20 May, 2019

Blog

Sri Lanka’s Indo-Tamil problem

By Izeth Hussain

Izeth Hussain

Izeth Hussain

There is now an air of cautious optimism on the ethnic front because it seems that the Government and the TNA are at last moving towards a political solution. I will take this seriously only if the envisaged solution has the backing of India. My reason for saying this is that I have held for some time that Sri Lanka does not have a purely indigenous Tamil ethnic problem. There will be no such problem if not for the India factor, by which I mean this: no Government in Delhi can be expected to ignore the possible fall-out in Tamil Nadu of what is done to the Tamils in Sri Lanka. That is why the international community broadly sees Indian intervention over the Tamil ethnic problem as legitimate, not as amounting to interference.

Why do I say that if not for the India factor there would be no Tamil ethnic problem in Sri Lanka today? The LTTE was defeated militarily and no one in his right mind believes that Eelam can be established through further military struggle. We must bear in mind that the international community consists of nation states in which, with very rare exceptions, ethnic majorities are dominant over ethnic minorities. As a general rule, they cannot be expected to view minority separatist rebellions with too kindly an eye. In this case, the separatist rebellion has been defeated and the Government is offering 13 A without police and land powers, together with a fully functioning democracy which in the West meets the legitimate interests of the Tamil and other minorities. That would seem fair enough to the international community. But the problem is that the Tamils want more devolution and hopes that India will secure that for them. Consequently, what we have on our hands is not a purely indigenous Tamil ethnic problem but an Indo-Tamil problem.

There is no point in inveighing against India’s supposed hegemonic or imperialist drive. The point that we have to face up to is that India can harm us to a very terrible extent, even to the extent of breaking up this country – a very remote contingency certainly, but something that we will do well to always bear in mind. Those are stark facts, stark and unalterable geopolitical facts that won’t go away. But it is also a stark fact that India can help us to a great extent, including over the Indo-Tamil ethnic problem, and I believe that it has excellent reasons why it should want to do so.

One reason is that India covets the position of a permanent member of the Security Council, and will probably be prepared to do a great deal towards securing that end. A pre-requisite for that would be for India to have credibility as a peaceful nation and also as one that has the capacity to contribute meaningfully towards the establishment of an equitable new world order. But India has a rather horrible record of poor relations with practically all its neighbors, except that its relations with Sri Lanka have been for the most part excellent. It has had the image of an overbearing bully towards its neighbors, which may be unfair but such has been its image. Being really helpful in sorting out the Indo-Tamil ethnic problem could be very useful in correcting that image.

Another reason is that – as I have already argued – what we have on our hands is an Indo-Tamil problem, not a purely indigenous Tamil ethnic problem, a problem therefore over which India has an obligation to play a very positive role. A further reason is a historical one: if India had not intervened in 1987 to stop the Vaddamarachchi operation a decisive military victory would have been scored by the Government troops and the ethnic problem would probably have been solved long ago. Arguably therefore India becomes responsible for the prolongation of the war with all its very horrible consequences. I have already argued that case in a series of articles some time ago. Here I will merely state my conviction that Rajiv Gandhi acted with the best of intentions and with no imperialist intent at all. But he blundered badly because his experience as an airline pilot had not equipped him to pilot the Indian ship of state.

What really should India do to help towards a definitive solution of the Indo-Tamil problem? To answer that question we must first define what the problem is today because problems are not static entities but phenomena that keep changing over time. The Tamil ethnic problem today is not what it was in 1956 or in 1977. Today the problem at the core is this: the Tamils hold that they are not just another minority but a national minority because they are indigenous to a homeland in part of Sri Lankan territory, and therefore they have a right to self-determination inclusive of a right to set up a separate state. But they are willing to settle for a very wide measure of devolution falling short of Eelam. On the other hand the Sinhalese side believes that anything beyond a limited measure of devolution would lead ineluctably to Eelam. I believe that the way out of the dilemma could be along the following lines. Establish that today there is no such thing as a right to self-determination, and that a very wide measure of devolution will probably compound problems between the Centre and the Province and become a countervailing factor to a solution. The best prospect for a solution would be on the basis of a limited measure of devolution together with a fully functioning democracy with adequate safeguards for the minorities as in the West.

I have earlier argued the case that in the world of today there is no such thing as the right of self-determination. I will therefore here state no more than the bare essentials of my argument. The principle of the right of self-determination does appear in the UN Charter and UN Covenants; it does exist in the heads of academics and the political class everywhere; but it does not correspond to realities on the ground and should be regarded as no more than a notional right because what in practice has been acknowledged as the right of self-determination has applied only to colonized territories. Of course in the decolonized world dissatisfied minority ethnic groups struggle to establish separate states and sometimes succeed, but that happens because the majority ethnic group has been unable to prevent it or has decided for some reason to acquiesce in it. It has not happened because the rest of the world has acknowledged the right of self-determination for that breakaway minority ethnic group and the majority ethnic group has been compelled to abide by that principle. As for internal self-determination, meaning a supposed right to devolution, the world recognizes no such thing. Otherwise Sri Lanka would have been put in the dock in Geneva and elsewhere.

It might seem arguable that since identity politics are spreading in the world we are witnessing a struggle to establish the validity of the principle of the right of self-determination in the post-colonial context. But there can never be a satisfactory world order on the basis of that principle. If every ethnic group that can claim to be a national minority is entitled to its own state on the principle of the right of self-determination, there will have to be scores or hundreds of new states. That surely is not a practical proposition. And what about all the minorities, numbering by the hundred million, that cannot claim the status of being a national minority? They will have to live under a dispensation in which the majority ethnic group will be dominant over them – which can be a very horrible experience. I see no future for the so-called right of self-determination on practical or on moral grounds. India – which after all won’t allow self determination for Kashmir – should advise our Tamils that they should give up their dream of establishing Eelam on the basis of a non-existent right.

As for allowing a wide measure of devolution, I think our Tamils should be advised along the following lines. It would be wrong to think of devolution as a shibboleth, as something that is essential to satisfy the aspirations of national minorities. If devolution is to work smoothly, it requires flexibility, compromise, mutual accommodativeness, without which problems can be aggravated, not solved. The Sinhalese have produced their quota of racists, while the Tamils have produced even worse racists – as I have amply demonstrated in the Colombo Telegraph columns – so that accommodativeness can hardly be expected from either side. Consequently a wide measure of devolution will probably compound problems, not solve them, and become a countervailing factor to a political solution.

We can learn from the experience of other countries. In India devolution is working smoothly for the most part, but none of its states have fought a prolonged war and continue to insist that they have an inalienable right to set up a separate state. The appropriate analogy should be found in the troubled relationship between Delhi and Kashmir and those recalcitrant minorities in the North East. In the Philippines, it is evident that the Moros will be satisfied with nothing less than a very loose confederal arrangement. My Burmese colleagues have told me over the decades that the more devolution they allow to the minorities the more they want. Here, the Tamils hold that they have an inalienable right to strike out for independence if and when they can. In this situation, why not try out 13 A even in its presently truncated form together with a fully functioning democracy with safeguards for the minorities as in the West? My expectation is this: it will succeed, if we go about it earnestly.

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Latest comments

  • 4
    10

    This is Very interesting ,coming on the eye of our Yahapalana Prez, Bodhi Sira’s two day meet with Hindian PM Mr Modi..

    Wonder what Modi’s submission will be to the Yahapalana PM Btalanda Ranil’s Constitutional Assembly ‘

    Which consists of elected , unelected and selected MPs who are now being showered with shit loads of Dosh which hasn’t been done ever before.

    Vehicles up to the value of LKR 70 Million each, and a special allocation of LKR One Billion for housing , Relaxation and even Family travel are among these perks which Batalanda PM’s Finance Minister has allocated.

    After borrowing USD 6.2 Billion in FX Bonds and 130 Billion in LKR Bonds in just 15 Months.

    But Mr Azaath raises a few very good points here.

    Modi can’t tick off Vellala CM’s Submission for sure, because it will create two homelands, one for the Vellala Lankan Tamils and the other for the Indian Estate Tamils.

    Problem one, what about the rest.

    Problem two, what about Kahsmir.

    Has the Vellala Party TNA made a submission?

    Is it the same Model as their selected CM Vella Wigneswaran’s ?.

    Or are they sitting on the fence?.And leave it entirely up to UNP OM Batalanda Ranil?.

    What about the submissions from Suren Surendran , Eelaam PM in New Jersy and even BTF dudes who greeted the Yahapalana President before he left London.

    But some heartening info has come from New York Times.

    Yahapalana President in his interview with them in CMB,says he is not going to give any particular group anything special.

    But he is going to give everyone, something special.

    But he can’t promise when it will be done.

    That is cool too for some, especially the 225 who are now helping themselves to that LKR 1 Billion “special”.

    Sounds cool?. Isn’t it?.

    What about the poor inhabitants who have no jobs but have to pay more for bread, dhall .and even keeramim, not forgetting their love chats.

    Wonder what specials the Yahapalana President has planned for them.?,.

    But Yahapalana gay, Mangalan is confident.

    He says the inhabitants who are impatient will understand , when he explains to them how the War was Won.

    It is in the same New York Times interview.

    • 5
      0

      KA Sumanasekera

      I understand what you are talking about. You should also know that where we came from…We are Rude, Ruffian King Vijaya’s descendants and we still carry that blood.
      Ever since we got Independence, our anti-socially, imorally and extremely jealous, negative, degenerated, selfish, politicians ruined out country.

      The first a..ho..SWRD Bandaranaike who along with D.A. Rajapakse (Mahinda Rajapakse’s father) left UNP to form his selfish SLFP party, brought Sinhala only policy in 24 hours…and ever since that our country went down the drain. And for doing this great sin he played the ultimate price by getting shot by Somarama a buddhist monk.

      The Suddhas are the first to build tar roads, railway, tea plantations, Rubber plantations, Schools, Universities, Libraries, Hospitals, medicine, Churches, Electricity, water, gas, brought in cars, trolley busses, lorries, Helicopters, planes, Police, Army, Navy, Airforce, Courts, parliament, Cricket, football, netball, rugby, athletics, swimming, golf, cadetting, scouts, dams, furniture, cement, Radio, record players, movies, cinemas, shoes, shirts and slacks, hotels, bungalows, guest houses, glass, plates, pots and pans, fork and knives, flour, bread, cheese, cakes, butter, whisky, wine, elephant house soft drinks, banks, Pens, western music, weddings, pencils, telephone, telegram, post office, harbors, airports, etc. etc. …..I could write a book.

      BUT WHAT I WANT TO SAY IS AFTER DOING ALL THESE FOR SRI LANKA WITHOUT BORROWING OR TAKING A SINGLE PENNY ON LOAN…..I MEAN WITHOUT BORROWING A SINGLE PENNY FROM ANYBODY, STILL OUR UNAPPRECIATIVE, UNCULTURED, THUGS WHILE STILL USING ALL OF THESE WHAT THEY GAVE US FREE….STILL BLAME WITHOUT ANY GRATITUDE JUST FOR THEIR POLITICAL GAINS. THIS IS THE CURSE THAT OUR COUNTRY IS PAYING TODAY….OUR BAD, SELFISH, UNGRTITUDE, SWOLLEN HEAD, INSANELY PROUD, BAST..DS.

      If the politicians would have allowed us to learn in English medium…..all our town and village women would have gone to Europe, USA, Canada or Australia as Nurses or Montessori school teachers or baby sitters which those countries still have a very good demand…..but with no proper English education now they go to Middle East as servants….and those house maids are our main foreign exchange earners.
      Even Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Philippines have curbed sending their women to some of these ME countries…but the ‘cursed’ Sri Lanka Govt. still send them. ALL BECAUSE OUR SWOLEN HEAD BAST..DS DON’T KNOW HOW TO APPRECIATE AND BE THANKFUL.

      IN FACT OF LEARNING THEIR TALENTS AND GOOD OF THEM…WE TRY TO SHOW OFF TO THEM THAT WE ARE BIGGER THAN THEM. IF NOT FOR THEM OUR POLITICIANS WILL BE STILL GOING IN Gon Karatta (Bullock Carts), eating Aggala/kavum, chewing bulath, wearing Amude and going to Pirivena holding a Pandama (Koppara Lamp).

      I WILL BET YOU TODAY…NOW… IF WE EMPLOY TEN QUALIFIED BUSINESSMEN FROM ENGLAND OR USA…..THEY WILL DEFINITELY DO A BETTER JOB AND WILL DEVOLOP THE COUNTRY MUCH MORE THAN THE 225 PARLIAMENT PIN PADI JOKERS WHO ARE EVER SUCKING PEOPLES BLOOD MONEY DOING ABSOLUTELY NOTHING. INFACT THEY ARE A BURDEN TO OUR COUNTRY WITH ALL THE CORPORATIONS THEY RUN ARE RUNNING AT MULTI BILLION RUPEE LOSSES TO THE COUNTRY. THEY ARE NOTHING BUT RATA KANA KALAWADDAS.

      I BET TEN EUROPEAN BUSINESSMEN WILL DO THE 225 parliament MP’S JOB AND WILL BRING OUR COUNTRY OUT OF THIS CATESTROPHE.

      SUBA ANAGATHAYAK……

      G.N HAR.K

      • 2
        0

        Bitter truth
        :-)

  • 11
    4

    Izeth Hussain is blabbering and also craftily hiding his ant-Tamil feelings. Tamils have suffered from the time of “Independence”. Disenfranchisement of Tamils after decades of labouring in the hill country is shocking and the likes of which is unheard of in other parts of the world. Overnight introduction of “Sinhala Only” eliminated thousands of Tamils from their jobs. Izeth’s ‘brother” Badiuddin Mahmood introduced “standardization” where Tamil students had to score more marks than Sinhala and Muslims to enter the university.He also decreed that only Muslims can continue in English medium schools( as if the mother tongue of their clan is English). Even as last week, the UN representatives who visited Srilanka note with anger that SL government is continuing their torture and murder in the North.
    Why is that,this senile Izeth Hussain cannot understand that Tamils are oppressed by the Sinhala chauvinist leaders. Why cannot he understand the Federal solution is the only cure for these problems.

    • 13
      2

      “”Izeth Hussain is blabbering and also craftily hiding his ant-Tamil feelings. “

      IH, is not barring anything but exposing his crusade for
      a caliphate in the island with migrant muslim takeover
      in the near future. Please help him invite 1/2 million Rohingyas;
      they are as fair as him and his brothers in faith.
      Majority of Tamils hug the muslim No?

      “”Why is that,this senile Izeth Hussain cannot understand that Tamils are oppressed by the Sinhala chauvinist leaders. “

      Has always been part of the hatred towards Tamil speaking Tamils but non muslim. IH is the `nexus of evil` on the island well assisted by majority Sinhalese and the majority Tamil speaking Muslims.

      Until there is a full sharia law and caliphate he is a robot Or he hits the filthy grave where it all rots unlike the hindus or buddhist the native faith to that of immigrants.

      • 4
        2

        T. Dumphreys
        Glad to know there are people who can differentiate the mountains from the clouds on the horizon.

    • 2
      1

      ramesh

      “Why is that,this senile Izeth Hussain cannot understand that Tamils are oppressed by the Sinhala chauvinist leaders. Why cannot he understand the Federal solution is the only cure for these problems.”

      Federal Solution was viable even before independence, but unfortunately the Tamils led by G G Ponnampalam et el, the Vellahalala Castists and Racists wanted 50/50 , and was not happy with 60/40.

      The Federal solution was viable BEFORE the 30 year Separatist War.

      After the 30 year Separatist war. Federal Solution is being viewed with suspicious as a stepping stone to a separate state.

      How many Sri Lankan Tails can comprehend that? After All, they killed or murdered Alfred Durraiappah.

      While non-Tamils, especially non-Vellahala Tamils can see that, still the Sri Lankan Tamils are dominated numerically by those in the lower hump pf the IQ distribution closer to the origin.

      So, the additional problem to be solved for the rest of the country includes educating the Tamil Mootals in the lower hump f the IQ distribution.

      Now getting a better understanding of the bimodal IQ distribution of the Tamils, as published in the CT.

      The Story Of Two Graphs drawn by A Tamil Man: By Mahesan Niranjan Onion Prices and Tamil IQ Distributions.

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-story-of-two-graphs-drawn-by-a-tamil-man/onioniqdistributions/

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-story-of-two-graphs-drawn-by-a-tamil-man/

  • 9
    4

    Talking of 13A and full functional democracy is all rubbish so long as an overwhelming military ( most of whom are idling anyway and draining the country’s economy) are not only continuing their dominating presence, occupying grabbed lands and continuing to grab more lands! They are also a constant threat to the vastly innocent woman headed families!
    Sengodan. M

  • 2
    9

    Izeth Hussain

    RE: Sri Lanka’s Indo-Tamil problem

    1. “There is now an air of cautious optimism on the ethnic front because it seems that the Government and the TNA are at last moving towards a political solution.”

    Thanks. Let us All hope that both the Para-Sinhala and Para-Tamils will not show their Stupidity Colors again, as these have bee sowing since Independence in 1948, and even before that.

    2. “Why do I say that if not for the India factor there would be no Tamil ethnic problem in Sri Lanka today? The LTTE was defeated militarily and no one in his right mind believes that Eelam can be established through further military struggle.”

    Yes. Most of the stupid Tamils are gone, and it is unlikely with the intelligent Tamils lefty.

    3. “In this situation, why not try out 13 A even in its presently truncated form together with a fully functioning democracy with safeguards for the minorities as in the West? My expectation is this: it will succeed, if we go about it earnestly.”

    Yes. This is a viable solution. Let us hope that the ratio, C/M >>>1.

    (Tamils with Common Sense)/( Tamils with Mootal Sense), is much greater than 1.

    When this ratio, C/M, drops below 1, everybody in Lanka, most of all Tamils, suffer.

  • 7
    1

    ” In this case, the separatist rebellion has been defeated and the Government is offering 13 A without police and land powers,—“

    Can you expand on this? Do you know more than what we have heard and read?

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

  • 4
    12

    A really balanced assessment, this is. Thank you, Izeth!

    This is an area in which you are an expert, and I hope that you will not allow this discussion to be hi-jacked by extremists on either side of the ethnic divide. However, going on past experience, I think that we should not allow perceptions of the the respective ” quota(s) of racists” among the Sinhalese and the Tamils to dominate discussion. The racists are a minority; let us keep them that way and marginalise them!

    Also, is it not true that while we all want to hold on to our identities, the actual autonomy enjoyed by individual nation states has become circumscribed in practice? Ought we not to understand the reality of this, while ensuring that our own country is not manipulated by forces whose designs are mainly hegoministic? It is not such a bad thing that local war lords have become less important in the world today, which is increasingly inter-dependent. It may be that I write rather amateurishly; my great hope is that we will be able to work towards reconcilliation, and ultimately peace and stability within our little country.

    I hope the discussion will not get de-railed. Follow it, I will, but I think that I will not comment any more on a subject that is too difficult for me.

  • 12
    4

    Izeth Hussain,

    the deaf and dumb muslims for the cause of caliphate.

    “”what we have on our hands is not a purely indigenous Tamil ethnic problem but an Indo-Tamil problem.””

    What we have on our hands is not a purely
    `immigrant`Islamic ethnic problem.
    None have the ba**s to say it is the
    Pakistan – Islamic axis of evil.;

    “There is no point in inveighing against India’s supposed
    hegemonic or imperialist drive”

    Fred Truman in 1947 stole the land for the suicide bombing new faith nations Pakistan West and East 3rd and 4th largest populations of the world.
    Quite, a chunk of land was stolen by suicide bombers.
    Almost 1,000,000kilo meter sq. 1.0 M KMSq.

    Stolen by faith bombers Paki-Bangala,almost 20 times lanka land mass.
    1) Indonesia;13.1% of world; India 11.0 (sharia law an issue)
    3) Pakistan 10.5; 4)Bangladesh 8.4 (both producing as if there are no humans)
    5) Nigeria 4.8% of world muslims.

    India wants its land back AND SAYS NO TO Sex-slavery and
    Sharia law in line with western thought IC.and Chinese thought-period
    May Islam be dammed to the faith of brutish force on
    humans and human dignity.

    India will do its duty if any towards Tamils on its own terms.

    India has the money as much as China has. But China will not give more and neither will India. Muslims just sell the women for expensive Oil which his cheap thanks to western technology.

    Arabs have for the first time run out of budget 2016 and there is no recourse in sight- No Arab R & D except for death and destruction of human beings- infidel!!

  • 9
    3

    Sri Lanka Muslims have 60% Bangladesh DNA.
    He’s where the Rohingya DNA lies.-` Bangladesh`.

    Izeth Hussain,

    hopefully you Lebbe and Muslim ministers could invite 100k Rohingya as refugees to lanka like what germany is doing.
    Increase your voting potential – caliphate is nearing.

    • 4
      1

      Rohinga DNA! These wankers will claim all sorts of descent and origins other than their real largely low caste Indian Tamil origin. Tamil by origin Tamil by speech even have Tamil Muslim caste names like Marrikar, Kebbai, Rawther, Thambi,ETC but full of venom and hatred towards the rest of the Tamils. Ask this wanker if they are of Rohinga origin why aren’t they speaking some form of Bengali? They claim Arab origin, Sinhalese origin Now Rohinga origin but miraculously speak non of these language but Tamil have Tamil Muslim caste names and until recently were following Tamil customs.
      What does this senile anti Tamil southern Muslim state to the large scale desecration of Hindu temples in ancient Tamil villages in Muslim dominated Samanthurai area?
      They came as refuges a few centuries ago and now with the overt and covert help of the Sri Lankan government and the occupying Sinhalese armed forces are trying to ethnically cleans the Tamils out the Amparai district.
      This senile Tamil hating southern Muslim wanker is very quiet about this. Most probably enjoying this.

  • 6
    2

    In view of remarks to the effect that Police powers granted to the provinces under Appendix 1 of the 13th amendment will not be included in the new constitution is a matter of concern.

    Although President JRJ started implementing the provisions in Appendix 1, matters soon went into imbo and whatever was done was reversed by President Premadasa.

    The fact that Appendix 1 as part of the 13th amendment is law of the land and yet remains unimplemented isa serious indictment of the system of governance in this country.

    Overall, I find Aooendix ! is progressive and has addressed concerns of those who take the extreme view that granting of police powers to the north and east will lead to a division of the country. Further, considering the circustances prevailing at the time the 13th amendment was enacted and the what happened thereafter, the Appendix 1 as it stands is the best that can be achieved. Further, Appendix 1 provides much elbow room for a President to provide more leeway for the provincial police.

    There are many DIGs within each provine now and amendments have to be made to appointment of a Provincial DIG to be in-charge of the entire provincial police division.

    I paste below the entire Appendix 1 i the interest of CT readers. I hope the Editor will permit this.

    “APPENDIX l Law And Order
    1. The subject devolved shall be described as follows:- Public Order and the exercise of Police powers as set out in this Appendix within the Province, but not including –
    (a) National defence:
    (b) National security; and
    (c) The use of any armed forces or any other forces under the control of the Government of Sri Lanka in aid of the civil power.

    2. The I.G.P. shall be the head of the Sri Lanka Police Force. The Sri Lanka Police Force shall be divided into-
    (a) The National Division (including Special Units); and
    (b) a Province Division for each Province
    2.1 The National Divisions shall consist of the I.G.P., D.I.GG, S.S.PP, A.S.PP and other ranks recruited at the national level.
    2.2. A Provincial Division shall consist of the D.I.G., S.S.PP., S.PP and A.S.PP all seconded from the National Division and Provincial Assistant Superintendents of police Chief Inspectors, Inspectors, Sub-Inspectors, Sergeants and Constables recruited in the Province.
    Members of the Provincial Division shall be eligible for promotion to the National Division.
    3. Recruitment to the National Division and promotions of Police Officers in the Provincial Divisions to the National Division shall be made by a National Police Commission composed of three members, namely-
    (a) The I.G.P
    (b) A person nominated by the public Service Commission in consultation with the President; and
    (c ) A nominee of the Chief Justice.
    3.1 The National Police Commission shall, before promoting any Police Officer serving in any Provincial Division to the National Division, call a Confidential Report on such officer from the relevant Provincial Police Commission and take the matters specified in such report into consideration in deciding whether to promote such officer or not.
    3.2 The commission shall also be responsible for promotions, transfers, and disciplinary control of members of the National Division other than the I.G.P. subject to paragraph 4:1 below 3.3 It shall hear and determine appeals from officers seconded to Provincial Divisions against whom disciplinary action has been taken by Provincial Police Commission.
    3.4 It shall set standards for recruitment and promotion of Police Officers of all Divisions and such standards shall be uniform for all Provincial Divisions. 4. Recruitment to each Provincial Division shall be made by a Provincial Police commission composed of three members namely,
    (a) The D.I.G of the Province;
    (b) A person nominated by the Public Service Commission in consultation with the President; and
    (c ) A nominee of the Chief Minister of the Province.
    4.1 Provincial Police Commission shall be responsible for transfers, promotions and disciplinary control over officers in the Provincial Division; for promotion of Officers of the National Division Seconded to the Provincial Division up to the rank of S.S.P: and for transfer and disciplinary control over officers seconded to the Provincial Division except the D.I.G: Provided that any officer of the National Division seconded to any Provincial Division against whom disciplinary action has been taken by a Provincial Police Commission, shall have the right to appeal to the National Police Commission, whose decision on such appeal shall be final.
    5. The National Police Commission or a Provincial Police Commission shall be entitled to delegate such of its powers as may be prescribed to such other person or authority as be prescribed.
    6. The I.G.P shall appoint a D.I.G for Province with the concurrence of the Chief Minister of the Province. However, where there is no agreement between the Inspector–General of Police and the Chief Minister ,the matter will be referred to the President, who, after due consultations with the Chief Minister, shall make the appointment.
    7. The cadres of Police Officers of all ranks of the National Division shall be fixed by the Government of Sri Lanka. The cadre of Officers and other ranks of each Provincial Division shall be fixed by the Provincial Administration with the approval of the President, having regard to-
    (a) The area of the Province;
    (b) Population of the Province: and
    (c) Such other criteria, as may be agreed to or prescribed. These principles shall be uniformly applied to all Provincial Divisions.

    7.1 The cadres of the Provincial Divisions shall be fixed on ascertained principles such as population, area number of Police Stations involved and other relevant considerations. These principles shall be applied to all Provincial Division without distinction.
    7.2 The salary scales and perquisites of office enjoyed by the various ranks in the National and Provincial Divisions shall be determined by the Government of Sri Lanka after consultation with the Chief Ministers of the Provinces. The salary scales and perquisites of office as enjoyed by members of the Provincial Divisions shall apply uniformly to all Provincial Divisions.
    8. The nature, type and quantity of fire arms and ammunition and other equipment for the National Division shall be determined by the National Police Commission. The nature, type and quantity of fire-arms and ammunition and other equipment for all Provincial Divisions shall be determined By the National Police Commission after consultation with the Provincial Police Commission and uniform standards and principles shall be applied for all Provincial Divisions.
    9. Recruitment to the National Division shall be made at the ranks of P.C, S.I and A.S.P, Recruitment to the Provincial Division Shall be made at the ranks of P.C. , S,I., and P.A.S.P ( rank referred to in paragraph 2.2 above).
    9.1 Recruitment to the National Division shall be made by the National Police Commission and recruitment to the Provincial Division shall be made by the Provincial Police Commission having regard to the standards of recruitment and other criteria prescribed in this behalf: Provided also that a recruit may, on appointment, set out his preferences as to the Division in which he wishes to serve and that he shall , if possible, be posted to the Division of his choice, with the consent of the Division concerned.
    9.2 The Government of Sri Lanka shall be responsible for the training of all recruits to and of members of all Divisions of the Sri Lanka Police Force. The President may, where he considers it necessary, provide for alternative training for members of any Provincial Division.
    10. Members of the National Division and the Provincial Division shall wear the same uniforms and insignia of rank, provided that uniforms of the members of each Division shall bear a distinctive shoulder flash, indicating the Division to which he belongs.
    10.1 There shall be one uniformed police force in each Province, comprising of the members of the Provincial Division and the officers seconded thereto.
    Member of the National Division shall ordinarily be in plain clothes provided that they may wear uniforms when performing any duties in respect of the maintenance or restoration of public order as set out in paragraph 12.2, 12.3 and 12.4.
    Provided also that the I.G.P and such other Officers as may be specified shall ordinarily be attired in uniforms.
    11. All Police Officers serving in units of the National Division and Provincial Divisions in any Province shall function under the direction and control of the D. I.G. of such Province.
    11.1 The D.I.G. of the Province shall be responsible to and under the control of the Chief Minister thereof in respect of the maintenance of public order in the Province and the exercise of police powers in the Province as set out in the Schedule.
    11.2 The provisions of paragraph 11:1 above are subject to the qualifications that –
    (a) Upon the declaration of an emergency in the Province, the President may assume such powers and responsibilities of the Chief Minister and the Provincial Administration in respect of public order within the Province as he may, by regulation, provide; and
    (b) Where the President is of the opinion that the security of or public order in a Province is threatened by grave internal disturbance, he may, without the declaration of an emergency, but in consultation with the Chief Minister of such Province, and subject to the provisions of the Public Security Ordinance, by order, deploy in aid of the civil power, any unit of the National Division, in the Province for the purpose of restoring public order: Provided that every such order shall cease to be in force as soon as the President is satisfied that public order has been restored or on the expiry of thirty days form the date of the order whichever is earlier.
    12.1 The Provincial Division shall be responsible for the preservation of public order within the Province and the prevention. Detection and investigation of all offences (except the offences specified in the Schedule) and subject to the power of the Attorney- General in terms of the code of Criminal Procedure Act, the institution of prosecution in the relevant Courts in respect of such offences.
    The National Division of the Sri Lanka Police Force shall be responsible for the prevention, detection and investigation of all offences specified in the Schedule and subject to the powers of the Attorney-General in terms of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, for the institution of prosecutions in the relevant Courts in respect of such offences.
    12.2 Where the Chief Minister seeks the assistance of the National Division to preserve public order within a Province, the I,G.P shall deploy such personnel of the National Division as are necessary for the purpose, and place them under the control of the D.I.G of the Province.
    12.3 Where a State of Emergency is declared in the Province, the I.G. P may deploy such units of the National Division, as he deems necessary in any Province for the restoration and maintenance of public order within such Province. 12.4 Any offence which may ordinarily be investigate by a Provincial Division may be investigated by the C.I.D. or any other unit of the National Division –
    (a) Where the Chief Minister requests, that such investigation be undertaken by the C.I.D. or any other unit of the National Division; and
    (b) Where the I.G.P. is of opinion that an investigation of such offence by the C.I.D or any other unit of the National Division is necessary, in the public interest, and directs, after consultation with the Chief Minister, and the approval of the Attorney–General, that such offence be investigated by the C.I.D. or any other unit of the National Division.
    13. The National Division shall perform all the functions vested in a Provincial Division, in any Province, for a period of one year or until a Provincial Division is established in such Provision, whichever is earlier.
    14. All gazetted officers of the National Division and Provincial Divisions shall be required to attain the prescribed standard in Sinhala and Tamil.
    All Officers of the rank of A.S.P. and above shall also be required to attain the prescribed standard of English.
    Every recruit to the Sri Lanka Police Force shall have proficiency in his mother tongue. For the first promotion he shall acquire proficiency in a language other than his mother tongue. For the next promotion he shall acquire knowledge of the third language.
    The three languages recognized for this purpose are Sinhala, Tamil and English.

    SCHEDULE List of Offences to be investigated by the National Police
    1. Offences against the State.
    2. Offences relating to the Navy, Army and Air Force.
    3. Offences relating to the Elections.
    4. Offences relating Coins, Currency and Government Stamps.
    5. Any Offence committed against the President.
    6. Any Offence committed against a Public Officer, a Judicial Officer, or the Speaker, or the Prime Minister or a Minister, or a Member of the Judicial , Service Commission, or a Member of Public Service Commission or a Deputy Minister or a Member of Parliament or the Secretary General of Parliament or a Member of the President’s Staff or a Member of the Staff of the Secretary General of Parliament.
    7. Any Offence relating to property belonging to the State or a State Corporation or Company or Establishment, the whole or part of the capital whereof has been provided by the State.
    8. Any Offence prejudicial to National Security or the maintenance of Essential Services.
    9. Any Offence under any law relating to any matter in the Reserve List other than such offences as the President may, by order published in the Gazette, exclude.
    10. Any Offence in respect of which Courts in more than one Province have jurisdiction
    11. International Crimes “

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

    • 2
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      Corrections:

      1. In opening sentence : Remarks to the effect—-
      2. With regards DIG : There are many DIGs within a province now. Amendments have to be made to appoint a Provincial DIG to be in overall charge of a provincial police division.

      Dr.RN

    • 1
      3

      Good one mate…

      DIG under the CM. (Clause 6 ???).

      Imagine Muththettwa holding the leash of Vaas Gunawardana.

      Sivagilingam having an ex LTTE or supporters who will soon be able to join Batalanada’s UNP Police.

      Thevera and the Police Spokesman dude who was sent on recreational leave,

      Dr Mervy is still around barracking for Batalanada Ranil.

      Unlimited potential for Yahapalana Government after devolution .

      All our 225 Constitutional experts who have been hired by Ranil to give this new constitution have to save their MP jobs going forward .. right.

      Unless they want to start apprenticeships in Motor mechanics.rity guards at Colombo Condos..

      So the nine CMs and , nine DIGs sound a good avenue for them to keep enjoying the perks without anyone harassing them.

      Wonder what will happen to the poor media dudes who are already under threat from even Ministers’ secretaries, let alone the CMs.

      • 2
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        KASmaalam KA Sumanasekera

        “Unless they want to start apprenticeships in Motor mechanics.rity guards at Colombo Condos..”

        Does it come to you as a surprise given that GL Pieris has already started his internship under Namal and senior Attorney Mahinda.

        The UNP richest man at the time was Dutta Gamini under whom Basil learnt his trade.

        You missed the opportunity being trained under Basil, or did you?

  • 11
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    You are talking nonsense. Please spend your time in retirement and don’t give wrong opinions. The ethnic problem arose because of the just grievances of the Tamils – language, Land, Education, Colonisation and Security. India got involved because Tamils approached late leader MGR and Karunanidhi and the 1983 riots fuelled it to help India to achieve its objectives too. So, whether India is involved or not, the problem is solved only when the underlying causes are resolved. The defeat of the LTTE does not mean the ethnic problem is solved. So, please read the whole history and write. Otherwise you will mislead the younger generation unless you are a foreign agent

  • 7
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    Mr.Izeth Hussain’s remark on the land issue also merits reproduction of the current provisions relating to land in Appendix 2 of the 13th amendment.

    Due to the controversy that surrounds the State Land issue in terms of ethnic concerns, fears and phobias, the wording is quite fudged.There is predeterminedintent to accomodate all concerns and provide a institution to tackle the subject on an objective basis- the Land Commission.

    There are definitive statements followed byqualifications. The proposed Land Commission, to my knowledge, has not become a reality yet. However, land has been declared a provincial subject although vested in the Republic. State land allotments although stated would be according to national ethnic ratios, is qualified by the words that it should not disturb local demographics. Once again, as with regard to devolution of Police powers, the State land issue leaveas much room for accomodation, provided there is no malafide intent in tecontending parties.

    “APPENDIX II Land and Land Settlement
    State land shall continue to vest in the Republic and may be disposed of in accordance with Article 33 (d) and written law governing the matter.
    Subject as aforesaid, land shall be a Provincial Council Subject, subject to the following special provisions:-
    1. State land –
    1.1 State land required for the purposes of the Government in a Province, in respect of a reserved or concurrent subject may be utilised by the Government in accordance with the laws governing the matter. The Government shall consult the relevant Provincial Council with regard to the utilization of such land in respect of such subject.
    1.2 Government shall make available to every Provincial Council State land within the province required by such Council for a Provincial Council subject. The Provincial Council shall administer, control and utilize such State land, in accordance with the laws and statutes governing the matter.
    1.3 Alienation or disposition of the state land within a Province to any citizen or to any organization shall be by the President, on the advice of the relevant Provincial Council, in accordance with the laws governing the matter.
    2. Inter-Provincial irrigation and Land Development Projects.
    2.1 Such projects would comprise irrigation and land development schemes –
    (a) Within the Province initiated by the State and which utilize water from rivers following through more than one Province; a Provincial Council, however, may also initiate irrigation and land development schemes within its province utilizing water from such rivers;
    (b) Within the Province which utilize water through diversions from water systems from outside the province; and
    (c) All schemes where the command area falls within two or more Provinces such as the Mahaweli Development Project
    2.2 These projects will be the responsibility of the Government of Sri Lanka.
    2.3 The principles and criteria regarding the size of holdings of agricultural and homestead lands arising out of these projects will be determined by the Government of Sri Lanka in consultation with the Provincial Councils.
    2.4 The selection of allotees for such lands will be determined by the Government of Sri Lanka having regard to settler selection criteria including degree of landlessness, income level, size of family and agricultural background of the applications.
    The actual application of these principles, selection of allottees and other incidental matters connected thereto will be within the powers of the Provincial Councils.
    2.5 The distribution of all allotments of such land in such projects will be on the basis of national ethnic ratio,
    In the distribution of allotments according to such ratios, priority will be given to persons who are displaced by the project, landless of the District in which the project is situated and thereafter the landless of the Province.
    2.6 Where the members of any community do not, or are unable to take their entitlements of allotments from any such project, they would be entitled to receive an equivalent number of allotments in another inter-provincial irrigation or Land Development Scheme. This unused quota should be utilized within a given time – frame.
    2.7 The distribution of allotments in such projects on the basis of the aforesaid principles would be done as far as possible so as not to disturb very significantly the demographic pattern of the Province and in accordance with the principle of ensuring community cohesiveness in human settlements.
    2.8 The administration and management of such projects will be done by the Government of Sri Lanka.
    3. National Land Commission.
    3.1 The Government of Sri Lanka shall establish a National Land Commission which would be responsible for the formulation of national policy with regard to the use of state land. This Commission will include representatives of all Provincial Councils in the Island.
    3.2 The National Land Commission will have a Technical Secretariat representing all the relevant disciplines required to evaluate the physical as well as the socioeconomic factors that are relevant to natural resources management.
    3.3 National policy on land use will be based on technical aspects (not on political or communal aspects), and the Commission will law down general norms in regard to the use of land, having regard to soil, climate, rainfall, soil erosion, forest cover, environmental factors, economic viability, &c.
    3.4 In the exercise of the powers devolved on them, the powers shall be exercised by the Provincial Councils having due regard to the national policy formulated by the National Land Commission”

    Dr.RN

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    Dear Dr.RN

    In calculating ethnic ratios what are the ethnicities formally recognised by our legal system and constitution and what are the ratios as at present ,to your knowledge? Is further sub division based on religion or date of arrival is also acknowledged? Tamils who practise Islam as their religion and the Tamils who arrived during the British are defined as different ethnicities, I mean for land allocation purposes? How does our legal system or costitution assign ethnicity to children of mixed marriages? I am not quetioning you, of course. Assuming you have studied the subject, I thought of learning something from you.

    It is sad to see, in this day an age we are talking about constitutions and legal sytems (which entails punishment) which assigns ethnicity, religion, caste, denomination to individuals, and a learned man like you gleefully accepting such idiosyncrasies? We do have ethnic identities, castes, relgions , etc. which come to play in our marriages and other social interactions but they all must be recognised as private affairs. But demands to put them in black and white in legal systems is primitive and uncivilized.

    True we fight one another, discriminate each other on race, religion, denomination, caste. Is the solution to these problems is institilising them or making them totally unlawful and criminal? Which direction should we move? You are a doctor by profession.

    Are the minorities really benefited by official recognition? Except in very special situations where so called “affirmative action” is called for such as untouchables in India, honestly I am not sure. A talented young Tamil will be told sorry mister,numbers allocated to your group is full and a poor Tamil widow who is sleeping by the way side will be told we can’t give you a ablock of land because your group allocation is full. Trapped in this island is that what you are fighting for? And where do we stop in this ratio business? You are a doctor by profession.

    Soma

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      “Trapped in this island is that what you are fighting for? And where do we stop in this ratio business? You are a doctor by profession. “

      Soma,
      please ask yourself if you were born in the 70’s Dr Badiudin Mahmud
      He is your mentor depota naya for ratio of SriMao. Sinha- le.
      With it came the Onion, Chill issue favouring lazy south left wingers.
      Guns blared…

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      Soma,

      Territorially distributed ethnic groups in Sri Lanka are the Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and the Upcountry Tamils. The Tamils of both kinds and Muslims speak Tamil. The bone of contention always has been territorial ethnic identity. The governments at the Centre have continuesly made inroads into the terrorist identity of the Tamils in the north and east and this has been fiercely resisted. The Rajapakse government surreptitiously created villages like Agbopura and Namalgama in the Vanni posts-war. The demographics of the east in particular have been fiddled and re-engineered, strengthening the fears of the northern Tamils.

      The various riots that engulfed the island have also been directed at driving the Tamils to the north and east from the so-called south. The upcountry Tamils have been also the victims of this drive. The government has also shipped those Tamils who ended up in the refugee camps in the south, to the north and easy, tacitly accepting that the Tamils will be safer there. Several factors that have come into play in Sri Lanka on the land issue and have aroused the basest of human emotions-territoriality. We want to now dribble urine along fence lines to mark each one’s territory. Presently, a significant percentage of Tamils in the Vanni of plantation origin. This fact has to be recognized and accomodated

      Even the LTTE fought for real estate more than for Tamil or Tamils! The government also fought for territory and not for the Tamils. If not, the Mahinda Rajapakse government would not have shamelessly used the word ‘ Conquered’. What or whom did they conquer by defeating the LTTE? The Tamils or the Land?

      The fact that land is the bone of contention between the various ethnic groups in Sri Lanka has to be accepted and mechanisms found to assure the minorities that their territorial distribution will not be intentionally eroded. If the counter argument is that the territorial minorities are a burden on the Sinhla tax payers-a questionable contention- the argument for Eelam becomes valid. The counter argument will be, let us starve in our OWN land, instead of being insulted day in and day out as a burdensome basket cases.

      We can live as citizens wherever want in Sri Lanka. That is the right of every citizen in Sri Lanka. However, the government should not intervene in the process to a make very insecure minorities further insecure. Colonists have been used as a fifth column in various riots stating from 1958 and this is a raw and rankling memory for the Tamils. Even the armed forces have grabbed real estate during and after the war.

      Further, the other minorities whether Veddas, Burghers, Malays , Hindus and Christians are not in a conflict centered around land, as they are largely sub-identities, except in the case of the Muslims, who are considered a territorial ethnicity.

      Although I regret that minority ethnicities have to insist on a territorial identity, I understand the need for it, in terms of our sad and bloody history. I pray we can transcend this concept with time. Confident ethnic minorities will be less in need of a territorial identity in the future.

      Dr.RN

      The 2nd schedule of the 13th amendment paves the way for such confidence building. The land issue must be depoliticized at the earliest, if we are to view it dispassionately and hence objectively.

      Dr.RN

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        Dr RN

        Regrettably, I seem to have failed in my attempt, the gist of which is the question whether we are moving forward or backward in legally and constitutionality recognising an individual as belonging to such and such race, religion, denomination or caste and what are the preccently recognised quotas for different etnicities and religions for implementation of proposed land powers.

        May I request dr RN to read my comment again.

        Soma

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          Soma,

          I have read your previous comment. First things first.

          First de-ethnicize our politics, governance, administration, judiciary, education, policing and armed services. Treat citizens as citizens and equally. Let all citizens have equal opportunities and equal security all over the island. Eliminate communal/ethnic/religious identifications in the constitution and administration. Eliminate majoritarian politics in all its ugly permutations and combinations. Make false history making and renaming of places with an ethnic bias crimes.

          Make hate mongering a serious crime. Stop tampering with demographics. Do not try to create fifth columns amongst minorities. Do not set one minority against the other. Do not favour one minority over the other and the majority over other minorities.

          There will be then no need for any land quotas on the basis of language, religion , caste, etc. Anyone, who needs land for livelihood and a home should be entitled to it, in a place of his/her choice, without fear or favour. The only concerns should be environmental and sustainability.

          I will pray for the day this ideal becomes a reality. Unfortunately, we have yet not taken a single step towards this ideal.

          Dr.RN

          Let us not put the cart before the horse!

  • 6
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    Izeth:

    When you write what you write, you leave huge holes in your arguments.

    After continuously being taken for a ride and applying the “might is right” to pass a unitary constitution dismissing outrightly the Tamils’ rights and removing the only safeguard they had “safeguards for the minorities as in the West” will dance only in a fool’s lap. What more Izzeth, allowing the NPC elections because of external pressure but then appoint a governor who usurped all the executive powers looks like you think the Tamil are idiots to buy or bite your nonsense – and that too a stripped version of the 13A.

    India was forced to intervene during the Vadamarachi operation simply because the embargo and people were denied their daily livelihood. Whatever it is, the then regime of JJ thought that by starving the population, it will bring the Tamils to their knees. May be India used this either as an opportunity or excuse to lay its hands on SL but for the stupidity of a regime to treat its own citizens in such an oppressed manner and with a fuming Tamilnadu just at its doorstep, it had to back down.

    A depleted version of the 13A or devolution may have been alright if the Tamils are dealing with a credible party. Wherein in the history of SL had the majority Sinhalese showed that they can be trusted with any arrangements or agreements at all? Not only that most Tamils know that it looks like a ploy to erode further the already depleted rights. Izzeth, I think the Tamils have leaders who can take care of this business, why not you talk to the Muslim leaders who have piled up their pockets and left their populace in a lurch.

  • 5
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    Izeth Hussain,

    ” I have held for some time that Sri Lanka does not have a purely indigenous Tamil ethnic problem.”

    Does Sri Lanka have a purely indigenous Muslim problem?

    “I have earlier argued the case that in the world of today there is no such thing as the right of self-determination… realities on the ground and should be regarded as no more than a notional right because what in practice has been acknowledged as the right of self-determination has applied only to colonized territories.”

    This is fantasy. Many Western democracies have accepted the need for territorial autonomy to accommodate their national minorities – e.g. Catalonia, the Basque Country, Scotland, Wales, Flanders, South Tyrol, Aland Islands, Quebec and Puerto Rico.

    How does Izeth explain the creation of Kosovo? I presume Izeth is towing Chomsky’s line?

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      Flanders is not Belgium’s minority but the French speakers are and Flemish in fact the majority that ruled. The King is Flemish.

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        Belgium cabinet contains an equal number of Flemish and French speaking ministers, requiring the government to have a coalition. The Prime Minister can be from any community. Practically, the political parties are divided along linguistic lines.

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        Alfred,

        You have a point. Indeed the term ‘national minorities’ may be quite misleading when inferring to the Flemish and the Scots. I used the term here for the want of words.

        Perhaps the term ‘nations within’ would be more suitable.

        However, the term nations within also throws up problems since it does not distinguish between nations who have a territorial claim (Tamils in the North East) and nations who do not have much of a territorial claim (the Muslims in Sri Lanka).

        I will leave it to the readers, commentators and wordsmiths here to coin new and appropriate words and terms.

  • 2
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    “Indo-Tamil problem” !!!! What a moronic header? It can only spring from a retarded mind that may have missed the point there are 70 millions Tamils there to our less than 2 million. If this brilliant mind was at work in 1987 we could termed that epic thus – rather than the Indo-Lankan Accord. Why oh! Why did’nt GK Reddy think of that.

    Is Hussain’s gem “India can harm us to a very terrible extent, even to the extent of breaking up this country…” meant to remind the deranged BBS and the like that the “Tamil Danger” is very much alive? Is this not further evidence Hussain loves to put a spoke in the wheels of growing rapprochement between the Sinhalese and Tamils – now on at some pace.

    This piece is nothing more than a boring rehash of what the Writer has been inflicting on the readership for months and years – mischievously and mercilessly. There is nothing new except the usual fare of harangue against
    Tamils. Also, Why does Hussain relentlessly target India? There is one possible danger of enormous proportions from this man both to the security of this country and the region. It is no secret Pakistan’s fond wish is to inflict maximum harm on India – from as many quarters as possible. The ISI can be safely expected to keep its eyes open to recruit eager men outside to accomplish its deadly objectives. Several events in recent times indicate the Pakistanis are planning to open a front in nearby South India – India’s soft under-belly in terms of her security. To realise this purpose, Paks have invested heavily in jihadi sources in the Eastern Province. Some attacks have taken place recently targeting defence facilities in Tamilnadu – with help from Lankan Muslim recruits. Men like Hussain, known for excessive hatred of India, can be used for the ambitious Pak agit-prop Agenda to pose danger to the many GoI nuclear facilities in the neighbouring State.
    Pakistan also will welcome any input by which India’s effort to gain a place in the Security Council can be sabotaged.

    Men of Hussain’s calibre will be very useful to them in this regard.

    Backlash

  • 4
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    Snooooozzzzzzze

  • 4
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    Izeth Hussain,
    Is it possible for you to understand what is being done to Tamils in Sri Lanka by successive Sri Lankan Governments and what is being done in India to Tamils by successive Indian Governments? Do you have any logic in you?

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      Richard he perfectly understands what the island’s Tamils have gone through at the hands of successive Sinhalese led Sri Lankan governments and its 99.99% Sinhalese armed forces and police. However will never acknowledge this and will never want to. It is not only him but 90% of the Sri Lankan Muslim community.
      Why? because their immigrant Dravidian Tamil Muslim community from South India( not the Arabian Gulf) have thrived on the marginalisation of the Island’s Tamils their misery and discrimination at the hands of the Sinhalese majority.
      Very few native Tamils converted to Islam. This is the reason the reason Eelam Tamils,still regard the Tamil Muslims living amongst them, as outsiders and immigrants, whereas the Tamil Christians are regarded as part and parcel of them, as a very high percentage of native Tamils converted to Christianity. Both the Catholic and Protestant variety. These Tamil Muslims denying their Tamil ethnicity and constantly siding with the Sinhalese, also greatly did not help this perception that they are not part of us.
      On the other hand the native Tamils readily accept the Indian origin estate Tamils who moved to the Tamil areas, as part of their community. Being either Hindu or Christian like the native Tamil population also helps and facilitates this assimilation.
      On the contrary in in India, Tamil Muslims as well as Christian Tamils are regarded part and parcel of the Tamil community, as they are all converts from the original Indian Tamil Hindus and these Muslim and Christian coverts still strongly identify with the Tamil language culture and their Tamil roots.
      Despite being ethnically Tamil, these Sri Lankan Muslims, had decided from the word go to deny their real Dravidian Indian Tamil Hindu origins and ethnicity and cling on to an Arab heritage and origin that only a very small percentage of them partially have. They knew that this will find favour with the largely Tamil hating racist Sinhalese majority.
      They also realised by overtly and covertly helping the Sinhalese to marginalise the island’s Tamils ( native and Indian origin) they can gain immense advantages and establish their immigrant Indian community, which until the 1950s and even up to the 1970s was in the margins, as key players.
      Enter Badudeen Mohammed the biggest supporter of Sinhalese Buddhist racism against the Tamils, with his standardisation policies that denied Tamil students even from poor disadvantaged areas higher education, with immense benefits to Sinhalese and Muslim students who entered universities with far lower marks and achievements than the Tamils. He only allowed the Muslims, half castes and other recent Indian origin Tamils like the Colombo Chetties, Barathas like the Perumals, Pulles, Vaz etc and the Borahs, Sindhis Etc all immigrant communities from India to study in the English medium. As if English was their mother tongue. All the others were forced to study in the Sinhalese and Tamil mediums. Unlike the other Indian communities, the Indian origin estate Tamils were also denied English medium education of that matter any meaningful education.
      It was during this era with the help of the racist Srimavo government that these Muslims immigrants started become key players at the expense of the Tamils. It was also during this era that the marginalisation of the Tamils in the east by the Muslims begun and the large scale colonisation and illegal settlement of Sinhalese in Trincomallee began leading to the Tamil majority becoming a marginalise minority in their own homeland in the east.
      Now despite the TNA winning the largest amount of votes and seats as an individual party in the east. The Tamils were denied to form a government in the east, because these Muslim asylum seeker immigrants connived with the illegal Sinhalese settlers to deny the Tamils of their rightful place in their own land. Now this Muslim led government in the east is systematically going around denying everything to the Tamils in the east and are marginalising them with the help of the present government and the occupying Sinhalese armed forces. Their aim is to steal the east from its real owners the Tamils.
      This is why they are so against any form of self rule or federal form of government or just rights for the Tamils, as this will stop them from stealing the east from the Tamils to form a Salafist heaven for their immigrant community from India. It is ironic that this immigrant Muslim community from India is running down and poking fun of India, for helping the native Tamils to gain justice, as they think India is an obstacle for their Salafist dream.
      Around 72 % of the Island’s Muslims live in the Sinhalese south and only 28% amongst the Tamils. However have you noticed the biggest opponents from Tamil self rule and federalism in the ancient Tamil homelands in the north and east, largely come from these southern Muslims like Izeth Hussain, who hardly would have travelled to the north and east and not from the Muslims from this region.
      This does not affect this southern Muslims in any way so why are they opposed to the ancient Eelam Tamil nation obtaining control of their land. This will also immensely benefit the Tamil Muslims in this region.
      The real reason is they feel that if the marginalisation of the island’s Tamils ceases their unfair advantage they received for their immigrant community will cease. They also think that by the formation of a federal Tamil area their dream for a Salafist Islamic homeland with the help of the illegal Sinhalese settlers will fade away, so are using the eastern Muslims to agitate against this.
      They want to live in amity with the Sinhalese majority in the south but do not want the Tamil Muslims in the north and east to live in amity and harmony with the Tamils in these areas and are using them as pawns for their own selfish power hungry games.
      This federation on the long run will help all Tamils Hindu Muslim or Christian in the north and east. However selfish power hungry southern Muslims like Izeth will try their best to thwart this.
      At this advanced age instead of thinking of doing good, he is spewing and whipping up hatred.

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        A note:

        Tamil language thrives among the Muslims in the East. Some of their Tamil scholars are also very coNversant with Tamil literature. I attended a Muslim cultural festival representing the East and presided over by Jezima Ismail, in Colombo a few years back. I was surprised at how close it was to manifestations of Tamil culture- Kummi dance and Thaallaattu songs.

        The adapting of Arab attire and mannerisms are a new phenomenon linked to oil-related material ascendancy of the Middle East and influx of petro-dollars to promote Islam.

        Dr.RN

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          Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

          “..oil-related material ascendancy of the Middle East and influx of petro-dollars to promote Islam.”

          To promote Wahhabism and Salafism, that Follow Iblis, Satan.

          al-azhar cleric about wahabis/salafis

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAvWmZfGjTU

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          Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

          “The adapting of Arab attire and mannerisms are a new phenomenon linked to oil-related material ascendancy of the Middle East and influx of petro-dollars to promote Islam.”

          Some Sri Lankan Muslims have been fooled by Petrodollars and the Devil, Iblis, Satan.

          The Wahhabis and Salafis follow Iblism, Satanism.

          Al Azhar Sheikh shia are Muslims, Wahabi Salafi’s are Extremist

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69z-PHiqOiU

          Published on Apr 18, 2015
          Al Azhar Sheikh shia are Muslims, Wahabi Salafi’s are Extremist

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            Amarasiri,

            You tend to generalize and draw the wrong conclusions from everything.

            I have lived in Saudi Arabia for thirty long years, while being a Sri Lankan and a Hindu. I have also moved with all levels of Sunnis and Shias. They are ardent Muslims and though in conflict with each other, cannot be considered as extremists . Wahhabism is a very austere form of Islam, but it has not made them intolerant and hateful,There are of course extremists, as in all categories of human beings and they are considered as such by Saudi society in general. I have found Saudis in general a very decent and kind people. They contribute generously to good causes and to promote their beliefs.

            It is the ignorant and the extremists here, who are distorting the Islam practiced for ages in this country. I do not think the Saudis have told them to do so and dress as they do now. It is also those Muslims who go to Saudi Arabia for low paid jobs and are less educated who come back with aspects of the Saudi culture and transplant it here.

            I respected their culture and tried to understand the context in which it evolved and is what it is today. They knew I was a Hindu and did not avoid talking to me about their religion and mine.

            I think theSaudis are a much maligned people. The Americans used them , their religious fervor and their money to chase the Soviets/Russians from Afganistan and in the process created the nucleus for the extremism that haunts the Middle East today.

            Dr.RN

            It is a lesson that ‘The end never justifies the means’. This is a lesson we have to learn quickly in Sri Labka too.

            Dr.RN

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              Dr.Rajasingham Barendran

              “I have lived in Saudi Arabia for thirty long years, while being a Sri Lankan and a Hindu. I have also moved with all levels of Sunnis and Shias. They are ardent Muslims and though in conflict with each other, cannot be considered as extremists . Wahhabism is a very austere form of Islam, but it has not made them intolerant and hateful,There are of course extremists, as in all categories of human beings and they are considered as such by Saudi society in general. “

              The Reason why the Current Saudi Wahhabi’s are not killing other non-Wahabis is due to practical and other societal reasons. today. Same with why there is no Inquisitions today and killings, that happened 500 years ago. However, ISIS is still doing that.

              Wahhabiesand their clones follow Iblis, Satan, Devil.

              Whahhabis are pious all right, they are literal interpreters of the Quran, one version of it. All the main Schools of Islam have rejected them. Their core Ideology is from Ibn Taymiah, and the Ibn Taymiah copycat Abdul Wahhab of the 18th Century, the Satan of Najad as given in the Hadith.

              Please read the references below. Islam means submission, to God, Allah. For the Wahhabies, salafies and their clones, Islam means submission to their interpretation of Islam. If not the person is an Apostate or infidel, and fit to be killed. Primary targets are Shia and its Off shoots, Sufis, Ahmedia, and then other non-Muslims. ISIS practices something close to it. The Wahhabi state is the ISIS that succeeded.

              References.

              1. Hadith of Najd.

              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadith_of_Najd

              2. Ottoman–Wahhabi War

              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman%E2%80%93Wahhabi_War

              3. Wahhabi sack of Karbala

              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabi_sack_of_Karbala

              4.Wahhabism: The School of Ibn Taymiyyah – The Root of Terrorism?

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7mBWMbuDp-s

              Published on Jun 26, 2015
              A look at the root and ideology of Wahhabism. Founded by Mohammed Ibn Abdul Wahab who was influenced by the writings of Ibn Taymiyyah. This documentary studies their teachings and why so much hatred is seen towards other religions and sects because of their teachings.

              5. ISIS Ideology – Wahhabism Salafi Takfirism

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a3IBKhf-Esc

              6. Where is Najd – HORN of SATAN?

              Published on Dec 5, 2014
              To all the doubters who still think Najd is in Iraq and not in Saudi Arabia.

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QbHymIJWMfA

              7. al-azhar cleric about wahabis/salafis

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAvWmZfGjTU

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              Dr.Rajasingham Barendran

              What Countries Still Have Child Brides?

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0iwLcy3vPk

              Wahhabi Saudi Arabia and many others.

              A Pious Wahhabi will have a child bride and rape the girl legally.

              Pious Rapists?

              Do you know that in Sri lanka the lower age is 12 or can even go below that based on the “approval” of the Quazi “Judge”.

              Do you know that in Sri Lanka Muslim brides do not sign, yes, do not Sign the marriage certificate? why?

              Because they are considered Chattel, Slaves.

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      Richard

      Tamil political class in Sri Lanka is not fighting for equality or any perceived discrimination but demand to be recognized as a a distinct ethnic entity futher confusing the issue by using the words “Tamils”,” Tamil Nation” and “Tamil Speaking People” interchangeably . On close scrutiny itturns out that they are only Hindu and Christian Tamils in the North which are less than 5% of the population.

      Soma

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        Soma,

        It is quite wrong and hence unacceptable to talk of population percentages in the north after the decades old violence that claimed thousands of lives and resulted in massive internal and external migrations. Whatever, their percentages are now, it is land in which the Tamils lived in large numbers until what happened did. Whatever the words Tamil politicians use and have trained the people to use, the north was and is yet the land where the Tamils were the majority and the Muslims and Sinhalese were a minority, in terms of prevailing terminology in Sri Lanka. The Muslims and the Sinhalese who had to leave the north for various reasons should return to live there. The others who wish to do so should also be welcome welcome.

        We need human resources in the north to take development forward.

        Dr.RN

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        Dear Soma

        In your eagerness to deny Tamils in the North their dues and rights
        are you confusing your maths as you insist “Hindu and Christian Tamils in the North are less than 5% of the population”

        Backlash

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    Soma,

    For your information. The following is what Barack Obama – the first Black-White president if the USA said in his first inaugural address:

    “On this day, we come to proclaim an end to petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn out dogmas, that for too long have strangled our politics.”

    “We remain a young nation, but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit; to choose our better history; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble idea, passed from generation to generation: the God-given promise that all are equal, all are free, and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness.”

    “For we know that our patchwork heritage is strength, not a weakness. We are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus- and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve; that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal itself; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of peace”.

    “To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek conflict, or blame their society’s ills on the West- know that your people will judge you on what you can build, not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist.” –
    Excerpts from President Barrack Obama’s inaugural speech ( 20/01/2009)

    I add, let us also eschew petty and frivolous thoughts, and point scoring. Let us also not try to take advantage of the misery of others. Let us relegate our past to the archives and history books. Let us forgive each other for our mistakes and the violence. Let us move forward hand in hand as partners in a common cause, rebuilding this NATION ground up, learning lessons from our past mistakes.

    Dr.RN

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