19 April, 2019

Blog

Sri Lanka, Australia Day & Australian Values

By Lionel Bopage

Dr Lionel Bopage

A national day such as Australia Day needs to reflect upon their ideal social and moral values and contribute to educating the younger generations to appreciate and adhere to those ideals. It should be a day where those people could feel that the country belongs to them and their future generations; and in doing so to a feel being united and reconciled with each other. This poses a conceptual question. If a country had been subjected to colonial rule after armed subjugation and suppression, could the people of that country feel free with a sense of belonging and united, if the day of that subjugation of their country is being celebrated as the national day? Let us take an example close to our hearts.

Sri Lanka was a Portuguese colony since 1505, next a Dutch colony from 1640, and then a British colony in 1815. Would it be palatable for any of us, particularly those living in Sri Lanka, if they were asked to celebrate their national day on one of those days knowing that they had been subjugated on that day? Or would we want to celebrate the 10 March 1815, the day the Kandyan Convention was signed as the national day? I believe, the answer is a definite and resounding “no”, because the people wouldn’t feel free, united or reconciled. Yet, this could be done by compulsion and repression? Even now, questions are being raised in Sri Lanka about the 4th of February 1948 being celebrated as its National Day of Independence. This is because some feel that complete independence was achieved only in 1972 with the new constitution proclaiming the country a republic. Still there are others, particularly those of Tamil community concerned about the genuineness of such a proposal, as they feel that the very same constitution did stipulate them to be secondary citizens. Despite the fact that February 4th does not identify with any of the known days of colonial subjugation, the day continues to be a controversial subject.

The Australian values are conceptualised as inherent in the Australian way of life. Among those values are respect, dignity, individual freedom; freedom of speech, association and religion; secular government; parliamentary democracy, the rule of law and equality under the law; merit-based equality of opportunity; a discrimination free environment regardless of race, religion, ethnicity, or gender; and a spirit of egalitarianism that embraces mutual respect, tolerance, fair play and compassion for those in need. These values are not a constant in the sense that some of those values are being degraded at the behest of vested parties.

For many of us, (i.e. expatriates) who have migrated from diverse lands, nations and nationalities as professionals or asylum seekers, Australia and its peoples have offered us better freedoms, better opportunities and better equitable conditions than those in the countries from where we have come. To many of us this provides the feeling of better times of our lives and a better future, despite Australia’s political system failing to deal with the deteriorating living standards of the people. So, no wonder, when “almost 80 per cent of new migrants and refugees and 70 per cent of the population in general believe January 26 is their national day which makes them feel more welcome in the new country.

Nevertheless, most of them apparently are not aware of the significance of January 26 as the date the First Fleet of British ships landed at Sydney Cove in 1788 and the ongoing controversy about that day being celebrated as Australia Day. The conversion of January 26, the day of arrival in Australia of colonialism to the Australia Day appears to be only a recent phenomenon. Australia Day was not considered a sacred day to be celebrated on January 26. It only became important prior to the Bicentenary celebrations in 1988. This used to be a holiday that celebrated the foundation of Sydney. Australia Day has only been celebrated on January 26 since 1994.

Captain Arthur Phillip sailed the First British Fleet into Botany Bay in New South Wales (NSW) on January 26 in 1788. So, in NSW, January 26 was referred to as First Landing Day and in 1818, it was declared a public holiday. In 1988, all state and territory governments agreed to call this day, the Australia Day. The same year, the First People of Australia renamed this day as the Invasion Day. On January 26 1994, the official celebration of Australia Day began under Prime Minister Paul Keating of the Australian Labour Party (ALP). Since then, nationalism has surged in an extraordinary fashion, particularly since the time of Prime Minister John Howard of the Liberal National Party (LNP). Both the LNP and the ALP wish to stick to January 26 as the Australia Day on the grounds that this day is for all Australians. Despite this political impasse, the First Nations have continued to fight for recognition, respect and their rights.

Nationalism has been on the rise the world over in the form of patriotism parallel to the rising opposition to the socio-economic and cultural problems the neo-liberal phase of capitalist development has caused. With nationalism being increasingly used to cover up the neo-liberal economic project working for the benefit of the top end of society, the campaign for globalisation and against multiculturalism and refugees began in earnest during this period. With September 11 terror attacks, the US and Australia started developing ever more closer ties as the nationalist and neo-liberal rhetoric emanating from both countries closely resonated with each other. This nationalism has nothing to do with championing for a higher human cause in the form of peoples’ freedom, social justice and protection of human and democratic rights.

Australia comprises of a spectrum of cultures representing more than 200 languages and dialects including 45 indigenous languages with English as its national language. More importantly, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander peoples (the First Nations) are an important part of Australia’s history, culture and national identity. They were the first inhabitants of Australia and have lived here for up to 60 000 years. The First Nations have their own unique beliefs, traditions and reverence of the land depending on where they lived. They have made valuable contributions including in the spheres of the arts, media, business and sport. So, in such a multicultural country, a national day such as Australia Day should be a day that all Australians can be proud of and celebrate together as a united and strong nation. However, for some of us migrants including those of Anglo-Saxion origins, this feeling may not be mutual. So, Australia Day can be hardly said to be a celebration for everyone resident in Australia.

230 years ago, when the lands of the First Nations were being invaded, their lives changed forever. For them, January 26 marks the end of their freedoms and the start of colonisation leading to hundreds of years of suffering and inequality marked with massacres, stolen land and wages. Their children have been taken away forcibly from their families and in the recent history, even the army was sent into their communities. The First Nations of Australia are the only natives in the Commonwealth without a treaty being signed leading to reconciliation. Other than this painful history, the predicament of that history continues to haunt them with the spectre of extremely high rate of suicides in the Kimberley of Western Australia to the children being shackled and hooded in the Northern Territory.

The main theme of the celebrations on January 26 is commemorating the arrival of European settlers in Sydney. For many Indigenous Australians, this is and will be an unpalatable fact, which marks an ending to their freedoms on that day of January 26, 1788. January 26 also commemorates 80 years since a group of Aboriginal people courageously gathered at Australia Hall in Sydney for a ‘Day of Mourning’ and demanding education, full citizenship and equality for all. So, they have been protesting for a long time. So, does Australia Day in its current form allow for a holistic opportunity to commemorate the best of times of all its peoples?

Rightly interpreted, such a day cannot stand for the ideals and values of justice and equality. Hence, for the First Nations, it is not a day of celebration, but a day that marks the anniversary of colonisation; it becomes a day of reflection, mourning, a day that represents the brutal, ongoing dispossession and oppression of their lands, culture and people, and a day to fight for justice and equality. So far, politicians have refused to listen to or respect the views of the aboriginal people. For example, recently the Prime Minister of Australia dismissed the famous Uluru Statement from the Heart of the aboriginal people. This Statement called for a voice in Parliament and a genuine journey towards treaty. Similarly, the Indigenous Affairs Minister acts deaf and blind to all the voices and demands for inclusiveness, justice, fairness and equality. The Minister for Immigration and Border Protection says that Australia Day is not a political day and should not be hijacked for other purposes.

For more than 80 years, many Australians from all walks of life have come together to support the campaign of the First Nations. Today, hundreds of thousands will call upon for a change to when Australia celebrates its national day, for a treaty, for a voice to parliament and for recognition. Reconciliation with the First Nations is not simply a goodwill gesture. The immense damage caused to them can only be addressed through a process of reconciliation, treaty and reparation. In recent years the tide appears to be slowly but steadily shifting towards creating an inclusive national celebration.

The debate around Australia Day is getting increasingly heated despite successive Australian governments attempting to ignore or silence the First Nations. Fremantle City Council in Western Australia wished to move its Australia Day citizenship ceremony away from January 26 to a more culturally inclusive event. Yet, the Council had to back down under pressure. In Melbourne Victoria, Darebin, Yarra and Moreland City Councils wanted to terminate the Australia Day celebrations and to drop all references to it except for continuing to hold citizenship ceremonies. The Prime Minister of Australia said that a critique of and a boycott of Australia Day is a repudiation of the values the day celebrates: freedom, a fair go, mateship and diversity. However, all facts indicate that the Australia Day held on January 26 does not inclusively commemorate the best of times of its peoples.

Today, let us respect the survival and resilience of our First Nations, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. One cannot continue to celebrate a national day on a day of mourning for the First Nations of the country. We cannot and should not leave First Nations voices unheard. As a community united as Australians, we need to demand a fair, just and inclusive future for all Australians!

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 3
    5

    In 1505 the Portuguese found in the island a Tamil Kingdom and two Sinhalese kingdoms. They governed the country as such. From 1640 the Dutch did the same.
    The Kandyan Convention of 10 March 1815 did not recognise the distinction.
    04 February 1948 literally the rein changed hands.
    The 1972 Constitution changed the secular status and enshrined it.
    A national day should have more to do with the heart than name.
    .
    Australia has stopped the traditional weekend aborigine hunting trips. The discrimination is as strong as ever.
    Australian attitude towards refugees is inhumane.
    Australia should declare 30 February as their national day.

    • 4
      4

      The writer says ‘Sri Lanka was a Portuguese colony….’ It wasn’t. The coastal areas were occupied by the Portuguese, Dutch and British in turn. The independent Kandyan Kingdom existed until 1815 when it was handed over to the British by traitors.

      Some people think that the Kandyan Kingdom was the present town of Kandy plus the surrounding area. This is wrong. The Kandyan Kingdom in 1815 stretched as far East as Trincomalee, where the so called ‘Tamil homeland’ is. Look at any map on the Internet.

      • 1
        2

        You say ‘coastal areas were occupied,’ but then say Trincomalee was part of the Kandyan Kingdom until 1815. So in your mind, Trinco wasn’t a coastal area but miraculously became one much later?

        • 0
          0

          Agnos,

          Dutch only occupied the two coastal towns of the entire Eastern province under the 1638 agreement. The rest of the area was under Kandyan control. Moreover, Sinhala king had to lead another military expedition to repel the illegally occupied Trinco from Dutch control. However, the Brits have taken over the Trinco from French an Batti from Dutch. They didn’t have anymore control over the rest of Eastern province of Sri Lanka which belonged to the Kandyan kingdom. Not only that the entire Wanni area was also under the Kandyan control.

        • 0
          0

          Most of Trincomalee district was part of the Tamil Jaffna kingdom . This is the reason unlike the rest the eastern Tamils the Trincomallee Tamils are very similar to the Jaffna Tamils and other northern Tamils and they come under the Theesavalamai law of the Jaffna kingdom . Just like the Northern Tamils. Even their spoken Tamil dialect is similar to Jaffna Tamil, unlike the eastern Batticaloa Tamil dialect that becomes prevalent further south . Only the area south of the Maheveli river was came under the loose control or the Kandyan kings who by that time were Tamil Naickers from Madurai. However they were ruled by the Tamil Vannimai Chieftains. Anyway all these coastal areas came under the control of the Portuguese and the Dutch this why you get Kaffringa Music in Batticaloa and the Portugese speaking Burghers of Batticaloa. This Sinhalese extremist woman with a Tamil name is posting misinformation and lies

      • 1
        0

        Kandyan kingdom extended in the east only up to Mahaveli river. Trincomalee district north of Mahaveli was under Jaffna kingdom. When Portuguese captured Jaffna kingdom this region fell into their rule. This is the reason why when Robert Knox landed in Trincomalee, nothing happened to him, and only when he crossed Mahaveli river into Mutur, which was under Kandyan kingdom, he was captured by Kandyan guards and taken before the king. However Trincomalee was under Anuradhapura kingdom once which subsequently came under Jaffna rule and remained so till the Portuguese conquest. Also northern parts of Anuradhapura district and parts of Puttalam district north of Deduru Oya were under Jaffna rule. This part of Puttalam district was known as Demala Hatpattu in Anuradhapura kingdom which subsequently came under Jaffna rule. Parts of eastern province south of Mahaveli river though being under Kandyan kingdom belong to Tamilised descendants of Veddhas and not to Sinhalese. An ancient seat of rule by Veddhas has been discovered in Kathiraveli proving that it is their ancestral property. Also first inhabitants of this province are Tamils as evidenced by several 2000 year old stone inscriptions which have been unearthed. In contrast no stone inscriptions in Sinhala has been unearthed in eastern province. Buddhist temples in eastern province belonged to Tamil Buddhist who had later converted back to Hinduism. Tamils have correctly made their claim for the homeland based on Archaeological proof which can be further established in the future with modern technology. Did you hear about a book launched this month in Colombo which gives in detail over 100 Hindu temples and 400 Tamil villages lying buried around Anuradhapura. Will the government allow Tamils to conduct excavation and resurrect them.

      • 0
        0

        The ruled all the coastal areas including Trincomalee and the rest of the east. For your information Trincomallee north of the Maheveli river was part of the Tamil Jaffna kingdom and never part of the Kandyan kingdom ( this is most of the present day Trincomalee district) and the rest of the east was rule by Tamil Vannimai chieftains who at times came under the loose control of the Kandyan kings who at that time were Tamil speaking Nayakars from Madurai and Thanjavur. To the Tamils of the east , these kings were Tamil Hindus and not Sinhalese Buddhist. These areas were never part of the Kandyan kingdom proper. The court language of the Kandyan kingdom was Sinhalese as well as Tamil as the king and many of the Kandyan aristocrats were Tamil speakers. Now many of the descendants of these Tamil Naickers from Madurai/Thanavur are beating the anti Tamil drum. There were also many Tamil areas in the Kandyan kingdom proper( not the east). Ever heard of the Demalapattuwa along the north west parts of the Kandyan kingdom . In Harrispattuwa many of the population were openly flying the Tamil Chola Tiger flag as these people were then Tamils. Please get you history correct anti Tamil Taraki with a Tamil name Tarakai meaning star.

  • 3
    2

    All five countries called “FIVE EYES” are the same. They simply brutalized the natives and destroyed the world and that is continued even to date. they have used ingenious methods. Internet had some brutal treatment of strong native individuals by very arrogant Australian police, just beating them in the most inhuman ways and breaking their backbones. UN talk about children’s laws. Yet they can incarcerate children as young as 11 or 12 years old without releasing. How do they use resources including animals and even weak human or human societies. but for others human rights, transparency, amnesty international and many different NGOs such as borders without like to anything available for money to the church.

    • 3
      3

      And yet cultured and highly educated Sri Lankan geniuses are trying by sea, air, land legally and illegally by hook or crook to get in to barbaric unprincipled uncultured so called “FIVE EYES” countries by hordes. Mainly in the last 10 years to fill the very prominent and highly paid professions as kitchen hands, Dish washers’ waiters,supermarket workers, taxi drivers, hotel bell boys, cleaners ( including toilets that once was beneath proud Sinhalese), Service service attendance, Car wash attendance to name a few.
      Question is ingenious methods still working? or Sri Lankan’s are too dumb to realize the evils of “FIVE EYES” or the fact 50 years after independence under native rule Sri Lanka has now become planets Utopia and the natives had enough of the Good Life and now want to experience the poverty in the West. Or the realty is “Baggers cant be Choosers”

  • 6
    1

    The Australians may try hard to be egalitarian but they keep out the aborigines. The very existence of Western culture which is what attracts migrants from Sri Lanka and elsewhere is destructive of the aborigines who drink away the dole given to them and sink into greater despair. Forgetting the fact that the whole unique aboriginal race in Tasmania was wiped out by the whites-representing the only total genocide of a race- aboriginals still suffer in Australia. All the good thins that Lionel says about Australia are negated by the mistreatment of the aborigines. Many still die in police cells. It is the shame of Australia.

  • 4
    1

    Dr. Lionel Bopage: I wish you would have had this “INTELLIGENCE” and “COMMON SENSE” you are ADVOCATING now from a far off land in comforts, in the years before 1971 and until you left our land. It is at least comfortable for us to notice how you see things “Differently” and that CHANGE you have gladly adopted for yourself and the family. Very sorry for reminding that “YEAR 1971” and hope it will not bring back to memory of those DARK DAYS, MONTHS and YEARS. May you be SHOWERED with Joy and Happiness.

  • 8
    0

    Australia is a lucky country to attract such high powered thinkers like Bopage and Shyamon Jayasinghe .Their ideas will enrich that continent.

    Why did these people leave Sri Lanka, and did not come back even with the Yahapalanaya government .

    • 3
      1

      Bopage seem to have forgotten the Aborigines who suffered a lot in the hands of the whites though may have been reduced considerably now. May be Bopage cannot comment as he is not an original citizen of Australia. For that matter even the whites are not.

    • 0
      0

      This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 2
    4

    Vanakkam.

    As a fellow Melbournian and on behalf of all Tamils I salute comrade Lionel and his most beautiful wife Chitra for actively promoting Tamil Self Determination in Sri Lanka (separate country Tamil country carved out of Sri Lanka). Thank you very much for both of you.

  • 4
    2

    Read CT of 27 January ~ “Cabinet Sleeps On National Audit Bill Despite More Than 100 Requests For Action: President”
    It is claimed that between 2004 and 2014 Rs 1 Trillion of foreign loans and grants have gone down the gurgler.
    Aus also has gurglers but this size?

  • 3
    0

    Tell me Mr. Bopage, if the total population of Australia were to ship to Tasmania and added three major religions and two languages for good measure, will the Aussies fare as your brethren in Sri Lanka?

  • 1
    3

    The Bopages (Lionel and Chitra) are living in extreme luxury in Australia in posh bungalows with BMW cars. Now they try to teach us about Australian values. Sri Lanka is not Australia. We are not perfect but we are proud of what we’ve got.

    • 1
      0

      Nalini Hemalatha ~ “……….we are proud of what we’ve got………….”.
      We have had corrupt regimes after corrupt regimes. Are you in denial or are you proud in spite of this or because of this?
      PS: The Bopage residence is quite ordinary.

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 0
    0

    I am confused – the writer states “Sri Lanka was a Portuguese colony since 1505”; this implies his belief that we are still such a colony!

  • 0
    0

    Nalini Hemalatha is right; one cannot compare Australia with Sri Lanka. The two countries are totally poles apart.

  • 0
    0

    dear mr pillai
    I have seen their Melbourne home in greater dandenong. A palatial house. What about the 2 bmw cars, for a diehard revolutionary?

  • 0
    1

    Sri Lankan lost thousands of youth in 1971 April 5th and 1988/89/90 by political vandalism of JVP ?
    No accountability and responsibility that undertaken by any of JVP leading cadres since up to now?
    The lost of lives JVP rebellion are non -valued and ignored by rebel leaders who are enjoy their life inside and outside of an Island?
    Certain that ex-JVP’s leading and non-leading carders has changes of political parties by Change into UNP and SLFP’s
    That is a tragedy of politics anarchism of JVP?

  • 0
    0

    W Milton,

    The leaders who masterminded the 1971 insurrection; aftermath, all led super luxury lives including late Rohana Wijeweera. Some say he drank top scotch whiskey and acted as an Estate Supirintendent.

    Their (1971 jvp leaders) brand of socialism was name sake only.

    It was a peaceful country until 1971; we did not know what terrorism was about. May be LTTE learnt about terrorism from them.

  • 0
    0

    One needs to be very careful of revolutionaries, as they are real hypocrits. Unlike the capitalist, when opportunity comes to become rich they resort to all forms of corruption.

  • 0
    0

    Mr. Bopage, What are first nations? This is something the colonial masters and colonial anthropologists defined and described. One has to be in the woods living primitively to be first nations or what? You are concerned about the rights of the first nations of Australia, but have a twisted western made idea about first nations/indigenous peoples of Sri Lanka. The Veddas are the aborigines of Srilanka, there is no question about that. Next to the Veddas are the Sinhalese whose original and only home is this island, who in all definition of the word are indigenous to this island and make up together with the Veddas the first nations/indigenous population of this island.
     
    Whatever anybody says, Tamils are not an indigenous population of Srilanka. A few centuries prior to the British taking away Australia from the aborigines, the Tamils brutally took away parts of this island from Sinhalese. I think that you being hypocritical when you support the Tamil separatists but criticize the whites in Australia – if you used the same set of arguments and values you use to justify the Tamil separatists you should be supporting the white colonizers. What the Tamils are doing in Srilanka is worse than what the whites have done in Australia, since the Tamils donot only want land here, they also want the Sinhalese history and historical cultural heritage (Ref.-Tamil nonsense claims about Sinhalese kings being Tamil etc) and the Tamils even claim that they are the aborigines of Srilanka and Veddas are also Tamils!! Atleast the whites in Australia are not saying that they came first to Australia. Although the whites in USA have started claiming that they came first and the native Indians have killed the whites!!! This is how funny it gets with the Tamil claims too.

  • 0
    0

    Please remember Mr. Bopage that if not for the Sinhalese fighting the British, Sri Lanka would have been colonized by the British somewhat like Australia. It was only after the 1848 rebellion the British dropped their idea/plan that they can make at least the hill country into a mini England. Instead they took away land from the Sinhalese and made the hill country into more or less a huge tea plantation and brought millions of Tamils to pick the tea, which was also a form of colonization. Many Sinhalese were displaced and lost their livelihood, while the British virtually plundered this island for a good century, using almost forced labour from the innocent Tamils who were brought here. The tea plantations are creating financial, social and environmental problems today, while the anti-Sinhalese Tamils and westerners want us to believe that the British had done us a favour! When the British left, it was time for the international financial system with the vulture capitalism it serves to step in and take care that the plunder the British started never stops.

  • 0
    0

    Sankaralingam,
    There are absolutely no Tamil stone inscriptions from 2000 years ago in this island. Tamilnadu on the hand has thousands of Tamil inscriptions on stones called hero stones. If there are any Tamil inscriptions found in this island which is that old, they are on potsherds or coins, left by Tamil traders or soldiers or invaders. All inscriptions are in Sinhala Brahmi and then Sinhala script, until the Chola period. The political and historical geography of this region is very well established and proven by the Tamil literature itself, where the Tamil country is well defined with its southern border at Cape Comorin and this island the country or island of the Sinhalese. So whatever archaeological artifacts found anywhere will have to be interpreted in respect to this well accepted political geography, and not the other way around where finding an ancient Tamil coin from 200 BC in Akurugoda is taken to mean that the Tamils have been living in Akurugoda since 2200 years ago. The Tamil language was not even properly differentiated from other Dravidian languages at that time, many linguists (Eg. Krishamurti, Andronov, Schiffman, Zvelebil) call Tamil from 200 BC as proto-Tamil, and you most certainly would not understand that Tamil, as it is almost unrecognisably different from modern Tamil. Please also note that the Plantation Tamils will also have the exact same relationship to any ancient Tamil artifacts found here and no ancient artifact or technology is ever going to prove that the Tamils are indigenous to anywhere else than to Tamilnadu.
     
    P.S.
    What is this book you keep asking whether we have heard about? Why don’t you say what book it is without asking whether we have heard about a book launched in Colombo?

    • 0
      0

      Punchi Point with punchi brain

      Sitting on your brain and living in a deep well since your birth without outside experience will not help you to understand things as they are. Things are very simple yet complicated depending on who is trying to figure it out.

      Please read:

      Tamils have valid claim for homeland Prof. Pathmanathan
      2017-03-29
      An interview with Emeritus Professor of History S. Pathmanathan.

      http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Tamils-have-valid-claim-for-homeland
      -Prof-Pathmanathan-126359.html

      FYI Dr K Indrapala’s thesis expired on the day he published it.
      Could you tell us the approximate period of the earliest Sinhala inscription.

      By the way tell us as to why did Munidasa Cumaratunga and his Hela Movement went on to purify the Sinhala language and why did his campaign fail. Don’t bother if you haven’t got the answer. Go hide yourself somewhere convenient and come back again thinking that we had forgotten you.
      This is not the first time you have raised these questions and for which readers have adequately replied many time over in the past.

    • 0
      0

      Punchi point, by the way which point of yours is punchi. Your core genetic material is south Indian, you are not genetically connected to Veddhas, your ancestors spoke the same or similar language to the natives when they arrived in Srilanka, and that was not Sinhala, Srilanka civilisation is not 2500 years as mentioned by you but over 10,000 years and that has nothing to do with Sinhala or Buddhism, then how the hell are you claiming to be the sole owners and rulers of the island, unless you are an abject racist. Both catholic karawa people in western coast and salagama people were brought within 500 years ago by Portuguese. Several Tamils who came to join armies of Sinhala kings have been assimilated as Sinhalese. Your statement that Tamils ethnically cleansed Sinhalese from north and east is a blatant lie as nothing such has been recorded in history written by Sinhalese. Settikulam finding of a 10,000 year civilisation is only the tip of the iceberg. If Tamils are allowed to do archaeological surveys by government providing funds and modern equipment, they can prove their existence as pottery and urn burials similar to those found in Tamil Nadu has been unearthed in northern and north-western parts of the island.

  • 0
    0

    It is the Tamils who have invaded the Sinhalese island and ethnic cleansed the Sinhalese and taken possession of the north and parts of the east. Now the Tamils are accusing the innocent Sinhalese people of all sorts of crimes.
     
    There was never ever a legitimate Tamil kingdom in this island. The socalled Jaffna kingdom was nothing but a Pandyan occupation which began in the 13th century and morphed into a sort of independant settlement after the fall of the Pandyans. It is therefore IRRELEVANT what part of Srilanka was under the socalled Jaffna kingdom. If the Portuguese came a couple of centuries before 1505 they would have found only Sinhalese kingdoms and if the Portuguese didn’t come the Sinhalese would have fought the Tamil squatters and sent them back to Tamilnadu, but instead the Sinhalese had to fight the Portuguese. The Portuguese called the island Ceilao (pronounced Silao) which is a corruption of the Chinese name for Sinhaladipa and the Portuguese or any other foreigners never regarded the Tamils as native people of this island.
     
    The ethnic cleansing of the Sinhalese from Jaffna is narrated in the Tamil document Yalpana Vaipava Malai and corroborated by the Portuguese:
    After the massacre of the Christians Sankili’s insane fury longed for more victims and he fell upon the Buddhists of Jaffna who were all Sinhalese. He expelled them beyond the limits of the country and destroyed their numerous places of worship. Most of them betook themselves to the Vannis and the Kandyan territories.
     
    Tamils are the only ones known for ethnic cleansing – as late as 1990 Tamils ethnic cleansed the Muslims from Jaffna.

    • 0
      0

      Punchi Point

      “It is the Tamils who have invaded the Sinhalese island and ethnic cleansed the Sinhalese and taken possession of the north and parts of the east.”

      If the Tamils ethnically cleansed Sinhalese it appears they hadn’t done a good job. If true how did the present day Sinhalese/Buddhists population exploded into 15 million? If not for the conversion of those invading kallathonies from south India into Christianity and then to Sinhala/Buddhism there would have been few hundred left in this island. You cannot have both at the same time, on the one hand you pathetically claim being ethnically cleansed by the invaders and the on other you have had population explosion which had increased your population into million. How was it possible? Perhaps divine intervention?

      Do you think you are clever in posing you believe them to be difficult question?

      Why not read up some research papers on DNA, Genetics, ….. history?
      Well we expect some reference material to your typing. Myths and what is in your head do not make good history.
      When you let garbage in you also tend to let garbage out.

  • 0
    1

    There were no Nayakas anywhere who were Tamils. All Nayakas were Telugus who had settled in Tamilnadu around the 16th century. They were considered as foreigners in Tamil Nadu, how can they suddenly be Tamils when they came here? The Nayaka came into power in Kandy when king Narendrasinghe adopted his wife’s brother as his own son and heir to the throne. Nayaka rule was not anything else than Sinhalese rule. The Nayaka kings were brought up as Sinhalese princes in the Sinhalese court, educated in the Sinhaelse language and literature and the Sinhalese way of life by the Sinhalese theras and pandits and they ruled as Sinhalese kings, even abandoning their own Nayaka names and taking up Sinhalese throne names. They signed and stamped their official documents in Sinhalese using the Sinhalese Shri ශ්‍රි sign. All four of the Nayaka kings patronized the Sinhalese language and culture and religion. King Rajadi Rajasingha the third Nayaka king was an accomplished poet and writer and has written a substantial amount of literature in Sinhalese including the Asadisa Da Kava. It is plain and pure dumb of the SL-Tamils to try to claim that the SL-Tamils had anything to with the rule of the Kandyan kingdom by claiming that these kings were Tamils. Please also note that there were hardly any Tamils in the hill country, which was a relatively homogeneous area where the Sinhalese lived.

    • 0
      1

      Punchi Point and Punchi Brain

      If Sinhalese were the original unpolluted pure Aryan race how come the women are wearing screes, the saffronistas are too wearing sarees too, prith is being chanted in Pali a foreign language, almost all male female names sound foreign, alphabets appear similar to South Indian, …… ?

  • 1
    0

    This is a joke. This wannabe Vedda cannot write a single post without resorting to personal attacks and name calling. This Tamil man is allowed to spit his anti-Sinhalese venom, and abuse the Veddas day in and day out. He is calling commentators all sorts of names. This is nothing but hate speech and is therefore cybercrime. Somebody at CT please do something about this, before Google penalize Colombo Telegraph and stop indexing your site. This kind of abuse and mockery of indigenous people is illegal according to the new legislature the UN just passed and is considered cybercrime.
     
    This Tamil is pretending to be a Vedda and breaking every rule in human decency by insulting and mocking the Veddas the aborigines of this island, and misusing the Veddas to promote his disgusting hateful anti-Sinhalese propaganda. His hateful mind is so messed up that he cannot understand that this very article is about the rights and feelings of the aborigines and he is violating the Veddas rights and insulting and mocking them.

    • 0
      0

      Punchi Point and Punchi Brain

      Seriously why do you lie?

      “This wannabe Vedda cannot write a single post without resorting to personal attacks and name calling.”

      Bigots, liars, myth makers, racists, story tellers believe what they type who are deserved to be challenged and attacked wherever necessary.

      “This is a joke. “

      Then laugh, why mourn?

      • 1
        0

        Well Wannabe Vedda, You do not have the intelligence to write what you mean, without resorting to personal attacks and insults. I do not read your posts, because the few posts I have read did not make any sense. You do not have the slightest respect for anything, your username says it all. You have ABSOLUTELY NO RIGHT to misuse the Veddas in this appalling way. Each and every post you post calling yourself a Vedda is also an attack and abuse of the Veddas.

        • 0
          0

          Punchi point with punchi brain

          “You have ABSOLUTELY NO RIGHT to misuse the Veddas in this appalling way.”

          Have you patented all names yourself in order to bar others using them? Doesn’t it show how stupid you are.

          “You do not have the intelligence to write what you mean, without resorting to personal attacks and insults. “

          Because you deserve it. Only the people who possess some gray matter understand what I write and what I mean.

          ” I do not read your posts, because the few posts I have read did not make any sense.”

          Thanks, is there any compulsion for you to read my comments? You just ignore me and type whatever comes to your mind, mostly myth, lies, and fantastic stories.

  • 0
    0

    What are the references you want? Name them so I can give them.
     
    Pathmanadan needs to stop lying and also he needs a lesson on basic linguistics and languages. Prakrit is nothing but a term used by ancient grammarians for the different vernacular dialects of Indo Aryan languages and picked up by modern linguists who have used the term to denote ancient forms of the present day IA vernaculars. There is no language called “the Prakrit language”. All Indo Aryan vernaculars are prakrits. The language of all Brahmi inscriptions on rocks and caves in Sri Lanka are in Sinhala of those times, named by linguists and historians as Sinhalese Prakrit or Old Sinhalese and more recently as Sri Lankan Prakrit or insular Prakrit. Whatever you call the language it doesn’t make any difference at all, as it is the same language and the descendants of the people who wrote those Brahmi inscriptions, today speak Sinhala, as Pathmanadan himself goes on to confirm, when he says “The Sinhala language developed from the Prakrit language of the earliest inscriptions”. So what more references do you want when your own reference confirms what I have said.
     
    The oldest Brahmi inscriptions found anywhere are Sinhala Brahmi inscriptions from Anuradhapura from 490 BC (Conningham has dated them to 490 BC, while Deraniyagala has dated to 600 BC).
     
    Also another false understanding Pathmanathan has is that he thinks that there are inscriptions in Vedic Sanskrit and prakrit inscriptions came later, which is totally wrong. There are no ancient inscriptions in Vedic Sanskrit as Pathmanathan states, and the first Sanskrit inscriptions are from about 2nd-3rd century AD, while inscriptions in the different prakrits are from pre-Christian times (ref. Ashokan inscriptions and ofcourse the Sinhalese prakrit inscriptions).

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 300 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically shut off on articles after 10 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.