20 September, 2018

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Rajani And The Tamil National Struggle

By Rajan Hoole

Dr. Rajan Hoole

Dr. Rajan Hoole

Dr. Rajani Thiranagama was killed 25 years ago on 21st September 1989

Every death, as Rajani said, is a monumental tragedy that needs to be accounted for and the moment we lose that human empathy and become apathetic or indifferent, we are, as a people, doomed. While death and loss was not confined to one community, we Tamils believed in the liberation struggle, lost a great deal, sheltered behind apathy while many of our best were killed as traitors and children of the vulnerable sections dragooned off to fight a doomed war. We are now the living dead, corrupt and subservient, unable to run the institutions we have for the public good, appeasing the new order by pretending that the liberation struggle was something we had no part in, and those who died for it as completely alien to us. With her keen understanding of society and the dangerous shallowness of narrow elite nationalism, Rajani foresaw this betrayal as her writings in the Broken Palmyra show. She saw it was the poor and downtrodden who were at the receiving end. Her ears and heart were open to all; she pleaded that to avert our common dismal fate, our politics should become more open, and we should reach out to the wider world as a people deserving sympathy.

Rajani

Rajani

While being an internationalist from her university days, Rajani joined the LTTE as a reaction to the hypocrisy of Tamil nationalist politics, upon seeing, first as a doctor, the sacrificial earnestness of some LTTE cadres. She left in disgust upon being exposed to the trauma of young persons, whose sacrifice was being cynically betrayed. As with Tamil nationalist parliamentary politics, she saw that the LTTE was a prisoner of its rhetoric of Tamil valour and its heroic destiny and could only impose greater sacrifices on an unwilling people and severe repression against those who questioned it, while being drawn into new and malign forms of dependence. Nationalism when admired for its military feats has been a source of dangerous delusions.

The stunning victory of the Japanese against the Russian Navy, then a major European Imperial Power, in the Tsushima Strait in 1905, charged up nationalist movements from China and Vietnam to India, Turkey and the Islamic World with fresh fervour for throwing off European Imperial dominance and asseting national independence. But they lost sight of the fact that Nationalism was already an outmoded and gangrenous sore. Japan’s was not an agenda for the liberation of Asia, but an imperial agenda for posession, particularly Manchuria and Korea. Its victory was not made in Japan but in current imperial rivalies, and the Japanese Navy was armed largely by Britain. Japan’s hubris eventually led to the tragedy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

We failed to appreciate that nationalism was ultimately predatory in character. Once the beast of nationalism is awakened, its depredations as we have seen may be more insidious and incurable when exercised by groups within the whimsical boundaries of modern states. The predatory spirit of nationalism inspired by Japan’s victory, marred the independence of nations from colonial rule. Take education.

After 65 years of independence, why do we still hold degrees and doctorates from western nations in high regard and treat ours with increasing skepticism? Did we not have the potential for our universities to equal Oxford and Cambridge? The failure has much to do with our partisanship and violence that are an aspect of nationalism, which made impunity tolerable when the victim was not in our group. For us, the disenfranchisement of Plantation Labour of recent Indian origin in 1948 using tenuous arguments founded on Legal Positivism, then the vogue in English Law, brought us to Sinhalese majoritarianism and frequently, total eclipse of the rule of law. In India it begun with the trauma of Partition that owed to the refusal of Hindu Nationalists to treat the Muslims as equals. In both instances the predatory aspect of nationalism stunted us and our institutions. As an internationalist and a keen participant in solidarity movements across national boundaries, and an early supporter of the African National Congress, Rajani understood this and in the development of her thinking distinguished between narrow nationalism and the kind of nationalism dictated by the defence of a community and struggled to maintain that distinction against the noxious rhetorical legacy of a bankrupt parliamentary nationalism, which had legitimised the murder of so-called traitors. Some left militant groups too tried and failed.

As one whose perceptions were moulded by state-complicity in communal violence, Rajani accepted the Tamil Nation as forced upon us by events, but whose materialisation was conditional upon the Tamils’ success in nation-building, to include Muslims and Hill-Country Tamils in a concrete, rather than superficial, working relationship with mechanisms to address mutual grievances. It meant building people’s institutions to mitigate harmful dependencies, both locally and internationally. Part of her advocacy was her leading role in forging in Jaffna University, the Staff, Students and Employees Consultative Committee, chaired by the Vice Chancellor, where members talked as equals to resolve problems. It challenged the LTTE’s attempt to control the University, and foundered once Rajani was assassinated.

Rajani’s worst fears of the narrow Tamil nationalism forged by the elite in response to Sinhalese supremacism, found its searing denouement in the bloodied sands of Mattalan and Mullivaykkal in 2009, and the continuing paralysis of Tamil society. What is Rajani’s message to this society today? Maria Remarque, a young German soldier who fought in the ruinous First World War, in his masterpiece ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’, left us a powerful critique of his country’s nationalist excess and the young’s total disillusionment with the older generation and the service of the State they preached: “[they were] convinced that they were acting for the best, in the way that was most comfortable for themselves…[to us] that was the very root of their moral bankruptcy…we saw there was nothing left of their world. Suddenly we found ourselves horribly alone.”

We see it today in the intellectual barrenness that characterises her University, and the near absence of discussion and engagement between the academic staff and the students. The generation responsible for this plight hides its bankruptcy by not allowing the young to think. They are being exhorted to more tradition and more religion and are rendering our political future hopeless by dismantling secularism – the only basis for a united Tamil Nation – that even the militant movements paid lip-service to. The Tamils’ internal destructivess, combined with the Sinhalese establishment’s quest for complete victory over truth about the recent war in particular, and history in general, renders the situation more volatile.

Could one pronounce judgment on the character of the recently ended war without a fair estimate of the casualties? Could one make such an estimate after throwing away primary data about the number of civilians in the war zone given by the leading government official in charge of those civilians, and not gainsaid by the LLRC, as simply cooked up? Was shelling civilians on the run all the way from Sampoor to Batticaloa in August 2006, then going back on the promise of allowing civilians to return, and turning over Sampoor to a crony capitalist as a zone for heavy industry, a benign and professional military operation, or primarily an ideological operation?

Particular versions imposed with state-backing leads to anger among the victims silenced by pervasive fear, and is reflected in the fertility of sentiments that gave birth to the LTTE in Tamil politics. The resulting Dialogue of the Deaf augurs ill for a united Lanka.

How do we respond? In writing the Broken Palmyra in late 1987 and early 1988, the authors had different perspectives. One was the simple belief that the truth is greater than ourselves, and the truth in itself has curative power. Rajani and Sritharan went much further and wanted to make it a people’s narrative through which the people hold their oppressors of every hue to account and seek ways to build their collective strength. The book could not have been what it is without their constant engagement with victims left to their misery in villages and hovels.

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  • 7
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    Rajan Hoole and Tisaranee G are outstanding academics in the Sri Lankan community equipped with the honesty to look beyond the ethnic
    divide and see what is good for all Lankans. But our grotesque political culture is such that such men and women of intelligence and learning are forced outside the system. Our present and our future is, therefore, fashioned and determined by near brainless oafs masquerading as know-alls. There is no hope in hell for the present generation so long as the clueless and venal Rajapakses hold the government captive. As someone said, the country is under a wicked spell and can only be saved by divine intervention.

    Frank N. Stein

    • 2
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      Dr. Rajan Hoole

      RE: Dr. Rajani Thiranagama was killed 25 years ago on 21st September 1989

      “While being an internationalist from her university days, Rajani joined the LTTE as a reaction to the hypocrisy of Tamil nationalist politics, upon seeing, first as a doctor, the sacrificial earnestness of some LTTE cadres. She left in disgust upon being exposed to the trauma of young persons, whose sacrifice was being cynically betrayed. As with Tamil nationalist parliamentary politics, she saw that the LTTE was a prisoner of its rhetoric of Tamil valour and its heroic destiny and could only impose greater sacrifices on an unwilling people and severe repression against those who questioned it, while being drawn into new and malign forms of dependence. Nationalism when admired for its military feats has been a source of dangerous delusions.”

      Well stated.However, do not forget that these are symptoms of the Para-Sinhala “buddhist” Racism, Chauvinism and Hegemony, in the Land of Native Veddah, based on the Lies and Imaginations of Dipawansa anf Mahawansa.

      They were looking for Independence because of the atrocities of the Sinhala “Buddhists”.

      So. a Referendum in the North will lead to about 80% seeking Independence from the Sinhala “Buddhist” South.

      In Scotland, 55% to 45%, they Noted NO for Independence from UK. S, the Scots that the Britishers are more “Civilized” than the Sinhala ‘Buddhists”.

      Enlightened Buddha, where did you go wrong? Or, was it the Dipawansa and Mahawansa and Monk Mahanama?

  • 3
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    “After 65 years of independence, why do we still hold degrees and doctorates from western nations in high regard and treat ours with increasing skepticism? Did we not have the potential for our universities to equal Oxford and Cambridge? The failure has much to do with our partisanship and violence that are an aspect of nationalism, which made impunity tolerable when the victim was not in our group. For us, the disenfranchisement of Plantation Labour of recent Indian origin in 1948 using tenuous arguments founded on Legal Positivism, then the vogue in English Law, brought us to Sinhalese majoritarianism and frequently, total eclipse of the rule of law. In India it begun with the trauma of Partition that owed to the refusal of Hindu Nationalists to treat the Muslims as equals.”

    The poisonous professor trying tell that if had run the Jaffna university Lanka would not have fallen into Authoritarianism. He is seeing Japan from 1905. But he did not how Ramanathan treated these faithless race 1915. Why? His selfishness to sacrifice Tamils to his VC post. Nationalism of Sinhalese was recognized by immediately after the accepting the reception Sinhalese gave it to him. He is trying to teach false History by doing absolutely shallow analysis of Japan history. If does not know who were the Japanese he should avoid writing about Japan. Without any any substance, trying hard to hide his intention and attempt to compare the Japan with Tamils. An absolute a useless case. Twist the the Sinhala history with the Tamils struggle to freedom, secretly he is connecting the pre WW-II to Tamils. He knows Even GG asked for 50/50 from 1930s. SJV asked for Federal. Vaddukkodai Conventions is the first one openly asked for self determination.

    This professor talking about Nationalism conveniently forgetting today’s most important event, t the Scotland has approval from England to have referendum.(The reason is, he has been cooking this story for sometime with Rajani’s story, he could not form a thought that time about Scottish referendum. Could not the Royal Government recognize the Voddukoodai Convention like the England did?

    Why did he write about East Ukraine?

    Until he had hope on Douglas for his VC post, this professor was seeing the world his with one eye. When the King chased him out of there, now seeing it with another eye.

    Our problem is, from 1956, everyday surviving with a life. That is, hoping to wake the nest morning with the soul in the body. By 1983, the government have cleared the south without one single Tamils family. If you do not what is our problem, please read the news and learn. Don’t dope our problem is not having equal degrees with foreign universities. Don’t attempt to fake that a person who is corrupted worse than the Royal family would have built a university better than foreign universities. If the King had given you a chance, now the Jaffna university might have been completely nationalized by the Douglas Gang. If you don’t know what is meant by Paramilitary, don’t write to give sense that liberation Tigers also a paramilitary. Of cause you are one in them. Not LTTE.

    Don’t compare the Sinhala Nationalism with Tamils freedom fighting. Bangladesh fought for freedom from forcefully attached Pakistan. India fought freedom from forcefully attached Great Britain. Tamil has the right to fight for their freedom from Lanka which was holding them. That has to be done irrelevant of this opportunist getting or lost VC post. That is not Nationalism.

    Not donkeys like you, we Tamils have lost international figures like professor Elizer to the racist system. Who cares if you cry through your nose that the King did not give the VC post.

    Here what PM Rudra saying about Nationalism. If does not have capacity to analyze the history cease doing it. Without cooking Tamils fighting with Sinhala nationalism, and Japan’s extended greed to control the world, write an article with clean thought. Don’t cook up. It is showing your poisonous mentality.

    Scottish Independence Referendum inspires Eelam Tamils! Call for Referendum in Sri Lanka !
    Scottish Independence Referendum inspires Eelam Tamils! Call for Referendum in Sri Lanka based on legal & moral grounds!!

    A special commendation is due to the British Prime Minister, who consented to the conduct of a referendum and for his engagement politically and intellectually in support of his position.

    We also take note of the fact that not only did the British Prime Minister consent to the referendum, but also that there was no opposition to the referendum from any quarter of the international community. Referendums have a rich history in international relations.

    It is notable that 34 states have gained independence since 1990, and their emergence has not resulted in the disruption of the stability of the international order as forecast at the time of their birth. On the contrary, it has contributed to peace and security in the respective regions.

    British left Ceylon in 1948 without giving back to the Tamils control of their territory or sufficient constitutional safeguards to their security.

    On this momentous occasion of a referendum being held in Scotland to determine the future of the United Kingdom, we call upon all civilized nations and members of the UN to listen to the cries of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka, being subject to brutality and genocide, and pave the way for a referendum about their political future in the island.The Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE) congratulates the people of Scotland, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Hon David Cameron, and the First Minister of Scotland, Hon Alex Salmond, on the historic referendum being held today.A special commendation is due to the British Prime Minister, who consented to the conduct of a referendum and for his engagement politically and intellectually in support of his position. While we do not take any position with respect to the outcome of the referendum, we recognize that the primary motivation for a call for independence by the Scottish was their discontentment with the economic policies of the British government as well as a real or perceived slight by the English.As Tamils from the island of Sri Lanka, we cannot help but note that the Scottish call for the referendum was not due to the Scottish People being subjected to genocide or to gross and systematic violations of their human rights on account of their nationality. We note that the Scottish People lived in their own kingdom prior to the Acts of Union 1707 which united them with England. The parallel for this with the Tamil People of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) is striking. Tamils also lived under a kingdom of their own until the colonial powers united the three kingdoms in the island of Ceylon they had conquered for administrative convenience.We also take note of the fact that not only did the British Prime Minister consent to the referendum, but also that there was no opposition to the referendum from any quarter of the international community.

    Referendums have a rich history in international relations. Starting from the French Revolution through the dissolution of Norway and Sweden, and most recently in Kosovo and South Sudan, referendums gave a means to the people to decide their political future.

    Like the Scots, the Tamils were a distinct people who were forced together with the Sinhalese by the British colonials for administrative convenience, and the British left Ceylon in 1948 without giving back to the Tamils control of their territory or sufficient constitutional safeguards to their security. Since then a brutal genocide has been inflicted upon them unabatedly. An end to that continuing genocide would be through a referendum that establishes the self-determination of the Tamils, the issue being whether they desire to live in a separate state or within the present united Sri Lanka.

    The Tamils in the island of Sri Lanka, due to ongoing systematic and pervasive human rights violations, did consider the 1977 elections as a referendum for the establishment of an independent and sovereign state of Tamil Eelam and voted for it overwhelmingly.

    Following the Mullivaaikaal Genocide in 2009, the Tamil Diaspora has been calling for a fresh referendum on the future of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka. The right of the Tamils within Sri Lanka to continue to demand secession through democratic means has been criminalized by the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution of the country.

    It is left to the Tamil Diaspora and the international community to argue for the right of the Tamils to determine through a referendum whether or not they wish to end their continuing repression by creating a separate state for them.

    Under the leadership of Chief Minister, Hon Ms Jeyalalitha, the Tamil Nadu State Assembly in India has passed a resolution calling for a referendum to allow the Tamils both inside and outside the island of Sri Lanka to decide their political future.

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which guarantees the right to vote, should be applied universally. Moreover, the international community’s selective application of international law contributes to the lack of international governance as presently unfolding in front of our eyes in Sri Lanka.

    It is notable that 34 states have gained independence since 1990, and their emergence has not resulted in the disruption of the stability of the international order as forecast at the time of their birth. On the contrary, it has contributed to peace and security in the respective regions.

    Therefore, on this momentous occasion of a referendum being held in Scotland to determine the future of the United Kingdom, we call upon all civilized nations and members of the UN to listen to the cries of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka, being subject to brutality and genocide, and pave the way for a referendum about their political future in the island.

    Visuvanathan Rudrakumaran

    Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE)

    • 5
      4

      Visuvanathan Rudrakumaran, do get facts straight. Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland,and England are separate nations who made a commitment to make a union as the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Understand that the alleged Tamil Nation in Sri Lanka is only in the dreams of Eelamist LTTE supporters like you. Sri Lanka is one unitary sovereign nation and it will remain so forever. You are not a Sri Lankan and foreigners like you in the Tamil diaspora have no right to have a say in Sri Lankan affairs.

      • 3
        3

        Lanka

        “Understand that the alleged Tamil Nation in Sri Lanka is only in the dreams of Eelamist LTTE supporters like you.”

        What do you say about a Veddah nation for my people?

        Would a Nation of Veddah offend your sensitivity?

    • 2
      5

      But PM Rudrakumaran can’t come to visit even Naloor without a Dual Passport, let alone run the Eelaam in the North.

      Suppose if the PM’s wishes come true and the inhabitants in the North say YES. TNA have to become inhabitants there too. Wouldn’t they

      And who is going to give them passports, even if Ms Jayalitha invites them to come over?..

      • 1
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        K.A Sumanasekera

        “And who is going to give them passports, even if Ms Jayalitha invites them to come over?..”

        It would be like old times, no passports no visa, kallathoni North and South Indians can freely travel to this island, ……….

        FYI

        The passport was introduced in or after 1920 by your colonial masters.

    • 6
      3

      Insensitive to post the ravings of Rudrakumaran, who was the legal adviser to the Tigers, on the discussion of an article about a Tamil heroine who was killed by the Tigers for standing up to them and exposing their atrocities (she also wrote about human rights abuses by others, but that was not why she was killed – the LTTE were only interested in their own reputation).

      I didn’t know that Rajani actually joined the LTTE before leaving it “in disgust”; Dr Rajan Hoole would know. Thanks Rajan, for filling in the picture.

      • 1
        2

        So, when Rajan Hoole was reading the Eulogy to Rajani, Mallaiuran brought the tiger politics in between?
        Did you read the heading?
        The heading says it is a discussion of Nationalism, with outlook of Rajani’s internationalism. Did you read my reason why I was sighting PM report?
        1). When talking a subject, Talk clearly in the way the opponents will turn in the chair with uneasy, like the way you responded.
        2.) The other one is difficult for you grasp. It was only for Rajan Hoole. I was calling Rajan Hoole discuss further of his nationalist theory, with the stress of democracy that the PM citing in the article. I was telling him, not to confuse the nationalism with the freedom.

        Is it not so insensitive to use the LTTE, to day to day living, even after their demise 5 years ago? Five years after the destruction of those freedom fighters, still the South cannot push one day to go ahead, without their name. Do you think by your attempt to deter talking politics will make the OHCHR inquiry to go away?
        When 90,000 women and their young daughters are being abused by the military, right now, right in in this moment, on their own land, inside their living house, you people not ready to talk about it because is it so sensitive to talk? Is that why you are talking the dirty politics with the name of Rajani?

        Second World War was not the result of nationalist. It was the result of oppressors. It was by the the internationalist, who just not wanted to rule their country, but wanted to oppress the neighboring countries.
        I do not want to go on that topic, because it is not just the part of LTTE’s stories, even the actual history of the international community is twisted in the article. Near 1905, Russia was one of the most useless countries in the world. Japan like efficient country did not wanted any help from anybody to defeat Russia. Japan did not get free arms from Britain to defeat Russia. In fact Japan did not teach nationalism or freedom fight to anyone. Its greedy made it to learn the Internationalism from European countries. One time Britain gave problems to Japan and blocked it ships from trading out of its harbor. But it is not something like other countries faced from Britain. Korea learned Nationalism from Japan. But, is that why they are the only country, now in the worlds, one race dived? China learned Nationalism from Japan, but where did it learned the communism from? I do not think it could be from Russia. Because Russia was defeated know? Then who would be the victorious country who inspired China with Communism on those days? May be the American communist the China copied, (instead of American democracy)? It could be the shallowest analysis in the history by a professor level person.

        Rajani’s problem was divided loyalty. Her confusion came from her “Piranthaveedu” and the pukunthaveedu.” First she saw that Tamils were oppressed and humiliated by Sinhalese. So, she joins the LTTE to fight against Sinhalese. Then she saw, Tigers were really defeating her pukunthaveedu. She could not take it too. So, she tuned to fight against tiger, with a serious mistake in her approach. Now, Rajan Hoole, Douglas and all are doing well because they know to fight with freedom fighters. They survived and thriving. Rajani faced her fate.
        An internationalist from college days, according to Rajan Hoole, joins a nationalist movement and found out with disgust that they were nationalist. This is the Tamil Heroine, the divided disloyal person expecting Tamils to follow. Comedy Thamai! LTTE did not accept that they killed Rajani. It is only Hoole story. He is not willing to go to UNHRC with that story. He knows that not going for UNHRC and telling this story in Lanka only is heroism with in the Mahawamsa Moadaya crowd and Paramilitary crowd. But many non-heroes are there with Isai Piriaya, the famous TV anchorage’s story. She is a woman not shot dead like LTTE’s style, rather sucked every drop of woman juice out of her body eaten alive by sexual monsters, who use the sex as a weapon.

    • 2
      3

      I am truly confused. What is this fellow talking about?

      The Rajan Hoole I know was not interested even in a department head’s position and resigned a paying career in Singapore to return and work at Jaffna. Jealousy against those who sacrifice and slander seem characteristics that many Tamils are unable to reject.

  • 1
    2

    To join and leave the LTTE isn’t like joining the UNP or SLFP or TULF. Or is it?

    Earlier wrote ups on same subject go out of the way to point out that the good doctor merely helped the cause but did not join the LTTE.

    Take a pick as to what you are trying to convey here

  • 3
    2

    From what I have read about Rajini, and what I have seen in the documentary – “no more tears sister” – this is a great woman leader who should be known to all women in Sri Lanka as a role model. She started her struggle seeing the unjust ways of the Southern Governments. She used peaceful means of expression, and condemned violence. The insensitivity of the Southern Governments to listen to such peaceful voices led to the emergence of violent movements like LTTE that later saw intellectual approaches to be meaningless.

    However, Rajini, knowing the risk very well, stood on her moral high grounds without fear. That of course was a lion roar not tolerated by organizations like LTTE. Her birth and a human rights defender, her life, and her death builds a tall monument for us to value peaceful ways of expression, and to listen. After the peaceful election of the N&E provincial council, now we hear such voices again. Lets not think that pumping soldiers in those areas will solve the underpinning grievances. Listening and being honest to act would.

  • 2
    2

    ” — by not allowing the students to think”.

    When this happens, education is negated. The whole objective of education is undermined.

    The problem with the Jaffna University has been laid bare with these words. What makes the situation worse is that it has been the worst affected victim of the war- rendered brain dead by the LTTE and soul dead subsequently by the EPDP and this government. It is to borrow Tagore’s words, “A dreary desert ” , where the habits are venal, sycophantic and absolutely mediocre. It is a very mediocre degree mill and cram shop. There are few or no outstanding persons on the faculty to look up to and few or no students who seek to be educated in the true sense of the word.. The other Universities in Sri Lanka may have a multitude of problems, but they are not brain dead or soul dead yet.

    Dr.RN

    • 2
      1

      So the Government which brought Sinhala only and the government brought the standardization did very well to teach Jaffna students?

      Thank god, diaspora not the teachers there.

      It clearly expressed by TULF and others, when Ramanathan’s property Parameshvara college was taken by the government to create a fake university, it was a destruction to Tamils education. Why this jumping on this government? There was good government introduced the free education? Isn’t that FP opposed that saying it is not teaching Sinhala students, it is only a control mechanism on Tamils education?

      You don’t like this government, but it is a democratically elected government for the country. If you are undemocratic you can reject the government.

      You can jump or Dance. You cant influence anything, nowhere in the south. You can not do anything about that. Your dance like this not impressing anybody, but leaving a funny feeling for us(Tamils) like watching “Puthhur Markandu set” girls. If Souther hear that you are jumping against their government, they will react like princess who said, “Ottakuthan paaddukku radai thaalpaal”. Don’t be like the bird advised the Monkey. If you know your palace in their politics it will have a purpose.

  • 2
    1

    The conflicts we are facing today are all due to a racist Sinhala-Buddhist government and the uneducated masses who vote them to power. We dont know who to blame, the masses or the government. They think they can some or other make this island a pure Buddhist country. From the Duttu Gemunu days they are trying this.It is not easy as they are now finding out.
    Federalism is a good solution.But paranoid southerners don’t want it.In the western world Federalism is a common sight. That is why they have less skirmishes.If SriLankan leaders cannot find a solution, someday India will walk into this island of rivers,beaches and splendor and Buddhism will be out of the door.

  • 0
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    Thank You Rajan for sharing your insights. The Tiger supporting Tamil expats need to take some responsibility for the massacre of sensible Tamil decenter like Rajini. Tamils paid a massive price as the world watched their massacre – because they were wanted to see the end of the brutal organization that took the lives of many wonderful people like Rajini admits the applause of the Tamil Expatriates. Such is their intelligence.

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