13 July, 2024

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A Brief History Of Tamil Delusional Politics

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

In 1968 Jaffna was facing an internal caste war which was threatening to tear it apart. The simmering caste conflict in Jaffna exploded with the low-castes, spurred by N. Shanmugathasan, head of the Peking-wing of the Communist Party, threatening to enter the Maviddipuram Temple – the segregated religious domain preserved exclusively for the high-caste Vellahlas from feudal and colonial times. It was, in a distant way, similar to the storming of the Bastille: the decadent and dying ancien regime of the feudal Vellahlas power resisting with all their might the rising forces of modernity. Prof. C. Sunderalingam, a Vellahla caste fanatic, was threatening to attack any low-caste who dared to cross the threshold of this Hindu Temple. The Vellahala casteists, including the leadership of the Federal Party dominated by the Vellahlas, were behind him, either overtly or covertly, but mostly covertly.

Dudley Senanayake, the Prime Minister, had given instructions to the head of the Jaffna Police, Deputy Inspector General, R. Sunderalingam, in Jaffna to open the temple for the low-castes. The battle lines were drawn clearly and the battle of the two “Sunderalingams” was at boiling point. The champion of the Tamils, S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, who was crying from roof tops about the alleged discriminations by the Sinhala governments, never lifted a finger to help the oppressed the Tamil untouchables / dalits, other than paying lip service to abolish the caste system. His deputy, Appapillai Amirthalingam, dodged the issue by saying that the Federal Party did not want to take sides to avoid bringing politics into the temple.

The vicious caste system of Jaffna was a form of fascist rule imposed by the ruling Vellahla caste on the untouchables / dalits to maintain their “purity” and supremacy. Caste fascism stripped the dalits of human dignity in every sphere of their life. Even the right to drink water from the wells was forbidden. One of the lowest of the low-castes, the turumbas, for instance, were forbidden to walk in the daylight lest they should pollute the purity of Vellahla eyes. Beneath the serene surface of the Jaffna landscape casteism slithered into every nook and corner like a poisonous snake, ready to strike at anyone that came within hissing distance of the upper caste territorial and social borders. The cadjan curtain that fenced off the “other” (outcastes) demarcated their separate territory to prevent pollution from the “outsiders” which included the Tamils low-castes.

The ubiquitous cadjan curtain of Jaffna symbolised the separatist line of the Vellahlas who drew artificial and arbitrary borders to keep the “other” out. In the minds of the supremacist Vellahlas the “other” included the Batticoloa Tamils, the estate Tamils, the Sinhalese and even the Tamil-speaking Muslims. The Vellahlas were obsessed with separatism as a means of retaining their purity and superiority, both inside and outside the peninsula. The separatist ideology began with excluding their own people out of their Vellahla supremacist circle. Separatism was a means of protecting and preserving their feudal and colonial powers, perks, positions and privileges. Any intrusions to pollute the sanctity of the Vellahla inner circles, either by Tamil low-castes or the Tamil and non-Tamil outsiders were strictly forbidden. Some intrusions were punished with death. Whether it is the secular Thesavalami law, (law of the land), Saivite religious laws as restructured by Arumuka Navalar, the caste fanatic, the Catholic Church practices of reserving the front pews for the upper caste and last pews for the low-castes, the ruling political ideology, the approved traditions of the social order, all coalesced to keep the “other” (particularly the untouchables /dalits) out of Vellahla properties, Hindu temples, schools, wells, buses, and all other social amenities necessary for living as equal human beings with dignity.

The roots of Tamil violence and its subhuman culture can be found in the embedded casteist forces that pursued only purity, exclusivity and supremacy. The Vellahlas never hesitated to use violence to retain their purity, exclusivity and supremacy even at the cost of oppressing and suppressing their own people. “Vellarlars,” wrote Prof. Bryan Pfaffenberger, “had long considered the Jaffna Peninsula a private preserve for their interests……In the fifties, for instance, many Minority Tamils ( Vellahla euphemism for their untouchables / dalits ) still lived in Vellarlar – owned palmyrah groves or wasteland; if they did not submit to Vellarlar labour demands, they could be threatened with expulsion. The economic compulsions were paired with informal political controls : Minority Tamils who attempted to raise their position would find their communities victimised by Vellarlar- organised gangs of thugs, who burned down huts and poisoned wells.” (p. 81 — The Political Construction of Defensive Nationalism: The 1968 Temple-Entry Crisis in Northern Sri Lanka, The Journal of Asia Studies, 49, No. 1, February 1990).

The caste system was legitimized and maintained as a divinely ordained and immutable religious order of the chosen people, the Vellahlas. The low-castes were destined, according to their karma, to remain in the condition into which they were born. They had no alternative in this life except to accept the supremacy of “the God-given Vellahlas”. Consequently, it became more than a religion. It became a political cult to keep the Vellahla caste/class in power, exclusively on a fascist theology, manufactured and sanctioned by the Father of the Vellahlas, Arumuka Navalar,(1822 – 1879), the leading caste fanatic of Jaffna. Saivism, as doctored by Navalar, was essentially a religious cover to legitimise the supremacy of the Vellahlas – the lowest category in the hierarchy of the classical caste system in India. The highest caste was that of the Brahmins. But there were no Brahmins, the priestly caste, in Jaffna, except for the few who crossed over from India. Crossing the seas was a taboo to preserve the purity of the priests who are likely to be polluted by foreign influences. This posed a problem for the imported caste system in Jaffna : the caste hierarchy in Jaffna had no substitute for the Brahmins at the apex. It was Arumuka Navalar who stepped in and anointed the Vellahlas as the divinely ordained substitute for the Brahmins. In a show of gratitude the Vellahlas have worshipped him since then as their demi-god.

Navalar was himself a Vellahla and he imposed all the religio-social restrictions to keep the low-castes condemned as victims of their karmic past. He is the evil genius of Jaffna who perverted the Jaffna culture into a rigid, fascist gulag of the Vellahla supremacists. The Vellahlas owe everything to him because he used religion as a political tool to enthrone the Vellahlas as the supreme authority of Jaffna. Thanks to Navalar the Vellahlas gained the religious sanction to be the overlords of Jaffna. From the time of the Dutch, when the Vellahlas rose in rebellion against the appointment of a Madapalli (an extinct caste now) as a Canakepulle to the Dutch administration, the Vellahlas gained the upperhand of being the subalterns to the colonial masters. They brooked no opposition to their power in Jaffna from any internal rival castes. Though they were the unacknowledged subalterns under colonial masters they lacked the religio-social authority to be in command. Navalar filled this vacuum by anointing the Vellahlas as the supreme caste divinely ordained to rule the other castes. After Navalar’s blessings the Vellahlas assumed that they were born to rule and any challenge to their authority was put down with violent force, if necessary. Navalar’s politicised Saivism turned Jaffna into casteist / racist enclave. His Saivism dehumanised Hinduism and pushed the low-castes into a hell hole of casteist / racist fascism.

Navalar took the lead in setting the precedent for the denial of basic human rights to the low-caste Tamils. He was one of the first to exclude the low-castes entering his schools. Navalar’s Saivisim, therefore, was more than a reformed religion. It was a political cult manufactured by him to deny the oppressed Tamils of Jaffna their dignity, their liberty and their right to live as human beings. Some were condemned as slaves for life until the British abolished slavery in 1844. Neither the British nor the radical Prevention of Social Disabilities Act of 1957 passed by S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike – the only comprehensive legislative/political step taken by any administration to combat the caste fascism of Jaffna – worked because Vellahlaism was an entrenched force, like Saivism, that could not be eradicated overnight. It became a part of the DNA of Jaffna culture.

Only the explosive force of Prabhakaranism had some impact on the caste establishment. But that too seemed to have been short-lived. Latest research reveal that Vellahlaism is raising its ugly head again in Jaffna. Thanges Paramsothy, PhD Research Student in Anthropology, School of Social Sciences, University of East London, United Kingdom wrote in his latest article: “The LTTE movement, which was in power, to some extent had destroyed this political domination within its movement giving leaderships to all caste groups. Thamilchelvan, for example, who was from one of the oppressed caste groups, Ampattar, became as a leader of the political wings in the LTTE movement. Apart from the debate on success, failure and problems in the political mobilisation of the LTTE, it had the negotiating power where people from different social and caste backgrounds became as participants. Soon after the LTTE was defeated, the Tamil politics is once again been dominated by the Vellalar caste in Jaffna. The oppressed castes have a little or no space to become as potential leaders. The criticism against the TNA is that they appoint one person from the oppressed castes as a candidate at every parliamentary election in order to show that they are ‘casteless’ in their selection process of the candidates. However, the past experience shows that the person who was selected as a contesting candidate in the TNA would be as a potential loser than a winner.” (Colombo Telegraph – November. 05, 2015).

Saivite Vellahalism was a well-knit and organized political force, wrapped in the revised text of Saivism, to protect, promote and preserve, at any cost, its feudal and colonial powers, privileges. positions and perks of the Vellahlas. Its collective and concerted socio-political objective was initially to keep the low-castes as a subhuman species to do their dirty work, if necessary by thuggery and inhuman force, including killing. It was no doubt a prickly issue for the Vellahlas who were fighting a losing battle to preserve their feudal and colonial privileges in the 20th century. Losing their supremacy over the low-castes was an unthinkable proposition for the Vellahlas. Peninsular politics depended essentially on the supremacy of the English-educated, Saivite, Jaffna Vellahlas over the rest. They derived their authority and legitimacy in feudal/colonial times from the distorted theology of Arumuka Navalar who elevated them to the peak of power. But in the 20th century the religious authority, as defined by Navalar, was losing its validity. Vellahlaism as a ruling ideology was so powerful that even Ponnambalam Ramanathan went to London before he died in 1930 to convince the imperial masters that the caste system should be kept at any cost for the stability and progress of the Tamils. However, creeping modernity, universal franchise, market forces, free education, liberal and socialist ideologies were undermining the“divine” authority legitimised by the caste fanatic Arumuka Navalar.

By the 60s the traditional authority of Saivite casteism was coming apart at the seams and threatening to unseat the Vellahlas from their precarious perch located in the highest peak of the caste hierarchy. The persecuted “Minorities”were rising, slowly but surely, from the ashes of vicious casteism. It was at this juncture that the threatened Vellahlas nominally dropped casteism and turned to racism/nationalism to unite the divided Jaffna society. The cover of “nationalism” was the last ploy of the Vellahlas adopted,mark you, not to serve the Tamils of all layers, from the top to the bottom, but to retain the power, privileges, positions and perks of the Vellahlas. To achieve this they had to establish an administration of the Vellahlas, by the Vellahlas, for the Vellahlas. Under the British they were almost there, holding a commanding position in the legislature, public administration, professions and the private sector. Their concentration of power was in the public sector holding a disproportionate share of jobs in the British administration. This kept them quiet and satisfied enjoying the most favoured status with English as the official language. It is the command of the English language that lifted them from the rest of the low-caste Tamils and the other communities as a power elite. This gave the English-educated, Saivite, Jaffna Vellahlas the upperhand, both inside and outside Jaffna.

There was marked shift from casteism to racism in the post-Donoughmore period when the arrogant and uppity Vellahalas were forced to depend on electoral votes of the low-caste to retain power in the legislature. Jane Russell in her masterly study of racism in the post-Donoughmore period, Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution, 1931 – 1947. (Tissara Publication, 1982). reveals the pure anti-Sinhala-Buddhist racist ideology spearheaded by Ponnambalam in the thirties without being motivated by any traces of “nationalism”. Her book gives an insight into how the Tamil racist casteists manipulated northern politics to retain Vellahla supremacy, both inside and outside Jaffna. Clearly, “Tamil nationalism” was a latter-day construction. Even Prof. A. J. Wilson, the leading authority on Tamil politics of this period, wrote : “Ceylon Tamils lacked clearly defined objectives during this phase. It was based on the mistaken belief that the British presence would continue and that Ceylon would be granted restricted self-government and not complete independence….” ( p. 14 – S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947 – 1977, A Political Biogrpahy, (Lake House Bookshop. 1993). In a more direct and perceptive analysis, Prof. Asoka Bandarage of George Town University, Washington, USA, in her scholarly text, says: “ As Benedict Anderson suggests, many of the primordial identities, nations and traditional homelands espoused by various ethno-nationalist groups are only ‘imagined communities’ formulated in response to modern circumstances rather than primordial entities based on historical facts. The traditional Tamil homeland thesis manufactured by Sri Lankan Tamil elites is a case in point.” (p. 10 – The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka, Terrorism, ethinicity, political economy, (IUniverse, New York.)

Obviously, the Tamil Vellahla elite was leading a racist movement against the Sinhala-Buddhist majority purely to protect their socio-political interests. Tamil nationalism was not even in their vocabulary at the time though nationalism was the popular flavour of all politics in the early 20th century. Initially, Tamils were not moved by nationalism in which the masses rallied behind a Nehru or a Gandhi. It was primarily a movement of the Vellahla elite at the top to protect their powers, positions, perks and privileges more than a mass movement for nationalism. Even the issues raised by Ponnambalam in thirties and Chelvanayakam in the forties related to concerns of the Vellahla elite and not the Tamils masses. The language issue, for instance, was essentially an economic issue that concerned the Tamil public servants and professionals and not the Tamil masses who negotiated their commercial and private transactions comfortably, from Sea Street jewellers to barbers and thosai-kadays in Kandy in Sinhala.

In the thirties the Tamil leadership opposed universal franchise because it threatened their elitist and privileged position. It was not only a political leveller but also a direct challenge to Vellahla supremacy. Under feudal and colonial times they used the religious ideology to retain their power. Under the new democratised dispensation of the post-Donoughmore period they could no longer use the outdated authority of Saivite casteism to sustain their power. Under the new political circumstances the Vellahlas were forced to abandon casteism as a means to win votes in the peninsula. They had to look for an alternative ideology to keep the reins of power in their hands and it was in this phase that the Vellahla elite turned to virulent racism with G. G. Ponnambalam, the new kid in political bloc, going hell-for-leather, with his racist attacks on the Mahavamsa and the Sinhalese. Ponnambalam used his anti-Sinhala-Buddhist campaigns as naked and blunt racist attacks. He did not argue his case on Tamil nationalism at any stage. The thirties was the time when nationalism was moving like a tidal wave across the British empire. Ponnambalam did not base it on anti-colonial nationalism. It was pure and simple anti-Sinhala racism. It was later camouflaged as nationalism by Chelvanayakam because Ponnambalam’s “50 – 50” campaign lacked the populist aura of nationalism that could include the excluded low-castes.

There are several dates picked to define the birth of Tamil racism. It is possible to go back as far as 1921 to identify the origins of racism as a political force. It was the year in which Sir, Ponnambalam Arunachalam broke away from the Ceylon National Congress, based on the multi-ethnic model of Indian National Congress, and established the first racist organisation, the Tamil Maha Jana Sabhai. But racism, as decisive political forces, was forged by G. G. Ponnambalam in the thirties. He injected virulent racism into mainstream politics for the first time in the thirties when his crude attack on the Sinhalese sparked off communal riots in Nawalapitiya, Matale and Passara.

Historian Dr. G. C. Mendis commented that the communal harmony that prevailed for centuries was broken by the communalism that erupted in the thirties and the forties. Focussing on this aspect he wrote : “This (Sinhala-Tamil) communalism seen in 1943 was undoubtedly a new development. European writers such as the Portuguese Jesuit Fernao de Queyroz and the Englishman Robert Knox of the seventeenth century and James Cordiner and other English writers of the nineteenth century have left us pictures of Ceylon with its various divisions of society but in none of their works does one come across communal conflicts of the type we saw then.” ( p. 127, Ceylon Today and Yesterday, Main Currents of Ceylon History, Associated Newspaper of Ceylon Ltd., 1957).

It was in response to the rising racism of the north that S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike countered by establishing his defensive Sinhala Maha Jana Sabha in 1936. Ponnambalam raised the stakes of racism in thirties by raising the unsubstantiated cry of “discrimination” in the thirties, mark you, and demanded “50 –50” for 12 % of the Tamils. Though he claimed that it was for all the other minorities as well, neither the estate Tamils nor the Muslims were a part of his “50 – 50” bandwagon. The racist slide from “50 – 50”, to federalism to Eelam was inevitable, particularly with “the little now and more later” politics of S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the Father of Separatism. So it is clear that by the thirties – long before the Sinhala Only Act (1956) or even “1983” – the Tamils had started galloping on their racist horses dragging the nation into a Tamil-Sinhala conflagration.

After the failure of casteism to hold Jaffna together the Vellahla elite was jumping desperately from one slogan to another to retain their feudal and colonial powers. The panic-stricken Vellahla elite could only find anti-Sinhala-Buddhist racism as a political tool to defend their decadent and antiquated ancien regime. Their worst fear was that of losing power which they held as subalterns during the colonial period. While the Sinhala south embraced a multitude of ideologies – practically all the “isms” that were floating around in the post-War II period – Jaffna stuck to racism aimed at targeting the Sinhalese of the south. With casteism the English-educated, Saivite, Jaffna Vellahlas (ESJVs) rose to be the sole power inside the peninsula during the feudal and colonial times. With racism they became the key player outside Jaffna in the post-independent period – the period in which Jaffna took to self-destructive politics of extreme racism. Under the British rule the ESJVs had risen to become a powerful block outside Jaffna. By the time the British left they were in a commanding position to be key players in centre of politics in Colombo.

By 1948 the ESJVs of the north felt strong enough to mount a challenge using the racist/nationalist card. Please note I have used the acronym ESJVs and not the Tamils as having mounted the challenge to the centre playing the racist card. I shall explain why in the next article. For the present, I shall end this article by noting that S. J. V. Chelvanayakam launched his Illankai Thamil Arasu Kachchi urging a separate state on Decembe r 18, 1949 – just one year after independence. It was in the halcyon days when practically nothing significant had changed from the British administration except the colour of the faces of the new rulers : the Brown Sahibs had taken over from the White Sahibs.

Chelvanyakam’s cry for separatism had no other basis other than racism because it was not based on the Sinhala Only Act (1956), or “1983”, or any of the other issues that exacerbated the North-South relations later. Tamil racism was already in motion in 1948 determined to carve its own way to towards its inevitable end in Nandikadal (2009). Chelvanayakam severed his links with his leader, Ponnamabalam, on the spurious issue of citizenship to the Indian estate workers in August 1949. It is not because he was concerned about the plight of the estate workers. It was only because he feared that the electoral power of the Tamils as a whole would weaken should the Indians estate workers lose their voting rights. Once again it proved to be a bogus issue because the astute leader of the estate workers, S. Thondaman, resolved it without resorting to violence, or aligning himself with the Jaffna Tamil leaders. He suspected that they were trying to muscle in to his patch under a pan-Tamil movement, the Iyakkum (movement) of the Thamil Payasoom Makkal (Tamil-speaking people) and rejected their advances.

In this very sketchy outline I have tried to trace how northern events had escalated incrementally from a lower level of racism to a higher racist plane without the help of the Sinhala-Buddhists who are usually accused of being the cause of Tamil extremism. Chelvanayakam launched separatism long before long before S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike ever dreamt of breaking away from the UNP and launching his SLFP, long before the Sinhala Only Act, long before “1983”, etc., revealing the fact that initially there was no correlation between the rise of Tamil extremism and the politics of S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike. Mono-ethnic extremism had its roots in the internal dynamics of Jaffna politics without any contributions to its rise and growth in its formative stages in the 30s and 40s. Besides, separatism and violence are inseparable. One follows the other automatically and inescapably. This inevitability was acknowledged and expressed clearly in the Vadukoddai Resolution when the Vellahla leaders urged the youth to take up arms and never cease until they attain Eelam. The Tamil leadership knew that they could break away to form a separate state only through violence. It gave the Tamils the official licence to kill. And killing they did without any restraint. The Tamil youth took to killing like duck to water. There was no stopping them after the Vadukoddai Resolution.

They targeted the Sinhalese saying that they were merely retaliating to the violence inflicted on them earlier. Then they killed the Indians who came as peace-keepers. Here too the Tamils claimed that they fired back at the Indians because they were raping their women and torturing and killing them. Then they started killing Muslims. Why? There was no rationale for this. Was this necessary at all? What had the Muslims done to the Tamils to kill them? Worst of all, the Tamils turned their guns on Tamils. Why? What had the Tamils done to the Tamils? In the end, the Tamils were facing the horror of Tamils killing Tamils ruthlessly in the name of “Tamil nationalism” which lacked the power to force the Sri Lankan government to grant Eelam.

The indiscriminate killing of Tamils reinforces the fact that the Tamils did not need a reason for killing. They were happy to kill anyone who dared to cross their path. They have got away with blaming the Sinhalese for every thing that went wrong in the north-south relations, including the rise of Prabhakaran. But the facts contradict this fabrication. If the Sinhalese were responsible for Tamil violence why didn’t Prabhakaran, who was supposed to have been created by the Sinhalese, stop at killing only Sinhalese? If the Sinhalese created Prabhakaran, the most cruel and biggest killer of Tamils in their history, shouldn’t he have targeted only the Sinhalese? Why did he go all out to kill the Muslims and the Tamils? What had the Muslims done to the Tamils? The fiction that the Tamil took to violence because of the Sinhalese is demolished by the fact that it is Prabhakaran’s violence that had killed more Tamils than all the other violence put together. So are the Sinhalese responsible for the Prabhakaran killing Tamils?

As a Sinhalese I can always dismiss the Tamils killing Sinhalese, without rancour, saying that it is a part of the brutal Sankili trait that runs through Jaffna culture. (Sankili marched down to Manner and massacred 600 Tamil Catholics on the Christmas eve of 1544 because they owed allegiance to the King of Portugal and not to “the sole representative of Jaffna” – the perennial ambition of Tamil leaders). Second, though I cannot condone the killing of Muslims I can always pretend that the Tamils had their own reasons for killing the Muslims without, of course, accepting anyone one of those reasons as being valid. But what I can never accept or forgive is the Tamils killing Tamils. It reduces Jaffna to a barbaric enclave of a prehistoric age. What is the culture of Jaffna if its leaders gave the silent nod to Tamils killing Tamils? What is worse, the so-called cultured Jaffnaites and their cohorts in NGOs diverted attention away from inhuman cruelties and injustices inflicted on the Tamils by the Tamils by accusing the Sri Lankan and Indian forces of doing far less than what the Tamils had done to the Tamils.

They even justified Tamils killing Tamils in the name of a bogus “nationalism” that was not there to move the Jaffna Tamils to rise against the Sinhalese as one mass movement. If the Sri Lankan forces were “a genocidal occupation army”, as claimed by some Tamils, how come they succeeded not only in driving out Prabhakaran, their “nationalist hero”, and hold Jaffna, the heartland of the Tamils, even when Prabhakaran was at the peak of his power? It was possible to throw out the Indian occupation army with the solid backing of the Sri Lankan government because it was “a genocidal occupation army”. But the Tamil Tigers, who claimed that they defeated the fourth largest army in the world, could not survive against the nationalist forces that annihilated them on the banks of Nandikadal.

Tamil history records that the Tamils have been the primary victimisers of the Tamils and yet they continue to pose as victims of the Sinhalese. How long are they going to wallow blindly in their political humbuggery?

There is, no doubt, that something is rotten in the state of Jaffna and that something is the basic inability of the Tamils to face reality and, more importantly, the lack of elementary morality which leads them to worship Tamil killers of Tamils as heroes.

The saintly pose of Tamil political purity and victimology stinks to high heaven in the peninsula and in Radhika Coomaraswamy’s ICES – the Incestuous Cabal of Eelamist Sycophants – that has been manufacturing bogus theories distorting historical facts to back up victimological fictions of the most privileged community in Sri Lanka.

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Latest comments

  • 16
    6

    this chap is mad he needs urgent treatment

    • 12
      5

      He is very uncomfortable when there is peace in the country. He pretends to be a ‘good Buddhist’ who does not understand the meaning of ‘Right speech’ as taught by Buddha.

      • 1
        0

        Sensible

        “He is very uncomfortable when there is peace in the country.”

        That is the Difference between Sinhala “Buddhism” and Buddhism.

  • 8
    4

    The sooner we have a brief history of you the better

  • 6
    6

    H. L. D. Mahindapala

    RE: A Brief History Of Tamil Delusional Politics

    Thanks for the History of Tamil Vellahala racism, and castreism. This is Hinduism.

    Expose, Expose and Expose.

    Now I understand what Izeth Hussein was talking about, when he talks about Tamil racism,A Brief History Of Tamil Delusional Politics. He is probably talking about Vellahala racism, against low caste Tamils., Muslim and Sinhala as well.

    • 6
      2

      Don’t talk rubbish Amare. Do you think Mahindapala likes Muslims? You are delusional yourself.

      • 1
        0

        Rico

        “Do you think Mahindapala likes Muslims? You are delusional yourself.”

        Mahindapala does not like Muslims, low Caste Tamils, and Vellala Tamils.

        Vellala Tamils do not like Muslims, low Caste Tamils and Sinhala, especially Sinhala Buddhists.

        Just pointing it out, based on the many writings in CT. Just an observation, in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, between the Paras.

    • 1
      1

      Amarasiri

      Why don’t you invite mahindapala for shisha pipe session for this expose?

      He may share your ancestry as well as his likings to narcotics.

      • 1
        0

        Ken Robert

        MahindaPala’s and his Fellow Paras ancestry is vey clear, thanks to Advances in Molecular Biology.

        Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

        Journal of Human Genetics (2014) 59, 28–36; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.112; published online 7 November 2013

        http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html#aff2

        Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

        • 0
          0

          Amare

          You do have short memory. I highlighted the above research article ( Lanka ranaweera et al) two years ago and It is funny you are trying to sell it back to me!

          • 1
            0

            Ken Robert

            Sorry, if that was the case. I Googled it and came across that along with other publications. This publication was one of the better clear papers. We need to thank the original researches for their work.

  • 10
    5

    Here comes another pure load of bull shit by kind courtesy of HLD Mahindapala and he will [Edited out]

    • 4
      8

      Congratulations Brian, I see your gender reassignment surgery has gone well :D

  • 8
    4

    One may generate some fame by running nude along the Galle Face Green. It seems, Colombo Telegraph seeks something similar by allowing Mahindadasa to write. People know that watching stupid acts and talking about them would encourage those acts. But they still watch and talk. Funny and odd world this!

  • 8
    5

    .
    The best Army in the world, “Sinhalese Army”, could not even get closer to VP to catch him alive…. finally has to get his 10 year old son and shot him dead at point blank.
    What a shame.
    :-)

    • 6
      5

      aratai

      “The best Army in the world, “Sinhalese Army”, could not even get closer to VP to catch him alive”

      VP surrendered to the armed forces, the a hot iron rod was inserted into his posterior (probably looking for his cyanide vial), then was hacked to dead.

      Like HLD M you too have become delusional.

      Do you believe VP is still alive and living in Cambodia, or may be in Eritrea, …. with all his air-force jets planning his next move?

      • 6
        0

        Native,

        How do you know that Prabhakaran surrendered?

        • 5
          3

          Keynes!

          “How do you know that Prabhakaran surrendered?”

          Though I wasn’t there, it was an open secret. There are a few who had seen a video clip.

          It is for the Tamils (VP’s former b***s carriers) to dig deep into the cover-up. It is also in their own interest not to investigate surrender of their Thesia Thalaivaru.

          You should approach the right person in the armed forces, JVP members who were in the know (they still have their own men in the armed forces), Hindians who authorised the final stages of this brutal war and closely monitored it until after the war had ended, USA which has its own men in the Sri Lankan armed forces, …………..

          If anything, this is a good time for them to confess, including for Sarath Fonseka.

          • 1
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            Native,

            You seem to know everything.

            Now, take a look at the photograph on the following link:

            http://archives.dailynews.lk/2013/05/30/bus06.asp

            Can you give me some background information on that kaluwa in the blue t-shirt? His name is Suresh Perera and he is a director of Kings Rent a Car.

            I saw this guy threaten and assault a senior human rights activist at the Inn on the Green Pub at the Galle Face Hotel just before the CHOGM summit. This happened at the same time when a human rights event at Sirikotha was being attacked.

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    “Maviddipuram Temple – the segregated religious domain preserved exclusively for the high-caste Vellahlas from feudal and colonial times. “

    This guy has proven time and again that he had no credibility. Maviiddapuram temple was not exclusive to ‘high caste’ Vellalar. Basically, so called lower caste (the known locals) were barred. If someone walks into the temple with silk dhotti and a gold chain, he would have gone to to see Murugan from the top of the line.

    Just to remind that Mahindadasa recently claimed the Sir Pon Ramantahn took delegations to UK in the 1930s to seek a special privilege for the Vellalar. But the man died in the year 1930. Well before his death he realised that Sinhalese leaders would take Tamils for a ride and ill treat them.

    Mahindadasa makes a laughing stock out of himself. But, like some comedians he enjoys being laughed at – after all he is in the minds of people. Long live Mahindadasa.

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      Rohan
      After the campaign against caste oppression and untouchability took off in 1967, the Maviddapuram temple offered maximum resistance to opening the doors to depressed communities. Matters were worsened by C Suntharalingam’s resorting to litigation.
      It was a struggle all right.
      That campaign was the culmination of decades of struggle against caste oppression.
      It is true that Mahindapala is using it for his mischief. But Tamils too need some introspection.

      • 4
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        Really, Mr. Sivasegaram??

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    THANK YOU AGAIN Mr Mahindapala for your timely and an excellent article. As always all the CT readership and the commenters appreciate the effort you make the ignorant ones enlightened.

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    If some castes were treated so badly why is it that they didn’t rise up against the oppressors and instead went up against the Sinhalese? I’m afraid I don’t understand the nexus. Please help.

    Vedakan

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    THANK God it is a ‘Brief History’.

    How so quaint; a history of Snakes written by a Mongoose.

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    This theory is not complelety wrong. In any event, Is this not high time to TNA to engage in affirmative action and appoint the national list MPs to the so called low caste people? Thereby, at least, they can show to the world that HLD is wrong in his analysis that the present generation of ESJVs are trying to elimnate casteism in Jaffna.

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    Isn’t this what is happening in the Buddhist Nikayas?

    Especially when Buddhists profess the Buddha’s Teaching, which forbids any Discrimination on Racial or Caste Grounds?

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    There is a journalist (and I am stretching the truth here in calling him a journalist) in Australia named Paul Sheehan who makes a living bashing Islam and the Muslims. He works for the leading publisher, Fairfax. Truth and facts are of little importance in articles about Islam as he is appealing to the ignorant and the bigoted.

    To me, Mahindapala is the Sri Lankan version, except his target are Tamils.

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    This man is extremely sick.

    Mahinda Rajapaksa must look after him now.
    [Edited out]

  • 11
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    I wonder what prejudice or perversion had made him so adverse to the Tamils or anything Tamil? Is that aversion ingrained in his blood or is he trying to cover up a sense of guilt by constantly taking up an anti- Tamil stand? Had he got inadvertently connected to some Tamil who had badly let him down at some critical stage?
    Has any part/partner of him been a Tamil in the past or present?
    This must be a a psychological problem and it may be good for him and the country if he consults a good psychiatrist or even better a psychologist at the earliest !
    Sengodan. M

    • 6
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      Sengodan, it’s not a psychiatrist this man needs, it’s a padded cell in a maximum security asylum!

    • 1
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      It stinks but do not you agree that there is some truth in his view.

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    why not you compare it with the sinhalese delusional politics ?

    This man is a born sick person. While the entire folks have been making every efforts towards- reconcilatory tasks- this man to add the kind of thoughts that he would never be albe to relinquish- can only help widening the gap between the ethnic groups. It has always been like that in his articles, to bring things showing the wrong side of the tamils. I really dont think if we have a wound that would take long to heal off, not doing the due but attaking the patients telling them what they could do better, can ever be helpful. There instead of healing the would, the patients would further become sick not being able to keep control over their mind sets. In the same manner, no dobuts politicians of the country failed to do the due specially in terms of finding proper solutions to the longing problems of the major ethnic group – but at least today we must see it focusing right. You and the kind of idiotic writers can only worsen the situaiton than contribute yours getting it healed. Please aussies, put this bugger in jail considering that his articles can only create further devisions in this nation. I am so sad to see, that the kind of our sinhalaya becoming worst with the time. For a period of not longer than 100 years, we the human beings no need to behave this way. We are all the same, and homo sapien blood flow through our vessels. Regardless of the race or relgions, each and everyone born i nthis country has the right to get treated equally. Today, even burgher community has come forward asking their rights. That is a good thing. I really hated having seen how they have been discriminated in the country- as if they dont belong to srilankens. Never ever the politicians even named the name of the community that are not even 50000 in size. If migrants living in Europe are offered their citizenships – those indian tamils too shold be given their rights- they have been living inthe country for ages. Our people in general more racial than any other folks in europe and america – basta.

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    (Vasala Sutra)

    Najajjä vasalö höti, najajjä höti Brähmanö
    Kammanä vasalö höti, kammanä höti Brähmanö” (Buddha)

    “It is not the birth that makes a noble person or an ignoble person, but it is one’s actions (the way one lives one’s life) that determines whether one is a noble person or an ignoble person”.

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    Well, the Vellala filled the vacuum left by the Brahmin. They have proven a poor substitute.

    If you look at South Indian Brahmin there is a touch of class, a worldliness and wisdom.

    The Vellala is just a Sudra sub-caste when they shipped here caught at the top without any previous experience managing the caste tree.

    The Tamil Vellala slaves shipped here were educated by the British beyond their wildest dreams.

    When you enter a house of a newly rich you know aesthetic values haven’t caught up yet.

    Just like the newly rich, the wisdom were simply not there because education is quite new to the Vellala.

    If you read the comments by Tamils here you know there is something missing. They can certainly string together few sentences. Although the wisdom that Brahmin has gained by generations of being at the top is missing.

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      Vibhushana,

      When you have nothing to say you say nothing this is the best maxim you should follow! As usual you have written meaningless nonsense!

      The very Tamils thatyou endeavour to bash or disparage; one time you were complaining of their privilege status! There were times when Tamils had been routinely keeping the poor Sinhala as domestic house keepers. In my younger days there were comic plays often involved actors acting the domestic Sinhala house keepers spoken in broken Tamil. It was a great source of entertainment for the Tamils.

      No matter how much you try to disparage the Tamils, it will be futile. The fact remains that the Tamils are hard-working and enterprising. No matter where they are they will excel. My suggestion is for the likes of you to learn from the Tamils.

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        B.I.
        What you say about Sinhala domestics may be true. In my school days our family lived in a “Town Council” area and we had bucket latrines. The bucket collectors working for the council were exclusively Tamils. I am saying this with great reluctance just to enlighten you that your line of attack is a lowly exercise.

        soma

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    The Tamil Marathon Swimmers

    The highest caste was that of the Brahmins. But there were no Brahmins, the priestly caste, in Jaffna, except for the few who crossed over from India. Crossing the seas was a taboo to preserve the purity of the priests who are likely to be polluted by foreign influences.

    Thanks HDM. Once more a great article. It solves a problem that I was struggling with. How come the brains of Tamils like Jara Rajash, Malle Urine and Hora Rohan are contaminated with sea water, badly short circuiting their neural interconnections? Perhaps they were Brahmins crossing over from TN? Not Kallathonis as I theorized before.

    I was ridiculing the ancient texts of the Tamils. But it looks as if they are pearls of wisdom. They were aware of the adverse effects of long distance swimming in the sea and banned Brahmins from undertaking such risky adventures.

    Jara Rajash, Malle Urine and Hora Rohan, sorry guys, you are not Kallathonis as I thought. You are high class Brahmins. Can I offer 3 eluvas as sacrifice for the insults I made?

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      “The highest caste was that of the Brahmins. But there were no Brahmins, the priestly caste, in Jaffna, except for the few who crossed over from India.”

      HDM seems to be ignorant (knows nothing) about the South Indian Dravidian caste system. There is NO Brahmin caste among the South Indian Dravidians. Brahmins are North Indian Aryans. South India imported and settled down Brahmin families from North India for temple duties. The Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu speaking Brahmins of South India were originally North Indians. In Jaffna, the temple duties are carried out by the Vellalar. If SL Tamils need Brahmins they also have to import them.

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        Scholars have pointed out that caste in India was originally defined by color. Brahmins were said to be white and Shudras black. Hence the Brahmins were said to have been originally the white Aryans and the Dravidians the dark Shudras.

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    Dear H. L. D. Mahindapala!

    First of all, from what you have written I am sure that you do not know anything about the castes of Tamils and their Caste System.

    I reproduce here the comments that I wrote on the article by Mr. Thanges Paramsothy. Read it. Then, re-write your article.

    Abimanasingham Sitthawatthai Uthayakumar
    November 6, 2015 at 10:24 am
    Reply

    Mr. Thanges Paramsothy!

    You say that ”Soon after the LTTE was defeated, the Tamil politics is once again been dominated by the Vellalar caste in Jaffna.”

    First of all, will you please tell us who are the “Vellalars” and who are the “oppressed castes”?

    You use the phrase “Oppressed Castes.”

    Mr Thanges Paramsothy!

    The “Pallars” who were brought from India by the Dutch for the cultivation of dye roots and settled from Karainagar to Vadamaraadchi, Thenlaraadchi along the coastal area do not mix with the Nalavas.

    They do not have meals or tea at the Nalavas houses.

    When the Dutch gave up the Export of dyed clothes, these Pallas who knew only cultivation started to dig out lime stone beds found in the red soil stretch from Kokuvil to Puloly via Palaly and assisted in farming. Also they started toddy tapping.

    There are no Pallas in the traditional farming areas! There one could find Nalavas only.

    The Nalavas do not accept Paraiyas. Thurumpas, and others. The Nalavas do not get married in the Paraiya caste, Thurumpars, Kadaiyars and other castes.

    There are three divisions in “Paraiyas.” Native Paraiyas(the Drum beaters),
    Cloth weaving Paraiyas, and Sakkili Paraiyas.The weaving Paraiyas were brought by the Dutch and settled at Chunnakam and other few places.The “Sakkili” Parayaas were brought by the British for scavenging and cleaning.

    Because of this,the Native Paraiyas do not accept the other two. The Weaver Paraiyas do not accept the other!

    Dear Thanges Paramsothy!

    The Catholic Bishop of Jaffna was from Kadaiyar caste. There are so many Administrators, Pricipals, Professors, Doctors, Engineers etc. from these castes. What do you mean by the ‘Oppressed Caste” ?

    Now we come to your “Vellalar” Caste.

    Who are the “vellalars”? Please define it.

    To my knowledge, the Native farmers, Madapallies, Ahambadies, Kallars, Maravars, Devars, Thanakarars, Paratheesies, Paravas, Kal Kotties, Kovias, siviyars, Saivars, …. all have been made “Vellalars” now!

    The Native Vellars are the minorities among the present Vellalas!The dominants are the Madappallies and Thanakaras. The Native Vellalars do not engage themselves in the Partiamentary poltics!

    Dear Thanges Paramsothy!

    You do not know the history of the Tamil people. In the native agrarian community from the Jaffna peninsula and the North, there was no slave system! There were only 4 divisions in that society.

    The first the Vellalars who knew about the nature, farming, animal husbandry, etc. The second were the “Kovias” who assisted the vellalas in looking after the cattle, farming etc. Third were the artisians- carpenters, black smith etc. The forth one were the manual workers, the Nalavas.

    The ancient Tamil community were the Mahaayaana Buddhsts and there were no Brahmins or Pandarams before the rise of Vijayanager Empire!

    But from 1692 thousands of people from India were brought by Tamil ship traders and sold as “Slaves.” The Dutch authority charged 10 Rix Dollars per head as “Admission Fee.” These slaves in thousands were sold mainly to the Madapalliesand others like Karaiyars and others who had money.

    Please go through the book “Thesavalamai’ (1860) written by MUTTHUKISHNA and other documents to confirm that Karaiyaas and others also had slaves.

    The Dutch administration used “Madapallies” to crush the Native Vellars. Because of that they agreed to register some of these slaves as “Kovias” and some as “Nalavas” as in the Native system and made in the Thesavalamai law of 1707 “Kovias” and “Nalavas” as “Slaves.”

    Thus, among the “Kovias” there were “Native Kovias” and “Registered Kovias” or Slave Kovias. The Native Kovias called the other Kovias as “Vadugar (வடுகர்).”

    Similarly, among the “Nalavas” also, there were two divisions. One the “Native Nalavas” and the other “Slave Nalavas.” The native Nalavas called the “Slave Nalavas” as “Registered Nalavas”(பதிவு நளவர்) or “Kulu Nalavas (குழு நளவர்).

    Somewhere after 1970 only, the Native Kovias and native Nalavas started to get married in Vadugas and Kulu Nalavas!

    There was another important group of people called “Paratheesies” (பரதேசிகள்).”

    These are the descendants of the Telungu soldiers of one of the Sankiliyans who ruled Jaffna Kingdom who were settled at Vasavilaan and “Maddivil” in the Jaffna Peninsula. Some of these Telungu soldiers brought women for them from South India and some married women from the adjacent villages.

    Because of this, even now the women are honoured in a peculiar way in these places.

    Among the coastal community also, there were a number of divisions. Thimilars, Karaiyas, Mukkuvas, Paravas and Kadaiyas.

    “Thimilars” were the origins among the coastal people.

    “Paravas” wre actually brought by the Portuguese for pearl harvesting and settled mainly along the western coast. The Mukkuvas are also late comers from Kerala.

    Mr. Thanges Paramsothy! For you to understand the politics of the Tamils, first of all you must have a clear idea of the social formation of the Tamils of the North. To understand that, you must have a thorough knowledge on history of human settlement in the Jaffna peninsula and Vanni.

    To understand this you must have through knowledge on the history of South India in addition to the soil, ground layers, availability of the underground and surface water in the Jaffna peninsula and Vanni.

    None of the local and foreign sociologists and historians has carried out a scientific study on the people of Jaffna and north and their politics.

    I hope you will not become one of them!!

    Dear Mahindapala!

    Nobody will destroy the Vellalah Caste of the Tamils. Because all the Tamils of others castes want to become Vellalahs!

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    Nonsense. I am a Jaffna Brahmin, who stated there were no Brahmins in Jaffna, there is but not as numerous like in South India, however unlike in Tamil Nadu and other parts of India they do not segregate themselves from the rest of the population and live in Agrharams and are thoroughly assimilated with the rest of the Jaffna Tamil population. Their aims and aspirations are no different from the rest of the Tamil population The Brahmins in Tamil Nadu generally consider themselves apart from the rest of the Tamil population, this is not only true in Tamil Nadu but also in the rest of India. They were not only ritually higher than the rest of the population, many of them were economically. socially and in many other ways on the top rung and had a stranglehold on the rest of the population. The most severe form of this oppression was found in Kerala, where the younger sons of the Nambbothiri Brahmins who were not allowed to marry, were allowed to have relationship with the Nair women and the Nairs considered this an honour. The children from these unions were disowned by the Brahmins but were accepted by the Nairs. This how many of the Nairs became very fair and light skinned over the generations due to these relationships. Even the royal family practised this ritual. This barbaric practice was only banned somewhere in the late 1940s or early 1950s.
    Brahmins in Jaffna were only ritually higher than all other castes but were never socially or economically powerful. This is because they were very small in number numbering around 20000-30000, and unlike in South India they did not own the temples or huge temple lands but were the paid employess of the Vellalahs who owned and administered the temples. There are rituals to perform if Brahmins cross water so that they do not loose their caste.
    For your information a large percentage of the Tamils in Trincomallee and Batticaloa are also Vellala and it is not taboo for Jaffna Vellala families to marry into them. So go and get your facts right. Secondly many non Vellalas Tamil elites especially the Kariar and the Koviar caste. In fact in some parts of Jaffna Hindu temples are built by powerful Kariyar families and officiated not by Brahmin priests but by their own priests. The caste system was never that cruel in Jaffna and it allowed people to gradually ascend.
    Unlike the Sinhalese who will never allow a non Govigamma( Vellala) or non Buddhist to lead be a president or prime minister, the Tamils will elect a non Vellala/Brahmin a non Hindu or even a non Tamil as a leader( like in the cast of MGR in Tamil Nadu). They are not saddled with caste or religion when it really matters. Pirapakaran was not a Vellalar but he still was accepted by all the Tamils irrespective of caste or religion as their leader at one time and was able to unite them all as one people.
    Why don’t you for a change write about caste discrimination in the Sinhalese society and how the Kandyans still regard the low country Sinhalese as their inferior and how many Govigamma used to call the Karawa, Salagamma, Durawa etc as Demala Jarawa( meaning Tamil dirt or the dirt of the Tamils) derogatively referring to their recent immigrant low caste Indian Tamil origin. That many of the Govi themselves were descended from the Tamils was not an issue as they were descended from the Tamil uppercastes Like the Pandarams( Bandas, Bandara) the Naickers, Vellalas like the Mudaliars( Muidali) Pillais( Pilli) Chettiars( Hetti) the list goes on.
    Go and get a life

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      Cool story, bro :D

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      A Brahmin with a christian USer ID.

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      The Standard Vegetarian

      I agree with Paul that there were pure, unadulterated, genuine Brahmins in Jaffna. In fact there were many such Jaffna Brahmins with us at Akbar Hall in Peradeniya.

      Kanakalingam Gnanalingam was one such pure Brahmin. With his calm and serene looks, one could say without referring to his Radar Cross Section Signature, that he was a Brahmin. Later I had the privilege of working with him in the same organization. Whenever I got angry about something, he used to calm me down, saying things in his calm voice. Now he is retired in Canada, and is an expert on renewable energy.

      The light golden colour of his skin and the calm demeanor were sure indications of his origins, North India. TN cannot produce such good, handsome and intelligent people. Nor can Jaffna. I am sure that he had not swum across the Palk Strait to arrive in Sri Lanka, which means that he was not a Kallathoni Brahmin like rajash, rohan or Malle Urine.

      As engineers we insist on standards for everything and Gnana was considered as the Standard Vegetarian. He was at the butt end of many jokes from us. But he never lost his calm and was never moved by them.

      For example whenever he entered the Akbar dining hall there was a cacophony of voices calling out his name ‘Gnanalingam….” With the Gna coming out as a cat’s meow. So it went like ‘Meowlingam’. But he was never affected by that.

      I am not sure how he came over without swimming, but I am glad that he did because he was a gem of a person.

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        EDWIN RODRIGO

        First of all, are you talking about “Brahmin” by caste?

        You have said:

        “I agree with Paul that there were pure, unadulterated, genuine Brahmins in Jaffna.”

        What do you mean by “pure, unadulterated, genuine Brahmins” ?

        You say: “Kanakalingam Gnanalingam was one such pure Brahmin…..”

        EDWIN RODRIGO! For your information “Kanakalingam Gnanalingam” does not belong to the”Brahmin” Caste!!

        EDWIN RODRIGO! You are full of imagination!!

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      Yes, Jaffna Brahmin. You also do not want to identify yourself properly but want to throw a stone standing behind the cadjan. What is wrong with you all. Alteast HLD had the courage to tell in his name in what be believes which many of you do not have!

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        Paul is just a fool, he simply copies everything from Wikipedia and pastes here even without reading them.

        Jaffna Brahmins??? LOL!

        What I heard from my Jaffna Tamil friends is that since there were no Brahmins in Jaffna, a few Vellala poosaris who were performing temple duties elevated themselves as Brahmins.

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          Oh really! Who is this so called friend? No self respecting Tamil will be your friend. Vallala Poosaris are good for small village temples, however proper Hindu temples built under the agamic principles, require a real Brahmin to officiate the pooja, and no one else is permitted to enter the inner sanctums of these temples other than a Brahmin. Get your facts correct. It is not only in Jaffna but even in many parts of India small village temple priests are usually not Brahmins.

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            “Real Brahmins” like “Paul”. ROFL :D

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            Dear Paul!

            Without knowing the history of Lankan Tamils of the North and East and that of South India, you are talking imaginary things.

            The Delhi Sultanate started their southward expansion in the early 1300 AD. In 1307 AD they captured the city near the Vindiya mountain range. This resulted in the ‘First Exodus’ from South India.

            In 1310 AD, ‘General Malik Kaffoor’ with his 3,000 cavalry force entered South India and looted up to Rameswaram. He took back to Delhi his loot on hundreds of elephants and thousands of horses. Because of this, he was made the Sultan of Delhi. This resulted in the ‘Second Exodus’ from South India.

            In 1320s, the Delhi Sultan captured Madurai and other places and started to rule. This resulted in the ‘Third Exodus.’

            Thousands of people from South India reached Ceylon by boats and settled along the coastal and adjacent areas where the soil was not fertile and the underground water was available at 50 – 80 feet below!

            The South Indians who settled in the South later became Sinhalese. The descendants of these people have only become ‘Sinhala Theeravaada Buddhist extremists’ now. As new comers, they did not have any social status and they always depended on ‘Hanging Power.’ i.e. clinging on to who ever having ruling power. These people only became politicians who strive for power! Please conduct a scientific study on the Sinhala politicians!

            After the fall of Kandyan Kingdom, these people started to migrate to the Kandyan central region by buying lands and getting married to the original Sinhalese!! The very same happened in the Jaffna Peninsula also!!

            Those who settled in the North and East became Tamils.The native Tamils who had been living in the traditional agricultural areas of the Jaffna Peninsula and the North where underground water was available 5 feet below the surface did not allow the new comers to settle in their areas.

            The Tamils of the North and East were ‘Mahaayaana’ Buddhists and there were no Brahmins. Because of the Exoduses only, a few hundreds of Brahmins reached the North and South.

            Paul! As you claim yourself as a Brahmin. I hope you will know that the Brahmins cannot get into a boat and cross a sea!

            According to the Portuguese Priest ‘Fernao de Quaros’ who wrote the book “Temporal and Spiritual Conquest of Ceylon'(1656), most of the Brahminsof Jaffna Peninsula became Catholics and about 100 Brahmins who refused to become Catholics were sent back to South India!

            Thus, there were no Brahmins in the North and East. In 1770s the Dutch Commandant of the Jaffna Pattnam gave religious freedom to the people of North and new ‘Hindu’ temples were built. Thus, Brahmins were brought from South India to perform Poojas in the new temples and to conduct the rituals.

            Dear Paul!

            In the traditional agriculture lands of Jaffna Peninsula there were only Kannagi temples, Puutha Raayar Kooyils, Vairavar, Iyanaar, Naga Ammaal, and other temples only.

            There were no Sivan – Amman, Vinayager, Muruga temples.

            Arumuga Naavalar only started a campaign to convert the Kannagi Temples into Amman Temples. Almost all the present Amman temples in the traditional agricultural areas were Kannagi temples!

            As the Brahmins by caste from South India were actually ‘Vaishnavas’ whose Prime God was Vishnu, some sort of arrangement was made to enable the Vaishnava Brahmins to perform Poojas in the Saiva temples.

            Even now, almost all the Brahmins of the North and East are Vaishnavas!A few only claim themselves as Saivite Brahmins!!

            To my knowledge, until 1970s, the Brahmins were not allowed to perform Poojas in the Vairavar, and other temples.

            In the ‘Vairavar’ temples we find a ‘Trisula’ having straight limbs kept erect. This type of ‘trisuula’ symbolizes ‘the Triple Gem’ of Buddhism!!

            The Tri-suulas of Siva, Durga and Kaali, the two outer limbs are curved out and point opposite directions. The Middle one is only straight! Thus type of Tri-suula symbolizes ‘the Middle Path,’ the fundamental philosophy of Buddhism.

            In a family vairavar temple, ‘trisuula’ is kept inside a small hut and oil lamp is lighted in the evening by a family member!

            When I was studying in the 6th standard, I asked my Grand Ma why the Brahmins were allowed to perform Poojas in our family Vairavar temple.

            She told me: “The Brahmins are actually from North India who eat beef. Thus, they are not allowed to perform Poojas in our family Vairavar temple.

            After studying the Rig Veda only, I understood what my Grand Ma told me when I was 10 years old!!

            Dear Paul!!

            The first two Brahmin families settled in our traditional agricultural village Uduvil only in 1800s AD!

          • 0
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            Paul!

            What do you mean by “real Brahmin” ?

            Are you talking about the “Brahmin” Caste or something else?

            What do you mean by “proper Hindu temples”?

            India is full of villages. What do you mean by “Vullage temple”? How do you call the other temples? Why?

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    I think our Buddhist monks must go and preach Buddhism to these oppressed people and teach the Buddhas words that all are equal and give moral guidance to up their self esteem!

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      srinath gunaratne:-

      How can Buddhist Monks Preach Buddhism to these People, when they themselves have split up into Nikayas by Caste?

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    “In a more direct and perceptive analysis, Prof. Asoka Bandarage of George Town University, Washington, USA, in her scholarly text, says: “ As Benedict Anderson suggests, many of the primordial identities, nations and traditional homelands espoused by various ethno-nationalist groups are only ‘imagined communities’ formulated in response to modern circumstances rather than primordial entities based on historical facts. The traditional Tamil homeland thesis manufactured by Sri Lankan Tamil elites is a case in point.””

    Ha! Ha! Ha! I presume the traditional Sinhala homeland thesis manufactured by Sri Lankan Sinhalese is also case in point!

    Here’s what Sarath Fonseka, the heroic defender who marshaled the Sinhala Nation, stated in 2008:

    “I strongly believe that this country belongs to the Sinhalese but there are minority communities and we treat them like our people.We being the majority of the country, 75%, we will never give in and we have the right to protect this country.We are also a strong nation…

    They can live in this country with us. But they must not try to, under the pretext of being a minority, demand undue things.”

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      Well said Keynes.

      The Tamils have the habit of doing Pirisiye Paharan with us. The Sinhalese, the fools they are, fall for that kind of thing.

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    “It is possible to go back as far as 1921 to identify the origins of racism as a political force. It was the year in which Sir, Ponnambalam Arunachalam broke away from the Ceylon National Congress, based on the multi-ethnic model of Indian National Congress, and established the first racist organisation, the Tamil Maha Jana Sabhai.”

    Another joke from H.L.D. Tuan Mahindapalan!

    C. Don Bastian established the Sinhala Natya Samagama in 1882 to work for “the honour of the Sinhala race.”

    The Tamils learnt their racism from the Sinhalese.

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      Keynes

      I happened to come across an article on tamil nationalism by R S Perinbanayagam in the book on Tamil nationalism in 19th century by J Wilson.
      While sinhalese and Tamils sought revival in the pre independent lanka, this particular book notes that Tamil poets at that time sang for national unity.

      I fondly remember from my tamil books in secondary school days on a poem mentioning buddha by Navaliyur somasundara pulavar.

      I thought this might be an appropriate quotation for HLDM and his side kick Edwin Rodrigo
      “Mam akkocchi mam avadhi mam ajini me ahasi
      Ye tam upanayhanti tesam veram na sammati

      It is the persistent desire of hatred makes them write these vitrilious articles and comment. I feel sorry for them.

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        Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi

        This phrase ‘Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi’ implies that the Dhamma is to be comprehended individually by the wise. No one can absorb the Dhamma on behalf of another person, just as no one can quench the thirst of another person by himself taking a drink. It can be observed that there are two significant aspects in this term: firstly, the attainment of enlightenment is individualistic in character and secondly, the Dhamma can only be comprehended by the wise. (http://www.purifymind.com/Introduction.htm)

        Sorry, baby, no Tamils can comprehend the Dhamma. The Tamils as a race may be intelligent, good in Maths and hard working. But unfortunately they are not wise. That is why they go on worshipping stupid monkeys on donkeys making them more stupid than both the monkey and the donkey.

        The Jaffna Tamils have no chance at all. They come from TN stock and all of them are Kallathonis who have crossed the Palk Strait covertly by swimming. That makes their brains garbled and unsuitable for understanding a deep subject such as Dhamma.

        There are several other reasons. But I will not go in to them because it may bore you all.

        Right through the history of Buddhism I do not know of any Dravidian becoming an Arahat. I suppose that settles the matter.

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          “No Tamils can comprehend the dhamma”
          Mmmm
          Please see the following link https://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.bps.lk/olib/wh/wh124.pdf&ved=0ahUKEwiOkevuqZ_LAhVDfhoKHVIFAMgQFggjMAI&usg=AFQjCNHutnZrzDpON4Hp-Xz6sJl7Tsk-EA.

          Srilankan monks frequently had visited the tamil country for buddhist revival during the periods of decay.

          Furthermore,srilankan monks were learning in ancient centres of excellence in telugu land before dawn of the christian era.

          Legend claims that buddhism spread to china by bodhidharma of dravidian origin.

          I may not understand dhamma but I would not stoop to criticise some one based in their age or ethnicity.
          Bye.

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          Dear EDWIN RODRIGO!

          Learning Engineering is different from learning History of Buddhism, and History of Buddhism in Tamil Nadu and Lanka!

          First of all, you must know that in Buddhism you find ‘Theeravaada’ Buddhism and Mahaayaana Buddhism and there are differences between them!

          Have you heard of “Abayagiri” Buddhist Temple in Anuradhapura? Please go through Mahavamsa!

          In ancient time, the Tamils of Lanka and South India were “Mahaayaana” Buddhists!

          Thousands of archaeological finds of Lanka and South India confirm this. Almost all the ancient Tamil and Sinhala literature were composed by the Tamil ‘Mahaayaana’ Buddhists!

          Dear! Theeravaada Buddhism rejects “Symbolization” and “Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism”!

          ‘Symbolization’ is the greatest invention of the human society.

          Letters of languages, word, sentence, literature,music, dance, drama, iconography, painting, other fine arts and architecture are based on symbolization!

          ‘Mahaayaana’ Buddhism only utilized it to explain Buddhist preaching to the ordinary people and helped them to adhere to what ‘the Noble Eight fold Path’ emphasize and attain Nibbaana!

          Thus, it is idiotic to speak about the ‘Sinhalese Art and Architecture’!

          The Sinhalese claim that they are the ‘Theeravaada’ Buddhists and pure Buddhists!!

          All are actually ‘Mahaayaana’ Buddhist Art and Architecture!!

          I think, first of all, HLD and you have to conduct a scientific study on Symbolization and Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism before you speak about everything!

          For a person you who has studied Maths and Engineering, it will be easy conduct a scientific study on Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism with the archaeological finds of Lanka and India.

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    Thanks mahindapala for exposing these rasist High caste tamils.

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    Excellent article as usual :D We Thamizh are howling in pain and hurling abuse because as they say, the truth hurts :D

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    Tamils are really hurt by reading this article.

    It looks that not all tamils are kallathonis. Some should be the ones who were brought by Dutch.

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      Only Sinhala racist seems to like this article

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        rajash, Please don’t jump in to conclusions. I like the article and I am not a racist.

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        Rajash

        “Only Sinhala racist seems to like this article”

        Those who wants to know the Truth likes this article too.

        Those who wants to know the truth about the Paras in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, also likes the research paper below.

        Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

        Journal of Human Genetics (2014) 59, 28–36; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.112; published online 7 November 2013

        http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html#aff2

        Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

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      The Dutch brought in a group of Indians who adopted Sinhala and Buddhism.
      Many of the Tamils and Sinhalese are descendants of migrants.

      “Kallathoni” (a Tamil word) was an abusive term that was extended to the entire plantation population by racists. There was illegal immigration in the 1950s but not to the extent of altering the ethnic distribution.

      The positive thing about the Sinhalese was that integration was easier.
      The caste-bound Tamils (especially of the North) were less willing to accept several groups as part of their community.
      I avoid naming castes because it can be offensive, especially here, as people readily resort to abuse.

      We are a mixed lot fighting in the name of assumed identities.

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        SJ

        ““Kallathoni” (a Tamil word) was an abusive term that was extended to the entire plantation population by racists.”

        As far as I am concerned, both Tamil and Sinhala speaking people are descendants of Kallathonies, who brought their stupid self-destructive gene mostly from South India.

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    This stanza from Bob Dylan’s “Bowing in the Wind” is my humble submission to all those who like to think that there is no oppression by race, caste class or gender in South Asia.

    Yes, how many years can a mountain exist
    Before it’s washed to the sea ?
    Yes, how many years can some people exist
    Before they’re allowed to be free ?
    Yes, how many times can a man turn his head
    Pretending he just doesn’t see ?
    The answer my friend is blowin’ in the wind
    The answer is blowin’ in the wind.

    A Tamil can become President but cannot stop oppression by race.
    A Dalit can be Chief Minister but cannot stop oppression by caste.
    The son of a worker can become President but cannot stop oppression by class.
    A woman can become Prime Minister but cannot stop oppression by race.

    In India there is caste violence in every state, including Tamilnadu.
    The Brahmin is blamed but oppression is due to the caste system that persists, despite much work by Ayodhidasar, Ambedkar and Periyar.

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      Mr. Sivasegaram the Maoist.

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      SJ

      “A Tamil can become President but cannot stop oppression by race. A Dalit can be Chief Minister but cannot stop oppression by caste. The son of a worker can become President but cannot stop oppression by class. A woman can become Prime Minister but cannot stop oppression by race.”

      Alright, let all Indians Dalit, Women, oppressed, working class ….. migrate to China, Cuba, North Korea, ….. The problem will be solved.

      Alright, in order to liberate Dalit, Women, oppressed, working class, …. in this island we should invite China, Cuba, North Korea, ….. to govern us and see whether these countries can liberate us from our shackles.

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    This article says the whole story!
    Both Tamils and Sinhalese are divided over caste, It is certainly declining slowly among urban Sinhalese. I do not know how it is among Tamils?
    Life is too short for all these divisions, If nothing discriminate you, age will discriminate you!

    Sometimes I wonder is there a next life? When did all this rebirth got to us, How about when we were living in trees? How do you explain all these things interms of physics, Quantum theory? May be we born and die! nothing happens! No sins, no merits!

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      @srinath gunaratne

      How depressing you are !! I was looking forward to my continuing ride on the samsaric bicycle.. or to be called up by the sound of heavenly trumpets and be handed a harp and a cloud .. or wake up to the tinkling laughter of 72 virgins… (well, I am not fussy, they don’t HAVE to be virgins)

      And you went and put a spoke in it !

      :(

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        maalumiris

        “well, I am not fussy, they don’t HAVE to be virgins”

        Good how convenient, you don’t need to take a white sheet to check their virginity. Are you going to lie to your mum?

        Be warned make your subject them to HIV tests before you start anything as usual.

        Does your wife/partner know about your plans?

        Man don’t get caught, she will kill you. Then you will have zero chance of going to the impure.

        If you don’t mind impure, why don’t you visit Maradana?

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      Srinath
      Caste declined among Sinhalese owing to two factors: Firstly several non-Govigama castes in the maritime provinces advanced themselves educationally and professionally. Secondly Buddhism does not justify caste.
      Many practices of Buddhists, which are irrational, have Hindu origins.
      Thee were of course some backward caste groups and still are, but there wwere changes after 1956 which improved their lot significantly.

      The Tamil (Hindu and Protestant Christian) Vellalas dominated wealth and education in the North. Not only that they denied education to those oppressed by caste at least until Mrs B nationalized schools. (There were notable exceptions which do not become rule.)
      Hinduism accommodates caste. For long, it kept people out of temples and still defines who could perform rituals. So religion, customs and culture allowed elite caste interests to be served.
      The story differs in the East, especially Batticaloa-Amaprai. The Vellaala ae not the dominant caste. Bu the region lagged behind the North in modern education for long. Again things changed gradually afte 1956.
      Caste in the East is more like among the Sinhalese, it is a kind of clannishness. For example, each caste has its own temple but open to all.

      As for rebirth he human mind finds it hard to accept it is all over and done with here, and there is nothing after death. The revelation religions have an afterlife with a long long wait.
      Hindusm has rebirth as does Jainism.
      Buddhism was a rational religion free of god creator and soul. The concept of Karma was scientific, but later got mixed-up with the Hindu concept of it and therefore rebirth.
      Oriental religions have deities but no creator god and no rebirth (but immorality in some interpretations).
      IN African and South American faiths, I doubt their believing rebirth.

      It all seems a matter of our obsession with ife after death.

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    Jaffna Castes

    Abimansingham Sitthawatthai Uthayakumar’s comment, which rivals his name in length, mentions around 30 different castes among Jaffna Tamils. It is also noted that the Brahmin caste is virtually nonexistent there, except for a few, who may have slipped in illegally by swimming across the Palk Strait. That by itself is an unusual thing because, that makes them Kallathoni Brahmins like jarash, rohan and Malleurine.

    With 330 million deities, 330 million vehicles, 30 odd castes including a sprinkling of Kallathoni Brahmins thrown in for good measure and a population of around 3 million, the Jaffna Tamils are indeed an unusual lot. Much like the case of ‘Loola nethi valata kanaya pandithaya’ (In the absence of the big fish Loola in the pond, the small kanaya becoming the pundit), the Vellars have become the important caste in Jaffna. The commentator says, “o my knowledge, the Native farmers, Madapallies, Ahambadies, Kallars, Maravars, Devars, Thanakarars, Paratheesies, Paravas, Kal Kotties, Kovias, siviyars, Saivars, …. all have been made “Vellalars” now!” The caste pool has really been stirred by the Jaffna Tamils while the gene pool remains rather stagnant.

    Special mention must be made of the caste Kal Kotties. As an amateur linguist this caste rang a bell in my head. Call it a hunch if you like. I suppose this is how great discoveries are made. It instantly reminded me of Gala Gotty. In Sinhalese, this means a big clash with a big noise. I am sure that these 2 words have been passed over to our language because the members of this caste must be big noise makers, just like ‘Demalu Padi Gaththa Vage’ being used for a group of unruly people talking loudly.

    No wonder the Tamils have super memories. Without such memories they would probably gone extinct in the hands of the lower castes by now. Of course that nearly happened in the 3rd Eelam war. Nearly but not quite.

    For example, let us say A.S. Uthayakumar is walking down the street. He sees another Tamil walking in the opposite direction.

    (Picture yourselves in the Vincennes cruiser that I am working in today. Its Aegis phase array radar detects some airborne object. The radar feeds the object’s RCSS (Radar Cross Section Signature) to the Command & control system, which then quickly compares it to a list of RCSS in the RCSS library in its memory. A match is made and the object is identified as a airborne cruise missile, heading towards the main Carrier. An antimissile missile is launched automatically and the enemy missile is destroyed in midflight. All this happens at split second speed.)

    Using his sense of smell A.S. Uthayakumar immediately identifies that the intruder is a Sakkili Paraiya. Evasive action is taken. A.S. Uthayakumar crosses over to the other side of the road avoiding any possible caste contamination from the Sakkilya.

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      There is NO Brahmin caste among the South Indian Dravidians. Brahmins are North Indian Aryans. Some scholars have pointed out that caste in India was originally defined by color. Brahmins were said to be white and Shudras black. Hence the Brahmins were said to have been originally the white Aryans and the Dravidians the dark Shudras. Many centuries ago, South India imported and settled down Brahmin families from North India to perform temple duties. The Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu speaking Brahmins of South India were originally North Indians. There are only around 3% Brahmin population in the whole of Tamil Nadu. They can be easily identified by their white skin, the TN chief minister Jayalalitha is one good example. In Jaffna, the temple duties are carried out by the Vellalar, which is the highest caste among the SL Tamils. If SL Tamils need Brahmins they also have to import them from India.

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        “There are South Indian Tamil Brahmins but no Sri Lankan Tamil Brahmins.”

        The Tamils of North & East Sri Lanka have no Brahmins, because the Brahmins are not indigenous people of the Tamil country (both South India & North Sri Lanka). The 2 to 3% Tamil speaking Brahmin population in Tamil Nadu are the decedents of those who came from North India and settled in the Tamil country as guest workers to work in the vast, magnificent Hindu temples built by the Tamil kings. The ancient Tamils called them PIRA MANNAR, it means the people from other lands or foreigners. The word PIRA MANNAR eventually became PIRAMANAR and then to BRAHMINS. The Tamils still call them PIRAMANAR. That is the real meaning of Brahmins in Tamil.

        (PIRA = OTHER
        MANNAR= People of the land)

        PIRAMANNAR = People from the other lands (non-natives).

        The Piramannar who came to the Tamil country to make out a living became powerful during the 400 years of non-Tamil ruling of the Tamil country after the fall of Cholas. This is the reason the Piramannar still do not have that much power among the Sri Lankan Tamils, they are still merely workers in the Sri Lankan Tamil Temples under Sri Lankan Tamils. This is not the case in India.

        The so called Brahmins (Sudra Brahmins) of Sri Lanka are not the real Brahmins, the Vellala Tamil priests elevated themselves as Brahmins by becoming vegetarians, marrying into Tamil Nadu Brahmin families and learning to recite a few lines in Sanskrit.

        Hindu Ram, Cho Ramasamy, Subramanian Swamy, MK Narayananan, Jayalalitha and few other Sri Lankan Tamil enemies are not Tamils but Tamil speaking Brahmins. There is a big difference between Tamil and Tamil speaking people.

        Only some Stupid racist Sinhalese who don’t know the real history of Tamils are blabbering that the non-existence of original Brahmins in the island is an indication that the Tamils are not indigenous people of Sri Lanka.

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          The Tamils are not indigenous people of Sri Lanka.

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            David

            Veddhas are indigenous people of Sri Lanka, Tamils are indigenous people of both Sri Lanka and India, where as the Mahavamsa says, Sinhalese came in a boat from India.

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              King Wala Gemba and David.

              For your information. Both Sinhala, Tamils and others are Paras, except Native Veddah Aethho (People).

              Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

              Journal of Human Genetics (2014) 59, 28–36; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.112; published online 7 November 2013

              http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html#aff2

              Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

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          I have been reading yours and Suresh’s posts about the Tamil Brahmins and very disappointed with all this Dravidian extremist racist garbage also stating we Tamil Brahmins are Aryan immigrants from North India so are not really Tamils but Tamil speakers and there are no real Tamil Brahmins in Jaffna.
          All this is nonsense. How much do you know about the Tamil Brahmins their history, their great contribution to the Tamil language culture cinema? Looks like very little. Other than extremist propaganda from Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu on who is a Tamil and who is not and dividing up Tamils on the basis of mythical origins and castes.
          The irony is many of these so called saviours of Dravidian culture Tamil ( who in reality do very little for the Tamils) are in reality not Tamil themselves but largely of Telugu background who have been domiciled in the Tamil country for centuries but still speak a form of Telugu in their homes. Just like many of the so called saviours of Sinhalese beating the anti Tamil drum have a recent immigrant Indian Tamil origin.
          Are you aware that the father of the Dravidian movement Periyar was not a Tamil himself but a Kannadiga and like a typical Kannadiga he at one time called Tamil not as good as Kannada.
          Periyar or Erode Venkata Ramasamy belonged to the Balija caste . It is a social group from the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. In Karnataka, they are known as Banajigas. They are classified as a forward caste. Balija individuals described themselves as a division of the Kapu caste, which means he belonged to the Naicker caste and Kannada ( not Tamil or Telugu like most Naicker or Kapus) was his mother tongue. The father of the Dravidian movement who called Aryans as white and Dravidians as dark, was very white and could have passed of for a full blooded Aryan from the extreme north of of India. SO much for the so called white Aryan and dark Dravidian.
          Yes Tamil is a Dravidian language and is the oldest of all modern Dravidian languages and is the closest to the original Proto Dravidian language and has retained many elements of it compared to the other Dravidian languages. To a large extent old Tamil and Proto Dravidian are one and the same language. It is has the least amount of borrowed Sanskrit words and high Tamil has hardly any Sanskrit or for that matter any other language mixed in it. However most of the modern Tamils are not pure Dravidians and in fact many of them are not Dravidian at all. Most of the modern Tamils are a blend of Dravidian West Asian( or Aryan) and Australoid/Veddoid . In the case many of the lower castes and tribals Australoid/Veddoid or Dravidian with a very high mixture of Veddoid/Australoid. Some of the upper and middles caste also have some Australoid/Veddoid but very little but are Dravidian or Dravian/Aryan( western Asian) mixtures. This is not only for the Tamils but for most of India other than the North West where there is more Aryan or Western Asian genes found than the rest of India due to various invasions.
          Just like most of North India is full of assimilated Dravidians , Dravidian hybrids and Australoid assimilated into the Aryan language and culture. Most of South India is full of Dravidian hybrids and Australoids and others assimilated into the Dravidian culture and speech. SO no one has the right to call another not a Tamil as they are not Dravidian as many of them, themselves are not. They are hybrids or Australoid/Veddoids and others, many even Telug assimilated into the Tamil culture just like the predominantly Aryan ancestors of the Tamil Brahmins and many other communities arrived into the Tamil country around a thousand years or more and got assimilated as Tamils. Being Tamil is an ethnicity not a racial identity. Modern day Tamils can be of Dravidian, Australoid/Veddoid, Aryan, Dravido/Aryan, Dravido/Austaloid/Veddoid or mixtue of everything. Just like most modern ethnicities no such thing as a pure race existing anywhere in the world. We are all mixed with one racial strain predominating. In the case of the Tamils it is Dravidian but all Tamils essentially need not me Dravidian.
          The original Dravidians were never black, they came from the eastern Mediterranean, however they intermarried into the Australoid population that had arrived in the Indian subcontinent and the so called modern Dravidian is really a blend of these two people. When I mean Australoid it is not the Australian Aboriginal types but more the Indian Veddoid types.
          It is not only Brahmins but various other Tamil castes also have a north Indian origin, however even these people are all mixed. This is the reason you find very dark Brahmins and extremely fair non Brahmins. The Tamil Brahmins like all other Brahmins are predominantly Aryan but not pure Aryan. It is only the Kerala Namboothiri Brahmins and the Saraswat Brahmins who tend to be more pure Brahmins. Even many North Indian Brahmins are not pure Aryans lots of them are very dark. The Pallavas are of Iranian origin ( Phalavi) their modern descendants are the Tamil Vellalas of North Tamil Nadu and the Telugu Reddys of Southern Andhra. Many of the Chola, Chera and Pandian kings took Aryan North Indian princess for their wives, this is how the Brahmins and many other North Indian communities started to arrive in the Tamil country. Many native local Tamil priestly castes were also assimilated as Brahmins. Just like some Jaffna Saiva Pillai Vellalas who officiated as priests in the small village Hindu temples got gradually assimilated into the Brahmin identity.
          The Tamil Brahmin presence in the Tamil country is not recent as one person posted here. During the Telugu Vijayanagar era but very much earlier more than a thousand years or more. There is enough and more historical evidence of this even in Tamil literature. The Telugu Vijayanagar era brought in a lot of Telugus including Telugu Brahmins into the Tamil county and they gradually Tamilised them for their own benefit. A very large percentage of modern day Tamils in Tamil Nadu have Telugu ancestry. However there was a far ancient presence of Tamil Brahmins whose ancestors came to the Tamil country centuries earlier.
          It is these Tamil Brahmins of Telugu origin and Tamil Brahmins from a much later Northern migration into the Tamil country ( Brahmins largely fleeing Muslim invasion and persecution in North India, they belong to sect call Vadama meaning northern Saivite or Vadagalai Vaishnavite) who tend to be Aryan supremacists and hostile to the non Brahmin Tamils and their aspirations. Most of them belong to the this Vadama or Vadagalai Brahmin sects amongst the Tamil Brahmins. I will not be surprised if Cho Ramasamy, Subramania Swamy , Hindu Ram all belong to this sect. Compared to the other Tamil Brahmins they are very fair almost white in complexion and do look very Aryan. To Tamil Brahmin Iyengars belonging to the southern Thengalai sect Tamil is a very sacred language and they are very steeped in the Tamil tradition.
          It was not the Vijaynagar dynasty that destroyed the Buddhist and Jain Traditions in the Tamil country but the Cholas to a large extent and the Pallavas. The Cholas even persecuted Vaishnavite Hindus. Prior to that a very high percentage of Tamils in Eelam and in India were Buddhists and Jains. It was due to Brahmins that St. Thomas( Apostle Thomas) was persecuted and martyred in San Thome hill in Mylapore in Chennai. This shows the ancient presence of Tamil Brahmins in the Tamil country.
          The Brahmin presence in Jaffna is also not recent but much older migration from the Chola invasions and Tamil Brahmins played an important part in the formation of the Jaffna kingdom the Jaffna Arya Chakravarti dynasty. They are part Brahmin hence the title Arya. There are historical references to Brahmins in the Vanni and other parts. Even deep south with names like Bhammunu Gama etc. Most the Jaffna Brahmins are actual Brahmins and not assimilated Vellala. The Saiva Pillai Vellala priests only officiated in the small village temples. All the agamic temples built according to the Hindu traditions had proper Brahmin priests and not Vellala. Only a Brahmin is allowed to enter the inner sanctum of a proper agamic temple and no one else. Shows how little you know of Hinduism or its traditions. Are you are Christian? Lastly no real Brahmin will give his daughter or son in marriage to a Vellala priest. There may be love marriages but not an arranged marriage.
          The national poet of Tamil Nadu and declared a Tamil treasure Subramania Bariathiar is a Tamil Brahmin. Almost all of the great Indian scientists from Tamil Nadu are Tamil Brahmins. The famous is Ramanujan. Many of the great Tamil film cinema directors and film stars are Tamil Brahmins, K. Balachander. Mani Rathinam. Kamala Hassan, Gemini Ganeshan, Jai Shankar, Sundararajan, Madhavan, Nagesh( Kannada Brahmin),Thengai Sreenivasan, Cho Ramaswamy, Jayalalitha, Vyjanthimala, Hemamalini, Meenakshi Seshadari,Trisha, Rekha, Sri Vidhya, Vidhya Balan the list goes on. Famous Indian cricketers like Venkararaghavan,Krishnamachari Sri kanth are all Tamil Brahmins. The Tamil Brahmins are only 3%-4% of the Tamil population numbering around 3 million but our contribution to Tamil, Tamil culture and to the Tamil people is far greater than our percentage of our population. It because of a Tamil Brahmin Rajagopalachari that Madras or Chennnai was saved and was rightfully kept with Tamil Nadu. The Telegu were agitating for the city to be part of Andhara Pradesh or at least half of the city norh of the Kovum river to become part of Andhra. Where were all the so called Dravidian Stalwarts then? Just like when Tamils were killed and slaughtered in Eelam they did nothing. They never did anything when large parts of Tamil lands in Southern Karnataka, then the former Mysore state became part of Karnataka and what happened to the Tamil population there later. Why because many of these so called Dravidian fanatics in Tamil Nadu then and now agitating against Tamil Brahmins and calling them Aryan outsiders, are largely fake Tamils of Telugu background.
          Yes it is true the DMK and the Dravidian movement broke the strangleholds that rich Brahmins had on Tamil Nadu and uplifted the downtrodden Tamil masses but later they became a facets sort of movement with fake Dravidian racist ideology persecuting all Brahmins most of them very poor village priests calling them Aryans and outsiders who do not belong and real Tamils causing many of them to flee and become bitter against what happened to them and the Dravidian movement. The Sri Lankan or Eelam Tamils were never caught up in these movements as it never affected them, they were too educated and sophisticated to be swayed by these false theories. Further the caste system was not that rigid and cruel like in India and allowed a lot of upward mobility, also the Jaffna Brahmins were very small thoroughly assimilated and hardly had any power. However at the time when Tamil unity is needed some people are stupidly mouthing this out dated Aryan Dravidian theory that has now proven to be wrong and who is a Tamil and who is not.

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            Paul- Real Siva Sankaran Sarma

            I consider race, caste and nationalism as harmful. But they exist and need to be addressed in ways that ensure social fairness and justice.

            Periyar was concerned about Brahmin domination in the Madras Presidency. The Brahmins themselves imagined that they were Aryan.
            He used “Dravidian” identity as a tactic to avoid Brahmin intrusion into his reformist movement.
            He was essentially a social reformer and rationalist who battled superstition and social prejudice.
            He rejected electoral politics for the DK.
            He abandoned Dravidanadu the day Andhra separated. He did not adopt Tamil nationalism.
            Thanks to him Tamilnadu has far more religious tolerance than any other state in India.

            The point is that caste is justified in the name of Hinduism in many ways. That has to be fought. The enemy cannot be the Brahmin but the part of the (Brahminic) Hindu ideology which justified and found expression in caste and gender oppression and enabled the bigotry of the RSS and its clients.

            Race, now, is not defined genetically but politically.
            Search for a true Sinhalese or a true Tamil– you will find none. But there are the identities, and people kill in their name.

            As you have shown, some of the racial fanatics are not genetically members of the race that they claim to be.

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              The Tamil speaking Brahmins of Tamil Nadu are the number one enemies of Sri Lankan Tamils. The white skinned Tamil speaking Aryans (Brahmins) like Hindu Ram, Subramania Swamy, Cho Ramasamy and so on who were shown the way by Dravidian parties avenge their anger against the hapless Sri Lankan Tamils because they cannot do anything to the Tamils in Tamil Nadu. They (Brahmins) feel that they were marginalised in Tamil Nadu. It is irony that Tamils have tolerated their (Brahmins) arrogance against their Tamil brethren. These so called ‘Tamil’ Brahmins talk a language that is Tamil and Sanskrit mixed proving that they are not original Tamils. Thank God we do not have a Brahmin caste in Sri Lanka. The highest caste among both Sinhalese and Tamils is the agriculture caste, Govigama/Vellala.

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                “The highest caste among both Sinhalese and Tamils is the agriculture caste, Govigama/Vellala.”

                Try saying that in Batticaloa-Ampara. They will laugh at you.
                The Sinhala Karawa will not buy this. (They have a saying: “maalu bedanne bath uda ne!”

                “Thank God we do not have a Brahmin caste in Sri Lanka.”
                Why do you want to thank God for it?
                God placed all Shudras including the Vellala at the bottom of the caste ladder, above the Pancama.

                Let us be civilized, and give up on this bogus caste arrogance.

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            Paul,

            You seem to be holding the wrong end of the stick. You must be either naïve or stupid or both.

            The main argument here is, H. L. D. Mahindapala says the Brahmins are the highest caste among the Hindus of India but in Jaffna the highest caste is Vellala (not Brahmins) and the reason is there were no Brahmins (the priestly caste) in Jaffna, except for the few who crossed over from India.

            On the other hand, Vibhushana always says, the reason why there are no original Brahmins in Jaffna is because when the Dutch shipped Tamil Vellala slaves from South India to Jaffna, they could not ship Brahmins because the Brahmin caste rules forbid crossing water i.e. rivers, sea etc.

            You should be arguing against the above instead of replying to Kumar. I agree 100% with Kumar and Suresh, they are talking about the ground reality and not what is mentioned in google or Wikipedia. Actual fact is, the Brahmins are not originally South Indians, and they are recent migrants to South India (may be around 500 years) and that is why there are no original Brahmins in Jaffna. In Jaffna, the Vellala Hindu priests elevated themselves as Brahmins and got married to a few Brahmin iyer families of Tamil Nadu after turning into vegetarians and learning to chant in Sanskrit.

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            Cool story bro. Even better than the tale about how you’re actually really me :D

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      EDWIN RODRIGO!

      I have just furnished some reliable information on the Caste System of the Tamils. The Sinhalese Caste System is similar to that of the of the Tamils of the North!

      EDWIN RODRIGO! What was the basis of the JVP revolt in 1971? I had a number of friends, group mates, batch mates, juniors, seniors in the Engineering Faculty who were members of the JVP. Lionel Bopage was our instructor! All were arrested in April 1971!!

      Even now, the politics of the Sinhala nation is based on Caste System. In the History of politics of the Sinhala nation, the only ‘low caste’ Sinhalese who came to power was late Preemadaasa!

      I know well how JR, Ranjan Vijayaratne, Gamini Dissanayake, Lalith Athulath Mudali and other High Caste sinhalese politicians tried to corner Premadasa and bypassed him in important decision makings including Indio – Sri Lanka Accord of 1987!

      In the latter part of 1980s when the ‘tug of war’ was going on between Preemadaasa and the upper caste UNPers, it was a Tamil from Jaffna Peninsula who wrote a series of advisory letters to him under the pseudonyme “S. Sivalingam’, formulated a strategy for him to become the President of Sri Lanka!

      Soon after the Presidential Election this Tamil strategist only advised Preemadaasa giving reasons not to appoint Ranjan Vijeratne or Gamani Dissanaayake or Athulath Mudali as his Prime Minister, but to appoint a Sinhala Buddhist who was not interested in becoming the President in the future.

      Thus. to the surprise of all the local and foreign political analysts, Preemadaasa appointed ‘Dingiri Banda Wijetunge’ (Deaf and Blind Wijetunge!)as his Prime Minister in 1989!

      EDWIN RODRIGO! This was the reason why President Preemadaasa tried to portray himself as a “Mahaayaana” Buddhist!

      Political analysts of the South and those who make comments on the web sites talk much about the recent ‘Change of Government.’

      But, to my knowledge, foreign Intelligent Services started to formulate their strategies for the ‘Change of Government’ by the end of 2010 itself!

      In January 2011 itself, the Intelligent Service personnel of the powerful nation in the world visited Jaffna Peninsula on a special Consultation mission.

      They understood the strong Caste undercurrents of the politics of the Sinhala nation and the necessity to push back the ‘Upper Caste’ Sinhala Ranil Wickremesinghe to rear and bring to the forefront a popular person from the ‘Middle Caste’of the Sinhala nation!

      This strategy was confirmed by the ‘Press Release’ of the US MIT. The ‘Press Release’of the MIT dated April 7, 2014 os given below.

      PRESS RELEASE April 7, 2014
      M I T C E N T E R F O R I N T E R N A T I O N A L S T U D I E S

      Contact:

      Michelle Nhuch
      617-253-1965
      nhuch@MIT.EDU

      Ranil Wickremesinghe, Former Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Joins MIT
      CAMBRIDGE, MA April 7, 2014—The Center for International Studies at MIT announces today today that Ranil Wickremesinghe has been named a Robert E. Wilhelm fellow. The Sri Lankan politician and current leader of the Opposition in the Sri Lankan parliament will be at CIS for one month beginning April 8, 2014.

      Wickremesinghe was prime minister of Sri Lanka twice, from May 7, 1993 to August 19, 1994 and from December 9, 2001 to April 6, 2004. A member of the United National Party he was appointed party leader in November 1994.

      During his time at MIT, Wickremesinghe will study how to formulate a constitution sans an executive presidency. He will also work with faculty and students interested in Asian regional issues.

      CIS director Richard Samuels, a specialist on Japan, where prime ministers have struggled to consolidate executive powers, has expressed his welcome to Wickremesinghe: “My colleagues and I are delighted that the former prime minister has accepted our invitation to return to MIT. We look forward to exploring Asian regional issues with him.”

      A generous gift from Robert E. Wilhelm supports the Center’s Wilhelm fellowship. The fellowship is awarded to individuals who have held senior positions in public life and is open, for example, to heads of non-profit agencies, senior officials at the State Department or other government agencies, including ambassadors, or senior officials from the UN or other multilateral agencies. Previous Wilhelm fellows include: Ambassador Barbara Bodine, Ambassador Frances Deng, Admiral William Fallon, and Yukio Okamoto, a former special advisor to the prime minister of Japan.

      ABOUT THE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES MIT’s Center for International Studies, a dynamic international affairs research center, is home to a variety of research, education, and outreach programs. It seeks to bridge the worlds of the scholar and the policymaker by offering each a place to exchange perspectives, and by encouraging academics to work on policy-relevant problems. Center scholars, and the students they helped educate, have served at senior levels in every administration since the Kennedy years. They are today among the nation’s most distinguished analysts and executives in government and the private sector.

      http://web.mit.edu/cis/press_release_wickremesinghe_ranil.html

      Caste System of the Snhalese was utilized in formulating a strategy to change the Government of Sri Lanka!

      However, the “present Sinhalese” like HLD and others do not speak openly about the Castes and Caste System of the Sinhalese. But they speak much about the Castes and Caste System of the Tamils!!

      The main reason for this is that the Sinhalese claim themselves as “Pure Theeravaada” Buddhists.

      However, the Buddhist Nikkayas of the Sinhalese Theeravaada Buddhists were formed on Caste basis!

      So the Sinhala friends who write comments here please start talking openly about the Castes and Caste System of the Sinhala nation also. This will help to solve the political problems of our mother land Lanka!

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