23 October, 2017

Gender Rights And Tamil Genocide- A Response To Nirmala Rajasingam

By Murali Vallipuranathan

Dr. Murali Vallipuranathan

Dr. Murali Vallipuranathan

I am writing with reference to an article by Nirmala Rajasingam titled “Tamil Nationalism, Population Control and Gender Rights – A Response to Dr.Vallipuranathan” (1). Earlier I was happy to respond (2) to Dr.Krishna Kalaichelvan though he had different views because it was written in academic language in polite words with real references and scientific facts (3). But this time I am writing with disappointment because the ranting of Nirmala is written in abusive language calling others as “lunatic fringe” and without even a single reference or any scientific merit. I am however, compelled to respond to her article to dispel the misconceptions and twisting of my academic presentation created by her. It is for this reason I will neither respond to all the nuances in her response nor will question her moral right to criticize the polygamy or polyandry. 

  1. I have already explained that the media report published in GTN website (4) and other media was prepared by a media personnel who attended to my talk in Jaffna University on 26/06/14 and not by me. My presentation contained slides on the large number of war widows and the marital squeeze caused by the difficulty in finding age appropriate male partners because of the large number of Tamil males who got killed during the war, or gone missing or migrated. Also my slides had reference to history of Tamils particularly to the golden era of Tamils during the period of Cholas 10th AD where Tamils engaged in polygamy by marrying war widows and had children to recover the population lost in war. Same practice was noted in the writings of poet Avvaiyar who is considered as the first Tamil feminist believed to have lived during the Sangam period between 3rd century BC and 4th Century AD. I then stated in my presentation that we could not resort to the historical practice of polygamy in the post war period because of the Marriage Registration Ordinance enacted in 1907 (5). It was during the ensued discussion after my talk a Tamil doctoral scholar among the audience emphasized polygamy as a solution to the special situation of post war marital squeeze and that appeared in the media report.  It is therefore clear that the concern and bewilderment of Nirmala over the allegation that I pronounced to legalize polygamy was unwarranted and baseless. If Nirmala is genuinely worried about the reproductive rights of  war widows and other young Tamil women facing the post war marital squeeze she should come out with feasible alternative solutions rather than destructively criticizing others who are trying to find solutions.
  2. I being a Tamil and a Medical Practitioner consider it is my bounden duty to protect fellow Tamils and preventing them from continuing genocide. Section (d) of Article ll of the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide stated “Imposing measures intended to prevent births within an ethnic group” amounts to genocide (6). It is in this sprit I proposed ways to promote births within the Tamil ethnic group which is seriously affected by the war and the subsequent systematic developments. I never objected to miscegenation or marriage of Tamils with other races as falsely alleged by Nirmala. In reality as reported by International Crisis Group in 2011  we have observed Tamil women had been forced to prostitution, undergone trafficking within the country and provided jobs in Katunayake in the name of rehabilitation and exploited by men belong to other races (7). Nirmala in UK seems to be totally unaware of this situation talking of mixed marriages and trying hard to project a totally fake picture where Sinhalese or Muslim men are waiting to rehabilitate Tamil women or widows by marrying with honest intentions and Tamil nationalists are preventing such marriages.
  3. Next paragraph exposed her real intention more clearly. It is obvious that in a government clinic if a contraceptive implant is inserted without informed consent and privacy then the state is responsible for that act irrespective of whether the health professional carried out such act is Tamil or not. Nirmala trying futilely to defend the government stating that such act was carried out by Tamil officers and further posing a hypothetical question “would it not be just as easy to impose these implants on poor rural Sinhala women in Moneragala or Mahiyangana just as in Kilinochchi?” which never happened in South. While claiming herself as Tamil activist and feminist I wonder how long she can mask her hidden agendas which is now clearly exposed in this issue. If she is either a Tamil activist or an honest feminist how can she overlook the maternal death occurred after the coercive implant insertion?
  4. As stated already I reiterate that although part of the Youtube clip Muslim demographics was shown during my presentation neither that part of the clip nor I made any derogatory statements against Islamic brothers. It was used to establish that fertility has been the main factor in sustenance of an ethnic group and I wanted Tamils to improve their fertility in the post war scenario following the appreciated ways of Muslims. While twisting my presentation without seeing it, Nirmala deliberately questioned my honesty and posed her stupid question “Does Dr.Vallipuranathan claim that Muslims because of their ethnicity or faith are somehow more predisposed to procreate and increase their numbers dramatically over others.” With all due respect to my Islamic brothers, I state that Holy Qur’an promotes having more children and it is a haram or religiously unlawful to engage in permanent contraception and not appreciating temporary contraception (8). It is proved in several scientific studies that religious faith leads Muslims to have more children ((9) (10) and I find it wasting time to answer questions posed by Nirmala without either studying the issue in depth or supporting her views with references from others.
  5. When members of other races are worried about their numbers I do not find anything wrong in worrying about the numbers of Tamils in this country especially in the post war scenario with rapidly aging population. While Nirmala claiming herself as Tamil activist and feminist, has she ever honestly raised her voice for the thousands of half widows languishing in unresolved grief? Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to. Nirmala seems to be still unaware of this responsibility too.
  6. Finally Nirmala faking herself as a feminist concluded by stating “Dr.Vallipuranathan, recognizes the indiscriminate nature of the dispensation of Jadelle but is opposed to it because he believes it is issued to Tamil women to suppress population growth amongst Tamils. He does not appear to be concerned with any of the other harms women’s rights activists are concerned about.” I have already stated “long term implants such as Jadelle that used in Kilinochchi had already raised the concern of the freedom of choice and reported to target certain groups of women and coercive use of it had been already reported even in West” with reference to a full article appeared in the British Medical Journal which addresses all the concerns of the feminists as well. It is obvious from the above Nirmala neither read my article carefully nor checked the references which I have quoted but just write without analyzing in depth to project her as a feminist and Tamil activist while hiding her real intentions.

References:

  1. https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/tamil-nationalism-population-control-and-gender-rights-a-response-to-dr-vallipuranathan/
  2. https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/clarifications-on-the-demographic-perspective-of-tamils-in-sri-lanka/
  3. https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/understanding-the-demographic-decline-of-tamils-in-sri-lanka/
  4. http://www.globaltamilnews.net/MobileArticle/tabid/81/language/ta-IN/Default.aspx?pn=articles&aid=109136
  5. http://www.helplinelaw.com/article/sri%20lanka/167
  6. http://www.preventgenocide.org/genocide/officialtext-printerfriendly.htm
  7. http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/asia/south-asia/sri-lanka/217%20Sri%20Lanka%20-%20Womens%20Insecurity%20in%20the%20North%20and%20East%20KO.pdf
  8. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/islamethics/contraception.shtml
  9. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1971858?uid=3738456&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104453501167
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_population_growth
  11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2352934/pdf/bmj00570-0055.pdf

 

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 6
    5

    Although you used the same YouTube video that BBS used for inciting hatred for your presentation. The problem with the YouTube video is not factual isn’t it?

    Have you heard the story of the Rabbit who went to relive himself in the forest one day? While the rabbit was doing his business he hears this loud thud. The rabbit thinks the world is about to end. He wipes his arse with the bear happens to stand next to him and runs screaming.

    The rabbit is you isn’t it? That is why people call you a nutjob or lunatic or something along those lines.

  • 5
    2

    “Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to.”

    ===

    Jeez! From which medical school did you graduate?

  • 6
    0

    Dr Vallipuranathan,

    The damage is done. No matter how you try to justify your original statements what you said about polygamy and racial purity is not going to go away.

    Furthermore you are digging your own grave even deeper. Examples –

    1. You state ‘I being a Tamil and a Medical Practitioner consider it is my bounden duty to protect fellow Tamils and preventing them from continuing genocide.’ This is a very narrow view of the Hippocratic Oath you took. As a Medical Practitioner your duty should be to all sufferers – not only Tamils. With regards to genocide, your bounden duty as a human being is to prevent all genocide, not only Tamil genocide.

    2. You state, “Imposing measures intended to prevent births within an ethnic group” amounts to genocide. Yet by implication you are happy to see Sri Lankan Muslims suffer this fate.

    3. You state, “Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to.” What nonsense. You are certainly living in the so called ‘Golden Age’ of the Tamils, the Chola times.

    4. You state, “Also my slides had reference to history of Tamils particularly to the golden era of Tamils during the period of Cholas 10th AD where Tamils engaged in polygamy by marrying war widows and had children to recover the population lost in war.” You are really living in the era of medieval times. Wake up doctor – the world has moved on.

    Another piece of advice my good doctor, ‘don’t be so fixated with polygamy.’ People will think you are unhappy in your marriage.

  • 2
    2

    Firstly, I am sorry that Dr Valli is being misunderstood. He sees danger for his people and he is trying, I think, to put all available options on the table. While being extremely controversial, he has the guts to at least articulate what he sees as an option. Like Adalai Stevenson during the Cuban missle crisis.

    Secondly, ‘informal’ polygamy is widely practiced in westeren society especially among lower income groups. Hence mothers with several ‘Baby fathers’ or fathers with several ‘baby mothers’. This is a fact. Albeit causing mass confusion on Fathers Day.

    Thirdly, given the conditions that SL Tamils live today. What is the incentive for a mother to bring a child into this world of hurt? With anguish and sorrow being the only fruits of the Chinthanaya tree that are avialable for the Tamils to pluck, why pluck them?

    Lastly, a question for the good Dr. Has a study been done on the fertility rates of Tamil women in the Diaspora? Are they more fertile than Tamil women living in SL?

  • 1
    3

    ” ranting of Nirmala is written in abusive language calling others as “lunatic fringe” and without even a single reference or any scientific merit.”????

    Nirmala is well known for the personal attacks, playing the man not the ball. Move on, mate.

  • 1
    2

    wow sigh . !!!!!!!!!!!

  • 6
    2

    Murali Vallipuranathan’s comment “Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to” shows that he accepts the patriarchal content of nationalism and that he has failed to understand the thrust of Nirmala Rajasingam’s critique: the ways in which nationalist discourses ‘Other’ women by producing them as reproductive machines. There is an established tradition of scholarship on this topic. Since Murali Vallipuranathan is so interested in academic sources, I would like to suggest to him read Partha Chatterjee’s Nation and Its Fragments, Asha Nadkarni’s recent book Eugenic Feminism and Rajeswari Sunderrajan’s Real and Imagined Women. All of them, I hope, would help him understand the relationship between the nation and women. Having expertise in a given field alone does not make one a social commentator. One needs to show a genuine interest in engaging with as complex concepts as nation, gender and patriarchy theoretically with an open mind, for their professional expertise to bring about progressive social transformation. Otherwise, we will hear authoritarian statements like the one made by Murali Vallipuranathan: “a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to.” This is the reason why universities offer courses in critical theory to students who are specializing in Community Medicine.

    Another statement that Murali Vallipuranathan makes in his response warrants comment, though Nirmala Rajasingam has already addressed this issue in her response: “It is obvious that in a government clinic if a contraceptive implant is inserted without informed consent and privacy then the state is responsible for that act irrespective of whether the health professional carried out such act is Tamil or not.” How does one know whether the state ordered the medical professionals to do this? Also note that Nirmala Rajasingam does not deny the possibility that the state had a hand in it. She only draws our attention to other possibilities and explains theoretically that caste, class and gender along with ethnicity are at play. Even if the state is responsible for what happened in Kilinochi, one need to understand that the oppressive structures of the state are multiple. Ethnicity is only one of them, though nationalists think that the state is all about ethnic power. The Sri Lankan state is not only Sinhala-Buddhist but it is also patriarchal and privileges men over women. Therefore, a nuanced understanding of state formation is necessary to explain the forces undergirding the administration of contraceptive hormonal implants implants to the women in Kilinochi. The picture is further complicated by the role of the NGOs in the health sector of the country. Nirmala Rajasingam has underlined these issues in her response. Murali Vallipuranathan chooses to refrain from responding to “the nuances” in Nirmala Rajasingam’s response, but is very keen to attribute malicious motives to her theoretically well-thought-out arguments.

    People who have read Nirmala Rajasingam’s past articles and interviews know very well that she is one of the staunchest critics of the majoritarian Sri Lankan state and the present government. Therefore, Murali Vallipuranathan’s comment that Nirmala Rajasingam is trying to defend the government is absurd and laughable. It is not new for those of us who criticize Tamil nationalist politics from within the Tamil community to be branded as traitors, supporters of the government, defenders of the Sinhala-Buddhist state and people with hidden agendas. It is our proximity to the Tamil community that Tamil nationalism claims to represent and our critique of Tamil nationalism that make commentators like Murali Vallipuranathan distort and exaggerate our political views. Jonathan Dollimore once said that similarity is the most disturbing of all forms of transgression and that the Other as proximate is more disturbing than the Other as absolute difference. One can see this anxiety in Murali Vallipuranathan’s repeated claim that Nirmala Rajasingam tries to present herself as a Tamil activist.

    I don’t mind people addressing each other by their first names. But there is a conspicuous asymmetry in the way Murali Vallipuranathan addresses Krishna Kalaichelvan and Nirmala Rajasingam. While he calls the former Dr. Kalaichelvan or Dr. Krishna Kalaichelvan throughout his first response, he calls the latter by her first name. Is it because Nirmala Rajasingam is a woman?

    And by the way, Wikipedia says that lunatic fringe “is a term used to characterize members of a political or social movement as extremists with eccentric or fanatical views.” Nirmala Rajasingam, in her response, does not name anyone as belonging to the lunatic fringe of Tamil nationalism. But those who think the hat fits them are free to wear it, I suppose.

    • 3
      0

      Oh No! Mahendran,

      “would like to suggest to him read Partha Chatterjee’s Nation and Its Fragments, Asha Nadkarni’s recent book Eugenic Feminism and Rajeswari Sunderrajan’s Real and Imagined Women”

      These are radical feminists who spoiled Indian family system, more and more family ends in court corridors, and you should know before evn posting this, NCW is their pet child which ruins on sole objective of spoiling traditional indian family system.

  • 3
    2

    Leaving aside all, once should focus on the war widows and their pain, their pain can be alleviated with pyschological need than a physiological need. Due to shoratge of women in TN, men here go to kerala and marry, if widows in Srilanka prefer, we can arrange matches here. I dont know the way, but if someone who is genuinely interested can reach me @msksalem77@gmail.com

    Manisekaran
    Salem

  • 5
    0

    “Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to”

    Where did you pick this one?

    Which dark century or cave have you crept out from?

  • 3
    1

    you are writing nonsense. This kind of proposals are animalistic

  • 1
    3

    Dear Murali Vallipuranathan

    According to your article I see you need more than one but Murali aiya Nirmala Rajasingam akka doesn’t like it. That’s life you want something and she want another thing. And akka also drag BBS to this matter. I was really frustrated by that. because I m a big fan of BBS and I used to collect articles about BBS. I have big poster of BBS heads on My room wall.
    Let’s back to problem. Since she don’t like this you can suggest new concept like sperm market where top tamilans sperm are to be sold. It create new job opportunities too. Some of them are sperm makers, and to store sperm it’s need real low temperature so others can start sperm storage. You can also start online business from which women can order sperm. So no polygamy but more babies.
    While you doing this “baiya” muslim try to buy shares from you please dont let them do so. Because they might mix sperms with their low quality ones which disfigure really Dravidian Sperms.

    Regards,
    Gunapala

    By the way Hamas (LTTE Terrorist Organization Version Of Israel) getting their ass kicked and drag their own citizens to hell. Their women also used sperm transferring techniques from Israel prisons to Gaza. You can learn from them too. I love to see hamas got destroyed what ever our government said but I also condemned attack on Civilians since I don’t like to behave like a Muslim.

    Sorry I was out of track back to our discussion now it’s too late to teach women to share one C*ck if you want it you should teach it 1000 years before like Musalmen did. Bad Luck bro.

    Bye, ta ta

  • 1
    0

    Why didn’t the following come out much earlier in the debate – it could have avoided a lot of problem for a lot of people:

    ”It was during the ensued discussion after my talk a Tamil doctoral scholar among the audience emphasized polygamy as a solution to the special situation of post war marital squeeze and that appeared in the media report.”

  • 0
    2

    No wonder Tamil women are in a miserable condition!

    Muslims women obviously have much more rights than Tamil women.

    • 1
      0

      Yes Fathima you are right Muslism women have more freedom as long as they live in Sri Lanka not in a Muslim country or in a country that has this absurd Sharia law where woman is a toy that is there to play as wished by the Man. We don’t want that in Sri Lanka as some extreme Muslims are trying to do. You sounds like an intelligent lady and I hope you support not to bring these stupid old fashioned one sided laws that helps the ‘man’. I am not going to quote from the Koran but if you are not sure let me know, I have the Koran and will prove this according to the Koran that I am right.

  • 0
    0

    I can only shake my head at this bickering amongst the tamil community
    Is it no wonder that its so easy for others to destroy our people?
    We saw this during the LTTE era, non-stop infighting
    I agree the tamil people are disappearing from SL
    But there is really nothing that can be done about it physically
    Any attempt to physically implement solutions will either be stopped by the SL govt, or by other tamilians themselves
    The same way nobody stops Palestinians from systematically being wiped out from their traditional land
    You will only see people holding up banners across the world and nothing else
    Very soon all of it will declared as Israel at the rate things are going
    Nature and karma will have to deal with the oppressors

  • 2
    1

    What I meant by saying that Muslim Women obviously have much more rights than Tamil Women is hiding under their veil Muslim Women enjoy their sexual exploits with much more freedom unhindered and with greater satisfaction.

  • 2
    0

    Citizens:

    I wrote the above in a hurry as I was returning from Hambanthota after heavy night of drinking.
    I should have added that Muslim Women hiding under the veil have a lot of room to operate with double handful.
    Sadly the hands of most of the Tamil women are chopped off by our brothers so they have nothing to hold.

  • 2
    0

    “Further a woman should understand that child bearing is part of her responsibility towards the community she belongs to.”

    The above view may be a disgusting one, but it is by no means a statistical outlier (or “from the lunatic fringe,” as Ms Rajasingham so robustly puts). Below is a paragraph from a piece a friend of mine wrote a few years ago
    ( http://groundviews.org/2010/04/05/doing-it-in-a-foreign-language/ ):

    I recently attended a Hindu wedding ceremony in London with a friend, where the priest who did the formal part injected some novelty into the session by doing it all in Tamil. My friend was quite excited by this: “This is great, this is the way to preserve our language, or else it will die”, etc. We listened. As the priest got to the part of blessing the bride and groom, he says to the bride: “Thou shall be a proper wife to your husband and do thy duty by bearing him healthy children.” My friend’s face went flat. “Better if he had done it in Sanskrit”, he said in a monotone voice with no intonation, “at least I wouldn’t have understood anything.”([…] My friend and his wife are awaiting a hospital appointment for In Vitro fertilization treatment.)

    • 2
      0

      S. Thevaram

      “Thou shall be a proper wife to your husband and do thy duty by bearing him healthy children.” My friend’s face went flat.”

      I am sorry please bear with me for I am bit thick.

      Could a bridegroom bear her children. If he could it would be a revolution beyond one’s imagination. If at all possible it would be a wonderful experience for every man, woman and transgenders.

      • 1
        0

        There is a difference between recognizing an anatomical reality and portraying it as social “duty”. Those who don’t see that are either in the jungle — like your naughty self, or back in the Chola era — like the good doctor.

        • 1
          0

          Whether a child is born through a natural conception or through IVF, a mother is a mother and in that sense the blessing of the priest had a meaning! Does a mother become less affectionate because a child is born through IVF?

          Sengodan. M

  • 2
    0

    This discussion is going to hurt many especially the Tamil women a lot. But I believe that the discussion is openly taking place as a ‘need’ has been identified by various interest groups. When extreme proposals are made to solve the problem extreme alternate views being discussed is unavoidable. Although I totally disagree with the writer’s solution and some of his underlying values I welcome his guts to propose the best solution he feels right. Likewise Manisekaran’s and Gunapala’s suggestions hold merrit when we consider the womanhood and the psychological needs.
    But any opinion makers please consider this discussion is also about motherhood and let us be sensitive and considerate enough before writing any deregatory comments. I feel that the Nation as a whole has turned its back on the mothers be they Sinhalese or Tamils. The plight of the mothers of the disappeared is self revealatory.
    Thank you.

  • 0
    0

    //Is it because Nirmala Rajasingam is a woman?//
    I don’t know why he prefers to address the woman by one name i.e. Nirmala. This women [Edited out]

  • 1
    0

    Before trying to increase the Quantity and Tamil People, It may be good idea to Increase the Quality of the Tamil Citizens!

  • 0
    1

    polygamy any day is better than prostitution. nirmala seems to attack the writer due to his gender and tamil nationalism than offer any solution to the problem.

  • 1
    0

    It is good to know all the facts about any case as facts are sacred. There is absolutely no doubt that the current racist government is discriminatory and no amount of white washing will cover its atrocities. That does not mean that Tamils should think of impracticable or unlawful means of tackling any problem. What is most important is to uplift the living conditions of those living whether they be war widows, orphans or any other downtrodden. What matters in the long run is quality and not numbers!

    Sengodan. M

    • 1
      0

      sengodan

      from the author’s point of view i believe he is not suggesting breed like rabbits and increase the population. he is suggesting that the current population is aging and the tamil population is dwindling from a tamil genocide perspective, which is aided by the state and its actors (i.e. the targeted long term birth control mechanisms used on tamil women). second he is also talking about the reproductive rights of these tamil war widows in this context
      also, you cannot address quality while not addressing the sinhala state’s structural flaws, which intends to contain tamil polity through various means, one of which he discusses

      • 1
        0

        Targeted long term birth control mechanisms forced on unsuspecting women and their families should certainly be resisted by all means.

        But ‘the reproductive rights’ of Tamil war widows sounds unethical and transgressing women’s rights unless it is chosen totally voluntarily. If we just take count of the malnourished Tamil children, the poor health conditions under which they live, their illiteracy, their social backwardness etc.,etc., and we think, plan and implement measures for the systematic alleviation of these evils we will not have to bother much about fanciful remedies such as polygamy and polyandry which are totally out of date in the modern world. Even among the Muslims of Sri Lanka, polygamy which their religion approves of is not highly prevalent!

        Sengodan. M

  • 1
    1

    What a make believe world these “Tamil Einsteins” live in.

    First a make believe “Genocide” and now conversion of war widows to “Baby making factories” What next?

    JP / USA

    • 2
      1

      jay pathbey

      “What next?”

      Avoid giving birth to babies who grow up to become more Jay Pathetic. The mothers should make the same mistakes as your mother did.

      • 3
        1

        Sorry mistake.

        jay pathbey “What next?” Avoid giving birth to babies who grow up to become more Jay Pathetic. The mothers should not make the same mistakes as your mother did.

  • 0
    1

    hey doc. what tamil woman wouldn’t want procreate after seeing ur face?. they will instantly realize their duty is to create more mualis, that is what the WORLD needs urgently not world peace. Nirmala is just jealous eh?

  • 1
    0

    The good doctor seems to rather confused and authoritarian. Having children is a voluntary choice, not a “duty” towards society. Also, dividing up people on the basis of nationalism, religion, language all just propagate problems into the future and is the reason we are in this situation. Has the good doctor read “Gitanjali” by Rabindranath Tagore? For his benefit, I would like to quote from it here:

    Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high
    Where knowledge is free
    Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
    By narrow domestic walls

    I suggest domestic includes nationalistic, religious and any other identity based grouping.

    In today’s world we need to see ourselves as one, as human. We have serious problems to combat in climate change, poverty, globalisation. To ignore all these and focus on narrow identity concerns (unfortunately something that seems to grip more than just the good doctor)seems extremely short sighted and unproductive.

    And as a woman, I definitely dont want to see us as the meat in his sandwich. If a woman wants to have a child, she can do so without resort to a marriage and only needs her society to support her in that decision.

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 300 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically shut off on articles after 10 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.