24 September, 2018

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Sri Lanka: How Much Does Corruption Cost The Citizen?

By Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

The common refrain of supporters of an all powerful unchallengeable Executive Presidency (EP) has been: “What does the common man care about abolishing EP; all he/she is concerned about is the cost of living, children’s schooling; decent housing”. Sycophants chant: “SI-CC talk against EP is a game played by the Colombo elite. The farmer, the fisherman and the city worker take no notice”. The truth however is that the EP-perfidy costs Punchi Banda in the village and Sarath Bass in the city a load of money. Secondly, the abuses perpetrated by UPFA politicos, enjoying impunity thanks to EP, despoil the quality of ordinary people’s lives. Corruption at the highest levels and impunity in the abuse of power are hard to separate from the exercise of absolute executive power. The deficit in public appreciation of this connection has to be blamed on us the promoters of the abolish-EP campaign; we have not done enough to explain the extent and seriousness of these distortions in simple words to the public.

This piece examines the cost per household of some examples of mega-scale corruption that unchallengeable power facilitates. It needs to be followed by studies of other mega-scale blunders (Mihin, Mattala, Hambantota Port and Stadium). Thousands of occurrences of everyday-scale localised corruption and power abuse also warrant study from the perspective of the harm done to ordinary families. The pernicious effects of EP are not confined to an onslaught on democratic and human rights or violation of constitution and law, but also hit the average family in the stomach.

Highway robbery – hora ne?

Highway robbery – hora ne?

This article makes use of studies by CoPE summarised by Moramudali & Imtiaz (“47 Public Enterprises make losses amounting to Rs 450 billion” in Ceylon Today), Sivaguru Ganesan (“Corruption in Sri Lanka”) and Mormudali & Jayakody (“Yippee on the Highway”). A web search will throw up much material; TL Guneruwan, Amal Amarasinghe, Harsha de Silva and others. Data is copious but it has to be broken down and presented to explain how EP hits everyone’s stomach and wrecks the roof over every family’s head.

To get a perspective we have to compare the costs of corruption with average household income – Household Income & Expenditure Survey of the Census & Statistics Department. In 2012-2013 the average income of a person in the Western Province (highest) was Rs 196,000, Southern Rs 133,000 and Eastern Rs 82,000. For the purposes of this essay I intend to use Rs 144,000 per year, that is Rs 12,000 per month, as the average income per person. Assuming a household consists of four persons we can keep in the back of our mind, Rs 48,000 (say Rs 50,000), as the monthly income of an average household.

State Enterprises and Petroleum Products

The Committee on Public Enterprises (CoPE) tabled its report on 6 August and put the losses of 47 public enterprises in the period July 2013 to June 2014 at a staggering Rs 450 billion; that is according to the Moramudali & Imtiaz summary. I am fairly sure that M&I have screwed up the CoPE data (a request to Ceylon Today to confirm accuracy elicited no response). The Rs 450 billion number I suspect refers to three years not six months; still it boggles the imagination. By way of comparison, the gross revenue of government for the four months January to April 2014 was only Rs 345 billion! Rs 450 billion per 6-month period is about Rs 21,500 per person per six months and equivalent to Rs 172, 000 per year for a four-member household. Compare this with the average household income of Rs 50,000 a month. If M&I have mucked up their arithmetic and the Rs 450 billion refers to three years losses, then the Rs 172, 000 has to be amended to Rs 28, 700 per household per year; still a large number.

No plane, no passenger, have Mattala, who pay?

No plane, no passenger, have Mattala, who pay?

Of course not all these losses are eaten up in corrupt practices; a significant portion is subsidies or concealed subsidies fed back to the public. If for example the electricity tariff on a class of consumers is below the fair cost of production, leaving aside CEB bungling, then it is actually a subsidy. Furthermore, even though most losses after filtering subsidies are attributable to theft and corporate incompetence, only part can be blamed on impunity, protectionism and rotten appointments for which the executive is directly responsible. Notwithstanding such allowances, the bottom line stands: The Executive Presidency costs Punchi Banda and Sarath Bass tens of thousands each year due to graft and mismanagement attributable to its actions and omissions in the state sector.

The launch of Power and Power on August 5th was quite a coming-out ceremony for Champika Ranawaka’s presidential ambitions though not necessarily at the very next outing. A slide in Ranawake’s presentation struck me. Unless I misunderstood, Ranawaka said the monies recovered from the public at the pump via the sale of petrol, diesel and kerosene exceeded the all inclusive costs (oil price, transport, technical costs of processing) by a staggering Rs 106 billion in 2013. I rubbed my eyes but that was what I thought I saw on the screen. Since Ranawaka is a cabinet minister let’s go with the figure. A back of the envelope calculation shows that if this is correct about Rs 20,000 per annum is pocketed by the state from the average household (fluctuates year by year). And as Ranawaka points out there is no transparency in energy accounting and no energy policy in this country.

Where do these super-profits go? The suggestion is part high level robbery, part corporate corruption and part state revenue to underwrite bad governance. Does the Executive Presidency have a bearing? Yes directly and indirectly; directly by providing cover for undesirables in high places, which would be more difficult to do in the absence of absolute power; indirectly by creating a culture where public inquiry and intervention are prohibited. A team of MPs were unceremoniously booted out when they visited the CPC refinery on a fact-finding mission; another team was taken hostage by government goons at the Railway Department on August 11. Thuggery trumps transparency thanks to EP!

Highway Robbery

Ranawaka, if he has guts, would take on the Highways Ministry not power and petroleum, but understandably he can’t infuriate his boss and lose his job. Construction cost data for five major highways taken from the references that I cited above, are as follows.

Southern Expressway, 157 km, Rs 235 billion (Rs 1.5 billion per km)

Katunayake Expressway, 26 km, Rs 47 billion (Rs 1.8 billion per km)

Colombo Outer Circular Highway

Kotawa-Kaduwala, 11 km, Rs 30 billion (Rs 2.7 billion per km)

Kaduwala-Kadawatha, 10 km, estimate Rs 50 billion (Rs 5 billion per km)

Kadawatha-Kerawalpitiya, 9 km, estimate Rs 63 billion (Rs 7 billion per km).

Highway construction costs the world over vary with terrain, number of lanes, bridges and flyovers. Hence, globally, costs per km have varied between Rs 250 million and Rs 400 million. Lankan prices exceed this range by a factor of 6 to 20! This price explosion is inexplicable except by using a multi-layered-graft thesis, meaning; (a) the lender, say a Chinese or Japanese bank, creams of 100% – that is 1-unit of the 6 to 20, (b) another 100% is deposited overseas by the lender for the local kingpin – that is one more unit, (c) projects are awarded to say a Chinese contractor sans competitive bidding and the price escalates, that’s another unit, (d) sheer project mismanagement, design inadequacy and affixing of rates after the job is done is one unit, and (e) local materials suppliers (hangers-on of political powers at the national or local level) cream off 100% above competitive procurement prices. This five-unit hypothesis is stylised to illustrate how cost overruns of an order of magnitude can occur.

The highway projects enumerated above add up to Rs 425 billion. Apart from pointing out that the prices are shocking I am not in a position to say how much should be demarcated as graft and bungling. Every Rs 105 billion marked as robbery or bungling amounts to Rs 20,000 stolen from the average 4-member household; that is 40% of a month’s income is robbed from every household.

High-rises for local and foreign elite

One of the references I cited describes a hypothetical example. I would rather say typical not hypothetical because I can see in my mind’s eye the two projects the writer had in mind.

Project A: Four acre (640 perch) central waterfront in prime location for hotel cum office development. The realistic competitive price of the land if a proper auction was conducted is Rs 15 million per perch. Hence it should fetch Rs 9.60 billion, but if the price paid by the developer is Rs 6 million per perch the income to the state is Rs 3.84 billion and the loss to the public purse Rs. 5.76 billion.

Project B: Six acre (960 perch) urban slum in a central location for office and commercial development. The realistic competitive price is Rs 10 million per perch but 20% has to be set aside for slum clearance and compensation. Hence it should fetch Rs 7.68 billion; but if the price paid by the developer is Rs 5 million per perch the income to the state is Rs 5.76 billion and the loss to the public purse Rs 1.92 billion.

The hypothetical loss on the two projects, at moment of sale, is nearly Rs 7.7 billion. These illegitimate proceeds are shared by the developer who underpays, and those in authority who win a gratuity from the developer for steering the deal through the state system. Add to the illegitimate Rs 7.7 billion, the present-value of interest assuming it remains steady at 2% above the inflation, and consider a 30 year period. Then the total present value, including future interest, of this robbery is Rs 14 billion.

It is possible to go on for pages; I have only skimmed the surface of financial corruption and not touched on damage done to the lives and psyche of ordinary folk by cosseted drug lords, school-teachers kneeling before ruling party politicos, dead bodies in wells and much else. The bottom line always is: Such things are aggravated by absolute power, and it is not the elite but the farmer in the village and the city worker who caries the burden.

Let me address one last matter before closing. Foreign direct investment expected in 2013 was $ 2 billion but there was a shortfall of $ 610 million. The business community says the reason is breakdown in the rule of law – for reasons that are obvious enough. Now if Rs 1 million creates one job then the jobs-not-created due to this decline in FDI is about 800,000 per year. A large annual shortfall in employment creation by local capitalists and foreign investors will persist for so long as this misbegotten authoritarian system drags on. Punchi Banda and Sarath Bass’ children too will pay the price. What a shame!

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  • 5
    1

    In few words 90% of Rajapakse corruption do cost citizen. The few that live on commissions and other profits dont invest in SL. All these men belong to Rajapakshe clans. God should finally see it clearly and punish these goons for their abuses ia what over 70% of the nation would feel today… being unable to bear the sky rocketed price hikes of the daily essentials. I really wonder how many of the poor can afford a tea with milk today.

    • 3
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      Kumar David –

      Sri Lanka: How Much Does Corruption Cost The Citizen?

      Here are some answers. Also Listen to the Video-Bring Down the cost of living.

      An attempt to deceive masses in Uva
      SATURDAY, 16 AUGUST 2014 20:09 0 COMMENTS

      http://www.lankatruth.com/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7427:an-attempt-to-deceive-masses-in-uva&catid=36:top-stories&Itemid=124

      A secret survey carried out in Uva Province by the government, while various equipments and food stuffs are distributed among people illegally, reveals that a severe opposition has developed against Rajapaksa regime.

      The government that has realized through this survey that it would definitely encounter a defeat at the Uva PC election is planning to win the election by hook or by crook reveal internal sources of the government.

      In addition to distributing equipment and food stuff illegally the government is planning to bring down prices of several essential commodities just before the election. The plan is to win people’s favour to win the election.

      The prices of milk powder, sugar, gas, fuel, wheat flour are to be brought down as an election gimmick. The government, despite the prices of milk powder had gone down in the world market did not give the advantage of this decrease in prices to the masses. Massive agitations were held by people demanding the government to bring down the prices of essential commodities which the government chose to ignore.

      The price of crude oil in the market has come down to US$95 a barrel but the masses were never given the advantage of this decrease in price of fuel due to fraud, corruption and wasteful spending by the government.

      The government that burdened the people with heavy taxes is attempting to suppress people’s opposition temporarily by carrying out an artificial decrease in prices point out political analysts.

      • 1
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        Despite Blatant Lies By The Regime; Why People Still Choose To Elect Them?…….

        Because, the Gobbasenas (Rajapakse gang of thieves) will bring disaster sooner than later, in fast track motion. Soon, it will all be over. Mahinda is playing with fire that has burnt world powers….

        Mahinda’s open double games playing with each and everyone will soon be over. Playing with China & Russia and then having secret dealings with the sworn enemies of the Russians and Chinese -the ZIONISTAS (US,EU & AUSTRALIA) designed to destabilise RUSSIA.

        Then Signalling the ZIONISTAS that he’s a sworn enemy of ISLAM by deploying Pigs by the name BBS/RAVANA/RAVAYA under the tutelage of Mental retard Chapuka Ranahooker of JHU etc., to attack the Muslims/Islam and then going to a PALESTINIAN camp to suggest that he’s still the “Friend” of Palestinians…and offering robbed money as fund to the Gaza….(LOL).

        Russia the emerging Ultra Super Power is planning to bust the Israeli Zionst backed grand plan in a few months time. ZIONISTAS downed a Malaysian Airline by the UKRAINIAN-Zionista to fix the blame on Russia to warn the Muslims that Russia is a danger to the Muslim world….which is not….are all future conflict dramas which is unfolding before our very eyes.

        Mahinda the Gobbasena might have thought that he is in the right coaliation to save his ass from War Crimes by openly supporting the Zionistas through his back-Lick Sinhala Only Mafiosis.

        Zionistas are heading for a disastrous WWIII by destroying remaining Arab lands and expanding the ZION and grabbing the OIL reserves and then will choke the world from its oil supplies leading to all out war everywhere. It is then the Gobbastan leader Mahinda (backed by the yellow robed sick fellas) will realize to what kind of shit that they have got into. By that time, Colombo might be burning with Nuclear bombs sent by the Russian/Chinese coalition and also by US/Israeli evil axis for playing double game by DOUBLE GAME MAHINDA.

        Its a God sent blessing of the plan that his Mass Murderer Bro., Gobbasena Gotabhaya trying to do a JOZEF STALIN by sending off all the minorities from Colombo and then establish a pure Sinhala Only Gobba City as dreamed by the JHU (excema infested dogs) of the Sinhala Only Piggy project. This will be an ideal opportunity for the powers to bomb Colombo full of Sinhala Smutt head Buddhists like what happened to HIROSHIMA & NAGASAKI (the 100% Buddhist cities the US/Jewish scientists never hesitated to bomb). When that happens the world can feel relieved of the destruction of the Anti-Humanity SINHALA ONLY CITY.

        Let the world know that in the history of mankind MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE is one of those stupid swines who has lent his hand in the destruction of the Humans in vast numbers through his own power hungry and then due to the fear of saving himself from the wrath of the ZIONISTAS for his past killings of humanity on the altar of HRC Tribunals. In whichever way, Gobbastan Mahinda is on the losing side.

        Gobba Gota, BBS, JHU, Champika Ranawaka and the entire Sinhala Buddhist Sinhala Only fraternity supports Israel….Because, Anagarika, Olcott, Blavatsky designed the future in such a way that the Gooba Sinhala Only will be fighting endless wars with all the people living in this shit land over imagined enemy, blood letting and self destructing each other. THE PLAN WORKS VERY WELL INTO THE 21st Century.

        DO YOU KNOW WHY the sinhala only creeps want to support Zionists and to destroy Islam/Muslims???…watch the following videos below to know and do your home work by yourself….

        DARK DAYS ARE COMING TO THE WORLD…and surely Mahinda Rajapakse will get caught in many fires coming from many directions with the world conflicts and soon his body will be lying on the streets once the people discover the truth, the destruction he caused to the land and as result people’s anger and rage over his stupidity….

        Just watch the video (I accidentally found very prophetic) for more info:

        BRICS Breaking The Jewish Money Power
        by Brother Nathanael
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHpZIJ2c0A8

        Can The Jews Stop Putin?
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Xt5IQrC5ZE

        Exposed! Brother Nathanael names who owns the media -what we have suspected all along http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMvE0B976BU

        Did Israel’s Mossad Do 9/11?
        Brother Nathanael theory
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mC_wryOJhmo

        Role Of Russia & China In Changing The World Order
        By Sheikh Imran Hosein
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-ioeVuK7Uo

        Sheikh Imran Hosein 2014 Islam, Russia, Ukraine and Alliance with Rum Rome http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUzHQy54DdM

    • 1
      1

      Kumar David –

      Sign the Petition

      http://www.change.org/petitions/stop-the-extreme-bodu-bala-sena?share_id=VaJYgqhLtg&utm_campaign=autopublish&utm_medium=facebook&utm_source=share_petition

      Stop the extreme Bodu Bala Sena and other groups who ignite the religious hatred, mob attacks, enmity and violent oppressions against Muslims and other political minorities in Srilanka

      This petition aims to gather opposition to the extremist Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) organisation in Sri Lanka. Its general secretary Galagodaaththe Gnanasara Thero, along with other members, continues to violate the religious rights of minorities via their hatred propaganda and violent activities with the indirect support of state ruling regime.
      We appeal to all human rights activists, organisations and individuals to demand immediate action on the issue.
      Since the so-called end of the civil war in May 2009 in Sri Lanka, BBS Buddhist chauvinist monks have turned their attention to religious minorities provoking and perpetrating physical harm against Muslims, mosques, historical graveyards, Christian churches, and Hindu temples. But the Sri Lankan authorities remain silence eventhough there has been proper complaints made.
      Most ordinary people, including some Buddhist monks, have started to oppose Bodu Bala Sena. This is especially the case since BBS’s violent attack on a press meeting organised by Jathika Bala Sena (JBS) – another group of Buddhist monks that promotes peace and co-existence in the country and opposes BBS.
      The JBS general secretary, Watareka Vijitha Thero, was stopped and threatened violently in front of the state media. BBS forced him to make a public apology for attempting to speak out to the media against religious oppression and for defending the rights of people to all religious beliefs, including of Muslims, rather than promoting Sri Lanka as a Buddhist-only state.

      More than 350 listed incidents of violence have taken place in the last few years, including 4 deaths and serious injuries to Sri Lankan Muslims and their religious practices. This takes place under the mask of a disgraceful Buddhist ‘cleansing of Sri Lanka’ – propagated by the extreme BBS group.

      The security forces and the authorities are remain silent and encourage Bodu Bala Sena indirectly. But despite religious, ethnic, and racial differences the majority are opposed to this violent attack and propaganda against the Muslim community.

      This attack is an attack on democratic rights in general.

      All forms of hatred, violence against religious and other minorities and attacks on democratic rights must be opposed.

      We demand that:
      1. Attacks of all kind on the Muslim community must be stopped immediately

      2. We defend the right and support the building of multi-ethnic democratic defence bodies against the mob attacks provoked and perpetrated by the BBS. We also need defence against state repression, especially in the areas where Muslim communities live

      3. The right of an individual to practice any religion or none must be respected, with protection for minority rights in all areas

      4. Independent justice investigation to be formed via Sri Lankan parliament to bring the terrorists before the Law.

      5. Hate campaigners and Mobs involved in violence including Galagodaaththe Gnanasara Thero must be arrested under Prevention of Terrorism Act and to be brought before the Justice.

  • 6
    0

    A good exposure in simple words. But yet I have a doubt. An average household of four persons, each earning Rs. 12,000/- per month has been taken as an example. Where does this, a case of ALL four members of a household earning, happen? In Sri Lanka?

    And no dependants?

    Sengodan. M

  • 11
    1

    .
    There is no corruption…

    I thought Sinhalese gave a blank cheque to Rajapakse & Co. for saving them from tigers.

    :-)

    • 1
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      Anything the Ruling Regime ‘takes’ is the price (prize?) for having the political will to end the ‘war’. The ‘war’ was costing each household upwards of Rs 33,000. So taking Prof David’s calculation, each household is up Rs 13,000. Cowabunga!!!!!!!!

    • 5
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      aratai

      “I thought Sinhalese gave a blank cheque to Rajapakse & Co. for saving them from tigers”

      Simply put “jumping out of the frying pan into the fire”.

  • 2
    0

    There are two types of corruption: one is done directly by officers and politicians. other one is done indirectly with arrogance of power. Look the corruption of mismanagement of MR and co. your name it all the mega projects done by MR are waste of public money:
    Mattala Air port, Sea port in Hambanthoda and all other projects. Some of Express ways are not timely needed yet to get name and pride this is done: No sound economist would advise MR this. MR is above all educated people He does not listen to educated people. This is one of main cause of corruption in the Country : It is he who spreads corruptions and nepotism: His family destroy the country and his family controls entire cabinet and government: his like King in making: I wonder if his son or brother comes to power MR would be made as King and Sinhalese would accept it. That is the plan and yet, wait and see

  • 0
    4

    More money is wasted to give FREE education, FREE hospital facilities, etc. etc. to Tamils.

    Which is worse?

  • 2
    0

    What Kumar David says is plausible.
    All citizens too suspect that massive corruption exists.
    But alas, the IMF does NOT say so – it says the opposite – that the economy is OK. Even private economy forecasters like Fitch, do not give a negative reports.
    How is this ?
    Will Kumar David explain.

    Even with massive & obvious – to a few like Kumar David – corruption,unless there are fully free and fair elections – which will never happen unless the 17th amendment is restored – the MR regime’s candidates will win a majority.
    This is why the whitewashers/sycophants do not appear worried.
    Unless there is a massive uprising by citizens like what happened in a few other countries, the regime will carry on.
    Such an uprising will not happen, as the country is fully militarised and any attempt will be nipped in the bud.
    The prognosis is very very bad.
    This is why every citizen desires to escape abroad – only a few have the means to do so.
    Our fate is sealed.

  • 4
    0

    Whatever happened to the Auditor General and his department. His stately abode has been turned into a shopping mall and he has been banished to where? Two birds with one stone. No need for audits as everyone is absolutely honest and deshapremi?

    Sri Lanka Insurance Corporation taking loans? BOC and Peoples Bank taking loans etc. Whatever has happened to the money of the depositors?

    Where is the money going? Price of fresh milk is now Rs 185 up from Rs 160 a few months back? Ice cream up from Rs 175 to 275. A visit to a hospital can cost a few thousands at least. A surgery can cost a few lakhs to Millions. School donation for the kids can cost a lakh or more.

  • 4
    0

    Prof. Kumar’s David only compare the FINAL COST of all these projects from the COPE and other reports. But what about the delay cost due to mis-management and other changes to design and construction methods, purposely created by the goons helping The Executive President to rob the people.
    SUOH-Galle Expressway THREE (3) Arbitrations cost more than Rs 12 billion in addition to the cost. Upper Kothmale Arbitration cost well over Rs 9 billion. In total all these projects handled by Cinese- Design, Construction, Supervision cost well over Rs 100 billion to the final cost, as these extra cost is also shared by the President and his goons including Chinese Corrupt officials.

    Executive Presidency is more costlier to the house holders than what the writer states hear.

  • 1
    2

    according to FHWA

    “The cost to construct one lane-mile of a typical 4-lane divided highway can range from $3.1 million to $9.1 million per lane-mile in rural areas depending on terrain type and $4.9 million to $19.5 million in urban areas depending on population size.
    However, in urban areas restrictions (high cost of additional right-of-way, major utility relocation, high volume traffic control, evening work restrictions, etc.) may increase the cost per lane-mile. If restrictions exist the cost to construct one lane-mile of a 4-lane divided highway can range from $16.8 million to $74.7 million. The cost of $74.7 million perlane-mile in areas of severe restrictions may not represent the maximum cost per-lanemile and should be used as general guideline only. Individual projects may include extreme conditions warranting a much higher cost. The costs provided are per lane-mile.
    To obtain the cost for a section of roadway the cost
    would need to be multiplied by the number of lanes on the roadway section.”

    David you are a [Edited out] . Stick to electrical engineering you know . Now lets get back to Lankajeewa .

    Cheers

    Abhaya

    • 6
      1

      Abhaya

      You plagarised the above content from http://www.railstotrails.org/.

      Kumar David is not commenting on road building costs in the USA, but in this island.

      We know you are nuts, you don’t have to prove it to us time and again.

      • 0
        2

        Veddha idiot clown

        Since there have been no highways built in Sri Lankna before this how do you know ? protecting the liar is and the lie is what tamils do best .

        Cheers

        Abhaya

      • 1
        2

        Veddha Moron .

        I mentioned my source right at the top . so that is not plagarised .

        if your readers too used google a bit instead of believing every lie this man say just because he has a doctorate in an unrelated topic they will realize he is lying .

        Cheers

        Abhaya

        • 2
          0

          Abhaya

          “Veddha Moron”

          Yes I am a moron, I am comfortable being my own moron. Does it bother you?

          “I mentioned my source right at the top . so that is not plagarised”

          I am sorry I shouldn’t have said plagarised material. I unreservedly apologise for my mistake. Its quite worth my try.

          However, I still think you are a Sinhala/Buddhist stupid man/woman for you have given only the US costs for building highways in Americas than the comparable cost analysis relevant to this island.

          • 0
            0

            Well , costs of building a highway are pretty much the same regardless of where since international contractors are invloved . clearly building the highway in the city through populated suburbs has been more expensive . and the costs are very much in line with international costs .

            Cheers

            Abhaya

            • 1
              0

              Born [Edited out] of your kind will only cover up Rajapakse abuses. May be – even more likely you are a relatives of Raja. It is reproted that Washington spent millions to have the speeches of that former tea taster man/appointed ambassador – not having the least credentials to represent the country in forums.

              Else, evern 10 year old knows today – that Rajapakshes made all avenues for the crime friendly people to go ahead with their busienssess. Ghanasara to stay active in that mode – is made by Rajapakshes.. their ignorance for their personal gains letting the nation abusive by all kind of hate speeches were continued… Today there is no law bound society at all. Rajapakshes does not bother those things since he

    • 2
      0

      All the highways in the sample are in the countryside (unbuilt territory) well outside the city. Abhaya’s figures are atleast 5 times too high for Sri Lankan labour rates. Even according to his figures a 4-lane highway should cost $12.1 million to $58 million. The lower figure is much more plausible since the terrain in all cases is easy and flat. This is well below the Rs 1.8 billion to Rs 7 billion incurred by the Rajapakses.

      Maybe Abhaya should stick to bumming the Rajapakses than talking through his hat on a topic he is clueless about.

      • 0
        0

        When you paid for your fake degree from madras did they check if you can read or add ? you cant tell the difference between the per km cost and the total cost ?

        Cheers

        Abhaya

      • 1
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        I agree with you – Abhaya has always been as if he is one another sibling of Rajapakshe family. Be it right or wrong his manner has been to defend them. A man who is said to be a director for a company ( so called director) not to see the realities of the day is far from understand to me and millions of the folks that now are fed up Rapajapakshe adminsitration.
        The word Rapajapakshe is being hated by many in urban areas of the country while the brainwashed rural folks seem to be their supporters even today.

  • 0
    1

    Retroactive legislation and prosecution of individuals responsible should handle some of these corruptions.

  • 1
    0

    Are you saying Kumar in Ebglish badky what is expressed a lot more elegenty in Sinhalese?

    Rata Kannawa ?

  • 3
    0

    Who do you think owns the Marriott in Dubai?

  • 3
    0

    Who owns the Marriott in Dubai. Is this where the stolen money is?

  • 2
    0

    Prifessor David: If there was no EP, we still would have this ‘leakage’ in the accounts. So, I do not think that this is something to do with EP alone – it is to do with the culture of Sri Lankan politics and that old adage that ‘when you have the spoon in your hand, serve yourself well’. I also think that a perfectly good addition to the equation would be the cost to each household of the many years lost in the development of this nation due to the insane politics of the years 1948-2009 when instead of building a country fit for the modern age, we Sri Lankans pursued a vacuous squabble among ourselves (led by some mostly partisan, and mostly self-serving, political leaders). In these last few years we have been playing catch-up; trying to do essential infrastructure work that should have been done 50 years ago. Instead of ruing what might have been, it would be an altogether better proposition to CHANGE our culture so that graft, bribery, corruption etc become not just unacceptable but stigmatised as well.

    WE could start by assiduously checking out the credentials of those aspiring for public office. This includes those who take office on the coat-tails of the elected. Over the years honesty and integrity have been discarded and replaced by thuggery and intimidation with the result that we have ended up with more than a fair share of unsavoury characters gracing public office. Doing things in our name.

    NOW, good people, excuse me, my driver is waiting to give me a master class in Public Accounting, and afterwards, my cook will give me a short discourse on Ethics in Government. I cannot and will not miss these for all the rambutan in Malwana. (Oh how I love those juicy hairy balls!).

  • 1
    0

    A mile of new motorway costs on average £30m, according to the Highways Agency (UK).
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-13924687
    As a rule of thumb, an elevated road costs 10 times more than one on the flat, says French.

    One would expect that the labour costs in Sri Lanka would be substantially less, but the capital costs would not be. Do the math.
    If you want motorways, you need to pay for them.

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      These clows commenting do so without checking any facts . unbelievable . And then there is the editor dude Native who helps in the cover up .

      Cheers

      Abhaya

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        Abhaya

        “And then there is the editor dude Native who helps in the cover up.”

        You surprise me. When did I become editor dude Native? I am merely a humble Native Vedda.

        I simply want to be pain in your neck, the right wing morons.

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          yup, dout if Veddha has any editing skills. But he does a dam good job poining out the dumb assed ness of the non Veddhas.

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        OMG…
        you seem to be aware of the facts, i mean the facts and figures.

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    I suppose you are a left wing moron with speacial powers. I saw what you did no the other thread . so no need to hide it man . :)

    Cheers

    Abhaya

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      Abhaya

      “I suppose you are a left wing moron with speacial powers. I saw what you did no the other thread . so no need to hide it man . :)”

      What the hell are you on about?

      All those rights you take it for granted are the result of left wing “moron’s” long struggle and sacrifices. The right wing morons are still living in the dark ages, expecting people to remain as their chattels or slaves.

      If not for the Left Wing Morons you wouldn’t be enjoying the rights that are enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in case if you are not aware what Human Rights that you enjoy even as a right wing moron here are the article:

      Article 1.

      All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

      Article 2.

      Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

      Article 3.

      Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

      Article 4.

      No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

      Article 5.

      No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

      Article 6.

      Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

      Article 7.

      All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

      Article 8.

      Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

      Article 9.

      No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

      Article 10.

      Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

      Article 11.

      (1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
      (2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

      Article 12.

      No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

      Article 13.

      (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
      (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

      Article 14.

      (1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
      (2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

      Article 15.

      (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
      (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

      Article 16.

      (1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
      (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
      (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

      Article 17.

      (1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
      (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

      Article 18.

      Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

      Article 19.

      Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

      Article 20.

      (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
      (2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

      Article 21.

      (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
      (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
      (3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

      Article 22.

      Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

      Article 23.

      (1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
      (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
      (3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
      (4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

      Article 24.

      Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

      Article 25.

      (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
      (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

      Article 26.

      (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
      (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
      (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

      Article 27.

      (1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
      (2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

      Article 28.

      Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

      Article 29.

      (1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
      (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
      (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

      Article 30.

      Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
      …….
      …..

      If not for Left wingers, you would still be serving the Maha Adigar or the Dissawa as slave, your children and children’s children would be treated as chattels and owned by the slave master. His name would have been engraved on your face, a..e and back, in order to prove his ownership.

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        Article 100 .

        [Edited out] and stop trolling.

        Cheers

        Abhaya

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          Abhaya

          “[Edited out] and stop trolling.”

          Trolling, you deserve it.

    • 1
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      KYBMS Abhaya,

      Nothing’s beautiful from every point of view.!

      Boo’ts,when will you stop skulduggery?

      ēi piàn

  • 0
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    CORRUPTION in the form of development, can the Jokers survive without absolute Power? The Citizens pretend they are deaf, dumb and blind, for survival without harassment, not because they do not love our Mother Lanka.

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