27 October, 2020

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Sri Lanka: US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices For 2012

“The major human rights problems were attacks on and harassment of civil society activists, persons viewed as Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) sympathizers, and journalists by persons allegedly tied to the government, creating an environment of fear and self-censorship; involuntary disappearances as well as a lack of accountability for thousands who disappeared in previous years; and widespread impunity for a broad range of human rights abuses, particularly involving police torture, and attacks on media institutions and the judiciary.” says US state Department.

We publish below the latest Department of State’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012  transmit to the United States Congress by Secretary of State John F. Kerry.

Executive summary – Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is a constitutional, multiparty republic. President Mahinda Rajapaksa, who was reelected to a second six-year term in January 2010, and the parliament, which was elected in April 2010, share constitutional power. The government is dominated by the president’s family; two of the president’s brothers hold key executive branch posts as defense secretary and minister of economic development, while a third brother is the speaker of parliament. A large number of other relatives, including the president’s son, also serve in important political or diplomatic positions. Independent observers generally characterized the presidential, parliamentary, and local elections as problematic. Elections were fraught with violations of the election law by all major parties and were influenced by the governing coalition’s use of state resources. Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces.

The major human rights problems were attacks on and harassment of civil society activists, persons viewed as Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) sympathizers, and journalists by persons allegedly tied to the government, creating an environment of fear and self-censorship; involuntary disappearances as well as a lack of accountability for thousands who disappeared in previous years; and widespread impunity for a broad range of human rights abuses, particularly involving police torture, and attacks on media institutions and the judiciary.

Other serious human rights problems included unlawful killings by security forces and government-allied paramilitary groups, often in predominantly Tamil areas; torture and abuse of detainees by police and security forces; poor prison conditions; and arbitrary arrest and detention by authorities. Lengthy pretrial detention was a problem. Denial of fair public trial remained a problem, and during the year there were coordinated moves by the government to undermine the independence of the judiciary. The government infringed on citizens’ privacy rights. There were restrictions on freedom of speech, press, assembly, association, and movement. While citizens generally were able to travel almost anywhere in the island, there continued to be police and military checkpoints in the north, and de facto high-security zones and other areas remained off limits to citizens. Authorities harassed journalists critical of the government and self-censorship was widespread. The president exercised authority under the 18th amendment to maintain control of appointments to previously independent public institutions that oversee the judiciary, police, and human rights. Lack of government transparency was a serious problem. Violence and discrimination against women were problems, as were abuse of children and trafficking in persons. Discrimination against persons with disabilities and against the ethnic Tamil minority continued, and a disproportionate number of victims of human rights violations were Tamils. Discrimination against persons based on their sexual orientation and against persons with HIV/AIDS were problems. Limits on workers’ rights and child labor remained problems.

The government prosecuted a very small number of officials implicated in human rights abuses but had yet to hold anyone accountable for alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that occurred during the conflict that ended in 2009.

During the year unknown actors suspected of association with progovernment paramilitary groups committed killings, kidnappings, assaults, and intimidation of civilians. There were persistent reports of close, ground-level ties between paramilitary groups and government security forces.

Read the full report on Sri Lanka  here

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Latest comments

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    No doubt GOSL is a major HR violator. Utterly undisputed.

    Hwever, Wonder whether US State Department publish a report on their own HR conduct. Both in the USA and globally.

    Cannot be good reading. Just look at the brutal, barbaric droen program they run around the world. Horrilbe!

    • 0
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      Correction:

      “drone program”

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      Rowdy will only know about another rowdy very well.

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      They have missed the illegal impeachment of the CJ!

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        That’s coming in 2013 report. They can’t let the cat out of the bag before hand :)

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        Dinuk and other friends;
        They say:
        “The government prosecuted a very small number of officials implicated in human rights abuses but had yet to hold anyone accountable for alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that occurred during the conflict that ended in 2009”.

        IN SRI LANKA,
        the conductor of the ORCHESTRA of violations human rights, TortureS, abductions killings and disappearances are done by the knowledge and instruction of a U S PASSPORT HOLDER .[ONE HOTHAMBAYA].

        so WHO ARE the CULPRITS.

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    US What a country to talk about Human rights….. It’s not good to expect anyone to go through what we as Sri Lankans went through during almost last 30 years. But US will never learn unless they experience.

    They never ask for accountability of President Jayawardana’s Government in 1983 or never pushed President Premadasa’s Government for disappearance of Sinhalese Youth.

    All crocodile tears are pouring as MR did something that USA was unable to do in any war that they waged around the world. They have forgotten what they have done to Native Americans, Blacks in America & what they did in Vietnam. They are continuing to forget that what they have done in the middle eastern countries. They pushed all buttons to kill Sadam Hussain for killing almost 150 Iraqies and today in one bomb more almost 100s get killed & US does not take the responsibility to chaos they have brought to other countries in the name of Democracy.

    US think that it’s ok for them to have GTB to hold all their prisoners without trial for ages. No accountability of what happens to prisoners there but wants SL to be accountable.

    They just have common sense to understand that if there was an ethnic cleansing or a genocide of Tamils, how could there be over 300,000 Tamils to be resettled? How long they have taken to settle the displaced due to hurricanes and they conveniently forget that there are so much of land mines to be cleared before resettlement in North & East and creating undue pressure on SL government.

    Were have their brains gone long time passing……. When will they ever learn….. When will they e…v..er learn…

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    Set a thief to catch a thief!

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    US for the past 5 years has highlighted the Human Rights violations of Sri Lanka without any charges against US citizens and residents who orchestrated and perpetrated such War Crimes and Crimes against humanity.

    Bare Words Butters No Parsnips.

    It is Just NATO. No Action Talk Only.

    or Resolutions which are toothless and meaningless.

    indiatoday.intoday.in/story/sri-lanka-tainted-by-major-human-rights-problems-2012-us-report-india-today/1/266931.html

    It is time USA begins investigations of US citizens and residents….

    Donald Gnanakone
    Tamils For Justice.

    • 0
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      Donald :

      AS I SAID ABOVE;

      IN SRI LANKA,
      the conductor of the ORCHESTRA of violations human rights, TortureS, abductions killings and disappearances are done by the knowledge and instruction of a U S PASSPORT HOLDER .[ONE HOTHAMBAYA].

      so WHO ARE the CULPRITS.

    • 0
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      Donald

      Agree with you.

      US citizens and residents who orchestrated and perpetrated such War Crimes and Crimes against humanity should be dealt with.

      USA could start by arresting TGTE leader Rudra.

      Cheers!

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    USA- The Hypocrisy, Where are some of the Occupy Wall Street folk?

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    The USA is made up of good folk and bad folk. These reports are the work of the good side. The drones, torture, warantless wiretaps, rendering these are the work of the dark side. There is a constant tug of war between these two forces that go way back into the countries history. We must not condemn the report just because of all the other bad stuff. It is still the best of all the other evil in the world. China is a communist dictatorship with no freedom whatsoever. Russia is democratic in name only and has indeed slid back to being a replica of the repressive soviet union.

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      Yes Mark, I had seen in person people of USA are highly accomadative and friendly. only minor sections fall in dark side.

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      Lovely arrangement for USA.

      Take all the credit thanks to the good side.

      Blame all evil they conduct on their dark side.

      Everybody will be happy.

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