24 October, 2021

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Waning Public Confidence In Governance, The Breakdown Of Democracy & Shortcut To Anarchy

By Suren Sumithrarachchi

Dr Suren Sumithrarachchi

Governance entails institutional design as well as a management dimension…. Governance takes place at different administrative levels and in various action situations….Governance in practice, then means choices about ways of governing, made at several layers within a policy process, often simultaneously. (Hupe and Hill, 2007, p 287)

The institutional design is the policy framework and management is the implementation of policy by the government. Together, they provide the people the confidence in governance to bring about prosperity to their country, within a framework of a just society.

This paper discusses a growing trend during several successive governments, both past and present, to consciously breach this confidence by the choices they make in publicising half-truths, blatant lies, showing scant respect to the law, acting in contravention to the wishes of the people and passing legislation to concentrate power in themselves, thereby denying justice to the wider society. The paper limits itself to issues, incidents and legislative enactments in the last ten to twelve-year period and attempts to focus on issues under three topics, i.e, the period after the war ended, the period of the Yahapalanaya government of 2015, and governance under the present regime, suggesting a breakdown of the democratic process and a steady descent towards anarchy.

The period after the end of the war

The end of the war saw the popularity of the government soar, along with a disproportionate rise in communal polarisation. The line of demarcation between the terrorist and the Tamil citizen began to fade, with a tendency to look at all Tamils as terrorists, with the rhetoric receiving state patronage. This distorted perception which took its toll in 1983, ruining the image of the country, and which had been subdued to a great extent since, was allowed to raise its head again. This led to a loss of confidence in governance in the eyes of the masses.

This period also saw an elated sense of power and rights on the part of the rulers. While concluding the war justified a sense of achievement, the elation that it resulted in, prevented the rulers from prioritising on the key steps necessary in an immediate post war situation. Accordingly, the all-important step of dealing with the cause of the war which devastated the country for almost thirty years, was neglected. Instead, the rulers chose to celebrate the war victory with military parades and tamashas, while the helpless people in the war torn areas, who had gone through untold suffering during the war, were forced to continue with no change to their living conditions in sight. This was an opportunity lost for speedy reconciliation with the Tamil community who comprise a substantial proportion of the country’s population. Had due priority been given to this aspect, the restoration of faith in the state by the Tamil community could have been on a better footing, probably saving the state of the regular interventions by the international community for its failure to address such issues. This is one more reason for the loss of confidence in governance in the masses.

An elated sense of power also led to meddling with legislation. The 17th amendment to the constitution, which provided for institutional control to minimise politicisation of government activity, thus providing for good governance, was over ridden by the passage of a corrosive legislation in the form of the 18th amendment. This amendment provided for a lifetime presidency, empowering the President to make all appointments and dismissals in the public sector. The dictatorial intent of this piece of legislation eroded the democratic process, leading to arbitrary decisions, and added to the further loss of public confidence in governance in the masses.

The immediate post war period saw large scale investment in infrastructure, mostly in the south of the country. Highways began to be built, sea ports and air ports came up, cricket grounds and convention halls also came up, in the deep south. Most of these projects lacked transparency and came up on unsolicited tenders awarded to Chinese companies. Finances too were from the Chinese, and always on commercial lending terms. It is unlikely that due feasibility studies were carried out for these projects, as most of them were unproductive, showing no return on investment in the near future. These projects have had an adverse impact on the environment by way of large-scale deforestation. The impact on the habitats of all protected species of wild life, particularly elephants have led to an aggravation of the human-elephant conflict. Thus it is unlikely that the environmental impact of these projects had been properly assessed. Furthermore, these investments have caused the country a heavy debt burden, which has stifled the necessary finances for more rational investments. Expenditure on health care, education and higher education, which could add value to the society in the longer term, have had to be curtailed due to constraints on finances. These investments have caused loss of confidence in the government, particularly in the area of its prudence in investment decisions.

The Yahapalanaya government of 2015

From the frying pan to the fire. A government which came into office piggy-backing on the misdeeds of its predecessor took less than two months to show its true colours. Before the ink on their letters of appointment had dried, they were involved in an insider deal when issuing treasury bonds. Not only did they try to hide the loss it caused, they even set up committees which found no malpractice, until the peace between the Prime Minister and the President breached, and bits and pieces of the deal began to leak out. However, despite the presence of incriminating evidence, no action has been taken against the alleged culprits. In fact, the yahapalanaya team, displayed their inability to be trusted as a credible alternative to their predecessors during the election campaign itself, by promising a hoax of a Volkswagen assembly plant, which never saw the light of the day. They lost the confidence of the masses very early in their government.

Apart from the deals and fake promises, the yahapalanaya government also displayed some comic characteristics for a government in office. Having a President from one ideological camp and the Prime Minister from another, they let their ideological differences be the cause of much bickering between the two. The country was forced to witness the two heads of government, enjoying all the perquisites and privileges at the tax payer’s expense, behaving like primary school kids fighting over a tennis ball. Another comic sight was the President coming on the air regularly and disclaiming knowledge of the Cabinet decisions, when he in fact was the head of the Cabinet. With this comic behaviour, the yahapalanaya government did not take long for the confidence of the masses to get eroded, but remained in office because of the constitutional provision of a minimum four and-a-half- year term.

Another hallmark of the yahapalanaya government was the President sacking the Prime Minister and appointing another. Knowing quite well his actions were unconstitutional, he used various devious tactics to consolidate his plans, until the Supreme Court declared his actions as unconstitutional. The scant regard by the President to the law of the land, earned him a further the loss of confidence of the masses.

The act that crowned the misdeeds of the yahapalanaya government was the President, who was also the Minister of Defence, leaving the country with his family, without appointing an acting minister for the duration of his absence, despite the alleged information of an imminent terrorist attack on Colombo and its suburbs. Even in the aftermath of the attack which occurred early in the day and the carnage it caused, the President only returned by a late night flight, and in his usual style tried to cover his posterior with alibies. To-date, he has not taken the responsibility, and has tried to pass the blame on officials instead. Despite several arrests and multiple inquiries, the real culprit is still at large. Is it surprising that the masses lost confidence in the government and shut them out?

In fairness to the yahapalanaya government, it passed a more sensible 19th amendment to replace the corrosive 18th amendment. This amendment though not as comprehensive as the 17th amendment, nevertheless freed the country to some extent from excessive politicisation. With the Police Commission coming into force as a consequence of the 19th amendment, the performance of the Police service showed an improvement. Another positive action of this government was its passage of the Right to Information act. This piece of legislation allows the public access to information regarding actions, omissions, decisions, behaviours or even malpractices and corrupt deals, which they were hitherto denied. However, it was a foregone conclusion that the government would not be returned to office in a future poll, certainly not the immediate one.

Settling for the unknown as an act of desperation

By the time Sri Lanka went to polls for the presidential election in 2019, the voter had no credible option to vote for. The incumbent President had proven himself to be such a clown that he on his own will, opted out of the fray. The candidates associated with the yahapalanaya were doomed due to the comedy of errors of their government during its tenure. The key option of the leading opposition candidate had the constitutional impediment of having served two terms. So, they fielded a familial candidate, one with no political exposure, proven qualifications or credible capacity to undertake the onerous task of governing a country. The candidate also faced the constitutional impediment of being a dual citizen. However, in fairness to the candidate, it is possible that he set in motion the process of dual citizen candidates renouncing their foreign citizenship.

Was it a coincidence, or was it all pre-meditated, that he announced his decision to be the next presidential candidate, immediately after the terrorist attack, which he is even accused of being tacitly aware of?  Piggy-backing on the failure of the previous government to avert the terrorist attack, an iconic figure was built around him as the saviour of the nation. Playing down the dual citizenship issue, his supporters also played the next trump card of appealing to the polarised Sinhala Buddhists. A vast majority of the Buddhist clergy, quite shamelessly paraded the streets canvassing for him, in an attempt to convince the masses that he was the correct choice. The plan worked with a majority of the Sinhala Buddhists casting their vote in his favour, and the candidate winning with a comfortable majority. At the conclusion of the election he proclaimed that he had won the election on the Sinhala Buddhist vote.

The foregoing paragraph sets the stage for the events that were to follow, the consequences of which the citizens of Sri Lanka are now facing. In a highly irrational move, the President on assuming office, dismantled Rupees 519 billion worth of taxation instruments and gave its benefit to the business community. His priority being to get a pliant parliament elected, he dissolved parliament at the earliest opportunity, despite the onset of the Corona pandemic worldwide. He did not lock-down the country until nominations for the election were concluded, despite the spread of the virus, and lifted the lock-down just in time for the election. These decisions created an unfair advantage to those who had access to the electronic media, and the President’s party won the parliamentary election with a comfortable majority. Similar to the Presidential election, his party was propped up as the saviours of the Sinhala Buddhist, as well as the saviour of the nation from foreign instigated attacks. The act of forcing an election on the people in the face of a pandemic and showing scant respect, not only for the wishes of the people, but for their safety, added to the loss of confidence in the government.

As a first act of disregarding the law, a convicted criminal on the death row was allowed to take oaths in parliament. Soon after a serial murderer lingering in the death row was released on Presidential pardon. A kangaroo court was established in the guise of a Presidential Commission, which recommended the withdrawal of several court proceedings, authorised by the Attorney General and in different stages of hearing.  The commission also recommended a ridiculous witch-hunt against several officials involved in investigating and bringing to justice criminals of various hues. Accordingly, the Director of the Criminal Investigations Department was arrested and held under adverse conditions exposing him to the Corona virus. Efforts were made to extract incriminating evidence against him from another police officer, and when the efforts failed, arrested him too and held him under similar adverse conditions.

Not satisfied with the two third majority in parliament, the new government pursued constitutional reforms to further enhance the powers of the President. Accordingly, the 20th amendment was passed providing more powers to the President. The amendment also removed the constraint on dual citizens in contesting for the presidency and seats in parliament. By means of these and other provisions, the 20th amendment opened the door for further politicisation of government activity and blatant breach of the law, and opened the way for anarchy.

Having sacrificed a substantial chunk of tax income to provide benefits to the business community, the government slashed the interest rate on fixed deposits in order to get access to low cost capital for their expenses. In a country that does not provide social security to its senior citizens and 90% of the national workforce being non pensionable, the only source of livelihood for these senior citizens was the income from the investment of their Provident Funds. Slashing that income by 60% has brought the senior citizens to the brink of destitution. Didn’t the hardship caused to them a perversion of justice? This action shows absolute callousness on the part of the government.

The President also resorted to militarising the public service. Military officers have been appointed as Secretaries of ministries, in positions above District Secretaries and as heads of key government departments. In another ill-conceived decision, despite having qualified medical personnel in the country, the handling of the pandemic was entrusted to the Commander of the Army. The aggression shown by military personnel initially when handling infected cases, caused a section of the community to go into hiding when infected, making quarantining impossible, and leading to un-detected growth of the virus. The opportunity was also exploited to deny the Muslim minority their religious burial rites and trumped up charges were brought against some of their political leadership. Further, key personnel disagreeing with the stated position of the government were moved out of their positions, causing fear among public servants to be explicit with their knowledge, in effect denying them their democratic right to free speech.

As a culmination of stories in the grape-wine since the inception of the government, a convicted rapist and murderer was pardoned, together with some other prisoners. Some of them being former LTTE suspects held without trial, their release earned the commendation of the international community, but pardoning the convicted rapist murderer would surely earn their wrath. This action would surely expedite the implementation of the threat by the European Union to withdraw the Generalized System of Preferences+ (GSP+) tax concession, which will cause a significant dent in the foreign exchange earning capacity of the country. 

Proposing a swift and full conversion to organic from synthetic fertiliser used in domestic agriculture, the government has taken another hare-brained decision to ban the import of synthetically produced fertiliser. While the concept of moving to organic agriculture is good and worthy of pursuing, worldwide experience is that the change is a long-term process. Countries that spearheaded the conversion as far back as 40 years ago have only reached 10% to 20% conversion at best. By 2019, only 1.5 percent of the world farmland has been farmed organically (The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics & Emerging Trends 2021), and therefore the change should be seen as a long-term prospect for the country, not one to be carried out instantly.

What the decision makers do not realise is that the issue that has been created is very serious. Before long, it is most certainly going to create a famine in the country. Knowledgeable sources have discussed the seriousness of the issue, but the authorities seem adamant not to retract. It seems those around the leaders are telling the leaders what they prefer to hear, and thereby retain their comfortable positions, rather than state the truth and risk their comfort zone. This issue clearly is interwoven with the leadership style of the present rulers, who pathetically believe that they have a right to carry through their vision, regardless of whether it is in line with the legitimate and rational expectations of the people they lead.

While leadership in general entails the creation of an inspiring vision, vision to create change is through transformational leadership, first proposed by James McGregor Burns. A leader’s vision is successful when he/she is able to inspire the followers with tangible benefits through his/ her proposal and connect them with the people’s individual needs, goals and aspirations, while readily responding to their feed-back. Direction incongruent with such inspiration and response to feed-back are in the final reckoning negative, and doomed for disaster.

This attitude of impunity by the leaders is a consequence of the political culture created with the change from governance by a Prime Minister led cabinet of ministers with shared responsibility, under the Westminster system of governance, to the centralised form of governance created through the executive presidential system. Several successive Presidents have used the powers vested in the office to act unilaterally and some even autocratically since. Therefore, it is not an issue with one leader or another, but a system generated one.

While no leader can be expected to be all-knowing and be capable of handling all issue with equal aplomb, it is only those who have the capacity to delegate and control with equal skill that can survive under this system. However, most incumbents have failed in this area. What most of them have tried to do instead is to make every decision themselves and impose them on the officials. This has led to officials taking their hands off and permitting the president to either swim or sink. As a result, the country has over the last forty years seen a continuous downward trend in all social, economic and other parameters resulting from the failure of the system. Therefore, the only viable solution for the country is to revert to the Westminster system of governance and rule through shared responsibility by a Prime Minister led cabinet. A change of coat every five years is certainly not the solution.

Reference

Hupe, Peter and Michael Hill, (2007), Street Level bureaucracy and Public Accountability, Public Administration, Vol. 85,  No. 2,  pp 279 – 299.

“The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics & Emerging Trends 2021” (PDF) FiBL and IFOAM. 17 February 2021. p.19. Retrieved 17 February 2021.

            

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Latest comments

  • 12
    2

    Suren
    acting in contravention to the wishes of the people
    ———-
    Depends on what wishes you are talking about.
    When it comes to the ongoing genocide of tamils in the NE,
    the politicians are very much doing what their voters in the
    south want.

    • 4
      4

      Humble, This is not masonic but vote gaining. So is the easter bombing to regain power. Guess farmers have to depend more on hela jathika abimane. Though active masonic lodge here, they were never powerful enough to shift this nation too small for the major global masonic activities. Only corruption of false Lucifer worship.

      • 3
        6

        Masons control all nations.
        I have seen photos and videos of many world leaders wearing masonic outfits at lodge gatherings. Even leaders from ‘rival nations’ proving that geo-political rivalries are all fake and staged.
        Sri lanka has 16 masonic lodges. It is a highly masonic country.
        I know many lankans who are masons. Some of them admit it (but then try to pass it off as some innocent social club) but most dont.
        Lankans by nature will gravitate towards it because they are a greedy people who will happily sell their soul to satan for riches, power and fame (with a few exceptions)

      • 5
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        davidthegood

        Is Namal baby the official spokesperson for Health, Armed Forces, Law and Order, Finance, Foreign Affairs, Justice, Sports, Media, Education, Development, Arts, IT, Minority Affairs, Tourism, Religious Affairs, Constitutional Affairs, Irrigation, Shipping, Banking and Finance, Defense, Buddhasasana, Local government, ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………
        Wildlife?

        • 1
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          NV, When there is no focus, guess it becomes wild life, attacked by evil animals suddenly.

    • 2
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      Humble,
      “When it comes to the ongoing genocide of tamils in the NE, ..”

      Genocide! BS.
      Playing the usual game of fabricating bloody lies by Tamils to mislead the International Community. There is no genocide of Tamils going on in NE.

  • 7
    3

    Suren
    terrorist attack on Colombo and its suburbs
    ————
    If you are referring to the easter bombings it was a masonic (illuminati) operation.
    involving many players both local and foreign. That is the reason the full scale of who was involved will not be revealed by any of these crooks.

  • 5
    2

    Suren
    the government has taken another hare-brained decision to ban the import of synthetically produced fertiliser
    ————-
    They know exactly what they are doing. They want to hurt the farming community so bad that they can basically walk in and take all their land for pennies.
    In america bill gates and his cronies are doing the same thing. Modi is doing it in india.
    This is the masonic ruling class ploy at this time to confiscate all food producing land and make sure only governments and multi national corporations own it.

    • 3
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      This is an interesting slant, Mr Humble. Can you offer some credible evidence for your assertions? In India, in the US?

      Also, who among the Sri Lankan entities (multi-national corporations, local corporations, business/industrial conglomerates) might be “behind” the fertiliser ban; if you care to name some names?

      Just asking out of interest.

  • 9
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    Suren , clearly thought out well researched article. It’s unfortunate that very few like you keep trying telling realities but majority are hell bent in finding short cuts.

    • 5
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      Conclusion is, there is no one better than Rajapaksas in exploiting human adversities. Suren , Rajapaksas have managed to expoit, the pandemic virus it self. Every country has some kind of a graph / curve to explain the infectivity. Where as we Lankans had a flat curve for a year ( mortality less than 10 infected less than 100 ) and since Gotha intervened the counts again are back to flat. For last one month repoted counts of infected and dead have remained flat ( infected around 300 death 30 to 40 ) where as every other country had a uprise before flatening. With daily fluctuations. A miracle indeed.

  • 6
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    Thanks for such a well written article.

    The worst of what the Rulers did was the blatant show of victory after the Eelam war. Their success and the country’s success would have depended on their humbleness, and interaction and integration.

    Encouragement of the Tamil people was essential for the progress of the Sinhalese, instead of jealousy and hatred towards them. A prosperous Tamil race would have boosted up no other than the SINHALESE! Instead, it was a boxing match between the 1% Sinhalese and 1% Tamils who want to score caste points against each other. Sinhalese being the victors should have shown graciousness. The Lankan Masses were shamefully neglected.

    And now, the only way their can put right all their uselessness is by having Executive Power! That’s how the stupid keep in power. Democracy, liberality, integration, and interaction is complex, and not easy. It requires sophisticated brain-power. Shows how inferior their mindsets are, compared to the sophistication of so many other nations who are doing so much better in spite of their limitations.

    • 7
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      Same with all the infrastructure projects – unpayable important glossy looking things over true value of the country; glossy looking things like highways, to encourage more glossy looking things like fast cars. Fiat sand-castle development, with no structure behind it. Again this shows the primitive mindset of the rulers. How inferior is our Motherland to carry on being?

      Yahapalanaya , another shameful disaster, has Ranil now sucking behind the current rulers, enraptured by the $$$ signs in his eyeballs on paper-plans. No realization is there of the Lanka situation vis-à-vis the global reality.

      Yes, the Rajapaksas, with their 0.01% of Lankans flexing muscles, and reinforcing each other with giddy shouts of, “YES, WE CAN DO IT!,” do so with money they haven’t earned by their own ingenuity. Oh, no, no! They are using the money of the hard-working suffering masses, and the China loan-money that the hard-working suffering masses will have to pay back, by working even harder and suffering even more.

  • 1
    1

    Just for the sake of being neutral or balanced, the essay does not mechanically list 5 bads of Yahapalanaya and 5 goods Yahapalanaya and then 5 bads of Chitanta and 5 Goods of Chitanta. Well thought out, well supported points by actual incidents. To come to know the truth Lankawe, all must read, and read it is not just this, but anything of this type. That will upgrade the habit of reading to learn the progressive politics.
    My problem with the essay is the last line, which recommends reinstating the Westminster system. If I were from the Sinhala Community, I would not rush for that, at this time. (Nothing of this can do any good for Tamils, and that is a different subject). First thing is, everything today started with the 1931 British Universal Franchise and 1948 Westminster Parliamentary system. Britain should accept the blame that the Lords Donomore and Soulbury did not customize the theories under the Universal Franchise and Westminster system for a multiethnic, uneducated community on the Island Ceylon. This led to division between everyone and within the Sinhala Community. So the first PM Don Stephen Installed the Indian Pakistani Citizenship acts, and MMDA. Solomon West came out with his own ideas, either split Lankawe into Kandyan Sinhalese, Coastal Sinhalese and the least worthy denomination, the Tamils.

  • 1
    1

    When he saw that Federal framework may be advantages to Tamils, he divided that Sinhalese into Pancha Maha Pala Vegaya and others. This certainly helped him to keep Tamils out of the equation. Seeing his calculation working, he brought the Sinhala Only. Following her predecessors’ path, Siri Ma O removed the Privy Council Protection and S 29 protection for Tamils. She installed Sinhala Buddhism as the Island foundational philosophy; Brought in Standardization; Nationalized the foreign companies and brought to the economy never recoverable down fall; started immoral relationship with China, while campaigning those stealthy actions as non-Align, what is a policy advocate, actually, opposite theory that is be friendly to all nations, don’t be selective and polarized. “Yaathum Oore Yaavarum Kelir!” is the slogan for the operation of non-Align. Her ruling gave Junius Richard the chance of being elected with 4/5 and change the constitution to the current format. It is under the National Assemble – a parallel to Westminster Parliamentary system – Sinhala Buddhist MPs overwhelmingly voted to the 1978 constitution and brought it. Sinhalese were not satisfied imposing over Tamils with Standardization or Sinhala Buddhist constitution. JR had figured this out well and promised to Sinhalese to deliver the promise during the Black July, to deliver that. He brought 6th Amendment to the dictator constitution.

  • 2
    1

    After completing the exit of the Westminster Parliamentary system, JR was forced to experiment with Indian system under 13A. But his government and all other governments followed, expelled it and ruled the North East by governments appointed Rapist Army Generals. Ranil who set fire to Chandrika’s draft Constriction 2000, brought 17A. He got Chandrika’s support for that but successfully stalled her Rome Accord Ratification, which was the first attempt to bring justice equal for Tamils and Sinhalese alike, after the abolition of Privy Council oversight, in 1972. Support for Indian Pakistani disenfranchise bill, Supporting for MMDA under Universal Franchise, supporting for Sinhala Only in a multicultural society, following that supporting for standardization for students sitting for tests in Tamil, Supporting for a Sinhala Buddhist Constitution, supporting for dictator EP constitutions, supporting for 17A, supporting for 18A, supporting for 19A and supporting 20A and many times same MPs have supported for all these indicates Sinhalese as a community very badly misunderstand the democratic system in that the legislative branch functioning under majority voting. Further Sinhalese have been divided by Solomon’s Pancha Maha Pala Vegaya into two as 1). Branded Sinhala Buddhist Patriots, and 2). Sinhalese, who practice Buddhism and Christianity. This is preventing, Sinhalese uniting as one community, returning to Westminster soft form democracy.

  • 2
    1

    That is why I believe that what should be done does not need to be the current decision. This is why the seeking Common Candidate to specifically unseat Royals and changing the constitution failed, though all Sinhala MPs always have been voting for all constitutional changes. Sinhala Community needs to be united without Buddhism. A massive reconciliation of all forms of Sinhala Community must be achieved before they decide what is the good form of government to them. It must be their decision rather than the recommendation of Lord Soulbury or Don Stephen or Salmon or Siri Ma o or Junius Richard’s decision. If the Sinhalese’s only intention is controlling and ruling Tamils, they take the reward for that. If they want to economically proposer and establish a name, they do that forgetting ruling Tamils. After knowing the end of the Hitler, If the Sinhalese felt the need for a Westminster Parliament like government, why did they vote for a Hitler in a dangerous EP based system? Sinhalese are not able to live with other communities so they want a Hitler to annihilate other communities, who they see as enemies. Sinhala Ayatollahs have guided them to seek a Hitler is pathetic.

  • 3
    0

    I agree with Chiv – this is a very thorough account of the preamble to, as well as the desperate situation Sri Lanka is now in. Congratulations to the author.

    But, how to achieve this transit point in our Nirvana? : “Therefore, the only viable solution for the country is to revert to the Westminster system of governance and rule through shared responsibility by a Prime Minister led cabinet. A change of coat every five years is certainly not the solution.”

  • 3
    0

    People are more accepting to China taking over SL. Surely there are no worse politicians than SL politicians.

    • 2
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      Pathiamma Akka
      The final decision voting for Hitler came from 4/21. That was intentionally and unintentionally support by all Sinhala Political parties (san Anura class), all Muslim parties, all upcountry Tamils, including unique politician Mano Ganesan and selected members of TNA like Sumanthiran. Further, 4/21 was organized by racist political parties to give to understand the Sinhala Buddhist Patriots understand that mild actions like in Mullaitivu cannot stop minority donkeys continuing to bray, so they needed a Hitler to clean it once and for all. The intense campaign of the Old King opposing the proposed constitutional change during the Local Government Election was the one that enlightened the Sinhala Buddhist Patriots the need for a Hitler. The Old King’s slogan to oppose constitutional change was ” you want one country, or you want two countries” . Ranil purposefully timed this election little ahead of the Resolution 30/1 review at UNHRC. Thus, UNP and SLFP successfully made the Sinhala Buddhist patriots feel the urgent need of a strong man like Hitler, who can stand up against the World. Why, while many of their leaders are American citizens and others are British educated (Other than CBK), Sinhalese want Hitler to rule them, Nor Lincoln not even Churchill? What kind of intimate relationship we had with Old Germany to be passionate about Hitler?

    • 1
      0

      Centuries ago, Western countries ruled many nations world over. With the awakens of the Universal Franchise, that is changed. And World War II taught countries the need of friendship for the world to survive – Live together or perish together with the help of atomic bombs . America and Japan, once immortal enemies, now are immortal friends.
      These important turns of events didn’t pass though Lankawe, and Sinhala Buddhists were isolated by Don Stephen, Solomon West RidgeWay like anti West, anti-Tamil tyrannical anarchists. The constant Preeth, which was day and night preached into the Sinhala Buddhists’ ears is “Tamils are in the North; One upon a time, West Ruled you” This intense sermon has made Sinhalese see China, with its veto in UNSC, as a Hero country who can take on Western Tyranny, single handedly, in favor of them. Sinhala Buddhists pray for China to take on the world and Hitler to stand up against the world. One time, the problem with Lankawe was its strong anti-Tamil sentiment. Now the most dangerous curse in Lankawe is its anti-world feeling and seeking China’s favor to realize that object.

  • 2
    5

    “The line of demarcation between the terrorist and the Tamil citizen began to fade, with a tendency to look at all Tamils as terrorists,…”
    —-
    BS!
    Before Tamil terrorists were defeated probably Sinhalayo would have suspected every Tamil as a terrorist for good reasons. But situation changed after Tamil terrorists were defeated.
    If Sinhalayo looked at all Tamils as terrorists after LTTE was defeated how come Tamils who lived in the South and who moved to Colombo during the three decades that Tamil terrorism prevailed lived with Sinhalayo peacefully without moving to Yapanaya?
    If Sinhalayo who went through hell as victims of Tamil terrorism for three decades looked at all Tamils as terrorists do you think they will dare to send lorry loads of food and other essential items to Yapanaya after the war was over?
    If Buddhist monks considered all Tamils as terrorists they would not bother to go to Yapanaya to donate blood.
    Use your brain before using the keyboard.

  • 2
    6

    “This was an opportunity lost for speedy reconciliation with the Tamil community who comprise a substantial proportion of the country’s population.”
    —-
    Descendants of Dravidians who came to Yapanaya to work for colonial rulers passed Vaddukkodei Resolution to create a separate State for them in Sinhale and declared war against Sinhala Nation and resorted to terrorism to grab a part of the country from Sinhalayo. Native Sinhalayo who did not want to give a part of their country fought back and defeated the party that declared war. If the party that lost want reconciliation, they should make the move and apologize for the atrocities they committed against Sinhalayo for three decades. Government or Sinhalayo do not have to go after Tamils and say we are sorry.

  • 2
    0

    Suren,
    “As a result, the country has over the last forty years seen a continuous downward trend in all social, economic and other parameters resulting from the failure of the system. Therefore, the only viable solution for the country is to revert to the Westminster system of governance and rule through shared responsibility by a Prime Minister led cabinet. A change of coat every five years is certainly not the solution.”
A very good analysis of Sri Lankan politics since the end of war. However, the system failure started since 1947 and almost all the political leadership failed their duties which accumulated to the current status of the country.
Of course, there was a great opportunity to bring back the country it was the miscalculation of the Rajapaksa family and mis interpretation of the war victory that brought to ultimate failure of the country.
The 30 year war between LTTE was had two dimensions. One was political. Second was Terrorism. In defeating LTTE terrorism the whole world contributed positively and helped Sri Lanka military to defeat LTTE terrorism. Sri Lanka military or Sri Lankan couldn’t win the war without the support of Western Nations who banned LTTE and stopped armed supply, Indian government support with military assistance and political backing and dividing the LTTE power Karuna. The first resolution of UN was in favour of Sri Lanka.

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    Ajith,
    “Sri Lanka military or Sri Lankan couldn’t win the war without the support of Western Nations who banned LTTE and stopped armed supply,….”
    —-
    Western countries banned LTTE but turned a blind eye to fund raising to buy arms. In fact, they blocked arms supply to Sri Lanka Armed Forces.
    It was ‘Ranawiruwo’ of Sri Lanka Armed Forces that fought against Tamil terrorists and wiped them out. There is a concerted effort by several parties to dilute the victory achieved by Sri Lanka Armed Forces. No one expect guys suffering from ‘Defeat-Syndrome’ to give credit to Sri Lanka, Rajapakshes who gave the leadership or Sri Lanka Armed Forces for the victory.

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      “In Eelam War IV though, the Navy used three recently acquired, second-hand offshore patrol vessels (including the donated ex-U.S. Coast Guard Cutter) combined with innovative tactics and intelligence support from India and the U.S. to strike at the LTTE’s transport ships. The last ship was sunk in late 2007 more than 3,000 km from Sri Lanka and close to Australia’s Cocos Islands.”

      https://thediplomat.com/2015/04/how-sri-lanka-won-the-war/

      EE,
      Is it Blind Eye(EE) or Evil eye (EE)?
      What happened to the Military Commander? Hero in Jail?
      Why Gota ran away to USA in 2015? Is it Leadership?

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    Another warning about a fourth wave of COVID:
    .
    https://island.lk/covid-19-perhaps-final-warning-for-sri-lankans/
    .
    This time from the leading child specialist.

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