13 August, 2020

Blog

Dambulla Kovil Attacked; Hindu Politico Says Mosques And Kovils Must Not Be Shifted

Hindu politicians have issued an urgent appeal to President Mahinda Rajapaksa asking him to act immediately to stop an old kovil in Dambulla from being shifted, after the temple was partially dismantled by a group recently.

Bhadrakali Mata Statue /File photo

Dr.N Kumar Guruparan, Western Provincial Councillor and Deputy Leader of the Democratic Peoples’ Front and Spokesman for the Hindu Front said the President needed to take steps to safeguard the Badhrakaali Amman Kovil and the Moor Mosque in Dambulla where violent protests erupted last year when hardline Buddhist groups insisted the mosque and kovil were encroaching on sacred ground near the Dambulla Golden Temple.

Guruparan said on October 21, in the early hours of the morning, the temple trustees had invaded the temple premises and removed its roofing. A month ago, he said, the statue of the deity Badhrakaali had been smashed and thrown into a well. “There is a group of Buddhist fundamentalists eager to change the history of tamils and Hindus’ and Muslims’ in Dambulla demolishing the temple and Mosque in prominent palace.This issue and deliberate attack on Badrakaali amman temple  is still continuing, the deity’s statue was smashed and thrown in to the well not even a month back. Guruparan said the trident in the premises had been used to remove the roofing.

“As we know  Hon Parliamentarian R. Yogarajan with the assistance of Hindu Businesman donated a new statue, handed over at the temple. Mr. Yogarajan  also had discussions with the UDA and the Ministry of Religious Affairs to obtain a more spacious land in another location in Dambulla to rebuild this temple. I also held discussions with UDA officials  to stop shifting the residences and the Temple.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 0
    0

    On what basis holy sights reserved?

    • 0
      0

      Correction ‘sites’ reserved

  • 0
    0

    ha ha ha here we go again
    Gota diverting attention again….

  • 0
    0

    At the tail end of Mrs. B’s 1970-1977 rule, the Ramakrishna Madam in Kadirgamam was rudely moved from its many-centuries location. And that too against popular island-wide Hindu protests. She was surprised at the manner her regime was humbled in 1977. Even many Sinhalese then believed it was retribution from above. Why should this be different?
    First the Tamils and then the Moors. First the Christians, then the Islamics and then it will be the Hindus. Manifestation of Pre-Buddhist Kuveni’s yakko/raksha genes?

    Senguttuvan

    • 0
      0

      senguttuvan

      many centuries? ramakrishna missin at kataragama?

      why not several millennia?

    • 0
      0

      Senguttuvan….let’s not go deep into the history….may be we start somewhere in the middle……let’s begin with GG Senior., to the Indian origin Thondaman thuggy boy of the day !!?

      Do you believe that these so called Hindu leaders have to make a formal request to their almighties to stop undemocratic acts, while claiming the almighties as the purest democrats in the world and shouldering them to carry on with their crimes on daily basis !!?

  • 0
    0

    Rajapassa clan is now so desperate to maintain their hold on power.

    Despeicable tactics based on racial and religious tensions are now being used. Pathetic. Sri Lanka as a country will end up paying a horrific price.

    Last resort of the scoundrel.

    Cheers!

    • 0
      0

      Ben Hurling:

      You Tamil who does not like to be a Tamil.

      • 0
        0

        Spot on Jimmy! Wow!

        How did you guess that? Are you “Psychic”?

        All along we thought you were a “Psychopat”?

        Cheers!

        • 0
          0

          Mr Softy said right so that you are a Tamil Mr Ben. what a magficent guess it was. Mr softy is as brainy as Mr Gota.
          We hate Tamils, Muslims, Burgers and Westerners.
          We regime supporters only support uneducated Sinhala Buddists and specially the southern clan.
          Even if you are a Sinhala Buddist, still we hate you because you are a high class Elite Sinhalese. Arnt you?
          Our heros are Gnanasara thero, Mr Ranawaka, Mr. Gammanpila, Mr Sangili Panikkilage Wimalasena alias Weerawanse et al.
          You may say our King hon Mahinda is fooling the poor rural peasants. Yes he does so what. We love our King. You may even say Don Alwin our kings father who was a convert. Do we care, so was Solomon West Ridgway Dias Bandaranaike. We will attack everything we think we should.
          Viva our King family!

  • 0
    0

    I think the best way out of this mess is for every one in Sri Lanka to open a Mosque or a Kovil or a Church in the yard of every home. Then we can see how the Balu Bala Sena or Ravana Balaya will attack.

  • 0
    0

    Mosques should be protected.

    Buddhist temples should be protected.

    Other things are not really important. India has thousands of kovils. Go there.

    • 0
      0

      Yer not fooling anyone but your Muslim ass kissing or attempt at passing yourself as Muslim.
      The big well established Kovils aren’t going anywhere, some of the small ones may get attacked but the big ones are staying.

    • 0
      0

      Can you explain to me as to why the Sinhala in thousands flock to Kathirkamam (Kathiragama) and pay homage to Murugan? I was there two weeks back and was overwhelmed by the Sinhala with Thiruneru and Kungumam on their foreheads. It looks to me that the Sinhala Buddhists are totally confused and they do not know what they want! They will not live peacefully and will not let the others live peacefully either!

    • 0
      0

      Fathima Fukushima, I am Zahira College Boy.

      • 0
        0

        it seems you just under went chunni kalyanam recently and suffering from hallucination

    • 0
      0

      When you are planning to go to China or Burma?

    • 0
      0

      Fuku
      Manmohan Singh still have time to book his seat!

    • 0
      0

      Well what ever you say the Buddist have worked out what Mosque people are. Your use by date is over. There is no war in Sri Lanka . So no business for Mosque goer. Try creating some fight between up country down country or city vs villagers. Keep multiplying then everything can be preserved.

    • 0
      0

      Alien worship is what Hindus do.

      This is HARAM!

      No wonder gods punish them always.

      • 0
        0

        Sista, Iam so proud that you worship Hon Mahinda and Mr Gota and not the alien. Why not Ms Shiranthi too.

    • 0
      0

      Buddhists are protecting the mosques in Burma well don’t they you brainless moron.i thought your other anatomy is only 3/4 it appears your brain is only a quarter. You dirt.

  • 0
    0

    Actually it is a good opportunity to test the power of Bhadra Kali. Is the lady deity going to deliver her thunderbolt on to the heads of those goons that desecrated her mansion? I would like to watch this space. If you are a true believer, please pray!

    • 0
      0

      No divine intervention will follow, but the brainwashed Hindu masses will convince themselves that whatever problems befall on the Nationalist Monks is a result of this Temple attack.

    • 0
      0

      So many personal experiences and incidents where people had to suffer and lost their lives facing harsh circumstances after they were involved in attaching mosques.

    • 0
      0

      Actually whether it is Bathra Kali’s curse or not, the destruction of Buddhism and the cute democratic Sri Lanka has already started. According to Hindu myth, God does not go in ‘person’. When you have groups like Bodu Bala and Ravana, and individuals like Gotabhaya, you should be able to see what is coming. The senior Monks are happy to receive big gifts and fill their tummy at the owners of big Casinos and Night Clubs. If I have a good commodity, people will come and buy. I do not have to run around and promote, certainly not to hit the others. If Buddhism is great, people will embrace it. People like Richard Gere and thousands and thousands of others become Buddhists, because they chose to. Why are we running around and smashing other places of prayer? Mahanayakas are quiet! Why? Bathra Kali does not have to do anything! When you have ‘partners’ like Gota, Bodu and Ravana, why do you need ‘attackers’?

  • 0
    0

    Wait till we Tamils burn and destroy every buddhist temples in the North and if possible we will also destroy the buddhist temples in South. And watch all the hamaduru will be beaten up like what happened to that monk in Tamil nadu.

    • 0
      0

      Maaveeran:

      Your Boss tried that until 2009 and failed and now you want to try.

      • 0
        0

        Huh! Maveeran does not speak like a Tamil. Jim Softy demonstrates his single digit IQ again!

      • 0
        0

        Jom Softly your mom also[Edited out]This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy
        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

    • 0
      0

      Maveeran speaks for himself. Tamils and the Tamil Nation have nothing to do with his empty threat. Buddhism is a tributary of Sanatha Dharma
      (Hinduism) BBS and other Sinhala Buddhist extremists, who will in all probability take on Hindus next, cannot deny both religions are like milk and water.

      R. Varathan

    • 0
      0

      Thank you very much. Good riddance. After you beat and burn those monks, can you also please set fire to yourself and rise to the heavens?

    • 0
      0

      Whether you Mahaveer are Tamil or not , no one here knows.

      No spiritual and or ideological conflict between Buddhism and Tamils; it is the Nationalist Sinhala who are abusing Buddhism that Tamils have a problem with. Buddhism comes from the same native SubCon root that much of Hinduism comes from , except Buddhism sought to remove the exploitative and oppressive elements of Hinduism.

      So it will be exceedingly odd ,and dare I say suspicious, if a Buddhist place of worship is attacked.

      • 0
        0

        …unless the BBS does it deliberately to cause trouble. I would not put anything past those s-bs.

        • 0
          0

          A false flag operation can’t be ruled out; it would give much need excuse for the GOTA security apparatus to justify the militarization of Sri Lanka and paint the Nationalist Sinhalese as victims.

    • 0
      0

      A barking dog!

  • 0
    0

    mahasohon –

    Kali Has already acted. She Has introduced Casino. By entering into the Brain of MR & Co.

    Fathima Fukushima

    God/Goddess and Allah have their priorities.

    They have acted Once again Thro Casino. You can have free trip lunch, drink etc with complement from your Pay Master MR & Co. Like the free walk on Katunayaka Highway for two days But you will have your Favorite “FUK” too.

    To all

    Why worry. Open a Casino/Brothel/Liquor Shop at Dambulla within the Sacred area. All Problems will be solved. You Can Install a Kali Temple and a Mosque within. No Problem. Maha Nayakas, Bodu B S, SU Etc want bother you. Only The Kasippu/Madams/ Dukes/Lords in the Raja Maligava will go out of Job. Sin No?
    But Who cares.
    What a Hipocracy. Ha! Ha!

    Cheers

  • 0
    0

    Morally banckrupt Tamil Nazi are at it again. The pitting of Hindu and Buddhists have begun.

    If the Sinhala Buddist majority wanted your Hindu culture destroyed you wound not be living in the South any longer.

    • 0
      0

      So you are saying the tamils attacked this temple? Just like you and your quacks blaming the diaspora tamils for all the mosque attacks. Keep dreaming. Even Weerawansa, the king of dreams and BS does not believe you anymore.

  • 0
    0

    Christians had Crusades, Muslims had Conquests.

    What is wrong if Buddhists don’t want kovils killing animals in the name of a goddess ?

    • 0
      0

      It makes sense to educate the people concerned that killing animals in the name of religion is bad but attempting to remove the kovil altogether has racist overture!

    • 0
      0

      Strawman argument because none of the Kovils I have been to sacrificed animals. You just want to find some excuse no matter how lame, to justify destroying Kovils because ultimately Kovil is central pillar of Tamil identity so what you really want is to genocide the Tamils and create a pure Sinhala Sri Lanka.

    • 0
      0

      Jim if your a man why don’t you record yourself on a video camera saying what you got to say and put it on youtube or facebook. Thats how you sinhalese are. Bitch ass homo cunts. You bitchlese are worse than Prophet moohamhead.

    • 0
      0

      If they don’t want that, there are more humane, decent and democratic ways to approach the subject. Not go on a rampage like a bunch of barbaric animals (pun intended). The muslims don’t like idol-worship, so you are ok with them going around destroying your Buddhist statues?

  • 0
    0

    Where ever a few bones or pottery is found, it is declared a sacred area or archeological site. Gandasara & Co claimed to have found the grave of Sugaladevi who is said to have been an ancient queen of Sri Lanka. This was later debunked by archeologists. These donkeys go around claiming land like dogs pissing on lamposts.

    Q – Why do male dogs pee at every lamppost etc?
    A – It’s not just to mark their territory. Dogs pee is a form of communication for them as are their poops. On any given lamp post there will be hundreds of dogs pee, it’ll act like a bit of a bulletin board for dogs stating basically who they are, and when they were there among a whole load of other things. Dog poop is the same.

    ” A Mum and her four-year-old daughter watched in horror as their dog was killed when he cocked his leg against a faulty lamppost.

    Black labrador Snoop broke free from his lead and was electrocuted as he urinated.

    Witnesses said he howled in pain before collapsing.”

  • 0
    0

    As mahasohon said above this is a good opportunity for the goddess B to punish who destroyed it.

    They say that after the Talibans dynamited the ancient Buddha statutes there was no end of death and destruction to Taliban supporters.

  • 1
    0

    GOD ALMIGHTY CREATED ME WITH WINGS OF FREEDOM ,I WONT LET ANYONE TO CLIP THOSE WINGS .

    I WANT TO BE FREE , I DO NOT WANT TO BE LOCKED IN FAKE COMMUNITIES OR CULTS THAT BOASTS THAT THEY ARE THE ONLY PERFECT BELIEVERS & WHO SUFFER FROM HALLUCINATIONS THAT THE PARADISE AFTER DEATH IS A RESERVED ABODE ONLY FOR THEM NO MATTER HOW EVIL THEIR HEARTS ARE AS LONG AS THEY DISPLAY TO MEN THEIR RELIGIOUS RITUALS,.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF THOSE HYPOCRITICAL CULTISTS WHO CAN SIT IN FRONT OF THEIR TVS IN COMFORT EAT POP CORNS DRINK TEA OR COFFEE & CRY CROCODILE TEARS & WITHOUT TRUE EMOTIONS WHILE THEY WATCH HUMAN BEINGS BURNT ALIVE, HACKED TO DEATH , CHASED AND BEATEN TO DEATH BY THEY VERY PRIESTS WHO ARE CLAD IN DISTINCTIVE DRESS TO BE RECOGNIZED AS MEN OF HUMANITY , WATCH INNOCENT MEN ,WOMEN & CHILDREN BE DRIVEN TO THE OPEN SEA AND WATCH THEM DRAWN TO DEATH , WATCH PEOPLE HOMELESS & SOME IN SHANTIES WHILE THEY LIVE IN MANSIONS , BUILD MONUMENTS , TEMPLES ,MONASTERIES, SYNAGOGUE ,MASJIDS (MOSQUES) SPENDING IN MILLIONS IN COMPETITIONS TO EACH OTHERS CULTS , & SOME SUFFERING WITH YET ANOTHER HALLUCINATION ,A GREAT BIG LIE SPREAD BY THEIR FAKE & EVIL RELIGIOUS TEACHERS THAT BUILDING A PLACE OF WORSHIP GUARANTEES THEM A PALACE IN THE HEREAFTER , WHILE LETTING THE POOR HELPLESS REMAIN HOMELESS FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIVES , WHAT DO YOU CAL SUCH PEOPLE , DEFINITELY NOT FOOLS , BUT EVIL A HEART FILLED WITH SELFISHNESS , NAY THEY WILL NEVER ,NEVER SEE THE FACE OF THE LORD & THE FAKE DISPLAY OF RELIGIOUS RITUALS THEY CONDUCTED DAILY ONLY BY EXTERNAL SHOW & NOT BY THEIR HEARTS WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED IN THE KINGDOM OF THE LORD ANYTHING MORE THAN DIRTY RAGS.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE APART OF THOSE CULTISTS WHO WATCH THEIR MEN KILL INNOCENT MEN AND CALL IT HOLY WAR FOR GOD & BE SILENT A WAY OF AFFIRMATION TO THIS BRUTAL ACT.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE APART OF A CULTIST WHO’S WOMEN ARE COVERED HEAD TO TOE, BUT HEIR HEARTS ARE FILLED WITH WICKEDNESS, WHO SLANDER PURE WOMEN , ENGAGE IN BACKBITING , EXPOSE PEOPLES FAULTS ,WHILE COVERING THEIR OWN & DEGRADING , SCHEMING ,PLOTTING TO DESTROY FAMILIES , ENGAGING IN BLACK MAGIC , EVIL WITCH CRAFT , OUT WORLDLY SHOWING OFF AS IF THEY ARE THE ONLY TRUE WORSHIPERS OF GOD ,BUT IN SECRET WORSHIP THE DEVIL WHILE PRACTICING BLACK MAGIC & WITCH CRAFT WITH ALL THEIR MODEST CLOTHING OF COVERING IMAGINING THEY CAN FOOL GOD AND THEIR EVIL ACTS BECAUSE THEY ARE COVERED WITH SUCH CLOTHING , THEY HAVE VERILY TRADED THIS WORLD PERMANENTLY FOR THE ETERNAL WORLD.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF THOSE UNGRATEFUL WRETCHES WHO FORGET THE ONES WHO HAVE HELPED THEM & PAVED THE PATH TO WHATEVER THEY BOAST AS THEIR SUCCESS.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF THOSE WHO SLANDER & BAD MOUTH OTHERS & THEN TWIST THE BLAME ON THOSE WHO REFUSE TO SUPPORT THEIR EVIL ACT.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF THOSE WHO CAN NOT ACCEPT THEIR WRONG DECISION , BUT DARE TO SWEAR BY GOD AND DENY IT AND BLAME IT ON OTHERS.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE APART OF THOSE WHO ENGAGE IN TRADE & EXPECT NOT TO SHARE THE LOSSES & WHO DEMANDS THE POUND OF FLESH , EVEN KNOWING THE PARTNER’S HONESTY.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF THOSE WHO TAKE IT FOR GRANTED THAT THEY DO NOT HAVE TO PAY BACK THE CAPITAL INVESTED BY A PARTNER IN THEIR TRADE WHEN THEY INCUR LOSS, BUT THE SAME PARTNER WHEN INCURS LOSS IN HIS TRADE ,MUST AT ANY COST BEAR ALL THE LOSS.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF PEOPLE WHO USED ME WHEN THEY NEEDED ME & DISCARDED ME WHEN I NEEDED THEM.

    I DO NOT WANT TO BE A PART OF A COMMUNITY ,FAMILY OR A SIBLING TO THOSE WHO WANT TO RELISH MY MY DOWNFALL , OR BOOST THEIR EGO AT MY COST.

    INSTEAD I WANT TO BE FREE , I WANT TO CELEBRATE THE NAME OF MY CREATOR , OFTEN REMEMBER HIM WITH GRATITUDE ,OFTEN SEEK HIS FORGIVENESS & ULTIMATELY SEEK NOTHING BUT HIS LOVE ,BUT IN SILENCE & DISCREETLY A DIALOG JUST BETWEEN THE TWO OF US.

    THE REVELATION I BELIEVE IS FROM GOD ALMIGHTY , NEVER EVEN ONCE SAY TO BUILD MANSIONS FOR WORSHIP ON EARTH SO HE WOULD GIFT YOU A PALACE IN THE HEREAFTER ,INSTEAD WORD AFTER WORD HE INSISTS IN OFFERING CHARITY , TAKING CARE OF ORPHANS ,

    SHOW ME A RELIGION OR A CULT THAT DOES NOT ENCOURAGE THE ABOVE AND ,YES THEN I WILL ACCEPT IT AS THE RELIGION ACCEPTED BY GOD & TRUE .

    ——————————————————————-

    FINALLY IF YOU WANT TRUE PEACE & PROSPERITY IN SRI LANKA- LOCK ALL THE FANATIC PRIESTS &SCHOLARS OF ALL THE RELIGIONS AND CULTS WHICH ARE ALL FAKE TODAY…. AND THROW THE KEYS AWAY,, IF YOU DO NOT DO THIS THIS country WILL GO DOWN THE DRAINS..

    • 0
      0

      Throw them away but they have many keys. This is Sri Lanka there are many fake stuff around.

  • 0
    0

    Don’t believe in any God. You are your own God and nobody else. No God will help you and some people, in the name God,are filling their pockets. It is a fact that Humans created the Gods and not Vice Versa.

    Cyril

    • 0
      0

      Goata is going to be angry.

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 0
    0

    Enforcement of the right of adherence to any religion and the right of worship in places erected for same is expected in any democracy.
    In sri lanka,the religion of majority of tamils is hinduism.They are entitled to worship their gods in their own way like allowed to followers of other religions.
    Hundreds of hindu temples have been desecrated,looted and destroyed by the army in the north and east during and even in the aftermath of the war.Hindu clergy too have been attacked and killed.
    This now goes on in the south too,in the name of the great religion of Buddhism by the misguided followers of the Gautama,who never preached such intolerance.
    Many forget that shrines for Vishnu,a hindu god,exist in the premises of many buddhist temples,where devotees after paying obeisance to The Buddha,pray,make vows,even curse their enemies by smashing coconuts,
    and,importantly,make offerrings of cash and gold.
    These are a good source of income to the viharathipathis.
    Hence,these shrines will never be attacked!

  • 0
    0

    We are writing our opinion pieces while these tragic incidents are taking place unnabated in our country.
    What ‘good waves’ are we making here.
    The regime does not care.
    Will the Muslims,Hindhus and Chistians rise up to protect their holy sites? They have a right I guess.

    God Bless Sri Lanka!

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 0
    0

    Hindus worship aliens.

    Just look at their so called gods. They are aliens.

    This is unacceptable.

    SL should ban this despicable act of alien worship.

    • 0
      0

      Speaking of extra terrestrial worship,
      You know Muslims bend over and pray towards a Meteorite, and they also circle the meteorite while praying(for those few with the resources to actually go to Mecha)

      I won’t defend Temple/Priest run Hinduism because there is a lot of crap in it.

    • 0
      0

      The Buddhists in Sri-Lanka worship the same Hindu gods. Just go to Katargama.

    • 0
      0

      What do you worship you brainless swine? Pig I believe?

  • 1
    0

    BAN ALL RELIGOUS WORSHIPS& BUILDINGS , MONUMENTS IN PUBLIC PLACES , YOU WANT TO WORSHIP OR KEEP MONUMNETS DO IN IN YOUR OWN HOMES,..
    MAKE SRI LANKA 100% SECULARS COUNTRY ,KICK THE RELIOUGS FANATIC YAKOS ON THIER FKING BACKS..

    BAN LOUD SPEAKERS COMPLETELY TOO ,,, BAND TALIBAN TERORORIST ATTIRES , BAN RELIOUS DEBATES , NO ONE HAS THE RIGHT TO INSULT OR DEBATE ABOUT THE BIBLE WHEN THEY THEMSLEVES HAVE SIMILAR BOOKS IN HAND , WHICH AS THEY QUOTE THE BIBLE TO BE -ACCORING ,ACCORDING , WHAT THE HELL IS YOUR STUPID BOOKS IF IT IS NOT ACCORDING ACCORDING ,ACCORDING , AND SO AND SO , AND SO AND SO, BAN- IT TODAY.. ALL THESE ARE FAKE AND DESTROYING THE PEACE IN OUR COUNTRY , JUST DRESS MODESTLY AND BE HONEST IN YOUR HEARTS AND STOP ROBBING OUR MOTHER LAND ,

  • 0
    0

    Fahim A. Knight-El

    Moorish Holy Temple of Science of the World
    http://www.dralimelbey.com
    MOORISH HISTORICAL ORIGINS AND MYSTICAL CONNECTIONS Paschal Beverly Randolph Paschal Beverly Randolph [October 8, 1825– July 29, 1875]. According to Herald’s College of England, Dr. Randolph’s…

  • 0
    0

    The Gods did not protect when human beings were murdered/butchered. But the human beings are trying to protect gods!! I mean temples!!! What a funny scenario.

  • 0
    0

    burn down all buddshit brothels.

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.