28 November, 2020

Blog

Sinhalese In Jaffna

By Handy Perinbanayagam and Lyman Kulatungam

Even as independent Sri Lanka turns 69 today, many of us who are living in and outside of Sri Lanka continue to debate the meanings of the terms “independent” and “Sri Lanka” given the history of conflicts and violence that our country has witnessed for the past 69 years. As a recommended reading for the 69th Independence Day, Colombo Telegraph re-produces an extract from the Editorial Notes of Jaffna College Miscellany published in August 1940 where the editors S Handy Perinbanayagam and Lyman S Kulatungam wrote with great foresight about the importance of Sinhala-Tamil bilingualism to the political future of a country that was yet to gain its independence from British colonial rule. Though we cannot reduce the problems that plague Sri Lanka and its peoples in 2017, including the national question, to a language conflict between Tamils and Sinhalese or the state and its Tamil speaking populations, it is important to remember that the failure of the Sinhala-Buddhist political elite and Sinhala-centric political parties that have successively ruled post-independent Ceylon and Sri Lanka to embrace the progressive and inclusive vision shown by anti-colonial thinkers and activists like Handy Perinbanayagam of the Jaffna Youth Congress is one of the major reasons for our post-colonial misery today.

Handy Perinbanayagam

Sinhalese in Jaffna College

A much needed change was introduced into the curriculum of the College, when the authorities decided to introduce Sinhalese among the subjects taught in Jaffna College. The role a language plays in welding into a unity all that speak it is so obvious that we do not need to draw attention to it. The Roman Empire realised the important part language played and wherever the Roman Eagle spread its wings, the Latin language too spread its influence. The British were not slow to realise the advantage of having a common language for their empire and, wherever they went, with deliberate policy, they established schools for teaching English. And who that knows even faintly how the English language has wrought the bonds that knit the empire into one compact unity will doubt their wisdom? The English language is, in our opinion, the most potent of the peaceful means that conquest employs to win over the soul of a nation. Therefore, the part that a knowledge of Sinhalese will play in bringing about a consciousness of national unity in the minds of the Tamils cannot be exaggerated. We do not forget there is another party to the bargain. What we say of the Tamils has application to the Sinhalese also. They will be strangers to the Tamils, as long as they make no endeavour to know the Tamil language. The optimum policy for Ceylon will be for every Sinhalese boy and every Sinhalese girl to be taught Tamil in addition to Sinhalese and for every Tamil boy and every Tamil girl to be taught Sinhalese in addition to Tamil. And the time is not far off, we hope, when an effort will be made to realise this vision of ours. But we are thankful for the humbler beginnings made in this direction by some schools in the Island.

Those who would deny freedom to India have always harped on the absence of a common language for all India and have with ill-conceived glee pointed to every paltry dialect as an independent language, thus exaggerating a problem which in itself is grave enough. But the Indians have taken up the challenge and are making a determined effort to make Hindi an all-India language. We in Ceylon are more fortunately placed than the Indians in this regard. We have only two languages and the problem of a common language can be easily solved by recognising both as official languages and providing for instruction in both throughout the Island. We are sorry that even a Ceylonese Minister of Education, who has a fair measure of power in matters of this nature, has done nothing to bring about this consummation that we so eagerly look forward to.

We are also sure that before long a knowledge of Sinhalese and Tamil will have an economic value. The time is not far distant when a minimum attainment in both languages will be a requirement for appointments under the Government. And those who take to business also will need a knowledge of these languages.

The effort we in Jaffna College are making, we know, is small and inadequate. But we rejoice over it, because it is an augury of greater things soon to come.

*Reference: Perinbanayagam, S.H. & L.S Kulatungam. “Editorial Notes.” Jaffna College Miscellany XLX.2 (1940): 2-4.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 14
    3

    How can a Tamil speaking Sri Lankan citizen who enters a police station in the capital city Colombo to make an entry of theft finds no one there understands him can feel he is one of them or part of Sri Lanka? How can anyone expects him to feel the way others in there do? He feels he is under a regime that does not treat him as equal to another citizen who understands the language spoken there. How can Sri Lanka expects the one who does not understand the (only official) language spoken by the policemen behave like or work like a SriLankan? If he cannot make the entry how can he feel he lives in a country of his?

    It’s boasted that a large population of Tamils live in Colombo.
    It’s said that Tamil is also an official language.
    It’s also claimed that duel – language spoken officers work in places where people of both languages live.

    But in practise a Tamil speaking person is treated as an alien. At the same time the government expects him to be ‘patriotic’ ( the very people who use that term arouse anti-Tamil and anti-Muslim resentment) and work to build the country. When British gave independence the country was prosperous and had enormous foreign exchange. The ‘patriotic’ rich imported foreign luxuries and impoverished the country.

    • 3
      15

      SARO:

      How can a Tamil speaking Sri Lankan citizen who enters a police station in the capital city Colombo to make an entry of theft finds no one there understands him can feel he is one of them or part of Sri Lanka

      How do the Norwegian Tamils, German Tamils, Swiss Tamils work in those countries ?

      Are they working in Tamil ?

      Why Tamils refuse to learn Tamil in Sri lanka ?

      Is it because the govt is dikless ?

      by the way, I have talked to Educated Sinhala people who were taught in Jaffna schools. does it happen now ? or they have to get stabbed, if they try it ?

      • 12
        4

        “How do the Norwegian Tamils, German Tamils, Swiss Tamils work in those countries ?”

        If anyone in any western country including those above countries cannot understand the official language it’s mandatory to provide a translator. Those who are quick to compare the banana republic with civilised countries live in their cucoo land of ignorance.

        MOREOVER Tamil was made an official language in 1987 and any Tamil or Sinhalese has a right to demand an officer who can translate other language.

        There are many Sinhalese students study in Jaffna university. Sinhalese live there and the givernment give incentive for any Sinhalese family to settle down in Jaffna or Batticaloa or any city there about.

        If Sinhalese students wanted they can study anywhere in the country.

        But Tamils cannot live in Tissamaragama or Ambalantota or any city in the neighbourhood.

        So long as there are people like you who spread hate and lies this country cannot come out of misery or poverty. In Singapore Tamil is spoken by only 4.7% but still it’s one of the official languages and what is more important it is implemented. No wonder we go to Singapore with begging bowl.

        • 4
          3

          ” …But Tamils cannot live in Tissamaragama or Ambalantota or any city in the neighbourhood…”

          Why that far. In Kelaniya, less than a mile from the border of the Victoria Bridge in North Colombo Tamils now are virtually not tolerated – although there may be a few old families left. Even these were made to flee in the anti-Tamil pogroms of 1958, ’77 and ’83. That great Buddhist Sinhala super patriot Kudu Mervin, imposed on the people of Kelaniya about 10 years ago, openly said Kelaniya should be cleansed of Tamils and Muslims. He was not kind to Chrisians though it is learnt his wife is a Catholic. What a meaningless secular Constitution and a still worse communally-inclined Sinhala Police in the area unable to give meaning to the laws.

          This will soon be a Buddhist theocratic State compelling the arrival of two nations in one country – despite gallant efforts by Tamil leaders to preserve the earlier bonds of the Ramanathans, Arunachalams and Ananda Coomaraswamy.

          Pandaranayagam

          • 0
            1

            Cool story, bro :D

          • 2
            0

            i cant understand how tamils have this immense ability to lie. Even yesterday i went to this area and i did find tamils and muslims living there.

            • 0
              2

              I suggest Sach to read my comments again – this time carefully. Also ask any Tamils, or even Muslims, that you know if they feel safe with their families to move to Kelaniya before you call others names.

              Pandaranayagam

          • 1
            0

            Arunachalam was the first to demand eelam in 1922

        • 2
          5

          Saro:

          If anyone in any western country including those above countries cannot understand the official language it’s mandatory to provide a translator. Those who are quick to compare the banana republic with civilised countries live in their cucoo land of ignorance.

          So, every Tamil living overseas in non-english speaking countries get language translater when they find employment ?

          If not are they all coolies such as fishermen, road cleaners etc ?

          • 0
            1

            We Thamizh have no qualms about learning the massas’ language in order to better serve them :D

        • 1
          0

          what a load of horsesh1t!

          tamils live everywhere in the country while it is the Sinhalese who are barred from living in north and even in east

          • 1
            1

            sachooooooooooo the stupid II

            “what a load of horsesh1t!”

            It is your breakfast.

      • 7
        2

        Jim Softy had asked:

        “Why Tamils refuse to learn Tamil in Sri lanka ?”

        I submitted a rather facetious comment on that many hours ago, but it hasn’t appeared; I wonder why. I wanted to return to this article in the evening again, and was looking for it. Never mind!

        My intention was to obliquely draw attention to the fact that very few of us, Sinhalese, learn Tamil. Understandable, actually, since it brings us no economic gains, and no government has ever really forced even public servants to learn the language. When exams were held for high officials, it was considered a joke to cheat!

    • 6
      0

      Saro,

      “How can a Tamil speaking Sri Lankan citizen who enters a police station in the capital city Colombo to make an entry of theft finds no one there understands him can feel he is one of them or part of Sri Lanka?”

      There is a shortage of Tamil speaking police offers. The police is trying to recruit more. Existing Tamil speaking police officers are often posted in the North and East because we really need them here. Other problem is that not all the police officer have been trained to receive complaints.

      It is possible to make a complaint online to the IGP in Tamil. There is a form online and I think that his e-mail is igp@police.lk You can find the complaint form at http://www.police.lk

    • 4
      3

      jim softy, (above) has asked:

      “Why Tamils refuse to learn Tamil in Sri lanka ?”

      Actually, all Tamils know “Thamil” pretty well! And favoured as they were by the Colonial Masters most of them know English as well. And, those who haven’t learnt Sinhalese yet, MUST do so, because they will always be harassed by us and have to seek shelter in Police Stations. There. You’ve been warned!!

      As for us, I must concede that my own Sinhala is a bit shaky, despite my distinguished name. I don’t know any Thamil. Why should I? Contrary to what Handy Perimpanayagam says learning the minority language would bring me no economic advantage.

      Would Trilingualism promote Peace and Awareness? Perhaps, but more than in 1948 the ‘patriotic rich’ are importing foreign luxuries, now well aware that the majority live in poverty that is beginning to verge on the abject. Who cares?

      So you Tamil guys who never do anything but study, learn all three languages if you want to live in this country. As for us, it is now the turn of our children to migrate to white countries, like Gota and their ilk did.

      • 4
        0

        Sinhala_Man,

        “So you Tamil guys who never do anything but study, learn all three languages if you want to live in this country.”

        Very sound advice but the big question is how to do it? There is a huge shortage of qualified English and Sinhalese teachers in the Northern Province.

        “As for us, it is now the turn of our children to migrate to white countries, like Gota and their ilk did.”

        It is the same for us. I don’t think that anybody can save money doing a normal job anywhere in SL. Manual labor in Qatar etc is a better alternative.

        I find it interesting that there is a shortage of workers in SL while people emigrate due to low salaries. On the other hand our companies cannot pay higher salaries. What is the solution?

        • 2
          0

          Dear Lone Wolf,

          You ask many pertinent and uncomfortable questions.

          What is the solution?

          I wish I knew. I think that our entire value system has to change, we have to live closer to nature, and there must be a willingness (on the part of some people at least) to work with their hands. Our education system places an emphasis only on passing exams. Most sit the O. Level exam, and even if they fail it, they imagine that they are “educated”, and somebody owes them a “job”.

          Our own discussion here relates to what dedicated teachers of yore have written. We cannot simply go back to those times, but we must learn from the good practices that they adopted then. Technology makes it much easier to learn certain things, but brings hazards with it. We are used to thinking in terms of FOUR language skills; OUR own children (I mean the children of “educated parents”) may master all four skills, especially if they are kept away from Television in their pre-school years. However, even more important is love and caring in those early years. At this time we are giving very little attention to these concerns.

          And there was somebody who suggested that a few centuries down the line all humans will be of a uniform brown colour (the result of inter-marriage); but there will be two species: homo sapiens and their slaves – resulting from class differences getting more extreme. Rather like this:

          http://4umi.com/swift/gulliver/houyhnhnm/1

          The entire book is there, but it is Gulliver’s Fourth voyage (not known to many, the 3rd and the 4th voyages), that tells us about the Yahoos. Three hundred years old, but worth reading. This link takes you to a format of the book that would be ideal for reading on a tablet.

          Then there are other factors which may force us to face up to the fact that we are essentially a poverty stricken land: North AND South.

          https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2017/feb/07/water-security-sri-lanka-war-peace-climate-change

          I wonder how Donald Trumps “Muslim Ban” will work out today? Let’s hope his wings are clipped. If not, very soon no white country will allow us in: there are dominoes waiting to fall elsewhere – Germany, France, England . . .

    • 2
      1

      Do policemen in toronto speak tamil

    • 1
      0

      Saro,

      “How can a Tamil speaking Sri Lankan citizen who enters a police station in the capital city Colombo to make an entry of theft finds no one there understands him can feel he is one of them or part of Sri Lanka?”

      Another way is to provide the police a DIY complaint that they should paste in the information book=IB of the police station. The language does not matter and this method is even mentioned in the Criminal Procedure Code. Of course the police might have no knowledge of this.

  • 5
    3

    There are more to concern other than language!! To stop state assisted majority’s settlements among Tamils
    Tamils !! Land grab by the state and its security establishments !! Illegally Built bhudist statues, Temples and security camps !!

  • 4
    2

    Well, every Sri Lankan Tamil should have competency in all three languages,as long as they are permanent resident of Sri Lanka, ie in all four language skills- listening reading, speaking and writing.

    Unfortunately the present day Tamil even a graduate is not really competent in any language even in his mother tongue Tamil. The need for trilingualcompetency including IT has nothing to do with racial politics in Sri Lanka or how a Sinhalese look at this issue.

    Multilingualism is a desirable outcome, but not a probable option for all.

    The language competency will facilitate effective integration anywhere in the modern globalized world and the well being of the Tamils themselves.

  • 5
    2

    Unfortunately the present day Tamil even a graduate is not really competent in any language even in his mother tongue Tamil.

    Inspite, they graduate…………….. funny is’nt it?
    What is wrong with us?

    • 6
      1

      thondamannay

      You may be right there.

      Like their Sinhala counter parts the Tamils too have similar problem. Therefore they too use the unique linguistic skills such as “come machang, go machang, no, …… Thanglish, Singlish, ….”

  • 3
    1

    It is indeed gratifying to read the views of two of the great intellectuals in Sri Lanka (Ceylon) at a time when English was the official language of the State. Bensen

  • 2
    2

    All that happened in the land of Ceylon which is no more with us now. Thanks to the Appe Aanduwa we had and the Yahapalanaya we have now.

  • 2
    1

    Democratic model has not been helpful to bring peace to Ceylon-Sri Lanka.
    SWRD B was the one in order to capture power started the ‘Sinhala Only’ policy thereby started the racial disharmony which still exists. No doubt that they run budgets on huge loans from China, World Bank and IMF. I am disappointed that there are SOME Sinhalese and Tamils on either side who wants to perpetuate discrimination and struggle!!!

  • 2
    1

    Let us have a united, secular,multicultural & multilingual Sri Lanka from now on.
    Let there be peace and prosperity in Sri Lanka.

  • 4
    0

    “Knowledge of Sinhalese and Tamil will have an economic value”.
    It is truism!

    If the Sinhalese refuse to study Tamil, it is no reason for Tamils also to reciprocate:

    Does it mean that if the Sinhalese make a foolish decision, the Tamils also do so?a ridiculous argument

    The Tamils should decide what is in their self interest on their own .
    This is not a matter for tit for tat!Tamils should not be blinded by hate

    The Tamils must decide independently of what is in their best interest.

  • 7
    1

    The name Handy Perinbanayagam seems to ring many bells. Today, I’ve just come across a fine article by Tissa Jayatilleke:

    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/narrow-and-harmful-sectarian-nationalism-and-the-jaffna-youth-congress/

    If only Tissa would tell us something about the Lanerolle Report in to the racist violence at Peradeniya Uni. in May 1983!

    This Handy family has been a remarkable one, hasn’t it? This is a great little article by him: so much idealism and common sense in it.

    Maithripala Senanayake (the important SLFP minister of the 1960s and 70s had married a Miss Handy, hadn’t he? And there was the wife of Rev. Anton John C. Selvaratnam who was also a Handy. Poor man, we gave him rather a torrid time when he headed our school at Mt Lavinia (well, not me personally, although even I considered the poor man a figure of fun). It was said even then that he’d been an excellent priest, but wasn’t a great Warden of the school.

    And wasn’t there a famous medical professor from the family? I know that there is an annual Handy Memorial Oration.

    These are not very important observations, but just to say how important it is for Sinhalese and Tamils to interact, and even if poking fun, do it in a mostly good humoured way (of course, school boys can be devils!). I don’t think I should be too devillish now, although we do have a few amusing stories to tell.

    To get serious, though, let us hope that the noble sentiments expressed in the article are pondered upon by rather more persons than seem to have read it.

    • 4
      1

      Maithripala Senanayake studied in one of big Jaffna Schools (St Johns ?, St Patricks ?).

      Also from one your previous comments re economic advantages of knowing both Sinhala and Tami.

      Since 2012 (I think), salary increments (promotions ?) are dependent on Sinhalese/Tamils being able to pass O/L equivalent of Tamil/Sinhala.

      • 5
        1

        Yes, 2012 is very recent, isn’t it?

        And it is working. Young Sinhalese ARE indeed learning Thamil. I think that they find it so much easier than learning English.

        Even looked at in what one might say is a universal and objective manner, English is a language that is difficult to MASTER, although given an-anything-goes approach, it is possible to acquire a smattering of the language.

        And making it really difficult for the villager to learn any English is the “kaduwa factor”. Those urban dwellers who know a little English turn out to be a nasty lot of people who will laugh at any fritter in what a learner tries to say. I hear it often and if I try to show the pundits how unacceptable their ridiculing attitude is, they turn on me!

        As for My3 Sennanayake:

        The middle school has been S. John’s Jaffna.

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maithripala_Senanayake

        • 3
          0

          2012 was to indicate the “anti-tamil” govts push for integration.
          Found out about the rule from the local CDO (Coconut Dev Officer).

          Its easy to be non-critical of language errors (English) when one is
          2nd or more generation speaker/writer.

    • 4
      1

      Sinhala-Man,

      “If only Tissa would tell us something about the Lanerolle Report in to the racist violence at Peradeniya Uni. in May 1983!”

      I know that some people have approached Tissa privately about the Lanerolle report but they received no reply. Have you had any success yourself?

      • 5
        0

        Dr Kumar

        The 80 paged final De Lanerolle Report has been digitalised and is waiting to be put on the Internet.

        However, the University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna) [UTHR] have already excerpted large sections of it in their reports which you can read on the net.

      • 4
        0

        Yes, Dr Kumar,

        I have two email addresses for Tissa Jayatilleke (whom I have met a few times), and I did write to him, but hasn’t replied.

        For those who may be wondering what all this about: there are these words, in this very readable article:

        “Prof. Halpé may be interested to know that among some of his books and papers that Mr.de Lanerolle presented to me prior to his death was a copy of his unpublished Report on Student Disturbances at the University of Peradeniya in 1983.”

        http://island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=24471

        What is referred to here are not just the 80 pages, there was all the evidence – running in to about 800 pages of old fashioned Remington typing (which could be reduced to half that number of pages if there was normal typing)- accompanying it. I read it all in 1984.

        Lanerolle himself refused to give it to me, but suggested that I use my ingenuity. It was finally the copy of the other member of the Committee of Inquiry (Dorai Calnaido) who signed the final report that I managed to obtain. Unfortunately I didn’t photocopy it (the technology was there, and services were commercially available, but it would have cost much more than I could possibly have afforded). The third member of the Committee, Mrs Ekanayake, Principal of Girls’ High School, Kandy, refused to sign – but apparently gave no reason for her refusal.

        This search for the lost report has been going on for long now:

        “By the way has anyone got a copy of Kenneth de Lanerolle’s Report on the May 1983 Events on the Peradeniya Campus? I have been trying to replace a lost one for ages & now need it rather urgently. A photocopy or email scan would be paid for. The one person who I know has a copy refuses to be helpful and regards it rather as a feather in his hat than a tool for anyone investigating the causes and process of our sad contemporary history. After 30 years, this suppressed report should be made widely available.”

        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/july-1983-planned-by-the-state-or-spontaneous-mob-action/

        Yes, this report is still valuable. Fifty years from now, what will it be worth? As much as a 1623 Folio Edition of Shakespeare? No way!

        I just don’t understand why the proud owner of the report doesn’t explain to us his reluctance to publish it.

        • 2
          0

          I had a copy which I gave the Nadesan Centre. It shoud be in their library.

        • 3
          0

          Sinhala_Man,

          “By the way has anyone got a copy of Kenneth de Lanerolle’s Report on the May 1983 Events on the Peradeniya Campus? I have been trying to replace a lost one for ages & now need it rather urgently. A photocopy or email scan would be paid for. The one person who I know has a copy refuses to be helpful and regards it rather as a feather in his hat than a tool for anyone investigating the causes and process of our sad contemporary history. After 30 years, this suppressed report should be made widely available.”

          A very fair offer in my opinion.

          “Yes, this report is still valuable. Fifty years from now, what will it be worth? As much as a 1623 Folio Edition of Shakespeare? No way!”

          I agree. It will be considered to be problem waste by the heirs.

          “I just don’t understand why the proud owner of the report doesn’t explain to us his reluctance to publish it.”

          I have approached Tissa in writing but like others received no reply. We can only speculate why he chooses not to share the report and not to reply.

          Maybe we should visit him to make a polite request?

  • 4
    2

    The root of the Tamil problem is, colonial masters fed the Tamils with lies and myths of never existed “historical Tamil homeland” theory, so they can divide and conquer THE Sinhalé (now Sri Lanka).

    Giving Tamil language the official status was a terrible mistake.

    If Sinhalese don’t rule their own Sinhalé country, then whoelse???????????????

    • 2
      4

      Johnny English

      “The root of the Tamil problem is,”

      It is a Sinhala/Buddhist problem which has been imposed on rest of the people.

      “Giving Tamil language the official status was a terrible mistake.”

      Allowing the uncivilized inhuman bigoted Sinhala/Buddhists to abuse rest of the people was/is terrible terrible mistake, you should have been deported back to your mother country in 1948.

      “If Sinhalese don’t rule their own Sinhalé country,”

      Sinhale lives either in jungle or in zoo.

      Please tell us from which zoo you escaped, so that we can make arrangement to cage you appropriately.

      Why are you sitting and sh***ing on your brain?

      • 3
        2

        Ungrateful non-native peculiar mullah,

        Wakeup, look around, you are in Sinhalese Buddhist island. Stop being ungrateful, Sinhala-Buddhist given you free education and health care, don’t be a traitor, and don’t bite the hand that feeds you.

        It’s Sinhalese’s absolute right to impose anything on everyone, if you don’t like how things are happening in Sinhala island, then take the boat ride back!

        Non-native, tell us about your definition of racism and bigotry, don’t give us the dictionary definitions, since you are peculiar and weird it’s interesting to your own definitions of them.

        • 1
          2

          Johnny English

          Singlish speaking descendant of Kallathonies from South India.

          This is Vedda Land and will remain so forever.

          Take your Sinhala/Buddhist fantasy back to your Tamilakam or write it down on a piece of paper and place it wherever your head is now.

          “tell us about your definition of racism and bigotry, don’t give us the dictionary definitions,”

          It is simple, you are the very epitome of a bigot, racist, stupid, a hate criminal, ………….. in fact should have been deported to Erivirapattinam or Patna in Bihar.

          Go look at a mirror…

  • 3
    0

    I would like to add the following to this note on “Sinhalese in Jaffna”.
    Jaffna College was no doubt a pioneer in the teaching of Sinhalese in Jaffna but some other schools followed suit soon after. When “Orator”, Subramaniam, a stalwart of the Youth Congress, did the same at his Shandavarodaya College too. When my father became principal at Kokuvil Hindu College he tried to do the same but, I believe, he had some trouble getting the suitable teacher.
    I myself studied Sinhalese for a year at Jaffna College under a teacher who called himself P.Sagara and we were told that he was also a poet. He soon left and later turned up as Sagara Palanasuriya who won the Horana seat for Phillip Gunawardene’s VLSSP!

  • 4
    1

    The foresight and lofty ideals of Handy Perinbanayagam & Lyman Kulatungam were dashed to the ground[like the modern day coconut-dashing!] in 1956 by SWRD-Sinhala only in 24 hours!
    It was rather quaint that this Sinhala only bill[1956] was brought about by a direct descendant of Neelaperumal-A South Indian Tamil!

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.