More than 100 UN* and other international experts have identified a series of effective ways to curb and stop human rights violations caused by a “disturbing diversity of harmful practices” related to witchcraft.
Concrete measures identified include strengthening research and data collection, reviewing relevant laws, collaborating with and monitoring the work of traditional healers, prohibiting newspaper advertisements of witchcraft practitioners, and regulating independent faith-based practices.
“All measures must reflect a human rights approach and should be comprehensive, with governments working closely with communities and civil society,” the experts stressed in a summary of their proposals, which emerged from a ground-breaking workshop held in Geneva.
“An approach that combines legislative action with improvements in child protection, education, health, justice, social protection, economic and livelihood measures, and gender equality and empowerment is essential, with the strong involvement of traditional healers, faith leaders, and groups vulnerable to such attacks,” they said.
One of the main convenors of the event, the UN Independent Expert on the human rights of persons with albinism, Ikponwosa Ero, said: “The workshop helped us better understand the complex web of meaning behind witchcraft, a phenomenon with various manifestations.
“It also helped to identify potential solutions to prevent and address human rights violations that are still committed on a daily basis throughout the world. These include killings, ritual attacks and mutilations, human sacrifice, torture, inhumane and degrading treatment, discrimination and isolation, among many other harmful practices,” she added.
The UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary killings, Agnes Callamard, stressed that witchcraft-related violations of the right to life amounted to arbitrary killings, triggering State responsibility.
“In practical terms, this means the State must do everything in its power to prevent the occurrence of witchcraft-related killings, including by actively countering harmful stereotyping,” said Callamard.
She further recommended that witchcraft-related killings be treated as “hate crimes”, thus demanding a range of additional legal, investigatory, sentencing and protection measures. She called for firm legal protection, implementation of non-discrimination measures, and demonstration of the effectiveness of State policies and practices with regard to prevention, investigation, punishment and remedies.
Noting that harmful witchcraft beliefs and practices resulted in gross violations of women’s rights, the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Dubravka Šimonović, called on States to apply due diligence to prevent such acts, to protect victims and to punish perpetrators.
Šimonović also called for a holistic approach aimed at the eradication of violence against women, including comprehensive human rights education and awareness-raising programmes, as well as changes in any laws that supported such harmful practices and human rights violations.
Expressing her strong support for the event, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Violence against Children, Marta Santos Pais, called for effective measures to free children from the risk of violence associated with witchcraft accusations to be put in place urgently.
“This is critical to ensure that children are fully protected from all forms of violence by the 2030 deadline set by the Sustainable Development Goals,” she said.
“Being accused of witchcraft is a form of psychological violence in itself and is often associated with unspeakable attacks that amount to torture. Even when child victims survive, they are often stigmatized, abandoned and forced to live on the street where an even more vulnerable life awaits them.
“These acts of violence are largely under-reported and remain concealed, impunity prevails and children rarely have access to recovery and social re-integration mechanisms,” added SRSG Santos Pais.
Speakers at the workshop, including those from the United Kingdom, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Australia, India and Papua New Guinea, presented examples of the impact of witchcraft on the human rights of people in vulnerable situations and how they responded to them. Victims of harmful practices related to witchcraft also recounted their experiences.
Participants recommended spearheading action on the issue as part of States’ commitment to end all forms of violence and leave no one behind under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. (OHCHR communiqué)
(*) The UN experts: Ms. Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children; Ms. Ikponwosa Ero, Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism ; Ms. Dubravka Šimonović, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; Ms. Agnes Callamard, Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.
The Independent Experts are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures’ experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.
As a high level global independent advocate, Marta Santos Pais promotes the prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against children in all settings, including online and offline, the justice setting, in the home, in institutional care, in schools, in the workplace and in the community.
For links to webcast sessions of the event, click here
jehan / October 17, 2017
people who practice witch-craft should be sentenced to death. The UN is a body of satanic worshipers, they will want it there way.
Native Vedda / October 17, 2017
What does the former president Rajapaksa carry in his hand? Is it a talisman to protect himself from justice and rule of law?
Are the six rings he wears and the small cylindrical gold talisman he carries tools of his witchcraft trade?
Man its spooky.
Muthal Ganesan / October 17, 2017
How bad is witchcraft in South Asia outside Muslim communities? AFAIK the southern cultures wouldn’t even practice forces marriages or the caste systems, let alone things like Sati or other anti-human pogroms.
Samuel Jayaweera / October 17, 2017
Violations behind Witchcraft was given precedence in the high days of MR administration. He himself is reported to be wearing over 50 talishments to protect him from all varioius forces.
Those who were close to him see the man is believing those forces and that may have been one of key reasons him to hold earlier elections in 2014.
Some african leaders too have been entwined with the kind of superstitous thoughts as no leaders on the west would ever do. In SL people regardless of their race, relegion, education, or whatever the background, over 90% have been made addict to go after astro preditions and any kind of other sorcery tricks being played by some idiots. Mafia men have been the crystalators those abusive men to allow those promotions.
Today, if you would open printed media or through TV channels all what is being promoted are astro and other superstitous adverts. Like for example those whofall down iwith incurable health problems become very helpless what way to go and save their lovely ones. But these tricky men play their tricks on those vulnerable portions of the society and make them their prey. I have the feeling iit can be similar to the in greedy frogs waiting putting their tongue out until insects would be caught to their sticky in… so is the nature being twisted by all the diverse trick players inlcuding political leaders in this country.
Witchcraft promotions have turned out to be more in this era than had been few decades ago in the country through modern media tecnologiy. But peoples eyes seem to be becoming blind than had ever been before.
K A Sumanasekera / October 17, 2017
These HR dudes must conduct some classes in Switzerland… i guess…….Kumar I believe has a big network, with lots of Dosh ……..Otherwise how can Kumar bribe even a DIG, ……….And get a UNP Minister to escort him………It must be serious Dosh……..
Thanos / October 17, 2017
The difference between a Philosophical Buddhist and Sri Lankan Sinhala Buddhists is simply astonishing. Is it so hard for Sinhala Buddhists to find out what the Buddha said about things like “Astrology”, “Feng-Shui”, “Witchcraft/Sorcery/Magic”, etc, etc? I’ll give you a hint, the “Astrologer” will be sitting in one place staring at the sky analyzing this and that, while the mindful Buddhist will continue his/her journey forward leaving all those things behind.
edwin rodrigo / October 17, 2017
That is a nice saying that I had not heard before. Thanks. But please be fair. There are Philosophical Buddhists among the so called Sinhala Buddhists too. They do not advertise themselves like the others and therefore, we may not be aware of them.
I think the Tevijja Sutta deals with such useless concepts by attacking the snake’s head itself – The concept of a Brahma, the creator and destroyer that the Brahmins wanted people to believe in. As Buddha came before the Abrahamic religions , they escaped such direct treatment from Buddha. But one must not forget That the Omnipotent and Omniscient God in the Abrahamic religions is the same as Brahma in the Triveda. A concept to be rejected with contempt.