1 October, 2020

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Covid-19 Infection & Burial Of Dead Bodies – A Controversial Issue In Sri Lanka 

By A.R. Mohamed  –

Dr. A.R. Mohamed

Covid-19 Infection & Burial Of Dead Bodies – A Controversial Issue In Sri Lanka – Brief introduction of COVID-19 Virus & How It Causes The Disease

Viruses are considered as the tiniest of the infectious agents and is known to multiply (replicate) only in living cells  and can infect all types of animals, plants and other microorganisms including bacteria; and millions of types of viruses are found in the environment. Generally, viral infections provoke an immune response in humans and animals and help the body to eliminate the infecting viruses under normal healthy conditions. This is why most of the virus diseases such as mumps, chicken pox, measles, common flu, dengue are automatically cured without any specific treatment in normal healthy people.  

In 22 studies, involving all the different types of corona viruses that infect humans, it has been found that these viruses can remain infectious at room temperature only for up to 9 days outside the human body. However, the COVID-19 virus which causes the present corona virus infection has been reported to survive on surfaces only for about 72 hours. 

The COVID-19 virus which originated from Wuhan, China is a new type of corona virus which has never been seen before except the current outbreak. It primarily spread from person to person by close contacts (up to 3 metres) and by small droplets of the saliva and nasal discharges when infected people cough or sneeze; and also, while breathing and talking when the virus comes out through the tiny respiratory droplets. A person may also get infected by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the mouth, nose and eyes. By 7th April 2020, the corona virus COVID-19 has affected 209 countries and territories around the world.  

Of all the organs in the body, the lungs are the most affected organs by the COVID-19 virus.  The lung alveolar cells (which are the lining cells of the lung respiratory units called the alveoli through which the oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchange take place during breathing) abundantly produce an enzyme called ACE2 which helps the virus to get into these lung cells. Once the virus enters these cells they start multiplying (replicating) inside them and continue to damage these alveolar cells causing breathing difficulties, respiratory failure and may end-up in death.  In addition, the virus also attacks the stomach and the intestines as some of the lining cells in these organs also abundantly produces the above enzyme ACE2 favouring its survival.

The changes that occur after death?

Soon after death, the cells of the lungs, digestive tract and other organs of the body continue to die due to lack of oxygen supply and the entire body tends to decompose. As mentioned above, for the virus to multiply, it needs living cells; but after death due to non-availability of living cells and hence no production of the enzyme ACE2, the virus also stops multiplying and with time they also perish. As a dead body does not cough, sneeze, breath or talk, there is hardly any virus that comes-out from this body; except if any discharges come through the natural openings of the body such as the nose, mouth, anal opening etc. However, it is a general practice even in normal bodies to plug these orifices with cotton wool to prevent any leakage, if any. Thus, a dead body will not spread the disease unless people touch or handle these bodies without protective equipment. Thus, compared with a COVID-19 infected person who will keep on spreading the disease to others    for a few days to weeks during coughing, sneezing, breathing etc., a dead body is harmless and safe to handle if the proper hygienic precautions are adopted.

From the above brief note on the nature of the corona virus and by reading the WHO guidelines given below, you will be able to reason-out whether there is any danger to humans if Sri Lanka allows the burial of COVID-19 infected bodies.

WHO Guidelines in handling and burial of COVID-19 bodies

 In medical practice all over the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines are mainly considered as the accepted standards (including Sri Lanka). The WHO in an Interim Guidance issued on 24th March 2020 entitled “Infection Prevention and Control for the safe management of a dead body in the context of COVID-19” mentions the following as regards precautions, handling and disposal of dead bodies. (The full text of the guidelines is given here ). The salient features of these guidelines are as follows:

1. Only the lungs of patients with pandemic influenza, if handled improperly during an autopsy (post mortem), can be infectious. Otherwise, cadavers (dead bodies) do not transmit disease. It is a common myth that persons who have died of a communicable disease should be cremated, but this is not true. Cremation is a matter of cultural choice and available resources. To date there is no evidence of persons having become infected from exposure to the bodies of persons who died from COVID-19.

2. The safety and well-being of everyone who attends to dead bodies should be the first priority. Before attending to a body, people should ensure that the necessary hand hygiene and personal protective equipment (PPE) supplies are available.

3. The dignity of the dead, their cultural and religious traditions, and their families should be respected and protected throughout. Hasty disposal of a dead from COVID-19 should be avoided. 

4. Ensure that personnel who interact with the body (burial team) apply standard precautions, including hand hygiene before and after interaction with the body, and the environment; and use appropriate personal protection equipment according to the level of interaction with the body, including a gown and gloves. If there is a risk of splashes from the body fluids or secretions, personnel should use facial protection, including the use of face shield or goggles and medical mask. 

5.  Ensure that any body fluids leaking from orifices are contained. Keep both the movement and handling of the body to a minimum. Wrap body in cloth and transfer it as soon as possible to the mortuary area. There is no need to disinfect the body before transfer to the mortuary area. Body bags are not necessary, although they may be used for other reasons (e.g. excessive body fluid leakage) and no special transport equipment or vehicle is required.

6.  Healthcare workers or mortuary staff preparing the body (e.g. washing the body, tidying hair, trimming nails, or shaving) should wear appropriate personal protective equipment according to standard precautions (gloves, impermeable disposal gown, medical mask, eye protection).

7. If the family wishes only to view the body and not to touch it, they may do so, using standard precautions at all times including hand hygiene.

8. Give the family strict instructions not to touch or kiss the body. Embalming is not recommended to avoid excessive manipulation.

9. Adults over 60 years and immunosuppressed persons should not directly interact with the body.

10. In contexts where mortuary services are not standard or reliably available, or where it is usual for ill people to die at home, families and traditional burial attendants can be equipped and educated to bury people under supervision.

11. Apply principles of cultural sensitivity and ensure that family members reduce their exposure as much as possible. Children, older people (more than 60 years old), and anyone with underlying illnesses (such as respiratory illness, heart disease, diabetes, or compromised immune systems) should not be involved in preparing the body.

12. Family and friends may view the body after it has been prepared for burial, in accordance with customs. They should not touch or kiss the body and should wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water following the viewing; physical distancing measures should be strictly applied (at least 1 m between people). 

13. People with respiratory symptoms should not participate in the viewing or at least wear a medical mask to prevent contamination of the place and further transmission of the disease to others.

14. Those tasked with placing the body in the grave should wear gloves and wash hands with soap and water once the burial is complete.

15. Although burials should take place in a timely manner, in accordance with local practices, funeral ceremonies not involving the burial should be postponed, as much as possible, until the end of the epidemic. If a ceremony is held, the number of participants should be limited. Participants should observe physical distancing at all times, plus respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene.

16. The belongings of the deceased person do not need to be burned or otherwise disposed of. However, they should be handled with gloves and cleaned with a detergent followed by disinfection with a solution of at least 70% ethanol or 0.1% (1000 ppm) bleach’

What is the issue in Sri Lanka to not allow burials?

The fore-going WHO guidelines clearly permits burial of COVID-19 bodies also according to the Muslim religious rites and practices, including washing of dead bodies; provided the above said hygienic practices are adopted. Also the Quarantine and Prevention of Diseases Act (Chapter 553) also allows burial and the Minister is entitled to make regulations for prescribing the mode of burial. It is mentioned that over 180 countries have allowed burial and many countries have laid-down conditions for burial and also have provided training for burial staff on burial of infected bodies; e.g. Singapore protocols include double-bagging the bodies before they are placed in airtight coffins for burial. Then why are the authorities in Sri Lanka are compelling the Muslims to cremate their dead bodies? Surely 180 countries and the WHO can’t be wrong and consider only Sri Lanka as correct? Is this ignorance on the part of our politicians and professionals or something that is promoted with ulterior motives? One excuse and a suspicion is that COVID-19 virus will contaminate the soil and water and probably spread the disease. There is no scientific evidence whatsoever to prove that this virus spread through water and soil and may spread the disease. If this is so, WHO will never recommend burial. The best example is one of the largest burial grounds which is situated about a half a kilometre away from the Southern sea in the village of Thalapitiya, Galle. In the middle of this cemetery is a large pond where people are bathing day and night. This cemetery and pond are said to be over 400 years old and all types of infected and non-infected bodies are being buried; but up to now there have been no reports of people getting infected or dying by bathing in this pond. 

However, for some unknown reasons, the authorities in Sri Lanka give all types of excuses and are compelling the Muslims to cremate the dead with no respect for their religious and cultural sensitivities or even for a dead body. The hurried cremation of the COVID-19 first Muslim victim during the dead of night and the wide publicity given in all the media has caused a fear psychosis, enormous distress and shock-waves not only among the Muslim community but also fear and anguish among others.

 As cremation is against Islam and if authorities compel cremation, Muslims being strong in their faith may get scared to report suspected cases or get admitted to a health centre, and this might end-up in a disaster to all. Laws alone will not help to control infectious diseases but more important is to win the hearts and minds of the people to cooperate in order to control a pandemic. The Healthcare Professionals, legal professionals and the related experts should only give their sincere advise to the authorities based on current WHO guidelines, laws of the country, internationally accepted health standards and other proven scientific findings and not on hypothesised theories or unscientific predictions. The government and the people should not be put into pathetic situations, and complicate the delicate peaceful co-existence that is present at the moment. If there is a need to appoint a committee to decide whether burials should be allowed or not, the correct procedure is first to allow the continuation of burials of infected bodies (including COVID-19 bodies) as being practiced for centuries, and the committee to do an in-depth scientific study and to prove that a disaster might occur if burials are allowed. Otherwise, it is unethical and unprofessional for the medical staff and others to recommend cremations violating all international standards, norms and local laws. 

Such actions might also end-up in litigations, human rights violations and action by International Human Rights Organisations. By antagonizing the minorities, political repercussions may also occur at the forthcoming parliamentary election (where 36 seats are allocated from the total votes obtained by each party at provincial level and 29 national list seats allocated from the total votes obtained at national level; apart from what is obtained from the votes casted at electoral levels). Thus, even gaining a single minority vote can decide the fate of winning as well as receiving the number of bonus seats at provincial and national levels, unlike the Presidential election where only one is elected. 

Hence, considering the existing practices all over the world, International guidelines, local regulations and for other reasons mentioned above, Sri Lanka should allow burials to continue. This is not the time for anybody to take political revenge or advantage over Muslim dead bodies and their community, or play a racial card or compel the Muslims to practice what they are not supposed to do; but now is the time to unite all communities as Sri Lankans and save the country and the nation for all. 

*Dr. A.R. Mohamed, PhD (London) – Former Academic and Research Officer

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  • 4
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    PART ONE
    While the writer’s opinion is respected, it is not necessarily the last word on this subject.
    Given below is a recent Fatwa on the subject of Cremation delivered by a Mufthi.
    Read especially the last paragraph of Part Two below.
    —-
    Question : In these days of Covid 19 related deaths, many countries with small Muslim populations are insisting on cremating the dead for the sake of protecting the larger population.
    The Muslims on the other hand are insisting on being permitted to bury their dead (Covid 19 patients) and even to be allowed to bathe the body (ghusl) prior to burial.
    Under these extraodinary circumstances, would it still be considered haraam if the bodies of Muslim Covid 19 victims are cremated ? Is not this a case where necessity removes restrictions in Islam, such as in the case of burial-at-sea ?
    If the Muslims stubbornly insist on burial, their relations with other communities will suffer leading to disharmony. Islam after all is a religion of Peace.
    —–
    Answer : All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
    As the questioner mentioned, it is Haraam (prohibited) to cremate the body of a deceased Muslim, and this is the basic principle in this regard which is agreed upon by the scholars. The outbreak of epidemics is not a valid excuse that makes it permissible to cremate a dead body. Instead, the infection prevention measures and precautions taken for a living patient should be taken for a sick person when he dies. Thus, we would combine between preserving the deceased’s body and preventing it from harming others.

    • 0
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      Mohamed did not ask to bury the Muslims bodies and not even in Koran.

      • 0
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        This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.

        For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2

      • 0
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        A very well argued article by a true professional.
        Of course all the “experts” on the virtues of cremation who comment in this forum , including the apparently literate ones who mention water tables will not believe this, but there was a worse outbreak than this, in 1918, which killed 20 million people worldwide, even though air travel didn’t exist at the time. Most victims were buried, not cremated.
        America is still burying its victims in thousands. Why should we worry about a dozen? Bigots never learn.
        Why do our pig-headed officials create unnecessary conflicts?

    • 1
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      Dr. A.R. Mohamed,

      RE: Covid-19 Infection & Burial Of Dead Bodies

      Thanks for your article and arguments as to why the Wuhan-China-19, COVID-19 dead shroud be allowed to be buried.

      1. ) A few Corrections: “produce an enzyme called ACE2 which helps the virus to get into these lung cells. ” ACE 2 is not an enzyme.

      Corrected: ACE2 is the receptor on the cell surface , to which the viral spike protein latches on to , which helps the virus to get into these lung cells.

      2.) Islamic funeral

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_funeral

      In all cases, however, sharia (Islamic religious law) calls for burial of the body as soon as possible. Burial is usually within 24 hours of death to protect the living from any sanitary issues. Cremation of the body is strictly forbidden in Islam. It should be mentioned that the rites of a burial is not constituted in the Qur’an.

      “Burial is usually within 24 hours of death to protect the living from any sanitary issues, “

      So Islam wants to protect the living from sanitary issues. That is the reason why the body is buried within 24 hours.

      By using reason, one may argue, due to sanitary issues, the living should be protected from the COVID-19 virus, due to sanitary issues. The best protection is afforded by cremation. Of course, by taking extraordinary protective measures, the body may be buried as well, at the risk of those handling the body and burial.

      3) “but after death due to non-availability of living cells and hence no production of the enzyme ACE2, the virus also stops multiplying and with time they also perish. “

      ACE2 is a receptor, not an enzyme. The virus with its protein coat is still in the body, and can infect..

      • 0
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        Reply to Mr. Amarasiri
        Appreciate your suggestions and queries and the answers for them are as follows:
        1. ACE 2 means Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2. By the name itself it is clear that it is an enzyme. This is found on the surface of cell membranes. For further details you may please refer the wikipedia
        ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiotensin-converting_enzyme_2).

        2. “The rites of the burial is not constituted in the Quran”. The burial is mentioned in the Quran but the details on rites of the burial has been explained by Prophet Muhammad during his life time (and now comes under Islamic Laws); and this is practiced by the Muslims all over the world up to date. Quran only mentions in a summary but all detail explanations have been given during the prophet’s lifetime.

        3. “ACE2 is not an enzyme”; the answer to this is given in 1). above. Although you mention that the “virus with in its protein coat is still in the body and can infect” , the COVID-19 virus has been found to live outside the body for only 72 hours and the other viruses of the corona family has been found to live only upto 9 days. Also once the person die, the virus will not replicate due to lack of living cells in the target tissues and thus it is extremely unlikely that the humans will get the disease from dead bodies in the grave.

  • 2
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    Part TWO
    Based upon this basic principle – the absolute prohibition of cremation – a Fatwa was issued by the International Islamic Fiqh Academy (IIFA) of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Fatwa Committee (of the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs) in Kuwait, and a third by Shaykh Hasanayn Muhammad Makhloof (former Mufti of Egypt); all of which ruled it to be prohibited.
    However, if we assume that the situation escalates to the point where cremation is the only way to curb the spread of the epidemic in order to preserve people’s lives, then, in this case, cremation may be permitted as a legal concession, giving precedence to the interests of the living over those of the dead.
    Indeed, Daar Al-Iftaa’ of Egypt had previously issued a Fatwa stating the permissibility of cremating the Ebola victims in the event of death, if cremation is the only way to curb the spread of the epidemic among the living, provided that the cremated remains are buried afterward.
    This must be done within the scope of the Sharee‘ah-acceptable necessity and based on the opinion of specialists from a purely scientific viewpoint.

    —-
    We would like to warn our Muslim brothers in the countries that may issue orders for the cremation of the victims to adhere to wisdom when dealing with the official authorities and to avoid collision as much as possible in order to avoid potential Fitnah (tribulation) which may incur graver evil and harm on Muslims.
    Allah Knows best.

  • 3
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    It is always you bits of CRAP who always have a problem with everything, be it food, marriage, clothes and now regulations – you will always find a bloody excuse to scream DISCRIMINATION.

    • 2
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      Islam has rules for everything and most Muslims follow them. That is the reason that they appear somewhat rigid. All such rules are society friendly. Right and wrong are clearly specified.
      Life has to be lived according to some rules, just as much as a driver has to abide by some rules when driving down the road.

    • 1
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      It is always the bits of CRAP who have problems with minorities, be it Jews, Muslims, Hindu’s, and even Buddhists, who want to follow their religions, eat what their religion advices them to do, dress according to their cultural norms, and asks for rights, when the majority wants to impose their religion and culture on the minority. No one is screaming discrimination here, do you see it? They simply want the government to adjust their thinking, and accommodate them, and their religious needs.

      Even the WHO has okayed that request, and the US is burying their dead, like so many other nations.
      The screaming seems to come from you. Are you screaming about your ignorance and hatred? We hear it well.

  • 5
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    Already three Muslims who died of corona have been cremated, first from Negombo, second from Maradana and the third from Mt. Lavinia. Except for few ramblings here and there by extremists, it appears that majority of Muslims have accepted the procedure based on hygiene.

    • 1
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      Lanka Perera,

      It is the rights of the living, to live uninfected, over the rights of the dead who got infected and died, per beliefs.

      The dead may have got infected and died, because proper precautions were NOT taken , or was an innocent victim.

      The responsibility of the state is to protect the living,

      The issue of the soul, soul leaving the body , staying within the body, going to Heaven, , Hell attaining Nibbana, Nirvana etc. are all based on BELIEFS, and the religions have so far failed to provide validated scientific evidence for the validity or invalidity of those beliefs.

      So, it is the responsibility of the living to be physically separate, not infect, and not be infected by the Wuhan China-19, COVID-19 virus, that was sent by Nature’s God, through the process of evolution and natural selection.

    • 1
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      Did they have a choice?
      How do you know what the majority thinks in this matter?

    • 1
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      So, 50% of the Covid-19 deaths are from 10% of muslims. Only 17% from 7% of Catholics and 40% from 75% of buddhists died. Because Buddhists are the least meat eaters. Body strength affect virus infection smoking, coffee, drinking all affects virus infection. Nutrition is important. Eat vegetables a lot. Sri lanka had a nutraceutical diet. Now eat processed and not nutritive foods.

      • 1
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        JD,

        If the statistics you are referring is correct, it gives support to nutrition and general health.

        The immune system is enhanced by Vit D, Vitamin C, Magnesium and Zinc.

        Vit D is produced by Sunlight striking the body. Vitamin C, Magnesium and Zinc, comes from fruits and vegetables.

        Muslims, especially Muslim women stay indoors, don’t get enough Sunlight, and lack Vit D. True to a lesser extent for Christians. May be the Buddhists spend more time outside.

        All, should prostrate to the Sun God naked and eat more vegetables and fruits. Is that one of the reasons children are less affected as they play outside and get Sunlight?

        Measure the Vit D , C, Mg and Zn levels of all those who are hospitalized.

  • 4
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    Xxx

    It is always you bits of CRAP who always have a problem with everything, be it food, marriage, clothes and now regulations – you will always find a bloody excuse to scream DISCRIMINATION.

    XXX

  • 3
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    How does the IDH and other hospitals dispose of waste water, tissues, urine, faeces, laundry water and also hand wash from their Corono wards? Are these water kept carefully apart and disposed? How is it disposed? Won’t Corono be spread through this water?

    How would this compare with a decomposing body 6 ft. under the ground?

    • 0
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      Samuel: Now is the time to teach thoser. Sri lankans are that primitive. I heard buddhists had the first hospitals and first universities (Nalanda) in the world

  • 1
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    The Government of Sri Lanka decides what is the best way based on expert opinion. Al lah cannot tell the Government what to do.

    • 1
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      Their experts are the GMOA and Derana. The most senior respiratory specialists and senior scientists are not included in the Task Force.

    • 1
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      Eagle Confused Eye,

      The Nature’s God decides who should be infected, and who should die.

      The Government of Sri Lanka and the imbeciles who elected the Government of Imbeciles, was gifted the Wuhan China-19, renamed COVID-19 virus.

      The first case was from a Chinese woman, who in turn infected the other locals. The second wave from the others who came from Europe and elsewhere.

      Does one get infected by licking Chinese assess, like the current Government seems to be doing, by appeasing the Chinese, who tried to cover up the virus in Wuhan?

  • 4
    1

    In an Island with land scarcity, cremation should be made compulsory unless facilities are not available. Putting up tombstones should be completely banned. Some idiots bury the ashes and erect tombstones. Erecting tombstones was introduced by colonial rulers. Demolish all tombstones in cemeteries and use that land for productive purposes.
    Think of the living, not dead.

    • 0
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      Idiot Eagle,
      Even the Buddha’s relics were found under a tombstone.
      No, not the fake in Kandy, the real ones in India.

    • 1
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      Eagle Eye,

      “Think of the living, not dead.”

      Demolish the Temple of the (Canine )Tooth in Kandy. It does not even have a full body, only the tooth.
      All it has are monks, for the imbeciles to prostrate.

  • 0
    0

    The best solution is to handover the the body to a team of Muslim medicos specially formed for this purpose immediately after death who can arrange for safe transport and burial in a suitable grave of recommended depth. Expensive , disposable safety gear will not be needed for this team as they are Muslims. They must however remain in quarantine for 14 days after the burial in order to alay the fears of larger society. Non Muslim health workers should not be involved or exposed in the process to avoid any controversy and also to save on elaborate safety precautions.

    Soma

  • 0
    1

    Lot of guidelines are about safety and precautions of handling the dead body.
    What for?

    Soma

  • 1
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    What happens to the soul if the body is burned instead of buried?

    Soma

    • 1
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      soma Nangi/Malli,

      Soul? What soul?

      Soul is a human construct. Animals don’t have souls, some say. Did humans evolve like animals? When did the soul get into the humans?

      Now , is the souls inside the living human body? When the human dies, how long does the soul remain in the body? 1 sec, 1 min, 1 hr, 1 day, 1 week, 1 month. 1 solar year, for ever?

      If the solid escaped the body after death ( any data?), then it may not be an issue.

      It is all beliefs and tradition. In an epidemic, go with reason, safety, and better safe than sorry.

      Why infect the living based on unproven beliefs?

  • 2
    1

    The Muslims who evaded authorities knowing fully well the risks to others will definitely end up hell whether buried or cremated.

    Soma

    • 1
      1

      Very true, the same applies to the Buddhists, Hindus and Christians including Italian returnees

  • 1
    1

    The Muslims who evaded authorities knowing fully well the risks to others will definitely end up in hell whether buried or cremated.

    Soma

    • 1
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      Soma

      WHO with 100 of coutreis back byGlobal doctors agree for Bureal and creamation
      and more than 60000 passed away due to this virus all are not cremated

      • 0
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        rbh,

        “Global doctors agree for Bureal and creamation
        and more than 60000 passed away due to this virus all are not cremated”

        It is easier to bury in a trench than cremating a lot of bodies, as they are doing in New York. Do whatever is safe practical and convenient, for the LIVING.

  • 1
    0

    This article on fecal transmission of the virus needs to be evaluated by a panel of doctors and scientists, before approving the burial of Covid-19 patients.

    https://fortune.com/2020/02/20/coronavirus-fecal-transmission/

    • 1
      0

      Has there been any scientific report on fecal transmission of this virus anywhere?
      The article referred to is old s*** with not many even commenting on it.
      *
      It is time that persons with ulterior motives were prevented from carrying out stupid panic mongering.

    • 0
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      LAL DE MEL:

      Not that intelligent argument. Digestive system – proteases will digest Virus protein coat. I do not know what happens to the exposed RNA strand.

  • 0
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    Doctor Mohommad:

    What do you say about finding of ancient viruses in Egyptian burial chambers and those investigators, in every occasion died. Explanation for those is those ancient viruses killed those people.
    So, when and if these burial grounds one day, may be after 100 years, we redigg for reuse, how do you say viruses covid-19 will not reactivate again ?

    • 0
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      Reply toJD

      As there are very many million types of viruses and only about 5000 types have been studied, I can comment on your query only from whatever literature available. In the ancient burial chambers it is likely that many living creatures are found and these may be carrying different types of viruses and other microorganisms. Viruses are known to infect bacteria and replicate in these bacterial cells. So many harmful virulent viruses and bacteria are probably able survive in these chambers and they may have been very pathogenic to the investigators. As regards the COVID-19 virus, it has been found to survive for only upto 72 hours and those viruses which belongs to the corona family has been shown to survive only for up to 9 days outside the living tissues. Hence going by the present knowledge on the COVID-19 virus, it is unlikely that if you re-dig the graves after couple of years it would re-infect the human beings.

  • 1
    1

    African countries even burried EBOLA dead because they did not have Crematoria in near by locations and probably electricity too.

    • 2
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      Cremation is the correct method to dispose a virus infected dead body. The Muslims and their Religious Moulavis and imams should abide by the rules adopted by the Govt.

    • 3
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      JD
      Only grave robbers should worry about such infection.

  • 2
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    Dead bodies are kept 5 days is the safety standard met like flies , ant, touching one day burials is a first time experience to some, During the surgical portion of embalming process remains are buried. Contaminated with blood and body fluids

    1. Coronavirus bodies are packed bases covers mortuary sheet
    2, cremation emits skeleton fuses and travel long distance Environmental uncontrolled
    3. 0042uried either wrapped with a mortuary sheet or placed in body decomposes and screen by the soil no emission seeping through sand filters
    3. Worldwide 60000 have decided did all of them cremated
    4.WHO is formed by more than 100 countries and backed by doctors declare come to conclusion cremation and burial is approved
    5. If Mortuary staff can do the critical job taking for cremation or burial has no virus transmission.

  • 2
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    April 11, 2020 08:39 am

    The drone footage from Hart Island,

    Images have emerged of coffins being buried in a mass grave in New York City, as the death toll from the coronavirus continues to rise.

    US marks record 2,108 coronavirus deaths in 24 hours The picture shoes it is not cremated

    • 1
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      rbh,

      Didn’t President Donald Trump day that the Wuhan China virus was a Democratic hoax? If so why are they burying so many bodies? Is this a hoax too?

  • 0
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    Reply toJD

    As there are very many million types of viruses and only about 5000 types have been studied, I can comment on your query only from whatever literature available. In the ancient burial chambers it is likely that many living creatures are found and these may be carrying different types of viruses and other microorganisms. Viruses are known to infect bacteria and replicate in these bacterial cells. So many harmful virulent viruses and bacteria are probably able survive in these chambers and they may have been very pathogenic to the investigators. As regards the COVID-19 virus, it has been found to survive for only upto 72 hours and those viruses which belongs to the corona family has been shown to survive only for up to 9 days outside the living tissues. Hence going by the present knowledge on the COVID-19 virus, it is unlikely that if you re-dig the graves after couple of years it would re-infect the human beings.

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