11 August, 2020

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National Democracy Or Neo-Colonial Democracy? By Way Of A Reply To RMB

By Dayan Jayatilleka

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

“Sirisena was supported by a broad coalition including leading Tamil and Muslim parties and the United National Party…Rajapaksa still earned more support from the Sinhalese community than Sirisena, the ethnic group that comprises about three-quarters of the country’s population… the Rajapaksa brand isn’t toxic — not yet anyway. He lost a close election and his name will always be linked to the defeat of the Tamil Tigers…” – (‘What’s Next for Sri Lanka’s Mahinda Rajapaksa?’ Taylor Dibbert, The Huffington Post, Jan. 29, 2015)

What kind of democracy do we want: A National Democracy or an anti-national or non-national, Neocolonial Democracy?

What Sri Lanka will be like by Independence Day 2016, depends on which of two contending projects succeed. One is a hegemonic project, that of hegemony over the majority of people, of the citizenry, who happen demographically, to be Sinhalese. This is the UNP-TNA-CBK-Western project of recreating the Ceylon of the colonial and semi-colonial times; a Ceylon serving the West and dominated by a bloc of social minorities, led by the pro-Western bourgeoisie linked to Western markets.

The specific project of Tamil nationalism and its Sinhala allies is to recreate the Sri Lanka that would have come into being had essentials of the ‘union of regions’ package, the CFA, the ISGA and PTOMS succeeded.

The executive Presidency is sought to be abolished precisely to prevent that insidious project being overturned by a strong executive President, susceptible to the pressure of the majority.

Standing against this project is that of the scattered, confused patriots; the project of the Sri Lankan nationalists. The nationalist-patriotic project is not and should not be a Sinhala project still less a Sinhala Buddhist one. It must be multiethnic, multi-religious, multilingual and multicultural; in short, pluralist. However, inasmuch as the Sinhala community is the demographic, cultural and civilizational core of this island, a truly patriotic and nationalist cannot but be a project that accords the majority community its natural leading role—as distinct from a dominating or oppressive role. There cannot be a Sri Lankan nation, which is de-centered; without a civilizational core—and that center and core is naturally that of the Sinhalese, as it would be that of the majority in any society especially in the ex-colonial Global South which is still engaged in nation-building. It is by no means accidental that the Sinhalese were the main force of the anti-British colonialist rebellions and resistance. It was sometime in 2011 or 2012, very late at night at the Café de Flore, famously patronized by Jean-Paul Sartre (and introduced to me as a boy, by my father on our first visit to Paris in the Sixties) that a French Marxist scholar turned from my wife Sanja and myself to his companion and our guest Natalie Cardone, celebrated for her performance of Carlos Puebla’s song for Che Guevara, ‘Hasta Siempre Commandante’, and explained with great emphasis to her that “the Sinhalese are one of the oldest nations on earth”.

If Mr. RMB Senanayake wishes to be played for a sucker that’s his business, but he cannot take the people along for a ride. When, for decades, the executive presidency was rightly regarded as allowing the minorities to punch their weight at the elections, and in the immediate aftermath of an election at which the Northern, Eastern, Hill country and minority votes in general have proven decisive, why does the TNA unambiguously support the abolition of the executive Presidency and the return to the parliamentary system? This all the more glaring a paradox, when one recalls that all the discriminatory legislative acts against the minorities took place precisely when Sri Lanka had the Westminster model and not a single one was passed after the conversion to a Presidential model.

Furthermore, why does the TNA support a dilution of the system of proportional representation as an electoral system, when it is precisely the model of pure PR that permits maximum representation of the minorities?

There can be only one answer. The TNA supports the abolition of the executive Presidency and the return to a Westminster model because the game-plan of Tamil nationalism is not fair-play, full equality of citizenship or greater devolution, but the weakening of the Sri Lankan state and its strong center; the diminution of its centripetal capacity; and the enhancing of centrifugal potential. Tamil nationalism’s is an incremental ‘exit strategy’. The TNA supports the dilution of proportional representation and a partial return to the first-past-the post system because that would restore the old ITAK/Federal Party dominance of the North and East and totally marginalize the anti-separatist, integrationist/devolutionist patriotic Tamil element represented by Douglas Devananda, Karuna, Pillaiyan etc.

The Tamil nationalist project has two aspects:

  • Disproportionate dominance of the strategic heights of the State and the economy by restoring the colonial and immediately postcolonial/neocolonial pre-1956 colonial social status quo.
  • Weakening the Center, weakening the ties between center and periphery, inducting Western and South Indian influence into the North and East, thereby setting up a halfway house for an independent political existence or a Greater Tamil Nadu.

The first stage of the grand strategic plan has already been accomplished—it is exactly that which the West tried in Malaysia with Anwar Ibrahim. In Sri Lanka it succeeded because Mahathir Mohammed had no powerful brothers much less intelligent than himself (or he wasn’t reliant upon them).

The second step in the game-plan would be the ensuring the victory at the parliamentary election of its long standing ally the UNP of Ranil Wickremesinghe. The UNP has been the strategic Southern ally of Tamil nationalism for decades, long before Mr. Wickremesinghe, precisely because it has never been a nationalist party along the lines of the Indian Congress. With the striking exception of the period of the patriotic Premadasa Presidency, it has been the party that was most sympathetic to imperialism. It was the sense that Independence was incomplete, with the retention of the British colonial bases and the detestable anti-Chinese foreign policy exhibited in Bandung in 1955 (on the advice of Mr. Ranil Wickremesinghe’s father Esmond), that led the masses, especially the Sinhala masses, to sweep the MEP coalition into office in 1956.

Today’s government, an unelected one strengthening its grip on the levers of power, is essentially a UNP government, and quintessentially a UNP government with an unreconstructed CFA ideology and profile. This is evidenced in some of the key appointments it has made. I certainly do not mean in ethnic terms, since I would have been delighted to see one of the most intelligent persons I know, Dr. Indrajit Coomaraswamy, as the Governor of the Central Bank– but that was not the Government’s choice. The difference between the UNP Government of the CFA years and today is that it has a significant ally in the form of Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga and her faction of the SLFP. Chandrika represents the transformation of a segment of the ‘national bourgeoisie’ represented by the SLFP, to a pro-imperialist big bourgeoisie or the comprador capitalist class, through the process of ‘compradorefication’. Thus the CBK-SLFP represented, from the days of the Sudu Nelum movement and her anti-unitary state ‘union of regions’ packages of 1995 and 1997, the same class interests and ideology as the right wing (the non-Premadasa wing) of the UNP which had taken back that party after the Tigers murdered Ranasinghe Premadasa.

The great victory of the Sri Lankan people at Nandikadal in 2009 was the confluence of two factors: the renaissance of Ruhuna and a great leader from our Deep South and the rise of China in Asia and the world. The conscious alliance of these two trends enabled the victory over Tamil separatism aided by elements in Tamil Nadu and the Tamil Diaspora.

The response of Tamil nationalism was to diligently and intelligently leverage the West and Delhi, while also allowing itself to be used by them, in the competition with China. The gross errors of the Rajapaksa administration in its second term especially in the realm of foreign relations enabled the success of this strategy.

Now the Tamil nationalist project has placed its domestic (Sinhala) allies in power and hopes to cement that victory at the upcoming parliamentary election either by assisting the UNP to win outright or to form a coalition with it as in 1965, broadening it with a pro- CBK component of the SLFP.

The roadmap of Tamil nationalism is clear. It is the creation of a halfway house or stepping-stone to complete exit, using the models that the Tamil Diaspora sees around it. These are instances of referendums which stop just short of secession, such as of Quebec, Scotland, Catalonia; grey zones of de-facto independence such as Kurdistan; actual separations assisted by the so-called international community such as Southern Sudan, Kosovo.

The cat was let out of the bag in Delhi, by Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera (the poster boy of the bloc of Chandrika’s SLFP faction and Ranil’s UNP) when he ticked off the Thimpu proposals, the Mangala Moonesinghe formula and the CBK “package” as the acceptable components of a political solution. Mr. Sumanthiran’s Sunday Observer interview clarified matters still further, when he said that the TNA had always held that the full implementation of the 13th amendment was not a lasting solution.

The TNA’s Mr. Sritharan, MP, claimed on Sirasa/MTV news that the US and India owed the Tamil people for having won the Cold War against China by peacefully ousting Mahinda Rajapaksa. It is reasonable to expect that the pay-off will be forthcoming after the dust settles on the parliamentary election—an election in which a UNP artificially exalted by the CBK backed President Sirisena, faces the SLFP divided and confused by CBK and President Sirisena.

Mr. RMB Senanayake expects us to blind ourselves to the writing on the wall, or he expects us not to care. He engages in obfuscation as does the unholy alliance of ideologues around the new administration.

Mr. Senanayake writes of me thus: “He is hung up on the issue of the unitary versus federal status- a distinction used by political scientists to describe widely varying arrangements for the devolution of power.”

This is more than merely a fib. Federalism is NOT merely a technical term for one form of the devolution of power. Devolution means precisely that– the sharing or flow of power from Center to periphery or apex to base. It can be effected by a parliament or a President. Federalism on the other hand is the voluntary union of constituent units, in which irreducible powers are enjoyed by the units and the center, and the power of the peripheral unit cannot be abrogated by the center unilaterally (unlike in the case of devolution, in which it is revocable).

Mr. Senanayake is correct when he says: “The crux of the issue is that in general political parlance the division of powers between the Center and the periphery cannot be altered unilaterally in a federal state but can be so altered in a unitary state where the Center is superior and it is the Center that devolves the power and a future government is not bound by the division of powers that prevails and could unilaterally change it.” Dr. Colvin R de Silva, an outstanding historian, recognized as such within the Commonwealth explained in 1972 during the debate on the first republican constitution, that given the historical patterns of external incursion and internal fissure the island required a unitary system. The Center is superior because it represents the larger whole. If the Center lacked the capacity for unilateral action, President Premadasa could not have dissolved the NEPC in 1990 after it threatened UDI. Mr Senanayake as well as the UNP hierarchy (with the probable exception of young Sajith Premadasa) seem to agree with the basic project of the TNA: placing the Center on par with and not above the peripheral unit; de facto federalism and the abolition of the executive Presidency. Given our geography, demography and history, I regard this combination as a recipe for the weakening of the state, and thereby, for disaster, including the erosion of the May 2009 victory over secession in our Great Patriotic War.

How then to avoid this catastrophe? Here is a modest proposal then, in the mood generated by Independence Day. The Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) should withhold the two thirds majority needed for the passage of any bill for the drastic remodeling of the Executive Presidency, other than the proposed restoration of independent commissions and term limits. It should, in short, defeat the proposed abolition or disemboweling of the executive presidency and the drastic shift to a Westminster model. The proposed counter-reform should be fought tooth and nail in the parliament, the courts and if necessary at a referendum. It can be defeated.

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Latest comments

  • 13
    0

    Dayan , if only you substituted YOUR name for RMBS’ (in the following sentences) you would be hitting that proverbial nail right on its head

    “If Dayan Jayathilaka wishes to be played for a sucker that’s his business, but he cannot take the people along for a ride. “

    “Dayan Jayathilaka expects us to blind ourselves to the writing on the wall, or he expects us not to care. He engages in obfuscation as does the unholy alliance of ideologues around the new administration.”

    If YOU wish “to be played for a sucker” (as you have by the Rajapakses) that’s YOUR business, just don’t expect to take CT readers for that ride.

    And then YOUR attempts at “obfuscation” have not have the desired effect, or haven’t you noticed yet?

    Give us a break and stop indulging in your masochistic attempts at attracting the abuse you so obviously love.

    • 5
      0

      It is high time to treat TNA as just one of the coaltion partner..

      not looking at them as the representatives of LTTE or ealam dreamers

      “Furthermore, why does the TNA support a dilution of the system of proportional representation as an electoral system, when it is precisely the model of pure PR that permits maximum representation of the minorities?”

      Too much negative predications in a form of DJ idiosyncracies can only cause creating new kind of divisions within the nation. All these can undoubtely widen them than bringing them closer. So what is the motive of Dj et all being alert to such kind of processes ?

      Just to attack own rivals (RW-UNP-CBK) to abuse TNA is a curse I would say. If anybody would check DJ s articles focusing last 12 months – no doubt there are a set of inconsistencies of his views from one to another. He is just like a road side stall keeper – seems changing his tactics being unable to win his arguments.

      Can anybody please add me any predictions came from DJ ended up success, say since 2009 ? Are these not akin to those of those astrologers whose guidance brought MR et al to stalemate termination ?

    • 3
      0

      Dear Dayan @,

      Quoting from your article:

      “The Center is superior because it represents the larger whole. If the Center lacked the capacity for unilateral action, President Premadasa could not have dissolved the NEPC in 1990 after it threatened UDI. Mr Senanayake as well as the UNP hierarchy (with the probable exception of young Sajith Premadasa) seem to agree with the basic project of the TNA: placing the Center on par with and not above the peripheral unit; de facto federalism and the abolition of the executive Presidency”

      Has young SP uttered a single word on the issue yet ?

      Why you always consider TNA as a representative body for the other way around that what they themselves reiterate ? which is they are no means for a separate state ?

      Perhaps, all these scaremongering of yours are just as an action of revenge not being able to win your arguments in the current administration. Analyst do need to add their thoughts but why you guys always go out of the focus – which is nearing to find the solution rather than distancing from it.

    • 3
      0

      Dayan is lost writer,earn lot from loosing leaders, good examples are Ranasighe premadasa,Sajith & mahinda.Very shame is Colombo Telegraph is given a room to him.

  • 11
    0

    Here’s another quote from the Huff Post article referred to by Dayan – one he probably didn’t want us to see:

    “Rajapaksa’s power grew immensely after he defeated the Tigers. Following his victory in the last election in 2010 he jailed his opponent and used his parliamentary majority to scrap a constitutional two-term limit for the president and give himself the power to appoint judges, top bureaucrats, police officials and military chiefs. He also orchestrated the impeachment of the country’s chief justice.

    He also installed numerous relatives in top government positions. One brother is a Cabinet minister, another is the speaker of Parliament and a third is the defense secretary. His older son is a member of Parliament and a nephew is a provincial chief minister.”

    I guess this is the type of President that Jayatilleke wants us to have!!!

  • 6
    0

    The more he writes, the more he becomes a joker! A mare entertainment for CT readers exactly Mervin Silva entertain wider audience with his upmost stupidity. Let DJ writes more and more please :))

    • 1
      2

      Hey MRB – I think Dr.Dayan’s writings are meant for intelligent readers – not for paranoid Idiots – So do not try to understand them – they are beyond you – without wasting your time on these articles go and see performing elephants at zoo – you will be happier

  • 2
    9

    What Dayan says in a nutshell, is that the Elite and the Anglicans are screwing the Sinhala Buddhists.

    And the Vellalas doing the same to the Dalits , the same way as in good old Colonial days.

    Muslims Bathdeen , Azaath, and Hakeem have joined hands to screw Dalits in all denominations and make more money , by selling them off grade stuff from the Sweat Shops run by Ranil’s mates in the Rag Trade.

    And the so called custodians of the Sinhala Buddhist inhabitants,JHU Rathne Sobitha and Champaka are Smoking the Pipe.

    My Elders will say ” Son, we must put Masuran ( old Gold Coins used by our Mahawamsa Kings ) in your mouth” if the Elders could understand Dayan.

  • 2
    5

    Yes ,you are absolutely right . The conspirators are blind in necessary power which I mean by unleashing corruption project against Rajspaksa regime and take the real threat cause to the country away from ordinary people . We all know there were massive corruptions placed under Rajapaksa which ofcourse should accept by us ,but what we must not forget is all happened under massive war ,where I meant , Rajapaksa failed to maintain the real victory into eternal benefit of all Sri Lankan , he failed to keep control of his henchmen for some reason and as a result that his opponents had a golden opportunity to highlight those areas and defeat him . But where are we heading to ? . We can see already what is happening . The western puppets are actively involved to achieve what they wanted but ordinary people has become blind of giving cheap oil . This is the plan of pro- western ,who knows to silence people by various ways . And we were talking about weaker leader even before election which has successfully accomplished by pro-westerners and westerners . They Got utterly useless and inactive puppet for the presidency which was priority of west and slightly trim of its powers in order to prevent of using it in the future is second step which also happening without barrier. Same time the platform is laid out to keep the Chinese away from Sri Lanka because they are the people helped us to eradicate terrorism .so, I can see there are lot of things happening over well planed platform ,which I always called western professionalism . To understand the westerners and what they Need is not possible to comprehend if the people and the rulers of such country was engulfed into mythology or superstition . This is what we pay today at the end , It is sad and deeply worrying .in this situation , we are going back to the same place that we were before and begins all over again .perhaps , there can be lots lots of blood flows again .which is guaranteed , please keep my prediction a side and see in the future . And which does not base on the principals of superstition, like our stupid leaders had , but indefinetly on the base of knowledge of western activities .

  • 6
    1

    A very cunningly articulated and conceptually supported justification of the Sinhala Buddhist national Ideology that wishes to place the minorities in perpetual oppression. A very cunning man and clearly evident founding ideologue and instigator of the “Sri Lankan Deep State”.

    This amounts to an attack on the state of Sri Lanka and will soon attract the required prosecution and punishment.

    • 2
      0

      That is right. DJ is an instigator
      and President Sirisena should issue
      a warning. If he continues in this way
      charges can be brought up.

  • 3
    1

    CT I wrote this comment as an answer to Thiru – I appreciate if you could publish this as a separate comment also because I wish more readers will read it then —————
    Commenters of this forum – Act like a men with a brains – when someone express his views on -Where the current Sri Lankan politics are heading – is that a crime – if you all do not agree with his argument then explain your counter argument logically as a learned person – without insulting his nationality and political affinities – I think this forum is for logical arguments – not for mud slinging – when I see the third class language some commenters use – I really feel sick to see what a lot of pavement vendors have become keyboard warriors — now the election is over and new government is there – so it is better we critically look at what is happening now and what might happen later – Thanks to MR/GR/SF/ foot solders and many who contributed in many ways we defeated brutal LTTE killer machine – but unfortunately MR selected to sleep with dogs after that victory and side lined guys who could have guide him on the proper path – as a result he got tick fever and died politically – Let that be history now and think what is happening now without becoming paranoid about past – What Dr D is highlighting in his article is a very probable scenario about what is going to happen in the coming months or years – so I think we have to think carefully (without giving into emotions)and make our choices carefully in the upcoming election. In his article he never talked about supremacy of Sinhalese – instead he highlighted – if we do not control the nationalistic minded tamil politicos poly to create an Eelam in the future – we are heading for another civil war and blood shed – which of course nobody wants – How we can do this is – by retaining the final political authority in the hands of Executive Presidency – not by reducing its powers or by abolishing it completely – Of course when the majority of this country are Sinhalese – then the majority of votes for the President comes from Sinhalese – but that does not mean does not mean Sinhalese are dominating but that does mean President is obliged not to ignore the sentiments of Sinhalese Please note – at present everybody is on the necks of Rajapakshas and we do not see that TNA is smartly dismantling the pillars of our political base – now it is time for us to wake up and see the reality which we fail to see few months back –

  • 1
    0

    WOW. DAYAN. DO YOU REALLY NEED ALL THIS TO SAY WHAT YOU WANT TO SAY?
    WHEN DO YOU START WRITING WITHOUT THE NEED TO SAY ALL THESE SUPPORTING STUFF- IT MAY BE TRUE BUT YOU APPEAR LIKE A BOASTING SELF CENTERED ACADEMIC (WHICH I HOPE YOU ARE NOT)

    “It was sometime in 2011 or 2012, very late at night at the Café de Flore, famously patronized by Jean-Paul Sartre (and introduced to me as a boy, by my father on our first visit to Paris in the Sixties) that a French Marxist scholar turned from my wife Sanja and myself to his companion and our guest Natalie Cardone, celebrated for her performance of Carlos Puebla’s song for Che Guevara, ‘Hasta Siempre Commandante’, and explained with great emphasis to her that “the Sinhalese are one of the oldest nations on earth”.”

  • 2
    1

    Is the General Secretary post in BBS vacant???Dayan slowly becoming a perfect candidate to take over Dilantha perhaps the role of Gnasara. He is a virulent racist.

  • 1
    0

    Mara would have received 37% rather than 47% had we discounted the state being used for electioneering. For example, Rupavahini, ITN and state property/funds being misused for the election by the dictator.

    Sirisena would have received 61%.

  • 3
    2

    You think you are smart. You think you managed the 2009 May UNHRC sitting. But it is the time for you to realize that you did nothing at UNHRC in 2009. Your failure on that occasion to show worthy leadership you failure to give a constructive direction made the Old King to surrender to his rivals on January 8th and pleading mercy from Ranil and New King. The word that spread that he asked from the New King at his brother’s houses what is going to be his position is the line of the shame in the Sinhala Intellectuals’ history. A 150 thousand begged for mercy when your boss killed them and you covered it up.
    The truth is you failed to convince one single, even the most extreme Buddhist, person to think what you are saying is correct. Here, there are one two comments may have written in your line, but those overtly showing that their only motive is to pillar you and protect, not to contribute to your opinion. Some other writers may be or some other writers’ article may have been left out like that in CT, but nowhere commentators are indicating that are opposing or accepting those essays. You might be thinking that you are a provocative writer, but it appears from the commentators’ opinion that you are only a poisonous writer, purposefully sawing venom. These commentators are coming to that end because there many moderate or middle path comments which have been raising may question for you, So far, you have been tactically avoiding, not answering to those. That is confirming that you are not believing or not capable of substantiating your theories. In this essay, commentators have only criticized you, but did not debate with you one point of your writing. As a writer you are miserably failing. Time for you accept your type of talks are not the one convinced the UN in 2009. And you know, if an IC inquiry goes through, your lies will be torn off in the international arena.
    It is time for you to realize that you did nothing at UNHRC in 2009. There are occasions when the crow sits the Palmyra Palm fruits fall. With the promises of the Old King’s to UN SC at Dalatha Maligava, and the support of Sonia, IC was willing to take the side you, even without believing you. You know that nothing stage in politics. But it had other side of the coin too. Now the IC knows that Lanka is too nasty to quickly abuse their misplaced trust.
    Dhanapala has gone to do what you did last time. He may win or lose. It might another Palm fruit falling for another crow’s effort. But the LTTE’s achievement is outstanding. They exposed you, even at their demise. It is not going to reversible now. The entire world has noticed how poisonous the Lankave is. They are all seeing how Lanka put untie-able difficult knots to between the superpowers to easily maneuver Lankave’s games. They see Lanka is not simply a brutal organization, it very heavy power brokering between super powers to create large war and cold wars. In America Lanka (rather the old King) hired American PR firms to work for Chinese Interest at a millions dollar per annum cost. It exactly just like Al Qeida went in to New York and bombed the twin towers. You covered up how the 2009 war was conducted. Now Jayantha is covering up what destruction was done to Tamils, to Island and to the International Community.
    It is not the West, who easily bought Kathirgamar’s trick, realised how they were tightly tied with the China after the war, even the China is feeling the brunt of the Sinhala Intellectuals power games. After spending billions on the Old King’s wellbeing, stabilizing his power and seat, in Lanka and in international arena, including at UN Security council, just for his simple protection he negotiated peace with Ranil at the last moment(may be the last two weeks of the election- Jan 08), he has left that vast Chinese investments in jeopardy and walked of Temple tree in the dark Night. He was one time described as the strongest man in the world, showed the usual Sinhala Intellectuals’ coward-ism in letting down thousands and thousands of his financiers and protectors and his henchmen whom he user to spread terror island wide, on the middle of road to the mercy of the revengers are waiting. Tissa, Mokan Peiris …. are already struggling to cover their skins, from the swinging whips. As a person who lacks skin like a naked worm, you have nothing to cover. So you are still spewing the poisons, pretending that you have seen nothing.

    • 1
      3

      Hey Malli… You – a brainwashed LTTE dreamer in exile – are out pouring your anger on Dr Dayan because with his article he had hit the nail on the head – the poly of TNA is exposed – hope this article will open the eyes of our new leaders

      • 0
        1

        Aiyya,
        It looks like it has already worked. It has opened the eyes of the New King and he is calling out the Army to fight against the TNA’s “ploy” or even in better words “Terrorism”.

        Last time (in 2005) LTTE supported the Old King and got finished off(at least as per the Sinhala Intellectual’s version of the events)

        This time TNA supported the New King and bowing, streaching its neck to be fished off.

        These are the Tamil Muttaal… Maddoos!

  • 3
    0

    Dyan the loser:

    What kind of democracy do we want: A National Democracy or an anti-national or non-national, Neocolonial Democracy?

    *** A democracy that respects Rule of Law Freedom of Speach and respect for all the Citizens irrespective of Race or Religion.
    A Democracy not run by Thugs , Criminals, Looters or Rapists. Learn to face facts and move on MR is history and not coming back.

  • 0
    0

    Dayan don’t you think this was all due to the pendulum theory – under colonialism the Tamils were favoured and this cause a reactionary force towards Sinhala only policy, then again the Tamils reacted with separatism, which the Sri Lankan government reacted with military action.

    Where will the pendulum swing this time?

    Still waiting for a your solution- but as a start all parties should commit to a written policy of non violence.

    Then the exremists on both sides – TNA, JHU should talk to each other and come up with a settlement that all can agree, or wait patiently until a new generation is able to make a solution

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