23 September, 2020

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Time-Tested Bond Of Sinhala-Muslim Friendship

By Ishrath Zanoosey

Brigadier (Ret) Ishrath Zanoosey

The Muslims of Sri Lanka, since ancient times have been in peaceful coexistence with the other communities of the Island and has proved to be an integral and inseparable component of the Sri Lankan society.

According to ancient chronicles, traders from countries like Rome, Greece, Persia( Iran ), China, India etc visited Sri Lanka on trade missions. Arab merchants having maintained friendly relationship with natives, had ventured into the interior and coastal areas of Ceylon for trading, even before the advent of Islam. Arabs were only interested  in trading and commerce in Sri Lanka in an honest and a just  manner The present day Muslims of Sri Lanka, could  therefore be considered the descendants of many of these Arabs, Persians, Indians, and Malays etc.

During the medieval times, foreign trade had been flourishing in Sri Lanka, in view of the island’s strategic location in the Indian Ocean and the variety of goods offered to the traders like spices, cinnamon and other rare items such as precious gems, pearls, ivory etc. However, with the decline of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century A.D., trade expeditions were fading off. The Arabs and Persians made use of this opportunity to fill the void and continued to engage in inter-coastal trade. Muslim merchants had arrived in large numbers as a result of traditions associated with Adam’s Peak (Sri Pada) and the cordial treatment meted by the local rulers. Most of the foreign traders visited the island for their trade benefits and left the Island after making their fortunes. But Arabs opted to settle down, making Ceylon their homeland. Majority of  them lived along the coastal areas in peace and tranquility, side by side with Sinhala families.

Traders who landed in Ceylon, explored  into the interior of the villages and met the local traders in search of trade opportunities. Foriegn traders are known to have taken with them for trade and barter commodities found in high demand at that time such as  clothes, jewellery and foodstuffs like dried fish.( www.sailanmuslim.com: The unbreakable bond: Why Sinhala-Muslim relations have stood the test of time: Asiff Hussein).

Muslim Jewelers – Galle 1870’s

According to travelogues of Ibn Batuta, (the renowned 14th century Arab traveler), after the conquest of Persia (Iran), Syria and Egypt, the Arabs had dominated all the salient ports and trading stations between East and West. It had been estimated that the Arabs had settled in Sri Lanka and Sumatra by the 1st century A.D. Before the end of the 7th century, a group of Muslim merchants had established themselves in Ceylon.

The first mention of Arabs in Ceylon appears to be in the Mahavamsa ‘the Great Chronicle of Ceylon’, in an account of the reign of the King Pandukabhaya, it has been stated that this king set apart lands for the ‘Yonas’ ( Arabian traders) on the side of the western gate of Anuradhapura. (Perera B.J. ‘Ceylon Historical Journal-Vol.1’). This may indicate an Arab presence in the island even before the advent of Islam, in 7th century. (Fr. S.G. Perera in his book -History of Ceylon for Schools – Vol. 1. The Portuguese and Dutch Periods, (1505-1796), Colombo (1955),

In the 7th century, when the people of Ceylon heard of the Prophetic mission during the reign of Aggrabodhi III, a delegation had been dispatched from Ceylon on a fact-finding mission to Arabia. The mission started when the Prophet himself was living, but was able to reach Arabia only during the time of Caliph Umar (654-664), Hence it is highly probable that Arab settlements existed in Ceylon even prior to the 7th century.

The Sinhalese Kings considered the Muslim settlements favourable. Many of the Arab traders may not have brought their womenfolk along with them when they settled in Ceylon. Nevertheless, many of them married native women who later embraced Islam.

The second wave of Muslims have come from South India. They are the descendants of earlier Arab traders who had settled in South Indian ports and were married to local women. Colonies of such Indo-Arabs emerged along the coasts of Sri Lanka. These settlements were described by the Dutch and British as ‘Coastal Moors’. (Lorna Dewaraja p 41, 43). 

From the Anuradhapura period to Kandyan times there was a Muslim lobby operating in the Sri Lankan court. It advised the king on overseas trade policies. They kept the king abreast of developments outside his kingdom. One Muslim envoy had been sent to the Nawab of Carnata by a King. Another had been sent to Pondicherry soliciting French assistance against the Dutch, in 1765. The Muslim trader with his navigational skills and overseas contacts coupled with their  multi-lingual ability (p 135-136). became the secret channel of communication between the court and the outside world” (Lorna Dewaraja p 8). The Sri Lankan kings encouraged the Muslims to maintain their links with the Islamic world as this was mutually beneficial. In the 13th century, Al Haj Abu Uthman was sent by the Sri Lankan king, Bhuvanekabahu I to the Mamluk Court of Egypt to negotiate direct trade. They were sent on important and confidential missions to South India right up to Kandyan times.

Lorna Dewaraja says that when the Portuguese tried to gain a foothold in Colombo, the Muslims gave early warning to the King, nobles and the Sanga, provided firearms, fought side by side with the Sinhalese and even used their influence with South Indian powers to get military assistance to Sinhalese rulers. Through the intervention of the Muslims, the Zamorin of Calicut who ruled Kerala at that time sent three distinguished Moors of Cochin with forces to help King Mayadunne (p 50). 

Invading Portuguese grabbed the trade forcefully from the Muslims and gave an ultimatum for them to leave the territory of the Portuguese in Ceylon. The invaders then started persecuting the Muslim traders who were mainly Arabs, but they did not flee the country which had become their homeland for several centuries. They began to move towards the Kandyan Kingdom seeking refuge. Kandyan kingdom welcomed the Muslims as by this time the Muslim traders have proved their credibility as highly disciplined and honest traders. When the Dutch invaded Sri Lanka and persecuted the Muslims in their coastal settlements, the Muslims have retreated and have sought refugee from the Kandyan Kingdom. King Senerat (1604-1635) and Rajasingha II (1635-1687) had been sympathetic towards the Muslims and settled them in the Eastern coast. According to Robert Knox, King Senerat had settled approximately 4000 Muslims who escaped the wrath of the Portugese and Dutch in the district of Batticaloa to revive the paddy cultivation. ( Mahavansa.blogspot.com, The Terrible atrocities committed by the Portuguese13-06-2006)  These settlers were believed to be the ancestors of the large concentration of Muslims from areas like Kathankudy in the Eastern Province.

Muslims were integrated into Kandyan society primarily by giving them duties which related to the King’s administration. They were made a part of the Madige Badda or Transport Department. They were allowed to trade in arecanut, which was a royal monopoly. The Muslims from Uva, which was near the salterns, had to bring salt as part of their obligatory service (Dewaraja p 100-101). In addition to this, selected Muslims were involved in the Maligawa rituals and were given Maligagam lands. Their duties included salt, hevisi, silversmith (acari) also the higher function of kariya karavanarala. Therefore the Muslims were involved in the administrative and ritual aspects of the Dalada Maligawa as well (Dewaraja. p 107-8, 110). In addition, Muslims also functioned as weavers, tailors, barbers, and lapidarists (p 137-138). 

Muslims had been funtioning as physicians, and presumably they practised Unani medicine  system, which found its way to this country through Beruwela. Tradition has it that in the 10th Century, Prince Jamal-ud-din, the son of the Sultan of Konya (in Asia Minor) arrived here and practised Unani medicine.

According to Dr. C. G. Uragoda, Unani physicians at first transmitted their medical knowledge orally to members of their own families. Later, information was written down in Tamil language in Arabic script, and kept within the family. Many of the medical plants found in the Kandyan areas and used in Ayurveda began to be employed in the Unani system too. Unani drugs were brought to the country by trading vessels coming from Arabia and the Persian Gulf. These drugs consisted of mainly syrups, which contained ingredients such as rose petals, grapes, dates and musk. Many local constituents were also made use of. Dewaraja states that at this time, Unani had been practised in its purest form in towns like Colombo, Galle and Beruwela (p 128). A Muslim physician named Sulaiman Kuttiya who was practising in Galle was invited to the Kandyan court, taken into royal service and given land near Gampola. His descendants who lived till 1874 carried the prefix “Galle Vedaralala” (p 91). The most renowned of these Muslim physicians were the Gopala Moors of Gataberiya in the Kegalle District. The family traces its pedigree to a physician from Islamic Spain, whose descendants migrated to the Sind in Northern India, from where they were ordered to come to Sri Lanka to attend on King Parakramabahu II of Dambadeniya (1236-1270) (p 128). The Gopala descendants continued to function as physicians to the king, during reigns of Rajadirajasinghe (1782-1798) and Sriwickrama Rajasinghe. (1798-1815). The Dutch also appointed two Muslims as local physicians in their hospitals, and one of them, Mira Lebbe Mestriar who was later appointed as Native Superintendent of the Medical Department in 1806 by the British (p 133). 

Waidyasekera Duwegoda Ranasinghe Mudiyanselage M. M. M. Irshad who is an Ayurvedic physician from Talduwa in Awissawella. claims that he is a descendant of the lineage of royal physicians who served King Rajasinghe1 of Seethawaka. According to him, he belongs to the fourteenth generation. How Irshad’s ancestors came to Talduwa in Avissawella during the reign of Rajasinghe 1 is a tale worth relating.

According to him  Rajasinghe’s queen suffering from an incurable ailment had been attended to by many renowned physicians without success. When Irshad’s ancestor arrived the king with a desire to test his competence had tied a thread to the foot of a table and given it to the physician. He rightly recognised it as a lifeless nerve. Next the thread was tied to the foot of a cat and yet again he identified it correctly. Thirdly the thread was tied to the queen’s hand and the physician recognised it as the nerve of a living being. The king taken up by his cleverness assigned him the task of curing the queen. When the queen was cured completely, the king as an act of tribute settled the Muslim physician and his family in Talduwa.

Irshad claimed that all his ancestors even his father had studied under monks. He had studied for three years in a temple. Most of their medicinal recipes are written on ola leaf in Sanskrit. They are forced to learn Sanskrit to prepare the medicines. Irshad still possesses a number of ola leaf writings in Sanskrit, Sinhala and Tamil. His ancestors specialised in curing skin diseases and paralysis, and even today people arrive in their numbers from as far as Maldives to meet Irshad.(From Arabia to Thalduwa by Jennifer Paladano:Sunday times 22-09-1996). Dr. Lorna Dewaraja further states that the Muslims not only served the king as physicians, but also as traders Soldiers, Lekams and Disavas. They were often bestowed with the titles of Madige Badda Disava and Madige Badda Lekam.

Many Muslims of the Kandyan districts have had definite hereditary patronymics of the vāsagam type found among the Sinhalese. This is the ge– or gedara-nama, a Sinhala term meaning ‘house name’. For instance, one could still find among the Kandyan Moors patronymics like Aracchige, Lekamge, Galgedara, Lindegedara, Kandegedara, Vedaralalage-gedara, Gurunehelage-gedara, Muhandiramla-gedara, Vidanalage-gedara, Kali Mudiyanselage-gedara, Yahakugamhala-gedara, Kotmale Adappala-gedara and Nagahadeniyagedara. This type of surname precedes one’s Arabic personal name. Thus we find names like Alakoladeniya Gedara Yusuf Lebbe, Kurugoda Vidanalage Gedara Abdul Hamid Wahabdin and Kandeedara Abdul Gafur Sitti Nafiya. Such ge-names seem to have been in existence for a considerable period of time, for among the names of 17th, 18th and 19th century Kandyan Moor physicians given by Mohamed Sameer (Personages of the Past. Moors, Malays and other Muslims of the past of Sri Lanka.1982) we come across names like Meegahayate gedere gurunanalage Uduma Lebbe, Liyamagaha Kotuwe Wederale Sulaiman Lebbe, Rajakaruna Behethge Mudiyanse Abdul Qadir and Palkumbure Vaidyatileke Rajakaruna Gopalana Mudiyanselage Mohamed Udayar. What is however interesting is that the Moors of the maritime districts like Alutgama, Beruwala and Maggona also formerly bore ge-names which is widely attested in the Dutch Tombs covering the period 1766-1771 where we find such names

like Ibrahim Tandellage Ahamadoe Nainde, Daroebesie Lienege Oemoer Lebbe, Iratnewalli Aratjege Oedoema Lebbe, Ismail Mokedonge Oemoer Lebbe, Pawelekodige Sleman Lebbe, Kopeaediaerlage Ibrahim Lebbe, Mamina Marekelage Ahamadoe and Assena Lebbelage Potoema Natja (Sri Lanka National Archives Dutch Tombos 1/3807 & 1/ 3764). It is possible that such names, at least in some instances, were originally borne by the Sinhalese ancestress of these Moor families who passed it down to their offspring, thus ensuring its continuity. In the alternative, it would indicate the readiness of the Moors to adopt the salient features of the host culture so as to identify themselves more closely with their Sinhalese. There is reason to believe that at least a few ge-names such as Muhandiramlāge borne by a number of Moor families were acquired as a result of their ancestors being appointed to the high office of Muhandiram etc by the Kandyan kings. The same may hold true of names like Vidanalage ‘House of the Village Head-man’.Vedaralalage ‘House of the Physician’ indicates that the folk bearing this name are descended  from medical men.

The Muslims of the Eastern Province are also known to possess kudis or matrilineal clans among them with names of Sinhala origin, namely, Ranasinga Mudaliyar Kudi and Verrisinga Aracci Kudi , Sinhalese derived names meaning ‘Clan of the Lion of War Chieftain’ and ‘Clan of Lion Hero Headman’ respectively ( See Crucible of Conflict. Tamil and Muslim Society on the East Coast of Sri Lanka. Dennis Mc. Gilvray.2008). This may well suggest that the ancestors of these clans were Sinhalese, which is surprising given the overwhelming influence of the Tamil social milieu in the life of the Muslims of these parts. ( www.sailanmuslim.com: The unbreakable bond: Why Sinhala-Muslim relations have stood the test of time: Asiff Hussein).

Lorna Dewaraja vividly explains that during the time of the Sinhala kings, from the inception, right up to the Kandyan Period, there was racial amity between the Sinhalese and the Muslims. The reason for this was that the Muslim traders were economically and politically considered an asset by the Sri Lankan king.

The Muslims were received favourably in the Kandyan Kingdom, as far as can be seen. Robert Knox says that charitable Sinhala people gifted land to Muslims to live (Dewaraja p 115). Muslims adopted the outward appearance and dress and manners of the Sinhalese. It is said that even James Cordiner  could not distiguish the differences between Muslims and Sinhala (p 120). In Galagedara there are yet two villages occupied only by Muslims, surrounded by Sinhala villages. These two villages had Mosques (Dewaraja p 104). Mosques were built on lands donated by the King. Present Katupalliya and Meera Makkam Mosque in Kandy were built on land gifted by the King. The architcture of the Katupalliya is Kandyan. (p114-115). Ridi Vihare in Kurunegala gave part of its land for a Mosque and allocated a portion of land for the maintenance of a Muslim priest (p 113). 

In 1930, in Rambukkana many Muslim boys had received their education in Buddhist monasteries. Many of them studied Sinhala and idigenous medicine. Facilities were provided for the Muslim boys to say their prayers and attend Koranic classes, while living in the temple. In this remote village in Rambukkana, Muslims made voluntary contributions towards the vihara and they participated in the Esala Perahera. As a mark of respect the drummers voluntarily stopped beating of drums and paid obeisance when they passed the Mosque (Dewaraja p 113).

The relations that have existed between the Sinhalese and Muslims of Sri Lanka since ancient timesillustrates the ethnic harmony in a pluralistic and multi-ethnic society.  By and large, the Sri Lankan Muslims are peace loving and God fearing. Right from the inception they have exhibited their good will, generosity and a great degree of resilience towards all. Past history is a starked reminder to the present generation for peaceful coexistence. Of late emergence of business rivalry, rreligious intolerance, petty jealousies etc is on the rise and takes centre stage of racial tensions. Hate speech, including social media posts could easily whip up unscrupulous crowds on trivial issues into frenzy and cause anti-Muslim sentiments, turmoil and mayhem in the country. Most of the time, these are the machinations of insignificant groups with vested interest. Yet, as a nation with a past bitter 30 year experience of ethnic unrest, an eye to an eye and a tooth to a tooth politics will get us nowhere. Today the Muslims are at the cross roads. It is crystal clear that groups espousing violence in the name of any religion have no place among peace loving citizens. Ironically, majority of the victims of racial tension in Sri Lanka and elsewhere have always been found to be Muslims. Any incident of isolated nature has to be taken up in the correct perspective of the Law of the land and timely tackled by the Police or the Security Forces.. This course of action would prevent organized gangs to take the law into their hands.

In this backdrop, it would be prudent to go the extra mile to train our citizens to cherish pluralism and tolerance from the childhood starting from school going days. Emphasis should be laid on the need for racial harmony through amity and coexistence. Emotional intelligence, beliefs, values and discipline may have to be instilled in the minds of people.

One must not forget the fact that united we stand and divided we fall. Let the bygones be bygones and usher in a new era of peace and harmony!: “Hatred begets hatred and violence begets violence” and “To err is human and to forgive is divine “Sabbe satta bhavanthu sukhitatta”!

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Latest comments

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    Nonsence 99% of the Sri Lankan Muslims are descended from Dravidian Tamil immigrants from South India whose Hindu ancestors converted to Islam around the 12Th/13Th century and even later. The Arab element amongst the Sri Lankan Muslims is very negligible . Look at the photos and look at the vast majority of the Sri Lankan Muslims. They look typically Dravidian and South Indian , that they really are . Only a very small percentage show some sort of Western Asian ancestry. Say 80000 in a population of around 2 million and this also a distance Arab male ancestor, the rest of their ancestors are all Tamils. Arabs never came to the shores of Sri Lanka or to South India in their thousands. Just a few hundred and that to over a span of a few centuries. Out of these also only a certain percentage took local Tamil low caste women , or women of loose morals, as their comfort women . ( I say Tamil as when the Arabs arrived in South India both of what is Kerala and Tamil Nadu were Tamil , as also the western coast of Sri Lanka.) It has been found that Arabs never settled or hardly took women along the western coast of Sri Lanka but this happened in South India around Kayal Pattinam. The half caste descendants of these Arab sailors and low caste loose morale Tamil women , originally from South India and not form western Sri Lanka amounted to only a few hundred the most and their genetic input into the Sri Lankan and South Indian Muslims was negligible . The Malyali Mappila Musilms of North Kerala who have the most amount of Arab , amongst all Indian Muslism have only 15% Arab DNA, the rest is Indian.

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      Here this R.S.S.S. crow cawing again. I think this shit getting into a fit whenever he sees any articles relevant to Moors. He hate Moors so much and god knows why. If he is a historian he must do research and write book. I have three theories for this. (1) A Moor gay guy would have screwed him for a long time. (2) He must have found from his DNA test that he is descendant from Tamil crow cast who were pimps by profession supplying comfort women for Arab sailors from the beginning. (3) History tells us it was Arabs who were monopolizing the sea route from middle-east to China and Arabs traders in many parts of Asia settled as traders until the colonialist arrived after 1500 A.C. Seeing this history this fellow without appreciating it getting his heart filled with jealousy and hatred, thinking ‘Ay Yoh’ why my Australoid crows race did not do these things. So he gets attacked by inferiority complex for one of the three reasons when ever he sees articles relevant to Moors. This shit talk of Mappila but he doesn’t know Mappila applies to all foreigners arrived in Kerala. There were Christian Mappila, Jew Mappila and Muslim Mappila or shonaka Mappila. They were also know as Marikkars mostly along south Indian coastal belt. Collectively know as Moplahs too. So just don’t crow with false history. Don’t read any articles about Moors otherwise you are going to end up roaming the streets one day reciting “Moors were low caste Tamil, Moors were low caste Tamils……’

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        Ralli Ameen, you seem to be a person who cannot meet arguments in a civilised manner coming out with racist slur and foul language. If anyone tells you that you descended from low caste Tamils, prove that it is wrong. It is well known that Arabs or Persians came to Sri Lanka without their wives. With what class of women they co-habited in Sri Lanka to produce your progeny. Most of those women are Sinhalese and few Tamils. If you ask the Sinhalese they will say that none of their high caste women had anything to do with Arabs. It has been a common practice in the past as well as now for sailors and merchants co-habiting with women at any port of call. There were Tamil merchants and sailors who had co-habited with Arab and Malay women when they landed in their country, which is proved by dark skinned people in those countries. Do they call themselves Tamils or Tamils call them their relatives. The fact that none of the Muslims in Sri Lanka are able to claim ancestry to any high caste Sinhala or Tamil family proves the point. In the two recent DNA studies conducted on Sri Lanka Moors, the core genetic material was south Indian. If you say you are not, then you must get your DNA tested and published. Since it is a fact that South Indian Muslims are low caste Hindu converts, there is some truth about the claim about your ancestry.

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          Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam, do you still believe or trying to fool others that so-called high caste Tamils ever existed in Sri Lanka? Tamils were also brought in by Portuguese from India for tobacco plantation purposes is well-known.

          When Portuguese came to Sri Lanka, the majority in what is known as the Jaffna peninsula was Sinhala. After the Dutch came, they started their tobacco plantations in Jaffna .For that, they got down laborers from the Coromandel Coast. present day Tamil Nadu. Majority of today’s so-boasting high-caste people are from Ksudra, the low caste, god know how they change their caste over the period of time. Most of high-caste Hindus like Brahmans are fair in complexion, then how many Jaffna Tamils we can see having even remote pleasant looks, let alone complexion?

          Dr, you got to explain the logic how you can say that Tamils having more than 2500 history in Sri Lanka when your population is merely 9 percent after 2500 years? How did this caste change happen?

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            Oh really where did you find these fairy tales? From anti Tamil sites like Lanka web or Spur? There is enough and more historical evidence that Tamils are the original population of the north and east and until very recently the north west coast from Puttalam upto Negombo and even Colombo. The ancestors of the so called coastal Sinhalese south of Colombo to Matara and even further south to Hambantota took on a Sinhalese identity a few centuries ago. North of Colombo up to Negombo in the late 1800s and Negombo to Puttalam after independence. Even now many of these so called Sinhalese from Negombo to Puttalam are still very familiar with the Tamil language as this was the first language of their parents and grandparents. I remember a Sinhalese lady called Waranakulassriya from Negombo telling me although she was nominally a Sinhalese her home language as a child was Tamil, as her grandparents only spoke Tamil Now her children cannot speak a word of Tamil. Even your Mahavamsa fairy tale states of Tamil lands to the north and east of the island ruled by Tamil kings and chiefs. As for Brahmins . Most Brahmins have a light complexion but many are dark too even in North India. The Indian journalist Swapan Dasgupta is a Bengali Brahmin see how dark he is. The Varna system in the north and south of India is different. Upper castes in the south like the Tamil Vellalalars Chetties or the Nairs of Kerala or the Reddy Naicker of Andhra are not considered Sudhra but called Sat Sudhra ( clean Sudhra) and are equated to the Kshatriya and Vaisiya in the north. Little knowledge is dangerous.

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              Brother Real Sharma,

              Mostly fairy tales from your side, not from Amila. Let me refer some of publicly found truths here:

              No one has ever produced a comprehensive and authoritative history of Jaffna. Of course, there is an advantage in keeping Jaffna in the dark. This enables the Tamils to fill the vacuum with illusions of grandeur. The Tamil political activists have taken advantage of the blank spaces in Tamil history to fill it with “myths”, “fabrications” and “rewrites of history” that would fit into their separatist political agenda – Reference: HLDM for ft.lk. (I guess I can’t paste the entire URL since CT will block it)

              So, no need further argument on your points, that says everything. In addition, your percentage of population nowhere near supports 2500 years of history, it is illogical to a kid. But Portugese period with tobacco plantation goes well logically.

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                The main reason for the Portuguese in the 16th century and later Dutch in the 18th century to occupy the island was Cinnamon, NOT Tobacco and cinnamon grew only in the South. You should also know that the same Dutch settled much more (tens of thousands) of coolies/laborers/workers/slaves from South India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andara) in the Southern parts of Sri Lanka for cinnamon and other plantations. Today their decedents are Sinhala-Buddhists claiming 2500 years heritage in Sri Lanka.

                If you read the book “The World’s Oldest Trade”: Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century” you will see that the Dutch settled most of them in the South from Colombo to Galle.

                If you see the Sinhalese with Portuguese surnames Fernando, Silva, Perera, Fonseka, Zoysa and so on, they all belong to the castes Karawa, Durawa, and Salagama. In his book `A History of Sri Lanka`, Professor K.M. de Silva says, 3 new Sinhalese caste groups the Salagama, the Durawe, and the Karawe came to the island from South India in successive waves of migration which continued well beyond the 18th century (Refer page 121).

                On the other hand, Dr. Paul E. Pieris has published extracts from the Portuguese tombo records which gives some popular Portuguese surnames along with the original native names such as Vira Cutti, Parama Cutti, Nila Cutti, Nahepulle, Avepulle, etc clearly pointing to South Indian origin.

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                TruthHurts

                Do not believe in the “myths”, “fabrications” and “rewrites of history” created by a few racist journalists and pseudo-scholars like HLDM. Read books/articles/research papers written by the real Sinhala historians from the universities.

                If myths, fictions, concoctions and lies are not challenged they are accepted as the truth naturally because there is no alternative narrative to test and verify imagined constructions of the mind far removed from reality.

                In Sri Lanka, the history is already twisted many centuries ago and sealed. What we have is not history but his-story (Ven. Mahanama’s story). After several centuries today the myth has become the truth and the Sinhalese believe it as gospel. If anybody tries to undo the twist (after enormous amount of new discoveries) he/she will be considered an unpatriotic traitor. The Sinhalese had been living in this myth pool for several centuries.

                I laugh at the Sinhalese who claims the entire country for Sinhalese based on the mythological stories in Mahavamsa and all other fantasy books of Sinhala Buddhists without any epigraphic evidence.

                The Sinhalese say Sri Lanka belongs to Sinhalese only but how exactly has this historical claim of the Sinhalese been established? Many Sinhalese are either not willing or not capable of distinguishing myths from facts in a critical study. The Sinhalese still use the same word `itihasaya` to indicate both epic and history and that could be one of the reasons for their difficulty in distinguishing fact from fiction.

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              Amila W asked whether you believe in high caste Tamils and why if Tamils were original inhabitants for more than 2500 the population is so low. This Dr. Siva without giving a reasonable answer talking nonsense about Bengali Brahmin, colours and Tamil upper class. Caste depict the works he, a kind of social division. That means this doctor believes Tamils (or others) have caste DNA and without showing his education shows his racism.

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              Oh I misread it as Dr. Siva’s reply to Amila’s comment when it should be for RSSS, anyway both are of same mind set and it won’t be a surprise if both are same person with two different names.

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              Where did you get all the bullshit you write? By dreaming or copying from wiki upside down? Always writing about caste, Brahamin etc… which has nothing to do with race. Your last few lines shows you have straight away copied from wiki. There were lots of Tamil nuts who wants to glorify their race by uploading fairy tales in wiki. Chetties will never say are Tamils but a trading community from west coastal area of India up to north. Are you a dark skinned low caste Tamil. You had brought Bengali Brahmin colour to justify your colour and caste. I had responded to Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam comment above but by mistake put your name. See it below. Above you had written Sinhalese fisher folks who speak Tamil. You just crazy.

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            Blatant liar Amila,

            “Tamils were also brought by Portuguese, When Portuguese came, majority in Jaffna was Sinhala.”

            The following are a few evidence out of many to prove Jaffna was Tamil before Portuguese arrived.

            Bhuvanekabahu VI (Sapumal Kumaraya aka Chempaha Perumal) the adopted son of Parakrama Bahu VI captured the Jaffna Kingdom in 1450 (before the Portuguese arrived). During his rule in Jaffna, he built the premier shrine of Hindu worship – the Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil (he did not build any Buddhist temple) for the people of Jaffna peninsula. The Tamils of Jaffna are still invoking his name and singing thevarams to him in the Nallur Kovil before the temple procession of Lord Murukan.

            As per your argument, if the Portuguese brought the Jaffna Tamils, then the people of Jaffna before the Portuguese arrived should have been the Sinhalese. If the people of Jaffna during the 13th Century AD were Sinhalese, then Sapumal Kumaraya should have built a Buddhist temple and NOT a Hindu temple in the heart of Jaffna. Why did he build the Hindu Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil in the 13th Century AD for the so called Sinhalese of Jaffna?

            The Sinhala Nampota dated in its present form to the 14th century CE (before Portuguese arrived) suggests that the whole of the Tamil kingdom, including parts of the modern Trincomalee district, was recognised as a Tamil region by the name Demala-pattanama (Tamil city). In this work, a number of villages that are now situated in the Jaffna, Mullaitivu and Trincomalee districts are mentioned as places in Demala-pattanama.

            In his book ‘Jaffna under the Portuguese’, Tikiri Abeyasinghe who was the Professor of Modern History at the University of Colombo till 1985 notes that in the period 1624-1626 (during Portuguese rule of Jaffna), the Franciscans converted 52,000 Jaffna Tamil Hindus into Catholics. Prof. Tikiri Abeysinghe is one of the very few who has done extensive research on Portuguese archives and Goa archives by living in those countries.

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              Wow, too many popping up with Tamil teledrama styles of claims here in support of a history rewriter, the fake Brahman RSSS. Can’t imagine the investment done on this project – Go save SL

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                Lots of Musims Amila Truth Hurts( The Truth about their actual origin from South India, is hurting and is crying here) are coming here and posting anti Tamil rubbish , pretending to be Sinhalese .

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                  Pandi Kutti, why Amila’s truth hurts Muslim? Whoever the person is only telling about caste systems and the nonsense Tamils post here. Is there a Pandi Kutti caste?

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                We know that Muslims love to watch Tamil tele drama produced from their ancestral homeland Tamil Nadu. Are you and (J)Amila fans of these tele dramas? Do you all watch it together and then post all your fantasies here? How do you know that RSSS is a fake Brahmin? Did you examine his sacred thread( Poonool in Tamil) and found it was tied the wrong way?

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                  Pandi Kutti: TN is your present day homeland. “How do you know that RSSS is a fake Brahmin?” Because he claims he is from high caste and he is from Jaffna too. Both can’t be true at the same time. Remember how Portuguese populated Jaffna?

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                    But you want me to believe that you and the rest of the Sri Lankan Muslims are pure Arabs or of significant Arab origin/heritage, because you say so, when DNA and history clearly points out to a largely low caste Indian Tamil origin for the Sri Lankan Muslims. The Arab input is extremely marginal, around 5% the most. You are angry with Siva Sankaran, as he was the first person on this forum to raise this obvious truth and the vast majority here agree with what he states and not your Arabian night fairy tale of an Arab/Moor origin. Most of us in our hearts knew that this Arab origin was a myth and a lie but did not dare to bring it out and allowed all the Muslim commentators and bloggers here to go on with this lie but RSSS did so. Another Sri Lankan Borah also stated this truth a few years ago and he was also abused and hounded.
                    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sri-lankan-muslims-are-low-caste-tamil-hindu-converts-not-arab-descendants/
                    You and people like (J)amila, Rali Bali will aggressively attack anyone , especially Tamils , if they dare state this truth, as you do not want to for political and economic benefits .

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                      Pandi kutti or the piglet. I don’t know whether you are an Australoid piglet or Sinhalese piglet. We attack only those Australoid crows, piglet and like who hate Moors for their civilized origins. Most Moors don’t write here because they think however much these crows caw, Moors are Moors from the beginning and will be Moors to the end but not pure tree climbing Australoid crows. You all don’t have anything to prove except cawing here. If intelligent people have proof and if they are bothered about the term “Moor”, they will go to the proper authorities or court and fight to change it to Tamil. Why don’t you piglets and Australoid get together and do that and show that you all have proof and does not belongs to crows or piglets. Simple solution.

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                  Pandi,

                  Latest and the world’s most comprehensive genetic study findings were released in 2008 after decades of research by University of Michigan. Based on these, Tamils in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka are genetically the same to Tamils in Tamil Nadu, South India. You need to check this seriously.

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                    So are the Sinhalese as well as the Sri Lankan Muslims. All three communities are genetically similar to the people of Tamil Nadu and to the Muslims of Tamil Nadu. You left that part out. Naughty(J) amila.

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                      But not Pundi Kutti (piglets) and Crows. You all have genetically big difference from us and even good Tamils.

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                    Amila W

                    Can you please give us a link to this latest and the world’s most comprehensive genetic study findings released in 2008?

                    I searched the entire web but I could not find it.

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                  So if Pandi Kutti or anybody tying a sacred becomes Brahmin. Now we found a Pandi Kutti Brahmin (Pig race) and I wonder whether there are Donkey Brahmin, Dog Brahmin, Monkey Brahmin etc. I am sure RSSS belonging to Dog Brahmin.

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                  Real Siva Sankaran Sharma aka Pandi Kutti

                  You forgot to change your user name, Pandi Kutti should be blue and RSSS should be green. Now, RSSS is exposed as Pandi Kutti.

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            Blatant liar Amila,

            The Sinhalese became a majority only after the European Colonials came to Sri Lanka. In the 16th century, the Portuguese and in the 18th century, the Dutch who occupied the island brought in tens of thousands of low caste (Dalit) people from South India (mainly from Cochin/Kochi in the Malabar coast/presently Kerala and from Tutucorin/Thootukudy in the Coromandel Coast/presently Tamil Nadu) and settled them in the Southern parts of the island from Puttalama up to Matara as menial laborers (for growing/peeling cinnamon, for fishing/pearl diving, coconut planting/plucking and toddy, and for many other jobs). Within a few centuries, the Sinhala population increased exponentially when these people assimilated with the local Sinhala population (Sinhalized) by adopting the Sinhala language/culture and the Buddhist/Christian religion and getting converted to Sinhala Buddhists and Sinhala Catholics. They adopted Portuguese and Sinhalese surnames to hide their original South Indian low caste identity.

            Dr. Paul E. Pieris has published extracts from the Portuguese tombo records which gives the original names of the present day Sinhalese with Portuguese surnames before their conversion to Christianity and Buddhism. Dr. Pieris states: “Their original names deserve special attention, the majority of them appear to be South Indian Tamils”.

            Professor K.M. de Silva very clearly says they are all South Indians who got converted to Buddhism and became Sinhalese. (Refer “History of Sri Lanka” by K.M.de Silva, page 81).

            Professor of Anthropology Gananath Obeyesekere (in his book “Buddhism, Ethnicity, and Identity,”) states that “viewed in long term historical perspective, Sinhalas have been for the most part South Indian migrants who have been Sasanized (converted to Buddhism)”.

            There is enough of authentic evidence (I can list you many more and quote from reputed Sinhala historians) to prove that the Sinhalese were originally low caste Indian Tamils brought in by the Portuguese. What authentic evidence do you have to prove that the Jaffna Tamils were brought in by the Portuguese?

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              Blatant liar Amila,

              “how you can say that Tamils having more than 2500 history in Sri Lanka when your population is merely 9 percent after 2500 years”

              The Veddas are ancient, more than 2500 years and look at their population today.
              Today the descendants of the low caste (Dalit) people that the Portuguese brought from South India and settled in the south, those who got converted and became Sinhala-Buddhists are not only claiming the ancient Sri Lankan civilization as their own ‘Sinhala’ heritage but have also become the patriots and champions of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism. They have become distinct, ‘North Indian Vijaya’s Lion-blooded Sinhala Aryans’, the Nationalist Patriots and guardians of the country (Sri Lanka) and its Religion (Buddhism) and call themselves the blood relatives of Dutugemunu. If the forefathers of these so called “Sinhaputhra/Boomiputhra of Heladiva” had remained as Tamils, (without assimilating with the Sinhalese) today the Tamils would have been the majority in Sri Lanka or if they had assimilated with the Veddas instead of Sinhalese, today the Veddas would have been considerably a large population in Sri Lanka.

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                James you are talking nonsense. Veddas were uncivilized indigenous people and such indigenous people you find all over the world. Tamils claims of over 3000 years civilization, educated, inventors of every things, then naturally they would have built a prosperous community and by now 75% of population should be Tamils. But it is other way about. I am not saying here Sinhalese are more civilized then Tamils but your arguments doesn’t carry any thruth.

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                  Mohomad

                  “James you are talking nonsense, 75% of population should be Tamils”

                  If you are not blind, Please read what I have written above with evidence to show how the Sinhalese became a majority.

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                    James

                    After reading your comment only I said, “your arguments doesn’t carry any truth”.
                    Probably you did not get it into your brain akin to a saying a rabbit born with three limbs argued that rabbits have only three limbs.

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            Amila W /

            “Tamils were also brought in by Portuguese from India for tobacco plantation purposes is well-known.”

            A lie told often enough becomes the truth.
            -Vladimir Lenin

            Especially the lies emanating from the Sinhala/Buddhists fascists like HLD M, Bandu, Malinda, Kamalika, ………………………… can travel half way around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes – copied from Charles Spurgeon.

            Whatever it is, no doubt the Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and Burgher are descendants of Kallathonies. Why don’t you check your DNA and stop sitting on your brain or pull your head from wherever it is now.

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            Amila, your type of racist propaganda will not hold water in the modern society which will believe only scientifically proved facts. Not only Dutch brought Tamils, but Portuguese and British too. Salagama caste people were brought from Tamil Nadu to work in cinnamon plantation and Karawe caste people in north western region were brought by Portuguese who till the early 20th century spoke Tamil. All previous Sinhala racist history has been rubbished with new findings. Both NASA and Indian Institute of Oceanology have discovered an ancient civilisation lying submerged under sea between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, proving that Sri Lanka was a contiguous land mass with Tamil Nadu. This corroborates with Tamil legend that there was a land mass called Kumarikandam encompassing present Sri Lanka and beyond, which got submerged by sea upheaval more than 10,000 years ago and Sri Lanka got separated as an island. The recent discovery of a civilisation in Settikulam in Mannar of more than 10,000 years old rubbishes Sinhala claim that Sri Lanka was a land of uncivilised people and it is their ancestors from India who came 2500 years ago and started a glorious civilisation, and at the same time proves the Tamil claim that Kumarikandam was their homeland. Brahmins are light skinned because they are Aryans who later got absorbed into Dravidians.

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              Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam, why do you talk of 10,000 years old myths. Just talk about present day civilizations and if necessary few hundreds years back. Because these have proof.

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            Amila, please remember the true Bhumiputras of Sri Lanka are dark skinned people and not fair skinned who are immigrants. It is now genetically proved that core genetic material of Sinhalese, Tamils and Sri Lanka Moors is south Indian. It is of note that none of the Sinhalese had the typical Aryan gene blowing out their false Aryan myth. Also Bengali connection of Sinhalese and not Tamils is also in serious doubt when Bengali genetic input in Tamils is higher than Sinhalese. The answer to your question that why Tamils are only 9% after 2500 years. Firstly when Sri Lanka got separated by sea upheaval most of them may have shifted to the mainland fearing this part may also vanish. Secondly when Sinhala kingdom was established in Sri Lanka, most of Tamils remaining would have converted to Sinhala ethnicity in order to curry favour as well as escape persecution. Thirdly Tamil population which was 12% at the time of Independence has further reduced by murder and ethnic cleansing of successive Sri Lankan racist regimes. Even Tamils of Indian origin suffered by worst ethnic cleansing in the history of the world since 2nd world war, when their number reduced from 11% to 6%. I hope this will satisfy your bigoted mind.

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            Amila W

            Your argument that 10% population would not have lived for 2500 years is very silly when you see the original native Veddas who lived for more than 3000 years is only 2% of the population. How the Sinhalese became a majority in a short period is a different story/history that is already established by reputed historians and anthropologists like Professor K.M. de Silva in his book `A History of Sri Lanka`, Professor of Anthropology Gananath Obeyesekere (in his book “Buddhism, Ethnicity, and Identity,”), Dr. Paul E. Pieris has published extracts from the Portuguese tombo records which gives the original (Tamil) names of the present day Sinhalese with Portuguese surnames before their conversion to Christianity and Buddhism, and several others have written about how the Sinhala population expanded. I do not want to elaborate on this because this is not our subject.

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          R.S.S.S., do your write in a civilized manner? Don’t you come out with racist slur and fowl language. If you say traders married Tamil woman or Sinhalese it okay. If you say low caste Tamil or law caste Sinhalese it is racist slur. What high caste and low caste you are talking about. Can you medically (DNA test) prove it. Whether you belong to high caste or low caste you are just Tamil by race. Do you know how high caste and low caste originated? When Alexandra and other Aryan races invaded the northern parts of India they found Australoid types of dark race were the natives. Them being very fair and handsome they brought many rules to keep you all under their feet. So the caste system born of their superiority feeling keeping them on the top as Brahmins. There is a saying when a man and woman alone it is like fire, whether they are of different races, colour or features so the inbreeding took place and with that came stages of caste according to the works they do. That was the reason you see in India so many types of people with different features and colour. So donkey don’t be proud saying high caste or low caste. You all belongs to interbred classes. When did the Australoid merchants sailed on trades? Not Tamils but all the other Indian do not have provable sailing history so if they have give solid proof. If Moors were as a result of mixing with low caste comfort woman then prove it. According to you, you must be coming from a pedigrees of pimps so you have records of how you supplied comfort women to Sailors. At least without being shy put out those records as proof. Just don’t think like a novelist and fabricate history and write.

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          Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam, I don’t know whether you are fake doctor, otherwise you must be a brainless doctor. If your imaginary Tamil merchants and sailor went in their ships to any of the western Asian ports or east Asian ports those days and had co-habited with Arabs and Malays, settled there; then there should be a mixed Tamil Hindu colony there, so show proof. Western parts of Asia never conquered by Colonialist, otherwise they would taken Tamil slaves there too but Malaysia was a colony and they took Tamil slaves there. Sri Lanka they brought Tamil slaves. So the Tamil presence there was not because of Tamil merchants and sailors. Don’t bring reason migrations too as a proof. There were no Tamil Sailors or Tamil ships except for boats. Don’t come out with mythological tales in wiki uploaded by Indians. It is a accepted facts by reputed scientist (genetics) DNA cannot prove races but immediate kith and kin up to 60-70%. So you and your crow RSSS had spent so much money on DNA test to prove Moors have Tamil DNA. Are you all crazy nuts?

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          Another interesting find is that Tamils in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka are genetically the same (not just similar) to Tamils in Tamil Nadu, South India. This is a fact that has been vehemently denied by Tamil separatists. They always argued contrary to obvious facts that they are genetically distinct from Tamils in Tamil Nadu although they use the same language, customs, traditions and religious practices as Tamils in Tamil Nadu. These arguments fall into pieces with scientific discovery.

          When faced with genetic, linguistic, traditional, customary and religious sameness with Tamil Nadu Tamils, Lankan Tamils have used another argument which says Sinhalese and Tamils in Sri Lanka are genetically same. Once again this scientific finding disapproves that argument and establishes the fact that Tamils in Sri Lanka are not just similar but same as Tamil Nadu Tamils while Sinhalas are genetically unique and different in the region.
          ……
          Coastal areas of Sri Lanka fell into the control of the Portuguese some years after 1505 and then to the Dutch. They came to Asia in search of spices. Having conquered parts of Sri Lanka, they launched a massive drive to cultivate spices and tobacco. Hundreds of thousands of labourers with their families were brought from Tamil communities in Tamil Nadu

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            TruthHurts

            Can you please give us a link to this interesting find (the scientific discovery)?

            I searched the entire web but I could not find it.

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            TruthHurts

            The above is an extract from the article written by a Sinhala racist Dilrook Kannangara in Lanka web. It is not based on any proper source/study and it was supposed to be done in 2008 (very old). We have very latest genetic studies done in 2013 and after. Please do not try to fool the readers.

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        You are distorting history when you hide the fact that Pallavas were controlling the sea route in the Indian ocean from 2nd century AD to 9th century AD. It was only after the Pallava empire collapsed that Arabs started to trade in the area. This corresponds to historical records in Sri Lanka that Islam is only 1000 years in the country. Unlike Arabs who were only traders at the mercy of the kings, Pallavas with capital first in Mamallapuram and then in Kanchipuram as Sri Vijaya empire ruled south east Asia of Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia and Vietnam. Sultans of Malaysia and Brunei are Pallava descendants. Islam reached south east Asia only after king Parameshwara of Malaca was converted to Islam taking the name of Ishkander Shah. Malay language has lot of Tamil and Sanskrit words, and their customs have some similarity. Foods like puttu (puttu in Malay), idiyappam (puttu mayong in Malay), appam (appam in Malay) were all introduced by Tamils. When Portuguese controlled the sea, they chased Arabs out and took control over the trade. Please stop spitting venom as it has been proved scientifically that Tamils as heirs to the oldest civilisation, language and religion are superior to Arabs.

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          Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

          “It was only after the Pallava empire collapsed that Arabs started to trade in the area.”

          Arabs were trading in Indian seas well before Pallavas.
          Only after the collapse of Chola’s Naval power Arabs stated dominating the Indian ocean and trade. Cholas crumbling navy also let the European entry into South Asia.

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            NV, thank you for reminding it. yes Cholas ruled the seas and had a naval outfit called Kadal Pura (Sea doves). Can any of these Arab or Aryan fanatics show whether any of them had such a naval force. though Cholas and Pallavas are related, they fought with each other to the downfall of both. before that, Cholas ruled Kadaram (present day Kedah and Penang) and the bell they used is now in Sydney museum. Interestingly Pandyans had ruled Champa area of Vietnam where there are still ruins of ancient Hindu temples. Unfortunately commentators are unaware of these feats and are running down Tamils.

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              Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

              “Cholas ruled the seas and had a naval outfit called Kadal Pura (Sea doves).”

              I don’t remember reading Chola’s navy was called Kadal Pura (Sea doves). However my elders tell me it was an imaginary naval ship of Chola king.

              I am not sure whether Pandyans or Cholas ruling South East Asia as you describe. Both had cultural and trade influence over some parts of east Asia. Though Chola’s Naval presence in Indian ocean was formidable however it appears that the Cholas didn’t rule any of these areas except a naval outpost in Sirivijaya. It has to do with taxation of foreign trade through Sirivijaya.

              Please refer to:
              Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: Reflections on the Chola Naval Expeditions to Southeast Asia.
              Hermann Kulke, K Kesavapany, Vijay Sakhuja, editors
              Date of publication: 2009
              Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

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              Continued

              Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

              Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: Reflections on the Chola Naval Expeditions to Southeast Asia

              About the Publication
              The expansion of the Cholas from their base in the Kaveri Delta saw this growing power subdue the kingdoms of southern India, as well as occupy Sri Lanka and the Maldives, by the early eleventh century. It was also during this period that the Cholas initiated links with Song China.
              Concurrently, the Southeast Asian polity of Sriwijaya had, through its Sumatran and Malayan ports, come to occupy a key position in East-West maritime trade, requiring engagement with both Song China to the north and the Chola kingdom to its west. The apparently friendly relations pursued were, however, to be disrupted in 1025 by Chola naval expeditions against fourteen key port cities in Southeast Asia. This volume examines the background, course and effects of these expeditions, as well as the regional context of the events. It brings to light many aspects of this key period in Asian history.
              Unprecedented in the degree of detail assigned to the story of the Chola expeditions, this volume is also unique in that it includes translations of the contemporary Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions relating to Southeast Asia and of the Song dynasty Chinese texts relating to the Chola Kingdom.

              https://bookshop.iseas.edu.sg/publication/1210

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          Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam, don’t talk nonsense saying Sri Vijaya ruled south east Asia. If you say Sultans of Malaysia and Brunei are Pallava descendants why they have Mongoloid features. In other word you are saying Pallavas Mongoloid. puttu. idiyapam were popular in Kerala and Sri Lanka not in Tamilnad. Kueputu is bamboo steaming is Indonesia, Malaysian method of steaming rice. Making many types of food by steaming rice is popular even China and other parts of East Asia. Puttu Bamboo used to make puttu is Malaysian origin. These types of were introduce from Java to Sri Lanka and Kerala. There are many food items introduced from Java. It is shame being a Dr talking nonsense.

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            Ralli Ameen

            Better to Remain Silent and Be Thought a Fool than to Speak and Remove All Doubt – Abraham Lincoln or Mark Twain

            Or Check the following website:
            Treasure from the past:

            http://www.peppertrail.com/inner.php?
            menu_id=22&sm1_id=120&index_id=3

            The Puttu recipes didn’t come from South East Asia to southern South Asia as you insinuate however it was taken to Malaysia and Indonesia by South Indian traders.

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            Ralli Ameen, if you say such thing in an intellectual forum, they will class you as a bigoted fool. Sri Vijaya is the name of the Pallava empire and not that of any person. There is a Sri Lankan expert in Pallava rule in south east Asia who has done extensive research on the subject, currently attached to University of Brunei named Prof. B.A. Hussainmiya. Please read his works before coming out with your stupid comments. According to him the headquarters of the Pallava empire was at Pallambang in Indonesia, and it is they who constructed Hindu and Buddhist monuments in Indonesia, Cambodia and Vietnam. After Pallava empire collapsed, the chieftains of the empire split territory among themselves and ruled, cutting off from the main seat of rule in Tamil Nadu. It is after that they took Malay brides as queens and present sultans are hybrid. If you had seen the father of Brunei sultan, you will be surprised that he was pitched dark with Dravidian features more than mongoloid. Even the marriage customs of Brunei royal family resembles that of Tamils. I have lived and worked in this region and I am aware of the true history, which is being hidden. No Malay or Indonesian are claiming that puttu or string hoppers or appam as their own but introduced by Tamils. For your information all these foods are commonly found in Kerala and also in southern Tamil Nadu. Both Puttu (Puttu vanichiammai of Madurai) and Appam (Pattinaththar) are mentioned in Hindu classics, though there is no mention of string hoppers. These foods are made of non-glutinous rice and the staple food of Malays and Indonesians are glutinous rice, which throws out your silly arguments. Just because Malays and Indonesians make noodles (Mee), does it mean that it was theirs which they introduced to China and far east. For your information what Malays and Indonesians brought to Sri Lanka are Wattalappam (Serikaya in Malay), Lamprais (lempers in Indonesia), mangosteen (Manggis in Malay), Rambuttan ( rambut means hair in Malay) and Durian (duri means thorn in Malay). It is sad that you need a good brainwash.

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        Short and sweet low class brainwashed mad creature , who does not know how to behave. I knew that you will post your abuse but am not afraid of posting the truth in fear of your mad rantings. What you are trying to do is shut up people and stop them from posting the truth, by abusing them. Will not work with me

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          Real Sharma,

          You seem to be very angry but not sure with who, Amila or Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam. Everyone in SL came from India. Even Jaffna Tamils came from India, to be precise from Malabar or Kerala now. I have been to Jaffna as well as to Kerala. Food, dialect, few words, attitudes etc, have some similarities and when I searched about it on Internet I found many in Quora said the same. Please check Google or go directly to Quora and type “Where did Jaffna Tamils originate from”.

          Alright bro, life and time are too precious to waste on hiding or finding our origins. Will work hard on shaping the future – Cheers

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          Rsss:

          You guys personally know each other and fight here?

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      I believe most of the history is from one-sided view.
      First come out of casteism. use proper words while describing a community.

      ” local Tamil low caste women” this kind of statement shows your humanity.

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        Well they are low class of low caste if they were from the higher castes and women of high standing and virtue I would have stated so. Just like when I state Tippu Sultan forcibly converted hundreds of thousands of upper caste Namboothiri Brahmins, Nairs , Mennons and Nambiars to Islam when he captured North Kerala. This is the reason Mappila North Kerala is now a Muslim stronghold and all that nice fair white complexion is not from the Arabs but most of it from these Malayali upper castes from these regions who were forcibly converted. Stating the truth and your actual largely low caste converted immigrant Indian Tamil origin, will be a problem to you , as you like the rest of the Sri Lankan Muslims m have been brainwashed by your elite , politicians and the ruling Sinhalese establishment, to deny and hate your actual Tamil origin and heritage and consider yourselves Arabs and worship everything Arab , for their own selfish political and economic benefits.

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          RSSS, Read real and reliable history books, and do not stick to mythical writings or fake history where a decade becomes a century ;-)

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            Amila W

            “Read real and reliable history books, and do not stick to mythical writings or fake history where a decade becomes a century”

            Please recommend the ones you have already read and found to be accurate or satisfactory. Could you give us the title of the book, author’s names, publisher’s name, and any review, …………………..

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          R.S.S.S.., Tippu Sultan never converted anyone by force. The oldest mosque in Keral is Cheraman mosque built by Bin Denar and Bin habib according to the wishes of King Cheraman Perumal who converted to Islam but died before coming to Kerala. There is no upper caste and laow caste among Muslims. There were Christian Mappila, Jew Mappila and Muslim Mappila or shonaka Mappila. They were also know as Marikkars mostly along south Indian coastal belt. Collectively know as Moplahs too. Don’t fabricate history and caw.

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          RSSSS:

          You’re talking about castes in front of people who have no idea about what the real caste system is in detail. And I have no idea why you repeatedly talk about and very strict on the point to a level to mess up your own blood-pressure that Sri Lankan Muslims are not Arabs. Be them Arabs or not, what is the big deal? It is not like Dalits calling themselves Brahmans. There is no high/low castes in Islam. Have you put up a bet with some to prove something on this point? I am not taking you for fun, but I see that it is you who screw your own good mood and the day because of this.

          Good luck

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            TruthHurts

            I have only one simple question.

            The Sri Lankan Muslims (commonly referred to as Moors/Marakkala Minissu/Sonahar) claim that they came from Arab countries as traders and those who settled in the island married to local Sinhala women. If they were direct descendants of Arabs, their Mother tongue should have been Arabic. If they had married to Sinhalese women, then their Mother tongue should have been Sinhala. Throughout history, can anyone tells us when and where did we come across any Sri Lankan Muslim speaking Arabic or Sinhala at home as their mother tongue.

            A commonsensical question one can ask from any Sri Lankan Muslim is, if they have been constituted by three different races: Arab, Sinhalese, and Tamil then why is the mother tongue of the SL Muslims in the entire country (not only North and East but even in the Deep South) is Tamil and NOT Sinhalese or Arabic?

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              Then James, answer why the entire black American’s language is English even they not of British origin? I can point to you many other countries but North America is enough.

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                Mohomad

                The entire black American’s were once slaves to the white American’s and the white American’s spoke only English. They were not allowed to speak in any other language. However, the entire SL Moors were neither slaves nor servants to the Tamils and the entire Sri Lanka was not Tamil speaking. How come Tamil (not Arabic or Sinhala) became the mother tongue of the Moors?

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      Agree 100%

      The origins of the word Moor comes from the dark soil that is found in marshy wetlands of Briton. The most famous being the Yorkshire Moors. Immortalized in literature by the Bronte sisters , Charlotte, Emily and Anne.

      Moor was a catch all world for Muslims and meant dark skinned. Compired to the blonde-blued -eyed English everyone was darker than them including Greeks, Italians and Spaniards. Islam conquered North Africa ( Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria ) and from Africa attacked what was to become Portugal and Spain. The conqueror was known Tariq. Tariq burnt all the ships when the landed in Spain. Motivating the Stranded Army to Conquer the land. In his memory the Island that stands between North Africa and Spain was named Jabbal-el -tariq, ( the rock of Tariq -) which the English in their indomitable way called Gibraltar. (Now Part of the UK ) Much like how Kanda Uda Rata become Kandy , Mumbai – Bombay, or Nippon – Japan. .

      Moors included Africans, Arabs, Turks, Persians, Spaniards, Afghans, Bengali’s and Indians.

      In the original film version of Shakespeare’s Othello, the Moor is played by Sir Lawrence Olivier , who painted his face “black ” to depict the Moor. When Hollywood remade the film in the 1990’s – they cast the black actor Morgan Freeman as the Moor.

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        Yorkshire Moors may have been named after the black moorish african muslims who lived there centuries ago. I have seen some amazing old depictions of Moorish men who lived and ruled in the UK and the British government has not been showing this in the mainstream media. Infact it seems the original british royal family was actually a dark skinned people who were later displaced by the white caucasians hordes who invaded Europe from the caucasus in south west russia

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      RSSSssssss:

      “They look typically Dravidian and South Indian , that they really are”, not just Arabs, even whites come and mingle with you, they will look crows like you, my tobacco farmer :-)

      Out of all those important issues, proving Muslims are not Arabs seems to be the thing that has been killing this boorish guy for years. Go petition against Govt giving “SL Moor” status to Muslims if you dare, without wasting time trying to write essays in comments

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    The British colonial government and the later after independence all Sinhalese governments deliberately manipulated and took steps to create a separate identity for the island’s Tamil Muslims from the rest of the Tamils and they also did this for the Indian origin estate Tamils too. So that the Tamils will remain divided and disunited on the basis of religion origin and caste. This was even done to the Sinhalese during British times, Kandyan and Low country but the Sinhalese governments soon officially and in other ways reduced this difference but deliberately created further and expanded the divisions amongst the Tamils. At the time of independence the difference between the Kandyan and Low country Sinhalese was far higher than the difference between the Tamil Muslims of Sri Lanka and the rest of the Tamils. As despite calling them separate from the rest of the Tamils , from various journals and writings of various colonial British as well as Dutch officers , you can see that they considered the so called Sri Lankan Moors, are really Tamils ethnically. Recently they have declared that the Tamil Colombo Chetties and Barathas( Paravans) living along the western coast are not Tamils but a different community. This division is based on caste , whereas the division for the Muslims is based on religion, with a fake Arab/Moor origin or a very miniscule amount of this to justify this. The Sri Lankan Muslim elite and politicians , especially the southern variety also encouraged this lie for their own selfish political and economic benefits. They wanted to create some sort of imagined Pan Islamic identity for the island’s Muslims , as their primary identity instead of their actual Tamil identity , to escape the anti Tamil feelings that most Sinhalese have. This has not worked out. They have every right if they want to be separate from the rest of the Tamils based on their religion, like the Slavic Muslims of Bosnia, but this should be based on the truth and not an imagined or fake origin.

    • 3
      1

      You R.S.S.S. crow now find fault with British too. If the British had not given education to you tree climbers still you will be climbing trees. Will you be able to type in the computer in English if not for the education British gave you. From where are you posting these? Most probably from a Western country or Australia, that is you are licking them and writing against them. So if Moors had called themselves Tamils you will be powerful. How can we say we belongs to a tree climbing class? All your educated leaders at that time were converts and got education from the colonialist. Same with Sinhalese too. Christian Sinhalese and Christian Tamils were powerful then and even now. Moors did not convert for favours because they were traditionally traders and didn’t need anything from colonialist. That is why they got the beating and were uneducated. British were very fair in administration during their time and that is why Moors were able to raise their heads. I am writing again and again to you don’t caw and waste your time Moors not going to say they are not Moors. You have stated the picture above like Tamils but any man having an iota of intelligent would say they look likes Tamils. Those Photos were taken around 145 years back, naturally photos taken those days looks dark and won’t be very clear. The man with straw fez looks more Moorish then Tamil. The other two having more Sinhalese culture by seeing their air style. Why you are pointing out to Slavic Muslims. They are not Arabs and not mixed race. They are Caucasian origin and spread across Russia, Poland Belarus, Bulgaria, macedonia, Crotia, Bosnia etc. They were Europeans converts so this facts they cannot deny. Bosnia 70% Muslims and its a Slavic state not Arab state. I don’t know what you donkey trying to compare here.

    • 4
      1

      Sankaralingam,

      Enough of your continuous attempt to divide and swamp Sri Lanka. Sinhalese and Muslims do not feel quite the same shame you feel about race and castes. You and the other fellow looking very pettily racist.
      *
      This is how it happened: After the first generation of Arab-Sinhalese & Arab/Indians were created, the next generation married into their own mixed Islamic community. When more Arabs came in, the mixed community married the Arabs rather than their Indian counterparts – Sinhalese counterparts were more complying being egalitarian. It is uncertain if the S. Asians they married were of low or high caste because the Arabs had so much money that high castes were honored…..anyway, the low-castes in India wouldn’t have dared become Islamic because the high-castes would have killed them for they would have lost their slaves.
      *
      S. Asian Muslims generally have sharper features and very much like the Muslims from the southern part of Arabia.

      • 1
        1

        ramona grandma therese fernando

        “Enough of your continuous attempt to divide and swamp Sri Lanka. Sinhalese and Muslims do not feel quite the same shame you feel about race and castes.”

        Speak to the Sinhala/Buddhist gallant army and find out what is their general opinion about the Muslims.

        They believe the Demelas fought only for a corner piece of the island on the other hand Thambias are fighting for the entire island.

        This is not my opinion.

        • 1
          0

          Native Vedda,

          That’s Saudi Arabia’s fault for trying to Wahhabify the whole world. Doesn’t only happen in Sri Lanka btw. Even the West is up in arms against the Islamist radicals. But let’s rattle you up a bit more. One word: Govias!… ;))))))))))

      • 0
        0

        ~correction: You and the other fellow are looking very pettily racist. Or, you and the other fellow look so very pettily racist.
        *
        But unlike the other races it is not petty for you at all. For it is ingrained in your genes. You Tamils must evolve.

      • 1
        0

        Ramona, caste system was not indigenous to Tamils, but introduced by Aryans when they brought their religious philosophy to India. Your argument that low caste Hindus would have not dared to become Muslims is not true, as founder of Pakistan, Mohamed Ali Jinna himself says that his ancestors were Hindus of fishing community in Gujrat who converted to Islam to avoid being treated lowly. Please stop calling others racist, when you are behaving like one denying the truth.

        • 0
          0

          Sankaralingam,
          Oh well, coming from Gujrat, Jinna was probably an Aryan who loved fish and wanted to keep eating his fish. Hence he converted to Islam. Hindoo priests were certainly not going to stop him from eating his fish.
          *
          In Hindu culture, fishing communities might be below e.g. farming communities (which are below priestly communities) because their kill and eat moving life forms. Badly behaved people, naturally, and they usually tell the priestly community to fly a kite. Farming community usually interface with fishing community so they can add dry-fish to their vegetarian diet. But, they are certainly not the untouchable masses that you Hindoos use to clean your lavatory-pots. And the untouchables are entirely vegetarian.
          *
          So, if the occupation of killing fish makes one “low-caste” (as you call it), then it is occupation and not DNA that makes them ‘low-caste.” Therefore, one can say that fishing community is an autonomous caste irrespective of lower or higher DNA (of which you love to speak about non-stop).

        • 1
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          And Gnana,

          If however as you say the Aryans made the Dravidians low-caste, then you Tamils are all low-caste right? You got chased to the south after the Aryan invasion.
          *
          See, you Tamils were made into low-caste, and after licking your wounds for a few centuries, suddenly got turned on by caste system and caught hold of large percentage of your own people and converted them to untouchables. Fishing communities on the other hand were a bunch ruffians who remained very autonomous and remained gutting fish.
          *
          And in Sri Lanka, Sinhalese have had their own fishing communities. Buddhists, being never as caste or vegetarian minded as the Indians, had a flourishing sea-food community for millennia. And they proudly reserve their Sinhala clan names (some assimilation with S. Indian fishermen is/was always there, naturally…..well Sinhala kings assimilated with Tamil kings also).
          *
          So put a lid on your divide and swamp of our Motherland, will you, and evolve!

          • 0
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            Ramona you are indeed insane. Where have I said that Aryans made Dravidians low caste. Yes Aryans who were a nomadic race, committed the offence of ethnic cleansing because they could not bear the sight of a civilised ethnic group being present. They spread a false propaganda that India was uncivilised when they came and it was they who brought civilisation. They were made to look like fools with the chance discovery of Indus valley civilisation. Now even their propaganda that Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world and Tamil was derived from it has also been proved wrong. Do not worry in years to come Tamils will regain their lost glory as the leading race in the world.

            • 0
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              Oh all what you say I believe! But leave Sri Lanka out of it. The only hamper on Tamils regaining lost glory is your obsession with Sri Lanka. The other hamper is your caste system. Sri Lanka is a separate civilized entity away from the hullabaloo of mad India.
              *
              BTW, you did say “……… caste system was not indigenous to Tamils, but introduced by Aryans when they brought their religious philosophy to India.” And that Aryans subjugated the Dravidians is well known, and you say so too in your comments above when you speak of ethnic cleansing etc.

        • 0
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          Gnana,

          Come to think of it, Aryans were meat eaters from the north.

      • 0
        0

        It is better to talk about the FUTURE of Muslims rather than their sharp FEATURES. it appears their Future seem to be rather BLUNT in Srilanka like that of the Tamils.

    • 7
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      RSSS,

      You guys are incorrigible donkeys to be custodians of caste-ism in the year 2018. Afterall it is your caste maniac that contributed your own downfall and being beaten badly.

      It is your caste mentality that influence to think that Arabs are higher caste than other – sorry, in Islam we don’t have such system. Sunni / Shia are completely different from caste issue. Why you think Arabs are better? Because their skin is yellow?

      It is indoctrinated in your genes that you can’t come out of it. It is shameful to grade your own people based on their births. It is shameful and too bad that you don’t even allow your own people to drink water inside your homes, you deny good education, you poisoned wells of low caste in the past, and you don’t allow them enter your kovils and even deny last rites to dead Tamils for their caste.

      What more, Arumuga Navalar, a hero amongst Jaffna Tamils, left teaching at Jaffna Central College because a low caste Tamil student from Nalavar was admitted to the school.

      Thank god, the country is safe in the hands of Sinhalese, otherwise you would be killing your own people on daily wars for these stupid castes issues. It is the God’s punishment to you all to serve the White Masters to see how it feels to be a slave.

      How come still can’t realize that casteism is your own enemy even after Karun, Devananda, joined hands with Govt to defeat your LTTE and destroy Peelam dream for caste discrimination?

      Go junky, your White Master is calling you..

    • 3
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      RSSS:

      “So that the Tamils will remain divided and disunited on the basis of religion origin and caste.”

      HOW FUNNY? Have Tamils ever been truly united? (leave Muslims, they are not Tamils, they have different identity)

      Tamils’ casteism denied their own Tamils the right to attend to schools, the right to participate in religious rites in kovils, the right to go inside a kovil and refused to allow low caste Tamil children to study sitting on the benches. It was a Sinhala government that brought legislative changes so that low caste Tamils would NOT get discriminated by high caste Tamils but high caste Tamil leaders who favor enslaving low caste Tamils, opposed it.

      Remember, your casteism knows no humanity, even recently in the News that there was a blood shortage in Jaffna blood banks because the imaginary high caste thought their blood should not get mixed with low caste. SL soldiers had to donate their blood. You guys are the worst idiots to be living on earth today with still respecting the casteism.

      Ever tried to talk to your white master to promote your designation and increase the salary because you belong to high caste?

      • 1
        1

        Mohd

        “HOW FUNNY? Have Tamils ever been truly united? (leave Muslims, they are not Tamils, they have different identity)”

        Please let us know the definition of Muslims.
        Do you see yourself part of the larger Islamic community transcending land, region, language, race (?), culture, borders, heritage, dress code, ………………… ?

        • 2
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          NV,

          Yes, we Muslims are not united either, agree. Now tell me, does it falsify my above statement?

          • 1
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            Mohd

            Until which year did you imagine what you typed had happened?
            If Muslims are also divided on race and class basis why make fuss about Tamils?
            Further have you had time to scientifically observe, analyse, compare ….. Muslims and Sinhalese societies?

    • 0
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      Why can’t they be like Tamil Christians-Anglican, Methodist, Catholics . They pray in Tamil like the Muslims. Only the Tamil HINDUS pray in Sanskrit- Shame! Of course things are changing little by little

  • 5
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    Mr. Zanoosey

    Thank you very much for this illuminating article. Hopefully you or someone can translate this into Sinhala and Tamil and distribute widely.

  • 8
    1

    Many thanks to Mr Ishrath Zanoosey for this interesting write up. It contains lot of facts. But as a historian of Muslims in Sri Lanka, I am obliged to inform him that his write up excludes the important bit about what followed after the fall of Kandy in 1815. Regrettably, the Sri Lankan Muslims quickly dropped their friendship with the Sinhala kings and start following the British, realising the Sri Lankan royalty coming to an end in 1815. This move helped solidify a Muslim stereotype among the Sinhalese about Muslims’ ungratefulness and forgetting the favours they received from kings. Muslims began studying English and getting in to tea transport business. They had nothing to do with the fight for indepedence. The British cultivated the Muslims and Churchill’s promised separate Pakistan for Muslims helped win their loyalty more. The Muslims committed ultimate treachery when they refused to join the National COngress started in 1917 by the Sinhalese and Tamils. So Mr Zanoosey’s account is only half true. The Muslims forgetting the kings following the 1815 theft by the British drowe a wedge between Sinhala Muslim relations and this would is still fresh. Muslim militancy following independence has worsened the issue. As to Bristish- Sri Lankan Muslim relations, ask Mr Faiz Mustapha PC or MI6!

    • 4
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      T.B. Jayah was one of the greatest patriots of this country. He was originally close to Ponnambalam Arunachalam when the Congress was started, but took an honourable, independent line from Congress members when he stood up for the rights of Indian labour.

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        That’s why we named a Road after him called T.B Jayah mawatha.

        Now, many a soldiers have laid their life to this country. The most precious thing to a man, his life. Many a solider has got disabled for life trying to protect this country.

        Are there any roads or street named after them? Well, if they belonged to a minority at least they would have had some chance.

        • 0
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          Rtd. Lt. Reginald She-Male Perera:

          Good point. SL should start to name every light post soon. Can we start the inauguration of that project with you jumping and swimming in the Beira Lake?

        • 1
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          Retarded ………………..Shameless women sniffing Perera

          “Many a solider has got disabled for life trying to protect this country.”

          Did they protect fighting foreign army invading this island in the past 500 years? The shameless cowards fought and killed innocent people and committed war crimes and crime against humanity. They fought Bata slipper wearing ragtag army of baby brigade and disoriented Marxists. Did the army fight the Hindian invading foreign force in order to protect this island?

          Why are you lying?

          It is unfortunate that many disabled are let to their own devices for their survival. Find out why and how so many men became disabled, and the origin of the conflict and inability of the so called Sinhala/Buddhist leaders to amicably settle even a small issue.

          Since you are not a normal human being with an ability to rationally and systematically analyse issues you would have found my questions too difficult, I am sorry about it.

      • 1
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        RH
        TB Jayah was also a leader of the Malay people and a staunch defender of Malay identity.
        What does the ‘…but took an honourable independent line from Congress members’ mean? Does it suggest that Sir P.A. failed to take an honourable stand?
        *
        Incidentally, Jayah joined the Congress in 1922 and entered the State Council in 1924 and Sir PA had left the Congress in 1921 and died in early 1924.

    • 2
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      “Muslim militancy following independence has worsened the issue.”

      Where and when did you ever see Muslim militancy in SL??
      Are you nuts?

      • 0
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        Ask fundamentalist Wahabis like Bathurdeen and Azath Sally and Mujiber Rahman who are receiving Saudi Arabian money. they are militants!

    • 1
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      Bravo ! One Muslim who tells it like it is.

  • 5
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    No one doubts that Muslims contributed immensely to the prosperity of the island (now Sri Lanka).
    Ishrath Zanoosey has given us in few words, contributions in other fields like medicine and so on. The fact that they have coexisted for so long shows that in the past there was no animosity.
    The present animosity is a creation by business interests. It is plain business grabbing.
    Ishrath tries hard to rub it in that Muslims are descendants of Arabs. He says ~
    “……The second wave of Muslims have come from South India. They are the descendants of earlier Arab traders who had settled in South Indian ports and were married to local women…..”.
    Are ‘local women’ non-entities?

    • 7
      4

      In Islam women are non-entities. Islam promotes a man physically punishing his wife. Islam promotes a man sodomizing his wife if she refuses anything. By saying “anything” I am sure you know what I mean.

      Islam doesn’t allow a woman to drive a car until very recently. Islam promotes women wearing Black gunny bags over their heads with only eye opening (like the garb of the Ku Klux Klan). LOL!

      • 1
        2

        Retard Lt. Reginald, that is your sport Sodomizing women. We can four women if our parts itch more so no need to sodomize women. You rascals when fed up with front part of your, unable take another woman you satisfy your itching you sodomize your woman which give satisfaction to you as a fresh vagina.

      • 1
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        Islam doesn’t allow a woman to drive a car until very recently.

        Hey Front Admirable,

        Why did Mohamed prevented in Sharia women driving a car? Are they the worst cheaters of the royalty payments to the car Mohamed invented?

        But I heard Kart Benz made Petrol powered car and Ford invented the present day manufacturing techniques. All these are with in half centuries old, but Mohamed died one and half millennium ago.

        Unlike Buddha who flap his yellow Thavani and fly, Ravana flied a real plane, but the good guy did not register for patent so women can pilot or fly a plane!

      • 0
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        Rtd. Lt. Reginald She-Male Perera:

        Bit late, but still we are happy to see you gradually civilizing and becoming acceptable. Keep up

      • 1
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        Retarded ………………..Shameless women sniffing Perera

        If women are comfortable in gunny bags or bikini why should their clothing worry you. Well you could not smell them in their gunny bags could you.

  • 3
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    Sir Brigadier (Ret) Ishrath Zanoosey

    Please eleborate which persentage of Sri Lankan muslims are directly linked to arab traders, and which persentage is linked to indian orgin.

    I understand that christian orgin menn geting married to Singelease Sri Lankan people are Singelease. They are not Sri Lankan Christians as race.

    How come majority indian orgin muslims geting married to tamils or singelease are not called tamils or Singelease. This is the first mistake for not having unity. This divition needs to be removed to create harmoney between muslims and Sri Lankan.

    • 1
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      Sri Lankan, you have to change history for Moors to call themselves Sinhalese Muslims or Tamil Muslim. Don’t you say there is no fire without a smoke. So the term Moor wouldn’t have come without a reason.

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      In the two recent DNA studies undertaken, none of the Sri Lanka Moors who were tested had any significant input of West Asian genetic material The core genetic material of all of them were south Indian and were similar to genetic composition of Sinhalese and Tamils This result show that Sri Lanka Moors have essentially either a Sinhalese or a Tamil ancestry. If any member of the Muslim community contest this, they should be mandated to undergo a DNA test. It may be surprising that at least 95% of Muslims will fail to establish Arab connection. In future for Identity purpose it may be a worldwide requirement that everyone carries his DNA composition with him.

  • 2
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    This author and the rest of the Sri Lankan Muslims claim every origin under the sun, however miniscule to their genetic contribution, if they feel it is advantageous to them , politically and economically but pointedly deny and ignore their real origin and heritage and will go to all sorts of ridiculous extent to deny this. Their Tamil origin , that has contributed to around 95% or more of their ancestry and genetic make up. That many Muslims in the Kandyan areas took Sinhalese Ge names is not because they loved the Sinhalese or had part Sinhalese origin but to blend in through fear. When the Portuguese started to persecute and kill the Muslims along the western coast , as they refused to covert and also due to trade. they first fled to the central Kandyan areas. The Sinhalese at first reluctantly and grudgingly accepted them , however as more and more of their numbers were arriving in the Kandyan areas , they got alarmed at these numbers and started to attack them burn and loot their belongings and kill them. In desperation King Senarath requested the Tamil Vannimai chiefs largely from the southern parts of the eastern province , who came under his loose control, to accept this excess Tamil Muslim refugee overflow fleeing from the western coast to the Kandyan areas, as this is causing alarm amongst the Sinhalese, who had already taken in a few thousand but do not want accept anymore and are rioting and attacking the Muslims. The Tamil chiefs agreed and this how the Muslims arrived in the east as refugees. The Tamil chiefs gave them lands and settled them away from the indigenous Tamil Hindu villages and also gave them women to start families. This is the reason in the east Tamils and Muslims live separately and not in mixed villages .

    • 3
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      R.S.S.S. you are accepting not only you belongs to pimp caste but your Vannimalai chief to belongs to your class since he had given land and women too. This show although Portuguese chased them you tree climbers invited them, gave land and women. Moors must be a very powerful race at that time otherwise they wouldn’t have got such treatments.. Why Portuguese and Dutch attacked Moors and chased? Why didn’t they chase you Tamils. This because they found Moors were the educated lot (not their languages) and civilized like them and monopolizing trade. This itself is proof to show you all slavish types not fit to do business but climbs trees. fishing and farming. Fabricating Crow bye for now.

    • 1
      1

      Then many of the remaining Muslims in the Kandyan areas started to take Sinhalese Ge names in order blend in not stand out and escape further persecution. This is how the custom of having Sinhalese Ge names among certain Muslims families in the central province came about. Now people are distorting this history to suit their own selfish political ends

  • 5
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    Who’s this Ishrath Zanoosey who calls himself a Brigadier? May I ask you Sir which Army did you serve in and which battalion and during which years?

  • 0
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    Lorna Dewaraja ? “Paalukku Kaaval Poonai” (It is the cat guarding the milk?). Accuracy of none of Lorna’s work was established. Lorna’s biased dealing render her works to be questioned until facts established.
    Lorna aimlessly worked with armed movement and against them too.
    Author probably had a professional connection with Lorna. Author failed to establish his middle ground by quoting Lorna’ biased works.
    Admiral Ravindra has said author’s “Muslims Spy “work type of working has helped them lot to commit the war crime.
    Kotte Trade was controlled by Malabari Mapillai Muslims, not Arabian Muslims. They looked and behaved like Tamils.
    Middle East Trade existed. There are artifacts of Greek and Middle Eastern’ origins were found in the North. Trade existed with all over world for Ceylon.
    Chinese, Tai mission were frequent. This kept the Buddhist’s connection of the outside world. Indian Hindu interactions were throughout the Lankawe History. Vijaya was a Hindu, irrelevant of his birth. Comparing with the Hindu-Buddhist interaction were taking place, the Arabian, especially the Muslim is nothing.
    Muslims Trade dealing does not establish Muslim settlements.
    The current claim of “Muslims” will not be established by quoting the trade relation of with Egypt and Middle East, of the days of before and after the Mohamed’s birth. The current Lankawe’s “Muslims” specific claims has no origin before maximum 30 -40 years. The real manifestation of it is only after 1983 pogrom, when mass amount of Lankawe people started to seek foreign lands to escape the internal cruelties. Rest of the 1883-1984-1985, unregulated many agencies were germinating to send too many women to Middle East. Specially the poor & uneducated Muslims women, who were not able to stay in or care their original culture went and came back with Forced Burqas as their culture, misidentified. This Burqa culture, which caused the riots, will not be smoothened by this old trade stories. This will cause subtle resolve among Sinhalese to resist further penetration
    (It is not our interest to establish or deny Muslims settlements or their periods. Our believe is it does not establish or deny the right to Muslims live in peacefully and carry out their life).

  • 1
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    There’s good thing here, according to the writer Muslims had been here even before prophet Mohamad’s birth
    So what the bloody hell made them go back to birth place to bring that religion without logic.

    Muslim people, please listen to these words of love. You can be Sinhala people very easily, you’re so deeply rooted, married to Sinhala women etc. ( bad thing is you marry more than one, for that please import from Arab)

    Those monks will not find Muslims to attack.

    This is not hate speech, it’s good option to make Sri Lanka even better place to live.

  • 4
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    Brigadier (Ret) Ishrath Zanoosey,

    Dear Sir,

    I am very sorry Sir for doubting your military experience. I have inquired and found out that you are indeed a former Brigadier and one with an outstanding record.

    I salute your service and may God Bless you.

    • 0
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      Your turn Brigadier (Ret) Ishrath Zanoosey
      Please make inquires as to whether this Rtd. Lt. Reginald Shamal Perera is a phony or not.

      • 1
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        Brigadier (Ret) Ishrath Zanoosey,

        Dear Sir,

        You may choose to ignore this K. Pillai. He’s a Tamil from the North who we both defeated. For 30 years you and I have dealt with the likes of him. Big talkers until a thundering slap comes their way from our glorious hands.

        I am sure you remember the wonderful days I am talking about. The women up there in the North, the toddy, the seafood, the loud music and shooting into the sky until we run out of bullets.

        • 0
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          Retarded ……………woman sniffing Shameless Perera

          “He’s a Tamil from the North who we both defeated.”

          Did you and the Brigadier defeat Tamils from the North?
          Does the Brigadier agree with you?
          FYI:
          It was Hindians who defeated the LTTE thanks to the psychopath VP.
          The war(?) was between Hindia and LTTE as Dr Rajapaksa (LLD + 3xPhD) asserted.
          Did You fight the Hindians who violated the air space?
          Did your armed forces fight the Sinhalese or the JVP terrorists in 1971 and between 1987 and 1990?

          If you have mental issues or problem comprehending real world please check your reality.

  • 0
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    Caste had a role to play in the ancient society since it was linked largely to occupations, But all occupations are required for society and using caste to differentiate people didn’t matter provided there was no assumptions of superiority or ranking linked to the concept. But unfortunately it came to be so linked despite the social utility of all the occupations. A society which uses money and the development of markets was required and when it arrived the economic basis for caste differentiation was no longer relevant since money could be the basis for allocation of jobs in society. Jobs which required more effort had to be paid higher wages. The traditional society gave way to a market economy using money to assign jobs and tasks to people. Let us allow free market forces to determine relative wages so that social status will not be a factor. In a free market economy wages and class status will be based on wealth and money.This provides the best incentive for economic growth. Caste distinctions were the hallmark of a stagnant society. All credit to economic growth and the free market economy. Raja Senanayake

  • 2
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    Let us strive to live in peace with all ethnic and religious groups for they contribute to our development. Those who want uniformity must realize that unity in diversity is the more desirable objective since we can gain from each other.

    • 1
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      Raja Senanayake

      “Those who want uniformity must realize that unity in diversity is the more desirable objective since we can gain from each other.”

      Good idea.
      Who is going to tell the growing number of fascists?

  • 1
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    It is interesting when someone write a history for our knowledge/proud heritage it turns into a tagging event. The readers comments begs a differnt analogy perhaps ??? Even though I can not see people through this identities…….for me there are those who are law abiding and hard working people and those “not so” fortunate to be in this category…so I thought until I see where we are going now….with some of the comments I read……..
    The article was not written as an appeasement piece? so one citizen can have a “qualification to be citizen” of Sri Lanka because the other is satisfied and say ok i let you live now?? I am sorry for the author we take away not unity but further division from the article is amazing. I thought we live by todays constitution/very recent record of birth at a local hospital so we can lead a dignified life under a system??..in our case ruled by an elected body……a parimentary democracy. Religions are for everyone to find peace within themselves if that works for them full stop. I do not need to know any other “bar coding” for me to share a community or be part of a “free”socity correct???
    Now you know why we ended up in this “state of affairs”……..a path of no return……become a laughing stock of the world..refuges and menial workers for all around the globe (please spare the info on the rocket scientists we sent out to the world as a part of brain drain…..they just count few only). For the money/energy we spend on divisional/prejudiced mind set politics in race/religion/language/cast/class each and every one could all be leading a very prosperous life in line with nature long time ag??………..then again we needed “independence” from “others” (who managed us very well now looking back) to “let us loose” for the “freedom of expression” the one and only national hobby called race/riots/savagery/defending the god’s etc….. past 70 years

  • 0
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    I am surprised that most of the commentators speak as if they lived during the Historical Period they refer to. If so please clarify as to why the Muslims Speak Tamil in their homes whether they are from NEWS. is it their Mother Tong or Home Tong?

    • 1
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      K. Anaga, you tell why the black American speak English at home although they are not white Englishman. There are many examples to show worldwide there minorities speaking a different language although they don’t belongs to that race.

      • 0
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        If you don’t belong to the Tamil race and if yo had come from some other country other than South India, logically you would not have spoken TAMIL in all parts of Srilanka. Probably you believe in escapism.
        Before the Sihnala Only act was introduced all most all the Muslims, including the Malys communicated in Tamil with each other, studied in Tamil. Prayed to Allaha in Tamil. Of course the Malays would have spoken Malay language in their homes. After the Introduction of Sinhala only ‘Vasi pathata Hoi’ attitude was adopted by mainly non- descriptive Muslims in Colombo and suburbs. If you can deny your mother tong,you want hesitate to disown your mother too. I believe that you can exist without religion but not without a language of your own. Incidentally Americans do not refer to their language in the past as English but American. With the passage of time things changed. It appears Mr..Mohamed, that you wish to get the best of both worlds, though the recent events show otherwise.

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          K. Anaga,

          Why didn’t Tamil leaders oppose the “Sinhala Only Act”? Why did Tamil leaders agree to continue to keep Sinhala as the Official Language? Why is wrong in a citizen learning the official language of the country? Now you feel the mistake you did when a Tamil politician is struggling to express himself in a TV talkshow in the language that is widely spoken in SL. Most of Tamil’s problem is created by Tamils, please don’t blame others.

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            Truth hurts? No if it is the real truth. You seem to be living in isolation or you were not born?. In 1956, when Sinhala only was being introduced, Mr. SJV Chelvanayakam, Dr.Naganathan, Vanniyasingham, Amirthalingam and hundreds of others gathered at the steps of the the then parliament at Galle Face and sat down to protest against the Sinhala only bill. But they were Chased away from there by the police on to the Galle Face Green (Then it was green and not brown as today) where they were manhandled stripped beaten on the heads and thrown into the sea by the hooligans sent by Prime Minister Bandaranayake with the support of the Buddhist monks. Well the same Buddhist Monks were responsible for the murder of Banadranayake (it is another story). When Amirthalingam, after the satiyagraha at the Galle face, with the bandaged head, attended the parliament , Banda ridiculed Amirthalingam as a soldier with ‘wounds of war’. Various protests were held by the Tamils and Muslims against Sinhala only. A long drawn out satiyagraha was performed for months at the Jaffna Kacheri Grounds and the eastern province for months where the Muslims too participated. Separate postage stamps were issued by Chelvanayakam. Thereafter army was deployed to beat up the the satiyagrahis. where, women and children were mercilessly beaten up and removed forcibly and the leaders arrested and detained at the Panagoda Army Camp. So many pacts were signed, only to be torn up unilaterally by the Government. To cut the long story short when the admissions to university was limited to Tamils in favour of the Sinhalese students under various guise and pretext, that was the last straw- the boys took up to arms. Rest is MODERN HISTORY which should be written in blood and supplied to the schools without distorting the TRUTH including the numerous lives lost, to educate those who seem to think ‘TRUTH HURTS’. Please read this in conjunction with the comment made by me previously before yours..

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    RH
    Correction: TBJ joined the Legislative Council not the State Council, which came about in 1930.

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    “0-Arab settlements existed in Ceylon even prior to the 7th century.

    1-Many of the Arab traders may not have brought their womenfolk along with them when they settled in Ceylon. Nevertheless, many of them married native women who later embraced Islam.

    2-The second wave of Muslims has come from South India in 1600+. They are the descendants of earlier Arab traders who had settled in South Indian ports and were married to local women.

    3-These settlers were believed to be the ancestors of the large concentration of Muslims in the Eastern Province”

    So, in 7th century AD, Arab traders randomly met local women in Ceylon and married them. Then those women embraced to Islam. Are you saying that in 7th AD, randomly picked local ladies the Arab traders could meet in South were speaking Tamil? According to statistics, 90+% of current Muslims in SL speak Tamil as their mother language. Then shouldn’t the ancestors of majority of Muslims in SL come from the group of Muslims from South India in 1600+? Then what is the real reason to hide the identity and history of our ancestors in SL? Shouldn’t we recognize their existence and accept who we are?

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      I have only one simple question.

      The Sri Lankan Muslims (commonly referred to as Moors/Marakkala Minissu/Sonahar) claim that they came from Arab countries as traders and those who settled in the island married to local Sinhala women. If they were direct descendants of Arabs, their Mother tongue should have been Arabic. If they had married to Sinhalese women, then their Mother tongue should have been Sinhala. Throughout history, can anyone tells us when and where did we come across Sri Lankan Muslims speaking Arabic or Sinhala at home as their mother tongue.

      A commonsensical question one can ask from any Sri Lankan Muslim is, if they have been constituted by three different races: Arab, Sinhalese, and Tamil then why is the mother tongue of the SL Muslims in the entire country (not only North and East but even in the Deep South) is Tamil and NOT Sinhalese or Arabic?

      In Tamil Nadu and Kerela, the local Hindus who married the Arab Merchants and converted to Islam were known as the Sonakar community. At that time, a good number of Sonakar were enlisted in the naval force of Zamorin (royal title used by the Hindu rulers of Malabar) and given the title of Marakkar (so named because they were using wooden boats).

      The Tamil speaking Marakkar established a monopoly in the commercial activities in the Indian Ocean and one of their main trade was spices. The South Western coast of Sri Lanka where the premium quality spices (such as cinnamon) were grown was the first landing/settling place of the Marakkar or Sonakar (Muslims) in Sri Lanka. Within a short period, all the trade in the Island was in the hands of the Moors.

      The Moors who settled down for the first time in the South-Western Coasts of Sri Lanka as traders were all Tamil speaking (Mother tongue Tamil, not Arabic) from the Malabar and Coromandal coasts of South India.

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    After reading the different versions as to how The Sri Lankan Moors originated, it made me feel most of the so called writer’s statements appear to be baseless and most of them were assumptions, either trying to downgrade different communities or discriminating other races and creating some essence of disharmony among different races, who lived in perfect harmony for ages.
    It would be very much appreciated and more civilized if they could come out with facts derived from genuine historical documented evidence about their so called claims who came from where and so on.
    This prompted me to do some research to get at some possible true facts from genuine authentic sources. Amazingly I found an article in the Wikipedia which is given below.
    History of Sri Lankan Moors- Source Wikipedia
    Origins theories
    1) Scholars holds the view that the Sri Lankan Moors are descendant of the Marakkar, Mappilas, Memons and Pathans of South India.
    2) Another view suggests that the Arab traders, however, adopted the Tamil language only after settling in Sri Lanka.This version claims that the features of Sri Lankan Moors as different from that of Tamils. The cultural practices of the Moors also vary significantly from the other communities on the island. Thus, most scholars classify the Sri Lankan Moors and Tamils as two distinct ethnic groups, who speak the same language. This view is dominantly held by the Sinhalese favoring section of the Moors as well as the Sri Lankan government which lists the Moors as a separate ethnic community.
    3) Since 1888 under the initiative of Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched a campaign to classify the Sri Lankan Moors as Tamils, primarily to bolster their population numbers for the impending transition to democratic rule in Sri Lanka. Their view holds that the Sri Lankan Moors were simply Tamil converts to Islam.

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      Tony Samath

      “Their view holds that the Sri Lankan Moors were simply Tamil converts to Islam.”

      Whatever it is, Muslims, Tamils, Sinhalese, Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Malays, …….. are descendants of Kallathonies. Their disparate languages, Religions, Culture, ………….. are foreign, nothing in common with my people.

      In their false claim to a piece (or entire) of island they cite the date of arrival on the shores of this island. Whether one group arrived by Kallathonie earlier than the others will not count. They are still descendants of Kallthonies.

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        The fact that you seem to be much familiar with the social media, I guess you are a much civilized native vedda (Wanniale etho). But why dont you identify yourself by name.

        It is interesting to note that the native veddas believe that the Muslims, Tamils, Sinhalese, Buddhists, Hindus, Christians etc who arrived in Sri Lankan shores and settled in this land are all descendants of Kallathonies and you claim to be the original natives of this land.! This is amazing news !

        Thank god, these Kallathonies hold nothing in common with your people.

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    This is what Barbosa says in his account of the Island in 1519 in his book ‘Economic, Political and Social Geography of Maritime Asia’. A large numbers of ‘Moors’ from the South Indian (Malabar and Coromandel) Coasts resorted constantly to Sri Lanka. Barbosa speaks of their heads covered with handkerchiefs and of their earrings so heavy that they hang down to their shoulders. A handkerchief was necessary to cover their shaven crowns, while the earrings indicated most emphatically their South Indian origins. They lived primarily in coastal trading and agricultural communities, preserving their Islamic customs and the South Indian language/culture. (There is much more about them, I cannot type all of them here).

    Arab traders used to visit the western coast of India (Coastal Malabar) as early as the 7th century AD. Malabar region in South India was a link between them and ports of South East Asia to trade. They intermarried with local people (Hindus) in Malabar and with this admixture the large Muslim community of Kerala evolved.

    However, writers such as Humayun Kabir (Indian Heritage) has pointed out that the majority of the Muslims of South India are converts to Islam (from Hinduism) and not Arabs.

    The settlement at Beruwala (South-West coast of Sri Lanka), which the Sri Lankan ‘Moors’ generally admit to be the first of all their settlements, took place not earlier than the 14th century (after 1344). Ibn Batuta visited the Island in 1344, but makes no mention of any ‘Moors/Muslims’ at Beruwela (or anywhere else in the Island) though it lay directly on his route from Galle to Colombo.

    Professor Courtnay in his ‘History of Ceylon’, (pp. 13-14) says that had not the Portuguese come to Sri Lanka the entire Island would have come under the control of the ‘Moors’.

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    Continued from above…

    The first Indian mosque (Cheraman Juma Masjid) was built in 621 CE by the last ruler of the Chera Kingdom, who converted to Islam and facilitated the proliferation of Islam in Malabar.

    A good number of Malabar Muslims (Sonakar) were enlisted in the naval force of Zamorin and given the title of Marakkar (so named because they were using wooden boats). The Marakkar established a monopoly in the commercial activities in the Indian Ocean and one of their main trade was spices. The South Western coast of Sri Lanka where the premium quality spices (such as cinnamon) were grown was the first landing/settling place of the Marakkar (Marakkala Minissu) in Sri Lanka. They are the people who brought the banana known today among the Sinhalese as Koolikutu (from Kozhikode/Malabar), in Jaffna they call it Kappal palam (because they brought it in the ship/Kappal from the Kozhikode port). Vattil Appam is a Malabar dish introduced to Sri Lanka by these Marakkar Muslims (Moors). Since then it has got modified in Sri Lanka as Watalappam and certain amount of its taste has changed.

    It is wrongly believed in Sri Lanka that the Sri Lankan Muslims (Moors) descend from Moorish Arab merchants who married native (Sinhalese & Tamil) wives after having them converted to Islam. The fact is, bulk of the ‘Moors’ in Sri Lanka, as it has been amply demonstrated again and again, are not Moorish Arab Merchants but Tamil/Malabar speaking Sonakar who came from South India. Except for a few visitors like Ibn Battuta, the Arabs did not come direct to Sri Lanka. If they had come to Sri Lanka (South Western coast) direct from the Middle East and married to Sinhalese women, today their descendants (Sri Lanka Moors) should be speaking Arabic or Sinhala as their mother tongue but throughout the island (North & South) even today their mother tongue is Malabarish Tamil.

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    May Allah enlighten the Muslims of Srilanka to understand their Origin here.

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