27 September, 2021

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The Fall Of The Vanni Kingdom: Will History Once Again Repeat Itself?

By V.P. Lingajothy

V.P. Lingajothy

Three different groups of Tamil forces led by three different Vanni chieftains converged on the Mullaitivu fort this day 210 years ago with their forces, their intention was to liberate Vanni by starting from Mullaitivu which was its heart land (Ithayaboomi in Tamil). The ferocity of the attack by the combined Tamil forces was such that the British soldiers and their allied forces holding the fort, although put up a resistance, were unable to hold for long but were forced to flee and the Mullaitivu fort and the town falls to the Tamil forces before the enemy reinforcements arrived from Jaffna, Trincomalee and Mannar. The fort was taken by the Tamil forces that secured it and hoisted the Tamil flag of Pandara Vanniyar and his allied forces led by Pariyari Vellar and the Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya Kumarasinga Vanniyan. The grand design of Pandara Vanniyan and the contemporary rulers of Vanni including Pariyari Velar (chieftain from Karikkaddumulai whose real name was Kathirvelan) and Kumarasinga Vannian of Nuwarakalawiya (Maha Vanni) did not succeed, unfortunately as their subsequent troop movements and hide outs were betrayed by a traitor in this case Kadirgamanayaga Mudaliar of Melpattu East to the British alerting them to the impending peril at the hands of the Vanni forces, this was in September 1810.

The intelligence information passed on by the said Kadirgamanayaga Mudaliar alerted Mr. Turnour, the collector of Vanni who prepared the British forces to face the Tamil forces from Vanni and eventually as history has repeated itself now, the more superior international forces (the British also assisted by the Dutch and the Malay mercenaries) defeated the valiant Tamil forces. Pandara Vanniyan was initially defeated at 5am on the 31st of October 1803, however, how the British forces found out about his whereabouts on this occasion is unknown, the historic records simply state that he was surprised by the early morning attack and that the British forces with their Dutch allies and mercenaries converged on

Kachchilamadu from Jaffna, Trincomalee and Mannar and took on Pandara Vanniyan’s forces. Although his power was greatly reduced following this defeat, due to treachery, he later relied on the more ferocious warrior chieftain Pariyari Velar from Karikkaddumulai to expel the British from Vanni. Please refer to JPLM page 22 footnotes. The maps depicting the 2 attacks mentioned above are shown here.

Describing the attack on the Mullaitivu fort, Charles Pridham’s ‘An Historical, Political and Statistical Account of Ceylon and its Dependencies’ Vol. 2, page 522 published in 1849, London states thus:

Another account of the fall of the Mullaitivu to the Tamil forces is given by J.P. Lewis in his ‘Manual of the Vanni Districts’, page 18, ‘’With the assistance of a body of Kandyans under the Disava of Nuwarakalawiya he overran the Vanni, and on August 25, 1803, attacked the government house at Mullaittivu in great force, drove out the garrison which was under the command of Captain Drieberg of the ‘’Invalid Malays,’’ and seized the Fort.  Captain Drieberg withdrew his small garrison in good order to boats, which had been sent to Mullaittivu to secure his retreat and by this means to Jaffna’’.

Talking about this attack on Mullaitivu, the ‘Manual of the North Central Province’ by R. E. Ivers 1899 edition page 48 states the following ‘’the Kandyan attacked all the British maritime territory from Hambantota to Mullaitivu. The Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya, with Pandara Vanniyar and the people of the Jaffna Vanni, attacked the latter fort. Lieutenant Drieberg, who was in command, abandoned it and retreated by sea to Jaffna, the Kandyans carried off some of the cannon, one of which now lies at Sinhaya Ultpota in Kunjuttu Korale’’.

Historic records describe that Pandara Vanniyan was assisted by the Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya and the people of the Jaffna Vanni. Further research confirms that the Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya is a reference to Pandara Vanniyan’s brother-in-law (sister’s husband), Kumarasinga Vanniyan, eldest son of Nuwara Vanniya from Bulankulam (Vilankulam in Tamil) also known as Bulankulam Mudiyanse. One must note that the people in the Maha Vanni (Nuwarakalawiya and Thamankaduva) were Tamil speaking until the end of the 18th century, please refer to pages 29 and 19 respectively of C.S. Navaratnam’s ‘Vanni and the Vanniyas’. However, at the beginning of the 19th century, some elements of Sinhalisation began to manifest as can be seen from the names i.e. Bulankulam Vanniya, Tamarawewa Vanniya (previously Tamarai Kulam Vanniyan) and Kumarasinga Kanea Wanniya. The population of Maha Vanni was Tamil blooded however, due to the Kandyan influence to the south of their territory; there was some peaceful Sinhala penetration at that time by inter-marriages. I am therefore correct to say that the forces from Nuwarakalawiya at the time of the attack on Mullaitivu were Tamil and also Tamil speaking as otherwise they could not have interacted with the other allied Tamil forces from the Northern Vanni.

According to the available information and historic records, the reference ‘the people of the Jaffna Vanni’, is a reference to the people of the Mullaitivu District primarily from Kanukkerny, Thaniyutu and Mamulai (J.P. Lewis’s ‘Manual of Vanni’, herein after referred to as JPLM, page 58). In sharp contrast to the description of an attack in November 1810 into Kilakkumulai South where according to JPLM page 22 which I quote ‘’the party (the forces of Pandara Vanniyan) was described as consisting of eight Malays, but it appeared to have been led by Pandara himself’’, the attack on Mullaitivu described as stated above by Mr. R.E. Ivers, states that the forces that attacked the Mullaitivu fort on the 25th of August 1803 were led by the Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya with Pandara Vanniyan and the people of the Jaffna Vanni.

It therefore becomes abundantly clear that the entire force on this attack was not led by Pandara himself but by him and 2 other chieftains. The anecdotal evidence and the information below, will confirm that the other forces (the people of the Jaffna Vanni) were led by a Vellalar chieftain from that area known as Pariyari Velar who is originally from the village of Kanukkerny. JPLM confirms that Pariyari Velar escaped from the Mullaitivu jail as he was held to face trial for murder in June 1807 and joined Pandara Vanniyan’s forces in 1809. The intelligence information as described in JPLM at pages 21 and 22 and other information at pages 18, 19, 239 and 319 confirms that Pariyari Velar who was a chieftain was held as a prisoner by the British but escaped and joined his forces who also assisted Pandara Vanniyan in his endeavors to overthrow the British in the areas under his control (Karikkaddumulai). From the available information, Pariyari Velar would have been only in his early teens in 1803, it therefore stands to reason that his father and his relatives, the most famous being the members of the Theerar clan would have taken part in the attack on the Mullaitivu fort. Therefore as stated previously, Pariyari Velar and his retinue would have been known as ‘the people of the Jaffna Vanni’. According to the information contained in some ola leaves in the possession of the famous Kailayapillai Vaithiyar (native physician in Tamil) and the astrologer Ramalingam both from the Kanukkerny village in Vanni, Pariyari Velar’s forefathers were active from the early part of the 18th century (circa 1720) as Vanni chieftains primarily upholding the worship of Lord Muruga, Lord Ganesh and Lord Shiva in the saivite tradition who fiercely opposed the religious conversion of Hindus to Christianity. Furthermore, available evidence states that the hereditary chieftainship that they held was also passed down by the male line like any other member of Tamil Royalty.

I feel it appropriate to briefly say a few words about the Theerar clan. Theerar Kanapathay Pillai was known to have been the military commander of the Vanni kingdom circa 1634 when an incursion from the Kandyan kingdom took place into the Vanni territory as Mr. Kanapathay Pillai being the military commander (Senathypathy in Tamil) led the Tamil cavalry and pushed the Kandyan troops back to the Vanni kingdom’s border with the Kandyan kingdom. History by word of mouth has it that although his forces were reduced to 50 men, he was able to expel the Kandyan intruders from the Vanni kingdom following which he was given the honorary title of ‘Theerar’ (‘Theerar’ means a brave soldier or general in Tamil, this is an accolade bestowed on a military leader for extra-ordinary achievements of gallantry or bravery by the Tamil kings) by the Vanni king and this title was handed down to the first male member of the Kanapathay Pillai family. Although they named the first male child of the family Kanapathay Pillai and Velupillai alternatively, the members of the family were collectively known as the Theerar clan and they are from the Kanukkerny village in Vanni and had matrimonial alliances with the Velar clan of the same area (Kanukkerny/Thaniyutu) to which Pariyari Velar belongs.

Unfortunately, contemporary historians have overlooked the great war of independence led by Pandara Vanniyan, Pariyari Velar and other Vanni chieftains from the Mullaitivu District primarily from the Kanukkerny/Thaniyutu area. Much has been written about the defeat of Pandara Vanniyan at Kachchilamadu on the 31st of October 1803 and a Pseudo-historian from Mulliyawalai had falsely claimed in his novel of the same name that Pandara Vanniyan was in fact killed at Kachchilamadu giving a defeatist mentality to the Tamil people of Vanni. Whereas, the JPLM confirms at page 52 thus that the Vanni chief Pandara died at the Panankamam village and not at Kachchilamadu and from the intelligence information given by the treacherous Mudaliyar in October 1810 page 21 of JPLM shows at least that Pandara Vanniyan was alive in October 1810, it therefore stands to reason that he passed away some time thereafter and the anecdotal history confirms that he died in 1811 due to a knee injury sustained during the fight. Pandara Vanniyan was neither killed nor captured alive but eventually succumbed to his injuries that he received perhaps at the hands of the enemy.

Following his death, the British wrongly claimed referring to Pandara Vanniyan’s death which I quote from page 19 of JPLM ‘’the power of the Vanni chiefs was thus finally and effectually extinguished’’. Following Pandara Vanniyan’s death, he didn’t have any issues to follow him neither did he have any brothers to succeed him. The only descendant of his family namely Ponar Vannichchiyar, although moved to live in Jaffna, her descendants lived in Kanukkerny in the Mullaitivu district and they intermarried amongst the peripheral members of the Velar and Theerar clans perhaps there was also an earlier marriage connections between the  families of the chieftains from Kanukkerny such as Pariyari Velar and Pandara Vanniyan’s family, this may have led to Pandara Vanniyan forming a close and trusting association with Pariyari Velar.

However, there are folk songs that confirm the flame of freedom of Vanni was not extinguished following the death of Pandara Vanniyan; the struggle was continued by his erstwhile comrade in arms and a contemporary ruler of Vanni the great warrior chieftain Pariyari Velar and his descendants, particularly his son Pariyari Vinnayar also known as Kaadu Rajah Kathiravelu Vinnasy (whose real name was Kathiravelu Vinnasythamby). It appears from the historic evidence available i.e. written records from ola leaves, folk songs and history handed down by word of mouth by elders that Pariyari Velar continued with his struggle to liberate Vanni from the clutches of the foreign rule from his hide outs. He lived in relative obscurity within the Padawiya Nuwarakalawiya border jungle (Karikkaddumulai south borders Nuwarakalawiya and Padawiya is situated just south of the border inside Maha Vanni known as Nuwarakalawiya). It is firmly believed that his son Vinnayar was born in that jungle area when his father Pariyari Velar was living there in obscurity hence his alias Kaadu Rajah meaning ‘King of the Jungle’ in Tamil. His birth circa 1830 and his subsequent fight for independence culminating in the battle for the Areca nut trees in Thaniyutu have been sung as a folk song giving the details of the English rulers he fought against. These incidents in the folk song are known as the Kamugam Sanday Paadal (battle for the Areca nut trees), which confirm unequivocally that at least until the time of S. Haughton being the assistant agent of Mullaitivu, Kaadu Rajah continued to agitate for freedom for Vanni. JPLM confirms S. Haughton as being the assistant agent of Mullaitivu from May 19th 1877 to March 14th 1878. He also was the assistant agent of Vavuniya and Mullaitivu (Vanni) from April 1st 1883 and October 20th 1883. It appears from the evidence in the folk song mentioned above that Kaadu Rajah was betrayed once again by the local rulers the Udaiyars, Vidanayars, Mudaliyars etc. and that his heroic struggle came to an end during Haughton’s first tenure of office between the 19th of May 1877 and March 14th 1878 and sadly despite the fierce resistance of Kaadu Rajah, the son of Pariyari Velar, the superior forces led by the British from three points i.e. Jaffna, Mannar and Mullaitivu and assisted by the traitors from within finally defeated the last Rajah of Vanni.

Although this was a heroic struggle, this information was suppressed by the colonial rulers and they failed to document this properly, however, this heroic freedom struggle was sung as a folk song by the local people and remained within the oral tradition until 1979 when it was for the first time put into print form. The above map shows the details of the Kamugam Sanday which is in fact the last fight for independence of Vanni, it cannot escape ones attention the striking similarity between the troop movements of the British to capture Pandara Vanniyan at Kachchilamadu on the 31st of October 1803 and the British troop movements to quell the freedom struggle of Kaadu Rajah Kathirvel Vinnasy at Thaniyutu in 1878. Details of this last freedom fight in Vanni have been given in detail in the book namely ‘Adankkapattu (Vanni) Part III Native Chieftains’ which I co-authored with television journalist Mr. Aruna Selladurai. I am currently writing about this great struggle for independence in a book form as ‘The Last Great Rebellion of Vanni’.

At least as far as the records and anecdotal history go, there was no war of independence following Kaadu Rajah Vinnasythamby’s defeat anywhere in Vanni. According to the known history, Pariyari Velar was never captured alive but his son Kaadu Rajah Vinnayar was pardoned by the British authorities and he remained in obscurity following his defeat until his death. However, a century later his great-great-grandson took up arms and joined a liberation organisation which defeated the enemy and once again took over Mullaitivu in July 1996. The great-great-grandson of Kaadu Rajah was known by the nom de guerre ‘Major Curdles’ and was affectionately known as Kerdy to the fellow freedom fighters. The great martyr (Maveeran in Tamil) Mahalingam Thileepan otherwise known as Major Curdles is a cousin of the most illustrious freedom fighter Brigadier Theepan. Colonel Theepan (Velayuthapillai Baheerathakumar) was posthumously promoted as Brigadier and according to DBS Jeyaraj, a journalist; he could still become the first major general of the Tamil Tigers who fought his waterloo at Ananthapuram on the 4th of April 2009. Theepan and his leader V. Pirabaharan’s sacrifices for the liberation of their people is unparallel not only in Tamil history but also in the history of man-kind. None of these martyrs were caught alive but died a heroic death in the battle front. History has once again repeated itself, the great freedom fighters have been once again betrayed, not only were they betrayed but also due to the changing geo-politics, all the major powers of the world became strange bed fellows and assisted the Tamil enemies and helped to defeat the Tamil freedom fighters and Mullaitivu has once again fallen to the enemy. Let us hope and wait that history will repeat itself and we Tamils will once again become the masters of this territory known as Ithayaboomi.  When once again Mullaitivu will fall to the Tamil forces and on this occasion we will hold on to it forever with the power of the almighty god.

*V.P. Lingajothy – Great-great-great-grandson of Pariyari Velar and a direct descendant of Senathypathy Theerar and also the current hereditary great chieftain of the entire Vanni including Maha Vanni

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Latest comments

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    V.P. Lingajothy’s (current hereditary great chieftain of the entire Vanni including Maha Vanni) photo shows him in a bow tie. Perhaps the Vanni has fallen culturally, as well as militarily?

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      The writer [Edited out]

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        C’mon
        I used to work in a bar, and all bar tenders had to wear a bow tie.
        The customers didn’t.

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    I fully enjoyed he article until I read the following:

    “the current hereditary great chieftain of the entire Vanni including Maha Vanni”

    the author seems to be a nut case.

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    Lingajothy,

    Your plea for history to repeat itself is asking for more death and destruction.

    We must move away from this kind of rhetoric. War always favours a few – those in power. It is the rank and file who die useless deaths either as soldiers or as innocent bystanders. So before you advance the cause of war please think of the consequences.

    I do agree there is universal racism in Sri Lanka. I do agree that Tamils and to a lesser degree Muslims have borne the brunt of this ugly side of the Sinhalese psyche. However your research has itself shown that war brought no long lasting peace to the Vanni. So why do you persist on war as the path to peace in a landlocked small island like Sri Lanka. Supposing the Tamils win in the Vanni, do you mean to say Tamil racism will not replace Sinhala racism in those lands?

    I suggest that you broaden your views from the narrow confines of race or religion. If you persist in choosing that path what is the difference between you and the Sinhala marauders who have brought such devastation to the Tamil people.

    I suggest that you find other means to liberate all people within Sri Lanka – a Sri Lanka that is free from racism of every sort, a Sri Lanka that embraces difference, where people could live and move about without fear or fervour, where friendships can be forged without deference to the other’s race, where one religion or race is not favoured above another. Think of universal peace and harmony.

    I admit that in the present political climate in Sri Lanka one can’t see any light at the end of the tunnel. But I assure you greater dynasties than the present MR dynasty have come and gone. Let us hope when they go that we replace it with a regime that is truly citizen friendly.

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    I wonder what happened to that other gentleman, who lives in Holland, and is convinced he is the rightful owner of the Jaffna
    kingdom. He was in touch with me at some point years ago and I
    planned to use my contact with Frederica J to give his claim publicity.
    But he pulled out once I sent him a list of questions to answer before
    I arranged the publicity.

    It will be interesting if Mr Lingajothy’s claims are corraborated by others. What is interesting here is that there has been cooperation between Kanydan Kings/Chiefs and Wanni Chiefs in meeting the incursions
    of the British and others as late as the 19th century. And inter-marriages too.

    Senguttuvan

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      Did you mean HRH Remigius Kanagarajah? He gives a pretty comprehensive lineage list. I wonder if any of Sri Wickremrajsinhe’s chldren or bastards are in politics today?

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    Bedrock Barney – Your intelligence took a nose dive – and has fallen with a thud.
    Is this all you can think about- the bow tie ?.
    The Barney blah ba.

    You admit that Vanni has fallen militarily – great with much human rights violations.Culturally – it seems like – never to bow down -.

    The police dogs in Kandy are having a great time – being married with fanfare.
    Ties around the males dogs and hats and gloves for the female dogs.
    The police department in Kandy is a total stupid force.

    So Barney – why the colonial dress up for dogs ?
    1000 people congregated to enjoy this and what were they fed with

    KIRIBATH.

    Enjoy the fun.

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      As all colonialists behaved like dogs, I thought that it was quite apt that the dogs were dressed in colonial attire. It was quite ingenious. Why, did you want the dogs dressed in a Verti and Thali for the bitches and insult our own traditions?

      No need to get your hackles up though. I am sure the great chief can defend himself. Maybe the brandy is yet to be served?

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    Hello there Lingajoy,

    Are you a member of WTF (World Tamil Foundation) by any chance? I get this sneaky feeling I have seen you at a WTF cocktail party. Your great-great grandpa Pariyari Velar would have also been a member of WTF too I am sure.

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      Vibhushana

      Can we now restart our discussion on constitutional matters which you abruptly left to join new thread?

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        Sorry format of a blog is such that its impossible to keep track of threads as in a forum.

        Which thread you speak of? Point and I shall join to resume any abruptly concluded statements.

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          Vibhushana

          You spend some time looking for your own comments.

          It is about process of constitution drafting.

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          The Pirith Noola.

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    Bring Back Western Imperialism.

    At least it will keep all racists occupied and religious myth holders at bay.
    If not bring socialism or communism.

    That will also keep all racists and religious myth holders at bay.

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      Yes, Arugam Bay?

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    There was a research paper or article with graphic simulated pictures in the New Scientist a few years back that there was evidence of a 250 to 500 million periodic cycles to Wagener’s theory of drifting continents. Wonder where the Singhalese and Tamils would fit into these larger pix?

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      Below the Mahaveli fault the southern part of Lanka sits in the Austra-Asian plate, so they could be assumed belonging to the Sumatran, Tasmanian lineage.

      The northern portion of Lanka belonged to the part of Pangaea which collided to the mainland India Krillions of years before(who counts?). So, they could be belonging to the protruded cephalic aborigines of Tamilnadu before the arrival of the Greek Trimils who abandoned the Moendajaro & Hadappa settlements.

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    I think Wannis are should direct descendents of Wanniyala-Aettos of Sri Lanka, rather considered to be South Indians. VP.Lingajothi looks more like Sinhalese than Some one from South India. It clearly shows that Wanni people from North, North Central and Eastern Lanka are intermixed Wanniyala-Aetto and Sinhalese, later they are Tamilised by Cholas, Pandyans and Arya Chakravarthi rulers.

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      So will LingoJodi propagate and the crooked Tamils and the stupid Sinhalese shall be banished out from the Helaluja Island to Dumbodiva like the Thick-Bit Native Atto of Uduwalave yearns.

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    The great chieftain of the wanni,
    Damn smart move not to make your claim while the other great chieftain of the whole of the North East was a live..It would have been much fun to have seen what ol Prabha boy thought of your claim to be the Chieftain of his realm.

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    Amazing stuff and . Kick ass write up.

    Pandaru Vanniyar,Pariyari Vellar, and Kumarasinghe Vanniyan seem to be in the same league as our own son of the South, Puranappu.

    Now the Vellala descendents of these valiant Vanniyans have become bigger ass lickers of the British than our own Brown Sahibs in Colombo.

    These Vellalas want to take care of the people there, who produced Valiant Worriers of Vanni , when the real sons like Lingapothty are left in the lurch.

    Lingapothy’s affection for non Vanniyan Prabakaran , who sort of collaborated with the British perhaps may be due to his frustration of not having real Vanniyans .

    When Vellalas, lead by non Vanniyan Wiggy take charge, they should at least nominate Lingapothy as the Govenor, to acknowledge their appreciation of his fore fathers courage to kick the British Colonials .

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      Idiot, your own son Puran Appu was a malayalee i.e. Pooran+Appooppan = Puran Appu who was a Christian by birth not a pakka Sinhala/Buddhist sahib.

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    What an arrogant clown. Will he be competing with Rudrakumaran, the Right Honorable Prime Minister of the Transnational Government of Tamil Ealam for the post of King?

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    “None of these martyrs were caught alive but died a heroic death in the battle front. “

    In other words, they got killed by the machine gun fire. Some six hundreds or so maaveeran died in that battle.

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    Is this author for real? He’s just made the best case for the wildest fantasies of the Sri Lankan security bureaucracy, of permanent military deployments and geo-strategic changes in the Wanni area.

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      Dr.dayan,you are right.The paranoid gota will get even more paranoid when he sees lingajothy’s picture.He will take a gun and look under his bed every night before he goes to sleep.Nutters always have an effect on other nutters because same types are not attracted to each other.

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      I think not only him, people also ask that of you “Is Dayan for real” also of the other two Rajiva and Tamara as well……on your constant vacillation in position !!!

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      DJ,

      Are you looking for excuses for permanent sinhala military deployment in the North?

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      This guy is for real,considering the likeness of the bloke who appears in the advertisement telecast by Global Tele Vision(GTV)for a Solicitors firm in the UK for people with immigration problems.
      Why has the Law Society which is supposed to regulate solicitors firms not woken up to this tasteless clip and the impact it may have on the reputation and ethical standards that the profession carries?

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    This “The Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya” was he Tamil tto, or he just collaborated with Tamils to chase out British.

    IF that is the truth, modern Tamils, including Pabakaran are British AS@ Lickers. Even the Tamilnadu Tamils like English over Hindi.

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    This “The Dissava of Nuwarakalawiya” was he Tamil tto, or he just collaborated with Tamils to chase out British.

    IF that is the truth, modern Tamils, including Pabakaran are British AS@ Lickers. Even the Tamilnadu Tamils like English over Hindi.

    See this lingajothy (hum another kind of lingams). He also loves to british. Where is Tamil-nationalism in his suit ?

    Just the gree for free real estate ?

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    This is as if Medamulana Rajapaksa’s of present day would also write claiming the ancestry of the ancient rulership of ‘Atadahas rata’ in the south for themselves. The two objectives of the writer are quite clear: One to boast about his imagined ancestry; the other to show that Vanni was inhabited by Tamils and the Sinhalese (Kandyans) were later intruders.The third is to support the claim of Territory for Tamils Traditional homelands/’Eelam’].

    It is true that Bandara Vanniya and Mahavanniya Kumarasinhe were related by matrimony, the latter having married Bandara’s sister.Just because some Vanni chieftains were of South Indian origin,[not necessarily Tamil], what makes one claim that the people in the Vanni were also all ‘Tamils’?How does one explain the Malayali connection that Hugh Nevill,Asst Govt Agent of Mullaitivu/ Trincomalee, wrote aboutin the 1860s/70s? Were all the people of Kandyan provinces become Vadigas because the last rulers were Vadigas?
    By the type of analogy used, looking by the looks the writer could very well
    be a [‘Periyar’] Kanapathipillai we knew in our times in the University. One of them we called “Lobster” because he was red -faced like a boiled lobster.(no insult meant and Lobby’ as we fondly called him enjoyed it even when he became a University Lecturer at Pera. No wonder when Captain Drieberg was marching round the area with his Malay troops!A little fun; no insult meant.

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      The word, “Vadiga” was used to mean northerners. In this case, people lived northern to the Tamilnadu. In other words, andrha pradesh or Kalinga rata.

      They were not real tamils.

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        The Adyghe people originate in the North Caucasus region and are called Circassians who were originated from the mountainous region in the north of Italy.

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    The author says:
    “The population of Maha Vanni was Tamil blooded however”

    There are blood groups like O, A etc, but I have never heard of Tamil blood. Do the Tamil Vellar and the lower-caste Tamils have the same blood?

    So, if the same history happened previously with massacres in the Mullaitivu area, is this writer going to ask Navi Pillai to investigate the British for their massacres in “Ceylon”?

    Is this writer saying that there would be another Tamil uprising and that they will be massacred again? Are you going to come back to the Vanni and lead the war? Or are you paid by the chauvinist memebers of the Lankan government to keep the pot boiling?

    Let me just say that many of us who are Tamils live in the south, and we don’t want your nonsensical jingoist Tamil Chauvinism that led to a Thirty-Year war where a small percentage of people (amils) were pitted against a Majority of roughly Ten times the size of the tamils. Each time history “repeats itself” the Tamils get nearly wiped out, and they have to run off to neighboring countries. This started from the time of the two horse Traders Senakar and Guttikar in the per-Christian era.

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    It was interesting to read some aspects of the history of the Vanni. I hope the historical details presented will be affirmed or contested by those who know more about it. I thank Mr. Lingajothy for letting us know, what he knows. He is entitled to his heritage, though it has little relevance to the present day and the 21st century global village we are in.
    All our mindsets must change to accept humans as humans,;respect their needs and rights; and accept their diversity and overarching unity. Territoriality is an imperative even for animals. It is more so for humans. However, the spoor marks are much wider and terroriality is multidimensional. One can belong simultaneously to a community, village, province, country and the world and place his spoor marks as he desires. Man’s horizon has expanded, though he remains yet parochial with respect to his origins and inherited values. Accepting the parochialism and universalism that co-exist in modern man will be the challenge of the 21st century.

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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    Time to let go of our Obsession with Ancestry. How far are we prepared to go? Why stop at South India, North India or even Iran? We should be going back to Africa to look for our Ancestors among the Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Orang Utans etc!

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      Ironically, no Orang-Utans in Africa.

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        Sorry Sumatra, should have read ‘back to Africa and Borneo’.

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    Mr.. V.P.Lingajoti, whose visage appears to be more Malay than Tamil or Sinhalese, (with no malice towards any races or nations mentioned) makes an interesting connection between present day events and those of the last days of the Kandyan Kingdom – as all other regions were under British purview by this time. In weaving his story he brings in Kadirgamanayaga Mudaliya as the traitor who betrayed the vanni chieftains to the British. So “major curdles” cousin of Thileepan etc and the descendent of the king of the jungle was betrayed by Lakshman Kadirgama, descendent of Kadirgamanayaga Mudaliya – what an interesting movie would that make…..

    History does tend to repeat itself.

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    A quick google search brings us to this:

    http://www.world-geographics.com/asia/sri-lanka/north-eastern-2065/1241516-kanukkeni.html

    V.P.Lingajothy
    History : Kanukeni also spelt kannukerny is a village that takes it\\\’s name after an ancient Kingdom known as kanukeni Kingdom.According to the Tamil Historical books ie Vaiyapadal by Vaiyapuri aiyar and other history books dealing with Vanni history, before the arrival of Vanniyar to The Island of Eelam ( modern srilanka) the kannukeni Kingdom flourished in the eastern part of the Vanni mainland rougly between the modern day Mullaitivu and Trincomalee towns perhaps encompassing about 400 squre kilometers.Before the disintergation of this Chiefdom it was finally ruled by Mappanar ( vellala) Chieftains Who miagrated from South India over 800 years ago circa 12th century CE.Earlier this territory was ruled by vanniyars who also originated from South India.Prior to that circa 6th century CE or earlier this part of Tamil homeland was ruled by indigenous Dravidian veddah Tribes.The famous water tank(a reservoir ie:Kanukenikulam in Tamil) in this Kingdom was built by a veddah King by the name of kannukeni known in Tamil as \\\”Kanu arasan\\\” hence the name of Kannukeni being used to describe his territory. The only family that can currently claim any Royal title to this Kingdom is Kathiravelu-Vinnasythamby family who are the last descendants of the Mappanar chieftains who ruled this territory.Any one interested in the history of Kannukeni kingdom can read a historical account of Vanni Adankkapattu part 3 ( native Chieftains) authored by media person Aruna-selladurai.The kingdom of Kanukeni was susequently re-named as Karikaddumoolai and later divided into Karikaddumoolai north and south.J.P.Lewis manuel of Vanni ( an authentic record of the british colonial admistration on vanni)makes it clear that Karikaddumoolai and Kanukkeni kingdom are one and the same.Karikkaddumoolai means a corner where a rouge Elephant was tied. The Modern Name for Karikaddumoolai is Maritime pattu of Mullaitivu district. According to the heriditary succession to the royal title of this Kingdom His excellency The Royal highness Mr.V.P.Lingajothy a lawyer who is currently resident in the United kingdom is going to be the next ruling monarch.Mr.V.P.Lingajothy has recently indicated his willingness to play a ceremonial role in his capacity as the successor to the throne of the Kingdom of kannukeni. His uncle HRH.Kathiraveloe( velon the 3rd) the Current regning monarch is almost approaching eighty years old and lives in south India.Hence the decision to enthrone a younger monarch as Vinnasy the 3rd or give him a a modern day version of that title in that context a new name is yet to be decided by this ruling family. kannukeni kingdom\\\’s current reigning monarch HRH kathiraveloe is only living temporarily in South India becase of the war situation in his country in 2009 and earlier.He will return to his Country when he feels absolutely certain that the life in his country is back to normal and it is safe for him to return.
    Posted by V.P.Lingajothy on July 7th, 2011

    Has His Royal Highness Vinnasy the 3rd crowned as yet?

    If he has, he then needs to pay me and a couple of thousand other Kulatunga’s, all descendants of Kulatunga Chola, the tithes that all chieftains were obliged to pay to the Kings of Jaffna. Where can I send the invoice – given that its probably impractical to demand the traditional methods of payment, consisting of goats, cows and elephants…

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      “..Has His Royal Highness Vinnasy the 3rd crowned as yet?

      If he has, he then needs to pay me and a couple of thousand other Kulatunga’s, all descendants of Kulatunga Chola, the tithes that all chieftains were obliged to pay to the Kings of Jaffna.

      Where can I send the invoice…”

      Well, Nice try, bad luck! Wanniyan will never surrender or pay tithe to anyone. This is the historical fact that this writer is trying to establish, I guess. Talking of tithe, Jaffna men attempted to extort tithe unsuccessfully in the past during medieval time. Wannian fought with all of their enemies unto death knowing that they were fighting a losing battle.

      Someone described this writer as a “Nut case”. This guy, expecting tithe from wannian, is a true “Nut case”, I believe.

      GOD help us.

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    Velar does not mean vellalar
    Wanniyans were their own bosses

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      There was a Tamil Vanni and. Sinhala Vanni. The Sinhala Vanni included areas such as Krunrgala and Kuliyapitiya. The Wnninayake family, one of whom was a minister at one time was thought to be a Sinhala Wnniya. Can anyone please expand on this shared heritage?

      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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        One Wanni=the Jungles
        the other Wanni = Merchant

        So, both cannot be assimilated to a One-knee.

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        /*
        There was a Tamil Vanni and. Sinhala Vanni.
        */

        How do you know this? What is your source?

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    It is said sinhala books, some sinhala people started to live in the Jungles in order to escape constant invasions by South Indians.

    On the other hand, Kuweni, She was a Queen, people also lived in the jungle in order to escape Indian Slaughtering, probably by Vijaya’s soldiers.

    Remember there were two groups of veddas, One group was more into the outside civilization and was called GAM (or village) – veddas.

    What is the Tamil word for Vedda ?

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      Unfortunately, there is no accepted Tamil word for Veddha. In sinhala Vaedd(e) [e as in the] means a forest, and Vaedda(h) means some one who lives there, Same construction as gaemi __> Gaemiah (villager) usually transliterated as gaemiya.
      By the time of the cankam era, the elu-sinhala word had already got established.

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        Kautilya

        Antho,

        You are determined to kill the name, languages eventually my people.

        Have you had time to look at those articles on Tamil inscription that were recommended by my Elders?

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        Antho! Yappa Sunmoka!!!

        The meaning of Elu is “full of grace”, but becomes well established when attributed to a stock of ‘sheepish’ people.

        Gamiah (villager) from the name ‘Jeremiah’, “Yah Exalts”, also called the “Weeping prophet” ; The one who won an award “grammy”, thus called “Grammya”, thus localised Gamiya;

        A prominent name remembered:
        Miss Sri Lanka – Gamiya Wiyadasa.

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        Kautilya
        Thank you for your comments on paucity of words in tamil in relation to native people.
        I read the comments below which address your query.

        I sincerely hope that oneday we should discuss about holy book of mahavamsa..

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      Jim softy & Kauti

      “What is the Tamil word for Vedda ?”

      There are a few, go search for them.

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        Native Veddah,

        The Tamil equivalent is ‘ Vedaf’ ( those who hunt for a living).

        Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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          Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

          Thanks,

          however, these lazy stupid people must spend their own time searching for information.

          They just write whatever comes to their mind at the moment and expect us to believe their garbage.

          How are you? Have you fully recovered from your illness?

          Please keep us informed about

          Navaneetham Pillai’s fact finding visit and the Provincial Council elections.

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            Native Veddah,
            Thanks. I am much better now. In fact I reached Jaffna this afternoon. I shall keep you and other readers informed of what I see and reliably learn during my stay here.

            Dr.R.N

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              Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

              Take care, as it becomes a bandit country during hustings. Already news of violence connected to elections reaching me in the deep deep jungle.

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        The Rigged Veda, Samba Veda, Cajur Veda and Attac Veda; Nativeda?

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    Hi Barney blah- It was a Magul Poruwa.are you all planning to tie the thali knot.A singhalese girl once told me that the kodi is a beautifull design and she was getting one done.I advised her to watch out that she may have her neck hacked to get hold of the Kodi same as the dead bodies went through at mulliavaikkal,killinochi.
    Think of another buddy.

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      The Mollywackel saga, Is it so funny for you? You should be done-up with a kodivinaya.

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    Dead right.The south thought it was funny.Now paying for the sins committed because they believe in Karma.The belief is theirs not mine.

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    NAVI PILLAI VISIT MUST DIVIDE INTO 2 PARTS : 1. TAMIL EELAM 2.SRI LANGKA. IT IS A KNOWN FACT THE TWO COMMUNITIES CANNOT LIVE TOGETHER FOREVER. THE TAMILS MUST HAVE THEIR OWN LAND TO LIVE PEACEFULLY, TO LIVE IN THE HANDS OF TH SINGALESE GOVT, ITS GOING TO BE A LONG DEATH FOR THE TAMILS. IN 50 YEARS THE TAMILS WILL CEASE TO EXIST IN NORTH, NORTH EAST AND NORTH WEST OF SRI LANKA. ETHNIC CLERANSING BY MAHINDA RAJPAKSE GOVT WILL CONTINUE. THE END OF WAR IS NOT END OF EVERYTHING. IT IS THE BEGINNGIONG FOR THE TERRORIST SRI LANKAN GOVT TO DESTROY ALL TAMILS IN SRI LANKA, THI WILL BE AN ON GOING PROCESS UNTIL ALL TAMILS IN SRI LANGKA ARE KILLED. THERE ARE TWO MOST IMPORTANT THINGS MADAM NAVI PILLAY MUST DO. 1. MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE MUST BE CHARGED IN THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE FOR WAR CRIMES, THE CRIME HE COMMITTED AGAINST THE TAMILS. RAJAPAKSE MUST BT HANGED 2. UN REFERENDUM IS A MUST FOR THE TAMILS IN EELAM.

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    Lingajothy’s article is very well researched and is high standard. To understand the Vanni Power a quotation from Buddist/Sinhala web page is given below:-
    “The relevant record (as appeared in Buddism topic/web) on Vanni is reproduced –
    “The name of a people inhabiting the north east of Ceylon. They are first mentioned in the Chronicles (Cv.lxxxi.11), in the reign of Vijayabahu III. (1232 36), who, with their help, gained the throne of Ceylon.
    They appear to have inhabited the frontier country between Jaffna and the Singhalese kingdom and were either subjects of one or other of these states, or affected complete independence, according to the strength of their neighbours.
    Vijayabahu IV. made friends with the Vanni chiefs and gave into their hands the protection of Anuradhapura (Cv.lxxxviii.87). They seem to have been a warlike people. Today they occupy a few small villages in the North Central Province of Ceylon and go in largely for hunting.
    Their origin is unknown, though they are called Sihala (E.g., Cv.lxxxiii.10). Several of their chieftains are mentioned by name, as having been overcome by Bhuvanekabahu I. – e.g., Kadalivata, Apana, Tipa, Himiyanaka (Cv.xc.33).
    The adjective from Vanni is Vanna. See, e.g., Cv.lxxxiii.10; lxxxvii.26.”
    From the web pages available on Vanni only one or two Vanni chiefs such as Apana and Tipa were brought into subjection by Bhuvanekabáhu I. Kadalíváta is one of the Vanni kings of Ceylon, head of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Ceylon by Bhuvanekabáhu I. (Cv.xc.33).

    Actions of Theerar of Kanukkerney corroborate that people of Kanukkerney were rulers and they ruled even Anuradhapuram.”

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      A balanced view on vanni and the vanniyars history.

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    Dear Mr Lingasothi, (His Real Name), who has changed S with a J, means a pseudo historian from Mulliyawalai. Is it Mullaimani V Subramaniyam or someone else? The word means a போலி வரலாற்றாசான்???? If he is a pseudo historian, do you accept you a pseudo Solicitor, your father is pseudo doctor?

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      Hi maniyan

      I don’t know who you are but I have known Mr.Lingajothy from Jaffna St’John’s from my younger days ( in the boarding) and later from faculty of Law university of Southampton in 1987-1989. He has always been known as Lingajothy and not Lingasothy as you suggest.

      Further more I am aware that he is not enrolled with the Solicitors Regulation authority but he is a member of the Charted institute of legal executives the third arm of the Legal profession in England and Wales therefore although he is not a solicitor he is a qualified Lawyer as such he is entitled to practice law in England. As you are probably aware he is a well known legal practitioner in England who assists the Tamil community a lot. He is also very Community spirited.

      About your other statement about his father as far as I am aware he was a Qualified registered medical practitioner now retired. By the way who is mullaimani? Is he a pseudo historian or not? Where is he from? You may answer.

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      All pseudo must be legally removed as international public cannot be fooled by Maniyans.

      His name is real. He is a historian/lawyer. His father is a medical doctor who was worshipped by some patients during 70s, who prostrated in front of him due to the very high respect they had. In some cultures sons prostrate in front of their father during some ceremonies.

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    You say Lingajothi is community spirited but perhaps he should focus on his immediate family first. He has a well known reputation. Ask all the Chinese females who used to work for him and see what they tell you about this person and their true colours.

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