18 September, 2019

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‘Buddhists Becoming Minority’: Buddhist Excuses For The Genocidal Activities

By Habib Siddiqui –

Habib Siddiqui

Recently, after the publication of the Time Magazine’s cover page article on Wirathu, the Buddhist terrorist monk of Myanmar, I came across an article in which the Buddhist writer stated that the magazine got it all wrong about Wirathu and that the pogroms against Muslims, which was disingenuously called ‘Buddhist nationalism’, are a ‘last resort’ to preserve Buddhist ‘heritage, religion and country to ensure history is not repeated.’ He says the violence against Muslims in Buddhist majority countries must be understood under the context that Buddhists are now a minority in some of the former Buddhist-majority countries.

Such apologetic writings and views are widely shared today by many Theravada Buddhists of Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Unfortunately, they belie history and twist facts and provide the kind of criminal justification for ongoing violence against a targeted minority. For example, consider Sri Lanka, which is currently a Buddhist majority country. But was it always that way? Surely, not! After all, Buddhism came around 247 BCE while the history of Sri Lanka is much older, believed to be at least 30,000 years old. The forefathers of today’s Sinhalese people were not the aborigines of Sri Lanka. They came from Bengal (today’s Bangladesh and West Bengal state of India) and Orissa (of today’s India). Popular Sinhalese legends claim that Vijaya (543 – 505 BCE), the exiled Bengali prince, supposedly born of a mythical union between a lion and a human princess, became the father of the Sinhalese people, after being seduced by Kuveni, a demon (Yakkhas) queen. The two then exterminated the demons and drove others away from the island. Subsequently Kuveni was betrayed by Vijaya. When she returned with her two children to her people they later killed her for her betrayal.

Even if one were to overlook the fallaciousness of such make-belief stories, the fact remains that in the 6th century BCE Sri Lanka was inhabited by other people, e.g., the Veddas (who has close physical resemblance with people of South India), with different set of beliefs than Buddhism. [It is all possible that those mythic demons of the Hindu/Buddhist folklores were actually human beings who were despised and dehumanized.] The same is the case for every country in which Buddhism later spread by supplanting older beliefs and customs. Vijaya and his 700 followers were colonists and not the first settlers of Sri Lanka. The Tamil speaking people of Sri Lanka, who are mostly Hindus, trace their roots to at least the second century BCE. Sinhalese Tamils claim that they are the original inhabitants of the island. Before European annexation, parts of the island were ruled by Sinhalese Buddhists and Tamil Hindus. In the early 15th century, the island even came under Chinese rule when it was conquered by Muslim Admiral Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty. [Zheng He is also credited with discovering the Americas before Christopher Columbus.]

Even in India, before the Aryan invasion (ca. 1800 BCE) the original people, the Dravidians with darker complexion, had sets of beliefs that were different than caste-ridden Hinduism. This invasion led to migration of many of the surviving Dravidians to South India. Vedism as the religious tradition of Hinduism under the priestly elites was marginalized by other traditions such as Jainism and Buddhism in the later Iron Age. The same is the case with Burma and parts of Thailand where dark complexioned Indian-looking people lived before the Tibeto-Mongoloid peoples moved in from outside. Their religious traditions were later marginalized by Buddhism. In the former Kushan territories of today’s northern Afghanistan, Peshawar of Pakistan and Kashmir, Zoroastrianism and belief in a pantheon of gods were popular amongst the people before Buddhism made an inroad. [Some Indians claim that the Kushan invasion in the first century CE in the northwest led to the migration of Indians toward Southeast Asia.]

People have been on the move since the first man walked on earth. There is a plethora of reasons why they moved. Sometimes they migrated voluntarily, e.g., to better their lots and at other times they migrated involuntarily, e.g., because of war and politics. As they settled in newer territories, they absorbed newly encountered systems/ideas and/or implanted their own ones depending on the strength and acceptability of those ideas. However, not every culture has adopted a settled lifestyle. There are still small groups that maintain a nomadic existence, moving from territories to territories selling goods and services or grazing cattle and staying wherever they are not unwelcome. They pass along their traditions to succeeding generations, rarely integrating into mainstream society. They speak their own archaic languages, teaching their children themselves. Though often persecuted, many of these groups are protected by laws with the intent of preserving their rare heritage.

In this continuous flux of human activities, it is, thus, not difficult to understand how new traditions, cultures, beliefs and ideas have replaced the old ones, and how sometimes the old ones have also successfully resurrected itself from oblivion or extinction. There were also cases of much synthesis between cultures and traditions. In the context of Muslim-ruled India, historian William Dalrymple says, “This cultural synthesis took many forms. In Urdu and Hindi were born languages of great beauty that to different extents mixed Persian and Arabic words with the Sanskrit-derived vernaculars of north India. Similarly, just as the cuisine of north India combined the vegetarian dal and rice of India with the kebab and roti of central Asia, so in music the long-necked Persian lute was combined with the Indian vina to form the sitar, now the Indian instrument most widely known in the west. In architecture there was a similar process of hybridity as the great monuments of the Mughals reconciled the styles of the Hindus with those of Islam, to produce a fusion more beautiful than either.” [Guardian, March 19, 2004]

It is simply inane to suggest that Buddhism has been integral to places where it has become marginalized today. It is the people who make the difference as to what they choose to believe or reject. As history has repeatedly shown forced conversion does not work in long term. Whenever the fear factor is gone, people opt out to choose what suits them. And that has been the history of mankind since the beginning of history. Rulers could not make permanent believers of the subjects if the latter did not like what was forced upon them.

In contrast to popular myths propagated by anti-Muslim zealots, Islam was not spread by sword. Had it been by sword, Islam would have been a majority religion in India, and Hinduism and other smaller faiths would have vanished. After all, Islam first came to India at the dawn of the 8th century CE with the conquest of Sindh by Muhammad bin Qasim and Muslim power have ruled its vast territories for nearly a millennium. Not a single Muslim military expedition took place in south-east Asia. And yet, there are countries in south-east Asia where Muslims are a majority.

The history of the geographical region commonly known as the South Asia and South-east Asia has no one beginning, no one chronology, no single plot or narrative. This gargantuan fact is recognized by all great historians – Professors David Ludden, Abdul Karim, Richard Eaton, Romila Thapar, R.S. Sharma and many others – who spent their lifetimes to study the region. To these unbiased and genuine historians of the ancient world, the region did not have a singular history, but many histories, with indefinite, contested origins and with countless separate trajectories that multiply the more we learn about the region.

What is promoted by ultra-racist and bigot monks like Wirathu of Myanmar, and ultra-nationalist and chauvinist revisionist politicians and their fanatical followers, and pseudo-historians as the single tree of their culture, rooted in their racial and religious myths, is actually more like a vast forest of many cultures filled with countless trees of various sizes, shades, ages, colors and types, constantly cross-breeding to fertilize one another. The profusion of cultures blurs the boundaries of the forest. According to Professor Ludden, ‘the so-called cultural boundaries of our time are more like an artifact of modern national cultures than an accurate reflection of pre-modern conditions.’

Obviously, such an understanding and analysis of history is unpopular and loathsome with communal, racist, xenophobic regimes and their propagandists and vanguards. The latter bigots would rather have it their way in which the minority ethnic and religious communities or the have-nots in power simply did neither exist nor mattered. To them, the affected persecuted people like the Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar just appeared in the recent scene through mere accident of history like those possible through a magic lantern! That is the level of their disgusting chauvinism, which is often reflected through the claims and counter-claims of pen-pushing polemicists as was once again evident in the writing of the admirer of terrorist monk Wirathu.

Nearly a decade ago, Professor Neeladri Bhattacharya of Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, commented about Hindu extremist BJP’s attempt to rewriting history textbooks: “When history is mobilized for specific political projects and sectarian conflicts; when political and community sentiments of the present begin to define how the past has to be represented; when history is fabricated to constitute a communal sensibility, and a politics of hatred and violence, then we [historians] need to sit up and protest. If we do not, then the long night of Gujarat will never end. Its history will reappear again and again, not just as nightmare but as relived experience, re-enacted in endless cycles of retribution and revenge, in gory spectacles of blood and death.”

What is happening in Myanmar with Muslim minorities there is worse than what happened in Gujarat. It would be the greatest tragedy and worst crime of our time to find Buddhist excuses for the genocidal activities there. To remain silent is simply is shameful and inexcusable!

*This article first appeared on 07th July in the Eurasiareview under the title; When History Is Twisted, Humanity Loses

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Latest comments

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    A scholarly article taking an enlightened point of view of history and human development.

    Will the ignorant ethnic/religious bigots listen?

    They never will, unless a thunderbolt hits their heads.

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      Enough is enough 13A is completely gone. no more separatism after that.

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        Kalinga

        “Enough is enough 13A is completely gone. no more separatism after that.”

        Kalinga Maha, are you still in my ancestral land?

        India forced 13A onto Sri Lanka in order to stop separatism.

        What is the matter with you stupid people? Are you rewriting history just as Mahanama did 1,400 years ago?

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          Hey Vedda,
          As far as I know, no Vedda ancestor has left any rock inscription, painting, or monument for us to learn of their historical past. If not for monk Mahanama, no Vedda would know about their Kuweni. Only Mahawamsa has given some clues about Vedda past. If not for Mahawamsa, no Vedda could claim they are adiwasis or aboriginals of Sri Lanka. Veddda would have been another Gipsi. As for Australian aboriginals, they have proof for their ingenuity and inventions like boomerang. But for our Vedda, they have none. This Vedda talk nonsense and try to be a pora. Just ignore the idiot.

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            I am No Muslim,

            Even without the Monk Mahanam Myths, the evidence for Veddah as the original natives is in their bodies, DNA.

            They are related to Indian Tribals.

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genographic_Project

            Those who came from Kalinga and the other Myths, and the absurdities of Mahawansa such as Vijaya’s grandfather was lion are just Myths.

            The Myth even got into the Sri Lanka Flag.

            Buddhism came later. Monk Mahanama introduced them in 6th centurt CE.

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            NOT HEARD ABOUT THE PRE ARYAN BURIAL URNS OF THE NORTH-WEST COAST

            BURIAL AS OPPOSED TO CREMATION IS A NATVE TRADITION, DEVIL DANCING ANOTHER RELIC OF THE PAST.

            NAAGADIPA, SITA ELIYA, YAKGALA…

            THAT GYPSY GIVES THE ISLAND THE 30000 YEAR HERRITAGE
            WHAT WE HAVE? ICE AGE IN RUSSIA

            SO WE HAD STUPAS, MORE THAN THE VADHA,
            SUDHA TRAINS & PLANES, SO MORE THAN US ??!!.

            ISLAM & MOHOMAD IS UNIQUE; THAT FOUNDER ENGAGED IN WAR & EXPANSION
            Other founders no, exploited by greedy/guilty emperors.
            So, Mohomad part founder of faith, part emperor like Gengis, Alexande, Ceasar…

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          Native Vedda, are you a joker? Your ancestors did nothing but gaze at their navels as the marauders from the north took over the ‘garden of Eden’ and now all you can do is clog up discussion channels with your signature plea ‘are you still in my ancestral lands’…..Bullocks! you ‘native veddas’ are not dissimilar to your tamil cousins; you abdicated your rights by running away/turning a blind eye to the challenges that stared you in the face at those critical times . Enjoy the last days of tranquility in Bintenna.

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    Habib, Great Article, but dont expect to get this Dumb Budhist ever understand as they are [Edited out]. so writing and making them understand is like you try to break the back stone with your your bare hands. Just forget, as they are fools. Lord Buddah is satanic as I know, when someone says that there is no creator, so its a way to the hell. God has created the world, then he created the human, then he created animals, so he thought there should be someone eating the leftovers, so he created PIGS, then he still though, there should be someone eating these pigs, so he created Atheist, so called Budhist and Sinhales.. :)

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      You really should pay more attention in those ESL classes, Rod.

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      Stephan Hawkings too should be a SaTAN for saying that there is no need of a Creator.

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      Ramadan started with a killing.

      What a great religion!

      No wonder the whole world comes to know about them.

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    Well written and analyzed. Unfortunately the ignorant and uneducated are unable to fathom this out, and cannot do the mathematics of it. Evil elements like the BBS take advantage of such minds to convince them that 8-9 percent Muslims are going to take over a nation with nearly 70 percent Buddhists.
    Amazing what a few dollars or shekels thrown at our people can achieve.

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      Yes, enough is enough 13A is completely gone. no more separatism after that. all these arguments to establish Elam

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    ‘to remain silent is shameful and inexcusable’. Absolutely. No doubt about that. However referring to centuries past serves very little purpose. The fact remains that both Myanmar and Sri Lanka are more than 80% Buddhist
    NOW! It is more important to emphasise the non-violent nature of the Buddha’s teaching and show the buddhist majority that there’s nothing to fear.

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      70% not 80%

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    Buddhist are minority in when it comes to world religions. Their priests or monks are supposed to live a life of self deprivation, avoiding many basic necessities in life, like money, sex, eating meat, growing hair on their heads, wearing slippers, having a wife, children and family. They depend on charity and carry the begging bowl to collect their meals. Not so present day monks. Can anyone explain why this radical change? Is this sign of things to com?

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      Concerned,

      It is called Monk Hegemony, The control the rulers and the kings, and therefore the people.

      The same story with the Christian priests. They ended being popes , bishops, and cardinals, and control the people. Started the inquisition that killed hundreds of thousands.

      Same story here.

      Monks are very comfortable, well fed and much heavier than the average population.

      Monk Hegemony. They want to preserve it.

      DeJa Vu….

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    Habib Siddiqui:

    So, Sinhala people are indian migrants because of that it gives you the right to build mosques every where, get married to sinhala women and convert the whole country ?

    Why don’t we ask Africans to claim the whole earth and spread their religions as africans were the first human beings ?

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      Being an apey you can contribute a lot to Darwin’s theory but his doesn’t approve of the Australopithecus theory of the Africanus.

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    Habib Siddiqui says; Islam was not spread by sword. To understand the fallacy of this sentence we need to understand the teachings, doings and the temperament of PBUH Mohammed, Islam founder and the way Muslim rulers ruled their subjugated people.

    Muslims believe Quran is the word of the Creator God. And the Quran says Abraham is the first prophet of that god. Amazingly, both Jews and Christians scriptures that introduced Abraham first continue to deny Muhammad is a prophet and Quran is the word of their God. And this led to the ever lasting rift between the children of One God.

    Muhammad very clearly said Jews and Christians are inferior people. He also said if they wanted to follow their religions they’ll have to pay a poll tax to Muslims called the jizya as a reminder of their inferior status. Ishaq 956 & 962 says,”He who withholds the Jizya is an enemy of Allah and His apostle.” The words of Muhammad. This shows Islam is not a religion but a political system.

    Let me tell Siddiqui that eleven years after Muhammad’s death, Tripoli was conquered by Muhammad’s companions in 643, and the native Christian Berbers were forced to give their wives and children to the Muslims as slaves to satisfy the jizya. During the brutal Ottoman rule the Serbs of Europe were particularly hard hit and often had to hand over their children to satisfy the collector.

    In India, well into the 17th century, Muslim tax collectors would also take the wives and children of impoverished Hindus and sell them into slavery for the jizya requirement. The only way for many to avoid losing their families was to convert to Islam. This tremendous discrimination is how Islam made inroads into populations that wanted nothing to do with it.

    Do I need to write more to show Islam was spread by sword.

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      Dear “I am no muslim (off course you are not)”

      You are still failing to prove where the sword is !. If you can’t prove then the complete argument falls. You need to show an incident involving the prophet or his followers threatened the unbelievers with the sword in order to convert them.

      By the way where did you learn that Abraham was the first prophet of God ?

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        Islam has never said to spread Islam in sword. if it had been said Islamist never use other weapons than swords to spread Islam. but some principle of Islam led to spreading Islam forcefully thorough Wars like it was happened to Iran where Zoroastrianism was almost wipe out through Islamic Sharia law. There are some other Islamic teaching to destroy people who are not in people of book. It was the reason to Buddhist or Hindu Mecca become Muslim Mecca.

        Mecca has just a stone. worshiping that stone is a idol worship. It’s just a meteoroid fallen from Sky.

        What was the reason for Muhammad to conquest of Iran or Persia ?

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          Asanka, we know that you have problem with islam and muslims. Your comment has no way an answer to my question to “I am no muslim “. If you are saying that the word “sword” not the real literary meaning, than you guys should stop writing to public forum like this giving wrong information. It is a common complaint among some non-Muslims that Islam would not have millions of adherents all over the world, if it had not been spread by the use of force. It is far from being spread by the sword, it was the inherent force of truth, reason and logic that was responsible for the rapid spread of Islam.

          Each and every human being in this world is not in favour of maintaining peace and harmony. There are many, who would disrupt it for their own vested interests. Sometimes force has to be used to maintain peace. It is precisely for this reason that we have the police who use force against criminals and anti-social elements to maintain peace in the country. Islam promotes peace. At the same time, Islam exhorts its followers to fight where there is oppression. The fight against oppression may, at times, require the use of force. In Islam force can only be used to promote peace and justice.

          The best reply to the misconception that Islam was spread by the sword is given by the noted historian De Lacy O’Leary in the book “Islam at the cross road” (Page 8):

          “History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated.”It is the sword of intellect. The sword that conquers the hearts and minds of people.

          Asanka, where you got the information about buddhist and hindu mecca. I am really interested. I never heard about this. Did Lord Budda mention about this ? Or any Hindu scriptures describe about this.

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            too long comment, I m lazy to write a reply, bye

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              @ Asnaka,
              If you are real man answer to Kayal Q?
              I know you have lot of misunderstanding. If you really know about Islam you will embrace immediately…..where you make mistake is you learnt Islam based on the life of criminals who has Muslim names. The real Muslim can have the name ‘ASANKA’. Do you know that?

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              Asanka, the number expressed as a 1 followed by forty-five zeros.

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            Though I am veritably against Islamaphobia, I do have to laugh at anyone who says “[Islam] is far from being spread by the sword, it was the inherent force of truth, reason and logic that was responsible for the rapid spread of Islam.” Religion of “peace” where Prophet Mohammad and the Qur’an actually advocate murdering of all nonbelievers/non-People of the Book.
            Islam spread through conquest. It is true that unlike Christianity, Muslim invaders did not force the religion down the throats of the people of the countries they conquered. Early Muslim conquerors offered religious “freedom” as long as the people paid a tax. However, much later, once their rule was more established, conversion to Islam was more passive aggressively enforced through discrimination. This was much worse during the Partition of India, where some people in conflicted zones actually had to convert to Islam just to stay alive (or Hinduism depending on which side of the border you lived).
            (What happened in India didn’t happen in SL of course. Ottomans didn’t invade here, most Muslims came as merchants or immigrants and have since been an insular community to some extent.)
            There is no religious freedom in Muslim countries for any non-Muslims (anyone reads headlines of what happens to Sri Lankan workers in Middle East?), though Christianity and Judaism is tolerated to a certain extent in Middle Eastern countries. This is not to say moderate or liberal Muslims don’t exist, just they don’t have much say in Muslim countries.
            I don’t know how you can be a lower-Jihad apologist considering all the damage Islamists have done around the world. None of the religious of the Abrahamic Triangle of Terror (Judaism-Christianity-Islam) can ever call themselves “promoters of peace.” Though I understand that you love your religion as a force of good, but you cannot be completely ignorant of historic Islamist extremism.
            All religions involve promotion of myth over fact and a level of self-delusion, that’s exactly why religion should never be in the political arena. (Buddhism in theory promotes deductive reason over mysticism, but Buddhism in popular practice overlooks this).

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        kayal,
        Do you want me to quote the Jewish Bible and name Adam as your first prophet.

        Read your Hadith and history properly if you wanted to know incidents involving threatening behavior against unbelievers by your prophet and his followers.

        What more to say than Bukhari 52:220 says Allah’s Apostle 9muhammad) said… ‘I have been made victorious with terror.’ Muslim 1:33 says “the Messenger of Allah said: I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.” A lot more quotes from Hadith can be extracted to prove this point.

        Just because Muslims haven’t killed every non-Muslim under their domain, it’s no proof that Islam is a peaceful and tolerant religion. Just look at where Islam is dominant (in the Middle East and Pakistan etc); religious minorities suffer brutal persecution with little resistance. Can bloggers in Bangladesh write what ‘Al Amarasiri’ and other Muslim commentators writes here? No. But where Islam is in the minority (as in Thailand, the Philippines and Europe), there is the threat of violence to get Muslim demands. Look at why that British soldier was hacked to death. The reasons are obvious. It was the writing in Koran and Hadith and follow up of the trait of their Muslim ancestors.

        Far from being mere history or theological construct, the violent verses of the Quran ad Hadith have played a key role in very real massacre and genocide. This includes ransacking and brutal slaughter of Buddhists monks at Nalanda, the world’s first University by a military General of Qutb-ud-din Aybak, Muslim Turkic king. The Buddhists university is said have burned for months. And Buddhism was very nearly wiped off the Indian subcontinent. Tens of millions of Hindus were mascaraed for five centuries beginning around 1000 AD with Mahmud of Ghazni’s bloody conquest. Judaism and Christianity met the same fate (albeit more slowly) in areas conquered by Muslim armies.

        Muhammad was a military leader, laying siege to towns, massacring the men, raping their women, enslaving their children, and taking the property of others as his own. On several occasions he rejected offers of surrender from the besieged inhabitants. He even butchered captives. He inspired his followers to battle when they did not feel it was right to fight, promising them slaves and booty if they did and threatening them with ‘Hell’ if they did not. Muhammad allowed his men to rape traumatized women captured in battle, usually on the very day their husbands and family members were slaughtered.

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          Cut and Paste from Liela in Angoda

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          Hello “I am no muslim”, See below your own quote below :

          “Muslims believe Quran is the word of the Creator God. And the Quran says Abraham is the first prophet of that god. Amazingly, both Jews and Christians scriptures that introduced Abraham first continue to deny Muhammad is a prophet and Quran is the word of their God. And this led to the ever lasting rift between the children of One God.”

          I asked you where in the Quran it is mentioned that Abraham is the FIRST prophet of God ? It is a simple question.

          Without answering this, you are writing something irrelevant UTTER RUBBISH !

          Your quoting from Quran and Bukhari are out of Context. This is how infidels try to tarnish the image of the great religion and its prophet. Do not you know they failed miserably ? I do not know why you people are so jealous on Islam ? Just stop writing to this forum !

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      If Islam was spread by sword, how come Indonesia became the largest Muslim nation in the world without a Muslim army landing on its shores!

      Look at your defects in your own religion before looking at others.

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      mate…the inferiority of your thinking shows the filthy hate websites you look into…be objective, you are selective and look only for hate websites against Islam..Islam is the only religion which fights against all the evils….

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        CKPrahalad,
        Why do Muslim bombers turn Four children and a dozen women are into bloody pulp yesterday in Herat, Afghanistan.
        Why do al-Qaeda bombers torn three Iraqi children in Mosul, Iraq to pieces yesterday.
        Why do Mujahideen bomb a youth center, killing six civilians again yesterday in Madain, Iraq.
        Why do a Fedayeen had blown Eight people killing six civilians in Hangu, Pakistan also yesterday.

        Those are all Muslims killing Muslims for jihad. Is that the way your Allah wants Muslims to go to his heaven. Who has inferiority thinking? me or you guys.

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    Each year, during Islam’s holiest month, we keep track of deadly terror
    attacks that occur in the name of any religion, then categorize and count them.

    Ramadan bomathlon started with the bombing of Maha Bodhi!
    Now I know Ramadan has started.

    Please visit the religion of peace website.

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    Christianity is twisted,Islam is twisted,Hinduism is
    twisted and so is Buddhism.Men twist them and once it
    loses its original form, confusion starts to reign and
    the whole concept starts rotting.As a result,in the West
    the religion is practically in the Museum and visited
    mainly on three occasions,birth,marriage and funeral.But
    they do respect religion as long as religion stays where
    they are stationed.In the third world,it’s quite the
    opposite.People are in the Museum and and their faiths
    flourishing and mushrooming,causing real destruction
    to entire humanity and its forward march with the rest of
    the world.Religions have no solutions for starvation,they
    have no solutions for unemployment and they have no control
    over our lifestyle because they can’t themselves practice
    what they preach to others.In my opinion,the curse of third
    world countries is,superstitiously putting people’s lives
    in the hands of dangerous priests of all sorts.Even
    democracies in the third world,instead of bailing out the
    vulnerable,influence them to stick to this handicap helper
    for salvation.Are we a hindrance to ourselves or forced to
    live it forever,generations after generations for a purpose?

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    Dear Habib Siddiqui,

    Thank you for your article that is factual.

    The Racist Sinhala Buddhists with their Monk Mahnama Racist Myths will keep blabbering their Myths.

    It is unfortunate that Buddhism was introduced to Sri Lanka,. Remember, LTTE attacked the Temple of the Tooth and Anuradapura, as they correctly identified the Core Problem as Sinhala Buddhist Racism.

    While it is only a very small fraction of extremists who are vocal, but they create all the trouble, and the state aids ans abets in Burma and Sri Lanka. That is the core problem- a Law and Order Problem.

    Even before BBS & Burmese Buddhist Terrorism, the Al Queda and other Islamic Terrorist groups selected Western targets to attack, due to its long history. They also attacked Shia Muslims, Sufi Muslims, Ahamadia Muslims and even Sunni Muslims on skewed Theological grounds.

    The BBS and Burmese Buddhist Terrorists worked their way up, and joined the target list. Based on the Burmese Buddhist Terrorists and BBS Terrorists activities, and the reports like Time, Buddhist Terrorism is no longer an Illusion. It is real. The SAri Lanka and Burmese authorities are not taking any meaningful actions, for Law and Order, and letting the Theravada Buddhist Monks run Amok. Under this anarchy, any actions against the Buddhist Terrorist will be considered illegitimate, by their peer Terrorists.

    This action, reflects the failure of the Burmese and Sri Lanka authorities to keep Law and Order and protect its Citizens.

    So the counter terrorists, seem to have attacked the point of interest to the Buddhist terrorist, Bodhi Gaya. It is unfortunate, but still brings forth the fact that it was as a reprisal for he Burmese Buddhist Atrocities.

    Myths: They cannot sort out their Myths by Reason, Debate and Logic.

    The Early chapters of Mahawansa are full of Monk Mahanam Racist Myths.

    Remember, Buddhism grew at he Expense of Hinduism, Zoroastrianism and Animist Beliefs.

    What Buddhist and Islamist need to do is by reason and factual data, prove that one is better off being a Buddhist being subject to Monk Hegemony, as opposed to being a Muslim and being subject to Mullah-Cleric Hegemony.

    Looks like Buddhists are not interested in that.

    Is Nirvana, Nibbana, Rebirth, Sansara, Heaven, Hell, Purgatory Real?

    -Religion is the Opium of the Masses- “Prophet” Karl Marx

    Need Msao Tse Tung’s Cultural Revolution to clean up these Myths.

    DeJa Vu…

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      First I thank Habib Siddiqui for the great article.

      Secondly I say that Islam spread around the world like any other religion. First it spread through traders followed by conquerors.

      Many countries such as North America, Australia, New Zeland, South and Latin America,South Africa etc, which many are currently rule and occoupied by Europeans who say they discovered them is a total lie.

      Long before Europeans discovered them Indian, Chinese and ME traders were trading with those natives, but were never intend to Occoupy and concur them. Only Western Europeans occupied them and spread their race. Also they brought various diseases which killed a lot of natives.History say this.

      king Vijaya is a Bengali and Sinhala Race is from Bangladesh and from West Bengal.

      I also herd Muslims ruled India for over 800 years. If so , if Muslims converted Hindus to Islam by force, then how come Muslims still a minority in India. Only the ones who wished to convert changes to Islam. Also Indonesia’s history never tell about murdering people to convert to Islam. It happened naturally and now 80% of them are Muslims.

      Similarly in Sri Lanka, the Europeans never murdered people to convert to Christianity. It happened naturally.

      At the moment it is Rajapakse family along with foreign conspirators that is spreading and arousing communal and Religion Violence

      If anybody is crazy to say that Gota does not understand what is going on….is a mystry.

      Infact he is the Master mind behind the whole drama.

      Yes, it’s a known fact that Muslim families have more children than other races. Also they are allowed to have four wives.

      Yes, it’s a known fact that Mislim countries produce 70% of world’s oil. If so why God gave oil to them. Same with children.

      Yes, it’s a known fact that Many Sri Lankan Sinhala women work as house maids in Middle east and they wear Hijab there and eat Halal food. But nobody is forced change their religion and to follow Islam.

      It’s a known fact that it is the same source that Funded Osama Bin Laden and Al queida that later murdered them. It is the same source that fund the human flesh eating canibals Al Nusra front and other Wahabis and Salafis that fight and kill Syrian people.

      Yes, it’s a known fact that Rajapakse Family is the most richest and most corrupt in Sri Lanka’s history.

      Please read the following web….

      http://tamilseithi.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/family-tree-b.pdf

      Can anybody deny or prove wrong any of the above writings and in this web…….

      Yes, it’s a known fact that Rajapakses are funding and instigating Racist violance using BBS and other proxies and also hiding behind BBS using them to cover and hide their Loot, while planning to Govern the country indifinetely using violent Buddhist Racist Fanatics BBS.

      These BBS fanatics also been funded by the same source that fund Osama Bin Laden, Al Quieda, Al Nusra, Wahabis, Salafis, Myanmar 969 and other religious fanatical terrorist organizations.

      Rajapakses are using BBS to safeguard them from prosecution, to safeguard their Power,to safeguard their families and their Loot and their political careers.

      Also Rajapakses in future may plan to share their power with BBS as a Political party to take Sri Lanka on a Rajapakse/ BBS Religious dictatorial Government and with the help of Foreign Conspirators.

      Therefore all the Patriots from all communities and religions should be vigilant, unite and fight against our common, cowards, crooks and deceiving enemies who show one face to outside and do completely opposite, and should save our country from total anarchy.

      Please do comment if I am wrong.

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        Maldives 100% Muslims , how they converted by sword or ?

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          Wonder if anybody is forcing some one to convert to Islam first before tasting a mouthwatering Tasty mutton Biryani………or to anoter religion before eating vegetarian Punnakku or Thanakola curry.

          Breeding The next generation of cows in Sri Lanka.

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            Islamabad (AsiaNews) July 9th – This morning two Islamic fundamentalists attacked a Protestant church, the Assembly of God Church, in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, shooting at a policeman on guard several times. Before they fled the scene, they took the dead officer’s weapon and fired at the church. This is the trait of Muhammad and Islam.

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          Benadict

          “Maldives 100% Muslims , how they converted by sword or ?”

          Ibn Battuta helped the Maldivian women to make Muslim babies.

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          true…

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    Check Habib Siddiqui’s personal blog; he is a islamist fundamentalist writer. In his interest area he also includes ‘human rights;, wonder whether he knows the meaning of that phrase; or it’s not sure whether in his human rights only the violent muslims are included – in his writing he talks only about islam, like those ignorant ordinary muslim who just hear from others and shout ‘islam is best’, like the little goats, who haven’t got to drink milk from their mother, but jumps with those who have drunk milk and filled up their bellies. Siddiqui seems to be a PhD holder; unfortunately his writings proves what kind of PhD he got.

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      Yes exactly he is a silent Islamist.

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        You mean Islamist Secular Egalitarian?

        Kamel Ataturk of Turkey was an Islamist Secular Egalitarian.

        Turkey is 99% Muslim, and has separation of Religion-Mosque and State,has been since 1923.

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          No

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            Yes.

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      What else do you mill?

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    A good part of Habib’s historical pontification cn be accepted. But what is he trying to do except portraying Islam as a peaceful religion which used no SWORD to convert as claimed-his example is South East Asia- and Buddhism as bigoted. He tries to diffuse the claims of Buddhists to belief of the lands where they are in majority, for their lands to be Buddhist lands. He gives the impression through quoting history that there is no such thing and it is a free for all. Habib should do a little more search into the lands which are Islam in the Middle East today. What was the situation in these lands when Islam was born and spread in the 8th century? How did it spread? By peaceful penetration? My word!He does not see the situation in those Islamic lands of M/E because there is no OTHER religionists to contend with.
    One could have accepted Habib as a good analyst if he had not hidden this sordid side by which Islam was spread in the M/E. I am not speaking about the religion but the way it was spread. In many of these lands of M/E is any other form of religion permitted? What one finds is a MONO-religion.Not long ago Bahai religionists, a splinter group was killled and eliminated from Iran.
    Despite bits of scholarly garb this is a totally biased article and has nothing to commend about it.I am myself a student of Islamic history.I cannot say all I want in this short piece.

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      Analyst, first you should learn how to write in plain English. You are asking how Islam did spread in Middle East. That shows you are not knowledgeable about this religion.

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        Kayal, Analyst’s comment was far far better than all the comments of yours so far; well organized, well informed and articulated very well.

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    The. Hatred towards the muslims will never diminish.Muslimsaare the only community that are causing problem.killing.etc etc..we get stronger in our faith an in srilanka we are subject to all the discrimination but are we complaining. Allah says whatever is decreed we have to accept. and.so go ahead keep accusing an slandering the Muslims..

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    Sinhalas did NOT come down from the east coast of India and Orissa, but the west coast, from Gujarat. That mistake is part of the twisting of history that occurred after the arrival of Buddhism. Vijaya came from what is now Gujarat, and HIS ENTOURAGE STOPPED IN SOPARA AND BHARUKACHHA (BROACH) in Gujarat. Seafaring there began with the Indus Civilization and continued through the Indian epics periods. Vijaya was expelled with his people by newcomers from Punjab about 500 BC. Just read the Dipavamsa and the Mahavamsa before you twist Sri Lankan history. Clarence Maloney ct_maloney@hotmail.com. I also did a lot of research on early Indian seafaring, also on the Maldives early populations, etc. I am now in Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu.

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      CT Mahoney,

      Thanks for the information. I know some Sinhala who got their DNA genealogy tested and traced their ancestors to Gujarat.

      So, the Monk Mahanama narrative in Mahawansa from Orissa is all Myth.

      http://mahavamsa.org/mahavamsa/original-version/06-coming-vijaya/

      Here is genealogy data.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genographic_Project

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinhalese_people

      Studies looking at the origin of the Sinhalese have been contradictory. Older studies suggest a predominantly Sri Lankan Tamil contribution followed by a significant Bengali contribution with no North Western Indian contribution,[47][48] while more modern studies point towards a predominantly Bengali contribution and a minor Tamil and North Western Indian (Gujarati & Punjabi) contribution.[49][50][51] Multiple studies have found no significant genetic difference between the Sinhalese and the three other major ethnic groups in Sri Lanka (Sri Lankan Tamil, Indian Tamil and Sri Lankan Moor).[48][52][53][54][55][56]

      It is debatable whether the Sri Lankan population have genetic links to Far East Asian populations however due to their close links to North East India, there is a likelihood of some traces of East Asian genes.[57][58]

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      Dipawamsa and Mahawamsa are two twisted accounts to suit old kingdoms’ family rights and cannot be considered as historical facts. The story of Vijaya is poorly connected to the conquests of Romans into the Island near Puttlam. Does it mean that the mth of Vijaya should be regarded as the sole forefather of all hela (chiefly from ~ Ellala).

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      Thats what some Sinhalese boast of their ancestral lineage to Aryawanmsa, not necessarily Aryan by race but related to the ruler Ayaryachakrvarti of Jaffna a Gujarati installed by the Kotte puppeteers.

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    bunkum.. this has been written to achieve the writer’s intention and not an impartial tracing out history

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      Else, write your own saga.

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    Mr Habib, how about going back to beginning of the time when life began. This world is full of ignorance … Habibs, BBS, Al Quaeda, Veddhas, Sinhalese, Tamils, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, SInhalese Buddhists, Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims,Wahhabi Muslims, Sufi Muslims let me add a few more Shit Sinhalese, Shit Muslims, Shit Hindus, Shit Catholics, Shit Christians…. where are the good humans?

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      BBSarse,

      “Mr Habib, how about going back to beginning of the time when life began. “

      This questions should be asked from all those who follow the different religious flavors and killing each other on behalf of their Monks, Priest and Mullahs. One thing is clear. Religion helps to die, as iy defines an end point to the believer.

      Lets see how Life began and how Sinhala Buddhist Mahanama Myths and other Religious and racial Myths Developed. Then Fast forward 70,000 years to Africa. It was in the last 4,000 years that the Myths of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity , Islam and others were picked up to Maintain the Monk-Priest-Mullah Hegemony over the people with the help of the rulers.

      The current BBS, Wahhabi, born again Christians and other flavors are a direct result of that.

      Has anybody attained or got to Nirvana, Nibbana, Rebirth, Hell, Heaven, Limbo or Purgatory over the past 4,000 years? NO.

      http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/alllife/threedomains.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life

      Over the last 3.7 billion years or so, living organisms on the Earth have diversified and adapted to almost every environment imaginable. The diversity of life is truly amazing, but all living organisms do share certain similarities. All living organisms can replicate, and the replicator molecule is DNA. As well, all living organisms contain some means of converting the information stored in DNA into products used to build cellular machinery from fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

      Fast Forward to East Africa about 70,000 years ago.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genographic_Project

      https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/

      https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/about/

      The greatest history book ever written is the one hidden in our DNA.”
      —Dr. Spencer Wells

      The Genographic Project is a multiyear research initiative led by National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Dr. Spencer Wells. Dr. Wells and a team of renowned international scientists are using cutting-edge genetic and computational technologies to analyze historical patterns in DNA from participants around the world to better understand our human genetic roots. The three components of the project are:

      To gather and analyze research data in collaboration with indigenous and traditional peoples around the world
      To invite the general public to join this real-time scientific project and to learn about their own deep ancestry by purchasing a Genographic Project Participation and DNA Ancestry Kit, Geno 2.0
      To use a portion of the proceeds from Geno 2.0 kit sales to further research and the Genographic Legacy Fund, which in turn supports community-led indigenous conservation and revitalization projects
      The Genographic Project is anonymous, nonmedical, and nonprofit, and all results are placed in the public domain following scientific peer publication.

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    Dear Siddeeque: one of best article and keep it up : so that buudhists extremists will know the truth

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    According to some articles this article is not true. Sinhalese people are united people of Native tribes of Sri Lanka with Indian wijaya’s people. King Pandukabaya was belong to both Natives and Indian wijaya’s people, These united people fought against Indian wijaya’s people. Also Sinhalese language is unique only to Sri Lanka. Bengal people speak Bengali.

    http://www.sundayobserver.lk/2003/03/30/fea08.html

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singur

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_language#History

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      The main staple food Rice is called Bat’h in Begali.

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    Jet Setting monks of Thailand,the way of life that some want

    http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/weird-news/jet-setting-buddhist-monks-lifestyle-probe-1958259

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      It’s nothing compared to Islam.

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        correct me if im wrong here Asanka,so I assume that your accepting such behavior of monks is that what your saying? pls give a YES or NO answer,im not interested in whats happening in Islam or any other religion,do you accpet this behaviour or not pls answer

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          No, if I don’t comment your next comment. I will have not seen it. ok.

          I don’t accept not only monks these behaviors but anyone’s such a behavior because I think people should not spend so much money for these kind of fun.

          Ok, try to follow Buddhist teaching and be a Buddhist. You may not follow all the things but you can have at least few.

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    Mr. Siddiqui is trying too hard and protests too much :)

    Para 2 : Who was in Sri Lanka in the very beginning and therefore were the ORIGINAL inhabitants of the island can NEVER be proved with admissible evidence. It is mostly guesswork by both biased Tamil and Sinhala scholars who cite various archeological data. Archeology is not an exact science. Genetic proof ( maternal(mitochondrial)DNA etc., ) backed by linguistic evidence is needed

    Para 3 : (a) Vijaya was not a Buddhist. So Buddhism had nothing to do with the extermination of whoever was in Sri Lanka at that time.
    (b) There is no relationship between the Veddahs and South Indian Dravidians. Genetic studies classify Dravidians as Caucasoids ( though not Aryan ).

    Para 5 : Migration can happen in two ways. ( a) peaceful, gradual migration that is not opposed, OR ( b) invasion via force of arms.

    Para 6 : cultural synthesis can happen even after an invasion where the invaders mix their cultural practices with those of the invaded.

    Para 8 : Islam did not take over India because Hindus offered continuous resistance ( the Rajputs, Vijayanagar empire, the Marathas under Shivaji Bhonsle and the Sikhs under Ranjit Singh fought the Muslims long and hard, making it very difficult for Muslim rulers such as Aurangzeb to spread Islam in any comprehensive manner. Even further, unlike the smaller land masses such as Persia, Afghanistan etc., the Indian sub continent was too large to conquer at once.

    Para 9 : Mr. Siddiqui has admitted that the Arabs came as conquerors. The conquest of Sindh by Ibn Qassim cited by Mr Siddiqui himself indicates that Islam was spread by the sword.

    Para 10 : In regard to South East Asia, religion can be also forced on others in subtle ways which incorporate methods other than military force. Like the Christian missionaries in Sri Lanka, one can infiltrate society by way of marriage, monetary enticements, imposing taxes, etc

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      Genetic studies classify Dravidians as Caucasoids
      Got a reference

      religion can be also forced on others in subtle ways which incorporate methods other than military force.

      Would not the conversion of DevanamPiyatissa and SL be similar (Top Down).
      The converse for Rome, where slaves became Christians and eventually got Emperors to Christian (Bottom Up)

      Genetic proof ( maternal(mitochondrial)DNA etc., )
      Have a look at Vijaya Kuveni: Paradigm for M mtDNA in South Asia

      backed by linguistic evidence is needed
      Linguistic/Cultural does not necessarily overlap Genetics.
      e.g. 1000 years from now when Borella Kanatte headstones are dug out it would be concluded that, Englishmen came over to SL took on native last names while keeping their English/Christian first names and constituted the ruling class in 19th/20th Century SL. e.g. Percival Rajapakse.

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      ALL INDIAN STATES WERE RULED BY MUSLIMS APPART FOR THE SEKIH & DESERT RAJPUTS, PARTS OF TAMIL NADU AND KERALA. THE CHRISTAN/CATHOLIC INCRUSION STOPPED THE COPMLETE TAKE OVER, LANKA WAS NEXT, NOT THAT I AM WITH ONE SIDE VADHA, RAVAN, RAMA, VIJAYA, SHAMANISM, HINDUISM, BUDDISM, CHRISTIAN, CAPITALIST, COMMUNIST…

      NOW YOU GET THE DALIT COVERSIONS, THEM DAYS IT WAS THE LOW CASTE ANTI BRAHMANS; NOW THE CONFUSED ARYAN SUPEMACISTS, FAIR N LOVELYS, BOASTING ABOUT IMPORTED CULTURE, CONFUSED AS NATIVE CULTURE.

      NO DIFF ASOKA & BUDDISM OR CONSTANTINE AND CHRISTIANITY.

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        “NO DIFF ASOKA & BUDDISM OR CONSTANTINE AND CHRISTIANITY.”– Sure they made Buddhism and Christianity huge with state patronage, except that Asoka adopted a principle of non-violence. Historically, there’s no evidence that Asoka continued to wage war after his conversion and his relations with neighboring countries remained friendly. Also, Asoka didn’t suppress Hinduism or any other religions. Though he banned Vedic animal sacrifices, and generally practices deemed harmful to animals, such as hunting. For this he is noted as a rare historical proponent of animal rights.

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    It is a great research piece of work. Some dumps never understand this language. If it is in Ämu Singhala” only they understand. Faiths of Truth will remain till end of the world. Rest will disappear no one can hold. Buddhism is not exempted.

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    Kayal,
    I can see you are disturbed at hearing a different opinion. Perhaps, you got it from your background. Chum! I have not only studied Islam and its history but lived in Mid East and travelled there over two decades. I do not wish to argue with B/F’s like you. You are a disgrace to this forum.

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      Analyst, why you are writing somewhere without continuing the thread.

      By the way, living in Middle East and traveled over two decades within Middle East does not make you an expert in Islamic knowledge. There are many non-muslims living like this.

      This is your quote : “Habib should do a little more search into the lands which are Islam in the Middle East today. What was the situation in these lands when Islam was born and spread in the 8th century? How did it spread? By peaceful penetration? My word!He does not see the situation in those Islamic lands of M/E because there is no OTHER religionists to contend with.”

      My point was, if you have read the Islamic history properly from the time of birth of the prophet you would not ask this question. Again, stop saying that “SWORD”, that and this. We have enough discussion and overwhelmingly proved that Islam was never spread by Sword.

      You say I am disgrace this forum. Well, people who have no answer, will always find an excuse to evade or hide their stupidity. This is normal my dear.

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      Analyst, You must be the housemaid that bites the hand that fed you.

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    According to the Pew research center http://www.pewforum.org/global-religious-landscape-buddhist.aspx

    All 10 countries with the largest Buddhist populations are in the Asia-Pacific region, and these countries collectively are home to the lion’s share (95%) of all Buddhists. Half (50%) of the world’s Buddhists live in one country, China. The largest Buddhist populations outside China are in Thailand (13%), Japan (9%), Burma (Myanmar) (8%), Sri Lanka (3%), Vietnam (3%), Cambodia (3%), South Korea (2%), India (2%) and Malaysia (1%).

    However in China only 18.2% of the population is Buddhist. In Japan only 36.2%. So what happened to the Buddhist in those countries? So the myth being promulgated that Islam is the cause of the demise of Buddhism is without substance as these countries, China and Japan, Muslims are very small percentage.

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    How is that islam is fastest groving religion in USA and Europe? Buddhist, Christians Hindus all drink alchahol. Billions of Muslims do not even touch alchohol for the only reason that there is verse in Holy Quran prohibiting alchahol. Similarly Islam is unique in so many aspects of life.Islam is a unique way of life different from all other faiths and religions. The West want to rob the resources of muslims specialy Arab oil. They impose wars on muslims. They should take sole responsibilty for the millions of deaths in Iraq. They occupy muslim territories and create splits among muslims. Muslims fight only in self defense. In Afgan, the West is looking for an exit rout.

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      Mohamed – Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilahi Rajioon – Our return is surely to the one who created us. Ramadhan Mubarak. Indeed, when History Is Twisted, Humanity Loses. A Slap in the Face – Nationalism & Racism. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0b2D9JF1F2c

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      Please do not exhibit your sheer ignorance on public forums!

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    Islam should always remain a minority in every non-Muslim country especially in SL.

    Otherwise we have to invite the Zionists to SL.

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      Zionista? They’ll wipe your ass flat except the hole.

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    mohamed says, “Muslims fight only in self defense.” He blames the West for imposing wars on Muslims. Read below to learn how Muslims start even official killings in Pakistan:

    Shahzad Nafat of ‘sharia unveiled’ reported that from April 2013 until now, three Christian boys have been tortured and murdered by Pakistani police due to love affairs with Muslim girls. Afzal Masih 20 years old and his cousin Iftikhar Masih, also 20 years old from Moran Walla Sharkpur were tortured and murdered on the 29th of April 2013. Then, on the 10th of June, Adnan Masih was also tortured and murdered by Punjab police, without any written complaint.

    Now yesterday, Farhad Masih who is 16 Years old of Shibli town Gulshan Ravi Lahore was arrested by the Complaint (FIR) 579/13. PPC, 380/496 A. of Sakina Bibi, the mother of Rabia, also 16 Years old. The local Muslims looted and then attempted to burn Farhad’s house.

    We observed in all of these cases, the police constables and investigation officers were torturing and abusing the Christian boys, as well as threatening them about their love relations with Muslim Girls.

    They believe that in Islam, muslim males are allowed to be with non-muslim women but muslim women are not allowed to be with non-muslim males. Please pray for Farhad Masih’s life. He is currently under investigation in S P. Iqbal town Lahore.

    Yesterday evening, once again local Muslims held a huge protest against Christians and tried to burn down their houses. Some Muslims have announced that Christian boys must be forced to convert to Islam. Due to great pressure from the S. P. Iqbal town Imtiaz Sarwar conditions were given to provide for the safety and lives of Farhad Masih and the members of his family. These are the conditions:

    1. Farhad must convert to Islam.
    2. He must pay 500,000 (half) to his wife.
    3. He must pay 2,000 to his wife every month.
    4. He can visit his parents but is not allowed to live with them.

    Now Habib Siddiqui doesn’t see those who murder Christians and make force conversion to Islam as terrorists. But he sees Wirathu, BBS and others who had killed none but prevent Muslims marrying Buddhist girls as a Buddhist terrorists. What a hypocrite.

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    Habib,

    There was a time we lived our lives at the pace of our transport suitable to our island ie the horse and trap and the bullock cart.
    There was a time we took pride in the places of worship that we built with our own hands and our own created wealth.
    There was a time when WE fed ourselves with what WE grew.
    There was a time we settled our differences in our own way but NOT with weapons of mass destruction.

    NOW, we our lives run at the speed of the reconditioned, polluting vehicles we bring in. We worship in edifices built on money that other people, with other agenda’s, send us. We feed ourselves on food that are alien to our taste. We fight to settle our differences with weapons that are supplied to us by others who watch with uncontrolled glee as brothers blast brothers.

    All of history, all this hot air about who did what to who is but obfuscation. Now is where we find ourselves, Now is where find a solution as to how we should live in harmony with each other.

    What a sorry state we have let ourselves into.

    When will the scales fall from our eyes?

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    Some reasons for the decline of Buddhism are given below. These do not include any muslim factor.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/history/overview_1.shtml

    Theravāda Buddhism remains strong in Thailand, Sri Lanka and Burma, although in Burma Buddhist monks were involved in the attempted uprising of 2007, and reports suggest that many were killed in its suppression.

    Buddhism was decimated by the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia during the 1970s, when all monks were forced to disrobe and tens of thousands were killed. It has since been re-established, but remains but in a much weakened form, as it is in Laos. The Theravāda order of nuns died out in the 12th or 13th century. Theravāda Buddhism was re-established in India in the 1950s by the social reformer B.R. Ambedkar.

    Mahāyāna Buddhism is strong in Japan and retains a considerable presence in South Korea (although Buddhist activity is strictly limited in communist North Korea). There has been hardly any Buddhist activity in China since the religious prohibitions of the cultural revolution.

    Both Mahāyāna (Zen and Pure Land) and Theravāda are today found in Vietnam, despite the declined under the Vietnam war and communist rule. There is also a small Theravāda presence.

    Tibetan Buddhism was almost totally destroyed by the Chinese during the cultural revolution: most monasteries were sacked and tens of thousands of monks and nuns were either killed or imprisoned. Tibetan communities have reformed in exile, particularly in India and along the Himalayas in Nepal. Bhutan has managed to retain its Tibetan Buddhist traditions without much change in modern times.

    Many schools of Theravāda and Mahāyāna Buddhism can now be found in the West. Tibetan Buddhism is particularly prominent, because of the forced departure of many of its teachers from Tibet.

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      A load of biased nonsense. If Chinese Buddhists are counted Buddhist population is close to a Billion

      Cambodia is 97% Buddhist. Khmer Rouge did not destroy Buddhism in Cambodia. They just killed the elite. In China Buddhism thrives after Mao died. The Buddhist population in China is estimated between 300 -500 million. Buddhist temples are openly encouraged . it is Christianity that is not encouraged in China

      Although the govt., does not acknowledge religion, the people continue to believe. Russia is still majority Christian despite successive communist governments.

      BBC is a Pro -Christian organization (UK) that would like Buddhism to disappear just like some extremists from other religions want Buddhism to disappear from Sri Lanka.

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        Likewise BBS is a pro Buddhist organization (LK) that would like Buddhism to disappear just like many extremists from Ravana Balaya want Buddhism to disappear from Sri Lanka.

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    If the Buddhist People converting to other religion the monk should be think what is the reason behind? if you know the reason work on that with out fighting with religion.

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    Sound arguments overall. A few points though.

    1) I do not think there is archaeological evidence of the presence of any human beings in Sri Lanka in the two centuries leading up to the 6th century BC.
    2) While forced conversions from one ideology (political, cultural, religious) to another have not worked in general, manipulative conversion through economic instruments or leveraging fear-of-the-unknown seems to have become increasingly the modus operandi of zealots of all religions and all denominations and has enjoyed significant impact.
    3) The Buddha’s Dharma eschews violence against any being let alone other human beings. It completely rejects hatred as well. Therefore, what is being done in his name cannot be tagged to what he spake. Therefore, using his name is a politically motivated move of religionists and not truth seekers or truth knowers. That, is not unique to the religionists who use Buddhism which is a cultural/social phenomenon and not a truth phenomenon. IT is common among all such groups including Muslims, Christians and Hindus. History has shown us that hate doesn’t last but its short term damage can be phenomenal for all.

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