14 August, 2022

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Bigotry Of Sinhalabuddhism

By Sharmini Serasinghe

Sharmini Serasinghe

It appears that the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) and its acolytes have taken a page from the book of the Anagarika Dharmapala (Homeless Protector of the Dhamma) in espousing the same flavour of bigotry as he did in pre independent Ceylon. Intolerance of the religion of the other was the ‘Dhamma’ protected, practiced and propagated by this ‘National Hero’ the Anagarika Dharmapala!

Given the sociological climate of pre independent Ceylon one could appreciate the fact that the Anagarika was rebelling against the British colonial invader who were subjugating the masses in the most deplorable way. But when one takes a closer look at the obvious, he was not fighting the colonial invaders on behalf of all Lankans as a whole but only on behalf of the Sinhalese Buddhists in the country. In such a context can he be regarded as a National Hero?

What is also obvious is that the Anagarika’s reasons for rejecting British imperialism were not so much about the overall political and economic betterment of the country but more about establishing a Sinhala nation as the perceived historical custodian of Buddhism.

Though he died fifteen years prior to British occupied Ceylon gained independence he had aspired for Lanka to eventually emerge as a nation where Buddhism and the ‘pristine glory’ of his Sinhalese people could flourish again. Followers of other religious faith were therefore not included in his equation of a nation. This posture clearly divided the Sinhalese Buddhists of Lanka and the other ethno-religious citizenry of the country.

Therefore the Anagarika cannot be regarded as a pristine model of Buddhism which he aptly demonstrated through his chauvinistic rhetorical fire aimed not only at the colonial invaders but at his own countrymen as well. For him Lanka was only for Sinhala Buddhists and none other!

The Anagarika appears to have suffered from an acute persecution complex with regard to the survival of Buddhism, perhaps born out of a malaise of what he suffered under the British invader. He seems to have entertained a morbid fear of Buddhism becoming extinct.

Therefore he donned the mantle of a ‘Bodhisattva’ and projected himself as the saviour of Buddhism despite the Buddha not having entrusted him with the task of doing so. Nevertheless he did a bad job of it. Instead of spreading the message of the Dhamma and living by example as the Buddha had preached it, the Anagarika added his own flavour to the faith in the form of intolerance of other religions and ethnic groups- the exact opposite of the Dhamma.

The Anagarika’s intolerance of the other was clearly evinced through his customary vitriolic rhetorical fire-

He said “This bright, beautiful island was made into a Paradise by the Aryan Sinhalese before its destruction was brought about by the barbaric vandals. Its people did not know irreligion … Christianity and polytheism [i.e. Hinduism] are responsible for the vulgar practices of killing animals, stealing, prostitution, licentiousness, lying and drunkenness … The ancient, historic, refined people, under the diabolism of vicious paganism, introduced by the British administrators, are now declining slowly away.”

He also said “The Muhammedans, an alien people … by shylockian methods become prosperous like Jews. The Sinhala sons of the soil, whose ancestors for 2358 years had shed rivers of blood to keep the country free of alien invaders … are in the eyes of the British only vagabonds. The Alien South Indian Muhammedan come to Ceylon, sees the neglected villager, without any experience in trade … and the result is that the Muhammedan thrives and the sons of the sol go to the wall.

This posture of the Anagarika contributed to religious tension between Buddhists and Muslims of pre independent Ceylon culminating in what history records as the ‘1915 Riots.’ It is said that the numbers of Lankans killed in these riots were in the thousands. For this the Anagarika too has blood on his hands while giving a foothold for ‘ethnocratic’ politics in post independent Lanka to take root as espoused by SWRD Bandaranaike.

In the end what the Anagarika propagated amongst the masses was a chauvinistic ideology under the banner of Buddhism devoid of the philosophy, intellectuality and a path to self discovery of the truth as the Buddha meant it to be. The Anagarika ‘Buddhism’ also comprised of unearthing Buddhist relics of the past and setting up symbols encouraging his followers to worship and revere Buddhism- the exact opposite of what the Buddha preached. Therefore the Anagarika’s ‘Buddhism’ was from the ‘outside’ and not the ‘inside’.

By doing so he contributed more to Buddhist archeology than to the Dhamma. By doing so he diverted the philosophy to a religion of worship catering to the gullible. By doing so he turned the philosophy into hypocrisy. By doing so he sapped the essence of the Dhamma!

In today’s context it appears the BBS, JHU and the rest of its ilk have chosen the path of ‘Buddhism’ as propagated by the Anagarika Dharmapala. It is precisely what he strived to establish in Lanka all those years ago- a Sinhalabuddhist nation with a subservient other. Therefore what is being observed today by the extremists under the banner of Buddhism is in effect the Anagarika’s ‘Sinhalabuddhism’ and not Buddhism.

Hence, would it not be better for those statues of the Buddha to be replaced by statues of the Anagarika Dharmapala?

Let those of us who wish to observe and follow the teachings of the Buddha as per the Dhamma be permitted to do so since Buddhists do not require statues to worship anyway and let the rest- the Sinhalabuddhist extremists follow their own path to self-destruction. After all this is a democracy!

Given all the above could the Anagarika be regarded as a National Hero or a Sinhalabuddhist Hero? I believe the latter would be more appropriate.

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    Good one sharmini! But watch out for all the BBS fans like sumanasekere, leela and co….they’ll be singing anagarika’s praises and blame u for conspiring to bring disrepute to Lanka etc etc!!!

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      THE RICH ANAGARIKA, A BIG TALKER, BUT A CLOSED FISTED MAN
      ANANDA, NALANDA RECIEVED ONLY LOANS & NEVER GIFTS
      WHILE DE ABREW’S, KULARATNE’S, DIAS’ GAVE & NO TALK

      EVEN THE FIRST BUDDIST GIRLS SCHOOL OF KANDY; MAHAMAYA,
      THANKS TO LADY SOYSA
      DARMAPALA SELLS, NEVER GIFTS.

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      BBS and its acolytes seem to have criminal energies alike to the ones – JVPers who brutally murdered the thousands of youth in the country in late 80ties. These safron robed pseudo monks should better learn what it means to be tolernat in a society that suffered decades long by brutal civil war.

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        Today majority of parliamentarians are not respectful candidates. As former president CBK fearlessly expressed her views last week, all forms of thakakadios are being bred by MR mechanisms. Rulers promote communal and religious violence in the country today.

        No place for gentle sort of practising buddhists so long political top leadership is most corrupted as no comparable to any previous times in the past. Hamuduruwos are killed not just by one gun shot – but 190 or more stab injuries. Have we got all these even in the 89 insurgency period.. No. It is the maracle under the bunch of thugs in the leadership today- not knowing to respect the fellow ones – the way that we are marching today is not comparable to any previous times- MR or any others can bring reports, but no right thinking people can accept them.

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      If you are living in SinhalaBuddhist Sri Lanka then you should follow the SinhalaBuddhist way of life. I am glad that our Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa opens the new Buddhist Leadership Academy to train the Bodu Bala Sena members. In future we are hoping to have our own regiment. Buddha introduced Buddhism to the Sinhalese/Sri Lanka because he knew that only SinhalaBuddhists can protect it from Muslims and Christians. In Sri Lanka, the Muslims are supposed to be calm and compassionate towards the SinhalaBuddhists. They should Never ever even dream of retaliating.

      Muslims have been living in this country since 7th century and now only they want to have Halal food in Sri Lanka. Population wise they are only 5%. If we allow Halal, next time they will try to introduce circumcision on us. What is Halal to Muslims is Harem to SinhalaBuddhists. We cannot allow the Muslims to become a majority in Sri Lanka. The ban on birth control should be enforced only for the Sri Lankan Muslims. Slaughtering cow and eating beef should also be banned in Sri Lanka. Instead, we should promote pork. We are glad that the parliament has re-introduced pork in their menu. Hijab, burqa, niqab and purdah should be banned in Sri Lanka. This is the only way we can protect our SinhalaBuddhist country, our SinhalaBuddhist religion and our SinhalaBuddhist race from these aliens.

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        Bodu Bala,

        You are a disgrace to Lord Buddha and the Dhamma. It is from satans like you we need to protect Buddhism.

        Peace Dove

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        It is not the muslims that hype up halal labelling, but the BBS and the like minded bigotted so called buddhists. Not only in SL, halal and non- halal foods should be available anywhere in the world. This is common to predominantly christian countries like Germany, Frankf, UK and the US.

        Our so long ignorants are trying to show up taking the opportunity.. not only buddhists, but christians, hindus and muslims and all should have their own religious freedoms as has been in the country for many more decades. The name of being anti-halal, our buddhists folks would not be able to achieve anything.

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    Shamelessness at its best!

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    It is soothing to read the name Ceylon as it denotes collective ownership, at the same time it is disheartening to see Buddhism as preached by Gautama Buddha being hijacked by the Atheistic Sinhellists. (Members and supporter of BBS/JHU/SR) This group stands against a healthy diet, a moral dress code and an ethical guideline to trade and commerce.

    None of us had the courage to work out the economic impact that will set back if these bigots are set to thrive. The ultimate losers will be all the peace loving citizens as the country has already witnessed the death of Justice system and the Rule of Law. The desert is turning green and a fertile country racing towards a failed state.

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      If one wants an analogy from the past in order to predict the fate that awaits Rajapakse, one needs to look no further than at what happened to SWRD Bandaranaike! An oxford-educated barrister who had a very privileged and Westernised upbringing, who came to a very sticky end when he stirred up Buddhist nationalism in order to get into power.
      History repeats itself as a new generation of politicians seek to endear themselves to “the common people” by going native through their adoption of religion, native dress, etc.
      The dogs they unleash on their own people are too dumb to differentiate good from evil. They will maul their masters in the end.

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    Sharmini,

    You were very likely not even born when Anagarika Dharmapala lived and did his campaigning. So lets keep the criticism objective and to the point without diverging left, right and center, slinging mud all across the board. By calling Anagarika Dharmapala a bigot, you are only making a fool of yourself.

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      Navin

      Its you again!!!

      “You were very likely not even born when Anagarika Dharmapala lived and did his campaigning.”

      You quoted history in the past to support your various claims. Now you want her to keep history out of current politics. So selective use of history is good when suits you well.

      Angarica’s racist, revisionist and protestant Sinhala/Buddhism is the root cause of most of the ills in the island. Its high time we exorcise it for the good of the people.

      Have you dealt with KP who was in charge of LTTE fund raising activities outside Sri Lanka?

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        NAVIN ‘
        Or any Academic?
        Can you tell me,why TANGANYIKA DHRMAPAALA left Ceylon to reside in India?.

        are there any reasons, that he did not wants to come back to Ceylon if he preached this the Sinhala Buddhist Country to safeguard Buddhism?

        Why, why??????????????????.

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      Navin, neither you being living during Don David Hewawitharana’s time carrying a Foreign name himself as the rest, looking for an identity turns himself to Anagarika Dharmapala, you are also making a fool of your self in trying to defend this HUMBUG.

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      IS THIS WOMAN A SINHALA BUDDHST. ACCEPT IT SL IS A SINHALA BUDDHIST COUNTRY .MALYSIA ,INDONESIA BANGALADESH AND THE MIDDLE EASTEERN COUNTRIES ARE MUSLIM COUNTRIES THE UK NORWAY USA ARE CHRISTIAN COUNTRIES , DAVID CAMERON SAID RECENTLY THAT UK IS A CHRISTIAN COUNTRY BUT THAT DOES NOT MEAN THAT HE WILL UNDERMINE OTHER RELIGIONS .WAKE UP FROM YOUR DREAM AND FACE FACTS. THE BUDDHISTS PRIESTS ARE THE GUARDIANS THAT HAVE TO PROTECT BUDDHISM .

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        Kumudini, how do you claim to be a Buddhist? Where is it that you are registered as a Buddhist? In your Birth Certificate? For your information certificates of Birth, Marriage and Death were introduced to this country by the British. Prior to that there were none. So how do you claim to be a Buddhist? Similarly the Yellow Robed kind the majority if not all are mere Humbugs and more than being Guardians are the ones who are responsible for destroying this Noble Philosophy. Further Buddha never appointed any custodian to be in charge of Buddhism. When his disciple Ananda questioned Buddha in death bed, as to who will be the successor, Buddha replied that there will be no successor as the Philosophy is free for any to practise. The biggest problem this country has is that we have a set of labelled Buddhists who do not know Buddhism. Hence they are practising, giving Pansakuls to the dead, conferring merit to the dead offering Pinkamas. Worshipping objects of Buddha and Bo-trees in order to collect merit to reach Nirvana. There are even ‘Gathas’ to recite for such events, which have never been authered by the Buddha like ‘Pirith’.

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        You say you belong to sinhalabuddhism,today a fair number of sri lankan tamils have embraced buddhism, so your claim is, in sri lanka buddhism is the preserve of the so-called sihalay.There are other ethnic minorities in sri lanka like the moors,malays, memons,borahs,pattanis and sindhis, so none of the them could ever embrace your sihalabuddhism, but surely they can embrace SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA BUDDHA’S BUDDHISM.The first lesson a toddler is taught in the sinhlabaudhagama dhamma pasals is: first SINHALAY is the UTTUM JATHIYA. second SRILANKAWA is the UTTUM RATA, third SINHALAY BAUDHAGAMA is the UTTUM AGAMA, so in that tender age the child’s mind poisoned with racialism and communalism.

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        She should be one of the good examples for practising real buddhists. Please read her the article before the current one.

        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sinhalabuddhism-in-sri-lanka/

        As Gamini repeatedly pointed out earlier – we are all just born buddhists in SL. Many of us as buddhists lack the basics of the buddhas preachiings. Name of the buddhism, so called pseudo monks together with extremists trying to draw a subjective pic about their views. I believe today what we get to see – all crimes through out the country by so called buddhists have reached to the appalling levels – if the nation ^s predominant fraction are buddhists by practice, can we ever experience the current levels of crimes in the country.

        So called minister – DRUG dealer, killer free man for MR – Mervin ^s filthy talk to the press about the CBK ^s latest remarks – is most disgustful.
        He says, he could get married to Bandaranayakes – he was then katu kana balla of those families, today everyone alike has become MPs and ministers with the approval of CURRENT leader. If this was the case in the country 3 decades ago, people then would have got sick easily. Today. Mervin openly add remarks of this grade to the nation, being in MRs cabinet… can any repsectable person listen to the kind of filthy talks.. why the bullet cant work for such ministers – is my question, premadasa and all others were brutally killed out – not because that they behaveed to this level.. See the country and people have changed within the last 3 decades. As CBK fearlessly name it.. we are NIWATA jathiyak.. I wonder why Mervin can stay live further in this society while adding his kind of low remarks to create all angers. Lankawata giya kala

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        Kumudini,

        You are obviously an Anagarika Dharmapala fan. It is bigots like you who sow racial hatred in this country and disgrace Lord Buddha’s Buddhism as opposed to Anagarika’s Sinhalabuddhism.

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        Today, the Singala-Buddhists are the ONLY race in this world who believes that the majority race in a country are the sole owners of that country and the minority race in a country are stateless aliens.

        Sri Lanka was multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi- religious and multi-cultural right from the beginning of history. The Sinhalese turned into a majority because most of the migrants assimilated with the Sinhalese. We know very well that the recent migrants from South India (Karawa, Durawa, and Salagama) were originally not Sinhalese but adopted Sinhala as their language and Buddhism as their religion.

        For example, Sir Alexander Johnston, Chief Justice of Ceylon, during the British rule gives an interesting account in a paper contributed by him to the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain, of which he was Vice-President (Vol.111. of the Journal).

        Early in the thirteenth century, the Sinhala King offered great rewards to any subject who would bring over some weavers from India for the purpose of introducing that art to Ceylon. Marrikkar, a Moorman (Muslim) of Beruwala in the Kalutara district, induced by the offer, brought over some weavers from a South Indian village in Kerala. Saliya (or Sali or Sale) is a Malayali caste, their traditional occupation was that of weaving The King received them with great kindness, gave them houses and lands, established a manufactory for them in the vicinity of the palace, and conferred the highest honors upon their chief. Later, their descendants had a conflict with the Sinhala Aristocrats and were compelled by the King to quit the interior and settle near the South-west coast (Balapitiya, Ratgama, Hikkaduwa and Boossa) as punishment, where cinnamon grew to perfection, and to peel and prepare for the Government without pay as much cinnamon annually as it might require. The traditional Salagama areas were centers of the pan-Sinhalese populist movement of Anagarika Dharmapala(who was not from the Salagama community). There is similar history for Karawa and Durawa. Today they have all become Pure Sinhala-Buddhist Aryans (majority community) and blood relatives of the Naga King Dutugemunu.

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          CT Admin,

          Please remove the above comment. The one below is the correct one.

          Thanks!

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        Today, the Singala-Buddhists are the ONLY race in this world who believes that the majority race in a country are the sole owners of that country and the minority race in a country are stateless aliens.

        Sri Lanka was multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi- religious and multi-cultural right from the beginning of history. The Sinhalese turned into a majority because most of the migrants assimilated with the Sinhalese. We know very well that the recent migrants from South India (Karawa, Durawa, and Salagama) were originally not Sinhalese but adopted Sinhala as their language and Buddhism as their religion.

        For example, Sir Alexander Johnston, Chief Justice of Ceylon, during the British rule gives an interesting account in a paper contributed by him to the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain, of which he was Vice-President (Vol.111. of the Journal).

        Early in the thirteenth century, the Sinhala King offered great rewards to any subject who would bring over some weavers from India for the purpose of introducing that art to Ceylon. Marrikkar, a Moorman (Muslim) of Beruwala in the Kalutara district, induced by the offer, brought over some weavers from a South Indian village in Kerala. Saliya (or Sali or Sale) is a Malayali caste, their traditional occupation was that of weaving The King received them with great kindness, gave them houses and lands, established a manufactory for them in the vicinity of the palace, and conferred the highest honors upon their chief. Later, their descendants had a conflict with the Sinhala Aristocrats and were compelled by the King to quit the interior and settle near the South-west coast (Balapitiya, Ratgama, Hikkaduwa and Boossa) as punishment, where cinnamon grew to perfection, and to peel and prepare for the Government without pay as much cinnamon annually as it might require.

        Later, the Salagamas became overwhelmingly Buddhist. In 1799, Ambagahapitiye Gnanavimala Thera a monk from the Salagama caste, from Balapitiya on the south western coast of Sri Lanka, departed for Burma with a group of novices to seek a new succession of Higher ordination and the Amarapura Nikaya was of pivotal importance in the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the 19th century.

        The traditional Salagama areas were centers of the pan-Sinhalese populist movement of Anagarika Dharmapala(who was not from the Salagama community). There is similar history for Karawa and Durawa. Today they have all become Pure Sinhala-Buddhist Aryans (majority community) and blood relatives of the Naga King Dutugemunu.

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          Ha,ha,ha…..

          If a South Indian comes to Sri Lanka today and adopts Sinhala language, culture, and Buddhism, tomorrow he will be considered as a member of the majority community (Pure Sinhala-Buddhist Aryan and a blood relative of King Dutugemunu) whereas the Tamils and Muslims who lived in the island for several centuries are considered as aliens just because they belonged to the minority community.

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      Navin:
      The definition of “Bigot” I have in the dictionary before me is “Someone with narrow-minded, prejudiced views.” I’m afraid the Anagarika didn’t fit that description because he was, in addition, someone who sowed hatred and also, particularly through the novelist who was his No. “goalaya”, espoused casteism to an extent that no well-known Sri Lankan ever did!
      Also, as far as not being alive at the same time as that bigot, does it disqualify one from speaking about Atilla the Hun, Adolf Hitler etc. if one didn’t share the earth with people of that kind?
      Come off it, man, Anagarika Dharmapala’s behaviour can only be justified by the kind of racists who rule this country today and their acolytes such as you.

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      There is no need one to be born or lived the period referred to. Truth hurts.

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      I do not know whether dharmapala was a bigot.What I know is that he coined false images for the dirty safron wearing skunks living in Buddist temples.The story that they saved the country is false, they were blood sucking,skunks setting one man against the other. That was their creed through the 10 centuries or so. So let us roast the jokers alive today. We need peace

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      “You were very likely not even born when Anagarika Dharmapala lived and did his campaigning.”

      Neither was Anagarika born when the Budda lived and did his preaching. So what right did he have to talk of Buddhism? :-)

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    Let me state the history of how the Sinhala-Buddhism originated in Sri Lanka.

    The colonial Orientalist ‘scholars’, who were enthusiastic to invent Indo-Aryan cousins in this part of the world, created enough myths in that process for Brahmanism in India and Sinhala-Buddhist elitism in Sri Lanka. It was in these early colonial writings, largely based on the uncritical acceptance of the local chronicles, that a new perspective of the ancient history of the island began to develop. The view that the Sinhalese were the ‘proper inhabitants’ of the island in ancient times and that the Tamils were invaders came to dominate colonial historical writings. In addition, since the Sinhala language was more of Indo-Aryan in nature, the British declared that the Sinhalese were Aryans from North India and the Tamils were Dravidians from South India. In recent years, several anthropologists and historians have shown how this perspective came to be developed in the colonial writings. It was only in the 19th century AD, the Sinhalese started to believe the myth that they are Aryans from North India and the proper inhabitants of Sri Lanka whereas the Tamils are Dravidians and outsiders.

    It is important to note that the Aryan theory was not merely something imposed from above by Orientalist ‘scholars’. It was eagerly welcomed by most Sinhala scholars who found the Aryan theory flattering in that it elevated them to the ranks of the kinsmen of their rulers. The combined result of the forces at work was the mischievous oversimplification of Sri Lankan History that the Sinhalese are Indo-Aryans who came from North India in the 6th century BC and the Dravidian Tamils are later migrants who came as invaders, traders and mercenaries to snatch a part of the promised land of the Sinhalese away. Influenced by the colonial historiography, the Sinhalese declared that they were indigenous to the island (first arrivals/natives), and that the Tamils were invaders (came later) from South India. The above facts and the non-existence of Tamil Buddhists during the colonial period (due to the aftermath of the 10th century Chola invasion) led the 19th century European Pali ‘scholars’ to assume and subsequently the present day Sri Lankans to believe that the ancient Buddhists and the Buddhists Kings of Sri Lanka were none other than Sinhalese. In Sri Lanka, any person who adopts Sinhala as mother tongue ipso facto is an Aryan. Most of the Sinhalese cannot even think/believe that there were Tamil Buddhists in the early period. If there were Buddhist remains in any part of Sri Lanka, by default it belonged to Sinhalese (only) and if there were Hindu remains it belonged to Tamils (only) whereas the Sinhalese worship most of the Hindu Gods.

    The most influential figure in this field was the great German indologist, Max Muller. According to Prof. Leslie Gunawardana, scholars in late 19th century Sri Lanka took up Max Muller’s theories and injected a RACIALIST content into Sinhala nationalist thinking. One such scholar was Anagarika Dharmapala (Aka Don David Hewavitarana). Through publications such as the ‘Sinhala Bauddhaya’, ‘Sinhala Jatiya’, and the ‘Mahabodhi Journal’ during the period 1909 to 1915, he propagated the Mahavamsa as the Orthodox Theravada Buddhist doctrine of the Sinhala Buddhists. He called the Sinhala Buddhists as the only unique race (Arya-Sinhala) with a pure Aryan blood.

    Today, the Maha Sangha and the Sinhala-Buddhist monks are NOT the disciples of Buddha; they are the disciples of Anagarika Dharmapala who believed in the Mahavamsa as an Orthodox Theravada Buddhist doctrine of the Sinhala Buddhists. In 1908, Dharmapala declared that Buddhism was “completely identified with the racial individuality of the people.” As Peter Schalk states: “This is probably one of the most conflict creating public statements made in the 20th century. It is also a statement that is detrimental nationally and internationally to the reputation of Buddhism. He stated explicitly that Lanka belongs to the Buddhist Sinhalese and for the Tamils there is South India.”

    In 1946, the faculty at the Vidyālankara monastery approved without dissent a resolution declaring that monks should become politically active. The Vidhyālankara monks moved the Dharmapalite revolution from nonsectarian social action in the villages to a political ideology that fused language, religion, and state. The radical monks formed the Lankā Eksat Bhiksu Mandalaya, the United Bhikku Organization of Śri Lankā. The seeds of a highly politicized Sinhalese Buddhism were now sown. As Seneviratne states, “By the mid 1950s it turned into a hegemonic Sinhala Buddhist chauvinism.”

    It should be noted that none of those European Orientalist ‘scholars’ who translated and brought to light (or rather misinterpreted) the Sanskrit texts and Pali canon/chronicles ever attempted to do the same to the ancient Tamil texts and the writings on ola/palmaryh leaves which are believed to be destroyed when the Jaffna library was burnt. Some of them which were translated by Arumuga Navalar, Thamotharam Pillai and Saminathaiyar still wait for a comprehensive translation. The partiality in historiography by the British colonial rulers brought in new social gaps, confrontations and competition. With that started the Sinhalese-Buddhist nationalism spanning from Anagarika Dharampala’s revivalist movement through 1956 “silent revolution to Jathika Chinthanaya and Sinhala Urumaya in the 1990s is interpreted as a teleological linear history, at the end, intending the ethnic crisis at present.

    Continuing what was written by the English, the Sinhalese historians twisted and misrepresented and misappropriated the civilization achievements of the ancient Sri Lanka as the history of the newly conceived Aryan Sinhala race.

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      Kumar, thanks for the historical facts stated. The biggest problem this Nation has is one of identification or the lack of it, to a majority with Portuguese names and blood posing as Sinhala Buddhists, believing it is easy access to dominate the rest.

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      We should not forget the fact that the last king of Kandy/Sri Lanka was a Tamil from the Nayakkar family of Madurai, South India. In the latter stages of the Kandyan kingdom, the Nayakkar royal family and much of the aristocracy were of South Indian Tamil origin – many of whom signed the Kandyan Convention in Tamil. Indeed, such was the hold of the Tamil nobility that each anti-British rebellion, right down to 1848, required a Nayakkar pretender to the throne. In fact, the ‘Lion Flag’ is an adaptation of the royal standard of the Tamil Nayakkar king of Kandy, Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe. The significant fact is that at this time Tamils and Sinhalese were not divided by race/religion as they have been since the late 19th Century.

      However, the British promoted a picture of ‘Aryan’ Sinhalese at odds with ‘Dravidian’ Tamils, so that they could adopt an analogous position: ‘Aryan’ British liberating ‘Aryan’ Sinhalese from ‘Dravidian’ Nayakkar domination.

      Gananath Obeyesekere states, “viewed in long term historical perspective Sinhalas have been for the most part South Indian migrants who have been sasanized, that is, either having been converted to Buddhism or having come under the umbrella of the Buddhist “church” (śāsana). The mythical seed of the Sinhalese Buddhist nation is a hybrid of immigrant Tamils, Indian Buddhists (some Mahāyanists), and indigenous people. The Pāli word sihala is found infrequently in the early chronicles, and it was used not in the sense of a “religio-nationalism. It definitely does not refer to a pure race of people, as some 19th Century Europeans proposed and Buddhist nationalists, in an ironic reverse Orientalism, assumed. Buddhist nationalists sometimes use the testimony of Chinese pilgrims as proof that a distinct Sinhalese identity is not just projection of current beliefs on a distant past. The fact that Fa Xian (5th Century CE) and Hiuen Ziang (7th Century CE) refer to Śri Lankā as “the country of the lion” does not prove ethnic or religious purity at all.

      The imagined ancient hostility between Sinhalese and Tamils comes from an erroneous reading of our history; in particular from taking the Pali chronicles, the Mahawamsa out of context by the European colonial Orientalist ‘scholars’ and subsequently the Sinhalese ‘scholars’ (such as Anagarika Dharmapala) in late 19th century took up their theory and injected a racialist content creating a Sinhala-Buddhist nationalist thinking. The ‘Aryanism’ and ‘Sinhala-Buddhist’ consciousness came into existence only in the 19th century transforming the Buddha into a special patron of Sinhala Buddhism, an ethnic religion. In the early 20th century the Tamil elite, reacting against ‘Aryanism’, began asserting the superiority of the ‘pure’ Dravidian races over the ‘hybrid mongrel’ Sinhalese.

      Anagarika Dharmapala was a confused, quixotic Buddhist with a crusading missionary zeal. He even renamed himself for the purpose. Originally Don David Hewawitarne, he took on the name Anagarika (in Pali the homeless one`), Dhamapala` (guardian of the doctrine). His propaganda was based on distortions, half-truths and blatant lies, peddled as historical evidence of the glories of the ancient Sinhalese.

      A single example will suffice. In 1911, Dharmapala proclaimed “The Country of the Sinhalese should be governed by the Sinhalese” In his view, the Tamils, Muslims and others had no place in Sri Lanka. Every Sinhalese leader has peddled this ethnic chauvinism with increasing virulence, to get the electoral support of the Sinhalese majority (74% of the population). The British were well aware of this. Indeed concerns about the plight of the minorities were raised, not once but twice, by those in the British Colonial Office before Independence was given.

      Sharmini Serasinghe very rightly points out that what Anagarika Dharmapala propagated amongst the masses was a Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinistic ideology under the banner of Buddhism and therefore he cannot be regarded as a National Hero but only a Sinhala-Buddhist Hero.

      Intelligent Buddhists of Sri Lanka such as Sharmini Serasinghe who can easily reach out to today’s younger generation with her simple and clear language should critique the present ethno-religious nationalism that has caused disaster in Sri Lanka taking our nation several decades backwards and enlighten the masses to think differently.

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        Kumar Joseph,

        Thanks for your contribution. I remember reading somewhere that Anagarika Dharmapala at one stage suggested that Ceylon should be part of India. Is this correct?

        Further, my contention is that the Sinhala- Buddhist identity was conscientiously developed from the time Sinhala become the language of the Buddhists. . This was developed into a political identity in the 19th and early 20th into a political identity and political tool.

        Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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          This what Anagarika Dharmapala wrote to Sir.P.Ramanathan:

          “Anagarika Dharmapala wrote to Sir P Ramanathan, on October 21, 1915: “Please accept my sincerest congratulations for the historic speech you made at the Ceylon Legislative Council. The day you are taken away from Ceylon, from that day, there will be none to defend the poor, neglected Sinhalese. They are a doomed people, with none to guide and protect them. Unhappy Sinhalese. It is time to commence agitation in Ceylon to have Ceylon brought under the Government of India. Without the protecting shadow of India, Ceylon would decline. Ceylon should be brought under the India Office and made part of Madras or Bengal. You will, I hope, do all you can to save the poor Buddhists for you are trying to save the people from injustice.”

          (http://atimes.com/ind-pak/CH25Df02.html)

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      There is enough evidence from stone inscriptions and the chronicles that not only Theravada Buddhism but Mahayana Buddhism, Brahmanism/Hinduism, and Jainism also existed in Sri Lanka during the early historic period. However, the Pali chronicle Mahavamsa was written only to glorify Theravada Buddhism and the Theravada Buddhist kings. While Pali/Magadi Prakrit was the sacred language of Theravada Buddhism, Sanskrit was the sacred language of Brahmanism/Hinduism, Jainism and Mahayana Buddhism. It should also be pointed out that Brahmanism/Hinduism and Jainism existed in Sri Lanka even before Buddhism was introduced by Emperor Ashoka’s Buddhist missionary monk Mahinda.

      What the German Pali ‘scholar’ Dr. Wilhelm Geiger who translated the Pali Chronicle (Mahavamsa) labeled as Old Sinhala or Sinhala Prakrit is nothing but Sanskrit (sacred language of Hindus and Jains). In order to classify the language that developed in Sri Lanka at different stages, in the late 19th century the German Pali ‘scholar’ Willim Giger named the early Sanskrit as old Sinhala.

      On the invitation of the British Colonial rulers who discovered the Pali Chronicle, Dr. Wilhelm Geiger sailed all the way from Germany to Sri Lanka and learned Pali and Sinhala just to get a first hand understanding of what was written in it. Knowing very well that the history of Sri Lanka is not only Sinhala but also Tamil, this German Pali ‘scholar’ did not take any interest to learn Tamil. As Kumar Joseph pointed out, if those European Orientalist ‘scholars’ who translated and brought to light (or rather misinterpreted) the Sanskrit texts and Pali canon/chronicles ever attempted to do the same to the ancient Tamil texts and the writings on ola/palmaryh leaves, they would have understood the history of Sri Lanka much better and differently and this misinterpretation could have been avoided. However, it is very clear that the Europeans had a hidden agenda, an agenda to divide the Sinhalese and the Tamils (divide and rule policy).

      Unfortunately, people like Anagarika Dharmapala (who called Sinhalese as Pure Aryan race) and GG Ponambalam (who called the Tamils as Pure Dravidian race and Sinhalese as hybrid mongrel race) became the victims of the British Colonial rulers hidden agenda. From then started the ethnic divide between the Sinhalese and the Tamils that turned into a major war.

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    You seem to know very little of what Anagarika did for then Ceylon.He will be regarded as a national hero in a country where Buddhists are the majority.Of course he was biased as the Buddhist Sinhalese got persecuted left right and center at the time.

    UK has many ethnic minorities.But it is an Anglo christian country.US is the same.Turkey is a Muslim country.Obama took oath on a bible not on a Quran!
    This is the reality.Buddhism and Sinhala are the majority at present.May not be in the future!Tell me how many United Nations countries are there in the world?

    If Anagarika did not fight against the British who wanted to destroy Sri Lankan culture, Sri lanka would have been named with an Anglican name.This is what happened to Philipines (named after king Philip 11 of Spain).

    It is very easy to criticize and make judgements on the past.You and I did not live in that era.

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      Dubdoc, can you kindly enlighten the readers as to whether a single Buddhist Temple was closed down during the time the British ruled this country? It is understood that some of the Sinhalese embraced Christianity for education to benifit to be emancipated. If this is considered to be wrong, embracing Christianity by some of the Buddhists, then it is wrong for the Natives to have become Buddhists leaving whatever faith they believed before the advent of Buddhism. Besides believing in any Religion what one may like is an inalienable right of an individual and not the prerogative of another or a Religious Body. It is not only believing in a Religion but even not to believe in any Religion is also an individual’s right, which has nothing to do with others or the State, that tries to force down Religion through the throat of society as seen in Sri Lanka, by making Religion compulsory for students in the schools curriculum.

      As for Anagarika Dharmapala, he was a bloody HUMBUG in the first order in a country where half the subjects are carrying Portuguese names, posing as Sinhalese Buddhists, thinking they are more Buddhistic than Buddha himself. Today these Sinhala Buddhists feel that by venerating Buddha images one can reach Nirvana and it is not necessary to practise the Philosophy. What a bunch of idiots?

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        Gamini,

        I have enough material to enlighten our readers on what British (you seem to admire)did to harm Buddhism.

        Forget closing temples.To start with the ‘Dalada Perahara’ was banned.

        During the British colonial period the monasteries lacked official status and were unable to defend their land or rights. One report claimed that 800,000 acres of temple property were confiscated. The colonial government and the Christian missionaries took the entire school system out of the hands of the Buddhists. The Buddhists became second-class citizens, while the Christians and the English-educated rose to the best positions in the colonial administration. Only Christian Sundays and feast days and the British national holidays were celebrated in this Buddhist country. There were various anti-colonialist uprisings and prominent Buddhist monks were condemned to death.

        St Paul’s church was built within the premises of Dalada Madura; the most sacred place of worship, soon after 1815.Is this not provocation and lack of respect for Buddhism. Do you see a mosque or temple anywhere near St Paul’s cathedral in London?

        I would advise you to know the facts before commenting.

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          Dubdoc, after you claiming that you have enough material to prove that, what the British did to harm Buddhism, you start with an untruth stating the British banned the Dalada Perehera.Could you kindly state which year? As far as what is known, there was an incident near the Meera Makkam Mosque and the Perehera route had to be altered. That is all and there was no banning of the Perehera.

          Why do you want to forget the issue that the British never closed any Temple, but allowed Temples to spring up wherever there were large, aged old Bo-trees in the city, none planted by any human. If they were so anti- Buddhism certainly they would not have permitted. You further lie that the British and the Christian Missioneries took the entire School system out of the hands of the Buddhists. There was no school system in existance, other than a Pirivena system for the propergation of Buddhism, which the British did not interfere with. You also lie when you state that only those who were Christians and the English educated were allowed to the best positions in the Colonial Administration. Obviously for any to climb to the top posts in the Adminstration, had to have a knowledge in English and there were quite a good number of Buddhists holding high posts in the Administration. You lie further when you say that only Sundays and other Church Feast days were made holidays in this country. Why what about the Sinhala/Tamil new year holidays the natives enjoyed. Besides the issue of declaring holidays came after the British introduced a system of administration as before that there was no issue of holidays in the Feudal system, nor a situation of employment and unemployment.

          As for the land issue where Temples or individuals who claimed ownership to land through Sannasas and various other forms of title had to register their ownership by 1845 with the opening of the Land Department and registered. It is only those who could not establish genuine title that were taken over followed by the Waste Land Ordinance. There was no special or selected persecution of the Buddhists alone as you claim by the British. Therefore it would suit you best as for your advice to know the facts.

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            Gamini,
            Shameful to use Gamini as your pen name!

            1. Dalada Perahara was banned parading in streets from 1818 to 1827. Only in 1828 Edward Barnes re commenced it to transfer the sacred tooth relic from the custody of British to Kandyan chiefs. This was done for a political gain. They were forced to eliminate this ban due to a serious drought.

            2.Yes, the Christians and the English educated were given upper hand and privileges. This is common knowledge. Even now one can see the disproportionate number of Christians holding higher positions in Sri Lanka when Christians only make about 10% of the population.
            Sri Lanka was a Sinhala Buddhist nation but British forced their language on Sri Lankans. Majority Buddhists were left behind and those who converted to Christianity got the obvious benefits. Obviously some learned English as it became necessary. Statistics say that in 1886 there were only 12 assisted schools which were Buddhist among 848 in total. Ref; Buddhism in Sri Lanka; A Short History by H.R. Perera.
            My father was punished for talking Sinhala in his school. Now you will say it was important to have harsh rules to have an English administration.

            3.Yes, There were no holidays as we did not have a British system of administration and we did not need it them. They were all forced upon us.

            4. Lands were owned by the people and temples and there were no deeds. British brought all these acts including various inhuman taxes (dog tax etc) for people who never knew such things.
            According to you all those acts and actions were just as they were needed for the British to govern. We never wanted them here but they concurred our land and forced all these laws on us.
            Remember colonial Governor Robert Brownrigg who assured the British Parliament that the propagation of Christianity was his greatest desire. Was this fare?

            Why are you silent about the prosecution of Buddhist monks? Also justify building St Paul’s church in front of Dalada Maligawa when there was enough empty land in Kandy.
            Final say is that you are a person who has no respect for our culture, and finding ways to justify British conduct in Sri Lanka including scorthed earth policy of 1818. There are many like you who would approve anything what British did. According to you it appears that we have to measure everything according to British.

            ‘The West won the world not by superiority of its ideas or values or religion but rather by its superiority in applying organized violence. Westerners often forget this fact, non Westerners never do.’ Samuel. P. Huntington as quoted by J.B. Muller in his dissertation Anglophiles, Eurocentric Arrogance and Reality.
            J.B. Muller in the above dissertation refers to the General Order issued in 1818 during the British Colonial Rule in Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) to put down the rebellion in Uva-Vellassa as follows: ‘Kill every man, woman and child including the babes suckling at their mother’s breast. Destroy all dwelling houses. Burn all crops. Cut down all fruit trees. Slaughter all cattle; take what meat is necessary to feed the troops and burn the rest. Destroy all reservoirs, canals and channels. Poison the wells. Lay waste utterly the countryside denying any relief whatsoever to the rebels.’

            Is this anti British propaganda by Sri Lankans?
            Remember when we were having great civilisations British lived in caves! What a pity!

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              Dubdoc, leave my pseudonym out but your accusation, ‘There are many like you who would approve anything what British did. According to you it appears that we have to measure everything according to British’. Where have I approved what the British did was right? There is nothing that you nor I or this Humbug Anagarika would have done to change or stop History. What has happened has happened. You are the only Patriots who see differently and continue to blame the British, the Imperialists after them leaving the shores of this land over sixty five years ago. You complain that your father was punished for talking in Sinhala in school. They did not behead him, did they? You should be thankful for the facility your father and yourself are today living certainly better lives than being mere vassals in the earlier Feudal system, having the advantage of having learned English even to sit at this computer to communicate. What is being discussed here is not the issue of pros and cons of being a British Colony but how some Humbugs made use of Buddhism and Nationalism in the Post Independence era to ruin this society, always blaming the British and some yet continuing to do so. I do not condone what the British did was right, but that is History. What is important is the events of History has led us to an opportunity to mingle with the rest of the world and afforded a lot of things we as Natives would have been ignorant of today. For that matter if we continued as a Sinhala Buddhist Nation with none of us unable to understand English, today had India or any other country, by force annexed Sri Lanka, We will not be in a position to tell the world of our plight. Besides we would have been so backward that these modernities would have been magic to us. So think again Dubdoc.

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              As for your claim that we had a great civilisation while the British were living in caves, was when we had true Patriots and not the present day pseudo type. I think what is relevant is how not our forefathers lived but how we live today. Certainly the cave people the British are thousand times better off than us in every field where we have sunk to the bottom thanks to Humbugs who have taken over the reins of the country. Dubdoc I am sure you will agree, had we retained all the educated let it be Western, as they were all Natives of this land, this country would have been better than Singapore or Hongkong today.

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          Dubdoc,

          Dalada Perahara has nothing to do with the Buddhist philosophy. It is a symbolic colourful pageant started by our ancient Kings to boost their ego. Lord Buddha never asked for his tooth to be carried around on the back of an elephant.

          There is also nothing “official” about a statue perceived to be the image of the Buddha. There are no photographs or video clippings to prove what the Buddha looked like.

          The temple is where monks reside and is not entitled to “own” land or anything material.

          “Buddhist schools” are places where students are brainwashed into following Anagarika’s brand of Sinhalabuddhism and NOT the Buddha’s Buddhism.

          What is wrong in a church being built within the Dalada Madura? The Buddha would have greatly appreciated it.But what he wouldn’t have approved of is his tooth being venerated and worshiped.

          people like you should study the untainted version of Buddhism as preached by the Buddha himself, before displaying your ignorance and making a fool of yourself in an open forum such as this thread.

          Peace Dove

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            Peace Dove you are right. Perehera has nothing to do with Buddhism or for that matter venerating bone parts of Buddha is Buddhism. Had it been part and parcel of Buddhism, I am sure Buddha would have donated his entire skeleton to his followere to venerate and not a single tooth that fits the bone structure of a person, thrice the size of Buddha. The truth is by venerating supposed body parts of Buddha if one believes one can reach Nirvana, then venerating the living Buddha live, as he lived 45 years after enlightenment, would have been easier for many to have reached Nirvana. However there was no such Buddhist practice followed then or Buddhist Priests performing ‘Pansakula’ for the dead followers to reach Nirvana. Today the Buddhist Priests not only propergate false practises to sustain the Sangha but issue visas to the dead as well.

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              Gamini,
              I only see black as black and white as white.I criticize British governance because it was not acceptable.They had no regard for well being of common Ceylonese.Having said that I admit that our Kalu Suddas are worst that the British.We have not achieved much since the so called independence.

              We can argue day and night but facts are facts.British conduct in all over the world is well known and many books and thesis have been written.

              I also admit that there were great British humanitarians as well ( however only a few).One good example is H.R Freeman, the champion of Rajarata people and Dr.R.L Spittle, the surgeon who loved Vedda people.

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              Dubdoc, if you see black as black and white as white, that is enough to understand that as much as there were some excesses by the British obviously against those who fought back, the rest of the masses benifited to change their life styles to live as the rest of the world today. In communication, Health, Transport, Housing, Education and Employment. You confim this fact, when you state, ‘We have not achieved much since Independence’. The truth is if the country had all the money that have been robbed by the Politicians of all govts. since Independence we could have easily eradicated poverty in this country. Yet, compared to things in the past in an era only the affluent possessed a vehicle, a telephone, a refrigerator, today these are common amenities for all in society thanks to the Open Market Economic Policies after ’77. My argument is if the British did not invade us, it is difficult to imagine what a Nation we would be today, with all the short comings you state. The issue discussed here is not about the British or what they did, but prevent Humbugs making use of Buddhism and Sinhala to mislead the masses.

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            Peace Dove,
            I am learning Buddhism whenever I get time.I do not want to be seen as a saint because I am not.However every day I treat my patients according to Buddhist teachings.That gives me immense pleasure.I try to be patient with all the ignorant people like you.

            You say “Buddhist schools” are places where students are brainwashed into following Anagarika’s brand of Sinhalabuddhism and NOT the Buddha’s Buddhism.
            It is not a coincidence that I studied in a Buddhist school but none of this brain washing took place.In fact Bible only teaches us to blindly believe what it says.

            ‘Kalama Sutta’ the Buddha’s charter of free inquiry, teaches us

            Do not go upon what has been acquired by repeated hearing,
            nor upon tradition,
            nor upon rumor,
            nor upon what is in a scripture,
            nor upon surmise,
            nor upon an axiom,
            nor upon specious reasoning,
            nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered over,
            nor upon another’s seeming ability,
            nor upon the consideration

            In the same note what did they do in Christian schools? I bet they taught Buddhism and asked the students to practice Buddhism! Ha?

            Secondly,
            building a church or mosque is not the problem? what was the reason to build a church within the premises of Dalada Madura, the most sacred Buddhist shrine for Buddhists.This shows the callousness of the British and their total disregard for the common Ceylonese at that time.This is called provocation.This behavior never helped British to have good governance.

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              I know the Dalada Maligawa was the place of the kings of Kandy, including the last- Sri Wickrema Rajasinghe.
              Where was the sacred relic kept during that phase of our history? When did the palace become the Dalada Maligawa? Was it during British rule? If so, it was the British who created a Buddhist place of worship there. Further, Malwatte and Asgiriya Chapters have been historically located on the opposite banks of the Kandy lake.

              Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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              Dubdoc,

              You are talking about provocation.GOSL and the Buddhist Maha Sangha are planting Buddha statues at every nook and corner in the North and East at places where there are no buddhists at all. Only crows come and sit their to pay homage. What do you call that? It is nothing but Buddhist thuggary.

              Why don’t you go and preach ‘Kalama Sutta’ to GOSL and the Buddhist Maha Sangha. Just because the non-Buddhists are a part of the minorities (powerless) you Buddhists can do any kind of thuggary and get away with it. On the other hand if the non-buddhists who also happen to live in the area try to build a place for worship it is provocate. SinhalaBuddhism is nothing but Barbarism and it is very unfortunate that we minorities are born and have to live in a country with uncivilized SinhalaBuddhist Barbarians.

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          Dubdoc,

          there could be enough from your side, but comparing to what we the nation have achieved in the post independence, I prefer if we could have been under British. They could even find better solutions to the prevailing problems in the ocuntry.

          See, the countries like Ethiopia and the like minded have not been colonised. What is their stand today.. they stay in dark further. Only their fanatisms and the respect have been with them leaving millions being starved – not being able to access to outside world.

          All in all, I truly believe, if our peoples were under Britisch at least for the last 30 years, we would not have faced the problems as they are today. Hongkong and maccau became as independent states lately. See the status of those countries.

          Our folks have failed to govern the nation. Suddas have done to the top. It is the determined and hard working charactor make them help getting foward nothing else. I know Thai people have nto been colonised, but they are industrious no comparable with ours. Average man and women in sl are not comparable to any others – they re easily forgettable, easily deceitful. Collective tasks are not with them. Alone the recent past few years – can give enough examples for how we have been.

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      MANY WHO FOUGHT AGAINST THE BRITS WERE NOT RELIGIOUS BIGOTS OR RACISTS, MIGATTUWE GUNANADA, PURAN APPU, SIR JAMES PERIES, PONNAMBALAMS….

      WITHOUT THE BRITS MAHABODHI WOULD YET REMAIN HINDU,
      ANURADHAPURA WAS ALSO BOUGHT TO LIGHT BY THEM (AFTER 900 YEARS).

      FEW PEOPLE KNOW THAT THE WORLD-FAMOUS ‘PANADURA WADYA’ WAS CONDUCTED BETWEEN THE SAME EXTENDED FAMILY;
      THE CHIEF SPONSOR JERAMIAS DIAS (BUDDIST), WIFE SELESTINA RODRIGO’S BROTHER/COUSIN MATHAIAS (RODRIGO) GOONAWARDNE BUILT THE CHURCH & ACCEPTED THE DEBATE FOR THE CHRISTIANS (ORIGINAL IN RANKOTH VIHARAYA, PANADURA), SON LESLIE WENT ON TO BECOME ONE OF THE FOUR FOUNDING MEMBERS OF SRI LANKA’S FIRST POLITICAL PARTY; LSSP (RESPONSIBLE FOR A MAJOR PART, NOT JUST THE LAST PART OF THE POLITICAL MOVEMENT FOR INDIPENDANCE, BRITS PREFERED TO GIVE IT TO THE ‘MODERATES’ LIKE SENANAYAKA WHO DID NOT EVEN BELIEVE IN EQUAL/FREE EDUCATION FOR ALL).

      NOT JUST THE LAST KING, THE LAST 4, THE 3 BEFORE THAT TOO CARRIED MORE NAYAKAR BLOOD (NOT NAME)
      PARAKRAMABAHU WAS PANDAYAN & KALINGA STOCK, BUVENAKABAHUS AKA SAPUMAL/PERUMAL; THE LION OF JAFFNA, BADRAKAVIL BUILDER RAJASINHA, EVEN RECENT POLITICOS WHO INVESTED IN BUDDIST BIGGOTS LIKE THE NILAPERUMAL KALUKAPUGE………….

      NOTHING TO BE A SHAME OF, GET OVER THE FAIR N LOVELY & ARYAN SUPREMACY, EVEN THE VADDHAS WERE DRAVIDIAN NO.

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        Samarasingha,
        Veddas were Dravidian? Not at all. They are of Australoid race. Having dark skin, curly hair and large brow ridge (supra orbital arches). They are related to Australian aborigines.

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          Dubdoc

          “They are related to Australian aborigines.”

          No, aborigines are related us.

          “Having dark skin, curly hair and large brow ridge (supra orbital arches)”

          Another blind man describing an elephant.

          The Sinhalese and Tamils have more darker skin than my people.

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            Native,
            You may be blind I am not. I studied and researched facial anthropology.
            These are not my descriptions, They are well known anthropologiy details of Australian aborigines.Go in front of the mirror and watch your face if you are a true Vadda.

            Any thing wrong having dark skin?
            Please do not insult our Vadda people who are the original owners of this land.

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          Dravidians are the link between the Australoid & the Caucasoid.

          A 2009 study of 132 individuals, 560,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 25 different Indian groups were analyzed, providing strong evidence in support of the notion that modern Indians (both Indo-Aryan and Dravidian groups) are a hybrid population descending from two post-Neolithic, genetically divergent populations referred to as the ‘Ancestral North Indians’ and the ‘Ancestral South Indians’. According to the study, Andamanese are an ASI-related group without ANI ancestry, showing that the peopling of the islands must have occurred before ANI-ASI gene flow on the mainland.[22] ANI-ASI admixture happened some 1,200-3,500 years ago, which roughly coincides with the Indo-Aryan conquest of the Indian subcontinent

          GENE:
          M2 Peaking in Bangladesh, Andhra Pradesh, coastal Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka
          M6 Kashmir and near the coasts of the Bay of Bengal, Srilanka
          R1a is believed to have its origins in the Indus Valley or the Eurasian Steppe, 13% of the Sinhalese carry
          R2 over 70% in Kamma of Andhra Pradesh & over 90% in Karmali of Bengal & 39% of the Sinhalese
          R6 Peaks among Tamils and Kashmiris
          U2b has highest concentration in Uttar Pradesh but is also found in many other places, specially in Kerala and Sri Lanka. It is also found in Oman.
          U21 maybe the most important numerically among U subclades in South Asia, reaching specially high concentrations (over 10%) in Uttar Pradesh, Sri Lanka, Sindh and parts of Karnataka. It also has some importance in Oman

          (Well, you can love the Aryan flirting & the European & stop blaming foriigners, and/or
          love & recognize the inner Dravidian for the ‘moral-card’ & the Indus League!)

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            Premala, would you kindly give the web link or the reference to the above study.

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            A more recent study of a similar nature and methodology identifies the Sinhalese as having a greater proportion of the Bengali type in them and the Tamils here of having more of the Sinhalese in them. Gene studies on the origins and admixtures in people’s, have yet only touched the surface, especially with regard to closely related people. The history of migrations to this country and the principles of simple Mendelian genetics, fly in the face of the results of the recent report.

            Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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      Don David Hewavitarana better known as Anagarika Dharmapala was born in 1864 and received his early education at Christian schools. He founded the Maha Bodhi Society in 1891 to spread Buddhism and died in 1933 at the age of 69. He was the God father of Sinhala Buddhist racism in Sri Lanka. His anti-Tamil and anti-Muslim propaganda during that time was the beginning of the Sinhala Buddhist racism in Sri Lanka. His virulent attacks on Muslims and Tamils led to his internment in Calcutta by the British in 1915.

      Anagarika Dharmapala was perhaps the first person to use the term Sinhala Buddhist in a racial-religious sense. The notion of a Sinhala Buddhist nation emerged in the early 20th century in the British colonial period, and in the decades that followed it went through an evolutionary transformation into a mass consciousness, overarching local, regional and caste identities.

      Dharmapala propagated the myth that the Sinhalese were of Aryan origin and therefore racially superior to the non-Aryan Tamils and Muslims who inhabited the island. The ideology of Sinhala Buddhist revivalism was predominantly cultural, with mild political overtones directed on marginal issues like consumption of alcohol and privileges of Christians under the colonial rule (Jayawardena, 1985). Dharmapala stood for limited autonomy within the British empire with Sinhala Buddhists in key administrative positions. It would seem that the belief in the Aryan origins of the ‘Sinhala race’ made the Buddhist revivalists feel some sort of affinity for the ruling British. ‘It is a consolation to see’, remarked Ratnaweera, ‘that we are governed by an Aryan nation’. Anagarika once declared: ‘True that I criticise in my articles the officials; but my loyalty to the British Throne is as solid as a rock and I have invariably expressed sentiments of loyalty to the King…’ (Guruge A., 1965:LIX). It is no wonder, therefore, as Gunawardene (1985) notes, ‘that such an ideology did not produce an anti-imperialist movement of mass proportions’.

      Sinhala Buddhist cultural nationalism thus displayed a dual political character – it was more compromising towards British colonialism while displaying a growing intolerance towards the Lankan minorities. Anagarika Dharmapala stated in 1922: ‘Look at the Administration Report of the General Manager of Railways… Tamils, Cochins and Hambankarayas are employed in large numbers to the prejudice of the people of the island – sons of the soil, who contribute the largest share’ (Guruge A., 1965:515).

      The Moors became one of the first targets of Sinhala Buddhist intolerance. Dharmapala portrayed Muslim traders as unethical exploiters of Sinhala Buddhists. The presence of butchers’ shops, which were mostly owned and run by Muslims, and of mosques in sacred Buddhist cities like Anuradhapura was regarded by the revivalists as an affront to Buddhism and Sinhala Buddhist culture. This kind of hostility was also extended towards the Christian churches. The Temperance movement and opposition to butchers’ shops, churches, and mosques around cities like Anuradhapura were driven by strong anti-minority sentiments. The following quoted from Dharmapala’s letter to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1915 epitomises this: ‘… What the German is to the Britisher that the Muhammedan is to the Sinhalese. He is an alien to the Sinhalese by religion, race and language. He traces his origin to Arabian, whilst the Sinhalese traces his origin to India and Aryan sources’ (Guruge, 1965:540). In the period prior to 1915 these campaigns were so actively pursued that Governor Chalmers, explaining the animosity of the Sinhala peasantry towards Muslim traders, stated that they had ‘always been viewed by the villager with feelings entertained at all times and in all lands towards transitory aliens who make money out of the local peasantry by supplying their wants at the shop…’ (Jayawardena, 1985).

      The single event which became a landmark in Lankan history with profound impact on communal relations in the country was the anti-Muslim riots of 1915. At this time, Sri Lanka was not a communalised society as we speak of today. The outbreak of violence in Kandy, which spread to Colombo and the North Western, Southern, Sabaragamuwa, and Central provinces was targetted at the Coast Moors; trading rivalry was the underlying and main cause of the immediate outbreak. According to Kearney, the riots and the way in which the British suppressed the violence led to a rise in anti-colonial feelings, and to the heightening of nationalist sentiments among the Sinhala Buddhists (Ceylon Studies Seminar, 1969/70).

      Some historians have traced the background of the riots as flowing from the inflammatory statements against the Moors published in the Sinhala newspapers, especially the ‘Sinhala Buddhaya’ and the ‘Sinhala Jathiya’ which stirred Sinhala nationalist feelings. There is also evidence to support the connection between the Temperance movement and the growth of nationalism. The leaders who were arrested during the riots were those who had been active in the Temperance movement (Jayawardena, 1972; Azad, 1993).

      It was Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the ‘educated Ceylonese’ member of the Legislative Council, who championed the cause of Sinhala Buddhists; criticising the colonial government for its treatment of the Sinhalese especially drawing attention to the Riots Damages Ordinance (though never published) which made provisions for the Sinhalese in specified areas (whether implicated in the riots or not) to indemnify all losses suffered by Muslims. He demanded a Royal Commission to inquire into the riots and the excesses committed by the British force on the Sinhala people.

      In Colombo, rumour mongering was typical of these times with the obvious cries that Sinhalese were being massacred, bodies being suspended and that their women were being raped. The Muslims decided to defend themselves if attacked, and a decision was taken at the Mosque congregation that they would fight to the last, ‘… but if the tide turned against them, the women, rather than be ravished, should jump into the wells and commit suicide, leaving only the children…’ (Thawfeeq, 1986). From time immemorial, history has documented that women’s bodies have been subjected to humiliation and attack in times of war and violence, so as to revenge the hostile party in a manner that would taint the honour and purity of their women. Muslim male thinking at this time was quick to decide that the best course of action for their women should be, not in the forefront of the struggle, but preservation of their honour and chastity even if it meant ending their lives! Protection in this sense implied exertion of male authority to which women had to submit.

      It is worth noting that the Malay community was not attacked, nor the Borah shops and stores (Azad, 1993). The riots did not evoke strong emotional reaction among the Muslims in the North or the East or the North-West. Jayawardena (1972) has observed that labour unrest and political tensions contributed to the rioting in Colombo and concluded that it also had impulses other than religious tension.

      The Ceylon Moor community panicked, and this marked the beginning of an awakening political consciousness that was to shape the course of events that followed. The Muslim elites had their own interests in mind, as evident from the following remarks by W.M. Abdul Rahman, the unofficial member in the Legislative Council for Governor Chalmers, in a report on the riot areas: ‘… for the insult hurled at Islam some visible et abiding mark must be put upon Buddhist temples, if for no other reason, at least to preserve the prestige of the British Raj.’ (Blackton, 1970). The immediate response was for the Muslim leadership to strengthen their collaboration with the British.

      The Sinhala parties were being defended by the well known Tamil leader who clearly showed an antipathy towards the Muslims. From a Muslim view point it appeared as though there was an alliance between the Sinhala and Tamil elites. So much so that the same alliance of Tamil-Sinhala elites founded the Ceylon National Congress in 1917(16), the fears of the Muslims increased as memories of 1915 were still very strong and the Muslim leadership kept out of it. However the Sinhala-Tamil alliance was resting on fragile ground, as revealed by the subsequent events which related to seats in the Legislative Council and other aspects of political patronage from the colonial government.

      In the foregoing section we have seen that collective action – in this case by the Sinhala Buddhists through their communal ideology, was an attempt to create ‘legitimate space’ in the public domain, while questioning the legitimacy of that very space which was occupied by the Coast Moors. They were at the same time expressing their protest against the colonial regime. The Temperance movement and Sinhala Buddhist revivalism have also demonstrated that movements outside the democratic process seek to expand their control over public life playing an instrumentalist role, drawing symbolic boundaries in which identities are being constructed and contested. In such a political configuration, the Muslims were deeply affected; forced to re-assess their role as a minority and grapple with the new facts of representational politics where the dialectics of their identity vis a vis the Indian Moors and the Malays had to be redrawn. Based on our understanding that contending notions of collective identity exist, and any one of these may become dominant over the other at a given point of time (Hassan, 1994), the fluidity of Muslim identity – its definition and redefinition – was essentially a function of the political and social circumstances.

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      You mean like naming the Island after some North-Indian tribe
      Addopting a neighbouring man’s religion

      Before the Catholic Europeans, it was the Muslim Arabs that did the same to Phillipines and before that some Asian Hindus & Buddists.

      These Jesus’, Gautam’s (& some others) have been hijacked by those with vested interests as a marketing (cultural) tool.

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      Dubdoc,

      Obama took his oaths on a Bible, because he is a Christian. Someone recently took his oaths in the US, on the Bhagavat Gita.

      Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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        Dr Rajasingham,
        Yes Obama is a Christian and that’s why he is the president of US.They never talk of his Muslim connection.It is an Anglo Saxon country and if they wanted to please all the communities he should have carried a Hebrew bible and a Quaran as well.This is my point.Sri lanka is a Sinhala Buddhist country whether we like it or not.It does not mean that other communities should be regarded as second class citizens.Buddhism is a religion of tolerance but majority of Buddhists do not practice Buddhism.They are only born Buddhists.

        We all are related to each other.I feel that Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims have very common gene pool.This is an island and there is a significant intermixing of races.

        We also had a great opportunity to have a Tamil president had we appointed Hon.Luxman Kathiragamar as the prime minister.We have to be happy now, at least we have a Tamil cricket captain.Then I read in this column a few days ago,one Tamil was not happy that Mathews could not speak good Tamil. See, there is no way of pleasing extremists.

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          They tried to make the religion of his father-Islam and his middle name-Hussein , issues during his first campaign. Thereafter, they tried hard to challenge his citizenship rights by birth. Such instances of meanness , pettiness and jealatory exist everywhere. It is a human condition. Man also can soar to the heights of the exemplary and great. However, it is the rule of law that should prevail, to control the ugly and give space for the best and the beautiful in man to Thrive. In Sri Lanka, the ugly tends to dominate, although its extent is small, because it is more aggressive, loud and is used by those who rule us. The issue here is the negation or weakening of the rule of law.

          Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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      So, according to your logic, since SinhalaBuddhists are the majority, the country becomes a SinhalaBuddhist country. No wonder the Portuguese called the SinhalaBuddhists Modayas.

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        Somapala,
        This is a universal theory. The majority rule.This may not be the best but that is waht we have to expect.
        It is up to all of us to make it a true democracy by creating euality for everyone.
        By the was are there any United nations countries? Please name one.Every country has an identity,either Muslim, Christian, Jew, Hindu or Buddsist.

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          DumboDoc,

          If this is you level of intelligence I wonder how many of your patients you kill per day.

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            Hello Mutta,

            You can insult me and by doing so you are expressing your low calibre and inability to participate in a decent conversation.

            Instead go and target the consultant ‘Mudalais’ who have no ethics or professionalism.

            Learn to hit the ball not the bowler!

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    In the midst of all the corruption and on-going violence in our country,shallow minded individuals such as yourself manage to bring up these perverse topics in order to most presumably “get back” or retaliate at the Sri Lankan Buddhists for having the supposed “upperhand” in governing the country.You have the right to voice your opinions but paraphrasing a few lines of “Anagarika Dharmapala” which are supposed convey some sort of disregard and intolerance towards other religious minorities will not help your cause(unless your cause is to cause some sort of upstir between people who are too inclined towards religion).Furthermore this one individual does not represent the whole of Buddhists in Sri Lanka,but if it weren’t for his contributions,Buddhism would not have been prevalent in present day Sri Lanka.Everything Mahatma Gandhi did wasn’t right,Everything Ruhollah Khomeini did wasn’t.Right or wrong is a matter of perspective.If this article were written by a Muslim it would’ve been much more comprehendible.As a Sinhalese Buddhist being born and brought up in a muslim country,i have never faced any sort antagonism to this date.

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      Vishal,

      Would you care to enlighten us which Muslim country you were born and brought up. This information may contribute to better understanding between the protagonists of the present conflict (or dispute if conflict is a bit strong). Shall appreciate a response.

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      Vishal,

      ” this one individual does not represent the whole of Buddhists in Sri Lanka” how unfortunately true. Perhaps if the majority Buddhists in this country were more like “this one individual” there wont be any “all the corruption and on-going violence in our country”.

      Peace Dove

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        There was a time even a Catholic could not become the president in the US. John Kennedy broke this barrier, of course with Mayor Daley’ s in getting the dead to vote. Obama , a black ( half – White) has been elected twice. A person of Indian extraction may also become president in the future. There may be a day, when a person of Arab extraction or a Muslim can become president. Their system permits, what many thought impossible at one time to happen. However, we have beaten the US in achieving a first and a second, by electing two females as heads of state. This was an exemplary exception.

        This is where the system here in Sri Lanka has largely failed the people. The definition of citizenship has been distorted to create categories , where the alpha are the Sinhala- Buddhists. This is what makes the minorities uncomfortable . If Luxshman Kadirgamar- a Tamil largely in name only- had been permitted to become prime minister we may have at least made a crack on the ceiling.

        Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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          Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

          “However, we have beaten the US in achieving a first and a second, by electing two females as heads of state.”

          The first women head of state was a brutal man in woman’s clothing who mercilessly started the first of a series of war crimes that followed her departure. Her brother was another war criminal.

          The first war crime was committed in April 1971.

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            Native Veddah,

            I was not discussing quality or performance.

            Dr.RN

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            Native,
            You have a valid point.

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    This is a revealation to me.
    I await comments from buddhist scholars with and without robes.

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    Sharmini Serasinghe is rest assured that my mission is to liberate Buddhism from Sinhala/Buddhist.

    I am working on it.

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      What, you again !!

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        American Mama

        Its me again and again.

        I bet you wish Veddahs to disappear without any trace.

        Sorry we are not dinosaurs.

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          good comeback

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      Good luck. A revival of Tamil Buddhism may be a neat way of doing it. Converting Tamils to Buddhism will (a) help them give up tons of superstitions and rituals they are clinging on to; and (b) dilute the extremist Sinhala Buddhists who are trying to hijack Buddhism for their political agendas.

      It is also easy to do now that so many Buddha statues have been installed all over the North and East of the country. The guys who did that to intimidate the local population will be in for a big shock, if the local population starts reading and following the teachings of the Great one!

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        Chandra,

        If the Tamils at least learn Buddhism, they will become better Hindus. This why I do not have any objections to the few Buddha statues being installed in the north. These may make at least some Tamils understand the true meaning in these statues. Unfortunately, we are at present capable of only seeing the soldiers and Sinhalese behind these statue of the enlightened one.

        Christianity came to us with the sword. The sword has Long departed, but Christianity stayed and parts of it have become a part of all our lives. Similarly, the introduction of the Buddha statues by soldiers, will leave the statues behind, after the soldiers depart. These statues may humanise the Hinduism we practice and even re-introduce Buddhism to the Tamils. It may also lead to a Sri Lankan Tamil Buddhist producing a treasure like the cilapathikaram of Ilanko Adihal..

        Dr. Rajasingham Narendran.

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        Chandra

        It is not a matter of conversion but reclaiming Buddha’s teaching from Sinhala/Buddhists is the most urgent spiritual need.

        ” if the local population starts reading and following the teachings of the Great one!”

        If that happens in fact Sinhala/Buddhists definitely will create another Mullivaaikkal to destroy them for being Great one’s followers.

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        Hi Chandra, What a good idea. As I see it, most people who convert to Buddhism are better Buddhists than those born to Buddhist parents. They are convinced by the Dhamma,that the basic tenets of Buddhism are all embracing and suitable for Practice by all Beings, whatever the background thay were born to. They would understand by reading the Dhamma, that the Practice of worshipping statues is not necessary for true followers of the Buddha’s Teaching.

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        Chandra

        Buddhism never disappeared among the Tamils. On my rare visits to Jaffna I had seen Buddha’s statues in Tamils houses placed prominently either in their sitting rooms or prayer rooms.

        The 1871 Census recorded about 12,000 practicing Tamil Buddhists living all over the island, including Jaffna.

        According to Prof Sunil Ariaratne Buddhism was brought to the island from Tamilnadu and not from the North.

        However many Tamils now distant themselves from Buddhism as they had seen the ugly face of Sinhala/Buddhism and are confused between Buddha’s teaching and the political Sinhala/Buddhism.

        You say

        “A revival of Tamil Buddhism may be a neat way of doing it. Converting Tamils to Buddhism”

        Conversion always bring backlash, in many cases creates permanent dislike for the teaching and Buddha.

        Leave the people to make their own judgment. I am not a religious person. So I don’t look at those issues with religious zeal.

        People like role models.

        If the Sinhla people can produce one person who genuinely follows Buddha’s teaching in his/her thought, words and actions,then I believe even the Sinhala/Buddhist can be “converted” to Buddhism.

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      I support your mission whole heartedly. Fundamentalist Sinhalese Buddhists are the biggest threat to Buddhism! They should be eradicated!

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        aritha

        “Fundamentalist Sinhalese Buddhists are the biggest threat to Buddhism! They should be eradicated!”

        Eradication does not help solve any problem.

        Liberate Buddha’s teaching from the Sinhala/Buddhist.
        Convert the Sinhala/Buddhists to Buddhism.

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          Native Vedda

          You are absolutely correct. Convert Sinhalabuddhists to Buddhism!

          Peace Dove

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    Anagarika’s (& Sir Edwin Arnold) high point is the effort in bringing the Buddhagaya compound under significant Buddist control (from the Hindu trustees), to the dismay of many Hindus…., possible thanks to the British!

    However, the pioneer of the Buddhagaya project was Ven. Weligama Sri Sumangala….we know less of him, YES…….a case of hiding the fish under rice

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    The country is being filled with Buddha statues – the North is nearly saturated. Nobody hates Buddha but nobody loves hordes of statues occupying spaces of natural vegetation or farmland or living space and depleting sand from the small island. We hear about riverbeds scooped up. Any thought on the consequences of this from environmentalists?

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      Some of the statues lack maintenance and proper care.

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    While I agree with all the criticisms of the Anagarika by the writer, I am disappointed there is no socio-political analysis of the underlying Buddhist Renaissance in the latter half of the 19th century as a reaction against centuries of colonial rule and the exploitation and oppression of the local people. Culture obviously was one of the battlegrounds in this resistance and Anagarika was representing the interests of the Sinhala Buddhist people. Religion has been the most potent ideology universally for social mobilization and gaining political power. Show me one country where religion has not been used for political purposes. It’s hypocritically ingenuous to argue that the Anagarika was preaching the Dhamma for the impoverished Sinhala masses to attain Nirvana and everybody could see he was not wearing any clothes. Unfortunately this line of analysis has been the only approach of our “innovative” social scientists to the phenomenon so far and naturally it doesn’t throw any light on the issue. This lack of understanding has only led to more friction and tensions in post-independence Sri Lanka culminating in the current rise of the JHU and BBS. (I don’t approve any of their beliefs or obectives, but I think it is important to understand where they are coming from and be sensitive to their feelings.)

    Why is that the Sinhalese people are asked to follow their religion “properly” according to the “original” teaching of the Buddha and shun their ID markers whenever there is conflict in the country but not the others? Do other religions teach it’s okay for their adherents to be ethnocentric, nationalistic and uphold their separate identities instead of mellowing them out in the interests of harmony and peaceful co-existence? Don’t tell me if minorities promote their nationalism it is a “struggle for their rights,” and if the majority promotes its nationalism it is “racism” because of the power imbalance. This has always appeared to me an underhand tactic to take advantage of the fact that only Buddhism puts so much emphasis on rejecting all contingent, socio-political (this-worldly)ID markers.

    Ironically this conflation of religious canon and religion as ideology is shared by both the proponents and opponents of Sinhala-Buddhism.

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      Great points Ajay. Makes one think twice. Endless bashing of Sinhala Buddhists will not resolve anything. It takes two to Tango.

      As a nation we must be mindful of the feelings of the majority too, in our rush to defend our minorities. Equally important. ACJU displayed a good example of such maturity in their reaction to the onslaught by “Balu Sena”.

      Ethno-centric extreme nationalism and religious extremism have consequences. Whether it is coming from the majority or from minorities, it does not matter. Racism, occupation, exploitation, injustice and bigotry are just that.

      Let us call a spade, nothing but a spade.

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        Ben Hurling

        “Endless bashing of Sinhala Buddhists will not resolve anything.”

        Not enough bashing will not solve anything.

        The Sinhala/Buddhists have had everything their way for the past 65 years. The end result is that we are landed with the claptocracy and probably will end up with a theocracy.

        “As a nation we must be mindful of the feelings of the majority too,”

        Not necessarily, as the majority it is their responsibility to be mindful of the minorities including my people and be magnanimous to those who have less political powers to change or rectify damage done to them.

        ” Ethno-centric extreme nationalism and religious extremism have consequences”

        Please stop blaming the victims for they never had the power or the means to get justice.

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    In todays enlightened world it is neccesary to separate the chaff from the grain. As Sharmini postulates, in the past many have followed the path of narrow racism / facism clothed in the garb of religon.

    Just as Muslims must reject the creed of Taliban and Al Qaeda, Buddhist must look introspectively as to the message conveyed by Gautama Siddhartha and reject the creed of hate, bigotry and racism being preached by a gang of fanatics.

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      Safa!

      Should Muslims look for every opportunity to disown, in a wholesale fashion, Al Qaida and the Taliban? Is the rationale behind such disowning and condemnation that it would endear Muslims to the racists such as BBS?

      Al Qaida and Taliban had/ has a goal and a methodology to achieve that goal. The goal is to liberate their countries from Western occupation, and the methodology they have chosen is to fight back. There are people disapproving their methodology, but at the same time offering other practical methodologies.

      But to belittle their goal is to support oppression! It is a noble goal!

      If Anagarika fought for SL’s independence, then that is praise worthy. What we condemn is chauvinism and racism!

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        Al Queda and Taliban are said to be fighting against the west. There is no need to fight the west unless countries are under occupation. Instead are launching attacks and killing innocent people in the west and their own countries as well. They are oppressing their own people.

        They too are facist trying to implement a extreme ideology which is against the teachings of their religon. The thinking of the Taliban and BBS are the same. Sri Lanka is already independent so the need is for unity and coexistance, not for a state controlled by the BBS.

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          Safa,

          Unlike the BBS, the Taliban and Al Qaida are fighting those who are actually occupying their countries. The BBS is tying to eventually evict the whole of Muslim community, which is living peacefully under a united secular Sri Lanka, out of S.L. As for the Americans and their allies, they are foreigners who have taken themselves and their weapons of mass destruction across thousands of miles into Muslim countries.So the analogy does not go quite well.

          It is a nonsense to say that they “are launching attacks and killing innocent people in the west”. The lies behind 9/11 etc have been well exposed. Even if we admit that the Western narrative about 9/11 (the West are known to have lied through their teeth on many occasion in order build the pretext for foreign occupations), such attacks are not happening continuously as you imply. But the occupation of countries and mass murder by the west are a persistent reality.

          My point is this: Since physical harm to muslim community or any other community for that matter can only follow their intellectual vilification first, your attempts to counter such vilification by BBS is praiseworthy. However, if protection is to be accorded to the Muslims locally in Lanka, the intellectual vilification of Muslims internationally must also be countered.(we live in a globalized world, where national boundaries do not exist) That means challenging the western narrative about Al Qaida and the Taliban,too, who are actually fighting the real terrorists, the Americans!

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    That is your opinion. Others are also entitled to their opinions. Please respect them. If Tamil National Alliance and Sri Lanka Muslim Congress are allowed to do their work, there is nothing wrong in Bodu Bala Sena doing their work. Welcome to the real world. I think BBS is the best thing that happened to Sri Lanka after May 2009.

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      Muliyawaikkal

      “I think BBS is the best thing that happened to Sri Lanka after May 2009.”

      It is true BBS is the best thing that happened to BBS saffron clad bigots, after May 2009.

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      mate,post 2009 the TNA or the Muslim Congress has not done anything to undermine Sri Lanka (btw calling for investigations into alleged war crimes is not trying to diviede the country but asking for justice,yesterday it was the tamils who suffered now the muslims and in the future the Sinhalese will suffer the same fate eg:Batticoloa DIGS’s sons case!) so its better to nip these things in the bud

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      Muliyawaikkal,

      You are obviously not a follower of the Buddhist philosophy.If you believe ” BBS is the best thing that happened to Sri Lanka after May 2009″ then you are another disciple of Anagarika Dharmapala and you are committing Sacrilege!

      Peace Dove

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    Calling it as is, a bigot he was. Here’s wishing him, be born a Tamil in our Holy Land.

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    For all of you claiming to be Sinhalese, let me pose you a simple question.
    Could you name your grandgather’s grandfather? If you cannot your grandfather’s grandfather could be anyone, a Sinhalese, a Tamil or a Muslim right? Could be a Veddah or a foriegner right?

    Just think about it!!

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      I know of one well known individual who got a DNA profile of himself done and found he had a large proportion of Portuguese/ north European genes. He is a good Walauwa Buddhist Sinhalese. He political stance took a 180 degree turn after he discovered his past from within himself. All Sinhalese, Tamils , Muslims and Veddahs, should get the DNA tests for Communal/ identity profiling done. This must be their most valuable legacy for their children.

      Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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    Madam

    If you have nothing better to do and have too much time to waste and have suddenly developed an irresistible urge to get some attention by writing silly articles with high sounding words, Please go and bake a cake instead of wasting others time.

    You can sit on your behind and write nonsense about an age and people that you dont know nothing about, just to show us how knowledgeable you are but we are not fooled and can see very well that you have very little intellectual capacity.

    Please spare us the BOREDOM… YAWN

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      American Mama:
      You must live in”Okie” country judging by the hayseed quality of what you write. Incidentally, “write nonsense about an age and people that you dont know nothing about” sounds suspiciously like a double negative or do you not even know the meaning of that term?
      It is strongly recommended that you DO hide your talent under a bushel, as that old phrase has it. You are less likely to embarrass yourself that way!

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        Try american vernacular for a change my friend, or are u stuck in your british ways.

        This is not an article, just a post. Don’t need grammar and spell ckeckers do we now

        small minds. small thoughts

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          American mama:
          That’s the first time I’ve heard of a language called “american vernacular!’ Is that a typical Yankee demonstration of “superiority” or just, yet another bit of simple illiteracy seeking to parade under some kind of b.s “modernity”?
          Hayseeds should stay in the hay, consuming it as is appropriate for a bovine1

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            You need to get out more my friend. Fixation on the Queen’s English from old England seems to be cramping your style.

            Vernacular = ” language specific to a certain region or group” Doesn’t have to be English. Applies to all

            So here’s some vernacular specifically for you : ” You ain’t seen nothing yet :) “

            and some good advice for a frog in the well like yourself ” Don’t sweat the small stuff “

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              American mama:
              Oh dear we now have a jackass who is trying to prove he/she/it is “with it!’ But then, pretensions to non-existent intellect don’t seem to have an end in your case. It is only a country where a Sikh was killed in retaliation for 9/11 that would be tolerant of someone like you instead of consigning you to a really appropriate fate!

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      Hats off to Sharmini Serasinghe for being so bold and brave to reveal the facts and expose the culprits who ruined our country and the nation.

      Madam, please ignore these bigoted undesirable imbeciles who do not have the capability of comprehending your erudite writings.

      Please continue your great service in enlightening the confused Sri lankan Buddhists who are unable to distinguish the difference between Buddha’s Buddhism and Anagarika Dharmapala’s SinhalaBuddhism.

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        erudite ?…who..Me?

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      American Mama

      You sound like a totally ignorant complete idiot. How did you manage to get into America? Won a Lottery Visa? At least Gota and Basil were pumping petrol in a gas station in America, what are you doing?

      You imbecile do not even know how to behave in a public forum. Just because you won a US lottery Visa, do not think that you can become smarter.

      This is the quality and standard of US lottery visa winners from Sri Lanka. LOL.

      It is high time the US must think twice before issuing visas to such low life imbeciles even if they win the lottery.

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        Tut tut.. there there kid. Calm down..now

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          American mama:
          You want to sound “cool?” The best way to do that is to keep your mouth shut because it is better to do so and be considered stupid than to open it and confirm the fact.
          Some of us remember the “charter birds,” Sri Lankans emigrants who used to extend their credit cards to the maximum and buy air tickets to their home country in an effort to return with American clothing etc. to impress the “natives.” This seems to be what you are attempting without the expense of an air ticket from the U.S.!
          Incidentally, is there a shortage of gas-jockey positions that you have so much time to contribute to this publication?

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            @ Aney Appochchi

            U seem kind of pissed off. I thought we were just having fun.

            Let’s see now. You started this by claiming ‘vernacular’ wasn’t real. I showed U it was for real. U also accused me of using improper english but I quoted ” don’t swaet the small stuff” to show U that silly things like posts dont need the dotting of ‘i’s & crossing of ‘t’s. And now U are coming with fresh accustaions like “with it” whatever that means.

            I believe U to be a fair man So let me answer your charges,

            1. U cALL me a ‘jackass.’ In response I am sure U wont mind if I call U “monkey man !!”

            2. U talk about a sikh being killed in the USA after 9/11. In response can I remind U of the 3000 odd tamils killed during july 1983 ?

            My friend we have to get rid of this holier than thou attitude. We are all dogs when push comes to shove.

            No No My friend why do you want me to shut my mouth when U keep yours opened all the time. Very unfair journalism isn’t it.

            To be frank I am loth to toot my own horn especially on the internet, but I probably have more academic qualifications than u would care to think ( I know I know it is an internet claim !!)

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              American mama:
              If you insist that American vernacular is a language, who am I to quarrel with that assertion?

              As for the Sikh killed in retaliation for 9/11, it seems that you take exception to the racist butchering of 3000 Tamils in Sri Lanka while supporting racism that led to an even bigger ethnic killing subsequently and now continues to be directed at any and all those dissenting from and opposing those who practice “politics” of that kind, including Muslims who don’t even qualify as dissenters!
              From the pedestal of your “academic qualifications” don’t you think this kind of “logic” would qualify for the term “disingenuous?”
              Incidentally, I don’t give, in your “American vernacular,” a rat’s ass about your “academic qualifications because I have never considered them a replacement for honesty or principled behaviour. But then somebody like you could hardly know what I am talking about, would you?

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            @ Aney Appochchi

            1. ” You are supporting even bigger racist killings …etc.,”

            I don’t know what big racist killings I am supposed to be “supporting” but presumably it must be a Muslim one from what I can gather.
            Simple, answer – I am not interested in ANY killings whatsoever including that of animals – period.

            2. ” I don’t give a rats ass about your academic qualifications… etc.”

            I don’t either about my own qualifications. but when you accused me of being a gas jockey and a visa lottery bum, isn’t it fair that I toot my horn a little to answer your very noble query ?

            3. “”I care only about Honesty & principled behavior….”

            He..he he…ha..ha….HA..HA…HA…!!!!!

            Buddy that’s just something we all say to suit our own purposes. Why because everyone has their own idea about what honesty & principled behavior is !

            Anyway, enough said already I guess. Lets call it a day and part with NO HARD FEELINGS shall we ?

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      American Mama,

      Warming your bum as a class citizen of a foreign land, you have no right to add your bullshit theories to this thread.

      If this article caused you “BOREDOM… YAWN” why the hell bother comment on it? You are obviously unemployed and living on the dole.

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        Above should read as classless citizen…………

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        Am I the only ex-Sri Lankan commenting on this forum, or the only one saying uncomfortable stuff. There are many Sri Lankans who are dual citizens for your kind information.

        As for the lady, Ms Serasinghe, that U are trying to be the knight in shining armour for and defend so bravely, I just voiced my opinion the way I know how to. DIRECT and BLUNT but without insulting or abusing. If U are worried about the “sitting on your behind” phrase that I used it is a phrase commonly used here and not an insult. If I found the article to be boring why not say so? Of course I could be wrong and many may find it interesting too. Opinion = journalism

        I am sure the lady doesnt need your help as she is quite capable of taking care of herself . She knows well that when she takes on a well known national hero who is accepted & revered as a champion of sinhala buddhism in Sri Lanka ahe can expect to receive some flack> And I am not even a Buddhist.

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          American Mama,

          You sound like a circus clown/joker. This forum really needed a Jester because most of the comments here are very serious and lacking humor. Good that now we have a comedian to entertain us. Please continue joking!

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    When I was studying German language in Germany, we had an engineer from India. He was once asked by our German teacher, what is the best export of India. He did not take any time in answering “Buddhism”. This happened 30 years ago and has always remained as one of the best answers I have ever heard in my life time. All the buddhists including the monks and especially the Bodu Bala Sena, JHU and Weerawansa should remember Buddha was an Indian and Buddhism is a foreign religion to the indigenous Sri Lankans. Sinhala race it self is a mixed race and not a pure race, and definitely mixed with Indian blood. In an environment such as this how can the Sri Lankan Sinhalese first of all claim to be defenders of a foreign religion while attacking other foreign religions and still claim to be the defenders of Sri Lankan nationalism?

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    The difference between BBS / SR and other religous groups / parties is that they resort to threats, violence and physical intervention in the affairs of ordinary citizens belonging to other religons. This a facist tendency.

    Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism. Fascism views political violence as a means to achieve national revitalisation and asserts that the “superior” races should attain predominance by subjugating the rest. This is the thinking behind nazism, talibanism and now BBSism.

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    Shame of you [Edited out]! Anagaraika Dharmapala fought with even giant India to protect Buddhism and won through legal battles!
    Protecting and fighting on behalf of one’s motherland or religion against its enemies is rare heroic quality and a true sacrifice which you bitches don’t possess such qualities but slavery others still afraid of dead dharmapala. Having a half sinhala name of you a shame to our nation. If this is Arab you will stone to death [Edited out]!

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      What is the point in fighting with India to protect Buddhism in Sri Lanka. Buddhism and Buddha are Indian by origin. Further a so called Buddhist using such language on this lady, I think I missed the teaching where Buddha allowed this type of language.

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      I just felt like paying tribute to the man who single handedly destroyed the peace and harmony that existed in Sri Lanka for thousands of years by poisoning the Sinhala society with the Aryan racist theory and dividing the Sri Lankan people. I think he and his American masters, the Nazi collaborators did more harm to the nation of Ceylonese than any of the colonizers or invaders. They introduced this Aryan identity to the Sinhalese and divide the Tamils and Sinhalese who are from the same racial stock. No king of Sri Lanka, Sinhalese or Tamil during the 2500 years history of Lanka, claimed that he was of Aryan Dynasty. But Dharmapala and his white masters invented that. Some German Nazis discovered and translated the Mahavamsa with their own ideas and used that collection of ancient religious poems created by overzealous Buddhist monks hundreds of years ago to propagate and praise the Buddhist religion.

      Dharamapala used the Mahavamsa, actors carrying the myths, fantasies, superstitions and fables from the Mahavamsa, particularly the Duttugamunu episode, gave birth to ‘superior race’, ‘sons of the soil’ and ‘dhammadipa’ theories. These myths and superstitions were put forward as historical facts and whilst propagating the militant role of Buddhism they pronounced that ‘only a Buddhist had the legitimate right to rule.’

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        Simon Silva, is it possible that Anagarika Dharmapala sold the copyright of the Swastika to Hitler?

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          The Swasthika should be placed clockwise. It is said, Hitler failed because the Swasthika was depicted anti-clockwise.

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      Dinu,

      You have a personal grudge against the writer? If so find another place to vent you frustrations. This is not the place.

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      Anagarika Dharmapala thuma was a good person even though he was the biggest racist (proclaimed Sinhalese Buddhists as pure Aryans and sole owners of Ceylon) in the history of Sri Lanka. What’s worse is he has failed to understand one of the most basic concepts of Buddhism – equality. Worse yet the rest of the world think that this is what Sinhala Buddhists think and act like.

      Maybe it was just the circumstances that led Dharmapala being this way. What is really depressing is that nearly a century later Sinhalese are still thinking and acting with the same mindset. Are Sinhalese ‘better’ than all other races? Is Buddhism ‘better’ than all other religions? Do Sinhala Buddhists ‘own’ the land of the lions? From the little I know about Buddhism, a real Buddhist cannot even proclaim “I am of X race” let alone state “X race is superior while folks of Y race half animals”. So ‘Sinhala Buddhist’ is in itself a contradiction. Anyway those are some points to ponder.

      The funny side of all this is Sinhalese who have migrated to other places droning on about how the Sinhalese are the true owners of Sri Lanka. To such people I say “Mate, you are in a foreign land. Imagine if they kicked you out simply because you belong to a minority!”

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    this article shows that no knowledge is needed for someone to write an article. This Sharmini Serasinghe knows nothing about history of this country and other revival movements in other countries. but she writes. Premasiri Kemadasa once said that Sri Lankan singers are the bravest in the world. because they can’t sing well. they don’t have a good voice. they can’t be stable on the pitch. but they still sing. because they are very brave. this Sharmini is like that. she knows nothing about the period. she can’t analyse facts. but she writes. you are so brave. carry on.

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      Appu:
      With regard to writing talent, you would best confine your activities to the room in the house to which your name best fits you: the kitchen!

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    The society in which we live is a reflection of the minds of the human beings who have created that society. If our society has become corrupt, rife with immorality, and destructive of the higher potentials of human nature, that is because the people who comprise that society have allowed themselves to drift into corrupt and immoral states of mind. The quality of a society inevitably rests on the quality of the lives led by the persons who make up that society. One single individual may not be able to change the whole society for the better. But each one of us can, at any rate, transform the world of our own mind.
    A TRUE Buddhist will grow in all aspects of the Dhamma.The Buddha’s teachings consist of virtue, concentration, and wisdom. Only with their practice will the Buddha-Dhamma flourish; when they are neglected, the Buddha-Dhamma will decline

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    Buddhism is a religion of tolerance because it preaches a life of self-restraint. Buddhism teaches a life based not on rules but on principles. Buddhism has never persecuted or maltreated those whose beliefs are different. The Teaching is such that it is not necessary for anyone to label himself as a Buddhist to practise the Noble Principles of this religion.

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    Wasn’t Anagarika a convert with an Anglican background? So was SWRD. JR was also a convert from Christianity. Of course, none of them is nearly as bad as the “born and bred” pure Buddhist Percy Rajapakse. Nevertheless, there is something uniquely dangerous about Christian to Buddhist converts.

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      PERCY & THEM WERE ‘DON HENRIKS’ 3-4 GENERATIONS AGO

      surname; lattter addition

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    Am not a fan of pretty much all human interpretations of religions. Least of all if they happen to be hate mongering bigots with shaven heads in saffron robes. Let us not forget their actions of the past stemming from deep seeded insecurity led to a 3 decade long war with unconscionable death and destruction. Let us not stand idly by while they once again sow their seeds of hate and fear! Our country IS NOT the private property of any single religion nor ethnic group. Let’s not stand on the wrong side of history again!!! Stand Up to Racist Discrimination!!! For the sake of the country itself, for the sake of those generations to come, Stand Up!, Stand Up!!, Stand Up!!!

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    Two day ago BBS has gone to a Dematagoda slaughter house and confiscated 300 animal carcasses that were killed without a license. Upto now the public don’t know what happened to those 300 carcasses which are fully edible…….could have ended up in an Army camp. Who is authorizing BBS to raid slaughter houses and inspect animals. Will it be next BBS going after chicken farms……..Who authorise permits and how much they cost. Who is bearing up the losses for the lost 300 carcasses while this could lead to a price hike of meat in future.

    What is BBS next assignment……..to go to each shop and check expiry dates of goods or go to houses and see who lives with whom…… Why don’s Govt. make them offricial excise inspectors.

    Are the BBS the new unofficial Taliban in Sri Lanka….while saving Regime and it’s family on the deal to allowing them to invade other minority communities and peoples affairs………. These are mere wasteful bunch of thugs which their parents couldn’t control, gave for adoption who are creating trouble in Sri Lanka now.

    MARA taking country to North Korea type dictatorship, while appointing 4000 military principals in govt. schools.

    These BBS are nothing but the new cult of terrorists in Sri Lanka with the blessings of Rajapakses.

    Await for new interesting news……from BBS.

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      Mahela,

      This is what happened:

      http://dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/17453

      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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        Thank you Dr.RN. Yes I read it. Funny how ill informed BBS was.
        I also herd today they had gone to a Muslim guest house in Kandy and forcibly taken down a poster that depicts Dalada Maligawa.

        First it was Buddha replicas thay were after and now it is Dalada Maligawa photos..,….next it could be photos of Sigiri frescos they will go after……any guess….How about the brothel houses in colpety and bullers road ……..and the casino clubs…..What those are upto…..

        I wonder why Muslim owners allowed BBS to take down this Poster without a court order.

        Let’s see BBS next Baila dance.

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    Sharmini,

    Your boldness to write on subjects that were taboo in public discourse, is to be admired. I am learning a lot, not only from your own writing, but also from the supportive and contrary comments being made in response. I hope more writers will come forward to take up issues in the manner you do. We need an infusion of bold thoughts and challenges to the status quo in the political, social and religious spheres. We are as a nation becoming captives of habits- bad mostly, and it is time to question everything around us. Nothing should be sacrosanct. You may be, consciously or unconsciously , seeding a national soul searching, awakening and renaissance .

    Thank you.

    Dr. Rajasingham Narendran.

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      Ok fine, today Anagarika Dharmapala is a bigot. Who is next? Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera? Shamali should stick to JHU and BBS and leave corpses of Anagarika and Gunananda etc. in peace.

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        Anagarika will be regarded as a man who had guts to fight British.What do you expect during an era, when being a Buddhist was a shame.Now everyone is calling Anagarika was a racist, bigot etc.Were British not racist? They were the inventors of racism and treated Ceylonese as dirty sh*t.They created division between Sinhala and Tamil people who lived harmoniously earlier.We accepted Dravidians as kings and Anagarika accepted Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe as our king(read his letters to the nation).He blamed the Sinhala chieftains for betraying our freedom.

        Did you expect Anagarika to behave like a saint when British were behaving so arrogantly? No doubt that his behavior would not not be accepted today, we have to see things differently when we refer to a different era.

        I met a fellow doctor from Malayalam (Kerala) who told Mahathma Gandhi was a useless idiot and a traitor.He was a catholic and hated Hindus.

        Remember make no mistake,today it is Anagarika ,tomorrow we will see Weera Kappetipola, Weera Puran Appu and Madduma Bandara getting bashed!

        Should we propose to rename ‘Dharmapala Vidyalaya’ ‘Victoria college’? Further get rid of the Anagarika statue from Viharamaha Devi park and rename it ‘Victoria park’.

        Any body can write any cr*p like this Sharmini but common sense must prevail.I wonder what is happening to Sri Lankans.Writing something (garbage)is not intellectual writing.

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          Dubdoc

          “Now everyone is calling Anagarika was a racist”

          Wasn’t he?

          “Gandhi was a useless idiot and a traitor.He was a catholic and hated Hindus.”

          The doctor is a bigot just like his fellow Hindians, the Sinhala/Buddhists.

          “Any body can write any cr*p like this Sharmini but common sense must prevail”

          Common sense and Sinhala/Buddhism don’t mix, both are mutually exclusive.

          “Weera Kappetipola, Weera Puran Appu and Madduma Bandara getting bashed!”

          Possibly, definitely Weerawansa.

          “Anagarika will be regarded as a man who had guts to fight British.”

          Many people fought against the British unlike Anagarica (the homeless one) they didn’t use domestic racism to get rid of the foreigners. Come to think of it my ancestors should have fought a bloody war against the Sinhala/Tamil kallathonies from North South India. We didn’t and we are still paying a heavy price for our past hospitality.

          Between 1818 and 1819 my people fought the last war against the British imperialism and lost it because of Sinhala/Buddhist treachery.

          Thamby/Malli Dubdoc
          Anagarica was a curse not a blessing.

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          INSTEAD, JUST RIDE THE BULLOK-CART, DONT DRIVE.

          (Silly to mix up fallen heros with big talking biggots; watever the cause, colonists, us included, nazis, communists, capitalists, religiou purists too claimed a cause, still do)

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        Navin

        Its you again

        “Ok fine, today Anagarika Dharmapala is a bigot. Who is next?”

        The Sinhala/Buddhists are always the bigots.

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        Navin:
        It is the cadavers of the Anagarikas that the BBS monsters are invoking and quite appropriately given the fact that they share the same philosophy of HATE. This is Buddhism?

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        Navin,

        How can the likes of Sharmini “leave corpses of Anagarika and…..” in peace when he is the reason we have the JHU, BBS etc?

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    BBS-Booru Balu Sena (animals) are talking about killing animals when humans are slaughtered in Sri Lanka without any mercy. The BBS in nothing but Buddhism Betraying Soldiers and is the creation of this government to suppress the minorities. It is high time that the minorities in Sri Lanka join hands together as one force. The Tamils, Muslims, Burghers and Veddhas should get together as one minority force against BBS.

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      Hay Siva, You have forgotten to fit Sharmini, the pure buddhist in to that minority force against BBS.

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      Siva

      “The Tamils, Muslims, Burghers and Veddhas should get together as one minority force against BBS.”

      I am sorry my advice to my people is don’t join hands with Sinhala/Tamil/Muslims as they have betrayed their own people others in the past and they will do it again.

      Besides, my people are the loosers by joining the self destructive Tamils and Sinhalaese, we will definitely end up in Matale pits or Mulliwaikkal.

      My people have survived the past 2500 years and we want to survive until the Kallathonies leave my ancestral land.

      Until recently neither Sinhalese nor Tamils invited my people to join them in their struggle against the state. More precisely they dismissed my people as uncivilised thieves, a phrase copied from their colonial masters.

      Why now?

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      From the article and the comments it is very clear that Anagarika Dharmapala is NOT a national hero but a dirty racist/fanatic who not only started chauvinism in Sri Lanka but also created a new ethno-religious race known as SinhalaBuddhism. Whenever our country commemorates him as a National hero, the minorities should NEVER participate. The Tamils and Muslims in Sri Lanka should reject Anagarika Dharmapala, should not accept him as a National Hero/Leader. When the SinhalaBuddhists commemorate his birth and death anniversary, the Tamils and Muslims should openly boycott it showing our disrespect to such a dirty racist.

      Thanks Sharmini Serasinghe for exposing this rouge in robes who is the creator and father of SinhalaBuddhist Racism in Sri Lanka.

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    Sharmini, I am a christian of a minority race. I read your earlier pieces with interest. But this one seems alarmingly personal. Anagarika Dhammapala was an erudite man. He lived at a particular time and place; his writings have to be judged in context. Sri Lanka has changed. Many buddhists are aware of the changes and live accordingly.
    You should not, in your passion for writing against what you think is wrong (and lets face it, there is much to be concerned about), attack a man of his stature. You live in the past-lets look out for the future.

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      essie, cant’t you see from her looks dear, she badly needs the attention from well endowed sinhalabuddhists.

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    Great article Sharmini.Dhamma does not exclude other minority communities as esposed by Anagarika.Sinhala Buddhism is a deviation from the Dhamma.It’s adoption in colonial Ceylon was to mobilise the Sinhala massess to drive away the Britisher from it’s shores.Subsequently Sinhala politicians made use of the Sinhala Buddhist majority community to bring into power a pan-sinhala government legitimising the exclusion of other communities.Sinhala Buddhist Ideology was carved out of a mythical history based on chronicles used and abused by politicians,psuedo-historians etc.

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