29 November, 2021

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The Other Side Of Ethnic Cleansing

By Veluppillai Thangavelu

Veluppillai Thangavelu

Veluppillai Thangavelu

The Colombo Telegraph published a statement issued by the National Peace Council titled “Deal with the Muslim Expulsion also through Geneva process” and the comments that followed.

Amarasiri in his comment rightly claims that “Ethnic Cleansing is a WAR CRIME. Period. Refer to war Crimes.”

The expulsion of Muslims from the North was ethnic cleansing even if that was retaliation for violence against Thamils in the east by Muslim Home Guards aided and abetted by the armed forces. Thamils living along Muslim border villages were forcibly driven away and their homes and paddy fields appropriated by marauding Muslim goons.

Twelve years after the summary expulsion of the Muslims from the Northern Province, the LTTE held a meeting at Kilinochchi on April 13, 2002 presided by Prabhakaran. The meeting was meant to mend fences between the two communities and was attended by SLMC leader Rauff Hakeem, Athaullah, Uthumalebbe. Mohideen Abdul Cader, Basheer Segu Dawood, Masoor Noordeen and Masoor Moulana. Also present were Anton Balasingham, Political Advisor, S.P.Thamilchelvan, Head of Political Department and District Commanders of the LTTE.

Following the talks between the two sides, Anton Balasingham on behalf of the LTTE expressed profound regret and also apologised to the Muslims. “I made an apology to the Muslim people that what has happened in the past has to be forgotten, that we are willing to talk to them and resolve their problems,” Mr Balasingham said, assuring Muslims that they could return to their homes in the North. He stressed that the Tamil homeland and the Tamil territory in the North-East “belonged to the Muslim people also.”

Mr Hakeem said that they are willing to forgive the LTTE. “We have told them unequivocally that we are prepared to forgive and not forget (the past)… We have bitter memories of the past. But it is time we contended with the ground realities. That would mean that the LTTE also has to look at Muslims and their separate political identity as something that has become quite pronounced over a period of time,” he said in an interview.

At a function held last week to mark the 25th  anniversary of the expulsion of  Muslims from the North, Sumanthiran, TNA MP told Express “Just as  the NPC  passed a resolution condemning the genocide conducted against the Thamils, the NPC should pass a resolution condemning the en masse expulsion of Muslims by the LTTE which amounts to ethnic cleansing. If the NPC does not do it, the world will not take the Thamils’ contention that they had been subjected to genocide, seriously.” “The Thamils cannot condemn the misdeeds of the Sinhalese majority while ignoring the misdeeds of the Tamil majority,” the Jaffna district MP further said.

This is not the first time Sumanthiran, TNA MP has articulated his principled stand on this subject, and he has done so previously also. Delivering his commemorative address to mark the 36th death anniversary of S.J.V. Chelvanayakam held in Vantharumoolai he said; Recognising the expulsion of the Northern Muslims from the five districts of the North – Jaffna, Mannar, Vavuniya, Mullaitivu and Kilinochchi as an act of ethnic cleansing is overdue. The Thamil community needs to acknowledge its own mistakes and take steps to correct them, including in not neglecting the Muslim community. He emphasized that unless the Thamil community does this, it would have no moral right to expect others, including the international community to take up their grievances.
The Secretariat for Muslims (SFM) issued a statement welcoming Sumanthiran’s speech and described same as important steps in rebuilding and reconciling relations between the Thamil and Muslim communities in the North and East of Sri Lanka. Mr. Sumanthiran’s gesture provides an example to other political and civil society leaders of the measures that need to be taken to strengthen peace in Sri Lanka.

For some time now, the unorthodox and frank views by Sumanthiran have earned the ire of the counter-part of Wimal Weerawansas among a section of die-hard Thamil nationalists living in Diaspora. Unfazed, Sumanthiran continues to look at the problems faced by the Thamils from the other side of the great divide as well.

As rightly pointed out by Dr.Gnana Sankaralingam, the LTTE gave strict orders to leave Muslim owned properties intact. Not a single Thamil was allowed to occupy or appropriate those properties. This is in stark contrast to confiscation of privately owned Thamil properties by the Muslims in the eastern province where the Thamils were at the receiving end of both Muslims and Sinhalese.

If ethnic cleansing is a war crime, then the successive governments since independence are guilty of ethnically cleansing the Thamils from the North and East, especially the East. Large scale state-aided colonization schemes were implemented by the government creating Sinhalese colonies in Gal Oya, Allai, Kantalai, Padaviya etc. Due to this colonization, two electorates were created for the Sinhalese, Seruwila (1976) in the Trincomalee district and  Digamadulla (1978)  in the Amparai  district in the eastern province. Amparai district was carved out of the southern part of Batticaloa district in April 1961.  By the late 1960s the government has settled 67,000 Sinhalese in major colonization schemes covering an area of 300,000 acres (1214 Sq.Kms). The following demographic changes in the East since 1946 say it all.

Census Sri LankaWhile the Sinhalese population has increased from 61,996 (29.28%) to 251,018 (38.73%) between 1963 and 2012 the Thamil population increased from 49,185 (23.23) to 112, 750 (17.40%) a drop of 5.83%! The demographic situation for the Thamils in the Trincomalee district was a total disaster as the following Table 2 shows.

Table 2
Population of Trincomalee District by ethnic group 1827 to 2012

Census Sri LankaSince 1946 the population of Thamils have steadily decreased from 44.51% in 1946 (1881 – 64.44%) to 32.29% in 2012 a dramatic drop of 12.22 % largely due to state aided Sinhala colonization.  Thus, Thamils are now in a minority in two out of 3 districts in the Eastern province.

In the Eastern province, the Thamils are just 39.79% in 2012 in comparison to 48.75% a drop of 8.96% while the Sinhalese count 23.15% compared to just 8.40% in 1946 before Gal Oya /Allai-Kantalai Sinhalese colonization. The following Table 3 shows the demographic changes in the population of Eastern Province:

Census Sri LankaAfter completing major colonization in the East, the government set its eyes on the North. While it took several years to colonize the East, the colonization in the North was in record time.

Ethnic Cleansing of Thamils in Manal Aru re-named Weli Oya is only one of several state-aided Sinhalese colonization schemes launched in the traditional homelands of the Thamils since independence. Weli Oya is hemmed between Anuradhapura, Mullaitivu, Trincomalee and Vavuniya Districts. It is called the “border village” (s) since the territory north of Weli Oya is peopled by Thamils.

A total of 13,288 Tamil families living in 42 villages for generations including Kokkulai Grama Sevakar Division (1516 Tamil families), Kokku –Thoduvai Grama Sevakar Division (3306 Tamil families), Vavuniya North Grama Sevakar Division (1342 Tamil families) and other Divisions of Mullaitivu District including Naiyaru and Kumulamunai (2011 Tamil families) were asked to vacate their homes and farmlands within 48 hours, on pain of eviction by force in case of default. This threat was issued by the army over the public address system.

Simultaneously, land given to 14 Thamil entrepreneurs, including Kent Farm and Dollar Farm, on 99 years lease was also cancelled and taken over by the government. Settlements in the Weli Oya began in 1984 as a dry zone farmer colony under the land Commission, but it was later acquired by the Mahaveli Economic Agency in 1988 and declared as the Mahaveli ‘L’ zone.

The Mahaveli ‘L’ zone was established specially for coconut cultivation and each Sinhalese family was given 5 acres of land consisting of ½ acre for residence, one-acre of irrigated land and 3 ½ acres for coconut.

The Mahaveli Economic Agency (MEA) financed all development projects while Mahaveli Engineering and Construction Agency (MECA) handled all the construction works such as roads, electricity, houses etc. In 1998 alone Rs. 72 million was allocated for construction of roads.

The Sinhalese army did translate its threat and used force as promised. Thousands of Tamil villagers, some of them Hill country Thamil refugees’ victims of earlier Sinhalese violence in 1983, were driven out or they on their own fled in terror. Some were murdered by the army. One night alone 29 Tamil villagers were killed at Othiyamalai, a hamlet situated north of the Weli Oya colony.

By the same gazette notification Weli Oya was proclaimed the 26th District of Sri Lanka and for administrative purpose brought under the jurisdiction of the Government Agent, Anuradhapura. However, for election purpose it was included in the Vavuniya Electoral District!

The evil-minds and the driving force behind the Weli Oya Sinhalese colonization were Messrs. Gamini Dissanayake, Minister for Mahaweli Development, Lalith Athulathmudali, Minister of National Security, Cyril Mathew, Minister of Industries and Scientific Affairs and N.G.P. Panditaratne, Chairman Mahaweli Development Board.

The ‘gang of four’ openly advocated the colonization of the North and East in general and Weli Oya in particular by Sinhalese settlers after driving the Thamils out by using the Sinhalese army.
Industries Minister Cyril Mathew diverted millions of rupees allocated to various Corporations under his Ministry to finance Weli Oya colonization scheme. In addition, institutions like All Ceylon Buddhist Congress, Bhikku Peramuna etc. helped in providing financial and other material aid to the Sinhalese settlers.

From 1988-89 Sinhala colonization of Weli Oya was put on a war-footing. A total of 3364 families, most of them ex-convicts brought straight from prisons, were settled in Weli Oya. A further 35,000 persons comprising 5,925 families were also settled under the same scheme. It is in recognition of the ‘yeoman services’ rendered by the top elite of the Sinhala army, especially that of Major General Janaka Perera, the Tamil village of Thannimurippu was re-named Janakapura in his honour!

During the war years, SLA troops as a matter of policy provided arms and military training to Sinhalese colonists in the border villages including Weli Oya. Three-thousand Colonists in Gonagala in the Amparai district were provided with arms and given weapons training despite the fact most of them have criminal records. The irony of it is these Sinhalese are farming in land once owned by the Thamils after driving them out with the help of the armed forces!

On 22 April 2013 before election to the Northern Provincial Council the then president Mahinda Rajapaksa handed over 3000 land deeds to Weli Oya settlers at a ceremony held at Sampath Nuwara Mahaweli grounds in the former conflict-affected Weli Oya. 

The Weli Oya administrative division consisting of 8 Grama Niladari divisions is carved out from the Padaviya AGA Division (Divisional Secretariat Division) of the Anuradhapura district. Earlier in 1987, this administrative division was part of Padaviya and was brought under the Anuradhapura administrative district.

With the  creation of Weli Oya AGA Division, the Mullaitivu district consist of six AGA Divisions (Maritimepattu, Puthukkudiyiruppu, Oddusuddan, Thunukkai, Maanthai East and Weli Oya ) with a total of 136 Grama Sevakar Divisions, constituting 2616.6 Sq.Kms of total area (3.8% of the Island) and a population of 126,582 in 2014. The district had 127 GSDs and a population of 220,311 people as at December 31, 2007.

Mullaitheevu district was the worse affected district by three decades of war and tsunami. It suffered damage and loss of life, property and livelihoods and bore the brunt of the war during last phase of the war.

The expulsion of Muslims from the North was an aberration necessitated by war. They were not dispossessed of their properties permanently. But, Thamils have been subjected to ethnic cleansing through state aided colonization and land grab by the army even after the war ended.

The total area of Jaffna district is 1,025 Sq.Kms. Six years after the end of the war, the armed forces are still in occupation of 7,933.63 acres (32.35 Sq.Kms) of land. The breakdown is as follows:

Census Sri LankaThis data is only in respect of one district in the North. There are 4 administrative districts viz Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Vavuniya and Mannar where large swaths of land are under the control of the armed forces.

In Valikamam North alone the army is still in occupation of about 5,200 acres of land. In 2014 the Northern Provincial Council handed over a report to the former president Mahinda Rajapaksa claiming the armed forces are in occupation of 65,000 acres of land in the North. It also claimed that 30,000 houses, thirty schools, thirty factories and 40,000 acres of arable land is held within the military HSZ. Only a fraction of this land has been released to the IDPs since 2015.

The resettlement of IDPs promised before, during and after the elections by president Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is painfully slow. Minister for Resettlement and Rehabilitation D.M. Swaminathan says the armed forces are resisting re-settlement since they have developed vested interests since they are running businesses like luxury hotels, restaurants, health resorts, swimming pools etc. This only reveals that this government is simply inept.

Right now, the mood of the Thamil IDPs is one of scepticism and resignation to their fate. Government commitment to Good Governance (yahapalayanaya) is simply not succeeding. The euphoria is giving way to severe depression. The government’s foot dragging over the release of political prisoners is another glaring example of insensitiveness. These prisoners are languishing in jails for decades some without charges or inquiry. This is in stark contrast to the lightening speed at which Sarath Fonseka was rehabilitated and promoted as Field Marshal. Hence, discontent among the Thamil people grows as each day passes.

What we need today is a President and Prime Minister who will take bold decisions to ease the suffering of Thamil IDPs both in the North and East. Their government is refusing to give back several thousand acres of private land grabbed by the armed forces during the tenure of previous government(s) under the cloak of national security.

Thamil IDPs forced to live in shelters have been denied the right to return to their lands in violation of their rights and humanitarian laws. This is the untold story of ethnic cleansing of Thamils from their traditional lands by successive Sinhalese governments. Mr. Sumanthiran who boldly admits that the expulsion of Muslims by the LTTE in 1990 is ethnic cleansing, he has also referred to the forced expulsion of Thamil IDPs from Valikamam North and other areas as ethnic cleansing in parliament. The admission by the Minister of Resettlement and Rehabilitation that the IDPs cannot be resettled because the government of the day cannot exercise control over the armed forces is blithely pathetic.

The time is ripe to admit our past mistakes, confess to our sins, and negate all injustices done to the Thamils since independence and move forward to build a prosperous country where everyone could live in peace, dignity, enjoying equality before the law regardless of one’s nationality and religious affiliation. Good Governance means building real freedom and real development.

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Latest comments

  • 2
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    [Edited out]

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      P. Thambimutthu

      “[Edited out]”

      Thanks for keeping it brief.

  • 21
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    Mr Thangavelu

    What about the expulsion of Tamils from several Tamil villages by the Muslims in the eastern province. Why didn’t you or your boss Sumanthiran addressed this issue? Are eastern Tamils inferior to Jaffna Muslims and cannot be counted as human beings?

    What about the expulsion of five lakhs up country Ceylon Tamils to India ? Your party FP did vote in parliament for Indo Ceylon Agreement implementation bill and thus become a partner to this crime. Will you, Sumanthiran and FP recognise this expulsion as an act of ethnic cleansing and pass a resolution in your party’ s convention.?

    • 7
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      Maya’
      Is what is called ‘opening a can of worms’!

    • 9
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      “What about the expulsion of five lakhs up country Ceylon Tamils to India ?

      Mr Maya, they are Tamil Nadu Indians which India truthfully acknowledged and accepted to take back. You are talking as if they came from other side of the world and were being packed off to Tamil Nadu.

      Colonial period was over and arrangements were being made to bring them out of their menial, slavish, miserable life(which they continue to live to this day) and live among their countrymen as equals sharing their own language, culture and religion. Along with, lost land rights of Kandian peasants had to be restored.

      Population density of Sri Lanka is even higher than that of India.
      We cannot afford to settle 500,000 Indians in this small island.

      You people did not want to accept them into Jafna (they say It was Ponnambalam in DS government who was most insistent in sending them home!) nor to be citizens of a zooming superpower.

      Their children and their children are likely to end up as domestics.

      India must offer them dual citizenship. Let them come out of this inexplicable misery.

      TNA must make a concerted effort to settle them in Jafna. This will help reverse the effects of alleged Sinhala colonisation as well.

      You can’t complain of Sinhala occupation of so called Tamil land in the North while occupying up country Sinhala land by Tamils in larger numbers.

      Soma

      • 12
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        somass

        “Along with, lost land rights of Kandian peasants had to be restored.”

        Has the state redistributed the land to its rightful owners, the Kandyan pesants?

        Why don’t you stop talking bull.

        • 2
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          I can’t be held answerable for the state not doing what should have been done – redistributing the land to the peasents. This serious injustice is no justification to impose 500,000 Indians on top of that.

          Native, tell me why India shoul not give them dual citizenship – so that they can have a choice?

          Why should not they live as equals sharing their own language, culture and religion in Jaffna?

          You guys seem to derive a sadistic satisfaction in that most pathetic life they continue to live among the uncaring, discriminatory, genocidal Sinhala Buddhists.

          Soma

          • 6
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            somass

            “Native, tell me why India shoul not give them dual citizenship – so that they can have a choice? “

            Soon you are going to find yourself in Sinhala state of Hindia holding Hindian citizenship, learning Hindi the official and commercial language of Akhand Bharat (अखण्ड भारत), …… Therefore the issue of dual citizenship does not arise.

            “I can’t be held answerable for the state not doing what should have been done – redistributing the land to the peasents.”

            Please tell us what else can we hold you answerable to, voting the party that promised to feed you with free rice imported from moon?

            Please make sure you adequately inform yourself about the rightful ownership of up country.

            I know its difficult to educate you with new knowledge, let me try, here is a well researched paper by the eminent scholar Prof Gananath Obeyesekere(one of a few intellectually honest academics):

            Colonial Histories and Vädda Primitivism

            Part Three: The Spread and Dispersal of Vädda Lineages

            http://vedda.org/obeyesekere4.htm

            Lets discuss rightful ownership of up country later.

            Its not too late for you to learn Hindi. Start practicing Hindian battle cry, Jai Hind (जय हिन्द) and Vande Mataram (वन्दे मातरम्), I praise thee, Mother, the National Anthem Jono gono mono odhinayoko joyo he (Bengali), (Oh! the ruler of the minds of people, Victory be to You). Please let Wimal Weeraya knows this is in Bengali language.

            If you have any problem, please visit Hindian consulates in Jaffna, Hambantota, Kandy or Embassy in Colombo.

      • 5
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        Multi-millionaire Slave trader/slave master Thondaman pulled the plug on the expulsion of estate Tamils.

        In order to make settlements for estate Tamils, Native Kandian peasants were ruthlessly displaced.

      • 6
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        Most of the present day Sinhalese 70% and 99% of the Sri Lankan Muslims are descended from recent Tamil Nadu immigrants . So do you return them too?
        Cant complain about Sinhalese occupation about Tamil land in the North and east whilst up country Sinhala land is occupied Tamils in larger numbers. What a silly excuse. You forcibly expelled half a million up country Tamils out the country in orider to deliberately maintain a Sinhalese majority in many up country areas. The rest who remained there, are still semi surfs. Not allocated lands or homes, so that the Sinhalese can still maintain their power in these areas. The Sinhalese in the north and east are given far more rights and privileges than the native indigenous Tamils in these areas. Just like the Jewish settlers in occupied Palestinian lands
        The Tamils in the upcountry area were brought here by the British and were treated very badly and in many instances never had a choice in the matter. They hardly had any rights and still do not have much rights. They were treated like animals and made to work and earn more than 80% of the country’s foreign exchange, still do and were never rewarded. On the hand the Sinhalese to the north came very willingly on government sponsored ethnic cleansing colonisation schemes that was done deliberately done to change the demography of the Tamil majority north and east. They were given a lot of support that was never offered to the native indigenous Tamils in these areas protected by the Sinhalese armed forces and police. They also actively engaged in killing raping and ethnic cleansing activities against the Tamils in these areas. Do Tamils down south do all this? The answer is no. They come there and legally purchase lands homes and businesses and do not make any attempts to kill murder change names of places, destroy Buddhist places of worship. In short the contribute a lot to the southern economy. However the Sinhalese in the north and east were illegally settled by all governments in ethnically cleansed Tamil lands and they engage in murder looting killing raping ethnic cleansing of Tamils. Destroy Hindu temples and Christian churches, in short do everything the change/destroy the original Tamil character history of the area with government support.
        Lastly all Sri Lankan governments since independence, including this government have actively encouraged the Tamils of the north and east to move south by never developing the Tamil areas or in the case of a factory opened there importing and settling Sinhalese workers from the south. Deliberately making life hard for the Tamis in these areas Eg by using the Sinhalese armed forces and the police and the illegal Sinhalese colonists/Muslim backstabbers to that the Tamils will be forced to leave and then more Sinhalese can be settled in these ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. In short make the Tamils permanently dependent on the Sinhalese south

        • 3
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          Mr Paul, it seems that Sinhalese have been engaged in so much rape sparing no one it is time you checked up your DNA.

          Soma

          • 4
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            I know the truth hurts. I do not have to check up my DNA ,as I know who I am and where I came from. Unlike the Sinhalese and Muslims who believe in a fake Aryan and Arab origin respectively. Go and check your DNA and this will definitely not be Aryan or Arab but largely Dravidian from Tamil Nadu

    • 4
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      Maya

      ” Are eastern Tamils inferior to Jaffna Muslims and cannot be counted as human beings? “

      No, however Jaffna Tamil believe in and behave as if they are far more superior to Eastern, upcountry and Tamilnadu Tamils.

      They are too clever to be compared with Sinhalese, Muslims, and others. I also heard them saying that they are the second cleverest people on earth only next to Jews.

      • 1
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        “…second cleverest people on earth only next to Jews”

        Which was amply demonstrated by their choice of Velupillei Prabakaran as their sole representative.

        Soma

        • 3
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          somass

          “Which was amply demonstrated by their choice of Velupillei Prabakaran as their sole representative.”

          Even the choice of VP was not made by your Tamil brethren but by Hindians. Hindians chose the most stupid, ideologically void, the best butcher arms could buy.

          • 3
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            Native
            You are correct, the Hindians invented the game of chess,
            When they chose VP they chose wisely and made five moves ahead, which the local Yakos cannot still realise.

        • 4
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          Yes all you were hiding under beds with your husband and wives…for 30 years ..and begged the military help from 34 countries finally chemical weapons provided by poverty India helped to silence them..

          When you heard the name just tiger you have pissed …

          Cowards call this victory …

          Sinhala military has no brain..muscle ,or guts to fight with LTTE…

          Who cares we dance for free liquor jayawewa ..

          Cheers

    • 6
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      Well said Maya everyone jumping about the Northern Muslims but extremely mum about the ethnic cleansing of hundreds of thousands of Tamil by the Muslims and the Sinhalese in the east and the forcible expulsion of half a million up country Tamils who had lived in the island from almost two centuries. This proves killing raping and ethnically cleansing Tamils from their is fine but not the Muslims and Sinhalese who only came to the north and east. Tamil lives do not matter

    • 4
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      What is it called when Tamil kill Tamils and when Tamil kill muslims or Sinhala people ?

      that is for a cause ?

    • 3
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      Veluppillai Thangavelu

      RE: The Other Side Of Ethnic Cleansing.

      “The expulsion of Muslims from the North was ethnic cleansing even if that was retaliation for violence against Thamils in the east by Muslim Home Guards aided and abetted by the armed forces.”

      Thanks for your write up.

      Looks like most Tamils still refuse to call a duck, a duck, and call a spade a spade, and ethnic cleansing of Northern Muslims Ethnic cleansing, a War Crime.

      This was the stated policy of LTTE, Supremo of Tamil Eelam, by the Madu Mootal Veeran Velupilain Prabakaran.

      The Northern Muslims should be helped to get back to their homes, in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, populated by Para-Tamils and Para-Sinhala. Why discriminate against one set of Paras by another set of Paras from India, the supplier of Paras to the Land of Native Veddah Aethho?

  • 16
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    The Muslims in north was asked to leave with out force and they left !! At that time no one protest it including their leaders !! There are many incidents in east like Sathurukondan massacre and many others like by Muslim home guards aided by the Srilankan armed forces !! TAmils living along Muslim border villages were forcibly driven away and their homes and paddy fields taken by Muslims !! The Muslims leaders are always sided with majority’s since independence !! They never wanted live along with Tamils !! That is their nature !! Not only here but every where !! They never coexist !!

    • 9
      9

      The tales genocidal We Thamizh tell ourselves :D

    • 5
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      Kailainathan,

      The Sathurukondan massacre was only one of more than 115 massacres of Tamils recorded by the North East Secretariat Of Human Rights – NESOHR, since soon after independence, and available on the web.
      These amounted to ethnic cleansing by pure and simple murder of civilians for the only reason that they were Tamils.
      The culmination was the island wide pogrom of July 1983 which resulted in Tamils taking up arms – with formation of militant groups of which LTTE finally predominated.

      • 4
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        justice
        Who runs NESOHR?
        You say “These amounted to ethnic cleansing by pure and simple murder of civilians for the only reason that they were Tamils.”
        Do you know NESOHR indicate that most Tamils were killed by the LTTE? http://www.defence.lk/new.asp?fname=Tamil_Politicians_Priests_Public_Officials_and_Academics_killed_by_the_LTTE_20131103_01
        Do you think today Tamils are still murdered because they are Tamils?

        • 4
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          Eusense,
          The army website you quote has ascribed army killings to LTTE.
          The first in the list – Fr.X.Karunairatman who ran NESOHR was killed by the army, but is quoted as having been killed by LTTE.
          All others are similar.

          • 2
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            justice,
            yes, claymore mines were used by the Army not the LTTE! It is another Tamil genocide story!
            So the the Tamil terrorists were saints?

        • 1
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          This list only goes to show again that We Thamizh are We Thamizh’s own worst enemy :D

      • 2
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        NESOHR is a laughable organisation.

        This is a letter pad, none professional organisation.

        Its members are making statements from Europe, USA, Canada and Australia. Do they have achieves to be an institute.

        Now it is clear that Justice is one of their members.

        Good luck to NESOHR and its members

    • 5
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      Kailainathan

      “The Muslims in north was asked to leave with out force and they left !! “

      Do you think it was a right thing do to a people who had lived there for centuries?

      Can you speculate what would have happened to them if they had refused to leave?

      Why on earth did the psychopath VP and his equally mad members of LTTE confiscate their cash and gold, and forced them to leave with Rs 200 in their hand?

      An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. Two wrongs do not make a right.

      InnA seitharai oRuththal avar naana nannayam seithu vidal

      இன்னா செய்தாரை ஒறுத்தல் அவர் நாண நன்னயம் செய்து விடல் (திருக்குறள்)

      Make a wrong doer feel shy, by doing him a favour.

      If others harm you, do good unto them, so that they are shamed into realizing their mistakes.

      Haven’t your teachers, parents and elders taught you the above couplets?

      And you still believe you belong to the human race!!!!!!

      I suggest you revisit your thought process before you start typing your next whatever it is.

  • 2
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    Twelve years after the expulsion of Muslims from the North, the LTTE apologized for the grave mistake they committed in 1990. The LTTE said it was a grave mistake. So why Tamil zealots are defending the expulsion? Are they saying the LTTE should not have apologized? The author of the article do say that Tamils living in Muslim border villages were driven away by the Muslim Home Guards. Their houses were taken over by Muslims and the then Minister of Ports Development, Rehabilitation & Reconstruction M.H.M. Ashraff regularized the take over by paying paltry financial compensation to Tamil house owners. No one can deny the treacherous role played by the Muslims in the eastern province, but then why expel the Muslims in the North and not Muslims in the east? It was cowardice to expel the Muslims in the North who have lived there for centuries. It is ethnic cleansing on par with ethnic cleansing of Tamils in Gal Oya, Allai, Kantalai and notably in Weli Oya.

  • 9
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    Sinhalese were colonized and are being colonized in North-East with state fund and support…

    Tamils are living in Sinhala areas at their own expenses ..

    This is the difference ..

    Cheers

  • 4
    9

    Sri Lanka is one country and has to get rid of these claims of different “home lands” by various ethnic groups. Until then there won’t be peace or progress in the country. The only way the government can do this is by settling different racial groups in all areas of the country so that no group can call any region their home land.
    What is coming next? Malay home land? Burgher home land? Christian home land? “Buddhist home land? gay lesbian home land??

    • 4
      3

      Oh yes so that you become a majority everywhere and make the Tamils a helpless voiceless minority everywhere and ultimately destroy them as a people and ultimately the whole island a Sinhalese Buddhist homeland. Just like the Mahavamsa myth promised you. Good try. Listen you racist a-r-e h-o-e the north and east of the island has always been the home land of the Tamils. Even your Sinhalese leaders have acknowledged this. Extremist Sinhalese racists like you are trying this new stunt of stating no homeland for anyone and to settle Sinhalese everywhere thereby stealing the land of the Tamils and making the whole island a Sinhalese Buddhist homeland by stealth. Malays and the Burgher half castes never had any history or homeland in the island like the Tamils had, your home can be declared as the gay or lesbian homeland. Who the hell are you trivialize the ancient history of the island’s Tamils by making these frivolous and stupid comments

      • 2
        2

        mr. paul,
        Forget about history. History is history. You can’t change history nor bring it back. Make up your mind and move on to improve lives of all Tamils. Otherwise until you die you will be wasting your productive life. There will be no home land for Tamils or any other ethnic group. It is one Sri Lanka where all races will work together; If you don’t want to be part of it you may migrate to Tamil Nadu or anywhere you want.

  • 2
    7

    “….that was retaliation for violence against Thamils in the east by Muslim Home Guards aided and abetted by the armed forces. Thamils living along Muslim border villages were forcibly driven away and their homes and paddy fields appropriated by marauding Muslim goons”. What a correlation? What an intellectual capacity? All this is lie. The whole world knows the truth.

  • 5
    0

    Hi Kana “why expel the Muslims in the North” LTTE could not trust this community, who were sneaking information’s to the Sinhala army about LTTE’S hide outs and movements. LTTE to protect their life got them out of Jaffna. They could have done what the ‘Home Guards’ did in the Eastern province, but they had refrained from this inhumane act carried out by the Sinhala Armed forces and the so called ‘Home guards’

  • 3
    4

    The magnitude of the atrocities committed on Tamils is gradually being diluted.
    It is pretty obvious and pointless to argue to establish the fact.
    The power and strength to seek justice and solution for the crime committed on Tamils is over since 2009.
    However the effort by the Diaspora Tamils in order to bring it to the international awareness was effective.
    unfortunately, it is not difficult to find KARUNA or PILLAYAn Kathirgamar, Thuraiyaapa and you name it many!!!!!
    It remind me when I was working in a shop many years ago in UK, the immigration officer came to the shop looking for people working in student visa. When the were leaving they said, it is not difficult to find Tamils working in student visa. BECAUSE THEY will INFORM us without any problem. So it is difficult for Tamils for ever.
    SAMPANTHAN,MAVAI, SUMANTIRAN,GTF,BTF so many.
    As I said the horrendous crime on Tamils,still need other ways to justify. The memories are fresh. Watching Channel 4 documentary is still chilling.
    so the srories

  • 5
    1

    It seems the LTTE was very good at committing ‘grave mistakes’ and then ‘apologizing’ for them – expulsion of the Muslim population; killing Rajiv G and so on. Of course the ‘apology’ makes everything right like in Afghanistan, Pakistan-Afghanistan border, Iraq, Libya, Syria.

  • 9
    2

    Legal luminary Sumanthiran & the leading light in Civil Rights Jehan Perera are ridiculously wrong in claiming that the NPC should pass a resolution of “Muslim Genocide’ in the North by the single act of expulsion of muslims from their original habitation by the LTTE in 1990. This crime cannot be categorised as an act of Genocide when the events prior and after especially, the un-reserved apology expressed by the top leadership of LTTE in the presence of muslim leadership and the civil society in 2002, did not suggest so. Although the crime committed was a gross violation of the Fundamental principles of Human Rights it cannot be categorised as Genocide.The perpetrators, although non state players, have already acknowledged the crime, apologised unreservedly and were willing to make reparations in the best way possible which was accepted by the aggrieved leadership amidst condemnation of the act. Whereas, the crimes committed by the muslim pro-governmental goons in the East was on-going, systematic, subtle, pre medidated in its intention & very severe in nature. Was there an open acknowledgement and an apology of this crime by the parties involved? Anyone who has read the NPC- Northern Provincial Council Resolution can acknowledge the emerging pattern of crimes perpeterated by the State against the Tamil Community and its legal foundation to claim a charge of Genocide against the State.
    LTTE is no more and since 2009 it was the State that was in total control. Why a call for justice against the expulsion was not raised and if there had been any perpetrators still alive they were not brought to Justice? What prevented the Sri Lanka Government in doing so? Why only now, a Tamil legal luminary & a prominent Civil Rights Activist from NPC( National Peace Council) demanding from NPC (Northen Provincial Council) to pass a resolution and to be included in the Geneva resolution respectively? Is it an open admission by Jehan Perera that the State judiciary is totally inept in handling even the legal matters that it doesn’t want to push under the ‘Zero Civilian Casualty’ claim. Do what extent the tamil community is going to be continuously insulted and ridiculed? Do they actually don’t know the difference or still has the utmost faith in smoke-screening? I would like to know!!!!!!
    daya thevi

    • 3
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      All right, apologies appreciated, let us ask NPC to take a proactve role in resettling them in their original places which are allegedly now being occupied by the Tamils.

      Similarly, if there are any Tamils evicted by the Mulims SLMC and Shooria council should take a lead role in settling them in their original places.

      Soma

    • 1
      1

      daya.thevi

      “the un-reserved apology expressed by the top leadership of LTTE in the presence of muslim leadership and the civil society in 2002,”

      This comes as a news to me. Could you cite evidence.

      What I learnt from Tamilnet (LTTE’s European Mouthpiece) was that Anton Balasingam did not apologise but fudged the whole issue with a few words:

      Read this:

      Pirapaharan to meet Muslim leaders
      [TamilNet, Friday, 05 April 2002, 08:29 GMT]
      Mr Velupillai Pirapaharan, the leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) assisted by Mr Anton Balasingham, the organisation’s political strategist and advisor will meet the Muslim leaders soon in Vanni to discuss various issues affecting the Muslim community in the northeast.

      This was revealed by Mr Balasingham on Wednesday when he addressed a public meeting at Sivasubramaniam Maha Vidyalayam, Puthukuddirrupu in Mullaitivu . Several thousands of people attended the rally to listen to the LTTE’s senior leader espousing the current peace strategy of the Tamil Tigers. Mr Tamilselvan head of the LTTE’s political wing chaired the meeting.

      Mr Balasingham said that the LTTE leadership is prepared to discuss and resolve the concerns and grievances of the Muslim people in the northeast. “There are a lot of misapprehensions amongst the Islamic community with regard to the LTTE’s political strategy. Mr Pirapaharan is willing to discuss all issues affecting the Muslim population and prepared to take immediate action to resolve them,” Mr Balasingham said.

      Agreeing that the expulsion of the Muslims from Jaffna was a political blunder, which could not be justified, Mr Balasingham said that the LTTE leadership would be willing to re-settle them in the northern district when cease-fire is stabilised and normalcy is restored.

      “We do recognise the unique cultural identity of the Muslim community. Linguistically, economically and territorially the Muslims and the Tamils are inextricably inter-related and therefore they have to co-exist as brothers in the northeast. Let us forget ad forgive the mistakes made in the past. Tamil Eelam is also the homeland of the Muslims and we have to live in harmony and amity to promote peace and prosperity in the region,” Mr Balasingham said.

      http://www.tamilnet.com/cat.html?
      catid=13&year=2002&month=04&view=compact

  • 4
    5

    We Thamizh committed ethnic cleansing and genocide on the Muslims for their own safety and well being, and stole all their properties and valuables for safe keeping until We Thamizh Eezham was established. This is the latest according to We Thamizh sources. So there really is no need for We Thamizh to grovel, apologise, justify or try to cover up this act of genocidal barbarism :D

    • 4
      3

      We Thamizh! You are no Tamil but a Chingkalla nai or a Thullukka Pandri Kutty that has now stolen a Tamil man’s identity to post your anti Tamil venom at various forums.

      • 1
        2

        Cool story, bro :D When’s the motion picture coming out? :D

  • 3
    8

    We Muslims thank Mr Sumandran for arousing the conscience of fellow Tamils regarding the gross injustice and HR violation committed to Jaffna Muslims.

    Tamil people in Jaffna and the party that represents the Jaffna people, Tamil National Alliance in particular are morally responsible for what happened to Jaffna Muslims 25 years ago. They were the supporters of LTTE and had endorsed such HR violation and subsequent events such as buying the looted items from the expelled Muslim, furniture, electrical goods and other valuables that were sold through “Makkal Kadai’ (people’s shop) by LTTE. Worst still they have so far not issued any official statement condemning this cruel HR violation by LTTE.

    Therefore, it is the responsibility of TNA to recognize the injustice against the Jaffna Muslims, recommend and implement the reconciliation and resettlement of Jaffna Muslims through the action by Northern Provincial Council administration. The chief Minister Mr C.Vigneswaran should be persuaded to bring the necessary motion in the council and make sure that the due process of resettlement of Jaffna Muslim to take place with the assistance of the Colombo administration and other non-Governmental agencies.

    Only then the curse for causing innumerable pain and suffering on the innocent Jaffna Muslims for the last 25 years would be erased from the ”karma” (retribution of the sin) of the Tamil people of Jaffna.

    • 6
      2

      Is the eastern provincial council and the SLMC representing the eastern Muslims who came and settled in the Tamil east as refuges is also going to pass a resolution and apologise to the eastern Tamils for killing raping and ethnically cleansing thousands of them and still not settling them in their original lands. Is the nasty Muslim politician from Mannar and the Muslims parties in the north going to apologise to the northern Tamils for settling thousands out of area Muslims along the Wilpattu reserve and the border areas of Mannar Vavuniya and Mullaitivu. Are the southern Muslim elite and politicians going to apologise to the entire Tamil population in the island for 1) Denying their real largely low caste converted immigrant Dravidian Hindu Tamil origin of the island’s Muslims but instead claimed a fake Arab ancestry for the island’s Muslims, that only a few hundred families partly have and caused all this problem between the island’s Tamils and Tamil Muslims. 2) Conniving with all the racist Sinhalese governments and racist Sinhalese armed forces to deny the island’s Tamils their just rights and joining with the Sinhalese racists to kill rape murder and loot Tamils their properties lands and business in the south and in the east in addition to all this to chase and ethnically cleanse thousands of Tamils.
      You and the Muslims and Sinhalese are very mum about all this but try to trivialise all the suffering and jump up and down about the northern Muslims who were chased away for spying for the Sinhalese racists. No one asked them to do this, they could have just minded their own business and lived there. No just had to backstab that Tamils and their own lands as usual and attempt to steal it. These fake Arab immigrant low caste converted Muslim Tamil Dravidians from South India, will always backstab the Tamils and side with the Sinhalese as they feel this is very advantageous to their immigrant community. They want to live amicably with the Sinhalese in the south, however in the Tamil areas where they originally found refuge when they fled from India, they do not want to live amicably with us. Wait for an opportunity to backstab us and connive with the Sinhalese and with their help steal our land to establish a new homeland for their immigrant community, as they feel that the island’s indigenous Tamils from the north and east are weak and vulnerable. They will never dare to ask for Islamic homelands for the Muslim majority enclaves in the Sinhalese south. They just like the cuckoo bird that comes and establishes itself in another bird’s nest and then gradually takes over it and steals it.

  • 8
    0

    If there are young children and young adults of all ethnicities reading these comments:

    Do not believe ANY adults from ANY ethnicity who claim that their side was innocent and people of the OTHER ethnicities were the only culprits in our 40-year war.

    There’s plenty of blame to go around and everyone has blood on their hands. Stop listening to apologists of all ethnic groups, and stand firm in rejecting racism and xenophobia against every one, not just Tamils/Muslims, but also against Sinhalese, Kaffirs, Vedda etc. etc.

    True human rights is HUMAN rights, not Tamil/Muslim/Sinhala rights etc.

    If you preach it, PRACTICE it!

  • 3
    1

    During the last stage of the war in Nandikadal, history repeated itself, the Tamils who drove out the Muslims from their houses leaving all their belongings has to go through the same fate, the scene was pathetic. Evil to the one who think evil for others

  • 10
    0

    Well said Sinhala Buddhist. Racism is a myth and the sooner we give up our racist notions the better. The Sinhalese are a mixed race and the product of Tamil mothers according to the Mahawamsa that is historical fact.Let us stick to facts and call ourselves Sri Lankans instead. The Government forms should be redrafted to check if we are Sri Lankans or not. that is all that is necessary

    • 4
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      Mahavamsa is mostly myth and part history, largely written to glorify Buddhism and Sinhalese . It also concentrated its history on the so called Buddhist kingdoms in the Island that was in reality ruled by South Indian origin dynasties. In reality most of the island’s Sinhalese are purely descended from the island’s indigenous and immigrant Indian Tamils and not partly descended from Tamils. DNA also proves this. In fact around 50% of the present day so called Sinhalese both low and high born are purely descended from recently migrated Indian Tamils. As for the island’s Muslims they are not of Arab descend as claimed by them but again purely descended from largely low caste converted Hindu Indian Tamil immigrants. Only around a hundred families were able to prove some sort of Arab descent. This too a very distant male ancestor. All the rest were Tamils. Like you stated all this racism based on myths. When they wrote the Mahavamsa they did not realise that most North Indian are also Dravidians and the people of Bengal or not Aryans but Dravidian,Dravido/Mongol or Dravido/Australoid

  • 5
    0

    Why Tangavelu Aiya is silent ? Is he still waiting for an opinion from his Counsel and younger brother Sumanthiran? If I use the word thambi instead of younger brother, some will accuse me as racist. My freedom is thus restricted but what can I do? My little brother came to my rescue and says ” Anna don’t worry your M.Ps are there to do fasting and restore your rights. On 8th Sumanthiran Aiya will do fasting in front of Magazine prison and become another Thiyaki. Thileepan and Poopathi Amma will be no match to him! “

    So my friends I will see all of you on 8th morning.

    Thangavelu Aiya, you have enough time to take a flight from Canada and join your Counsel.

    • 0
      2

      It is not Mr.Thangavelu but it is you Maya and cronies should go back to Kerala from where your great grand parents came here to work as coolies ..Mahavamsa story was a pure con…

      No problem there is also a coastal town called Panadura in Kerala where you can settle ..and in Kerala women dress like their Sinhala sisters ….and in Middle East Kerala babies are so so popular…

      Just few days ago this so called ex-defense advisor of poverty India Malayali Narayanan who was instrumental for the massacre of Tamils during 2009 was attacked by shoe by Tamil a on looker in Chennai ….more will follow

      also flight from Colombo to Cochin is very cheap…

      Bon Voyage

      Cheers

  • 5
    0

    Native Vedda

    ” jaffna Tamils BELIEVE in and BEHAVE as if they are far more superior”.

    O.K I accept. But in reality they are not superior. They hold only a paper qualification and to hide their inferiority they believe and behave as superiors.

    ” they are too clever. – second cleverest. ”

    Never Never. May be they are too clever to be selfish arrogant self centred money caste minded and to bully their children born overseas to follow them.

    Hope you are aware of Arap padichchavan koolp panaikkul viluntha Kathai.

  • 4
    3

    In the Sri Lanka map printed by Shell Company during 1963 there was no Amparai ..and the Batticaloa Kachcheri administration extended up to Ugana one side and Badulla boarder other side ..this today Ampara area was marked as Kootiyapuram a Tamil area

    Today Ampara Kacchcheri adminstration extented to Kallar ..and Badulla Kachcheri adminstration extented to Pullumalai in Batticaloa district …

    This happened due to the well planned Sinhala colonization ….there is not a single Tamil living in the city of Amoara today…

    For Galoya development all Tamils in that area were chased out by Sinhala state and Sinhalesae were planted there…

    Thambalagamam a traditional historical Tamil village became Tambalagame ..Tiriyai became Triyaya….Manal Aru became Weli Oya what a joke

    It is because of the works of Tamils today this country export tea and earn foreign exchange these plantation workers not only gave their work to tea plants but also their body as manure …..Sinhalsae paid their gratitude by repatriating these people who have lived here for 200 years ….without Tamils today there would have been Ganja plantation in upcountry areas

    You can’t hide the truth

    Cheers

    • 7
      5

      There were no We Thamizh settlements at all in the supposed traditional We Thamizh homeland in maps produced by the VOC during early Dutch rule :D So one can guess how and when the 100% native and original We Thamizh came to occupy the We Thamizh Eezham :D

      • 1
        4

        caferina portugese foot solider Siva Sankaran Sarma
        you are like a dying solider afraid
        VOC was never a nation nor was it only dutch at anytime and neither was there the dutch republic at that time- they were just `bobs`(nabobs) at business with fast ships and an army to guard their processions.
        According to VOC research scholar (double doctorate)a native dutch at Amsterdam Cafrinha Portuguese destroyed the invoices left at Colombo and Goa- only 5% was left and did not mean a thing.
        The portugese came from the west of south india and the Brits arrived at Surat on the west while the VOC came from Bali and bay of bengal east of south india.
        All VOC invoices 99% of them held at Madras presidency is still in tact today.The British had its first mounted police at Madras.The brits respect the logic but have bad logic.

        the father of trade routes for the dutch and English Jan Huyghen van Linschoten has jaffna and islands in his maps and even today islands carry the dutch names and spelt in dutch language.
        The dutch were very interested because of their `dykes`

        • 2
          1

          Cool story, bro :D At least I think it might be – when can I get the English translation? :D

    • 4
      4

      Most people are now not aware that the original name for what is now called Gal Oya is Patti’Palai Aru. Very soon within a generation people will forger that Weli Oya was called Manal Aru. Kantale was called Kanthalai. Tiraya was called Thiriyai Tambalagame was once called Thampalakammam

      • 3
        2

        most people are not aware becuase it did not exist except in Tamil psychi.

        • 1
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          May be you and the rest of the Sinhalese extremist soft in their heads are not aware of it however google see and check all maps of Ceylon before 1948 this area was called Pattipalai Aru. There was hardly any Sinhalese name in the north or east. Even the second largest river in the island was called Aruvi Aru in the old maps and not Malwattu Oya as in the odern maps. Next time Sinhalese extremists and the Sri Lankan government will state that there Tamil names like Manal Aru( WeliOya) Padavi Kulam( for Padaviya) Kanthalai( Kantale) Thampalakammam( Thampalagamma) Thirayai( Thiriyaya) Putttlam Chilapam( Chilaw) Neer Kallapu( Negombo) never existed or even the ancient indigenous Tamils never existed in the north and east

          • 2
            0

            Thanks Paul.

            Have you heard of this?

            “Northern Provincial Council has passed a resolution condemning the move to alter the name of Nainatheeewu as Nagadeepa. The resolution was adopted at the recent meeting of the Council. Chairman Sivagnanam presided.

            The reoltuion pointed out that the Nainatheewu is an ancient and historical name and it should not be changed under any circumstances.” http://tamildiplomat.com/npc-condemns-moves-to-change-the-name-nainatheewu/

        • 2
          0

          It also exists on Tamilnet and blogs put up We Thamizh nutjobs like our resident tale teller “Paul” :D But strangely not in any actual historical records :D

  • 2
    1

    Cholan

    Kerala known as Chera Nadu is a beautiful place and I do not mind settling there. I have been there once and it was great. Why don’t you visit or go back to your ancestors place Chola Nadu from where you derived your name Cholan.

    By the way now Sampanthan Aiya contradicts what Sumanthiran told the Tamil political detainees re their release. Thangavelu Aiya is not answering to my earlier comments / questions. Do you still believe in these leaders and their followers? If you believe they will bring relief to the entire Tamil community I have no other alternative but to say good luck and goodbye to you and your leaders!

    .

    • 1
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      SERA NADU was a Tamil kingdom only after 6th century Malayalam language came in uses before it was Tamil there for centuries ..and well known Tamil epic SILAPADIKARAM was written in Sera Kingdom so Tamils have the right to settle here ….

      Paththini worship started in Sera Kindom then brought here by King Gajabahu who was invited for the innaguartion of first Kannaki (Pathini ) temple there

      and don’t forget what you eat ..dress..practice all came from Kerala ( then Sera Nadu)

      What Sinhalese have in your own ? even Sinhal Avurudhu was a carbon copy of Tamil New year ..also Kanady Perahara started as a Hindu festival

      Sinahlaesae Jokers are living in fool paradise believing crap Mahavamsa

      You can easily go to Middle East with Malayali sisters and make good money in service Industry …he he he

      Cheers

      • 1
        2

        Cholan Malayalam really started to digress from its Tamil mother only around the 9TH to12Th centuries , however until a few centuries ago it was still not a literary language and was still considered a dialect of Tamil. Even the official language of the Travancore royal court was Tamil until a few centuries ago.
        The indigenous language of Kerala, Malayanma, otherwise called Malayalam or Malayalam-Tamil or Malayala Thamozhi or Lingua Malabar Tamil, continued to be used until 1820.

        Kerala had three types of languages after this period

        1)Malaynma/ Malayalma or Malayalam-Tamil: the native Dravidian language of Kerala, a form of Kodunthamil. Malayanma used little or no Sanskrit and used Tamil prosody Ravikutti Pilla Por (1630 AD), Ananthapura Varnanam (1750) and Vadakkan Pattu (17th century) use no Sanskrit and are purely Dravidian languages. Ramacharitham resembles Malayanma, but with more Tamil words. Malayanma was called Naana Moona in Travancore as it started with the letters Na Ma. Malayanma used Vatteluthu (Vatteluttu alphabet), Kolezhuthu or Tamil Script. Itty Achudan who compiled Hortus Malabaricus used Kolezhuthu to write it. The majority of the indigenous Dravidian Malayalees used Malayanma until the 19th century when the British banned it. Malayanma was the language of the indigenous Pillai (Vellala) feudal aristocracy and the Panicker (Villavar) of the ancient Chera Kingdom. Most Malayanma books were lost, as the British banned Malayanma in 1820.
        2) Lingua Malabar Tamul was the liturgical language of Christians after the Portuguese arrival. It is a form of Malayalam-Tamil written with either Portuguese or Tamil script. During the Portuguese and Dutch period thousands of books were printed in Lingua Malabar Tamul or Lingua Malabarica (the Kerala language). Lingua Malabarica was printed at Quilon, Ambazhakkadu (Ambalacatta) near Angamaly and also Thalassery. The Flos Sanctorum printed at Cochin in 1577 is still preserved at Copenhagen.[26] Ambalacatta near Angamaly, and also Cochin had the press during the Portuguese and Dutch periods where Lingua Malabar books were printed.
        Until 1820 Lingua Malabar Tamul continued to be the major language of Kerala. Kerala’s Christians never used Modern Malayalam or Sanskrit prior to the arrival of British missionaries in the 19th century.
        The Portuguese organised a Tamil army under Vallikada Panicker in the 16th century.
        When these Tamils mixed with the Portuguese and Dutch a strong Cochin Mestizo or Mestico community evolved. Though they initially used Portuguese alphabets to print Lingua Malabar they later used Tamil scripts. After the Portuguese left in 1660 Syrian churches became dominant and Mestizos and their various subgroups (Toepass, Castizo, Lascar) disappeared. Still Lingua Malabar Tamul continued to be printed in Ambalacatta and was in use until 1820. Malayalam in that era signified either Malayanma or Lingua Malabar Tamul. A Malabar (Malayalam) English dictionary printed in 1796 by Graham Shaw was a Tamil-English dictionary.
        3.3.Grantha Bhasa, which was used exclusively by Namputhiri Brahmins of Kerala. This contained 80 percent Sanskrit and few Malayalam words. Grantha Bhasa was used by migrants from Ahichatra which was written using a form of Tulu Script called Tigalari Script. Tulu-Grantha Bhasa had its origin at Karnataka where Sanskrit books were written using Tigalari alphabet. Grantha Bhasa was used exclusively by Nambuthiris who were less than 0.3 percent of the population. Adhatyamia Ramayanam is the first book to use Tulu-Malayalam Script or Tigalari Script. Grantha-Malayalam books written by Nambuthiris in that era contained more than 80 percent Sanskrit and less than 20 percent Malayanma words. Grantha Bhasa used Sanskrit Grammar instead of Malayanma grammar. Grantha Bhasha had less than 10 books until theTulu-Grantha Bhasa remained a minority language until the British made it the official language and started calling it Malayalam in the 19th century. The Church Mission Society established at Kottayam in 1815 started teaching Grantha Bhasa to Syrian Christians. In 1819 Benjamin Bailey (missionary) started mixing Malayanma with Granthabhasa and called it Middle Malayalam.Benjamin Bailey who was also a master of Tulu language made the first Tulu-Malayalam types(Tigalari)as used in Grantha Bhasa in 1819.The Malayalam Bible produced by Benjamin Bailey 1829 was overtly Sanskrit and was considered inconprehensible.[29] British established a Sanskrit college under Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara in 1830. When the efforts to make Sanskrit based Grantha Bhasa as liturgical language British-German missionaries such as Hermann Gundert added more of Dravidian words of Malayanma to the Grantha Bhasa and created the Modern Malayalam which use Tulu (Tigalari alphabet) to write Malayalam. Like Grantha Bhasa modern Malayalam uses Sanskrit Grammar instead of Malayanma Grammar.

        The British manipulations gave Sanskrit a pre-eminent position in Kerala. Sanskrit or Modern Malayalam was never used by Christians in Kerala prior to the British arrival. Thus by teaching Christians Sanskrit and Grantha Bhasa they could integrate Christians with the Namputhiris. The majority of the Malayanma speaking native Dravidian people of Kerala lost their language and grammar when the British never printed the Palm Leaf books written in Malayanma.
        19th century.

    • 4
      4

      Kerala or Cheralam/Chera Nadu was also part of the Tamil country until a few centuries ago. Malayalam only really broke off from its Tamil mother a few centuries ago to become a literary language. Even when the Portuguese arrived Kerala was still speaking a form of Tamil. This is why the Portuguese mistook the Sri Lankan Tamils for Malabars, as their culture cuisine ETC area more closer to Kerala than to present day Tamil Nadu.
      For your information the word Serendib is derived from the ancient Tamil word for the island Cheran Theevu( the island of the Cheras) the word Ceylon is derived from Eelam. So the island was ironically known as Eelam for hundreds of years. The Eezhavars or Eelavar of Kerala are still a very important community and make up around 28% of Kerala’s population. This 28% is just the ones that remained as Hindus. Many converted to Islam and Christianity. It they are also added they will make up around 45% to 50% of Kerala’s population. The famous Tamil actress KR Vijaya is an Eezhava. I have seen her old Malaylam moves. Malayalam is her mother tongue.

  • 5
    0

    Native Vedda (AKA COAST VEDDA*?)

    In reply “The Muslims in north was asked to leave with out force and they left !! ”

    You said:

    “Do you think it was a right thing do to a people who had lived there for centuries?”

    What a change from our old Vdda who wanted all para sinhala / demala / muslim / burgher out of the native land..

    Welcome to human race!!!!!!
    I thank your teachers, parents and elders …

    *According to my 8 year old granddaughter –
    The Coast Veddas or Vedar, by self-designation, form a social group within the minority Sri Lankan Tamil ethnic group of the Eastern province of Sri Lanka.
    They are primarily found in small coastal villages from the eastern township of Trincomalee to Batticalao.

    • 2
      2

      Welcome to human race!!!!!!
      Hello biped when you understand the meaning of DNA and Carbon testing you can take your emotional dive.
      Johnny you never shut the door.
      Native Veddha is going to ask you to study epistemology than you and daughter memorising `words`
      Do you know what Native Veddha wants or would like ? I don’t think so.

      Clue: He is for right of women and children- a strong weapon but diversity has taken a large backward leap in Europe.- no to any more yakkos and that frightens politicians of the west.
      since the refugee influx and china lifting the 1 child ban Europe is discussing the morals (on bbc too) to have child policy in Europe and robotic future (its there for the past 40 years) After all we do almost everything on our cell phones and 3D printing is on.The west can reduce Carbon emissions by getting rid of cows and people that are of no consequence by plan like china.

      • 0
        1

        Smith

        I cannot recollect asking you where you were going, but thanks anyway for letting us know the contents of your shopping bag(malle).

    • 2
      2

      Johnny Eelam

      The inapt Eelamista,

      “What a change from our old Vdda who wanted all para sinhala / demala / muslim / burgher out of the native land..”

      Only if they don’t behave themselves.

      And remember no one has the exclusive right to this island.

      Whether you like it or not we are the first among equals and you should know where your place is in the order of things.

      • 1
        1

        Native Vedda

        “Whether you like it or not we are the first among equals and you should know where your place is in the order of things”

        I know where my place would be – South of the Eelam fence.

        Do you know where you would / could live?

        • 1
          1

          Johnny Eelam

          The inapt Johnny

          “I know where my place would be – South of the Eelam fence.”

          Exactly, the Sinhala/Buddhists ghetto.

          You are rest assured you will not have your Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto nor your Eelam ghetto.

          I know know who I am and you think you know who you are. That is the difference.

  • 5
    2

    Sri Lanka: Militarization And Colonization In The Name Of
    National Integration And Reconciliation
    South Asia is a region where counter-insurgencies have been and are still waged by nation-states to subjugate minorities or marginalized communities’ struggle for self-determinism. Various clever mechanisms are being employed to continue with the exercise of centralized and oppressive control. In the name of counter insurgency, many states have deployed military complexes and forces in regions where a national liberation struggle is mobilized. The systematic use of state violence against the local communities is aimed at creating an environment of fear and to facilitate subjugation and eradication of those who embrace the struggle for self-determinacy. This violence is often so selective that it targets the particular social group or minority the liberation is being fought on behalf of. It also targets their traditional homeland, since the violence is deployed almost exclusively within demarcated areas which coincides with the regions where the minority traditionally have been settled in and where it forms the majority . The Muslim Kashmiris in Jammu-Kashmir, Baluchi people in Baluchistan, Karen people in North-West Burma and the Tamil speaking people in North and East of Sri Lanka are all victims of such state terrorism . Heavy militarization often resulted in permanent military occupation of the resisters traditional homeland (of the people who resist the state). The resistance being regional in its locus and minority specific in it orientation, is easily isolated and projected by state centric agents as being parochial and communalist. The counter insurgency war is legitimized since the accommodation of the self-determinist demands of minorities is conceived upon as being against and as a compromise of national unity, sovereignty, well being and even harmony.

    One central strategy in the state counter-insurgency is to attempt the weakening of the resistance by disrupting the demographic composition of the ‘troubled region’ through destroying the continuity in traditional settlements pattern. What one can see in Tamil areas in Sri Lanka shares a lot of commonalities with what the Israeli state does in West Bank and Gaza , where Jewish settlements are strategically established with state patronage since the states inception. This is done in order to breach the continuity of Palestinian settlements in the region: traditionally Gaza would be connected with the West Bank through the existence of Palestinian settlements. Such practices is not isolated to south Asia but have been employed by nation-states throughout history and in various parts of the world. Such tactics often has the aim and the effect of breaking the backbone of self-determinist demands, as the demand is conceptualized on the base that a nation has the right for self-determinacy over areas where they are and have traditionally been in majority.

    Brief about the History of State violence against Tamil communities

    In Sri Lanka state violence has predominately and throughout history been targeted at the Tamil speaking communities of North and East of the Island . It has also undeniable been used to eliminate or silence individuals and communities from other social backgrounds which the State i.e. those who hold state power, perceive as being anti-state. Such the case with many southern Sinhala communities during the JVP led insurgencies in 1971 and 1987-1990(in which combined over 40 000 Sinhalese lost their lives. However state violence which targeted at the Tamil communities has been persistent and increasingly systematic since independence in 1948, which renders it to be only understood as structural violence. This violence is embedded within the structures of the nation-state, its apparatuses and in its functioning as a centralized unitary political administration. This violence therefore has been perpetuated by successive governments in Colombo , from the UNP led to the SLFP led governments.

    There is a long history of violence against Tamils in the island. From the sporadic but systematically carried out anti-Tamil riots of 1956, 1958, 1961, 1977, 1981 and 1983, to the countless instances of massacres and disappearances of Tamils at the hands of the armed forces in the name of counter-insurgency since 1983. The realization of adequate judicial punishment for the atrocities against Tamil speakers seems near impossible. Even when a judicial procedure is initiated through presidentially appointed commissions to investigate the ‘allegations’, e.g. as in the aftermath of the 1994/1995 ceasefire, the findings are kept a state secret. The trials against state agents are systematically obstructed. Trials are shifted to Sinhala dominated areas due to the request of the accused security personnel. The witnesses brought in have been silenced by death or other means of violence, and as a result no one is punished for the crimes. There is therefore a culture of impunity in Sri Lanka for crimes against Tamils and anti-state elements. This also indicates the bias nature of the state’s judicial system, where state agents or individuals under the state patronage enjoy impunity when indulging in state orchestrated violence.
    The war in Sri Lanka started officially in 1983 and ended in 2009 with the elimination of the LTTE leadership by an unprecedented and brutal military offensive, but already in the 1960’s the state has been involved in setting up military complexes in the north , under the pretext of combating smuggling from south India. In 1961, after a popular non-violent civil disobedience campaign was conducted by the Federal Party, the entire North and East province (NEP) was paralyzed and effectively cut off from the south and the government control. The party had initiated this campaign as response to a series of discriminatory policies enacted by Colombo and the violence unleashed with impunity in the anti-Tamil riots of 1956 and 1958, where Tamils in the south of the island were targeted, and an estimated 400 Tamil speakers had been reported murdered. The Satyagraha campaign took the shape of an effective mass mobilization against the centralized state. There was even an independent functioning of Postal services run by Tamil postal worker unions. This caused paranoia in Colombo , the paranoia led the parliament to authorize the Sri Lankan army ( SLA ) to intervene. It was to be sent to quell a popular protest by its own ‘citizens’, and this was the first time in the island’s post-independent history the army was sent in to quell a civilian protest. This sowed the seed for the militancy which erupted in the 1970’s among the then younger generations.
    In 1979 the SLA was sent into the NEP again, but this time to deal with the growing Tamil militancy. This marked the beginning of the continuous militarization of NEP spanning over three decades and at various stages has seen the involvement of the Indian armed forces. The military presence has even been drastically increased in the NEP since the ‘end of hostilities’ in May 2009. According to findings published by the oppositional Sri Lankan newspaper Sunday Leader under the title ‘ The Rajapakse Troika’ on 25.10.2011 , the SLA alone is allocated around Rs 113 billion in 2012, while the Ministry of Defense (MOD), which now the Ministry for Urban Development is attached, is allocated Rs 215 billion. A total of 20 percent of the anticipated expenditure bill of the government is allocated to Ministries which are all under the Rajapakse family. The Army is allocated 5 percent more funds than it received in 2011. Now that the Government is scheduled to allocate more financial resources to the military and the MOD, one cannot evade the conclusion that the Tamil homeland is indeed under military occupation and is most likely to be so in the future.

    • 2
      1

      Mr Paul

      After all that presentation of the view from Tamil angle we are here at this moment pondering what can we do NOW.

      As far as I am concerned any meaningful line of action is the one that leads to least bloodshed in the future. For me creating ethnicity and religion based political sub units are a sure recipe for disaster.

      There are two main reasons:

      1) In the Sinhala psyche there are 70 million Tamils just 20 miles away

      2) More than 50% of Tamil speaking people live in areas outside North and East and these people show no inclination at all of migrating to North and East.

      So I keep on repeating:

      “IN VIEW OF THE PRESENT DEMOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF TAMIL SPEAKING PEOPLE (IRRESPECTIVE OF THEIR RELIGION OR THE DATE OF ARRIVAL) IN THE ISLAND THERE IS NO CONCEIVABLE DEVOLUTION MODEL TO SATISFY POLITICAL ASPIRATIONS OF AT LEAST 90% OF THEM.”

      However the day I observe that the Tamil speaking people in the south dislike living among the Sinhalese and desire to move towards North I will actively support for a federal unit for North and East. I am even agreeable for holding a referendum among them on this question. Please generate a Tamil version of the above comment which details the Sinhala cruelty towards Tamils and distribute among them.

      You may kindly acknowledge that in seeking a solution to this critical question we Sinhalese cannot be called upon to address issues of religion, caste, denomination, date of arrival etc. among the Tamils. It is up to you to sort them among yourselves.

      Soma

      • 2
        1

        1) Most of the Tamils living in the Sinhalese areas are of Indian origin and not indigenous. The Indian origin have always lived there from the time they arrived.
        2) Even 90% of the indigenous Tamils living outside the North and East live around Colombo. Remember Colombo and the western seaboard and north western areas of the island was Tamil until recently
        3) Tamil living in the south cane here legally and purchased their own lands homes and businesses more than a century ago. They have only contributed to the local economy down south enormously and have now been there for centuries. Remember Tamils have always lived in the south but Sinhalese hardly in the north or east.
        4) Sinhalese in the north and east were illegally settled on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. Other than a very small percentage of them 99% of them came here illegally and never purchased anything but were settled here by all Sinhalese led Sri Lankan governments and the Sinhalese armed forces with government funds to deliberately change the demography of the region. Unlike the Tamils down south. These people never contributed anything to eh local economy of wealth but stole everything that was legally due to the Tamils and created lots of strife by joining with the Sinhalese armed forced and the Mulsim backstabbers to kill murder rape lot and ethnically cleanse Tamils as much as possible. So than more Sinhalese can be settled in these ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. They have done everything in their power to change the ancient Tamil Hindu character of these region. The Muslim backstabbers who came and settled their originally as refugees immensely helped them.
        5) Tamils are forced to flee to the south due to the deliberate racist policies of all Sri Lankan government since independence. A) They deliberately never developed the Tamil areas so that the Tamils will always be economically dependent on the Sinhalese south. Even if development took place local Tamils were never given jobs but out of area Sinhalese were brought in and settled. These development under the guise of national integration and improvements were just a ploy to bring in more Sinhalese to Tamil areas to settle. The Prima flour factory at Trincomalee was a good example and also what is happening now. B) Large scale atrocities Ariel bombardment shelling and ethnic cleansing activities conducted by the Sri Lankan armed forces to deliberately empty the Tamil areas of Tamils forced many to flee to the south to be safe.
        6) Lastly and most importantly the north and east have always been historically been the land of the Tamils. Not the land of the Sinhalese or these fake Arab immigrant converted low caste Tamil Muslims from South India who only came here as refugees seeking asylum like what is now happening in Europe a few centuries ago. Tamils have continuously lived there from pre historic times and ruled there. History and archaeological evidence proves this. EG the 2500 year old Tamil Brahmi inscription from a Naga Hindu temple in Batticaloa All the ancient ruins Hindu or Buddhist is Tamil. All place names Tamil until the recent government sponsored Sinhalese and Arabic name changes. There were no Muslim or Sinhalese rulers in these areas. Muslims were not even allowed to own land until the turn of the 20th century. Even if a Sinhalese ruled it was briefly. The Naicker kings of Kandy were Tamil speakers from Tamil Nadu. This is recognised as Tamil land internationally by the British the Dutch the Portuguese the 1987 Indo Sri Lanka agreement and even the BC and Dudley Chelva pacts. SO even of 10% of the islands Tamils live there it the land of the Tamils and that should be safeguarded and preserved just like Sinhalese and Buddhist culture is preserved in the south. No amount of deliberate state sponsored Sinhalese colonisation schemes name changes of the deliberate destruction of ancient Hindu temples of the Tamil character of the region will change that. Stating that ther are more Tamils now forced to live in the Sinhalese south or stiff now that we have colonised large parts of the north and east with Sinhalese and their Muslim allies to deny the Tamils of the north and east their ancient and just rights to their land language and culture in these areas or their homeland will not work.
        There more Scots and Welsh and Irish living and working out of Scotland Waled and Ireland. So this means Scotland Wales and Ireland now do not belong to these people and their historic rights to these lands denied?
        This is what you Sinhalese racists your government and armed forces are trying to do

        • 1
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          Mr Paul

          However much you bray:

          -Muslims are Tamils whose religion is Islam

          -Estate workers are Tamils who arrived after the British

          -We can’t be bothered about your internal differences of caste, religion, date of arrival etc. – up to you to sort them out among yourselves.

          -All are Tamils as far as a “pilitical solution” is concerned.

          -When one says the North and East are exclusively Tamil teritory what he is saying is the rest is exclusively Sinhala teritory.

          Mr Paul, I am happy to hear from youb p that Sinhalese are also Tamils. Most useful argument to convince that a “political solution” is unecessary. Sorry to say you are a bit short on logic – you become immediately self contradictory when you say that and it defeats your own purpose.

          Soma

  • 3
    3

    Thoppies have no problem now ..the High Commissioner for Human Rights Office is another Jordanian Thoppi go to Geneva and meet him…say prayer and hug him he will listen

    Germany is willing to take 1.5 Million Thoppies from Syria so SL Thoppies can join with them

    Later you can marry pork eating German chicks ….this is no Haram

    Cheers

    • 1
      0

      But he is an Arab the Thulluka Thoppis here are Tamil Dravidian immigrant from South India. Only common thread is their religion but Arabs generally treat these South Asian Muslims like shit

  • 0
    0

    Thanga,

    Birds of the same feathers flog together.

    You and your step brother or son Sumanthiran are beyond correction.

    Who is Sumanthiran to dictate terms to NPC?

    You both should remember that it was not Sumanthiran who won the election; it was TNA candidate who won the election.

    So he has to watch his tongue.

    He is too big for his boots.

  • 1
    0

    How about the compensation for the properties occupied, looted ,robbed and destroyed by the Sri Lanka Military also by the IPKF. Both have inflicted untold hardship and damage to me and my residence . then leaving the land raped and unprotected so inviting the hooligans Doughies to illegally capture it.

  • 1
    1

    The general perception among the Thoppies are as below:

    The Sinhalese people are thousand time better than the Tamils and the Sinhalese racists are thousand time better than the Tamil racists, the Tamil racists are full of evil and hatred compared with the Sinhalese

    • 2
      0

      General perception amongst the Tamils, especially the indigenous Tamils, is that the immigrant fake Arab largely low caste Tamil Dravidian Thulluka Thoppis from South India are a bunch or evil nasty backstabbers who can never be trusted and are thousand times worse than the Sinhalese racists, as they want to prolong this conflict to get the maximum benefit for their South Indian immigrant community and steal as much as land for themselves.
      Despite being ethnically Tamils these sly nasty creatures will always deny this and claim a fake Arab origin and worship Arab coca. They will never side with their fellow Hindu or Christian Tamil brothers or sisters and will always side with the Sinhalese racists, even if they kick them, they will lick their feet and eat the fallen crumbs from their table, as they feel this will benefit their immigrant landless community to steal the ancient Tamil lands in the north and east from the now vulnerable Tamils. Events in the east has amply proved this correct.
      Despite 70% of them living amongst the Sinhalese the remaining 30& living amongst the Tamils will not leave the Tamils and run to the Sinhalese, whom they love and favour and originally kicked them to the east from the central province but want to live amongst the Tamils in order steal their lands. These people can never be trusted and they are like the cuckoo that establishes itself in another birds nest and home and then takes over and steals it.

  • 2
    0

    Mr.Thangavelu,

    If the current regime doesn’t fully address the issue of HSZ lands, IDPs and the Tamil prisoners through negotiations within a reasonable period, the TNA should review its cooperation and consider a campaign of public protests. The latest news is that there is some movement on the prisoner issue, at least in stages; so for now, continued cooperation is the way, but there should be incessant pressure on the GoSL to resolve the issues fully by March.

    By the way, will the new Trudeau administration in Canada open a consulate in Jaffna? The conditions may now be right for Tamil Canadian representatives to look into it.

  • 2
    1

    There is no indigenous Tamils in Sri Lanka, all are from South India, the only Indigenous race is the Veddha Community-

    http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html

    Looks like everyone has stolen the lands that originally belong to the Veddhas.

    The reason the Muslims side with the Sinhalese is because they are not manipulative and evil as the Tamils and their minds not twisted and corrupted, and they have a kind heart.

    • 0
      1

      Yes no indigenous Tamils and no Indigenous Sinhalese both originated from South India, however the Tamils were in the island long before a people called the Sinhalese originated.
      Go and read history first even the Vedahs came to the island from South India and their language was semi Tamil. They also worshipped the Tamil god Murugan.
      Lastly the reason why Muslims side with the Sinhalese as they recognise each other as kin, as both of them are largely descended from low caste Immigrant South Indians largely from Tamil Nadu and then Tamil Kerala. Lastly they both are evil nasty and genocidal. They recognise and appreciate these tendencies that they commonly share. You are very good example of this

      • 0
        0

        Cool story, bro :D

  • 2
    1

    Why no one is talking about Taamilnadu kallathonis migrated to vanni during the vanni -eelam time

    • 1
      1

      Because they all became the Sinhalese Karawa Salagama Durawa Hali Hunu Berawa the Kandyan Radala and even the ancestors of many so called Sinhalese GOvigamma like the Bandarnaicke’s Jeywardene’s Senanayake’s ETC. May be even your ancestors. Jimmy soft in the head.

    • 0
      0

      We Thamizh Nadu kallathonies are now also known as 100% genuine original native indigenous We Thamizh, so actually there’s plenty of talk :D

  • 0
    0

    The Christians are most closest people among all communities anywhere in the world, this confirmed by God itself in the Quran.

    However the way you sound, I am sure you must be one of those exceptions.

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