21 January, 2019

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Brian Senewiratne, Sexual Violence Against Tamils In Sri Lanka

By Charles Ponnuthurai Sarvan

Prof. Charles Sarvan

Prof. Charles Sarvan

I’ve never met the author (hereafter sometimes referred to as BS), a medical doctor long settled in Australia, but have heard of his reputation as a human-rights campaigner fighting against discrimination and injustice, be they based on ‘race’, religion, caste or skin-colour. Among the recognition he has received is the Canadian Genocide Educators Award (2008). On 13 January 1898 Émile Zola published an open letter to the President of France accusing him of ‘racism’ and injustice in the case of Dreyfus, a member of the small Jewish community. Zola’s ringing J’accuse! is now a common generic expression of outrage and accusation against those who use power unjustly and cruelly. Sexual Violence can be seen as a Sri Lankan “I accuse”, and is dedicated to those who “have no voice, no land, no life and no hope”. (Words within quotation marks, unless otherwise stated, are from this book.) The crime of Tamils is to have been born Tamil, writes BS, and now they are treated as the “spoils of war”. Usually, a war ends when one side surrenders but, sometimes, the aggression continues into (so-called) peace time. Genocide is of two kinds, the second being gradual and relentless, less dramatic, unnoticed by outsiders and, finally, more pernicious (BS). For the accusations he levels, Dr Senewiratne relies, among others, on international publications (including the much-respected medical journal, The Lancet) and, as a medical doctor, on his own examination of some of the victims in Australia.

brian-senewiratne-sexual-violence-against-tamils-in-sri-lankaThough the title focuses on rape, this most despicable of crimes is placed within a wider context of violence and injustice. The picture Dr Senewiratne presents is of an entire civilian population helpless against those who have power and enjoy full immunity. Land is forcibly grabbed to build security camps, holiday resorts and farms. Those being settled in the North and East are the very people who have perpetrated crimes: their contempt and brutality continue. Street names are changed from Tamil to Sinhala. The education of Tamil children is “being conducted by Sinhalese (almost all of them former military people) who have no expertise in teaching and even less knowledge of Tamil or Tamil culture” (BS). The military and the police control all aspects of life in the North and East: they have to be informed even if a funeral or a wedding is being organised (BS). Sexual harassment has led to girls dropping out of school, particularly in rural areas: the harassment includes lewd comments and soldiers exposing themselves. By way of contrast, the author cites a report by Sarvodaya written when the LTTE controlled territory: women in these areas felt safe to walk by themselves even late in the night. By all accounts, when it came to sexual mores, the LTTE were puritans.

Given the crude and unrestrained nature of the armed forces and the police; given the utter helplessness of the civilian population for whom they have the utmost contempt; given that they are not called to account, Dr Brian Senewiratne charges that rape in the North and East has “epidemic proportions”. Rape occurs in the large number of army and navy “camps that have opened all over the North and East”; in police stations, in camps for internally-displaced persons, in interrogation centres and in Tamil homes many of which are bereft of men. Through fear of further sexual torture; an awareness that justice will not be done; through a sense of shame, most victims remain silent. I will spare readers the details of sexual torture and abject humiliation inflicted: they must read Sexual Violence for themselves. Some of the material is there in the Human Rights Watch publication, ‘We Will Teach You a Lesson: Sexual Violence against Tamils by Sri Lankan Security Forces’, 2013: see Sarvan, ‘Colombo Telegraph’, 3 April 2015. See also, A Still Unfinished War: Sri Lanka’s Survivors of Torture and Sexual Violence, 2009 – 2015, International Truth & Justice Project, reviewed by me in ‘Colombo Telegraph’, 11 August 2015. If by “beasts” we mean animals, then to describe such behaviour as “bestial” would be an injustice to animals. (A student of mine once pointed out that the word “inhumane” needs examination since it implies that human beings are by nature humane.)

The trauma resulting from deliberate sexual humiliation, torture and rape of this nature is life-long. Most victims are permanently injured, crippled, both mentally and emotionally, if not also physically. “There is not the slightest doubt that there is an increase in psychiatric problems … of men and women being unable to cope with the escalating violation of their human rights”, and despairing of the future. “Disturbingly, there are reports that the military has refused to allow psychiatric counselling” adds Dr Senewiratne. Prem Nivasa (House of Love), in Moratuwa, a suburb of Colombo, was an orphanage for destitute and unwed pregnant women run by Sister Mary Elizer, an Indian nun belonging to the Missionaries of Charity founded by Mother Theresa. “On 26 November 2011, acting on one single anonymous telephone call”, Sister Mary was arrested and charged with child trafficking. If those who run places of succour in the Sinhalese south face such problems, “it is an even more difficult and dangerous operation in the Tamil North and East under the heel of the Sinhalese military” (BS).

The author quotes the response of Rajiva Wijesinha when asked by a foreign journalist about the rape of detainees: “We received a report that a soldier went into a tent at 11pm and came out at 3am. It could have been sex for pleasure, it could have been sex for favours, or it could have been a discussion on Ancient Greek philosophy, we don’t know.” Without contempt there can be no callous cruelty of this nature. The contempt here is aimed at the soldier and, far more, at the helpless, hapless, victim. In turn, contempt towards another implies a sense of one’s own superiority, and here the speaker indirectly points to his having read Greek philosophy (though, evidently, it has had no practical, positive, impact on him). This may cause disappointment but not surprise because one can study and teach lofty literary texts; be suave in manner but crude and cruel in nature, lacking the imagination which leads to empathy. No doubt, such an example calls into question the value of the Humanities. Dickens and Kipling did not escape the infections of their times, nor did Eliot remain uncontaminated by anti-Semitism. The “lofty” philosopher, Martin Heidegger, was an unrepentant Nazi. As a child, Anita Lasker-Wallfisch was sent to a Nazi extermination camp but was spared when it was discovered that she was a cellist: the commander of the women’s camp, Maria Mandl, a brutal woman known as ‘the Beast’, loved classical music. The notorious Dr Josef Mengele, ‘the Angel of Death’, conducted medical experiments on human beings at Auschwitz, experiments which included attempts to change eye-colour by injecting chemicals into the eyes of living subjects. The learned doctor was particularly interested in carrying out scientific experiments on children, identical twins, some of whom called him “Uncle” because he was kind to them – initially. After a macabre day’s work of scientific inquiry and investigation, suave, cultured and cultivated Mengele would demand that classical music be played for him by little Anita. Evidently not seeing any irony, one of his favourite pieces of music was Träumerei” (Dreaming), a hauntingly beautiful piece from Schumann’s suite, ‘Scenes from Childhood’! (New Statesman, 30 October – 5 November 2015, pages 29 – 30). But this is not the place to discuss the value and effectiveness of the Humanities, including Literature and the high Arts.

Many expatriate Tamils visiting the Island enjoy themselves like other tourists: beaches and scenic sights; hotels and restaurants, socialising and shopping. When those who did visit the North and East are asked about the plight of the people, they reply that “the roads are excellent and there is prosperity everywhere”, and that the people “seemed happy enough” (Senewiratne). Somewhat similarly, the percentage of the hundreds of thousands of diaspora Tamils worldwide who remember and care is very small, though the Tamil diaspora generally is accused of lying and creating trouble. Most diaspora Tamils are either struggling to survive (in material, if not also in mental and emotional, terms) or are preoccupied with enjoying new-found freedoms and opportunity: they have, to use that glib phrase, “moved on”.

Unless there is a fundamental change in attitude and conduct, Dr Brian Senewiratne states that the Tamils “will be reduced to non-people who merely exist”: see the report (19 October 2016) of the Swiss-based ‘Society for Threatened Peoples’ appended below. As I used to suggest to students, there are three qualitative levels of protest. The first is where someone protests because she or her group is victimised. This is natural, understandable and to be expected. The second, higher, level is where we show concern for a group with whom we have no personal connection and, what is more, nothing to gain. This is disinterested (not to be confused with “uninterested”) help. The third and highest level of protest is when there is a situation of oppression and exploitation by the group to which we belong. Being part of the group, we stand to profit and yet we protest. One thinks of those who opposed apartheid in South Africa though, being white, they stood to gain in status, power and privilege. There are Israelis today who work against the treatment meted out to the Palestinians. Similarly, Sri Lanka has produced Sinhalese individuals who oppose the treatment of Tamils because they are motivated by high principle and broad compassion: treat all others as you yourself would like to be treated. These Sinhalese see Tamils as fully equal fellow citizens and human beings. They criticise because they care; they criticise because they love their country, and want it to change for the better. But such Sinhalese face incomprehension (“anti-Sinhalese”), even hatred, and are branded as traitors. I quote words from Neville Jayaweera’s tribute to Adrian Wijemanne: “He was ostracised by his former colleagues and even close relations frowned on him… I believe that what motivated Wijemanne was a total dedication to justice and righteousness as he saw it”. He espoused the Tamil cause “because he believed that it was the right thing to do, whatever the cost, and expediency and opportunism never stained his motives. He simply loathed injustice and oppression per se, by whomever perpetrated, not only in Sri Lanka, but wherever it manifested itself in the world, and he spoke up unequivocally on the side of the Bosnians, the Palestinians and the Checknyans… Wijemanne held very strong views on the subject of terror and terrorism. While condemning terror, he also refused to draw a distinction between state terror and non-state terror. Terror is terror by whomsoever inflicted, and he held that state terror was in fact more reprehensible because it cloaked evil in the vestments of legality and legitimacy… more often than not, it is the state that casts the first stone and that non-state terror is invariably a last-resort response by an underclass to sustained and systematic provocation by the state.”

Dr Brian Senewiratne is also a Sinhalese: indeed, I am led to believe that he is related to some prominent individuals in Sri Lanka. Though there is “widespread apathy rather than a sense of outrage among civilians, at all levels, in Sri Lanka” (BS), it is still hoped that rather than the easy, knee-jerk, reaction of denial and personal abuse, Senewiratne’s “accusations” will be examined honestly and thoroughly. The apathetic and the uninterested – be they Sinhalese or Tamil – make themselves complicit in crime and “sin”.

Addendum

The Society for Threatened Peoples Switzerland (STP) published today together with their Sri Lankan partners National Fisheries Solidarity Movement (NAFSO) their report “Under the Military´s Shadow – Local Communities and Militarization on the Jaffna Peninsula”. The report indicates that the military on the Jaffna Peninsula in the North of Sri Lanka is systematically violating the human rights even seven years after the end of the war. The military grabbed land unlawfully and denied the access to sea and land for local farmers and fishers. Several Thousands still live in “Internally Displaced People” (IDP) camps where the standard of living is not adequate for families. The STP recommends that the “Government of Sri Lanka” (GoSL) returns the occupied land to their traditional owners.

STP and NAFSO reviewed the impact of the militarization on the local population on the Jaffna Peninsula. The region remains highly-militarized. The military presence has not reduced since the end of the war. The military surveils, intimidates and harasses the local population, activists and NGO staff. Over 25 years ago, the military occupied large areas of land. Consequently, the former inhabitants lost their access to land and sea. The Ocean Grabbing of the military has destroyed the livelihood of the former inhabitants. Furthermore, the commercial activities of the military, like tourism and agriculture, deprive local communities of an important income source.

Situation in IDP Camps and the resettlement process

Even though the war ended seven years ago, tens of thousands of people are still internally displaced on the Jaffna Peninsula. Several thousand of them continue to live in IDP Camps, where the precarious living conditions are not adequate for families, particularly women-headed families. Currently the GoSL is releasing some areas of occupied land. Some parts will, however, remain occupied. The government is resettling IDPs on the released land. Some of the IDPs were resettled on their traditional land where fishing and farming is possible. The other resettlement areas, where people were resettled without their consent, are mostly unsuitable for agriculture and fishing. Therefore, they cannot develop their traditional livelihood.

Demilitarize the Jaffna Peninsula

The STP and NAFSO urge the GoSL to reduce the military presence, to cease the surveillance of local population and order the military to end all of their commercial activities. Furthermore, the government is urged to release all occupied areas to their traditional owners and consult the IDPs on the resettlement process. The STP and NAFSO also recommend that the government support resettling IDPs to develop their traditional livelihood and provide them with sufficient basic facilities such as drinking water, electricity and sanitary facilities and ensure access to schools and health facilities. For women-headed households in particular, an adequate standard of living free from hunger and malnutrition needs to be ensured by the government.

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  • 7
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    A useful contribution by Prof. Charles Sarvan for students of the Sri Lankan conflict – living both within and outside the country. Despite the many homilies by the armed forces occupying the Tamil dominated North-East a decade after the War as well as governments of different political persuasions denying excesses, local Tamils in the region continue to suffer. Their agricultural lands and houses remain denied.
    It was recently reported an area that was home and farms for over tens of thousands Tamils has been converted into a Cricket-Football ground for the soldiers. Almost the entire fishing community, once a thriving and enterprising part of the populace, is denied their traditional livelihood – with their share of fishing hijacked by State-aided intruders from the Sinhala South. To learn some of these fishermen from the South share the rich spoils with armed forces personnel as quid pro quo is troubling. Women, more those who have lost their husbands in the war, are physically molested and taken advantage of. It is unlikely the Govt follow the recommendation of the recent visit of the UN Rapporteur for an independent Inquiry?

    At least two gentlemen of learning – Dr. Seneviratne and Prof. Sarvan
    have raised their voices loud and clear in the quest for justice and all that is humane. Encouragingly – there have been many more – from both sides of the ethnic divide.

    Kettikaran

    • 9
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      If anyone with brains have committed such crimes should be subjected to investigations regardless of the status. Be them SOLDIers or police men, should be convicted and put them in jails as other high criminals.

      Just because they fought a war, these criminal soldiers and other men should not seek impunity in today s context.

      They have to be able to differentiate this let alone today.

      The issue in and of itself is no means forgivable. We are talking about buddhism that much, but promoting and let promote violenism on and on.

  • 6
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    Prof. Charles Sarvan

    RE:Brian Senewiratne, Sexual Violence Against Tamils In Sri Lanka

    “I’ve never met the author (hereafter sometimes referred to as BS), a medical doctor long settled in Australia, but have heard of his reputation as a human-rights campaigner fighting against discrimination and injustice, be they based on ‘race’, religion, caste or skin-colour. Among the recognition he has received is the Canadian Genocide Educators Award (2008)”

    “Given the crude and unrestrained nature of the armed forces and the police; given the utter helplessness of the civilian population for whom they have the utmost contempt; given that they are not called to account, Dr Brian Senewiratne charges that rape in the North and East has “epidemic proportions”. Rape occurs in the large number of army and navy “camps that have opened all over the North and East”; in police stations, in camps for internally-displaced persons, in interrogation centres and in Tamil homes many of which are bereft of men.”

    This is Sinhala “Buddhism”. Even the monks rape little boys.

    Naturally, given the sexual violence , discrimination and atrocities of the Sinhala “Buddhists” against the Tamils,whether Hindu or Christian, upper caste or low caste, Dr. Brian Seneviratna’s attention was caught. It must have been an additional shame for him, because he is supposed to be Sinhala, Para-Sinhala.

    The real problem is the lack of law and order and the application of justice. Last week, President Sirisena, aka Gob Sirisena Gamarala, lashed out the independent commission for dragging thew “Sacred” Cows before the law. This puts on a nutshell, the Para-Sinhala “Buddhism” that is a far cry from the original pristine Buddhism as taught by Buddha.

    Child Abuse by a Monk in Habaraduwa

    Uploaded on May 29, 2010
    She sent her grandson to school with the idea of providing him with proper education to make him a good person. The Buddhist monk in charge of the temple asked her to send the child to the temple and she sent him there because they were poor. There was no possibility for them to pay the money for tuition fees. That was the reason why they sent the boy to the temple school.When the child began to refuse going to the temple school so adamantly, grandmother had to look for the reason. It was then only that she discovered that the child who was sent to learn good behavior, ethics and Buddha’s Dharma from the monk had in fact been abused by the monk.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNSC93mPs4I

  • 4
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    Prof. Charles Sarvan

    RE: Brian Senewiratne, Sexual Violence Against Tamils In Sri Lanka

    “Unless there is a fundamental change in attitude and conduct, Dr Brian Senewiratne states that the Tamils “will be reduced to non-people who merely exist”: see the report (19 October 2016) of the Swiss-based ‘Society for Threatened Peoples’ appended below. “

    Look at the Symbol in the Indian Flag, Asoka’s Wheel for Law and Justice. Asoka was inspired by Buddha.

    Now look at the Symbol in the Sri Lanka Flag. A lion holding a sword ready to kill, a symbol of Sinhala “Buddhism”.

    So,it is the symbol of the Para-Sinhala “Buddhists” to kill Tamils and others.

    The 2,500 year old Sinhala “Buddhist” Civilization. Was it inspired by Buddha?

    • 2
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      Amarasiri
      What is your views discrimination of srilankan muslim women?
      Are you aware about underage muslim wome sent to middle east as maids?
      Is it reasonable to call them as Para Muslims?

  • 5
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    /*

    I’ve never met the author (hereafter sometimes referred to as BS),

    */

    Gee!, I don’t know whether to laugh or cry – but you found the perfect initials. Well done.

    • 0
      1

      [Edited out]

    • 4
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      Your initials DS

  • 8
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    The sovereignty of SL has been in the hands of the Singhalese Buddhist majority since 1948. So what can the Muslim, Christian, Hindu and other hapless minorities do ? They are hapless and have to continue to suffer or perish or leave the country if possible or assimilate with the majority and still accept the 2nd or 3rd class status imposed by the colonial Majority.

  • 3
    13

    Seriouse, its 2016, Give up your tamil tribial mentalty, Sri lanka is a secular nations created for all tribes. Nothing can change that, the west will not allow your tiny tribe have a own state on this island.

  • 8
    10

    Sexual harassments in Jaffna by Tamil managers and business owners.

    Last three months I worked as an accountant for one of the oldest businesses in Jaffna. This business never provides appointment letter for its employees. It employs people on verbal agreement, but pays salary only 25-60% of the verbal agreement. Currently around 40 employees work for this particular owner, but nobody got an appointment letter. According to verbal agreement the owner owes me more than Rs 70000, but he lied to the police that he hired me on Rs 20,000 monthly salary. It makes millions but but it only shows few lakhs as profit. This year it paid only Rs 65000 tax. This is not enough to pay one month salary of the Jaffna university senior lecturer. If the companies don’t pay reasonable tax the government can’t develop the country, and the government needs money to cover its basic expenditures. Therefore, it has to increase the VAT which will affect the majority poor citizens. Employees don’t get paid regularly, some don’t get paid for months. On top of that female staff abused by the manager, including sexual harassment. But the owner turned a blind eye, because the manager hides the real profit to pay less salary to employees and less tax to the government. I have full record of actual profit for this year so far. I will forward this details to the Finance Ministry and Inland Revenue Office. I will forward a copy to you.

    I have exposed this on social media. Therefore, the owner has gone to police, he is the biggest liar I have ever come across in my life. I am exposing his lies. I am well aware he would falsely accuse me. He made all kinds of accusations in five pages, including threatened for money. The police said that I can’t publish anything about the owner on social media. This is money talking, not justice. The owner wrote five pages of lies, but police took his side, because of money. This country has no chance to become like Singapore. Is this good governance? We can’t straighten a dog’s tail, no matter it is govern by SLFP, UNP or by both. This week I felt so sad for the country, because the owner who didn’t pass O/L, and the police officer also seem to have similar qualification were telling me what is right and wrong. They didn’t acknowledge my knowledge, but deception and lies prevailed as usual. An uneducated thug who supported Tamil armed groups and destroyed the country for three decades got police support to continue his ill business dealings. Welcome to the good governance under President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe.

    • 4
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      Antany
      Social fabric of srilankan tamils has been ripped apart by conflict and stupidity. Their neighbours can be proud that they and tamils are equal now!

  • 3
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    Former Mayor of Batticaloa Sivageetha Prabakaran and eight others, including her husband were arrested, by a special Police team yesterday, for running a brothel in Batticaloa.

    The Police raided the house of Sivageetha and arrested her along with her husband Prabakaran, two women and five men. All nine are expected to be produced before Batticaloa Magistrate M. Ganesharaja today, sources said.

    Informed sources said the brothel was in operation at the house of former Mayor Sivageetha Prabakaran, which is located on the Batticaloa-Trincomalee Main Road. Under the guise of renting out rooms, the former Mayor was operating the brothel in connivance with several others, sources said. Sivageetha was the General Secretary of the Tamil People’s Viduthalai Pulikal Party, led by former Northern Chief Minister of the Eastern Province, Sivanesathurai Chandrakanthan alias Pillaiyan, who is currently in remand over the assassination of former Tamil National Alliance Batticaloa District Parliamentarian Joseph Pararajasingam.

    Sivageetha Prabakaran served as the Mayor of Batticaloa from 2008 to 2013. She is the daughter of Rasan Sathyamoorthy who had contested the General Election from Batticaloa in 2004.

  • 7
    4

    Sad and disturbing, and all decent Sri Lankans will wince in shame. If I was a member of the government, or a member of the armed forces, I should hang my head in shame.

    As for sycophantic Rajiva Wijesingha, suffice to say that his crass, vile and vituperative comments have been his calling card for years. His reputation as a shit, and a disgrace to his tribe goea before him.

  • 5
    3

    Why Rajiva WijeySINGHA, pal or guru of Tamara & DJ is very quiet now a days ? Is he busy with his meditation ?

  • 4
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    The short name BS suits very well. BS is well known anti-sinhala buddhist.

    Here, there no statistics, none at all, quoted on sexual violence. Instead, one case is quoted and it looks very much like consual sex.

    I have read more Sexual violence from Tamils themselves.

    That includes brutal killing of a Tamil woman who visited a navy camp in maanr and recivering her body from a navy camp with bite makrs and mutilated body. That is by LTTE who were watching it.

    There was another case, in which a Yapapatuna university Professor, a single man, who also was supportive of LTTE was regularly raping his low caste servant who was working in his house. Even LTTE did not kill him.

    A third case is some catholic priests transported married Tamil women whose husbands were visitng overseas. The Church servent, who became suspicious of the long disappearance of the priests and women inside a room, had watched from the roof how priests were having sex with the women who got life from them to go some where.

    then comes the numerous cases of LTTE raping girls and brin washing saying Army did that. That is how they produced suicide bombers.

    there are more cases available how Northeen LTTE tamils raped and mutilated Eastern Tamil women when Karuna left LTTE.

  • 1
    1

    Rajiva Wijesinhe apparently has read Greek Philosophy; Or he brags about it.But to tie-up Greek Philosophy with the rape of a Tamil Woman by a Sinhala Soldier is a reflection on the man!

  • 3
    2

    How about the custom of raping of hapless low caste women common among Tamil speaking tribes ? Why it is not mentioned ?

    The following is in Tamilnadu;

    If the ‘rape’ of four hapless women of the Irula tribe by the cops in November last was shocking, the government taking a U-turn last week by maintaining that no such offence could be made out has baffled one and all.
    The irony is that it took such a stance before the High Court after the suspension of five police personnel of Tirukovilur in Villupuram district, suspects in this crime.

    Further, the Government had extended Rs 5 lakh as compensation to each of the victim. While the state preferred to be in denial mode about the rape, it has admitted that the suspended cops were at fault for taking the women and children into custody at night when it was not warranted.

    It was after a hue and cry by the civil society that a case was registered on the complaint of the victims, including a pregnant lady and a minor girl, all of a family. According to the complaint, a police team in search of the accused in a theft case, took them to a nearby grove and committed the offence. Strangely, the medical examination of the victims was conducted almost after a week after the incident had occurred, while the DGP maintained in his affidavit that there was no evidence to prove forced sexual intercourse.

  • 2
    5

    Tamils are rapists even in the south

    Ravindran Surendran, aka Bole, accused of sexual abusing a six-year-old and throwing her into the Kirulapone canal to drown, was sentenced to death by the Colombo High Court this morning.

    Colombo High Court Judge Kusala Sarojini Weerawardena said prosecutors had proven beyond reasonable doubt the accused complicity in the crime.

    Two other suspects arrested at the time were acquitted of charges.

    Six-year old Krishnamoorthy Dushyanthani who lived in the low-income area behind the Kirulapone Police was sexually abused by her distant relative – 18-year-old Ravindran Surendran – at his house on Siddhartha Lane in Kirulapone for some time, before, afraid that she would tell on him, he killed her by throwing her into the Kirulapone canal where she drowned.

    Reports at the time said the 18-year-old suspect had joined with the crowd looking for the six-year when she was deemed ‘missing’.

  • 2
    2

    These soldiers then are not only trigger-happy but seem to be also penis-happy!
    Saravan: I am glad that you have called out Rajiva Wijesinghe, a sanctimonious humbug!

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