By Priyakala Manoharan –
China’s deepening relationship with Sri Lanka is becoming increasingly conspicuous as the emerging super power extends relations beyond its sphere of influence. This paper brings out the Sri Lankan perceptions of the unconditional and timely help of China for Sri Lanka’s overall development. Some of prominent Sri Lankan newspapers have been referred to gauge the general Sri Lankan outlook. The relevant questions in this context are the factors driving Sri Lanka towards China and whether China’s unlimited help to Sri Lanka is with or without strings attached.
Sri Lanka’s contemporary relations with China have been strengthened as never before. The state owned Sunday Observer (‘China-Sri Lanka’s top lender in 2009’, 18 April 2010) has commented that “silky relationship has reached new heights during the Rajapaksha era.” Historically, Sri Lanka and China have been recorded to be on friendly terms. However, the ties have reached a peak level, especially under the administration of President Mahinda Rajapaksha. Tamil Guardian (‘India’s troubles in Sri Lanka’, 4 December 2010) shared a similar view, acknowledging that “Rajapaksha has visited China five times in office and thrice before.”
The Sri Lankan president decided to shift the foreign policy ‘eastward’ after persistent human-rights abuse allegations by the West (‘Sri Lanka looks east to China for funding and support’, The National, 11 March 2010). This has drifted Lanka closer to China. China has so far practiced a policy of not mixing business with politics in its foreign relations with Sri Lanka (‘China fuels Sri Lankan War’, LankaNewspapers.com 7 March 2009); this has given Lanka a freer atmosphere to preserve its sovereignty and autonomy and made China’s presence conducive in the Island. However, China did go out of its way to encourage the Sri Lankan government’s interest to end the protracted war, as LankaNewspapers.com reports (7 March 2009). China wanted stability on the island which served its fundamental aspirations and interests as an emerging superpower. “China stood as a support force when Sri Lanka needed help to combat terrorism” (‘Marking 55 years of Diplomatic Relations – Sri Lanka and China’, The Nation, 25 May 2012). Accordingly, sophisticated weaponry supplied by China was the key to the government’s military success.
The Defense Minister Gotabhaya in ‘China-Lanka agree to deepen military ties’ (16 September 2010, Adaderana) said that “the government and armed forces of Sri Lanka appreciated China’s support and would continue to advance friendly and cooperative relations between the two nations and the two armed forces.” “China has also used its veto power in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to block the discussion on steps undertaken by the Sri Lankan government in its fight against the LTTE” as reported by The National (‘Growing Chinese influence in Sri Lanka’, 8 June 2011). China defended Sri Lanka against the aggressive Western push for war crimes allegations committed by the Sri Lankan military during the final phase of the war.
Apart from the growing political and diplomatic relationship, Sri Lanka is able to reap the benefits of close economic cooperation with China. The Lanka Journal Newspaper (‘Sri Lanka says China’s “win-win” philosophy benefits world’, 21 November 2011) carried an article detailing that “China is the leading investor in Sri Lanka and involved in building highways, bridges, a new shipping port and airport as well as a high tech theater.” In the post war period, improvements in infrastructural development and investments from China in Sri Lanka have been seen to increase. These commercial transactions have created a win-win deal for both countries. Significantly, “Beijing has decided to grant Sri Lanka dialogue partner status in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)” (‘Growing Chinese influence in Sri Lanka’, The National, 8 June 2011).
Counter views against China’s inroad into Sri Lanka depicted in News.LK ( ‘Minister Basil counter the criticisms of the UNP MP, 1 February 2012) express alarm that the growing Chinese work force in the Chinese projects and the flooding of Sri Lankan markets with cheap and sub-standard Chinese products were detrimental to the progress of the nation. In addition, China’s priority is on maritime security to secure energy supplies. Hence, the island has become a key strategic hub for China. On economic, military and diplomatic ties, Dr. Harsha de Silva, Member of Parliament, opined that “Sri Lanka-China relations was in bad taste and made with dangerous political twist” (News.LK, 1 February 2012).
Based on these views, the policy of harmony and China’s deep pockets are vital signs of Sri Lanka shifting closer to China’s orbit. Sri Lanka is fulsome in its praise for Beijing because it did not desert Sri Lanka in recent critical phases. Despite the end of fighting, Sri Lanka confronted a deepening economic crisis due to huge debts arising from military spending. It sought help from the West but the request was denied on the basis of its deteriorating human rights record. However, the Chinese willingly lent a helping hand in this asymmetric relationship. This even eclipsed Sri Lanka’s biggest donor, Japan, and created a scenario to counter Western concerns about human rights.
Priyakala Manoharan,Research Intern, IPCS
Courtesy Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies
God / June 6, 2012
The article says nothing new and is uninteresting. Win-Win is a rather deceiving way of describing the relationship; china lends some pocket money at market interest rate and get their geopolitical interests fulfilled and SL gets more costly debt and mostly useless mega projects. That is hardly win-win. The interesting question is: what is the value of the export from SL to China ? Export is how a nation make real money.
suz / June 6, 2012
This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy
• If you act with maturity and consideration for other users, you should have no problems.
• Don’t be unpleasant. Demonstrate and share the intelligence, wisdom and humour we know you possess.
• Take some responsibility for the quality of the conversations in which you’re participating. Help make this an intelligent place for discussion and it will be.
Chinese Doll / June 6, 2012
Sri Lanka’s rupee and economy is crashing because of a balance of payments crisis largely due to huge borrowings from China for white elephant infrastructure projects to support Rajapakse.
Chinese AID is contributing to make Rajapkse a military dictator in Sri Lanka and must be STOPPED – as it did in Burma with the Junta. It is un transparent and it is not AID but DEBT which is passed on to the public. Every Lankan is indebted for generations to come, while the banking sector is in a crisis as is the stock market in free fall. Chinese aid encourages bad governance.
Rajapake and his cronies meanwhile are pocketing the Chinese aid! People should get on the streets and protest China. China can keep its aid for its own poor!
M.Milton / June 7, 2012
Sri lanka is freinds of India China USA and Russia.We are netural and non-alinged nation of developing country.We need freinds every noor and corner of Globe.Our system of democracy base on Parliminarty elected and multi-party system similar to Indian USA UK and France.
We owen capiltaist mode of proudcation and privited ownership orinted democracy system.We are for two party and governmeant elected by ballot of people.
China is socialist country and rule by Communist Party of China since 1949.They belongs to Socilaist system assoicated with market oriented economy with state headed entreprises.China has planned economy.
We need to not fear of China influnce, becasue never-follow Chiniese path of Politics in Sri lanka by any politicial party.
Not leading politicial parties or samll political parties has follow China politics.
Even since 1957 Dipolmatic relation with China has no any cule of interferance of our country politics.China had very very goodwill and open relation with all leading ruling and opposition parties.
Even all good friends of Chinese are major menbers of leading supports of Capilatist parties and well known perosnolities of Sri lankan society.
All loans, aids and Grantas has been given by china in very tranplating manner irrespactive politicai afflication.
We need Chiniese investment for developing our economy.
The people of Sri lanka not make unfriendly with Chinese, it will not benfit our nation.
suz / June 7, 2012
suz complain to media ct, your moderator controled by non-conformist.