31 March, 2023


The Curse: Fox Guarding The Hen House

By W. Vishnu Gupta

W. Vishnu Gupta

The reason for the “Failed and Bankrupt State” of Sri Lanka must be attributed to the actions of (225+1) charlatans and their predecessors of the parliament, specifically for legislative actions taken to dismantle the state and for robbing the state. Collectively they weakened and debilitated the state while empowering and enriching themselves. Also, part-1 of this article, argued that sinister political plans were initiated under four major schools of chauvinistic political thought: SWRDB, JRJ, NM (Trotskyists) and SJV (Federalist). SWRDB and JRJ have mastered the “Divide and Rule” policy and they were like Siamese twins in Sri Lankan corrupt and vile political culture. Though other two camps were less corruptive, they had different personal political agendas as much as remote from the interests of the citizens and were equally poisonous to the newly independent country of 1948. All the parliamentarian since 1955 have mastered the mandatory subject of political trickeries from the above four schools of thought and their actions are morally reprehensible. Sri Lanka is a state that begs for food, medicine, energy products and money to sustain the economy and feed nearly 90 percent of the population, yet none of them have the courage to admit that Sri Lanka is a Failed and Bankrupt state. The exchange rate for one US$ was around Rs.8 without FEECS until 1977, then under the JRJ government it was floated around Rs.15. At the same time Singapore dollar was floated around SGD 3 per one US$.

Year Sri Lankan Rupees per One US$ Singapore Dollars per One US$
1975 12.62 (including FEEC) 3
2022 February 200 1.34
2022 March 300 1.35

The numbers do not lie, the above simple comparison shows how and what our political leaders and their hand-picked cronies have done to us. They have bungled our fiscal and economic affairs of the state, mismanagement, theft, and corruption are the only reasons for this incomprehensible devaluation and depreciation of our currency. What a tragedy, our young readers must know that a packet of rice and curry with a big piece of fish was sold at Rs.1, yes for One Rupee in 1975 at “LION HOUSE” Restaurant, Galle Road, Bambalapitiya, Colombo-4 and in other reputable restaurants in Colombo. Yet, none of the politicians are willing to accept the responsibility for the misery, hunger, unbearable cost of living, and hopelessness inflicted on our people. The corruption and the disempowerment of the state are the drivers of poverty and the failure of the state. The recent sarcastic comment made by RW confirms that the charlatans in the parliament has taken people for a mega ride since 1955, he said the root cause may be the arrival of Prince Vijaya and he has nothing to do with the collapse of our economy.


One of the best definitions of “corruption” is given by Professor J. S.Nye: “Behavior which deviates from the formal duties of a public role because of private regarding (personal, close family, private clique) pecuniary or status gains, or violates rules against the exercise of certain types of private-regarding influence. This includes such behaviour as bribery (use of reward to pervert the judgement of a person in a position of trust); nepotism (bestowal of patronage by reason of ascriptive relationship rather than merit); and misappropriation (illegal appropriation of public resources for private-regarding uses)”

All judiciary officers high and low, including the attorney general and the members of the bar association of Sri Lanka must recite and understand the meaning of every word stated in the above definition. Some of the rulings made by some judges and the attorney generals seem to contravene the above definition. It is appropriate and timely, that responsible persons of the state pay attention to the allegations levelled against Sri Lanka. For instance, as previously stated, the annual report of the High Commissioner and the Secretary General at Forty-ninth session of the Human Rights Council confirms that “In the last two years, the independence of the judiciary, the Human Rights Commission and other key institutions have been eroded, and democratic space, including for human rights advocacy constricted.” All politicians, particularly (225+1) elected in 2015 and 2019 made Cardinal Malcom Ranjith to appear before the UNHRC and to seek justice for 2019 Easter carnage. It clearly signals that Sri Lanka is a FAILED STATE and where there is no credible judicial mechanism, but charlatans in the parliament, some due to ignorance and the rest due to arrogance refuse to accept their responsibility for forcing Cardinal Malcom Ranjith to present his grievances to the UNHRC in Geneva.

Drivers of Disempowerment of the State

Those who believe in globalization, supports the theory that promotes inflow of foreign capital, advanced technology, market economy and the resultant economic growth and this process is expected to take care of issues of social justice and equity automatically. Central to this new economic dispensation is a shift in the role of the state, particularly in its commitment towards the masses of the people from where it derives its strength and legitimacy according to democratic traditions.

Obviously, the role of the State is People centric. However, the ideology of globalization does not work in a corrupt political environment that has been established under “rule of man” or empowerment of political party leaderships. Despite the opposition from dying breed of Trotskyites and other dwindling red shirts, it must be emphasized that nothing wrong with the ideology of globalization in a country with limited resources. The root cause for failure of globalization in Sri Lanka is the corruption, JRJ, and his acolyte RDeM were crooked when they introduced principles of market economy, they were more interested in advancing political security for themselves, their political party and promoted the culture of earning commissions from the development projects introduced under the merits of Globalization on top of the small-scale briberies reported prior to 1977. Apparently, it is alleged that the politicians of subsequent governments of Premadasa, Chandrika and Rajapaksas have refined the art of making illegal commissions and briberies and have become filthy rich, some of their parliamentary colleagues, of course under immunity sanctioned by themselves have blabber mouthed their former friends of stashing away millions and billions of dollars in offshore accounts. It is strange that why the critics of the present government were somewhat quiet, when baby Namal promoted the idea of establishing diplomatic relationship with a billionaire tax heaven: Liechtenstein a principality of 39,000 people recently. Likewise, the controversy over Panama Papers has been conveniently forgotten. It is questionable how politicians of Sri Lanka have become filthy rich, if proper and credible investigations are done, under Professor Nye’s definition of corruption, all (225+1) without any exception, have committed crimes against the state of Sri Lanka.

Fox Guarding the Henhouse

Bloomberg reported on March 17, 2022, under the caption “How Four Powerful Brothers Broke an Island Nation”, that the Rajapaksas have ruined our nation and the family (Rajapaksa) represents “Dynastic politics at its purest”. Rajapaksa family members are accused of controlling 75% of the state budget. The powers of the state have been hijacked by the politicians and it appears the Sri Lankan voters have been duped by them in every election since 1955. First, they took the keys to the state ministries by subduing the state officials under the leadership of Sirima. Subsequently all the governments raped and pillaged the state institutions, no exception even JVP participated in this vile act in the governments of Chandrika and RW/MS. AKD was the agriculture minister in Chandika’s government and he vehemently rejects electoral reforms that include “First Past the Post system” that prevents illiterates, criminals, thieves, and drug peddlers entering the legislature. JVP has always colluded with the political forces including RW and all the chauvinist leaders opposing electoral reforms, hence JVP is a party that has always supported the election of unsavoury and shady characters to the legislature and precipitated the present economic crisis.

Furthermore, the state owned, and well known private media houses have colluded with the chauvinist political propaganda to misguide the voters and suppress the mobilization of people against inequality, persistent unemployment and deteriorating economic, worsening fiscal environments for a long time. In contrast, similar corrupt political leaderships in other countries were not tolerated. For instance, average citizens were mobilized very successfully to get rid of corrupt leaderships in Arab Spring and through the Anti-austerity protests in Europe. The crafty political leaders such as SP, AKD, MS, PR, RS, Wimal, Udaya, Wigi, Sumanthiran, Sampanthan, Hakeem, Douglas, Ratana and Rishad have not paid much attention to the ordinary citizens lining-up for food , gas, petrol, diesel and other essential commodities because they all have taken part in the conspiracy to weakened the state and enjoy the benefits of corruption. They truly worry about a general mobilization of masses against the prevailing political system in Sri Lanka. Consequently, the demands for reforms to tackle corruption, in both politics and business have no traction in Sri Lanka. Even the International Court of Justice confirmed the disempowerment of the state by releasing a statement on October 27, 2020, saying “The ICJ today condemned the adoption of amendments to the Sri Lankan Constitution, which serve to expand the powers of the president, while encroaching on the powers of the parliament and courts.” The policies pursued by the governments since 1955, that neglect or deepen inequality have exacerbated the combination of less sustainable economic growth, weakened social cohesion, and citizen feeling disenfranchised from democratic process has resulted in creating a FAILED and BANKRUPT STATE.

The State should become a vehicle for transmitting the global market discipline to the domestic economy and not come under the corrupt political leadership. At the heart of this ideology is the idea that the prime responsibility of the State is to ensure ‘sound finance’ and attractive business climate without neglecting the nation’s priority towards agriculture, public distribution system, environment, education development and social security etc… Appointment of political cronies and assigning family members to control the economy of the country go against the above fundamental theory and good governance but it certainly supports the idiom “Fox guarding the Henhouse”. For example, the covenants and laws enacted in the Prevention of Money Laundering Act and Financial Transaction Reporting Act are unachievable and have no effect under a controversial present political crony heading the Central Bank and a Minister accused of corruption and branded as Mr. Ten Percent. If the people were able to elect a governing party sworn to empower the state, they (people) would have avoided getting a “mongoose” and a “fox” to manage their henhouse.

Fishing in Muddy Water

AKD and his band of JVP seem to think that this is the time to chase Rajapaksas and grab power because people are dazed, hungry and confused due to the current economic difficulties. AKD and his comrades are not some aliens that just arrived in Sri Lanka to rescue us, they have been part and parcel of the corrupt political culture of the country. Those who know JVPers and the suffering inflicted on many innocent people in 1970s and late 1980s will bear witness to the atrocities committed by AKD’s masters. It is no secret that JVPers of today rejoice the death of senior citizens of the country because they pause the main stumbling block that exposes their dubious campaign to grab power. The JVP campaign is akin to methods used by Pol Pot of Cambodia to gain power in 1975 and we know too well what happened to the innocent Cambodians for trusting the despot, nearly 1.9 million Cambodians were annihilated under the Khmer Rouge policies. SJB’s protest rally lead by Sajith too did not carry any traction and failed to mobilize the citizens throughout the country either. The UNP rally “sathyagraha” at Hyde Park on March 25th, 2022, and the TNA discussions with GR on how to get Tamil Diaspora’s support to prop-up SLPP are sinister efforts engineered by the charlatans in the legislature, they are nothing but fishing in muddy water. Likewise, the proposed 21st amendment to the constitution by Wijeyadasa Rajapakshe is a clever proposal to RECYCLE the same dirtbags occupying our legislature.

Almost three and half years ago, one of the articles published in Colombo Telegraph under the caption – Give Back Our Sovereignty & Free Us from Oligarchs said the following.

Implementation of a comprehensive solution proposed by The Venerable Sobitha Thero would have saved our country and the people from misery. The country does not need a brand-new constitution; no country on earth possesses a perfect constitution. People should not be the victim of a ploy proposed by RW. Citizens (not Sinhalese, not Tamils and not Muslims) did not demand at any time a new constitution; they are right now paying dearly for the fraud committed through the 19th amendment developed haphazardly by a selected few RW friends. Electoral/Election reforms plus removal of executive presidency must be developed simultaneously and those amendments must be implemented simultaneously and not sequentially

1. The most suitable method for parliamentary elections in Sri Lanka should be a mixed method system. It is a combination of the FIRST PAST THE POST (or single member plurality) voting system and the PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION system. Very simple to understand.

2. The size of the present parliament should be affordable and be maintained at 225 and limited to two types of members i.e., 160 MPs for First-Past the Post representation for each electorate. There are already demarcated 160 Polling divisions in the country; PR representation at district level should be limited to 65.

3. 65 PR MP seats at the district level should be based on a formula agreeable to the people.

4. There should not be any National list MPs, These National List MPs have become part of the obstacle to get rid of the Oligarchies.

5. Election expenditure control laws must be enacted as an integral part of electoral reforms.

The above proposed system will pave the way to stop semi-literate and alleged criminals getting into the parliament and making havoc in the nation. It is believed, this is the only way to wrest sovereignty away from the oligarchy and kleptocracy and give it back to the people. 

A country with a literacy rate of 92%, (the highest in South Asia) should not have any difficulty in electing highly literate, qualified, honest, and law-abiding group of sons and daughters as the members of the parliament to decide the destiny and play a pivotal role in developing a robust economy, sustaining cultural/social/religious practices, security, and harmonious existence.”

The illiterates and political scoundrels have already ruined our nation and the people are confused. The voters were promised by RW and MS to enact the appropriate electoral reforms and to get rid of the present fraudulent technique of electing members to our parliament in the elections of 2014/2015. No wonder majority of (225 +1) that includes all chauvinists in the legislature loath election-promises made to the Late Most Venerable Maduluwawe Sobitha Thera. The curse will follow until we win back our sovereignty and depose those self-centered vile politicians responsible for making our people and the unborn children destitute and beggars of the world.

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Latest comments

  • 8

    Gupta’s lofty ideas are not going to work in Sri Lanka so long as Mahavamsa racist madness is the guiding principle of all the Sinhalese rulers starting in 1948.

    Anti-Tamil, anti-minority slogan is the opium used by Sinhalese politicians to win the votes of the Sinhalese majority. This crocked strategy is not going to change until the Sri Lankan state faces a catastrophe.

    Writers can keep advising whatever their limited minds can conceive.

    • 4

      Communal politics commenced with the Rule of DS.Senanayake, who showed the way , how Tamils should be treated. Disenfranchisement and colonization. Disenfranchisement of the hill country Labour and colonization of the Tamil areas with the Sinhalese to change the texture of the population. From the word ‘GO’ by DS, all the Sinhalese leaders continued their onslaught on the Tamils in various ways in a competitive manner. Today they have reached the destination of the competition and find it difficult to go further. What next?

      • 3

        “What a tragedy, our young readers must know that a packet of rice and curry with a big piece of fish was sold at Rs.1, yes for One Rupee in 1975 at “LION HOUSE””
        It’s all relative, Mr.VG. One rupee was 20% of an average daily wage in 1975. Today, a lunch packet even at Rs 300 is about 12% of an average wage.

        • 1

          Well said.
          Used to enjoy that Lion House lunch when the occasion arose to pass Lion House, Bamba around lunchtime. Specially on most days on my way to Ratmalana.
          That was a very good lunch indeed.
          Lion house Tea was also outstanding character. 5 cents for plain tea and 10 cents for Milk tea.
          Those were the days, i remember for nearly 20 years had realistic, stable prices without diminishing quality, until 1977/78.

        • 1

          Hi Old Codger,

          Obviously, it is relative. Please do not try to mislead with your imaginary ideas. Let me put you in proper perspective, Average salary per month for a laborer was around Rs.12.50 or US$1 in 1975. Hence one rupee was about 8% not 20% as you have quoted. It is not much but the people didn’t starve like now. It was “Lion House” in Colomb-4 but for 40 or 50 cts you could have had a good Dosa diet at Saras in Bambalapitiya, a few blocks away from “Lion House”.

          • 1

            “Average salary per month for a laborer was around Rs.12.50 or US$1 in 1975.”
            Certainly not. I was a working adult in 1975, making 10 rupees a day. I know for a fact that labourers were paid around 5 rupees a DAY.
            What I am trying to prove is that people can afford better things now than in 1975. REAL prices have decreased. For example, a basic radio cost more than a month’s salary in 1975. I am sure you know how many radios a month’s salary will get you today. I am not trying to credit this stupid government. It has happened over time under all governments.

            • 0

              Old Codger
              I stand corrected. It should have said AVERAGE salary PER DAY for a laborer is one US dollar or Rs. 12.75 (when converted with FEEC) otherwise, without FEEC Rs.8 to be precise. We should not try to tell the world that we enjoy prosperity compared to 1975, because we have radios, TVs, and concrete buildings and more luxury cars. Those are reflections of absolute poverty hidden in a Mirage; MEGA Corruption. They were financed through borrowed money that amounts to more than US $70 billion since 1977. What you see in Sri Lanka is illusory, Our children and unborn children will have to pay the price. Enjoy your radio

            • 0

              Some low prices have to do with mass production technology.
              Certain products that were dirt cheap have prices inflated by expensive packing and marketing.
              Fags have kept pace with wages if not bettered– that is taxes.
              Overall I agree we we consume more in quantity and variety, often wastefully.

              • 0

                Is arrack in real terms cheaper than in 1975?

  • 0

    2020 February 200 1.34
    2020 March 300 1.35
    So it happened two years ago!

    • 0

      n the table above by the author, there is an error.
      ” 2020 February 200 1.34
      2020 March 300 1.35″
      The last item should read :
      2022 March 300 1.35

    • 2

      It seems a typing error by VG and should read as 2022 March 300 1.35

      • 0

        I now mostly amuse myself with VG.

  • 3


    It says that our currency has depreciated from Rs.12.62 per US Dollar in 1975 to Rs.300 per US Dollar in March 2022. – taking us from poverty to misery and Bankruptcy.
    In the meantime Singapore Currency appreciated from SGD 3 per US Dollar in 1975 to SGD 1.35 per US Dollar in March 2022 – taking Singapore from poverty to Splendor and Prosperity.

    • 2

      Good morning.
      What that denotes is that our intellectual bank of ‘Viyathmaga’ has failed in their prophecy that the elected CEO would be a ‘Lee Kwan Yew’
      What is seen here is that prophecy is working, unfortunately in the reverse direction!!!! Not synchronously with the Singapore $ as expected
      Is this because of the addition of the 7 Brained deep thinker of the DEEP state between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, who has an affinity for US$???
      Caba-Rala’s accounting system replacing the economic theories of eminent economists of repute both from SL and overseas do not seem to have much effect at correction
      Whatever the reason, it does not bode well for Sri Lanka and Sri Lankans!!

    • 0

      see above.

  • 2


    Thank you for correcting , It is a typo error of VG. The year should be 2022 not 2020.

  • 2

    “A country with a literacy rate of 92%, (the highest in South Asia) should not have any difficulty in electing highly literate, qualified, honest, and law-abiding group of sons and daughters as the members of the parliament to decide the destiny and play a pivotal role in developing a robust economy, sustaining cultural/social/religious practices, security, and harmonious existence.”
    So, why do you think this happens year after every year electing ‘Charlatans’!
    My take is the education system should be revamped, well and truly, because it seems not to impart knowledge and wisdom, instead sending the students through an, “Ill-found process or mechanism” of education!!
    Not sifting out those who gained knowledge and those swimming through without any “gain”!!!
    Our educational assessment process is not up to standard required and needs revamping.
    Stop promotions lower class to the next if students are incompetent and bloats the literacy rate and not helpful otherwise.
    SL has zero dropout school grades, which can only achieved by Super humans.
    Whom are we deceiving????
    Number “attempting” 5th/7th standard test are promoted and none failed.
    How could they be competent to attempt GCE OL and AL exams, without pre-testing for required knowledge base???

    • 2


      Agree with you totally. The education system is not fit for purpose. We have 92% literacy limited to read & write only, ‘critical thinking’ (taught even in primary schools in UK) is not included.

      My parents sent me to a private school, even though they could barely afford it, because there were no good govt, schools in the area we lived but looking back at the rubbish we (my fellow classmates) were taught by non qualified teachers, I did not receive the education my parents paid for. I had the good fortune of getting a higher education in UK but despite the hard life, from washing cars & even dishes to serving drinks in a hotel bar, to finance my education, the time at technical college, & later at University, was probably the best time in my life.

      When I see the level of SL universities, I feel sorry for the poor students. It is our university system that turns out unemployable graduates, most who end up as lethargic, self serving civil servants & professionals with no professional pride or integrity.

  • 1

    (Part !!)
    So we have a high competency/literacy rate %age but the fact of the matter is it misrepresents or misnomer!!!! Not Real.
    Our education system, produced only those who could explain what ‘Kaputas’, from ‘Rubbish dumps do to Aircrafts taking off from airports’ after a ‘CHANCE’, conversation with Rolls Royce engineers who were ‘dining’ at the Oberoi Hotel (Cinnamon Grand), same time.
    “Divine intervention” indeed to educate the rulers and save lives of Sri Lankans!!!!!
    How could one depend on “Divine intervention”, all the time to ensure electing good not bad???
    Not otherwise or without that enlightening opportunity to say even “Kakka hitting airbus and killing RR engines and passengers”
    How could thus educated, even discern the good and the bad at the time voting????!!!!!!
    Inflated egoistic measures as presently done, (promote every student whether attained the grade or not) will not produce desired results unless ‘rejigged’ to overcome these shortcomings!!!!!!!
    Long term project may be 3 or even 4 generations hence.
    Hope so it would materialise as the emancipated are going to ponder and discuss development since the time of Prince Vijaya’s advent to Sri Lanka.
    Good tidings appear to be ‘in the air’.
    God help them.

  • 1

    Why did we wait so long … .Now there is no way for recovery.

  • 3

    Great write up by Mr Vishnu Gupta
    I have heard jokes that ‘the meek will rule’ but in SL, the joke is ‘yobs will rule’. Unfortunately, in SL, it is real, not a joke. Whether it was a weeping widow or her Sorbonne educated daughter, or the librarian or his army deserter brother, corruption has been exponential with the years & the apparent highest literate population in SE Asia, who believe in divine intervention & myths, have voted for the same yobs (or the party they represent) & happily pay for their upkeep (in a bloated Parliament), with privileges & perks unheard of even in developed countries.

  • 2

    Dear Mahila and Raj-UK

    Your assessment of the education system is correct. It is a useless system that fulfills the political objectives of the chauvinist (bigotry, sectarian, ethnocentric, racist) political leaders of the country. Every Sinhala, Tamil, Muslim politicians in the parliament are in it. The existing education system and all those in “viyathmaga” and the other educated lot is an extension of the chauvinist political agenda. It has polarized and compartmentalized the masses and has facilitated the political dirt bags (Bandaranaikes, JRJ, Ranil, Premadasa, Sirisena, Rajapaksas) to hold on to power and make their families filthy rich. Disempowerment of the state was the first step that political leaders achieved under various pretexts to destroy our education system, legal system, agriculture system, fiscal and economic system. It was achieved through the sinister plans conceived by SWRDB and JRJ. These plans were executed by Felix Dias Bandaranaike, Bududin Mohammed, JRJ, Ronie De Mel and few other vile cabinet ministers including NM, PK and Colvin at the early stages. Subsequently, these plans were further refined by Chandrika, Ranil, Premadasa and Rajapaksa brothers. GR did the worst to disempower the state by appointing Military officers to permanent secretary positions and to other key positions of the state institutions. As a result, Corruption is deep rooted now, majority of state employees including judges, doctors, secretaries, teachers, and engineers are corrupt and they have collectively contributed to the failed and bankrupt state. Remember corruption breeds corruption hence it has reached lives of everyone in Sri Lanka.

    Vishnu Gupta

    • 0

      Thanks for extra explanation.
      It is very sad state of affairs, and none has ever thought that compromising education system has had on the population and ability comprehend the complexity of the current affairs of state and effects on community at large.
      Language issue of 1959 was the most ill found concept and brought forth idiots and clowns to the fore.
      Let ma be clear that teaching young children in the mother tongue is the best solution, but needs time for planning and progressive transition so that children do not miss out in receiving important teaching aids and learning skill.
      Repeat of the same ill found methodology by the same residual ‘Gene’ of the 1956, “Pancha Maha Balavegaya”, in respect of “Organic Agriculture”! Gross failure, though, Sir ‘failure’, doesn’t admit!!
      Failure due to wrong implementation process and lack of planning to counter ‘stumbling blocks’?!
      The Sinhala version was date lined 1960 and English 1994. Edition – 13th and 23rd respectively!!
      More revealing was the content extensive, including a complete chapter on Nuclear Physics!!
      So the Sinhala students of (premier school) in Colombo, up to circa 1995, were deprived of a vital chapter in the end of 20th century!!

  • 0

    Dear Mahila and Raj-UK

    The solution is not simple due to the deep-rooted corruption in our executive, legislative judiciary branches of the government. These three institutions have protected themselves through various technical and privilege clauses surreptitiously sanctioned by “self appointed” members of the legislature. Yes “self appointed”, the MPs are not freely elected by the people of Sri Lanka. Every MP belongs to a political party, and his or her name to be in the candidate list of the parliamentary elections must be approved by the party leader. Then the people are requested to vote on a list of candidates chosen by the party leader- there is no democracy within political parties-. Therefore, voting fundamentals in Sri Lanka originates from a dictatorship dictum. The candidates are not chosen, rather they thrust upon the voters by every political party, leading to the election of thugs, illiterates, accused murderers, thieves, drug dealers, and molesters based on their enormous capacity to spend ill-gotten wealth. The perverted electoral process confirms the ascendancy of a dictator to the Presidency and to the position of Prime Minister.
    Therefore, the solution is
    1) Mixed method electoral system. It is a combination of the FIRST PAST THE POST (or single member plurality) voting system and the PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION system. Very simple to understand and no room for National list MPs in the legislature and it does not make any breeding grounds for despots. All current political parties are breeding grounds of despots in Sri Lanka.
    2) Empower the State and establish a credible and independent judiciary to protect sovereignty of people.
    3) Revamp and restructure the education system based on Constructivist, Collaborative, Integrative, Reflective and Inquiry Based Learning that promotes creativity, ingenuity, independent thinking, innovation, tolerance, and entrepreneurship.

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