22 September, 2018

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ACJU: In the Way Of Co-Existence – Part II

By Farweez Imamudeen

Farweez Imamudeen

Polygamy and the ACJU

Following is another extract from the chapter of ‘Marriage and the judgments and rulings related to it’ in Thasyeer Mathan Abi Sujah,

“Marriage is recommended to whoever is in need of it. It is permissible for a free man to marry four free women at once, and for the slave to marry two. A free man does not marry a slave woman except under two conditions; not being able to give the dowry to the free woman and fear of fornication”

We shall only look at the first part of this legislation where it allows a free man to marry four free women at once. 

The verse that appears in the Qur’an regarding polygamy is as follows,

“Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one (Nisa: 3)”

Qur’an is not a book of laws but it contains laws that were revealed to set order in a society that was given to chaos. Thus, the laws that were revealed at a certain time and place should be viewed in context. A legislator should then be wary of applying the same rule or law word for word in a different place and era. For a student of law this concept is not difficult to understand. For instance, although statutes become laws there are rules of interpretation – ie: Literal rule, Golden rule and Mischief rule – that are used to understand the meaning intended by the legislator. This is only a basic illustration to understand that laws are subject to interpretation since no law can escape the limits of time and space; however, what remains constant and guides the interpretation are the principles and values on which the laws were constructed (ie: justice, fairness and equality).

Public interest or Maslaha in Arabic is a principle of Islamic jurisprudence; a principle of legal interpretation that is derived from the fundamental source of Islamic jurisprudence; the Qur’an. A simple definition of it would be ‘That which leads to good’. In Islamic jurisprudence a purpose, or in other words the purpose of a law, ruling or legal code that does not lead to the fulfilment of some good (Maslaha), or the avoidance of mischief or evil is invalid.

According to Dr.Jasser Auda, a scholar in the subject of Islamic jurisprudence, Maslaha or public interest is the purpose/ goal  (Maqsid in Arabic) of Islamic laws. In other words a law that is in contradiction with public interest is no law at all.

So what was the purpose of this law when it was revealed in seventh century Arabia? 

The late former Justice of the Supreme Court of Srilanka and vice president of International Court of Justice in Hague, C.G.Weeramantry in his book ‘Islamic Jurisprudence: An International Perspective’, cites an interesting example of how certain Muslim majority countries have derived laws from the Qur’an based on the notion of women rights which is a part of public interest.

“The permissibility of polygamy under the rules of Islam has been one of the bases of severe attack by its critics. The relevant Qur’anic passage runs, ‘You may marry two, three or four wives but not more’. The passage goes on to declare, ‘…but if you cannot deal equitably and justly with all, you shall marry only one.’ The word equitably has been explained by jurists as meaning not merely equality in lodging, clothing and necessaries, but also equity in love, affection and esteem…on their interpretations of this verse many Islamic communities recognize monogamy as the norm.

It should be noted that the clauses qualifying polygamy are reinforced also by the Quranic passage, ‘you will not be able to be equitable between your wives even though you be eager to do so’ (4:129). It is noteworthy that Tunisia adopted the rule of monogamy on the basis of this clause and that Muhammad Abduh (d.1950) the reformer and Grand Mufti of Egypt often said that no husband can be just to more than one wife under modern living conditions (Khadduri, 1978).”

What follows is an astonishing revelation,

“Majid Khadduri places this whole matter in an interesting perspective when he asks whether the Quranic law was meant to confirm the principle of polygamy or to reform it by imposing qualitative and quantitative restrictions on its practice. He suggests that the Quranic law concerning marriage, rather than intending to ratify the widely prevalent practice of polygamy, sought to reform it as far as was possible at the time. The ultimate intent of the Prophet, according to his view, was ‘to transform marriage from a polygamous to a monogamous relationship’. The ultimate objective of Quranic marriage law, then was to legitimate monogamy, rather than to endorse polygamy”

Thus it is the author’s argument that the principle of gradual reform in the interest of the public is what is intended by this verse. In other words that was the purpose/ maqsid. This principle of gradual reform can be found in many places in the Qur’an such as in the different stages through which alcohol was eventually prohibited.

Why did Qur’an set out to reform the seventh century Arab Society? 

Because Qur’an is not just a book of laws, rather it contains laws, among various other teachings, ethical and moral disciplines that were revealed throughout a certain period of time (nearly two decades) in a certain context to demonstrate the principles and methodologies of reform, and that social reform and a just society is possible.

However the Madrasa curriculum consists of substandard text books that contain none of these topics. So it ends up teaching laws that allow men to marry up to four women unconditionally, which is clearly contrary to the values the Qur’an set out to establish. 

The content of Fiqhul Islamiyya or Islamic law which is only one of the subjects that is taught in the Madrasa is entirely out of context and irrelevant. Thus, the graduates of these institutions who are appointed as leaders of an entire community are vehemently attempting to steer the course of history away from the future towards an ancient past, which is not only impossible but due to its conflicting nature with the modern world is bound to foster conflicts.

It is because of such rigid teachings that they even blatantly violate Islam itself while claiming to preserve Islam.

A good and clear example of this can be found in gender discrimination; the so called scholars of Islam are refusing to allow Muslim women inside the Mosques while Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his companions not only allowed them inside, but let them voice their opinions as well. The ACJU invents what is not in Islam while claiming to uphold Islam.

Adding to this dilemma is the fact that these Madrasa graduates receive no education or training in any of the other essential sciences that are required to assume a scholarly leadership. So for instance a Madrasa Graduate might be appointed as a legislator, but ironically he neither has a holistic view of Islamic law nor does he have any knowledge in conventional law. He might be appointed as a financial advisor or to manage billions of rupees of public funds, but he bears no qualification in the sciences of finance or economy. He has no education or training in anthropology, psychology or social sciences that are essential to understand and lead a community accordingly.

In summary the Madrasa graduate is ill qualified to be a leader.

The Blind, Bigoted, Confused Shepherds

ACJU as the only acknowledged body of leaders of the Muslim community in Sri Lanka is primarily a legislative authority. It is through laws or fatwa that it guides the Muslim society. However, there is abundant proof that this so called intellectual body lacks sufficient knowledge and qualification to legislate. 

Following is a ruling or fatwa regarding the female attire that appears in the official website of ACJU.

 “Islam is a religion that preaches morality and dignity. It educates both the men and women in regards to their dress codes. When addressing the dress code of women, Allah states in the Holy Quran:

And tell the believing women that they must lower their gazes and guard their private parts, and must not expose their adornment, except that which appears thereof, …. [24:31] 

It is very clear from the above Verses, that women should conceal their adornment. Thus, concealing the face, hands and the complete body is a necessity. This is the opinion of majority of the scholars.”

It is interesting to note how simplistic this interpretation and fatwa is considering the plethora of facts, and historical evidence that have been neglected in the process. The extent of irresponsibility and ignorance showcased by an organization that proclaims to be scholarly is appalling. How rapidly have these so called scholars arrived at a half-baked conclusion to impose something on an entire community by making that which is not a necessity a necessity!

M.A.M.Mansoor or Usthaz Mansoor as he is popularly known, a graduate of Jamiah Naleemiah and the only scholar from Sri Lanka who has written an exegesis of the Qur’an, writes in his book ‘Unveiled’ how only a few Imams are of the opinion that the whole body of a woman should be concealed, whereas the majority of scholars, including the companions of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) have argued otherwise. 

He says

“Many among the companions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), including Ibn Abbas, Anas, Aisha (wife of the Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), Miswar ibn Mahrama (RA), and many among the scholars and Imams interpreted the phrase ‘that which is apparent’ to mean the face and hands. The scholars among the Thabioon (the generation that immediately followed Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) such as Ikrima, Qatada, Saeed ibn Zubair (Rah) who were Ibn Abbas’s (RA) students held the same opinion”

He argues further,

“The phrase lower your gaze appears numerous times in the Qur’an.

‘Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be modest.’ (24:30)

This verse addresses men (and it is important to note that this verse appears before the verse about women). If the faces were veiled (men) lowering the gaze would serve no purpose.” 

He further states,

“Once the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was riding a camel with Fadhl; the son of Abbas (RA) behind him. A beautiful woman came to the Prophet for a fatwa. Al Fadhl stared at her, and she stared back. The Prophet having noticed this placed his hand on his chin and turned his face away, but he looked again and she looked at him. Once again Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) turned his face away, but he looked again a third time and she looked at him. Once again Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) turned Fadhl’s face away….

…if a woman’s face had to be concealed, and if it was forbidden to look at it the Prophet (Peace be upon him) would have ordered the woman to cover her face, but he didn’t”

In the Islamic tradition there are scholars who have sided with the opinion that a woman should conceal her entire body, but they are only a handful according to AsSheikh M.A.M.Mansoor.

In his book, ‘Unveiled’ he cites ample examples from the life of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) himself to demonstrate why concealing the entire body is not a necessity. He also mentions how Imam Shafi himself, whose school of thought the ACJU claims to religiously follow, is of the opinion that women can reveal their faces. In fact the four great scholars in the Islamic tradition – Imam Malik, Shafi, Abu Hanifa, Ahmad ibn Hanbal- hold a contrary opinion to that of ACJU.

Only a few Imams from the Hanbali school of thought (while Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, the founder of Hanbali school of thought, himself argues in favor of women revealing their faces) are of the opinion that women should conceal their entire body.

My question to ACJU is, if there is evidence to the contrary, on what basis did you issue the fatwa that covering the face and hands is a must for women? Did you even think of the consequences of enforcing such extreme attire in a minority community? The amount of resistance it might receive from a predominant culture that is alien to such an extreme practice?

So we have all the four great scholars, the companions of the Messenger of God (Peace be upon him), and the students of the companions of the Messenger of God (Peace be upon him) and numerous scholars both ancient and modern holding a contrary opinion to ACJU’s, and God himself leaving his revelation to open interpretation, while ACJU dares to challenge and override them all and make it an absolute necessity! What bigotry!

Thus we can conclude that the ACJU is either perfectly confused or adamantly ignorant. Either way they are not qualified to lead the Muslim society. 

ACJU: In the Way of Co-Existence

What ACJU has done through its fatwas that polarize a community is push the Muslim community away from the mainstream to a point of isolation. The fatwas regarding child marriage, face cover, halal and haram, and male and female attire have gradually erected a community that strives to look, and be different from others not for rational or ethical reasons, but for reasons that are irrational and silly. 

The consequences of driving the Muslim community towards creating a unique religious identity in terms of dress, appearance, food (stupid undertakings such as going to the extreme extent to find out whether mineral water is haram or halal) and attitude has gradually polarized the Muslims from the larger society, and a national agenda. Thus it has restricted interacting and socializing with other communities, and driven the Muslim community to live among its people in seclusion as a closed society. This is the primary barrier to co-existence, and this barrier was designed, constructed and established by none other than the Apex Islamic scholarly body of Sri Lanka; The All Ceylon Jammiyathul Ulama.

As a result the majority of Muslims have withdrawn from the national cause, the common crisis that afflicts the nation. 

ACJU has excluded and expelled women from society; despite Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) himself allowing women to enter the Mosques, at a time and in a society where women were used as mere chattel and objects, our so called scholars have reversed the progress of time going against the practice of their own Prophet, and forcefully and anti-Islamically imposed restrictions on their entering the Mosques. They promote child marriage, once again legalizing an abominable practice in the name of a religion that strove against such vile social practices.

Such an attitude towards Muslim women has paralyzed a vital limb of the society. A predominant majority of Muslim women are socially inactive. A lifetime of oppression and suppression has imposed a passive slave mentality in most of them. They are scared, suspicious and extremely cautious.

Thus once again ACJU has succeeded in standing in the way of co-existence. 

As we have seen, these fatwas are found on no sound basis. Rather they are issued to serve and safeguard the interests of an elite organization that seems to have a hidden and sinister agenda. If that is not the case what can explain their attitude towards vehemently clinging on to fatwas, claiming them to be Islamic laws, while they seem to be anything but Islamic? They seem to be nothing but fancy interpretations of texts according to the whims and desires of a body of graduates from Madrasas, whose syllabus predate the medieval times.

ACJU is legislating to a world that does not exist anymore; in doing so they have constructed a culture that is in conflict with the modern world. They have created a society that has pushed itself from the mainstream to a secluded and isolated cocoon, where it prefers to live in isolation among its people, divorced from the larger nation and national issues. Muslims didn’t bring this condition upon themselves; it is to a certain extent ACJU made. However, as a result inevitably the Muslims are drifting away from co-existence.

And I blame the ACJU.

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Latest comments

  • 3
    8

    The One and Only Divine book which preserved in the original form until today and the end of world ,is the Qur’aan . The Almighty – Super Intelligent declared ;
    ; “Indeed it is We who have sent down the reminder (the Qur’an), and indeed it is Us who shall preserve it” (Qur’aan – Al-Hijr 15:9).

    And Islam is the Only way of Islam and Qur’aan the Only guidance to the Mankind insist to marry ONLY ONE .
    “Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), THEN ONLY MARRY ONE(Nisa: 3)”.

    To compare with other man made ISM, like Induism , there are even for their so called Gods , many wives, as Puran tales says The women kidnapped by Narakasura ask Krishna to marry them. Besides eight principal queens, the Hindu god Krishna, an avatar of the God Vishnu in the Dwapara Yuga , is described to have many unnamed junior wives. Their number is mentioned as 16,000 or 16,100 in different scriptures. Cant digest ? ..
    In Budda way , oh .. no way of marrying a woman / man.. its not a way of life but just deserting wife and children and heading to jungle life..

    • 7
      3

      What do you know about Hinduism or Buddhism you illiterate peasant? And do you think posts like this about Islam would be allowed in any Muslim country? People like you would be hunted down and beheaded.

      • 6
        2

        Just because a madman heard a voice telling him something stupid, you cannot call it authentic. Koran has so many fallacies like a flat earth created by an unknown entity called Allah. Islam is full of barbaric practices like circumcision, slaughter of animals, fasting which makes one beastly etc. Dump these and join others who are living a happy and prosperous lives. If anyone wants to follow these please leave Sri Lanka and go to those gloomy and insane countries. Ban Koran which is instigating its followers to kill non believers and destroy their places of worship.

        • 6
          2

          Al-faqurlah: WOW, you’re improving bro, ha..ha..ha. So, you’re telling those to leave from the prosperous and developed country to another gloomy and insane country?

          You know out of millions of sperm, only one makes it. Unfortunately, in your case only the one incapable of growing a brain seems to have reached there.

        • 2
          1

          There have been many such madmen. One claimed he was the son of God, several have claimed to be God’s prophet, one claimed he was God himself (by the way, he is long dead). There was only one religious leader who claimed to be nothing more than a man, and said that anyone could achieve what he had achieved.

          • 2
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            Taraki

            “and said that anyone could achieve what he had achieved.”

            2600 years later some who claimed to be his followers have created a deadly cult namely the Sinhala/Buddhism sending rest of the people on a journey of no return, what the awakened one couldn’t achieve during his life time.

            The cult is being run by a few saffron clad racists, protected by war criminals legitimized by the crooks in the parliament and state bureaucracy.

            He did say anyone could achieve however I am not aware of anyone who has achieved it. I would be very much interested know who they are in this island.

          • 0
            0

            Taraki, then why are you all worshiping his idols as god and your priests had developed so many rituals to get his blessings and involvements?

      • 1
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        Paul, I think ceylonese shouldn’t have written like this, worth beheading if he had written fabrication like non-Muslims write about Islam but all what he wrote about Hinduism is true and what he wrote about Buddha also true. We can give many religious explanations but cannot change the facts. Can any Muslim change the fact Prophet Muhammad took more than one wife?

    • 1
      0

      Marry women of your choice, up to 4

      Good advice

      But he should have made 4 women for every man

      Failed/useless god.

      Now in SL men-women ratio approximately 50-50

      So god & his words are null & void

      Law must be above failed god (Allah) & a woman for a man a must

      • 1
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        Real Revolutionist
        “Marry women of your choice, up to 4 Good advice”

        It was during a war, Battle of Uhud, with many widows and orphans., emergency regulations. Marry the widows, Now the Ulema and men, have extended the regulation for ever so that they can marry 12 year old girls, discard older wives and will not marry widows. The intention of the emergency regulation was to help the widows, not to legally rape young girls.

        The Ulema and Muslin men have a great time with this rule and can legally rape 12 year old girls, who are considered Chattel by MMDA.

        What a farce! Why doesn’t the Muslims see this farce? Low IQ?

    • 1
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      Farweez Imamudeen ,

      RE: ACJU: In the Way Of Co-Existence – Part II

      //In summary the Madrasa graduate is ill qualified to be a leader.

      The Blind, Bigoted, Confused Shepherds

      ACJU through laws or fatwa …. However, there is abundant proof that this so called intellectual body lacks sufficient knowledge and qualification to legislate. //

      You hit the nail on it’s head.

      The REAL PROBLEM lies in the SYLLABUS and the CURRICULUM of the Madrassa and its Graduates.

      You need to get them the SYLLABUS and the CURRICULUM of Ibn Rushd, the foremost Islamic Scholar and Thinker, to get them to think, if they have sufficient IQ’s.

      Ibn Rushd in his darkest hour

      https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/artsandculture/2015/4/9/ibn-rushd-in-his-darkest-hour

      Ibn Rushd is the most capable rationalist philosopher in the history of Arab civilization.
      The reasons for the persecution of Ibn Rushd vary according to those who studied his struggle and their intellectual levels.

      A final reason offered was Ibn Rushd’s book The Incoherence of the Incoherence, in which he responded to the fallacies of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali’s The Incoherence of Philosophers. He did this despite knowing Ghazali was the master of the Almohad dynasty who were in power, and believed the earth was located between the horns of a bull.( It was thought that when the bull shifted earth from one horn to the other the world trembled and earth quakes and such things happened.)

      Ibn Rushd was summoned to the Mansur’s court, publicly insulted and cursed and accused of heresy. The king ordered him to be exiled along with anyone who spoke about philosophy.

      Do the Sri Lankan Ulama, Imams and Moulavis too believe in the bull? After all, Ghazali was

      https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/al-ghazali/

      Al-Ghazâlî (c.1056–1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics of Sunni Islam.

    • 1
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      ceylonee,

      Socrates said, “I don’t know anything”. What he meant was that, that way he can learn what he did not know.

      You need to take the sane position, “I don’t know anything”, so that you can learn what you do not know.

      Quran, Yusuf Ali Translation, 39:18
      Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.

      See the difference in what the Greeks understood, and what Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler understood, in looking at the sky.

      The practice of the Monks of the Para-Sinhala “Buddhism” cult is different from Buddhism and Jainism.

      For those who want a quick summary and review of Buddhism and Janism, please see the video link below. There will be some questions, but no questions on the Para-Sinhala “Buddhism” Cult and Monk Mahanama, because it is irrelevant to the Indians.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bIMz8_hTvF0

      Buddhism and Jainism | Religious Movements in Ancient Indian – Summary

  • 11
    0

    Qur’anic Sura 4 (An-Nisa), in Ayah 3 entailing polygyny (not polygamy) was revealed soon after Battle of Uhud where many men died leaving women widows and children orphans. This was allowed under the context of giving new lives to these women and children, and NOT Mullas and Rizvi Mufthi alike to show their luxury or enjoy many women of different age groups on the bed.

    Quran’s preservation and unchanged revelation is taken for advantage by today’s Muslims.

    • 1
      3

      IF your intention is to promote Polygamy in order ti rasie the islamic population. that should nto work in Sri lanka. Sri lanka doe snot practice polygamy. So, people will have to ask ban polygamy. WHat I heard polygamy is alowed in islam if the first wives permits and if the economic conditions permit. Otherwise, you are preaching CRAP. quran Copied it from HINDU MAHABHARATHA.

      • 3
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        Jim softy, you’re partly right saying “WHat I heard polygamy is alowed in islam if the first wives permits and if the economic conditions permit (and if you’re healthy)”

        You’re confused with polyandry in MAHABHARATH with polygyny in Islam. You have to learn a bit to know in which circumstances that polyandry happened in MAHABHARATH and it does not mean it encourages polygamy. We already talked about under which circumstances Islam permits polygyny.

      • 2
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        Jimsot

        You wrote quran Copied it from HINDU MAHABHARATHA.@
        The Mahabrat myths describes a woman named Draupathi married all 05 brothers of Pandavas and slept with all brothers , gave birth sons thus started POLYANDRY .
        What will your reaction if your wife marry all of your Brothers and sleeping with your brothers saying ” I follow MAHABHARATHA as I am a devotee of Indu philoshophy Mahabarata . ?

        YOU SUCH An IGNORANT PAGAN who just compare Quraan with Myths without any intellectual knowledge but vomiting racists ideology ..

    • 1
      0

      Fathima,

      1. “Qur’anic Sura 4 (An-Nisa), in Ayah 3 entailing polygyny (not polygamy) was revealed soon after Battle of Uhud where many men died leaving women widows and children orphans. This was allowed under the context of giving new lives to these women and children, and NOT Mullas and Rizvi Mufthi alike to show their luxury or enjoy many women of different age groups on the bed.”

      Well clarified. It was an emergency situation, and part of the emergency situation during a time of war. In Sri Lanka they had emergencies during riots and during the war including the PTA Act. When the riots and wars were over, normal regulations should prevail.

      2. “Quran’s preservation and unchanged revelation is taken for advantage by today’s Muslims.”

      The Ulema and the Muslim men have extended the emergency regulations 1,400 years ago for ever, to take advantage for ever., so that they can marry 4 girls, and discard the older wives., “legally’. by “Sharia”. What a farce!. The will not marry widows, that was required by the battle of Uhud War emergency “regulations”.

      It is not about religion. It is abut Ulema hegemony and power. See what happened to the Great Islamic Scholar and Philosopher, Ibn Rushd, ( known as Averroes in the West). Ulema Hegemony and power.

      Ibn Rushd in his darkest hour

      https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/artsandculture/2015/4/9/ibn-rushd-in-his-darkest-hour

      Despite his philosophical brilliance Ibn Rushd was banished and his writings burnt.

      A final reason offered was Ibn Rushd’s book The Incoherence of the Incoherence, in which he responded to the fallacies of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali’s The Incoherence of Philosophers. He did this despite knowing Ghazali was the master of the Almohad dynasty who were in power, and believed the earth was located between the horns of a bull.

  • 4
    1

    Farweez Imamudeen:

    You’re wasting your time and others time by coming up with so much writings, in parts, clarifications, explanations and examples just to reinvent the wheel that says “ACJU is not qualified to represent SL Muslims”. (We all know about it).

    What we want is, what you’re going to do about it?

    • 5
      0

      I.
      FI has written a very succinct, useful , and factual explanation about the archaic ACJU mindset in SL and its influence.
      ACJU is politically very influential as most Muslim political leaders who are political opportunists are in cahoots with the self appointed Mullahs . SL Muslims might know about it but they are influenced by these rascals.
      Example:- MMDA is gathering dust in the Justice Minister’s office.

    • 1
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      Isharath ~ “…………ACJU is not qualified to represent SL Muslims”. (We all know about it).
      What we want is, what you’re going to do about it? ACJU is not qualified to represent SL Muslims”. (We all know about it).
      What we want is, what you’re going to do about it?”.
      What Farweez Imadudeen is doing is loud and clear. Do you want him to keep quiet?

    • 2
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      Isharath RE:Farweez Imamudeen:

      “What we want is, what you’re going to do about it?”

      Farweez Imamudeen: has correctly identified the Problem. Was he the first? No.

      He can start the First Friday Movement so that Muslims do not go to the Ulamas sermons, but instead go to sermons by progressive and thinking Muslims. After all, there are no women.

      Three were many Islamic scholars over the years who have identified the problem, and the most articulate and the best was Mohamed Ibn Rushd, around 1,100 CE in Cordoba, Andalusia (Spain). The Ulams of that time got the ruler to burn his for obvious reasons of hegemony and self preservation..

      Ibn Rushd in his darkest hour. Despite his philosophical brilliance Ibn Rushd was banished and his writings burnt.

      https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/artsandculture/2015/4/9/ibn-rushd-in-his-darkest-hour

      In the age of civilisational decline the political mixes with the religious, the social with the individual and the economic with the geographic.

      In all the struggles endured by free thinkers in which they were either killed or exiled, we find the same elements of decline no matter the time or place. This includes the time and place of the struggle of Abul Walid Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Rushd (1126 -1198), or Averroes in the Latinised form of his name.

      Ibn Rushd is the most capable rationalist philosopher in the history of Arab civilisation, and the best versed on the achievements of his age and the ages before him.

      A final reason offered was Ibn Rushd’s book The Incoherence of the Incoherence, in which he responded to the fallacies of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali’s The Incoherence of Philosophers. He did this despite knowing Ghazali was the master of the Almohad dynasty who were in power, and believed the earth was located between the horns of a bull.

      • 2
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        Isharath RE:Farweez Imamudeen:

        “What we want is, what you’re going to do about it?”

        “Ghazali was the master of the Almohad dynasty who were in power, and believed the earth was located between the horns of a bull.”

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Sacred_bull

        Ghazali and his Bull.The ACJU, the Ulama. the Imams and the Moulavis.

        Notion that world is resting on the horn of a bull

        I urgently want to be directed to the information regarding this ancient notion and why it was not included here, I am shocked. I remember this from child hood and even in one of versions of SPAWN it is shown in the comic it self. so it is a very famous ancient notion ( like earth as the center of the cosmos) and I want to know what civilization believed this and other details. I remember it was thought that when the bull shifted earth from one horn to the other the world trembled and earth quakes and such things happened. I am guessing this to be South Asian myth but I need to be sure and I want to read it exactly. Please help and add that info here to the comments.

        I have found two references on the net. one is Persian where the shifting of earth on the horns is good thing and it is related to the spring and new year. The other is remote river village of Russia called MARI and they think that earth quakes are caused when the bull tries to balance the earth on horn and in this myth there is only on horn on bull and other one is broken in the floods, so bull has to balance the earth on one horn and the bull is on the back of a turtle and it is in an ocean. and if the earth falls in the sea there would be great floods and the earth would drown or something. So I am asking good earth people to point me to the Wikipedia article that contains this information and I think it should be added in this article. plus is it just me or Wikipedia info is getting changed weirdly. like for example some information I had read earlier about things that I was able to verify is gone and some useless filler info has replaced it???? why?

        What is the Truth? The Bull?

        Hello Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and Newton.

  • 4
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    “So for instance a Madrasa Graduate might be appointed as a legislator, but ironically he neither has a holistic view of Islamic law nor does he have any knowledge in conventional law. He might be appointed as a financial advisor or to manage billions of rupees of public funds, but he bears no qualification in the sciences of finance or economy. He has no education or training in anthropology, psychology or social sciences that are essential to understand and lead a community accordingly.

    In summary the Madrasa graduate is ill qualified to be a leader.”

    Substitute the word ‘Politician’ for ‘Madrasa Graduate’ and read it again.

    What is sauce for the politician is sauce for the Madrasa Graduate it seems!

    • 3
      1

      Ravi K is a management accountant, Arjun Mahindran has masters from Oxford in politics and economy, GL Peiris is a law professor, Ranil is a lawyer and the list can go endless. Give me a name of any highly educated politician who has done even 10% of what Premadasa has done to the rural and poor masses and to the nation as a whole?

      • 0
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        Faraj

        stop your nonsense!

        Making people gamblers a development?

        Premadasa did very simple thing; he, together with JR taught the people to gamble & gambled innocent people’s hard earned money & part of it was spent to build/repair houses & gamudawa carnivals.

        It’s still happening & good people are waiting impatiently to see it stopped.

        Please let people’s money remain in their pockets, at least in the latter part of this GG?

  • 4
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    One country one nation under one law, is it that hard to implement?

    • 3
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      Not hard unless its Sri Lanka, where every minority wants to be treated as a special case and demands more and more.

      And more.

      • 4
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        Taraki, very true, especially when minorities are sidelined and demands refused in important matters, governments have to satisfy the minorities (who are revenue centers, not cost centers) to run the show with world’s largest state sector in a tiny country. So let’s have MMDA and deal the consequences among your community. Has MMDA ever made any issues to other communities, until recently EU came up with underage marriage issue?

        • 1
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          Fathima

          The best thing to be done is letting Sinhala & Tamil people as well to marry 4 women under the concept of equality & expand it to women to have 4 hubbies.

          There’re easy ways to solve problems

          Foolish politicians can’t understand that, even the BBS monks & Hela Urumaya people.

          So the demand is starting, anybody has a right to marry 4 women or 4 men.

          • 0
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            Real Revolutionist, what a superb brain you have. Are you writing for the sake of writing?

            • 1
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              Ralli ameen

              Ha, ha, ha the cat is out of the bag

              Buddy, in that case we’ll have to share women equally unless problems.

          • 0
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            Real Revolutionist:

            Do a DNA on every child when naming?

      • 0
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        Taraki

        “and said that anyone could achieve what he had achieved.”

        2600 years later some who claimed to be his followers have created a deadly cult namely the Sinhala/Buddhism sending rest of the people on a journey of no return, what the awakened one couldn’t achieve during his life time.

        The cult is being run by a few saffron clad racists, protected by war criminals legitimized by the crooks in the parliament and state bureaucracy.

        He did say anyone could achieve however I am not aware of anyone who has achieved it. I would be very much interested know who they are in this island.

  • 2
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    You talk saying that free man should not marry a SLAVE, How about rapong Servant Geirl who is considered to be a SLave. We know so many Sri lankan women come with Arabic children. So, omany women come in coffins. REcruting Agencies ask Women to take WANDA PETHI when they leave for employment in the middle east

    • 3
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      Jim softy,

      You have a point there. Best we can do is to stop sending our women there as we can’t reform the pay-masters.

      But the problem is, our economy sucks, government promises to give more jobs to those protesting every public place possible, extremists are flexing their muscles to start another war, foreign investors say “No Thanks” seeing intermittent communal tensions, tourists are being informed to be careful of getting raped or assaulted in SL by their respective governments, our debt-to-GDP is more than 77% and getting worse, our Rupee depreciates faster any other in South Asia, political situation…you know it..

      WHERE CAN WE BRING MONEY FROM?

  • 2
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    A ‘kabaragoya’ can be considered a ‘talagoya’ if you desire to eat it.
    Soma

  • 0
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    Thank you Farweez Imamudeen for enlightening us on this Muslim Marriage rules.
    Farweez quotes from Qur’an ~ “…….Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one (Nisa: 3)……”.
    The Shylockian catch is “……deal justly (with them)……….”. Clearly impossible. This virtually imposes monogamy. Egypt and other countries follow this.
    Why not Lankan Muslims? The ACJU will sit in judgement and say “All the wives are treated equitably”. The wives will not be consulted. ACJU will say “They are only chattels”.
    In the name of Human Rights, the MMDA1950 must be reviewed.
    Farweez, please keep up the pressure.

  • 0
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    This is absolute blasphemy. A Muslim can marry an unlimited number if you are a Prophet, four if you are a free man and two if you are a slave. These rules are valid for eternity – not time or space bound. You can’t fiddle with Quaran according to your whims and fancies. This guy is a nut – he is unaware of what awaits him.
    Even a slave in Islam is more fortunate than us.
    Soma

    • 0
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      somass

      ” A Muslim can marry an unlimited number if you are a Prophet, four if you are a free man and two if you are a slave. “

      Alright, I know it is difficult for you to raise enough funds to pay for Mahr even for one wife leave alone four unless of course you benefited from successive riots against Muslims and Tamils and convert yourself from Sinhala/Buddhism to Islam when your selfish circumstances demand.
      It would not be the first time your Sinhala/Buddhist descendants convert to another religion.

      We know you are bit jealous about the Muslim matrimonial system and of men however the question is can you handle all four women all at the same time, given that you too suffer from p***s envy?

  • 0
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    If your wand and the wallet support, do it publicly if you’re Muslim, or do it on the sly. Doing it on the sly is economical too. Please don’t be jealous with others and put the blame on Wande-pethi when your wand is weak

    • 0
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      Mohamad

      “if your wand & wallet support”

      If healthy anybody’s wand will work (even without removing very sensitive part/treated c- -k)

      Muslims wallet support because women are held prisoners/tamed not to demand, poor handcuffed, fed on basics only.

      What a shame?

      • 0
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        Yes that is for you RR because you are a mouth piece of anti-Islamic western media.

  • 0
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    This Faweez Imamudeen is low class writer or journalist. The reason is this bugger did not write after doing his own research which involves personally contacting the ACJU, thrashing out the facts and the explanations he get for that. If he find ACJU wrong in many ways, he should organize other educated Muslims who too thinks ACJU should bring changes and give a good fight to ACJU. The majority of Muslims will join them and ACJU will have no options but make amendments. See what this donkey is doing, copying from writings in medias whether good or bad and without his own intellectual understanding of the Islamic Sharia laws and cultures just writing shit here. This will not bring any changes to ACJU and Sharia laws but open Pandora’s box for Muslim haters here to write the filth they want. Muslims are not forcing non-Muslims to follow their dress code and culture. Non-Muslims day by day getting closer to western dress code. In fact they don’t care about our dress code but some anti-Muslim racist just following the western propaganda about Islamic fundamentalism. Thats mean even Buddhist, Christians and Hindus who strictly follow their religions are fundamentalist. So I kindly request FI and donkeys like him not to write nonsense in medias but confront the ACJU for changes as I had written above.

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