30 October, 2020

Blog

The TNA Tsunami: Re-Balancing The Equation

By Dayan Jayatilleka –

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

The TNA victory has shown that Sri Lanka remains a functioning democracy; that it functions when there is competition; and that with or without the 17th amendment and even under the tightest military supervision, the government can be electorally defeated.

Having won the war, the Government has lost the peace in the North (and earlier, parts of the East), while it continues to lead impressively in post-war politics in the more populous two- thirds of the island.

The TNA’s electoral tsunami has many dimensions and implications. The UNP’s meltdown is a far simpler matter. The TNA’s sweep denotes the resounding political and ideological defeat of the Government’s model of post war rule in the North. Paradoxically, the sweep was also possible because a war was fought to a finish against the Tigers, without which the democratic space would not have re-opened, elections could not have been held and the TNA candidates would have in all probability been assassinated.

When the post-revolutionary Sandinista government lost power in 1990, having won in 1984, it was said by analysts that the very fact that power could be transferred openly and peacefully to the Opposition for the first time in Nicaragua’s modern history, was itself a victory for the Nicaraguan Revolution. Similarly, the very holding of a Northern provincial council election in a peaceful and relatively free and fair manner, is a by-product of the war and the defeat of the Tigers by the Sri Lankan government, state and the armed forces.

It is true that the holding of the elections was due to external pressure and blandishments by India and Japan respectively. However, India itself could not hold an election in the North in 1988 and had to cobble together a joint slate. The first North-East provincial council was constituted through en election in only one province, the East. It was the decimation of the Tigers as a military force by the Mahinda Rajapaksa administration that made the restoration of a competitive electoral process possible.

Thus the political picture in the overwhelmingly Tamil North is almost exactly what it was before the war. The clock has been put back many decades to the dominance of the Federal party or ITAK. However the degree of political dominance of the TNA is far higher than it ever was for the pre-war ITAK because of (i) the convergence that the TNA represents (ii) the elimination of many political currents by the LTTE’s policy of slaughter (one can only imagine an election in which the undiminished EPRLF, PLOT and TELO contested) and (iii) the unenlightened post-war model of rule installed by the regime.

So what of the morning after? The government and the TNA have to recognise the political reality unflinchingly. What is that reality? It is that both the North and South are politically and ideologically uni-polar. Tamil nationalism is here to stay and dominates the mood of the North, while Sinhala nationalism or more correctly populist nationalism dominates the South and is as durable. The Government’s model of rule has lost some considerable legitimacy in the North and has to change. The flip side is that the TNA and the Tamils in general have to grasp that the Rajapaksa administration and more especially President Rajapaksa himself (the campaign in the South was carried by a re-energised Mahinda Rajapaksa) is the only game in town for the foreseeable future.

The TNA and the Government must find a modus-vivendi, a way to co-exist. The government must not place the TNA administration under siege and must instead try to help it evolve in a more constructive and moderate direction, softening it up rather than permitting radicalism and political militancy to influence it from within and without. The Government must recognise that the shift in the centre of gravity of Tamil politics from the Diaspora and Tamil Nadu to the TNA and the Northern Council is a positive thing. The government must also realise that the best deal available is that which can be cut with the TNA and that behind and beyond the TNA lie the weight of 80 million Tamils as well as the influence they carry in India and the West.

The TNA for its part must understand that its main interlocutor is in Colombo; that the Northern Council must not be seen as a beachhead for pan-Tamil nationalist politics, least of all of a secessionist project. The TNA must not regard itself or the Council as equal negotiating partners in a bilateral discussion between two countries, or one country and another in waiting. The realities of the government’s – and more especially the President’s –undiminished popularity in the vastly more populous two thirds of the island as well as the strength and presence of the armed forces – which, in a heightened perception of threat can always be expanded up to the 300,000 mark which Gen Fonseka had argued for and Mahinda Rajapaksa had turned down in the immediate aftermath of the war.

The Northern vote has politically and psychologically altered the post-war balance. It has re-empowered the Tamils. This is a therapeutic and almost inevitable re-balancing. The Government must recognise and respect the new equilibrium. However, the Tamil side must understand that none of this means that the massive historical reality of a decisive military defeat in a protracted war has been reversed.   In terms of power, that victory remains and constitutes the dominant reality.

The pro-Prabhakaran, pro-Tiger political rhetoric that marked and marred the TNA’s electoral campaign imposes limits on the possible. It has re-awakened memories and provided a glimpse into the project of pan-Tamil nationalist politics and the Tamil nationalist mindset.  No state can be unaffected by this revelation. The invocation of Prabhakaran’s ghost has a real-world political price tag. No leader whose popularity and legitimacy derives not only from his manifest appeal among the Sinhalese majority but his achievement in defeating the Tigers, is going to kiss and make up with the TNA on the morning after. A chill will have set in between Jaffna and Colombo; South and North.

At this stage of history, no political discussion can involve the transcendence of the 13th amendment. All effort has to be on the implementation of the amendment. The absence of trust probably means that this implementation will be graduated. Having proved its electoral strength the TNA must not try to fast track the macro-political process which will prove even more contentious after the political ‘holographic projection’ of Prabhakaran than it was before. There is much to be done in the form of consolidation and development at the local level, within the space available. If that space is under siege the effort must be to stretch it to its constitutional limit and not beyond. There are two modes that present themselves before the TNA in a politico-existential choice. One is the ‘capillary’ or ‘molecular’ mode of evolutionary change through gradualism and incrementalism. The other is that of nationalist take-off, fuelled by hyper-inflationary rhetoric.

The government has two choices as well: a Cold war and an institutional siege of the Northern PC or a lucidly Realist combination of constructive engagement and containment. The government must recognise that the newly elected Council has great legitimacy externally.

Both the government and the TNA have to build bridges to each other. Both have also to discern the red lines. If the government seeks to dismantle the 13th amendment, it will cross a red-line drawn by India and the West. While the TNA’s discourse is its own business (just as anyone’s dreams are their own), if it tries to translate it into political action and push for ‘the right of self determination’ (qualified as ‘internal’ as Anton Balasingham used to), federalism or the transfer of powers beyond the 13th amendment, it will cross a red-line drawn by the Sri Lankan state, the Sinhala people and the armed forces.  The South resisted the PTOMS and the ISGA proposals when its collective back was to the wall. It will not countenance any attempt on the part of the TNA to conduct itself as if the Northern PC were the ISGA or the PTOMS.

The Sri Lankan state contained Tamil nationalism by defeating the Tigers and is in turn, now politically contained by the international order as well as the Tamil political resurgence. The international community and most especially India must be aware that both Sinhala and Tamil nationalism must be contained. A perceived tilt of the world system towards the Sri Lankan state has now been corrected, but the external players must not encourage a perception of a tilt to Tamil nationalism which has not succeed in kicking the secessionist temptation.

However strong the pan-Tamil cause is externally and whatever external pressures may be brought to bear, the vote for the UPFA and for Fonseka’s DP reveals enough of a support base for protracted military resistance, with or without Mahinda Rajapaksa, to any roll-back of the verdict of May 2009. This collective emotion which is no less tenacious than that of the Tamils and has an enormous demographic advantage on the ground is also a reality and must be recognised if Sri Lanka is not to become another Egypt or Syria someday (with an important difference—the Sri Lankan armed forces aren’t secular; they are the Buddhist Brotherhood).

The vote in the far less strategically significant but far more populous North Western and Central provinces present a clear and less complex picture. The popularity of the UPFA– read Mahinda Rajapaksa—hovers around 60% while that of the main democratic Opposition as led by Ranil Wickremesinghe averages out in the high 20% range, failing to cross 30%. The TNA and the international community must know that it is only Mahinda Rajapaksa who can deliver anything like peaceful coexistence between North and South, between the Sinhalese and Tamils. Any alternative will come from within the system, will be backed by the military and be far more hawkish.

At a Presidential election which is a popularity contest between Mahinda and Ranil, the figure for the incumbent may rise while that of the challenger/competitor/the other guy will drop below the percentage obtained at these provincial elections, not least because every defeat has a knock-on effect. The spectre of a Chandrika comeback or proxy candidacy of her son is rendered silly because the 35%-40% gap between Mahinda and Ranil cannot be bridged or significantly affected by any such aspirant spoiler.

The emergence of General Fonseka’s Democratic Party as the third force in the South i.e. among the Sinhalese, shows that the last war remains the source of legitimacy and conversely illegitimacy among the Sinhalese (with Ranil being de-legitimised by definition). It also shows the ideological direction in which discontent and dissent are flowing—towards a leadership which is rooted in the military victory of 2009 and represents a tougher minded Rajapaksa-ist nationalism without the family factor. This indicates the kind of leader and candidate the UNP must pick and the direction in which the party must shift. It must pick a new leader before this year is out if it is not to lose more votes to the UPFA and the DP. It is an imperative to avoid irrevocable electoral extinction and the resultant long duration degeneration of Sri Lanka from democracy to something else.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 0
    0

    very true all of you. dayan j is rearing to be posted some where again.he met his waterloo the last time because of his egoistic nature.must be twiddling his thumbs at home.

    • 0
      0

      You are absolutely right.

      As a poli analyst as he repeats very often, he should also be able to see the lawlessness behaviour in the country today.

      As Thrisantha pointed out – why the current rulers are paying blind eye when president offspring publicly attended in election related activities.

      Just because TNA claimed the victory in the election, can we name Rajapkshe´s as a functioning democracy ? :(

  • 0
    0

    Dayan

    Your prophecy want work with the popular Sinhala tribal leader who knows that his sustaining his popularity depends largely on his ability to antagonize and demonise the TNA, the real representative organisations of Tamils. Any concessions to Tamils will be seen as a characteristic of weakened Sinhala tribal leader.

  • 0
    0

    Dayan, well balanced excellent article. Well done. It is time TNA has to recognize that they have been elected by the people of the North and not by the diaspora. Diaspora is frozen in time and they are living in an age where there was war. Now there is no war and no LTTE. Even the living leaders of LTTE are now with the Government. So its time diaspora recognizes this important fact. On the other hand the people of the North should also understand they have to live within Sri Lanka as one country. The defeat of the ruling party is not the defeat of the President. It is the defeat of Gothabaya, as the North in effect was supervised by the armed forces which was used by Gothabaya. So its the utter defeat of Gothabaya. I think the President should remove Gothabaya from supervising the North and hand it over to Basil or even Namal. This may sound shocking to some, but let us all accept at the end, President Rajapakse will want a person whom he can trust to be in-charge of the North so it should be either Basil or Namal. If Namal takes over the supervising position then this would give Namal an opportunity to build his strength within his own party and also both with the people of the North and South.

    • 0
      0

      Park, well balanced ? When did they let you out of Angoda ? DJ says ” a functioning democracy “

      Ye gods ! and I thought DJ was the only nut running loose around Colombo. And you guys have the right to vote ?

      SHIT !

      • 0
        0

        Winston, “functioning democracy” means a democracy which is functioning. The question is to what level of democracy is it functioning? Yes Sri Lankan democracy is not 100% western democracy. For that matter none of the western democracies are also 100%. Example in Canada the Prime Minister sends text messages every day to his parliamentary party members who can speak to the media and what they can say. So in a democracy there are various levels, in Sri Lanka we have democracy, this is proven by the Nothern PC results, but the level of democracy is at its lowest. I think this is what you are trying to say.

        • 0
          0

          No Park, it’s not what I’m trying to say.

          The election was held by the government under external pressures.We know all about the abuses, the attacks, the threats, the intimidation,the subtle employing of the army and politico-civilian agents of the state to thwart the inevitable outcome of the election.

          I think we ….all of us…. need to address these issues with the deepest degree of sobriety that is demanded of us because lackadaisical attitudes of the past have contributed largely to the longevity of the curses which have this nation in their grip.

          No. we do mot have a functioning democracy. What we do have is a naked travesty of every democratic principle, we have a callous government that stoops at ANYTHING to pervert the true processes of democracy by employing every vile method at its disposal to mar and maul those processes. this is a tacit, nay, an overt demonstration of the government’s commitment to DO EVERYTHING IN ITS POWER,,LEGAL AND OTHERWISE, TO RAPE THE DEMOCRATIC PROCESS WHEREVER IT CAN DO IT.THANKFULLY, THOSE EFFORTS ARE NOT ALWAYS SUCCESSFUL AS IN THE NORTHERN PC ELECTION… THAT TOO, NOT FOR WANT OF EVERY ATTEMPT BEING MADE TO THWART IT.

          IN THE FACE OF SUCH FACTS, BY WHAT STRANGE INTELLECTUAL FALLACY CAN ONE ASSERT THAT WE HAVE A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY? DO WE HAVE A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY WITHIN THE AMBIENCE OF WHICH THE MEDIA FOR EXAMPLE CAN EXERCISE ITS RIGHT TO PUBLISH…AND NOT BE DAMNED AS A CONSEQUENCE? cAN WE LOOK THE PEOPLE OF WELIVERIYA IN THE EYE AND SCOFF AT REALITY AND SAY THAT WE HAVE A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY ? CAN WE LOOK UPON THE TRAVESTY PERPETRATED ON THE COUNTRY’S FORMER CHIEF JUSTICE, ON THE INTRUSION INTO mANDANA’S HOME, INTO THE CRUDE AND DESPICABLE ANTICS OF MERVYN SILVA AND SAY THAT WE HAVE ANYTHING ELSE BUT THE RIVETING SIGHT OF DEMOCRACY BEEN RIPPED OF HER CLOTHING AND SUBJECTED TO UNASHAMED, UNREPENTANT PUBLIC RAPE ?
          IS IT A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY THAT HAS THE LIKES OF DUMINDA SILVA SITTING IN PARLIAMENT ? WHERE IS LASANTHA’S MEMORIAL LECTURE BEING HELD? WHY CANADA ? WHY NOT IN COLOMBO?
          BY WHAT STRETCH OF IMAGINATION CAN THIS BE CALLED A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY.

          WHAT WE DO HAVE IS A WOMAN NAMED DEMOCRACY, A KEPT WHORE, KEPT AND SUCCOURED, APPARENTLY EVEN NOURISHED, ACCOUTRED IN FANCY CLOTHING, ALWAYS AT HAND TO BE SUBJECTED TO HER MASTERS SAVAGE BOUTS OF LUST. WE HAVE A DICTATORSHIP BUTTRESSED BY THE EVER PRESENT THOUGH SUBTLE THREAT OF AN ARMY ON A SECOND’S CALL, A BROWBEATEN NATION AND A KILLING MACHINE DRESSED IN THE ROBES OF A HUMANITARIAN PRIESTHOOD THE GUN HELD AT THE READY WITHIN THE LARGE FOLDS OF ITS SLEEVES. LET’S NOT SANITISE THAT WHICH IS CORRUPT, NOT GLORIFY THAT WHICH IS DESPICABLE.I AM YET TO KNOW OF A SPADE CALLED BY ANY OTHER NAME BUT ‘SPADE’.

          I HOWEVER DO APPRECIATE YOUR TENDENCY TO BE MAGNANIMOUS. I WOULD ALSO FEEL THAT WAY IF NOT FOR THE FACT THAT THE BRAND OF DEMOCRACY IN THIS COUNTRY HAS SPILLED THE BLOOD OF TOO MAY INNOCENTS.

          DO THE PEOPLE HAVE THE DEMOCRACY THEY HAVE A RIGHT TO ?NOT IF THEY CAN BE SAFELY DEPRIVED OF IT. THE PEOPLE OF THE NORTH, DUE TO REGIONAL AND EXTRA-REGIONAL GEOPOLITICAL REASONS, SIMPLY HAD TO BE GIVEN THEIR ELECTION, ESPECIALLY WITH CHOGM AND THE UN SESSIONS JUST AROUND THE CORNER. LET’S NOT GLORIFY THAT WHICH HAS BEEN GRUDGINGLY GRANTED UNDER DURESS OF CIRCUMSTANCES.AS LASANTHA PUT IT IN HIS FINAL EDIT, OUR DEMOCRACY ‘WORKED SO WELL” THAT HIS CHILDREN ARE FATHERLESS WHILE THE PRESIDENT’S CHILDREN ARE NOT.
          THAT’S THIS FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY.TELL THE cHRISTIAN AND mUSLIM PRIESTS WHOSE MOSQUES AND ASSEMBLIES HAVE BEEN ATTACKED, WHOSE RELIGIONS HAVE BEEN TROD UNDER FOOT,THAT WE HAVE A FUNCTIONING DEMOCRACY IN WHICH THE GOVERNMENT LOOKS THE OTHER WAY, WHERE ARMED HOOLIGANS LED BY MONKS ARE LEFT TO DO THEIR VILE WORK UNHINDERED. THEY’D LAUGH YOU TO DERISION.

          WE’D LIKE TO BE CHARITABLE, TO BE UNDERSTANDING, TO WALK THE OTHER MILE, TO SEEK THE EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCE.BUT THE VULGARITY WITH WHICH DEMOCRACY IS BEING UNDERMINED IN THIS BURGH MAKES THE VERY IDEA REVOLTING.THE CHICKEN MIGHT WANT TO SCRATCH AROUND IN THE GARBAGE LADEN GUTTER, LOOKING FOR ITS NEXT MAGGOT TO FEAST ON. NOT SO THE EAGLE WHO SOARS IN THE HEAVENS, DIVES DEEP INTO THE OCEANS AND COMES UP WITH A FISH.AND BOTH HAVE THE FREEDOM THAT GELS WITH THEIR COMFORT ZONES. GUESS WE ARE SATISFIED WITH DIFFERENT NUANCES OF DEMOCRACY DEPENDING ON WHETHER WE HAVE RESIGNED OURSELVES TO THE GARBAGE HEAP…OR WHETHER WE HAVE , AS OSCAR WILDE HAD IT “REACH FOR THE STARS”.CHICKEN OR EAGLE?I ALWAYS DID FIND GARBAGE ABHORRENT.OUR CHOICES IN LIFE OFT SAY MUCH ABOUT OURSELVES.CHEERS.

  • 0
    0

    This piece of Dayan takes the mind back to the Clintwood movie
    “Good, Bad and the Ugly” While he produces his characterically refreshing thoughts, he does not fail to remind the ruling clique he is still available for their business as he declares “the 2/3rd popularity of the President in the rest of of the country is very high”(sic) I am one of the many millions who think not. If, as DJ says, Rajapakse’s popularity in the South is over 60% why is Ven. Sobita Thero’s call for the abolition of the Executive Presidence gathering growing acceptance? Speak to the ordinary people even in the suburban and rural areas. They are tired of the man, the devilry of those close to him and his non-governance. Who will not be – with fuel at Rs.162/litre; train and bus fares hiked every few months, prices of daily essentially Mars-bound and income static in a rupee rapidly losing value. Almost every pledge made in the Mahinda Chinthana remains violated.

    I am afraid few Tamils will buy the conclusion “the political picture in the overwhelmingly Tamil North is what it was before the war” It decidedly is not. The “War” itself came by because the Tamil Nation had come to the end of its tether against a non-responsive Sinhala dominated governments ruling from Colombo worsened by an utterly in-disciplined army running riot. Even on the eve of the 9/21 elections the army spread terror in the presence of foreign monitors.

    The stunning victory is that of the Tamil people who in their resolve dared go to vote against an intimidating and dangerous army that was out in the street against all norms. There was the case of 84 year old (Mrs) Sivayogam, carried to the polling coming in a 3-wheeler. She is reported to have said “my days are over. But I am here because my vote may bring peace and normalcy to my people who suffered so much for 30 years” It was a victory brought about by the courage of such young men as PAFFREL lawyer Kanagaratnam Sugash who fearlessly rushed to the home of TNA candidate Mrs. Anandi Elilan – invaded a night before the polls by heavily-armed soldiers in uniform and some disguised in civils. These brutes beat up everyone around threatening them they will be killed if they voted for the TNA. Is this the Rajapakses disciplined army Army man Hathurusinghe wants the world to be fooled with.

    The 13th Amendment today has lost the relevancy of 1987. It has to be re-stitched in consultation with the popularly elected TNA. ISGA, P-TOMS are nomenclatures underlining the desire of the Tamil Nation to be allowed to live in peace. They were not instruments directed to divide the country as falsely propagated by Sinhala chauvinists to win votes in the South from an electorate fed on anti-Tamil prejudice from 1956.

    The need of the moment is meaningful devolution followed by financial support from the Centre. One cannot forget the threat of Basil Rajapakse to our voters here just last week that there will be no funding if the TNA is voted in. We must remember what JRJ did to wreck the DDC in refusing to provide sufficient funding.

    I totally endorse the view the “TNA and the Govt must find a modus Vivendi – a way to co-exist”. The lead for this must come from the Rajapakses who are in the saddle now. They are well positioned to lead the Sinhala people to unity, peace and reconciliation against the sheer obstinate politics of the Buddhist clergy whose rightful place is within the temple teaching the people the serene teachings of Gautama – the Buddha. Instead some of their leaders drive around in lorries fully drunk and maiming people on the roads.

    Is DJ throwing a veiled threat to the Tamil Nation reminding them of a 300,000 army. The truth is Mahinda and Gota turned down Fonseka for an army strength of 400,000 when Fonseka’s fortunes were high with the Rajapakses. This was refused more because of the fear of a Coup from the poor-thinking General who, when asked by the media for the reason said “due to a possible threat from Tamilnadu” ???

    Indeed “the Northern vote has politically and psychologically altered the post-war balance” and reminds the Sinhala South the vision of VP and the Tamil Nation remains the same. And that is, for the Tamil people in their majority areas to live democratically, in peace, safety and in harmony with others in an undivided Sri Lanka – sentiments expressed by TNA leader Sampanthan today. The exception being VP wanted a separate country.

    The cheap levels to which the Govt sunk in those daily and ugly attacks in the front page of the Ceylon Daily News for the past 8 weeks is a disgrace to our once well respected journalism. The President reminding the Tamil voters in the North Vignewswaran is a man from the South (and, therefore, has Sinhala connections) must go down as the lowest quality of electioneering in living memory. That last minute conspiracy of moving the Supreme Court to cancel the 9/21 NPC elections by established leaders of Sinhala chauvinism is a slur something we have to live with. One hopes it will be withdrawn.

    The Good part of the article comes in the wisdom “The TNA and the Government must find a modus-vivendi, a way to co-exist…. The government must not place the TNA administration under siege and must instead try to help it evolve in a more constructive and moderate direction, softening it up rather than permitting radicalism and political militancy to influence it from within and without…..The Government must recognise that the shift in the centre of gravity of Tamil politics from the Diaspora and Tamil Nadu to the TNA and the Northern Council is a positive thing.”

    Whether Basil Rajapakse’s doctrine will prevail or the President will
    discover his vision and post-war magnanimity will determine in which direction the Tamil Nation will proceed from now on.

    Senguttuvan

  • 0
    0

    Tamils have seen TWISTERS from the south and from the likes of you sir.In the vortex they were thrown around with racisit harm.

    Well done and bravely executed by the Tamils.The message from them has been the same for over 50 yrs.They have stood firm and committed in their desire for PEACE AND FREEDOM.
    They are unshakable in their faith.

    Direct your writings and advise to the government not add fuel.
    Its over.

    The message is clear.
    LISTEN TO THE VOICES OF THE TAMILS.
    Simple.

  • 0
    0

    Dayan

    What is the significance of this massive victory? The people have finally spoken

    They have given a fitting reply to the zero civilian causality and the humanitarian operation and the need for an international independent inquiry.

    The people have demolished your 2009 Geneva efforts.

    Now what the government should do?.

    Before the full implementation of the 13 amendment and start a comprehensive negotiation with TNA as an equal partner, the government should initiate positive gestures such as
    • Appoint a civilian as Governor to the NPC
    • Reduce military presence in the north
    • Release land for civilian resettlement

  • 0
    0

    Dayan- Please get started.

  • 0
    0

    See how people of the island react in elections.

    The man as a UNPer criticised all abusive acts the rulers as loud as he could. Then he unanimously decided to join the government thinking only about his own pocket – now the man – who is popular aS Dayasiri Jayasekara has now been elected as their best candidate. Srilankens those who have voted for this man should be JUST idiots. This can only be in SL.
    Srilankens in general forget everything within a very short period of time. They dont care even if their mothers being abducted… shame on lankens :(

  • 0
    0

    Sirimal- you will be hearing and feeling about ‘True Democracy’ blowing from the North.

    The south has voted for UPFA again.Good luck.
    perhaps the resolve of the Tamils in the north will change the winds in the south for better.

    Tamils I am sure wish the TNA and CJW their very best wishes that they will work hard for the Tamils who have stood firm and courages in this period of great challenges.

    • 0
      0

      I personally respect CJW has got the maximum preferential votes to get elected as their representative. He is a good educated gentleman. People kept the faith on him. It will not be easy uneducated cabinet ministers to get on with CJ like personalities easily. I hope it is the best decision of TNA to norminate CJW.

      Now, the times ahead will show how Rajapskse´s politics will help solving the problem of the tamils. Alone development projects will not help people to heal their wounds. For a proper reconciliation, as that Kumar from London says, there should be faily held independent war crime investigations for both sides. In a country where Judiciary has been made joke – local investigations should not be considered as INDEPENDENT WAR CRIME investigations.
      As he futher pointed out – it is not nice disicriminated tamil folks to see that the representative of her Majesty- Prince charles will have been shaking hand with an alleged war criminal in the up coming CHOGM SUMMIT in srilanka in two months.
      His alternative to this is also commendable summit venue to be moved to any other destination and discuss the core charges against human rights of srilanken regime in the summit.
      I am a sinhalese, that would never help Rajapakshes or his henchmen

  • 0
    0

    Responsible thinking will bring healthy Srilanka. Srilanka is surrended by sea. No land borders with any other Country. Live and Let Live Srilanka.

    Lord.

  • 0
    1

    Dear Ajith,

    “Can you give historical evidence to prove that Sinhalese lived as a majority community under Sinhala administration in the North East of Sri Lanka for at least past 50 decades”

    Sinhalese certainly have not lived in the North as a majority. But certainly have in the western flank of what is today called the eastern province. The Eastern province (Except the coastal belt where Tamils & muslims live) was largely sinhala majority and sparsely populated.
    Especially in Ampara district (78% of the disrict) had 93% sinhala even in 1948. It is the british who caused this confusion with the illusionary provincial boundaries.
    We sinhalese are able to give historical facts backing our claims, unlike the tamil eelam supporters. Pls remember Sri Lankas history is not just 50 yrs. After many many years of white rule the country went back to the real owners in South Africa.

    • 1
      0

      Ravi,
      You are lying. I want to inform you
      (1) Dushy Ranetunge says
      “It was a vaddha country, then a country of many tribes, before being overrun by the chola’s of south india till vadduwa near panadura. Then the sinhala identity arose in the 1400′s before being overrun by the portuguse in 1505, then the dutch and the british, and the british colony of the commonwealth, and a republic since then.

      the “sinhalese identity” had it from the 1400 to 1505.”
      http://transcurrents.com/news-views/archives/643#comment-1807
      (2) Sinhalease in Ampara 1911 7.1% 1981 37.6%
      http://tamilnation.co/forum/manogaran/970629space.htm

    • 1
      0

      Sinhala Colonisation in the East: Two Districts
      Year Trincomalee Batticaloa & Amparai
      %Sinhalese %Tamils %Sinhalese %Tamils
      1921 3.0 55.2 4.5 53.3
      1946 20.6 44.5 5.9 50.3
      1971 28.8 38.2 17.7 46.4
      http://www.nakkeran.com/Thamileezhameast.htm

  • 0
    0

    Anpu,

    You have not understood what I have said,
    “Sinhalese certainly have not lived in the North as a majority. But certainly have in the western flank of what is today called the eastern province. The Eastern province (Except the coastal belt where Tamils & muslims live) was largely sinhala majority and sparsely populated.
    Especially in Ampara district (78% of the disrict) had 93% sinhala even in 1948. It is the british who caused this confusion with the illusionary provincial boundaries.”

    What I meant was 78% of Ampara District (The areas of Wevgam pattu, Bintenna Pattuwa etc) had 93% sinhala people even in 1948. The reason why in the overall amapara district had tamil majority is the tamil areas on the coast was relatively thickly populated compared to the sparsely populated sinhala areas. It is the way the british carved out the Eastern province from the Kandyan kingdom that caused this illusion.

    As for the term “coloniation”, this is being wrongly applied in the case of Sri Lanka and the sinhala people. Colonisation is what happened in south Africa where the white minority took over the land of the blacks by force and made demographic changes. In Sri Lanka it is the sinhala people who got disadvantaged as a result of the colonial rule. Resettling sinhala people in the ancient villages is not colonisation my friend.
    “The overwhelming historical facts , when it comes to the East is in favor of Sinhalese. Tamil never ruled east in the history and will never rule. Tamils could not convince the international community with this kind of unsubstantiated claims.

    As for Dushy Ranetunga’s comments, he is very much entitled to his opinion.
    If the sinhala identity arose only in the 1400’s then I wonder what Dutugemnu was. may be he was malayali.

    Sinhala race was born in this island with the orginal hela tribes and the arrival of Indians. This is no different to Tamil Nadu giving birth to the tamil culture.

  • 0
    0

    Anpu,

    I thought I will write a little bit more in detail

    There are many Whites in South Africa who belive that the South Africa Belongs to them. I guess in a way it is correct because the the present South Africa (Beautiful.. cities, Roads, Infrustructure) was built bythe White man.
    Until 1994 SouthAfrica was ruled by a white minority of 11%, but the changes did take place in 1994.
    Colonisation is a term used for an imperial nation conquering a weak nation forcibly planting its sons & daughters on alien soil. This is exactly what happened in South Africa. Now after 1994 the changes are taking place, where the black man is slowly getting his due place.
    Resttling the Sinhalese people in the east is no different to the balck man getting his due place in South Africa my friend.
    Sri Lanka after years of colonial domination was handed over independence in 1948. The changes that were done had to be done it was the majority the Sinhalese who had been most at a disadvantage. The settling of estate tamils in the central highland did alter the ethnic balance drastically. Now that is a form of colonization, thoughthe settlers were not Englis, Dutch or Protugees
    . Eastern Province was created by annexing large tracks of Sinhala villages(Sparsely populated) with relatively thickly populated coastal areas where the a Tamils and muslims lived. Tamils did live and still do live in a stetch of about 10 miles in the east coast my friend, Except batticalo where it is more than that.
    Gal oya scheme under which the Sinhala villagers were settled were in areas known as Bintanne pattuwa, Wevgam pattuwa which is about 78% of ampara district. Even in 1948 these areas had a 93% Sinhala majority. These are facts you blindly overlook when you accuse the Sinhalese of colonizing.
    As to weli oya, the gandhiyan movement settled Indian tamils in this area to strengthen the claim of traditional tamil homeland. Later on they were chased away and Sinhala people were settled.
    In Trincomalee too the Tamil majority came from the fact that the Trincomalee town had/ have a large tamil population. There were many scattered Sinhala hamlets to the North of the harbor. The interior (Present day Allai/Kanthalai) was largely uninhabitat. By and large the Sinhala people were resettled in the sparsely populated Sinhala purana villages.

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.