21 August, 2018

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Tamil National Question & Tamil Insurgency In Sri Lanka

By Imtiyaz Razak –

Prof. Imtiyaz Razak

On May 17, 2009 the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) admitted the defeat in the war against the Sinhalese dominated Sri Lanka security forces and vowed to silence guns. In May 18, Sri Lanka security forces announced that the LTTE chief Velupillai Prabhakaran, who led the three decades old violent campaign to build ethnic nation for the Tamils who predominantly live in the Northern and Eastern territories of the island of Sri Lanka, was killed by Sri Lanka’s military in a firefight that signaled the effective end to one of Asia’s longest-running military conflicts. The territory formerly controlled by the LTTE have been brought under the control of the government since the middle of 2009 and then government led by former President Mahinda Rajapakshe is claiming that it is making all efforts to rebuild the war affected Northern region where a large majority of ethnic Tamils and minority Muslims live. This short article would deal with the roots of the Tamil insurgency. It would also attempt to provide brief overview about the growth and demise of the Tamil insurgency led by the LTTE. It would finally suggest some solution to the Tamil national question since no solution is being proposed by the current government, which promised solution during the election campaign. .

The history of Sri Lanka’s Tamil conflict or roots of the Tamil insurgency can be identified from the time of colonial period.Three regional sovereign kingdoms were existed in the country, when the Portuguese, the first of the Western colonialists arrived on the shores of Ceylon in 1505. One of these was the independent Tamil Kingdom located on the northern Jaffna peninsula of the same name. Two were Sinhalese with their capitals at Kotte, and at Kandy in the central hill country. The northern Tamil Kingdom had been in existence since the early thirteenth century. When the Portuguese defeated Tamil kingdom then administered by Cankili II, the last Tamil King, in battle and formally annexed the Jaffna Kingdom in 1619. After the Portuguese influence left from the island, the Dutch replaced the Portuguese occupied places until their departure. The British, who displaced the Dutch in 1831 unified the island and thus brought the Jaffna Kingdom under the single.

administration along with the Sinhala kingdoms. The Jaffna centered Tamil Kingdom neither consulted by the British nor offered an alternative power-sharing with the Sinhalese. Problems arose when the British favored the Tamils and gave some cultural concessions to the Tamil region such as building top English medium schools in the Tamil dominated Jaffna district and allied with elites of the Tamils to help in colonial administration. When independence came in 1948, the Sinhalese, the majority ethnic group, who thought that they were being marginalized and found itself in a precarious position, as the majority group sought to gain economic power. The leaders of the Sinhalese seized power from the British administrators and adopted pro-Sinhala policies in order to redress the grievances of the majority community-Sinhalese.

S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike laid the first foundation for such an ethnicization of politics by introducing the Sinhala-Only language policy in the 1950’s. Repeatedly over the next four decades, Sinhala politicians employed the same ethnic tricks to capture a large share of the Sinhalese votes. Then an educational standardization policy in 1972 allowed Sinhalese students to enter Science and Medicine schools with lower scores than the Tamil students. The Constitution of 1972 conferred a special status on Buddhism in both the state and public sectors. Communal riots in 1958, 1961, 1974, 1977 and 1983 in which Tamils were killed, maimed, robbed and rendered homeless were carefully designed by the Sinhala elites eventually radicalized the Tamils who consider themselves as a distinct nation and subsequently produced Tamil militants, notably the LTTE (in 1976), a secessionist Tamil guerrilla movement which set the stage for violent Tamil retaliation and efforts to secede.

It is the fact the LTTE’s three decades old struggle for an independent Tamil state effectively challenged the state policies over the Tamils. It also attracted reasonable global support from the Tamil Diaspora as well as some quarters of the Western governments and policy makers. However, the global political developments of the post September 11 terrorist attacks had radically contributed to the erosion of global sympathy for the LTTE. Sri Lanka’s Sinhala political class had succeeded in portraying the Tamil struggle as mere terrorist campaign and advantageously employed the global war on terrorism for its own counter insurgency activities and war against the LTTE.

The LTTE was militarily defeated in May 2009. The island of Sri Lanka has entered into a new phase and political condition was made to seek a meaningful reconciliation with the Tamils and other minorities to take the island into a post-conflict period. There were wave of expectations that Sri Lanka’sBuddhist dominated government would seek political compromise and settlements with the Tamil leaders. The questions therefore are; will the current government take any meaningful measures to find a solution through power-sharing democracy? Will the collapse of violent resistant by the LTTE further strengthen the hands of the Sinhala extremists who aspire to build Sinhalese only Sri Lanka? Or will it further alienate the minorities of Sri Lanka?

What Tamil insurgency in Sri Lanka suggests is that politicization of ethnic distinctions by major political parties has weakened democracy and its institutions and thus has fueled an ethnic violence and conflict. Democratic institutions in Sri Lanka need to be strengthened. Political autonomy and power-sharing can help the Tamils to increase their level of trust in the state and it institutions. In other words, tensions among groups can be significantly reduced in Sri Lanka if the Sinhala political class genuinely seeks political compromise with the Tamil polity and other minorities through a feasible political solution that would go beyond the current British imposed unitary structure. If there is a resistance to offer power sharing, the other option is partition which can possibly offer social and political security, as well as stability, to the different ethnic groups. social and political security, as well as stability, to the different ethnic groups.

Further Reading

Imtiyaz, A.R.M. & Stavis, Ben “ Ethno-Political Conflict in Sri Lanka” The Journal of Third World Studies (v. 25/2, 2008)

Silva K.M.De. Reaping the Whirlwind: Ethnic Conflict, Ethnic Politics in Sri Lanka. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1998).

Votta, Neil De. Blowback: Linguistic Nationalism, Institutional Decay, and Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.

*Professor A.R.M. Imtiyaz taught in universities in Sri Lanka (South Eastern University) and China (Nanjing University). He is attached to Asian Studies, and Department of Political Science, Temple University, Philadelphia. Currently, he is in China for his research on Hui Muslims. His research studies cover two major aspects—the symbolic politics of elites and politicization of ethnic differences, especially in Sri Lanka. His scholarly pursuits have led to publications at various international venues, including the Journal of Asian and African Studies (JAAS), the Journal of South Asia (JAS), the Journal of Third World Studies (JTWS), the Journal of South Asia (JAS), Asian Ethnicity, and Asian Affairs.

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Latest comments

  • 7
    18

    I understand why you are worried about a political solution to Tamils. Now, you are in the USA, and it is boasting that country is made up of Immigrents, tell us who is dominting there. Why Sinhala buddhsits do not deserve what they have ?

    • 8
      3

      Jim softy dimwit

      “Why Sinhala buddhsits do not deserve what they have ?”

      To begin with who are these Sinhala/Buddhists?
      When did they originate?
      When was Sinhala/Buddhism concocted?

      What is Sinhala/Buddhists got to do with Sinhalese and Buddhists?

    • 9
      1

      Jim

      If you can have a foreign name (non Sinhala) and speak for the Sinhalese why cannot the author live in USA and talk about Political solution for the Tamils in Sri Lanka?

    • 9
      3

      We have successfully removed fascist LTTE terrorism. But sadly the country is now threatened by the emergence of Sinhala Buddhist Fascist Terrorists. We need a strong government that can stand up to this new form of terrorism that threatens Buddhism and our country.

    • 4
      1

      Jimba Jimba the dumba, when I saw the title of this article I was saying to myself this racist fuc*er will throw his comment and it will be the first one in the lineup of comments………………………..guess what? The racist fuc*er has thrown his garbage here. You are so predictable.

  • 12
    4

    Professor Imtiyaz Razak,
    Thank you for your brief true summary of the National question in Sri Lanka. This is the beauty of a truly behavior of an educated professional compared to war mongering, fear mongering the so called educated politicians like Dayan Jeyatilake, G L Peries etc. The people should learn the lessons from the consequences of the race based politics played by both SLFP & UNP over the decades. After the end of war with LTTE, we all wanted to bring a permanent peace and it was promised that they will find a solution to the national question by the govt’s that governed this island. Unfortunately, the race based politicians found a way by attacking the Muslims without any necessity and continued their power politics with the expense of peace. Now it is the time Tamils, Muslims and progressive Sinhalese should unite as a single force to meet the challenges of those war mongers, blood thirsty politics.

    • 8
      12

      For the first time, I see a Tamil is praising a muslim as an educated professional when generally yoi Muslims are thoppi piratis. Wjhat I can understand even though Tamils and muslims are now foreigners they still value Sri lanka. The only problem is excessive greed as the country suits for their life. they do not want to consider sinhala buddhists as the majority. Instead, they want a piece of it. that has caused problems. Otherwise, this professional would not say that the USA, china and Sudi ARabia like countries are better than Sri lanka. Instead he is asking political solution for Tamil after which they ask seomthing for them too. Ajith is not welcome, as a protestant in Tamilnadu or among Sri lankan Tamils as well as he is not favoured among Tele-Evangelists or Anglicans. Why don’t you reflect what you are doing.

      • 8
        2

        It is not Tamil praising a Muslim or Sinhalese, it is about the truth. It is very you don’t know the true ancestors of yours. If you know can you tell about your parental background?

        • 0
          4

          What is your parental background before asking from others?

          • 2
            0

            Sach,
            When you say someone a foreigner you ask for a passport for an identity proof? I am Srilankan Tamil. I have a Srilankan passport. If some one says Srilankan Tamils and Muslims are foreigners then I have a right to ask the person who said the above. I have many Sinhalese friends such Ajith De Silva, Lal De Silva, Ajith Perera etc. They are Srilankans. They don’t say Tamils and Muslims are foreigners. Only racists say such a lie!

      • 10
        1

        Jim softy the Dimwit

        “For the first time, I see a Tamil is praising a muslim as an educated professional when generally yoi Muslims are thoppi piratis.”

        In South India and Sri Lanka there were/are highly acclaimed great Tamil Scholars from Tamil speaking Muslims.

        Dimwit
        Recently I received an article from my friend the old codger and look what I found:

        Tamil Speaking Indian Muslims sing:
        India is our motherland
        Islam is our way of life
        Only Tamil is our language

        From a cassette “Makka Ngar Manapi”.

        Would it be possible for you to accept the main idea behind those lines?

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Islam is our way of life
        Only Tamil is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Islam is our way of life
        Only Sinhala is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Islam is our way of life
        Only Sinhala/Tamil are our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Buddhism is our way of life
        Only Sinhala is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Christianity is our way of life
        Only Sinhala/Tami is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Buddhism/Hinduism are our way of life
        Only Sinhala is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Hinduism is our way of life
        Only Tamil is our language

        Sri Lanka is our motherland
        Hinduism is our way of life
        Only Sinhala/Tamil are our language

        ……..
        …….
        ..
        However you want to enforce other parochial systems of belief:.

        Sri Lanka is our only Sinhala/Buddhists motherland
        Sinhala/Buddhism is our way of life
        Only Sinhala is our language
        Sunday Sil Monday Kill is our moto
        Kill the Veddah Rob the Buddha and Blame the Suddha is our history

        • 0
          1

          DUMB NATIVE VEDDA:

          SO WHAT ?

          Sri lanka is Sinhale and it has a Sinhala buddhist culture and Civilization

          UNP SARATH FONSEKA said, We have minorities. We treat them as our brothers and sisiters. that is all nothing more.

          that must be the holy truth.

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 9
    3

    wannihami

    Prof Imtiyaz Razak has just given you a brief free history lesson.
    Make use of it.

    Or just honorably accept you are a Sinhala/Buddhist bigot and a racist in order to avoid unwanted embarrassing exposure of self. We do not look down on you for being whatever you are. In order to do that you need bit of honesty.
    Sum up your courage if you have any in whatever form.
    I will be right behind you.

    • 2
      8

      Kala Veddah, you say (1)or just honorably accept you are a Sinhala/Buddhist bigot and a racist in order to avoid unwanted embarrassing exposure of self. (2) We do not look down on you for being whatever you are.

      (1) I accept that I am a Sinhala/Buddhist bigot and a racist. So what are you going to do about it?

      (2) Being a Kalaveddah living in our ceilings or the high branches of trees how can you not look down upon us? That is the only perspective you have of us, unless you are a good Kalaveddah who can only be a dead kalaveddah. Then of course you can look up to us from your grave,

      • 4
        1

        edwin rodrigo the Necro

        ” (1) I accept that I am a Sinhala/Buddhist bigot and a racist. So what are you going to do about it?”

        I am just going to ignore you.
        Do your fellow Sinhala/Buddhist bigots and a racists accept you as one of them? I doubt it. I don’t think they ever want to associate themselves with a practicing Nechrophilia.

        You are too much of a narcissist too.

  • 3
    1

    Execuse me, I am drun. But what the bloody hack is new in our article? I have the guards waiting at home..and my fat B is calling better be a drunkard and create some harmony among communities than be a teetotaler and create so much of messing around peacefuk living…………………..

    Guys please make good SL for our kids………….

  • 2
    5

    Do not worry about Tamil political right but worry too much about Mr Amerasiri’s ideas of philosophy. Life in US gave him golden opportunities to read more about Islamic philosophy too. After all this reading he is not a Muslim yet, that is not amazing ? people would seek intellectual pleasure in Islamic philosophy but guidance is from God alone.

    • 1
      0

      MInorities are brain washing sinhala buddhists. They say Privilages are rights. dumb politiciasn talk about a national question because 94 are O/L failed and they do not know what rigths and what privilages. 53 or 75 including those who came from the back door are national list MPS. They are only concnred about how to earn few thousands.Amarasiri was a christian whi was cionverted to ISlam. YEt he is against islamization of the word=ld. I wrote IT I think the Muslims editor of CT deleted it. CT say s the TRUTH IS A PROCESS. MY “FOOT.

  • 5
    9

    Tamils (all Tamil speaking people) must be offered the option of a separate Tamil Homeland for all Tamils ( all Tamil speaking people irrespective of their religion or the date of arrival) OR the right to live anywhere as it is now. In case of a separate Tamil Homeland all Tamils presently living in areas outside the envisaged Homeland boundary must be relocated into the Homeland. All Tamils, particularly those who practise Islam who are scattered across the island must be educated on this possibility. (I suppose they will welcome this arrangement in view of rising Islamophobic attitude among the Sinhalese.)
    I plead with the Tamils (all Tamil speaking people) to choose the option of the right to live anywhere.
    Soma

    • 5
      2

      somass

      “Tamils (all Tamil speaking people) must be offered the option of a separate Tamil Homeland for all Tamils ( all Tamil speaking people irrespective of their religion or the date of arrival)”

      The fascist members of noisy Sinhala/Buddhist minority needs to be separated from rest of the people and kept them in their long cherished Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto.
      You are rest assured I am working on it.

    • 1
      1

      soma,

      “In case of a separate Tamil Homeland all Tamils presently living in areas outside the envisaged Homeland boundary must be relocated into the Homeland.”

      Not just the Tamils need to move the Sinhala should do too! The “envisaged Homeland” should include the East too!

      “I plead with the Tamils (all Tamil speaking people) to choose the option of the right to live anywhere.”

      Are you also offering that the Tamils can exercise their right their language in all aspects?
      Are you also offering to eschew the clause in the constitution that protects and foster Buddhism?
      Are you also offering to criminalise and punish the Sinhala Buddhist racists?
      Are you also offering to do away with Sinhala Buddhist domination in the national flag?
      What are your proposal to make all citizens of Sri Lanka equal in every sense of the word?
      Are you also up for cleaning up the fabricated history books that elevate the Sinhala Buddhists?

      Do you want me to go on?

      • 1
        1

        But my dear B.I. majority of Tamils (Tamil speaking people) do not seem to want to move into the Tamil Homeland but prepared to suffer those ignomities you have mentioned and continue to live among the Sinhalese, still demanding a Tamil Homeland in NE. That is your ultra hypocritical position. They must decide one way or the other. All those problems you have mentioned can be easily ironed out provided you give up your Vadukkodai mentality(and continue to live outside NE). I will be with you in the forefront demanding absolute equality for all. What you refuse to understand is those Tamils who remain will be OFFICIALLY treated as second class citizens. So it is better to educate them over the possibility from now on.
        In your case which do you prefer? One Tamil Homeland for all Tamil speaking people scattered across the island OR the right to live anywhere as equal citizens?
        Soma

        • 0
          1

          soma,

          Basically, you want the Tamil speaking people to put up and shut up! You have not answered my questions in any meaningful way and you paid no consideration as to why I asked those questions!

          Tamils live in the south because of economic reasons. If the N&E were to be developed, I am sure the Tamils will relocate!

          You want Buddhism enshrined in the Constitution that conspicuously elevates the Sinhala Buddhists as superior.

          You want the Tamil speaking people to adopt the Sinhala as the medium of administration.

          You want the national flag to project a lop-sided view favoring the Sinhala Buddhists.

          I will tell you what I want:

          Sri Lanka revert to instill English as the medium of administration.
          Sri lanka to eschew Buddhist clause from the constitution
          Sri Lanka to introduce a new unifying flag in line with India
          Sri Lanka to promote a Sri Lankan identity

          On this basis, I am sure all communities will want live and work as they please in any part of the country.

          • 1
            1

            Burning Issue

            You are asking somass to sacrifice his great great grand son’s future. If English is made as the medium o f administration then of course Tamils and Muslims will have level playing field, with hard work and bit of intelligence they could get their share of jobs. This could in turn reduce the number of Sinhala speaking intake. Obviously his great great grand son would become permanently unemployed.

            Do you think competition is acceptable to Sinhala/Buddhists. Competition will kill the entire Sinhala/Buddhist community. Knowing this well somass will fight tooth and nail for the guaranteed privileges that he has been enjoying all his life which he thinks should be extended his future generations.

          • 1
            1

            B.I.
            “Tamils live in the south because of economic reasons. If the N&E were to be developed, I am sure the Tamils will relocate!”

            NOT A SINGLE TAMIL FAMILY WILL EVER RELOCATE VOLUNTARILY. THEY ARE PREPARED TO SUFFER ALL THOSE IGNOMINIES YOU HAVE MENTIONED. THEY WANT A SEPARATE HOMELAND FOR HOLIDAY PICNICS!

            That is why I insist that pre agreement must be reached before a Tamil Homeland is created. They must be educated in advance over this possibility. Colombo Telegraph can take the initiative as the largest forum for Tamil racists.

            I support the concept of separate Tamil Homeland for all Tamil speaking people irrespective of their religion or the date of arrival scattered across the country.

            Soma

            • 1
              1

              soma,

              I feel so sorry for you! There will be no harm will be befallen on the Sinhala Buddhists. You need not be enduring sleepless nights.

              I have shown unambiguously that you are not for equality but for Sinhala Buddhist superiority. You want have the cake and eat it!

              How do you know that the Tamils will not relocate? Why not develop the N&E first?

              • 1
                1

                Burning Issue

                He could have his Sinhala/Buddhist superiority consciousness only within a Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto, not outside, say ten square miles in deep South, under the condition that he would round up all the card carrying as well as closet Sinhala/Buddhist racist and take them with him.

                • 0
                  1

                  NV,

                  I have read somewhere soma says that he/she will fight for equal rights for everyone! I know it is a platitude but we have heard such talks from the Sinhala Buddhist Chauvinists many a time! His plain message to the minorities is to put up and shut up; do what are told!

                  • 1
                    1

                    Burning Issue

                    “His plain message to the minorities is to put up and shut up; do what are told!”

                    I agree.
                    somass think he/she is too clever and pride himself being a con artist, a staunch Sinhala/Buddhist safe guarding the interest of Sinhala/Buddhists. However if you look at records of the these clever dicks over the past 70 years all what you see is dismal failure on all count.

                    • 1
                      0

                      BI, NV,
                      I am not asking the Tamils to put up or shut up. I am asking the Sinhalese to agree for a separate Tamil Homeland for ALL Tamil speaking people scatterred across the island. However should they desire to live together Sinhalese must realise that they are equal citizens in every respect. I am with them on their non political issues.
                      Soma

                    • 0
                      0

                      somass

                      Being a little islander you think you are a great strategists. However we have seen all strategies ended in tears. I guarantee you further strategies devised by clever islanders always bound to fail in disasters at unimaginable scale.

                      My humble request to you, please bear with us for a few years, you will be given your promised land, a Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto for the racist noisy minority.

  • 5
    13

    Razak,
    You’ve written a quick article with full of lies and nonsense with a hidden motive (to fuel the fire), because someone had asked you to do so.

    Let’s correct Razak’s lies;
    -British displaced the Dutch in 1796 not in 1831.
    .
    -Tamil kingdom???? source, Please!!!!!!!!!!! There were never a ‘Tamil’ kingdom in Sri Lanka. Cankili was a Keralite. Invading Pandyans and Cholas stationed temporally in Jaffna.
    .
    -The then Muslim minister messed up the educational standardization policy.
    .
    -SWRD did the right thing with ‘Sinhala only’ policy. Sri Lanka is the country of Sinhala Buddhists.
    .
    -All the Communal riots in 1915, 1958, 1961, 1974, 1977, 1983, Aluthgama, Ampara, Ginthota, Kandy were started by Tamils and Muslims.
    .
    – Tamil Nadu Tamils had tried to have their own country just like Sinhalese do have their own country, the idea failed when Nehru declared secession as an illegal act, so they had tried their luck with Tamil in Sri Lanka. They (Tamil Nadu politicians) didn’t get much support from Sri Lankan upper class Tamil elites so they trained, armed and financed low caste Tamil peasants to invade Sri Lanka. Indira, Rajive, and MGR were behind the mayhem. Prabakaran was a criminal before he became a terrorists, only Prabakaran was capable of giving barbaric leadership. No matter how badly an average Tamil wants their own nation, they would not resort to violence, only Prabakaran could do such a thing.

    • 0
      0

      John

      Dutch ceded full control to British in 1801 and before that Dutch and British dual control was there. In 1815 British took full control Kandyan Kingdom and in 1831 unified the whole country as one state. I think you are wrong here.

      There was no Tamil Kingdom in Jaffna but it was under the control south Indian Pandian and Cholan.

      Muslim Minister did not mess up anything but he brought standardization to open room for Sinhalese and Muslims in the rural areas and also in cities to get into universities. 90% of the beneficiaries are Buddhist Sinhalese.

      I too think SWRD did the right thing and also had the vision to get rid off the grievances of Tamils but his envisionwas put to a stop by racist politicians and thug Monks.

      All the communal riots were well planed actions by racist Sinhalese and their thug monks. There are enough evidences, you know the truth but lying here since you are a racist.

  • 3
    4

    GROW UP PEOPLE. TAMILS AND MUSLIMS KNOW THEY HAVE BASIC RIGHTS. NOW THEY WANT PRIVIL;AGES. Understand the word privilages. Author knows Sri lanka is far and far better than where he is living and where he is doing his research project.

    • 0
      1

      Jim the fool, if Sri Lanka is far and far better mean why the author living there? Why hoards of Sri Lankan especially Tamils and Sinhalese trying to jump into those countries at the first opportunity they get?

  • 4
    4

    Professor, you are really making lots of sense. But the Tamils are not seeking for anything. Their leaders and their Diaspora companions are making it clear that no matter what they want to live under the Sinhalese rules and they are not insisting the merger of North and the East. They believe there may be too many issues under the Tamil autonomy rule. They also want to give Buddhism the foremost place as told by their leader in the parliament. So, no problem for the Tamils and no problem in Sri Lanka. I think we should make the Sri Lanka a Sinhalese Buddhist Sri Lanka with some accommodation to the Muslims and the Tamils.

  • 3
    3

    This is an easy, which tells some truth of Tamils’ history from Portuguese’s time, is written by a person who willingly does not identify him as Tamil. Of cause he would be well aware it is bound to receive a stentorian croaks from Laptop Jurnos and Coolie commentators.
    “The solution of Yahapalanaya Aanduwa” is the most cheating word Tamils received from a Sinhala government, from 1956, the time SJV was starting to negotiate Banda – Chelva pact. In December 2014, TNA released its election statement as going to support the Common Candidate, saying that it had arrived for an agreement to implement certain clauses. But CC camp immediately rejected TNA’s statement as false and there stressed that was no agreement. Further it said that “No Leader, No Commander and No Soldier will be prosecuted” under any circumstances. This week CC further said, some people have been trying to arrest and prosecute War Crime Heroes on some other Charges, as he had not allowed them to be prosecuted for War Crimes. He bragged at an Army Ordination Ceremony, , he had foiled all the new attempts too.
    All seven Sinhala Provinces had a special privilege of having their governors changed, this March. North East, as per the orders from Kandy Ayatollahs, the country’s Supreme Rulers, were forced again with two nasties, Reginald and Bologama . The nastier of the two, Reginald, is now putting on TN Cinema actors’, MGR.-Sivaji, masks and singing Tamil Cinema songs. Reginald and his governments conducted 7 ethnic pogroms. Reginald and his governments imposed Sinhala and Buddhism only. Reginald and his governments murdered 150,000 Tamils in five months. Reginald and his governments are advertising world over, on Tamils Thaalikodi money that Tamils are terrorists. To force Tamils to forget these and relent to him to save the Rapist army, he is quoting from an Old Cinema song :
    nadandhadhaye ninaithirindhal, amaidhi endrumillai

    mudindhakadhai thodarvadhillai, iraivan yetinile

  • 2
    2

    That means God never opened back the chapters he closed. So crying for the dead will never bring back them again, but can bring only peacelessness. That crook is singing this song and telling to Tamils that they have no other path, but to give up on their UNHRC calls. But he is everyday designing new techniques to entrench the Rapist Army more; the explanation of those actions is the Tigers they wipe out is coming back. Why could not Reginald believe himself that the “mudindhakadhai thodarvadhillai, iraivan yetinile” (the death one will not come back) but he insisting Tamils to believe it? Is that because he is a hard core Sinhala Buddhist so doesn’t believe in any Gods? Why he wants to spend 9% of the GDP to modernize the Rapist and deploying it at 3:1 ratio in North? If he wants Tamils to forget what his Rapist Army, the pogrom rowdies, he and his government is doing for 70 years, why couldn’t he forget LTTE which did not kill even 1000 non Tamil Civilian people? If he wants to keep North at 3:1 why is he not matching that in the south where JVP killed about 12,000 civilians in 1989 alone?
    Here Auvaiyar, a Kulothungan’s classic period poet, much more known than Kannathasan is suggesting a different place is needed to live away from Reginalds when they imposing them into Tamils.
    வெண்பா(Verse) : 9
    Transliteration:
    Thiiyaraik kaanpatuvum thiite thiru atra
    thiiyaar sol ketpatuvum thiite -thiiyaar
    kunankal uraippatuvum thiite avarotu
    inanki iruppatuvum thiithu

    Translation:

    It is harmful witnessing a wicked,
    It is harmful being instructed by a wicked,
    It is harmful analysing (talk about) the morale of a wicked and
    It is harmful being in a place where a wicked is around.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moothurai

    • 0
      0

      “That means God never opened back the chapters he closed.” How did god sneak into the lines of the film song?
      Mallung, I agree that “It is harmful being in a place where a wicked is around.”
      Then what are people doing on these pages? There are more than one wicked person around.

  • 0
    1

    True opinions delivered

  • 6
    0

    With much dismay I have come to realize that CT followership has gone to the dogs as they say in sri lanka. It has changed from decent enlightened human beings to narrow minded, bigoted, fascist, cheap, scum.
    I say this on the basis of the comments people are posting, not minding the atrocious way they appear. It takes a highly deranged person to openly suggest much of the things that some people express with impunity.
    I will not be surprised if some of the people posting uncouth comments are doing it for money as a full time Job.
    There is no other explanation as to why people who brand themselves as Buddhists go so far in contridictiong the very foundations and principles of Buddhist teaching, in trying to justify extremist ideas.
    Not just that, many of our so called sinhala buddhists seem to be permanently engaged in posting comments that one begins to wonder if they don’t have anything else in their lives.
    If one really wants to serve the true persuit of Buddhism we have to have Muditha, Karuna, Upeksha, Maithree as the basis of our expression.
    We have to learn to love and not to hate. We have to understand that above our petty differences and divisions we are all humans first and foremost. Hence what is good for me is also good for next person and vise versa. We have to be progressive in our thoughts and actions. We should not dwell in the past and look at the future as the Buddha taught.
    Now i have not mentioned any names, but the culprits will know themselves anyway.

    Lasith

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    We can learn from history, but we cannot change the past. Seventy years of Independence has brought Sri Lanka to the brink of a precipice. Can we turn back ? Appears not unless a miracle can happen. Sri Lanka should be a multi-ethnic, multi-religious, and diverse society with equality. Sri Lanka should be one country for all , with a freedom of choice. Am I dreaming ? or could it be a reality during my life time ? . Time will tell !!

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      What has gone wrong in Sri Lanka? SL has miraculously survived facist LTTE terrorism and still remain as one country. It is few in the world that can boast such a history.

      If Sri Lanka could win Norwegian funded LTTE terrorism, they can surely win the rest of the problems

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    What happened in 1974?

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      Jay

      “What happened in 1974?”

      Please read:
      The Tragedy of January Tenth 1974
      Report of the Commission of Inquiry

      http://sangam.org/wp-content/uploads/
      2014/03/Jaffna-Conference-1974-
      Tragedy-committee-report.pdf

      Jaffna International Tamil Research Conference of 1974
      by Sachi Sri Kantha, October 23, 2014
      http://sangam.org/jaffna-international-
      tamil-research-conference-1974/

      As usual SJ has a different story. He believes North East should accede to China if Tamils, Sinhalese and Muslims to get justice, even better if Pol Pot could be revived from his grave.

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      As usual the Tamil thugs acted in a way SL police to intervene and then caused deaths.

      Pulidevan said, “Just as in Kosovo if enough civilians died in Sri Lanka the world would be forced to step in” (quoted in Harrison 2012: 63).

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    John go and check your head with a good phsychiatic Dr.
    Some thing is wrong in your mind or with your memory.
    You better to consult a psychological or phychiantic Dr before you become psychopath

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    if you tell the truth you are branded as ethnic oriented. not only the author ,there are several right thinking sinhala scholars who are listened only by people who would like to know the truth. one fool is telling muslims and tamils ARE FOREIGNERS. ALL HAVE SL CITIZENSHIP AND CLAIM EQUAL RIGHTS GUARANTEED BY THE SL CONSTITUTION. Now it is too late to brand them as foreigners. many of them know only SL. never seen a foreign land.if this racialist mentality continues, SL will be transformed into another backward african country and already there are signs of tribal mentality. i can only understand that a few racial minded people cannot do anything. anyway it is very saddening to note the very ethnocentric ideas unsuitable for this age and buddhism.
    -dayal

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    Demalu had no problem when English was the official language, Christianity was the official religion, ‘God Saved the Queen’ was the national anthem, Union Jack was hoisted, English letters were in car number plates. But when Sinhala language of the majority became the official language, when ‘Namo Namo Matha’ became the national anthem, when Sri Lankan Flag was hoisted, when letter ‘Sri’ was used in car number plates Wellala politicians and elites had a problem.
    Although British gave independence to Ceylon in 1948, Sinhalayo did not gain independence from Demalu who were controlling the Administration. At the time of independence all the top Administrative jobs were held by Demalu; in Medical College, Engineering Faculty and Science Faculty more than 60% were Demalu and all of them were from Yapanaya. Only in Arts Faculty Sinhalayo were the majority. Demalu wanted to maintain that and changes introduced to give a fair deal to majority Sinhalayo were branded as discriminatory actions against Demalu.

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      Eagle Eye,

      “Demalu had no problem when English was the official language”

      Neither did the Sinhala under the British! You are not just ignorant but an imbecile too! The 1948 Constitution was embraced by all the communities. Since You the Sinhala Buddhists bastardised it using your superior numbers along with fabricating the history. Now you tell us that we “had no problems when English was the official language”!

      You need to grow up mentally first. I know you are insecure and weak mentally. I can only advise you to educate yourself with proper authentic materials!

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    Kanada is not Dravidian Party Province. Still worth it is worth to call a Southern province. In the Kanada election BJP won. Rowdies entered in to a Church to celebrate the victory as the Appe Aanduwa’s style.

    Here the Kanada Police in action. Compare it with Kandy Police action, in March riots.. Even if BJP rules, India still a secular country!
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=218&v=TUi11wVSmF4

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      MAllai Urin: YOu are complete idiot. what else you want India to do, Say We Jains, Hindus, Sikhs, Sufis, what religions you want them to go. christians and muslims are Dalits.

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    Native Vedda: You asked: “To begin with who are these Singhala/Buddhists. When did they originate”. The answer: That term Singhala/Buddhist” was originated by a “MINORITY”. In like manner all these “SEPARATIONS” are the CREATIONS of “MINORITIES”. Now please, DO NOT misunderstand that word “Minority” and start another battle. Incidentally, 14th May was “Mothers Day”. My wife received two bunches of flowers from our son and daughter that contained flowers of different colors and shapes. Everyone who saw those flower “Bunches” had all praise and admiration for the BEAUTY . I too admired and had all praise. For what? Nothing but for the BEAUTY of the arrangement made with “Different Flowers and of Different Colors”. Why CANNOT, we Human Beings have that ARRANGEMENT and BUNDLE up? Who puts APART and DON’T allow us to be BEAUTIFUL? Please think of it for a while.

    • 3
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      Douglas

      Put it another way, I have always believed in Unity in Diversity and the state ought to be run by a “Rainbow Coalition”. It appears the Noisy Minority have had good time since independence and left the country in ruin.

      You should be responding to wannihami, Johnny Baby, somass, Helass, Jimmy, Taraki, edwin rodrigo, Eagle Blind Eye, Percy the Pathetic, sach, Shenal, Shenali Waduge, HLD M, Dayan, Wimal Sangili Karruppan, ………………….. if your conscience keep bothering you.
      Have a nice day.

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    My comment continued…… Please see the “Bouquet” that was placed on the podium, from where Mr. Gotabhaya Rajapakse (presenting himself as the next Presidential candidate) addressed the seminar of “Viyath Maga” held at Sangri La hotel. That contained ONLY “POHOTTUWA” (Flower Buds) of lotus. Compare that with what my son and daughter presented to their mother (my wife) on Mothers Day – Two bouquets that contained “Different Flowers” of “Different Colors”. Of the two (one on the podium) and the bouquets presented to my wife; what would look more BEAUTIFUL and MEANINGFUL?

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    Credit to Imtiyaz Razak for the article. Here are some observations.
    Imtiyaz treats “Tamil National Question” & “Tamil Insurgency In Sri Lanka” as one issue. Gota in 2008, with impunity ‘white-vanned’ Tamils living in the south claiming “Every Tamil is a terrorist”.
    Unless Imtiyaz is Gota-dim, he must pause and consider whether the two are separate.
    Imtiyaz presents a reasonably fair version of the evolution of the infamous Lankan issue. But his prejudice shows. He refers to ~ “…………Communal riots in 1958, 1961, 1974, 1977 and 1983 in which Tamils were killed, maimed, robbed and rendered homeless were carefully designed by the Sinhala elites…….”.
    These were NOT riots but pogroms Imtiyaz. Tamil militancy came about after 1983 and this was inevitable.
    Rest is history but what do we end up with? Corruption from top to bottom.
    Imitiyaz has avoided the pogroms against Muslims from 2014 onwards.
    .
    The former Mayor of New York, (‘Reformist’ candidate at the last US Presidential election), Michael Bloomberg in his commencement speech at Rice University on Saturday 12 May, told Rice graduates they have a special obligation to carry their own honor code forward into their communities — and into the voting booths. He said ~ “……..The greatest threat to American democracy isn’t communism, jihadism, or any other external force or foreign power. It’s our own willingness to tolerate dishonesty in service of party, and in pursuit of power………….”.
    Corruption is the new version of terrorism. It is being respectified in Lanka. Watch out when the poor refuse to get poorer!

  • 2
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    What is tamil nationalism in Sri Lanka? There is no such a thing existing in Sri Lanka as all thee are day dreams of Tamil politicians who very clearly deceived Tamil Masses since 1933 by starting Racists party. If there are problems in Sri Lanka, all those are Economic for all people living in this country and if we all can together find solutions to those day to day problems, then the Tamil politicians have nothing to talk and their presence become irrelevant.

    In this situation, the Tamil masses must get the wisdom to come together with other races living in this country specifically the majority as Sri Lankans.

    As long as the tamil Masses deceived by the non-existing slogans and unrealistic solutions and behave as a separate entity with all nonsense of Homeland, elam, federalism, no Buddhist temples in north, trying to commemorate Terrorists will make Tamil masses distance from the Majority of this land and no solutions even to the fundamental day to day problems.

    After thirty years of violence led by LTTE for a separate Tamil Elam, what you all have achieved? nothing as only devastation, destruction. Think about it and change the attitude and the mindset to be think and live as Sri Lankans rather than looking fo Tamilnadu or India or some other countries.

    • 1
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      Nimal Tissa Wijethunga

      What are you trying to say to this forum?
      What was the significance of 1933?
      The only importance of the date is the Public Racist Aryan Anagarika Homeless Dharmapala died in 1933.

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        Dumb Native Veddha: !933 had the first Tamil beating because MAlaysian Tamil, G.G. Ponnambalam had let down Sinhala people saying Sinhala people are dumb, not intelligent, but the Tamils are not so, there fore they are superior. At that time, Tamils had been favoured so highly by the British and they were holding most of the govt positions probablu as clerks while Sinhala people were just uneducated rural folks

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        He called himself an Aryan but like many so called Aryan Sinhalese belonged to a caste/community , that was descended from recently migrated low caste South Indian Tamil immigrants, who were imported into the island by the Portuguese and Dutch to work as menial/slave labour. He either belonged to the Salagama or Durawe community. He was a Catholic by birth and later converted to Buddhism. Just like 99% of the present day Sinhalese ,there was nothing Aryan with regards to this fake homeless one

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    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

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    Native Vedda: “………if your conscience keep bothering”. My conscience does not bother me at all, because I am always conscious of what I see, hear,perceive and accordingly say and do. The rest that do not keep within my conscience, enter from one ear and exit from the other. But occasionally will tend to keep track to try out some “experiments”. That “experiment” I did in the two “Flower Bouquets” mentioned in my two comments. Both those flower arrangements have been done by a “Minority” (meaning few hands) ; but see the “difference” in “BEAUTY”( the ones that were presented to my wife and the “Bouquet” that was on the podium at Sangri La). The lesson is: even a “Minority” can do wonders in beauty, as well as another “Minority” could destroy that beauty using the same class of “Flowers” . I mind working with that “Minority” who can make things BEAUTIFUL.

    • 1
      1

      Douglas

      Thanks
      “That “experiment” I did in the two “Flower Bouquets” mentioned in my two comments. “

      I would only indulge in Experiment with Truth. However I am also partial to beauty of flowers, sea, art, poetry, nature, play, children, ……………………. millions of other things. As you see beauty and creativity of those who arranged flowers I see constant destruction of this island by a noisy minority.

      If you really want to experiment also with truth you should start challenging the destructive noisy fascistic minority. You can see them in the street, at hustings, in Parliament, disservice of the armed forces, will not of the functionaries, ………………….. ……………………………….

  • 1
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    For the very first time the ethnic problem has been given in a ‘nutshell’ for which the writer should be commended upon. It is written in a concise & precise manner in simple language in a readable way. I wish to comment on the following statement.
    “Sri Lanka’s Sinhala political class had succeeded in portraying the Tamil struggle as mere terrorist campaign and advantageously employed the global war on terrorism for its own counter insurgency activities and war against the LTTE.”
    The statement is very true. But it is also an undeniable fact that the main Tamil political party namely TNA & the organisers amongst the Tamil diaspora who claimed to have spearheaded the political campaign should also come under closer scrutiny for the dismal failure in highlighting the real human rights situation for the Tamils in SriLanka. Unfortunately, similar situation is still continuing with TNA MP Sumanthiran at its helm It appears that no amount of truth told from any corner will bring salvation for my community.

  • 1
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    You say, “In other words, tensions among groups can be significantly reduced in Sri Lanka if the Sinhala political class genuinely seeks political compromise with the Tamil polity and other minorities through a feasible political solution that would go beyond the current British imposed unitary structure.”

    I don’t understand your logic. You are seeking a political solution for something. For something. For what? Please specify. Do you lack anything, any facilities, any opportunities for education, employment, engaging in businesses or right to do politics or right to practice your religion by being a Tamil or a Muslim? If so, what you lack? There had been 26 Tamil political parties in Sri Lanka. (How many are actually in operation should be ascertained.) There are 6 Muslim political parties in Sri Lanka. There are political parties for Estate Tamils too. Together they represent only 23% of the population.
    Minorities are actually overly represented in Sri Lankan politics. You have been given much more than you should have according to the ethnic ratio. There is no logic in seeking more authority or power even breaking the unitary structure of the country. Be content with what you have.

    • 1
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      Champa the practitioner of ……

      ” I don’t understand your logic. “

      Logic has never been your forte.
      Therefore forget the logic part of it and move on.

      I envy your infinite capacity for stupidity.
      Carry on with what you have and one day you will discover, the wheel, fire, and the knowledge that fire hurts your brain when you sit on it, earth is not flat in the physical sense, 1 + 1 = 2, sometimes = 3 in the context of synergy, …………….. Buddha was not born in Sri Lanka to a Sinhala/Buddhist parents and never spoke Sinhala, …………. and zero was not discovered by Champika’s ancestors, ……………. no wonder Wimal thought Indian National Anthem was sung in Hindi who was crowned with 313,801 votes in 2015.

      • 1
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        Keyboard Vedda
        I have quoted the logic-less part. Yet you have failed to answer it with logic.
        Throw the keyboard and take the bow and arrow again.
        If you have forgotten, Jesus and Allah were also not born in Sri Lanka or spoke Sinhala. I still don’t understand you logic, machan Keyboard.

  • 2
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    People who don’t learn from the true history of Sri Lanka from the time of Dudda Gemunu and Elarlan many centuries ago are bound to repeat the history and misery.

    The ruling Sinhalese elite since independence have not learnt from the long history, but have been further aggravating the ethnic/religious divisions.

    There is no evidence of learning from the present rulers either. So the stalemate will forment to the next crisis.

  • 1
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    Native Veddha,

    What are you trying to say to this forum by asking irrelevant questions and comments? The reality is howsoever loudly you talked or commented, there will not be any homeland or elam or federal area with special powers because those are non existing and never existed and nobody asked except the politicians for their very survival. Even LTTE is also developed to such an extent because of the mishandling by respective governments until Hon. Mahida Rajapakse took over in 2005 effectively annihilated them within 04 years. Today, Sinhalese, Tamils and other races living in this country having peace and at least walk on the roads without any fear of Suicide bombing.

    For the comment of Thiru, I must say that if you cannot learn after annihilation of LTTE, any issue other than Economic was answered on the banks of Nanthikadal. Are you pulling Tamil masses once again in the same path of violence and destruction? if that is the case you have not learnt the biggest lesson to be learnt from the past and history.

    Therefore, rather than wasting your time for unrealistic comments and questions, try to make people understand the truth and the reality.

    • 1
      1

      Nimal Tissa Wijethunga,

      You may be proud of massacring over 50, 000 innocent Tamils in 2009. You were proud of massacring Tamils in 1958, 1962, 1977 & 1983. You may have forgotten 1971 & 1989/90 bloodbath in the South after massacring your own blood Sinhalese by Sinhalese military. Do you know who brought that victory. Mahinda illegally went to UN against the Sinhalese military. Gotapaya ran away and still not willing to give up his US citizenship. You are thinking it is Mahinda who brought the end of war. It happened during that regime but even if you asked Mahinda he will tell the truth. He himself accepted that he just did it for some one else. You assume that there is a peace in this country after 2009. Do you know why the those people who are living peacefully under Mahinda get rid of him if he really committed for the peace? This island will never in peace unless it breaks into pieces.

    • 1
      1

      Nimal Tissass Wijethunga

      “What are you trying to say to this forum by asking irrelevant questions and comments? “

      I suppose underdeveloped brain/mind cannot grasp the essence of what is said in the comment. Just ignore.

      Where on earth did Tissass find I was after homeland or Eelam?
      Tissass should know Federal State is good for every person including bigoted people like you.

      “Mahida Rajapakse took over in 2005 effectively annihilated them within 04 years.”

      If you believe that you will believe anything.
      Mahinda is selling his Taj Mahal for pittance, would you like to buy?

      “Today, Sinhalese, Tamils and other races living in this country having peace and at least walk on the roads without any fear of Suicide bombing.”

      Have you forgotten intermittent riots, rapes, robbery, …………………? Ask Mahinda to return all that they robbed from the state and Vanni.

      Eelam is a matter best left for the Hindians to decide.
      Those little islanders have little say in regional issues, particularly about non existent sovereignty (whatever it is). If you cannot sleep well worrying about the big issues please ask your mum or Aya to sing you lullaby.

      “Therefore, rather than wasting your time for unrealistic comments and questions, try to make people understand the truth and the reality.”

      When did you attain Parinirvana for you to have understood the truth and the reality?
      Gosh, even the awakened one didn’t attain Parinirvana until about 80 years old. Congratulations.

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