6 May, 2021

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Report On Easter Bombings: Misconceptions Galore

By Tassie Seneviratne

Tassie Seneviratne

Failure in Prevention was the tag that marked the thoughts of all over the Easter Sunday Bombings 2019. That peal still rings sharp even more so with the release of the Presidential Commission of Inquiry Report (PCI -1) and is now in the public domain. The issues in this are many. But failure in prevention takes on many forms, from callous disregard to benign neglect. PCI -1 has even found the failure in prevention as criminal, but does not specify the offence in penal terms. And the reasons for the failure in prevention, even within the PCI -1 report, are varied. They are not of one accord. 

The purpose of this article is therefore to offer some comments from a law and order perspective. The remarks are very brief due to other constraints.

The malfunction of the Security Council (SC) has been identified in the PCI report as the principal reason for failure in prevention, in this instance. This is a grave misconception on the part of the PCI. The misapprehension occurs notwithstanding the fact that eminent members with competence comprised the PCI.

The SC and any breakdown of the SC are irrelevant to crime prevention. Crime prevention is the total, entire and legal responsibility of the IGP, not the SC. The SC is only an administrative body to deal with related politics and policy. The SC has no executive authority or responsibility. The idea in the PCI -1 that the breakdown of the SC was the reason for failure of crime prevention is a thought gravely misconceived. It follows even further, perhaps consequentially, that this delusion with the PCI similarly affected the thinking of the IGP and has permeated the judgment of many others.   

Secondly, the ensuing recommendation by the PCI that HE the President, the IGP, and a range of other officers all be subject to and brought together for criminal proceedings and action, is a proposal totally misconceived. Criminal liability arises in relation to rights, specifically infringement of rights by executive and administrative action. The IGP and officers under him take executive action which can entail infringement of rights. Others mentioned act only in a non-executive advisory capacity which action is neither administrative nor executive. These others acting in capacities as coordinators, consultants, advisors etc. cannot be held for ‘criminal liability’, since they have no actus reus or mens rea in their action.

Thirdly, the law relating to such exercise, such executive or administrative action, is the criminal law. Infringement of rights occurs when the action is not covered by the criminal law. This law does not apply to the President and the many others by the nature of their action. Combining all these categories together to impose criminal liability through criminal proceedings is incorrect.

Nonetheless, the PCI was acting only in the nature of a disciplinary inquiry. A disciplinary inquiry has its own rules and limited purpose. Hence, the PCI was barely different from the Postal and Railway security inquires which are only an administrative exercise. Criminal consequences cannot follow in their wake. Failure in prevention in this situation cannot be determined by a form of disciplinary inquiry. The need for prevention did not come in April 2019 by the divine, but came by design. The critical nature of that Easter week in April was then not meteoric, from out of the blues. Those circumstances were coming and were long in coming. A disciplinary inquiry cannot figure that out. The PCI had no idea that the problem was coming over some time. The vision of the PCI and the Terms of Reference (TOR) for the PCI were blurred over the whole problem as it sat over the question. 

Only a criminal investigation could have worked out that issue. Even by way of criminal investigation, it is clear that a whole area of investigation did not engage the concern of the PCI. Criminal investigation would have been closely focused on crime prevention per se. From that angle crime prevention had first to deal with crime intelligence, followed by crime investigation, followed by prosecution and conviction. Only then could crime prevention have been effectively undertaken. All this action is clearly within the legal duty of the Police. The SC has little competence in this function of the Police.    

And even by way of criminal investigation there still remains much to be done. A whole range of incidents have been mentioned in the course of the PCI examination. These have a bearing on the matter of the PCI (inquiry), related to each other and pointing in the direction of a prior conspiracy. Preparation, aiding and abetment, common intent, unlawful assembly, racial rioting, and religious misdemeanor, are some of the diverse facets of the train of events which took place long before the fateful Easter week 2019. These bore some evidence, admittedly of a loose nature of relevance, which transpired at the PCI inquiry, relevant to its TOR. In short there was something of a ‘conspiracy’ which presaged the Easter bombing incidents. But the significance of these preordering incidents to the work of the PCI (inquiry) is lost to and not evident in their PCI -1 report.

Whether by reason of the superficial nature of the disciplinary inquiry or whether by reason of a grave misapprehension of the relevance of a criminal investigation, PCI (inquiry) is inadequate.  The resulting focus of the PCI on crime prevention is narrow. The recommendations of the PCI are thereby not helpful to answer the question how to prevent a recurrence. Criminal proceedings and imposition of criminal liability on all those mentioned in the PCI are none but born of a grim delusion for the reasons stated above. 

The need now, after all these PCI sessions, being to prevent recurrence of such incidents, there is much to do, and much more to have done long before the information was received just during that fateful week in April 2019. The need is to ensure that matters as the Easter bombings do not come from the blues. Failure in prevention has been the simple result of failure of intelligence, of investigation, and of prosecution and conviction, together all of which is none other than failure of law and order. Failure in this respect was coming from a long time before. That aspect was lost to the PCI Members. The SC had little to do with failure in prevention of the bombings; that sanction for the failure was to be based on criminal investigation; any other inquiry served little purpose; and prevention of a recurrence required yet another approach. 

“Parturiunt montes, nascetur ridiculus mus”. – Horace. Mountains labored to give birth to a ridiculous mouse), is an apt appraisal of the PCI report.

Had the intelligence dossier in fact been duly built up over these years, prevention would not have failed, and the Easter bombings averted.

*The writer is a Retired Senior Superintendent of Police. He can be contacted at seneviratnetz@gmail.com

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Latest comments

  • 9
    2

    An eye opener from Rtd. Superintendent of Police Tassie Seneviratne;
    “ Failure in prevention has been the simple result of failure of intelligence, of investigation, and of prosecution and conviction, together all of which is none other than failure of law and order. Failure in this respect was coming from a long time before. That aspect was lost to the PCI Members.”

    Enlightened, it’s easy to see that the blame that’s been placed on the security council (SC) chaired by Prez Maithripala Sirisena is largely stupendous.

    • 10
      2

      There should be valid reasons as to why the current rulers to stay total ignorant to the very same people, that voted them to power.
      .
      Let me recapulate their high pledges made on their election stage
      .
      **
      They returned to power promising about placing NATIONAL SECURITY on the top of their agenda
      – yet today, they have been unable to manage COVID crisis, though almost comparable island nations to have manage it to the top
      (Taiwan, Neuzealand, Singapore, Vietnam, Australia… and the like countries)

      How many among the innocient WORSHIPPERS got killed on that – EASTER SUNDAY 21 April 2019. – it was nearly 270 death, and several hundreds ad injured with critical conditions….
      their torments are tremouring colombo suburbs yet today, not being able to see when they would ever see them being served with due JUSTICE.

      Now it is becoming, SOME THING fishy looking at the behaviours of RAJAPAKSHE BROTHERS – …….. dont you guys feel, is that similar to JAMAL KHASHOGI style misterious DAY LIGHT murder of LASANTHA WICKRAMATHUNGa (our ahimsa daughter #s dearest father former editor of SUNDAY LEADER news paper)
      .
      **
      That PADIKAMMA MOUTH holder- aka Bandula Gunawardhana boasted of their FAKE capabilities of maintaining SLUGGISH economy… and value of the RUPEE, but today, MAHINDA Rajapksehs and his BAGGAGE boy, AJITH CABRAL just prevaricate one behind the other, thinking that entire nation is stupid as those 6.9 mio donkey voters.

    • 9
      2

      Dear Mr Seneviratne,
      .
      I always respect you. If AMERICA can give a speedy verdict to George Floyed’s brutal murder…. why cant SRILANKA follow the civilized court hearings ?

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qe7tXtuTuR8
      .
      Today, those victimized people in that brutal murder are celebrating their success. How many more years should SRILANKENS wait the kind of moments regarding
      .
      Easter SUNDAY murderers
      Lasanth Wickramthunga s day light murder
      Ekanaligodas s murder
      Thajdudeen Wasim s murder
      And all those wen missing being raped by Navy men,.. those young boys that were then ready to leave for their higher EDUCATION in England…. those mothers are traumatized yet today, not knowing their LOVELY sons are dead or alive.
      :
      Mahinda Rajaakshe s sons stay brave even if two of them were allegely found guilty for high crimes incl. Murder:
      His wife GOLD BUISCUIT QUEEN… is also allegely complicit with the murder of Thajdudeen Wasim.
      :
      At least one of above brutal MURDERs .. should properly be investigated…. GOTA SHOULD HAVE BALLS to respect AMERICA laws… and law order systems of civilized nations….. just paying LIP SERVICES would not bring anyone anything…. He should finally deliver what he promised for the nation.

      • 9
        2

        People in SL should be made clear. Looking at the manner Rajakshes men how they attacked poor innocient MUSLIM srilanken in the aftermath of EASTER SUNDAY ATTACKs… that ballige putha madumadhawa arawindha….- MASTER mind of those attacks are still scot free…
        .
        It is high time to start big demonstrations across srilanka calling ” Minority life matter “.

        If George Floyed succeeded why on earth OUR STUPID people allow CRIMINALS to become head of states, premiers, ministers, state ministers in SL ?

      • 3
        13

        Leela,

        “I always respect you”

        Uncle Brian is a well-known LTTE sympathizer. He has been featured in their propaganda. Here he is speaking at a Tiger rally: https://www.tamilnet.com/img/publish/2008/06/22_06_08_sa_01.jpg. Is this what you are also supporting, Leela? Separatism based on a fake history and fake genocide? These separatists want to take over the whole island, they will kick out all the Muslims and Sinhalese, including your hero Ranil.

        • 11
          1

          Lester the slave mind set@

          Let me be clear, RW is not my hero, nor is CBK my heroine.. but the two leaders could do some good work than racists Rajapkshes. I yet today repsect Ms CBK s FEDERAL proposals to the ethnic issue in SL…. those who supported the concept is shamelessly sitting with bunch criminals in Medamulana today. He is noneother than.. oxford qualified GLP.

          No doubt you would put me too into the same group, just because I consider us all to be SRILANKENs. My firstever rendevous with tamil SRILANKENS was at Peradeniya University. Muslim Srilankens – I got to know in UK. Burgher srilankens i go tto know in Melbourne… and and and. I got to know your beloved sinhala buddhists…. in london and across the globe.. most of them have something in common… that is inolerance. As for me. I did not see any difference between communities. That is good so.

          I woul dnot call it genocide… if yes then we should also call 89 insurgency as ruwandian style genocide.. where over 50 000 youth were killed by STATE and JVPrs.
          :
          This is where our sinhala modayas went wrong. They always want to be held above…. why ? If Germans, English, French and other nations thought to the very same mannner, europeans would not have acheived their goals as of today.

          • 9
            2

            Lester,
            Please watch the following video.
            That will help you the kind of ilk to see it right.
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfPmAfeGrPY

            As of me, nobody else Rajapakshes should be made responsible for SRILANKA s fall.
            Mahinda Rajaakshes should be made respnosible. His real face is not yet known to even his CRIMINAL wife.

            Rajapakshes were good at killing tactics, but goverance is far from their capabilities.
            They are mlechcha by every means.

          • 4
            4

            Leela,

            Tamil politicians were never interested in federalism except as a path to a separate state. The Malabar import SJV Chelvanayakam made his intentions very clear in 1976 by openly demanding a separate state. 7 years before so-called Black July. There was discrimination against Tamils – one cannot argue against it – but far less than the quantity doled out to Blacks in USA, UK, Germany etc. In USA, Blacks could not drink from the same water fountain as Whites. Charles Darwin used racism as a basis for natural selection, which in turn was used to justify colonialism. Millions of natives died in South America, China, India, etc. as a result of colonial policies. Sinhala nationalism is a small drop in the sea compared to the racism of Europeans. British royals are still wearing the jewelry plundered from India.

            • 3
              4

              Leela,

              Yes, Bandaranaike is the most useless family in SL. Sirima’s economic policies created JVP. CBK chose to negotiate federalism with terrorists after losing multiple battles. Because SLA had a few brilliant generals aka Denzil and Janaka, Tigers could not press their advantage even with Indian support. I do not fault Uncle Brian for his political views. Anyone who belongs to such a family is sure to suffer serious dementia.

            • 3
              4

              Jester

              “…. but far less than the quantity doled out to Blacks in USA, UK, Germany etc.”

              The demand for a level playing field for the people in this island is meant for the those people who were born, bred, and suffered in the past 73 years and not for the Blacks in USA, UK, Germany etc.. By the way you very stupid man Tamils those whom the state denies equitable rights don’t vote elections in USA, UK, Germany etc nor do they have any democratic rights there.

              If Black life mattered to you why don’t you go to those countries and do something about it?

              ” Millions of natives died in South America, China, India, etc. as a result of colonial policies. “

              What has deaths in South America, China, India, etc got to do with mass killings, rapes, ….. of innocent people in this island?

              • 2
                3

                Fake Vedda,

                What “level playing field” are you whining about? Tamils were discriminating against each for hundreds of years before 1948.

                “The caste system among Sri Lankan Tamils in Jaffna can be seen as the most rigid and the one with clearly defined patterns of inequality, discrimination and social rejection driven by a religiously articulated notion of untouchability.”

                “In between Vellalars and Panchamars, there were several intermediary caste
                groups who also experienced discrimination from the dominant caste in matters such as temple administration, education, employment and land market. There were many forms of discrimination against the Panchamar “outcasts” ranging from prohibitions against any kind of respectable clothing to denial of access to public transport, drinking water, temples, tea shops and the like…”

                Why are you whining about Sinhala-only language act and standardisation when low-castes in Jaffna were denied much worse by the Vellalars? Pot calling kettle black.

            • 4
              3

              Lester,
              “British royals are still wearing the jewelry plundered from India”
              That’s really rich, coming from one who was educated in UK and lives there as a refugee!

              • 2
                2

                Old Codger,

                “That’s really rich, coming from one who was educated in UK and lives there as a refugee!”

                No country ever gave refugee or asylum status to Sinhalese. We only go on the plane, not the thala thel boat.

                • 2
                  1

                  Lester

                  “No country ever gave refugee or asylum status to Sinhalese. We only go on the plane, not the thala thel boat.”

                  Sinhalese asylum seekers’ on-water claims accepted by UN
                  The Saturday Paper
                  JANUARY 31 – FEBRUARY 6, 2015

                • 2
                  1

                  Lester

                  “No country ever gave refugee or asylum status to Sinhalese. We only go on the plane, not the thala thel boat.”

                  Sri Lankan refugees imprisoned after removal from Australia
                  Max Newman
                  14 May 2016
                  Excerpt:
                  In blatant defiance of international law, the Australian government forcibly deported 12 asylum seekers back to Sri Lanka after they arrived on a small wooden boat in Australian waters last week. On board were nine men, one woman, one child and an infant, all reportedly of Sinhalese descent.
                  ….

                  https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2016/05/14/refu-m14.html

                  • 1
                    2

                    Vedda,

                    Exactly, they were all deported. As they were not real refugees. Thanks for proving my point.

                    • 0
                      0

                      Lester

                      Sinhalese asylum seekers’ on-water claims accepted by UN
                      The Saturday Paper
                      JANUARY 31 – FEBRUARY 6, 2015

                • 1
                  0

                  Lester,
                  How many times do I have to tell you to do your research, and not expose your ignorance in public?
                  “No country ever gave refugee or asylum status to Sinhalese.”
                  Never heard of Somawansa Amarasingha who fled to India in a boat? And of course Dayan Jayatilleka around the same time
                  FYI, very many Sinhalese claimed refugee status in many countries. Find out for yourself.

                  • 0
                    0

                    Old Codger,

                    Rubbish. Dayan Jayatilleka is not a refugee. The UNHRC definition of refugee: “Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country.” Dayan served as ambassador to Russia. Even tabloid journalist Jansz went to America 1st class through the gate of BIA.

                    “Find out for yourself.”

                    Is this how they taught logic at the LTTE training camp? Similar to shoot first, ask questions later, excellent philosophy.

                    • 1
                      0

                      Lester,
                      How ignorant you are! Have you never heard that DJ was a minister in Varatharajah Perumal’s NE Provincial Council, and DJ had to flee to India when the IPKF left and it collapsed? I hope at least now you will stop assuming that you know everything due to your superior Aryan genetics. Stop being childish, this is an adult forum.

                    • 1
                      0

                      Lester,
                      If an LTTE training camp teaches better general knowledge than your “Western Education”, them LTTE camps are seriously underrated.

                  • 1
                    1

                    old codger

                    I am not against people claiming asylum for various reasons.

                    My friends who live in Europe tell me except a few highly skilled/qualified rest of the Sinhala speaking people arrived by various means and then claimed refugee status.

                    Out of those who arrived by sea immediately after the end of the war nearly 4000 were Sinhalese and 2000 were Tamils. Namal in collusion with Navy was successfully operating people smuggling business until the Australian government had a serious word with the clan.

                    It appear there is some problem with self proclaimed Aryans. They begin to believe in their own lies.

                    • 0
                      1

                      Kindergarten Vedda,

                      To claim refugee status, you have to prove your life is in immediate danger. Someone who can’t prove this is not a real refugee. They are ” economic migrants.” If Sinhalese sneak into other countries, they are economic migrants, not refugees.

        • 4
          0

          Lester,
          Is this the kind of expose’ by Mr. Tassie Seneviratne that makes him an LTTE sympatheizer?;
          https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/burning-of-the-jaffna-public-library-whodunit/

          Obviously Tassie was on to the real culprits who were trying to change history by destroying historical records.

    • 4
      6

      There was no failure of intelligence, investigation, prosecution and conviction. From 1985, Muslims were armed and funded to commit atrocities on Tamils, which was in order for the Sinhalese. It is only when these terrorists turned against Sinhalese that the government woke up. Even after the war ended Mahinda government funded these terrorists which practice continued under Yahapalanaya regime. There was enough intelligence about what these terrorists are doing, but the government chose to ignore it. There was investigation findings which revealed terrorist activity, but as what Katankudy OIC said, he was asked not to arrest any of them. Even those arrested for Mawanella incident were released on pressure from Muslim politicians. It is evident that this was deliberately allowed to occur.

      • 2
        3

        Dr. Gnana Sankaralingam

        “There was investigation findings which revealed terrorist activity, but as what Katankudy OIC said, he was asked not to arrest any of them. “

        Is it why as a precaution Karuna and his thugs killed about 774 policemen in the Eastern Province and massacred innocent people inside two mosques also LTTE ethnically cleansed North of all Muslims and robbed all their assets?

    • 3
      5

      Let’s cut the longwinded crap and get straight to the point.

      Rajapakses would do anything to steal elections.

      They made all sorts of promises to Prabakaran to stop the Tamils from voting in 2005. The easy to fulfil, monetary part, of the promise/deal was kept by handing over large sums of money to Prabakarn/LTTE before …… and after (through some housing project to Emil Kantha or such dude.) The difficult part to keep was the political promises made. Resuming the hostilities by the LTTE with small scale attacks and Marvil Aru was to force the Rajapakses to keep the political promises – not to start a full scale war. But Fonseka and Gota (not weak-kneed Mahinda) had other ideas ……… to finish the LTTE off. Prabakaran’s miscalculation came around and bit him in the ass.

      The Easter bombings are Gota’s handiwork to steal the 2019 election. Without pussyfooting around, Sajith/opposition/”intellectuals” should make that clear to the country/people unequivocally.

  • 8
    3

    All those involved in terrorist attacks must be punished as per the law. Period.

    • 11
      5

      Gatamboooooo, really? You want to punish the Rajapaksa family?

      • 2
        3

        Tamed and ill from the north, if proven guilty yes.

  • 12
    1

    When brainless adults play politics Easter Carnages happen.

    Eddie – USA

  • 4
    13

    Those who violated the Constitution by trying to establish a separate State within Sri Lanka and supported terrorists to carry out terrorist activities to achieve that objective should be punished.

    • 11
      5

      Eagle ‘donkey brain’ Eye, what an assho+e, this article is about the Easter bombings and this donkey is talking about seperate state. Stupid ass.

      • 1
        2

        Tamed and ill from the north, don’t you support Tamil Elam? I do. I fully support Tamil Elam, Muslim Elam and Sinhala Only Elam. The only solution. No more suicide bombings! No more human rights violations and horror crimes the SL army continues even today in the north.

    • 2
      5

      Those with EU or UK citizenship who supported ISIS had their passports revoked. These people are now considered “stateless” as they cannot return to Europe. The same thing should be done to Sri Lanka Diaspora who actively supported LTTE.

    • 1
      1

      Yes. But none has been punished so far! Why?

      Because Rajapaksas need them to keep arousing Tamill racism which in turn arouses Sinhala racism. How about that? You need worms to turn garbage into compost and bacteria to turn milk into yogurt.

  • 2
    4

    TS “ Failure in prevention has been the simple result of failure of intelligence, of investigation, and of prosecution and conviction, together all of which is none other than failure of law and order. Failure in this respect was coming from a long time before. That aspect was lost to the PCI Members.”

    It was not the failure of the intelligence – it was the failure to act on intelligence. Appears like Sirisena purposely stopped action and disappeared. Maybe he thought that it (attack) would not be that devastating and planned to help somebody indirectly. Why did PCOI ignored the vital evidence given before them – as Harin F revealed at the Parliament?

    • 3
      1

      Dear Eratne:
      Given that the intelligence on the Easter attack itself actually came from India/RAW, do you reckon SL’s own intelligence failed to detect what was about to take place?

      While I think that discovering an imminent threat out of our own surveillance and investigation is far more compelling to take action, it cannot be disputed that SL’s police failed to act on the intelligence provided by RAW.

      On the other hand, it should be recognized that the police didn’t need permission from either the President, the SC, or the PM to act on intelligence on hand and prevent the attacks and safeguard the public. Not sure if this still the case under the double-Paksa regime.

  • 0
    3

    The writer says: “Secondly, the ensuing recommendation by PCI that HE the President, the IGP and range of other officers all be subjected to and brought together for criminal proceedings and actions is a proposal totally misconceived”. The argument put forward is: Is failure to prevent a crime from taking place tantamounts to a “Crime”? Let that be argued in that direction. Our concern here is: There were credible “INFORMATION” that a “TERRORIST” action in the form of a “Bomb Attack” would be carried out by a “Group” and that “Attack” would be directed to “Specified” locations on specific “Dates” at specif timings. It is no “SECRET” that the relevant “Authorities” who were “TASKED” with the security of the country had “PRIOR” intimation. This concerns the “Security” of the country, the people, and the property. Their question, therefore is: Why action was not taken by ALL those “Authoritative” officials, including the President who held the portfolio of “Minister of Security” and Head of the “Security Council” to “PREVENT” and “SECURE” the safety of the people and property? Shouldn’t the STATE take a serious view of this “NEGLIGENCE” and could even be “WILLFUL” failure to discharge the assigned duties? In my opinion, this is a clear case not only for “Criminal” proceedings but also to “DEPRIVE” their (all of the relevant officials including the President) “CIVIC RIGHTS”.

  • 10
    2

    Tassie Seneviratne Sir,
    You have exposed the hollowness of the PCI report.
    I appreciate your input, and respect your thoughts.
    It is a great education for me. Thank you.

  • 9
    1

    PCI is a political exercise. Actual police investigation were shut down when Master mind of the Easter Bombing became President.
    He used the intelligence service that was loyal to the Boss to create the carnage.
    You can not expect the President to allow a professional police investigator like Shani to continue. Probably he is being slowly poisoned to be killed in remand jail. They would have done with him but UNHRC saved Shani for the time being. We should not be surprised if he dies within an year due to some illness with postmortem telling not due to long term poisoning but due to some illness even new variant of Covid.
    Probably he knows the has dome evidence leading to Boss the Gotler alias Nandasena a repeated mass murderer

  • 5
    1

    The Public Safety Minister says he has received Cabinet approval to curb unauthorized FB accounts.
    One may wonder as to why this Minister sought Cabinet approval to do a routine matter like banning fake FB accounts. Because, these paid-fake accounts created a fake Gotabhaya-wave that helped Gotabhaya to come into power. Soon after the Easter Sunday Attack, hundreds of paid-fake FB accounts spread communal hatred against Muslims which magically disappeared after Gotabhaya was nominated as the Presidential candidate.
    When the entire system including politicians and government officials is corrupt, they are meant to receive public wrath. Public has a right to expose corrupt politicians and officials as they are paid by the public.
    The latest addition to the corrupt system is Gotabhaya’s Buddhist Kewatta Council. The Council seems to believe that Sri Lanka has a stagnant economy as it follows Gothama Buddha’s teachings, and therefore, decided to follow “Chinese Laughing Buddha”. Unlike Gothama Buddha, “Chinese Laughing Buddha” has no problem with Panchasheela, casinos, illegal drug trade, alcoholic beverages, meat industry, money laundering, RLS (ahem) or weapon sales.
    Therefore, Gotabhaya’s Buddhist Kewatta Council has suggested that Sri Lanka follow “Chinese Laughing Buddha” and “rub his big belly to bring dollars to Sri Lanka”.
    Gōng xǐ, Haamuduruwane!

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