24 March, 2019

Blog

A Letter To The President On An Effective Finance Commission & Essential Prerequisite For Genuine Devolution

By Chandra Jayaratne

Chandra Jayaratne

Chandra Jayaratne

Dear Mr. President,

An Independent, Representative, Professional and Visionary Finance Commission Discharging its Accountability with Efficiency, Economy and Effectiveness Is Key to Achieving a Balanced, Inclusive and Equitable Socio Economic Development of the Provinces and the Country

Your commitment to ensuring peace, harmonious co-existence, and embedding shared positive societal values and norms amongst all citizens, and associated commitments for growth and development led sustainable prosperity and happiness to be shared by all citizens, where ever they may live in the country, have been clearly articulated in following speeches you delivered since assumption of office;

  • Independence day[i]
  • Occasion that marked 100 days since election as President[ii]
  • Ranaviru Day[iii]
  • Ceylon Chamber of Commerce Economic Summit[iv]
  • Meeting with the Diplomatic Community[v]

Within the next few days, You and the Government led by you, will accept further commitments arising from;

  • The adoption of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2030[vi]
  • The resolution on promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka[vii]

The above commitments of the government, especially in removing inequalities in national resource allocations led disparities in provincial value addition and household incomes, to be delivered will require change management led new leadership approach to socio-political and economic governance of Sri Lanka.

You have already taken steps, through the establishment of a national unity government, to lay the necessary foundation for the desired overall political governance structure to be in place. It is now essential that the necessary foundations for the socio –economic development governance framework to also be in place, through essential restructures and change management initiatives.

Socio-economic policies and implementation leadership focus must ensure that the government now reaches out and removes the inequalities and reduce the twin gaps in provincial level, resource allocations led growth / value addition and household incomes. The ineffective structures and decision making processes in place, which directly impact on these governance objectives and the associated implementation barriers and challenges in assuring inclusive and equitable growth and per capita incomes, must be removed by restructure and change management[viii]. One of the key governance institutions for immediate restructure and change management is the operations of the Finance Commission[ix].The network alliances, grass root connectivity, links with international donors & financiers, investors, professional institutions of the Finance Commission needs strengthening[x].

Upon due reflection, you will realize that an independent, representative, professional and visionary Finance Commission , discharging its accountability with efficiency, economy and effectiveness is key to achieving a balanced, inclusive and equitable socio economic development of the provinces and the country. You will also accept that the structure, organization, composition, focus, consultative processes, network alliances, professionalism of decision making and implementation framework and transparent public communications, in regard to the operations of the Finance Commission will require significant change from the past, for the vision and commitments to be realized.

It is recommended that you and the government give immediate consideration to the under noted recommendations, in regard to the restructure and operational change management of the Finance Commission, as critical drivers of achieving the vision and commitments of the government;

1. Impress upon the Constitutional Council the critical importance of three eminently qualified persons, with independence, integrity, and no conflicts of interests, being nominated as members of the Finance Commission, ensuring such nominees are men/women of highest capability (knowledge, skills, values and attitudes) and track records of achievement, with capacity to perform their set roles of responsibility and duly discharge accountability of office;

2. Appoint an Advisory Committee, to meet an internal resource gap within the Finance Commission, comprising of 5 retired senior public service officials (eg. Former Secretaries of Ministries, Central Bank Deputy Governors, Government Agents/District Secretaries and Senior Public Servants with Rural Development, Local Government and Treasury Management Expertise) with a dotted line accountability to the Finance Commission, to link with the Finance Commission once a month and engage with it in an advisory role; and support the Finance Commission in discharging its accountability for transparent good governance in the achievement its constitutional mandate/terms of reference; and also function in a support capacity similar to an Audit Committee of a corporate entity;

3. To strengthen the network alliances, grass root connectivity, links with international donors & financiers, investors, business, CSO’s, and professional institutions of the Finance Commission, establish a twin external adhoc support committee to structure for network , advice, information, strategic input, consultation and critique comprising oA Committee (A) to network, advise, think tank support, critique, invest, seek aid, assist in funds mobilization, engage in CSR etc, comprising of representatives of

a) UNDP and Other Affiliated International Organizations (eg. FAO,WFP, WHO, UNICEF, etc)

  • Commonwealth Secretariat
  • International Financial Institutions (eg. World Bank, ADB, JICA, AIIB, etc)
  • Diplomatic Community members of Key Donor Countries (eg. India, China, Japan, EU, UK, USA, Norwegian, Canadian, Australian, etc)
  • INGO’s ( eg. ICRC, Oxfam, CARE, USAID, Asia Foundation, Zoa, Daikonia, IDRC, etc)
  • 3 representatives of the Joint Chambers of Commerce and Industry

b) A Committee (B) to network, advise, think tank support, share experiences, identify needs, risk assessment, critique, evaluate outturns/outcomes, facilitate operations and planning, establish grass root contacts, invest, engage in CSR etc comprising of;

  • Provincial Governors
  • Provincial Chief Ministers
  • Civil Society Organization representatives, one representative for each province selected by way of active engagement in the provinces
  • Provincial Chambers of Commerce representatives, one representative of each province selected by way of active engagement in the provinces
  • Representatives of independent Professional Organizations (eg. OPA, CEPA, ICASL, FUTA, Economists Ass, GMOA, Institute of Engineers, Environmental Ass, Irrigation and Water Management,)
  • Government Services Trade Union Representatives

4. Adhoc Committee (A) above to meet with the Finance Commission in pursuit of set objectives, four times an year, for the undernoted specific purposes;

a) To review the Annual report of the Finance Commission on socio economic outputs and resultant outcomes of the provinces achieved in respect of the prior year

b) To make submissions to the Finance Commission on

  • key resource needs and resource gaps identified in assuring a balanced, inclusive and equitable socio economic development of the provinces
  • available resources by way of aid, grants, investments, loans and other transfers
  • technical and operational advice

c) To review, critique, comment and provide advisory support in developing its outline background information, assumptions, rationale, allocations basis, contingency and scenario options and validation checks for assurance of achieving a balanced, inclusive and equitable socio economic development of the provinces

d) To review critique, comment and provide advisory support on the actual allocation recommendations for the ensuing year, sources of funding and expected socio economic outputs and resultant outcome of the provinces and associated risks /contingency plans

5. Adhoc Committee (B) above to meet with the Finance Commission six times an year for the undernoted specific purposes;

a) To review the Annual report of the Finance Commission on socio economic outputs and resultant outcomes of the provinces achieved in respect of the prior year

b) To make submissions on key resource needs and gaps identified in assuring a balanced, inclusive and equitable socio economic development of the provinces, investment proposals, render technical and operational advice and identify potential investments and resource development initiatives

c) To review, critique, comment and provide advisory support in developing its outline background information, assumptions, rationale, allocations basis, contingency and scenario options and validation checks for assurance of achieving a balanced, inclusive and equitable socio economic development of the provinces

d) To review the interim half year report on socio economic outputs and resultant outcome of the provinces achieved in respect of the current year

e) To review critique, comment and provide advisory support on the actual allocation recommendations for the ensuing year, sources of funding and expected socio economic outputs and resultant outcome of the provinces and associated risks /contingency plans

f) To review post audit reports of key capital investments and revenue spends in the provinces and the socio economic outputs and resultant outcome of the provinces, the lessons learnt and follow up strategic future action plans

6. The Government and the Commission to review the desirability of expanding the mandate of the Commission to include the following additional terms of reference, in relation to its present and future needs;

a) To assist the provincial councils to raise new sources of revenue and manage the effectiveness, efficiency and economy of its spends both revenue and capital;

b) To assist the provincial councils to develop provincial legislation consistent with the constitutional mandate;

c) To assist the provincial councils to develop strategies to enhance the net value addition at provincial level and household incomes; generate new employment and self employment opportunities; generate new livelihood and human development and livelihood empowerment options within the province and assist in strategic planning and implementation of such action plans;

d) To assist the provincial councils to develop strategies to enhance safety, health, education, sports, leisure, transportation, sanitation, housing and communications options within the provinces;

e) To assist the provincial councils to identify needs and develop proposals for socio economic development of the province and assist in strategic planning and implementation of such action plans;

f) To assist the provincial councils to develop and place proposals seeking, funds and other resources for socio economic development, from the centre, private sector as well as inflows in the form of aid, grants and transfers channeled through the centre

g) To assist the provincial councils to raise funds from the local debt markets for socio economic development, with the concurrence of the centre and with or without guarantees by the centre;

h) To assist in setting up provincial level zero based and flexible budgeting processes and setting management by objectives and other best practices of governance in enhancing the return on spends and investments;

i) To assist the provincial councils to prepare and balance provincial budgets and funds flows; effective management of approved debt portfolios; fiscal consolidation

j) To assist the provincial councils in the management of cross cutting projects, local debt market leverage funds mobilization and resources management and project implementation and project management of projects involving collaboration/alliances amongst two or more provincial councils;

k) To assist the provincial councils in provincial level natural resources management, mining and exploitation of natural resources and assurance of environmental sustainability, with the concurrence of the centre, including collective activities of one or more provinces

l) To compile and publish an annual report of the Finance Commission and also assist the provincial councils to produce their annual reports in a standard format, demonstrating the effectiveness, efficiency and economy of spends and use of national resources, the resultant value addition and realization of socio economic objectives and resultant outcomes and present these reports in the respective legislatures for review, critique debate and adoption;

7. The Commission to closely liaise with the Centre and recognize

a) the limitations of the centre in raising revenue ;

b) the need to comply with limitations placed on the centre in terms of the Fiscal Responsibilities Act and constitutional mandate;

c) the resources of the centre available for disbursement to the provinces, having met the demands on spends covering civil administration, pensions, defense, debt servicing and other committed expenditure and settlement of liabilities;

d) the need to manage essential subsidies and transfers as well as safety net payments, provisions and contingency reserve allocations;

e) the need to minimize pricing variances due to provincial taxation and levies, in respect of public utility services and food items and consumables;

f) the need for disaster management and prevention, of the ecology and environmental protection commitments and sustainability of natural resources;

8. The Finance Commission with the service support of the Auditor General and with the concurrence and facilitation of the Chief Ministers of the provinces should be empowered to arrange provincial level post audits of revenue and capital spends in excess of set limits, systems audits and efficiency, effectiveness and economy audits; thereby assisting in the enhancement of productivity, service quality/delivery, and minimization of waste and corruption; risk assessment and mitigation;

9. The Finance Commission to upgrade its Management Information Systems capability and install necessary systems support for implementation tracking and also be of assistance to the provincial councils in enhancing their systems capability and capability in extracting management information to control, track implementation status and enhance outcomes from the provincial level spends;

10. The Finance Commission to facilitate transparent information dissemination and exchange by and amongst provincial councils and ensure right to information commitments are fulfilled in respect of its own operations as well as assist the provincial level and ensure transparent information dissemination and right to information response processes are in place;

11. The Finance Commission to facilitate use of Information Communications Technology services for its own and provincial level needs in improving management efficiency, effectiveness and economy and in the transparent communications; with such initiatives including inter and intra provincial councils, service delivery and management control and implementation tracking services:

12. The Finance Commission should be assured by the Centre of adequate resources, management capability and funding for its operations

It is believed that above principal restructures and change management initiatives, along with associated enhancement of operational processes, systems and procedures, including the participative contributions from the support professionals team and adhoc Committees, in a backdrop of committed, independent capable persons of high achievement and integrity leading the Finance Commission, will provide you and the government, with avenues to assure the realization of the challenging vision and commitments set out at the outset above, especially;

  • to ensure peace, harmonious co-existence, and embedding shared positive societal values and norms amongst all citizens;
  • growth and development led sustainable prosperity and happiness being shared by all citizens, where ever they may live in the country,
  • Resolving the National Question and assuring that there will be less chances of socio-political upheavals , rebellion, insurgencies and war emerging in the underprivileged provinces
  • eradication of poverty and achievement of sustainable development goals
  • Balanced growth and lessen the disparities in provincial level net value addition and household incomes

Yours Sincerely,

Chandra Jayaratne

CC

Prime Minister and Minister of Policy Planning & Economic Affairs

Minister of Finance

Secretary Ministry of Finance

Governor of the Central Bank

Auditor General,

Secretary Finance Commission

Speaker of Parliament

Leader of the Opposition

Leader of the House

Secretary of the Constitutional Council

Presidential Advisor on Good Governance

Provincial Governors and Chief Ministers

Chairmen of Chambers of Commerce


[i] To end the war against terror, our heroic troops were able with their guns to silence the guns of terrorism. However, the biggest challenge we face today, is that of bringing together the minds of the people of the North and South, and through a process of reconciliation bring about co-existence and national understanding, and thus take our great Motherland forward as a land rich in human affection and understanding.

The greatest challenge we have today is to unite the minds of the people from the North and South for a national reconciliation framework.
In future an enormous responsibility for all the political leaders is to ask what went wrong in the 67 years since independence from Britain and how we can rectify the failures without pointing fingers.
Working with speed towards the eradication of poverty, narrow the gap between the rich and poor and bringing constitutional changes to establish a truly democratic country.

[ii] “We must greatly value this new trust we have won which will provide us with cooperation for national development, especially for development of national resources and effective participation in international affairs.

In order to build a strong democratic and equitable nation it is necessary to promote unity, friendship and coexistence among those who follow different religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity and also among communities such as Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, Malays and Burghers, and by this means ensure reconciliation and brotherhood that will eliminate mistrust, doubt and fear among people. The developed countries of the world that are democratic and give an important place to freedom, have many different races, religions, languages and are multi-religious and multi-ethnic societies. It is therefore necessary for us to understand that while protecting the historic dignity and respect of the Sinhala Buddhist people, it is also necessary to ensure the brotherhood, friendship and coexistence among all communities and move towards a just society that will ensure the rights of the people.

Let us think anew and creatively. Let us produce unique strategies for the new era. We must understand clearly our responsibilities and accountabilities. Sometimes we don’t clearly understand these factors. Particularly, politicians and government officers must clearly understand their responsibilities and accountabilities making everyone and everything accountable to the people and society,”

[iii] Though the damaged buildings, destroyed roads and other physical resources were being re-built there was no reconciliation process during the post-war period to rebuild the broken hearts and minds. Therefore, as the new government we clearly state that our policy is that of development and reconciliation. We cannot fulfill our expectations for reconciliation only through development. The reconciliation process includes investigating the truth, carrying out justice, eliminating the fear and mistrust and building trust among every community and re-building physical resources which were devastated by the armed conflict. Hence, with the experience of the war, we must understand the requirement of priority for the reconciliation process.

Today, we all consider this great day as a day which saw the dawn peace in our land. A day that we all respect as well as a day which opens a new chapter in our country’s development and reconciliation. As I mentioned before, all must unite for development and reconciliation in the country. We must all carry out our responsibilities together to defend the unitary status and territorial integrity on behalf of our nation and country.

[iv] we must make sure that whether it’s the implementation of national development plans, the state sector, the private sector or even our setting up our own policies, it has to be done with social justice, and transparency in mind. If there were certain times when there were setbacks in meeting these goals, I’m sure you can understand the reasons as to why that had happened

[v] We are keen to promote harmony among the people so that their energies could be diverted towards promoting development, peace, democracy and in protecting and promoting core values such as tolerance and understanding, including respect for other cultures.

We believe that a nation cannot afford to sit back and relax until the economic freedom is achieved. Hence our central focus will be on the eradication of extreme poverty and re-affirmed commitment to sustainable development

[vi] SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

GOAL 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere

GOAL 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

GOAL 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

GOAL 4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

GOAL 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

GOAL 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

GOAL 7 Ensure access to a ordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

GOAL 8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

GOAL 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

GOAL 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries

GOAL 11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

GOAL 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

GOAL 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

GOAL 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

GOAL 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

GOAL 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

GOAL 17 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

[vii] Welcomes the government’s commitment to a political settlement by taking the necessary constitutional measures and encourages the Government of Sri Lanka’s efforts to fulfill its commitments on the devolution of political authority, which is integral to reconciliation and the full enjoyment of human rights by all members of its population; and encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to ensure that all Provincial Councils, are able to operate effectively, in accordance with the 13th amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka;

[viii] Dr. Laksiri Fernando in the article titled ‘Balanced Provincial Development and the Private Sector’ wrote thus” Provincial disparities constitute one of the major challenges of economic development in Sri Lanka and perhaps were largely responsible for the socio-political upheavals that the country has been encountering both in the north and the south during the last three decades.

Rebellion, insurgencies and war emerging apparently in the underprivileged provinces in fact have enhanced the disparities, by retarding economic development, instead of resolving or ameliorating them.

The government has an admirable target of doubling the per capita income in the country by 2016 and equally important is the closing of the per capita income gap at least by half between the western province and the other provinces. This should be done not by neglecting the western province but by giving extra assistance and stimulus to the other provinces. Doubling of the income and halving of the gap could be the policy.Such a policy requires cooperation between the centre, the provincial councils and the private sector

[ix] Finance Commission.

154R. (1) There shall be a Finance Commission consisting of –

(a) the Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka;

(b) the Secretary to the Treasury; and

(c) three other members to represent the three major communities each of whom shall be a person who has distinguished himself, or held high office, in the field of finance, law, administration, business or learning.

(2) Every member of the Commission shall, unless he earlier dies, resigns or is removed from office, hold office for a period of three years.

(3) The Government shall, on the recommendation of and in consultation with, the Commission, allocate from the Annual Budget, such funds as are adequate for the purpose of meeting the needs of the Provinces.

(4) It shall be the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to –

(a) the principles on which such funds are granted annually by the Government for the use of Provinces, should be apportioned between various Provinces; and,

(b) any other matter referred to the Commission by the President relating to Provincial finance.

(5) The Commission shall formulate such principles with the objective of achieving balanced regional development in the country, and shall accordingly take into account –

(a) the population of each Province;

(b) the per capita income of each Province;

(c) the need progressively, to reduce social and economic disparities; and

(d) the need, progressively, to reduce the difference between the per capitaincome of each Province and the highest per capita income among the Provinces.

(6) The Commission shall determine its own procedure and shall have such powers in the performance of its duties as Parliament may, by law, confer on it.

(7) The President shall cause every recommendation made by the Finance Commission under this Article to be laid before Parliament, and shall notify Parliament as to the action taken thereon.

(8) No Court or Tribunal shall inquire into, or pronounce on, or in any manner entertain, determine or rule upon, any question relating to the adequacy of such funds, or any recommendation made, or principle formulated by, the Commission.

[x] http://www.asiantribune.com/news/2011/04/28/balanced-provincial-development-and-role-private-sector-sri-lanka

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 0
    0

    Fine Mr.Chandra Jayaratne.
    All these goals could be easily achieved if the widespread corrupt practices are checkmated.As for Nepotism,it would be a Herculean task,since this is the mainstay of our political Leadership.However,foremost requirement is to address the National Question and settle this once and for all if the Nation is to move forward in all respects.

  • 0
    0

    Genuine devolution is nice to hear but very difficult to implement with the UPFA snubs. They are very capable of misleading the people and create hevoc.

  • 0
    0

    Dear CJ,

    You may be honest.

    Unless you work tooth and nail to get rid of the 2 frauds whom Ranil protects,GCB MAHENDRAN the on going losses against our coffers are known to you very well, and Minister RAVI , we think you are just trying a fast one, against the wishes of Rev SOBHITHA and the President both! Please do not waste time. You know who they are too well.

  • 0
    0

    An Agenda to bring normalcy in Jaffna
    North/East of Sri Lanka
    Devolution- Ground realities for reflections

    Discipline

    1. The First and priority focus area, to be Concentrated is to Develop discipline in the area concerned and in the whole society on all aspects of life. All players must be made to accept discipline. The most important aspect is to bring relief to the people. Burocracy, Technocracy, Govt. Servants, Educational activity, Teachers, Students, Parents, university Staff and Students. Service providers, parents, should be made to accept the norms of discipline.

    2. Any breach, and any threat to discipline, irresponsible behaviors, must be viewed seriously, irrespective of the individual / collective / political, groups, professional or other groups, should be dealt / viewed seriously and appropriate punishments should be made.

    3. Any grievances brought to notice, should be viewed seriously and remedial action should be done, with extra speed and Just, in unison terms of modernity and technology, methodology, for which the outdated, obsolete norms should not be the guiding principles. New norms should be developed with high speed delivery. Rowdysm / Vandalism of any form, from any quarter should be dealt with iron hand.

    4. Discipline must be taught in schools / colleges / universities, as a subject along with rights, duties, role of citizen, etc.

    5. Persons of indiscipline character rowdisim, vandalism, mob activity should be watched closely and prevented from disturbing, destabilizing, locality, family, institution, etc.

    6. Judiciary and arms of Judiciary should be made to display exemplary behavior and display courteous mannerism, toughness, in developing maintaining discipline in all areas of operation, with the tender heart of compassion to allow freedom, activity for the people and community for their normal process of development/activity.

    7. Players in Judiciary should be made to understand their role and responsibility in the new scenario, all omissions, negligence, willful perpetration or supportive role for frauds, dishonest deeds, willful irresponsible obstruction, to smooth functioning of the society, has to be corrected urgently, to create confidence, good will, and trust in the minds of the people.

    8. Out dated, obsolete laws, rules, methods, value systems, should not be the guiding principles for the future. Beware of the parasites, which were enjoying all these days and thriving in the misery of people, will be the biggest obstruction, under various of labels / slogans pretending to be guardians of community.

    9. It is the Paramount duty and obligation of the government to ensure that the government servants do their duty honestly, and timely, and their output/ performance should be monitored for which they are paid, by the people’s Money / Revenue.

    10. The relevant laws, useful to the Present and future times F.R / AR, and other duties, obligations expected to be followed by the norms of bureaucracy, technocracy and Govt. servants should be strictly followed. Any omission, willful or otherwise, failures must be viewed very seriously and punished.

    11. Any person who fail to do their obligations must be relived/dismissed from their positions without any other considerations, that had operated for the last three decades.

    Mobilization of Institutions

    It will be more useful to mobilize all legally established local institutions such as temples, charities, trusts, local N .G .O’s and the likes, and capacity build for different specialized activities of their core strengths and to play a meaningful role in the future.

    At present, most of these organizations are existing for name sake to hold on to the assets. In some organizations parasites and self aggrandizing vested persons are holding the establishments and play a negative role or block the enthusiasm and positive contributions by knowledgeable individuals. This should be corrected by administrative powers and authorities.

    The terms of reference to such organizations.

    1. To be independent watchers on development.

    2. To interact with various policy makers, implementers, cutting across political, burocratic, Technocratic blocks and facilitate accelerated development and prevent any obstacles and promote peoples initiative.

    3. Develop mechanisms to punish developmental blockers and to be accountable, and punishable under economic offences.

    4. To evolve an apex organization for such activity in the region.

    5. The members of apex body should be men of eminence, unblemished character, integrity, of eminence in skills with futuristic imaginations.

    6. To develop future mechanisms of governance, accountability and responsibility for all players, for good governance and do’s and don’ts for every level and activities.

    7. Corruption had become the cancer and hinders every progress of the society. Stamping of this menace, require stringent measures, which will have to be imaginative, in dealing with this problem with speed and with modern skills with iron hand.

    8. All honest men, with knowledge and skills, have to be mobilized to contribute, outside, the outdated, obsolete Norms of the past, and all institutions should develop such flexy methods, and arrangements, to use such persons for short term long term contributions, in whatever their specialized knowledge and skills.

    This includes expatiates and well wishers of various fields

    9. Decision making establishments should adopt methods of Modernity, Speed, and flexy, with professional excellence, and cost conscious and delivery targets, in built in every decision made, for implementers to adhere.

    What the Expatriates can do

    01. They must not work in isolation without understanding the ground realities and what is needed at ground level to be supplemented or complimented to avoid duplication of Programmes, resulting in wasting of money and other recourses.

    02. Mega, Infrastructure projects will be done by governments, financial lending Banks, and other aid programmes, as such, participating / assisting in such investments has to be thought out in depth.

    03. Private sector investment is one of the possible area, in Partnership with local counter Parts in Various fields. (This needs peaceful ground situation and all forms of disturbances including strikes, agitation Hartals, etc should not be aloud for at last ten years.)

    04. Developing professional / scientific, man power training institutions, could be an area of activity where Professionals and skilled persons could be involved with local counter Parts.

    05. Capital is the biggest drawback for development of the private sector institutions. Banks are not at all helpful and demand 100% cash security based leading is their policy As such, in a capital destroyed situation, New Norms of lending establishments and methodology has to be thought out , outside the banks and governmental norms to Promote accelerated reconstruction.

    06. Investments in Banks and other financial systems had time and again proved very
    risky. Ample Precedence is available where deposits/Gold Jewellery were not claimed due to loss of documents amounting to billions, lost / unclimed by the People

    07. There is no viable alternative institutional device available for investors at present

    08. Business houses are not developed to receive such deposits and pay back. As such there is no financial power to undertake rapid developmental mega projects.

    09. Time demands new thinking and initiatives to address and develop financial support services for developmental activities

    10. Professionals, persons of skills, concerned with areas / villages, such groups can talk up idea / activity / discipline and develop for the benefit of the people and economy for total development of the society.

    Role of Foreign government and NGOS

    1. Capacity build all local establishment to work on the lost / stunted core strengths.

    2. Assist / Help to introduce modern technology into new / established local establishment to actively engage in the activity to bring normalcy and futuristic developmental trends.

    3. To initiate research and development for long term developmental needs, in unison with world trends.

    4. Provision of expertise linkages in identified areas of development and technology transfer for economic developmental needs.

    Problems solving Authority

    Realizing the magnitude of problems of the People and the future developmental needs, an authority outside the governmental, Bureaucratic / Technocratic establishments should be created .comprising of persons, Who are not retired government servants, (who do not have the imagination creativity vitality and vigor) The selection of members would be based on their command and problem solving capability, with speed and versatility cutting across the normal red tapes and obsolete laws, out dated irrelevant practices, and have the courage to ,over rule the lethargic, inefficient, corrupt officials, to find relief to the problems of the people. Any obstructionist should be relieved from their positions and punished.

    Operational failures of executing projects

    Investigate on development programs and other projects under taken executed with assistance of foreign funding during the period of 2000 / 2010, whether the projects actually executed. If not why? What happened who are the players. This will be useful for future execution of the developmental projects.

    Mal Nutrition
    Serious problem. Difficult to handle by Government alone. The private sector operators must be mobilized, to participate in the elimination of Mal Nutrition.

    Education

    Moral, value based and futuristic education should become the priority, emphasis must be made, obligatory, Curriculum developed and selection of Teachers should be men / women of character, and norm / trend setters, who have to inspire and inculcate value etc and really concerned with the welfare of students, and future of the area/community/and country to produce good citizens.

    Promote and mobilize men and women on merit who will set norms as ambassadors in each area and be cultural leaders. This activity should organized out side the political, bureaucratic ambit, to avoid the operation of power brokers, and other channels, for ascendancy, material /financial gains, as salaried jobbers

    All academics of university must be made accountable and declare their contribution, research, publications etc. Non qualified persons should be relieved from their positions. A commission should be appointed to study various on all aspects to rectify them.
    Jaffna University had the best of leader academicians in the early days of creation development.

    Environment / Tree Planting
    Make schools as the centre of Tree planting Program, including nursery, planting and after care maintenance of plants.

    Old Yarpanathan 30/9/2015

  • 0
    0

    CJ you are wasting your time or pursuing a hidden agenda.

    There is absolutely no point writting to the President unless you are at the helm to steer the Finance boat.
    Yahapalanaya damage already taken place is more than enough and such what you after ?

  • 0
    0

    Chandra
    Thank you very much for such an elaborate proposition – this is very consistent with your excellent submission to LLRC.
    The problem is the Prime Minister and the President have the next electionin mid and won’t displease the Sinhala voters by serving justice to Tamils -the government is yet toset up the Chief Minister’s Fund. What has beens preventing them for 2yrs from setting it up?

    • 0
      0

      correction:
      Chief Minister’s Fund in Northern Provincial Council

  • 0
    0

    Some readers have misunderstandinng about the author. Please look up groundviews.org for his main submission and a supplementary submission to LLRC.

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 300 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically shut off on articles after 10 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.