1 December, 2022

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Establishing A UN Monitored Protection Mechanism In NorthEast

By Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah

Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah

TGTE’s Call for Establishing a UN Monitored International Protection Mechanism in the NorthEast

This paper in the main addresses the question why there is an absolute and urgent necessity for putting in place a suitable UN Monitored International Protection Mechanism, involving a continuing human rights presence in the NorthEast as a form of protection for the Tamil people; in that context this paper seeks the engagement of scholars, human rights advocates and legal luminaries here assembled on the interventions and options available in this regard.

The best form of protection that would guarantee the safety, security, economic prosperity and freedom of the Tamil speaking people would be the restoration of an Independent and Sovereign State of Tamil Eelam. When the TGTE requested for the ‘freedom demands’ of the Tamil people in drafting the Tamil Eelam Freedom Charter, my husband wrote down his vision of Tamil Eelam:

A Tamil Eelam that boasts of an exemplary egalitarian society that is firmly rooted in a coherent and transparent socio-economic-political-legal system that promotes the welfare, mutual respect and dignity of all its citizens including its men, women, seniors, the poor, the handicapped, the infirm, war veterans, war widows and orphans. A Tamil Eelam that works towards eliminating economic disparities among its citizens and to protecting their human rights. That its governance is characterized by strict adherence to the rule of both national and international law as a means to delivering equal justice to all, thereby ensuring social, cultural, linguistic and gender equality and religious freedom; it facilitates equal and unhindered access to educational, employment and economic opportunities and healthcare for all its citizens; it upholds press freedom to buttress the rights of its citizens and their right to assemble freely and protest peacefully any perceived wrong doings and to seek appropriate remedies from an independent judiciary and an independent Human Rights Commission. A Tamil Eelam that aims to establish itself as an intellectual hub and a center for academic excellence that actively promotes innovation, cutting edge technology and enterprise, environmental protection and sustainable development, whilst preserving its natural resources and wealth.

Although the cause for a free Tamil Eelam continues relentlessly and will continue until it is won, given fresh impetus by the promulgation of the Tamil Eelam Freedom Charter, TGTE’s call for establishing a ‘UN Monitored International Protection Mechanism’ in the NorthEast is the right call to make and should be pursued robustly, considering the prevailing dire situation of a highly militarized NorthEast, of rampant and flagrant human rights abuses and need to halt the ongoing systematic structural genocide perpetrated on the Tamil Nationthat’s continuing unabated as we speak.

Army involvement in the Lives of School Children

Other measures such as an ‘interim transitional administration’ in the NorthEast or one similar to the ISGA (Internal Self Governing Authority) proposal may also be considered as a form of protection, but is not within the scope of this paper.

Introduction: The Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE) in its 3rd Annual Assembly convened inBuffalo,NY in December 2011 adopted a resolution for action in the ‘Matter of Protecting Human Rights in Tamil Eelam’. In compliance and with a view to giving “form and substance” to the resolution, a ‘task force’ made recommendations underscoring the need for an, “International Protection Mechanism specifically related and dealing with the ongoing violations of international human rights laws and norms committed in the homeland by the Sri Lankan Army of occupation and its political masters,” namely the Sri Lankan government led by Mahinda Rajapaksa.

The TGTE set out a “work programme” that included among other, “engaging constructively with the Office of the High Commissioner for UN Human Rights (OHCHR)and the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC), pushing for periodic fact finding missions by eminent persons to the Northern and Eastern parts of the island, considering sending task force missions comprising individuals from Tamil Nadu similar to the ‘Green Peace Flotilla to Gaza’, calling on the Co-Chairs & India and other international players with influence to have a summit to discuss current issues and take steps to protect Tamils in the island, creating ‘Village Monitoring Groups’ in major countries (UK, Canada, Australia Geneva and France, etc) to obtain updated information on the ground realities and provide suggestions as to how to address the issues, formulating ideas as to what the international community can do and what the Diaspora Tamils can do, assisting and encouraging the international community in documenting abuses that are happening since the end of the war and take steps to addressing it, liaising with INGOs in dealing with gross human rights violations and identifying any other areas not mentioned in the work programme.”

The TGTE Senate in a document entitled, ‘The Roadmap to Achieving the Restoration of an Independent Sovereign State of Tamil Eelam – A Work in Progress’, presented at the 4th Annual Assembly convened in London, UK in Dec 2012, said it was pleased that the TGTE is giving this initiative high priority and made recommendations for action that included:

  • Lobbying for the setting up of an ‘International Protection Mechanism’ to uphold the safety and rights of the Tamil people in theislandofSri Lanka.
  • Drawing up a Paper on the legal issues, precedents and new possibilities; approach sympathetic governments, groups, and individuals to take this up at global forums.
  • Calling for the immediate lifting of the ban by the Sri Lankan government “on credible international human rights organizations” obtaining free access into the NorthEast with recommendations to demand and campaign for the immediate admission without conditions and restrictions INGOs such as Amnesty International (a Nobel Peace Prize Winner), Human Rights Watch and International Crisis Group into the NorthEast.
  • Demanding free access to the NorthEast to members of the International Media without conditions and restrictions.
  • Encouraging Investigative Journalists to report on the situation (on the ground) in Sri Lanka.

The need for protecting the human rights of the Tamil people an urgent priority

In pursuing the initiative for an International Protection Mechanism’ the TGTE will continue to engage the UN and the international community to safeguard the physical security, the lives and human rights of the Tamil people in the island and also to help preserve and protect their national identity before it becomes extinct and their homeland is obliterated and lost forever.

The need for protecting the human rights of the Eelam Tamil people and for preserving the Tamil Nationfrom total obliteration has become an urgent priority. This being necessary after the genocidal massacre of tens of thousands of Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan government of Mahinda Rajapaksa in the final stages of the war, the UN Panel of Experts finding credible allegations that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed by both sides and that most of the civilian deaths were caused by government shelling. The TGTE however is calling for senior Sri Lankan political and military leaders to be tried for genocide in addition to war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Need to halt the ‘Structural Genocide of the Tamil Nation

Four years after the war it has now become vitally important for urgent action to be taken to halt the structural genocide of the Tamil Nation. When we mean structural genocide we mean the deliberate intention of the Sri Lankan government to destroy the Tamil Nationand to destroy the historical habitats of the Tamil people in the NorthEast that constitute the traditional Tamil homeland.[1] The means by which the government has sought to achieve this end, among other  is by maintaining the Tamil homeland as a highly militarized zone; by blurring the demography through colonization and by establishing Sinhala settlements, “grabbing” private land through expropriation and misusing state land, changing Tamil place names and redrawing boundaries; by destroying the Tamil national identity, the Tamil language, the Tamil culture, the Tamil people’s Hindu and Christian religious faiths, by desecrating and or taking over their places of worship, by building Buddhist shrines and erecting Buddha statues everywhere, by exerting Sinhala Buddhist hegemony over Tamils; by violating the Tamil people’s human rights enshrined in the UN Charter and Declaration of Human Rights and other UN Treaties and by plundering Tamil Eelam’s natural resources.

Intention to make the Tamil homeland a pervasive military camp

The Tamil NorthEast is an occupied zone. Four years after the war ended it was expected that in the name of peace and reconciliation the Sri Lankan government would have dismantled the High Security Zones, closed all army cantonments, removed army check points, given back the lands it stole from the people and would leave the NorthEast, paving the way for a political solution that devolved substantive powers to the NorthEast, the Tamil homeland. But on the contrary, a set of ‘infographics’[2] prepared by the Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice exposes alarming facts about the Sri Lankan military expansion in the Northeast. The horrifying reality is that this Sinhala army has no plans to leave but is here to stay, making Tamil Eelam a virtual army camp.

The Hindu newspaper has in a piece of investigative journalism said: “more than three years after winning the war against the LTTE, the Sri Lankan Army retains an overwhelming presence in the North and East of the island, deploying 16 out of its 19 divisions in the Tamil-dominated regions.” (Information available with The Hindu indicates that besides three divisions in Jaffna, there are three each in Killinochchi and Mullaithivu, while five divisions are stationed in Vavuniya. Another two divisions are deployed in the East. Three divisions are headquartered in southern Sri Lanka.)

According to the ‘infographics’, the ratio of soldiers to civilians is 1:3 in Vavuniya and the numbers within the Sri Lanka military has grown at a dangerously high rate since the end of the war. The 200,000 strong military at the end of the war has since grown to 300,000 in 2012 without any justification and has the potential to increase to 400,000 in 2015, posing a real threat to the safety, security, freedom and peaceful existence of the Tamil people and their right to a life without fear, intimidation and subjugation. The Tamil people now stand without any form of protection or means of defending themselves. 

Sri Lanka's North is under military occupation – One of five Infographics by Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice

Tamil areas are akin to an occupied territory and the Sri Lankan army is acting as if it’s was going to war and in “operational readiness” and “not post-conflict repose” according to Colonel Hariharan, a renown military analyst and former member of the IPKF.

Military Governors the ‘New Colonial Masters’

That the army is interfering with every aspect of the everyday lives of the Tamil people and creating a culture of fear amongst the people is further exacerbated by the fact that the Rajapaksa administration has installed former army commanders as governors of the Northern and Eastern provinces who take orders directly from the Sri Lankan President and his brothers, namely Basil Rajapaksa from the Ministry of Economic and Rural development and Gotabaya Rajapaksa from the Ministry of Defence and Urban Development, notwithstanding the existence of the newly installed Eastern Provincial Council; and whether in the Eastern or for that matter if ever a proposed Northern Provincial Council were to be installed, there is no indication that the military governors’ posts will be eliminated.

Mahinda Samarasinghe, the President's envoy, says the military is not involved in civilian life

It is the military governors who act as “colonial masters” and are the first point of contact for foreign dignitaries for briefing purposes, before Tamil elected representatives or members of the civil society. The existence of these military governors only in the Northern and Eastern provinces and not in other provinces belies the claim that there is a civil administration in existence in Tamil areas. It’s the Northern military governor Maj. General Chandrasiri who spoke for the people of the Northern Province approving the Divingeguma Bill (now enacted into law) satisfying a Supreme Court ruling that provincial councils had to first agree and give their approval to cede their financial powers over to the President’s brother, Basil Rajapaksa the Minister for Economic and Rural Development, that recommended a referendum on the question. It must be remembered that it is for this ruling that the Chief Justice was impeached;[3] a move condemned by distinguished world legal personalities and considered a grave assault on the independence of the judiciary. Sri Lanka has the unique distinction of having two chief justices, not only creating a total lack of confidence in the judicial system, a break down in the rule of law and separation of powers; as for Tamils, government interference in the judiciary would further erode their chances of either receiving a fair trial or obtaining justice.

Army Checkpoints Mushrooming!

In Tamil areas the army is still building check points. The building of new army check points are ongoing and if left unchecked could fast become one of the means for the government to have control over people’s activities, to restrict freedom of movement and curb political activity especially in respect to the Northern Provincial Council elections the holding of which is still in limbo. The building of a checkpoint in Kanthi Kiramam in January 2013 is a case in point. According to a blog posting titled Militarization as a way of life: an ‘Orwellian’ note from Kilinochchi[4] by ‘The Social Architects” (TSA). The military “justified’ the particular checkpoint as “necessary to curb illegal excavation of sand,” but the blog points out that the hidden reason is to heighten the “military presence” and the army’s “surveillance activities” in the area, pursuing the Military’s modus operandi of inculcating fear and the notion in the minds of the people that the military is watching their every move.

In addition in Kanthi Kiramam there have been incidents where “unidentified persons wearing black clothing have entered homes and scared the hell out of residents

The TSA asks if the “government of Sri Lanka really want to monitor illegal sand excavation? Or do they want to make sure that community members don’t forget that the military is watching? Or that the conclusion of war has resulted in de facto military occupation throughout the Northern Province?”

“….Nevertheless, it looks like these acts of violence are now being used to justify the checkpoint, as the military now seems to be citing security concerns as justification for continued state surveillance. The final report of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) to reduce the army’s presence in the North and the East. Such a measure would allow people to move freely and help them to regain some semblance of normalcy post-war. Some people wonder if the government intends to place even more members of the army in this area – using the abovementioned incidents as a pretext for a heightened military presence. Were that to happen, such actions should be met with skepticism because this is a regime that simply cannot be trusted.”

Colonization – Land Grab

Manipulation of Demographic Composition

The forcible expropriation of private land by the government for the building of army cantonments, Buddhist temples and Sinhala settlements[5] is being accelerated to speed up the government’s colonization programme which is intended to manipulate the demographic composition[6] of the Tamil homeland. The TNA MP, M A Sumanthiran in press release, ‘Replaying history: Land Grab in the North and East[7] has exposed the Sri Lankan government’s duplicitous behaviour in cheating the Tamil people and stealing 6, 400 acres of their land in Valikamam North. This is tantamount to highway robbery, forceful and illegal land grabbing using the might of a murderous army to silence the people from staking their legitimate claims.

“Last week saw a hugely dangerous move by the government. Section 2 notices under the Land Acquisition Act were pasted on trees in Valikamam North in the Jaffna Peninsula indicating that an extent of approximately 6,400 acres of private lands belonging to several thousand Tamil people would be acquired for Military cantonments. Strangley, the notice says that the claimants are not traceable! The owners of these lands live just outside the so called illegal High Security Zone, in camps maintained by the government itself. They have lived there for over 25 years. And although their title to these lands were checked and cleared by a Committee appointed by the Supreme Court in 2006, they were not permitted to go and resettle on the false assertion that de-mining was not complete. That it is false is demonstrated by the sight of soldiers cultivating these lands from which the owners were kept away. Now suddenly, the government has shown its true face: these lands will be taken and given to others to occupy, who will become voters in the North. Similar notices have been issued in the Kilinochchi Distrct also. In the Eastern Province, instructions have gone out to acquire all the land that the military deems necessary for its purposes.

Issues relating to land have always been at the centre of the national question. In the past, misuse of land powers by the state resulted in violence and the worsening of ethnic relations between communities. Despite having ‘won the war’ however, the Sri Lankan government seems to be reluctant to learn lessons from this history in order to win the peace. Alarmingly, the history of land grabs seems to be repeating itself. People of the North and East, who according to the government were rescued by the military in a ‘humanitarian operation’ find their lands and with it their livelihoods, way of life, and birthright snatched from them by the selfsame military.”

Military Corporatism

The army’s involvement in business activities in the NorthEast is a great cause for concern. At the 22nd session of the UN Human Rights Council, Mahinda Samarasinghe speaking for the Sri Lankan government made an outlandish claim that ‘Social Progress’ has been achieved in the NorthEast through “strengthening of the civil administration” and by the “provision of livelihood support” both of which are hitherto not true.

The army is into agriculture having taken over 180 acres of arable land just in one location alone and is engaged in doing business, selling its produce to the public on a corporate scale; the kind of military corporate culture that exists in the Sri Lankan military is not found in any other military in any part of the world. According to another ‘infographics’ created by The Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice the army owns a Ferry Service, 11 Hotels and Resorts, 2 Whale Watching Trips, 3 Cricket Stadiums, a 180 acre Farm, many Restaurants and Cafes, 2 Planes and a Golf Course.

Colonization – Affecting the livelihood of the Tamil People

In addition Sinhala settlements are growing and Sinhalese are involved in commercial, fishing and farming activities depriving the Tamil people of their livelihood. All of the development are military centered; neither environmentally friendly nor promoting sustainable development. It seems Tamil Eelam’s resources and lands are sold off to foreign governments and entities to line the pockets of the Rajapaksas and keep them in power.

The government’s move to bring in ethnic Sinhalese to settle in Tamil areas, the take over of private and state owned land including arable land for military purposes, not to mention the movement of a disproportionate number of Sinhala fishermen into the area, have all negatively impacted the livelihood opportunities of the indigenous ethnic Tamil population. The 27% growth in the GDP in the North that Mr. Samarasinghe mentioned was very misleading. The 27% growth rate in the North does not reflect any improvement in quality of life of ordinary Tamil people but is due to the unbridled expansion of the Military in the NorthEast and the huge expenses including salaries that come with it, not to mention the ongoing military centered infrastructure development.

Resettlement of IDPs – 5Rs a Lie

Mr. Samarasinghe’s claim that the Sri Lankan government has achieved the 5 Rs i.e. Reconstruction Resettlement Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Reconciliation has been refuted by Dr. Paul Newman in his article: Lies Retold – The Annual Sri Lankan Ritual[8] at the UNHRC:

“More than 93,000 people are estimated to be still displaced as of late December 2012, living in camps in Vavuniya, Jaffna and Trincomalee districts, in transit sites or with host communities. Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (January 24, 2013)….In Jaffna alone 70,000 Tamils are yet to return home as their land is occupied as High Security Zones. The entire village of Mullikulam is displaced into the jungles and a naval complex is coming up in the area. In Jaffna the Talsevana military resort has come up in the place of land occupied from Tamils.”

Biggest allocation from the 2013 Budget going to the Ministry of Defence

The biggest allocation from the 2013 Budget is going to the Ministry of Defence and Urban Development, as it was in the previous year, with nearly Rs. 290 billion allotted for Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s ministry.[9] This amount shows an increase of nearly Rs. 60 billion from what was allocated to the Ministry in 2012. Meanwhile, in comparison the Ministry of Education has been allocated only Rs. 37.9 billion, up by around Rs. 3.43 billion over 2012, while the Ministry of Higher Education has been allocated Rs. 27.9 billion, up by around Rs 4.1 billion over 2012. This is a numbers game in a country where more than 20 million people live, but 70% of the national budget is controlled by one family,” the Asian Human Rights Council,[10] has said.

Another development to watch is the new and disturbing practice of commissioning schools principles as ‘brevet colonels’.[11] Under the guidance of the Secretary Defence and Urban Development Gotabaya Rajapaksa, 23 Class 1 Principals of Sri Lanka Education Administrative Service and officers of the Ministry of Education were Commissioned as Brevet Colonels at a ceremony held at the Defence Ministry premises on 08th October, (2012)” the Ministry of Defence announced.

The Indoctrination of Tamil children and Army involvement in the Lives of School Children

That in the NorthEast there is a systematic subtle indoctrination of school children being carried out by the army is obvious. The army’s involvement in schools, in the lives of school children and student activities are indeed a cause for great concern.

Tamils have No Right to Basic Freedoms

Furthermore the Sri Lankan military are continuing to violate the human, civil, political, and democratic rights of the NorthEast people. The people do not have the right to basic freedoms such as freedom of speech and assembly and have to live in fear of even mourning their dead and that they or their youth could be arrested and taken under the dreaded Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) on false allegations at any time is real, similar to what happened to the university students in Jaffna who were detained for weeks without charge.Sri Lanka’s human rights record in terms of enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, abductions, detention without charge and rape continues to be dismal.

That the army goes as far as restricting the free movement of people and the right to free speech and assembly in clear violation of their democratic rights was evidenced recently during the UNHRC session in March this year when about “thousand women” who had boarded buses from Vavuniya to join a protest rally in Colombo, calling for information on their disappeared relatives were prevented from proceeding by the military[12]. According to Mano Ganesan[13], “the government forces and police had intimidated the bus drivers, warning them not to proceed with the journey,” on the false pretense that the buses had been stoned and that the army was acting to prevent clashes from occurring, which he condemned as a lie.

That Tamil Eelam continues to “be occupied, pillaged and violated”[14] and the people are enslaved and held captive by the Sri Lankan military and the government, make the need for a Human Rights Protection Mechanism more crucial in the NorthEast than ever before.

Women preyed upon

Tamil women are being subject to rape and forced prostitution and have been coerced into joining the Sri Lankan army, the Tamil Guardian[15] reported:

“Furthermore, according to the Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice, the military also intentionally preyed on young women, including “young widows and women who had to provide for seriously ill relatives”. They also claimed to have received information reporting that at least 20 women who were recently recruited to the 6th Brigade of the Sri Lankan Army had been admitted to the Kilinochchi district hospital on December 11th, as did Tamilnet further reported that many were unconscious and had been isolated from other patients, being treated only be Sri Lankan Army doctors and nurses.”

The Human Rights Watch reported on 75 cases of sexual abuse including rape and torture committed by members of the Sri Lankan armed forces on Tamil detainees.[16] Latest reports from the ground reveal, the North is an open prison, people are overcome by fear; they want to flee: I got this raw unadulterated news straight from ground zero from the horse’s mouth: Women are being used as “sex slaves” and the families dare not disclose it to anyone. They watch as “silent partners in a crime” that they can’t report. The people are held captive against their wishes but can’t speak out. Any activity would elicit a visit from the “men in uniform”, the Rajapaksa government’s equivalent to armed Gestapo.

Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields a Tourist site

In a country where triumphalism rules, ‘Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields’[17] in the Tamil homeland has become a tourist site,[18] built over the remains of tens of thousands of innocent Tamil civilians, complete with a Sinhala war memorial whilst the Tamil people cannot grieve for their dead and Tamil war memorials have been desecrated to build army cantonments.

Ensure International observers to oversee NPC elections 

That no one in Tamil Eelam could express their true aspirations for a free Tamil Eelam as long as they are occupied by an alien military and the 6th amendment is in force, is a fact.

That the Tamil people could be disenfranchised and unable to vote in the Northern Provincial Council elections by the manipulation of voter registration is a serious possibility; that without international observers and without a system of thorough and intense scrutiny, the likelihood that the elections will be rigged is indeed a serious possibility. In March of this year a meeting convened in Kilinochchi by Tamil MPs was stoned and disrupted by unidentified thugs ending in injuries to 15 persons. The Sri Lanka Brief carried an article by DBS Jeyarajah under the caption “State Terrorists” Carrying Lion Flags Launch Stone Attack On TNA Meeting in Kilinochchi.[19]

The assault on Tamil media[20]

The persistent attacks on Uthayan Newspapers spell disaster not only for press freedom, not only for the Tamil media, but for Tamils, deprived of the right to freedom of information as they face a provincial council election; an election where they are unwilling participants, because a boycott would bring the scoundrels into the council, those who committed the dastardly acts, those subjugating our people as we speak.

Available Options in terms of UN Mechanisms 

UN Human Rights Systems

Having examined the urgent necessity for an International Protection Mechanism, it is relevant to consider the options available to us to achieve it. Studying the ways and means of how the UN functions would reveal it has inbuilt within its structure ‘protection mechanisms: An article titled ‘United Nations and Human Rights[21] published by the United Nations Department of Public Information in February 1996 states:

“The promotion and protection of human rights has been a major preoccupation for the United Nations since 1945, when the Organization’s founding nations resolved that the horrors of The Second World War should never be allowed to recur. Respect for human rights and human dignity “is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”, the General Assembly declared three years later in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Over the years, a whole network of human rights instruments and mechanisms has been developed to ensure the primacy of human rights and to confront human rights violations wherever they occur.”

Further the ‘The Human Rights Education Associates’ on ‘UN Human Rights System’[22] explains:

“The United Nations has created a global structure for protecting human rights, based largely on its Charter, non-binding declarations, legally binding treaties and on various activities aimed at advancing democracy and human rights throughout the world….The UN’s system of human rights protection has three main components: first, it establishes international standards through its Charter, legally binding treaties, non-binding declarations, agreements, and documents; next, it mandates Special Rapporteurs and experts, and groups, such as working groups, committees and treaty bodies, to work in various manners for the promotion and protection of human rights; finally, it offers technical assistance through the Voluntary Fund for Advisory Services and Technical Assistance in the field of Human Rights.”

Issue of Sovereignty

The issue of sovereignty vis a vis human rights, is explained in the article ‘In the Introduction to the UN Human Rights Treaty System’,[23] a caveat for the Sri Lankan government which raises the sovereignty issue to avoid accountability:

“The U.N. treaty system definitively establishes the legitimacy of international interest in the protection of human rights. It is undisputed that sovereignty is limited with respect to human rights. International supervision is valid and states are accountable to international authorities for domestic acts affecting human rights. The treaty standards are the benchmark for assessment and concern.”

Must have our voices heard in other UN venues

Prof. Ted Orlin in his keynote speech at the TGTE Canadian event spoke of the significance of “having our voices heard at other venues, other than the UNHRC:

“We must continue, both Tamils and those who are committed to human rights, to have our voices heard at the UN and other venues – not just the Human Rights Council, but the Human Rights Committee overseeing the CCPR (Convention on Civil and Political Rights), CAT (Convention against Torture), CEDAW (Convention against the discrimination of women) and others”

UN Treaty Bodies are forms of protection mechanisms

The article Introduction to UN Human Rights Treaty System[24] lists the names and functions of the various ‘Treaty Bodies’ in the UN:

The nine treaties are associated with nine treaty bodies which have the task of monitoring the implementation of treaty obligations. The treaty bodies meet primarily in Geneva, and are serviced by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). These are:

  • the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
  • the Human Rights Committee (HRC)
  • the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
  • the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
  • the Committee Against Torture (CAT)
  • the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
  • the Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)
  • the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • the Committee on Enforced Disappearance (CED).

Meeting periodically throughout the year, the treaty bodies fulfill their monitoring function through one or more of several different methods.

First, all states parties are required by the treaties to produce state reports on the compliance of domestic standards and practices with treaty rights. These reports are reviewed at various intervals by the treaty bodies, normally in the presence of state representatives. Concluding observations, commenting on the adequacy of state compliance with treaty obligations, are issued by the treaty bodies following the review.

Second, in the case of all nine treaties there are provisions by which individuals may complain of violations of their rights under the treaty.  These complaints are considered by the treaty body which expresses a view as to the presence or absence of a violation.  The Committees are also able to take urgent action in appropriate cases by requesting the State party concerned take “interim measures” pending the final outcome of the communication.  In the case of the Migrant Workers Convention (CMW), the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR OPT) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC OPT – Communications), this optional individual complaint mechanism is not yet in force.

UN Failure to protect Tamil civilians

In evaluating its own performance in promoting and protecting human rights the report of UN Internal Review Panel[25] said outright the UN failed to protect Tamil civilians:

“Events in Sri Lanka mark a grave failure of the UN to adequately respond to early warnings and to the evolving situation during the final stages of the conflict and its aftermath, to the detriment of hundreds of thousands of civilians and in contradiction with the principles and responsibilities of the UN.”

Equally the UN Panel of Expert’s recommendation to the UN was to put its house in order:

“The Secretary-General should conduct a comprehensive review of actions by the United Nations system during the war in Sri Lanka and the aftermath, regarding the implementation of its humanitarian and protection mandates. The Panels report and its advice to the Secretary-General, as encapsulated in these recommendations, are inspired by the courage and resilience of victims of the war and civil society in Sri Lanka. If followed, the recommendations would comprise a genuine process of accountability that would satisfy the joint commitment and would set Sri Lanka on the course of justice, dignity and peace.”

TGTE’s Demand for Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide to release report on Tamil Genocide

Deluxon Morris, TGTE Minister for Investigation of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes, issued a call for a “commission of investigation on Sri Lanka” and asked that: “the prosecutions should not be limited to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity and must include Genocide”; that the “Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide must make public the report on Tamil Genocide”; that “given the constraint on the mandate of the Lessons Learned and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) coupled with the ‘lack of an enabling environment for a judicial follow up’ as stated… in the report, the Secretary-General need not wait till the exhaustion of the domestic remedies” and urged Ban Ki-moon to use his powers, “Under Article 99 of the UN Charter to appoint an International Commission of Inquiry as recommended by his own advisers.”

‘State Terrorists’ Carrying Lion Flags Launch Stone Attack On TNA Meeting in Kilinochchi

One of TGTE’s main demands was to call for the Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide to release the report on his predecessor’s concerns’ which “he raised” with the (Rajapaka) Government and Secretary-General over the situation initially but later decided not to disclose, telling the Government he would “not speak out,” favouring instead, in his words “quiet diplomacy”. However the panel also recorded the fact that “when his office later tried to issue a public statement this was not supported by UNHQ,” a matter that must investigated.

United Nations Commemorates the Halabja Genocide after 21 years

This may be a moment to remember the chemical weapons attack against the Kurdish people in 1988. The massacre was declared an act of genocide and commemorated in the United Nations on March 16, 2009 on the 21st anniversary of the Genocide. Atleast 5000 died and 7000 were injured in this tragedy: “Iraq’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Dr Hamid Al-Bayati, said holding the commemoration at the UN on the 21st anniversary of the genocide was an important milestone for the world to acknowledge the terror inflicted and the lack of action to protect the innocent and bring to justice those responsible.”[26]

TGTE Must Praise the work of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Despite the failure of the UN in protecting human rights and saving lives in the final stages of war in Sri Lanka, TGTE must praise the work of the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the High Commissioner Ms Navi Pillai in protecting and promoting human rights.  The TGTE should be pleased with the progress made in the passage of the last two UNHRC resolutions sponsored by the US, one in the 19th and the other in the 22nd session and the contribution the OHCHR has made in putting the Sri Lankan government on notice as to its obligations through the OHCHR report which called for an “independent and credible” investigation into allegations of human rights violations.[27]

UNHRC Resolution March 2013 a positive development

The UNHRC resolution at the 22nd session ‘promoting reconciliation and accountability’ was explicit in naming Sri Lanka’s ongoing violations[28]: (Expressing) “concern at the continuing reports of violations of human rights in Sri Lanka, including enforced disappearances, extra-judicial killings, torture and violations of the rights of expression, association and peaceful assembly, as well as intimidation of and reprisals against human rights defenders, members of civil society and journalists, threats to judicial independence and the rule of law, and discrimination on the basis of religion and belief.”

The resolution among other clauses contained the following:

And I quote:

  • “The Human Rights Council…..encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to implement the recommendations in the OHCHR report..
  • ..reiterates its call to effectively implement the constructive recommendations in the LLRC report and to take all necessary additional steps to fulfill its relevant legal obligations and commitment to initiate credible and independent actions to ensure justice, equity, accountability including investigations of alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and reconciliation for all Sri Lankans…
  • ..encourages the Government of Sri Lanka to cooperate with special procedures mandate holders and formally to respond to outstanding requests, including by providing unfettered access to the Special Rapporteurs on independence of judges and lawyers; human rights defenders; freedom of expression; freedom of association and assembly; extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; minority issues; and the Working Group on enforced or involuntary disappearances; and discrimination against women…
  • ..and requests the OHCHR with input from special procedures mandate holders, as appropriate, to present an oral report at the 24th session and a comprehensive report followed by a dedicated debate at the 25th session of the HRC on the implementation of this resolution.”

End quote.

Excellent Analysis by S V Kirubaharan

Some excellent analysis on the “positive side” to both these resolutions can be found in the article entitled: UN High Commissioner for Human rights can now visit Sri Lanka with authority[29] by S V Kirubaharan of TCHR. Quoting from Tamara Kunanayakam, Sri Lanka’s representative at the UN in Geneva, 2011-2012, in an interview on 17th  March 2013 where she sums up the “US draft” as a means to the establishment of an international mechanism to monitor an internal process.”

In his analysis, Mr. Kirubaharan makes the following salient (extracts only) points that possibly show we have come close to getting an international protection mechanism through the OHCHR:

And I quote:

  • The resolution gives monitoring powers to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – OHCHR. An external mechanism is mandated to monitor the Government of Sri Lanka.
  • With this resolution, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights – HCHR can insist that a team from her office be allowed into Sri Lanka.
  • The OHCHR has the right to have many human rights officers in Colombo, for monitoring future violations.
  • This resolution allows the HCHR to visit Sri Lanka with authority, not once, but as many times as she likes. Therefore, ironically, Sri Lanka’s fervent wish that she visit the country will be accomplished at the earliest. Though it will be to scrutinise Sri Lanka’s human Rights record – rather than bolster its human rights image, as the government had wanted.
  • The visit of the UN HCHR to Sri Lanka in the near future will be completely different to the visit made by her predecessor, Louis Arbour, which was in response to an invitation that was not backed by any UN resolution.
  • If Sri Lanka says to the HCHR that she cannot visit and monitor, this will be clearly interpreted as bad faith. The Office of the High Commissioner already has an officer in Colombo, and will send more people to monitor and is mandated to do so.
  • Now let me go into details of the latest resolution – A/HRC/CC/L.1,Rev1 on Sri Lanka. The effects of this resolution can be underestimated if various factors are not properly analysed. There is no point, however understandable it might be, in mixing the demand for immediate fulfillment of political aspirations (as some Tamils are tending to do) with the resolution process in the Human Rights Council – HRC.
  • With 23 years of experience behind us, it is our duty to explain the depths of this resolution. If anyone still has doubts, they need only to look at the Sri Lankan’s government response to the resolution, which shows how worried and upset they are by it. To please their voters, of course, they make bold and defiant statements.
  • In the eyes of Sri Lanka: Rajapakse’s envoy to the HRC rejected the resolution outright, condemning it as “highly intrusive.” He claimed that the government had “rehabilitated 12,000” Tamil detainees and that the Northern Province had experienced 27 per cent economic growth last year.
  • Enough is enough. The HRC resolution is actively endorsed, guaranteed, by the international community. Let’s concentrate on the positive side of this resolution, rather than, in effect, joining hands with the Rajapaksa’s government by rejecting it.
  • High Commissioner for Human Rights: The report (A/HRC/22/38/Add.1) of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, on advice and technical assistance for Sri Lanka, dated 11 February 2013, was widely appreciated. But many never realized that this report was the outcome of the Resolution passed on Sri Lanka in March 2012. In other words, without that resolution, the HCHR wouldn’t have had the authority to issue a special report on Sri Lanka. This example shows how practical and far-reaching benefits can result from a resolution.
  • Of course, some people would like impractical issues to be included in the resolution in the UN Human Rights Council – HRC. As I said in the past, the HRC has its limitations. Of course, reference to International investigations can be included in the HRC resolution. The US and other supporting states are cautiously moving towards this. The US has already said that an ‘international investigation’ must be the next step.

End quote.

Are we close to a ‘UN monitored International Protection Mechanism’?

Are we seeing the realization of a ‘UN monitored International Protection Mechanism’ through the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights who has been mandated to monitor the Sri Lankan government under monitoring powers authorized by the UN Human Rights Council Resolution passed at the 22nd session? Mr. Kirubaharan’s analysis, in my view, suggests we do.

As a consequence it is now conceivable that as per TGTE’s call a ‘UN monitored International Protection Mechanism’, in the form of UN field presence, even an office in the NorthEast to monitor human rights abuses might hopefully become a reality and must happen sooner than later considering the urgent need for monitoring in a highly militarized NorthEast that’s governed by an autocratic regime.

Forensic Examination of the War Zone

Before I conclude there is an issue that I wish to raise that may be relevant to an ‘International Protection Mechanism’ and to the question of an international investigation – that of protecting evidence. It has long been my concern that up to this day no forensic examination by UN experts of the war zone known as ‘Sri Lanka’s Killing fields’ has ever been undertaken notwithstanding the perpetrators have conducted the clean up and cover-up operations by now. Recently some pictures were published in the Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice Blog[30] of Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields taken after the floods “where evidence of war crimes is now turning up due to heavy rain.”

A caption written by Frances Harrison reads:

“Local people who’ve recently travelled into Sri Lanka’s killing fields, where an estimated 40,000 people perished in 2009, say skulls and human bones have risen to the surface after this year’s flooding and abandoned belongings are strewn all over the landscape.”

The protection of forensic evidence of the warzone in my view is a priority as well, which the UN must look into seriously and act with urgency.

In pursuance of its call to ending the Sri Lankan military occupation of the NorthEast and to halting the systematic well orchestrated ongoing structural genocide of the Tamil homeland, TGTE will be continuing to advocate for a UN Monitored International Human Rights Protection Mechanism. It is hoped we have come close to getting one.


[30] http://blog.srilankacampaign.org/2013/02/photos-from-sri-lankas-killing-fields.html

*Paper (unabridged version) presented by Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah Chair, TGTE Senate at the TGTE’s International Conference held in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA, held 15-18 May 2013.

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Latest comments

  • 0
    0

    B/O

  • 0
    1

    Another excellent article Usha.

  • 2
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    The LTTE wish list published here, which it could not obtain by 30+ years of unadulterated terror resulting in ethnic cleansing and attempted genocide, will never be granted to it on a plate. The MUslims and the Sinhala who were evicted, or managed to escape are being resettled in their lands. The army must remain in the north as is their right, to maintain security for all citizens. No privileged racist group must be allowed to raise it’s head as they did under colonial rule.

    The LTTE is controlled within Sri Lanka, but that is not to say that it is not active under different labels in foreign lands. Some of these countries have been shown to be fair weather friends and what they do within and without our boarders must be closely monitored. They must never be allowed to interfere in Sri Lanka’s internal affairs. The so-called NGOs aligned to the LTTE rump must not be allowed into the country.

    • 1
      1

      Ram2009,
      Massacres of batches of tamils commenced soon after independence in 1951 for no reason other than that they were tamils,culminated in the July 1963 islandwide pogrom.
      The North East Secretariat for Human Rights has documented all of the instances fully.
      This was the cause of tamil militancy which gave birth to the LTTE.
      What tamils wish for is to live without harassment as complete equals in every sense of the word.
      This is being denied.

      • 1
        0

        DeJa Vu…… Monk Mahanama Myths and Mahawansa being replayed.

        Hitler lost, but World War 1 injustices to Germany was the cause of WW 2. Same here, the injustices to the Tamils was the root cause of LTTE and the separatist war.

        But the root causes go further deep, into Mahanama Myths, and the need to establish Monk hegemony and Buddhism.

        DeJa Vu

        Lets see. What are the facts?

        1. Lanka was Veddah, Yakka and Naga with Animist, Jain and Hindu Beliefs.

        2. Sinhala and Buddhism were imported.

        3. Bali Island in Indonesia is Still a Hindu Island, while Lanka is Buddhist, an aberration.

        Thee is a need for the Separation of Church and State, and multiple languages and a free exchanges of goods,ideas, services and people with only limited restrictions.

        It is amazing what myths can do to humanity.

        https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/

        Send your DNA from your cheek and find out if you are a Sinhala Buddhist, Sakkili Buddhist, Goigama Hindu, Pariah Hindu, Low Caste Tamil or Sinhala, Veddah, Yakka, Muslims, Burgher, etc.

        You will find that you all are AFRICANS, who came by way of ARABIA through INDIA.

        Since its launch in 2005, National Geographic’s Genographic Project has used advanced DNA analysis and worked with indigenous communities to help answer fundamental questions about where humans originated and how we came to populate the Earth. Now, cutting-edge technology is enabling us to shine a powerful new light on our collective past. By participating in the latest phase of this real-time scientific project, you can learn more about yourself than you ever thought possible. You will also help support the Genographic Legacy Fund, which works to conserve and revitalize indigenous cultures around the world.

        • 1
          0

          Well said.

          • 1
            0

            DeJa Vu

            The Saga Continues

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCRiwlw7ltY

            The Assassinations of Indira & Rajiv Gandhi (Documentary)

            Neither the Sikhs and Tamils have got Independence.

            Kashmir is still under Indian Rule.

            Goa liberated from Portuguese.

            The Saga continues….

    • 1
      1

      Ram2009
      There is no LTTE now.You are trying to bring in LTTE to cover up the crimes committed and crimes you are now committing.Army cannot disturb the normal lives of people.They must be inside their camps.Large number of armies must not be kept in North and East.Colonization by sinhalese as army or people are not allowed in North and East as it belongs to the Tamils from long,long ago.All those sinhalese who are their are kallathonis.They must leave immediately.Sri lanka is for you, Tamil Ealam is for Tamils.

      • 0
        1

        Yes S.Thiagarajah. You are correct. But not in Sri Lanka. May be in TN (Toilet Nadu)

  • 1
    1

    Brilliant article. Total truth explained superbly. I was a strong anti LTTE. I eas the so happy when the LTTE was deleafted finally. But we created another Prabakaran this time from the south. A southern criminal who is also a megalo maniac like VP but from a different race. This land is a cursed since the british left or rather since Banda came to power. One will never find anywhere in the globe such a Narrow minded, Jealous, Introvert, Pesimistic, Negative, Ugly looking, Violent, Stupid, Revengeful people like us.
    A MONK set himself on fire on the Vesak day is a classic ainstant to show how these people practice their faith. How can a MONK spread hate speeches or talk filth in public? Is that a faith? Whever embrace these so called monks or justify actions must be sick. Thus this regime is sick. Its supporters are sick. Whoever support this regime are TRAITORS. They got no ethics or love for the country.

  • 1
    1

    Sri Lankan military is in Sri Lankan soil. No one can challenge it anywhere!

    Protection of people was not an issue when LTTE criminals killed Tamil people everyday!

    • 1
      0

      Yeah yeah…. Saddam’s military was in Iraq, Gadhafi’s military was in Libya, Mubarak’s military was in Egypt, Hitler’s military was in Germany, Idi Amin’s military was in Uganda….

      • 0
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        Rohan

        “Mubarak’s military was in Egypt,”

        His military is still in Egypt.

        • 0
          0

          And Mursi is in the ‘Kursi” and giving a good ride on the punters of ‘Arab Sprung’.

      • 0
        1

        But USA never come to Sri Lanka to give you the useless EELAM because you have Panang Kottai only, no oil!

        • 1
          1

          Dolomite in the South, Silicon in the East and Leela among the Monkeys in the Centre.

      • 1
        1

        Rohan: Thats why Sadam was hanged ,Gadhafi no one knows,Mubrak was out,Hitler on one knows what happened,may be suicide,Idi Amin escaped.So now Rajapakse and Gothapaya have to commit suicide or run away to China.

        • 0
          1

          Dont you know Prabhakaran too met the same fate of Hitler and others?

          • 1
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            Sivananthan
            May be .Same fate for Gothapaya and Rajapkase.All those who resort to criminal activities must be punished.Even your friend Douglas.

    • 1
      1

      Hello Leela. Shall we discuss about your infamouse scam Lee Potter scheme.
      He he he you are such coward, arn’t you using Tamil names as well. Have some balls man. Are you catsrated or what, Eunuch?

    • 1
      1

      Pakistan Military was in Pakistan soil till it was driven out to liberate Bangladesh. Indonesian Army was in Indonesian soil till it was driven out to liberate East Timor. Yugoslavian army was in Yugoslavian soil till it was driven out to liberate Bosnia and Kosovo. Sudanese army was in Sudanese soil till it was driven out to liberate South Sudan. Time is not far for the Srilankan army to be driven out of Srilankan soil to liberate the Tamils either to an autonomous region or independent Ealam.

      • 0
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        RAJA

        “Time is not far for the Srilankan army to be driven out of Srilankan soil to liberate the Tamils either to an autonomous region or independent Ealam.”

        Only a few years ago LTTE army was driven out of Tamil Eelam to free Tamils. They have their freedom now. If you want to free them you may have to enslave them first.

        What are you talking about?

        • 1
          1

          You are either ignorant or trying to hide the real situation faced by the Tamils. No doubt Tamils were freed from LTTE but now the same Tamils are held captive by the racist terrorist Srilankan army, who are continuing murder and ethnic cleansing. Please be patient and wait for the events to unfold. LTTE was given six years to toe the line and when they refused, order was given to eliminate them. Sinhala racists state may get a longer time to toe the line and if they refuse to do it, the same fate will befall on them.

          • 1
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            RAJA

            “Tamils are held captive by the racist terrorist Srilankan army,”

            I am told Tamils are being treated well, now the North is being developed you have buildings, roads, access to communication, …. economically the area is booming.

            Oh I see your point:

            Tamils are living in a open prison, excluded from the decision making process, dis-empowered and your people don’t want to see gun totting Sinhala army in their area.

            What else is your problem?

            Even if you have your Tamil army and police you still be kept in an open prison by gun totting Tamil boys not much taller than an AK 47.

            Your people no different to your Sinhala/Buddhist brethren.

            Both people never liked democracy nor empowering people. Its all about domination and control.

            Now the Sinhala/Buddhists think its time for them to dominate and control. Whats wrong with their new found pride of being in control. You had your chance and your leader blew it.

            It is not just a Sinhala/Buddhist problem it is the problem of the stupid people.

        • 1
          1

          Native Veda
          Sinhalese did not free Tamils ,they enslaved them as slaves under them.So that slowly sinhalese will kill them,carrying out their Genocide.Tamils dont have a Govt. like other races,sinhalese knows this and carrying out their crimes freely.Only God can help them .

        • 1
          1

          The writer is referring to an imaginary state called “Tamil-Ealam”. The word “Tamil” is a prefix to “Ealam” as Ealam on its own means, the land of the Sinhalese. With the invasion of the country by European nations, Tamils were brought from South India to work on plantations in the North and Central hills. Do these descendants of people imported in to SriLanka by colonial powers to displace the Sinhalese natives from their land, have a right to now create a separate state or should they instead go back to Tamilnadu, if they cannot live as equals in SriLanka?

          • 1
            1

            Raja
            I am sure you are a sinhalese or a hired one of Douglas.You have to learn a lot about tamil history.North and east of Sri lanka is part of a submerged continent of Kumarikandam ruled by KINg PANDYAN.IT was existing as Tamil kingdom ruled by Tamil kings during Portugese rule,then Dutch rule,then British rule.The mistake was in handing over to the sinhalese.There were two Tamil fools who were taken for a ride and sinhalese took over the tamil Kingdom .If the Tamils had a great,loyal leader like Hon.Alli Jinnah ,we would have got our country that time itself.So you see there is no separate state.It is our Kingdom,they should give it without any delay.I am sure you know all these but you are talking for them for something,right.

            • 0
              1

              S.Thiagarajah

              “North and east of Sri lanka is part of a submerged continent of Kumarikandam ruled by KINg PANDYAN”

              Is this a Lemurian argument to counter Aryan claim?

              Tamils seem to be all over the place, they trace their origin to Sumeria, Harrapa, Dravidian land, Lemuria, what not.

              Please make up your mind.

              Where is the archaeological evidence for your extravagant claim?

              Tamil/Sinhala stupidity knows no bound.

          • 0
            0

            Raja

            “The word “Tamil” is a prefix to “Ealam” as Ealam on its own means, the land of the Sinhalese.,”

            Since when Ealam meant Sinhalese?

            “With the invasion of the country by European nations, Tamils were brought from South India to work on plantations in the North and Central hills.”

            Are you sure?

            According to my elders Tamils and Sinhalese came to my ancestral island by Kallathony.

            Why don’t both people go back to their mother country North/South India. Let us have our island back?

      • 0
        1

        But Catholic EELAM never happen as you imagine.Your examples are not the same in the case of Sri Lanka!

  • 0
    1

    This article demonstrates well why Sri Lanka needs a more intelligent, uncorrupt, transparent, patriotic government that upholds rule of law.

    Otherwise Tamil ethno-nationalistic, racists and separatists such as Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah and her ilk stands ready to exploit Sri Lanka’s short-comings to their advantage. Rajapassa clan is providing ample opportunities for Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah and the LTTE die-ass-pora to thrive.

    This article has nothing to do with human rights or good governance in northern Sri Lanka. It is all crocodile tears as proven by Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah’s unconditional support for “Talented Mr. VP” & brutal LTTE for 30 years.

    It has everything to do with their elusive end goal of an ethnically cleansed, Tamils only Ealam carved out of multi-ethnic Sri Lanka.

    30 years of carnage via LTTE failed utterly. Now try the UN. And create a backdoor to Tamil Ealam.

    A Sri Lanka governed by rule of law, where everyone is equal before the law will annihilate even the remotest possibility of any interventions by international hypocrites on Sri Lankan soil. Ever again.

    PS: Rajapassa Clan’s stupidity and power hungry dynasty building project is like a God’s gift to what Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah and her ilk are trying to achieve.

    • 1
      1

      Ben boy,
      Tamils need a protection even before Ltte born. No body know when Sinhala budhist brain will twist again like 1956, 58, 1977.78,79 worse 1983. Last thirty yrs tamils paid huge price becos Sinhala budhist barbarism. Yes Tamil state is better, but we know india will never allow so we need some sort of protection from evil freebee loving Sinhala budhist.
      Go on Usha hope your dream and my ones come true soon….

      • 0
        0

        J.muthu

        “Tamils need a protection even before Ltte born.”

        Tamils need protection from themselves so do the Sinhala/Buddhists from themselves.

        “Yes Tamil state is better”

        Please tell me why?

        My elders tell me that EPRLF ran a mini state in the North East and Dayan was a minister there.

        LTTE ran the so called mini de facto state between 1992 and 2009.

        The Tamils suffered immensely under both regimes. The Sinhalese are running the show for the past 65 years. You know the nature of their governance.

        Once a Sri Lankan made this following remark:

        “Oh god save me from myself I can take care of my enemies.”

        This applies to each and every person who lives in this island.

    • 1
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      @Ben Hurling

      These are not just trivial short-comings on the side of the Sinhalese…these are Guinness Book of World Record short-comings that have been going on for the last 65 years! As you can see in the local media, most Sinhalese are against devolution, while the North has become one big army camp…so what other option do Tamils have other than secession?

      • 0
        1

        Sure. Sri Lanka has many grave problems yet to be fixed.

        Agree. We need to defeat Sinhalese extremism. And discrimination.

        Along with terrible Ultra nationalism of the Tamil minority. Which is by far the biggest prolem.

    • 1
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      Ben Hurling
      Tamils had enough of the Sinhalese.They cheated and took over our Kingdom in 1940s like the Kauravas took over from Pandavas in Mahabharatha.Whenever some Party want to capture Power,they go and kill the tamils.How can the Tamils live with Sinhalese.Never.Give us our Tamil Kingdom if you are true Buddhists following Dharma.Otherwise Mahanayake Theroes chanting Dharma will become a big joke.

  • 0
    1

    Dear Usha

    Undoubtedly, a great article with full of supporting facts and figures. One of the finest evidence-based-articles. Well done, Usha.

    But what worries me is that you are making this plea through an organisation in which the LTTE hard-core members form the inner circle. As you are aware the LTTE is accused of war crimes, conscription and recruitment of child soldiers by the very body – the UN – you are pleading to.

    Usha, please come out of the TGTE – whose leader still preaches on stages under the cover of the disgraceful flag of guns & bullets – join a clean organisation and fight this naked state terrorism.

    • 0
      1

      Real Peace,

      “Well done, Usha.”

      Usha and her ilk have been doing really well for a while now. Vanni Tamils and their kids have paid an incredible price. And still do. So that, hardcore ethno-nationalistic, racist separatists such as Usha can continue to nurture their pipe dream of Ealam from a distant, relative comfort in the West.

      Usha would be whining just the same and plotting to dismember Sri Lanka even if GOSL managed to solve all problems mentioned in her phoney article above.

      PS: Tigers never change stripes. Have no illusions.

      • 0
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        Ben Hurling

        ” Tigers never change stripes. Have no illusions.”

        Other observations about big cats:

        Tigers eat their cubs.

        The lions are too lazy they sleep for more than 15 hours in a day. They take no interest in hunting, whenever they feel no hungry. In many cases the lioness take the charge of hunting but sleeping male lion snatches the prey from the lioness. – India study channel.com

        Is there any changes to this general observation in this island?

        • 1
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          @Native Vedda

          You forgot to mention the many lionesses of Sri RajaPakistan who go to the Muddled Yeast to work and send back money which their lion husbands spend on booze.

          • 1
            0

            The ‘Lion Husbands’ are but Hyenas who prey on the left over carcasses.

      • 1
        0

        Ben Hurling
        You are sadly mistaken.Sri lanka well never solve any Tamil problem because they wont be able to carry out the genocide or use it for winning elections.They will never change their sword.

    • 0
      0

      yes I agree the Flag must be changed.

  • 0
    1

    Did Usha and her Husband forget to include the 30 percent plus Tamil population in Colombo?.

    • 1
      0

      K.A Sumanasekera, please don’t post your comments SUMMA!!

      Please listen – anyone can voluntarily at his own will can choose to live anywhere in the country, but what’s wrong is that the state should not undertake colonisation with a view to changing the ethnic composition – this completely wrong.

      Tamils volutarily migrated to colombo to escape from fighting, they were not brought to Colombo by the state [since the war ended significant number of Tamils have gone back to NE] but on the other hand the state is bringing and colonising non Tamils in Tamil dominated areas, in some cases after removing the Tamils from these areas. This is called ethnic cleansing. Channel 4 will arrive in Sri Lanka during the commonwealth concerence and expose all this.

      • 0
        1

        Obviously your are oblivious to resettlement of people especially the refugees in thinly populated remote areas in countries like Australia.

        • 0
          0

          To tillage in thinly populated areas like in your tailgage.

    • 0
      0

      The 30% is non of your burden nor Rajapaksa clan or the defunct regime.

    • 1
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      Sumanasekera:
      You have a humour.Those Tamils will come to tamil kingdom.

  • 0
    1

    It is true that Tamils have problems with the Government and the security forces. This has to be solved. But there is no need for a “peace keeping” type of force from UN. First of all Tamil parties and political-interest groups including TGTE should declare that they are not for a separate Tamil EElam. What is required in SL is a united Sri Lanka with equal rights to all citizens, rule of law and peace. I have seen comments in this site where separate state supporters attack those of us oppose separation of North and East as a separate state. Every one has to learn to join hands and live as Sri Lankans and not as Tamils and Sinhalese. We are all Sri Lankan first. There is no place for a tiger flag or separate state demand, which necessarily creates a threat in the minds of the Sinhalese. We all need equal rights and this too will not come easy as long as there are those who carry tiger flag and request a separate state. Since all Sri Lankans carry baggage from the past, the walk to equal rights will take time.

    • 1
      0

      Park,
      Your first sentence summarises the problem.
      But the government allows what the security forces are doing and gives them more and more funds with each annual budget, to carry on.
      Does this not show that the state is behind the almost daily occurrence of human rights violations in the north and east?
      In short this may be called State Terrorism – which has replaced LTTE Terrorism.

      • 0
        1

        Justice, Terrorism committed by any one is the same, let it be by individuals, organizations, institutions, religious bodies or even by state security forces. But my point is simple. If the Tamils continue to wave the Tiger Flag and ask for any right, its not going to happen. First of all every one has to accept that Sri Lanka cannot be and must not be divided. Then every one should stop waving the tiger flag. Then only the Sinhala masses will support equal rights to all citizens. Under threat, while waving the tiger flag there will be no equal rights. The earlier TAmils understand this concept there will be peace and equal rights in Sri Lanka.

    • 1
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      Mr.Park
      Tamils have tried all sorts of things with the sinhalese.When one sinhalese want to become the Prim Minister,he set up his people to kill the Tamils,then sinhalese are happy and they will vote for him.Now Bandaranayake wanted to defeat UNP and become Prime Minster,he came with 24 hrs. Sinhala Only and became the Prime Minister.So now this has come down to killings,rape and more,Genocide.So how can you solve this inside Sri lanka,nevermit has to be outside Sri lanka.Only a UN force can help.

  • 0
    0

    We should give more breathing space. It is only 4 years after the end of the battle. (not the war)
    Would have given a fare thought, may be if there was a UN. But where do you get the UN. Not on this earth. It is another mafia controlled by …………….

  • 0
    1

    Why Tamils don’t think about all these things that they are interested in Tamilnadu.

    See in Tamilnadu, two major politicians are billionaires. subjects live like dogs. abject poverty, casteism based oppression, unhygienic life styles.

    Why Tamils are not concentrating on their motherland.

    It is interesting. Financiers of suicide bombers, sea pirates, child -soldier recruiters talk about justice and human rights.

    • 1
      0

      Don’t forget that for Singhalese also motherland is in India. Tamils in India need not think what Sri Lankan Tamils have been doing because Tamils in India enjoy equal rights as amybody in India and India is in fact a union and follow federal structure. I put my head in shame to explain these small petty issue to you. You cant even dare to hold an election in a place and celebrate was victories over for the reclaim made and while accepting the land as your territory and nastily rejecting the people who live on it branding them as traitors. Whom you are making fool here now. You have no right to comment on India here. Better come to India and concentrate dude.

      • 0
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        That is why Tamilnadu is the only Indian State which is ANTI – HINDI and instead of HINDI talk ENGLISH MIXED TAMIL.

        Secondly, POLITICS in Tamilnadu is ethnically biassed or extremist.

        Otherwise, In Tamilnadu every political party has to be DRAVIDEAN ?,

        Do they want to go to their origins ?

        • 1
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          JimSofty

          “Secondly, POLITICS in Tamilnadu is ethnically biassed or extremist.”

          MGR was a Malayali, Jayalalitha Kanarese, Karunanithy Vaiko and Vijaykanth Thelugu people. Hundreds of prominent politicians, actors and Industrialist are from neighbouring states.

          According to sources even Thiruvengadam Vellupillai Prabaharan’s ancestors were Malayalis.

          What are you talking about?

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          Jim,

          without knowing anything about tamilnadu, dont post stupid comments,
          there are 10 lakh north indians and 1 crore telugu and 20 lakh malayalee and 10 lakh kannadiga throughout Tamilnadu. there are many prominent politician, actors, administrative officers are from other states and settled well in there. Muslims without any issues unlike other parts of India live amicably and even state has 5 % reservation for them. Plus tamilnadu in last 15 years have excelled in economy, education and social reforms. Casteism limited to southern Tamilnadu which see slow change.

          can you morally answer yourself, why rajapakhsa begged for money for 50000 houses to built by India, when you say tamilnadu is utter beggar state lives in poverty? are you saying SL is super beggar who begs to another beggar? Plus Tamilnadu is the highest tax payer to Indian government.. got it??

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            manisekaran

            You owed to ask your government an important question.

            The total amount of loans India provided to Sri Lanka through various schemes/agreements to sustain the war from 2005 to 2009 is not known.

            My guesstimate is it was in the region of two billion dollars.

            Could you let me know the exact figure.

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              I read in Hindu and other articles close to three billions spent. I am sure by Indian standard this will be twice which is close to 6 billion dollars.

              If you ask what is Indian standard of spending ( ISI), if book shows as expenditure Rs 1 , in actual it is always Rs 2 in reality.

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          ‘Dravidian’ = ‘Trimmil”(Greek) = “Tamil” base the ethnicity on linguistics unlike the Sinhalese wrongly calling themselves ‘Sinhala’ claiming it within the blood lineage like the ‘Jews’.

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      Jim Softy, do not display your ignorance. Tamils in Sri Lanka do not consider Tamil Nadu as their Mother Land. They consider Sri Lanka as their mother land, or else they will not fight so hard ( I do not mean with guns) for equal rights. Yes I agree with you violence by any group is wrong, but when we look back every group including LTTE and the Government has used it to achieve their own goals.

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      Jim Softy
      North and East is our motherland.You dont seem to know.Tamils are the first people of North and east from the time of Kumarikandam lost in the sea.

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    The photo captioned ‘Army involvement in the lives of School Children’ is misleading. It has been taken from the army website and gives the impression that the army is teaching or controlling school children.

    This is not true. You can read what the army actually did here

    http://www.army.lk/detailed.php?NewsId=5577

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      Could be the army solved the math. When idle the military should be restrained within the limits of their barracks not to mingle in the public in their uniformed state.

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      Tamils think the way muslims think.

      that is Tamil should be associated with Tamils and no one else.

      If they associate with any one else those tamils who associated with others understand what these extremists are preaching.

      It is simply protectionism and their inferiority complex.

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        JimSofty

        “It is simply protectionism and their inferiority complex”

        You are wrong.

        Your brethren the Tamils suffer from superiority complex and your Sinhalese brethren suffer from minority complex though they are the majority.

        Causes of these illnesses are attributed mainly to their stupidity.

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          (:-)

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          (:-), not only superiority complex but also emotionally very fragile

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        Jim Softy, once again you are displaying your ignorance. Tamil and Sinhala are languages and Muslim, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity are religions. Just because it suited the Government to call Muslims when they name other religious groups we should not be that stupid to swallow it. Let us be mindful of this fact.

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    A UN monitored protection mechanism? Isn’t that what the Tigers wanted when they started losing?
    The BTF, CTC and other diaspora organisations formed the TGTE. They supported the bombings, massacres, torture and terror in Sri Lanka right up to 9am on 19 May 2009. They gave both moral and financial support to cause the deaths of tens of thousands of Sri Lankans.

    At 9.01 am they suddenly became non-violent supporters of Peace. They abhorred violence and wanted investigations into war crimes.

    The TGTE will never achieve their goal.

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      Taraki
      Whoever resorted to crimes have to suffer the cosiquences.See what happened to Sadam Hussain.And Tamils dont have a Govt. like sinhalese or Aryans or Arabs.So this is the only way we can survive,a UN Force.

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    [Edited out]
    These is all high density crocodile tears putting at risk many a Tamil living peacefully elsewhere in the count5ry.

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    If at first you don’t secede, try and try again. All the best Usha.

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      Ha Ha Ha a very good one Mr President!

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    Madam USHA:

    Tamils are living Kandy, Kurunegala, Wellawaththa, whole of Colombo and now in the deep South too.

    Why only the Tamils in NORTHEAST have this many problems ?

    Any specific reasons ?

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      U such a mokkadaya…

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      JimSofty

      “Tamils are living Kandy, Kurunegala, Wellawaththa, whole of Colombo and now in the deep South too.”

      You sound as if you are preparing for another round of July 83 to commemorate 30th anniversary.

      Have you collected all the voters register? There are plenty of experienced hands available from UNP and the armed forces.

      As you proudly say more Tamils are living in the South it means you have more potential victims.

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      Once again Jim Softy, you are displaying your ignorance . Who said its only the Tamils who are having the problems. Oh may be you do not know what the problems are. Let me explain, the problems are lack of equal rights, rule of law, freedom of expression and above all peace. These are not the problems of the Northern citizens of Sri Lanka, its a problem which all of us face, including yourself.

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      because the South is ruled by an elected government and the North is ruled by its armed forces

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      Jim Softy
      in those places numbers are small.There were lot of them but they were killed during the riots and others ran away or North and East.So you cant consider them.They will all be protected by the UN Force.

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    USHA: What a lot of energy, research and time wasted on this “paper” with the engagement of your own husband, scholars, human right advocates and legal luminaries. One thing, we are thankful to you and the TGTE for exposing and identifying as the “FORCE” that we in Sri Lanka can now know well “who are our remaining enemies” are, and prepare for the next “war” on “International Terror Group” against “us”, meaning Tamils, Sinhalese, Moors living with the heart and soul within Sri Lanka. We also know that you have “mustered” the support and efforts of some of the “Locals” well oiled with your “Dollars”. This became evident, when someone through this forum tried to name the thirty years of “terrorism” conducted through “Proxy” Prabakaran as a “Tamil Tiger Eelam” and distance the relationship of YOUR “International Seperatist Group (Nade)” from that now defunct, ruthless,barbaric Seperatist war to establish and Eelam Sate for North and East of the country.

    We know, as Ben Hurling stated above, our Government is playing “havoc” after getting “intoxicated” with its “winnings” in the political and judicial fields. But no one should try to make capital out of that situation, because when it comes to a question of our Sovereignty and the Unitary State, all the citizens will go hand in hand to “protect and safeguard” that status regained after thirty years of suffering and inestimable losses.

    If you want EELAM, better try it in Tamil Nadu and we wish you Good Luck with that effort.

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      Douglas:

      Excellent comment.

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      One observation, It is not only the current Government only playing havoc but all nationalists play havoc on this. It is going for throughout the day the power handed over to Sinhalese by British. In the name sovereignty, and in the unity, and in the name of Buddhism you find excuses for massacring people, breaking the law, ignoring the human values. When you say all people you always refer to Sinhalese and never consider Tamils and Muslims as follow citizens or equal partners. When you say brothers and Sisters your mind goes how we can get rid of this people. You do it by Brutalism. Your motive and aim is clear that is wipe of out all others who are Sinhala Buddhist and create a nation purely for Sinhalese. Unfortunately, you don’t realize you are not pure Sinhalese or pure Buddhists, there is a long way you have to travel to be pure Buddhists. If you look at the recent history, you had only 35-40 years of sovereignty and unitary state between 1972 and 1983 and 2009-todate. Looking at your motives, I don’t think you have any motives towards keeping the nation together with other communities.

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      Douglas
      Not all will go hand in hand.From the time of 1940s Tamils had suffered enough.It has come to a point Tamils can’t line with the sinhalese.they want their tamil Kingdom ,North and east,immediately.Till that time Tamils want the UN to protect them.

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        LTTE was the “sole” represtatives of Tamils and rejected North-East merger and the provincial council. Then what do you want now? Catholic enclave of East Timor?

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    Another excellent article Usha.

    I would just add that we should get together with our friends in India who have similar aspirations. Only last week Yasin Malik JKLF leader supported us by saying/

    “Sri Lankan Tamils and the people of Kashmir have identical views and destinies. The rulers in Sri Lanka might have succeeded in killing some individuals championing the Tamil cause in the island but they would never succeed in dismantling the principles evolved by the organization (LTTE) for the cause of Eelam Tamils”

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    [Edited out]
    Please write instead of posting links – CT

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    Ex Militant and the Leader of the main faction of the TNA, Mr Premachandran says it is all or nothing referring to full Police and Land Powers.

    Just imagine the NE, the land of Child Soldiers, Suicide Bombers and deadly Assasins for good part of thirty years going to be controlled By Preamchandran and Sambandan.

    Shouldn’t the UN chief seriously and volutarily consider a UN Protectorate for the rest of the inhabitant population?.

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      Then let’s try UN peacekeeping force.

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      K.A Sumanasekera

      “Ex Militant and the Leader of the main faction of the TNA, Mr Premachandran says it is all or nothing referring to full Police and Land Powers.”

      Premachandran would say this wouldn’t he, knowing nothing tangible will be achieved by TNA nor by Ex Militant?

      He was working for MR and is still a good buddy.

      “Just imagine the NE, the land of Child Soldiers, Suicide Bombers and deadly Assasins for good part of thirty years going to be controlled By Preamchandran and Sambandan.”

      Thats too bad.

      Would you consider Ex militant Douglas, former Chief of Arms procurement KP, former terrorists Daya master, Pillayan, Karuna, Weerawansa, …………are good people to run NE?

      “Shouldn’t the UN chief seriously and volutarily consider a UN Protectorate for the rest of the inhabitant population?.”

      UN should start immediate negotiation with India to obtain its time table for the planned paced withdrawal of its descendants from my ancestral land.

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    Pl send this article to all the un officials and heads of governments. These are all statements made by un bodies and others compiled.

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    It is amazing how clearly the author Ms.Usha S Sri-Skanda-Rajah sees the human rights situation in Tamil Eelam, Sri Lanka. My best wishes to her to succeed in her effort to secure the freedom of Tamil Eelam, to ensure a prosperous future for Eelam Tamils. :-)

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    Please read Alan Keenan’s (ICG) tweet below and the link to find out the performance of the illegally installed new CJ who has no qualms in displaying his prejudice in court and my concerns for Tamils “receiving a fair trial or obtaining justice.”

    Alan Keenan ‏@akeenan23 23 May
    For anyone – @commonwealthsec ? – who thought CJ’s impeachment wasn’t end of rule of law in #SriLanka, read this: https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/ganeshan-nimalaruban-case-de-facto-cj-denies-petitioners-right-to-see-replies-filed-by-ag/

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    Please also read the following tweets:
    from:
    Groundviews ‏@groundviews 23 May
    Unprecedented # of attempts in <24hr period to hack into site after story on land acquisition by SL Army published
    http://www.groundviews.org
    ————–
    from:
    Charles Haviland ‏@cfhaviland 24 May
    Tension over #SriLanka army acquiring land in North/East: BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22652210

    from:
    anthimantharai ‏@anthimantharay 23 May
    #Srilanka: #TNA activist in Ampaa'rai abducted, tortured after meeting against land grab: An armed squad that c… http://bit.ly/16XTWhm

    from:
    ICRtoP ‏@ICRtoP 21 May
    The responsibility to rebuild – .@hrw reports on #Sri Lanka: No Progress 4 Years On http://ow.ly/lfmZn #R2P

    Thank you
    Usha

    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/acquisition-notices-militarization-through-grabbing-of-tamil-lands/

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    What are the Tamils waiting for?

    Emergency ’58 – The Story of the Ceylon Race Riots, Tarzi Vittachi(1958):‘’The GalOya race-killings of 1956 and the ugly episode of Little Rock in 1957 should have warned us that the Fifth Horseman(race-hatred) took no notice of time, place, …. What are we left with? A nation in ruins, some grim lessons which we cannot afford to forget and a momentous question: Have the Sinhalese and Tamils reached the parting of ways?”

    Ethnic Conflict and Violence in Sri Lanka – Report of a Mission to Sri Lanka in July-August 1981, Virginia Leary: ‘’The fate of the Tamils in Sri Lanka remains a matter of international concern”.

    Sri Lanka: A Mounting Tragedy of Errors, Report by International Commission of Jurists, March 1984:
    ‘’The impact of the communal violence on the Tamils was shattering. The evidence points clearly to the conclusion that the violence of the Sinhala rioters on the Tamils amounted to Acts of Genocide”.

    Report on Sri Lanka by Prof Philip Alston, UN Special Rapporteur, 27 March 2006: ‘’The human rights capacity of the United Nations Country Team should be expanded immediately, pending the creation of a broader monitoring mechanism.’’

    United Nations General Assembly, Third Committee, 25 October 2007, Statement by Prof Philip Alston, Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions: ”I warned this Assembly last year of an impending crisis in Sri Lanka. The Government continues to contest my characterization while the crisis continues to worsen. I firmly believe that the establishment of an international human rights monitoring presence by the UN would significantly reduce the number of human rights abuses in Sri Lanka.”

    Sinhalese Buddhist Nationalist Ideology: Implications for Politics and Conflict resolution in Sri Lanka, East-West Centre Policy Studies 40, Neil De Votta(2007): ‘’International human rights monitors must be stationed in Sri Lanka to ensure minorities are protected’’.

    Prof Philip Alston, UN Special Rapportuer for Extrajudicial Killings, Human Rights Council, Geneva, 3 June 2008: ”In 2005 I sounded the alarm. I said that Sri Lanka was on the verge of a major crisis and I indicated to the General Assembly how to avoid the crisis. But nothing was done. The Sri Lankan government did not try and discuss the recommendations with me and it has not made any serious effort to resolve human rights problems. It only acted in Geneva to avoid the Council taking any measures against it”.

    ”But that truth cannot excuse human rights violations that currently afflict the nation as a whole; or for that matter obscure the looming threat of the cultural and political colonisation of the north by the Sinhala Buddhist majority” – Biased and Prejudiced Collection on Sri Lanka, Gananath Obeyesekere (a Sinhalese Buddhist and Emeritus Professor of Anthropology), Economic & Political Weekly, VOL 47 No. 04, 28 January-03 February 2012

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    Bare words Butters No Parsnips.

    TGTE should focus on real action than voluminous verbiage, while it’s Co-Founder KP is sitting in the lap of luxury and trying to manipulate himself to become the next CM.

    TCHR founder Kiruba has nothing to do with TGTE and it is not right or proper for the TGTE to include his “salient points” from his recent article in the Senator of TGTE’s article. That gives the wrong impression that Kiruba is involved with the TGTE. Poor Kiruba would no even know that his “salient points” were included in this article. Kiruba, does not have the time to read these comments here.

    As for other statements, one should just wonder, what is the TGTE role with the international community, US G, India and even EU. Canadian G does not give any recognition to the TGTE, but they discuss regularly with CTC – Canadian Tamil Congress, and the NCCT. Even MP Rathika Sitsabaisen keeps her distance from the TGTE although she is careful not to antagonize them or the WTC.

    The Tamil diaspora is rather confused but do not want to criticize them or their policies of being unwilling to boycott Sri Lankan groceries or Sri Lankan Airlines. A sad situation for the Tamil diaspora. TGTE has no real plan of action.

    Gnanakone
    T4J.

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      What is wrong in taking a fact or points from another article by another author?

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      “Voluminous Verbiage” not of your variety yes, that which has no basis; how can anyone be so stupid; only an ignoramus and a fool would comment like you have done; I am embarrassed for you! Never knew of a person who displays the kind of ‘I know it all’ attitude and arrogance but is so ignorant that he needs to be given a lesson on how a research paper is written – Anyone who writes a research paper must cite authorities: refer to factual incidents, use quotations from people with credentials and of standing, refer to external sources, historical works, authoritative documents, statements and materials to make their case; they can’t simply give an opinion without citing credible sources; in addition they must mention the source, otherwise the author of the research paper will be accused of plagiarism. Even a fool reading my paper would know that Mr. Kirubaharan of TCHR is neither a supporter of the TGTE and nor was I attempting to make it look that way; I was citing him only as a source, in fact his standing increases when he is quoted in a research paper as an authority. And Mr. Kirubaharan should know that, being the founder of TCHR and known for his opinions relating to human rights, Sri Lanka and Tamil issues. Besides he himself claims he has “23 years experience” in the subject and knows what he is talking about. I referred to his opinion in my paper, it is as simple as that.

      And as for Rathika, you are wrong again – if you want to know she attended and spoke at both of the TGTE Canadian events including the May 18th event held in Mel Lastman Square!

      Little knowledge is a dangerous thing. Make sure you get your sources right!

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    Tamil Eelam, TGTE, LTTE, Eelam Nation, All sounds like Hindu mythology, None exist except in stories,

    Get real TGTE, Just like Tamils migrate to other parts from North, Sinhalese are arriving to North where the economic boom is, See even Chinese are running restaurants in Hambantota.People follow money,
    Just like you followed to overseas.

    Please let Tamil people in North to rebuild their lives, Before affording for political freedom, These people have to build up their burned and scarred lives, They need housing, schools, medicines, Jobs, industries, What have you done in this regards. The orphaned child soldiers one day should be able to sue you as the flag carriers of LTTE, to compensate their destroyed childhood and youth. If you can imagine the cries and weeping of the people who lost in their loved ones ?

    What is your plan? To create a virtual crisis and swim in it for your utopia?

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      Srinath Gunartne
      Sinhalese are saying about rebuilding by tamils from 1958 after killing them by starting riots.Genocide.You want money from overseas so that you can take 80 percent for your family.How can you help those poor innocent tamil people.If your King and Golaya did not slaughter them,you don’t have to worry about them now.After taking away their lands and destroying their houses you are talking like an innocent man.You think others are fools like ponnambalam ramanathan or Douglas.You used chemincal bombs and indian rockets and multi-barrel guns and shot the people and now shedding crocodile tears saying cries and weeping of people.Whom I you trying to hoodwink.After all this if you have human values,tell your leaders to support the UN monitoring mechanism till you hand over our Tamil Kingdom.

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    When the Nordic monitoring mission was there, LTTE had a freehand to kill Tamil people who oppose LTTE. I hope TGTE which has many factions too like the same now.

    TGTE is now splitted in many pieces. One is under Rudrakumaran. Canada has a “Democratic” TGTE under a notorious political criminal S.Thiruchelvam who is also a PM of TGTE. In Europe Nediyavan and Vinayagam gangs are fighting and killing each other for the money collected for EELAM.

    Usha wants WHITE masters to exploit Tamils by LTTE proxies.

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      Sivananthan
      I am sure you are Douglas agent like these collection agencies working for commission.TGTE is not split but some want to be PMS,so they are behaving like that.When time comes to fight for an independent Tamil Nation they will all join together.See during Prabhakaran’s time almost ninety nine percent Tamils supported the struggle from South Africa to NewZealand.Only people like Douglas and his gang who want to get Dry Fish from sinhalese did not join.So wait and see when UN referandum takes place more than 99 percent will join.

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    These are big fat lies.. dear Usha what are you trying to achieve sweetheart? There is no traditional homeland for Tamils in Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu is their traditional homeland….please do not spread baseless information to erode the goodwill of the Tamil society. Tamil people are slowly rising from the ruins of the carnage caused by your GOD Prabhakaran.
    Let them stand on their feet and live like true citizens of Sri Lanka. If you have no other way of earning money for your family come down here and see how well you can live. Your rhetoric is not going to do any good to the Tamils. Your facts are all baseless..you cant prove anything.Please do not spread hatred among the Sinhalese and Tamils..the ultimate loser will be the Tamil citizen living in Sri Lanka.. Have you visited Sri Lanka after the end of the war? Have you seen the development taking place in the North? How many women have been raped by the Army? May be your husband and his foreign army must have done so to earn money for your luxury. Rehabilitation camps in Sri Lanka have been recognized as the best administered camps by the UN..didn’t you know that darling? Oh Usha please do not show your ignorance by publishing rhetoric..come to Sri Lanka and experience the difference and criticize for good. For the good of the Tamil citizen who has suffered immensely by your acts of violence……if not..keep your rhetoric to you..

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      Anton
      Every time after killing,raping,abducting tamils,destroying their properties and taking over their properties after the riots, sinhalese talk of tamils are recovering,come and see,good administration of camps,good oh tamil citizen and so on.Then after some time ,they will start a riot and kill.This has been going on since 1958.Tamils have now come to a point as in the book” Black like Me” ,to die rather than living in this World.UN also has become useless,but that is the only place we can go,because Tamils don’t have a Government.If the sinhalese say they are good people,they must think Tamils also must live like them and,they must support this UN peace keeping force.

      \

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        Dear Thiagaraja…

        Do not think so negatively…just think about the real situation..How many Tamils have been killed after the end of the war? NONE..How many Tamils are living outside North and East? More than 1.2 Million.How many successful Tamils live in Colombo? More than the Sinhalese. Haven’t they lived during the time of War? Yes they did. It is not only the Tamils that suffered from the war..it is the whole country irrespective of caste, race or colour. Think about it..It is not the Sinhalese that made the Tamils suffer more..it is Prabhakaran that did so. There is no point in harping on the mistakes of the past. Let us get together and move forward as one nation. Do not get carried away by the words of people like Usha who earns a living by propagating anti Sri Lankan rhetoric. we need to be together as always..think about it..if you are outside Sri Lanka, come back and see the difference..people are moving forward..its true..but it will take a little more time to heal the wound of the conflict completely. Remember..we can only live together..if we think together..lets talk..one to one.. the UN or anyone else will not be able to bring about our dreams. Only we together can do it. Seperation is out of question..it is a total failure..that will never happen..Sri Lanka can never be divided. Curse Usha and her bandwagon…join the party to rise as one nation..

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    A long diatribe and a lot of criticism of various stuff like “Tourism in Killing Fields”. Unhappily not a word about concrete issues that would need to be resolved from day one

    a) How is electricity to be produced.
    b) Issues of water. Will rivers originating from the central hill be allowed to flow into NE.
    c) How will Hospital, Teachers and other govt workers be paid. Will they loose their jobs as SL govt employees and re-instated as GTE employees. (also see pensioners).
    d) Economy and more important how are GTE employees to be paid.
    d) What happens to pensioners. Do they have to become TE citizens. Even if they do not and remain SL citizens, what happens if SL govt says we cant pay pensions in TE.

    Thats just a couple of issues off the top of my head.

    Also goes to show why these are pipe dreams
    For local NE residents these are day to day issues.
    Every thing else is fluff.

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      That’s exactly why we need self-determination – all your concerns are real and have to be addressed and I am confident it will be: examples pensions, it will be sorted out; although the birth of a nation is like the birth of an infant, crawl, get-up, walk:

      Self-determination would mean as a nation, we can become the architects of our own destiny and herald a new era of freedom and self governance. We can then put Tamil Eelam first; put the people first; their security, prosperity and happiness first. It boils down to having the freedom to determine our affairs and not be dictated to by another nation. Taking a leaf from Abe Lincoln, at last we can say with certainty that ours will truly be “a government of the people, by the people, for the people.” It will free us from enslavement and subjugation: from a Sinhala dictatorship devoid of checks and balances that has no mandate to rule over us; from strangulation by Sinhala majoritarian parliaments known to legislate in its interest not in ours; from an Sinhala army of occupation; from diminishing boundaries due to forced Sinhala settlements intended to change the demography; from systematic structural genocide: At last we shall have control over our resources and our finances, enabling us to determine our own taxes, negotiate our own contracts and foreign investment deals and to develop our economy with our people in mind, giving us the best opportunities to realize our own potential.

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        As I have said all the proclamations are of the “fluff” variety.

        A paragraph or two, an abstract of sorts on how day to day issues are to be addressed is yet to be seen.

        Or will thought be put into only after self determination is realized.

        So from day one of the New nation no electricity, no pensions.

        There are even bigger issues. Pesticide contamination of ground water and resulting health complications will probably make the war casualties seem insignificant.

        Google “Jaffna River CKDu”.

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