17 October, 2017

Healing The Wounds: Working With The Diaspora

By Rajiva Wijesinha – 

Prof. Rajiva Wijesinha MP

Prof. Rajiva Wijesinha MP

31 years after the tragic events of July 1983, there has still been no serious attempt to heal the wounds. They were grave wounds, and the effect they had still bedevils this country. Though many explanations are offered, some in an effort to justify what occurred, we must recognize that, as Bishop Lakshman Wickremesinghe put it, ‘The facts however cannot be denied. Thousand of Tamils, old and young, and even little children were assaulted; robbed, killed, bereaved and made refugees. They saw their homes, possessions, vehicles, shops and factories plundered, burnt or destroyed. These people were humiliated, made to live in fear and rendered helpless’

This brutality led to the strengthening of the LTTE. Though we must all be glad that the terrorism the LTTE engaged in is now over, we must also make sure that the sort of terrorism that held sway in July 1983 is never repeated. And we need to understand why some still regret the extermination of the LTTE in Sri Lanka.

One reason is the failure of the Sri Lankan state, following the victory of 2009, to affirm the equality of all its citizens and facilitate their full participation in governance. That must be changed, and we need to ensure full consultation of affected populations in planning for economic and social and political development. The election held for the Northern Provincial Council was a step in the right direction, but unless the constitutional provisions regarding the powers of the elected Provincial government are respected, we must expect disaffection.

But equally important is the need to assuage the fears of those in the diaspora that the events of July 1983 could be repeated. I believe that those Tamils who did not leave Sri Lanka understood the enormity of what the LTTE did, and are by and large relieved that they no longer suffer that repressive rule. If the state does more to satisfy their economic and social needs whilst promoting their participation in governance, I have no doubt they will be satisfied.

But we need to do more to win over the diaspora, because their memories are of deprivation and mayhem, and they have little knowledge of the positive steps successive Sri Lankan governments have taken since 1983. That is why the LLRC stressed the need for a proactive policy with regard to the diaspora, and the failure of government to set this in place is amongst its greatest blunders.

This is the more regrettable in that even the security establishment recognizes that the vast majority of the diaspora is willing to engage with the government. Though much publicity is given to elements which still hanker after separatism, the intelligence agencies of government confirm that not more than 7% of the diaspora is involved in such aspirations. So it is worrying that, while the security forces have set in place mechanisms to deal with this tiny percentage, no other agencies in government have tried to work with the remaining 93%.

We have several instances of valuable contributions by members of the Diaspora to the development process. Diaspora Lanka from Australia has been working very well in Mannar, while recently the Northern Province released the Report of its Northern Education Sector Review which was spearheaded by the famous Sri Lankan athlete Dr Nagalingam Ethirveerasingam.  But in both these cases we must register shortcomings. No efforts were made by the government, in the four years it ran the affairs of the North, to engage with experts like Dr Ethirveerasingam. And in Mannar, though the head of Diaspora Lanka established excellent relations with government officials, he had to face continuous hindrance from officials in Colombo, who also questioned the title of his organization, on the grounds that Diaspora spelt danger.

Such self fulfilling fears are what contribute to continuing tensions. Similarly we have not seen enough concerted effort to promote investment by the diaspora. Not just general bureaucratic constraints, but also irrational suspicions, are blocking the active participation of the diaspora in development.

An example of what could be done is available in the two state of the art factories that MAS have established in Kilinochchi. I am frequently asked in the Reconciliation meetings I hold in the Divisional Secretariats whether such factories can be started elsewhere. I am sorry that government has not done more to encourage such initiatives, and I hope that the stirring film, made about the factories but appropriately entitled ‘Being About People’, will be shown widely so that they might be replicated.

I will not say more, because this meeting is for the purposes of discussion. I hope therefore that we can generate ideas as to how engagement of the sorts I have described can be taken further We should focus on the way in which the Sri Lankan state and official and non-official actors should, with mutual respect, develop relationships with members of the Diaspora, as well as with local entrepreneurs and elected politicians, to provide general benefits to all communities and the whole country.

*Introductory remarks of Prof Rajiva Wijesinha – At the consultation convened on 23rd July 2014 by the Minister of National Languages and Social Integration Vasudeva Nanayakkara – in commemoration of the tragedy of July 1983 on “Healing the Wounds: Working with the Diaspora” at the Auditorium of the Ministry of National Languages and Social Integration

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  • 3
    12

    Another guy bemoans about 83 yet again. Forget about the diaspora, 83 and the rest of the palawa.

    Do what your tax payer pay you to do. Thats should be where your duty begins and ends.

    Now that you are not part of SCOPE or whatever, what is it that you do now? What are your pet projects? How are you making a contribution to the Sri Lankan tax payer?

    • 3
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      The only contribution the Sri Lankan tax payer makes is to the Royal Family of Sri Lanka. nothing more, nothing less.

    • 0
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      I suppose the 1958, 1977, 1983 pogroms and the mass killings of the Tamils in 2009 and the recent killings of Muslims and destruction of their properties were done on the request of the “tax payers”

      By the way he is defending the atrocities of the TERRORIST government of Sri Lanka at the request and at the pay of the tax payers too!!

  • 5
    2

    Dear Professor
    1.The diaspora are often dragged in by the government to keep trampling the ethnic minorities.
    2.Please don’t let MAS factories remain cosmetic while the elected bodies in the North and the East are overruled by their Governors and the military is engaged in economic activities depriving the war-ravaged people from recovering, leave alone thriving.
    Preventing the diaspora from helping the Councils is a crime.
    3.Urgent attention is needed:
    Peacebuilding in Sri Lanka Needs UNESCO to Supervise Revision of School Textbooks
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/211491454/Peacebuilding-in-Sri-Lanka-Needs-UNESCO-to-Supervise-Revision-of-School-Textbooks

    Sri Lanka: Who is in charge of looking after the environment of the oppressed?
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/234562657/Who-is-in-Charge-of-Looking-After-the-Environment-of-the-Oppressed

    • 9
      3

      “31 years after the tragic events of July 1983, there has still been no serious attempt to heal the wounds. They were grave wounds, and the effect they had still bedevils this country.:

      July 1983 didn’t create all the wounds, inflictions Started long before: From 1948 with the disenfranchisement of upcountry Tamil, riots of 1956, 1958, 1977 and massive pogrom of 1983. Discrimination in state enterprises started from the beginning, and the mother of all discrimination – Sinhala only is still in force. Now public sector has not even 2% Tamils.

      Prof Rajiva Wijesinha start by getting your government to give more jobs to Tamils who form 20% of the population before you talk about lofty things!

      “But equally important is the need to assuage the fears of those in the diaspora that the events of July 1983 could be repeated.”

      Your people and regimes have repeated these pogroms as I said above, and now we see anti_Muslim pogrom enacted in June 2015, with your government’s connivance. The authors of the riot are walking free like the war criminals. ANy moment the BBS and the like can create pogroms. There is no guarantee these will not be repeated again: Many times bitten, how not to be shy!

      “And we need to understand why some still regret the extermination of the LTTE in Sri Lanka.”

      LTTE ventured to liberate Tamils from Sinhalese oppression that still continues, that’s why most Tamils regret the demise of the LTTE, even the Muslims say so recently.

      “I believe that those Tamils who did not leave Sri Lanka understood the enormity of what the LTTE did, and are by and large relieved that they no longer suffer that repressive rule.”

      Tamils were not repressed under LTTE as they are repressed now under your government after 2009.

      “So it is worrying that, while the security forces have set in place mechanisms to deal with this tiny percentage, no other agencies in government have tried to work with the remaining 93%.”

      Why would they? Mahavamsa mentality would not allow them to. If the UN conducts a referendum post genocide of the Sri Lankan forces in the war, 99% of Tamils(inside and outside Sri Lanka) will vote for the liberation of Tamils from Sinhalese persecution.

      There is no desire or will in the minds of the Sinhala rulers to treat Tamils or Muslims as equal citizens, and that they have historically established political rights which were taken away by the Sinhalese after independence from Britain.

      Wolves, however much they pretend to protect the sheep will never do, only to eat them when they are hungry!

      It’s a pity that Mahavamsa, Unagarika (uncivilized) Dharmapala, the Buddhist clergy, and the Sinhala politicians have poisoned the minds of ordinary Sinhalese to hate ‘others’.

      They need be reeducated if they were to become unbiased and accept ‘others’ as equals.

      Professor, I suggest, that you start the re-education programme for the Sinhalese.

      Otherwise leave it to the BBS and the like, who are roaming freely anyway, to do the ethnic cleansing so there will be more in the diaspora, and this time you may even succeed in creating a sizable Muslim one.

      Then you will have an insignificant subjugated ‘others’, for the Sinhalese to live in a monolithic country happily ever after.

      • 0
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        well Said. Thank you.

    • 0
      2

      Diaspora, diaspora, diaspora>
      ”Forty secondary schools across Sri Lanka this week started using new mathematics e-learning programs to boost students’ math ability and to determine if e-learning should be incorporated into math lessons nationwide.
      “Boosting mathematics skills and critical thinking is essential in today’s modern world. Computer technologies can complement regular classroom teaching in a way that can bring everyone up to international levels in an individual way,” said Asian Development Bank (ADB) South Asia Department Director Sungsup Ra.
      Under a $ 725,000 grant, ADB has translated the mathematics e-learning programs of Khan Academy and MathCloud into Sinhala. These will be used in 20 schools each as part of daily mathematics lessons on a six-month trial basis through to the end of 2014. Student performance will then be assessed to determine how effective the programs were in boosting students’ mathematics achievement and confidence.. – Sri Lanka students test e-learning programs to boost mathematics skills, 4 June 2014,
      http://www.ft.lk/2014/06/04/sri-lanka-students-test-e-learning-programs-to-boost-mathematics-skills/

  • 3
    9

    Didn’t the Diaspora stop the current President/ Chairperson attending the opening of the Commonwealth Games in Scotland?.

    Didn’t the British Diaspora arrange free transport from every corner of the United Kingdom for their members to travel to Scotland and stop the President?.

    Didn’t they even arrange flights from the main Capitals in EU and Canada for their members?.

    The Professor must be kidding to say it is only 7 %,,

    PM Rudrakumaran announced his International Cabinet only a couple of weeks ago.All are Senators voted in by the Universal Franchise of the Diaspora.

    Does this mighty Senate which even boasts of ex US Secretaries in its fold represent only 7 % ?.

    The Professor has his work cut there .

    • 1
      0

      Mercifully, President Rajapakse has taken the wise decision to stay away from these Commonwealth Games; the first chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth not to attend the games in my memory. Never mind the noisy demo’s outside, it would have been the inevitable shunning by other leaders inside the VIP enclosure that would have showed up his pariah status.Of course our friends in the west do not want to see the ordinary Sri Lankan suffer, but the political class has had their card marked, and let’s say that they are unlikely to be greeted like respected friends in the foreseeable future.

    • 0
      1

      No one stopped Mahinda Rajapaksa from going to Glasgow. Due to the enormity of the disgrace he brought upon himself, particularly in the last five years, he stopped himself showing his face at the Commonwealth Games.

      Glance through a sample of what is being propagated over the internet:

      Quote:
      Sri Lanka has been invited without question to Glasgow 2014. This is a country in the recent aftermath of what can easily be described as a state-perpetuated genocide, whose administration under President Mahinda Rajapaksa is effectively a militarized dictatorship. The UN estimates that 40 000 Tamil civilians were killed in early of 2009, in addition to upwards of 70 000 declared missing as the government military carried out its final attacks on Tamil strongholds in the Northeast. No one has yet been held accountable for these atrocities, and the unexamined lies that come out of Sri Lankan government prevent the country’s people from recovering from their trauma. While the Commonwealth Charter explicitly affirms each member states’ commitment to ‘a free and responsible media’, Sri Lanka currently ranks amongst the most dangerous places in the world to be a journalist.
      Unquote.

    • 1
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      Sumanasekara you idiot:

      You are dead right. THUGS and CRMINALS from Hambanthotta should not be allowed to Chair the Commomwealth paid for ( To Sharma ) to get the seat.

      • 1
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        kali

        Countdown: 21 days to go

        • 1
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          Grandad:

          Old age is caching up and you are struggling to make sense of what is happening around you. The arrival of TNA is a last resort but things are moving fast without the need for that. MR has sucumbed and according to Mr.Singh MR has promised to implement 13th amendment in full within 2 months. Either Singh is lying or MR is very clever. If we get a Nation within a Nation with army confined to barracks and Land & Police Powers are in our hand why do we need TNA and can you explain if you havent lost your sense. It is a hard pill to take but it has to be taken to cure the disease of hatred.

  • 3
    1

    Prof,
    Have you read http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2012/03/20/salt-on-old-wounds-post-war-sri-lanka/ ?

    Please read the full report from the link provided in the above page.

    It looks like you are suffering from short term memory loss. In Sri Lanka, after 1983 what happened prof? Killing Field? Do you remember? No Fire Zone?? UNPanel Report? LLRC?

  • 2
    1

    Prof. Wijesinghe can sound quite simplistic. “…full participation in governance. That must be changed, and we need to ensure full consultation of affected populations in planning for economic and social and political development.” The Tamils face the same problems privations and the dilemma that they faced prior to the beginnings of their resistance not merely relating to only July 1983. Tamils shall not live by bread alone. The latest tragedy that the Tamil children face is the renewal of the acts of rape on underage Tamil girls committed by the members of the armed forces with impunity reminiscent of what was committed by members of the Sri Lankan army a few years ago as a peace keeping force in Haiti. Although there is no longer the threat of another Tamil insurgency, the same grievances under the military rule do exist and it is futile to pretend that they do not. Bensen

  • 2
    4

    What hogwash is this!

    No wonder no one votes for this MP.

    • 1
      1

      Tamodaya:

      You Sinhalses Racist no one votes for this MP. You are dead right and if anyone in Sinhlala Lanka speaks a language of regret and remorse there are no takers and that is why we are where we are. But that is now thing of the past and we are close to destrying people like you out number decent civilised Sinhalese. Let me spell it out to you the Rule of the THUG from Hambanthotta is drawing to a close.

      • 1
        0

        kali

        Countdown: 21 Days

  • 2
    0

    happy to find such high level sentiments and suggestions are coming from a govt. minister. are you still with the govt? the views expressed are totally personal. are you telling this to the govt. members? apart from the apology rendered by CBK during her tenure nothing substantial was done. UNP appears to speak sense now but at that time JR handled it very badly and his attitude was very despicable. your ideas are very sound and encouraging but you are weak to go beyond writing. are you carrying any any weight in the govt quarters. anyway we are very happy to see a personality like you in the present highly charged context. pl. contextualize your views to encourage the muslim brethoren also.
    -sundaram

  • 2
    0

    Should not conditions locally be such that the diaspora may consider looking at the options available?

    An important aspect of tying-up with SL is dpendent on “Dual-citizenship”. Did not MR in an ad-hoc manner suspend the provisions of the 1948 Citizenship Act, following the Oxford debacle in Jany. 2011? What has he gained except Gota claiming that it is an interview by his Ministry that such citizenship may be granted. The Depts. involved have not been able to agree to the new amendments over 3 yrs.! The local tamil MPs do not want to raise this issue for hidden reasons. The CW FO should
    persue this matter.

    So Professor, what is the point in suggesting that the diaspora be
    engaged. The hidden Policy is to keep the diaspora out of the local scene, in its programme of structured genocidial activity that none
    dare talk about within SL.

  • 9
    1

    Healing of the wounds would never happen.

    Go tell the orphaned child, the widows, the parents, to the victims, the raped, the tortured, to the refugees, and to those who witnessed the pogroms, to forgive and forget!

    You need to understand the trauma these people have, the experience and pain, the sacrifices’ made all these years.

    For Black July and Mullaivaikkal to never ever happen again to any Tamil in the Island, is to separate the Tamil Kingdom of Tamil Eelam from the Sinhala nation.

    Healing will only happen when freedom is guaranteed, so that the Tamils (Hindus, Muslims and Christians) can move forward, to live in peace and with dignity and to reconcile themselves first.

    Separation of both the Sinhala Nation and Tamil Eelam is the only solution for both nations to live and let live, and to assist and develop and prosper together as independent nations, and for regional stability. A UN conducted referendum will explain the aspirations of at least 93 % of the Tamils.

    There is no choice, Sri Lanka is sinking and is doomed.

    Working with the Diaspora is part of the solution to this 65 years of pain and destruction, and should be welcomed and initiated and guaranteed by India and the international community, for a peaceful permanent political solution.

    But demilitarization First !

  • 7
    3

    Prof,

    until you tender your apology about what you said in May 2009 that you have seen BLUE EYE children in the refugee camp; we will not respect you as a learned, educated professor.

    You have insulted the whole Tamil community.

    Even after 5 years, can you prove this!

    No wonder you belong to Rajapaksa’s camp.

    Is this the thought of the Liberals?

    Shame on you Prof
    Shame on you Prof
    Shame on you Prof

    • 0
      1

      CT, why is my penname being used by another.. Please delete.

      • 0
        0

        Sorry,

        This is my name NOT my pename.

        Cant there be another hundreds of Ram?

        Then why dont you say you are RAMPILLAI.

        It is an uncivlised approach to say “DELETE”.

  • 3
    1

    There is much still to be written on the tragic events of the post-independence years that has polarised our nation. However, it is a bit rich of thick-skinned Professor Rajiva to write on this subject. The twisted mealy-mouthed words he uttered day-after-day in the service of his political masters are still fresh in the minds of many of us, and there is nothing he can say or do to expunge the outrage felt by many free thinking people at the time. Professor Rajiva learnt his craft at the Comical Ali School of Media Presentation from which he graduated summa cum laude. Nuff said!

  • 1
    0

    If a stranger were to go through all the polarised comments here and all the vituperation and venom, Sri Lanka can never be whole again; just like Humpty Dumpty. Not all the Kings horses nor all the King’s men nor all the King’s White Vans can put Humpty together again. Not the UN nor the UNHRC nor India. Unless the people themselves decide to live as equal citizens.

  • 0
    1

    Editor, Colombo Telegraph

    I have been using the pen name Ram over several years now, and as I have pointed out above, an attempt is being made, NOT for the first time, to purloin it by another. Please delete it or have it published under another moniker.

    • 1
      1

      Ram you Sinkalam:

      This is what happens if you pretend to be Tamil and write under Tamil name and send message of hate.

      • 0
        1

        kalistani you Demela/Sinhalam

        Countdown: 20 days to go.

        • 1
          1

          Grandad:

          It is doubtful whether you will live for another 20 days to see your BOSS the THUG MR surrender. But if the inevitable happens before that “May your soul rest in peace” if not in pieces.

      • 0
        1

        This RAM is Prof. Rajiva Wijesinha’s right-hand man.

        For him name is not the problem, the contents,

        Prof, until you tender your apology about what you said in May 2009 that you have seen BLUE EYE children in the refugee camp; we will not respect you as a learned, educated professor. You have insulted the whole Tamil community. Even after 5 years, can you prove this! No wonder you belong to Rajapaksa’s camp. Is this the thought of the Liberals? Shame on you Prof Shame on you Prof Shame on you Prof

  • 0
    2

    Excellent article, keep up the good work ;-)

  • 0
    0

    Dear Ward, This is a response for your comments.
    “The councilors of the other provinces are allowed to work as they please without the interference of their Governors. Jaffna Tamils are trying all sorts of ways to put things aright. But the Review will remain a review for long.”

    The Review was commissioned by the newly elected NP Minister of Education Mr. T. Gurukularajah the week he was inaugurated in Mid October 2013. For those interested in the Northern Education System Review (NESR) Report you can download it or read it in the Website:
    http://www.edudept.np.gov.lk

    The Executive Summary gives an overview of the 270 page Report. The Steering Committee of NESR decided to invite the Ministers of Education, Secretaries and Provincial Directors with the MOE and its Heads of Departments for the Consultancy Workshop in April. But the MOE did not want other provinces invited for reasons best known to themselves.

    Governor of the NP welcomed the Review but did not want international specialists from other countries invited to the Consultancy workshop. Half of the specialists who were invited were non Tamil professors from Univ of Lond, Harvard, Cornell, Stanford and other renowned institutions. Though their presence was missed, we were able to get their inputs electronically. The Steering Committee invited the public and those who have gone through the Northern Education System, including the Tamil Diaspora to send their advice by email, google form and snail mail. A 20-page Summary of their inputs is in Appendix I of the Report.
    Many in and outside the Steering Committee of 70 members including some in the 10 Sub Groups, thought the Review will be in the shelve for ever. But recommendations of the review were being implemented even before the Report was released on July 17. In November we realised there were no data for the North the review needed to verify the opinions and advice that were being discussed. The seed of the database that was there was then developed quickly and by May it had collected all data and verified, with much difficulty, and a website was established. It is the first recommendation that was and is still being implemented. It should be fully functional for inputs and access at school level and up before end of 2014. This will aid data based decision making as opposed to opinions or influence based decisions.
    The recommendations by the “Appointments, Promotions, Transfers and other Teacher Issues” Group is also now being implemented by the NP education Ministry. These recommendations need not have the consent of the National Ministry as it is in compliance with existing Circulars that were, as in many other provinces, not being implemented or being compromised by persons who have power but not legal authority to do so.
    A key recommendation to introduce eLessons prepared in Tamil and tested, in the North, by volunteer educators with purchased equipments approximately for US$80,000 for O/L (Year 10 and 11) mathematics and science is in the process of being introduced by the Provincial Directorate of Education. It can be introduced to all the 3,123 Tamil Medium schools in Sri Lanka if other provinces agree. The MOE & NIE, with ADB funding of US$720,000. Has trialed Mathematics eLessons, a Version of khanAcademy lessons, in Sinhala and plan to introduce it in all Sinhala Medium Schools. This is a commendable project.But why did that project include the Tamil Medium Mathematics for trialing it at Tamil Medium Schools too need to be answered by the MOE and ADB.

    One of the Education Zones in the North has already prepared their plan, after much internal consultation, to implement all the recommendations that is within the powers of a Zonal Directorate. That Zone will implement them starting in September.

    The NP Minister is also in the process of forming an Independent Recommendation Implementation and Monitoring Panel, that the Report recommended. All the recommendations are to be implemented in phases by December 2016. Many of the Key recommendations need funds. If the necessary financial allocations are not made then 50% of the recommendations as Ward pointed out may remain as a Review. 70% of the education recommendations applies to most of the provinces. The other 30% is related to the consequence of the 30 Year war.

    One of the major but most important for the learning and Growth of the students, teachers and Principals is the elimination of Corporal Punishment in schools and replacing it with violent-less methods of classroom management for optimum learning. All the Circulars sent since 1980s to 2005 periodically has fell on deaf ears. This is a National Problem in all schools in Sri Lanka. Though a National effort is needed, each school, Zone and Province can implement the recommendation without any more Circulars. It however need policies to establish positions for educated full-time Counselors in schools and a nationwide effort. The report in Chapter 3 – Psychosocial Well-being has detailed recommendations to implement a child abuse free and a violent less classroom and school learning environment.

    The major problem in Sri Lanka’s education system is the three National Examinations. Minister Bandula Goonawardena has also touched on the subject in his address to the Consultancy Workshop on April 23rd. His speech on that day is posted in YouTube. The Illustration in the Executive Summary shows the control such debilitating paper and pencil test has on teachers, teaching, Principals, parents and education administrators. It is the one major cause for the birth and proliferation of Tutories – Described in Chapter 5. A province cannot change the content and method of National examinations. I am reliably informed that even the Cabinet cannot change it. The Challenge for the North and other provinces and for the well being of students is to find a way to teach students experiential method of learning and teaching and at the same time do well in the memory based practice-less learning.

    A challenge for the reader is to find from the University Grants Commission – or the Ministry of Higher Education – what the statistics are on the Socio-Economic background of students enrolled in its Universities in 2012 or later. Such statistics were published in 1994/1995, but not now. That 1994/1995 statistic is analysed in Ch 2 of the NESR Review report. That statistic, if it is still the same, summarise the result of the current education system in SL. Looking at the O/L and A/L results of schools in the Coastal and Rural North presented in Ch 2 and is also available in the website quoted above indicates that the 1994/1995 socio-economic composition in Universities in SL may still be the same.

    One of the causes may be Tutories in Urban areas are better than those in Rural areas. Rural and coastal areas children and those below the poverty line cannot afford to attend tutories. The readers, if they are not parents of children attending A/L may not know that in the Jaffna District, A/L students in Year 13 do not attend classes from January to July before they take the A/L examination in August. They attend Tutories. Principals and Teachers have an euphimism for such absence “Study Leave”! What does the A/L teachers do during those months – We need to find out. Teachers in school or retired teachers who teach in Tutories get paid 2/3rd of the Tuition fees which can run into Rs100,000 p/m for a graduate teacher and famous. There are many information on this issue in Ch 5. Even if you dont read it look at the pictures of some of the famous Tutories in Jaffna. Is this true in Rural areas? Is this happening in only Jaffna or is it happening in all urban Centres in SL?

    Prof Rajiva can highlight the key points in the Review Report, but the problem is not something that one person or one province can solve. The problem in education sector was a time bomb that burst in the South, like Minister Bandula said in his speech. It also burst in the North and East. If we do not find solutions within the next five years that gives equal opportunity for all students to maximise their potential SL will deteriorate into to chaos once again.

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