all have needs and aspirations too?
        4. All what was done by GOSL were all visionary/futuristic journey??

        • 0
          1

          7. The Tamils who struggled in their civil services could have moved to Tamil areas would have solved the Tamil need to study Sinhalese problem??
          8. Even after the war no Tamil want to move to the North?? no Tamil is coming back from the overseas in several hundred thousand to live in Jaffna either?? get the drift?? Hence the TNA got to go.

          • 0
            1

            9. We have all learned several languages in the host countries to survive well/wash toilets?? so why not to celebrate Sinhalese that is spoken in one country in the planet could not be celebrated?? In fact all leaning Sinhalese had more advantage as Sri Lankans in the developing stages to come as this would have united us all specially we were diverse in religions?? a gelling factor gives that much more advantage when it come to uniting the people too??
            10. Now we have the official status and see the argument………whose language came to SL first??? see what I mean?? this has nothing to do with Tamils but to do with FP/ITAK/TULF thuggery our GOSL did not deal with it in stealth…instead allowed the Sinhalese thugs to abuse the innocent Tamils…..this is exactly this party was banking on and this was given to them in a silver plate…hence they are still around……in Jaffna in 2020 all is done by the GOSL and nothing listed as the deliverables/action items/progress reported by the TNA as their achievements..but still doing the body count for their actions?? a land like no other??

            • 0
              1

              11.Studying all three language equally would have been a journey we would have all entered eventually as a Nation through the journey of respect that was sabotaged by the FP/ITAK/TULF consistently?
              12. This is like putting the cart before the horse??
              13. No other developing and now developed Nations have done……Singapore is not to be compared here as her journey is so different……Singapore was a story of playing the cards right yet under Chinese watch….Malaysia was playing the cards right (same as our journey would have been) under the Malay watch…why not SL be under the Sinhalese watch yet equals??

              • 0
                1

                Now the damage is done irrecoverably as someone got to answer all the parents who lost their children?? how is something for all the elected to work our amicably as a Nation without any further a do under One nation One law that is what we have??? need some Economist to do the ground work (MP’s) and leave the head of state to do their part??

                We do not need to worry about the law making so much any more??? does not matter one term and 2 terms…as people will proper when we have the basics right that is the Economy Stupid??

  • 7
    5

    May he rest in peace!

    He was a weak leader. When his best friend at school, classmate and church buddy defaced letters of the official language by throwing tar over them (a despicably racist act), the PM made sure he was not arrested or harmed. He even entered into a secret pact with him! The secret pact was never approved by the Cabinet or the parliament. That showed his tremendous weakness to the nation. Started politics as a hero and nationalist but ended otherwise. Same with Sirima, JR and Mahinda.

    • 8
      5

      Opportunistic Chingkalla racist, defacing Chingkalla characters on name boards is racist , however defacing Thamizh characters on name boards and killing Thamizh commiting pogroms , genocide and war crimes on them is not racist or even a crime to you.

      • 3
        6

        Pandi Kutti,
        It was descendants of Dravida slaves brought by Portuguese to Yapanaya who started defacing Sinhala characters on name boards and killing Sinhalayo in Yapanaya.
        ‘Para’ Demalu are responsible for slaughtering Native Sinhalayo in order to grab a part of the country of Native Sinhalayo to create a separate State. After starting barbaric acts against Native Sinhalayo, ‘Para’ Demalu are trying hard to put the blame on Sinhalayo.

      • 2
        1

        Are you addressing a Tamil Nadu audience?

        Soma

    • 5
      0

      G
      Do not let emotion throw tar over facts of history.
      Tarring was not done by the FP.
      It was painting over the letter Sri (in Sinhala script) on car number plates that provoked the tarring campaign by Sinhala racists.
      I do not think that the ‘anti Sri campaign’ was wise by any standard, but there was nothing quite anti Sinhala about that, but for opening room for such interpretation.
      *
      The B-C pact was no secret. Its contents were well known.
      Among political parties, the left supported it; and many in the government were openly for it. It was the UNP that went on the attack.
      If at all, it was the Dudley-Chelva deal that was not in the public domain.

      • 0
        0

        Dear SJ

        With all due respect the current constitutional changes too well known to the public+GOSL with 2/3 majority and TNA filing case against this and arguing for a referendum in addition?? why??

        They were part of the “last” GOSL and the constitutional assembly and never had a chance of passing the devolution through the parliament and then a referandum for public approval thereafter (because there were never any 2/3 majority) ??

        Now somehow finding moral and legal grounds to show their voters they are really busy serving the electorate??

        The whole thing need to stop and these folks need to be taken to the UN for not serving their folks who voted them on issues that really matters……have no clue nor any interest…where is the diaspora intellectual communities and their brain power to save the Tamils????

        • 0
          0

          Do you think that a 2/3 majority is a licence to kill democracy?
          20A is an undemocratic piece of legislation. It has to be fought wherever it can be blocked effectively.
          Do you like 20A?
          I am tempted to think that you will like anything that the TNA dislikes.
          You should critically review your off the cuff remarks on the TNA.

          • 0
            0

            SJ

            Since I believe it was the FP/ITAK/TULF destroyed my country you could be correct.

            The current and future actions by the elected GOSL is always going to be like that since the TNA in the picture talking and doing the same to date.

            This scenario is for TNA to resolve ie give the country back the way she was in 1970 so we can shape her…??? stop taking money from the tax payers and leave the parliament etc yes.

            Removing this demon will remove all that is un democratic naturally is my believe.

            For that we need to wait for the scars of Tamil people to heal a bit more..a scare itself stem from the TNA politics……..knowing them and the historical chronology they will be working on something for the next 70 years too so the scars will never heal???

            who is taking care of the Sinhalese scar??

            • 1
              0

              You are giving too much credit to one political party.
              This country has tremendous potential to self-destruct.
              Could the FP etc. have been worse than the UNP regime 1977-1994 or
              Worse than Rajapaksa 2009-2014?
              I think that you are plain obsessed with the FP etc. That obstructs clear vision.

  • 6
    3

    Raj Gonsalkorale has a measure – a yardstick – to call someone a Buddhist:
    – It is not befitting to call someone who does not follow Buddha or the Buddha Dhamma, a Buddhist.
    What fraction of our population qualify to be called a Buddhist?

    • 3
      3

      ‘What fraction of our population qualify to be called a Buddhist?’
      .
      A meaningless question. What fraction of any nation deserves to be called Hindu/Muslim/Christian? You expect the Sinhalese Buddhists to follow the Buddha’s teaching to the letter? Seriously? This is just another opportunity to blame them for all the nations ills isn’t it?

      • 1
        0

        Is Religion Necessary for man to live? My contention is religion is not essential for man but

        Is religion necessary for man to live? My contention is religion is not necessary for man, but man is necessary for religion to exist. Without religion, man can live without fighting over religions. God never created religion it is the man who created religion so that he will not live in a vacuum and mitigate the fear of death.

        • 0
          0

          The first two sentences in the above comment have been wrongly included. please omit.
          Thank you.

      • 1
        1

        Stanley,
        One may not be able to follow every teaching of Buddha. That is understandable. What is not understandable is when you pick where and where those exceptions should be!

      • 1
        0

        That’s right.
        They never say American Christians dropped atom bombs on civilians, they say Americans dropped atom bombs on civilians.

        Soma

        • 1
          2

          soma

          Pakistan – Islamic bomb
          India – Hindutva bomb
          Israel – Zionist (non existent bomb.)
          China – People’s bomb
          North Korea – Kim bomb
          America – Christian bomb
          Sri Lanka – Gota’s Sinhala/Buddhist bump

          I was told your brethren VP was months away from testing his submarine launched nuclear bomb.
          Was it true?

        • 1
          0

          Somu,

          Could you copy American Constitution for Lankawe?
          1). Church & State should be separate.
          2). President Power should checked and balanced by other two branches.
          3). Country should be under Federal Administration. States have self rule and theoretically authorized to go alone.
          4). English is the official Language. Services must be provided in clients Languages.
          5). Any minority can become president.
          6). Elections must be held on fixed dates. No change.
          For the time being that is enough.

      • 3
        1

        Stanley

        “You expect the Sinhalese Buddhists to follow the Buddha’s teaching to the letter?”

        Tell us why on earth do all those Sinhala/Buddhists from mass murderer Gota to ……. little mean man Wimal Sangili Karuppan Weerawansa keep claiming this is a Sinhala/Buddhist country?

        “This is just another opportunity to blame them for all the nations ills isn’t it?”

        Of course the noisy minority Sinhala/Buddhists should be blamed for every destruction they have caused in this island since 1948 and continues wreak destruction ….. . The rest of the people must start worrying.

        Now they have elected a fascist who simply believes his utterances should be obeyed as if they are decrees.

    • 3
      0

      N
      May I know what fraction of the ‘Hindu’ population will qualify to be called Hindu?

      • 1
        1

        Even the Montessori child knows that there is noting as Hinduism. What are rules going to be used to rate the Hindus?
        Please can I too have that list to check if I am Hindu?

  • 1
    3

    I have heard that SWRD was re-baptised just before his death. This was a closely kept family secret because they had Sirima’s and Anura’s future to consider. One of the witnesses at the baptism was the RC Bishop of Colombo, despite being a Catholic he approved an Anglican baptism..

    • 1
      0

      Stanley
      This is unsubstantiated gossip as history, I fear.

      • 1
        0

        Sorry SJ. It is what I heard but as you say it may well be nonsense.

        • 3
          0

          Stanley
          Even if there was some truth, what is it worth?
          SWRDB was the only Prime Minister (or President) not found to have consulted astrologers in conducting public affairs.
          Remarkably, his contemporary Nehru too was one.
          *
          Pirith Ceremonies and the like in public institutions are very much post 1977.

    • 2
      1

      Stanley

      “I have heard that SWRD was re-baptised just before his death.”

      Did he believe Baptism certificate would help him survive under American invasion?

    • 0
      0

      Stanley,
      .
      I’m more agnostic than anything else now, but we were taught Anglicanism in school, and it was well taught!
      .
      “And I believe one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins. And I look for the Resurrection of the dead + and the life of the world to come. Amen. .”
      .
      That you will find here, in the Nicene Creed:
      .
      http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bcp/1662/interim_rite.htm
      .
      The Anglican Church claims apostolic succession, despite the break with Rome being because Ann Boleyn seemed desirable to Henry VIII.
      .
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Boleyn
      .
      The nett result of all that is “only one baptism for life”.
      .
      Much more sinister now is the fact that almost no person below the age of fifty knows (just ask acquaintances) that it was a Buddhist monk who shot SWRD, and now that I come to think of it, wasn’t there some ridiculous theory that a Roman Catholic named Ossie Corea was the person who really shot Bandaranaike?

      • 1
        0

        S.M,
        “And I believe one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.”
        I think you should make it clear that Anglicans aren’t Catholic.
        And yes, you are right that SWRD’s sad end has been sanitizer very effectively. Perhaps that is one reason for the re-emergence of the same tendencies nowadays.

        • 1
          0

          Catholics, owing allegiance to the Pope in Rome NEVER call themselves “Roman Catholics” since they would claim that theirs is the only truly “Catholic Church”.
          .
          Anglicans would usually call themselves just “Anglicans”. Yes, they say that thing about “Catholic” (without knowing its significance) every time they go to the normal “Communion Service” and recite the creed – either Nicene or the shorter “Apostolic Creed”. (I haven’t really checked that last statement).
          .
          I suggest that you look at this still current article, two days later than this:
          .
          https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/archbishop-of-canterbury-announces-new-bishop-of-colombo/
          .
          Anglicanism is what the British left behind; only about 24,000 adherents now, and still shrinking, I think. Most adherents are fairly affluent, and are English-speaking.
          .
          Have you heard of Methodists? The Wesley brothers, Anglican priests, working with factory-workers in England, broke away from the Anglicans around 1750. This was a problem of social class.
          .
          Before accepting any of what I say, which has been off the cuff, I suggest that you read up a little!

          • 1
            0

            SM,
            I do read and gather a lot of useless but interesting information, such as the difference between Baptists and Pentecostals ……
            Reminds me how close Communists and Christians are !

          • 1
            0

            Dear SM,

            You are right. They in Germany call it not as” anglicans ” but ” Protestants”. You may know it better. But I love to enjoy christmas days/year end celebrations in Germany.

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evangelical_Church_in_Germany

            I did not go to study it, but I know there are lot more Evanglisches Wohnheim …Katholisches Wohnheim etc… in Germany.
            :
            I was born to buddhist family in SL, but today I am more like atheist but I believe in supernatural powers behind the human beings

            • 0
              0

              Dear LM,
              .
              The suffix “anglo” (and also “angli-“) usually now denotes “English”. The original inhabitants of Britain were the Celts, who got chased into mountainous areas by fierce Angle and Saxon tribesmen who came from the area around Germany about the 6th Century.
              .
              I know that you are very conscientious in your search for accuracy – but in these matters, “simple” answers are not possible.
              .
              Your link admirably dealt with the present position. However, to understand Protestantism, it will always be necessary for you to know something of Martin Luther (active about 1520) and the slightly younger John Calvin (who was based in Geneva). Calvin preached something called either “predetermination” or “predestination” – a subtle difference between the terms. Doesn’t appeal to me at all!
              .
              It is not often that busy, intelligent, and significant world figures focus on Sr Lanka:
              .
              https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/my-role-as-archbishop-of-canterbury-appointing-bishop-of-colombo/
              .
              Why not take a look there? He is a sincere man.

      • 0
        0

        Thanks, oc.
        .
        PART ONE
        .
        This is a hurried response – please don’t take this as something definitive. May be useful for those who know little and are totally confused.
        .
        Yes, members of the public who know little of Christianity, please understand that.
        .
        By “Catholic” what is meant in a Sri Lankan context is the religion brought in by the Portuguese, who encouraged intermarriage with both Sinhalese and Tamils, and there are well over a million adherents, many of them poor people. They are fervent in their faith, and endured a good deal of prosecution under the Dutch, who were also Protestants (influenced mainly by Calvin, would you say?), but somewhat different from the Anglicans who are in some ways similar to Roman Catholics, to Lutherans, and to even Calvinists.
        .
        The Dutch didn’t enourage inter-marriage, and their Reformed Church is gone, but I think that Evangelical Groups have drawn their support from Calvin’s doctrine of Pre-determination.

        • 0
          0

          Just in case clarification is necessary: “Roman Catholics” far outnumber all other Christian denominations, and they show every sign of being an almost permanent presence in terms of culture and identity.
          .
          Not all are poor; some are very comfortably off and have time enough for higher pursuits. They have some excellent schools – St Joseph’s, St Peter’s, St Benedict’s, St Bridget’s, Holy Family Convent, Ave Maria (Negombo), etc. Those schools tend to admit mainly Catholics – owing to their sufficient populations.
          .
          I have the feeling that old codger has been to one of these schools, and has since “progressed” to agnosticism!

  • 8
    5

    Every Politician can be remembered in such way (as this author presented), but the fact of the matter is no country had two deadly insurrections and 30 years of bloody war and yet did not learn a thing. Here we are after 70 years of independence where the nation is more divided and reached a point of no return.

  • 6
    5

    SWRD set off the Nuclear Bomb like the Americans did to Hiroshima and Nagaski with his Sinhala Only bomb by promising to make Sinhla the only Official Language of Ceylon within 24 hours if the voters elected him. Unlike Hirishima & Nagaski, Srilanka has not finished the work of clearing the debris left by the Sinhala Only blast. Will never for sure.

  • 5
    1

    The name Bandaranaike would remain in the annals of history of this Island state.
    Here was an Aristocrat who unleashed the social forces and gave them a place under the Sun in 1956.
    But alas, the very same social forces gunned him down; Buddharakkita, Somarama [Buddhist monks ], Carolis Amarasinghe [Ayurvedic Physician ] , H.P. Jayawardena and Newton Perera [ Lumpen Proletariat ].
    In fact the outgoing PM IN 1956 had apparently told SWRD……..Banda I had these dogs in a leash and you have released them; They will get you sooner than later….![ Sir John],

    Buddharakkita who master-minded the Assassination went on to slander SWRD as a descendant of a Tamil [ Neelaperumal ] when he was refused contracts to enrich himself.
    As for Somarama, who shot the PM removed the robes of a monk when he stood his Trial which prompted the Trial Judge Justice T.S.Fernando to remark upon sentencing him……..There must be an element of goodness in you in removing the robes of that Noble order and bring it into disrepute……..BUT YOU HAVE KILLED A TRUE SON OF LANKA……

    The Bandaranaike- Chelvanayagam Pact was the first effort made to resolve the Sinhala-Tamil stand-off that had its beginnings in 1956.
    In retrospect SWRD had the genuine intention to implement same; But the racists blocked him. It still remains unresolved after going through so much bloodshed.

  • 5
    2

    It is plausible that Banda returned from Oxford with good intentions. But he quickly discovered that the way to acquire and retain power is via cheap nationalism topped up with hypocricy: Recommend to the masses something different from what you gave your own children. Swabhasha education for the masses, oversea English education for his own children. [ That is also a style picked up by Tamil nationalists. They would talk big an sacrificing children at war but protect and educate their own children. ] True, we had only a small fraction of the population educated in English then. But we could have built on it and given a much larger fraction of our population the opportunity to acquire advanced knowledge. Walk into any university campus and you will see the damage Banda did. [ One might also suspect — I can only extrapolate from a sample of students I have spoken to — the reason the private university SLIIT so quickly became a pretty good institute is because its enrolment is from a more English competent social class. ]

    • 6
      1

      SAV
      “Swabhasha education for the masses, oversea English education for his own children”
      I beg your pardon, the children were still in school in Colombo at the time of his death.
      Sunetra went to Oxford U. Chandrika went to Paris (but certainly not Sorbonne) and Anura to University of London (College unknown)– all much after Sirimavo served her first term as Prime Minister.

      • 4
        5

        I am guessing the schools they went to in Colombo gave them good English education from an early age, preparing them for education abroad — which they did. Maybe you are better informed that Banda wished his children to have swabhasha education in Sinhala Maha Vidyalaya at Attangalla.

        • 1
          0

          SAV
          You said something and are now seeking an escape route.
          Check your facts before uttering anything.

    • 1
      0

      SAV,
      SLIIT isn’t private in the same sense as the ill-fated SAITM. It is state owned and non-profit but charges for its courses, enabling it to attract good faculty by paying better salaries. Of course this keeps out those who can’t pay, but that’s how the world works. Either excellence for a few or mediocrity for all.

      • 0
        0

        SLIIT mostly borrows good faculty.
        About academic standards I will keep my fingers crossed.
        “Excellence” and “mediocrity” are severely overstated.

  • 2
    1

    The whole thing here is Dubious Jeyarajah’s and his disciple, the author Rajah’s concoction. Bogus communist Dubious is saying the Solomon, a Christian convert, was killed for deviating from class loyalty. Sadly Dubious not even loyal for his Amude he wears. He in all parties, all polices and in all bogus sides. Some may know that what time Senthil Kumar was in what party or Dayasiri Jeyasekara in what party, but nobody knows who was in this journalist’s mind when he cooks some history. We invited him to come to CT so we can debate some politics but he is too high in his caste, class, education or even in religion, to lower him to do that low class deed. These souls don’t know what Marx said, but time to time teaches Sinhala Buddhist Modayas the Marx’s socialism. Solomon the Christian convert who created the Pancha Sinhala Buddhist Bala Veagaya is dead. The result now is the Modayas lost their ID so they are confused whether they are Solomon Christians or Marx Buddhists. The killer became a Christian to wash all the sin he fostered from Solomon by his killing.

  • 2
    2

    Unlike Solomon, if Dubious is honest to Jesus, he should have discussed here what was told in court about Siri Mav o’s involvement in Solomon’s death. The truth is that Solomon agreed with SJV for Regional councils, Banda-Chelva pact. It was seen as a defeat by the Sinhala Race. Still they think letting Tamils have their rights is defeat for them. After 60 years of death of Solomon, The corny inventor Dubious is saying Solomon was killed because he was not loyal to his class (Solomon is TN Telugu Royal). Then Dubious is going ahead with explaining that Solomon’s Partner in Trade was so frustrated Solomon violating the class loyalty and refused to help a monk to set up a private sugar factory and a Shipping company so he murdered Solomon. Come on Guys, what is Marx’s Class? If it is not water drinking glass is that correct it is the 4 walled, plant’s nursery class? Solomon was not loyal to class but weeping widow or CBK or Old King or New King has been very loyal to the class that is why they are spared their life by the Bald Heads? Anney, who is this man named as Jeyarajah? After all, one time he was an LTTEyer. A Pachonthi( – A Chameleon.)

  • 1
    2

    Dubious is explaining Solomon was not killed for badly bending on keeping up his Sinhala Only Racism, but being disloyal to class. So the Sinhala Buddhists though his wife, weeping widows, who was implicated in Solomon’s death would be ideal to go against his path and maintain the class loyalty. So they made that uneducated house keeper as PM without knowing anything about her. So she robbed estate after estate from government, brought standardization, eliminated Privy Council, made Sinhala Only successful, which Solomon failed to do. One’s commonsense will tell that Somarama didn’t kill Solomon, the Christian convert, for him stealing Buddharakkitha‘s women or even destroying his businesses. Somarama did not just kills by the lesson given to him by Buddharakkitha. But he saw JR’s Kandy walking and made sense out of it. These two Bald heads don’t know even Marx’s name so they are not worried about class. Kandy & Kelani ya bald heads are extreme Castist, they don’t let any Marx’s glasses into their shrines. So, don’t even read Dubious’ concoction. He quotes Michel, Michel quotes Thero and Thero quotes Dubious. All three of their history is concocted.

  • 2
    2

    So why Dubious is trying to trun East ward twisting world to West ward twisting? He is trying to prove neither SLFP nor its offspring, the current Slap Party are racists. He wants to show that they have been dying to resurrect Tamils from 1956. Because he is the laundryman to Royal family, he washes their dirt.

    Every Sinhala, Tamil & Muslim writers in CT and even in few other Colombo Media, have written against the 20A. But Dubious is with Royals. So he is doing this. Sadly, he doesn’t want to be fully with Solomon either because he thinks royals will not like it. So he wants only to talk about that Don Alwin. Rajapaksa or Solomon did not spread any racism. Anyway, we are less interested in that. Our interest is, from 1948, Don Stephen to in 2019 the Royal King, all Sinhala leaders tweaked, twisted, changed and rewrote the constitution to suite their private and personal security, monitory benefit and whimsies. But they never agreed to change the constitution that might have left the Tamils to live in peace. This is telling that Tamils have only solution for them, that is taking care of them-selves. The International community needs to be explained of this situation without any doubt.

  • 2
    0

    Somarama, Buddarakitha, Jayawardena elite ? Lumpen ! Fellows on the way up, will do anything to get there !

  • 1
    1

    Dear Raj

    Do you have any facts on how the Sinhalese Only act was imposed on the civil servants/what transpired from this act regard to people had time to adjust/immediate/lost their carriers/help to lean the language etc..

    Can any other commenters give some credible details please.

    What was the proportion/distribution of Sinhalese/Tamil split (based on population breakdown) in the civil service after Independence vs After the Sinhalese only act?

    What was the Indian Tamil and Muslim representation in the civil service vs Missionary Tamils vs Hindu Tamils at various time period since Independence??

    • 2
      0

      TV
      You forget caste and region.

      • 1
        0

        Also gender.

        • 1
          1

          Dear SJ

          I totally agree.

          Can you kindly educate me on some facts regards to this please. I was establish exact facts as how country got representation/equal footing ie one for all and all for one from the Sinhala Only Act.

          What it was before and how this injustice was addressed through the Sinhala only act not just in the Education system but also in the job opportunity for all (special emphasis in the civil service) meeting the aspiration of all in the post war arena??

          The pressure that was on the elected then to deliver this proportionally to all ….over and beyond the colonial inheritance state of affairs that was where a very selected few be it from Tamils and Sinhalese had access to this privilege under English as a medium.

          Following this I want establish/evaluate what did really happen following the Language act to those who could speak the language….ie has this played out to the already working people who are not well versed with Sinhala language please.

          Then I want to see how this further worked for / not worked for the poor and the downtrodden who fall into all the categories we mentioned earlier please.

          I want to go into then establishing the corporation given by the FP/TC to help the Sinhalese proactively achieve their milestone respecting human rights and dignity then??

          • 1
            1

            correction….I want to establish how our Nation(each and every subject) got representation / equal footing….

          • 1
            0

            You are asking me to write an essay.
            Sorry.

            • 1
              0

              Dear SJ

              Not really. In few sentences would be most appreciated please.

              I want to qualify the following please. This is what my Father set out to resolve by joining the GOSL and was able to achieve a lot. I am trying to work out our solution oriented approach to problem solving as a Nation. We all need to get some sense of Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution for a better tomorrow.

              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinhala_Only_Act

              The policy turned out to be “severely discriminatory” and placed the Tamil-speaking population at a “serious disadvantage”.[14] As a Sinhalese academic A. M. Navaratna Bandara writes: “The Tamil-speaking people were given no option but to learn the language of the majority if they wanted to get public service employment. […] A large number of Tamil public servants had to accept compulsory retirement because of their inability to prove proficiency in the official language [….]”[15] The effects of these policies were dramatic as shown by the drastic drop of Tamil representation in public sector: “In 1956, 30 percent of the Ceylon administrative service, 50 percent of the clerical service, 60 percent of engineers and doctors, and 40 percent of the armed forces were Tamil.

  • 1
    2

    The Total population was 6-7 million during Independence, around 10 million in 50’s and now 21 million?

    People came from all around the world thousands of miles and made a living as colonial powers from what Sri Lanka has to offer???

    How did we end up in this scenario we are facing today???

    • 1
      1

      T.V,
      “People came from all around the world thousands of miles and made a living as colonial powers from what Sri Lanka has to offer???”
      You seem be under some mis- apprehension about population growth.
      No, millions did NOT migrate into the country after Independence. They did before 1948, and about a million Indian origin people were sent back in the 60’s and 70’s. The population increase is entirely local, due to better education, food supply, and health services.
      “want to establish how our Nation(each and every subject) got representation / equal footing….”
      If you live in SL, you should know that some communities are far more equal than others.

      • 0
        0

        Dear OC

        Sorry my point was not made very clearly (some time I get tired of writing English as this can be a bit of a challenge at times asi am still doing translation…is even worse when I am doing maths such simple tasks of addition and subtraction…do all in Tamil and then convert to English ) and is my mistake. TQ

      • 0
        0

        Dear oc,
        .
        To make matters relating to population growth even clearer to Thiagarajah Venugopal, may I make this point?
        .
        All living things reproduce (higher forms of life – sexually), and then die. When birth rates and death rates are equal – one has stable populations (on the whole a satisfactory situation).
        .
        When death rates are higher than birth rates, populations DEcrease; if the process goes on long enough, it leads to extinction. It’s happening to species living in the wild. Bringing back something that is extinct is “impossible”.
        .
        When death rates are lower than birth rates, populations increase. This is happening to humans, and cause huge problems!

      • 0
        0

        BTW, oc,
        .
        The Archbishop of Canterbury has posted a personal opinion. He may be focussing on Sri Lanka right now.
        .
        One needn’t exaggerate his importance, but this focussing does not happen often. Why not comment?

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.