19 September, 2020

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Trapped Between A Rock & A Hard Place

By Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

Don’t exaggerate Lanka’s strategic importance to the Great Powers: Trapped between a rock and a hard place

The foreign powers relevant to Sri Lanka’s predicament, in order of involvement are India, China, the United States, and Pakistan to a lesser degree. Japan, Australia and the UK will bestir themselves to the extent that the US compels them. To India the island is so critical that a threat to its security such as setting up a hostile military base will provoke a hard militarised response. US military interest is to backup India and deny China military facilities, but its economic forebodings are deeper and it has vowed to pushback China’s economic wallop and in particular to spoke the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) by which China is taking over the Asian politico-economic landscape. Last week’s (6 Sept) column “America’s New Cold War” was about this. 

India is concerned about the tilting Sino-Lanka axis from many perspectives, security, regional economy and Belt-and-Road; see strategic papers here and here. The first paper is written from the perspective, true at one time, that Mahinda is China’s man. It is more complex now with GR-MR manoeuvring between the IMF, China, the US and India to keep the wolf of foreign debt and interest repayment from the door. They have recently even proposed the partial-sale of private banks to multilateral agencies. The Rajapaksas will throw themselves at the mercy of anyone for a debt moratorium, new loans and MCC grants; beggars can’t be choosers. Modi and Indian security folks would like to buy the Rasapaksas off with deals and loans and Lanka cannot afford to pose a strategic threat to anyone. On the other hand, GR and MR are well aware that the big money is with China. It’s a hard world! 

Though Sri Lanka’s economic-strategic location is useful to China as a centre point on shipping lanes to the Suez Canal, the Persian Gulf (and its oil), and China dependent East Africa, the island’s military-strategic significance should not be exaggerated. The crucial choke point for China and for all Far Eastern shipping is the Malacca Strait a narrow strip of water between Peninsular Malaya and Sumatra, two miles (2.8km) wide at its narrowest and 550 miles (890km) long. It carries a quarter of the world’s oil shipments, a quarter of global freight, and 100,000 vessels transit it each year. It is the Malacca Strait, not Sri Lanka, that is a nightmare for China because the US Navy can throttle the Strait and China does not have the clout to respond.

Hence BRI: Five corridors, three operational and two a bit dicey. The Mongolia-Russia railway to the Baltic Sea and the more southerly and more important Eurasia railway are both operational. A branch of the latter through Iran into the Middle East and Turkey maps the Ancient Silk Route – this Central and West Asia Corridor is a third, part-operational arm. The fourth in fitful “progress” is the Pakistan Corridor of roads crossing through contested parts of Kashmir and rail links to the Arabian Gulf port of Gwardar. Fifth the Myanmar-Bangladesh Corridor to the Bay of Bengal port of Chittagong runs through India so it may never get done, but Chittagong is being developed as a transit port. This fifth proposal has a slice on the side, sometimes called a Sixth Corridor, down the spine of Peninsula Malaysia to Singapore. This too is unlikely to get done.

A profoundly important new development is the China-Iran deal signed a few days ago. China will invest $400b in petrochemicals ($280b) and transport ($120b) in exchange for a 32% discount on Iranian oil for the next 25 years. The rail project will connect the Iranian port city of Chabahar to Zahedan near Iran’s Afghan border and presumably go north to join the Eurasia Corridor. Last year India stopped buying Iranian oil to please Washington and Delhi has also reinforced military ties with Israel. Tehran’s attitude changed; in effect the US and India have pushed Iran into China’s welcoming arms and a new strategic partnership is taking shape; perhaps it will include Russia and Turkey in the future. So, as per plan the via-Pakistan route to Gwadar will be paralleled by a via-Iran route to Chabahar, and significantly Chabahar is at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. This complex now becomes a Pakistan-Iran Corridor. What is significant after this gets done is that the Malacca Strait and Lankan ports may, but unlikely, be bypassed for freight, but will certainly dim on the Chinese strategic radar.

Were the Communist Party less hostile and repressive of every other mass organisation (the Catholic Church, Fulan Gong and now the Uyghur Muslims of Xinjiang who are not prepared to abandon their faith) China could much improve its image among Muslim nations, and critically in this context, among the people of Iran. One-party Stalinism (or semi-Stalinism) suffers from a complex, a deep sense of insecurity, a foreboding of all other big entities.

There are other reasons than sea-lanes and security not to exaggerate the standing of the Chinese connection. Lanka does not export much to China which needs oil, gas, high-tech and masses of electronic chips that we do not have. The PRC exports tons of the same stuff as we do to the whole world and a wider variety and better quality – garments, manufactures. We have not even found niche markets in China for our specialist foods. For training professionals (doctors, engineers, IT types) and post-graduate placements, we are bound hand and foot to the English-speaking world. Investments from China are large but front loaded with a big graft slab for our leaders – all mega projects include a slice. Actually, China does not care as loans are commercial-repayable and unlike Western agencies which are accountable at home, the Chinese public cares tuppence if projects are alabaster-pure white-elephants. Mattala, Hambantota Stadium, highway projects, anything that has the label Rajapaksa in front is likely to be superfluous and a graft opportunity. 

The US blacklisting 24 Chinese companies is unlikely to affect Lanka. The giant holding entity China Communication Construction Company (CCCC) has not been named though several of its subsidiaries have. These subs are not involved in the Colombo Port City Project, a different CCCC spin-off, China Harbours – which criminally pumped tens of millions into the 2015 Presidential race – has a stake in the Port City project. This all seemed clear, though last week the Colombo US Embassy muddies the waters with a warning. Separately, the US Secretary of State, Defence Secretary and National Security advisor have been in telephone contact with President Gota not to mention a letter from Trump said to have been handed over to Gota. But all to make sure that Lanka does not get out of line in the new anti-China cold-war. But we are dead broke – the 2020 fiscal deficit will be about 10%, I believe the highest ever in the country’s history and the economy limps from bad to worse. China not India or the US has the money so as beggars who can’t afford to be choosers where are we to beg and what are we to choose? Things will roll on in this style for five, maybe ten more years.

*Both this and last week’s essay have greatly benefitted from information supplied by a Mongolian Comrade

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Latest comments

  • 4
    1

    There is a famous saying ” a beggars vomit” I am sure I don’t have to elaborate.
    Sri Lanka have to eat from all feeding hands and then vomit on its citizens.
    famous hopper dinner comes to mind….
    and the guy is begging for a dry fish curry

    • 1
      0

      Democracy has has turned out to be DEMOCRAZY under the current leadership in my home country.
      .
      http://www.dailymirror.lk/breaking_news/20A-will-not-be-redrafted/108-195932
      .
      It is fully shattered.

      Brothers in that family will be ended up being found on drains sooner than later. That was the case also Gadafi FAMILY in Lybia few years ago.


      Peopple s hatreds towards those family memebers grow up exponentially. Wait and see, how they will end up … Jaya WEWA for all those support to real democratic actions

  • 6
    0

    A lot depends on Trump. If he, by hook or by crook, manages to hang on (which seems quite likely, despite all the odds), he will bash China for four more years. The USA has 800 foreign bases, in 70 countries, compared to China’s one, in Djibouti. No comparison there. Even around the South China Sea, US bases are in Japan, South Korea and Guam. Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Australia, India will all side with the US if a conflict breaks out. Trump is preparing for this: he recently moved three B2 stealth bombers to Diego Garcia. China is surrounded.
    *
    Xi Jinping, unlike Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin, is no statesman. He is a bully, with imperialist dreams. Now, he is facing internal problems in China. Food shortages, unemployment, no career prospects for university students. US sanctions are biting. He could lose it and invade Taiwan, setting fire to the region.
    *
    Mahinda played India and the USA against China, and thought he won. But Gota will probably be cautious, his wife and son still being US citizens, and for another reason I will not mention but easy to guess.

    • 0
      1

      SP
      “Xi Jinping, unlike Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin, is no statesman. He is a bully, with imperialist dreams. Now, he is facing internal problems in China. Food shortages, unemployment, no career prospects for university students.”
      I wonder why our papers have kept this a secret from us!

  • 4
    0

    I see Xi Jinping on the news daily, and he has aged visibly in the past year. US sanctions, humiliations in Hong Kong, crackdown repercussions in Xinjiang, smaller states around the South China Sea speaking up against bullying, Taiwan’s defiance, trouble at the Indian border, every poor nation coming with the begging bowl . . . The list seems endless. Also, dissatisfaction, Ii not dissent, internally. All this taking a toll on the man.
    *
    Trump’s return to power will overshadow everything. Even the lifeline to Iran’s oil will be blocked. Then what?

    • 1
      2

      SP
      “Then what?”
      History will go backwards on fast rewind and humans will fight each other with sticks and stones.
      *
      Sadly, you will not be able to comment, because there will be no Internet.

      • 1
        0

        SJ@
        Internet and all other common benefits will restrict to Rajapakshe family- medicine and hospital will also become their pvt properties. Everything will be like that of countries in far poor African and Asia.

        Now they have made it clear ” the land called SRILANKA” is their private property.

        Those who voted for buggers, are speechless. They dont raise the question who to have drafted 20A. With minister of JUSTICE being unaware of the truth, what more talks we need to see that current bunch would bring for the betterment of the nation.

  • 7
    6

    It is difficult to understand the mentality of Hindians. Instead of joining hands with China, sorting out the border disputes and making Asia Great, these dumbos are going after US. US will use India to achieve their objectives and once it is done they will Balkanize India so that India cannot be a super power in the Indian ocean.

    • 3
      0

      Mahindapala, it is the same thing, when it is difficult to understand the mentality of Sinhalese. Instead of joining hands with Tamils, sorting out the political disputes and making Sri Lanka great, these dumbos are going after other countries seeking money and protection and getting kicked about in the geo-political game. Tamil Nadu will not leave India because it is due to its being a part of India, that it has become prosperous with a GDP higher than that of Sri Lanka, which will be lost if they leave. Economically Sri Lanka is going down the drain with import ban slapped on motor cycles above 450 cc in addition to previous ban on vehicles. With ban on US companies doing business with China, Colombo port city will become another white elephant.

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.

    For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

  • 5
    8

    Prof. Kumar David
    .
    Just wondering…..
    .
    What you are trying to say is…….
    .
    Nothing good will happen to SL unless otherwise we give power to AKD and JVP.

    • 4
      8

      Don’t you know that they had partial power on two different occasions..?
      1970 and 1988/89.
      Can you remember how they behave / govern at those times..?
      .
      They have controlling power in almost all higher education institutes
      Don’t you know how they behave..??

      • 4
        0

        SCP
        Be fair by the JVP today.
        They are a dedicated parliamentary party that wants clean government. Their anti-imperialism and anti Indian hegemony are very much diluted.
        What remains is their Sinhala nationalism. They sought to upstage their right wing counterparts and both lost out to MR. Now they are up the gum tree on that count, although there are subjective claims that they have changed, although not visibly.
        Had the JVP seriously reviewed their erroneous ideas about revolution, they may be in a better situation today with their rural base intact.
        Yet, it has a better informed team than the bigger parties, which does its homework in matters it talks about unlike its bigger rivals who seldom work as a team.

        • 1
          4

          SJ,
          .
          What you refer is “No Power” JVP.
          .
          What I refer is “With Power” JVP.
          .
          When we vote for SLPP or SJB or UNP we know who we are voting for.
          We know either GR or SP or RW is going to govern the country.
          We know how they are going to govern the country.
          .
          Can you say the same thing about JVP.
          .
          Ever hear something called “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution”.???

          • 2
            2

            SCP
            Being a big party is not forever. The list of big parties that got decimated by their own folly is long.
            If only political parties that can form government matter, then we will have no sensible political discussion in any forum.
            The JVP makes a welcome difference, but its past haunts it.
            Let us not dismiss it lightly.

          • 3
            0

            SCP@

            Who are this ” we” ? Are they the THANAKOLA eaters in the country ?

            JVPrs are the most intelligent party in current day srilanka. If anyone would stand against them – he or she should be a liar/stupid person by every means.
            :
            Just listen to them in or out of the parliament. They perform their duties to the top while abusive SLPPrs are looters, rapists, money launderers and all forms of high criminals.
            :
            Come with facts supporting as to why incumbent president makes every effort to abuse the power by strengthening his excutive presidency ? Were almost all srilanken against the EXECUTIVE PRESIDENCY in recent past ?
            :
            Why should people let AN STUPID FAMILY to take decisions for us srilankens ?
            :
            Why should the current CONSTITUTION be amneded inorder their brother 10% aka BASIL to allow enter parliament ? WHO DO THEY THINK they are ?

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdlXWhK_b8g

            I really miss my GURU – Late Rev Sobitha Thero – I really miss him today !!!!! than any time in the past.

        • 3
          0

          Dear SJ,

          you are asking to be fair ?

          Pigs might fly !

          SCP is no better to any stupid villager who would emulate Rajapakshe mantra not knowing the basics about the power of universal franchise.
          :
          Just imagine, how SCP continues with his COVID statistics yet today. Those who have written research papers on COVID and the like viruses stay mum today, so are the expert virologists. But SRILANKEN born SCP repeats what he has to say about the death rates of COVID patients. – frech grins-
          :
          Entire world is becoming nervous about COVID related infections and they know now it is multifactorial. I have been working with ones who have worked on CORONA virus/Infections for their research projects. However, even they are speechless about succeeding a vaccine yet today.

          • 0
            0

            Mr. leela ge …..,
            .
            Germany Coronavirus Cases : 268,844
            Total Deaths : 9,445 ( 3.57% )
            Yesterday’s death count : 9
            Recovered : 233,300 ( 90% )
            .
            Brazil Coronavirus Cases : 4,384,299
            Total Deaths : 133,207 ( 3.04% )
            Yesterday’s death count : 1090
            Recovered : 3,497,337 ( 84% )
            .
            Mexico Coronavirus Cases : 676,487
            Total Deaths : 71,678 ( 10.60% )
            Yesterday’s death count : 288
            Recovered : 481,068 ( 71% )
            ….

            ..
            .
            Sri Lanka Coronavirus Cases : 3,271
            Total Deaths : 13 ( 0.40% )
            Yesterday’s death count : 0
            Recovered : 3,016 ( 92% )

            • 0
              0

              Dear CT Readers,

              Can anybody you please give some BASiIC information to this RAJAAKSHE VIRIOLOGIST SCP ?

              He thinks COVID infections world wide are the same ? The reason why virologists have failed to find a vaccine yet is connected with the complex of COVID 19:
              :
              One can add somuch about facts, but NEO KALLATHONIEs such as PASQUAL would never care much about facts. Why is that ? Is that because these men are born with MIXED genetics ?


              Sri Lanka Coronavirus Cases : 3,271 – far more than their numbers … that is why EU has blacklisted the country

              Total Deaths : 13 ( 0.40% ) total death rate is much highter than 113 but criminal govt dont let real statistics to be passed to th enation.

              Yesterday’s death count : 0 – how do you know ? there are lot more that would die .. but PCR tests are done in that hunger nation.

              Recovered : 3,016 ( 92% ) – these are RAJAPAKSEH biased, doctored numbers.

        • 2
          0

          Dear SJ,
          .

          The National List slot that went to the “JVP” they handed over to Dr Harini Amarasuriya, who is not a member of the JVP.
          .
          It was as the NPP that they contested.
          .
          Her maiden speech has been embedded in this article:
          .
          https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/take-legislative-steps-to-recognize-reward-unpaid-care-workers-an-open-letter-to-dr-harini-amarasuriya/
          .
          Her eleven-minute speech was supposed to be in Sinhala (easy enough to follow), but the last minute is in the language that she is most fluent in – English. I don’t think that she knows Tamil, but she had done French for her Sri Lankan A. Levels. Now that does not mean that she will know much French! I utter that from knowledge.
          .
          However, her first degree had been done in the “Hindu College” in Delhi, so she possibly knows some Hindi. These details (and much else) I got from a Sinhalese Youtube that lasted more than an hour.
          .
          That appointment marks a significant change in the JVP. The problem could be that such a change leads to a loss of support from Sinhalese villagers.
          .
          I feel that as 1988/89 begins to fade from the memories of younger voters, and both the “major groupings” blunder, the JVP could come into the reckoning once more.
          .
          I actually see that as our only hope.

  • 2
    4

    It is not all bad. Sri Lanka gains from both camps – China and USA.

    USA did a Modi with Gota. Until he became PM, USA called on India to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity by Modi as Gujarat CM. But the moment he became PM, USA dropped it. Same with Gota.

    The real contest is between USA and India over SL. USA is with Saudi the other superpower. Together they engage SL. India is all alone.

    • 0
      1

      G
      You have a point there in the Modi–Gota analogy.
      But I doubt the US taking an openly hostile stand towards India.

      • 0
        2

        USA is not hostile to SL anyway. USA has donated at least 5 large warships to SL since winning the war against Tamils in 2009 and raised Sri Lanka Marines.

      • 3
        1

        G
        The way it raised war crimes as an issue just weeks after the end of the war in 2009, was certainly not seen as a friendly act. The general impression among Sinhalese is that the US repeatedly acted in a vindictive fashion ever since its first bid using Mexico failed.
        Many Tamils imagined that the US was on their side.
        Those who know the game of human rights know when a violation qualifies to be an issue.
        HR issues will be used to ensure that SL does not deviate too far from the policy desired by the US.

  • 0
    0

    Until recently, for long time America’s interest in Ceylon was minimal. It is said America, after the WWII war, recommended to Britain to give freedom for Ceylon. It could have been just procedural diplomacy, but nothing special. America show better interest in India getting freedom. After letting Ceylon away, Britain lost its Navy advantage in had in Ceylon. Though India & Ceylon claimed they were non-aligned, nobody believed in it. After freedom, especially Mrs. Gandhi’s time, India bent to USSR. Lankawe became partially communist country after SWRD’s SLFP. America limited its dealing with Pakistan, nobody else in South Asia. Again America was giving customary aids to Lankawe from WWII; nothing special. Americans are no tea lovers. What went to Ceylon Tea at London Auction was not an incident for America to turn at it.

  • 0
    0

    By London’s retaliation for Ceylon tea made Ceylon market little by little die. Another thorn in Ceylon – America relationship was Rubber fact with China. First time America paid any attention to Ceylon with Strategical purpose was when Rajiv entered Lankawe. India was still a USSR’s ally. America’s interests started after Kathirgamar & Rohan like governments coolies’ activities. it was said, not as a new base, but as replacement for Diego Garcia, America was interested in Lankawe. But India used its influence to keep America away from Lankawe and Maldives. On the other hand, from Siri ma o and her BMICH, China went much above the rubber pact. America is not late at Hangbangtota harbor to China, But America even late as early as rubber pact and BMICH. That time America depended on Pakistan and now lost it to China. Malacca is a crucial point for crossing through, but not strategical point on naval warfare. So Super Powers’ rivalry will continue in Lankawe.

  • 2
    0

    Trapped between a rock and a hard place= caught between Scylla and Charybdis [Greek Mythology].

    But of-course this is by no means a Myth. Its real; For how long can Srilanka walk on a tight rope,notwithstanding the fact that it is a Land Like No other?!

    • 1
      0

      SJ@
      Internet and all other common benefits will restrict to Rajapakshe family- medicine and hospital will also become their pvt properties. Everything will be like that of countries in far poor African and Asia.

      Now they have made it clear ” the land called SRILANKA” is their private property.

      Those who voted for buggers, are speechless. They dont raise the question who to have drafted 20A. With minister of JUSTICE being unaware of the truth, what more talks we need to see that current bunch would bring for the betterment of the nationxxxx.

  • 1
    1

    National Interests of countries would vary from time to time. True! India would not tolerate any action of Sri Lanka that would jeopardize its security interests. A strong relationship of Sri Lanka involving a “friend” or “ally” of India today would be welcome by India today but may not be tomorrow, because the current friendship involving India and others are centred around the perceived Chinese threat and that friendship is loose. Do not forget that there is rivalry amongst so called friends. Development of Hambantota port was first offered to India and upon its rejection it was offered to China. Now anti-Chinese lobby prefer to call the Hambantota port as a Chinese base. A naive option could be to become a poodle of India. Is India in a position to provide the necessary financing for infrastructural development which, is vital to Sri Lanka? NO. SL must procure the requisite investment cum funding through other sources than the traditional country to country assistance. If that were so, we need not kowtow any of these giants. Remember the attitude of any giant is “either you are with me or with my rival”. In between? Pooh!

    • 0
      0

      Good Sense,
      Everybody knows what happened. Old King asked only China to work on that. America and India opposed. King gave a bogus offer to India and it withdraw. India did know by developing it will not get back its money. So it rejected. Old King didn’t offer it to America. Because he did know because it was not a commercial port, America would have interest in making it a as military port. So Old King hired Muralitharan & Senanayake to sell Somawathi Reserve to Dole. Once the Hangbangtota deal was signed & China started to work on that, Old King sent some activist protest and get Dole out of Somawathi Reserve. Remember what Ranil did to Ambassador Atul Heshap after he sold the Hanbangtota Port to China? On Jerusalem embassy issue, made him get out of his office.
      If you don’t know, please ask us, Don’t white wash the wtite elephants, further. Now Lankawe in Colombo Pong Cing. This is going to be a nightmare for all Sinhala politicians, including, Rear Admirable, Lemon Puff, Ganapthipillai, Ponny………

    • 0
      1

      Very true.

      Soma

  • 0
    3

    This desire to see Sri Lanka destroyed is all evident in many CT articles and comments.
    We are a poor country struggling to survive and have taken loans from many sources such as India, China, IMF, ADB etc.
    Every Sri Lankan knows to the core that Sri Lanka is a sprat in the ocean of whales in terms of wealth and military power. Mahinda is no exception.
    Statements like “Mahinda played China against India and USA” are an insult to those countries.
    No politician in Sri Lanka has capacity or inclination do so. Neither those countries are imbeciles. That he may have pocketed in some commission is another issue.
    All these big contracts are international tenders for which China comes out as the best bidder in terms financial/technology package.
    This is so even for the developed world. Huawei and ZTE have built Telecom networks all across India, USA and Europe not to mention poor Africa and Asia.
    .
    Sri Lanka has no military secrets. India, Pakistan and USA know our inventory to the last bullet.
    .
    We have a problem with India because they have a problem with Tamil Nadu is common knowledge.
    .
    The Professor is cautioning us not to over exaggerate our strategic importance.

    • 0
      0

      Ceylon Tamils are a small community is caught in between UNP Yahapalanaya and SLFP Chitanata aanduwas. These political parties only look for Genocide Tamils. If any reporters write about it they are sent to heaven by Royals. CT is not in Lankawe. That bothers Soma, the Federal Racist, who want federal government for Tamils only because he wants to send Tamils to North, just like JR did in 1983.

  • 1
    0

    Lankans overestimate their value and tend to underestimate the rest of world. Lanka has been a loan dependent country since independence. For years the major loan providers other than (international bodies/banks) were Japan and UK. The one and only international airport we have was gifted by Canada and Convention hall? BMICH by China. It took more than 60 years, where Chinese with their new agenda (loan traps) and Rajapaksas working as their agents built an alternate airport and convention hall.(Nelum Pokuna, though started by Chandrika). It is not as people say India, or U.S pressured in getting in (though India had the opportunity before) ,it is Lanka and China who made it inevitable. Since the end of cold war there has been a vacancy at the top unfilled and China has made its move to take over that position.The main reason is China will need unlimited resources to feed its unrealistic growth. That is exactly they are doing in claiming rights throughout world (especially Africa, or the south China sea) , buying mines in Australia , using loan traps, bullying smaller countries and try building the routes in case of emergency.

  • 1
    0

    China dosent have the technology or want to invest in finding alternatives (for energy or resources), but wait for others to come up so that they can steal it, and in the mean time keep amassing such resources for the future. Right next to south China sea they have build massive storage sites to deposit such resources. .When China continues with their massive enviable growth for years , no country had any such conflict and if at all became their major trade partners. But now that they have turned greedy and started exploiting , bullying smaller nations, stealing the resources for their gain, some countries have decided to confront them.

  • 1
    0

    It is China who started it and now trying ” playing victim”. Every country of economic importance is a trade partner of China. Until Trump , there is no single leader had confronted China. So if anyone tried to paint this as some ‘COLD WAR ” ,it is not true. Where as China kept on with his bullying and pressure tactics with adjacent nations, continued to have trade witch were only beneficial to them , used other countries to dump its end products, manipulated their currency to help trade, government sponsored or supported firms were competing with other private firms denying level playing field, manipulating prices of goods in free market, trying to force their owner ship to south china sea, stealing technology and patent infringement, creating debt traps , talks sovereignty but try influencing other countries democratic process the list goes on. There are Chinese companies and subsidiaries all over the world , how many countries have theirs (not products) with in China ???

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